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D Fundamentals for MEP
3 Part 1
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Learning Guide
3 Metric Units - 1st Edition

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O Autodesk® Revit® 2019
Fundamentals for MEP - Part 1
D Metric Units - 1sl Edition

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D AS-RME1901-FND1MT-SG1 II IS-RME1901-FND1MT-SG1

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Chapter 1: Introduction to BIM and Autodesk Revit 1-1


1.1 BIM and Autodesk Revit.................................. 1-2
r_\ Workflow and BIM......... .............................. . 1-3
Revit Terms...,................................................... 1-4
Revit and Construction Documents.................... 1-5
1.2 Overview of the Interface................................ 1-6
1.3 Starting Projects.............................................. 1-20
Opening Projects....,.................................. ........ 1-21
Starting New Projects................................. ...... 1-24
Saving Projects.......................... ...................... 1-25
1.4 Viewing Commands......................................... 1-28
Zooming and Panning........................................ 1-28
Viewing in 3D...................... .............................. 1-30
Visual Styles,.................................................... 1-34
Practice 1a Open and Review a Project................ . 1-36
Chapter Review Questions..................................... . 1-45
Command Summary................................................ 1-47

Chapter 2: Basic Sketching and Modify Tools........... . 2-1


2.1 Using General Sketching Tools...................... 2-2
Drawing Aids.............................................. . 2-2
Reference Planes................................ ........ 2-6
2.2 Inserting Components.................................... 2-8
Loading Components....... ................................ 2-13
Purging Unused Components........................... 2-14

©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® i


Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamental for MEP
o
Practice 2a Insert Components............................. 2-15
o
2.3 Selecting and Editing Elements.................... 2-21
o
Selecting Multiple Elements............................. 2-24 O
Filtering Selection Sets.................................... 2-26
2-28
O
Practice 2b Select and Edit Elements...................
2.4 Working with Basic Modify Tools................. 2-33 O
Moving and Copying Elements......................... 2-33 O
Rotating Elements........................................... 2-35
Mirroring Elements........................................... 2-37 o
2-38
Creating Linear and Radial Arrays...................
Practice 2c Work with Basic Modify Tools........... 2-42
o
2.5 Working with Additional Modify Tools......... 2-48
Q
Aligning Elements............................................. 2-48
2-50
a
Splitting Linear Elements..................................
Trimming and Extending...................... *........... 2-50 G
Offsetting Elements........................... .............. 2-52
G
Practice 2d Work with Additional Modify Tools 2-55
Chapter Review Questions.................................... 2-61
a
Command Summary............................................... 2-64 G
3-1
G
Chapter 3: Starting Systems Projects.............
3.1 Linking and Importing CAD Files ... 3-2 G
3.2 Linking in Revit Models..................... 3-5 c:
Managing Links.....................................
Practice 3a Start a Systems Project..........
3-7
3-9
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3.3 Setting Up Levels................................ 3-12
Modifying Levels.....................*............ 3-14 c:
Creating Plan Views............................. 3-17
3.4 Copying and Monitoring Elements.. 3-19
c
Practice 3b Copy and Monitor Elements 3-21
c
3.5 Coordinating Linked Models............. 3-26 C
Practice 3c Coordinate Linked Models ... 3-29 C
3.6 Batch Copying Fixtures.....................
Batch Copying Fixtures........................
3-33
3-35
c
Practice 3d Batch Copy Fixtures............... 3-37
C
Chapter Review Questions........................ 3-45 c
Command Summary................................... 3-47 c
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ii © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
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o Contents Part 1
o
Chapter 4: Working with Views............................................... 4-1
O 4.1 Setting the View Display............................................ 4-2
Hiding and Overriding Graphics................................... 4-2
MEP System Filters...................................................... 4-8
View Properties............................................................ 4-10
u Using View Templates.................................................. 4-16
4.2 Duplicating Views....................................................... 4-18
D Duplication Types......................................................... 4-18
o Practice 4a Duplicate Views and Set the View Display 4-21
o 4.3 Adding Callout Views................................................ . 4-26
Modifying Callouts....................................................... 4-27
D
Practice 4b Add Callout Views......................................... . 4-30
D 4.4 Creating Elevations and Sections............................ 4-37
□ Elevations....................................................................
Sections.......................................................................
4-38
4-39
D Modifying Elevations and Sections.............................. 4-39
n Practice 4c Create Elevations and Sections................... 4-44
Chapter Review Questions............................................... 4-52

T Command Summary.......................................................... 4-55

D Chapter 5: Setting Up Spaces............... 5-1


□ 5.1 Preparing a Model for Spaces 5-2
5.2 Adding Spaces.......................... 5-6
Naming Spaces.......................... 5-7
Creating Individual Spaces......... 5-9
Space Properties........................ 5-10
Practice 5a Add Spaces................... 5-11
) 5.3 Working with Spaces................ 5-17
Special Space Situations............ 5-18
D Practice 5b Work with Spaces......... 5-23
Chapter Review Questions.............. 5-32
Command Summary......................... 5-34

Chapter 6: Heating and Cooling Loads Analysis 6-1


6.1 Creating Zones............................................ 6-2
Using the System Browser with Zones........ 6-4
6.2 Applying Color Schemes........................... 6-6
Practice 6a Create Zones................... ................ 6-8

© 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® iii


Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
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6.3 Analyzing the Heating and Cooling Loads.......................... 6-14
o
Practice 6b Heating and Cooling Analysis............................... 6-20
o
Chapter Review Questions......................................................... 6-29 O
Command Summary............................ ...................................... 6-31 o
Chapter 7: Basic Systems Tools.................................................... 7-1 O
7.1 Connecting Components.................................................. 7-2 O
Testing Connections............................................................
Practice 7a Connect Components............................................
7-6
7-8
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7.2 Creating Systems - Overview............................................ 7-16
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Using the System Browser................................................... 7-19 O
Practice 7b View and Create Systems...................................... 7-23 O
Chapter Review Questions........................................................ 7-31
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Command Summary.................................................................. 7-32
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Chapter 8: HVAC Networks............................................................. 8-1
G
8.1 Adding Mechanical Equipment and Air Terminals.......... 8-2
Mechanical Equipment......................................................... 8-2 G
Air Terminals........................................................................ 8-4
G
Practice 8a Add Mechanical Equipment and Air Terminals 8-11
8.2 Adding Ducts and Pipes.................................................... 8-18
C
Mechanical Settings............................................................. 8-19 C
Adding Ducts and Pipes.......................................................
Creating Parallel Pipes.........................................................
8-20
8-24 c
Practice 8b Add Ducts and Pipes.............................................. 8-27
8.3 Modifying Ducts and Pipes............................................... 8-33 C
Adding Fittings & Accessories.............................................. 8-34
Duct and Pipe Sizing............................ .......*...................... 8-36 c
Converting Ducts and Pipes..........................................,.....
Adding Insulation and Lining................................................
8-37
8-39 c
Modifying the Justification.................................................... 8-40 c
Practice 8c Modify Ducts and Pipes......................................... 8-42
c
Chapter Review Questions........................................................ 8-51
C
Command Summary................................................................... 8-54
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Chapter 9: Plumbing Networks....................................................... 9-1
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9.1 Adding Plumbing Fixtures and Equipment........................ 9-2
Mechanical Equipment................. ............................... ....... 9-2 c
Plumbing Fixtures................................................................ 9-4
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□ Contents Part 1
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9-7
o Practice 9a Add Plumbing Fixtures and Equipment....
9.2 Adding Plumbing Pipes............................................ 9-15
D Adding Pipes............................................................... 9-17

□ Sloped Piping..............................................................
Creating Parallel Pipes................................................
9-20
9-21
D Practice 9b Add Plumbing Pipes...................................... 9-24
D 9.3 Modifying Plumbing Pipes........................................ 9-32
Pipe Fittings & Accessories......................................... 9-32
D Changing the Slope..................................................... 9-35
Converting Pipes......................................................... 9-35
D Adding Insulation......................................................... 9-36
D Modifying the Justification........................................... 9-37

□ Practice 9c Modify Plumbing Pipes.................................


9.4 Adding Fire Protection Networks.............................
9-39
9-49
D Practice 9d Add Fire Protection Networks...................... 9-50
Chapter Review Questions............................................... 9-54
D Command Summary.......................................................... 9-56
D Chapter 10: Advanced Systems for HVAC and Plumbing 10-1
□ 10.1 Creating and Modifying Systems............................. 10-2
Modifying Systems............ ...................... ................... 10-5
Practice 10a Create and Modify HVAC Systems............. 10-7
D
Practice 10b Create and Modify Plumbing Systems.... 10-11
D 10.2 Creating Automatic Layouts..................................... 10-15
□ Practice 10c Create Automatic HVAC Layouts............... 10-19
D Practice 10d Create Automatic Plumbing Layouts......... 10-26
3 10.3 Testing Systems........................................................ 10-31
Showing Disconnects............................................ . 10-32
System Inspector............... ........................................ 10-35
r“*i Duct and Pipe Color Fill Legends................................ 10-37
Analyzing Systems with Schedule...................... 10-39
D Practice 10e Test HVAC Systems.............................. ...... 10-40
3 Practice 10f Test Plumbing Systems............................... 10-49
Chapter Review Questions............................................... 10-55
Command Summary.......................................................... 10-57
D
Chapter 11: Electrical Systems............................................. 11-1
11.1 About Electrical Systems..................................... . 11-2
Electrical Settings..........*............................................. 11-3

© 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® v


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Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
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11.2 Placing Electrical Components............ 11-5
o
Electrical Equipment...... .......................... 11-5 o
Electrical Devices........ ............................
Lighting Fixtures.......... ............................
11-6
11-6 o
Practice 11a Place Electrical Components 11-12 o
11.3 Creating Electrical Circuits................... 11-16 o
Editing Circuit Paths................................. 11-18
Adding Wires............................................ 11-20 o
Practice 11b Create Electrical Circuits......... 11-22 G
11.4 Setting up Panel Schedules.................. 11-30 O
Creating Panel Schedules................ . 11-31
Modifying Panel Schedules...................... 11-32 O
Practice 11c Set Up Panel Schedules........... 11-33 O
11.5 Adding Cable Trays and Conduit.......... 11-36 G
Creating Parallel Conduit Runs................ 11-40
Modifying Cable Tray and Conduit........... 11-41 a
Adding Fittings............... ......................... 11-44
11.6 Testing Electrical Layouts..................... 11-45
a
Practice 11d Add Conduit.............................. 11-49 a
Chapter Review Questions............................ 11-53 a
Command Summary....................................... 11-55 G
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3 Preface xi

3 In this Guide xv
Practice Files xix

3 Chapter 12: Creating Construction Documents........... 12-1


12.1 Setting Up Sheets............................................. 12-2
Sheet (Title Block) Properties .................... *.... .. 12-4
12.2 Placing and Modifying Views on Sheets......... 12-5
Practice 12a Create Construction Documents....... 12-12
12.3 Printing Sheets.................................................. 12-18
Printing Options................................................... 12-18
Chapter Review Questions....................................... 12-22
Command Summary.................................................. 12-24

Chapter 13: Annotating Construction Documents.... 13-1


13.1 Working with Dimensions................................ 13-2
Modifying Dimensions........ ................................ 13-4
Setting Constraints.............................................. 13-7
k.->

□ Practice 13a Work with Dimensions........................


13.2 Working With Text.............................................
13-13
13-20
3 Editing Text......................................................... 13-23
Spell Checking.................................................... 13-27
3 Creating Text Types..................... .................... . 13-28
3 13.3 Adding Detail Lines and Symbols................... 13-29
Using Symbols........................ ........................... 13-31
3
Practice 13b Annotate Construction Documents. 13-33
3 13.4 Creating Legends.............................................. 13-41
f -\
Practice 13c Create Legends................................... 13-43
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3 © 2015, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® vri
Autodesk Revit 2019; Fundamentals for MEP
o
Chapter Review Questions...................................... 13-51
o
Command Summary................................................. 13-53 o
Chapter 14: Adding Tags and Schedules..................... 14-1
o
14.1 Adding Tags...................................................... 14-2 o
Tagging in 3D Views........................................... 14-7 O
Practice 14a Add Tags - All Disciplines.................. 14-8
o
14-14
14.2 Working with Schedules..................................
Modifying Schedules.......................................... 14-15 o
Modifying a Schedule on a Sheet....................... 14-17 o
Practice 14b Work with Schedules - Mechanical 14-18
O
Practice 14c Work with Schedules - Electrical.... 14-24
Chapter Review Questions...................................... 14-29
O
Command Summary................................................. 14-30 O
Chapter 15: Creating Details......................................... 15-1
O
15.1 Setting Up Detail Views................................... 15-2 O
Referencing a Drafting View..............................
Saving Drafting Views.......................................
15-4
15-5
o
15.2 Adding Detail Components............................. 15-8 a
Detail Components.............................................
Repeating Details..............................................
15-8
15-10
o
15.3 Annotating Details............................................ 15-12
G
Creating Filled Regions..................................... 15-12 G
Adding Detail Tags............................................ 15-14
Practice 15a Create a Fire Damper Detail.............. 15-16
G
Practice 15b Create a Meter Pedestal Detail......... 15-23 G
Practice 15c Create a Floor Drain Detail................ 15-24 C
Chapter Review Questions..................................... 15-25 G
Command Summary................................................ 15-27
G
Appendix A: Introduction to Worksets........................ A-1 c
A.1 Introduction to Worksets..................................
Saving Workset- Related Files.......... ...............
A-2
A-4
c
Command Summary................................................ A-7 c
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vir © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
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D Contents Part 2
D
B-1
□ Appendix B: Additional Tools..................................................
B.1 Building Type Settings.................................................. B-2
□ B.2 Defining Color Schemes............................................... B-4
o B.3 Custom Duct and Piping Types.................................. . B-7

D B.4 Work with System Graphics......................................... B-9


System Graphic Overrides........................................... B-9
o Using Graphic Override Filters...................................... B-11
□ B.5 Pressure Loss Reports................................................. B-13

D B.6 Guide Grids and Sheets................................................ B-16

o B.7 Revision Tracking.........................................................


