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REVIEW OF THE RELATED LITERATURE

This chapter contains the author’s theories and studies, this contains related study and theories

about the study of the academic performance of the students through practical research studies.

According to Charles Gbollie and Harriett Pearl Keamu(2016). The nature of motivation

and learning strategy use is vital to improving student learning outcomes. This study was

intended to explore the motivational beliefs and learning strategy use by Liberian junior and

senior high school students in connection with their academic performance. It also solicited

students’ self-reports about presumed factors hindering their learning. Utilizing a cross-sectional

quantitative research design, 323 participants took part in the study from 2 counties. Motivated

Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) was adapted and 12 potential learning hindrances

were identified and used as instruments. Data analyses were conducted using SPSS 17.0. The

results showed the motivational belief component of extrinsic goal orientation as the most

preferred belief and test anxiety was the least possessed belief. Rehearsal strategies were found

to be the most frequently used, while help seeking was reported to be the least strategy

considered. The result also showed significant relationships between the two constructs. In

addition, the study found some learning hindrances. A number of conclusions as well as some

practical recommendations for action relative to the improvement of student performance have

been advanced.
According to Sumbawati, M. S.; Anistyasari, Y.(2018). Undergraduate students often

have difficulty in finding the updated research topic for their undergraduate thesis. This is due to

students have less knowledge about research in a particular field because they are less familiar

with scientific articles. This work, therefore, proposed an implementation of research-based

learning and measured students’ academic performance and motivation. The study is

conducted in four stages which are the plan, do, check, and act. Research-based learning is
conducted based on its syntax. Paper and pencil test is then performed to measure student’s

academic achievement and a survey is devoted to determining students’ academic motivation.

The results show that most students obtain satisfied score and they feel comfortable to join a

class with research-based learning.


The study of physical activity, physical fitness, and academic performance research are

reviewed from a historical perspective, by providing an overview of existing publications

focused on children and adolescents. Using rigorous inclusion criteria, the studies were

quantified and qualified using both meta-analytic and descriptive evaluations analyses, first by

time-period and then as an overall summary, particularly focusing on secular trends and future

directions. This review is timely because the body of literature is growing exponentially,

resulting in the emergence of new terminology, methodologies, and identification of mediating

and moderating factors. Implications and recommendations for future research are summarized.

(Castelli, Darla M; Centeio, Erin E…et.al)