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GRAMMATICAL COHESION IN THE ESSAY COMPOSITIONS

OF GRADE 11 STUDENTS

A Thesis Proposal
Presented to the Faculty
of Pangasinan State University
School of Advanced Studies
Urdaneta City

In Partial Fulfillment of the


Requirements for the Degree
Master of Arts in Education
Major in Communication Arts - English

by

ARIANNE JOY C. ARCILLA

October 2018

i
APPROVAL SHEET

In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Master of Arts in

Education, major in Communication Arts - English, this thesis proposal entitled,

“GRAMMATICAL COHESION IN THE ESSAY COMPOSITIONS OF GRADE 11

STUDENTS” has been prepared and submitted by ARIANNE JOY C. ARCILLA

is hereby recommended for Oral Examination.

LUZVIMINDA Q. RAMOS, Ed. D. PRESLEY V. DE VERA, Ed. D.


Critic Reader Adviser

Approved by the Committee on Oral Examination

ADONIS S. BAUTISTA, DBA


Chair

JESSICA J. JIMENEZ, Ed. D. RIZZA S. BALDONADO, Ed. D.


Member Member

RUBY ROSA V. CRUZ, Ph. D.


Member

Accepted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree Master of

Arts in Education, major in Communication Arts - English.

ADONIS S. BAUTISTA, DBA PAULO V. CENAS, Ed. D.


Executive Director Officer-in-Charge
Office of the President

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

TITLE PAGE i

APPROVAL SHEET ii

TABLE OF CONTENTS iii

LIST OF FIGURES v

LIST OF TABLES vi

CHAPTER

1 THE PROBLEM

Background of the Study 1

Statement of the Problem 6

Null Hypothesis 7

Significance of the Study 7

Scope and Delimitation 9

Definition of Terms 13

2 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES

Related Literature 21

Related Studies 35

Conceptual Framework 42

3 METHODOLOGY

Research Design 46

Respondents of the Study 47

Data Gathering Instruments 49

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Data Gathering Procedure 53

Statistical Treatment of Data 54

BIBLIOGRAPHY 59

APPENDICES

A Survey Questionnaire on Learner Profile 62

B Grammatical Cohesion Performance Test 65


(Paragraph Proofing and Corpus Production)

C Content Validity Questionnaires 69

D Letter of Request to Conduct the Study 73

CURRICULUM VITAE 75

iv
LIST OF FIGURES

Figure Page

1 Types of Grammatical Cohesion 27

2 Three Types of Substitution 30

3 Three Types of Ellipsis 32

4 Paradigm of the Study 44

v
LIST OF TABLES

Table Page

1 Range of Ratings Description 53


(Level of Content Validity)

2 Rubric for Describing Monthly Family Income 54

3 Rubric for Describing the Academic Performance in 54


Creative Nonfiction

4 Scoring Rubric for Part I of the Grammatical Cohesion 55


Performance Test

5 Scoring Rubric for Part 2 of the Grammatical Cohesion 55


Performance Test

6 Score Bracket Qualitative Description 56


(Level of Performance in Grammatical Cohesion)

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