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Development of

water treatment plant/

filtration plant in RWSS of

Water Sector
Government of Gujarat

Project Concept 3
Market Potential 4
Growth Drivers 5
Gujarat – Competitive Advantage 6
Project Information 10
- Location/ Size
- Infrastructure Availability/ Connectivity
- Raw Material/ Manpower
- Key Players/ Machinery Suppliers
- Potential Collaboration Opportunities
- Key Considerations
Project Financials 17
Approvals & Incentives 18
Key Department Contacts 20

Page 2
Project Concept

Water value chain

Water Distribution & Supply Sewage & Sanitation Others

Fresh/Ground Irrigation
water Supply to
collection municipality Waste water Water
collection, purification
treatment and
treatment Supply to Bottled water
Bore wells

Water treatment processes

 Treatment of water is done to remove any contamination present in the water to make it fit for
human consumption. Water is treated by public or private water utilities to make it potable to
meet the needs of the community at a reasonable cost.
 All surface waters carry pathogenic (disease-causing) microorganisms and must be disinfected
prior to human consumption. This is carried on by a sequence of treatment processes that
typically includes coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation, and filtration.

 Coagulation is accomplished by adding chemical coagulants, usually aluminium or iron salts, to

neutralize the negative charge on the surfaces of the suspended solids present in the water.
 Coagulated particles are aggregated into large, rapidly settling "floc" particles by flocculation,
accomplished by gently stirring the water using paddles, turbines, or impellers.
 The flocculated water is then gently introduced into a sedimentation basin, where the floc
particles are given some time to settle out.
 Then the filtration is done to remove the matter from water by forcing the water to pass through
porous media.
 Disinfection process is then carried out which eliminates pathogenic microorganisms from the
water. It does not render the water completely sterile but does make it safe to drink from a
microbial standpoint.

Page 3
Project Concept

The widening gap between growing water needs of population and scarcity in supply
in major coastal cities in India is giving rise to alternative water treatment processes
such as desalination plants, STP, ETP and CETP

 Desalination is a process that removes minerals from saline water to produce fresh water
suitable for consumption and has applications in municipal, industrial, or commercial.
 ETP purifies the waste water used in various industries and is majorly used in chemical industry
by pharmaceutical companies to purify water and to remove toxic material. ETP is also used in
industrial sectors such as leather and tanneries.
 STP is used to remove the contaminants from wastewater primarily from household sewage.
STP technique involves three stages primary, secondary and tertiary treatment.
 CETP used by the cluster of small scale tanneries as the centralized treatment place for
wastewater management. Common Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP) costs less to build
and operate on a per-cubic-meter-treated basis than a collection of individual sites.

Desalination Technologies
Thermal Technology Membrane Technology 85% of the Indian
plants are membrane
Multi-Stage Flash Distillation (MSF) Electrodialysis (ED) based because
Multi-Effect Distillation (MED) Electrodialysis reversal membrane based
(EDR) technology are 23%
Vapor Compression Distillation Reverse Osmosis (RO) cheaper compared to
(VCD) thermal technology.

Desalination Process

Water Water
Condenser Membrane
water Vapor
Evaporator Brine Condenser Clean Water
Vapor Brine

Evaporator Waste Tank


Page 4
Market potential

Key metrics…

Water demand across India, 230 cubic km of groundwater is

billion cubic metre (bcm) drawn by India per year
Water 1,093
demand 813 40% water losses out of total
on the distributed water, highest in world
rise in
India 688 910
33% expected rise in Indian
population, from 1.2 billion in 2015
2010 2025 to 1.6 billion by 2030

Others Drinking Water Industry Irrigation

Water production growth by type (%)

0.5 60
0.0 40
-0.5 20
production -1.0 0
scenarios in -1.5 -20
India 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Underground water Surface water

Desalination plant water Treated wastewater


However, at present provision of safe drinking water to large population in India is a

difficult task
 Approximately, 225 million people in India do not have access to safe drinking water
 In India, more than 37 million people are affected by waterborne diseases , 1.5 million children
die of diarrhea
 It is also estimated that more than 73 million working days are lost due to waterborne disease
annually, resulting in an economic burden of US$600 million every year
 Around 66 million Indians are at risk due to excess fluoride and 10 million due to excess
arsenic in groundwater

The trend of urbanization in India and the rapid growth of population has exerted stress on civic
authorities to provide basic requirement such as safe drinking water, sanitation and infrastructure
which requires exploration of raw water sources, developing treatment and distribution systems

Page 5
Market potential

Water treatment market- Global scenario

Worldwide Water and wastewater

treatment (WWT) products
market (US$ billion)



Market leaders
Emerging countries
2012 2014 2019

 The global water treatment chemicals market was worth US$19.12 billion in 2014 and is
projected to reach US$24.94 billion by 2020, registering a CAGR of 4.53%
 Wide-scale developments in the municipal water treatment, oil & gas, power generation, metal
& mining, and desalination industries in emerging countries such as China, India, Brazil, Saudi
Arabia, and Africa have led to the high demand for water treatment capacities

Water treatment market- India scenario

With India projected as a water stressed nation by 2025, need to concentrate efforts on
water and wastewater treatment for sustainability.

