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VOL. HLIV WnSHInGTOU1, D. [. mAV.JUnE, 1945 Be. 5


N IVESY J0
THERE'S A LAUGH OR TWO
Brother Seelieke comes through agai,. B. THE LITTLE THINGS A guy took her time for 10 mlu{tes or so.
worote ass ,ce letter and eset tta the following It's little things that eount the most, Then turned away Iod said 'let it go."
contribution, His letter mae from a field ho.- Some or them hollered long and loud
(So writes my boy in France)
pital in Italy, but Brother Seelirke assures its While the gang outside began to crowd
A hamburger, a chcese-on-toast, A stack of checks by an adding machine close
that there is nothing wro,'4
seriousl y with him, A neon 'Dine and Dance."
and A. hopes to rejoin his outfit very sooa now. by,
A gal running the machine with an eagle eye.
A slab of mother's apple pie,
THOUGHTS IN A CHOW LINE A chocolate malted, cake, Another gal going over some files,
Don't siake any pla s for a permanent peace. As I locked at a blonde she gave lne a smile.
A bed that's clean and warm and dry,
'Cause
we've anlother job to be done; It', quite a sight or a "ly somec day,
A bath, a juicy steak. If you can get inside and stay out of tho way;
It will only begin when hostilities cease
And we've fnished the Jap and the Hun. Those gals are busy, and "gee how they work,"
A quiet hour on the lawn--
They keep everything going and They never
Oh boy, that shell was near!
There are three more fiends were out to get. A spitting plina swoops dwnl and on; shirk.
We won't rest until they're caught. With 16,000 nembers' records, to keep all
A foxhole dive high gear, st.aight,
Once in our clutches, we'll make 'es sweat
For all tho misery that they've wrought. I think they do well to have so few mistakes.
What was it I was going to say? They have to listen all day to same Brother cry,
Oh yes: the commonplae, And judge for themselves if he's telling a lie.
First on our list, with weak, twisted 'ind-- The little things American way,
We're really after his blood; So, to all of you members that think you're
Now takeln supreme grace! abused,
That haIf-witted guy whose fate was signed M~IARHAlAd LAvl?%,
By introducing the dehydrated spud. You're darn lucky, I'd say, yo, ain't In their
L. U. No. 124. shoes.
Next is that demon were hated for years. They're doing their part, the same as you are.
ue'll he tortured 'tll for mery h, hegs; Besides they ride busses and loaded street cars;
He'll nderstalnd why, when frmasG.s he hears They pay high rents, the same as you do,
They've been eating his powdered eggs, They're stung with high prices the same as you.
They have husbands and sweethearts on foreign
The worst one of all gets all our fercity, shores.,
If he's wise he'll take it on the ba.; Their chance of seeing their loved ones is no
Ile's in for the world's greatest atrocity more than yours.
For his Triamlehe invention of Spaml For, if tine would permit thern to toll you their
PFM. WILLIAM S1EICKE, Ja. woes'
L. U. No. 3& I am sure you'd be ashamed you trod on their
toes.
So, to those gals in the office of Local 48,
SPRINGTIME They're dting a good job, so "give 'cro a break!'
There's something strange about tho spling S. I put orn my hat and slipped out the door,
That lifts our hearts and makes bs sing, And down in the elevator away from that roar,
That turns our thoughts to foreign lands. To my eart I got in and home in a jiffy,
To deep blue seas and shining sands. And thought how lucky I was to be Yours truly,
Smithy."
We'd like to climb some rocky trail C.F. SMITh,
Far froml the sound of road or rail, L. U. No. 48.
To rest awhile and simply dream,
Beside some distant ... ntalin stream.
RHYMING NEWS COMMENTATOR
Where rushing waters splash and glisten, Stockholm, Feb. 2.-The Nazi government s
Bidding us to pause and listen, confiscating all coffins.-(News Item.)
To hear soft, tinkling music gay,
The spirit of a springtime day. It's a token of Ill omen for those
Who, In premature graves, buried scores;
Or would we walk a country lane It's a sign their doom is drawing close,
At sunset home, through fieds of grain, They are learlng the end of their heartless
Aw e'mon and try Philhert. That's as much
With smell of earth. so clean and sweet, like pulling fodder as I can make it. chores.
So different from a city street. H. li. MosL£¥,
L. U. No. 1322. The brutal murderers shall at last
Or through some southern moonlit night, Begin to reap the evil seeds they've sown;
O'er distant sands where stars are bright; THE OFFICE GALS OF '48 The tortures they've planned in their vile past,
To breathe the sweetly scented air I was in 4's office the ther day, Shall return a thousandfold upon their ownl
Of msquite, juniper, growing there. Just to pass the time away,
I sat in Joe's office for awhile They'll have no need,
I dream and tint with rosy hue And watched the gala work and smile. 'Tis certain, indeed,
The things that I some spring will do, Phones were ringing long and loud, For bers on their downhill road ahead-
When I have time, when I can go In the halls ontside there was a crowd, A blood-soakvd oail
lo Maine, Montana, Mexico. From each window there was a line In horror will reoil
Paying monthly dues, also fines; And refuse to bury them with the martyred
As I pen this perchance I smile, Some with red cards they hallered about, dead;
This spring I know I'll wait a whilet It was quite a show as I looked out; And roaring tongues of flame on hell's floor,
I'll paint the house, the screens UI'Dst, Some had special parties they wanted to see, Shall devour all evil to its core!
And hope my springtime may COme yet. "Sorry, he's out, but will be bock at thre- - A Bit o' luck,
GCtoa G. PEDTE¥, Was there a message. or must him you see,
L. U. Nn. 134 If it's a message, just give it to me." L. U. No. 3.
0Ak4 4
&d'tya 4. InTERnATIOnAL
ELECTRICAL WORKERS and OPERATORS
PUBLISHED MONTHLY

lq. M.t Aaqnk'rC E" ta2o0 A.


t.eenSt,/V. *'a4hisytm, e-
e.2

Is l Maq~~an
1'
Page
CHAT
Frontispiece-Searchlight - - - - - - 154 A mother writcs, 'Tcl*osed is I picture
USA May Bring Back Glory of Clipper Era 155 and news iten. conmcrning ly on, Rohcl',
Brazil, Loyal State, Bas Industrial Future - _ 157 His JOURiNALS AlwayS ceo her, and I read
New Orleans Faces Foreign Trade Era - - - _ _-_ 158 themirom cover to Cover before sending
From Bretton Woods to San Francisco _ _ _ _ _ 160 themn on to Robert. The men in his cew
New Day of Industrial Relations Dawns in USA _ _ _ 161 (njoy them also a hdy wok on the prob.
Nearly All Utilities Deal with I. B, E. W. - _ _ 162 leIns that apitn, in the magazine."
Holmes Win Makes Set-up Complete - - - 161
Top Policy Translated Into Action at Wichita _ 164
Little Versatile Electronics Instrument Described - 165 5ll.. S. Jones Selis, assistantii LatWsuper-
Following Right Procedures Speeds WLB Cases 16(; visom. trad, and industrial education,
Official Business ...-.... - 167 Springfila. Illinois, coitributes an articl
Record of First Quarter Meeting of I. E. C. Io the Ed,,,,oi ..
t. Pre... R00ll in which
- 168
Te gives praise to th. II V . W. Electronics
Editorials - -... .. _ - 170
School at M.arquclIt i ...er.ity.
Woman's Work . .. . . ... - _ _ 172
Cotresponlenco. . . . ... 172
IIn Memoriam
.- - - - - 1s83
Local Tni.n 1212, New York City, has
Official Receipts - - - - - - _ _ _ 189
its own new bulletin. This is a publica-
* This Journal will not I hhldl resions
Ii{ws Me for e x .pressed
by correspondenfs. tion with ligh editorial standards and will
The first of each month is the closing dale; all ,oly m1tust be in our handson or before. do much t, incre.a. the morale of all
L D. E. W. membms.

EXECUTIVE OFFICERS
TInter'antnta Prezi'nLt ELt..A.{I
., BROWN.] 0, M
llterntationll Secretory. C. *, U NIAZT 1200 Our frontispieee this month iE a United
1200 15th S., N. W., Washingtun 5, D). C. 15th St.. N, W., Wamington 5, D. t,
States Army Signal (orps photograph.
intertatinal Tr Wanrer.
V. A. It..AN. 0 47
Soth Sixth A e., Mt. 'ermm.
N. Y.
VICE PRESII)ENTS INTERNATIONAL
EXECUTIVE COUNCIL
First Dist F, NI,;.: WAR CASUALTY
195 ImNdas St., London.
O t., ... C tIA~tIEs M, AI.s~g, Ch.(V ...
Secod Dis ,trNit Jitl N J, Iti..N 4,37'. (3 Icr Ave Chicago 4I, IlL1
Il,,. 239, 'ark Square andg
Thid IDistrictWIL...AM
Ihgu, I';, Mass.
I. W, KI Pt
First Distri cHeIIAmy VAN ARSDA.., J, This number Is dated Volume
130 E. 25th SI., New York 10. N, Y.
Room
.. i( (2.
y Centre Bids, 121 Not,hroad .Second PI;i{ilt F. L. WELLry 44, No. 5, May-June, 1945. The
St.. Philadlphia 7. Pa. 05 Bear... St., Hyde Park 36, Mas.
Fomlth Distri t GelmeN1 .%1.FI.E£Ma~.
1423 Hamilton National Bank hlJg Third I)istrit WILLIAM C. S }OoIm next number which you will re-
21,1--5 Law & Finance Bldg., Pittsburgh I, Pt,
Fifth Distrit ( X. BArSK}R Fourth i trieI C. F. P~tI:LLI: ceive will be dated Volume 44,
9.0 Wa lltI Bldg., Btirmingham. , A;4, 2025 2nd St., N. E., Washington 2, I). C.
Sixt lo istrict 5M.J. Bal, Fifth In<rict DAN MaN IN9 No. 6, July, 1945. This means
1300 Lake .Shore
[ ]rive, Chicago 13, IL 130 No, Wells St, Chicago 6. IlL.
Se'eInh Disrict W. L ]NitAM Sixth Distric6 D. W. TrlA(y that one whole number will be
34i41 Laughten St., Forth Worth,I. Tvxa E~ddystu n Apartrinents, Washington 5, 1) C.
Fight) tDibtrict I1. W. Brll,,
.,"I ] In~
'heatre Bld~g., lie~wet g, Ct, I, Soe en h Paist rit CIARLES J. FPe:l!N missing in 1945 to save 85,000
Ninth District a. S,(." IIN,• 3173 19lb, St.. Sai Francisco 1), (alif
91) (Sextral
Tower, San braricelt 8,( Eighth In'strirt 3. L McBRIDE pounds of much needed paper.
Ru iva~~~~s S. . ThtiF 165 1,Jam1esSt.. Labor Te,,,
8't0 South Wells St., Room ~;0u, Chicogu 6,1Ill. Wilu.ijneg Mal,, Cnlada Sorry.
Searchlight
The sound of planes. We hold our breath Were it not meat and drink to us,
Until the leaping hunger, pale and white, The dark virginity of night
Of searchlights fears the sky and bares Would ever be inviolate
The anonymity of night, From the phallic finger of this light.

But it is ours, to whom the dark


Is life, to tear it with our hand,
And blast the shaking sky with light
Until it falls t o where we stand.
Cpl. Lester Ewing.
THE JouRnAL OF
ELECTRICAL WORKERS AnD
OPERATORS
OFFICIAL PUBLICATIONl 0F "C INTERNATIONAL BRO1NEPHOCO OF E~ttTrIcAX. INOflff

nel pfl yiAR, LI "AVVACz

VOL. XLIV WASIlNGTON, D. C., MAY-JUNE, 1945 NO. 5

ociations aind hAmrbe]rs Of commerce, as

USA MajBAa9A h weII as by business firms.


"This is aom9panio to the domestic
study, 'Markets Aftr the War', by S. M.
Livingston (April, 1943, U. E. Senate Docu-
ment; available from the Government Print-

q1Y4 MraA ing Office, 10 cents). Both ,aesent a chal-


lenge to the vision and energy of nislness
and government in the United States. To-

Tmaritime
HE United States wa.. once the leading
nation of the world. Shortly
after the Revohlti oa.y War its clipper
Onetime maritime nation may
recover prestige in foreign trade
gether, they point out that to escape the
burdens of potentially large uneml,]oyment
in postwar yearn, the nation must aehieve
record peacetime levels of both domestic
ships went to every country in the world. to aid full employment and foreign trade.
How we lost this preeminent posItion does
not need to he noted here. With our inten- "'Foreign Trade After the War' sets a
1(?2ll 1i48 1948 hypothetical g.ol of $7 billion of ex-
sive industrial development following the (tIn .. fiflho..)
Civil War, from 1870 to the present day, the ports and over St/ hillion of imports, at 1942
United States has been more interested in Automobiles . . ...........--
591 1,130 levels-provided the 1946 national income
fabrication than in commerce. Whether we Petroleum and oil -_ 561 818 is at least $184 billion and the gross 3m-
can win back in the coming postwar period Industrial machinery -------- .265 649 tional output of goods and srices reaches
Electrical machinery
a good deal of this maritime prestige re- Agricultural . 128
... 195 alproxi.mately $165 billion in 1946 and $175
maehinery - 141 226 billion in 1948. Present estimates for 1944,
mains to be seen. But tile development of
foreign trade a large scale bears directly Iron and steel --------------- 90
on 128 which may 1, the war-peak year, are:
upon the problem of full employment in the Chemicals . .....-- . 27
..... 37 "Exports of $14 billion.
United States. The United States is virtually Ores andmetals …...........-1 32 "Imports of $4 billion.
the only unimpaired nation in the world at "Gross national product of almost $200
Discussing the important question of $7 billion (nearly half o which will be for
this hour. We have demonstrated our .r - billion in export trade as related to fill em-
mbndous capacity for production and the ployment, the Burean war needs).-
of Foreign and to- "National income of $160 billion, as com-
waiting mnarkets are stupendous. mlestie Coamncec. .ayY pared with prewar totals of $84 billion in
Labor's Stake "In no setoro of the economy is the post- 1929, and $71 billiNein 1939.**
war outlook.If e Iuzzling than in foreign "Contrary to a too-frequent belief, most
The coming international conference at trade. At the.nioer. t, shipments to foreign
San Francisco brings notables from all over countries ale enormous. But what of the of the money .pent on imports and for other
the world and is destined to stimulate the future? What will foreign countries want to payments to foreigners does not 'leave the
interest of America in international affairs buy from the United States after the war? country,' as is explained in the above book-
let, as well as in the compr,,ehsive 'The
and in foreign trade. flow much will we inport Irm other cona- United States in the World Eono.my' (U. S.
Labor has a stake in foreign trade inas- tries? Under what conditions will trade be Department of Commerce, 1942; 220 pp.
much as foreign trade is wrapped up in the conducted? 35cL Dollar funds so paid out, at least tem-
problem of full employment. If our foreign "The United States Governmnt. in co- porarily, pass into foreign-owned accounts,
trade is low, there is a lessening of foreign operation with the other United Nations, but these acco.rats are continually drawn
markets and shrinking of outlets for Amer- is striving to relOVe some of these uncer- upon by forcigneis for buying American
ican goods. That the United States is nnt tainties and to aid in reconstructing the goods and for making other payments to the
without deep interest in foreign trade is broad framework of international trade. The United States.
illustrated by the fact that there are now ultimate success of these efforts, however,
700 foreign trade associations in 140 cities will depend chiefly on the actions of the Our Dollars Create Markets
throughout the United States. This is the individual business .nan in this country andi "It is only as dollars are supplied, in some
latest figur provided
e by the Bureau of in other countries. way or another, to the rest of the world that
Foreign and Domestic Commerce of tile U. S. American goodscan find markets abroad.
Department of Commerce. Of these 700 units American Business Aims The need for intelligent, active trade promo-
100 are associations of exporters and im- "The aims of American business in the tion efforts by individual exporters will re-
porters, 400 are tradeassociations or cham- feld of foreign trade requi-e little elabora- main. The United States Govrnmient must
bers of commerce having committees on for- tion. Simply expressed, they are: also continue its endeavors,. by means of
eign trade problems. in port cities these for- "1. The maintenance of a vigoroue, export trade agreements and otherwise, to free the
eign trade committees are very active. In trade to effectively utilize the country's pro-
addSitio there are 200 world peace ani other ductive capacity and, as a means to this
*"National product"--In 11a2, the frst fril year
organizations of citizens identified with in- end, the maintenance of a vigorous import of the ... , ,,Illornad p.ndutt Ith total valiue It
ternationalisr. trade. ,ci rett, produced gooldsn sibsvj.ce, totlald
$152 billion. Governmentalexpenditures were $M3
'2. Less interference and dillurbanme biliton ifhe were only $10 billion in 1g39): col>
The Goal Somers' gobsiSoil vie xedtrswere u
through arbitrary trade restrictins and billion, and 5$ billl ¢ii wagsexpended fhr private
To produce 55 to 60 million jols our for- currencyYluctuations. construction and p]iidreers' durable equtlment.
National pII.et was $<40 billion greater than
egi trake should reach $7 billion in exports "Late iifiUrniti .... on the above problems natilnal incoer. Of this anouint, buslness taxes.
in 1948, In 1929, the United States bad is detaid]i in the Depotment of Comme.rc etc...accounted fI, nearly $24 bill/on, ax1d depre-
te, f, $7 billion-
slightly over $5 billion in exorts. Aecord- booklet, Foreign Trade After the War,' by elation., -'-Na ti ... IIIobc, -tUotilled $122 billid,4J94.
ing to the Department of Commerce, you August Madfry and H. B. Lary (October. This amount was divided as follows: 6men bea&t
get a comparison of exports frr 1929 and 194:; free copies still available). Thousands for wages antd salaries: 17 per cent, proprietors'
net incm; 7 pet ent. interest and net rezts; 7
1948 as follows; of copies have been requested by trade as pee cent net corporate prst.
156 The Journal of ELECTRICAL WORKERS and Operators

EXPORT TRADE OF THE UNITED STATES BY CONTINENTS


The map shows graphically the importance of leading nations in United States pre-war export trade

channels of trade from the tariff and admin- Germany and Japan, and of long-deferred as the point of departure. Mlow much should
istrative impediments of the past. nlormlal demands elsewhere. this figure he discounted ?
l)uring the decade following the first "3. Development of new capacities in 'Remember that a reduction by ID per
World War. the United States occupied a many foreign nations and in this country cent, or 17.5 billion dollars, would imply ,n-
unique position in the world economy. It for the domestic production of goods pre- employment of some 7 million persons. A
represented by fat the greatest single con- viously acquired through international reduction by 20 per cent, or 35 billion do!-
centration of industrial capacity and pur- trade. lars, would imply unemployment of around
chasing power. Measured] in dollar values, '4. Acquaintance with new products, 13 million.
it accounted for alnost half of the wxorld' stimulating demands for goods previously "'Businessmen will want to think in con-
industrliaoutput. It was the world's largest unknown; examples include the effect of crete quantitative terms. The intention here
eXpel ter and second largest importer. foreign acquaintanceship with Lend-Lease is to provide a preliminary framework and
" rwing this period the United States was products of American manufacture and with method for gauging export and import po-
also the most importaut source of interna- p roducts
sold to overseas armeed forces tentialities
... By far the greater part or
tioial investent funds, supplying. .. re through Post Exchanges. this planning will have to be done by busi-
capital than the United Kingdom, the "5. Sweeping changes in international ness itself, but the Department of Commerce
Netherlands, France, and all other creditor creditor-debtor relationships, including ex- stands ready to aid through supplying facts
countries as a group. tensive liquidation of British overseas in- and analyses.'
"By the late twenties The volume of dol- vestments and the building up of large dollar Again stressing labor's interest in foreign
lars paid out by the United States was ap- and sterling balances by countries supplying trade, the Department of Commerce esti-
proximately $4 billion for imparted products, the tremendous war years' import require- mates that the equivalent of more than
and more than $1 ;½ billion each for 'services' ments of the United States and the United 3,000,000 persons wvere engaged in the pro-
and for long-term investments
in other Kingdom. duction and servicing of goods for export in
countrie8. Services included expenditures for 1929. This will be greatly increased if for-
shipping, travel, insurane, interest and dlvi- Competition eign trade is doubled. With $7 billion in
de.ds, personal remittancers. and other items. exports the Department of Commerce esti-
This total supply of $7 billion annually to "It is pointed out in 'Foreign Trade After mates that there would be in turn about $6
foreign landsenabled them to purchase $5 After the War' that 'Some of the projected billion in import trade.
billion of our exports each year, as well as export totals may not be realized because
to expend furt}ur sums in the United States of increased competition from other foreign Recipe for Lasting Peace
on services aid long-term investments suppliers and expanded local production .... A Department of Commerce bulletin
Several producing countries will vie for strikes the keynote for peace: "Lasting
Vast Changes Wrought raw cotton customers, . . In a number of peace can be achieved only through inter-
"The ,ar has brought vast changes, such countries war shortages have stimulated national understanding and goodwill. It is
as the international advancement of Soviet the development of production facilities
for natural, therefore, that ever-increasing in-
Russia and China, which will have profound commodities formerly imported, such as rub- terest is being displayed inthe economic,
and varying effects on future foreign trade. ber and steel manufactures, textiles, and cer- social, cultural, and political aspects of in-
Along the changes referred to in the above tain chemical items.
terational affairs. Business, educational
two Department of Com.erce reports are: "'The most critical po0nt of all is the and world peace associations have much in
"1. Enormous physical destruction of pro- functioning of the domestic economy. A po- common. With our twentieth century techni-
ductire equipment in Europe and Asia which tential capacity output of all goods and cal advancements in airplanes, robot bombs,
must be replaced or repaired. services amounting to 175 billion dollars in explosives, and other munitions threatening
"2. Accumulation of relief needs among 1948, computed in 1942 prices, as indicated the annihilation of civilization itself, the
the populations of nations devastated by in 'Markets After the War,' has been taken (Continued on page 10)
MAY-JUNE, 1945 15?
Book Review: BrazWi an the March, by
Morris Lleweilyn Cooke.

TitHEhydroelctric pnowe indutry in Bra-


face opportuntes for~great espm'anso
lafter the war, as part of a progranm of in-
BRAZIL, .l?% Sid,
dustrialization uIpowhich our South Armer-

0 44&syndta&4l qa4/w
ican neJghbor already has embarked.
Since Brazil has been primarily an agri
cultural nation, before the war she relied
heavily upon imports for . mnufacture.
goods and for coal, oil, and machinery to With electrical power, repub- develop an extensive
eetric power indus-
try. Nearly every one of her numberless
run her transportation systei, jllblic uWili- lic to south can overcome natural riversdrops away sharply from its source
ties, and the few lac ories that had bee,,
built. By 1942, when the ,n ...narieo attacks
disadvantages in the highlands to its mouth in the Atlantie
Ocean. If the potential hydroelectrio power
in the Atlantic increased to the dangcr point
Consequently, most tiraf'ic .oves from the of these nany rivers, with their falls ard
and shipping was cut to themininmu , Brazil inlanld lit.as to ihe aid, from rapids, ean be utilized, Brazil can rum her
hta/,amast
sufiered serious shortages from curtijrIe..t
there, goods have to be shipped along the railreads, smelt her metals, and build and
of these imports so itceossary to her eC;,-
coast to other Brazilia n cities. Some of the operae machinery and factories.
olfy.
existing railroads ae of I..rrow gang, and But many problemp must be solved be-
Our governm ent organized the A...ie. ,l
technical missior to Brazil to help our South others wide, with th. r-s- It that lonomo tives fore Beazil can make $rper use of her hy-
American ally ease thi wartin
and carsdreigned far onetylpe of road can't droelectric power. Biver surveys, sometimes
strain, on
be u,,d on the other. costly, will have to be made to find out
her ecooamy and pIan for a better bahuneId,
where to build arms. Water for the dry
more indusltriaizId econamy in the yeau.. to Fuel Is Scarce season from 'lay to November w~ Mve
come. The objectives of thle nfltjicri uowe Fuel for loeiinmotilv k vlry scarce,. What to be stored in darns and reservoirs to reep
directly c onnected with tihe war wre t, or -l little coal Brazi has is lowInude, an wood d power plants running all year roud.. Be-
sowe s.hipping space arid to keep Brazil or charcoal caltt ,e rlied upon to drive tween Sae Paulo, Brazil's most important
producing Solle i..portant product, like freight trirq up IiilOirtatl gr1adhS. Ulntil indust rh city, and its port, Santos, an ex-
manganese, ess en.tial to the war production Brazil c'an tinol stiltaidec petroleumi among tensive so,les of dams and storage lakes al-
of the United Nai .... ber possiblly exten bive but little explored
The mission was headed by Morris L. oil deposits, Diesel eng .e. wo.n't do the .eady has l. en built, which supplies enough
wvater vughnout the year for the hydro-
Cooke, conslt.itg inanagene..t
eltgtie('rr trick. electrit llants in the vicint.
poWr
who long has been a trkuhh-sh.ooter f'or the This
However, a few Brsi ih -il onds have sysiemli can be used " a model for future
President, as well as a friend of labor. In been electrified, amdi i.. e can hI. IhI very
an inte.esting n bocK,
.v Brszil/ d eveloprments.
tthe terrain which binpmhm t iht! .o.s..rtlon of
MNaeh, Mr. Cooke bas writ tel the results roads sld railrodassld which ilalis ilanhy Standardize Electric Power
of this suvey of Brazil's eco.o..ly and the f Brazi's
. riv s ilhl.lusshlble g ives
our Iu Me transmbSsion lines will have to be
possibilities for her futu re de.velopmn t. American [neighbor unulnll/,ll opportunities to~ built, and tire electricp .ower
itself will have
(Cuandd
... I 'ge 187)
Land of Rich Resources
With an area lreger than the e ontinntial
United States, B,;zil
p ohssess rich a
varied n.a.r resources
.. .hich, except ,r a
few products like rubber, sugar Cane, ntLs.
coffee, and cotton, have scarcely been dvew-
oped. Because il the past Trazil depvndld
for her income uIpo exporting "I thiese arri-
cultural products, together with gld {{nd I
diamonds, Mr. Cooke found thiat her eco. -
only has been one-sid.,d. As a result, Bprzil
has experienced a series of booms an,d de-
I
pressions, and most of the Brazilian people k
have suffered fron very low hlmde-
ivares, I
quate food. disease, insun.itry livg condi-
tions, and lack of educatiun.
Brazi. has natural resoIle.e.s for an hidus-
trializod ecreroiny based on steel ier iron
ore reserves are esti.ated at ov.e..r a billl
tons, and she has sizable depos its of othlr
metals and minerals needed by the steel,
4
electrical radio, land electronic
. tl u.tries.
Brazil laks copper and high-grald ('/lI and
petroleum, whichshe probably musL conlie
to import.
Lack of adequNto.anspot ae ation to go IIh,
ores fiont the mines to the fOUndri!s md
lack of fuel for smelting ].ave hindered Bir-
zips efforts to utLiliz her great miu .. .t,- l
.onrees., Since river traffic is slow and rapids
and falls nake many of Brazi]'s extensive
rivers impassable. the main poslibilities for
better th-nsportation lie in improvflg hip
railroads and in develop.ig airplateo ard
glider freight service in the future.
Brazilian rmaliads consist mainly of
short fineunmll, ng sonic distance inllalii
froln the eastern
coast. with most of thu
trackage concentrated in the southe.asten
area- Brazil hasn't enough railroads, and the
existing ones are not adequately connected ,1t
, Odi Auat< f Intml 4merlean Aft irs
with each other or with the navigable rivers. Resources map of Brazil
158
The Journal of ELECTRICAL WORKERS and Operators

A'ew L(dFaEN qTADE


FOREIGN TRADE ga
suitable basis for putting a vaIue on their
An American city, long maritime currencies. It is but naturah. therefore, that
leader, establishes International we should. for the present at least, focus
House, unique institution our primary attention on the trade with
the Western Hemisphere and the continent
of AMrica. Just as the Pacific states natural-
American Fiesta. Other members are Rudolf Ty will look for their greatest development
S. Heeht of the Hibernia National Bank, from the territory adjacent to the Pacific,
and A. B. Paterson, president of New Or- so does our most attractive field lie to the
leans Public Service, Inc. The backers of this south of us. We are nearer to them geo-
public spirited enterprise expected to raise graphically and we understand them better
$250,000 with no difficulty and exceeded the because of the closer relations we have had
sun, by $100,000. There is expected to be no with them. Besides, our economies supple-
worry about funds. It is expected that this ment each other advantageously since we
movement for international houses will ex- need many of the raw materials and food
tend to other port cities. stuffs which they export, and we can and do
International House has purchased a nine- manufacture many of the articles which
story building in the heart of the New they are ver. anxious to import.
Orleans business district and has remodeled
it for permanent headquarters. The direc- Commodities of the Valley
tor of International House is J. Stantn "When it comes to a discussion of the
Robbins, a person long interested in inter- commodities which the Mississippi Valley
Scene in New Orleans national trade. Mr. Robbtis has to his credit can export there is almost no limit, and
the development of the "tourist class" type it would be 'carrying coals to Newcastle'
EW ORLEANS, long a cosmopolitan city of steamer. lie also instituted, for Grace to enumerate them to this audience. Some
and a giat port, is the first city to adapt Line, Inc., the first summer schools in South of your agricultural products, nearly all the
Nitself to the new foreign trade era. America for U. S. students and teachers. durable goods that come from your steel
Establishing a board of directors of 100 He planned and arranged for the survey of mills and heavy industries, and itnnmerable
members, ad t;ith a united community be- the Orinoco and Rio Negro Rivers in South items of consumer goods manufactured
hind it, the City of New Orleans has estab- America. He has been on the staff of Nelson throughout this section, can find a ready
lished International HIous. International Rockefeller of the Inter-American Affairs
House---is as the brochu!e read. both an Committee, now of the State Department.
idea and a building. It is designed to create
better postwar understanding between this lnternationally-Minded People
country and all countries. New Orleans is R. S. Hecht of the Hibernia National
expected to be the maritime capital of the Bank, New Orleans, who has been on active
Mississippi Valley and the countries of figure in the establishment of International
South America. The brochure goes on to House, recently said this about th, relation-
say: "The governments of nations can estab- ship of the Mississippi Valley to foreign
lish policies If friendship, but those policies
must be worked ''ut by the individual cti- trade:
zens themselves. The most effective ambas- "I think we have not in the past partici-
pated in this trade to the extent we should,
sadors of good will ae the business men, but I am greatly encouraged by the clear
educators. professional men and scientists
in everyday contacts." indications that our people up and down
International House will be a combina- the valley have become much more inter-
tion club for the veilconiig of foreign vis- nationally minded than in the past, and
itors, mbassadors, COelsi, and a bourse. consequently are taking a far deeper interest
in our foreign trade, our merchant marine,
a business centre, for carrying on interna-
tional trade and relationships. International and our international air service, than ever
House was presented to the world over a before. Here at Chicago and within a radius
of 300 to 400 miles of this grist mid-west
CBS nation-wide hookup in January, 1944.
It is an outstanding example of the spirit market you are raow o mere than 12 hours
of cooperation in every element of the com- fromn Guatemala City, 20 hours from Pan-
munity for the larger purpose of meeting ama, 32 hours from Lima. Pent, 20 hours
modern problems. Some of the functions from Venezuela and Colombia, actual flying
of International House are to cooperate time, through our new international air gate-
with govern.ment and official representatives way at New Orleans. The southern half of
of foreign governments, to open new ave- the hemisphere literally is at our doorstep. I
nues of trade; to iron out differences be- amconvinced that our leaders have made up
tween nations, the reception of business men their minds to see to it that we shall assert
and distinguished visitors from abroad; pro- our place and obtain our rightful share of
vide for a series of student exchanges be- this trade on every continent as soon as
tween colleges and universities of the Mis- world conditions permit the resumption of
sissippi Valley and foreign nations, to co- private trading between all commercial na-
operate in international exports and other lions. But while we propose to participate
in all the foreign trade that can be rebuilt
cultural projects, set up a film library to be after the war we may as well be realistic
kept current; to interpret American culture
and admit that it is next to impossible to
to foreign nations and foreign cultare to make plans now for trading with those
Americans. countries whose wealth and economic life
The Set-up iavebeen destroyed-to such an extenl
The president of International House is that we have no present means of estimat Architect's drawing of International
William G. Zetmann, president of the Pan ing their purchasing power or finding s House, New Orleans
MAY-JUNE, 1945
is,
market in foreign countries if the right
effort is made, lIn fact this section can pro-
duce almost everything the world needs.
"There many mnanufacturers through-
are
out the Mississippi Valley section who in
normal times exported a part of their prod-
uct, and who are thoroughly familiar with
every phase of the export and import trade.
There are many others who also have prod-
uets suitable for export who have not in
the past taken the trouble of learning the
intricate details connected with direct sales
abroad. But because of the enormous in-
crease in our capacity to produce we must
encourage all such manufacturers to take
an active interest in the cultivation of th,
foreign markets as an outlet for their sur-
plus outputs. Even the experienced
exporter
will find that his knowledge of pcewar
conditions is no longer sufficient, and that "IV. There is for an organization In InternationMl House we see the Good
in order to re-engage in private export which ';d assist in estaltlihinlg in New Neighbor Policy in action. Words alone can-
trade he must reorganize his staff, rede- Orleans Initerlotifeall leT~'handise Mart not make real the Good Neighbor Policy.
velop his markets, and study anew the (which is part of the o.-ram
.. of the Pan- Governtments alone cannot do it. But, gov-
up-to-he-minute information whlch affects American Fiesta lICxposith±tn that will be ernments can cleate the framework, the ma-
his particular product. The manufacturer held at a later date); to establish inter- chinery within which individual men and
who has not up to now attended to the mul- national hro.dea.sys an.. spurting events; women can work and strive for ever better
titudinous details connected with export an interesting sn.i ilfo.t nattiv, international understanding arId ntre effective integration
shipments must either look around for Ix- publication; ai, pic tire lihraries and of the economic lives of our respective court-
perienced personnel to attend to all such all types of nil ulod, scientific, tirade and
tries.
matters direct or, if his volume of export commercial funcltions. A prorram of international cooperation
business is not sufficient to justify a fully "V. There is a neled for the establishment is only asstrong as the people wht, will it
organized export departnent, he earl take of an organizatih :it tie st'ategic entrance and who carry it out That means knowledge,
his problem to one of the export and in-
to the great vally .v •eti on, tile Port of New tolerance and understanding. It means rec-
port houses which are specialists in that Orleans, which will work in close harm.ony ognizing the neighbor's prboblems, it means
fle and are able to analyze for the manu- with the stabIlished positwar fo'eign policy defining our common goals ind aspirations,
facturer his possible narkets, his compe- thereby creating new trade an d new nar-
tition, the style and it mentas much hard, individual work side
and
packing required to kets and prtoi.i..tinig inlt.rnatirrl friendship
make his product acceptable to foreign by side.
essential to a progranm of lasting peace.
buyers, and even to check his credits and As a port of entry, New Orleans enjoys
to banance the transaction. I lontion these "VI. There is a need for the acquisition unique advantages. There you may meet our
details only because all too often in the of a suitable anriodng which will house the neighbors, you mnay help them, you nmy be
past the manrufacturer who might have Inlternatiali House anid will provide an helped by them and together you will be an
attractive place to bring visitors as well inspiration to similar centers all over the
sold some of his produhctS abroad decided
against the idea as the needed wor'khig space and facilities
ierely because he knew for the organization. To providE continuity Country.
nothing of the details of foreign transac- These inter-American centers, of which
thans or credits and did not want to be and conti nlnous activity a club should be there are now se!vent.en.. will look to New
bothered with them." established in conjuintion with the other Orleans as a strategically located clearing
functions of the lnternational l.ouse. The house of educational, economic and soial ac-
club will Ie made Up of executives of N¢W tivities to work hand in hand with the, in
Six Principles
Orleans and the valley and represenLatives serving the inter-Ameriean interests of their
The directors of International House have of steamshi, barge, air,
set down six principals hivored in its estab- Ioor arid rail communities and of the nation as a whole,
transpoltation, as well as all others in lnter-American
lishment: cooperation has been
terested in the )roadprogram of interna- tested in war.
"I. Tiere is a need for a strong organiza- tanal trade. vulIur1l and seientific advane.-
tion to pimed' and cultivate trade and meat. In this club the business men of the Through it a stroni: bulwark of offense
cematerce between the valley section and valley section atd the business inel and against agglession has beena buit-a bul-
the other nations, paIltiualloy the republics wark against the threat to the beliefs and
representatives frem the ither nations of the ways of freedo.hn that we of the Americas
of Central andl South America, and to serve the world, particularly the American re-
as the coordinating body for the many agen- public,, ma'y lac e(n fee] at home anid
hold in common. In the days If victo.ry, and,
Idea of commerce, transportatlO andI travel Ideasant and ,ithbb, ~urroundirgs.", more ilmportant, in the (lays of peace to
functioning throughout that area. come, this program will be faced with an
even greater test.
"II. There is a need for the establishment
As a nation we in the United States have a
of a well-planed cultural program which Significance of International House grave respon.ibility ahead,. We ,ust be pre-
must includestudy of the language. us- pared to think and live internationally, Sol-
by Nelson A. Rockefeller
toms, traditions, and history of other na- once has brought us too close to one, another
tins, and wh must work in conjunction Assiatent Secrctary of State to permit us to retreat again into blind snug-
with the State DIepartment, the Pan Ameri- roes. Through the miracles of mdern coat-
can UMion, the Coordibiator of Inter-Ameri- It is a great privilege to greet that oiginml
can Affairs, the schools and universities of handful of men who tIneieived thrllational munictsions, knowledge and uderstanding
the Valley seeotin and all related cultural House, the leaders of the Misissippi Valley of world affairs will become conlnonplae,
who translated thairt idea into reality, and and consequently, national decisions will
olganizations mole truly relect popular will.
all the citizens of New Orleans who will make
"ITT. There is a need for the establish- it live. Thus in the world ahead of us, mutual
ment of an organization which will work It is sigmificant that this symbol of inter- Understanding amng the peoples of the
with the consulates adl official represent- world, will be of paraimount imp.rtance.
atives of all nations with a view to ob- national understanding and cooperation is
being constructed in New Orleans. The his- Tried and tested proven din-able in wag-
taining their cooperation and sympathetic
interest at all times in projects of mutual tric baekgrounii of the city, its long trade the inter-American system is all approach
associations with the ither nations of the to international living that blends practical-
interest and benefit, and which will provide
the facilities for officially receiving and en- ity with realism.
world, its recent industrial growth, and par- We of the Americas have evolved a strue-
tertaining ambassadors, prominent business ticularly its true community of interest with
men and distinguished visitors from friend- tur, based on the unlorstanding and sup-
the other American republics make it a port of the people, which has proved flexible
ly nations. logical center of inter-American activity. and effective in time uf grave crisis.
150 The Journal of ELECTRICAL WORKERS and Operators
country, has lacked the capital needed to