B.8 Annotating Dependent Views.......................................
B-17
B-22
D Annotating Views........................................................... B-23
□ B.9 Importing and Exporting Schedules............................ B-25

o B.10 Creating Building Component Schedules.................


Fields Tab............ ........................................................
B-27
B-28
D Filter Tab........... ................. .....................,....... ........... B-29
Sorting/ Grouping Tab.................... .............................. B-30
O Formatting Tab.,........ ................................... B-31
O Appearance Tab........... ,............... .......... . B-32
Schedule Properties...................................................... B-33
D B.11 Keynoting and Keynote Legends.............................. B-34
Keynote Legends.........................*....... ....................... B-37

o Command Summary........................................................... B-39

D Appendix C: Autodesk Revit Certified Professional Exam


for Mechanical Building Systems Objectives........................ C-1
D
□ Appendix D: Autodesk Revit Certified Professional Exam
for Electrical Building Systems Objectives............................ D-1
o Index Index-1

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D S 2018 ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® ix

Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
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To take full advantage of Building Information Modeling, the Autodesk® Revif®


2019: Fundamentals for MEP guide has been designed to teach the concepts and
principles of creating 3D parametric models of MEP system from engineering
design through construction documentation.

The learning guide is intended to introduce students to the software’s user


interface and the basic HVAC, electrical, and piping/plumbing components that
make the Autodesk Revit software a powerful and flexible engineering modeling
tool. The learning guide will also familiarize students with the tools required to
create, document, and print the parametric model. The examples and practices
are designed to take the students through the basics of a full MEP project from
linking in an architectural model to construction documents.

Topics Covered:
• Working with the Autodesk Revit software’s basic viewing, drawing, and
editing commands.
• Inserting and connecting MEP components and using the System Browser.

• Working with linked Revit files and CAD files.


• Creating spaces and zones so that you can analyze heating and cooling loads.
• Creating HVAC networks with air terminals, mechanical equipment, ducts, and
pipes.
U • Creating plumbing networks with plumbing fixtures and pipes.
D • Creating electrical circuits with electrical equipment, devices, and lighting
fixtures and adding cable trays and conduits.
D
• Creating HVAC and plumbing systems with automatic duct and piping layouts.

• Testing duct, piping and electrical systems.


tj
• Creating and annotating construction documents.

• Adding tags and creating schedules.


• Detailing in the Autodesk Revit software.

© 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® xi


Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
Prerequisites
o
o
• Access to the 2019 version of the software. The practices and files included
with this guide might not be compatible with prior versions. o
* This learning guide introduces the fundamental skills in learning the Autodesk o
Revit MEP software. It is highly recommended that students have experience
and knowledge in MEP engineering and its terminology. G
G
Note on Software Setup
C
This guide assumes a standard installation of the software using the default
preferences during installation. Lectures and practices use the standard software
a
templates and default options for the Content Libraries. a
Students and Educators can Access Free Autodesk Software and □
Resources G
Autodesk challenges you to get started with free educational licenses for G
professional software and creativity apps used by millions of architects, G
engineers, designers, and hobbyists today. Bring Autodesk software into your
classroom, studio, or workshop to learn, teach, and explore real-world design G
challenges the way professionals do.
G
Get started today - register at the Autodesk Education Community and download
one of the many Autodesk software applications available.
G
G
Visit www.autodesk.conVeducation/home/
G
Note: Free products are subject to the terms and conditions of the end-user
license and services agreement that accompanies the software. The software is G
for personal use for education purposes and is not intended for classroom or lab
use.
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D Preface
D
Lead Contributor: Martha Hollowell
D
D Martha incorporates her passion for building design and education into all her
projects, including the training guides she creates on Autodesk Revit for
D Architecture, MEP, Structure, and landscape design. She has worked with
Autodesk products since the 1990’s and has focused primarily on Autodesk Revit
D for the last 18 years.
D After receiving a B.Sc. in Architecture from the University of Virginia, she worked
O in architectural offices and consulted with firms setting up and customizing
AutoCAD for their companies.
D
Martha has over 20 years' experience as a trainer and instructional designer. She
D is skilled in leading individuals and small groups to understand and build on their
O potential. Martha is trained in Instructional Design and has achieved the Autodesk
Certified Instructor (ACI) and Autodesk Certified Professional designations for
^j Revit Architecture.
D Martha Hollowell has been the Lead Contributor for Autodesk Revit Fundamentals
D for MEP since its initial release in 2011.

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Autodesk Certification Exam
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D Certification Exam Objectives
This appendix includes a list of
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so can cause errors when completing the practices.

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Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
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Introduction to BIM and
D Autodesk Revit
Building Information Modeling (BIM) and the Autodesk'* Revit® software work
i
L hand in hand to help you create smart, 3D models that are useful at all stages in
the building process. Understanding the software interface and terminology
enhances your ability to create powerful models and move around in the various
views of the model.

Learning Objectives in this Chapter


0 • Describe the concept and workflow of Building Information Modeling in relation to the
Autodesk Revit software.
• Navigate the graphic user interface, including the ribbon (where most of the tools are found),
r the Properties palette (where you make modifications to element information), and the
Project Browser (where you can open various views of the model).
• Open existing projects and start new projects using templates.
D • Use viewing commands to move around the model in 2D and 3D views.

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® 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 1-1
0
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
o
1.1 BIM and Autodesk Revit o
Building Information Modeling (BIM) is an approach to the entire o
building life cycle, including design, construction, and facilities
management. The BIM process supports the ability to o
coordinate, update, and share design data with team members
across disciplines.
o
o
The Autodesk Revit software is a true BIM product. It enables
you to create complete 3D building models (as shown on the left o
in Figure 1-1) that provide considerable information reported
through construction documents, and enables you to share these
G
models with other programs for more extensive analysis. O
The Autodesk® Revit® TiG7 O
software includes tools
for architectural, ■-rJL. * o
mechanical, electrical, Q
plumbing, and structural
G
design.
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Figure 1-1
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The Autodesk Revit software is considered a Parametric Building G
Modeler:
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• Parametric: A relationship is established between building C
elements: when one element changes, other related
elements change as well. For example, if you add an element c
in a plan view, it also displays in all of the other views.
c
• Building: The software is designed for working with buildings
and the surrounding landscape, as opposed to gears or
c
highways. c
• Modeler: A project is built In a single file based on the 3D c
building model, as shown on the left in Figure 1-1. All views,
such as plans (as shown on the right in Figure 1-1),
c
elevations, sections, details, construction documents, and
reports are generated based on the model.
c
c
• It is important that everyone who is collaborating on a project
works in the same version and build of the software. c
c
1-2 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
C
3 Introduction to BIM and Autodesk Revit
3
Workflow BIM has changed the process of how a building is planned,
3 budgeted, designed, constructed, and (in some cases) operated
and BIM and maintained.
3
3 In the traditional design process, construction documents are
created independently, typically including plans, sections,
3 elevations, details, and notes. Sometimes, a separate 3D model
is created in addition to these documents. Changes made in one
D document, such as the addition of a light fixture in a plan, have to
be coordinated with the rest of the documents and schedules in
D the set, as shown in Figure 1-2.
D
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o In BIM, the design process revolves around the model, as shown


in Figure 1-3. Plans, elevations, and sections are simply 2D
3 versions of the 3D model, while and schedules are a report of the
information stored in the model. Changes made in one view
D automatically update in all views and related schedules. Even
D Construction Documents update automatically with callout tags
in sync with the sheet numbers. This is called bidirectional
3 associativity.
3 By creating complete
D models and associated ruws> Tttcnooa, xtiaxtu:#
views of those models,
3 the Autodesk Revit
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software takes much of
O the tediousness out of
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o Figure 1-3

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D © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 1-3
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Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
O
Revit Terms When working in the Autodesk Revit software, it is important to
know the typical terms used to describe items. Views and reports O
display information about the elements that form a project. There
are three types of elements: Model, Datum, and View-specific, o
as shown in Figure 1-4 and described below: o
-V Elevation o
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Datum Element
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Model Element:
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i Model Element:
Host
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0 ''I Hosted
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Figure 1-4
G
Views Enable you to display and manipulate the model. For
example, you can view and work in floor plans, ceiling G
plans, elevations, sections, schedules, and 3D views.
You can change a design from any view. All views are G
stored in the project
G
Reports Reports, including schedules, gather information from the
building model element that can be presented in the G
construction documents or used for analysis.
C
Model
Elements
Include all parts of a building such as walls, floors, roofs,
ceilings, doors, windows, p umbing fixtures, lighting
fixtures, mechanical equipment, columns, beams,
c
furniture, plants and many more. G
• Host elements support other categories of elements.
• Hosted elements must be attached to a host element.
G
• Standalone elements do not require hosts. C
Datum Define the project context such as the levels for the floors C
Elements and other vertical distances, column grids, and reference
planes. c
View-specific Only display in the view in which they are placed. The c
Elements view scale controls their size. These include annotation
elements such as dimensions, text, tags, and symbols as
well as detail elements such as detail lines, filled regions,
c
and 2D detail components. c
c
1-4 ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
c
□ Introduction to BIM and Autodesk Revit
D
□ • Autodesk Revit elements are “smart”: the software
recognizes them as walls, columns, plants, ducts, or lighting
fixtures. This means that the information stored in their
D properties automatically updates in schedules, which ensures
D that views and reports are coordinated across an entire
project, and are generated from a single model.
D
D Revit and In the traditional workflow, the most time-consuming part of the
o Construction
project is the construction documents. With BIM, the base views
of those documents (i.e., plans, elevations, sections, and
o Documents schedules) are produced automatically and update as the model
is updated, saving hours of work. The views are then placed on
D sheets that form the construction document set.

O For example, a floor plan is duplicated. Then, in the new view, all
o but the required categories of elements are hidden or set to
halftone and annotations are added. The plan is then placed on
D a sheet, as shown in Figure 1-5.


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o • Work can continue on a view and is automatically updated on


the sheet.
□ • Annotating views in the preliminary design phase is often not
o required. You might be able to wait until you are further along
in the project.
D
O &>2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 1-5
n
Autodesk Revit 2019; Fundamentals for MEP o
O
1.2 Overview of the Interface o
The Autodesk Revit interface is designed for intuitive and o
efficient access to commands and views. It indudes the ribbon,
Quick Access Toolbar, Navigation Bar, and Status Bar, which are o
common to most of the Autodesk® software. It also includes tools o
that are specific to the Autodesk Revit software, including the
Properties Palette, Project Browser, and View Control Bar. The o
interface is shown in Figure 1-6.
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1. Quick Access Toolbar 6. Properties Palette


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2. Status Bar 7. Project Browser
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3. File tab 8. View Tabs
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4. Ribbon 9. Navigation Bar
c
5. Options Bar 10. View Control Bar
C
C
1-6 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
C
C
3 Introduction to BIM and Autodesk Revit
D
1. Quick Access Toolbar
D
D The Quick Access Toolbar (shown in Figure 1-7) includes

□ commonly used commands, such as Open, Save, Undo, Redo,


and Print. It also includes frequently used annotation tools,
including Measuring tools, Aligned Dimension, Tag by
D Category, and Text. Viewing tools, including several different 3D
D Views and Sections, are also easily accessed here.

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Figure 1-7
o
Hint: Customizing the Quick Access Toolbar
D
Right-click on the Quick Access Toolbar to change the docked
D location of the toolbar to be above or below the ribbon, or to
D add, relocate, or remove tools on the toolbar. You can also
right-click on a tool in the ribbon and select Add to Quick
□ Access Toolbar, as shown in Figure 1-8.
D hotate Ana r Massi«g&Site Collaborate View Manage * Modify
3
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Modify
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D Figure 1-8
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The top toolbar also hosts the InfoCenter (as shown in
D Figure 1-9) which includes a search field to find help on the web
as well as access to the Communication Center, Autodesk A360
D sign-in, the Autodesk App Store, and other help options.
o Type a keyword of phraie £ & il Sign In - y (?) ’
O Click here to collapse the search
field to save screen space.
D
Figure 1-9
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D © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 1-7
n
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
V
2. Status Bar
O
The Status Bar provides information about the current process, V J
such as the next step for a command, as shown in Figure 1-10.

Click to enter waB start point.

Enter wall end point. (5Z) to close loop. Space flips orientation.

Figure 1-10
• Other options in the Status Bar are related to Worksets and
Design Options (advanced tools) as well as selection
methods and filters.

Hint: Shortcut Menus


Shortcut menus help you to work smoothly and efficiently by
enabling you to quickly access required commands. These
menus provide access to basic viewing commands, recently
used commands, and the available Browsers, as shown in
Figure 1-11. Additional options vary depending on the element
or command that you are using.

Cancel
c
Repeat [Thin Lines]
Recent Commands > Thin Lines (TL)
Split Element (SL)
Select Previous
Railing:Sketch Path
Find Referring Views
3D View:Camera
Zoom In Region Delete (DE)
Zoom Out [2x)
Zoom To Fit

Previous Pan/Zoom
Next Pan/Zoom
Browsers >
V Properties C
Figure 1-11

(
1-8 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
3 Introduction to BIM and Autodesk Revit
D
3. File Tab

D The File tab of the ribbon provides access to file commands,
settings, and documents, as shown in Figure 1-12. Hover the
D cursor over a command to display a list of additional tools.