India wastewater capital expenditure (US$

billion) India is also witnessing growth in
desalination market…
400% Increase in installed capacity of
2.8 desalination plant from 290 MLD in
2.1 2.5
2.0 2.2 2008 to 1450 MLD in 2015
22% CAGR growth in desalination
market by 2020

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

 Indian government initiative

 To support private party participation (PPP) in the water sector
 Introduced many regulatory reforms to encourage water treatment programs
 40% of wastewater treatment plants are located in New Delhi and Mumbai, which presents big
opportunity for water Treatment companies in other cities

Page 6
Market potential

Gujarat, one of the leading state in terms of economic growth and

industrialization, falls under the water-stressed category
 Despite having 185 rivers, 5.96% of the total area of the country and 4.93% of the total
population, Gujarat has only 2.28% of the total surface water resources available in India.
 70% of Gujarat's fresh water resources are located only in 30% of its geographical area. At
present, there is disparity in water availability across different regions as South and Central
Gujarat has more than 50% of the total water availability.

Water demand (bcm) in …however per capita availability of

Rising Gujarat is expected to rise… water (in bcm/annum) is decreasing
water 57
demand 0.7
supply gap
in Gujarat

2010 2050 2001 2011 2015 2025

To decrease the water supply demand gap, Gujarat’s State Wide Water Supply Grid is looking to
supply drinking water to 75% population of the State by creating bulk water transmission pipelines,
water treatment plants, service reservoirs, distribution pipeline network and allied structures under
Regional Water Supply Scheme (RWSS)

Percentage Villages Covered by  Gujarat government is considering

RWSS (%) increasing desalination installed capacity
to 300 MLD by 2018 and is estimated to
30.4 reach around 1500 MLD by 2030
20.1  Currently 37 CETP’s are present in the
12.6 state which includes 1 in the
5.5 Gandhinagar. Of the total, 33 CETP’s
are operational and 4 are proposed or at
construction stage.
South North Saurashtra Kachch
 The total no of effluent treatment plants
Gujarat Gujarat
installed and commissioned up to 31
march 2015 is 8709.
At present, 75 rural regional water
 Total No of STP is 98 with 89 in
supply schemes covering 4811
operation and 9 under installation. State
villages/hamlets estimating to
is also looking to invest more in several
INR1606.95 crore are under progress waste water recycling projects.

Page 7
Growth Drivers -
Gujarat, one of the leading state in terms of economic growth and
industrialization, falls under the water-stressed category

Gujarat salinity has impacted 1200 to 1500 villages and 12.90 lakh
High coastal hectare of land since 1960 in Gujarat. The increasing salinity in Gujarat
salinity in specially in Saurastra and Kutch area which possess coastline of 1125
Gujarat km leads to ground water conservation scheme and desalination plant
in the state.

Poor condition
In Gujarat, Old, rusted or leaking water distribution pipelines are leading
of water
to contamination of drinking water. Most of the distribution pipes in the
distribution state are 20-30 years old.

Gujarat is focusing on Narmada water schemes and regional water

Government supply scheme to counter depletion of local sources, degradation of
initiatives ground water and rise in water demand. In order to cover more than
5000 villages in the state with safe drinking water, need of treatment
plants are rising

Rising Government of Gujarat has made huge investments of more than

investment INR30 billion in last 5 years in setting up bulk water pipelines for long
in water distance transmission. Water needs to be treated for long distance
transmission to prevent decaying of the pipes
More than 10% of the country’s factories are in Gujarat while
Industrial manufacturing sector contributes 28% to its GSDP. Gujarat accounts
for 13% of the net value of manufacturing in India. Setting up of large
industries in Gujarat has increased the requirement of water and
wastewater treatment facilities

Nearly 50% of the Gujarat population lives in urban areas in

Urbanization comparison to around 30% Indian average. In addition, rural population
of Gujarat is shifting to urban centres leading to stressed safe water supply for
consumption. This require a huge addition to the capacity of water and
wastewater treatment facilities in major cities

Decreasing per capital water availability, high industrial consumption and low water quality
generates the strong growth opportunities for the water treatment market

Page 8
Gujarat - Competitive
First state to address the waste issue and brought treatment,
stabilization and disposal facility for cluster of industries.