BRETTON WOODS build factories to produce tanks, planes, and


guns. With the close of the Pacific war,
Chin. will need large amounts of foreign
funds to build factories and ships needed to
establish an industrialized economy, as well
as to repair war damage. .Braziland other

& SAN FRANCISCO countries not ravaged by war will need for-
eign capital to help them industrialivs their
e onorl.miC
The war-torn countries of Europe will be
EHIND the detailed weoding of the Bret- Inernational Money and Credit in the same boat, and unless the money
ton Woods agreements, approved teona- needed is loaned by other nations, including
tively by 44 nations last July, lies the Can Aid Full Employment our own, or by means of the proposed In-
ultimate objective of achieving and main- ternational bank, the world will not
enjoy
taining a high level of trade, production, exchange, must be established between the as much intermtionl trade as it might. If
and employment throughout the world national currencies of the buyer and the ]Bussia, for insance,e . a 't obtaln the money
One agreement calls for an International seller. she needs to help rebuild her country, the
Monetary Fund, with a capital of $8,800,000,- Rates of exchange vary from time to ]ussianlmarket for American exports of
000 to stabiize postwar currencies. The sec- time, just as tlie vihs of national culrer- ..
steel rails, autouhilh , tractors, locomo-
ond agreement provides for an International eies vary. If rates of exchange fluctuate ton tives, etc., will he restricted. Our production
Bank for R econ.strta. in and Development, much or too sharply, world tlade is dis- of items such as these will have to be less
with a capital of $10h000,000,000, which can rupted. The main purpose of the Inaterna- than it might be, and chances for jobs for
lend money directly to nations and guaran- tiohal Mi, Leir Fund is to stabilire the American workers will be diminished ac-
tee loans made through tih usual invest- rates of exchange at which the currency of cordingly.
ment channels. cne nation is converted into that of another If ratified by the legislatures of the 44
These agreements aim to stimulate trade to pay for goods. Maladjushuents would be nations, the Brptten Woods agreements can
and credit extension between countries. If conccted "without resorting to eastires only deal with the international aspects of
international trade and investment are in- destructive of national or international pros- our postwar economies. If the world is to
creased and held at a high level, efforts of perity." Scarcity of currencies, diseribmina- enjoy full production and full employment,
individual .aties--including the UliLeI tory practices, f roeign restrictions
exhane each Latin . u.tll, decide upon and carry
that impede the growth of world trade, com- out measures to promote these objectives
States-to mnaintain full postwar produc-
tion and employment are more likely to be petitive depreciation of national currencies, within its own borders. International agree-
successful. which upset exchange rates--all these would ments can't do the job alone. To the extent
be avoided. that the depression beginning in 1929 was
After World War I Hand-in-Hand Operations caused by the failure of iprchasing power-
that is, failure to employ enough people
In the years between 1918 and the Second The operations of the International Bank
World War, International trade often was would go hand in hand with the activities at high enough wsges so that they could
disrupted and diminished in vlme because of the ItepralteaM Monetary Fund in pro- buy the goods our factories and farms pro-
duced - international agreements alone
of difficulties in paying for goods bought naoting economic activity throughout the could not have avoided economic collapse
and sold. In the United States, the dollar is world. After the war many nations will need
and the unemployment that it brought.
standard currency, in Great Britain the to borrow money from abroad. Coun.tries
pound, and in France the franc. But there with economies that are under-developed, Will Help Employment
is no single, standard currency accepted by characteristically lack capital needed to ex- But in very substantial ways the Bretton
the various nations throughout the world. ploit mines and to build railroads and. ac-
tories. The war effort in the Pacific has been Woods agreements can help to provide jobs
Before payments between nations can be
slowed down because China, an agricultural and to encourage the best use of a worker's
made, some relationship, called a rate of skill on the job, both in the United States
and other countries, For example, since the
United States has to rely upon imports of
tungsten, our production of electric light
bulbs depends to a large extent upon our
being able to buy tungsten from abroad. If,
because of exchange difficulties, we had
trouble paying for the tungsten we need,
our imports might be curtailed, and our
production of electric light bulbs diminished.
Unless we could substitute the manufacture
of fluorescent lights, some Electrical Work-
ers would be thrown out of jobs or would
have to learn new skills in order to take
other jobs. Such a situation the Interna-
tional Monetary Fund could help to avoid.
Sometimes a nation which experiences dif-
fics]itis in making payments to other coun-
tries for imported goods tries to improve
its position by deflating its prices and forc-
ing down wages in its own country. Al-
though this method may work, it creates
low wages and unemployment within the
country ad eventually puts a damper on in-
ternational trade by curtailing the amount
of goods other nations can sell to that coun-
try. Workers who are unemployed or are
paid wage% that are too low can't afford
to buy the goods produced by other nations.
Another method that a nation can use,
if it has difficulty paying for imported goods,
is to restrict imports by trade barriers and
high tariffs and to promote exports by
California Street hill, San Francisco (Continued on page 188)
161

tew DAY 4Yndsai


Rdal.a DAWNS in U.S.A.
ANEW code of relationships betweettnora-
agement and labor has been drafted and
Labor and management issue code
that looks away from damning past
published by the U. S. Chamber of Com-
mierce, the American Federation of Labor of fascist ideology
and the Congress of indust, al Organiza-
tiens. This rode is in the bet tadliton of Murray of the CTO. The newspapermen were
American democracy and pushes forward aware that an imlp.ortant announcement was
from similar attempts in the past to put to be made. Mr. Johnrsor who is titular head
relationships between employers and work- of the chamber told th. ne;,,.rpernien that
mre on a more rational basis. together he and fi, (been and Mr. Murray
On March 28, 1945, more than 100 news- bad outlined a sevea imint program de-
papermen, with moving piuc..re ca.nejs and signed to bring the war to a successful end-
still .am.eras, walked across Lafayette ing and to achieve a 'prsperous and aus-
Square in Washirgton, D. C., to the Cham- tained peace."
ber of Commerce building. Thiis n.n.u mental
structure faces the White }l ouse across Program of Adyancement
Lafayette Square. In one of tlhe large as- The seven-point program seek to advance
sembly rooms if the chamber there were productive eficiency, t. sinulate technol of private property and free chice of ac-
gathered Mr. Erie Johnson. pros..leat of the ogy in order to constanly improve the tioa, recognize the sphere of government in-
U. S Chamber of CoaTrIeUI, President American standard of living. The aeven- fluence. but resists government interference;
Green of the A. F. of L. and President point program seeks to lprotect the rights univrsally recognizes the right of workers
to collective bargaining; opposes invoiun-
rary u.n. mloynent and seeks to provide
against the hazalds of old age and physical
CODE impairment. It seeks to stimolate foreign
We in management and labor firmly believe that the end of this var will bring trade and supports a national system of se-
the nnfolding of a new era based ul]on a vastly expanding economy ani unlimited curity, A nalionnl-usinesslahor committee
opportmunties for every American. has been appointed to forward the aims of
This peacetime gas can ..only a ttined ti.ro.lgh the united effort of all o.r this code aid to work out better relations
people. Today we are united in national defense. Tomorrow we must be uited
equally in the national interest. between management and labor.
l~l~anagement-labor unity, so effective in lifting var production to unpree- In December, 1930, the Taylor Society
dented heights, must be ro.t ined in the postwar period. To this end, we dedicate (which is now the Society for the Advance-
our joint efforts for a practical partnership within the framework of this code of ment of Management) considered an indus-
principles: trial emIploynent code. The Taylor Society
1. Increased prospetity for all involves the highest dlegre of production at that time d/ominated the engineering field
anti employment at wages assurrig a steadily advan . ig standard of living. I,- in the sphere of ideas and took leadership
proved productive efficiency and teei uological ad;'....cen...t ust, therefore be
constantly encoura.fed. throughout the United States. in the indus-
2. The rights of private property and free choice of aetren. under a system trial employment code there was a section
of private competitive captalam, must continue to be the foundatioli of our that dealt frankly with the right of labor to
nation's peaceful and prosperous expanding
economy. F ree coaq etitit.r, an.d free organize., as follows:
men are the strength of our free sre,,V.
3. The inherent right ad rCsponsibility of management to dieret Ihe opera- Right of Labor
tions of al enterprise shall be recognized and pi.. serv'.. So illtt erier may
is'e
develop anid xpamud and tarn a rems.oable profit iuanag.lnci..t 1nost
ftree as well "Theoretically it seems logical that any
fronm un.necessar.y gove.nm.cn.al interference or burdensome resrictiuns. employer should have the right to negotiate
4. The fundamental rights of labor to organize and to ,ngage i collective and deal with any employee individually. But
bargaining with managem ent shall he recognized and ].reserved, ree frol' egisla- when it is consihred how disproportionate
tive enactments which would interfere ith or discourage these objectives. is the power of a modern large-scale em-
Through the acceptance of collctive bargaining agreements, differences between player to the power of any individual work-
management and labor canU be d(isposed of between the pultietlth,,gh peacefut er, it becomes apparent that labor is no more
means, thereby discouraging avwdable strife through strikes and lockouts.
5. The independependnce an dignity of the individual and the enjoyment of his than reasonable when it insists that all the
democratic rights are inherent in Our free Amer'ica. society. Our purpose is to workers in a particular plnmt or project, or
cooperate in building an coonurnie system for the nation which will protect the in- all the workers in a ipatieular trade or craft,
dividual against the hazards of unemployment, old age and physical in.pairments shall be considered as a unit for purposes
beyond his control. of negotiating and bargaining with employ-
6. An expanding economy at home will be stimulated by a vastly increased em. Labor's right of collective bargaining
foreign trade. Arrangements must therefore be perfected to afford the devastated is now, in this country, so widely recognized
or undeveloped nations reas(,nble assistan.ce to encourage the rebuilding and de- as to be generally beyond debate in theory
velopment of sound systems. International trade cannot expand through
economic
subsidized competition among the nations for diminishing markets, but can be and beyond contest in practice. That right
achieved only through expanding world markets and the elimination of airy arbi- may be exercised through various forms of
trary and unreasonable practices. organization. 'Comaany unions,' however,
7. An enduring peace. ust be secured. This calls for the establishment of an can perform the function of collectively rep.
international security organization, with full participation by all the United Na- resenting the employees only if control rests
tions, capable of preventing ag.gression and assuring lasting peace. fully and 'really with the workers. With
We in management and labor agree that our primary duty is to win complete whatever form of workers' organization an
victory over nazism and Japanese . ilitariss . We also agree that we have a com-
mon joint duty, in cooperation with other elements of our national life and vith employer must deal, fairness, good faith
Government. to prepare and work for a prosperous and sustained peace. and complete frankness about all governing
In this spirit we agree to crnate a national c.smittee, composed of repre- facts are the surest means to understanding
sentatives of business and labor organizations. This committee will s!ek to promote and agreement.
an understanding and sympathetic ae"ptance of this code of principles and will "Any condition of the work contract bind-
propose such national policies as will advance the best interests of our nation. ing the workman not to join an independent
(Continued on page 10)
162 The Journal of ELECTRICAL WORKERS and Operators
HE show must go on." This is a guid-

I ing shibboleth of the theater.


"Power must not be interrupted."
This is the ruling principle for electric utili-
ties.
In order to mamhtah, an uninterrupted

WithIs B E.W.
flow of power, private utilities must have
fine workmanship. They insist upon the
highest standards of acco.p.i hment. It is ~eal
a matte, of pride for the 1. 1. E. W. that
nearly all private tv Wtlitijties have col-
lective hargain rg agre. nemnIts with the Those dealing with "independents" South Carolina Power Company
I. B. E. W. 6 Southern ILdiana Gas and Electric Com-
liere is only a partial list hut it is in- or CIO are compara vely few. pany
posing. The numbers in parentheses indicate Utilities have higher standard of Standard Power and Light System
the number of locals having agreements
with the company.
wofkmanship. Ust grows (Formerly eontrolled by the R. M. Byllesby
Montana Power Company (11) intmrests.)
Associated Gas and Electric System Northwestern Electric Company California-Oregon Power Company
Bradford 1ler tli, Co.pany Pacific Power and Light Company Eau Claire Dells Improvement Com-
*Eastern Shoun Public Servie Company Superior Water, Light and Power (Com- pany (3)
(Maryland) pany Interstate Light and Power Company
'Easter,, Shore Public Service Company Texas Power and Light Company (2) Madison (Indiana) Light and Power
(Virgimi) Washington Water Power Coemny Company
Edison Light and Power Company !Midland Public Service Company (3)
(b) Through Electric Power and Light
Erie Lighting Company Minneapolis General Electric Company
C orpetr Lion Mountain States Power Company
FIorlda Power Corporation Arkansas Power and Light Company (4)
Georgia Power and Light Company Northern States Power Company of Min-
Wlississippi Power and Light Com.-
Glen Rock Electric Light and Power neacta (3)
pany (2) Nor.ther States Power Company of Wis-
Company Utah Power and Light Company
Jersey Central Power and Light Coso Western Colorado Power Company consin (3)
pany (6) Oklahoma Gas and Eloecr'i Company
(c) Through National Power and Light St. Anthony Falls Water Power Com-
Kentucky-Tennessee Light and Power Company
Company pany
Birmingham Electric Company San Diego Gas and Electric Company
Keystone Public Sirvi, Company f.ouston Lighting and Power Company
Metropolitan Edison (!ranp'ary (3) Southern Colorado Power Company
Memphis Generating Company
New Jersey Power and Light Com- (d) Through American Gas and Electric United Corporation System
pany (2)
New York Stare Electric and Gms Cor- Company (J. P. Morgan utility interests.)
poration M9) Atlantic City Electric Company
Ohio Power Company (a) Through United Gas Improvement
Northern Ponsylvaui a Power Com- Corpsatrion
pany (3) Middle West Corporation System ArHiona Power Corporation
Patchege El'e tic Light Company *Colorado Utilities Corporation
Pennsylvanima Edirou8 Company (Formerly controlled by Insult interests.) Connecticut Light and Power Companty
Pennsylvania Eleclri, Company (3) Central Illinois Public Service Company Philhdelphia Electric Company
Tide Water Power Company Dakota Public Service Company (b) Through Niagara Hudson Power Cor-
Virginia Public Service Company (6) East Missouri Power Company
poration
*The Eastern Shore Public Service Com- *Kansas Electric Power Company Buffalo Niagara Electric Corporation
pany (Maryland) and the Eastern Shor Kansas Power Company Central New York Power C orporation (2)
Public Service ,timany (Virginia) are to Missouri Gas and Electric Services Com- Lockport and Newfane Power and Water
be transferrIed to the United Gas Improve- pany
Northwest Public Service Company (S) Supply Company
meat ColilRny uility system. Under a plan New York Power and Light Corporation
approved by the Securities and Exchange Public Service Company of Oklahoma (3)
Southwestern Gas and Electric Co,- Niagara. Lockport and Ontario Power
Commission. on.C.tlher 13, 1943, a senis Company
of transactions will be iade whereby these Pany (3)
two companies will become subsidiaries of Wisconsin Power and Light Company (c) Through Public Service Corporation of
the Delaware Power and Light Company 'To be sold to the Kansa. Power and New Jersey
Light Company of the North American P.blic S ervice
Elctric and Gas Com-
of the U. G. 1. network.
System. pany (10)
Electric Bond and Share System *Associated with U. G, 1. through inter-
(a) Through American Power and Light North American System looking directors with the Commonwealth
Company Utilities Corporation. a subsidiary of U. G, 1.
Des Moines Electric Light Company
Florida Power and Light Company (9) Illinois Power Company (3)
Kansas Gas and Electric Company (2) (Formerly Illinois-Iowa Power Com-
Minnesota Power and Light Company pany)
Iowa Power and Light Company
Kewanee Public Service Company (2)
Missouri Power and Light Company
Pacific Gas and Electric Company
Union Electric Company of Illinois (2)
Wisconsin Gas and Electric Company
Commonwealth and Southern System
{Comnnonwealth and Southern Corpora-
tion formerly was controlled by American
Superpower Corporation.)
Alabama Power Cuampuay (7)
Central Illinois Light Company
Consumers Power Company
Georgia Power Company (f6) '4 '-can.
Gulf Power Company (2)
Mississippi Power Company (4)
163
MAY-JUNE, 1945
other claiming to represent all of the em-
Cites Service System ployees of the company- From the time the
Albuquerque Gas and Electric Company International Brotherhoed of Electrical
pemding, New Mexico, Iee and Electric Workers got on the job until the agreement
Company was signed in Novmaber, 1944, the following
*Durham Public Service Company things happened: an employees' representa-
New Mexico Power Company tion plan that had been operating continu-
*Public Service Company of Colorado ously for more than 22 ', irs was disestab-
Pueblo Gas and Fuel Company (gas) lished; an independent Uaiol operating con-
St. Joseph Railway, Light, Heat and tinuously in one departmncnt (in the Pekin,
Power Company Illinois, area) for more than II,, years was
Sheridan County Electric Company defeated by the I. B. E. W, in an N. L. R. B.
Springfield (Missouri) Gas and Electric election the setond independent union folded
Comnp any up; and the fourth independent, claiming to
Toledo Edison Company represent all 0 f the employees, had its pe-
Trinidad Electric Transmission, Railway tition dismissed and the board ordered elec-
and Gas Company tions in Chicago irk accordance with the
Tucson Gas, Electric Light and Power I. B. E. W. petition that was filed only three
Company months after the 1. B. E. W. hefgan its
*Proceedings are now pending before the campaign.
r r / / I - f/
Securities and Exchange Comnnissio for ap- in the Chicago area the N. L. R. B. found,
proval of plans for the disposal of the Dur- ( ~~~~~~~~~J-I in accordance with the petitien Of the
ham Public Service Conpany axed the Public I. B. E. W., two bargaining units, one to
Service Company of Colorado by their pa- Gardner Electric Light Conmpany consist of inside plant" employees of the
rent holding company, the Ciiles Service Green Moiunlain Power (>rporattio: generating stafions and substations, and the
Power and Light Company ,a subeidia, of Haverhill Electric Coinmpany I) other to be the "ootside plant" employees of
the Cities Service Company. Lawrence Gas and Electric (.mpany
PC) 14 different dep artments.
Lowell Electric Light Colporalion (2} Separate elections were held by the
United Light and Power System Malden and Meibose Gas and Light (orm- N. L. R. B. for the "inside" and the "outside"
*Detroit Edison Company pany (gas) units and the Intermntional Brotherhood of
Eastern Kansas Utilities,. Incorporated MalIden Electric Company (f) Electrical Workers on both of these in a
Interstate Power Company (Dubuque) Middlesex Cointy Electric Company clean ,weep.
Iowa-Ilalois Gas and Electric (ompany New England Po.ecr (!n/pary 0, A ugust 15, the International Brother-
Kansas City (Missouri) Power and Light New England Power Service Company hood of Electrical Workers brought the ne-
Company (3) getatietig committees of our four utility local
Maryville Electric Light and Power Corn, Northampton Electric Lighting' Com- unions, B-1l59, B-1366, B-167 and B-1399,
pany (2) pany together to ,eet with representatives of the
Panhandle Power and Light Company Northampton Gas Light Company (gas) company. Agreement was reached on No-
*The Detroit Edison Company was far- North.ern. 1rkshiie gas Company (gas vemnber 28 as a result of the joint negoti-
merly contrlled by the North Aniricaa and electrie) ations.
Company; it is now controlled by The Southern Berkshire Pow('r and Electico A wide variety of factors affecting ma-
United Light and Pow.er Company through Company ployees in their relationship with the com-
the American Light and Traction Company. W\achnsett Electric Comnpany party are inlauded in the agreement- These
Worcester Suburban Electric (oupany inciude provisions regarding ability and
International Hydro-Electric System seniority, hours, overtine rates and regula-
(b) Otherwise Controlled
(Formerly contrlled by International Paper Gatilaau Power Company tions, vacationls and schedule mllinimUm of
and Power Conmpany.) Gatineau Electric Light C(..pnvy, Liran- job classifications.
ted November 28, 1944, was indeed a sinifi-
(a) Through New England Power Associa- cant date to the citizens of Chicago, to the
Gatiaui Transmission Conpany
tion Commnonwealth Edison Company and its em-
Olcuti Falls Company
Amesbury Electric Light Company (2) ployees, for the day of the signing of the
Athol Gas and Electric Company Recorded above is a partial list of the agreement marked a new era of industrial
Bellows Falls Ilydro-Electric Corpers- utility companies with which the Interna-
relations in the utility industry.
tiaa tional Brotherhood of Electrical Workers
Connectictt ]riveTower Company has agreenents. One of the greatest tri-
,nphs of I. B. E. W. in the utility field came
last November when the Ccnuunonwealth
Edison Company signed an agreement with
our unaio, covering all production and alil-
t.en.ance woters.
Commonwealth Edison Company is well
known to readers o£ the JOUtNAL. It is one of
the largest electric light and power corm
panics in the world, serving over §50,000
customers in Chiuam and having a rated
capaity for distribution of approxliately
I ,270.000 kilowatts.
The I. B. F. IV. campaign of organization
at (,o..n...wea]th Edison began in the mid-
die of 1943. At that time one daepartm.ent of
the conIpany wa. cove.red by aPO agreenent
vitth an union sad there were
.l..Meeedctt
two pit itlon before the National Labor Re-
lathis Board, filed by two different inde-
pendent kinions, one claiming to represent
the employees of one department, and the
IN The Jornal of ELECTRICAL WORKERS and Operators

Afaheet Set-up,~

The employees of the Holmes Electric


Protective Company held a run-off election
betweeni the International IBrotherhood of
Electrical Workers' Local Union No. 3,
A. F. of L., and the Arm[riatn Commumica-
tions Association, C. I. 0., March 22, 1945,
at the Imperial Hoete, 32nd Street and
Broad'l,-, New York City. The L B. E. W.
Local No. 3 ws the choice of the employees
over the Ame, ian Communications Associ- Ha7y Van Arsdale, Jr. (second from left,. leads a meeting of Holmes Elech'ic
ation, C. 1. 0., by a vote of approxmnately Company employees and Local Unkon No. 3.
3 to 2.
The first election was held January 10,
1945, under the auspices of the State Medi-
atilln Board. In this election, the Electric
Alam Workers' Union (rdependent) and
the United Telephone Organization also
participated.

600 Employed
The Holmes
Electric Protective Companv
Yat 4 C4is Vtichit
employs over 600 men and women. The Wichita, Kansas, according to the lVichito
barriers which havebeenraised in the past
Eagle, has enterprising contractor and Elec- through prejudice and habit, and that it
unionization of these workers under the tricel Worker groups who are putting into is the first step in establishing the prin-
banner of the International Brotherhood of practice the general principles of planning ciple of the interdependence of both groups,
Electrical Worker. establishes 100 per cent
as advocated by the labor-management through joint action
on problems arising
organization of all the companies engaged planning committee of the two organiza
in the Electric Protcetion Industry in the in the industry.
tions. The statement issued follows: An example of joint acceptance of a
City of New York, il;fiding fire alarm
and burglar ajar-l, both local and central joint responsibility is seen in the field of
office systems. This siiuati~u proves that training future journeymen for the elec-
The eectrical industry, for the past few
trite construction trade in
in the organization of ,orkers persistency years, has been--nd in fact, still is-busily N. E. C. A. and the I. B. E. W.Wichita. The
have formed
is a very important factor,. and refusal to engaged in work which will hasten the day a joint apprenticeship committee,
become discouraged is eventually rewarded. composed
of victory. During this period, little or no of members of the union and the contract-
In 1938, Local 3 attempted unionization of time has been given to thought of our great- ors' asscmiation. This committee
these workers; again in 1040 an organizing ha, de-
ly expanding field, with the result that we veloped written standards of apprenticeship,
drive was conducted, and, while wecreceived find ourselves in a position which calls for which set out the manner in which appren-
a considera.le responlse from the workers, the utmost cooperation of all those engaged tices entering the trade are to be trained.
we did not secure the necessary support of in the electrical industry if we are to keep Among other things, the standards set forth
the majority of the men and women emn- apace with the many new inventions which the schedule of work processes, provide for
ployed. science and research have given us. a minimum number of hours of supplement-
This clear-cut victor was accomplished
ary instruction, set forth the term of ap-
under the direction of Assistant Business New Agreement prenticeship, hours of work,
ManagersNaftel Bedsole and Edward P. As a step toward building that coopera- increasing schedule of wages, progressively
indenture of
MeGonfigl. the untiring efforts of volunteer tion, the Wichita section. Kansas Chapter, apprentices, record of apprentices'
organizers, the full support and cooperation progress
N. E. C. A. and Local Union 271,1. B. E. W., and qualifications for apprenticeship. This
of the officers and members of the Class have recently entered into a collective lar- program is administered solely
"H" Division (Electric Protection Indus- by the com-
gaining agreement, signed jointly by of- mittee, and was developed under policies
try) and the active participation and assist- ficials of the two organizations. We feel recommended by the national joint appren-
ance of International Vice President Wil- this represents distinct progress in labor- ticeship committee for the electrical
liam D. Walker and the International Office. management relations in the electrical in- try and the Federal indus-
At union headquarters, April 3, 1945, a Committee On Appren-
dustry in Wichita. ticeship. Members of the joint apprentice-
committee of Local Union No. 3 and a com- Heretofore agreements were negotiated ship committee are: Al Butters. Butters
mittee of the Holmes Electric Protective between individual employers and the union,. Electric Company, chairnmn;
Company · ninleyees (not designated) met R. M_ Sutton,
which, in many instances, resulted in mis- Southwestern
to work out the details of their membership Electric Company, and W. A.
understandings in the industry. Both the Shrum, Shrum Electric Company, for
in Local No. 3 and the procedure to be fol- the
contractor's association and the union have employers; Rolla Hall, 11.
lowed in negotiations with the company. E. Wentworth
come to the realization that harmonious and Ray Mitchell, for the employees.
The members appearing in the picture are:
relations are now, more than ever before, As a further evidence of the interest
(Standing, left to right)--Jeremiah P. necessary to improve the relationship be- of Electrical Workers in matters affecting
Sullivan, presindent, L. U. 3, John J. Kapp, tween the employer, the worker and the the future of the industry, we can
recording secretary, L. U, 3, Frank B. Mac- point
public, and that concidence in each other to the increased activity
Neil, John F. O'Donnell, attorney, Henry in electronics. The
can better be furthered through the method I. B. E. W. has established an electronics'
F. Sheirlda, A. Hosning. Glynn Murphy, we have adopted.
L. U. 3, Edward P. McGonigle, L. U. 3. school at Marquette University in Milwau-
kee. Eighty members from 80 local leions
(Seated, left to right)-Hany Van Ars- Progressive Move embarked on this course in industrial appli-
dale, Jr., Business Manager, L. U. 3, Rich- We believe this progressive movewill cation of electronics in December,
(Continued on page 187) and they
go a long way toward breaking down the (Continued on page IVT)
MAY-JUNE, 1945 III

£til Vuad ELECTRONICS


2nstAme4d 7AaeAI~d
By F. D. SCHUNCK, L. U. 528 906 Cathode ray oscillograph
N OT long after tbe start of th, second

Nat clas in the 1. B. E. WV.elc


Mamruett
.u.......s
Univerity, I begait to
explained by journeyman who
built model
really appreciate the itm .ortanc of the os-
cillograph in the sericing of industrial *lee- of I megohes. The taxinint allowable
tronic equipment. For example, in the serv. ...... a. c. input to either i.... lffir is 300
icing of elect u control
,ie in resistaice volt.
welding, the use of the cathode-ray estile- In order to prevent ntermction of the con-
graph is absonItIy essential. trols and to produce a brilliant tbate, two
Along with the .xpcriments itn Ohe Mar- power supply chiliti are usee. The unit is
quette University electronics laborsatry on completely a. c., iiie ltled fronm the 60-,yele,
the cathodesray tube, I decided] Io bui hi one 110-120 volt liras. lIe total power en-
for my own use in omdir to becomie I hnough sumptiori is 50 warts.
ly familiar with this versatile Ihlt'uiuent. The vertical i.put Is to the binding pnsls
This oscillograph was built around tbe 906 on the left side of III, the .low .. post
cathodle-ray tube, which is the high vacuui.. of the pair beirg t ... n.. . 'I he horizontal
type, with fnur electrostalicfict6'&n input is on Ihe ritht side. ti... las ill the
plates mounted in a glass envelope havig previous pair, the bottom post is the I i,,' 4 Ilsrye [ III
a full three-inch screen. ground. THE see (>AVr'O rAy OsCII£OrfAPoi
On the back of the nqehne is a plate
The Circuit with five screw-type binditng posts. These sity cont.ro; it contrds tile intensity of the
permit the disconmecting of either or both trace aid also t with it the off and
arries
The amplified sweep circuit eoni ned in circuits, allowing direct e.nne.tio,, to the
the unit consists of an 884 gaseous dis- on poier switch. At the upper right is the
deflection plates. This f1lrtire will be foud focus control Just below the intensity con-
charge tube used as a sawtooth wave gen- a .o.lV..tqi to a s r etleIs work-
btlaieti
erator so biased that it uses only the linear trol is the vertical positioning knob which
ing with d. . or high hieqiucfl.y applica- controls the tp and down movement of the
iorlton of the condenser char.ing curve. tions.
The small signal thus obtained is aiplified slot of trace, while directly below the focus
toa usable amplitud e by means of the 3;C control is th, horizontal positioning which
The Controls controls the left to rilfht movement of the
horizontal amplifier. The frtqlteey r;4uge
of the sweep circuit is from 15 to 30,000 All controls of the type 906 oscillogeaph pattern. The synlch!,i, zng control is in the
cycles. Both fine and coarse control of are on the front hanO[ and are plaimly center of the panel, 31 t below the cathode-
the sweep frequency is provided. marked, Because all the otraolts are Il1 ray tube. Directly belo, the position con-
The instrument contains separately con- the front panel, it was deemed advisable to trols are the amplifier gain controls; the
troiled horizontal and vertical amplifiers. d istinguish, in sonicmenlnr, the controls vertical or the left, and the horomntal on
These a mplif'rs have aI linear range be- frequently adjusted front those more per- the right. In the center of the panehl under
tween 30 and 3)0/00 cycles. The lhoir.ntal manently set. Hence the 4ynchronizing, synchroizig, i, the ¥erider, or fine fre-
amplifier has a Rai, of 40 and al input i,- rough and fine frequen..ly and the horizontal queney control of the linear sweep, while
sistance of 80,000 o The verl icl aml I-
hms. and Vertical amplifier cint'ls have red bar directly below it is the rotary switch which
fier has a gain of 70 and an input resistance lnobs. In the upper ..... .l..eis the inten- eontol]s the fi ... ieley in rou.gh steps,. The
approximat, lange of lhuse steps are as
follows: (1) off; (2) 15 lo 60 cycles; (3) 60
to 220 cycles; (4) 220 ti 900; (5) 900 to
3,000; (6 3000 to 10,000, and (7) 10,000
to 30,000 cycles.
At the bottom of the panel, on the left
side, is th switch whieh permtits either in-
.erna.or e'ornlal sychroniiizati~ou. v tl e on
the right a switch places the io-izontal
amplifier in operation with the sweep, or
connects it to t post for external use.
The controls a rrand so that the
nliTUmum selting is .h aired when the knobs
arc turned roui~l'r-rlotkkwise, and maximum
when turned clockwise.
A removable calibrald .eal. was made
of celluloid, irhle ad filled with India
ink, so that quanitativ me..asints can
be made.
Constructional Details
Physical Specifications
Height 13 inches, with 9 iwmho. dfls
15 inches.
Sub panel beight, 4 inches.
Metal box to be constructed of No. 18 soft
irn; holes drilled and then crackle fnished.
This same container can be used with
(Continu{d on page 192)
166 The Journal of ELECTRICAL WORKERS and Operators

qa ~ ill i&9h1/40cea"8
S p"d
1 WLB CASES
By ARCHIE W. ROBINSON, Director of Public Information, WLB
Machinery can be oiled by frank- pliyer may be able to !et together on an
agreement, since both idis would know the
ness, teamplay and understanding hoard's established policy on the question
of procedures at issue. There might be no point in carry-
ing a dispute to the board and waiting for
pules, Fadlure to negolate may be danger- the board to process and rule upon it.
ons to the pattties' freedom of action in their The union may avoid or expedite a dispute
postvar collective bargaining, "Labor and before WLB, therefore, by obtaining the
lmanagenlent soayfind they hav surrendered
e "sound and tested" wage iate brackets for
their sovereignty by asking the Government industry and area where it has contracts;
to settle every issue betwleen them," Chair- by learning board policy on "fringe" issues,
man Davis has declared in urging adequate such as vacations, differentials, Paid holi-
procedure. (lays, "lean-up" time, and the like; and by
If agreement cannot be reached through consulting officials of the Wage and H.our
collectivp barjaimieg upOn the major issj.es Division, the labor m embers of the national
the WLiI is available to order the terms of or regional boards, or by writing fl the
a settlement. Public Information Division of the national
GEORGE MEANY
2. Obtai, Dtll ;lfotmmtlon op the ?rtflot or regional boards.
F YOUR unionhas a dlpale before the wage jpoluyt hiceoitjinsg
r or befoee pre- 3. Onre a ease has .oie to the board, the
War Labor Board. you ar, ni.st interested sentifg viedeec int a case to WLJ. ieo sb olt.d maintain the statns q.o with the
in getting the eas settled as quickly as Examination of WLB policies under the
possible. Delays not only are undesirable but When a case has been referred to the
national wage stabilization program may WLB, the terms and conditions of employ-
ale exasperating. Delays can cost you reveal that the case need not come before
ione/n. They can upset labor relatio... Wll, ment which prevsiled under the previous
WILB at all. If the unio officials take ad- contract, or before the dispute began, should
youlr eployer, They can cause yel to lose vantage of the va.ious board facilities for
i/rrucut ieI time. And mnst important. they be continued in the plant. It is customary
information and they are always availabl
Cal throw a, contrcts behild schedule. for the hoard to order that the conditions
to then, they may find out what the board's
From the VVar Labor s onrr's point of of employment be maintained, and, where
policy is toward the issues
in the case, and it is of importance,. to extend the old ce.
oiew, delays can fe. n., r friction be- what its decision is likely to be. In the light
tween labor and 1a.glittermming tip leetive bargaining agreement until a dcci-
[meJ'W.. of this knowledge, the uiTon and the ema- sion is reached. Any further controversy be-
the board's effiot to -1ffmt a speedy settle-
ment and keep ihe nation's industrial ma- tween the parties, or any action either side
chinery turning without ](oss of war produc- might take to upset the status quo. may ag-
gravate the situation and delay a decision
'lcre are several ways in which a union's by the board. The employees' rights to any
cooela iorn with WLB can speed up dispo- wage inreases which might be granted are
sition of its case: protected through the board's policy on ret-
1. Exhaust the possibilities of collective roaictive payments. Neither the employer
bargaining before turntur 1o WLB. All x- nor the union is bound to a new contract
isting contract p rocedures for settling merely by extending the terms of the old
grievances should be utilized. contract, pending a WLB ruling.
2. Obtain full information on the na- 4. Neither the union noro the employer
tional wage policy while negotiating or be- should request dMass once a case has gone
fore presenting evidence in a case to WLB. to the board.
WLl wants to process cases as rapidly as
3. Once the ease goes to WLB, maintain
possible, consistent with adequate protec-
the status quo with the company pending a
tion of the rights of both the employees and
4. Neither union nor employer should re- the employer. In the past, the board has
found, when it has been criticized for delay
quest. delays or postponements in deciding cases, that a large part of the
5. Cases should be submitted in written
time has beenconsumed by delays or post-
form when possible to obviate oral hearings.
ponements requested by one or both of the
6. If an oral boinr is considered neces-
sary, the parties should age, to a single parties. If there is an exceptional reason
hearing-officer healing the case, since this for wanting a delay, a written request giv-
procedure is faster than a three-member ing the reason should he presented to the
board. Otherwise, the board will permit no
panele.
delays nor postponements to either man-
1. The use of eollecatie
bargablb/q s....l.d agnment or labor.
e fu/Mi exhausted before rwoting to IILB. 5. tI'he, possible, eases should be sub.
Miited in writte,, briefs without insistence
Teo, ftn the War Labor Board has found opt an oral heafmla.
a tendency among both mnions and emldoy- A case often arises which can ho handled
era to ilop every small difference into its mor expeditiously and effectively through
lap for settlement, rather than to seek written statements, without the necessity
agreement through naegotiation. Such in- of a formal oral hearing. If a union feels
hibited collective bargaining may be a cause that its ease can be submitted on briefs
of delay since the board of necessity, refers alone, the union officials should make every
back to the parties. issues which it feels effort to use this method, since it will speed
have not been adequately negotiated. and simplify matters for them as well as for
A tilson to encumbering needlessly the the employer and WLB. Unions are urged,
wartime machinery for settling labor dis- ROBERT 3. WATT (Continued on page 192)
MAY-JUNE, 1945 10Tr

