Sei sulla pagina 1di 8

PRELIMINARY DESIGN OF SECONDARY BEAM

FOR SECONDARY BEAM AT CRITICAL SLAB

Designing by deflection control criteria,

From Clause 23.2 Control of Deflection of IS 456:2000 we can draw out the
following methodical steps to get the depth of beam
𝑠𝑝𝑎𝑛(𝑙)
𝑑=


Where,

Span (l) = 6.7056 m= 6705.6 mm (i.e. span of secondary beam.)

α = 26 (for continuous beam)


β = span factor =1 (for largest span less than 10m.)
Assuming 1.2% tension reinforcement and fs = 290
ϒ= 0.8
δ= 1 (Assuming 0%compression steel)
λ = 1 (Assuming no flanged section)
After calculation,

Effective depth of beam = 6705.6 / (26*0.8)

Effective depth of beam = 322.38 mm

Adopting the effective depth of beam = 330 mm

A clear cover of 25mm for main bar of diameter 20 mm we get the overall depth
of beam as:

Overall Depth of Beam (D) = Effective Depth + 0.5 * Dia. of main bar + Clear
Cover

= 330+ 0.5 * 20 + 25 ( is taken 20 mm)

Overall depth (D) = 365 mm #

Breadth= 245 mm
PRELIMINARY DESIGN OF BASEMENT WALL
Designing by deflection control criteria,

From Clause 23.2 Control of Deflection of IS 456:2000 we can draw out the
following methodical steps to get the depth of slab
𝑠𝑝𝑎𝑛(𝑙)
𝑑=


Where,

Span (l) = 3.2 m= 3200 mm (i.e. longest shorter span of slab )

α = 26 (for continuous beam)


β = span factor =1 (for largest span less than 10m.)
Assuming 0.8% tension reinforcement and fs = 290
ϒ= 0.9
δ= 1 (Assuming 0% compression steel)
λ = 1 (Assuming no flanged section)
After calculation,

Effective depth of slab = 3200 / (26*0.9)

Effective depth of slab = 136.75 mm

Adopting the effective depth of slab = 150mm

A clear cover of 15mm for main bar of diameter 20 mm we get the overall depth
of beam as:

Overall Depth of Beam (D) = Effective Depth + 0.5 * Dia. of main bar + Clear
Cover

= 150+ 0.5 * 20 + 15 ( is taken 20 mm)

Overall depth (D) = 175 mm #


FROM MOMENT CRITERIA

The basement wall is designed as the cantilever wall connected to the


foundation.
Clear height between the floor (h) =3.2 m =10.5 ft.
Unit weight of soil, γ = 17 KN/m^3
Angle of internal friction of the soil, ө = 30°
Surcharge produced due to vehicular movement is
Weight due to surcharge = 10 KN/m^2

Moment calculation
Determining active pressure,
Lateral earth pressure coefficient is given by,
1 − sin 𝜃
𝐤𝐚 =
1 + sin 𝜃
Ka = 0.3333
Lateral load due to soil pressure,
Pa = Ka * γ * h^2 * 0.5
= 0.333 * 17 * 3.2^2 * 0.5
= 28.72 KN/m [acts at h/3 from base]
Lateral Load due to surcharge load,
Ps = Ka * Ws * h
= 0.333 * 10 * 3.2
= 10.656 KN/m [acts at h/2 from base]
Bending moment at the base of wall can be calculated as
Moment about base= (28.72 * 3.2/3) + (10.656 * 3.2/2)
=47.684 KN-m
Factored moment (Mu) = 47.684 * 1.5= 71.526 KN-m
SIZE OF BASEMENT WALL
Assuming unit width of wall [b=1],
Balanced depth (dbal) is given by,
𝑓𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑒𝑑 𝑚𝑜𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡
𝑑𝑏𝑎𝑙 = √
𝑄∗𝑏

Where,
𝑥𝑙𝑖𝑚 𝑥𝑙𝑖𝑚
𝑄 = 0.36 ∗ 𝑓𝑐𝑘 ∗ ∗ (1 − 0.416 ∗ )
𝑑 𝑑

For [Fe500, Xlim/d = 0.46, M25 concrete]


Q = 0.36 * 25 * 0.46 * (1-(0.416*0.46)) = 3.3477
d = √ (71.526*10^6 / 3.3477*1000) = 146.1 mm
Adopting d = 150 mm with clear cover of 25 mm.

Depth of basement wall = 175 mm


PRELIMINARY DESIGN OF STAIRCASE
Design parameters:

Storey -1
Storey height = 10’6” = 3.2004 m
Riser = 6” = 0.1524 m
Tread = 1’ = 0.3048 m
Lower flight
Number of risers = 6
Number of treads = 5
Effective span = 11’ = 3.3528m
Intermediate flight
Number of risers = 9
Number of treads = 8
Effective span = 15’ = 4.572m
Upper flight
Number of risers = 7
Number of treads = 6
Effective span = 13’9” = 4.191m
The flight with the greatest span is taken for design of all flights.

Storey -2
Storey height = 9’ = 2.7432 m
Riser = 6” = 0.1524 m
Tread = 1’ = 0.3048 m
Lower flight
Number of risers =5
Number of treads = 4
Effective span = 10’ = 3.048 m
Intermediate flight
Number of risers = 8
Number of treads = 7
Effective span = 22’ = 6.7056 m
Upper flight
Number of risers = 5
Number of treads = 4
Effective span = 13’9” = 4.191m
The flight with the greatest span is taken for design of all flights.

Storey -3
Storey height = 12’ = 3.6576 m
Riser = 6” = 0.1524 m
Tread = 1’ = 0.3048 m
Lower flight
Number of risers = 7
Number of treads = 6
Effective span = 12’ = 3.6576 m
Intermediate flight
Number of risers = 10
Number of treads = 9
Effective span = 15’6” = 4.7244m
Upper flight
Number of risers = 7
Number of treads = 6
Effective span = 13’9” = 4.191m
The flight with the greatest span is taken for design of all flights.

Thus, intermediate flight is analyzed and designed. With span of 4724.4mm

Designing by deflection control criteria,


From Clause 23.2 Control of Deflection of IS 456:2000, we can draw out the
following methodical steps to get depth.
𝑠𝑝𝑎𝑛(𝑙)
𝑑=


Where,

Span (l) = 4.2672 m= 4267.2 mm (i.e. span of stair)

α = 26 (for simply supported beam)


β = span factor =1 (for largest span less than 10m.)
Assuming 0.5% tension reinforcement and fs = 290
ϒ= 1.1
δ= 1 (Assuming 0%compression steel)
λ = 1 (Assuming no flanged section)
After calculation,

Effective depth of slab = 4267.2 / (26*1.1)

Effective depth of slab = 149.2027 mm

Adopting the effective depth of beam = 150 mm


A clear cover of 25mm for main bar of diameter 20 mm we get the overall depth
of beam as:

Overall Depth of Beam (D) = Effective Depth + 0.5 * Dia. of main bar + Clear
Cover

= 150 + 0.5 * 20 + 15 ( is taken 20 mm)

Overall depth (D) = 175 mm #