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USM STAN 2014 - Bahasa Inggris

Pembahasan STAN 2014 – SOAL


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01. If people have to pay cash to buy an (B) a blue elegant silk
expensive condominium, nobody can afford (C) an elegant blue silk
…. it. (D) an elegant silk blue
(A) buy
(B) buying 08. There are many good people in the world
(C) to buy …. you can trust to help you.
(D) for buying (A) which
(B) whose
02. Dewi …. a speech at this time tomorrow. (C) whom
(A) gives (D) of which
(B) will be given
(C) is giving 09. …. the tardy response, I was not allowed to
(D) will be giving enter the institution.
(A) Despite
03. Cahyo met many beautiful girls at the dinner (B) In spite of
party last night, the most beautiful …. was (C) Because
Dina. (D) Because of
(A) of that
(B) of which 10. Several people have been arrested by the
(C) of them local police for …. smuggling 3 tons of fuel.
(D) of whom (A) allege
(B) allegedly
04. Nias, …. covering an area of 5,121.3km2, is (C) alleged
the largest of the islands off Sumatra. (D) alleging
(A) an island
(B) that an island 11. My teacher made me …. the history project
(C) is an island in a week.
(D) is that an island (A) to do
(B) do
05. They …. vitamin water while jogging around (C) done
the station. (D) doing
(A) drank
(B) had drunk 12. Illegal residents in the U.S. experience
(C) drinking problems when …. scholarships.
(D) have drunk (A) be awarded
(B) awarded
06. They criticize …. buying such an expensive (C) are awarded
car in this monetary crisis. (D) they awarded
(A) she
(B) she’s 13. They had better …. to the airport by five or
(C) her else they may miss the flight.
(D) hers (A) to get
(B) get
07. The man received …. tie as a gift from his (C) getting
wife. (D) got
(A) a blue silk elegant

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14. The emerging fashion designer …. her (C) its geologic history of the earth
career in the world of fashion by setting up (D) it varies with the geologic history of the
her line this year. earth
(A) build
(B) has built 21. Dwi …. many backhoes before he received
(C) is built his special mechanic license.
(D) is building (A) repaired
(B) had repaired
15. The loud music from his neighbor’s house (C) repairing
distracts him …. completing his thesis. (D) has repaired
(A) for
(B) from 22. My brother …. a video last night when his
(C) of best friend called.
(D) in (A) watch
(B) was watching
16. Next to the hospital …. which is confiscated (C) watched
by the state court. (D) had watched
(A) dark house
(B) a dark house is 23. …. by many scientists and researchers
(C) is a dark house throughout the world, robotics is employed
(D) it is a dark house in automobile manufacturing.
(A) Supporting
17. Rachel .... the course for three months by (B) It supported
next week. (C) Supported
(D) Have been supported
(A) will take
(B) will have taken 24. Yesterday Amir screamed and ran as if he
(C) would take …. a ghost.
(D) is going to take
(A) saw
18. If you drop the egg from the third floor, (B) had seen
it .... to pieces. (C) has seen
(D) was seeing
(A) shatter
(B) will shatter 25. The biology books that I have already
(C) shattered bought have so many …. as its explanations.
(D) would shatter
(A) appendix
19. My colleagues were going to watch ...., but (B) appendices
the review said that it was a flop. (C) appendice
(D) appendixes
(A) the frightened movie
(B) the movie frightened 26. …. the announcement, he would have
(C) the movie frightening participated in the Balinese painting
(D) the frightening movie workshop.
20. The quality of water varies not only with (A) If he knew
local land use but also (B) He had known
(C) Had he known
(A) with the geologic history of the earth (D) If he has known
(B) varies with the geologic history of the
earth

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27. In the film world, professionals are 34. The three major employers of career physics
accustomed to …. a negative into a A B
computer at the highest resolutions possible. are academic institutions, government labo-
(A) scan C
(B) be scanning ratories, and private industries.
(C) scanning D
(D) be scanned
35. Tigor likes to talk to his dogs, takes them for a
28. Eline never uses a dictionary when the A B C
German programs begin, and …. walk twice a day, and feeding them expensive
D
(A) Latifa does either
dog food.
(B) neither does Latifa
(C) either does Latifa
36. The materials we got from this English
(D) Latifa does not neither
A
course is different with the materials we
29. While the exact date of crop circles began to
B C
appear is unknown, the documented cases
learned from school.
…. since 1970s.
D
(A) increase
(B) have increased 37. Although she has strong desire to be a
(C) increased
(D) were increasing singer. Rani’s voice sounds horribly to
A B
30. The cellular phone which she bought is …. everyone who hears her singing.
one in the promo. C D
(A) cheaper
(B) the cheapest 38. Originally, ice cream was a labor-intensive
(C) cheapest A B
(D) the cheaper treat made manually by hand.
C D
CHOOSE THE WRONG WORD/PHRASE!
39. The hiring manager is interviewing to the
31. Recently, the main element of competition, A B
A job applicants to know their skills and
both on national and international level C D
B experience.
are representing by human resources.
C D 40. We should think it out again before we make
A B C
32. Alike a carrot, a banana has a deserved our final decision to take the project.
A B C D
reputation as valuable sources of vitamin A.
D

33. The participants proposed some suggestions


A B
in the meeting, then the chairman did the
C D
decision.