3 If you click the primary


icon, rather than the
D arrow, it starts the j • • Si Architecture Structure Steel Systems Insert Annotate

D default command.
'ob B Saves current project or family. Saves current
D I project as a template. Save any family, group or

□ □ New ►
view to your library.

D Open
E Project
Saves the current Revit project file.

D
□ 0 Family
Saver the current fani-y
y Save

D Template

D Ef Save As ► 2l Saves the current Revit project file as a


template.

Library
Saves a copy of all loaded families, ^
Export ►
the selected fanvly, group, or view to
D your library.

D © Print ►

D
D Lq Close

D | Options Exit Revit

o Figure 1-12
D ♦ To display a list of recently used documents, click
O i®: (Recent Documents). The documents can be reordered
o as shown in Figure 1-13.

o Click (Pin) next to a EH a



Recent Documents
document name to keep By Ordered List vj
it available.
O | V By Ordered List]
•lOJVt
By Access Date1*®
O By Size
Ijxojectivt

□ By Type
hip'ejxojectiYt in

Figure 1-13
O
o © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 1-9
n
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP o
O
« To display a list of open documents and views, click

iM (Open Documents). The list displays the documents and


o
views that are open, as shown in Figure 1-14. o
You can use the Open o
Documents list to letel © Open Documents
change between views.
O
Project! - Elevation: East G
Project! - Boor Plan: Level 1
O
BHM-Office-Grids-10 - Reflected Ceiling

Plan: First Boor O
BHM-Off;ce-Grids-10 • Boor Plan: Brst Floor
O
BHM-Office-Grids-lO - Elevation: North
O
Figure 1-14
o
• Click ^ (Close) to close the current project. G
* At the bottom of the menu, click Options to open the Options G
dialog box or click Exit Revit to exit the software.
G
4. Ribbon o
The ribbon contains tools in a series of tabs and panels as G
shown in Figure 1 -15. Selecting a tab displays a group of related
panels. The panels contain a variety of tools, grouped by task.
c
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| Architecture Structure Steel Systems Insert Annotate Analyte Massing & Site Collaborate View Manage Add-Ins Modify

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Select ' Properties Clipboard Geometry Modify View Measure Create
G
Figure 1-15
G
When you start a command that creates new elements or you
select an element, the ribbon displays the Modify \ contextual G
tab. This contains general editing commands and command
specific tools, as shown in Figure 1-16.
C
G
Analyze Massing & Site Collaborate View Manage

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Add-Ins Modify | Place Dimensions

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03^, t Linear Angular Radial Owmeter Arc Spot Spot Spot


Length Elevation Coordinate Slope
c
Modify View Measure Create Dimension
c
Contextual tab
Figure 1-16
c
c
1-10 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
c
D Introduction to BIM and Autodesk Revit
D
• When you hover over a tool on the ribbon, tooltips display the
D tool's name and a short description. If you continue hovering
over the tool, a graphic displays (and sometimes a video), as
D shown in Figure 1-17.
O
Align (AL)
O Aligns one or more elements with a selected element.

D You can lock the alignment to make sure that other model

□ changes do not affect it.

O
D
o A
O
D
O
D
Proa FI for more help

o Figure 1-17
o • Many commands have shortcut keys. For example, type AL
for Align or MV for Move. They are listed next to the name of
G the command in the tooltips. Do not press <Enter> when
O typing shortcuts.

D • To arrange the order in which the ribbon tabs are displayed,


select the tab, hold <Ctrl>, and drag it to a new location. The
O location is remembered when you restart the software.
O • Any panel can be dragged by its title into the view window to
o become a floating panel. Click the Return Panels to Ribbon
button (as shown in Figure 1-18} to reposition the panel in
o the ribbon.
o

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Return Panels to Ribbon

O Modify

O Figure 1-18

o
o © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 1-11
n
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP o
O
Hint: You are always in a command when using the
Autodesk Revit software.
o
When you are finished working with a tool, you typically default G
back to the Modify command. To end a command, use one of
the following methods:
o
• in any tab on the ribbon, click (Modify).
o
• Press <Esc> once or twice to revert to Modify. o
• Right-click and select Cancel... once or twice. o
• Start another command.
o
5. Options Bar CD
The Options Bar displays options that are related to the selected O
command or element. For example, when the Rotate command
is active it displays options for rotating the selected elements, as
o
shown at the top in Figure 1-19. When the Place Dimensions 3
command is active it displays dimension related options, as
shown at the bottom in Figure 1-19. CD
O
Modify | Multi-Select j O Disjoin OCopy Angle: 45| Center of rotation: [place] Default
O
Options Bar for Rotate Command
LJ
Modify | Place Dimensions Wall centerline ▼ Pick: Individual Reference * Options
c
Options Bar for Dimension Command
Figure 1-19
c
G
6. Properties Palette
G
The Properties palette contains several parts, as shown in G
Figure 1-20. The Type Selector can be found at the top, which
enables you to choose the size or style of the element you are a
adding or modifying. The options available on the palette enable
you to make changes to information (parameters). There are two
a
types of properties: c
• Instance Properties are set for the individual element(s) you a
are creating or modifying.
c
• Type Properties control options for all elements of the same
type. If you modify these parameter values, all elements of
c:
the selected type change. c
c
c:
1-12 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® c
C
n Introduction to BIM and Autodesk Revit

The Properties palette is


□ usually kept open while Type Selector
Properties x

□ working on a project to
easily permit changes at Filter drop-down.
M^Ti^bting and Appliance Panelboard -
480V MCB - Surface

□ any time. If it does not


display, in the Modify
400 A

□ tab>Properties panel,
Electrical ^uipment (1)
Constraints
-1 8j Edit Type
f**
n click H (Properties) or Instance
Host
Elevation
Basic Wi I
|2200.0
: AjW 11.5
Is
type PP. Properties-
D Electrical Eru^keering
0.0
a
■*

D Schedule Header Nol


Sc h edule^potefl lotes
Access to Type
D Properties------ ETecfrical - Loads ft
Total Connected 22850X50 VA

Some parameters are Total Estimated Demand 17050.00 VA


Total Demand Factor 74,6171%
U only available when you
Total Connected Current 27.43 A
are editing an element.
D They are grayed out
Total Estimated Deman. 20.51 A
Apparent load Phase A 59% fi? VA
when unavailable.
G Aooarent Load Phase B 90% 67 VA
Properties help |__Appy I
D Figure 1-20
n Options for the current view display if the Modify command is
□ active, but you have not selected an element.
If a command or element is selected, the options for the
o associated element display.
D You can save the changes by either moving the cursor off of
the palette, or by pressing <Enter>, or by clicking Apply.
D
When you start a command or select an element, you can set
O the element type in the Type Selector, as shown in
Figure 1-21.
O
O X

You can limit what


o shows in the drop-down M_Water Healer - Tankless
2-3 L

o list by typing in the


search box.
Search Box
;vs

o M.WSHP • Horizontal ■ High Efficiency - 7-18 VN ■

D 7 kW

11 kW

o 14 kW

o M_WSHP - Horizontal - High Efficiency - 7-18 kW •

7 kW

o Figure 1-21

o
o ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge© 1-13
n
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
• When multiple elements are selected, you can filter the type
n
of elements that display using the drop-down list, as shown in o
Figure 1-22.
o
* The Properties palette can be placed on a second monitor, or
floated, resized, and docked on top of the Project Browser or
o
other dockable palettes, as shown in Figure 1-23. Click the
tab to display its associated panel.
G
(common (16) 88 Ea t r>‘p*
View Template <None> )
c
<!t>rVlrtion(l!
Air Terminal Tags (1) View Name Floor 1 (
Air Terminals (2) Dependency ; Independent
Duct Fittings (4)
Properties help Apply
C
Duct Tags (1)
Ducts (4)
Grids (2)
Properties Project Browser - Modern-Hotel-Final.rvt c
Figure 1-22 Figure 1-23 C
7. Project Browser G
C
The Project Browser lists all views of the model in which you can
work (as shown in Figure 1-24) and any additional views that c
you create, such as floor plans, ceiling plans, 3D views,
elevations, sections, etc. It also includes schedules, legends,
a
sheets (for plotting), lists of families by category, groups, and
Autodesk Revit Links.
c
ci
The Project Browser
displays the name of the
Project Browser - Projectl X c
active project.
Views (Discipline)
ji) Electrical
A
c
f=) Lighting v4
3 Floor Plans

MEP projects are T Lighting C


2 - Lighting
subdivided by discipline.
0- Ceiling Plans
G
1 - Ceiling Elec G
2 - Ceiling Elec
i£. Power C
£j Mechanical
B HVAC
G
0 Floor Plans C
1 -Mech

Figure 1-24 G
G
c
c
1-14 ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® L.
D Introduction to BIM and Autodesk Revit

D • To open a view, double-click on the view name or right-click


D and select Open.
D * If you no longer require a view, you can remove it. Right-click
□ on its name in the Project Browser and select Delete.

□ * To rename a view, slowly double-click on the view name and

□ the text highlights as shown in Figure 1-25. You can also


right-click on a view name and select Rename... or press
<F2>.
D
D * To display the views associated with a view type, click
® (Expand) next to the section name. To hide the views in
D
o the section, click 0 (Collapse). You can also expand and
collapse sets using the shortcut menu, as shown in
D Figure 1-26.
r\ Project Browser - Projectl X Project Browser - Projectl X
0 [o] Views (Discipline) A
O 0 Electrical
0 [o] Views (Discipline)
& MIS
A

□ 0 Lighting
0 FloorPlans
e
Search...
Expand All
O | WffliHBBj' Collapse Selected
2 - Lighting
D 0 Ceiling Plans
Collapse All

O Figure 1-25 Figure 1-26


D • The Project Browser can be floated, resized, docked on top
□ of the Properties palette, and customized. If the Properties
palette and the Project Browser are docked on top of each
D other, use the appropriate tab to display the required panel.


O
O
o
o
O
o
o

o
o © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 1-15
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Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
How To: Search the Project Browser
o
1. In the Project Browser, right-click on a view type (not a view
o
name) and select Search..., o
2. In the Search in Project Browser dialog box, type the words
that you want to find (as shown in Figure 1-27), and o
click Next.
3. In the Project Browser, the first instance of that search
o
displays as shown in Figure 1-28, G
O
Search in Project Browser x Project Browser - Projectt
£ [□] Views (Discipline) A G
I HVAC[ (jj Electrical
f=j Mechanical
O
Next Previous
l dose
B HVAC G
□ Match case El Floor Plans
1 - Mech c
Figure 1-27 Figure 1-28 c
4. Continue using Next and Previous to move through the list. c
5. Click Close when you are done.
G
Hint: Setting the Discipline of a View G
In the default MEP templates, the Project Browser is set to G
display views sorted by discipline (preset) and sub-discipline
(customizable). These are specified in the Properties of the C
view, as shown in Figure 1-29.
c
Properties X G
c
© Floor Plan
G
Floor Plan: 1 - Power b§ Edit Type G
Wal Join Display Clean alt wall joins G
Discipline
Show Hidden Lines
Electrical
Architectural * c
Structural
Color Scheme Location
Mechanical G
Color Scheme
Electrical
System Color Schemes
Plumbing
i=—
C
Default Analysis Display...Coordination
Sub-Discipline ; power
C
--
Figure 1-29 c
c
c
1 16 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
G
o Introduction to BIM and Autodesk Revit
D
8. View Tabs
D
O Each view of a project opens in its own tab. Each view displays a
Navigation Bar (for quick access to viewing tools) and the View
D Control Bar, as shown in Figure 1-30. You can drag tabs to other
monitors.
D
□ Sg-:' 3D Plumbing 1 • lighting East - Meth © 1 - Meth x~
-
D In 3D views you can

o also use the ViewCube 4


-a- -q*
24
Navigation Bar

to rotate the view.


*
D
O ±34 "7
©

o \m,< 14
o □
t

—ip-
D -E-

D View Control Bar


G 1 : 100 t3 9Cx 3<tJU9^ 9 ■________ > ■!•

D 3s, SHIR unset ft ts J^|, i?J:0 3 UainModd

Figure 1-30
V j
• Click on the tab to switch between views. You can also:
D • Press <Ctrl>+<Tab>.
D • Select the view in the Project Browser.
♦ In the Quick Access Toolbar or View tab>Windows panel
G
□ expand B (Switch Windows) and select the view from
the list.
O * Expand the drop-down list at the far end of the tabs, as
shown in Figure 1-31.
o
o G.,5 1 - Lighting
03 1 - Mech
0 -V 03 I * Plumbing

□ fli 3D Plumbing
& East - Mech [xl
o Figure 1-31
D * To close a tab, press the X that displays when you hover over

□ the tab or the name in the list, as shown in Figure 1-31.

