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Introduction: The Understanding of Culture, Society, and Politics,聽


Understanding Culture, Society, and Politics
Social, Political, and Cultural Change

Objectives
At the end of this lesson, you should be able to:

1.define and explain social, cultural, and political changes,

2.recognize common concerns or events within society on the phenomenon of change,

3. explain the concept of social and cultural change and highlight the mechanisms, and

4. analyze social, political, and cultural change within society.

Social and Cultural Changes


Social change is the transformation of social institutions over time. Cultural change, on the other
hand, is the transformation of culture or the way people live.

Communication
Communication is a vital human process. Through communication, people exchange
information and thoughts.

Nowadays, communication is made easier.

Nowadays, people can share information in just a click. New media[Math Processing
Error]−social networking, text messaging, e-mail, and the like[Math Processing Error]−have
defied time and distance.

While it makes the world seem borderless, this form of communication may produce
individuals who lack the basic understanding of direct and personal connections.

Transnational Families
A transnational family is where one or both parents live and work in another country while
the children remain in their country of origin.

While these families remain secured financially, their members are also exposed to setbacks

Children who become overly unsupervised find themselves facing peer pressure, too much
independence, and lack of family orientation. These may result in alcohol or drug abuse,
unwanted pregnancy, mood swings, or early marriage.
Political Changes

Political change happens when the rulers of a country lose power or when the type of governance in
the country changes. Governance is the kind of system or ideology used to express authority in a
country. It may be a democracy, monarchy, oligarchy, and others.

Local Public Services


Local public services are provided by the government to people living within its jurisdiction, either
directly (through the public sector) or by financing the provision of services.

Youth Volunteerism
Volunteerism is the use or involvement of a volunteer or free labor in community services.
Mechanisms of Changes
There are different mechanisms or tools involved in social and cultural changes.

Diffusion
Diffusion is the process through which the cultural traits of one society are borrowed, transmitted, and
adopted by another and considered as its own.

Examples:

Migration

Globalization

Invention
Invention is the process where new cultural elements are created to solve social and cultural problems.

Example: Internet

Discovery
Discovery is the process where people recognize or gain a better understanding of already existing
elements present in the environment.

Changes within Society


Change is said to be constant. It is inevitable. It is expected to happen. The big question, however, is
what makes it happen? Of course, there are many factors—social, political, or cultural.

Along with time, persons, environments, and ideologies change. People move in and move out. People
live and die. People's stories and experiences change. People make discoveries and innovations.

The environment changes as well—nature, water, earth, minerals, climate, seasons, sources of raw
materials, and energy.

New knowledge replaces old ones. Slavery has been banned. Civil rights were granted to those who
were once deprived of them. Same-sex marriage is on its way to worldwide recognition. Nothing is
permanent but change, so they say.

All these contribute significantly to changes people experience socially, politically, and culturally

Explore!
How should a person react to changes within society? Is it with acceptance or with reservation? Explain
your answer.

Try it!
Cite three societal changes. Cite one for each: social, political, and cultural changes. Identify their
positive and adverse effects.

Changes within Society

1.

2.
3.

What do you think?


Is change constant? If yes, what makes it consistent in society?

Keypoints

Social change is the transformation of social institutions over time.

Cultural change is the transformation of culture or the way people live.

Political change happens when the rulers of a country lose power or when the type of
governance in the country changes.

Diffusion is the process through which the cultural traits of one society are borrowed,
transmitted, and adopted by another and considered as its own.

An invention is a process where new cultural elements are created to solve social and cultural
problems.

Discovery is the process where people recognize or gain a better understanding of already
existing elements present in the environment.

Changes are inevitable. Therefore, all changes[Math Processing Error]−socially, politically,


and culturally[Math Processing Error]−must be for the benefit of all.