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HULL STRUCTURE ANALYSIS REPORT

(ASSIGNMENT)

ADARA PASA (아다라 파사) - 1903099

KUNSAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY


2019
General

The calculation of Longitudinal Strength and Transverse Strength based on American


Bureau of Shipping (ABS).
Principle Dimension of Tanker “Sea Galaxy” by Namura.

 Length (O.A) : 249,97 m


 LBP : 241 m
 Breadth (moulded) : 44 m
 Draught (moulded) : 14.80 m
 Moulded Depth : 21.2
 Gross Tonage : 63.513
 Deadweight : 114.426
 Speed : 6,7 knots (max: 7,2 knots & min: 6,2 knots)
 Main Engine : MAN B&W 6G60ME-C9.5
 Complement : 30 + 6 (Workers)
 Flag : Hongkong

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Hull Structure Analysis – Longitudinal and Transverse Strength

1.1 LONGITUDINAL STRENGTH


Longitudinal strength is named as global strength. Global strength assessing the
strength of the ship when it is floating in still water or in waves.
A. Proportions

L/B<5, B/D>2.5

1. L (LOA) = 249,97 m
B = 44 m
L/B = 249,97/44
= 5,68 m (not capable/proportions)

2. B = 44 m
D = 14,80 m
B/D = 44/14,80
= 2,97 m (proportions)

B. Calculating Block Coefficient (Cb)


Cb is the block coefficient obtained from the following equation:

1.1 Method 1
Cb = Δ/1.025LBwl d


Where:
Cb = Block Coefficient (Cb)
Δ = Displacement
L = Length Between Perpendicular
B = Breadth
D = Moulded Depth

Calculation:
Cb = Δ/1.025LBwl d
= (3/2 x DWT) / 1.025 × 241× 44 × 21.2
= (3/2 x 114426) /1,025 × 241× 44 × 21.2
=171.639 / 230.424,92
=0,75
1.2 Method 2 (AYRE M

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V
Cb = 1,05 - 1,67
g.L

Where:
V = Speed (m/s)
L = Length Between Perpendicular
g = Gravity (9,8 m/s)

Calculate with AYRE method:


6,7
Cb = 1,05 - 1,67
9,8.249,97
6,7
= 1,05 - 1,67
49,5
= 1,05 – 0,3
= 0,75

C. Sagging Moment
Mws = − k1C1L2B(Cb + 0.7 ) × 10-3

Where:
L = length of vessel
B = breadth of vessel
Cb = block coefficient
- k1 = 110 (11.22, 1.026)
k2 = 190 (19.37, 1.772)

300−𝐿 1.5
- C1 = 10,75 - ( ) 90 ≤ L ≤ 300 m ( Used this formula, L = 249,97 )
100
300−249,97 1.5
C1 = 10,75 - ( )
100
300−249,97 1.5
C1 = 10,75 - ( )
100
C1 = 10,39

Calculating for Sagging Moment:

Mws = − k1C1L2B(Cb + 0.7 ) × 10-3


= −110 × 10,39 × (249,97)2 × 44 (0,75 + 0,7) × 10-3
= −1142,9 × 62485,0009× 63,8 × 10-3
= −4556220,06 kN-m

D. Hogging Moment

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Hull Structure Analysis – Longitudinal and Transverse Strength

Mwh = + k2C1L2BCb× 10-3

Where:
L = length of vessel
B = breadth of vessel
Cb = block coefficient
- k1 = 110 (11.22, 1.026)
k2 = 190 (19.37, 1.772)

300−𝐿 1.5
- C1 = 10,75 - ( ) 90 ≤ L ≤ 300 m ( Used this formula, L = 249,97 )
100
300−249,97 1.5
C1 = 10,75 - ( )
100
300−249,97 1.5
C1 = 10,75 - ( )
100
C1 = 10,39

Calculation:
Mwh = + k2C1L2BCb× 10-3
= 190 × 10,39 × (249,97)2 × 44 × 0,75 × 10-3
= 4.070.604,12 kN-m

E. Wave Shear Force


 Fwp = + KF1C1L B (Cb + 0.7) × 10-2 For positive shear force
 Fwn = − KF2C1L B (Cb + 0.7) × 10-2 For negative shear force

Where:
Fwp, Fwn = maximum shearing force induced by wave, in kN (tf, Ltf)
C1 = as defined
L = length of vessel, in m (ft)
B = breadth of vessel, in m (ft)
Cb = block coefficient, but not to be taken less than 0.6
K = 30
F1 = distribution factor
F2 = distribution factor

 Fwp= + KF1C1L B (Cb + 0.7) × 10-2 (For positive shear force)


= + 30 ((0,92×190× 0,75 / 110 (0,75+0,7)) 10,39 ×249,97×44 × (0,75+0,7)× 10 -2
= + 1361,9 kN
 Fwn = − KF2C1L B (Cb + 0.7) × 10-2 (For negative shear force)
= − 30 (190×0,75/110 (0,75+0,7))10,39×249,97×44× (0,75+0,7)×10-2
= −44.411,9 kN
F. Bending Strength Standard
1.1 Hull Girder Section Modulus

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SM= Mt /fp (cm2 – m)

Calculation:
SM = Mt /fp
= 6.788.803,59/17,5
= 387.931,634 cm2 – m
Minimum Section Modulus
SM =C1 C2L2B(Cb + 0.7 )
= 10,39 × 0,01 × (249,97)2 × 44 (0,75 + 0,7)
= 414.201,824 cm2 – m
where :
Mt = total bending moment, as obtained below
Fp = nominal permissible bending stress
= 17.5 kN/cm2 (1.784 tf/cm2, 11.33 Ltf/in2 )
C 1 = as defined
C 2 = 0.01 (0.01, 1.44 × 10-4)
L = length of vessel
B = breadth of vessel
Cb = block coefficient

1.2 Still Water Bending Moment


Mt = Msw + Mw
Msw = 0.375fpC1C2L2B(Cb + 0.7)

Where:
Msw = still-water bending moment in kN-m (tf-m, Ltf-ft).
Mw = maximum wave-induced bending moment

Calculation:
Mt = Msw + Mw
= 0.375fpC1C2L2B (Cb + 0.7) + (407.060,412)
= 0,375× 17,5 × 10,39× 0.01(249,97)2.44 (0,75 + 0,7)+( 407.060,412)
= 2.718.199,47 + 4070.604,12
= 6.788.803,59
1.3 Hull Girder Moment of Inertia
The hull girder moment of inertia, I, amidships, is to be not less than:
I = L ⋅ SM/33.3
where
L = length of vessel, in m (ft)
SM = required hull girder section modulus
Calculation:
I = L ⋅ SM/33.3
= 249,97 × 414.201,824 / 33,3
= 3.109.250,15 cm2-m

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Hull Structure Analysis – Longitudinal and Transverse Strength

G. Working Stress
1.1 Longitudinal Compressive Stress
(𝑀𝑊 + 𝑀𝑆𝑊 )
σ𝑎 = 𝑐5 𝑦
𝐼𝑛
Msw = still water bending moment
Mw = wave bending moment
In = moment of inertia
y = vertical distance
Q = as defined
c5 = 10 5

Calculation:

(𝑀𝑊 + 𝑀𝑆𝑊 )
σ𝑎 = 𝑐5 𝑦
𝐼𝑛
(4.070.604,12 + 2.718.199,47 )
σ𝑎 = 105 21,2
3.109.250,15
σ𝑎 = 19,84 x 105 N/mm2

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