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# PRELIMINARY DESIGN OF SECONDARY BEAM

## Designing by deflection control criteria,

From Clause 23.2 Control of Deflection of IS 456:2000 we can draw out the
following methodical steps to get the depth of beam
𝑠𝑝𝑎𝑛(𝑙)
𝑑=


Where,

## α = 26 (for continuous beam)

β = span factor =1 (for largest span less than 10m.)
Assuming 1.2% tension reinforcement and fs = 290
ϒ= 0.8
δ= 1 (Assuming 0%compression steel)
λ = 1 (Assuming no flanged section)
After calculation,

## Adopting the effective depth of beam = 330 mm

A clear cover of 25mm for main bar of diameter 20 mm we get the overall depth
of beam as:

Overall Depth of Beam (D) = Effective Depth + 0.5 * Dia. of main bar + Clear
Cover

## Overall depth (D) = 365 mm #

PRELIMINARY DESIGN OF BASEMENT WALL
Designing by deflection control criteria,

From Clause 23.2 Control of Deflection of IS 456:2000 we can draw out the
following methodical steps to get the depth of slab
𝑠𝑝𝑎𝑛(𝑙)
𝑑=


Where,

## α = 26 (for continuous beam)

β = span factor =1 (for largest span less than 10m.)
Assuming 0.8% tension reinforcement and fs = 290
ϒ= 0.9
δ= 1 (Assuming 0% compression steel)
λ = 1 (Assuming no flanged section)
After calculation,

## Adopting the effective depth of slab = 150mm

A clear cover of 15mm for main bar of diameter 20 mm we get the overall depth
of beam as:

Overall Depth of Beam (D) = Effective Depth + 0.5 * Dia. of main bar + Clear
Cover

## Overall depth (D) = 175 mm #

FROM MOMENT CRITERIA

## The basement wall is designed as the cantilever wall connected to the

foundation.
Clear height between the floor (h) =3.2 m =10.5 ft.
Unit weight of soil, γ = 17 KN/m^3
Angle of internal friction of the soil, ө = 30°
Surcharge produced due to vehicular movement is
Weight due to surcharge = 10 KN/m^2

Moment calculation
Determining active pressure,
Lateral earth pressure coefficient is given by,
1 − sin 𝜃
𝐤𝐚 =
1 + sin 𝜃
Ka = 0.3333
Lateral load due to soil pressure,
Pa = Ka * γ * h^2 * 0.5
= 0.333 * 17 * 3.2^2 * 0.5
= 28.72 KN/m [acts at h/3 from base]
Ps = Ka * Ws * h
= 0.333 * 10 * 3.2
= 10.656 KN/m [acts at h/2 from base]
Bending moment at the base of wall can be calculated as
Moment about base= (28.72 * 3.2/3) + (10.656 * 3.2/2)
=47.684 KN-m
Factored moment (Mu) = 47.684 * 1.5= 71.526 KN-m
SIZE OF BASEMENT WALL
Assuming unit width of wall [b=1],
Balanced depth (dbal) is given by,
𝑓𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑒𝑑 𝑚𝑜𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡
𝑑𝑏𝑎𝑙 = √
𝑄∗𝑏

Where,
𝑥𝑙𝑖𝑚 𝑥𝑙𝑖𝑚
𝑄 = 0.36 ∗ 𝑓𝑐𝑘 ∗ ∗ (1 − 0.416 ∗ )
𝑑 𝑑

## For [Fe500, Xlim/d = 0.46, M25 concrete]

Q = 0.36 * 25 * 0.46 * (1-(0.416*0.46)) = 3.3477
d = √ (71.526*10^6 / 3.3477*1000) = 146.1 mm
Adopting d = 150 mm with clear cover of 25 mm.

## Depth of basement wall = 175 mm

PRELIMINARY DESIGN OF STAIRCASE
Design parameters:

Storey -1
Storey height = 10’6” = 3.2004 m
Riser = 6” = 0.1524 m
Tread = 1’ = 0.3048 m
Lower flight
Number of risers = 6
Effective span = 11’ = 3.3528m
Intermediate flight
Number of risers = 9
Effective span = 15’ = 4.572m
Upper flight
Number of risers = 7
Effective span = 13’9” = 4.191m
The flight with the greatest span is taken for design of all flights.

Storey -2
Storey height = 9’ = 2.7432 m
Riser = 6” = 0.1524 m
Tread = 1’ = 0.3048 m
Lower flight
Number of risers =5
Effective span = 10’ = 3.048 m
Intermediate flight
Number of risers = 8
Effective span = 22’ = 6.7056 m
Upper flight
Number of risers = 5
Effective span = 13’9” = 4.191m
The flight with the greatest span is taken for design of all flights.

Storey -3
Storey height = 12’ = 3.6576 m
Riser = 6” = 0.1524 m
Tread = 1’ = 0.3048 m
Lower flight
Number of risers = 7
Effective span = 12’ = 3.6576 m
Intermediate flight
Number of risers = 10
Effective span = 15’6” = 4.7244m
Upper flight
Number of risers = 7
Effective span = 13’9” = 4.191m
The flight with the greatest span is taken for design of all flights.

## Designing by deflection control criteria,

From Clause 23.2 Control of Deflection of IS 456:2000, we can draw out the
following methodical steps to get depth.
𝑠𝑝𝑎𝑛(𝑙)
𝑑=


Where,

## α = 26 (for simply supported beam)

β = span factor =1 (for largest span less than 10m.)
Assuming 0.5% tension reinforcement and fs = 290
ϒ= 1.1
δ= 1 (Assuming 0%compression steel)
λ = 1 (Assuming no flanged section)
After calculation,

## Adopting the effective depth of beam = 150 mm

A clear cover of 25mm for main bar of diameter 20 mm we get the overall depth
of beam as:

Overall Depth of Beam (D) = Effective Depth + 0.5 * Dia. of main bar + Clear
Cover