Ocici1 Aaaneu
To the Members of Local Union B-11, were spent for benefit of local union. Frey then
Los Angeles, California. moved that special fund for Gaillac, $200.00 per
In December of 1941, the International Office was month, be approved for another year, at which
requested to amalgamate Locals 83, 418, 608, 691, 711 time constitutional officers will again report. Mo-
and 1154, all chartered as inside and mixed local unions. tion was seconded and carried."
The purpose of this amalgamation was to iron out
jurisdictional boundary lines between the aforesaid lI- Reading another paragraph on page 2 of the same
cal unions and to remain under International supervi- minutes, and I quote:
sion until such a time as they could work in harmony. "Working Rules and Agreement-Gaillac re-
The International Office consented to this because porting: After agreement had been worked out
of the facts presented at that time, and we were highly with contractors, it was sent to I, 0. for approval,
in accord with the procedure. Over three years have and several sections vital to West Coast taken out.
now passed since the amalgamation and the local union Matter has been taken up with ninth district office.
is still under the supervision of the International Office. Pattern agreement is to be used. Sections elimi-
In looking through our Constitution, among other nated by I. 0. replaced. Our agreement is to be used
things, it states: "Objects for which the I P. E. W. as pattern for all ninth district agreements. Ready
was founded," and I quote: for final meeting with contractors in about three
"To assist each other in sickness and distress, weeks."
to secure employment, to reduce the hours of daily This sort of action is certainly contrary to the Con-
labor, to secure adequate pay for our work. and, stitution of the I. B. E. IV., as per Article XVII, Sec-
by legal and proper means, to elevate the moral, tion 7, of the Constitution. All local unions have the
intellectual and social conditions of our members, right to make their own working rules and agreements
their families and dependents, in the interest of as per Article XVII, Section 7. It never has been the
a higher standard of citizenship." policy of the I. 0. to destroy or remove any part of an
It is the desire of the International Office to advance agreement which is not in conflict with our Constitu-
these various principles, and we shall do our utmost tion and the laws and conditions imposed on us by the
to see that they are put into practice. However, these various agencies of Government. Some paragraphs
principles, and the purpose for which we amalgamated have been deleted from contracts sent to this office for
the local unions, cannot prevail if conditions are allowed approval for the very reason that they were contrary
to exist as I personally have seen in Local Union B-1I to existing conditions.
of Los Angeles. It is not, and shall not be, the policy of the I. 0. to do
Information was presented to me by members and anything that will destroy or retard the progress of
by my personal visit to the City of Los Angeles, which our membership. If we did, we would be destroying the
is pertinent to the well-being of our Brotherhood. On purpose for which the I. B. E. W. is constituted.
investigation, I have found that Local Union B-11 does For the reasons stated above, and many more which
not hold regular meetings for the general membership, I shall not go into at this time, I am directing that In-
as provided for in our Constitution under Article XVII, ternational supervision over Local Union B-11 termi-
Section 4. Meetings of the Electrical Workers' Benefit nate on Tuesday, the first day of May, 1945. Further,
Association, as per the same article of our Constitution, that a notice to this effect be placed in a conspicuous
have also been neglected. place in all offices servicing members of Local B-11,
In reading the minutes of the county council meet- and, further, that nomination and election of officers
ing of Local Union B-11, dated December 1, 1944, we be held as per the International Constitution and by-
note the following: laws of the local union-nominations in May and elec-
tion in June.
"At this time, Financial Secretary Frey reported We could go further into detail. However, further
that constitutional officers had checked expendi- investigations are being made, after which we shall
tures from special fund approved by county coun- write directions to those affected thereby. This infor-
cil for one year. This fund is in the hands of mation is being published in the official JOURNAL So
Brother Gaillac. Officers were satisfied that funds as to reach the membership involved.

International President.
LI
IN The Journal of ELECTRICAL WORKERS and Operators
D
RECORD 4 'Pt
TE to thc Rbsence of Chairman Penisesn
who, because of iolless, was unable to
attend the mee;:g was called t order
by Secretary Man.ing who, having aser-
tathed that a qww'um was present, re-
quested that a chairman pro tempreshe
elected to conduct the meeting. Intelnational
Executive Comrmitter Member J. L. McBride,
of the Eighth District, was the unanimous
choice of council members to serve as
man. The meeting was turned over to thair-
chai-
2a.a' Mee½ 4I.E.D.
Minutes of the 1945 First Quarterly carriert, both public and private, have been
man McBride at 10:15 A. M. The roll call plagued with Lim bhurtage,. Fuel, especially
was as follows: Meeting of the International Execu- coal, is in short supply. All forms of trans-
Present: C. F. Prefier, Charles Porhe, D. tive Council portation have felt the manpower pinch.
W. Tracy, F. L. Kelhy, William G. Shord, Moreover, the extremely bad weather in the
B. A. Manning, J. L. McBride, and Marry
our application, in writing, and to incerpo- East this past winter has aggravated the
Van Arndale, Jr.
rate in this letter as much inforaiation as be seriousness of the situation. The continued
Absent: C. M. Paulsen.
The council members sent a message of desired to give as to why the request was flow of badly needed war and essentially
denied, and when we could hope to have a needed civilian transportation demanded ex-
cheer, an d wish for a speedy recovery, to
Brother 'aulsen convention and in what part of the United treme measures. Consequently, on January 5,
The minutes of the International E..eeu States or Canada. Letters to the 0. D. T., 1945, Justice Byrnes appealed for a curtail-
tive Council ineAing of December 1944 were as well as the answer of the 0. D. T. to same, ment of non-essential travel and particularly
are heroin reproduced, to wit: for the cessation of group meetings such an
read, and on motion duly nmde and passed conventions and trade shows not necessary
they were accepted a eorrect. March 27, 1945 to the wareffort,
International Seelefay Bugniazet re- Mr. Frank Perrin, Secretary, The committee has appoved applications
ported to the lntomrtisnal Executive Coun- War Committee on Conventions, for labor groups where they involved collec-
cit the result of the referendum vote east by Room 2402, New Post Office Building, tive bargaining exclusively. A strictly local
the membershill on the proposition of Washington 25, D. C.
meeting is exempt from the provisions of the
whether the regular lnternational Conven- Dear Mr. Perri: Byrnes' appeal for a cessation of group
tion of 1945 be held or postponed. Enclosed please find the application of the meetings. A local meeting, as defined by the
The result, published in the April 1945 Internationul Brotherhood of Electrical committee, is one of a purely local nature
issue of tie official JOURNAL, showed the Workers for permission to hold their regular
in which attendance may be drawn from the
resolution to o~tlone the convention, lost. biennial convention in September 1945. city and the suburbs of the city where the
By this vote your officers were required, We would request that in ti.e event your event is held without numaeal limitation,
under the 1. [3. E. W. Constitution, to hold Committee denies us the privilege of carry- plus an additional 50 persons from outside
a nvention of the Brotherhood this year. ing out our regular convention, you specify such area. Other than this, the committee
Remembering that the Federal Govern- the reasons for such action. has not permitted meetings of labor groups.
ment, through its Office of Defense Trans- In making that request I desire to explain It is well to call your attention to the fact
pertation, had forbidden the holding of any that we have just completed a referendum that the committee has no established appeal
gatherings, conventions, etc., where 50 or vote, as provided by the laws of our organi-
procedure.
more persons wouhd have to travel from dis- zation, ald the question was, to postpone Justice Byrnes' appeal for a cessation of
tances t the celiveaign cities your council this convention for a two-year period, but group meetings is not based upon a long
deemed it advisable, before starting plans the membership turned down the proposition
and voted to hold a convention this year as range program and naturally it will be re-
for a convention, to find out first whether laxed as soon as conditions on the lighting
the I. B. E. W. would be permitted to hold provided under our laws. fronts warrant. It should be added, however,
a convention as prescribed by its laws, and Thanking you for all courtesies edxtended,
that there will be little, if any, relaxation
if so, in what cities this convention could be I am in the appeal for from 60 to 90 days after
held. With this Lhought ii njitad your council Very truly yours, the capitulation of Germany because of the
ordered that a committee of its members, (Signed) G. M. Bvt;NIAZr, anticipated demands upon the transporta-
three in number, be appointed to make EnR. International Sc!retary.
tion plant.
proper application for the holding of a con- Very truly yours,
vention of the 1. B. E. W. in the City of San March 28, 1945 (Signed) FRANK PERRIN,
Francisco (as decided by the referenIuu, International Brotherhood of
Electrical Workers Secretary.
vote of 1913), or any other city in the CC: Mr. G. M. Bugnisert,
United States or Canada. This committee, Ed J. Brown, International Prsident International Secretary.
in case the 0. D. T. refused to grant peifndls- 1200 Fifteenth Street, N. W.,
International Brotherhood
sion for the holding of the convention afore- Washington, D. C. of Electrical Workers,
described, was to ascertain, if possible, Why Dear Mr. Brown: 1200 Fifteenth St., N. W.,
they could not grant it, and whether or not Your application dated March 27, 1945, Washington, D. C.
any oranzation, labor or non-labor, f'a- for permission to hold your regular conven-
ternal, religious or non-religious, or any tion on the third Monday in September in March 29, 194f
other organization was granted permission San Francisco, California, was submitted to
to hold a convention during this year, or if Mr. Frank Perrin, Secretary,
the committee for consideration and was
the granting of permission to hold conven- denied. The committee, in reaching this con- War Committee. on Conventions,
tions in 1945 was contemplated for any elusion, did so after careful consideration of Thwu, 2402, New Post Office Building,
organization. the contents of your application and in Washington 25, D. C.
This committee, composed of Members line with Justice Byrnes' appeal for a cessa- Dear Mr. Perrin:
Prelier, Foehn and Van Arsdale, prepared tion of group meetings to relieve the ex- We have your favor of March 28, IB
the necessary form and letter, and after tremely acute transportation and manpower answer to ours of the 27th requesting per
having it signed by the International Secre- situation. mission for the holding of our 1945 con
tary and the seal of the 1. 2. E W. affixed, Transportation of all types-rail, motor, vention, which was slated for the third
presented it in person to Mr. Frank Perrif, water and airmore especially rail and Monday in September, in San Francisco
secretary of the war committem on conven- motor, are daily showing the strain of con- California.
tions, Office of Defense Transportation, tinned peak loadinig necessitated by our two- We stated in our request "San Fran
Washington, D. C. After giving considera- front war. Since 1939 the transportation cisco, city designated, but can be transferred
tion to our application and letter Mr. Perrin lead, both passenger and freight, has con- to some other city." Therefore we arecom-
informed the committee that their applica- tinned to increase, yet the carriers and municating with you again on the matter,
tion for the holding of an I. B. E, W. con- especially the railroads have been transport- for the reason that in your committee's
vention in 1945 was denied. Your committee ing this staggering load with less equipment denial you stated specifically San Francisco,
asked Mr. Perrin to give us his decision o, than they had in World War 1. The motor California, and we would like to know if it
MAY-JUNE, 1945 in

would be possible for us Io hold our conven- Folrmeh L. U. No.


thin if we selected any other city in the if UL. N.. 124 Mills, Walter A.
United States, or even in the Dominion of tO. Con.olly, Felix- __ --- 124 Shoopann, C. E.
1. 0. CrisLea, Nick 694 126 Jett, W. B.
Canada, 0. lauehin pis, F rank F.
Thanking you for your kind consderation, 11 3321 126 Jeyr, H.ar
1.0. Erlstron,, prnest E, 134 125 MIttIu, Edward C.
I am 1,O, Egleston, John 125 Stiles, E. It.
Very truly yours, 1.0. O.ioulhan, John 193 129 1rtwronce, rred A.
(Signed) G. Mi. BUONIAZET, 1.0. Jackson., ulitt M. 702 134 Blewer, F, P.
International Secretary. 1.0, Johnson, Charles G. 574 184 BoJhrne. litrfert G.
(). Kettelhakd Joseph H. 343 134 Faulinan William
March 29, 1945 1.0. Langar, aones G. 40 134 Ingri, T. M.
1.0. Malech, Oscar E. G 134 aipe r, loChtI
International Brotherhood of I. 0, Miller, Al, hibald It. 6p8 134
ElecLrical Workers, 17 134 IKilpntrlik. E1ar Rhy
G. M. Bugni a..t, l lal
nternath
Secretary, 1. 0. MLI]ller, James T. 134 MrCI'llsh r. Leon James
1200 Fifteenth Street, N. W., 1. 0. Peters, Alfred C, :l 134 McCarthy, 1ler3 rIl
Washington 5, I). C. 1.0. Reynolds, Walter F. 79 134 Sadvfill, Williamr Lt.
1.0. Rodgers, John F, 151 134 Smit h, Wil iam I.
Dear Mr. Bugniazut: I.O. S.han2, William 151 134 Spooner, Williem
This will acknowledge receipt of your 1.0. Sehmitt, Frank B. 50 134 Van Vakenburgh, A. R.
letter of March 29, 1945, pointing out that 1 0. T'ollr. Samuel T. 52 Wishart, Harry M.
in your applicatiho Sai Francisco was the 1.0. Waughar, Jries IN, 213 134 Grover, Charles A.
city designated for the nicetuig, but that it 0. Weak. Harry B. 11 152 Nagel, Free
could be tratisf'ced to ..iinl other dy
i and 1,0. Wilcox, Edgar F, 579 193 Martin, ]Rdward A.
1.0. Wihmuh, Frank Mon roe 195 Phillip, Adam F.
inquiring whether if the transfer to an- 1.0. Wilson, William Danil 817 254 Kuhulhrg, Carl A.
other city in the lnited States or (anada 271 Hood, Joel Frnd
would make it posedd. to hodi your conven - L.U
lNe. 240 O'L.ory, lnmirl Dlennis
tion at the timtue designated in your app/li Albers, Emill 348 May II, Wiliame F.
Anderson, Calr F. 349 H~~q~J.W.
HBril, Wifllan \,. 400 4< rrtinpr, Jaeob Adasm
For the present, at last, ,d possily (lifWord, Willin C.
froin 60 to 90 days fer' the paitthiat ion
.I 458 DdI' rank
3Duffy, Prank J, 644 Pi 4ze nTniat, r. Michael
Germany, a change of eonvtin ion 4 [UPs wond, ODurkin, Jer,, 584 (;tadboi. G. C,
not affect the comnfittees action on your SFitzpatrick, Bernardr V. 665 Gentry, R. A.
application oneiota. 3Geisler, Maximillian ]1obn, Frank 0.
Every large transportalion ,ener in de 2Giles, Edward M. 7184 Lovejoy. Robinrt E,..ett
United States is rungusted today with war Hayes, ,Jarrs P. 716 Stewart, J. I.
traffic and it iimperative tfhat we keep 3lislop. James 1047 Mecormick, William J.
SK.u, , I;rk Max 1091 Keeney, Robert P.
these terminals as liquid as possihleduring 3Lawlor, John
this critical tranispotati oLuntd manpower Lawlor, Charles F. The aforementioned applications were
situation. ULombard, Frank made in accordance with the provisions of
Very truly yours, SMeCarlhy, John Josep h the Internatioual Constitution, and the
(Sigled) FRANK Pe1RIN, 3Miller, Henry M. records of the Intenational Office show that
Secretary. Mr.slander, Edward A. each applicant is of pension age and has the
'( onnoell, liavid necessary copinnuus good standing in the
CC: Mr. Ed J. Bmown, Poole, Charles
International President, Brotherhood to justify the payment of old
Reichardt, James 0.
lInternational Bi'utheriho...d Ii>stack, Frank J. age benefits to him; therefore your council
of Electrical Workers, 3 Rossman, Christian I B. instructs the International Soeretary to
1200 Fifteenth Street, N. W., Scheurman. Frank J. place their names on the retirement roll for
Washington 5, D. C, 3Solomon, Jacob S. pe..shi) payments.
SStirrett Harry E. The application for pension of Roy Daven-
Whittaker, Everett 11 port, I. O., Card No. 390044. is denied be-
Because of this gover..nental ban oo n con- 3Wieben, Hierman C.
ventions, your council ,ishes the membership caue of a breakitn membership standing.
S Youngblood. John 1.
to know that as soon as it is permissible for 6Burke, Michael J. The applications for pension of William
us to do so we will again request p.rn.issio 5Dykeman, George V. Asher, L. U. 9, (aid No. 141696; William
to hold our linternitioal convention, and if 5iJames, Paul B. McKiernan, L. th 3, Card No. A-584238;
granted this convention will be slated for a Wolfinrer, Michael G. G. Vebois,. I. U. 66, Card No. 29118-;
time which will give your International CKehaly, Neil and G. C. IMarsIall, 1. 0., Card No. 100153;
7 avaaough,
.. William F, are denied, btcause, according to L 0.
officers ample tune to secure opelier hotel ac- 7Wison., William R.
conuuodlations and a mectine place for dele- IPeary, Robert L. records, they have not attained pension age,
gates, as well as to prepare records and 9 O'Brien, Pierce and the evidence which they presented to
reports necessary for the conducting of our 90dMar., James J. substantiate their
contention that they are
convention. 26 Ellerhrook, George of pension age is not sufficient to justify any
The chairman appointed D, W. Tracy and 26 Trimmer, Theodore L, change in their age records.
William G. Shoed as a committee to examine 28 Everett, James A. Michael Doyle, L. U. 184, Card No. 101477;
28 looney, Charles E. G. W. Jennings, I,. U. 134, Card No. 445045;
the I. B. E. W. audit for the last quarter of Broning, David 11.
1944, and the E. NV. B. A. audit for the last 38 Partlaw, George S. and Samuel Kingston, L. U. 134, Card No.
half of 1944, and to miake their report before 48 Miller, 0. A. 70402; having eupplied the necessary papers
adjournment. 48 Morland, Sr., Fenwi ¢k L. to prove that they were of pension age, are
The chairman appointed 1). W. Tracy, 3 Lewis, John M. ordered placed upon the Inteniation.l pen-
William G. Shoid arid Frank L. Kelley as a 53 Odall, William E. sion roll. Tei I. 0. records show that they
58 Tinnette, John RI. have complied with all pension law reqiur,
committee to employ at. actuary, who will '72 Schwsa,, Julius C.
make a survey of our hlnrnational old ago mentus.
88 Beorddy, Lee (.
pension payment fund, for the purpose of 88 Ross, Arthur
Benjamin J. Allen, 1. 0., Card No. 270706,
advising us as nearly as possible what it I03 (liftord, William IT, not having atlained pension age, his appli-
would cost per month per mnmber to put 108 Butler, Beennjm in ankhin cation for pension is denied.
this plan oi1 a actafrtally sou..d laisl. The application for pension of Joseph E.
Applications for pension benefits fur the NOTE Gillette, L. U. 595, Card No. 103203, is
following named inetnberls wie exaiiiiitd: It has been announced that the 1945 denied bea.use of lack of sufficient mem-.
meeting of the Electrical Committee bership standing.
Of U.
'Nr. scheduled for Chicago, May 13, h.s The application for pension of N. S.
1. 0. Aeroling, Fred W. 309 been postponed by order of the Office Hansen, L. U. 46, Card No. 34202, is denied
1. 0. Jfiork, Tu,, 623 of War Mobilization. becaune he had not attained pension age
1.0. Olouse, Rl. It. 14 (Continued on p".e HI)
170 The Journal of ELECTRICAL WORKERS and Operators
position. It would obviate many possible difficulties and
JOURnAL OF put t he whole process of returning veterans to peacetime
jobs on a sensible basis.
E[E(TRI(CL WORKERS
OFACIiL SutfiTiCOnf IfTnEm L iROTIIE[40 p ELUCTRICAL WORNERS
rni
Unions and employers should now get ready for this
designation by immediately setting up throughout the
country local joint apprenticeship committees, moving in
the framework of apprenticeship standards to do a bang-
up job looking toward peacetime adjustments and full-
time pr.duction.

Soon We Soon we will know how much collective


Volume ~AV Wabin~g~1 D. C., M.ayJune, 1945 Will Know wisdom and collective sense the industrial-
ists and workers of the United States have.
GI's Into One of the important problems the United Soon we will know how much real thinking has been done
Civilians States faces, and will continue to face for at the grass roots in the direction of building the kind
several years, is the orderly return of serv- of economy in which we can all live and have good in-
icemen to civilian life. This vitally affects labor, inasmuch comes. It must be stated that the United States is in a
as labor is going to be an important door of induction much better position to pass from the wartime to peace-
back to peace. Smooth functioning of proposed machin- time economy on a sound basis than it was after the First
ery in this direction will also depend upon the good sense, World War. In the First World War nothing was done
tolerance, and intelligence of the soldiers themselves. The in advance, and nothing was done when the Armistice
number of men who will be released after the defeat of was signed. The United States went on a joyride of indi-
Germany will depend on many conditions. It may reach vidualism and did things that surely led in the end to the
only a total of 3,000,000. At the end of the war against great economic depression of 1929. Certain principles
Japan, six or seven million more men may be released. should guide our thinking:
Good paying jobs must be found for these people. Only 1. We should think in terms of full-time production
a small proportion will probably return to the jobs they and full-time employment.
left to go into the armed forces. Many will want to do 2. We should oppose every kind of open shop and
different things. Literally millions will have acquired new anti-union drive as it appears.
skills as a result of their army experience, and will want 3. Resistance should be made to cutting wages wher-
higher graded jobs. ever there is a disposition to do so, because upon
The International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers high purchasing power must depend the success
has over 30,000 members in the armed services. There of a dynamic economy.
will be no interruption to their union membership due
to arrangements made by the union itself. These men Annual Appointment by the President of the United
will pass back in an orderly and constructive fashion to Wage States of a committee adequately financed to
their union and to their old jobs. The problem really lies study the annual wage will produce nationwide
in what should be done, and must be done, for those who discussion of this proposal during the coming half-year.
want to go into the skilled trades on a new basis. These An advisory committee from labor and management is
men will be provided with funds by the Government already at work suggesting names of economists from
through the Veterans' Administration. At no time will which group a director for the study will be chosen.
they receive more than the total journeyman's wage for The annual wage is no longer an academic question.
that trade which they wish to enter. Returned soldiers It is a practical proposal that must be solved not by
who wish to enter the trade should have a sympathetic oratory and political methods, but by engineering tech-
reception from the unions, and should be aided in making niques.
the adjustment. Already there is a disposition in some The electrical construction industry, through its Labor-
directions to give a blanket credit of one year's work to Management Planning Committee, has been far in ad-
all servicemen doing related work in the armed services. vance of public opinion on this important question. In
Thus, If a man left his job as a first year apprentice, he January, 1944, the Labor-Management Planning Com-
could immediately return as a third year apprentice, mittee had this to say on the annual wage:
receiving the second year credit for his work in the Army. "The Labor-Management Planning Committee urges
In addition, there should be flexible arrangements made contractors and local unions to begin at once discussions
so that a man, if he chose, could receive a special exani- that will involve the question of annual wages. The Plan-
nation to prove his ability and even pass beyond this ning Committee believes that the industry is on safe
blanket arrangement if he were worthy. grounds in proceeding from the bottom to the top. Con-
There is a disposition on the part of the Veterans' Ad- ditions are so varied, the continent is so wide, that try-
ministration to designate local joint apprenticeship com- outs must be made on a local basis rather than on a total
mittees in the apprentice field as the official training national set-up. Adjustment of the annual wage in the
agencies for skilled workers. The Veterans' Administra- electrical construction industry has already been pre-
tion should be commended for this stand, and should be pared for by common practice. For years the union and
given every encouragement from the unions to take this the contractor had worked out procedures whereby main-
Iln
MAY-JUNE, 1945
tensnee men are paid on an annual income basis by an gotten. Most of all, we hope an economy will be built
hourly schedule considerably lower than the regular hour- that will provide good jobs for every one of them in the
ly schedule for building craftsmen. The rates of pay for kind of work they can do and in the kind of work they
these maintenance men have generally been lower than want to do.
the hourly schedules of journeymen who are employed
only part-time. It is understood that negotiations for the Activity In The publication of the A. F. of L. hous-
annual wage would be adjusted on this hourly mainte- Housing Field ing program seems to have caused wide-
nance principle. spread interest all over the country in
"One question that will remain unresolved, and Ihe this major activity. The Labor-Management Planning
planning committee predicts will arise again and again, Committee of the electrical construction industry re-
will be whether mere full-time employment on an annual , LwQd the housing situation as early as last fall in one of
wage basis figures on the maintenance hourly scale will its reports. The trend seems to be away from the piece-
give adequate return to skilled craftsmen. The plannirit meal attack of the housing problem and toward a con-
committee does not expect to solve this problem now, but certed, intelligent, national effort employing both public
it raises the question." and private agencies in supplying enough good houses for
the nation.
The Worker's In January, 1945, the value of the dollar Senator Robert F. Wagner recently spoke over the
Dollar of the American worker was 78.7 cents. radio on an A. F. of L. program. Senator Wagner said the
This sharp decline fron, the face value nation has fought a bigger war than ever before. "We
of the dollar came in the months between January, 1941, have accomplished marvels of production. We have the
and January, 1945. The decline was 22 per cent, whereas highest national income on record. . . . We must think
the famed little Steel formula permitted a rise of 15 pcIr bold thoughts. We must make broad plans. We must do
cent. That indicates how far out of the way the Little big things. What does this mean to housing?"
Steel formula is in meeting labor's problem of having le answered the question by recalling that before
enough in the pay envelope to buy needed food, clothing the war the United States built less than 275,000 non-
and sheller. farm houses a year and "in the first 10 years after the
It is no use to pretend that other sections of the poptu- war we must raise this figure to almost one and one-half
lation have made the same sacrifice. Despite every at- million houses a year. Instead of investing only about $1
tempt of control agencies, the price of commodities has billion a \ear in building of housing, we must invest $7 or
not been controlled adequately so that it may be sup-
posed, and figures support this supposition, that profits
$8 billion a year.
"Every little mind that says: 'This cannot be done'
have been high, wiide and handsome. Even before this
writing is in print and being read by scores of thousands is an obstacle to our economic progress. Every selfish
of Electrical Workers, the war in Germany may be ended. interest that says: 'We will not allow this to be done'
is
If the National War Labor Board wishes, therefore, to set an enemy to our economic security-an enemy to the
itself straight with the underlying population atnl en- fighting men who want jobs after the war-an enemy
hance its prestige in the United States, it should meet at to the families of these men who want decent homes
once and vote at least an eight per cent increase in wages after the war."
for the American worker. In order to implement the program Wagner called for
"public funds to expand the slum clearance and low-rent
housing program. We also need public funds to raise hous-
Trains of Every day steaming from the Atlantic Sea- ing standards on the farm.
Mercy board to the interior are Red Cross Irains
"We need long-term loans at very low interest rates to
bearing wounded soldiers from Germany.
stimulate housing for middle-inconme groups who do not
Excellent facilities wait these wounded men in great hos-
need subsidy, but who cannot afford to borrow from
pitals conveniently placed in the interior. No one can see
these trains move westward without a pang of regret for private lenders.
the misfortune that has come to able young men, nor "We need, through better methods, to improve the pro-
without an urge of real gratitude for these heroes who duction of housing for those whom private enterprise and
have made the sacrifice for freedom and for their country. private lenders can effectively serve. In short, we need a
Our Army has done well by our returning wounded. well-rounded housing program, serving every need and
On the other hand, it is a well-known fact that republics serving every need in full.
and democracies are ungrateful. No one seems charged "A forward-looking Congress must take the leadership
with the responsibility of remembering. As the years pass toward enacting such a program. I expect to introduce
and as problems beat in upon the people, they are in- legislation toward that end. But Congress represents the
elined to forget the sacrifices made by young men for the
whole people. It depends upon the organized efforts of
nation.
industry, agriculture and labor-upon their ability to
We hope this will not be the case after this global war
is over. We hope that these men will be seen for what they
work together and to help develop a united economic
are and remembered for what they did and not be for- program."
172
The Journal of ELECTRICAL WORKERS and Operators

HOME IS WHAT YOU MAKE IT


BY A WORKER'S WIFE

AST month we did a little dre..inig on tain things together and readily available.
that postwar home we want. This month get something, even if it's just a little pie-
Each time you see a clever plan, a beau-
LI thom'ht wed diseus, du.erating plans tiful color scheme, a novel idea that
tare or a flower howl-put something simply
beautiful into your room. If you have some
the do ddon uts' of home decoration you would just love to have in a home of few treasured thingsl don't hide them
that make you home a "thing of beauty Your own--clip it or make notes on it. Save away bring them out where ,vryone can
and a joy forever" or-something else. It's scraps of material and wallpaper that you admire and enjoy then,
the time of year to do things to your house l[dden away, 1hey
like-then when the time omes, yon'll be bring pleasure ....u If they get broken
whether it's a shiring new little home or all ready with your plans. You will know or soiled, at Ieast you will have enjoyed
apartment or whether it's just your house- that you want this and this and this and them-they will not have been locked away
old as the hills. there will be no wondering wihere you sow in a chest or cupboard until forgotten or
As ,e'v, said in other articles on this that cute bedroom closet picture or trying to until they've outlived their beauty and use-
page, now is n.1 the time for spending a lot remember just whore that bookcase went in
of money for eateniloe 'modeling or any- fulness.
sueh and such a model house.
thing of that natuP, fI it is our patriotic But nowt, what can you do now to brighten Miracle of Point and Paper
duty to be COnscrroLtiv in ou- spending and up your home and makle it the cheerful Now then-tfor your paint o aill paper--
buy all the War Bo.nds we possibly can. spot in a world at war that we spoke of in what you select for your walls and ceiling
However, we ,a u, a ithi Paint, material our opening paragraphs? can make or break your room. Is the room
and above all. ingt'nitlv, to good advantage Well, first of all-don't be afraid to do very small? Then you'll want plain paper
to make our house a bright, cheerful, happy things to your rooms. Paint and material or paint to give it a more spacious look.
home that it is a pleasure for our war-weary and a little ingemuity sprinkled with a siz- Is it big and barren? Then perhaps a flow-
family to come back to. able bit of courage can make your rooms ered paper or panels of paper can be used
First off, letis tle an old seore-you the envy of your neighbor's heart. to take away the bare look and make the
don't have t. hIe an interior decorator with a room more cozy. If yonr ceilings seem too
list of courses be'irfd yeo to have a beauti- How Do You Start? high, have thenm painted a different color
-li.,. 1- I'ti m , ...eresr ann taoe ue Start with one room at a time. Go outside from the walls--if too low, paint them the
to make your hoe Attractive and the tu- and come in and look at ysour- od famili ame color. What color will you choose?
avre ro no ahead and try ruw ideas, you room as if Yon aIV a stranger seeing it for Well, if your room is a not particularly
can succeed, the first time, Wheo you look at it, is there bright, warm room. then you'll want a
anything
a bout it that you just hate? If warm color-the yellows, reds, rust, peach
there is, and it's a piece of fur-mnitureget and their derivatives will convert a cold
Here are a few hints I would give you rid of it. (I don't care if it was a wedding room into a glowing onme-hut they are in-
on home dcc,:ation: (I t Study interior deco- present from Couslin Sophie it's your room lined to make
a room look smaller. Bo, if
rating yournelf in the numerous good home- to live in, and you ought to like everything your problem is to make your room look
making magaznes on the newsstands today. about it.) If it's tihe wall paper, ri-paper larger, and it is a room that gets goad
(2) Keep a seaiphol.k or an envelope full or paint it. If it's the windows, get new light-then go in for the cool shades of
of clippings and pictures of ideas and rooms drapes. If the room lacks color. get busy blue, eroee, blue-green, blue.violet, etc., the
that appeal to you--particularly those that putting color into it. Next, is there any- colors that push walls back to an appreci-
you feel are adaptable to yo.r home. thing about the room that you just love? able degree.
(3il Whenever you get ready to do a little A favorite table, orslip cover, or pretty The Magic of Color
redecorating-plan to get new curtains or screen? You could make this the highlight Now that we've reached the subject of
drapes or whatnot, consult the personnel of of your room and build around it. If you
the store whese you are purchasing your color, let's dwell on it a little while-for it
haven'ta single thing in your room that you is color the magic rainbow wand, that can
material or y' r.. read{y-made drapes or slip just love, then start right now and try to do the very most to bring beauty to your
covers. Almos every large de-
partment store has a trained home. Don't be afraid of color
-the drab, timid period of
interior decorator in its em-
ploy who will be happy to colors is past. Just pick colors
make suggestions, offer color that harmnoize or complement
ormbinations, etc. This polfs. each other and then go,ahead
sional advice is available free as flamboyantly as you please.
of charge to customers of the Decorat, with the colors you
store. Those at- three sugesea A like, because you have to
tions I make for long-time live with them. In the para-
planning. The scrapbook of graph above, we pointed out
ideas I particularly reoim- which colors are warm and
mend, looking toward H-day which are cool, Remember
(Itomt-day--that day when that warl co]ors are stimui-
the war is v,,r on which you lating, active, cheerful, while
begin to build your pstwar
cool colors are restful, quiet,
home or reuodel your house
soothing. Don't forget that
to the dream house you plan.) if you have carried out a color
Have your scrap
ee- book i scheme in a room in harmonuiz.
tions labeled, "living room,'
ing shades, that a brilliant
"dining roli," "hans,' "stot -
splash of contrasting color
age clowets," etc., in order to Planning in balance and color. and good lighting, me J this ,eacented several tilms in your
have all your ideas on cer- a vA~umla*= 4 .--
- .-. , r -aco (Continued ..on-....
IConutmzl~d lB,)
MAY-JUNE, 1945 173