 Gujarat is among the top five states in India in terms

of water storage capacity per unit land area State-wise number of dams
 Gujarat provides 100 litre daily rural water supply per Maharashtra 1800
head against the country average of 55 litres
Madhya Pradesh 905
 Gujarat is one of the top states with more than 650
dams and 35 large and medium reservoirs Gujarat 666

 State wide water supply grid spread across 1,20,769 Chhattisgarh 258
km that aims to serve 75% of the Gujarat population
Karnataka 231
 World’s largest man made fresh water reservoir in
Gujarat with a storage capacity of 10,000 million cubic Rajasthan 211
Odisha 204
 5590 projects are under execution for treatment of 28
lakh hectares of the state.

Gujarat governments' initiatives to flourish the water distribution

Water market Policy Initiatives

INR24.5 bn Gujarat has signed MoU’s for
Spent for 361 km long pipeline
networs, supplying daily 165
setting up of wastewater
crore litre Narmada water to recycling plants in five major
total 5,587 villages and 116 cities–Gandhinagar,
cities/towns Ahmedabad, Vadodara,
Bharuch and Surat
Rise in budget from INR70 crores
to INR183 crores as part of its Indian government has
drought mitigation plan established wastewater
discharge standards for all
9 sites segments such as municipal,
Out of total 27 Common Treatment, industrial, commercial and
Stabilization and Disposal Facility residential.
(common TSDF) in the country are
in Gujarat in which 6 are in
Proposed tax breaks for
industries that save water
Narmada based Water Supply Grid
has connected 7713 villages and
and environmental
119 towns for concerns

INR 9110.98 cr.

Page 9
Gujarat - Competitive
Ease of Doing Business: Only state which comply 100%
with environmental procedures. Gujarat fares highly when
it comes to setting up a business, allotment of land and
obtaining a construction permit “Gujarat ranked first in
ease of doing business as
per DIPP report 2015”

Key industries: Gujarat is the leader in key industrial

sectors such as chemical, petrochemical, auto and its
allied sector, pharmaceuticals, engineering, textile,
jewellery etc.
 Gujarat has attracted cumulative FDI worth US$12 bn
from April 2000 to March 2015
 Gujarat clocked the highest growth rate in
pharmaceutical market at 22.4% surpassing the industry
growth rate of 10.9%
 Gujarat contributes around 19.1% to India’s total exports
of goods in 2014-15

Gujarat, with 42.6% of its population residing in the urban

areas, is among the top three urbanized states in the

Gujarat is one of the power surplus states in the country,

as a result it helps in bringing huge amount of investment
from the industries and tagged as preferred investment
destination in the country

Skill development industry in the state is well-developed

with many technical institutions (786 ITI’s and
52 Skill upgradation centres)

Page 10
Project Information

Site Location
Development of water treatment plant/ filtration plant of different capacity in RWSS
(Regional water supply scheme) of GWSSB (Gujarat water supply & sewerage board)

¾ Adequate and potable drinking water is being supplied through RWSS comprising of more
than one village, where local drinking water sources yield insufficient water or water is non
potable. RWSS are taken up under Rural water supply programme. The RWSS are based on
reliable sources like tube wells (Underground sources) or Surface water sources (Dam or
Narmada water).
¾ GWSSB provides drinking water supply to citizens of rural and urban area of Gujarat by
creation of various types of water supply projects
• The project details are as follows:

Kachchh, Saurashtra, North Gujarat and

South Gujarat

Regional Share of RWSS (10%)



 Gujarat government has identified 4 major water scare districts; North Gujarat, Central Gujarat,
Saurashtra and Kachchh.
 Narmada water is tused o feed the regional water supply schemes and to give water to these 4
 54 Rural Regional Water Supply Schemes covering 872 habitations are completed. Completed
rural regional water supply schemes are operated and maintained by GWSSB.

Page 11
Project Information

Gujarat has an extensive outlay of existing infrastructure - rail, road and air -
which make the state an excellent investment destination.

