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ACCEPTANCE /

REJECTION
CRITERIA
FOR NON-
DESTRUCTIVE
TESTS RESULTS:
S y m b o l
M e a s u r e
A c c e p t a
b l e V a l
u e L i m i
t s ( N o t
e 6 )
A
E x t e n t o f
i m p e r f e c t i
o n Z e r o ( n
o e v i d e n t
i m p e r f e c t i
o n )
B
Depth of incomplete
penetration

0.8 mm (1/32 in.) and

0.2
T
w
Cumulative length of
incomplete
penetration

38 mm (1.5 in.) in
any 150 mm(6 in.)
weld length
C
Depth of lack of
fusion and
incomplete
penetration

0.2
T
w
Cumulative length of
lack of fusion and
incomplete
penetration [Note (7)]

38 mm (1.5 in.) in
any 150 mm(6 in.)
weld length
D
Size and distr
ibution of inte
rnal porosityS
ee BPV Code,
Section VIII,
D i v i s i o n I,
Appendix 4
E
Size and distribution
of internal
porosityFor
T
w

6.4 mm (¼ in.), limit
issame as D For
T
w
> 6.4 mm (¼ in.),limit
is 1.5 X D
F
Slag inclusion or
elongated indication
Individual length
Individual
widthCumulative
length

T
w
/3

2.4 mm (3/32 in.) and

T
w
/3

T
w

in any 12
T
w

weld length
G
Slag inclusion
or elongated
indication Individual
length Individual
widthCumulative
length

2
T
w


3.2 mm (1/8 in.) and

T
w
/2

4
T
w

in any 150 mm (6 in.)


weldlength
H
Depth of undercut

0.8 mm (1/32 in.) and

T
w
/4
I
Depth of undercut

1.6 mm (1/16 in.) and

T
w
/4 or 0.8mm (1/32
in.)
J
S u r f a c e
r o u g h n e
s s < 5 0 0
m i n . R a
p e r A S M
E B 4 6 . 1
K
Depth of roo
t surface co
ncavityTotal
joint thickn
ess, incl. w
eld reinf.,

T
w
L
Height of
reinforcement or
internal protrusion
[Note (8)] in any
planethrough the
weld shall be within
limits of the
applicable height
value inFor
T
w
mm (in.) Height, mm
(in.)

6.4 (¼)

1.6 (1/16) > 6.4 (¼),

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the tabulation at
right. Weld metal
shall merge smoothly
into thecomponent
surfaces.12.7 (½)

3.2 (1/8) > 12.7 (½),

25.4 (1)

4.0 (5/32) > 25.4 (1)

