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Science Olympiad

Geologic Time Scale 2019


CENOZOIC MESOZOIC PALEOZOIC PRECAMBRIAN
Numeric Numeric Numeric Numeric
Period Epoch Period Epoch Period Epoch Eon
Age (Ma) Age (Ma) Age (Ma) Age (Ma)
Upper

PERMIAN
259.1
QUATERNARY

CRETACEOUS
Holocene Upper Middle
273.0
Lower
0.012 100.5 298.9
Upper PROTEROZOIC

Pennsylvanian
307.0

CARBONIFEROUS
Pleistocene Lower Middle
315.2
Lower
2.6 145.0 323.2
Upper

Mississippian
330.9 2500
Pliocene Upper Middle
Neogene

346.7
Lower
5.3 163.5 358.9
JURASSIC

Upper

DEVONIAN
382.7
Miocene Middle Middle ARCHEAN
393.3
Lower
23.0 174.1 419.2
Pridoli

SILURIAN
423.0
TERTIARY

Ludlow
Oligocene Lower 427.4
Wenlock
433.4 4000
Llandovery
33.9 201.3 443.8

Upper
ORDOVICIAN
Paleogene

Upper 458.4

Eocene Middle
237 470.0
TRIASSIC

Lower
56.0 Middle 485.4 HADEAN
Furongian
CAMBRIAN

247.2 497
Epoch 3
Paleocene 509
Lower Epoch 2
521
Terreneuvian
66.0 251.9 541.0 4600

Modified from the following: GSA Geologic Time Scale v. 5.0 and International Chronostratigraphic Chart v. 2018/08 **Explanation:
References: Divisions of geologic time are not to scale.
Cohen, K.M., Harper, D.A.T., Gibbard, P.L. 2018. ICS International Chronostratigraphic Chart 2018/08. International Commission on
Stratigraphy, IUGS. www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale (visited: 2018/08/15) Ma – Millions of years ago
Walker, J.D., Geissman, J.W., Bowring, S.A., and Babcock, L.E., compilers. 2018. Geologic Time Scale v. 5.0: Geological Society of America. The Cenozoic, Mesozoic, and Paleozoic are the Eras of the Phanerozoic.
https://www.geosociety.org/GSA/Education_Careers/Geologic_Time_Scale/GSA/timescale/home.aspx (visited: 2018/08/15)