Air Road

 Gujarat has highest number of  Gandhinagar is well connected with

operating airports in India including district roads, state highways and national
16 Domestic and 1 international highways NH-8.
airport.  Road connectivity increases the efficiency
 The state has two flight schools, for water networks and monitoring
and engineering colleges that offer particularly in remote areas.
programs in Aircraft Maintenance


 Gujarat handles around 73% of

 Gujarat State Wide Area Network is the
India’s non-major port traffic and
largest IP network in Asia Pacific region
around 14% of India’s major port
and second largest in the world;
connecting 33 districts and 248 talukas
 The State's Port policy statement of Gujarat with Gandhinagar.
of 1995 and BOOT policy in 1997
 Government has plans for additional
for port-led development,
IT/ITeS SEZs in the state and 488 crore
including the creation of new ports
investment in 2020.
of international standard.

The State Government ensures robust physical/industrial infrastructure &

utility linkages

 Gujarat has a state wide “water supply grid” spread across

Water 1,20,769 km that aims to serve 75% of the Gujarat’s population.

 Gujarat boasts of 24 hours 3- phase uninterrupted power supply

under the Jyotigram Yojana.
 Gujarat Energy Transmission Corporation Limited (GETCO) Is an
electrical power transmission company with total of 1473 no pf
substation for 400 KV , 220 KV, 132 KV and 66 KV system

Page 12
Project Information

Water Treatment Processes


Central treatment
Raw/ untreated Sedimentation
facility Flocculation
(Rapid Mixing)


Disinfection Filtration
(Final flow of water)


The water treatment process may vary slightly at different locations, depending on the technology
of the plant and the water it needs to process.

Page 13
Project Information

Effluent Treatment Plant

Water from different Sump Tank
manufacturing (Dirty Water)

Primary Sludge

Aeration Tank
Bacteria Filter

Sludge for sale

Tertiary (egg tray
Clarifier +Board)

Final Flow of

Sewage Treatment Plant

Primary/ Treatment
Equalization Paxman Aeration Secondary
/ Biocide
Tank Filter Tank Filter
Dirty Removal of Removal of Breakdown Breakdown
water Solid Material sludge of bacteria of chemicals

After biocide treatment, Sewerage effluent is passed through charcoal filter to adsorb organic
impurity then finally it is passed through MG Filter. This sewage effluent is being send to effluent
treatment for further treatment before final disposal .

Page 14
Project Information

Manpower requirement
Responsibility Number
Manager 1
Assistant Manager 2
Chemist 1
Operator 1
Assistant Operator 2
Labor 5
Cleaner 2
Reliever 2
Electrical Engineer 5
Mechanical Engineer 5
Civil Engineer 2
Guards 2
Total 30
* Total manpower is for the 3 shifts of 8 hours each for total 24 hours

Key Components

Transmitters Valve controllers Pump

Storage Reservoir Level Sensors



Local control panel Multi Media Filter Alarm Indicators

Page 15
Project Information

India Leading Players

Company Business Offerings
VA Tech Wabag Industrial water treatment, sea water desalination, waste
GMBH water treatment and sludge treatment
Waste water treatment to industries such as Paper,
Thermax India Pune
Chemical, Energy, Power, Health sector
GE Water Bangalore Water analytical instruments, waste water treatment
Waste water treatment, processed water, Drinking water
Siemens water Mumbai
treatment, water treatment plant
Hindustan dorr-oliver Waste water, water recycle & reclamation and sewage
limited treatment plants
UEM India Pvt. Ltd Noida Waste water and Water treatment
Ion exchange India ltd Mumbai Waste water treatment, Chemical water treatment
Doshion Purification of water, Water treatment and bottled water
Driplex New Delhi Industry and waste management, water treatment plant
Water purification for industrial and infrastructure markets,
Aquatech Pune
waste water, desalination
Paramount Ltd Vadodara Process, Water & Environmental Engineering

Potential Collaboration
 Ion exchange India ltd, VA Tech Wabag GMBH having ISO 9001:2000 certification and ISO
9001:2008 accreditation respectively in all the operating units
 Toshiba Corporation had spent more than INR400 crore to buy 54% stake in UEM India Pvt Ltd,
with total of 80% stake.

