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QTL MAPPING * Many agriculturally important traits such as yield, quality and some forms of disease resistance are controlled by Many genes and are known as “quantitative traits or polygenic or multifactorial or complex traits”. > These traits show continuous variation in a population. » These traits do not fall into discrete classes. >» They are measurable. Quantitative Trait Loci aD the loci controlling quantitative traits are called quantitative trait loci or QTL. . Term first coined by Gelderman in 1975. > It is the region of the genome that is associated with an effect on a quantitative trait. BB It can bea single gene or cluster of linked genes that affect the trait. Qfls have the following characteristics DD These traits are controlled by multiple genes, each segregating according to Mendel's laws. > These traits can also be affected by the environment to varying degrees, »> Many genes control any given trait and Allelic variations are fully functional. Individual Bene effects is small &The genes involved can be dominant,or co- dominant. >The genes involved can be subject to epistasis or pleiotrophic effect. they are associated with a QTL. 2s and markers segregate via chromosome recombination during allowing their analysis in the progeny. detection of association between phenotype and genotype of mi is depends on the linkage disequilibrium. sis is usually undertaken in segregating mapping popu