D
D © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 1-17
o
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP o
If you have multiple • To close all open views except the current view, In the Quick
o
projects open, one view
Access Toolbar or View tab>Windows panel, click (Close
□ o
of each project remains
open. Inactive Views). o
Drag the edge of tiled • To switch between tabbed and tiled views, in the View tab>
o
views to resize them.
Windows panel, click □ (Tab Views) or B (Tile Views), as o
The other views resize
to match. shown in Figure 1-32. o
J M«h ' 0 1 Col^lk, X
o
I—5

61 o
T T
-{!>- —GJ-
*4- +■ O
-4- -4* -Q- -[!>- o
C2D
a
-6- <I’ <!• <t
<1- 1 <5 |
O
*4- *4* O
A
C3D cno cn
i:uo g,***!-^ i Q<*.n < i:»oo Bsc. 9 aftri < G
Ult » G 3D °*urr*>«^9
o
w G
i
I ri- a
, f v . Vl s

'n G
■\s
(fl c
‘T
G
i IM 06l<xC4«V' « C!ftri( I: ICO E3 £# r, y, ■Q rt «5 ^ » C3 nt. (Jr rs «

Figure 1-32 G
G
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
1-18 ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
c
3 Introduction to BIM and Autodesk Revit
D
9. Navigation Bar
D
3 The Navigation Bar enables you to access various viewing
commands, as shown in Figure 1-33.
3
3 Q)

□ <a
3
O 'J Zoom in Region

D Zoom Out(2x)
Zoom to Fit
3 Zoom All to Fit
D Zoom Sheet Size

3 Previous Pan/Zoom
Next Pan/Zoom
3
n Figure 1-33

3 10. View Control Bar


3 The View Control Bar (shown in Figure 1-34), displays at the
3 bottom of each view window. It controls aspects of that view,
such as the scale and detail level. It also includes tools that
D display parts of the view and hide or isolate elements in the view.
3
D
1: 100 H Q> <fc Q< fifr &Q & 9 Ms ra
Figure 1-34
3 * The number of options in the View Control Bar change when
□ you are in a 3D view.
3
D
3
3
3
3
3
3
3 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 1-f9
3
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
o
1.3 Starting Projects o
File operations to open existing files, create new files from a o
template, and save files in the Autodesk Revit software are found
in the File tab, as shown in Figure 1-35. o
o
R, 0 i53 *<£>'<*>• © S-/I0 A © - O o
Architecture Structure Steel Systems Insert Annotate
o
£)je> Opens a Revit compatible file. O
D Project O
New
C Opens a Revtt project.
O
Open
a Family
Opens a Revit family.
a
G
H IL
Revit file
Opens any Revit file type. G
G
Save As

a, Building Component
Opens a building component
Antnrlpslc Fvrhanne (AD^IO file.
Figure 1-35
G
G
There are three main file formats:
v..y
• Project files (.rvt): These are where you do the majority of
your work in the building model by adding elements, creating c
views, annotating views, and setting up printable sheets. G
They are initially based on template files.
C
• Family files (.rfa): These are separate components that can
be inserted in a project. They include elements that can stand C
alone (e.g., a table or piece of mechanical equipment) or are
items that are hosted in other elements {e.g., a door in a wall
G
or a lighting fixture in a ceiling). Title block and Annotation C
Symbol files are special types of family files.
C
• Template files (.rte and .rft): These are the base files for
any new project or family. Project templates hold standard C
information and settings for creating new project files. The C
software includes several templates for various types of
projects. You can also create custom templates. Family C
templates include base information for creating families.
Template files are usually saved as a new file. c
c
c
1-20 ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
C
D Introduction to BIM and Autodesk Revit
:)
3 Opening To open an existing project, in the Quick Access Toolbar or File

Projects tab click S’ (Open), or press <Ctrl>+<0> The Open dialog box
3 opens (as shown in Figure 1-36), in which you can navigate to
3 the required folder and select a project file.

3 R Open ? X

3 Lookn: Various BuMngs - 4- X H s*"* •”


Preview
3 ■ '
Name Type

DWGs File folder

D HMI_Everywh«e_Table_RectanguIar_Post_Leg_30D60W_rfa_3D File folder


QBHM-Office.rvt Autodesk Rev
D Q8HM-Office-2016.rvt Autodesk Rev i
QCondo.rvt Autodesk Rev
D QMEP-Elementary-School-Architecturalrvt rvt Autodesk Rev

□ QSteel structure 3 story office.rvt


KtSteel structure 3 story office-2016.rvt
Autodesk
Autodesk
Rev
Rev Revit 2019

3 QSyracuse-Suites multistory strueture.rvt


Qlownhouse.rvt
Autodesk
Autodesk Rev
Rev

u
n
M/r-MKork .

&
o Fa-.-antM
Fie name: 9fMOffice rvt

Fles of type: AJ Supported Fles (“jvt, *.rfa, *.adsk, *.rte)


rJ
Worksharing
Toofc * □ Audt Detach from Centre! Create New Local ‘Open Cancel
Q -1,1
Figure 1-36
3 • When selecting a project, the software release version of that
3 project displays below the preview. This is a reminder not to
open a drawing that should remain in an earlier version. You
3 cannot save back to previous versions.

D
D
D
O
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D

O
D ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 1-21
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Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
• When you first open the Autodesk Revit software, the Startup
o
Screen displays, showing lists of recently used projects and o
family files as shown in Figure 1-37. This screen also
displays if you close all projects.
o
o
R&0 • eO • © - /' 0 A © • O ? » Recent Files

I Architectuie Structure Steel Systems Insert Annotate Analyte Massing fit Site Collaborate View Manage At
► 11 ypt a iiyiw
o
o
?? G
Hnra
■1—MW ji

tffirjLso o
■■ Construction Template G
* Architectural Template i
Structural Template Sample Systems Sample Architecture Sample Structure
G
Mechanical Template Project Project Project G
Families
G
<r G
^ Open...
IK .r-TlN /frly G
• New..
*■* New Conceptual Mass... T G
Sample Architecture Sample St'ucture Sample Systems
G
Figure 1-37 C
• You can select the picture of a recently opened project or use
one of the options on the left to open or start a new project c
using the default templates. G
G
G
G
G
C
G
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1-22 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
C
C
I) introduction to BIM and Autodesk Revit

Hint: Opening Workset-Related Files


D
Worksets are used when the project becomes large enough for
1
multiple people to work on it at the same time. At this point, the
project manager creates a central file with multiple worksets
D (such as element interiors, building shell, and site) that are
D used by the project team members.

D When you open a workset related file it creates a new local file
on your computer as shown in Figure 1-38. Do not work in the
O main central file.
D
Ffcname: Sam(*e Workset

Ftesoftype: Ai Supported F*es (*.rvt, m.ifo, *.acbk, *jte, *.rfl) L~" ■

Wortahamg
D Audi Detach from Central V Create New Local

□ Figure 1-38
D • For more information about opening and saving
workset-related files, see Appendix A. 1 Introduction to
D Worksets.
D • For more information on establishing and using Worksets,
f~''\
refer to the Autodesk Revit: Collaboration Tools learning
guide.

It is very important that • When you open a file created in an earlier version, the Model
everyone working on a Upgrade dialog box (shown in Figure 1-39) indicates the
project uses the same release of a file and the release to which it will be upgraded. If
software release. required, you can cancel the upgrade before it completes.

Model Upgrade

Your model is being upgraded

D From: Autodesk Revit 2015

O To: Autodesk Revit 2019

O When the upgrade is complete, save the model to avoid the need to repeat the process

o
G
o What happens when the model is upgraded7
Cancel Upgrade

O Figure 1-39
o
0
o © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 1-23
r~\
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
c
New projects are based on a template file. The template file
c
Starting
includes preset levels, views, and some families, such as waf! O
New Projects styles and text styles. Check with your BIM Manager about which
template you need to use for your projects. Your company might C
have more than one based on the types of building that you are G
designing.

How To: Start a New Project G


1. In the File tab, expand G) (New) and click ^ (Project) (as
c
shown in Figure 1-40), or press <Ctrl>+<N>. G
R. £> 0 !$.<*-<?!>•© ss - / l® A © - O [M C
File Architecture Structure Steel Systems Insert Annotatt G
<E)B Creates a Revit file.
G
G
□ New
E
Project
Creates aRevit project file. c
c
B? Open
a Family
Creates a set of custom components
to use in projects.
G
C
Figure 1-40
2. In the New Project dialog box (shown in Figure 1-41), select C
the template that you want to use and click OK.
G
The list of Template files
is set in the Options New Project x c
dialog box in the File
Locations pane. It might Template fie
c
vary depending on the Construction Template V Browse... c
installed product and
company standards.
<None>
Construction Template
G
C Architectural Template
Structural Template
L c
1 Mechanical Template
c
OK Cancel Help c
Figure 1-41
c
• You can select from a list of templates if they have been set
c
up by your BIM Manager. G
C
C
1-24 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge©
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c:
D Introduction to BIM and Autodesk Revit
0
D • You can add E-fl (New) to the Quick Access Toolbar. At the

0 end of the Quick Access Toolbar, dick B (Customize Quick


Access Toolbar) and select New, as shown in Figure 1-42.

0 SB-E
View Customize Quick Access Toolbar
D
✓ New
0 * v' Open
□ rJ
Figure 1-42
n
D Saving Projects It is important to save your projects frequently. In the Quick

0 Access Toolbar or File tab click (Save), or press <Ctrl>+<S>


to save your project. If the project has not yet been saved, the
□ Save As dialog box opens, where you can specify a file location
and name.
D
• To save an existing project with a new name, in the File tab,
D
D expand (Save As) and click 0 (Project).

□ • If you have not saved in a set amount of time, the software


opens the Project Not Saved Recently alert box, as shown in
D Figure 1-43. Select Save the project. If you want to set
reminder intervals or not save at this time, select the other
D options.
3
D Project Not Saved Recently X

o You have not saved your project recently. What


do you want to do?
o
o Save the project
o
o —> Save the project and set reminder intervals

0 —> Do not save and set reminder intervals

o Cancel
0
o Figure 1-43

o
o © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 1-25
n
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
• You can set the Save Reminder interval to 15 or 30 minutes,
o
1, 2, or 4 hours, or to have No reminders display. In the File o
tab, click Options to open the Options dialog box. In the left
pane, select General and set the interval as shown in o
Figure 1^44. o
Options X
o
General Notifications
o
User Interface Save reminder interval: 130 minutes V O
15 minutes
Graphics Synchronize with Central reminder interval: 30 minutes O
One how
Hardware
Username
Two hours
Four hows
O
File locations No remrtders
O
Figure 1-44
o
Saving Backup Copies
G
By default, the software saves a backup copy of a project file G
when you save the project. Backup copies are numbered
incrementally (e g., My Project.0001.rvt, My Project.0002.rvt, G
etc.) and are saved in the same folder as the original file. In the G
Save As dialog box, click Options... to control how many backup
copies are saved. The default number is three backups. If you G
exceed this number, the software deletes the oldest backup file.
C
C
G
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1-26 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
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D Introduction to BIM and Autodesk Revit
o
Hint: Saving Workset-Related Projects
D
if you use worksets in your project, you need to save the project
D locally and to the central file. It is recommended to save the
D local file frequently, just like any other file, and save to the
central file every hour or so by synchronizing with the central
O file.
D To synchronize your changes with the main file, in the Quick
o Access Toolbar expand £3 (Synchronize and Modify Settings)
o and click J (Synchronize Now). After you save to the central
D file, save the file locally again.

D At the end of the day, or when you are finished with the current
o session, in the Quick Access Toolbar, expand El (Synchronize
D and Modify Settings) and click ^ (Synchronize and Modify
Settings) to relinquish the files you have been working on to the
D central file.

• The maximum number of backups for workset-enabled files


D is set to 20 by default.

D
D
D
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D © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 1-27
o
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP o
o
1.4 Viewing Commands o
Viewing commands are crucial to working efficiently in most o
drawing and modeling programs and the Autodesk Revit
software is no exception. Once in a view, you can use the Zoom o
controls to navigate in it. You can zoom in and out and pan in any
view. There are also special tools for viewing in 3D.
o
o
Zooming and Using The Mouse to Zoom and Pan o
Panning Use the mouse wheel (shown in Figure 1-45) as the main
o
method of moving around the models. o
G
O
G
G
G
G
C
Mouse
c
c

Figure 1-45
Scroll the wheel on the mouse up to zoom in and down to
c
zoom out. c


Hold the wheel and move the mouse to pan.
Double-click on the wheel to zoom to the extents of the
c
view. c
• In a 3D view, hold <Shift> and the mouse wheel and move
the mouse to rotate around the model.
c
• When you save a model and exit the software, the pan and
zoom location of each view is remembered. This is especially
important for complex models.
c
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1 28 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
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D Introduction to BIM and Autodesk Revit
□ Zoom Controls

3 A number of additional zoom methods enable you to control the


screen display. Zoom and Pan can be performed at any time
3 while using other commands.
3 • You can access the Zoom commands in the Navigation Bar
3 in the upper right corner of the view (as shown in
Figure 1-46). You can also access them from most shortcut
3 menus and by typing the shortcut commands.

D
3 s (2D Wheel)
provides cursor-specific <§l
3 access to Zoom and
Pan.
D
V Zoom in Region
Zoom Out(2x)
Zoom to Fit
Zoom All to Fit
Zoom Sheet Size
3
Previous Pan/Zoom
3 Next Pan/Zoom
3
Figure 1-46
3
Zoom Commands
3
D Zoom In Region Zooms into a region that you define. Drag the
E (ZR) cursor or select two points to define the
3 rectangular area you want to zoom into. This is
the default command
3
Zoom Out(2x) Zooms out to half the current magnification
3 S (ZO) around the center of the elements.

□ 0 Zoom To Fit
(ZF or ZE)
Zooms out so that the entire contents of the
project only display on the screen in the current
3 view.