4.8(3/16)
M
Height of
reinforcement or
internal protrusion
[Note (8)]
as describe
in LLimit is 2L
**
T u n g s t e n
I n c l u s i o
n s T o b e
e v a l u a t e
d a s r o u
n d e d indications
. Elongated or aligne
dtungsten inclusions
areunacceptable.
T
w
= Nominal wall
thickness of the
thinner of two
components joined
by a butt weld.
Notes:
1.
Criteria given are for
required
examination. More
stringent criteria
may be specified in
the engineering
design. See
alsoparagraphs.
341.5 and 341.5.3 of
ASME/ANSI
B31.32.Longitudinal
groove weld includes
straight and spiral
seam. Criteria are
not intended to apply
to welds made in
accordancewith a
standard listed in
Table A-I or Table
326.1 of ASME
B31.1.3.Fillet weld
includes socket and
seal welds, and
attachment for slip-
on flanges and
branch
reinforcement.4.Bran
ch connection weld
includes pressure
containing welds in
branches and
fabricated
laps.5.These
imperfections are
evaluated only for
welds 5 mm (3/16
in.) in nominal
thickness.
6.
Where two limiting
values are separated
by "and", the lesser
of the values
determines
acceptance. Where
two sets of valueare
separated by "or",
the larger value is
acceptable.7.Tightly
butted unfused root
faces are
unacceptable.8.For
groove welds, height
is the lesser of the
measurements
made from the
surfaces of the
adjacent
components. For
filletwelds, height is
measured from the
theoretical
throat, Fig. 328.5.2A,
of ASME/ANSI B31.3
internal protrusion
does not apply.
API-1104,
ASME/ANSI
B31.4,
ASME/ANSI
B31.8
Following Table is
applicable
in determining the
size and type
of discontinuities
when viewing
radiographs for
finalacceptance in
accordance with
API-1104,
ASME/ANSI
B31.4, Paragraph
434.8.5, and
ASME/ANSI B31.8
.
Indication/Defect
Unacceptable if a
ny of
the following
conditions exist:
Inadequate
Penetration(IP) (with
out high-
low)1.Length of an
individual indication
of IP exceeds 25.4
mm (1.0").2.The
aggregate length of
indications of IP in
any continuous 304.8
mm (12") length of
weldexceeds 25.4
mm (1.0").3.The
aggregate length of
indications of IP
exceeds 8% of the
weld length in any
weld less than304.8
mm (12") in
length.Inadequate
Penetrationdue to
High-Low
(IPD)1.Length of an
individual indication
of IPD exceeds 50.8
mm (2.0").2.The
aggregate length of
indications of IP in
any continuous 304.8
mm (12") length of
weldexceeds 76.2
mm
(3.0").Incomplete
Fusion
(IF)1.Length of an
individual
indication of
IF exceeds 25.4
mm (1.0").2.The
aggregate length of
indications of IF in
any continuous 304.8
mm (12") length of
weldexceeds 25.4
mm (1.0").3.The
aggregate length of
indications of IF
exceeds 8% of the
weld length in any
weld less than304.8
mm (12") in
length.Incomplete
Fusion due toCold
Lap (IFD)1.Length of
an individual
indication of IFD
exceeds 50.8 mm
(2.0").2.The
aggregate length of
indications of IFD in
any continuous 304.8
mm (12") length of
weldexceeds 50.8
mm (2.0").3.The
aggregate length of
indications of IFD
exceeds 8% of the
weld length.Internal
Concavity (IC)Any
length of IC is
acceptable provided
the density of the
radiographic image
of the IC does
notexceed that of the
thinnest adjacent
base metal. For
areas that exceed
the density of the
thinnestadjacent
base metal, the
criteria for
burn through are
applicable.Pipe OD

2-3/8"
1.
Maximum dimension
exceeds 6.35
mm (¼")Pipe OD <
2-3/8"
1.
Maximum dimension
exceeds 6.35
mm (¼")

Burn-Through
(BT)and the density
of the BT's image
exceedsthat of the
thinnest adjacent
base metal.
2.
Maximum dimension
exceeds the thinner
of nominal wall
thicknesses joined,
and thedensity of the
BT's image exceeds
that of thethinnest
adjacent base
metal.3.Sum of
maximum
dimensions of
separate BTswhose
image density
exceeds that of
thethinnest adjacent
base metal exceeds
12.7mm (½") in
304.8 mm (12") of
weld or thetotal weld
length, whichever is
less.and the density
of the BT's image
exceedsthat of the
thinnest adjacent
base
metal.2. Maximum
dimension exceeds
the thinner
of nominal wall
thicknesses joined,
and thedensity of the
BT's image exceeds
that of the thinnest
adjacent base
metal.3.More than
one BT of any size is
present andthe
density of more than
one of the
imagesexceeds that
of the thinnest
adjacent basemetal.
Slag
InclusionsElongated
(ESI)Isolated
(ISI)Note: ESI
indicationsseparated
by approx.width of
root bead
(wagontracks) to be
consideredas a
single
indicationunless the
width of either >
1/32". In
that event,they shall
be consideredas
separate
indications.Pipe OD

