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A pressure test to reveal the presence of leaks in the piping system. For fire protection systems, the piping is pressurized to
200psi for a period of 2 hours. During this time period, the system piping is inspected for leaks.

Leaks in the piping system are revealed by observation of water droplets or by a re-conduction in test pressure. Any leaks
or reduction in test pressure necessitates a repair of the pipe joint involved and a re-test to verify the the leak has been

In case where high pressure exists, the standard requirements the the test pressure be 50psi in excess of the normal
system pressure if the resultant test pressure will be greater than 200psi.


The ensure piping integrity and absence of leaks.


Piping system, including all valves, drains, and accessories, are installed.


1. Inspect the system to verify that the openings are plugged and valves are closed.

2. Connect the test pump to a convenient location in the system.

3. Connect the water source to the test pump.

4. Open the main control valve to fill the system. (if water service is not installed or has been flushed, fill the system
through the test pump water source).

5. Fill the system slowly to avoid entrapment of air.

6. Close the valve when water flows continuously through it.

7. When the system pressure equals that of the water source, close the supply valve and inspect the entire system
for leaks.

8. Leaks may result from flanges not bolted properly, plugs not properly installed, cracked or improperly tightened
fittings, etc.

9. If leaks are found, open the 2-in. Main drain connection or other low-point drain connection and allow the system
to drain. Repair any leaks found and repeat this procedure.

10. If no leaks are detected, begin to increase pressure with the test pump up to 200psi or 50 psi in excess of the
static pressure when static pressure exceeds 150psi.

11. Monitor the test gauge to determine that the system pressure is stable. If pressure drops, check for leaks in the
system, for open valves, or for leaks in the test apparatus.

12. Once it is determined that the test pressure has stabilized, disconnected the power to the test pump and notify the
commissioning agent or authority having jurisdiction that the 2-hours test period has begun.

13. Record time of day and test pressure at this time.

14. Hold the test pressure for 2 hours.

15. After the test, open the drain valve to drain the system, or, if the pressure system is to be commissioned
immediately, relieve the test pressure and leave the water in the system.

16. Disconnect the test pump and plug the outlet or test port through which the system was tested.
17. If the test will be required on existing fire sprinkler systems, review the proper impairment including the fire alarm
system to avoid false signal.


Test pressure is to be maintained for 2 hours without any visible leaks.


The system must hold the pressure for 2 hours without loss of pressure.

Absence of water leakage is verified by visual examination of the system.