D 0 Zoom All To Fit Zooms out so that the entire contents of the
(ZA) project display on the screen in all open views.
D Zoom Sheet Zooms in or out in relation to the sheet size.
D IS Size (ZS)


D
□ ®2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 1 29
3
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
c
c
N/A Previous
Pan/Zoom (ZP)
Steps back one Zoom command.
c
N/A Next Pan/Zoom Steps forward one Zoom command if you have c
done a Previous Pan/Zoom.
c
c
Viewing in 3D Even if you started a project entirely in plan views, you can
c
quickly create 3D views of the model, as shown in Figure 1-47.
There are two types of 3D views: isometric views created by the
Default 3D View command and perspective views created by
c
the Camera command. c
=©a c
Q c
!\_£w
c
c
13' c
( lick or Drag
(
f- c
c
•—I
I ...
L-c-'-J
i* c
'
f
c
&
IT.-- c
- - »■ ary - L:
Figure 1-47
1 j—
c
Working in 3D views helps you visualize the project and position
c
some of the elements correctly. You can create and modify
elements in both isometric and perspective 3D views, just as you
can in plan views.

• Once you have created a 3D view, you can save it and easily
c
return to it. c
c
c
c;
L
c
1-30 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
D Introduction to BIM and Autodesk Revit
D
How To: Create and Save a 3D Isometric View
D 1. In the Quick Access Toolbar or View tab>Create panel, click
D 0 (Default 3D View). The default 3D Southeast isometric
D view opens, as shown in Figure 1^8.

D You can spin the view to


a different angle using V

D the mouse wheel or the


middle button of a
3 three-button mouse. ’ Ci
3 Hold <Shift> as you
press the wheel or
<
V
middle button and drag Si

D
the cursor.
® ■ss» mfA

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H *. ‘V^ & in
^ <v f,''

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□ -'st#
3 Figure 1-48
□ 2. Modify the view to display the building from other directions.
3. In the Project Browser, double-click slowly or right-click on
D the {3D} view and select Rename....
4. The name is placed in a text box with the original name
3 highlighted, as shown in Figure 1-49. Type a new name in
D the Rename View dialog box, as shown in Figure 1-50.

D B 3D Views B 3D Views
□ Perspective View 1 Perspective View 1

□ I US) I
B Elevations (Elevation 1)
Interior Perspective
0 Elevations (Elevation 1)
o 0 Sections (Type 1) (B Sections (Type 1)
o Figure 1-49 Figure 1-50

o All types of views can • When changes to the default 3D view are saved and you start
another default 3D view, it displays the Southeast isometric
be renamed.
o view once again. If you modified the default 3D view but did
o not save it to a new name, the Default 3D View command
opens the view in the last orientation you specified.
o
o
o
o ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge€> 1-31
O
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP c
How To: Create a Perspective View
c
1. Switch to a Floor Plan view.
c
2. In the Quick Access Toolbar or View tab>Create panel, c
expand t9 (Default 3D View) and click a (Camera). O
3. Place the camera on the view.
4. Point the camera in the direction in which you want it to shoot
c
by placing the target on the view, as shown in Figure 1-51. G
The view displays as shown in Figure 1-52.
C
Target
c
if.
c
/? c
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:
c
CLASSROOM
2006 c
/
c
Ut
Camera
c
3“

Figure 1-51 Figure 1-52


c
• Use the round controls to modify the display size of the
c
view and press <Shift> + the mouse wheel to change the c
view.
5. In the Properties palette scroll down and adjust the Eye
c
Elevation and Target Elevation as required. G
* If the view becomes distorted, reset the target so that it is C
centered in the boundary of the view (called the crop region).
G
In the Modify \ Cameras tab>Camera panel, click ^ (Reset
Target).
C
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
1-32 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge<©c.
r
□ Introduction to BIM and Autodesk Revit
o
D Hint: Using the ViewCube

O The ViewCube provides visual clues as to where you are in a


3D view. It helps you move around the model with quick access
D to specific views (such as top, front, and right), as well as
corner and directional views, as shown in Figure 1-53.
D
D ViewCube '~T~

O
D
O
o
D
D
D
O
D Figure 1-53
Move the cursor over any face of the ViewCube to highlight it.
D Once a face is highlighted, you can select it to reorient the
D model. You can also click and drag on the ViewCube to rotate
the box, which rotates the model.
D
CD . (Home) displays when you roll the cursor over the

o ViewCube. Click it to return to the view defined as Home. To


change the Home view, set the view as you want it,
r-\ right-click on the ViewCube, and select Set Current View
as Home,

□ * The ViewCube is available in isometric and perspective
views.
D • You can switch between Perspective and Isometric mode by
o right-clicking on the View Cube and selecting Perspective
or Orthographic.
o
o

o

□ ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 1-33
D
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP p
P
Visual Styles Any view can have a visual style applied. The Visual Style
options found in the View Control Bar (as shown in Figure 1-54), P
specify the shading of the building model. These options apply to
plan, elevation, section, and 3D views. o
p
Graphic Drsplay Options...
P
©Wireframe
© Hidden line
c
m> Shaded c
w
© Consistent Colors
© Realistic
c
FUl Ray Trace c
(S3 y< .p- TW 9 GS ti

Figure 1-54
c
• © (Wireframe) displays the lines and edges that make up
c
elements, but hides the surfaces. This can be useful when
you are dealing with complex intersections.
c
c
• © (Hidden Line) displays the lines, edges, and surfaces of
the elements, but it does not display any colors. This is the
c
most common visual style to use while working on a design. G
C
• * (Shaded) and ® (Consistent Colors) give you a sense of
the materials, including transparent glass. An example that (
uses Consistent Colors is shown in Figure 1-55.
c
c
[i
c
c
r**-

m\ c
c:
c
H iM C
Figure 1-55 c
C

1-34 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®


c
D Introduction to BIM and Autodesk Revit

o & (Realistic) displays what is shown when you render the
view, including RPC (Rich Photorealistic Content)
o components and artificial lights. It takes a lot of computer
power to execute this visual style. Therefore, it is better to
D use the other visual styles most of the time as you are
working.
D
D &
(Ray Trace) is useful if you have created a 3D view that
D you want to render. It gradually moves from draft resolution to
photorealistic. You can stop the process at any time.
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
O
.)

D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D



©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 1-35
3
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
o
Practice 1a Open and Review a Project o
Practice Objectives o
• Navigate the graphic user interface, o
• Manipulate 2D and 3D views by zooming and panning, o
• Create 3D Isometric and Perspective views.
• Set the Visual Style of a view. o
In this practice, you will open a project file, as shown in
C
Figure 1-56 and display each of the various parts of the G
Autodesk Revit interface. You will open views through the Project
Browser, and switch between different views. You will also select G
elements and display the information about them in the
Properties palette. Finally you will create and save 3D views.
O
G
G
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Figure 1-56 c
• This practice is for all disciplines. c
c
c
c
c
1 36 © 2019, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
c
o Introduction to B1M and Autodesk Revit
o
Task 1 - Open an Autodesk Revit MEP project and review it.
o
o 1. In the File tab, expand o (Open) and click ^ (Project).
D 2. In the Open dialog box, navigate to the Introduction practice
O files folder and select MEP-Elementary-School-
Review-M.rvt.
D
o 3. Click Open.The project opens in the 3D Plumbing view, as
shown in Figure 1-56 (above).
D 4. Close any other open projects and views.
D 5. In the Project Browser, expand Mechanical>HVAC>Floor
O Plans and select 01 Mechanical Plan, as shown in

□ Figure 1-57.

Project Browser - MEP-Eiementary-School-Review.rvt X


D
□ [o] Views (Discipline)
D Q Coordination

□ (j] Electrical
Q Mechanical
3 EJ HVAC
El Floor Plans
vj
01 Mechanical Plan
D 02 Mechanical Plan
Q 3DViews
)
3D HVAC
n 5] Plumbing
H] Legends
O E) Schedules/Quantities

D Figure 1-57


D
O
O
D
D

D
u
D © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 1 37
D
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
O
6. Double-click on 01 Mechanical Plan. The applicable view
opens as shown in Figure 1-58. o
o
r>
-TV1 o
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c
Figure 1-58 G
7. Use the scroll wheel to zoom and pan around the view. G
8. Double-click on the scroll wheel or type ZF (Zoom to Fit) to C
return to the full view.
G
9. Expand Plumbing>Plumbing>Floor Plans and double-click on
the 01 Plumbing Plan view to open it. C
10. Expand Coordination>MEP>Floor Plans and double-click on
C
01 Space Planning to open this view. c
11. All of the previous views are still open and can be see in the f.

tabs, as shown in Figure 1-59.


c
© 3D Plumbing If! 01 Mechanical Plan 0 01 Plumbing Plan 0 01 Space Planning X c
Figure 1-59
C
C
1-38 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
C
□ Introduction to BIM and Autodesk Revit
□ □
D 12. In the View tab>Windows panel, click D (Ttle Views) or type
WT to display all of the open views on the screen at the same
D time.
D 13. Type ZA (Zoom All to Fit) to have the model display
completely within each view window, as shown in
D Figure 1-60.
D 0 Ol S(M<r Pltfinimj X 2 01 Mechanic*! Plan

D
D
D
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D jft-j- i-l - l-jl 0^______ T i
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D i^\ 01 Plan
l: 100

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3
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1
o

o £ .. 4
o 1: 100 so i; too f3 9<* G<-C9 «* *4 •. caft tf>rs <

G FT urafkct5 ^*| :0 ^ ! 1j ' '1 Hie 5- 4 .3, C5 X O ^


Figure 1-60
o 14. Click in the open 01 Mechanical Plan view to make it active.
o
o 15. In the View tab>Windows panel, click □ (Tab View) or type
TW.
o
o 16. In the Quick Access Toolbar, click 4 (Close Inactive
Windows). Only the current active view is open.
o
o
o
o © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 1-39
r\
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP o
o
Task 2 - Display the Element Properties.
o
1. In the 01 Mechanical Plan view, hover over a duct without o
selecting it first. The duct highlights and a tooltip displays as
shown in Figure 1-61. Information about the element also o
displays in the Status Bar but not in Properties. o
o
j ts. i yj—j \
o
A O
'l " 1 f Ducts: Rectangular Duct; Radius Elbows / Taps
5 1 * O
G
1 1m Ri 1
G
i -i'-
f G
J
l G
Figure 1-61
o
2. Click on the duct to select it. The selection color and tabs on
G
the ribbon at the top of the screen change. Properties now
displays information about this piece of ductwork, as shown
a
in Figure 1-62. G
Properties X
C
c
Rectangular Duct
Radius Elbows / Taps G
Ducts (1) 7J gg Edit Type G
Constraints s* G
Horizontal Justification [Center
Vertical Justification
Reference Level
i
Middle
Floor 1
*3
u
G
Offset |3500.0 G
Start Offset
End Offset
13500.0
3500,0
c
Slope
Mechanical
0.0000%
a
G
System Classification
System Type
Return Air
let um Air
c
System Name vies han cal Return Ai. c
System Abbreviation
Properties help APP1y
G
Figure 1-62 c
c
1-40 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
(
D Introduction to BIM and Autodesk Revit
D
3. Hold <Ctrl> and in the view, select another, similar Duct
o element, as shown in Figure 1-63. Properties now displays
that two ducts (Ducts(2)) are selected with the same
D information.
D Selected Ducts
D
□ UJL\ t^t -A-flWf
o a k i
E
D ■ “

D
(i

mm«fBrn I 8

3 m
Figure 1-63
D 4. Hold <CtrJ> and select an air terminal. Properties now
3 displays Common (3) in the Filter drop-down list, because the
three selected elements are not of the same type. Therefore
D they do not share the same type of properties.
3 5. In Properties, expand the Filter drop-down list and select Air
D Terminals, as shown in Figure 1-64.

3 Properties X

3
Muli;pV Categoric* Selected
3
3 ICornmon-(3) £drt Type

D | Common (3) A*

3 Ducts (2)
Floor Plan: 01 Mechanical Plan

D Figure 1-64
3 6. Only the Air Terminal properties are displayed, but the
D selection set has not changed. In the view they are all still
selected.
D
D
D
3
3 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 1-41
3
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
7. End the command using one of the following methods:
o
* In Modify \ Multi-Select tab>Select panel, click o
** (Modify). o


Press <Esc> twice.
Click in the view window (without selecting an element).
o
* Right-click in the view window and select Cancel. o
o
Task 3 - Create 3D Views.
o
1. In the Quick Access Toolbar, click (Default 3D View).
o
2. A 3D Isometric view displays, as shown in Figure 1-65.
o
o
o
a
G
A
C''
G
is a
c
c
c
Figure 1-65 G
3. Press and hold <Shift> and press the middle mouse (scroll) G
button to orbit the view.
C
4. In the View Control Bar, select several different Visual Styles
to see how they impact the view, as shown in Figure 1-66. C
C
9" Graphic Display Options...

£§l Wireframe
c
0 Hidden Line G
(3?Shaded C
SI Consistent Colors
£» Realistic C
Ray Trace U? c
HB^.x Uf *9 JR
Figure 1-66
v GJ ft & T5
c
c
1-42 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
C
D introduction to BIM and Autodesk Revit
0
5. Select a view and visual style that you like.
D 6. In the Project Browser, expand Coordination>AII>3D Views,
D double-click on (3D) and name the view 3D Exterior and
click OK.
D
7. Save the project.
O
□ Task 4 - Create a camera view.
□ 1. Switch back to the 01 Mechanical Plan view.
D
O 2. In the Quick Access Toolbar, expand © (Default 3D View)

D GS
and click (Camera).