L. U. NO. 1, Editor: Howdy, will make permanent forever anld pui both our
ST. LOUIS, MO. Br1thersl We here pension and insurnrce planot on a firm, solid,
in St. Louis are eEI-
READ financially son. il basis? low can that be done?
joylhg the grandest wenther, pisihl sunshin I. U. No. 50 discusses the Pension Well, we will con tract with some old-line life
every day except Sunday, which is the only day Ilund in urance comalny whose assets or legal ro-
modst of us are off from wark. aeryes cannot be questioied to write a group
Have you written your favorite seavice,an L. U. No. 66 likes ierty A. Wallace policy on our entire menmer hip and issue an in-
a letter lately? If not, why nutl? le is li]htiln and dislikes theIllristiam American ilvidual ertifirate to each individual member
and dying for us. so pllenu lon't ever forget Association suIh as they now hold in the E. W. B. A. We
him. We were made hlappy hist sleetilg night by Grasp opportuuiiies is the advice of will take those prtions of the E. W. B. A. con-
the [reseais of P.rother , al,
l Notre. a iphter I, I'. No. 68 Mtitutinn and by-laws, ,ukas the $2.00 adn1.l.
pilot and a grandl young ..... who, like the I..od bcome affiliated, boys, says L. T. sion fee, $10.00 reinstatement fee arid all other
unIon ranI he is pennl ILLenight nf hIs few, at Linancial accruals, outside the 90 cents per
home attending the meetirg. lIe il.... Lu Td
fil
O No. 70 month pre,,Ijin, whilh, of course, will have to
in hisneat nniferlm. which h, sanrly fille, out L. U. No. 309 oermmens on the So to the insurance
company who writes the
Well. If any of you good
... I {rthrs want some ad- I. B. E. W. educational program poley, and channel them into the pension fund
dresses if nlr fightlag C trice men. please torn. L. h. No. 611 urges members to fight lb]rou. the
h. B. E. W, eonstituti. or keep the
tact Brother Walter Tarhib O'Shea, the chair- anti-union legiPIalion E. W. B. A ust as n opt.raJt ie ±,stlIution .aP d
fauti of Ihe ser n'a ~en
cornittee; he ha L. U* No. 672 gills a good example ehange pl laws to fit the
all the names and lddles
es. in appreiation and cooperation Every rsponsible life insuranlce company in
When this wa, writte"m, all lemluler; of Local the U. S. A. and C.nada would be after this
No. I were worki, g, bu workL i, Laperl rig off. The local union shortstop by L. U.
.N. 697 busiess tomorow ,,ornag. aInd, what is more,
You do ait have to r,.ok at the calendar tL they weuid guarantee us at least a 10 pet cent
know the date, as all thin buIlera around here Spring brings a fine crop dividend per nnnu, (oir mortality experience
are talking about jobs in Miehigan and I,'il- of epistles. volfI c'lroman d a goed ii vilend, and, from our
COnsil, or some place ll,,. safety work, the nirtility expeorienee would
Lioel No. I has or, itsnl proudl with its grow hletter and coinia d Idividund.
greater
Elc~ctrouiic class. It is wirLrfi] tn sIT will. Thhat dividend wouid go islo the penslon fund,
men of ages rairLgin f r... 4t to 50 .ears all t rS. S , why d on't SnL OP p .. di s.. us ani t hencould take the $10,000,000 which
we
InteresteI ill eduration. wvhilh tanst of us SO i i tiler ? is how ill t ie reserve fund of the E. W. B. A.,
sadly need. To the boys atttnihinir school who have kept endow the pienson fund with It, and put it out
Things are pretty gofd ar.IIrd hero, and p
hack colliea ii the WKniS , drfer to last OCto~ at per cI interest,
ent which would iririg agros
everyone see..s to be workmin, rr the interests her's issu. Co. aI arti iehyI . 5. Sul n Stanton, return to the pensotefunl of $500,000 per
of Local No. 1, It is a pleasure to go to the of leal No. 70. lie gives I very good suimlry nnuIm.
nertings. onm electronics. Now. i'ts gee; where we re,. Every Claus "A"
Yours for vacations with ]l"y for the ('lass "A" Inclosing, good hick to the oy o the bowl- member of the I. B, E. W. has a sonlad insurance
iUg team N.. 1 for reaching third pLace in the policy guatratechij to pay to his beneficiaries
LE, K.IL.AN, P. S. league. $1,000 upon his death should his death occur
T. IlAoRvEr IAtStP. P. S. sfter one year following the date of his adrois
sins into the BIrotherhood. If prior to one year
L. IT. NO. 26. Ed,,n : Last L. U. NO. 50. Editho: This ar. followint his ainMisi.P bele the Brotherhood,
WASHINGTON, I.-. n'ionith'Loal rnior OAKLAND, CALIE. tidle is intended his proe n..rn.s will he retu, rned to his beneficiary;
No., 20's new school for membbership that is just as is now provided in tlIe E, W. B. A.
of Electronics was off to a veIy go.d start with consmtoplio, inviting criticism and comments, except that in the E. W 4i. A. his henefeiaries
an earollnent of 55 Iml
Iueemrs
to the unex- and it will, no doubt, gererate pros and cons of are not entitled to a Pol $l,000 f until after h,
pectedly large attendance, it Wa agreed upon much meat. has been in the Brotherhood five full years in
to have two elsuses bi electraons in order to g.od standing.
step up the work and gJie Ino.' t.ime to L las- I have giens muPch stidy to our insurance and Now. let's see 'shore our pension fund stands:
room discussinins. 1iah groutp is ow aittending Ienilon plais of late, and have arrived at what Per Year
class sixnights a on)th. I think a logical cInclusiun, and, if put into $10,000,000 at 5 per cent $ 500.000
The letu r andes moving pctures on lhe theory operation. will solve our difficuties for many 10 per cent dv idemdpaid by inaur-
of electronics
have been niost interesting and years, possiby all tire lo nine. Every person anco companies to the 1. I. E. W. 200,000
understandble. faminliar with the peinsion plan freely admits 37 cents per mouth on 200,000 Class
On hand to assist PrIofessni Fietaminlg were that it is unsound and reailly ii a state of bank- "A' memhers 988,000
Clena Pr01ler, bu.siness ia llagr: L. C. Palmer, ruptey, and, were it not for gratuitous gifts 5L000 new members per year at $2.00 10,000
president; C. Lowery. tinaiad secretary; from time to time of asuspended convention 2,500 reinstatemenirs peryear at
Brother E. Porter and Ilrnther J. Bowen of the fund and the assessment under which we are $10.00 - 25,000
executive hoard. One thinginntheahlp was tho now wairking, it wnIld have cease([operation 5,000 n.w members at $10,80 per year 54,000
number oO men who are foremin inthe various before this. O urinsura.n.e department is in
shops who are atte rdig this shool Maybe it goId shape, but of what LSe is the $40,000,000 $1,777,0 01
is bec.ause they are gettin1 tired of the me. we have in the treasury except as a reservI; Thus we have a furd createi by annual in*
ebonies giving out with the proper informa- W'e can't spend it, and it is only created and come capable of supparting more than 3,500
tion. hi'eld1 law to metodaims upnLl our E. W'. B, A. iomouhe, at the rate of $42.00 per month per
The hnen have furnished thlei hwn books, and in case the monthly dewsare ever insufficientmember. which is our presentrate of withdrawal
Local Uenik No. 26 is ftrn.ahing a moving ton imeet the 'laims mad'e uipn.. it. from the pension fund.
picture machine with sound effects. Insurance departments in several states have The above figures are lexill"ove them
It was a pleasure tn have a. a visitor at the de ihard
.
uur . W. B. A. to ie insolvent. With forward or backward and the same proportion-
school hist week {Im]oin' E, SiiPcr's boy.
L who the, I do not agree. hut who am 1. or you, to ate result is obtained. Doule the amount and
was home on, leve from the Navy. Also at the disagree with them; we are but individuls: we can take care of more than 7,000 members
last Umunol netting was Brother J. Crowley'a th ey ar I h la , at e, st th ey rep rese nt the per month lut therl inl half and we can tae.
boy and Ed MeD.onough. who were wearing law. Just how soon other states will follow suit care of moen, than 1,750.
second cla'sratin gs, which certainly is a cPedit ndltay likewise I have no way of telling, but Look at this purely from a business polnt of
to Loom 26's apprenbtie rlhOi. it Iny opinion that it will not he long. The view; do not let your prejudice or hatred for
Our appen.tice schuel and liilg s'hool are qePgItio then, arises i] .. yY imid: are we wise lSre, financially sound insurance companies
still hldlng {iheir own. to await the possdille dvetfu]
ay when it may color your deduieons in studying this. Do not
The h.ys who have bher, abr.sent fronm reetinis not be possible for us tL operate in any state let the cry of big business s.aking money off
lately have bee,' losing out in goneral, as well as we are now doing, or woulId we not shw us, why ohouldn't we make that money, detract
as mLissing some very interesting moving pie- mire wisdom by doing something now which from the real issue, for, ray Brothers, we hre
The Journal of ELECTRICAL WORKERS and Operators
not making any money on the deal, neither will The roll ll l nf Senators nitl Congressmen oippo- Southern Pacific were granted a 4-cent hour-
we ever enakn any, for, at best, all that we ing him reads like the Who's Who of Reaction- ly raise, ats result of negotiations between
have is a -eserve created to fry claims in casa Just why are our Tory represeit/utives 50 bit- the management and A. J. Bannon, our Bas-
the monthly premium proves insufieleat, and terly opposed to him ? First, Wallace is a liberal nMs anager-General Chairman, and H. M.
..
every relar which accrues to the E, W. B. A. who believes that human rights come before Olive, Assistant General Chairman. The fine
must, by law, go into the reserve fund, and all property rights, that the working mar should progress we ill'e innlde in our railroad local
that your beneficiaries ran ever hopt for Is the be guaranted a job paying a living standard of is due to the harl work of General Chairman
amonnt your policy ails for in case of death, wages. He beleves in an expaaded social seaur- If...l...U l( Asistant eneraiel Chairman Olive
never to eseeed $1.000. The only way ill whirh try to are for wo'ers in their old age, and irneltheir local hlairanin.
y ever profit personally by this f.r.. I
can ou to include in saoial security a provision to prn- Although oStliruct, on work is very slow in
by the plan I hrerow fthnblt. vide mnedial care for the milions of Alee, kian* nla j.,rijt ieee, al our eincetrsa are working.
I invite your close scrutiny and silly of thi, who need it moat. The fact that here in Anieria, Quite a few have taken loeal onainternatie
and then send in yur qustions. I think I cart the richest country in the worhd, ieitlions of inks, rnd snre are working on oft-of-town jobs.
answer any Il then, to ynur satisfaction. into have befen rejected for nmuiLary service ho- Tw, of oiu r men,boie M. M. (Big Marc McCcl-
E. S. Hirairy, B. M. unaust of Tack of medical care and mahlutrition lin id ]E. K. I(hboo (hoe) Coletrune h ave real-
shows that our present system of rugged in- ierol I e It ln,:ll'S dream and are now fishibg
I. U[.NO. 58, ; dilor: It's been a thyvidualisns has been a failure, and that onr far 1 vLag,. Big Mae and Chop Chop
Biewryer,
DETROIT, MICI. long. long time sines Government must provide some form of national art tLkhltni diflttere lly than .mo.st linemen I
I,cal
.-... has been health to keep us from being a nation of 4-Fs. know. They ale taking hait with them and
reprsecete'd in thb0 linao*, and furpjresident Secondly, they are so bitterly opposed Wo hit
ias askedl e [ i.i[ Inh d sornethihrg about it. directing the huge saous to be spent hy the Tie aoli-labor element in Texas is about to
V'nt nrt exarily 1xeilst about the job, as it is RI.C, Why? The RY.C. has been the banker get in amother low blow on labor ,ith their
just oie more lhill Io, ,orry about each nlloath; of big business, lending to thenlh,l slas
e of so-callett "right-to wo -itbill. This bill, with its
aed leadlag 'itll you± I'Ma ii Cold print is not Covernment money, so they couhl execute Gao- ban on the eh,;edl s,,p iwtd other restriction
the easiea wly to make frienlds anll influence einernet contraeta This way they have nladn is i'leant tu de;.!oy he hbnr tiara.. It, spon.
people. However, I've agreed to do the hbet I huge proiet, without the expenditure of a red sol. ktew it is teonstitutional, bht believe
can with a duty which certa/aly shio.uld abre cent of their own money, the old story of they cal } 1i .h the alions before th Supreme e
been dore these manyyearn and if I on't ring "Heads I win, tails you lser." Cotalt rendrr it, detimion,
the bell with a "rmasterpiec," eve ry .on.th, But the big fly in the ointment is that the Its eief sponsor it the Christian American
please be ,r miendthat anyone : eligill ta RFC. has control of the sale of surplus war A~seiation. headed by Vance Muse, a lobbyist
take tihe su[, %t any tine and ;uake something goods and the huge Gnvernn.ent-ovned plants. for bg bus iness.
hlis organ ierutn, with its fine
if it. They are afraid that Mr. Wallace will not con- name, m, in reality, a fascist organiation pat-
The rlst thoug ht I had in mind regarding the tinue the .FC. policy of selling Ihee platet terned after the Nazbi. Its purpose is to stir
iiportance of our <,rettlrt with the EIrTIIICAI to big business at the price of about twn cents up crias bhated and destroy th, labor ri .o.as.
WonKicra ' JOI[RNAL Wlit he way we have let down on the dollar. For his liberal views, .ni hi. plans Thbis organiation has epenL thousanls of dolltrs
the boys in the se-rvie. who ha.e been hunger- to create jobs for every worker after the war,. holbhying for this bill in the legislatures of
inre for a little news of 55¢.It ia true that our Walhlae is smeared by the tories as a Red: years several southern states. The money far this ern-
hlal a mos. eravioiabli rse rI in the way that
has ago such liberals were isolated by being called ptiibn has been freely donated oat of excess
the niteaber have coll iraeltld through assess- socialists,. Wht this country needs mu more proi.lsby some of oar big businessine who
eacts and enter al,t..ill tu very' one of our "'Rds" like Wallace, art willing to dIu things the Nazi why in order
,okdears and sa i rIeach nioth*It: bh.t there is At our first meeting in February we had will to .nnah the labor uniona. Such attempts to
nothing to a m.n aay froio hoeisi like a letter; us the following out-of-town Local (Clairaen for somash hlhe.r by legislation jund litigatiln is not
n if *e only su..ceed ill giving hil a glimpse the railroads: J. C. Barnes, IGN, San Anrolen: confined to Texas and the southern states alone,
of 55 Adelaide Street each month ill the form (;. W. Boynton, GCL, Kingsville; C, W. ('raie. T but is, na tnnld in its scope. They are nerely
,f a few n para-raphs, it will tost crc- and NO, Algiers; Ralph BH Holaenann,. I(N, San usinig Texns. Florida and Arkansas as a testing
tainly be t.Ith the effort. Antonio; W. J. Kegler, T and NO, Dallas; C. E. ground, ant, it successful, they will quickly do
To that red, I would like to appeal to every- Linn. IGN, Palestine; and C. D. Reaves , T and NO the same in the rest of the country.
body here ait inn,. t join ran In thins enterprise linemen. The inembership of Local 11-46 nnjoyed[ Our L. It. E. W. organiation ill this state.
and make it n family affair. There will be hap- their making the meeting and having an oppor- tile Texas Slate Aselsoction of Electrical Work-
penings ol jobs aId il your private livoe that tunity to congratulate then. ao the fine job they ers, eas instrumenta inl waking Texas labor
will ni.ke good reading to a lonesome iey who ix are doing. Our railroad local is opelosed of elee- up to the fart that we are going to have to
living and praying for the day he will rejoin tricians, linemen, crane operators end helkers fight, and tight hard. if we arc to survive. The
your toenradeshi. Olde1isi.y, witholt yolr to- onthe T and NO and Missouri Par/fie lne. in rank and fil. if Texas, Florida and Arkansas
eperatin., it will be hard for me to make it in- Texas and Louisiana. To give soic idea of labor should make a l of the legslIatolr who
tereestig Jot down the things on paper that the territory we over. we have imembers in vote for theseh ills. so we can retire them to
you think ought te I", H~ii or related. Mail then. New Orleans and members in El Paso. a dis- private life at the next election.
to Ie though tei Exel'ltivn' Board, and unless tance of over 1200 nilles. The Iiaeoen. onn the Our Educational Committee hals really e.-
otherwise directed. evirythi;g will be received bharked In a fille edautilvunl ji uoEZi. A cbnra
in the strictest otfihinen. f linemen has ba-tn strted at the University
or
One ether thing niust be ijentloned. Our if tieuaten. This clasa will deal with all phases
of line work roi, how to splice rope to tablic
SOtR'aArL has rat on petin like eve ryone else.
k
'hese letters Will be limited in length until the
situatea [s relieved; sad until] the bowling and
house cleoniag season Is over. There are lotr of
shig,, ill dialss at length like our school and
Pk= rll lt ons. The classe

of their
.ou.eger
Tle,,, rs
telerienee.
widI be taught by diff rent
flieltilers nf B-1( who are well suited to toalh
ou and give them the benefit
Ou. classes In hasic ere-
lecttuien eou >e,; the sucial and war actvi tiea trinty timd elrrtranns are both gel].1g strong.
of noir enIn.it e..s and ineroaers; the snowball We owe,. a te of thanks to our Edueatlonal
insureice promium; inodation and 'Little Steel"; (onsaittlee for their fine fefforts in giving us a
cnvenrtionts and what they are fo; our mutual real educational program.
friend, the eontractor; attendance and interest B-a4l lost two of its members by death in
iU mrecli ]gs: lur responsibility to disehargod re- March. Brother 3. D, DeMon.., Eletrician's
turininJ niemboerg; our loalds line~rtwr piirgrul fate, 1 c, of the qealbees, wea killed in action
and polisyt and, oh yes, I nearly forgot: the st Iwo Jina. Brother DeMoney was a cable
flew Mawit Cartet flia unced by Me.sielurs
splrer inll formerly worked for the Houston
(ireen. Jehnten, and Murray. Lighting and Power Company. Brother John J.
So. you see, this hling could be very exhilarat- faekey was electrocuted while working on a
ing if everybody kickls in. Make mrlt y.r press 12,000-voit line. Brother Mackey was a linecuaum
correspondent. Let's have at representative opin- for the loeustoa LiMhting and Power Company.
ion expressed in these pages by one of the nia- The nembers of B-6( will tiss,J. D, and Johnny,
tion's bestlabor unions of which you and I are as they were swell fellows and real union lle...
meat proud to he a part. Llt's .11 approach this To their families we extend our sympathy in
great new peace era with a determination to bie theirBorrow.
in there pitching, both locally and nationally, Digsit G.LLOWAy, 1'- S8
and put our light on top of the bushel. I'll will-
ing, if you are. HOW about it? L. U* NO. 68 Editor: 0 p p or-
LnN SarreMIT,
P. -. DENVER, COLO. tunity could bs Ie-
fined as taking ad-
L. U. NO. 66. Editor,: Even if Brother Gerald White of L U. vantage of circumstances or conditions. To those
HOUSTON, TEXAS Henry A. Wallace No. 908, now servng in the Army who are alert, opportunity ay come only once,
had not been ron- bat Is moert apt to cnec, again and again. Too
drined for Secretary of Commerce, he should be Air Forces as a telephone and often, all of n have he.aine raconeiau of oppoe
proud of the enemies he has made in Congress. telegraph lineman, tunites after the time to take advantage of
MAY-JUNE, 1945 115

the, has passed. We may havebeen lulled to Brotherhood life is more than that, IL is worth-
sleep in the recent past by the circumstane wlile living, it is latter conditions, it is setlr-
of war. That there hove been plenty of lobs. ity in old ago, anti, at the last, sorrow bo, the
plenty of regular and overtime, among other passing of one who had lone his best, one who
things, apparently has made s careless anod had believed in sad practiced the golden rule.
indolent. To be ahle to recognise and make the We have a groat number of opportunities
moat of opporp.ntu nith,, one mstp be repared. Salute To A Good Humorist within our grasp to become the important factor
It is said that ignorance of the law is not con- li our economy that we should. It then,
Ceems,
sidered an excuse., It follows, then, that ignor- that we should take adlvantage of:I The train-
ance is not a part of alertness or preparedness ing offered by the various governmellt agencies
I would like to illustrate this by two events Ihat will help us naet these proIbtlemn 2 the
within the past few years, arid tie inf a Iv teed and technical training offered by the
th*o comes only iron the press. IitIer failed ethools, both aoadaintir and 'ocatiorna; 3--by
to take Englard apparently because of atnor- aitteinrig the differenit forus, semnllna and
onee. It seems he iay have been ignorant ott loeCre, sponsored by different troups to get
the weakness of England's defense, or, granting the view point of well informed people and
that he knew, he wts appar,,etly makirg a perhaps teach us to take a broa-hder and olloe
bid for lngland's favor but was ignorant of u.nselfsh attitude toward our eoi niaon problems.
the psyehologieail loke-,inp of the English people We hove often 'ben told that labor is COming
In regard to their opposition to oppression of age. anr we n;'(e with aIu[ in his letter
arid inijustice. to the Corinthians" "When I was a ehihl I spalke
On the other hand, General .MacAr tiurs Inrid- as a child, [ liumltrsto...d as a child, I thought as
ing oi Leyte. which, in a sense, may }lae been child: Lut when I became a man I put away
a gamble, provedl that he was preprred. lie was childish things''"
prep.red by a koiwl, ge of the eon try, ya
knowledge of his eenly, by a Inow [edge of his
own ability, its ,l as a kn.owledlge of the L. U. NO. 70. Edditoe The ap-
capabilities of his commCand and his olleagi. WASHLINGTON, ). C. Pellite ruling re-
versed and re-
As members (Ifn llgnized labor, we Should be
seriously thinking i .. o.t the anoy coplie manded to District Court suit or their fees
problems that /eiabmiy follow the war.
ill ir by two local attorneys against the Electric
Where is organied labor on the rt.a dhat lea], Utitiesloa Emp loye es'oan (a c union),
ompany
to world peace, to natkir secnity,
lal and to ihdi- coraposed of nonl ipervisory enployees of the
vidual happiness ndl well being? What plans Potomac Electric p Company.
,wer The lawyers
claimed the l'rpct's El.E.U. employed them
are being made, thi.. individually an.d as a n obtaining
union, to p'epare us to tirvel this road?
local to perfect its organiHation, and c
Since it is a s truth lhat llriOr1 nlem-
elf-elidInt Have you been realding the joke page in its recognition by the power ompaulY as a labor
bets ionefit theelsdves only according to the T
the past few no,,ths ? If you have then y.n union and bargaining agency. The two attorneys
st r,-ngth and virility of their own lcah I will Coust have sen the name of PfI. William asked for $13,900 with interest front June 1,
discuss only that i C of our o lrganiatin,. 1938, or alternately $30,000.
Scelicke, Jr., of L. U. Ne 3, app earmany District Court had granted a motion of Popeo's
how nilny of us klow the history of organied
times. We are proud to publish tfi, piteure EPU.E.U, to quash services in connection with
labor; the asplrteion, and ideology of the I. B.
E. W.; the funtions, the duty. the power, the of Brother Sectioke, anid pay a flltie tribute the suit, and to disaleis the complaint. claim-
responsibilities of the offters of our own local, to the courage and good spirit and fine sense ing that Pepwes EY.E.U. was an unincor-
as .el as,he -ank anI file? As Blenjamiin of humor that kept Brother Seelicke send- porated, unaffiliated labor union, and so could
Franklin has said: ",so convenient a thing it iC ing in his clevel', hum..orous little poems lnt be sled.
to he a resonia h
t-reature, since
ie it enables month after moth from the battlfields of The Court of Aip.,ais, in reversing and re-
one to Lnd out or raaie a rea.oeli for everything Italy and fromt the rest camp to which he mantling the case to I he lower court, said the
one has a mind to do'," Can the skilled trades- union has the Salvfpowers and rights as the
was sent later to rest and rIctptrate. It AFl, (IO, or the United Mine Workers, adding:
aian find hr nnlk. a reason for not keeping nakes us feel very proud and happly that,
up with the advoiies nnd intpiOveinet thai "It is diffferenil 'tjd i#n that it has noae
in spite of all the stress of lighting and It is just this slight differenos that will for-
have been aalre il his particular tradl? Can he
find or make Itreason for iot prepIiring him- the weariness and discou age. niht that ever keep PVieilo E.U.E./L from being any-
self and his h'tal to assume the responsihilities must so often accom pany it, our boys .. Y"or thing but a company ,nouthpieceit hs no af-
of goo.d citizen-hip? Is it not re.ason.hle to begin thbe " ta ke time out to think if their filiates! it is interesting to note that the I. B
to plan for the pehi d after the ware, hen. Brothers at ho.... .nd their JOURNAL., and E. W., as a labor .nion. has more than, 350,000
many of on .or return, and
w rs will
ince[lle tnId contributilons ill to "keep uI laughihig.'' Tesnbors ill nearly 1,500 Eational and interna-
many others, by their experiencos in the service, t liind these
ional locals, turn, ale
locals,
will seek to joi. our organiatlion ? Always joined aid affiliated with building trades and
organized labor hna fought for free public ins any office made an attempt to prepare for labor councils it t-her respective towns, cor-
schnols, the of hkeh is to teach people
puipoee tile fa tule? To Ithey have any plans for develop- munities and state while nationally and inter-
to think. There is no real reason why, havinb tig ill training prgl ru.ns; educational programs nationally represented by purposeful leaders
beeinue i jon riyman, we should cease to study health programs or any programs it all for the at all piogressive labor Conventions.
nitd read aonl thihk. Oil the contraiy. there bietteriment of ilie ,rganization It is hoped that these few statiltics will
is every eidence that we should do so, and the Julius lloekran, vie ireslident of (ho Tntel.- eLipli SuOlie of he uillinformed lads in Pepco
nonner the better. national Ladies' Garenlet Workers' UlI ion, said t.. .. dk the right swing into the rankcs of
~
We place our f+attlre inEthe banuds of certain 'eCently, in olpenine a in-sedviee tliltg pro- organized labi, slid that swinlr is through
,nii in national, state and local affairs These graillt .
for uni,,n .fifers: "In recat years, and local 70, where mM.I of their working partners
,en should be conidered as worl...en workirg especiallIy in the past decadeun odr lte New are joined in a ,ol.. nr. pledge of brotherhood
at the trade of reproentin the manjority of us., Deal, the abTor leder's job ha. broadened and amid progress. Our II/llsiness Manager, William
and they know how they ore leing paid, in become more onricoliated. Itis ri lone, enonegh toeliter, is alnays Fp.]ha toanswrr any in-
wages or salary or in h.nor and name. Regard- fr lipi, to be LI effective organizer speaLker quiry coneeranig Emiliership and its benefits.
less of the method of paymenit, the interested and pamphleteer. Today he ansi know his iull Bill, WArfieMl 1164, any of you Pepco
his energies to in way about it many liehis far rem.oved, ilercd. fellas that aren't with us, for we do want
representative will][idete
;
crease his knowecdge of his trade, and thus from labor's orbinial path in earlier an d shim.ler y-ou with us[
become more fitted for his coltinattion in office days. lie must know his way about illsoclOgy. Kerm.it L. Ehdy, RS.. is in riceipt of a new
or forl advancement. fl we not realize the Ce- in con..omies, in nlarage nent.in law, and ill existing work agreenit between local 70 and
treme necessity of informed thinking ioae be- public affairs, le must know how to deal with Asplundh Tree Expert o. for all work per-
Dig our representHl.i.e. ? ove rnmental agencies, how to work in his formed by the erm phloyer for the Potomac Eleh.
We are soon to hive elections of our own, in eom
.. unity, how to cultivate pahlic opinion. The tric Power Co,, Wishingtn, D. C,, aml vicinity.
which we will elhet luon to certain powerful labor leader if toliay finds hiliisef deeply im- The contract coanlns ageneral ilnreuse for
Ofilces withinour own locals. To these n/on we o"a.rd in all aspetsof our eroron.. ic. social all employees, ani. i neldes paid vacations, in-
entrust our standlig in the conmnuniiy, to the nnid political Hie" uraane, sCeorily rights and other benefits.
negntiation of oar working agreement, to the As ne.bers f theI, B. E. W,
fL we night cam- Tree trimming in i, various branches (pardon
building up of our or ganization. More than we pare with stokholders in a corporation. We own the pun. I just couhln't help it), is a new and
realloe, we entrust to these me the dollars stock tinsurance), we have the power and large field for the L, B. E. W.
and cents that miay cone into or go out of our privilege cf the vole on variouis nataer5, we Alfred J. Jarbe% hospitalized. encased, and
pockets, which is of prime importatriento US all. have .ur divider.d. p1, tble to as ill the form convalescent since May 30, 1944, will be back on
More than we know, these men are responsible olf a pension. and a the end of Iife's road, a the job before this is out in print. Al fell 56
for our econolfle and social future., lave they smnufficient to. give us decent bit rid. is this feet while trees and was quite banged
trimming
conducted themselves in public and private so all that iC. rnean, to us? Th sonoe individuals. up, hut you can't keep a good tree-trimmer
they can face their fellow members with a it lerely means a job, a meal, a drink, a few down. you know!
dear conscience? Ills the person or persons seek dollars in old age, al, ofinally, death. To the Bill Segar shows up at the meetings pla-
t76
The Journal of ELECTRICAL WORKERS and Operators
perous an all gset-out. Btll has a nice Inside siderable progress his h",n made, however,and
lob now maintaining service and equipmalt saon we will have the alterthions we need.
for one of the world's largesnt p entaomrn WAR CASUALTY The writer had the pleasure ofattending a
munieies-Pairlington, Virginia. "Pop" Reynolds This number is dated Volume 44, reeting of the Florida State ELectrical Work-
is there with hinm. er t ' Association in Jacksouville this month.
"Midnight" Clark dropped into the hall Birst No. 5, May-Jue., 1945. The next unm-
time in a long while. Nice to see you again. ber which you will receive will be Postwar possibilities s eem very promising to all.
although, at this report, regular construction
"Midiight't conm in oftruer. dated Volume 44, No. 6, July, 1945.
work Is at its ebb.
G;rek Bnone was lest seen on the honks on This means that one whole number Among the delegates attending the above-men-
th ereule s Pewder job at Rladford, Virginia. will be misstig in 1945 to save 85.000 tioned meeting were genial Association Pres[-
Bill Ruppard, oil tI saIme jo with Greek, pounds of much needed paper. Sorry. dent R. 1). Sominerkamp of St. Petersburg, who
nearly got his right hand cut off, His gloved was re-elected to that office,; Bother liarper,
habid was pulled through the pulley wheel of secretary of West Pain Beaeh; Brother C. G.
the ine t ru.i bi, I frayed winch line -two 4,-
fn~t
. I i.. ck r'eA,rn l],L, ('Two Shoe" Smil, of Jacksonville,. who said he
e n tha end of the photo in the SOtIINAL-naylewe e;n have bet- would ease .. y jprtohed throavt ith a bottle of
line. ter hick n ext
time. heer, but didn't produce, and none other than
"Shorty" Priee j looking young and healthy lieoe'sIue who likes fun too but let's all my rivalcolumnist. Brother J. I. Gilbert of
as ever. Shorty's eI the job at Indian, Head, give Brother "Noble Dome" Mifrtin a haind in Fort Liauderdate, who is considered the leading
M*arFyl d. his offsrig toward establishing reference authority in the Southea.t on the raising and
Moody Saunders. our ever pleosant vice presi- library in the loca]'s office.
dent. is deep ia the eonret of tie latest B'll training of parrots.
Glad to hear that Brother George (Don't Our husines manager, Blrother Al Lipford,
BRsy Be. agree with him it i. a nicely put up Bring 'Em Back Alive) Buok, who is somewhere was considered present at the Florida State Elec-
local journal. in Europe is getting along 0. K. and is hold- trical Workers ,,eitig. but :pent an active
I wish here to express my thanks to Ineal ing his wn. Wouild like to hear about more time with the State Feilrai:,n of Labor Legis-
637, of ItoRnoke, Virginia. and my many fJriend, of our members in service. Drop me a line at lotioe ' whici Iaw
Canerenc rnvng on at the
there for the hospitality extended me in their 1061 W. Ifth Street, Norfolk 8, Virginia.
jurisdicti ia. same tlne. We expeet some interesting events
h.'.
oI the day will soon come when Let's all wish Brother George Ne('une ILot
I ca., ptit ,~i, i sway a vacation in that when the legislature mleets next month.
of luek in the coming event-Let's hope It Is Our woman's auxiliary will elect an entire new
truly aitit I nal,y1 rI. g~,isor .,ore-eh George! set of officers at their next meeting, April 5.
I hear a lot of tilk aholt electronics but I
don't see nobody doin' A message from the business manger-'Sthk The president, Mfrs. Harry Kilher, has served
n*othin' ah.ol,4 it. All ele, to your job, because that's where you're needed
tronic tubes are las cal Fy the tIm. and the for the last three years. and has asked that she
~ost',' be allowed to retire adlt some else
lse in
function of an eletronic tube is that of a That's enough fron the "Lap,-over." (Wfhere
switch operating at the speed of light. The juice her place. She has served faithfully ard expertly
Virginia laps over into Carol.ina.) and the members have expressed their regret
goes in there and comes out here.
E. A. (MACt) MerC,Lo1'n, Pp.S. that she will not jimitrate President Roosevelt
STAN STANTON, P. S.
and accept a fourth t.C..
I. I'. NO. 79, dtdiolr lpin OUr L.
U. NO. 103. Editor: With Me- We have at pre cut 55 of our members
work-
SYRA( I SE, N. Y. end of the country BOSTON, MASS. moral fly near iug at Clintnn, Tennessee, and as the weather
we have at las. at hand. this letter heoemes warmer io doubt many more of our
e e s
shoveled ours v inut of the moun[tains of snow is wijiten for Ihe purlmOe of aliig F, .nlnd Brothe-s will go there if still ieeded.
engulting us lac TDeertuer. nibny of cur Brothers, workers on the hor.e Our maine work is about at its peak just
Seed cataloga e are aP*earing in the mail, frunt, who Ihve gone home to their eternal re- now anid we expect a decline in such employment
and soon ie uill placidly linccunb to spring ward. to start on., Building construction work is
fever. While Memorial Day wna first set aide as a still more or ess dormant and we are wistfully
Tt oill net ie nuine nionth hefore a new day of thoughtful remembranee-a day of -eol- awaiting the war's termination and the start of
contract wifl lIe notre [,,L. A mastere commit- lectlos and a day for prayer for our honored postwar construction.
tee has been appointomi r,, celleet sad compile soldier and sailor dead- ,e too, through the CHARLes A. Scait, P. S.
any sUrgestlins thai the lIugtuers may sub/at. years have On each Meninrial Day, tholght If
concerning changes they wishLtI nalke in the our deceased Brothers of this great lical union- L. U. NO. 24. Edit.or: Of all the
preent contract or added suggestilens for the Since January t. 1944, Local No. 103 of Soa*
TOLEDO, OHIO phrases we hold
futuare contract. too, has had steriken from its rolls by death dear,. the one we
If yon have any s t write them out
erest many of its members. These men will never be are fondebt of is "spring is here" Spring ap-
and hand them to the rommitteeman from your known as war heroes* but in reality many of parently has heard that song TIs You Is Or Is
department, so that they ill have your wishes these men went down fighting on the home front.
You Ain't," for *he cant seem to make her
to work on in lTrafiftg the Law contract. The long hours each day, seven days a week mind up for a while.
It ws with inter<st that we learned from the duringthe last few years, and, in addition, the The past winter has taken a heavy toll from
daily pres that the t.N.Y P. Corporation's net fast pace we are forced to live because of war, the Edison boys, both old and young. Many
income wasenough Pn enaIle then to pay 33 ultimately take their toll. from all departments have been on the sick
cents on each share of conlmn. n stek. Commencing Januar.y 1. 1945, to the time of list, and sone of themn for several noneth,.
I understand that the Nin...ra-ludsonC or- this writing Local No. 103 has lost eight af Its That tall and handsome soldier that Georrg
pota.ion bo..ld all of the outstundlng shares of Itrenbera. Listed below are the names of those Reins was showing around Arnie some tire
common M.ock. I was tauight when young to b, who pased on in the last year: ago was G(eorae sin-in-law. R is proud of
R.
very indIisriou's It I wished to he wealthy. -. "They are not dead. they are just away". the lad, and justly so. Harry Miller, formerly
I slipped ,p 'somewhere, or )aybe I used the foaniel J. Canty Frank Fells of operation arid now of the Navy, was in Miami
wr'ong ilterprl tatinn. John L. Baker Ray Leaman a while back and had only time to call home
The War Chest drive was very successfully John H. MeHugh Ray Willlmott before going to sea again. Harry should have
handled by our local eninttemraen. The sase William H',Smith Ira Smith some good stories to tell soon we hope, Leonara
committee is now working on the Red Cross Robert Robertson Frank Carney (Shorty) Howell's son, now hospitalized for the
drive. Wnn't yrou help this driv to bee a success Frank U. Smdth Le, Fay third time and Iv. England, may be home ir
and reap the everlasting thanks of your B rothers William A. Malloy Pierce McCarthy May, Lt. Howell was injured while his group
in the service? PrankH1. Starr George E. Cushman was helping reduct the German bulge in Bel-
I was going to preach a srmon on attendi~ng Arthur DI Hawks Ja.ees Donovan alum,
union meetings, but space Ia 8hort,to just a The oaicers and members of Local No, 103 ex- SeFveral Edison famiilies have received th,
gentle renindot they are held on the firt tend to the familiea of our lost Brothers our much dreaded telegrems stating that a loved
and third Fricays nf each month. They are your sincere sympathy. and hoet that this "bloody rinewas "missing in artioe." The uncertain
meetings, anI are for the common good of all war" and iLs accompanying havoc will fade away feeling, coupled with our known impotence onde,
meabers, so stay out of your rocking chair on to the end-that we may soon look upona world such 6irfcuntanres, iS heartbreaking. Our symn-
those nights and coie. of peace and prosperity. pathy to these unfortunate families, and a sin.
Fae Ki,, P. S. HENxy J. HuRomt P. S. eere wIh that your service man be returned
to you safe and sound.
L. U. NO. 80, Editor: Many of 1U~ Ur-NO. IOR. Ed;t.o: We have The presentation of a service button to
NORFOLK, VA. our nienlhers are TAM'A, FLA. not mat ate L
mU h Blrother Jay Swank. of the transformerc depart-
apparently glad progress yet in re- ont, for 50 years of service, which was made
that snue formor sick and accident insurance bmodeling the building we recently purchasen.. someS tine ago. was missed by your scribe,
is nowawt'Li]:lehl to the lpass-the.-ht-fir-me'' hut we hope at my next writing we can report Brother Dukeshire hasbeen In my hair for
boys. lgruhter Tareell gaya, 'Don't say you that the 'emodeling has been completed. Our ,a- flais,,ig a scoop about one of our oldest netu-
knew rething abolut this Insur.anee'' Much ef- riius groups are already meeting there, hut our bers. Brother Dukeshire writes his news and
fort was madte it, present thts insurance to offices have remained at our old location at 202 comments out for me, and som etimes
uses
the members and now it I, e"tirely up to the Tampa Street. The building committee, under asbestos paper. Thanks, Duke, anyhow, and
individual. Don't be one to need it and not supervision of Chairman C. O. Barnes. has been keep then' coming. I also wish more of the
hbave it. The opportunity has been presented. meeting frequently, discussing the many per- Brothers would do likewise. Local meetings
fts too bad you fellows can't seeyour plexities of plans, construction, and bids. Con. have been picking up a bit in size and feeling
MAY-JUNE, 1945 171

