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CBSEClass11PoliticalScience Chapter-1 Constitution:WhyandHow RevisionNotes 1.

CBSEClass11PoliticalScience

Chapter-1

Constitution:WhyandHow

RevisionNotes

1. Aconstitutionisawrittensetoflawsandfundamentalprinciplestodevelopa

relationshipbetweenthepeopleandthegovernmentwhichcomprisesanumber

ofarticlesaboutthestate.

2. Weneedaconstitution\FuctionsofIndianConstitution:

a. Toprovideasetofbasicrulestoallowforminimalcoordinationamongstthe

membersofasociety.

b. Tospecifyhowthegovernmentwouldbeconstitutedandwhohaspowertomake

decisionsinthesociety.

c. Tolaysomelimitationsongovernment'spowerbyguaranteeingrightstothecitizens.

d. Toenablethegovernmenttofulfillaspirationsofasocietyandcreateconditionsfora

justsociety.

e. Toexpressthefundamentalidentityofpeople.

3. TheConstitutionofIndiawasframedbytheConstituentAssemblybetweenDecember

1946andNovember1949.

4. Constitutionareoftensubverted,notbythepeople,butbysmallgroups,whowishto

enhancetheirownpower.Wellcraftedconstitutionsfragmentpowerinsociety

intelligentlysothatnosinglegroupcansubverttheconstitution.TheIndianconsititution horizontally,ExecutiveandtheJudiciaryandevenindependentstatutorybodieslikethe ElectionCommission.Anintelligentsystemofchecksandbalancehasfacilitatedthe successoftheIndianConstitution.

5. TheConstituentAssemblyspent2years11monthsand18daystopreparethe

constitutiontobeadoptedonNovember26,1949andcameintoforceon26January,

1950.

6. TheConstitutionalAssemblyhadeightmajorCommitteesondifferent

subjects.Usually,JawaharlalNehru,RajenderParsad,SardarPatelorB.RAmbedkar

chairedtheseCommittees.EachCommitteeusuallydraftedparticularprovisionsofthe

ConstitutionwhichwerethensubjectedtodebatebytheentireAssembly.

7. TheConstitutionofIndiaistheSupremeLawtobeacceptedandrespectedbyallthe citizensaswellasinstitutionsofthecountry.

7.

TheConstitutionofIndiaistheSupremeLawtobeacceptedandrespectedbyallthe citizensaswellasinstitutionsofthecountry.

8.

Onlyoneprovisionoftheconstitutionwaspassedwithoutvirtuallyanydebate:the introductionofuniversalsuffrage(meaningthatallcitizenreachingacertainage,would beentitledtobevotersirrespectiveofreligion,caste,education,genderorincome).

9.

TheConstitutionofIndiaisablendofflexibilityandrigidityasitisfederalinformbut unitaryinspirit.

10.

ThemainfederalfeaturesoftheIndianConstitutionarewrittenandflexibleconstitution, distributionofpowersbetweenthecentreandthestates,supremacyofjudiciaryand existenceofbi-camerallegislature.

11.

TheframersofIndianConstitutionhaveborrowedanumberofprovisionsasperthe suitabilityofthenationfromdifferentcountries,ilrbtheBritishConstitution,the AmericanConstitution,theConstitutionofCanada,theConstitutionofIreland,theFrench

Constitution,etc.alongwiththeGovernmentofIndiaAct,1935.