0 3. Place the camera and select a point for the target similar to
that shown in Figure 1-67.
D
Camera
D _ Target

D rvi rvi

D >
i i. T7
D i" w
0 il vji
O
o \ §/ 0
0
o
o Figure 1-67
0 4. The new view displays. Use the controls on the outline of the
o view to resize the view.

o 5. Click inside the 3D view and use <Shift>+ mouse wheel to


rotate around until you get a good view of the ductwork.
o 6. Set the Visual Style, as required.
0
0
0
o
o © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 1-43
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
G
G
7. In the Project Browser, expand Mechanical>???>3D Views
and select the new 3D View 1 as shown in Figure 1-68. o
The new view displays Project Browser - MEP-£!ementaiy-School-Review.rvt X
o
in the??? category g [□] Views (Discipline) G
because it has not been
assigned a
Sub-Discipline.
0 Coordination
® Electrical
o
0- Mechanical G
Q ???
B 3D Views G
3D View 1 -
B HVAC
G
B Floor Plans O
01 Mechanical Plan

Figure 1-68
G
8. In Properties, in the Graphics area, expand Sub-Discipline
o
and select HVAC, as shown in Figure 1-69. o
9. Click Apply. The view moves to the correct sub-discipline G
group as shown in Figure 1-70. Rename the view as
required. G
Properties x
G
G
t|Vj 30 View
G
~"j Edit Type
30 View. (3D)
Graphics s-
Project Browser - MEP-Elementary-School-Review.rvt X
g [O] Views (Discipline)
o
Parts Visibility Show Original
Visibility/Graphics Overr... [ ‘Edit...
Graphic Display Options [_______ Edit...
j 0 fig Coordination
3J. Electrical
0 - Mechanical
Hi O
G
Discipline Mechanical | 0 HVAC
Show Hidden Lines By Discipline ! fcj Floor Plans
O
Default Analysis Display... None
Sub-Discipline BW3H sa
01 Mechanical Plan
02 Mechanical Plan
£ o
Sun Path All 0 3D Views G
HVAC k
Extents
Crop View
Lighting Us*
— MEP
.jft ■ 3D HVAC
3D View 1 a
Properties heto Plumbing v
g- Plumbing
a
Figure 1-69
10. Save the project.
Figure 1-70

G
11.In the File tab, click ^ (Close). C
G
T—44 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
G
n
CD Introduction to BIM and Autodesk Revit
D
D Chapter Review Questions
D
1. When you create a project in the Autodesk Revit software, do
D you work in 3D (as shown on the left in Figure 1-71) or 2D
G (as shown on the right in Figure 1-71)?

n
D
o
D
%
mm i 4

D *

D
D
D
liftft * ^•05 C*M

JSS
- —---—-1
C7 t,

o imb 41
G W 1
T<uctti

)
Figure 1-71
n
a. You work in 2D in plan views and in 3D in non-plan views.
b. You work in 3D almost all of the time, even when you are
using what looks like a flat view.
c. You work in 2D or 3D depending on how you toggle the
D 2D/3D control.
0 d. You work in 2D in plan and section views and in 3D in
) isometric views.

□ 2. What is the purpose of the Project Browser?


a. It enables you to browse through the building project,
0 similar to a walk through.
D b. It is the interface for managing all of the files that are
required to create the complete architectural model of the
3 building.
D c. It manages multiple Autodesk Revit projects as an
r~\ alternative to using Windows Explorer.
d. It is used to access and manage the views of the project.
D

3
0 ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 1-45
3
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
3. Which part(s) of the interface changes according to the
o
command you are using? {Select all that apply.) o
a. Ribbon o
b. View Control Bar o
c. Options Bar
d. Properties Palette
o
4. The difference between Type Properties and Properties (the
o
ribbon location is shown in Figure 1-72) is... o
o
Sir*— Type Properties
o
Modify
18—
Select ▼ Properties
Properties g
Figure 1-72 G
a. Properties stores parameters that apply to the selected G
individual element(s). Type Properties stores parameters
that impact every element of the same type in the project.
C
b. Properties stores the location parameters of an element. G
Type Properties stores the size and identity parameters of
an element.
a
c. Properties only stores parameters of the view. Type a
Properties stores parameters of model components. c
5. When you start a new project, how do you specify the base __ t
information in the new file?
a. Transfer the base information from an existing project. G
b. Select the right template for the task. C
c. The Autodesk Revit software automatically extracts the C
base information from imported or linked file(s).
C
6. What is the main difference between a view made using
C
i£il (Default 3D View) and a view made using ^ (Camera)?
a. Use Default 3D View for exterior views and Camera for
c
interiors. c
b. Default 3D View creates a static image and a Camera
view is live and always updated.
c
c. Default 3D View is isometric and a Camera view is
c
perspective. c
d. Default 3D View is used for the overall building and a
Camera view is used for looking in tight spaces.
c
c
1 46 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
C
3 Introduction to BIM and Autodesk Revit

3
3 Command Summary
3 Button Command Location
General Tools
3 • Ribbon: All tabs>Select panel
Modify
3 • Shortcut: MD

3 □ New • Quick Access Toolbar (Optional)


• File tab
3 • Shortcut: <Ctri>+<N>
Open • Quick Access Toolbar
3 &
• File tab
3 • Shortcut: <Ctrl>+<0>

D m Open
Documents
• File tab

D 1 Properties • Ribbon: Modify tab>Properties panel


• Shortcut: PP
3 Recent • File tab
□ Documents
Save • Quick Access Toolbar
3 B • File tab
• Shortcut: <Ctrl>+<S>
Synchronize • Quick Access Toolbar
O and Modify
Settings
3
o
□ Synchronize
Now/
• Quick Access Toolbar>expand
Synchronize and Modify Settings
Type Properties • Ribbon: MocWy tab>Properties panel
o a • Properties palette
Viewing Tools
o Camera • Quick Access Toolbar>Expand
CD
o Default 3D View
• Ribbon: View tab>Create panel>
0 expand Default 3D View
Close Inactive • Quick Access Toolbar
o 03
Views • Ribbon: Wew tab>Windows panel
o Default 3D View • Quick Access Toolbar
■ Ribbon: V/'ew tab>Create panel
o Home • ViewCube
o <a
N/A Next Pan/Zoom • Navigation Bar
o • Shortcut Menu

o N/A Previous
Pan/Zoom
• Navigation Bar
• Shortcut Menu
o • Shortcut: ZP

o
o © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 1-47
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP r
o
Switch Quick Access Toolbar
0 Windows Ribbon: View tab>Windows panel G
□ Tab Views Ribbon: View tab>Windows panel
Shortcut: TW
O
Ribbon: View tab>Windows panel G
s Tile Views
Shortcut: WT o
Zoom All to Fit Navigation Bar
El Shortcut: ZA G
Zoom in Region Navigation Bar O
Shortcut Menu
Shortcut: ZR G
0 Zoom Out (2x) Navigation Bar G
Shortcut Menu
Shortcut: ZO G
0 Zoom Sheet
Size
Navigation Bar G
Shortcut: ZS
Zoom to Fit Navigation Bar G
Shortcut Menu
G
Shortcut: ZF, ZE
Visual Styles G
Consistent
Colors
View Control Bar:
a
Hidden Line View Control Bar G
Shortcut: HL
Ray Trace View Control Bar:
G
&
G
m Realistic View Control Bar
a
0 Shaded View Control Bar
Shortcut: SD
a
Wireframe View Control Bar a
Shortcut: WF
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
1 48 ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
G
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Basic Sketching and Modify


Tools
*- -• Basic sketching, selecting, and modifying tools are the foundation of working with
r-\
all types of elements in the Autodesk® Revit® software, including components
such as air terminals, plumbing fixtures, and electrical devices. Using these tools
with drawing aids helps you to place and modify elements to create accurate
building models.

Learning Objectives in this Chapter


• Ease the placement of elements by incorporating drawing aids, such as a ignment lines,
temporary dimensions, and snaps.
• Place Reference Planes as temporary guide lines.
• Insert components such as mechanical equipment, plumbing fixtures, and electrical devices.
• Use techniques to select and filter groups of elements.
• Modify elements using a contextual tab, Properties, temporary dimensions, and controls.
• Move, copy, rotate, and mirror elements and create array copies in linear and radial patterns
t—\ • Align, trim, and extend elements with the edges of other elements.
• Split linear elements anywhere along their length.
D • Offset elements to create duplicates a specific distance away from the original-

D
r

D
O

’V

D © 20fS, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2-1


Zj
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
c
2.1 Using General Sketching c
Tools c
When you start a command, the contextual tab on the ribbon, c
Options Bar, and Properties palette enable you to set up features
for each new element you are placing in the project. As you start
c
modeling, several features called drawing aids display, as shown c
in Figure 2-1. They help you to create designs quickly and
accurately. c
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c
Conrtr»»<t 1
Options Bar
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Properties palette
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Properties brio

Figure 2-1
c
• When you model ducts, pipes, cable trays, or conduits or
c
place elements such as air terminals, lighting fixtures or
plumbing fixtures, you first need to:
c
c


Select a type from the Type Selector.
Set information in the Options Bar.
c
• Check the Contextual tab for other options. c
c
Drawing Aids As soon as you start sketching or placing elements, several
C
drawing aids display, including:
• Alignment lines
• Temporary dimensions C
• Snaps c
• Connectors
c
c
2-2 ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
c
D Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
3
These aids are available with most drawing and many
3 modification commands, as shown in Figure 2-2.
3 Alignment Lines
3 Snaps
3 Temporary Dimensions
Vertical and Extension |

3
<=?
3 o

3
3 LvJ
3
3 Figure 2-2
3 Alignment lines display as soon as you move the cursor over
nearby elements. They help keep lines horizontal, vertical, or at
a specified angle. They also line up with the implied intersections
of walls and other elements.
• Hold <Shift> to force the alignments to be orthogonal (90
3 degree angles only).
3
Temporary dimensions display to help place elements at the
correct length, angle and location.

3 • You can type in a value, or move the cursor until you see the
dimension you want. Alternatively, you can place the element
3 and then modify the value as required.
3 • The length and angle increments shown vary depending on
how far in or out the view is zoomed.
3
3 Hint: Temporary Dimensions and Permanent Dimensions
3 Temporary dimensions disappear as soon as you finish adding
elements. If you want to make them permanent, select the
3 control shown in Figure 2-3.
3
3300 0
D
3 E 27900
I Make this temporary dimens on permanent \

D Figure 2-3
D
D ® 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2-3
3
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP o
Snaps are key points that help you reference existing elements
o
to exact points when drawing, as shown in Figure 2-4. o
o
Endpoint ^
o
Figure 2-4
o
• When you move the cursor over an element, the snap o
symbol displays. Each snap location type displays with a
different symbol
o
Connectors (MEP only) work similar to snaps, but have more G
intelligence about the size, system, and flow of items (e.g., ducts, O
pipes, and electrical connections). For example, connectors
automatically add fittings to ducts, such as the elbow, transition, O
and tee shown in Figure 2-5.
O
G
G

a
Fittings controlled by conne
G
G
G

G
1 G
C
Figure 2-5
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24 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
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3 Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
3
3 Hint: Snap Settings and Overrides

3 0 0 0 (Snaps) to open
In the Manage tab>Settings panel, click
3 the Snaps dialog box, which is shown in Figure 2-6. The Snaps
dialog box enables you to set which snap points are active, and
3 set the dimension increments displayed for temporary
dimensions (both linear and angular).
3
3 r Snaps

D ] Snaps Off
Dimensjon Snaps
(SO)

D Snaps adjust as views are roomed.


The largest value that represents less than £im on screen b used.

3 W. length dmensm snap increments

3 1000 ; 100 ; 20 ; S ;

@ AngUar dmrnaon snap rxjements


3 90.000° ; 45.000°; 15.000°; 5.000° ; 1.000° ;

3 Object Snaps
[VEncfeokits (SE) ^Intersections (51)
3 (SM) jS Centers (SC)
ft "dpomts
3 [V. Nearest (SN) ^ Perpentkiiar (SP)

[?Work Mane Grid (SW) Tangents (ST)

iyj(>jadant3 (SQ) |g Pouts (SX)


3
3
c Check Al
ftp'll G ChedcNone
1
IVISnap to Remote Objects (SR) J Snap to Pont Oouds (PC)

D Temporal y Overrides
WWe usng an Interactive tool, keyboard shortcuts (shown in parentheses) can be
D used to specify a snap type for a single pick.

O Object snaps
Oose
Use shortcuts feted above
(52)

o Tun Override Off


Cyde throu^i snaps
(SS)
(TAB)

o Force horizontal and vertical (SHIFT)

o Restore Defaults

O OK C***1 1 [ Help |
o Figure 2-6
o * Keyboard shortcuts for each snap can be used to override
o the automatic snapping. Temporary overrides only affect a
single pick, but can be very helpful when there are snaps
o nearby other than the one you want to use.
o mm

o © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2-5


Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP c
c
Reference As you develop designs in the Autodesk Revit software, there

Planes
are times when you need lines to help you define certain c
locations. You can draw reference planes (which display as
dashed green lines) and snap to them whenever you need to line c
up elements. For the example shown in Figure 2-7, the lighting
fixtures in the reflected ceiling plan are placed using reference
c
planes. c
• To insert a reference plane, in the Architecture, Structure, or o
Systems tat»Work Plane panel, click (Ref Plane) or G
type RP. c
l G
O
i
i G
i
C
i i i
- <&• -------- <£- -4>-
I c
i j-
i
i
i
i G
i i i i G
-n — 4. — —I — —<j>- — 1— -4j>— 4- —
-----1----------- 1------------- 1—n------ •-----
Reference Planes: Reference Plane k
G
t
c:
i i i c
G
Figure 2-7
a
• Reference planes display in associated views because they
a
are infinite planes, and not just lines. a
• You can name Reference planes by clicking on <Click to a
name> and typing in the text box, as shown in Figure 2-8.
c
3D
a
^Counter Top| a
Or.
Click to name> Click to name>
c
G
3D
C
Figure 2-8
c
26 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
n
D Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
3
• If you sketch a reference pane in Sketch Mode (used with
D floors and similar elements), it does not display once the
sketch is finished.
D
3 • Reference planes can have different line styles if they have
been defined in the project. In Properties, select a style from
3 the Subcategory list.