also. A nine new War Bond to Some one in attend- L. U. NO. 309, Editor. In the
ance each meeting. Ask Bill Witt what little EAST ST. LOUIS. ILL. beginning of time
thing enabled him to win a bondl It's a good the people of the
story, too. world found the earth a total, dark mystery,
Mike Al.re, of Acme, has a sweetheart of a but we today, in the twentieth century, have
skeeter, and his only prayer now is "sunshine had a chance to look upon a few of thee mnys-
in large quantities." Don Meyers also has the WINS MEDAL FOR HEROISM teries unfolded before us. The r,,,, ~ Isiample,
Doodle Bug fever. If the high pressure boiler for mnny years ago people started tHe light
"punch boards" were only built in circular torm, of knowledge by remembering to w*t, down
Don and his skooter could handle all three. into book form, the things they were so apt
Hitler failed in his try for world power, and to forget and ideas on discovery they them-
his idea of training children for the state only. selves could take to eternity. They w-rote many
we thought was dead. The same i]ea is now books so that you and I may read what they
being revamped to met an American <tnation. thought would help us most. These people were
A rival of the American Federation of Labor, not selfish. but poor and humble and often
having failed toconvert the adults to their robbed of honor rightfully theirs- These men
philosophy, will soon bring the gospel of 'Power are the unsung hero of the electrical world.
and How to Get It" to the American youth. Probably most of the members of the I. B.
Shortage of tires, not enough red points for E. W. will admit that the most outstanding
neat, shortage of gas and can't go fishing, need event in the past en's was the development
wore coal and I just keep wishin' this * war and beginning of the I. B. E. W. education.I
would end. program. This educational program i of great
No, I ain't kiekin', but, honest, ain't it a importance, not onny in electronics but in mak-
anell of a hess? ing leaders of men to guide and preserve the
D. D. DPT,,ow, P. S. rights and dignity of the members of the I. B.
E. W. Much praise is due President F. J. Brown
and Brother {. M. Bugnis.e.t f:or their outstand-
L. U. NO. 271. Editor: A aw ing leadership in bringing knowledge to the
WICHITA, KANS. high in labor-mar'- Electrical Workers of the new world.
acerpent relations 0n the evening of March 23, bel cable splic-
was reached here recently when Local 271 and ing classes met the local
in union hall. The
the Wichita secfon of the Kansas State Chapter, class was called to order by Brother William
National Electrical Contractors' Asloclatlon. Clark. the insru to, w ho itf rn,,d us that on
jointly negotiated and signed a collective bar- that evening we were to hear several lecturers
gaining agreement While this is not the
first on cable splicing and maintenance of under
agreement to be reached between the emlployers' ground cables. The speakers were several out-
assoeiation and the union in the electrical in- Sergeant Salador L. Mazzara. former
standing executives of the Union Electric Com-
dustry. it is the first sach labor agreement com- Port Arthur, Texas electrician and mnemn- panm, who were instrumental in helping to es-
pleted in Wichita. her of L. U. N,. 390, has been awardied the tablish a cable-spiking school. At first, when
Heretofore. agreements were negotiated be- Soldier's Medal, for heroism on Augsmt 15, the cable-splicing school started. we found our-
tween the individual employers and the union, 1944, during the invasion bf southern selves lacking in materials and equipment. The
which, in many instances, resulted in nisunder- F[rance. Union Electric Company was informed of our
standings in the industry. Sergeant Mazzara has ken overseas two plight and imnedialely came to our aid and
Both the contractor and union have come furnished us with material and equipment.
years. He left Port Arthur with the 111th
to the realization that harmonious relations are We of the cable-splicing school are indeed
more necessary than ever before to improve Engineers in November, 1940.
grateful for the splendid cooperation and per-
the relationship between the employer, the work- The citation accompanying the medal sonal interest shown by the following execu-
er and the public, and that confidence in each tells of Sergeant Mazaras heroism dis- tives of the Union Electric Company: Mr.
other can better be furtheredI through the played during the invasion, when a large George P May. system superintendent distribu-
methods they have adopted. landing craft appr-oa.hing the coast -was tion construction: Mr. Andrew Bodicky, under-
It is felt that this progressive move will Ko struck squarely by an enemy glider bonmb. ground engineer; Mr. William H. Burggraf,
a long way toward breaking down barriers that The seriously damaged vessel, loaded with cable superintendent, and Mr. Ceorge E. Syke.
have been raised in the past through prejudice heavy artillery. ald personnel., sub-station divlio.n.
ammunition
and habit, and that it is the first step in estab- The Westinghouse Electric and Manufactur-
ishing the principle of the interdependence of drifted ashore in flames while the amnmni-
ing Company have alexeloped new a course on
both groups. tion started exploding. resistance welding. This course follows the ac-
That interdependenc is shown in the field The citation continues: cepted course in industrial electronics which
of training future journeymen for the eleetrical "Although the personnel of the headquar- We aOg now completing aflter , a 1weeks' run,
trade. A joint apprenticeship committee has ter and service company to bhiel Sergeant Inasmuch as the.ourse in resistance welding
bee, established, composed of members of he Mazzara was attached had been moved in- is really an extension fhe principles we have
union and thecontractors' association. This land from the beach to escape the hurtling learned in industrial electronic, we believe
committee has dloped writtaen standards of shell fragments, Se-geant Mazzara and that thi course ,ill prove popular to those
apprenticeship as a guide to assure the proper who have token the first work in electronics,
some conurades r'etunried to the shore near Practically
training of apprentices, thereby providing a the entire class has signified its in-
proper flow of skilled tradesmen into industry. the burning ship and began rescue work. tenton of etering the new classes now form-
The apprenticeship program is administered sole- 'Aware of the ,hap.ratc plight of the ing In resistse welding.
ly by the committee, and was developed under men who had been forced to abandon the It would appear that this new course is only
poilcies reTcommended by the Federal Committee craft by leaping overboard into the water, one of .anythat could he offeled as an exten-
on Apprenticeship arid the National Joint Ap- the rescue party worked indefatigably until thon of the basic work taken. Many of the
prenticesbip Committee for the electrical indis- midnight, swimming alongside the ship and members of the classes would like to see further
try. This is another forward step in bring- dragging the men ashore. The injured men extensions of the use of electronics in the fields
ing about true labor-management cooperation
through joint acceptance of joint responsibility. were brought to the beach, carried to a of relaying, mototrol, com unination, tadio and
The agreement was signed for the local by place of safety and given first aid treat- television.
inet. The instructor of these various courses is a
R. E. Mitchell, president; L C. Mitchell, chair- man who is onutstandinig in the field of radio
man of the electrical board, arid C' F. Gustafson, "Sergeant Mazzara and his comrades did engineeflig and electronics ,Mr. John Sampson.
business manager for the contractors' associa- not cease their unselfish and hazardous Myr, Sampson is al, excellent instructor. lie has
tion, and B. J. Hill, president, and Charles W. work until they had saved 75 men from taught us electronics in shop form so that all
Paige, secretary. drowning and had treated another 15 for the members could u it. is personal
nderstand
Everything is going along O.E. .on the Wichita burns, wounds and shock." interest in teaching us electronics has made
front; everyone's working and happy. The The International Brotherhood of Elec- him many new friends amntug the members of
Brothers who are out-of-town will be happy to trical Workers is proud of Brother Maz- our union,
learn that flap Tteod, the local's oldest card We wish to thank Mr. W. Muorria Jones, who
member, is receiving the pension provided by sara and Brothers like him in battleareas
the I. B. E. W. Good luck, HaDp Brother Ray all over the world, displaying comrage and is the supervisor of war production training
ia this area, for his interest and personal
Mitchell has been confined in Wesley Hlospital heroism to a remarkable degree. service in developing our electrical school. We
for some time, but is up and around again. wish also to thank Mr. James Senes, assliant
Brother Denny has also been confined in the state supervisor of trades industrial education.
game hospital, and from reports he will soon be thee ecodt finn from outside of Wichita to be
Mr. Seies has given us splendid service and co.
released. We have severa new lmembers in 271 signed up, the other being at Newton. Good
work, Brother Carl- operation. We appreciate his service.
in the last few weeks, Brother Gustafson signed
another contractor at Wellington. This makes Jmot OS"it, P, S. The State of Illinois Board of Vocational
178
The Journal of ELECTRICAL WORMERS and Operators
Education pays the cost of films, records, pro-
jectors and instructors' salaries.
On the evening of March 31, the Westing-
house Electronics course will be completed. Cer-
tificates will be issued to those completing this
course, Afterwards several technical films will
be shown and refreshments served as planned
aid ..rm...'d by cur president, Ceorge Viner.
Brother, Alti is now recuperating from
an operation. We tohope
see him in the best of
health soon adi back on the job.
Brother Gus Stobhr will be back on the job
soon. He is well o n the road to recovery.
Blrother Joe Weir is now in the radio division
of the United States Navy. His address is J, D.
Weir, S., 1/c, Co. 408, U. S. T. C., Great Lakes,
Illinois.
Brother William Schmidt is due back hi town
any day now. Brother Schmidt is now a atit
lieutenant and a fighter Inot of the United
States Army and has beer hi Ind..ia.
{IiI Fm BowNx P. S.
Reading left to rght: Charles Cite, financial secretary and treasurer; Bob Adams,
L IT. NO. 319, Edllor, No doubt Larry Moore, Donald J. Gill, executive boad; Paul A. Belff, president; Homer A.
MIAMI., FLA. aur members work- Brown, vice president; James Reilly, Internaflonal Representative; Paul Price, recordinq
ugsaway from Mi-
anmi and our members in searice will be in- secretary; George Nichols.
terested to know who the new officers elected L U. No. 1-1127, Richmond. Indiana, is very proud to have started the new year with
March 16 were: new offices, located in the Morton Center BuIlding. The board is shown in their new
PresidetI. FreI Henning; vice president, John conference room. where they were honored with a vist from Mr. James Reilly, of the
McRae; recording secretary. einteiman; finan- International Office. Hals off to Jim Reilly, whose tireless efforts and s.ncerily have
cial secretary, (;crise D. Bowes; treasurer, helped Richmond to achieve one of the best Locals in the area.
Gettis Riles; busines manager, William C.
Johnson; executive board, Marcus Bo.e, J. A.
Click, Paul Foster; examining
board, B. C*
Brcig, J. A. Click, A. B. Dixon.
I feel errtain that our new officers will re- In the meantime. any authority that we in-
vest in our elected representatives to select L. U. NO. 377. Edi, or: Reporting
ceive full cooperation from each and every LYNN, MASS. for the biggest little
member in their efforts to strengtben our lova[ men to act on the various com.lmissions that local in the good old
It is also wished by the teriIbe that our attend- control public owned ventures is ,eyr often mis- U. S. A. I am glad to mention that we hare
placed Dflue either to deliberate misrmanage- finished onesemester in our electronics school
ance in the future wil how our new officers uent or downright ignorance, too many of our
that we like to get together on the first and and am proud to state that we all received our
utilities are made to appear in a very bad light littie "sheep skin," so as they say, bring on your
third Friday night of each month, thus keepI.in
in touch with current problems of our local. as to expense involved and results obtained. progress.
No doubt if thesee sameorganizations were pri- Business is going along on the same trend.
Will give you otIe to blrush up your geography
oa: Do yon know Ihere Pat Cay is located? vately owned and profits unrestricted it would penty of small constrcetion and change over.
I understand that Charlie Powling is working be a different story. Are we to take from this Big work sloving down all around the area, so
that we have ward heelers
instead of busineas we all are marking time to the same tune, just
there. men running our property? Or, are -we going
Would like to ask a certain Miami wire awaiting the right tempo to take in the right
grafter now working in St. Louis if he n- to come to the conclusion that the public must direction, we hope.
members the story of the big dope, little dope, be soured on any further expansion along these As it happens to us all at some time it falls
and the teeny. weenit dope? lines? on me toreport that one of our old tinme mm-
It will surely be a -mst intersting sight to I have in mind the C.N.R. in Canada before bers has passed on suddenly of pneumonia, "Kid"
watch Mr. Byrnes try to freeze wiremen. "Old the war, when the competition was keen, losing Bfal. We who knew hi., always called him "Kid'
Grandad" just won't freeze. money by the millions while its only large comn- because even at 56 years he was still the kid.
SPring is here in full swing now, for several petitor paid equal wages and operated almost Always at the meetings, always ready to do his
of the fellows are anxious to organiee a fishing parallel lines and gave a cheerful and helpful bit for the organization whenever asked. He
camnp down in the Keys; sure is a swell idea. travel service. From personal observation, I was always in good humor without a gripe.
No doubt that will be one postwar plan with know that it was a great deal more pleasant Yes, we will miss the 'Kid," but as he would
plenty of supporters, but. in the meantime, we and quicker to contat the C.P.R. travel man have it we will carry on to our best ability and
will continue our search for a formula which than the nunerous gentlemen employed by the pray for his peacfuIl journey.
will cause flshernmen to tell the truth, then nation's own railroad. We are starting another advanced course on
we will know where all thoee big ones go that In Ontario., we have the Ontario Hydro-glec- electronics to finish In June. With a lot of the
gt away. trio Power Commission, a commission appointed B rothers drifting back to their hoime roost from
Brother A- B. Dixon has been on the sick list by the Governmeat to administer to light and outside jobs, I hope to have more news for our
but is now on the improve. power needs of the province at cost prices. next report.
R. C. TINELL, P. S. Now we find included in these costs the price of DONmPr,,n,,mn, P. S.
at least starting a company union, if not actually
L. U. NO. 3S3, maintaining it at the present time, a company L. U. NO. 595, Editor: F ace
Editor: Very few
TORONTO, ONT. people in the ranks
union that opposes the right of the I. B. E. W. OAKLAND, CALIF. with the problem
to get the certification necessary to represent of keeping its mem-
of the general pub- hert abreas of developments in the electronic
Iis disagree with the idea of public ownership the low-paid workers of the Ontario Hydro at a
of public utilities, but a great many are coming hearing so that these workers might bring and electrical fields, in April, 1944, Local Union
to the conclusion that those commissions and their conditions and living standards up to the B-595 contacted the University of California
level paid in other fields. Engineering Science Management War Train-
directorates put in charge of controlling such ing to ascertain if a program could be developed.
public-owned utilities might be working from International Vice President E. Tngles and
the inside to put said utilities in disfavor with The initial result was a class of 128 students
Representative Borden (ochrane are having
the general public, and thus discourage any meeting on April 20, 1944. The course title was
their hands full battling this public body, which 'Industrial Electronics I". With so large a re-
further attempts to enIlarge the holdings of the is paid by the public, operated for the public, sponse, the group was divided into two sections,
general taxpayer. but, in my opinion. governed by anything but one taught by Mr. F. E. Strauss, engineer with
There are numerous industries and under- public men.
takings that should come under the direct con- the General Electric Company, the other by
I could go on citing cases on parallel lines. Mr. L. Rayner Labadie, owner and engineer of
trol of our pemple, such as oil wells, cona and and so eould many of the readers of this JOURNAL,
gold mines and metals of all kinds that are dug the Precision Laboratory.
but I think all should agree that, before any The second group of classes began in Septem-
from the soil of "this fair land of ours", to say
nothing of the number of lives saved and young utility or industry can be successfully operated ber, with 177 students in five beginning elee-
for the public with public funds, we should tronics elasses, all taught by Mr. Lahadie, and
bodies kept whole and healthy by strict state have public-spirited men in charge of its af-
ownership of chemical and powder facmories and 35 an advanced in course under Mr. Wiens, of
fairs, and not some politically-sponsored gen-
armament works. tlemen who have failed in their own venturea the University of California. In addition, a
Yes, this is a dream, and the marfacturers class was organized for power men, entitled
or who are still working Iur private enterprise "Maintenance and Trouble Correction of Elec-
have no objections to us having dreams as long and on the public's payroll,
as we don't wake up. trical Machinery'. Initial enrollment was 66,
JAcK NUrLAN., P. S. and the ledures were by the following group
179
MAY-JUNE, 1945
of practiclng engineers: John Petersen, Pacific L. U. NO. 72, Edtoe We o f
Electric Motor Company; Normaln Albert. Pa- FRONT ROYAL, VA. Local 972 w ishto
take this opjportun-
rific Gas and Electric Company; C. R. Benson,
General Electric Company, and J. V. Kresser, ity to express our appreciation to ihe aniay
Wostiughottee E]lectric and Mianufacturing Crno- locals which have supplied us with e'onpetent
pany. and capable wiremen for the past year or so.
The current program began the week of Feh-
AN I. B. E.W. HER0 The splendid cooperation and good fellowship
ruary 26, and consists of four secti.on of Ele- of these visiting Brothers, reeve,1netLslices of
tronics I and ithree sections of Electronics II. approximately 60 locals. make as proud to be
Five are evening classes, but one section of both merebern of the Brotherhood.
I and TI meets at noon for workers on the swing We uld like to thank Brother Sanm Terry
shift. Another class will soon hle started for the for his advice and guilding hand for I he past
power men. few years. We wish him all the luck possible
All classes to date have bad a remarkably in hi, new job irn the offie. We will aliss his
high percentage f comnletions. This is due assisance, but are looking for'ard to the
fullest conperation with Brother Adair, who is
bath to the natural eagerutiss of the melt for
tothe high ¢luality replacing hint.
tehnical inforrmation and We would also lite for ¢qem Prelor and C.l
of instruction Braagh to us thirmugh the E. S.
M. W. T. The instructors, all college trained Lowry and all the mentiers of local 26 to
inie with y>ears of prafileaI ex peritne, have know that we apprecit& the good treatment
and long stay with them. tI, I .'..e
. efyI treated
been outstanding througnhot. so well in fact that so.e of them refused to
I feel that the results have i'et ,ell wewrth-
while, an(i Local nmioo BI 5 ow in> I Talli
leave and .re still thre.
Its own labor-atoy to ps1updlemuiot the lectdre Our recording seSeeary, Brother George
work. This trainitg has con t rliuted to lhe war S has left us for the armed services.
louthern,
effort through increasing
t he elillhency of the We wpilo this Brother Go..d-speed and a safe re-
turn to our midst. Brother Archie Eldridge "as
marnen and mnaintenance electricians. appointed to fill out the unexpired term of
Local Union B 5!15, with its educational corn office.
,eittee headed by Bnin!as M rttgeir S. E. ]lack-
Brother Pafrict, of L Ot1, deserves a slap
(oeal
well, takes great pride in havins pioneered this on the 1iiak for the good work he haslbeeni
cooperative training. It is a p ease ,i see
d doing. Moler povcer to you, Brother Patriot, for
it .pread through the ither affiliatei locals in
Call'o'nia, knowing that local 11-5915 Ile tle we of 672 think von haveldone a good job,
not only ill furtheruig the interest of the I. B.
way. E. W., hut for olganieId lbbor Ii' genetra.
S. E. R.OCKX...L, F. S. We unlerstard that ,ther Mitchel, of Local
One of B rot....'s, First Sergeant 637, is doing good lown Ron,,oke way. Luck to
L.U. N O. 611.ilh,,o e
abTh Thaddeus Mslliowsl,i .e...er of an this lirother, for he has a big job on his bandis.
ALBU QUE BQUE, u nlos of N ow Me' Armreed Mold Artilley Blttttalili, Head- ,redon't hear much from Brother Shanner.
N. M . w are ~ire aigalin , r but do hear of Big Steve Florey of 1340 occa-
fronted with a quarters Batt,'' 4th to AIhe IredDivision,
sionally. I .dersta d that Brother Florey is be-
nurrihrer of anti-labor bills beinf pre'e tedl to thi has recentll returned J aited States
for a tour oF
ef oical war plants. ing taught by one of the contractors to uls a
state legislature, A very abbrev;ted sumllary hickey in making a short ninety.
of the bills frlhl'ws Sergeant allski who ha, been in ac- The work in this area is not what it has
A bill a law rquirlii laboe uni[ons
to enact tion in N.r.nal.dy, Bcti ... ny, Luxembourg, been, tit there are prospects of nmoreI in the
to publish in the enewspa pers their consituition Alsace andB elgium, is the holder of the near future. Everyone is working at t is time,
and by laws each year, Bronze Star and the Purple Hleart. His and there are still quite a low out-of-town
An act to -epeal certains ectians of the State battalion pritie' pated in General Patron's members here,
EIectrical (ode. rapid hrea.hthrough lin, Brittany luring The F. I. McGraw and Company, of IHart-
An act reqi cin labor unmilons to lie registered, ford, Connecticut, is just finishing a job here for
prescribing the qualifications if aficers. di'('o- the earlier stagcs if the French campaign.
the General Chemi cal Co. [pany There were no
tors a[Ld employees of tholr aorg fix- Later his outfit went to the rescue of the
nizations, work stoppages on this job for aly reason.
Pig clus, fees a',I assess haerts.
i ey 12'ross 101st Airlq,,eie Division at Bastogne. One I am enclosing a picture of the electrical crew,
recelpts taxes on labor unions and forbidding of the most inspihing storims of courage and if there is s'... to print it. Allhen ill the
political clltrilutwhis. beroism to come froil Europe. so far in this d epartment were furnishei by Local 672.
A resolution proposing a con sdittiuional nend- var is the story of Bastciane. That is the A thought has occurred to us. what with all
nee which,
t iat part, would m1ke it unlawful the good work that is bling done by the bust-
to "compel any pero.. ageileat his will to pay little 1bM ian town whore General MeAuliffe
nose managers of Locals O6P, 637. 467 and 1340,
dues to any labor i rganiznlion as a eondtion answered German surrender demands with and our own Brother lIBaeock. that our interect,
of employnient and providing that thae pro- his famous one-word reply: "Nuts."
could be furthered by a cooperative e of
ffort
posed constitu tlina atnendnlent be suhaiftted Sergeant.Iaslowski ,as one of the men all. The business msigesors and a couple of
to the people at the next gtn'ra electiion chosen to tll the heroic story of Bastogne the executive board memblers of each l ocal
could
All usnon nen have been asked by the Stats to men and women in our war plants. He get together every two or three months and
FedleratJin of Labor to write their senators is recounting the tale of men out-nlumbered, hove organization, education and ways and
and representatives urging then, to wvork against moans of keeping the Brothers at work as the
these anti-labor hills. A copy of one such letter over-run, cut'off, pound.ed by artillery,
ground down by tanks, mauled, mortally general discussion.
follows: If any of the above mentioned locale are in-
weary, holding their little piece of ground terestehlet's meet down in Brother Patriot,
Albuquerque, New lexico, against all odds and refusing to surrender town first anTd see if we could do some good.
March 8, 1945. because they had a job to do ad they in- Another good spot during the sumrerf would
Dear Sir: tended to do it. be Steve Florey's, down on the bay.
This letter concerns the following anti-labor Prior t. cntrring the Army in May, 1941, Several other crafts antd organizations do
bills that are before the Senall an] House for Sergeant Maslowski was a linema with this, anI I think we could benefit greatly by
nitsideration during the present termn. the Now York State Gas and Electric Com- exchanglng views aid helping another. So.,
one
Ilouse Bills, nilmbers ., 64;, h PR, 116, 176 aid pany. He is a member of L. U- No. 900, Lan- let's hear from Locals As6, 67, 467 and 1340.
Senate Joint,uResolution lr 22. Write R. E. Hancock, 403 Main Street. Front
caster, New York. loys, Virginia.
Any of theme bills, if passed, would seriously
damage the lhbor movement icr New Mexico and Jack GCIluiet:l, P. S.
place on thei an undue expense. ecessary tor to
labor r'. nlise, not only for
We believe thtpe bills are sponsored by Ihe its proteotionbit in order to tit int.o the more
Christian Ame rcan movement, whose memb ers comiciabted system of soiety. The one who used L. IT. NO. 686. Editor: Publicity
seem to be iitent on retaidfig organized Inlaa to he thie 'rwiyd idividual it is now the ragged H AZLETON, PA. Director }[enry G.
in every way they can, an(d who, in turn. aire in lvi'hlualist. Stelibing, of Local
financed by erta in wealthy reactionary interestY. Organized labor is very happy in the knowl- 686, Haaleton, Pennsylvnnia, has finished a suc-
Iiahor is p t to a disadvantage in defenditg edge that a ,reatmany of the
m ossuccessful
t cessfuzl campaign ia the oreanization of Tung-
its side, beia use it does not have the time
o r employer:. i the counl ry have na compiain t to Sol Lanlp Works, In., In their new Weahrotly
inolley to injc t the i thotroug.h c.~ta't lmike, n no trouble with their union plant, which i5 busy nannuf. actuririog tuN for
or literature that is injected iito the con tro oem p1uyee s, the U. S. Army and Navy. The campaign car-
versy by its enmis. We earnestly rge you to ise your influpence ried four places on the ballot of am elecion
It is conceded 'noe and note by statesmen ngainst the passage of the above-mcntionet held by tihe National Labor Relations Board on
and eononmists that. as eonlditions change in bills, March 2. The results of the employees' voting
our country and every line of activity becolnes gavel 1. B. E. W., of A. F. of L., 118; United Con-
more thoroughly organized, it is absolutely J.AMtS MRIiIFIgeloi,, P. S. struction Workers of U. M. W. of America, 4;
18I
The Journal of ELECTRICAL WORKERS and Operators
United ElnetrIcal, Radio and Machine Workers, deals with a represe..tative of your employer
C. O., 66, and no unionn. . had a new factory buildng for the Buick Motor
who is also similarly restricted. They can do Company, We were on this Job for four menthe .
Geoirs B. AMker and Lloyd Ritter, from much good for labor relations, bht they cannot We installed the power feeders, lighting and
Bill Walker's office, handled the 1, O/s support. do it all. Essentially, however.I ,'y both seek
Local 68t; mncrlfIS were entertained by proud the air conditioning and ventilating systems,
the same thing. The Buick CO electricians have been on this
member Joe wjatlnlli, who displayed a Nazi What do they seek? Well, a slnolth-runnintr name job about three months and will he there
flag at the last mloting. It was not just an Job is one thing, low labor turnovecr another.
orhdeary aog, but m.ul..red 6 X 8 and was free three or four months more. They are doing all
And, of course, high production- on achedule. of the nice work. They are installing all of the
of any dirt or tears. It was sent by his son, Disputes candidly talked out and promptly
Louis Swanson, who is serving with thie U. S. machines and electronic-eontrolled heat treat
settled; gripes redIaeeto a minimum and then furnaces. A few years ago, when we had a con-
Army in Gemany. Louis wrote little about how Only legitimate oines, ani when you scan this tract for a rew building, oe stayed on the job
he captured it, but promised the details later. Hlit, the itens on it are exactly what you seek, until the plant was in operation Not
Louis holds I card In Local 686 out of 1l1aletnn, . so now,
anid so does everyone. and the direct cause of the exIsting state of af-
Pennsylvania, and Is very happy at all times Well, if this shortatop Is trippd up or double- fair, is the continual bickering between the
to hear organization news, erossell, rot iiIch baseball is played. The rest A. F. of L. and the C. L. O. It'. getting us no
lIEN.. A- S.E.IIN.. P. S. of the team may frantically try tI recover the place fast; it is doing untold harm to the mem-
ball, and make the play. But you wouldn't watch ,ers of the L. B. E. W. in the industrial dis-
L. U. NO. 697, E¢dir: Our eIe- that ki.4 of a game for long. tricts. I think it is up to IIInn, lnteaatiutial Offie
GARY-HAMMOND, troeice class got under So ohle- you nhave something for your steward to do something about it. Why should the rank
IND, way March 21 with a to hanidle, a hot one right off the bat, think of and file meaihers be made to suffer because a
lrge en rollnent. that piaure. Thon run over the following list bunch of "blockheads with chips on their sIoul-
Brother Gail Fauver will give us the bene- in your mind: ders" fight among themselves?
fit of h is elctronic traininLg at Ii .'
.arq-etteThi, arI not ruoe. in the usual sense, they are We have an Ekletronie ehtsa going full blast,
He is a good teacher and will daulbtes, have just horse sense. vtitbl abont 25 ner.bers in attendance. We have
the title of "prof" tacked onto him soon. iOr Give him all the facts. It is adoul..-.ross ta very .abe instructor in the person of Blrther
b oys are showing great interest in the course. send him into the set tea eri of a grievI nce WValace Collins.
If you know baseball then you lc... wIlat a nio matter how just it i, without aso giving hin Brother Gerald LeMire. technician, fourth
shrttop is. Generally he bi a pretty colorful I clear, complete iu,1 concise aI.i . tt of thr glass, earned e commendst io. ftr the p.rt he
moleer of the team, quick. I rainy and always facts that mnake up your case. play*ed in installing an iliate
on his toes, His Job is to sag all of the hot and complex
If he disagrees, do not get sore. A man may communications network dIring landings on an
grounders that bullet d],wn his way or bring only exercise responsibility on the facts as he sland of the Southpsest I eifir. The citation,
down those screaming line drives that become sets them. Another basis for deisioln J. inpos- signed by lt I.t. Allan C. McGill, commonica-
Tetan leaguers once they cet iway. lie has to sibte. If you are still dissatisfied you can go tilnl officer,
said; "Your knowledge, iniiy
know what to do with the ball when hIe has it. on up the line to the business manager or the and manner of performance were of invaluable
Where's the throw? First? ISfond?
.orme executi.e board. aid to Lbh communications platoon in the Is-
The answer must be fast. Mlany a game is saved Ie sure to knew the rules before yelling pelitious completion of this vitl phase of the
from beefming a marathon by the shortstop. honehead play," There are grievance proce-
There is a shortstop opinration. The lath Infantry Regiment was
yonr shop or on your deires, contracts, constitution aud by-laws under extremely fortunate to have you temporarily
big Job. Be is Y}our sho 1p stewrIad he has a which your lolal functions. It is bound by thme. assigned to the commnunications platoon.' (erry
job to do. uIe is the guy who snags the hot ones. Know how each applies to your ease befolr la-
the many little incidents that crop tp when the
is the son of Charles A. LeMire. of the LeMire
menting too loudly. Ellctric Con.pasny, one of our local union eon.
program is as forced as your work is today and I believe that this subject will interest all
handles themr skillfulIly before they grow out I.B.E.W. men. I cooperated with one of our most tractors.
It is seemingly inpossible to have things run
of reason. active nembers in sending this "essay' to youn smoothly. There is always a fly in the oint-
Ihis calls for a level bead, toet, keenness and but he is too modest to let me mentioll his name, ment, The ointment in this case is our agree
a thorough acquaintance with details of the job so I do not want too nuch ereditfor nlyTelf, Aent with our contraetors which says, in part.
that he is on. It. B. ELTWELL, p. S. that men must be laid off the job in the same
At the same time he must have backbone, he order they are placed on the job. This was
must as readily say "No," to his union Bronthers
as to the company, when he knows that he is L. U. NO. 948, 'ditor: L o . aI placed in the agreement for the specific purpose
FLINT, MICH. Union No. 049 is of keeping a favored few frot alwa staying
ys
right. doing business at
All in all., shortstop is not an easy position to the same old stand, and we are glad to state on a job. All of our contractors signed the
play. A good one should agreemenit and arc religiously living up to their
have your laeking; he that all of our bcys are working at the present end of the barganl.
cant do the job without that supprt. Now, the fly in the cint-
time, and we hale had a few fronm Saginaw and 'nent is one of our local memrbers who has run
Your steward is responsible to Ihe business Bay City with us. We have several small fal-
representntlee agsigned Io your job and to the several jobs here for out-of-t~own contractors
tory Jobs going that would
executive hoard of your local. lie is retricled in permit men if the ('0 were call for 50 or 75
not getting most
Brothters, you know there are a few suppoisedly
the extent to which he can act. And he generally uninn men who can shed their thin veneer of
of the ]est work. The 1leMire Electric Company unionism like a s nake
sheds his skin when they

