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# HULL STRUCTURE ANALYSIS REPORT

(ASSIGNMENT)

2019
General

## The calculation of Longitudinal Strength and Transverse Strength based on American

Bureau of Shipping (ABS).
Principle Dimension of Tanker “Sea Galaxy” by Namura.

##  Length (O.A) : 249,97 m

 LBP : 241 m
 Breadth (moulded) : 44 m
 Draught (moulded) : 14.80 m
 Moulded Depth : 21.2
 Gross Tonage : 63.513
 Speed : 6,7 knots (max: 7,2 knots & min: 6,2 knots)
 Main Engine : MAN B&W 6G60ME-C9.5
 Complement : 30 + 6 (Workers)
 Flag : Hongkong

## 4 Kunsan National University

Hull Structure Analysis – Longitudinal and Transverse Strength

## 1.1 LONGITUDINAL STRENGTH

Longitudinal strength is named as global strength. Global strength assessing the
strength of the ship when it is floating in still water or in waves.
A. Proportions

L/B<5, B/D>2.5

1. L (LOA) = 249,97 m
B = 44 m
L/B = 249,97/44
= 5,68 m (not capable/proportions)

2. B = 44 m
D = 14,80 m
B/D = 44/14,80
= 2,97 m (proportions)

## B. Calculating Block Coefficient (Cb)

Cb is the block coefficient obtained from the following equation:

1.1 Method 1
Cb = Δ/1.025LBwl d

Where:
Cb = Block Coefficient (Cb)
Δ = Displacement
L = Length Between Perpendicular
D = Moulded Depth

Calculation:
Cb = Δ/1.025LBwl d
= (3/2 x DWT) / 1.025 × 241× 44 × 21.2
= (3/2 x 114426) /1,025 × 241× 44 × 21.2
=171.639 / 230.424,92
=0,75
1.2 Method 2 (AYRE M

## 5 Kunsan National University

V
Cb = 1,05 - 1,67
g.L

Where:
V = Speed (m/s)
L = Length Between Perpendicular
g = Gravity (9,8 m/s)

## Calculate with AYRE method:

6,7
Cb = 1,05 - 1,67
9,8.249,97
6,7
= 1,05 - 1,67
49,5
= 1,05 – 0,3
= 0,75

C. Sagging Moment
Mws = − k1C1L2B(Cb + 0.7 ) × 10-3

Where:
L = length of vessel
Cb = block coefficient
- k1 = 110 (11.22, 1.026)
k2 = 190 (19.37, 1.772)

300−𝐿 1.5
- C1 = 10,75 - ( ) 90 ≤ L ≤ 300 m ( Used this formula, L = 249,97 )
100
300−249,97 1.5
C1 = 10,75 - ( )
100
300−249,97 1.5
C1 = 10,75 - ( )
100
C1 = 10,39

## Mws = − k1C1L2B(Cb + 0.7 ) × 10-3

= −110 × 10,39 × (249,97)2 × 44 (0,75 + 0,7) × 10-3
= −1142,9 × 62485,0009× 63,8 × 10-3
= −4556220,06 kN-m

D. Hogging Moment

## 4 Kunsan National University

Hull Structure Analysis – Longitudinal and Transverse Strength

## Mwh = + k2C1L2BCb× 10-3

Where:
L = length of vessel
Cb = block coefficient
- k1 = 110 (11.22, 1.026)
k2 = 190 (19.37, 1.772)

300−𝐿 1.5
- C1 = 10,75 - ( ) 90 ≤ L ≤ 300 m ( Used this formula, L = 249,97 )
100
300−249,97 1.5
C1 = 10,75 - ( )
100
300−249,97 1.5
C1 = 10,75 - ( )
100
C1 = 10,39

Calculation:
Mwh = + k2C1L2BCb× 10-3
= 190 × 10,39 × (249,97)2 × 44 × 0,75 × 10-3
= 4.070.604,12 kN-m

## E. Wave Shear Force

 Fwp = + KF1C1L B (Cb + 0.7) × 10-2 For positive shear force
 Fwn = − KF2C1L B (Cb + 0.7) × 10-2 For negative shear force

Where:
Fwp, Fwn = maximum shearing force induced by wave, in kN (tf, Ltf)
C1 = as defined
L = length of vessel, in m (ft)
B = breadth of vessel, in m (ft)
Cb = block coefficient, but not to be taken less than 0.6
K = 30
F1 = distribution factor
F2 = distribution factor

##  Fwp= + KF1C1L B (Cb + 0.7) × 10-2 (For positive shear force)

= + 30 ((0,92×190× 0,75 / 110 (0,75+0,7)) 10,39 ×249,97×44 × (0,75+0,7)× 10 -2
= + 1361,9 kN
 Fwn = − KF2C1L B (Cb + 0.7) × 10-2 (For negative shear force)
= − 30 (190×0,75/110 (0,75+0,7))10,39×249,97×44× (0,75+0,7)×10-2
= −44.411,9 kN
F. Bending Strength Standard
1.1 Hull Girder Section Modulus

## 5 Kunsan National University

SM= Mt /fp (cm2 – m)

Calculation:
SM = Mt /fp
= 6.788.803,59/17,5
= 387.931,634 cm2 – m
Minimum Section Modulus
SM =C1 C2L2B(Cb + 0.7 )
= 10,39 × 0,01 × (249,97)2 × 44 (0,75 + 0,7)
= 414.201,824 cm2 – m
where :
Mt = total bending moment, as obtained below
Fp = nominal permissible bending stress
= 17.5 kN/cm2 (1.784 tf/cm2, 11.33 Ltf/in2 )
C 1 = as defined
C 2 = 0.01 (0.01, 1.44 × 10-4)
L = length of vessel
Cb = block coefficient

## 1.2 Still Water Bending Moment

Mt = Msw + Mw
Msw = 0.375fpC1C2L2B(Cb + 0.7)

Where:
Msw = still-water bending moment in kN-m (tf-m, Ltf-ft).
Mw = maximum wave-induced bending moment

Calculation:
Mt = Msw + Mw
= 0.375fpC1C2L2B (Cb + 0.7) + (407.060,412)
= 0,375× 17,5 × 10,39× 0.01(249,97)2.44 (0,75 + 0,7)+( 407.060,412)
= 2.718.199,47 + 4070.604,12
= 6.788.803,59
1.3 Hull Girder Moment of Inertia
The hull girder moment of inertia, I, amidships, is to be not less than:
I = L ⋅ SM/33.3
where
L = length of vessel, in m (ft)
SM = required hull girder section modulus
Calculation:
I = L ⋅ SM/33.3
= 249,97 × 414.201,824 / 33,3
= 3.109.250,15 cm2-m

## 4 Kunsan National University

Hull Structure Analysis – Longitudinal and Transverse Strength

G. Working Stress
1.1 Longitudinal Compressive Stress
(𝑀𝑊 + 𝑀𝑆𝑊 )
σ𝑎 = 𝑐5 𝑦
𝐼𝑛
Msw = still water bending moment
Mw = wave bending moment
In = moment of inertia
y = vertical distance
Q = as defined
c5 = 10 5

Calculation:

(𝑀𝑊 + 𝑀𝑆𝑊 )
σ𝑎 = 𝑐5 𝑦
𝐼𝑛
(4.070.604,12 + 2.718.199,47 )
σ𝑎 = 105 21,2
3.109.250,15
σ𝑎 = 19,84 x 105 N/mm2