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Reading 1 for questions 41 - 46


Line Many historical linguists are able to trace modern complex languages back to earlier languages, but
in order to answer the question of how complex languages are actually formed, the researcher needs to
observe how languages are started from scratch. To find out how grammar is created, someone needs to
be present at the time of a language’s creation, documenting its emergence. However, this is possible.
5 Some of the most recent languages evolved due to the Atlantic slave trade. At that time, slaves
from a number of different ethnicities’were forced work together under colonizer’s rule. Since they had
no opportunity to learn each other’s languages, they developed a make-shift language called a pidgin.
Pidgins are strings of words copied from the language of the landowner. They have little in the way of
grammar, and in many cases it is difficult for a listener to deduce when an event happened, and who did
10 what to whom. Speakers need to use circumlocution in order to make their meaning understood.
Interestingly, however, all it takes for a pidgin to become a complex language is for a group of children to
be exposed to it when they learn their mother tongue. Slave children did not simply copy the strings of
words uttered by their elders, they adapted their words to create a new, expressive language. Complex
grammar systems which emerge from pidgins are termed creoles, and they are invented by children.
15 Some linguists believe that many most established languages were creoles at first. The English past
tense -ed ending may have evolved from the verb ‘do’. ‘It ended’ may once have been ’lt end-did’. Thus, it
would appear that even the most widespread languages were partly created by children. Children appear
to have innate grammatical mechanism in their brains, which emerges when they are first trying to make
sense of the world near them. Their minds can serve to create logical, complex structures, even when
20 there is no grammar present for them to copy.
(Adapted from Various sources - PTT BPPK)

41. The word deduce in line 9 closest in 44. Paragraph 2 in the passage discusses
meaning to .... about ....
(A) think (A) a more simple language used by Atlantic
(B) react slave
(C) conclude (B) history of slave children in learning
(D) reply language
(C) explanation of complex language
42. In order to study the grammar creation of a formation
language, the linguists have to .... (D) differences between pidgin and creole
(A) interview the language maker
(B) document the complex form of the 45. The word which in line 14 refers to ....
language (A) words
(C) record the creation of the language (B) systems
(D) study the language from the native (C) pidgins
speaker (D) language

43. How do the slave children improve a pidgin 46. It is stated in the passage that creole is ....
in order to become a complex language? (A) a native language created by Atlantic
(A) They imitate the pidgin then develop a slaves
completely new language. (B) a series of words copied from the
(B) They adapt the words to create an language of the landowner
expressive and new language. (C) a complex grammar system that come
(C) They study the existing grammar of the from pidgins
pidgin then correct it. (D) a language to communicate among
(D) They communicate with their parents slaves of different ethnicities
intensively to improve the pidgin.

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Reading 2 for questions 47 - 53


Line Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that is caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites. It is
characterized primarily by inflammation of the alveoli in the lungs or by alveoli that are filled with
fluid (alveoli are microscopic sacs in the lungs that absorb oxygen). At times a very serious condition,
pneumonia can make a person very sick or even cause death. Although the disease can occur in
5 young and healthy people, it is most dangerous for older adults, babies, and people with other diseases
or impaired immune systems.
In the United States, more than 3 million people develop pneumonia each year, and about 17%
of these receive treatment in a hospital. Most people with pneumonia recover, but about 5% will
succumb to the condition.
10 Pneumonia treatments depend on the type of pneumonia and the severity of symptoms.
Bacterial pneumonias are usually treated with antibiotics, whereas viral pneumonias are treated with
rest and plenty of fluids. Fungal pneumonias are usually treated with antifungal medications. Over–
the–counter medications are also commonly prescribed to better manage pneumonia symptoms.
These include treatments for reducing fever, reducing aches and pains, and suppressing coughs. In
15 addition, it is important to get plenty of rest and sleep and drink lots of fluids.
There are several ways to prevent pneumonia. There are two vaccines that are available to prevent
pneumococcal disease (the bacterial infection that is the most common cause of pneumonia):
pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (Prevnar) and pneumococcal polysacchande vaccine (Pneumovax).
Prevnar is generally administered as part of the normal infant immunization procedure and is
20 recommended for children less than 2 years of age or between two and four years with certain
medical conditions. Pneumovax is provided for adults who are at increased risk of developing
pneumococcal pneumonia, such as the elderly, diabetics, those with chronic heart, lung, or kidney
disease, alcoholics, smokers, and those witout a spleen. The pneumonia vaccine may not completely
prevent older adults from getting pneumonia, but it can reduce the seventy of a future pneumonia.
(Adapted from various sources - PTT BPPK)