ELECTRICAL DEPARTMENT, F. H. McGRAW CO.-ON P. C. FRONT ROYAL JOB


Job manned by Local 672, Front Royal Virginia. (Back row, left fo right) Paul Stevens, 508: Bob Houseman, 1758George
872; Bill Burke, 672; Joe Noland, 98; Charley Molter, 5; PappyClear, 637; Larry Kellogg, 76; Gilman,
Slew Carter, 1094; Jim McGraw, 466; Herman Thomas, 451; Herberr Booth, 1094; R. Bledsoe,Buck Burnetl 637: Don Gilman, 181:
467; Ray Janowskl
J. F. Morgan, foreman, 672; Jack Guilford general foreman, 672. Front row: Charley Forbes, 1249; Stan Bryan, 923;foreman, 672;
Pappy Drum.
mond, 637; Johnnie Greco, 755; Dick Gref, 683; Pop Guilford, 515; Mickey Flynn, 1249; Tommie Wirner, 467;
Jack Davidson, 501.
MAY-JUNE, 1945 9i1

step Into a job with a little authority. They fighting between ourselves
and retarding labor's given to Brother Ed Wedekind. who Is doing a
forget about their duty to I the org a it'l In. pregress. swell otih ini the new type of work ho has mas-
All they think of is making a nlume for Iheai {ere is aDlittle axiom that the of both
Ieader tyerd at the WDGY control board. Of no snmll
selves with the contractor. ^According ht thn the A. F. of L. and the C. 1. 0. shouhl let soak importance was the decision of the local execu-
reports of our business agent, this Broitle ras into that
block that's between their sleuhlers tive board to meet at regular monthly intervals
tried every imaginalfie schemes to break down, with the chips or themi "If we don't hanig to- for the purpose of d iscussin
and g bringing forth
our agreement by trying to lay off mein c...- gether they (big b/l ti'ls will hang us sepa- reeonmendlations to the general ,embership. If
trary to the agcreemaent. II win call for rately." working hours of the executive board members
re, and lay them off, ain In a few dlays J J. DUNCAN,P. S. are such as to provide 100 per cent attendance
call again. thereby trying to m.anRover the work at thest proposed meetings, then certainly we
list around so as to get his Ia ted few on the have nade another progressive step.
job or get the job in a pTsition where the L. LT. NO. 121(, Editor. SeemA BaENARD J. ItBEE, P. S.
foreman will have to work wi ith he tools, The MINNEAPOLIS-ST. thi lt o the
man is completely devoid of at tlsense of justice PAUL, MiANN. rther front this L. IT. NO. 1217, Ed r One of
and fair play. The business m.anager and the '[win it Lol ST. LOUIS, MO. ..n boys, a former
entire menbership know all oh,lut this Brothersl who are serving in the armed forces do manage re'd ii secretary
i'tt
tactics. Now, when a member o'f oaie alRbI, to drop a llne oecasionally to (heir Brothers of L. U. No. 1217, has returned from the wars.
uses cheap and underhanded pethods over i Ionthe home front. A few of the,leanings I He is Captain. A. Willis (Brother Arbie Willis
period of years in, ueh A ;vw *y as to lIoe the have dug up fron the hleyv at liei go sonie- to us), Itr~ther Willis entored the Armty shortly
confidence, friendship plnd ,,s ,ect of his fellow thing like thism Brother int IKelly, formerly of after Peri Iillrbor as a lieutenont, was sent
men, it is time for tihIhasi manager .. n.dI WTCN. writes that he hsl eli lobed thhit ling overseas and was a member of the Eighth
e,.utive board to csip this IC' sFwings by pro- tower of pis., so ,idenly is hard It work Bomber Cormarir. inee inception
its in Enga
hibiting hin fromI ever raonir nor su ervisig somewhere a Ita ly. Speaking of climbnl, IIow- land, Ied was adeardee to a captaincy and later
a job in our jurisdiction ers, Jacobsel, of WDG\, antd Kelly Theuhl get was made a wig co.n.l. of1trthat group.
together smetrlai after he war and compare Brother Willis, ostreld
mu out of th serviee
Now for a little chat about t American labor notes on towe r clitbins. Bert Coil,. formerly of at Jefferson Blarracks, 51iaourl and has re-
in the postwar world Aeria n labor stands at WTCN and now ervinrig as Isi lieutenainrt in the turned to work at KMOX us P studi engineer.
the porntals of aD w era, anId must plan care Navy, is reported to be busy on shilkedown L. U. 1217 wveltomes Brother WillI4 hame again
fully the part it inltends to pl ay in the conlig cruises for thes Navy. W*e hear that Brother and is prid of his contribution to the war
postwar world. Piollo.i.rin Wlnrld 'War [, the Clyde Treell, frme, r mlitter man at W'CN, effort.
United States failed to look for thdt is now serving
as captain in the Army Air Brother 11,i1 Sleet, a KMOX trarslitter engi-
days that were to follow the war, anI (he re- (orps. Brother Ellison is now E'nsign Ellison, neer. has heo iiransferredq[ the ( IRS Television
l
saits were disorder, diliord all Aon. usion. t'- serving in tll' Pacific theater of war. WLOL Laboratory in New York. L. U 1217 wishes
vriloy merit was widesplead and beyond re' reports that Capt. Merle Bjork. of the Armiy Brloths Nlo..t continued success in his new as-
sttainLt throughout the con.tt: y. Adequate pro- Air Force, was hole ont ratatoinn furlough after sirfbpiet.
duction of consunic r ooe h
* billot plannmed. erving 8) nbsi ions in a Thunderholt over the Rlepcred ,ick at our last meeting were
nor wa the regiihattorl of oujr aftsrai gear.t luroEplait ('..ntinInl. Brother 11. I). Kihebrly, Brother (hal Stoup, of WIT, and Brother Ester-
to the change over from pPac to war. Ivery- former WLOl, technician. is reporteid serolg 5a brook. of KSD. Our he, wishes lor a spwely
one who went through t rying Snid hear.'
hlIos lieutenant in, the Naivy ad in 'Iehrge of radar rcovery Do to hoth of thee worthy members.
breaking years of huger, yeo s and starvation, e quipment at sone Navy base From KISTP, we Our contract with KFRU. Columbia, Missouri,
freinoembrs the , u/ira b hip ,h resulted front learn that Brothr Al ADA is slItbrld iD New has been opialed for aDe isini of wam scales
the lack of planninig Now we are i, the saew Cuinea aRid loul.iig for'yard to isiting AUS- for ity to chuiein,. It ha, beIn loI, time slnce
Opot as befre. It is oTf vital I alortanee to In tralia. these mIn have see, a wage in¢yc w, bnd I am
the war, but we must begn Id arming things to Art Jensen, conItrl operaor oIt 9SiT, has sure that iamb action will be a weicooe relief to
absorb the shock when we stop Iwar prodtction. on induiligin notce, elfee ive April 3. Jerry them.
It is ocu responisibilty I. se that the nein il Stewart, ,nlitter anlni;t K4 rTP, i k1eipi ng his The reports by the scribes of I_. U. No. 715
our arned forces have jobs w'hen they retrt fingers oseri on the sabne business. The bhove
and our war workeri are Irll feered. to peael- holds true for yours trly Loe.al 121's record.
time jobs. The world has its ey u owno jig secretary. Birther Niil Mecin is' became
the Talited States and ill peaplle for leadershp, the proud father of a taby ginl recently . .. too
We rvust not let them drow We nmst bulhd A bhd WCCO diseontinitnd employment of fem.le
sulhstiitijl and w ell-plan ned econ om it' and s control e ratrI's. Ih Neil]? Broalher Warren
ciai system that will .. e.te better way of Fritzie, at radio slit iti WIMIN reports his mDln
life than has .. er hlp kn,, nin the werking 90 ht s a wleek,. and he c.uld u.s
are,istory
of the world. This respoasll'li t'y es not r.s. two Ten to replce him eir in ordeicr to catch
upon the shoulders of our gvvrnnmen~ . nor up on solic much needed rest. Prtp you
F may
dies it rest upon the shoulder of business or work another Molf tournament. Fritzii, then
labor. The saintion of this pe em, is ithe . ..... you
T can heckle" the WDGY engineCrng staff.
luied reslsonsibilit; of out goverilentt. .a. That shonhd give you somec deIree of solitude.
c hurhbes, our schools ...an e'oloeges, agriculturt,Now we leave U .inneapois and St. Pool. anti
labor and [ndustry. Irgtttjaegl liltsbjor st play journy toward Anplka, aid find the 'nlitter
a big part hi this postwalr In.. ni. with it, mIn at W(('O pon3dering overon a..o. iment
combined strength aid ruser ers, bolh nt-td of brigtly-colorerl seed catalogues. Brother
and material, in order to brbng social jstie Pearson was he.,r, muttering solnet hJi, like
to evet a wworlker adi re tori, rg "g ran. " hats no go*,od,I triet lb.he last year .*' Mat
It will take the comb eft0lrts of both thel
CTed at: appeas C,to lereilly (]hyelig with eager-
A. F. If L. and the C I. 0. tPo put this ov- nIeSSto deserbe bow he speared a (36-lb.?)
The combned efforts of tie A. F. of L, a nill Northern Pike in the RuBollRiver.
C. L0 I, working ill unison I a combinaltion I.'ro.. this. IVreihr Walz went bit, a sales
that would be absolutely nll psihlije to ]*eat, talk rega]ding his fancy dog-bIreeding business,
Quit playing pito the ha nd, big businges ub a new venture for Mqat.All the hoysat a he
W((0 xiCn ter Plant expresseid theiir othpiason You wall the JOlnRAL! We want you t
sbout 1heir new fltorescent lighting, aI asset have the JOIAL^A!
flr the dnimming eyes of the aged e'hn..R.i.,.
Members' so they saMd.
Thick to tile W'CO studios inl M inneapolis, we
When you move notify us of the change of
res id enc aL once.

leather tlther
le(a B
lied I A
Wafl
ind
o.A- ..
by SellctloSrie
I
shap o Ica.sf-
Iand
. TOy vic paiesiea, Na m e ...............
t0lay Fisk. was busy tinkering with a telgraph
cekot Bolder bZr to be used as sanrid effect ol a future Local Uln io ......................
a a ~~program.
The L. U. 1216 exeeutive board get last
durable, lonth to drtele in a disturbing problem that New Address --------------------------
handsome was bound to require decisive aclion by thA
folder local. Outcome of their decision was the begin-
.Idi g of a control operator set-Ip for the ZONE NO.
studios at statlin WI)GY. This, incidentally, was
Official the only cornrin rir'l Twin City r...lg, dio tion
Receipts operating IDer II cobination annou.ner-oper- Old Address
............................
ZONE NO.
ihrowx or black Io r arrange,,eit.
... Tile many obstacles, srolh as
miaDpower and training proper operating tech- f7VlIKfLIATION~t DROTBERHfOOD OF
35 tnml~ts r irue, ar. still left to be overcome, but wilt in RLECTRICAt WOeRKF
time be eitinRatedI. Special mention Ahould b 2Oo lolt St., N. W., Washingtoln 5, D. C.
182 The Journal of ELECTRICAL WORKERS and Operantor
and ,. U, No, 1220 appearing II th, March issue standing for this Brother in the year 1928. here. We further recommend that the 1. 0.
of the JoURNaL -ere oIf very interesting nature LeRoy Rodeberg, Card No, 701916, is re- secure up-to-date vacation data, such as was
and were appreciated very much by this corre- printed in the official JOURNAL, udIr date
spondent. Here in St. Louis we have always had
quested to furnish the council with a photo-
a master agreement, only we term it a blanket static copy of his Army papers. When this ef September 1940 to support the contention
agreement, the terns of which apply equally to request is complied with his cas, will again for paid vacations, and this data should be
all stations- L. U. No. 1217 also keeps an eagle be considered. placed in proper form so that it can be pre-
eye out for non-I. B. F. W. pickups in our ter- Communications and resolutions submitted sented to local building trades councils, as
ritory. All the networks know by this time that by L. U: 17 and .. -U. 58 were considered, well as to the convention of the Building and
they can't get away with anything of that na- and the subject matter will be given due con- Constructin, Trhdes Department of the A.
tLeo,hoesusa, if they do, the next time it costs
thorn double or treble. sideration at the proper time. F. of L., to the end that the support of these
The local comn'itteeon working rules has pre- L. U. No. 84 requested that a number of bodies he had to institute a universal paid
sented a Inew et a rules for adopto.ea their members (list of names supplied) who vaeati.. for all of the labor movement.
W. F. LrlCTE, P. S. had membership in L. U, 84 up t, 1911, and A copy of a proposed C. I. 0. plan for the
who lost their membership in the I. B. E. W. organizing of building trade unions was pre-
FIRST QUARTER MEETING sonm time between 1931 abd 1936 on account sented to the council. Your council thinks
tContwoud from page 101 of adverse eyonomie conditions in the juris- that wide publicity sM.t.l.lhe give" to thi,
at the Li.. of appicadtion. dileiod of L. U. 84, and wio, between the plan, and oar membriship Lhould be advised
The request of 4. F. Ryan, L. U. 214. years 1931 and 1936 rejoined L. U. 84 and to be on their guard against any encroach-
Card No. 319624, for a change in his birth have contiued their membership in L. U. 84 rent into oia ..-k jurisdiction and member-
rccorad is delied because the evidence sub- up to the present time, be granted continuous ship ranks by these raiders. We advise our
nitted is not sufficient to prove hik con- membership in the 1. B. E. W. through the International officers to present this matter
tention that his record should be changed. years 1931 to 196. The council gave serious to the Building and Construction Trade, De-
The a.t ..n taken in December 1944, consideration to this request, and upon in- partment of the A. F. of L. so that ways
wherein poa lol was granted to Joseph B. vestigatio, they fT..d that in many parts and means may be devised to thwart these
Thomas, ard No. 439612, is hereby re- of the country we hbve had conditions such efforts.
sci..de, ln.an.m..h as no pension payments as confronted the membership of L. U. 84. An article written by McCuire in N. E. C. A,
were Ioolv to this member, and as he has As the laws of the Brotherhood do not grant magazine, issue of JauaIIry E45, pago I7, was
complied with the law of L. U. 211, the the power to anyone to make such an adjust- road and the co, eil vdntl 'n
have a loiter sent
council took no further action. ment, the request is not onan,-red in. to the, National Electrical Contractors Associa-
The actions of the eounoil, whereby James tion, protesting the article as being prejudicial
Business Managoe Charles C. Smith, L. U. to the friendly spr1it which should exist between
F. McCaughey, Card No. 1631, and Charles 177, informed the council secretary, through the L. B. E. W. and the N. E. C. A. Its pruojudg-
L. Schappert, Card No. A -] 104, were granted long distance telephone conversation, that on Hig tone is very unfair, because the case is still
1. B. E W. Wpensions are hereby rescinded, March 28 or 29 he complied with the rquest before the U. S. Supreme Court for decision;
and the action of Intermntional Secretary of International President Brown that a therefore we request that equal 8pace te given
Buginuoet in stopping pension payments to transfer of money be made to the treasury the I. B. E. W. in the N. E. C. A. magazine
hoth these mem.bers, plening action of the of L. U. 177 as outlined in International to present our sid, of the case.
International Executive Council on their A committee composed of Messrs. Geary, Carl-
President Brown's letter to Smith dated son, Mechesney, Bush, and Pierce, from the
cases, is sustained. The evidence presented, March 17, 1945, Business Manager Smith National Flectricl Association iet
fContractors
andi not rh?, id by either Brother is that they was Instructed by the council to furnish with your council nrd International Seert.sfry
are now em 1 iioYed as electrical inspectors, proof to lnternational President Brown that Bognisset for the purpose of devising ways and
which is a bramh of the electrical trade, and the transaction had been made. The council's means whereby the contractors who employ I. B,
that while they are so employed they are action was that the matter be referred back E. W. members would set up a fund which would
neither entitled to 1. 13. E. W. pensions nor to International President Brown for further be used to financially strengthen our present
withdrawal card menmbership, and your coun- I. B. E. W. old age pension system.
action. It was decided that a committee of three mem-
cil further orders Brothers MeCaughey and Appeal of John F. Newell, L. U. 313, bers from each side should meet to devise ways
Sehappert to withdraw their membership from Internatonal President Brown's de- and means to carry out our plans. Council Men,-
cards from the I. 0. and redeposit them in cision as rendered on November 4. 1944, in hors Van Arcdale, Jr., Proller and Shord. with
L. U. No. 3. the case of Newell versus Business Manager 1nternatiuala Secretary Bugniazet acting Is ad-
The financial secretary of L. U. 48 is re- Doran and members of the Executive Board visor to the 1. B. E. W. committee, were ap-
quested to furnish evil-nee that]Frank W. of L. U. 439, is denied and International pointed. The contractors pointed Messrs. Carl-
Prohaska, Card No. 867999, was alive o, tot, Fraser and (layton, with Mr. ecbhesitly
President Brown is sustained in his decision. and Mr. Bush as advisors. It was agreed that the
March 27, 1945. It is also requested that Appeal of H. C. Fisher, Card No. 286916, manatittlee woold oeet within 20 days.
evidence be presented to show that Brother from International President Brown's de- It is recommended that I. B, E. W. Co-Chair
Prohaska was inducted into military service cision aS rendered in sustaining Interna- man Hedges and N. E. C. A. Co-Chairman Geary,
on December 16, 1942, and that he is still in tional Vice President Ba ker's decision in of the Lahor-Management Planning Committee
military service. If he has been discharged the case of Fisher versur C. L. Thurber, On Post War Problems of the N. E. C. A. and the
from the service, evidence showing the date I. B E. W., herequested to call an early meeting
Internationaj Representative, is denied In- of their cur,, itte% so thatrnj'rsetetativvs of Lie
of his discharge should be furnished. ternational President Brown's decision, as I, B. E. W. can appear before tho, and acquaint
The action of International Secretary rendered in December 1944 is sustained. the committee with eonditions which exist in
Bugaiazet in refusing to grant a military Business Manager William C. Johnson, different loajities wherein the contractors aid
service card to Brother John Cummings, L. U. No. 98, submitotd a leter , lu lter.a- members of the 1. B. E. W. are not gstting thg
Card No. 762612, is sustained. International tipeal President Brown relative to the se- electrical r,,struction work in plants, which is
Secretary Bugniaset acted in conformity curing of paid vacations for L. B. E. W. rightfully theirs hut which is being done by
with the laws of the Brotherhood governing maintenance employees, members of dual organi-
members who are employed in the building 'tiona,. It is thought that through mutual co-
nem.bership In the I. B. E. W. for service industry. President Brown passed the aon- operation both the Union Electrical Contractors
men. These laws (Aticle XIV, Section 8, mndication on to the council for their infor- and the 1. B. E. W. m'em.bership could regain and
1. C.) were made and amended by a referen- mation and recommendations on the mbatte. control this work.
dum vote of the Brotherhood maebership; The sdcrol gave considerable time to the The conmittee on the employing of an actuary
therefore, action take,, was not based on a discussion of this mntter, with the result reported that the nlomoLts hd met arid in-
policy of the 1. 0., but upon the laws of that it is reommended that the I. B. E. W. strutedl the chairmau of the committee to col-
the L. B. E. W. go on record as being in favor of paid qa- lahorate with International Secretary liugn/azet
The action of International Secretary on the matter, and that the ..eo,,n[ te iemhbers
rationc for all members of the 1. B. E. W., would be informed by him thro gh International
Bugnisset in correcting the membership whether working in the building construction Secretary Blugniaet of the crggress of the find-
standing of Jeremiah J. Crowley, Card No. industry or in any other mranch of our in- ias, untI the fnill report was mae.
769654, up to and including December 1944, dustry. We recommend that the oiffcers of It was regularly noved and seconded, that lhe
is sustained. local unions, when negotiating agreements, matter of re-districting tie present I. V. I. dis-
The request of James Ashley, Card No. strive to secure paid vacation clauses in tricts be laid over. Motion earr ied.
8081, for a correction in his membership their agreements. Requests should be nade International Secretary Bugniaset presented to
standing, is granted. The evidence submitted, the c a considerable nUmber of proposed
ouncil
at once by local union officers of their local amendments to the International Constitution,
which is supported by 1. 0. records, shows contractors to grant paid vacations. This is submitted by International Vice President Boyle,
that there should be no break in membership a fertile field, as 1o vacations are granted (Continued On page 187)
MAY-JUNE, 1945 183

art of the minutes of oulr ;eetirgi. and copies

mmum0 - - 1 77mmmal
Resent to the faqlily anid to tiae official Journal.a
R. W. GOSSETT.
T. M. KERSEY.

KK IN MEMORIAM 0 C A. BENEDICT.
CLYDE LOSR.