2-3/8"Unacceptable
if:
1.
ESI length > 2".2.ESI
width > 1/16".3.Sum
of the lengths of ISI >
1/2" in 12" of weld.
4.
Width of ISI > 1/8".
5.
> 4 ISI with
maximum width of
1/8" in any 12"of
weld.6.Sum of the
lengths of ESI & ISI >
8% of
weldlength.Pipe OD
< 2-
3/8"Unacceptable
if:1.ESI > 3 X
nominal WT of the
thinner thickness
joined.2.ESI width >
1/16”.3.Sum of ISI
lengths > 2 X
nominal WT
of thinner thickness
joined and ISI width
> 1/2nominal WT of
thinner thickness
joined.4. Aggregate
length of ESI & ISI >
8% of
weldlength.Porosity -
individual /Scattered
(P) Note: Sizebased
on
maximumdimensions
Unacceptable if:
1.
Size of individual
pore > 1/8".
2.
Size of individual
pore > 25% of
thinner WT
joined.3.Distribution
of Porosity exceeds
API 1104 Porosity
Charts.Porosity -
Cluster (CP)Unacc
eptable if:
1.
CP dia. > ½".
2.
Aggregate length of
CP > ½" in any
continuous 12" of
weld.3. An individual
pore within a cluster
> 1/16" in
size.Porosity -
Hollow-
Bead(HB)Unaccepta
ble if:
1.
Length of individual
HB > 1/2".2.Sum of
HB lengths > 2" in
any continuous 12"
of weld.
3.
Individual HB > 1/4"
separated by < 2
“.4.Sum of HB
lengths > 8% weld
length.Cracks (C)A
ny size or location
of cracks are una
cceptable except f
or shallow crater
or star cracks. Sh
allowcrater or star
crack length > 5/32"
is unacceptable.Und
ercutting Adjacentto
cover pass
(EU)Adjacent to root
pass
(IU)Unacceptable if:
1.
Any combination EU
& IU length > 2" in
any continuous 12"
of weld.2.Sum of EU
& IU lengths in any
combination > 1/6 of
weld length.
Tungsten Inclusions
Individual tungsten
inclusions are be
evaluated as
rounded indications
(Porosity). Elongated
or aligned tungsten
inclusions are
unacceptable.Accum
ulation
of Discontinuities
ExcludingIPD, EU &
IUUnacceptable
if:1.Sum lengths of
indications > 2" in
any continuous 12"
of weld.2.Sum
lengths of indication
> 8% of weld
length.Pipe /
FittingDiscontinuities
Arc burns, long seam
discontinuities and
other discontinuities
in the pipe or fittings
detected by RTshall
be recordable.
AWS D1.1Statically
Loaded Structures
Table 4-
1 (AWS DI.I Paragra
ph 8.15.3.2) and figur
e 4-
1 together establish t
he rejection criteria f
or radiographic indic
ations of statically
loaded structures.
Discontinuities
exceeding the
following limitations
shall be
unacceptable. (E =
weld size; T
=material thickness)
IndicationRe
jection Crit
eria
C r a c k s N o n
e p e r m i t t e
d Elongated
Discontinuities>
maximum size of
chart 4-1Clearance
betweendiscontinuiti
es< minimum
clearance allowance
of fig 4-1Rounded
Discontinuities> E/3
or > 1/4" for T

2" > E/3 or > 3/8" for
T > 2" Minimum
clearance between a
roundeddiscontinuity
> 3/32" to an
acceptable rounded
or elongated
discontinuity or to an
edge or end of
anintersection shall
be three (3) times
the larger
discontinuity.Isolated
Discontinuity,
i.e.a cluster of
roundedindicationsS
um of greatest
dimension >
maximum size of a
single discontinuity
permitted in Fig. 4-1
Minimumclearance to
another cluster or
elongated
discontinuity or to an
edge or end of an
intersecting shallbe
three (3) times the
larger
discontinuity.Sum of
IndividualDiscontinuit
ies Eachbeing < 3/32
"Shall not exceed
2E/3 or 3/8"
whichever is less in
1" of weld.In-Line
DiscontinuitiesSum
> E in any length of
6E. Where length of
weld is < 6E,
permissible sum
shall
beproportionately
less.Tungsten Inclu
sionsIndividual
tungsten inclusions
are to be evaluated
as
rounded indications
(Porosity). Elongate
d or aligned tungsten
inclusions are
unacceptable.
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