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RO DESIGN

Design parameters RO design values


Type of membranes SWC4-LD
Membrane size (inches) 40*8
No of units 4
Stages 2
Vessels 28+15=43
Elements 258
System recovery (%) 60

(Two-Stage design)
Stream nos: 1 to 6
Physical characteristics of water at different streams
Stream no Flow (m3/h) Pressure TDS (mg/L) pH Conductivity
(bar) (µs/cm)
1 260 0 32941 8.40 51217
2 260 64.5 32941 8.40 51266
3 119 63.9 71831 8.47 107131
4 104 62.9 82055 8.54 121570
5 141 0 90.4 6.61 196
6 15.0 0 652 7.44 1420
7 156 0 144 6.81 312

Total salt rejection


Conductivity of feed water − Conductivity of permeate
𝑆𝑎𝑙𝑡 𝑟𝑒𝑗𝑒𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 =
Conductivity of feed water
51217 − 312
𝑆𝑎𝑙𝑡 𝑟𝑒𝑗𝑒𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 =
51217
𝑆𝑎𝑙𝑡 𝑟𝑒𝑗𝑒𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛(%) = 99.39 %
Power requirement
Pump pressure (bar) 64.5
Pump efficiency (%) 87.0
Pumping power (kw) 581.3
Pumping energy (kwh/m3) 3.72

Cost requirement
Total Investment (AUD) 3,461,234,00
Plant life (year) 15
Membrane life (year) 5
Membrane cost (AUD/element) 500
Power cost (AUD/kwh) 0.2
Inhibitor cost (AUD/kg) 2.2
Maintenance cost (AUD) 1,00,000 approx.
Water cost (AUD/m3) 1.03

Permeate water quality


Paramters Feed Permeate Guidelines
pH 8.3 6.81 6.5 – 8.5
TDS (mg/L) 32941 144.2 < 600
Ca (mg/L) 430 0.43 60 - 200
Mg (mg/L) 1300 1.3 <2.3
Na (mg/L) 11000 51.88 < 180
K (mg/L) 480 2.59 2-3
SO4 (mg/L) 3000 4.5 < 500
Cl (mg/L) 20000 83.52 <5