I KI M Dallas, Texas.
W. B. MIZELL,
C omittee
Robert Knauf, L. I. No. 107
I/itiated Jhll, 6 1939
It is with dee sorrow and r.gret that we, the
Willard Matthews, 1. 0. JosephiRerman flacrije[. I,. 1. No. 16 tncmber's and oAicers of Local N. B-107. Iourn
9 in L. U. No. 28
Initiated Febr... U, 2 P05, lainitiaed Setermbcr 2, 1,42 IRA death of Broiher Robert K].naf.
It is with det sorrow and regret that we, t'he To hi, manT friends, his loyalty, friendliness
members of L. IU No, f-2214. ecotd tile passinlg William i. Dearing, -. I. No, 16
and cheerflt[dIsposltion will always be an inspi-a-
of our former Brother, Wilism Matthews; there- Ilii,.Ici Ap il 14, 1943
tion. and we wish to express the grnacfel feelt igs
fore it it Wherea, it is will, acre.
a fielin of sorrow nf honor and atisfaction we have shlared i his
ReSolved, That We pay tribute to his family by anie rerGIt tha we. te I...I0ti.. of L. . No. B3, conlpanionshi therefore he t
ex ossIgf sineere sylmpathy; sii be it furthr 1. B, C . rer ida tli. i.....
W, i. of jrototers W I]- RIeolved, That Iay t tribute to his memory by
rsoived, That we drape our charier tor a bian lH . Pearing itld Jaw~iihi it, taa itelt :o thleit* itapr~$aD to his rInI. y nor sincere sympathy;
egrld of 30 days; that a copy of the.se resolions, fole hie it and ba it urthtr
II seil lto his family. a copy be sent to the Jour- RWSoil u(l That W'E 1a5 tribute to their memnory Resolved, That a copy IF these resolutions be
nal for publication and a copy be spread upon our by cx prsoig our deep s ai.p ty to theIir fitlm- sent to his family, ii ,[y he si. lt to the Jourlal
minutes. iliesz and 11(~ i~[tlie for pubbeatlon, anid a copy spread upon our fnun-
NOIRMAND SEQUIN. Resolved, Thiat air charter tie draped for a utosi and be it furlter
Washington, D. C, Rec Lording Secretary Thilhod o] J[i days, a .oV, n4 the re-olutions bie Resolved, That .e drape our chat RIr 31
sent tn theu- milie, I rip
a
:.lwl h spread on our days in his PeIoII'il yA.LRW
EDWARD
Lloyd V. Kelly. l. U. No. 2 nintit- s, Ind a cop, he, etIt to iii EZ 'itt ica
Inil.tited J"no 7, 1924 Wolkers'l J mrIral
. oI nbti ofln, CHARLES CO
In sorrow the mnc'lebcrahip of Local U.nion o. 2 DIPOI{GE J, MORROIW. SACK SCHNR ER.
recrds tIle passing o BIrother Lloyd V. KIlly. GUY VAUGHN. Grand Rapids, Mich. C,mIniitee
To his loved ones we express o, syntiyatby in Evansville, Ind. CIairmatee
their loss,
Brother Kelly was a true and loyal member of Andrew Flaherty, L. U. No. 23 Clarence F. Bader, L. U. No. 113
this organizatioI for the pa.t I5 year duvoting Iniiated Spitentbcr 7, 193$
nicitedi Alpust 5, 1942 It iS wit p w anh d regrt
y tim Ie. the meII -
haimselfat all times, t its purpose. Whereas Almighty God. in His infinite Wisdom.
Brother Kelly joined the srvice of RI11 counIry hers of LoIl Unton No. 113, Ireoid oIIr first
on August 23. I4. and at iIe Iiun of ni, death
on March Ii, 19145. Called It eternll rest our casualty if WallId W r' i n thie death of Brother
was eletrician's iate. seconId c-sa. U. S. Navy. worthy Brother, Andrew Fiaelay; therefore h, it Clrenct F. flader, who was Rifled in Go all.
Resolved. That we pay tribute to his memory October gaI. OR,
Brother Kelly will long be re¥m.e.hbe..rd for hJi by expressing to il relatives ow, heartfelt
S hiit of good fellowship. his Wilning snide, and We ,±sh to xtend t his family and friends.
i Ihas been id that his heat Was as big as h.s syripaltiy in the hoSf their loved onie; artd be ow heartfelt -ytnipathyt therefore be it
snile. it further Resolved. That a copy of these resolutions be
Ieoloved. Tha a copy of these r.solutions b, sent to hs wife, a copy be sent to OUr oflrcia
HENRY C. KUEHNER. spread ulpon the minune 0 ou Ir meeting. a copy
GEORGE DfAEGELE, Journal dir DpltbIcationU and a copy be spread upon
DAVID LUND, be sent WoIlls bereaved faimlily, a eoPy Ie sent t ou. mnuIte; sad be ]lu the
St Louis, Mo Com.lirattee our ollicial 31oIrrial for pubtu [ation, lnd our Resolved. That w*, {'r oir chbarr for a
charter hr dlaped for a peliod of 30 days; dod period ofId days in I i% I'nOr ..
be it further 3tHiNO FOWLU
Frank J. Casey. L L. No. 6 Resolved. That lie nirtnbers sunnd in 'eknee (lIARLES W. & NNR.
Initiated October 30, 1943 for a period of one as a intilute
...... Ia hi. TOM MACKEY,
Charles Saile, L. I. N. 6 Itemnory. Colorado Springs. Comnaittee
Ilfliated Noveaber 2*, 1436 WILLIAM FEEIIAN,
hereas Almignty Grid, ir His wiasdom. has seen St. Paul. Minn, Wellare Chairman
fit to callflorn our midst our e tee mdand
.. worthy Jesse M. McGlaughn, L. U. No. 136
Brothers. Frank J. Casey and Charles Sauve,. Who John MCDonald, L. U. No. 52 lIftMaLed May 21, P4la
have ltln true arid IIloa BiothIers of Local UIn Li Iittiated May 12, 1913 Max H. Greghrn, L U. No. 136
No. 6; therefore be it falifined October 1, 1044
Resolved, That we pay tribue to their memory James Hull, L. I-T No. 52 With a 'lceete feli of aorrow and recret we.
by expressig to tr fa.ly and our
.iends initilted May 6, 1924 the meii... cr I[ eai It U or,No, B-126, IT E . W ,
sincere sympathy: and be it further It is with deepst sorrow and regret that we, record la, Intimnely [1ning of our fmRends and
Resolved, Thai a copy of these resolutions Ie the I..elnbers ofi Ix eal lniiri No. 52, I, B. It W,. Brothers. vax Careho and Jesse M. Me,
sent to the fam.ilies of oIr ].late epated record the Ia"sIng f our £rother, Jarnis Ntull Claughtl; Ihlrefore he it
Brothers a copy be spread in fuIll upon the min- and John MeD/irurld; lie refore be it ReSolved,. l'bat
h we ay tribute to Pheir memory
utes of Local Vi N , Iion
6 arid al copy b. s nIt to Resolvel. Thie i teide i our sI..e..re , ayni p.. .iy by expressibl, to their faiilies aId frends our
the Electrical Yorkers, Jornal DoU publicationl to the famlilies of ouIr Br.others, in this tIlne of sinlcere sympathy; and be it iurlher
and be it further their great sorlow: and be it furtihe Reslved. That a copy of these resolulonst be
Resolved. That the members stand in Iience Resolved. That a copy of thiist+ res]ltu ionns be sent to their £amilies, a copy bt spread on our
for a lpriod of one minulte ad that our charter ,lread Ifanln the minulea of .. I .. e r inid a minutes. and a eopy be s11n1 to the Soilrall of
be draped for 30 days as a tr-ihuic io their ,o ,lory. IDy sen{t t theR olhinl Jotilrnl foi publication Electrical Wolkers for publication; and be it
J, W. WADDELL. and a copy ent to their 1li caved ... Lie,¢ fIrther
C, CARMEN. LOUIS VEHLING. Resolved, That we stand in Silene for ona
E. MENESIMI, Newark, N. J, Reording Stere.ary mlinute as a trib1te to their rmory arid that OUr
Sa Flancisco., Calif. Comnittee charter be diaped for a= inof I0 days.
CHARLES HARVES.
lihael J. O'Connell, IT. No, 9 D. Foley. I,1U. No. 51 Birnlngham, Al.. Recording Seceitary
Ilitiated September 2, 1941
Initiated JUIl 27, 2920
Willia, J. Ready, L. U. No. 9 Harold Chrisman. I.. V. No. 53 Arnold J. Hauper, L, IT. No. 263
fleirniatcd September 8, 1915 Initiated Jtjly 22, 1941 lIitiat.d Febrary 23, 1937
Whereas God, Jn His infinile wisdon, has Called Whereas il has pleaSed Almighty GodC, n His William Cannon, L. U. No. 263
fromi their ealthly labora the abIove liaRdr.it ..- infinile wihsdom and mercy. to renove fhor our ltd tited M"y 25, 1943
hers anid esteemd co-orke in our Local Union itlidst out esteemed and w.itliy lI otheta, D, Foley It is with sincere foolinIts of sorrow and regret
No. B-9; and anid Hold Chrismna..; and that we. Ihe Imembler s of Electrilal Workers' Local
Whereas we dee.l, it fittiig and proer that tile WhUas In the pas... ot these D1roi~lir. Local Union No. 1B463. recrd le passing of our worthy
members of Local Union No. 1.9 f the Interlla- Lnion No. B-$3 has los ttrue and loyal [nwrbhers BotherS. William Cannonl and Arnold J. Hautprt;
tional Brotherhood of Electrlcal Workers offer a who*.e kind deeds and noble .haratlers will be arid
tribute to the memory of our late Brothers, who reiembered nrnst by those who knew tRem best; Whereas in th aig o these Brother. Local
have been such loyal ileitbt s of ouI Biolherhlood so be It Dtnlon NO. B.263 has lost true and loyal memnbers
and country and who Iave always blee our ReSolved, That we p,': triute Rt thir mieory whose kindness will be remeibered most by
faithful friends; therefore b, it by expretsig ouir heartfelt ,ympathy and sotlow thboae who kInw then, best: slo b it
Resolved. That the sincere sympathy of the to the ir beeaved anlies arid relatfivesb in their Resolved, That we pay tribute to their memory
membership of this Local Un/ior No 11-9 and the dark hour of so.row; and be it fRtIhler by expressing oPr hIail felt sym aThy and sorrow
membership of the Interntional ]Brotherhood of Res8olyed. lIIt a op y of these roseitiRons be to their bereaved and be it further
eamilies;
Electrical Wokers is, hereby extenided to ther sent to the families of ou de patted RoloIhers, a Reso.ved. That we. in our meeting nssembled,
bereaved families. copy be sPread on lhe nuintite, of Local UnIo, gland in s forilence
one minute as tribute to
RAY POOlEY, No. E-5.3 and Ii Coy sent to the oficial Journal thefi menory: and beIt further
E.MMETT GREEN. for publication: and be it further Reolvred, That a copy of these resolutions be
IiARRIY LATER, esoltved, That aer c]arttr be draped for a senlt to their families, a COpy be sent to our
Chtcago, Ill. CommIti ee period of 30 dcay,. and that we sta¥d in sIilnt offeial pudlic.tioi and a Copy be written ill our
meditation for one minute as a trihld In Ihe minutes. and our charter be draped for a
that
uneinory of olr D late othest. fDavid FVley arid period of 30 days,
June Benjamin Squibb. L. U. No. 11 Itaroltl C hnsiian.
Initiated J..e 3, 1940, ill L. U. No. 691 WALTER 1T. HENKE!S.
GEORGE G]ITLIAM, f,] 0 3.I iH:]rI.
It is with deep sorrow and i Igicf that wr! rerord J1. IL ST/EliftD
the death of or Brother. J, B Squibb, who was LEO IT {;ItiGORY.
U. A. CATHCART, Dubuque, Iowa. Commfittee
killed in aIlion at lwo 3 ina, December 27, 1944; Kansas City, M., C.l..ln.ittee
therefore be it
Resolved. That we pay tribut* do his menory W. R. ForLyth. t. IT. No. 278
by expressing our sincere synipathy to its wife Joseph * Paltm, L.UI. No. 59 b~lizited Febbruar, 1I, 1942
and family; an, be it I IIher lnitttfel April 25, 1921 It is With the dlee
I.s. . orIIow and regrt that we
]Resolved, That we ,,ra op AiIr charter for 30 WIereas with deepes t regre we , Ihemembers record the paaslng of Brother WV R. Shorty)
days. and that a copy of lhioI icsoltlaois be of L. II No. il, Ii..e.r. tI i lskir o on
. .ii worthy Forsytih
spread on tie of out vettng, a copy smut
.in.tes BrothL
i . Tse ph E Petin; tu ei oe It BIrother Forayl0 was known and loved by his
to his ,ife, and a copy sent to ouI ofliLil il Fiet oled. Iat 'V e CLirid our sit,t .rl. sympa thy many friends and Brothers, bath oi, the job and
for publicatio. to his,iefeed faintly: and be hi fAtwfur socially.
. E BOITRNIQUE. Resolved. That as . tik ,i f oisy (nirOL Uteharter Bliother rorsyth made a very ditinguished
R. J. SCRWRIKETI , he draped fol a period of 30 avi,: antd be it reeord forh hi hile serving ii til Canadian
L,. ], IO Mi A IW AER. furt{her Army during World War !: therefore he it
Blurbank, Calif. Coallllnittfe Reslved, l'Tht these rcsOlutiooii U, made a Resolved. rht We tWend our sicere sympathy
iS. The Journal of ELECTRICAL WORKERS and Operators
to thosenear and dear to our Brother; ant be It Labhoma I.r.well, L. it No. 332 will b remembered
e most by those who knew
further Initiated December 10. JM4 them best: so be it
Resooved, That a opy of these reso]utin., be Recoied, T]'hat we pay tribute to their memror
spread on our minutes, a copy sent to the Eiectri- Blaine V. Smith. L. U. No. 332 by expressng our heartfelt sympathy and sorrow
cal Workers Joitnal, nIe to the bereaved faon- Initiated J.gy S. 1926, in L. U, flo. 134 to their bereaved families and relatives in their
dfy ard our charter be, dmiraped for a period of 30 It is with deepest ,.rrow and regret that we, the dark hour of .orrow:and be it lurther
umlbt w ,, of Loc. l tnKio l.. S . l-:gi±, record the Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be
ElGE-NA' ZJANDRICKS, assing of 'islt, La{ona larnweIll and Brother sInt to the families o our deparled Brothers, a
),,iJ AMOS, ninre V Smith. copy be spread oil the minutes of Lonal Unonl
J I. MALIIIEU, Whereas we wish t, express to their fanilies No. B-420 and a copy be sent to the official Journal
Corpus Chrislti, rxas. Critii. Ifte arid relative. our deepest seymPathli: lhe.eior.. ot pblication anld be it fuirther
be it lResolved. T{hat our charter be draed for a
Richard O, Dusk, L. U. No. 292 Reslv*/ed. That a copy of thyei 4 ,n]utions be peliod of 30 days, and that we standein silent
Initiaedl JOaL r, EL. 191S ent Lt their fam ilies and S 1kVo 1i' sueiL to tIhe ledItation for one minute as a tribute to the
With deep sorrow and regret we. the members Electrical Workers' Jouirnlal III publicalolen and tieitnory of our late Brothers. Walter F. Lowell
of Local UNion No. B-292, record the pa.Sidn of tIat a copy be spread ii tILe Ii ifill it's: and be it and Erie B. Nelson.
an oId friend, Brother Richard 0 DlIuk further EVEIRITT TEMPLE.
Whereas Local Union No. B.292 has lnst in lhh! Restilved, That our charotr be draped for a SAMUEL FOSS.
death of Brother Dusk a trll friend aii) I.nyi pIeriodI of al0 days in trllhute ti Bu, t mei ory. FRED PAULOZ,
member: therefore be it C, C. CARROLL, New Brtain Distrct Committee
ARlesacd. That we pay trihtlle to his memory P. 11. SNEIAKER, CHARLES HENNY,
by expressing our syupathy to hlJ Ianlly .i. their IL K. FIELD, EDWIN PULLWITZ.
bereavenient: and be it [Injhi l San Jfse. Cali. Committee CLARENCE RADEN,
Resolved, That a en~py 0lI tllcse resolutions be A-eriden District C.onnittee
spread on the minut(
II Hie, ,loa] msin, a CeCy Richard T. Kirknmau, L. IT. No. 342 Waterbury, Con;,
sent to the Electrica] Woikeirs Jeulnal Lor pub IU/atietd Junea ±s, 1943
cation, andt a Copy ill ent to the fatily of our Harold H. S ears, L. U. No. 429
late Brother. It i, with deep sorrow aRd regret that we, the
nherri of LocAl Union NO Sol~ record the 14i,1oTe~Auptsst 16, I*.2
EDWARD J, CONWAY.
minneapclis. Minir, Press Secretary passig of Brother Richard T, Kritnile, in line Leonard J. Davis. I.. IT. No. 429
at duy fr his country.
Resoved. Thait a copy of these resolutions ie initiated November 6, 1940
lJll.ard D. Forsyth. L. U. No. 302 sent to his wife, one sent to the offilial Journal It is with deep sorrow and regret that We. the
lnthnted March 9, 194a of the Brotherhood for puInllation, and tHat the nelnibers of Lcal Unhion No. J-42, record the
teorie lMann,
L. U. No. 302 same be spread on our minutes, and that the assir tf oudr Brothers Leonard J. Davis and
1~iallnated Jtne 2i, Re2l ,mleribe]iu of local Union No. $~ stand~ silepity f[or Brl H, Sears: Ihee..ore be it
Resolved, hat we pay tribuen to their memory
Whereas it it ithI deepest srrow that we. the one itintitte o~ the~ next m¥eetllnn illf
members of Loc:l Untoil No. B-302+ L I) 1%:W_ it W. SI! FNCI by expressing to Their families our sincere sympa-
pay cur last tl ne or respect to liiA niennIry et thy; and be it furthor
our late Broialie Ge.e. M.nn andir Wiillrd JOHN B. MCCAULEY. Resolved. That we drape our charter for a
Foryth, whoml Gid, a Is illnftne wisdom, s. w Greensboro, N. C. FInnncial Secretary rirnd ot 30 days. and that a copy of these reso-
fit to remove from our midst; and Ui be
III spread cn the minutes of our meet/ng,
Wiheres we wish to ericnd to their fatilies and that a copy be sent to elei bereaved famailies,
relatives our deep and heartelit syinpaPhy; thee-
Verne A. Hall. L. U. No. 377 and that a copy be sent to the Ofcial Journal of
tore be it
RcnitRnted March 12, 2918 the Brotherhood for pubhleation.
Resolved, That we. in meeting assembled. stan.I Whereas it has pleased Almighty God. In His BUFORD F. PUTMAN,
1i ;ln2e for one a1ntfl, :S a tribute to their niiinlte wisdom amladme.cy, to i"eIioVv fro m our E. E. LLEWELLYN.
meriLn]'ly and be it fli ]i, nuidti out worthy Brother, Verne A. Hall; there- RUSSELL A. STANSELL.
Resolved, That a cop, if these resolutlons be fore be it Nashville, Tenm, Commlittee
sent Io bereaved faillIic/ I enpy spread upon Resolved, That we ay tribute t his memory by
the nunties of hii mIN l in, a copy be sent to expre/sing our heart..lt s ym pathy and sorrow to
our official J.ourna I p uld itlon,* and that our his bereAved family and relatives in their dark Joe S. Ntiun, L. U. No. 434
hloul f soll o; mid be it tu, e Initiated November 1d. PR
charter be draped tor arerlodcIf 30 days. Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be It is with a sincere feeling of deep sorrow and
A LAWREN
. CE,
Richmond. Calif. Secretary Sent to the ftanily, ftor departed Biother, a Copy regret Ht we the members of Local Union No.
to he written in the malnintes of onI local, and B-434, International Brotherhood of Electrical
copy sent to the Intenatlonal Offlce fur jublica- Workers, record the death of our esteemed friend
John James Jackson, L. U. No. 304 tinn in the Jounmal: and bE it fil thir and Bother. Joe S. Nunez, on iardch 3. 1945; and
Il tia foId June 23 I'll Resoflved, That our chariel he drsped for S Whereas those of us who knew him best, knew
In tlhe hinn of sadness whica accolupanies the poliod of 30 days, and that we stand in silent him to be a loyal member of this organization,
FIJIAN'shi(`it t ,I emthis earth, ]i l it rs of -neal metrditalio.. for one minute as a tJilbte to the In fraternily we extend to his loved ones odr
rnlon Nol. 1>-304 record the passin[g oi Brother lietnory of our late Blrother. Vernle A. Nail. heartfelt sympathy and assure theim that so far
J.1hn ines J;ieksiin with respect and a deep ARCHIE C. CORNISHt. as we may. we share their grief, for he was our
feeling of symIpathy for his bereaved family and HOLMAN C. STANCHITELD. IBrthewl theitfuo.e be it
frixends. WALTER A. COLLINS, Resolved, That we. as a body in meeting as-
We therefore, in ineriIng nsseiniieri stand Lynn, Maid . Comtmittee seibled. sand in sflenee for one minute as a
minute in silent re± i*. and shall drape our tilbulte to his nleory; and be it further
charter tof 30 das it I ..ee to Is m)emory.
.e Resolved. That we pay tribute to his family.
This shall be record.Id rid copli sent to hi Randolph H. eg, L. It. No. 408 txprcswdng ihi thle, ourt ,ytnhy in this hor if
family and the Joiuil.i O[ itstriCal Workers andt 1,ittIotd Ocob", 13, 1IW% sorrow; and be it farther
Operators. It is with deepest sorrow and regret that we. Resolved. Thai a co y of theseresolutions be
CECIL PI MORGAN, Hle members of Local Union No 408, MIsseila, sent to his fatily and te entered into the minutes
Topeka, ans., R Secretary
S,,rdin Morntalna,
mnourn the pasilg If .lieut RanuoIf of this ilcal union: and a copy sent to the Elec-
H. Ogg,whotdted while one dny February 4. 194I trical Workers' Jornal.
Thomas P. llnsIey, L. U. No. 323 theicfoir h1 it RAY F. RATTIERREE.
Inrittred J,,,nwrp 5, 192$ ReSolved, That we pa tribute to liii memonr LOtUS D, WILSON,
Whereas Almighty God,i Ill, infinite wisdom. by expreslng it h1s fall] our sineit1 regret arid J. T' WEIR.
has seen 4i to take fro]n, nor midst oar friend Myrpathy; and be it further Douglas. Ariz. Committee
and Hill, r Thllaas P. H~ssey and Resolved. Thil a Copy of these esolutions he
Wh reites I , posing o th0s Brhlboer in bl sent to his family, a Copy spreod pxn olr
eternal ie; ,id tills deprived Local Union No S23 'i utes, aend a copy sent 10 nur ortanizatioos Gordon R. Mangels, L. U. No. 465
of a Iol and is LpecItd member; now theleore Journal for publicaton; and be It jutthem Initiated April 19, 1937
be it ResolveJd. That we drape olr charter for a It in with dee sorrow and regret that we, the
Resolved. That tli I fleeting snd for one period of 30 days. rlenbels of L,.. No. B-465, record the passing of
mtinuten silent tribute to his lieinaly; and be it 0. W. SCOTT. our Brother, Gordon R. Mongols: therefore be It
/llrther Missuulu, M nit. Ri-co.did/ig Secrutaty Resolved, TIt we pa lilHIute tu]. i iine ryo
Resolved, That our charter he draped for a by expressin/ to his family our sinoere sympathy;
period of sodays; and be it further and he it further
Resolved, That we at this time epress o,,r H.enry C. Aver , L. U. No. 409 Resolved, That we drape our charter for a
c ondolence
to the famiy Of our dieprirtedBrothel; Initioted n, 6, 1929 <,lrid of 30 days, and that a copy of these reso.
antd be it firtlher Whereas it Is with a sicere and profound feel- t ions he spread on the rainutes of nur reputing:
Resolved ITho a copy of thes rvsnhlionieh rig of regret i,,ld s.n.ow thUn Lot]nI Ulion No. that a copy be sent to the official Journal of the
Inorpor,'led in the minutaes oCthis local ui ien. II-409 records the p assingof Br0ther HEnry C. Brotherhood for publication and that a copy be
a ,opy Ihe i ed It the miniiLy antd a cnpy sli to Avery; therefoer he it sent to his bereaved famly.
the Inoernid io~nal Obflfe for publication in the Resolved, That we pay tribute to his memory JOHN RITCHIE,
Electrical WoikerP Joul.T~a by expressing onr deep sympathy to his wife W. H. RODGERS.
a.d faIIly, a.id hib it fiuitlhe J. IEMERRILL,
R. L. HARPSTER. Resolved, That we stand in silece for period San Diego, Calif. Committee
A. C. GROH, of one minute as tilbute to his nItlenry; anid
West oalm D.eac. Fla. CommIttee We it further
Resolved. That a copy of these resolutions be R. W. Allan, L. U. No. 466
,prcad upoR the minutes of the meeting. and Initiated October 2, 190
Thomas J, Hanly, L. U, No. 328 copy be forwarded ftr publilcaion in our official
Rcrnrlilltd September 4, flfi Joseph A. Meeker, L. U. No. 466
With a sinere fe, nH of sorrow and regret we. 0. P. PATTERSON. Initiated J.ne 10. 1937
the members of LocAI Uniln NHo. B-3S, reeord the Winnipeg. maii HRcording Secretary Whereas Alii hty God. In His bifltie wisdom,
death of our departed ifilied and Brother, Thoma has seen fit to take from our midst Brothers J. A.
J. HaDley; therefore he it Mpkr and R, W, Allan: and
ReSolved. That we pay tribute to his memory Walter F. Lowe]l, L. I N,. 420 Whereas the pasintg of theoe Brothers to their
by expressing to his family and friends our Initefted March 21, 1941 eternal reward has deprived LoCal Union No. 4"0
mijctie syTrpathy; ard be,t further of two loyal and respected nmenbers: now there-
Resolied. That we ape on charter
r for a Erie B. Nelson, L. U. No. 420 fore be it
grir of 20 da s and a conP of these resolutions p[ooled October I. 1943 Resolved, That the charter be draped for a
r p'dr O t lod mb iute uf ,u. ,ietLiix .. iad a lt IWwith deep sorrow and regret that we, the floiod of M0 days: and be it fRther
copY ho sent to the official Journal of the Hrother- anernbers of Local Union No, B-4, employees of ]Resoled. That we at this time expres. our Con-
hood for publ~catien and a copy to his imnmie.diate the Connecticut Light and Power Comnany. dolences to the families of Brother Meeker and
farfily and that the members stand for one record the passing of Brother, Walter Lowell of Brother Allan in their bereavement; and be it
ilnute in silent tribute to his memore, the New Britain district and Erie NelSOn of the further
HAROLD J. MORAN. Meriden district; and Resnlved, That a copy of these resolution. he in.
CHARLES MeMANUS. Where.as in the pasi{ng of Brothers LOwell and corporated In the minutes of this local uanon, a
MARTIN J. JOYCE, Nelson+ L. U. No. 8-420 has lost true and loyal copy be .. It t the fanily of the tote Brothers
Oswego,. N. y, Committee inemnbeIs wilee kind deeds and noble characters Meeker and Alla. and a copy to the Internationai
MAY-JUNE, 1945 115

OffiRce for publication in the Ercetriea Workers' be sen{ to his bereave family, nd a Ctny be sent James G. Nolan, L. U. No. 747
Journal. to the offiial Joulnai for publicatt.in tmtlated June 13. J$99
J. W. "ooI'l" SR', TILDE OFFICfLS A11 MEMBERS Wherea. Almighty old. In His inltite wildom.
M. P, GENF_ Or iWacAL UNION NO 631. on February 14, 145. called to eternal rest out
,J. R. N1tLIElt. NLewbUgh, N. Y. worthy Brother, JSatLe G. Nolan; therefore be It
Charlestol, W. Va. fltnlhl R.:olved, That we pay tibut to hi snemioryC, by
Wilfred Lee Hodge, L. U. No. 610 expresse.s to his relati,,, our heartfelt syCthy
Roy A. Smith, L. Ii. No. 177 nItiatetd Apt! 1, 194$ in the lobs of their lovd ,s' and be it Lurr
IniTiated October 15, 1040,ill L, U. No. 1175 I is with deco sorrow and regret that mTembers R olved, That a coy ot tes reso1utionLs he
Whereas it has pleased our ITeavely alubr IJ, No, 840 record the death o£f Po. Wilfred spread upon the minutel M O"I meeting, a copy
to stnn'non to the groat Ib'ea id ouir rifLt d arid Lie {lodge. be,amily,
set to his bereaved a copy to our
Brother, Roy A. tIa&tpf SITdil; aid Bitlil r liode wal the first menlier of L, U, omflelai Journal afr publication, and our charter
Whereas ,e mourn.t.he fl ss of one who always N". 154 to giv hi. Ilife fighting in lhe armnedl draped for a cpried of 30 dayl: and he it further
mIet you with a smille and a kindly word, always servti'eS of hils eciintry. Reolved., hat the memtibers stand in silence
did his best and WaS alwa/ys on the i llar&':
it [iroth' lw si. initiated into L. U. No. 640
[.lodge for I period of on, Rnute in tribute to his
Resolved, That Local Union No. 11-477. 1.I[L ott April 19, 1943 anId entered Tthe aramy. June 17. memory.J S. PORTER.
E. W., extend its heartfelt sympathy tothe b, IL[43
reaved failly ; ond be it aplo Rleso[¥tld, Titt the ,ntlbos a L. U. NoE 640 New Haven, Cora. Rcording Secretary
Resolved That a copy of hese re, o ltions · be siri i siloeoc for a pIT ieid Ifi one minute as a
,ent to his amildy, a copy pltibshird in thie lFil- tLitu{[tt Io th inenloI' I If ouir la departed
te Arthur G. MoLar , Sr., L. U. No. 767
trical Workers Journl,i ada copy irr'l;d upo, Iirotherm lint tint the cbilltlll If I,. U. No. 640 be nitiated iiuoit S. $237
our mibulti. and that orli charter h! drapepd in dirlled for a period of 30 day: ;tad be it further We, the me.bers oif Iocal tinion No 767, sin-
mourning for a period of 30 doys, ResordSThsl a copy of Itlie, rsGinUtions be ceelly regretthe sudden death oni Feb'lary 10,
JAMES P. HALL slit t(, Brother Hodl's famoily; lIt a copy he 1945, of oar beloved rothr. A.IUtur ,G. MrLavy,
San Berlardino Calif. Rcord Secretary
,,in spread onlIhw ' I tirultes of this mneelmlig and that a Sr.
col)} hie sen~t to the Jornalla o• Ele!ctrieal Workers Brolher MeLar' was a triLe BroLher and a loyal
John C(nile, L. U. No. 491 oL.1 Il]l ca'llo .1,J1111, lf1il.1WRO roemuber; ther0efore 1w it
lnitiated Aupilst Id, 1934 R U, H1OLMtC. Resolvedl, That w~estaiand (or one minitute in
William Lesli, I. U. NX. 194 3J 0 1EWTON, silence iu tribute Io, his menit 'r); and be it further
J. 1. SIMMONS, R{eolOved, That our rr .l eI lhi- diap(!d for a
ISdtialted Ocober 22, 1936 rhot'm .Xdriz.
A C.i..... itte per ,o K0rd day in h i -I/lmo tr a ild that a Copy
Whereas Aimighly God, in His wisdom., has of these r*.soT i le sent to I, bet ea'td fan-
laken frai o ur n1d ait II teeILIed
s 1ird weot iv fly, one copt to lihe Elect, cic 1orkers Journal
Brothers, Wiltiar Lesi, and John Cov1i1e; hrie'- Joe I, Sandoval, L. ['. No. 667 for puibiscat ion and~ o11h cpy be Spread UpZon the
fore be it Iaitiated September 13, 1944 iilinutlh; of OUt ncxi 11 ii&iiiii
Resolved, That we pay tnibi.e to hL'lrl FLnI..... Lester A. Gilbert. L. I. No. 667 t. S. BAUDIER
by expressing to theh r raminlies or si ,cpet /IitIotcd MaII 29, 137 bV[l FI, ED COOPEXi,
syntpathy: and he it furle1[4 C. R. HIEMPIIILL,
Resolved, That a copy of these reroltilton he It is willi sincere sorrow that We I members
he
of Local UnJionl No B-1167, ileold time Imssing of Baton Rrjuge, La Committee
sent to their fam ilies, ) sjriadi uiioni oar
ri lilo
in utes and a copy be 'elal Jouirltal
to our .ent our estIeenid Brotiul, Joe, D. Sandoval and
for publication. Lester A. Ciibbeetl tlhIr'fore be It Philamon Joseph Tussaait, L. U. No. 797
ARlTIIIJR C' SCHlIIROEDER, Resolved That a c,11y of thes. resolutionts be Initiated Jauory 6 J944
EMIL nBOETLEL!. sIntto their families as a tribut;e to tllheir tioniiiry It is with dt, sorow aid regret that We, the
and be it furlhe1 mdlebers of I. No. 13-F71. l,cold Ihllhe ...jis of
ARDEN TEZNSFL, Resolved. Thai a copy be sent Lo the Electrical our II Pilanionl .osipih Tousain , on Feb-
.roil
GEORGE SPATH, Workel' JoTrllal for pitoicationl and iceorde.d in rusay %,194o. therefore be it
JOHN n ERST, the of our
Imnutts neetmn~ and also thtat we Resolvd, lTiat we poy tribute to hL memory
GEORGE K<AISEI1, by exL ... Ig to his relatives our heartfelt sym-
Mlilwaukee, Wis CoWRntiLote. drape our charter for a period of 30 diy,.
E, A. cWGILL, athy [II te Io of their loved ole, and be it
H, T, ELLIOTT. :rther
Robert Shaw, L. (T. No. 501 CARL SHOpE. Resolved, That a cop oftheSe resolutioln be
in,inted S!ptember 20, 1035 PuebIo. Col.. Re~olutrox Conmittee spread on the itiiitli sT o ur .... feeting. that a copy
It Is with deep sorw and sadness in our hear~t he sent In his ai~nlt~,a opy to the Journial and
that we, the membel, If Local Fitbl NO 501. JMIhTs Kaczmar, L U. No. 713 oiur clartelbeIdraplfdIo a period of W0days; and
record the passI ng ilf o ,1 [li lher. hklblert S1ah In tiited October 12, 1044 be it further
Brother Sha, made the s,,ieiq s. acrific. for R~,x~lvrd. That wre in OUr mneeting acssembled
hsL country at Leyte onl Janary 15. 1945i B.e It It Il with deepest sorrow and regret that wei stand silent for ,ite I i ute d$ tribute to his
therefore lie irilebrs of Local Union No B<713. record
Resolved, That the itimbeo sof Olin local Siarind the death of oufr T stlemedl and WoILhy Brother. IM'BING: S, SMITH,
in siknene for onrI nIIutohi i Ihuh Io ,Ii nemil- Julius KaeRnar: lherefore be it IIOWARD S. SOMITOWER,
or: and be it further TReolved, That we pay tribute to his mem.ory IsriCt, Vt Co mnittee
lReslllved, Thatl a rumpv of 1hese resohitens be by expressng to his L at ell s ozr', tartfpI] .vn.
sellt to the offlicol Joursal for pi/lhliWtonr andI, mathy in this houti of sorrow: and be it fulrther Paul Fischer, L. U. N.. 817
also, that our IhaIrr be dtraped for a,pld II of Rsolved, That a c.... of .. Tese resIItIioiis ie
sent to its falLdy anl a Copy be I ent to the
II li- d2S.Miarc, I942
30 days. The followuig ir.soli iols were unanmRously
JOHN W. RA eLI It'l. c*tIi Journal for publieation
I[ARRY ALDRIDGE. adopted in na' inor v 0f out late Oirtltor, Paul
Yonkers, N. Y. press Sectoutary Fiscehr, at 1heItit regulasr meeting of Local
CHARITES MUELLER, Union No. 817.
Sanders A. Corner, L. I. No., 558 t EN]Ry WICK, Whiereos Almigllty God, in His uInifte wisdon,
d
Chicago, I, Cormmittee ]as £seen fit to rL lIt e I rI. thur I'alii ischer of the
Initiated April 16, 1943
It Is With deep sorlnw anti -oertl thei we. the burdells of his, world: mi'd
members of Lornal tnh( Ni, GS. reeci'I the past- Alfred BFoisvert, L. IT, No. 719 WSereas IT 'tore' Iothr Fischer passear on to
Irg of our Bioiher Sainde, A. C.r trier; tiler eor Initiated DcmLiber 10, 1040 his tierial telyead, he was a worthy and loyal
be it It L, with dTIpLoriow and regret thait we he mlember,+ respecteid hy all lirre fore be it
ResBired, 'Thbat we Dpv tribute to hiIenory mermbers of Local NoS 719. L B, E W. mo.rn the Re.solvedrIThai we extend our condohlence to hiS
by expresing to bib family o sinrere
.r ..symn. tty: palsI. of Brother Aflled Boistert: ther-efore be it bereaved ILEni ly at this time: and he it further
end be It iurther Resolved. Tihat we pa, t tJmbuteto his InerInor RiSoit Il 1'sta the icetimig siaid in one minute
silent LrihuIe II1 Ius TIternirvY: anIi b1eit fu rther
Resolved, That %e Idrape oar ehlm( r for a by expressing a his family our sincere regret and Resolved, Thit it[ e'r l lllren f if t local union
period of ,0 dLays a rp$,y (f these ..r.. i oif be, 5,,3patI ; anu bIe it fLIrlhcr
red lipoi
...Itit.
our s rind cop, be sent to RLesoled That a copy of these reohlttIon. be lie draped for a period of 30 days; and be it
~] J B. E, W*~. Jo ulrinl for ptillkair otmr sent to his family, a coiy spread tIpon our InII further
GEORGE EJACt( OV~, ,Resolvrdi. That a of these resolutions
,y be
tuies an.I L .opy be senk to our Jourial for pribli- I ,corpOrtid ii IheI tL.ttltc of0 Ib s local un ion.,
She ffield. Ala. C hanirmian of COnirtnit Iee cation: and be it further I co{3y hb sent to I he falhv oIf the late Brother
Jlesolvrd That ,t' diape our charter for a Fiebe il, trii to ItheI nternlatio]nal O mfet for pub-
Mallie .Lthiyd. L. IU No. 602 period of 30 days,. lie ition in tlhe I lh nrilal W''orkers' Journal.
ReOitfttcd January aS, 1944 E. V. FITZPATRICK
IManlc $ter, I. }It Seclltary J, CONROY.
Whereas Almighty God. in IlLS infinite wkdoiI., 1' ,IONANAN,
oniJauary 29, 94I5, alleI tli etrnll rest our L, FISCHER,
worthy Brother. Mallie I. lloyd: tlerefarehe it Theodore C. N ne aker. L. IT. NNo. 71$ New York, N, Y. hRi1oititon Committee
Rgesolved, That w pay tribute to ,, meior y lieiliated Ju4[
U 23, 1937
by expressing to his relattlves our h(art felt syin- P. It. IIluddlesinm, L. U. No. 846
pathy in ithe IoSs of leid rlved one; ard he it Edward Clayo Pole. L. U. No. 744 muimi
ted F birul jrll 26, 1942, inl L. V. No, ?70
urther Ibitiated April 30, 1937 It i W
With siteh'er leiliegi If sotrow aid regret
Resolved, That a cipy of these r,,olul Ions hI (harles llenjamin Nagle, L. '. No. 744 that we., Ilt of,lmbcrs
Local nion No. 846,
pread tupon the nitn..tes if .li. m... t I c . .py niLiated Noneiber 12, 1937 I. B. E. W., rTc..Il th t, nideR passing of our
be sent to his berra ved fan IIl a copy s:O{l to our Brother, I, d iinillstoii llIefore, he it
It.
officia Jour.al bitforpublI]tue, and Till ihsiir WheLreuIs God. the Father Almighty, who Orders
Tai liI.....II.g. aITd our Lndins. ha., o.d.ILixd 1he ItRolv d, That we r, pL,ss to his family the deep
draped for a eriod of 10 Ilays aid be it finl her oie
dn earthly life of .in leranl beloved Iymlpathy we feil slid !iye tbem the assurance
Resolved, That lie nIeh, stand
ls in I...ni. for IBI..thITsT Theodare C. Nonemaker. Ed.ardi C ilhat we aia thi, giM which they feel; and be it
a period of one minute a a tri hate to II is .. ,.m.r.,ry. Pole m.di (1heres B, Nigle. and the begitning of further
FRED . (AMT fur silriw With tlheh beloved o es, river the Rel[ved, Th1t we drape our charter for W0
Asnarillo. Texas. ]usinea Manalger If s of their chle rfutn, s alid cor ,palo, hi p atid days, and a coILy ol these rsolurtions be enlt to
their fiellrmwythi, in air Brothel hood; therefore his far, ily . copy bl Speed onl or minute., and
Lt. DwightJ. lHmming, L. U. No. 631 be it a copy ent to the Electrical Workers' Jornal
lmiilted jeit 2±, 1942 Resolved, *Tha i the charter of this nLcal unhio,,be for pititbiitili lso h.la We stantdil silence for
ln sorrow, th, membersthip of Local Uniron N,. draped for a period of 30 da's, and the melnmers one niinbtt in ieLjwct to his mirelmry.
E31 records ilb pasli: onward
o f Brthern Dwight stand in Ht,irrce (or ore mi~nutein tribute to their HI N, BELL,
X. Fiemining. To his lovedones we Il.rLs our mIeno,, and be it further Chatianltoa, Tera. Busillet MLanager
fraternai 5yRpa In i, their' lo s, Ihieh .<I re Re*solvd That'he original of these rebolutionls
with them Ie eiat t¢. 'he.i loved otes, a copy sent to the John Noah Reese. L. U. No. 1002
Brother Flemrin lg was a m hmber of Ut. a r.ted l]l etricHl ~'W. hct Jon, It.om pTubli ion., and uttllted September 18, 1942
fores of thie United Statbs and 'Was seltlusP, a cop' slread upon tits uTti Les, of Ior meeting. With deep sorrow and regret, over a great los,
Wounded while servin.g in St. La, France JOtIN J CLARK, to ourselves, and dee sympathy to his faMldy and
Greater love bath no man than lie who lays ALBERT S. DAWSON. many fieknds, L. U. No. 1002 records the pa..ing
down his life for
its country. 'ARI, T, PORR. Of brother John Noah Reese, who gave hi Is lie
ReSolved. That we drape our charter for a OEORGE R
SAY, while serving his country in Manila, Philippine
riod of 30 day., t1it a copy of thitne 'isoltton GEORGE E,.RI]ICER, Ilands, FebLUaL g. 1945.
be spread on the minutes of art meeting, a copy Phiiladelphia, Pa Executive Board Those of us who knew Brother Reese and had
The Journal of ELECTRICAL WORKERS and Operators
the privilege of associating with him, feel hie loss
keenly: therefore be it Fred Wilson, L. U. No, 1160 Aloysius F. McKenzie. L. U. Ne. 1392
Of$so ii,. Thai we pay tribute to the memory fu Iititri Mareon 12, I~41 ,ri,utten JULYi
ofBrothr Ree by expressing to those Who Charles Barid Mellendori. Whereas Almighty God, in10, 1934
His Infinite wiSdom,
ourn hi passing Ic]heartfl sympathy
t in their L. U. No. 1160 has emoved from our mdst our esteemed and
Inittutel Steanhe r 29, 1942 worthy Brother. Aloysius F. MeXenzie; and
hour of sorrow; and be it further
ReSolved. That we drape our charter for a With a glIeerifleling of sorrow we, the mers- Whereas In the death of Brother McKenzie,
erIod of 30 days and a copy of these r ~obluone bers of L, U. B-ilIIj record the death o- Brothers
]Pird Wilson aid Charles flavid Metleyldr, [lcai Union Eo. .1;i92. of the International
Isent to the official JoUrnal forpublicatlon. Brother Menlendorl died in the service of Iii, Brotherhood of Electrical Worker. has lost one
W. C, Ri Ny country while wilving .n ELIropta therefrI of is true and devoted memrbei: therefore be it
tl i. Resolvd, That Loal Union No. B-1392 renog-
Train.
Okl.,W. H. RILEY, Resoled, That we pay tribute to their meCTl-
rulsa, Okla, Committee arIe b sexpress.ing to si"r nizes its great loss in the death of Brother Mc-
nr..]. .. ou .inc.re Kenzie and hereby exprs its appreciation of
syInldy: sird he it fiirl[ter
0. S. Fullerton, L. U. NO. 1016 reSolved. our
OhnhI lit, b, Idraped for a his services to the cause o! our Brotherhood; and
nitiated May 26, 1933, in L, U. No. S period of 30 dats; and be it i t*II. be It further
It is with the deepest sorrow and regret hlat Resolved Thai a cnop Oiloa rsohius Reolved, That LoCal Union Lr, 13-]2 tenders
be Its sincere s pathy to Utl fn Mily of our good
we, the member-s of Local Unto, No. f-i101. placed In the miute, oI norIoting, n a coy spot
record the death of our Brother, Oscar S. Ful1er- to the fPmile. at our dntIdBlrot hers, and a Brother in Chr time of gr9it thereavemrnt and
or:; and tlerelore be it COpy f+llto ou1ro dlc
Ii,....is tol
OUblicatIln. be it further
ReSolved, That we tendere or sincoresympath ]Resoved, That a copy ItIese resolutions he
JOSEpl A, 'COTT. sent to the hamily Of our late lIrother. aIop .
to the fabuly af our departed Bther i, ThDO Marion., Ind. Hc/ording Shcietary be
time of their great sorrow; and be it further re ad on the ninmle' nl our Loc.al Union NO.
Resolved. That a copy of bhew, re.oltions be 3-1302 and a coPy b~e s.n. Ill the olicri Jounrl-al
Henry C. Tilts,. L. 1!. No. 1309 of our Brotherhood fri Uih~Ication
spread up. ,f the minuts of our meeting and a IitatCd J.....y 11, 1904
copy be ser_ ! h"I faII ily and also copy to the IlATRY AMSTTIN.
official JounO fo puhheation, Whereas we record with sorrow and regret the RAY JSACOT
lotUgn n March 2, 14, of trothir tienry C.
HIARRY 0. HULL. n,. Jrad dW F BODEKER.
Seadalia, Io. Busirn Manager G~ar y, mnd Comnmittee
Whereas we wish to expreDs o s fao ly ad
relatives our rlderpe Iympathy be It
M. H. Stone, L. I. No. 1061 Resolved, That at our next meting We sitond DEATH CLAIMS FOR T11E MONTH OF
Initied Jure 21, 1937 In silence for one minute DO tribute to his me.-
it is wits, depest Aorrow, and ]grte0 Itit cry: and be it further MARCH,1945
*,C L iU
the members of LoCOA trbion No f1-l4. tIIof the Resolved. That a copy of theie resolutions be Name
lInternational BrOtherhood of Eleetrieii WorkeJs s.nI to his family, copy be spread on the W. P. Osta,,,e .-..,, --... -.-..
I's
record the death of our esteemed amd worthy mifnutes -f tir Ioca]. ahid a copy b, sent 10 our 1 0 II$$
Brother. M. R. Stone; therefore he it Electrical Workers' Journal for publication: and 466
Riesolved, That we, the memhers of Local Lr,,o be It further J. A. Me-r........
No. B-1061. pay tribute to his metmory by express. TIesolved. That our charter he draped for a 410 w. F, w--i...........
--
zig to his relatives our heartfelt sympailhy in is period of 30 days In his rrIe.n..v. L 0. I{$
hour of sorrow; ind be II further M R, FltIMASNE C r'nhr
FX.C ......
ReSOlved, That the members stand in silence Asbury Park, N. 3, Press Secretary L 0 48)li Uleti* ................--
.,e---- --- ---- --
for a period of one minute A a mark of uespoct It . .................
to him: and be it further Harry Thomas Grimes. L. U. No. 1310
Resolved, That a copy oa thise resrtit,,r be I$itiated April 10, bll, lin L, U. to. 121
sent to his aily and A COpy be sent to tUe ILeC- It l. with the deepest sorrow nd rrrret that we I . 135} i, F I, - , ......................
trical Workers* Journal for IIlibcaijnn the m erabetr of LOcal Union Nio 131 , record the L 0, I'l) U.~LW,. wIid
Weu Imr
----------. . .......
........................
Cincnnat . Ohio. Chabiman of thle Committee deatho our friend and BlOther. Harry Thomas 0. (421
]1;18
GrineIs; therefore be It Iri
J. H. Brash L. U. No. 1095 Resolved That copy of these resouhios be U, . Saiju - -------. .......
Reinltiate April 13, 1937 sent to his fatil] . CoPY recorded in thie milutes M, Y.
J Walsh. .................
We record the death of this, our Brother, in of the local and aPop y .et to the Electrieal U5 Jobi C. Morri..........
sorrow and regret: thieCfoe be it Workers Journal for publication: and be it II EdlWardAui remn..........
ReSOlved. That we teutler our sincere sympathy further iR. W- S--mi-r. .....
to the family of ouI Blrother; and be it further Tewolved, That In him niemory our charter be
Riesolved, That I py of these resolutions be draped for a period of 30 days. ?02 , 0 lh....i..
Wi.
spread on our monutm . a copy sent to ot, ollicJU Mufi. lo~lli
K* ----..........
El. P YOfli II, M, tDavis ---------..........
Journal and that our Charter be draped for Washingtol, .D. C. F or the Cormmitteo 0. A. Man...........
30 days. MfatbtweIi Co~pilis......
DENNIS NEVILLE, John A. Garrity, L. U. No. 1317
Toronto, Ontario. Recording Secretary Reltioerd .nnuoryi 22, 104S L.00,II,
(SOS)
It is with deepest .orrow and regrOt that we. . TimmaL. ------ .......
Richmond Decry. L, U. No. 1098 the members of .oeal Union No. 1311 1, E, W.. Cihars J[llri -..........
Initiated May 3, 1943 record he death f one of our most beloved Iao M, Fyo -
.......
BrOthers. John A, Garrity, on .ebIuary
24. less; rraik EiVbid......
Rubert Finan,. L. U. No. 1098 therefore he it Lit IHaI~rd
RoU r~
-- ------------...
Initiated August 30, 1937 JI~ar ha r.........
ResolVed. That we pay tribute to is mornr by SI. S N.1 iiovkr......
iatt ilI- - - -- -
Charles Skwlr2, L TE. No. 1098 standing in e, l ,n
erin iut, Iat a nice Ctg o the Jesi~e
Initiated Nopember 4, 1939 local: and be it further .1 WillI iam , Ihtitt..........
lieaopad, That a coy of thee res.pltions be L 0 (In)
Hassan Shukri . U. No. 1098 sent to his faelly ania coI y be sent io the
Jtnfitlad Sult, S. I94 4U rJhb
lv, ratiri I Wrght,........
niM---ti.
Injrik
n tl l --- - ----
Journal for pubication and also be recO.ided in
Henry Grabowski, II. IT. No. 1098 the minutes of the ],ola
Znitiated Febrtu, 1,19d CLYDE M, TARR. "Il
It Is with deepest sorrow and regret that we, MALCOLM R, HORTON, ti' dareplir OI Fort, ....
the mnmbers of LOCal Union No, B-Ud0, record A. A. DODGE*
the passin of our Brothers. Brothers DeerCy, Portland, Maine, Committee 134
I O119~1 IW, it Aloht
,.
Flnan and Skwirz were all killed in action over- PIt Frank N. SmIh ....-.......
eas while serving their cuntry. All were loyai Rudolph B. York. L U. No. 1326 dl tacitW -- - -- - -- - -- -
unikon members: therefore be it Initiaerd September 25M, 142
Resolved, That in tribute at their memory we, L O, (729) IoumnI .......
as a body in meetingr assembled, stand in silence Eugene Moore. L. U. No, 1326 . sId'U s...
for a period of 60 seconds; and be it further litIated October 9, 194± Al VuIde. -...........
Rsolved, That a copy of these, rs, outions be With a sincere feeling of sorrov and regret we. 7, PYI IIe,sy..
wHil.~u -.-----......-
spread on the minutes of our LOCal Uniton NO. the membership of I , U, No. i3.6, record the i B.sI', n i",neI -- - -
. II. .ta,,--
..I . -- - -----
- -
3-1098 and a Coy be sent to our Journal for death of our departed friend. and Brothers, Ru- - . -.......
- - --. - .- --
publication; and be it further dnlph B. York and Eugene Moore: theefore be it
Resolved. That we pay tribute to thilr maemory 453
ReIoved That a copy of these resolutions b
sent to their families; and be it further by expressing It. their families and friends our to fl~4i"9
Re.o.ed. That the charier of Local No. UI-log sincere sympathy; and bn It furlher I (?
be draped tn mourning for a periodo oT o days Resolved. That a Copy of these resolutions be
as a sign of respect to our de ited
Brothero.
CHARLES MCOGEE,
sent to their farille, a Copy be S read on our
ionutes. and a copy be sent to the Joral of the
332
iII 1Uhard it. Tiscno,r,......
rickett.....I -------
Curt1LI
Oni]]e C,
..............
Cihr~aobhn+,~_.....
Electrieal Workers' for publication; ad be It A 1,
Pawtucket. R. I. Recording Secretary further A lH, Ttseml.....
rici
I-- ----
J,, LB.....IIi..
Ryan ..... 2
Charles Mulligan, I_ U. No. 1134 Rietolved, Tthat ou charter be draped for a TI1Iiiir I. .........
period of 30 day.
IMitated March 25, 1943 LEO 0. PORTER.
Alonto T, Hillycr, L. U. No. 1134 Bangor, Maine. Recording Secretary E M A r~ .....- -----
Initiated fiarcl 1$, 1943 L Hif H,A.[H rith....-
, SSters - -- -
We. the menibers of L.,al Union J. George Wick. L. U. No. 1338
with sincere fel]ings of rowi and res No. B.1134.
rt, record
the passing of Brothers Alonzo T. fillyor and With
Initiated JgntsIy 22, 1943
sincere feeling of sorrow and egret We
~AMe
]. h/I. B....... ...........
A1, IoIsV---
Charles Mulltgan, the membership of Local Ulion tO. 13$S, record
Renalved. That intrIbute to their memory we, the death of our departed friend and Brother,.
as a body in IeltilS assienlled, stond in since George Wick: therefore be it S. S ...............
-
for a perrod of one minute: and be it urer ReSOlVed, That we pa tribute to his memory
Peslved. That we extend our deepest sympathy by expreesing to his family and friends our Jom*[* A Tremal:tq.......
to the fanilly and relatives of our Iate departed M, .3.O'C--nl ...........
sincere syn athy: and be it further CI Nazh,
Brothers; and be it furthler
ReSolved. That a copy of these reasolutonS be
Reslved, That a copy of thes resolutios
Sent to hi family, a copy be s read on our
be F,
t
~a
A, hiIH MHhih.......
Wi'llam --- ----
sent to the familtes oI the labe inothIers, that a
copy he spread uon the minutes of Loca] Unio. minutes. aid A coxy be sent to te
the Electrical Wor.ers for Publication; and be
Joral of
No. B-1134 and a COPY be sent to the official VU Aldrich -------------

