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# B.E. (Electrical (Electronics & Power) Engineering) Third Semester (C.B.S.

)
Electrical Measurements & Instrumentation
P. Pages : 3 NRJ/KW/17/4364
Time : Three Hours *0506* Max. Marks : 80
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Notes : 1. All questions carry marks as indicated.
2. Solve Question 1 OR Questions No. 2.
3. Solve Question 3 OR Questions No. 4.

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4. Solve Question 5 OR Questions No. 6.
5. Solve Question 7 OR Questions No. 8.
6. Solve Question 9 OR Questions No. 10.
7. Solve Question 11 OR Questions No. 12.

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8. Due credit will be given to neatness and adequate dimensions.
9. Assume suitable data whenever necessary.
10. Diagrams and chemical equations should be given whenever necessary.
11. Illustrate your answers whenever necessary with the help of neat sketches.

1. a) Explain & device balance equation of kelvin's Double bridge method of measurement of 7

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low resistance.

b)
connecting 100  ammeter.
Find:-
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It is desired to measure the value of current in the 500  resistor as shown in fig. 1 (b) by 7

## i) The actual value of current.

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ii) Measured value of current.

## iii) The percentage error in measurement & the accuracy.

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1K 500
+ Ammeter
10V _ 1K
100
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Fig. 1 (b) B

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2. a) Explain with neat circuit diagram & derive balance condition of Maxwell Inductance 7
capacitance bridge & draw phasor diagram also.

b) Explain the loss of charge method for measurement of insulation resistance of cables. 7
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## b) Derive torque eqn for dynamometer type instrument. 7

OR

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4. a) Write short note on power factor meter. 6

b) The inductance of a moving iron ammeter with full scale deflection of 90ºat 1.5A is given 7
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by the expression L = (200 + 400 - 4   )H ,where  is the deflection in radian from
the zero position. Estimate angular deflection of the pointer for a current of 1.0 A.

5. a) Two wattmeter connected to measure the input to a balanced 3 – phase circuit indicate 6
2000 W & 500 W resp. Find the power factor of the circuit.

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i) When both the readings are positive.

ii) When latter reading is obtained after reversing the connectn to the current coil of the
1st instrument.

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b) Define the following. 7

i) Transformation Ratio

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ii) Nominal Ratio

## iii) Turns Ratio

iv) Burden
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v) Ratio correction factor

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## 8. a) Explain static & dynamic characteristic of instruments in detail. 7

b) A circuit was tuned for rcoonance by eight different trainer engineers & the value of 6
resonant frequency in Hz were recorded as 532, 548, 543, 535, 546, 531, 543 & 536 .
Calculate :-

i) Arithmetic mean

## ii) The average deviation.

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iii) The standard Deviation.

v) Variance.

## 9. a) Prove that the gauge factor is given by 7

r / r
L  2r 
L / L

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where, V= Poisson's Ratio.
P = Resistivity.
L= Length.

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b) Explain strain gauge type load cell. 7

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## 10. a) Describe the construction & working of LVDT type accelerometer. 7

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b) What is piezoelectric effect? Explain the piezoelectric type accelerometer. 7

11. a)
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Describe the construction & working of resistance thermometers. 7

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## 12. Write short notes on.

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a) Venturi tube. 5

## b) Ultrasonic flow meter. 4

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c) Bourdon tube. 4

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