Page 16
Project Information

Project Structure

Manufacturers/ Intermediaries in End user segment

Suppliers Business value chain

Equipment EPC companies Industrial Users

Suppliers (OEM-
Turnkey service Municipal
providers) Consultants Corporation or

Financial Infra projects


Component Civil
manufacturers/ contractors

Key considerations
 The quantity of Water treatment Project  System is designed to produce water as
available for purchase depends on plant per regional water supply schemes by
capacity, the operator’s commitments to Gujarat water supply & sewage board
other purchasers.
 A degree of technical skill for selection of
 The backwash water and sludge generation process conditions and adhesive/resins
from water treatment plants are of  Reduction in Start-up and Operating
environment concern in terms of disposal Wastages
 Maintenance must be done on regular basis  Uninterrupted Power supply
 The industry partner not to grant any third
party to obtain any entitlement to the
Product water supplied by the facility

Page 17
Project Financials

WTP Estimated Project Cost

Equipment‘s/Components Units Total Price (INR)

Primary Instruments 1 38,62,00,000

Transmitters NA 8,00,00,000
Valve controllers NA 25,00,000
Pump NA 4,00,00,000
Flowmeter NA 75,00,000
Storage reservoir NA 25,22,941
Level Sensor NA 4,00,00,000
Local control panel (Backup control, monitoring, PLC) NA 5,00,00,000

Single purpose displays 1 25,00,000

Alarm indicators 1 25,00,000
Filter 1 8,00,00,000
Operation and maintenance cost (Staffing, energy, NA 2,48,50,872
chemicals, Other and maintenance materials)

Total 71,85,73,813

¾ There would be additional cost involved of in case of SCADA system implementation.

Approximate cost for all the equipment/ study is estimated to be around INR
0.7 billion

Page 18
Project Financials

ETP Estimated Project Cost

Categoy Equipment‘s/Components Units Total Price (INR)

Civil Equipments (Pond) NA 4,00,00,000
Primary clarifier Mechanical Equipments (set up iron arm) NA 75,00,000
Electrical Equipments (Cable,motor) NA 25,00,000
Secondary clarifier Civil, Machanical and Electrical equipments NA 4,00,00,000
(Motor Load, Generator)
Tertiary clarifier Civil, Machanical and Electrical equipments NA 5,00,00,000
Equalization tank 1 1,00,00,000
Thickner clarifier 2 3,00,00,000
Filter 1 4,00,00,000
Aviation Tank 1 8,00,00,000
Total 30,00,00,000

Approximate cost for all the equipment/ study is estimated to be around INR
0.3 billion

STP Estimated Project Cost

Equipment‘s/Components Units Total Price (INR)

Collection tank 1 10,00,000
Reactor 1 20,00,000
Settler 1 10,00,000
Paxman Filter 1 10,00,000
Charcoal filter 1 15,00,000
Multi grade filter 1 15,00,000
Blowers (Electric set, Automatic equipment's) 2 10,00,000
Total 90,00,000

Approximate cost for all the equipment/ study is estimated to be around INR 9

Page 19
Approvals / Incentives

Approvals Required

• Setting up of Business: The facility can be operated by the private player through a built-
operate-transfer (BOT) model.

• Regulation for water supply sewage services: Gujarat water supply & sewage board
(GWSS) works for rural water supply system as well as operational management of Rural
Regional water supply schemes covering cluster of villages.

• Power & Water Connection: Additional power for the project can be procured from the
existing supplier – Paschim Gujarat Vij Company Ltd. (PGVCL). Similarly, water for the project
can be procured from the Gujarat Water Supply and Sewerage Board.

• Environmental Clearance: CRZ Clearance (Coastal Clearance) needs to be obtained from

Gujarat Coastal Zone Management Authority (GCZMA). Additionally, pollution clearance from
Gujarat Pollution Control Board (GPCB) is also required.

Incentives from Government of Gujarat

1 Gujarat government is also promoting water treatment because of environmental concerns.

The use of solar photo voltaic power in the process would further reduce the operation cost.

2 Financial assistance for skill development centres, for technology acquisition and also for
supporting energy and water conservation as well as for environmental compliance.

3 Tax holidays: The benefits of tax holidays as provided under Section 80 (I) (A) of the Income
Tax Act for development, operation and maintenance of power plants, airports, ports, waste
management facilities, water treatment plants, etc. is available to the developer.

Page 20
Gujarat Water Supply & Sewerage Board

Gujarat Pollution Control Board, Government of Gujarat
Gujarat Water Infrastructure Limited

Gujarat Infrastructure Development Board

Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation
Gujarat Water Resources Development Corporation

This project profile is based on preliminary study to facilitate prospective entrepreneurs to assess a prima facie scope.
It is, however, advisable to get a detailed feasibility study prepared before taking a final investment decision.

Gujarat Water Supply Sewerage Board

"Jal Seva Bhavan"
Opp. Air Force Station,
Sector - 10A, Gandhinagar – 382010
Office : +91-79-23251050, 23220857
E-mail :