Journal for ublication; and be it further it further
Resroled. ResolVed. That the members stand In silence L, mith............
t the charter of LOcalUnion No. for a period of one ninrte as I tribute to his A.I L,rEIiid Jr -- - ----
d-1134 be draped in mournlng for a period of 30 memory and that our charter be draped for P I II, mh ---
. .... ...
days In their memory. period of 00 days,
THOMAS SMITH. M. HOOGERHYDfl. J. I.NF Roe,eLyer
Jr-.........
................
Ehizabeth, N, J, Chairmal Paterson, N. J. ltCoIdmg Seceary
17
MAY-JUNE, 1945
L".I Nam. nically tralned experts and engineers, Accord-
1310 H. T Ori.. --------------
W. A ie
-.............
- --
-- Ig toCMr. Cooke, Brazil's manpower, including "JIEFY'" SOLDER POT
even the poor farm and migrants living
workers
A HT flenstng,........ in the [ackhountlry, possess the energy and the
744 C i Ni..iim. ability to lear-n how to huild and run om pri
L 0. (.4O> eated machines., but for so long Brazil has been
ISI
F.I yerit~ denied access to the technical "know-bow"
e
1LIL
tMc, -:H....
.1000
venlped by other industral] nations liat she Swinging Cup-l-o Stilled Solder
lacks the trained workers, managers, and ex
a7,
4., ita"I A Santp
rell Ri, .. ----
r~ ---
ports n,,d ed to build and operate pwer plants,
TRIAL OFFER
F 'ii<ra, _ foyundries, ii tactories,
Send $1.50 with this ad to
C F 3IUik Solving Chis il require a remodelling
isI
0I
andl e pa
primary schoo ..
'he chool system, frIIm the
p t. upeeial trae schools.
CLYDE W. LINT
It4t a.mes a¶~m t2110I S..on.I yenis agn, /razll established a magnificent- 100 S. Jefferso, St CHICAGO 0
¶4 MToey Barik uif Lots"
1. housed, adequately equippetd National Techni- M...ey Back if Nat Satisf~actory
cal School in fRi,~ d JIteiro, but in 1943 Mr.
e. $ nueat,..... 140
Illa Cooke found it less than half occupied by stu-
In dents and it machine rustiag fron, disuse.
ilt . SI l h Brazil needs thousands of schoos., especially
Sil
18 rural ones. on slipply te piriinary education ternaIione l SeCtetary Bngniazet communicate
"I i53 needed as a f.inrldatiLn for higher education and
rr.,,k Merr=d,;hll before the Execu-
with atll parties having matertie
firfurther technical training. tive Council, and advise them of our action on
4oih1i~ 0 iD,,ak
L ,"I'll Arnother hiindaee t industriaization in Bra- same. niotion carried.
0. i nr I n, lh
zil is the lack of independent, skilled trade All of the business presented to the council
unions. To the extent that Brazilian workers having been disposd of, the meeting adiourned
00mes, IMIKuralir... ai- nranned at all, they have been included, sine die.
iaa hIng with employers. in quasi public trade .a- D. A. MANNING.
ToI ,rl - - -------- -
soeiations called "syndi cates"which are ro,- Secretary.
Iated closely by the Government as t election
o J. L. McBRIDE.
of offiers, organization and salaries of the syndi-
Chairman Pro Tern.
cate directors, handling of syndicate funds, and
BRAZIL., LOYAL STATE settlement of industrial disputes and complaints
(Continued from page I57) of members against their offi.ers. Government
to be standardized. At present Brazil has delegat es are present at mretings of the mem- TOP POLICY
bers, and the syndical labor agreements must be (Continued from page II4)
both direct and alternating current, and were follwed by a like number of IL B. E. W.
some electric systems operate on frequencies approved by the Federal Government before they
are effective, According to Brazil's Constitution, members six weeks later. Upon completion
of 50 cycles, while others run on 60-cycle
rorkers are "free" to form professional or trade of the course, the members return to their
frequnci, es. Because the power is not stand-
associations; but the C overnInent recognizes only local unions and coniduct training sessions
ardized, the systeis can't supplement each other
one syndicate in an occupation in a sngle Io-
to keel, the flow of power even. Nor can trans- cility, and only this officially recoiized syndi- for the other members of the local. In addi-
mission tie-iris be used if it lille is put out of tion to this in course
electronics, over 100
cate, including ,niployer, and employees, can
coinmission, onless a connecting line is available
operating o, the sanme fi'eqluecy,
represenl the trade in its dealings with the other groups, composed of employers and
Government. employees, arI conltcting classes in elee~
Brazfil wil have to manufacture electric
0Ilre
. I 5 Itanul faet.u.rers (If As Mr. Cooke points out. building up a spirit
equipment. She has about
of initiative and rcspontihility is important to
tronics, with the assistance of vocational
sillall equipmlent, such as small nliti].,
electrical authorities, electrical engineers and local
wire arid cables, trarisforners, insulators. small the modern industril worker, and the type of
switches, neonndescent lantp5, aid radio equip- Governmentally controlled organization which joint apprenticeship committees.
inet. But these have to Ianufacturers
import has developed does iot seei well adapted to We sincerely believe that the progressive
copper, zinc, silic o-steel sheets. ball ibarings, stimulating the interest of wcorkers in jiprovin
tiher skills, taking pride in the quality of work
steps taken by these two organizations in
tool steel, c.,nmpsounsll for making plastic iisula- the electrical industry mark a new era in
tors and molded gods,. radii, tiths, consumer done, and increasing productivity.
meters, anId hintruments for switch panels ard labor-management relations which will
standards. prove of benefit not only to those directly
Until Brazil canl manufactur, .oe of her ,wlS
heavy electrical equipment, her gi adually growing FIRST QUARTER MEETING concerned but to the consumer as well.
industries will be held back in their nilizatitn
of electric ionc F,.or example, the electric fur- (Continued IroIn plgeittS
HJOLMIES WIN
naces used Ins her alontinu.. and aloy steel planrs (Contianed Pon page 164)
After considering the proposal submitted by
have had toIe ihmplorteld. someu rom the Ii ited ard Oltara, L. U. 3, William Ross, John
International Vice Presideit Boyle it as de-
States. Electrodes, to, hare been imported, for
although Brazil has plenty of graphite andnatha n cided that it was not necessary to amend the Mulligan, Albert Myers, Arthur Hargrave,
she l some materils awid the necessary skills
acks law as proposed, a5 the lhatter is adequately William Downey, Robert E. McNulty, Kath-
make
to electrodes fir electric furnaces, covered by the Cnns..tiutio, ryn M. Doyle, Marie MAvinnia, Fred Thai,
Once Brazil has overa lc these obsat leI a.n. The matter of the Western Union Telegraph Dalice T. Robb is, John Ilarty, Peter Bren-
built up her hydroelectric power system. h, Campsay's bargaining unit was before the co.n-
will experience three ]ain econhilt ad. untnges: cil. Files were prodtucld to sho-w that the ju risdie- nan, L. U. 3, Naftel Budsrle, L. U- 3.
1. The dams aid r oetrairs neieued fnr hydro- tiao of the I. B. E. W. has been fully protected. Tremendous strides have been made in
power ran also le usei tU make navlgablt luaiy The Comrnitttre on Audit, D). W. Tracy and Wil the past few years by the employees of the
fixers which now are not navigahle, and freight- liam G. Shard. reported that they had examined
er5 can travel on thlo. A large river dereI p..e.I t, the I. B. E. IV. audit report for the fourth (uar-
firms who have colentive bargaining agree-
sin.ilar to our own TVA in scope, ha. al]reIy ter of 1941,. :,id the E. W. Bl A. audit report for ments with Local Union No.3. These in-
beer planned by it, government of Brazil for the last half df 1444, s meade by the firm of clude the Amrican r)istrict Telegraph, Au-
her big San Francisco River valley. Wayne Kendroik Cnd Comprny. certified public tobatie Fire Alarm. Consolidated Fire
2. If Brazil fully utilizes her electric power, accountants who are employed by the council,
she can partially solve one probten. retardin g and tha they frund that all accounts checked
Alarm and Central Signal Stations.
the develop ment of her transportation system and that the roeords were iI order. On montini Now that complete organization in this
lack of good coal to runi her i.onlnotiv. s. As Mr. carried, thie report ,r the committee was ap industry has been accomplished, the work-
Cooke remarks, the Brazilians oay eveln make proved, the audit for the I, B],L W. was ordered ers can look forward to the necessary re-
their own electriie loomotives which are efficient ftled ani the chairmani ad .e. retary of the coun-
in hauling freight up steep grades. cil were directed to present the F. W. B. A. audit
forms and improvements that will make
3. Ample electric power can help Brazil be- comminte repor t tn the trustees of that organiza- it possible to establish in this branch of
conie an industrial nation. To a large extent she tion when they convened for their regular meet- the industry the highest possible wages,
can run her factories by electricity rather than ing. the best possible conditions and the neces-
by imported coal and petroleun, and she cal President Brown reported on his
International sary united action for future protection.
and modernize not only her mannfaci
improve trip to the Pacific Coast. and in his other activi- They also look forward, and will be glad to
turns of iron and steel products hut also her ties since our last council meeting.
textile, chemical paper, and lubber industries. assist, in the organization under the L. B.
International Secretary BIugniazet and the
To build a balnceed economy through indus- council reported on their aCtivities in their re- E. W. banner of all workers engaged in
trialization based on steel and hydroeletric spective districts since the last council meeting. the Electric Protection Industry in all cities
power, Brazil needs skilled workers antI tch- It was regularly 11oved and seconded, that In- throughout the United States and Canada.
It Tike ieomal of ELECTRICAL WORKERS and Operators
to match. She asked if she could do it over, BRETTON WOODS
UffNAMte& and her relatives said "sure, it was hers to
do with as she liked." She saved up $20
and then she "went to town." She painted
(Continued from page 10f)
means of subsidies. But if this
ducing imports that are essential to the
means
re-
the room in a soft shade of blue. She economic activity of the country, the result
bought quantities of cheap white mate- probably will be a reduction in its standard
ral and made billlowy tie back curtains. of living and the payment of lower wages.
From the same material she made bureau Such practices also tend to disrupt inter-
scarves with a wide, full ruffle around the rational trade. Prior to this war, Germany
edge, and these she starched till thly were restricted imports and boosted exports by
stiff and crisp. She bought (heap material- artificial means; this practice was followed
white background with little pink flow.ers by other countries, with the result that in-
and green leavesI-that looked like chintz ternateioal trade became clogged.
but ,sn't, and made drapes and a bed- The International Fund and the Intemna-
spread with a full-ruffled skirt. With some tional Bank would help countries which ex-
plain material in a lovely rose shade, she perience difficulty in making their interna-
made a cover for the old quilt that lay tionai payments. It would give them a
across the foot of her bed- She emphasized breathing spell in which they could try to
this rose color i, some little rose flower improve the technical efficiency of their
vases and a pin tray from the ten-cent store industries or find new industries to develop.
and she and all the relatives were en- Such a gradual improvement in their econ-
chanted with the transformed room. Now omies would mean less transitional unem-
she's helping them do over their whole ployment for their workers and the avoid-
house, and she's fast becoming everybody's ance of low wages resulting from poorly
favorite person. balanced economic conditions.
I'd like to go on and on and talk about Only by avoiding unemployment and low
more color schemes and lighting, balance, wages can international trade be maintained
glamorous accessories, interesting touches at a high level. Otherwise the people of a
for bathrooms and bedrooms, but, as a1- country won't have the income needed to buy
ways, our space is limited and IIl have to enough goods produced within its own bor-
stop. Perhaps we can take some detais on ders or enough imports from other countries
decorating from time to time in future to keep world economic conditions pros-
issues and elaborate on them,. Until then, perous.
"Happy planning!" The fund and the bank can be of service
beyond the reconstruction period. After the
first spurt of economic activity following
the war, the problem will be to sustain full
CLIPPER DAYS economic activity throughout the world. If.
(ContinUed from page 15) in any part of the world, maladjustments
need for effective cooperation between all occur and a depression gets a start, the of-
organized groups is clearly apparent." fects will he felt ultimately by every nation.
The United States Chamber of Commerce If such an economic decline were to begin
WOMAN'S WORK lists the American Federation of Labor as in one or two countries, the fund and the
(Continued fot. page 172) an organization interested in foreign trade. bank, by liberal policies of handling foreign
room will dramatize it and make it come Other prominent organizations interested in exchange and of making loans, could
alive. A friend of mine has a lovely room with ease
foreign trade as listed by the Department the situation and help to stop the depression,
pale green wails and green carpets, and has of Comnerce are National Foreign Trade The Bretton Woods agreements, which
used shades of rust and peach in her slip Council, National Council of American ID- must be ratified by our Congress before
covers and drapes. But here and there porters, U. S. Chamber of Commerce, Na.- the United States is committed to them,
throughout the room is a bright splash of tional Association of Manufacturers, Council by stimulating full, productive activity
yellow-in a flower print picture on the on Foreign Relations, Foreign Policy Associ- throughout the world, have an important
wall, in the cigarette box on the coffee ation, American Bankers Association and bearing upon two problems of great interest
table, yellow flowers in a clear glass vase- American Farm Bureau Federation. to labor: (1) the achieving and sustaining
yellow books on her table. Another friend The last years of reasonably normal pre- of full employment and (2) the maintenance
war foreign trade of all nations were 1937- of peace once it is reestablished. In the lat-
has done the same thing with cherry red
in her predominantly blue room-red coats 193S. In 1937, as customarily, the United ter sense, then, what Congress decides to do
States was the nation's largest exporter and about the Bretton Woods agreements is re.
on the men in a bunting scene picture, ranked second in the world's import trade, latod directly to whatever agreements
cherry red needlepoint on her footstool, red with well over 1J eer cent in each case. emerge from the San Francisco Conference
bowl filled with white flowers on her mantel. In total foreign trade, first place vent, of the United Nations on world security. Un-
Those rooms are warm and aliv and bright. as usual, to the United Kingdom. If the trade less prosperous economic conditions and rea-
Next, I can't begin to tell you what cur- of all nations within the British Empire sonably full employment can be achieved and
tains and drapes and slip covers can do for were added together, their total for 1937 sustained throughout the world, peace will
a room. It doesn't matter what you make would be approximately 25 per cent of the be precarious, even though the United Na-
them of-it's the colors that count-all of world's exports of $13 billion, and 30 per tions succeed in establishing some form of
cent of total imports of $14 billiona world organization aimed to keep that peace
which proves that you don't have to have
money to create beauty. With a few gallons The annual average of world foreign by international action.
trade for the peak period of 1926-1930 was
of paint (keep in mind the cold and warm
$31 billion of exports and $33 billion of im- NEW DAY
water paints so easily applied) and some ports. In the low year of 1934, totals were labor union(Continued from page IS!)
cheap, bright material, you can work is inadvisable. Such a promise
$11 billion of exports and $12 billion of is necessarily coerced and its exaction is bern
wonders. imports.
A poor relations friend of mine came to of lack of confidence. It therefore dhestroys
Pre-war world trade statistics on more at the outset the willingness
live with her richer relatives. Her room than 100 countries are presented in Depart- and loyalty
cut of which the cooperative spirit must
was a nice size and it had a rather nice blue ment of Commerce statistical reports on fo- grow and engenders instead either apathy
carpet on the floor, and the furniture was eign trade. In 1937, the leading 10 exporter and sernility or a covert hostility. It
pro-
dark and well-made, but it looked horrible- nations had approximately 60 per cent of motes secret association apt
the world's total; the first 10 importing violence. to flame into
straight, stringy curtains in a dark ecru- Furthermore, the trend of the
countries had 63 per cent. The 31 countries
walls papered in a huge, ugly design, courts is to the opinion that such a promise
listed had, roughly, 85 per cent of the world's is against public policy and hence onen-
skimpy pink bedspread with bureau scarves
total foreign trade. forcible,"
MAY-JUNE, lg945

LOCAL UNION OFFICIAL RECEIPTS FROM FEBRUARY 11,


INCLUDING MARCH 10, 1945 *~I

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ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENT Horizontal --- 65 rm. volts/inch It is sometimes difficult to find three such
(Continued bomn page 16) Deflection sensitivity direct connectin properly quali led people available on the
902 2-inch tube, using constants and wiring to 906 tube plates_,30 rams. vols/inch same date, and there may he delays in ob-
dJnlgrlint cvoataned in tube araton. Input Characteristics taning their semices. When they finally are
1;7 can be substituted for NCd where ob- VerilCL amplifier- . I......
megohm brought together and h held a case, the
tainable, although GCBi operation is more lorizonita[l amplifier . 0,8
... nmegohm chairman, who is the public member, pre-
stable; 57 tube C:Ll he substituted for 6C6 Volt. gain, vertical ampl ..-. 43
.... times pares a repor tand r.onm.e.dation and
with filament vol ge change,. Volt. gain, her. ampi …
_ --------.55 times submits them, to the labor and industry
885 can be siilstitutd for 884, and 2.5 Freq. range of amplifiers-5 to 1t0,000 members. If they agree, or even if only one
volt filament volta1re ued instead 6.3 volt. "sinusoidal" ep.s. of them agrees, a majority opinion is ob-
R1 and R2 irtentity andi fora control Frutq. range of timing axis-I1 to 30,000 tamied and the report is submitted to the
potentiometers should be insulated from 'sawtooth" e.p.s. board. If both disagree, then the dissenting
panel with ,ashers. Max. allowable sc. voltage input to am- members must make other reports and sub-
Power transformer should be universal pliners-.................. 250 volts mit the, to the board. Sometimes it is
type, with 2.5 volt, 00; filament and pi- Max. allowable d.c. voltage input to am- £Iecessamy for ,any of these procedures to
mary winding shielded magnetieally. plifiers .-. ............. 400 volts be handled by mail, although the board
Addtionml reference: Rudio News, Do- D.c. voltage delivered by high volt. see- strongly discourages this in the interests of
cember, 1q44 "Remodeling of National don of power supply ------- 1,100 volts speed. Never the panel obviously
Union Osillosope." D.C. voltage delivered by low volt. sec- takes more time than that required by a
Component Parts List tion of power supply -------- 415 volts single h earing officer in hearing case
a and
CI-.5 mf 1,500 V {IL gain) Tn bcs and Fn ,ctions, making reconimendations.
C2-.5 mf 600 V R7 4 meg. pot. 1-type $0 Ralf-wave Rectifier In hearing-officer cases, one man is desig-
(3- 8 nf 150 V {Freq vernier) I type 80 Full-wave Rectifier nated from the public to hear the case.
C4- 4 .. l 475 V WS i&K pot. 1-type 6C6 Vertical Amplifier Whenever possible, hearing officers are.se-
C5- 4 mf 475 V Is ynch ) 1-tYPO 6Cfl Horizontal Amplifier lected from fields which hare given them
Cl-.05 nif 400 V Rl-l/Im K 'A wait I DuMont type 884 Saw-tooth Owillator qualifications especially suited to settling
C7-.05 cr 400 V 1114-620 K 1 watt I-type 906 Cathode-ray tube disputes. They may be, for example, law-
CN-.25 ma 400 V RI I-:1;O K 1 watt I ,ill be glad to furnish any additional yers experienced in board policies and pro-
(C9-25 pif 400 V R12-850 ohms ½ info'mation to the members of the L. B. cedures, members of the American
Arbitra-
(C10-25 mf 400 V watt E. W, on the construction of thii scope, Ad- tion Association, or some mediaorey group.
CI I-25 ntf 400 V R i-It0 KE3 watt ditess inquiries to Public members and staff specialists of the
C12-t05 Mf 400 V R13A-10 3I watt F. D. SClniNc, board "lay also serve as hearingofficers,
C'l-2 so 400 V R14-25 E 10 watt I. B. E. W. Industrial Eleetronic Division, and are more readily available that, panel
( I-1-.0- nlf t101 V R15-5 nieg. ½watt 1515 West Wisconsi n Avenue, eminbuhers.
C-15-.01 of -01t V RI1-5 meg. % watt Milwaukee 3, Wiseo.sin Since a hearing officer represents the in-
CIG-.0025 nf 504) V R17-82 K 1 watt terests of neither labor nor industry, his
C17-600 miif 5100V RI&a meg. 'A watt FOLLOWING PROCEDURES reommendatiun is unbiased and impartial.
C18-125 .n.f 5010 V R19-500 K ½ watt (Continued Jrem page IVA) But bear in mind: the actual decision in a
C19- 50 .m.f1,200 V R20-450 ohms, therefore, to consider this pOSSibilty favor- hearing-officer case, as in a panel case, is
C20- 25 mf 50 V watt ably and carefully, and to notify the board made by the board members themselves-
CZ1-.00w; mf 500 V RZI-i 00.000 ohms promptly if they are willing to proceed in labor, industry, and public-so that tripar-
C22-004 mf 5011 V I xatt this manner. It eliminates the necessity of tite consideration of all eases is automat-
C23-.1 nif 1,000 V R22- meg. % wat; arranging for a hearing officer or panel-- ically guaranteed. The hearing officer listens
C24-.t mf 1,600 V R23- 100 K % watt which arc not adways immediately avail- to the ease., assembles the evidence. weed,
FI-I amnpere fuse 1124-1 K 1-2 watt able - and enables the board to move out aspects not pertinent to the c ase, and
Li-10.5 henries choke R25-100 K 3 watt promptly into consideration of the case. then presents his report to the board, which
L2 and 3260 mh Rf R26-500 K I watt 6. If oral hearing is believed essential to may accept, modify or even reject his reco.n-
coil R27-10 K ½ watt its.ase, the union is urged to hwzve its eate aendslation.
R1-200 K pot. K =1,000 ohms heard by a single hearing oy r rather than The earsd itself is doing everything it can to
(Ilntensity) SI-SPST switch by a panel. speed settlemeant of disputes cases, and to co-
(ganged with SI) (Power) In some instances, of course, it is neces- operate with unions and employers. It is carint-
R2-500 K pot. (ganged with RI) sary for a ease to be heard orally and ly in the midst of a drive to clean up the hach-log
formally in addition to the submission of of these easos and is doing So in s everal ways.
(Focus) 82-SPDT rotary
switch (Horiz) written briefs. Where hearings are neces- a panel In some instances, where oneof the members of
R3-4 Meg. pot. is unable to complete his consideration of
(V position) S3-SPDT rotary sary to carry out the sound provisions of the report within five days after its submission to
R4-4 meg. pot. switch (Sync) the War Labor Disputes Act, the board pro- hi., action by a majority of the panel may be
(H position) S4-SP7T rotary vides the parties with adequate opportunity adeqjnate for sending the report on to the parti*s.
R5-i meg. pot. switch (Freq) to present all their facts and arguments Since shortage of panrel chairmen is a bottleneck
(V gain) TI-Iowver trans. in order that it may reach a fair and equi- to speedy disposition of eases, the board is
RO-4 meg. pot. former table decision. putting on a campaign to obtain additional public
menhbers. In some instances, it may he feasible
If unica officials believe oral hearing is to use hearing officers as panel chairmen.
Cathode-Ray Owcillograph vital to the case of the employees they rep-
Operating Instructions in cases in which wages are an important issue,
resent, it will be in the interest of speed and Wage rtabilization staff members
are being used
General Specifications economy if they will consent to having it as panel assistants. All regional board facilities
Pieoer Supply Ratieas heard by a single hearing officer. The board are made av'ailcble to panel chairmen, including
Voltage .............. 115 a.c. has found that, on the average, hearing-offi- those of the Legal Division, Wage Stabillzation
Frequency . ..........
40-60 cycles cur cases are decided in far less time than Division. Administrative Services and Informa-
Power Consu ptin-.. -- . .50 watts panlel cases. tion, as well as the Disputes Division.
Fuse Protection . i ...ampere A panel consists of three persons, one rep- theASbacklog
a further sOe in its current drive
to reduce
of dispute cases, the board is having
Operoting Linits resenting the public; one from lab.r; and a series of onferrences with pantel chairml to
Deflection sensitivity (,xith max. ampi.) one from industry, designated to bear the emphasize spprd, application of uniform pro-
Vertical --- …- vm-s. volts/inch caseand arrive at a joint recommndation. eedures, and t, oxehol nge ideas and experleoii t.
4llaactoe Unen Ssqzplia

Ak'e 1314 .9n £aa9e f/aais4


Arrears, Ofilcial Notice ot. per 100.- $.30 Ledger sheets for above, per '00.... 2.2 Withdrawal Cards, with Trans. COS.,
Accotrnt Book, Tr easurer's .......
90 Pa~per, Official Letter, per 100 -.... .50 per dozen........ ,40
Rituals, extra, each ........ ,25 Warrzakt Book, for U. S ........ .30
Book, Mim 'tct for it* S. (small) .....- 2 Receipt B5ook, Applicansts (3ft0 re-
nook, Minute for U. S. (Iaro) . ....3.00
Btook, bay ............. 15 ceipts) ............. 1.75 FOE E. WV. B. A.
BlOOk. Rtol C all........ 1.50 Receipt Book, Applicants (730 we-
Carbon for Receipt Books ....... 3} eeipts) ............ 3.50 B~ook, Minute -........... 1.50
Chbarters. Duplicate . ........ Receipt Book, Members <30 receipts) 1.;5
1.00 Char ter£ Duplicates ...... .50
'Jomplete Local Charter Ouitfit . 2300
.... Receipt Book, Members ('3* receipts) Relnsiatemenlt blanks, per 100 ... '75
Conslttution, per 100 7.........0s
Receipt Book, Miscellaneous (300 re- Cons~tntuton an~d ky-Laws, per 1009-_ 7.50
Single copies . . . . 10.....l ceipts) ............ Single Copies ........... .10
Electrical %Vorker, Subscripthon per Receipt Book, 3llsrelianeous (750 re- ]Ri~ttalt, each-..........
year ............ 2.00 ceipts) .............
tiI~11eopce, Official, Tier Io00 1.....l00Receipt Book. Overtie asessment
Labels, fleralcorniania (larte 1½., (300 receipts).......... 3.30 JEWELRY
sma;ll 1", faboricatintg l"). Receipt Book, Overtime &$sessment
per 100 -........ 20 (150 receipts) …........ No. 1--Gold Filled Button Gilt Tie
IiCr 1*000 .... . ...... 150 Clasp … - 1
...........
- - Rleceipt nook, Temporary (730 re- No, 2--10 ktt* Geld Lapel ]B~IttOn..... 1.10
per s5oo............ 7.0 ceipts)........... :t.50
pCr 50,0 - ..........
61,00 No. 3-Rolled Gold Pim. (10r ladsesy)-- .75
Labels, Metal, per 100 . 2.50
...... Receipt Book, Temporary (300 re- No. 4--Roiled Gold Lapel Suttot~_ .15
L~abels. Paper, NeonT, per IflO .20 ceipts) ............ No. if-.-1 ki. (old b~uttona Rolled
Latbels. Taper, per 100 2.........0 Receipt Book, Temporary (90 re- 1.25 Gold Tie Clasp - 1.75
.......
I~abeis* Paper* Ihrt size for ijotise eeipts)............. No. 6.-O kt. Oold Lapel Button____. 1.25
wiring, per ]e0 -...... 23 Receipt Book, Fimianolal Secretary's$__ .75
Ledger, loose leaf binder Finantc~al Receipt ]Book, Treastorer's....... No. 7--10 kt. Gold Lapel Button … 1.... .
Secretary's 26 tab index - ..... 3.50 Receipt Holders. Members' Leather No. lO-10-t k. Geld Ring - ........
10,50
Ledger paper to ait above ledger, Pocket. Folding, each....... .55 No. It--10 kt. Gold Badge of hlenor_ 2.25
per 100 . . . .......
1.50 No. 21~0 Itt. (Cold Elmblernn Rolled
Ledger, Financial secretary'$, 100 ,Receipt Hlpdersa Memfbers' Poeket.
Celluloid, sold only' in balk, Small- Cold Chain Ti*e Clasp .... 4,0{0
pages ............. 2,50 1.50 No. l3--Woinrtvs Autxiliry flul~ton._. so
Ledger. Fintancial Secretnry'R, 200 est lot, 50.............
per 1O00......... No. 14-Gold Filled Service Button..__ 1.7
pages 3.75
-.............
.40
Ledger, Financial Secretary*s, 400 Rtesearch weekly report cards, per lOS Jewelry not sent C. 0. 0.
Seal, cut of. ............ 5.00 NOrTCE: Whent present suplites of e*m-
pgs (Extra Heavy Blindital)- Seal............. biemnatic jc'lnteIr] le es'hau/stedl, there will[
Ledger. loose-leaf research. incluiding Seal (pocket) ........... be no }nore tnf/td the goverinment releases
tabs -............ 1250 Traveling cards ........... free nece~ssary ,re4tals,

The abore articese will be supplied when the reqjuisite amnount of cash nocompapiel the
orderr, Otherwijse the order wilI nzot be rccoanfzed& All Stipplies Sent by us have postrioe or et-
press cherfies rrepald.

METAL
-4 LABEL

ADDRESS, 0. M. BUGNIAZET, I. S.
1200 Fifteenth St. N. W. Washington 5. D, C.
Democracy is bound to no single economic structure

and views all economic machineries as but instruments;

liberalism has become little more than the ethos and

rationaleof capitalism, and the perpetuation of that eco-

nomic system it has conceived as an end in itself.

EMMET JOHN HUGHES

in "The Church and the Liberal Society"