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Name ________________________________ Ms Fay Kylemore College

Plate Tectonics Revision Test

1. Read the following descriptions and match them to the correct terms below.

Inner Core Outer Core Lithosphere Endogenic forces Mantle

Exogenic forces Atmosphere Hydrosphere Astenosphere

1. Changes to the surface of the earth due to surface forces such as


weathering and erosion
2. Changes to the surface of the earth due to internal forces such as
moving magma
3. A blanket of gases which surrounds the earth

4. The body of water which rests on the surface. It covers approx 71%
of the earths surface
5. This is the outer rigid layer of the earth. It is the solid crust on
which we live. It is divided up into the plates.
6. A semi molten or plastic layer below the solid lithosphere. Here the
rocks are less dense and hotter. The plates float on this layer.
7. A thick layer of red hot rock separating the crust from the earth’s
core.
8. This part of the core is liquid and is composed largely of iron.

9. Similar in composition to the outer core and is believed to be solid in


state

2. Draw a labelled diagram of inside the earth


3. What is the difference between continental crust and oceanic crust?

4. Write a paragraph on Continental drift using the following words to help you

Pangaea Alfred Wegner Evidence


Jigsaw Fossil Coal Rocks Prove

5. Fill in the blanks in the following paragraph

Earthquakes Volcanic Atlantic Destroyed expanding


Coast Ridge Creation Tectonics
Plates Continental

The Mid _______________ Ridge was discovered in the 1940’s. It was noted that it was made of

young ______________ rocks. A scientist called Hess proved that newer rocks were at the

______________ and the older ones were at the ___________________. The ______________

of new rocks meant that either the earth is _______________ or surface area somewhere is beng

__________________ at the same rate that it is being created. This led to the theory of Plate

____________, which suggests that the earths crust is split into ______________. Which float
on semi molten rocks. The plates are divided into two types ____________________ and Oceanic.

Activity at the plate boundaries gives rise to major landforms and _________________.

6. Draw a diagram to illustrate sea floor spreading

7. What happens at the following plate boundaries? (Slip past/Collide/Separate)

Destructive _______________________________________

Constructive ______________________________________

Conservative ______________________________________

8. What is subduction?

9. What landforms form at the following boundaries?

Oceanic and continental _______________________________________

Ocean to ocean _______________________________________

Continental to continental ______________________________________


10. Link each of the features A – D with the matching process

FEATURE PROCESS
A Iceland 1. Subduction Zone
B Himalayas 2 Continental – Continental Collision
C San Andreas Fault 3 Conservative Plate Boundary
D Mariana Trench 4 Sea Floor Spreading

Feature Process
A
B
C
D

12. Read the following descriptions and match them to the correct terms below.

Focus Epicentre Richter Scale Mercalli Scale

Seismology Tsunami Faults

1. The point on the earths surface that is directly above the focus
2. The line intersecting a geological fault on the earths surface
3. The study of earthquakes
4. A giant tidal wave cause by an earthquake under the sea
5. The point of origin of an earthquake.
6. A semi molten or plastic layer below the solid lithosphere. Here the
rocks are less dense and hotter. The plates float on this layer.
7. Used to measure the earthquake magnitude which is the energy
released
8. Used to measure the intensity of an earthquake or the observed
effects

13. What are the main effects of an earthquake?


14. How might earthquakes be predicted. (name three ways)

15. Mention four ways the damage of an earthquake an be prevented

16. Why are death tolls higher in poorer countries?

17. Write a paragraph describing one earthquake you have studied