47. What is NOT mentioned in the passage as (B) 500 thousands


the people who are at increased risk of (C) 2,5 millions
developing pneumonia? (D) 3 millions
(A) Those without a spleen
51. What is the main idea of the passage above?
(B) Those with chronic heart
(C) Those without a kidney (A) The vaccines of pneumonia
(D) Those with diabetes disease (B) The symptoms of pneumonia
(C) The description of pneumonia
48. Where in the paragraph which tells us about (D) The characteristics of pneumonia
the explanation of pneumococcal disease?
(A) Line 4 – 6 52. What would the paragraph following this
passage likely discuss?
(B) Line 12 – 14
(C) Line 16 – 18 (A) How the vaccines work in preventing
(D) Line 19 – 21 the pneumococcal disease
(B) How the severity of a future pneumonia
49. What does the pronoun these in line 13 affects older adults
refer to? (C) How the pneumonia vaccines will be
(A) Pneumonia symptoms developed in the future
(B) Antifungal medications (D) How the people with certain medical
(C) Fungal pneumonias conditions react toward pneumonia
(D) Over-the-counter medications 53. The word succumb in line 8 can best be
replaced by ....
50. According to the passage above, how many
people in the United States receive treatment (A) die
for their pneumonia disease? (B) collapse
(C) suffer
(A) 150 thousands
(D) relapse

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Reading 3 for questions 54 - 60


Line To many, it may seem that the lobster’s most natural habitat is on a large, oval plate between a cup
of drawn butter and a lemon wedge. In fact, only a few of the hundreds of types of lobster are
caught commercially. But those few species are some of the most heavily harvested creatures in the
sea, and generate a multi-billion-dollar industry, with more than 200,000 tons (181 ,436 metric tons)
5 of annual global catch.
The lobsters that most people know from their dinner plates are the American and European
clawed lobsters Homarus americanus and Homarus gammarus. These are cold water species that live on
either sides of the northern Atlantic Ocean. There are also tropical lobsters that are widely
consumed, but these are generally clawless varieties called spiny and slipper lobsters.
10 Lobsters are ten-legged crustaceans closely related to shrimp and crabs. These benthic, or bottom
-dwelling, creatures are found in all of the world’s oceans, as well as brackish environments and even
freshwater. They have poor eyesigt but highly developed senses of taste and smell. They feed
primarily on fish and mollusks, but will consume algae and other plant life and even other lobsters.
Female lobsters carry their eggs under their abdomens for up to a year before releasing them as
15 larvae into the water. The larvae go through several stages in the water column before settling on the
bottom, where they spend the rest of their lives. They generally prefer to live in self-dug burrows, in
rocky crevices, or hidden among sea grasses. Lobsters must shed their shells in order to grow, and
some species can live to be 50 years old or more, growing continually throughout their lives.
Lobsters have not always been considered chic eats. In 17th and 18th century America, they were
20 so abundant in the northeast that they were often used as fertilizer. Laws were even passed
forbidding people to feed servants lobster more than twice a week. However, improvements in U.S.
transportation infrastructure in the 19th and 20th century brought fresh lobster to distant urban areas,
and its reputation as a delicacy grew.
Populations of commercially important lobster species are thought to be declining, and
25 overfishing, particularly of clawed lobsters in Europe, is taking a toll. Additionally, pollution is
causing shell rot and other illnesses in normally disease-resistant species.
(Adapted from various sources — PTT BPPK)

54. What happened to lobsters in America 57. What happened to the lobster larvae after
during l7th and 18th-century? they are released into the water?
(A) They were considered chic eats. (A) They shed their shells.
(B) They were forbidden to be used as (B) They settle on the ocean floor.
fertilizer. (C) They live in self-dug burrows.
(C) They were plentiful in the northeast. (D) They stay in the water column.
(D) They were used to feed servants more
58. What does the pronoun them in line 14
than a couple times a week.
refer to?
55. What is the writer’s purpose in writing the (A) Eggs
passage? (B) Lobsters
(A) To describe the luxury of lobsters (C) Larvae
(B) To introduce the nature of lobsters (D) Abdomens
(C) To present opinion about lobsters
59. What can be inferred about American and
(D) To compare the similarities among
European clawed lobsters?
lobsters
(A) They were widely consumed.
56. What is NOT mentioned in the passage (B) They were considered a fancy meal.
about lobsters? (C) They were harvested commercially.
(A) They reproduce by laying egg. (D) They were the family of shrimp and
(B) Their primary sources of diet are fish. crabs.
(C) They can see better than smell.
(D) Their habitat is in the bottom of the sea.

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60. The phrase taking a toll line 25 is closest in


meaning with ....
(A) alarming
(B) flourishing
(C) affecting
(D) damaging

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