3 Hint: Measuring Tools


When modifying a model, it is useful to know the distance
3 between elements. This can be done with temporary
dimensions, or more frequently, by using the measuring tools
3 found in the Quick Access Toolbar or on the Modify tab>
Measure panel, as shown in Figure 2-9.
3
3 w Manage Add Ins Online Modify |

3
3
Measure Between Two References
3
) C3 ' Measure Along An Element

D
Figure 2-9
D
3 * ' (Measure Between Two References): Select two
elements and the measurement displays.
D
O (Measure Along An Element): Select the edge of a
linear element and the total length displays.
o
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o © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2-7
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP c
c
2.2 Inserting Components c
Components (also known as families) are full 3D elements that
can be placed at appropriate locations and heights, and which
c
interact with the building elements around them. For example, a c
lighting fixture can be designed to be hosted by a face (such as a
wall or ceiling), or to stand alone by itself, as shown in
c
Figure 2-10. The Autodesk Revit software includes both c
architectural components (such as the lamp and wall sconces in
Figure 2-10) and MEP components (such as the downlight c
fixtures) that include connectors. c
Ceiling-based
family ----------
Stand-alone
family
Wall-based
family.
c
c
M— c
c
Components are
located in family files
with the extension RFA.
7 c:
C
For example, a
component family
named Walt Sconce.rfa
c
can contain several c
types and sizes.
c
g c
c
Figure 2-10
Most components are inserted using specific tools, including:
G
G
Exact steps for inserting
specific components are Air terminal § Electrical Equipment G
covered later in this G
learning guide. m Mechanical Equipment D
Switches, etc.)
Devices (Data. Fire Alarm.
c
C
Plumbing Fixture Lighting Fixtures
C
w Sprinkler c
c
c
c
2-8 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® c
r
D Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
o * Take time to get to know the components that come with the
o Autodesk Revit software. Their most critical content are the
connectors, as you see in for a piece of mechanical
D equipment in Figure 2-11.
D
O
D
o
Out
543 0 x 406.0
0
i£i

Out

0
843 0 x 406 0
■r 1320.0 x560 0

D
D
Out

19.1 nxn ^
m ■ |

D Out
f
D 02
240 V

D Out
19 1 mm ffl 14400 VA
Cooing

D
□ 240 'Jt
14400 "
Cooing
520 0 x 560.0

D
D Figure 2-11
D ♦ Connectors often contain options to create systems and draw
ducts and pipes when you right-click on them.
D
O
D
D
D
D
D
D

D
D

D
D © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2-9
D
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP o
How To: Insert Components
o
1. Start the appropriate command.
o
2. In the Type Selector, select the type/size you want to use, as c
shown in Figure 2-12.
o
Properties
c
Mbghtang and Appliance Panel boa/d - 480V MLO
125 A
c
c
pearc/T P
C
^ M.Dry Type Transformer - 480-208Y120 - NEMA Type 2

15kVA
c
30 kVA G
45 kVA
75 kVA
c
Figure 2-12 c
3. In the command-specific contextual tab>Tag panel, click c
f<3(Tag on Placement) to toggle this option on or off. c
4. Proceed as follows, based on the type of component used:
c
If the
component is...
Then... c
Not hosted Set the Level and Offset in Properties, as shown in
c:
Figure 2=13 c
Wall hosted Set the Elevation in Properties, as shown in
Figure 2-=14.
c
Face hosted Select the appropriate method in the contextual tab> c
Placement panel, as shown in Figure 2-15.
• Vertical Faces include walls and columns.
C
• Faces include ceilings, beams, and roofs. C
• Work Planes can be set to levels, faces, and named
reference planes. C
C
C
C
C
C
c
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2 10 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® c
C
D Basic Sketching and Modify Too's

D New Mechanical Equipment Qr) Edit Type New E'ectncal Equipment 7] 8S Cd'tTypr
Constraints X * Constraints X-
D Level jLevcl 1 Host ■net associated*
Host [Level: Level 1
I
Elevation 1120013 h
Offset 0.0 Offset 0X1
D Figure 2-13 Figure 2-14
D
D
Place on Place on Place on
Vertical Face Face Work Plare

D Placement

Figure 2-15
D
5. Place the component in the model.
0
• A fast way to add components that match those already in
D your project is to select one, right-click on it, and select
D Create Similar, as shown in Figure 2-16. This starts the
appropriate command with the same type selected.
0
) l
Caned
Mil Repeat Last Command

[J Hide in View

o Override Graphics in View *

o <9 Create Similar

o Edit Family

Figure 2-16
^

o
0
o
G
O
o
o
o
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o ® 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2-11
r^\
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP c
V
Hint: Work Planes
v
A Work Plane is the surface you sketch on or extrude from. In a
plan view, the Work Plane is automatically parallel to the level.
In an elevation or 3D view, you must specify the Work Plane
before you start sketching

How To: Select a Work Plane


1. Start a command that requires a work plane or, in the
c
Architecture tab>Work Plane panel, click (Set).
2. In the Work Plane dialog box, select one of the following
options:
• Name: Select an existing level, grid, or named reference
plane (as shown in Figure 2-17) and then click OK.

Work Plane

Current Work Plane


Name:
Level: Level 1

Show Dissociate

Specify a new Work Plane

i$ Name [Level rLeveil


Grid : 1
if) Pick a plane Gnd : 2
. . Grid : 3
t Pick a kne and use ^d : a
Grid : B
Grid : C
Level : Level 1
t------- Level : Level 2
Reference Plane i I • Lav i
Reference Plane : 2 - Lav Height G
Figure 2-17 )

• Pick a plane: Click OK and select a plane in the view,


such as a wall face. Ensure the entire plane is
highlighted before you select it.
* Pick a line and use the work plane it was sketched
in: Click OK and select a model line, such as a room
separation line.
If you are in a view in which the sketch cannot be created, the
Go To View dialog box opens. Select one of the views and click
Open View.

2-12 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® c


o■ Basic Sketching and Modify Too $
D
D Loading You can load additional families into a project. In the contextual

Components tab>Mode panel, click ® (Load Family) and then navigate to


D the appropriate location for your company. The Autodesk Revit
□ library has MEP-based components available in the following
folders: Cable Tray, Conduit, Duct, Electrical, Fire Protection,
D Lighting, Mechanical, Pipe, and Plumbing.

□ HowTo: Load a Family


D 1. In the related contextual tab>Mode panel or Insert tab>Load
D from Library panel, click (Load Family).
D 2. In the Load Family dialog box, locate the folder that contains
the family or families you want to load, as shown in
D Figure 2-18.
D * Family
D Look in: J Storttfera 4" CJ X El SSew -
D B Desk top
[^Computer
“ft Preview

' Local Disk (C:)


D PrograrrOaU

D 1 ^Autodesk
y^RVT 20 J7
^Lfcranes
O jj* US Impenal
li Fee Protection

o %
JjOVD RW Crive (D:)
^MAH-Badop HD CEO
SprnWers

E
zz) [j^MarthaHolowel
libraries
O fcfr Network
'TTT,

D *
, , Sprinkler - Pendent - Hosted.rta 1/22/2016 5:43 PM RFA File
L.] Sprinkler - Pendent • Semi-Recessed - Hoste... 1/22/2016 5:43 PM
RFA File

D |_j Sprinkler • Pendent.rfa 1/22/2016 5:43 PM RFA File

D Fie name: Spridder - »y -Pendent - FtJy Recessed-Hosted.rfa

F*es of type: | Al Snyorted ("rfa, *.adsk) _


D i
o
Figure 2-18
D
3. Select the family or families you want to load. You can hold
D <Ctrl> to select multiple families.
4. Click Open.
O
O
D
D
D ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2 13
o
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP o
You can remove unused elements from a project, including
O
Purging
individual component types, as shown in Figure 2-19. O
Unused
O
Components Purge Unused X
O
S Cable Tray fittings Check Al
0 Cable Tray3 O
B Cable Tray with fittings
□ Channel Cable Tray
Check None
o
si Ladder Cable Tray
□ SoSd Bottom Cable Tray
O
□ Trough Cable Tray
- □ Wire Mesh Cable Tray
G
E Cable Tray without fittings G
Figure 2-19 G
* Some elements are nested in other elements and it might
require several rounds of purging the project to remove them.

c
How To: Purge Unused Elements c
1. In the Manage tab>Settings panel, click 03 {Purge Unused). G
2. In the Purge unused dialog box, click Check None and select G
the elements that you want to purge.
3. Click OK. C
4. Purging unused components not only helps simplify the
component list, but more importantly, reduces the project file
c
size. c
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2-14 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
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C
D Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
D
□ Practice 2a Insert Components
D Practice Objectives
D • Load and Insert components.
D • Use drawing aids.
• Add and name a reference plan
D • Select a work plane.
□ In this practice, you will insert a variety of MEP fixtures, including
D air terminals, plumbing fixtures and lighting fixtures, as shown in

□ Figure 2-20. You will use various drawing aids to help you place
the fixtures appropriately.

D
0 ©•
D
D

t
I
SH
*

D t JL
D Mechanical Plumbing Electrical
u Figure 2-20
D • This practice is for all disciplines.

D Task 1 - Insert air terminals.


CD
1. In the practice files Basics folder, open
D Simple-Building-Start-M.rvt.
D 2. In the Project Browser, expand the Mechanical>HVAC>
O Floor Plans node. The 1 - Mech view is highlighted, and you

□ are in a Mechanical floor plan.

D 3. In the Systems tab>HVAC panel, click *(Air Terminal).

o 4. In Properties, note that the default selection is a Supply


Diffuser and that the Level is Level 1. Set the Offset to
o 2500mm.
D
D
O ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2-15
n
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP c
O
5. Click near the center of room Lab 101, as shown in
Figure 2-21. c
Lab
c
101 o
G
=r 31
G
G
C
t
[§}-*— El C
300 0x300.0
G
C
C
C
Figure 2-21 C
6. While still in the Air Terminal command, in the Type Selector, G
change the Type to M_Return Diffuser: 600 x 600 Face
300x 300 Connection and set the Offset to 2500mm. C
7. Click to place the component in the lower left corner of room V_
Lab 101.
c
8. In the Systems tab>Mechanical panel, click (Mechanical c
Equipment.)
c
9. In the Type Selector, select M_Boiler: Standard.

10. In the Mech/Elec Room, move the cursor near the outside
c
wall. Note that the boiler automatically aligns to the wall, as c
shown in Figure 2-22. c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
2-16 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
C
D Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
o
----- Tl
D
D
O
Nearest
D
D

D
□ Mech/Elec
&-

D j 106
D Figure 2-22
o 11. Click to place the component.
D 12. Save the project.

Task 2 - Load and place plumbing fixtures.

The air terminals are 1. In the Project Browser, expand the Plumbing>Plumbing>
automatically toggled off Floor Plans node and double-click to open the 1 - Plumbing
because you are in a view.
plumbing view, but the
boiler still displays 2. In the Systems tab>Plumbing & Piping panel, click
because Mechanical
(Plumbing Fixture).
Equipment is typically
D toggled on. 3. In the Type Selector, select one of the wall-mounted water
closets.
D 4. Click along one of the walls to place the fixture, as shown in
O Figure 2-23.

D Lab Hln'»
I 'O’ I I <°2 I
D
D ©i
D
D
D
D
Figure 2-23
D
D ®2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2-17

Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP o
O
5. Return to the Type Selector and review the list. Note that
there are sinks, but no lavatories. o
6. In the Modify \ Place Plumbing Fixture tab>Mode panel, click o
(Load Family). o
7. In the Load Family dialog box, the Autodesk Revit family
library automatically displays. Navigate to the Plumbing>
o
MEP>Fixtures>Lavatoriesfolder and select M_Lavatory - o
Oval.rfa, as shown in Figure 2-24.
a
K Load Family ? x o
look in: Lavatories ^ S} X El Sews
Preview G
o
Name Type

[Dm lavatory - Oval.rfa Autodesk Revit Fami


Lavatory - Rectangular.rfa
L2M_Lavatory - Vanity.rfa
Autodesk Revit Fami
Autodesk Revit Fami c
QM_Lavatory - Wall Mounted rfa Autodesk Revit Fami
c
c
Figure 2-24
c
8. Click Open.
G
9. In the Type Selector, select M_Lavatory - Oval:
635mmx510mm - Public. C
10. Place the lavatory against the wall across from the water C
closet. c;
11. Click (Modify) and select the new fixture. Drag it up or c:
down until it meets with the alignment line of the WC, as
shown in Figure 2-25. c
c
Gl =1 F C
\
c:
C
19
©■ c
is fy c
Figure 2-25
c
12. Click outside the building model to release the selection.
c
13. Save the project.
c
c
2-18 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® c
C
3 Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
3
Task 3 - Place a lighting fixture and switch.
3
3 1. In the Project Browser, expand the Electrical>Lighting>
Ceiling Plans node and double-click on 1 - Ceiling Elec view
3 to open it.
3 • Ensure that you are opening the Ceiling Plan so that the
ceiling grids display.
3
• None of the previous elements that you have added
3 display.
D
2. In the Systems tab>Electrical panel, dick (Lighting
3 Fixture).
3 3. In the Type Selector, select M_Plain recessed Lighting
D Fixture: 600x1200-277

D 4. In the Modify \ Place Fixture tab>Placement panel, click

D (Place on Face).

3 5. Move the cursor over the grid. The light snaps to the grid
lines, as shown in Figure 2-26.
n
6. Press <Spacebar> to rotate the fixture. Click to place two
O fixtures in the room, as shown in Figure 2-27.

O
O !
o
o
o —\—
Midpoint and Nearest J
o
o
o
G
Figure 2-26 Figure 2-27
o
o
o
o
o © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2-19
O
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
c
7. Open the Electrical>Lighting>Floor Plans>1 - Lighting view.
o
The light fixtures display in this view although you are seeing G
a plan view.
G
8. In the Systems tab>Electrical panel, expand the Device
O
drop-down list and select 0 (Lighting).
o
9. In the Type Selector, select Lighting Switches: Single Pole. o
10. In Properties, note that the Elevation is set to 1200mm, a G
standard height for switches.
G
11. Place the switch to the left of the door. It displays only as a
symbol. G
G
12. Click (Modify) to end the command.
o
13. Save the project.
o
G
G
a
G
c
o
G
G
O
G
a
a
a
a
a
a
c
G
2-20 ■£ 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® G
G
Basic Sketching and Modify Tools

2.3 Selecting and Editing


Elements
Building design projects typically involve extensive changes to
the model. The Autodesk Revit software was designed to make
such changes quickly and efficiently. You can change an element
using the methods shown in Figure 2-28, and described below;

JQjJJ Atchrftrtwe Sttudure Steel Syst Imm twain *o**tii MnmvjaSdf Cahboin Vir» Mvyjt Add Ira Moddy|P<(>« Pipng Sytttms

g £0
Q’

y. k - t tf -i b i
wu *Ci d1 • ‘V ?o • f /*v -a, oou ' ' > 0«9»io Cd4 Offset- Hyd'jvfc- P^>e ire.- Anarytit
• v QOiMax ^ 'f Q O F«bnc#t»on
Srkrt * ProprrtK* Cfcpbc*.d Grornctiy Modify Vkw M**sut« Owt« f»bflC«t*OA

iV.'' •• D»m«WrUs.O v Offset

Proper X • P>umbk9 X l-J.PO)


Type Selector Contextual Tab
!Staod*rd

Kprs<»»
Como *ir4s _______ t Properties -Controls and
finuorTd hnlix.- [Cmttr connectors
Vi>rt»C4l li«tifK4»on M<U%*
Rdweixelevd Irvtl 1
Offt*r fu
Start Offset
Ind l>f:et bea2
lope |OCCOO%
tVnemiortt 1500 0
OutoJr 0 creetK ,'S<
lowlr r *ni»if( 12.* 6
!»mmj
V 1Temporary dimensions
IWD
sab,.
Figure 2-28
Type Selector enables you to specify a different type. This is
frequently used to change the size and/or style of the
elements.

Properties enables you to modify the information


(parameters) associated with the selected elements.
O Temporary dimensions enable you to change the element’s
o dimensions or position.

o The contextual tab in the ribbon contains the Modify


commands and element-specific tools.
o
o Controls enable you to drag, flip, lock, and rotate the element.

o Connectors control how related elements attach to another


with intelligence about size, needed fittings, and system
u information. (MEP only)

a Shape handles (not shown) enable you to drag elements to


c modify their height or length.

o 55 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2 21


r ft
Autodesk Revit 2019. Fundamentals for MEP
r
• To delete an element, select it and press <Delete>, right-click
c
c
and select Delete, or in the Modify panel, click ^ (Delete).
c
Working with Controls and Connectors O
When you select an element, various controls and connectors o
display depending on the element and view. Using controls, you
can change an elements length or location, and flip or rotate G
some elements. MEP connectors also provide information about G
attachments and enable you to add related elements, as shown
for creating pipe from a pipe accessory in Figure 2-29. C
G
150 0 mm
08'v
G
o G
ffl
G
c:
G
, o G
G
>1™
150
o|~Create Pipe \
C
Figure 2-29 c
• If you hover the cursor over the control or connector, a tooltip a
displays showing its function.
G
G
a
G
c
c
c
c
G
C
C
2-22 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
r:
D Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
D
Hint: Editing Temporary Dimensions
D
Temporary dimensions automatically link to the closest wall. To
D change the location, you can drag the Hftness Line control (as
D shown in Figure 2-30) to connect to a new reference. You can
also click on the control to toggle between justifications in the
D wall.
D Before - connected to
centerline of wall
D
D W
D
O
D
D
□ After - connected to
edge of wall
n
D
sH
O
r
J HU-1
o
o
CD
Figure 2-30
o • The new location of a temporary dimension for an element
CD is remembered as long as you are in the same session of
the software.
O
G
O
O
G
O
O
G
O © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2-23
f~\
Autodesk Revit 2G19: Fundamentals for MEP c
c
Selecting • Once you have selected at least one element, hold <Ctrt>
C
and select another jtem to add it to a selection set.
Multiple
• To remove an element from a selection set, hold <Shift> and C
Elements select the element. o
• If you click and drag the cursor to window around elements, G
you have two selection options, as shown in Figure 2-31. If
you drag from left to right, you only select the elements G
completely inside the window. If you drag from right to left,
you select elements both inside and crossing the window.
G
C
!
MOP-3 MOP-3 G
l^B MjjB o
j
pp.

fP-3A~|
I
LP*3B MP-3B

11 TP 3A
"ijr G
F a G
Window: Left to Right Crossing: Right to Left
G
Figure 2-31
• If several elements are on or near each other, press <Tab> to G
cycle through them before you click. If there are elements G
that might be jinked to each other, such as ductwork,
pressing <Tab> selects the chain of elements. G
• Press <Ctrl>+<Left Arrow> to reselect the previous selection G
set. You can also right-click in the drawing window with G
nothing selected and select Select Previous.
G
• To select all elements of a specific type, right-click on an
element and select Select All lnstances>Visible in View or G
In Entire Project, as shown in Figure 2-32. For example, if
you select an air terminal of a specific size and use this G
You do no have to command, all air terminals of the same size would be G
select an element; just selected, excluding all of the air terminals of other sizes.
hover over the one you G
want to select. Select Previous G
Select All Instances Visible in View
Delete In Entire Project
G
C
Figure 2-32
c
G
C
c
2 24 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
r:
3 Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
3
Hint: Selection Options
3
You can control how the software selects specific elements in a
3 project by toggling Selection Options on and off on the Status
Bar, as shown in Figure 2-33. Alternatively, in any tab on the
3 ribbon, expand the Select panel's title and select the option.
3
3 t 4 ^ m *n> - o
3 Figure 2-33

3 .v Select links: When toggled on, you can selected linked


3 drawings or Autodesk Revit models. When it is toggled off
you cannot select them when using Modify or Move.
3
3 .& Select underlay elements: When toggled on, you can
select underlay elements. When toggled off, you cannot
3 select them when using Modify or Move.
3
3 . ft Select pinned elements: When toggled on, you can
selected pinned elements. When toggled off, you cannot
select them when using Modify or Move.

D
. ft Select elements by face: When toggled on you can
select elements (such as the floors or walls in an elevation)
D by selecting the interior face or selecting an edge. When
toggled off, you can only select elements by selecting an
3 edge.

O
. ft Drag elements on selection: When toggled on, you
D can hover over an element, select it, and drag it to a new
O location. When toggled off, the Crossing or Box select mode
starts when you press and drag, even if you are on top of an
o element. Once elements have been selected they can still
be dragged to a new location.
o
G
O
O
O
o
o
o © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2-25
O
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
O
Filtering When multiple element categories are selected, the Multi-Select
O
contextual tab opens in the ribbon. This gives you access to all of
Selection Sets the Modify tools, and the Filter command. The Filter command
enables you to specify the types of elements to select. For
o
example, you might only want to select lighting fixtures, as G
shown in Figure 2-34.
O
_\_ESI J o
Tj l
\ o
] o
i G

i
1 G
G
G
T G
Figure 2-34
G
How To: Filter a Selection Set G
1. Select everything in the required area. G
2. in the Modify \ Multi-Select tab>Selection panel, or in the
G
Status Bar, click (Filter). The Filter dialog box opens , as
shown in Figure 2-35. G
The Filter dialog box +■ G
displays all types of
Fitter gy
elements in the original Category: Count;
G
selection. [r]0ectncal Equpment
[F] Electrical Eqiipment Tags
5 - ChetkAl
G
^Lighting Fixture Tags 36 Check None
Q
a
a
a
o
18
c
Total Selected items:
(J
OK Caned
ir~*» c
Figure 2-35
c
2-26 ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
G
n
Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
D
3. Click Check None to clear all of the options or Check All to
D select all of the options. You can also select or clear
D individual categories as required.
4. Click OK. The selection set is now limited to the elements
D you specified.

D • In the Status Bar, the number of elements selected displays


beside the Filter icon, as shown in Figure 2-36. You can also
Zt see the number of selected elements in the Properties
palette.

j
m '%> eg \
Figure 2-36
n * Clicking the Filter icon in the Status Bar also opens the Filter
dialog box.

3
D

o
o
o <£>2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2-27
r\
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
c
c
Practice 2b Select and Edit Elements c
Practice Objectives o
• Use a variety of selection methods. c
• Use temporary dimensions and connectors to modify the location of
elements.
c
G
In this practice, you will select lighting fixtures and change the
type (as shown in Figure 2-37), as well as test a variety of o
selection methods and filters. You will then use connectors to
modify the location of an air terminal and use Create Similar to
c
add additional components. You will also modify the height of the
air terminals in Properties.
c
o
Properties o
M.PIain Recessed Lighting Fixture G
300x1200- 277
c
Starch p c
M_P!ain Recessed Lighting Fixture G
300x1200 - 120
300x1200 - 277
ii C
c
500x1200 - 120
500x1200 - 277 C
600x600 - 120
/ C
600x600 - 277 IJ
G
Figure 2-37
G
• This practice is for all disciplines.
G
Task 1 - Use a variety of selection methods. G
1. In the practice files Basics folder, open c
Simple-Building-Edit-M.rvt. It opens in the 1 - Lighting G
view.
C
2. Select one of the light fixtures. The connectors and controls
are displayed. C
3. Hold <Ctrl> and select the other fixture. The connectors no C
longer display, but you can still modify the fixture type.
c
G
2-28 © 2019, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
r
o Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
o 4. In the Type Selector, change the type to M_Plain Recessed
o Lighting Fixture: 300x1200 - 277. Both fixtures change, as
o shown in Figure 2-38.

D
o
o
u
D
II
D
O
D
D
Figure 2-38

o 5. Click away from any elements to clear the selection.

6. Open the Mechical>HVAC>Floor Plans>1 - Mech view.

7. Draw a window from left to right around some of the elements


so only those completely inside the window are selected, as
D shown in Figure 2-39.

Lab Men's
tor

D
D t
—C3
*
D *
D HSH-
t
D
Hall
O >-
ion
D
D
Figure 2-39
LJ

D © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2-29


Autodesk Revit2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
8. Click to clear the selection.
o
9. Draw a crossing window (i.e., from right to left) around the
o
same area, as shown in Figure 2-40. Note that any elements o
that the window touches are included in the selection,
including the linked architectural model.
o
You can toggle
o
n?(Select Links) in the *‘Uabj o
I i101 I I >102| 1 |
O
Status Bar to keep the
link from being selected.
O
o
t o
HE G
I
I C
HE r
t
c
Hall'
G
,105 |

Figure 2-40
c
10. Hold <Shift> and select the edge of the architectural model.
c
This removes the element from the selection set.

11. In the Status Bar, note the number of items that are selected c
and click 1 (Filter).

12. In the Filter dialog box, view the categories and clear the c
check from Air Terminals. c
13. Click OK. Only the room tags are still selected. c
14. Press <Esc>. The elements are no longer selected. c
15. Select one of the room tags. Right-click and select Select All
lnstances>Visib!e in View. All of the tags are selected.
c
c
16.Click tj (Modify). The elements are no longer selected. c
• Remember these selection methods as you start working in c
the projects.
c

2-30 ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®


c
c
73 Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
D
73 Task 2 - Modify elements using controls and properties.

D 1. Continue working in the 1 - Mech view.

D 2. Select, click and drag the supply air terminal to a new


location using the alignment lines referencing the return air
D terminal.
D 3. Right-click on the control and look at the variety of options
D you can use, as shown in Figure 2-41.

D r

D
D 05 Cancel

D Repeat [Visibility/ Graphics)

D Recent Commands

D Draw Duct
Draw Duct Placeholder
D d Draw Flex Duct

D Cap Open End

O Create Duct System


Add to System H
D Remove from System 1
D i

Hide in View
CD Overnde Graphics in View i

□ Figure 2-41

4. In the shortcut menu, select Create Similar. This starts the


O Air Terminal command using that type. Place two more air
O terminals in the same room, using alignment lines to place
them.
O
o 5. Click (Modify) and select all three of the supply air
terminals. Note the information in Properties. The Offset is
o set to 0.0 above Level 1.
o 6. Hold <Ctrl> and select the return air terminal. The Level and
o Offset are available to change, although two different types of
components are selected.
o
o
o
o C3 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2-31
O
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
c
G
7. Change the Offset to 2500mm and click Apply. The offset for
all of the air terminals is updated, as shown in Figure 2-42. o
r Property
o
Lab
o
Multiple Families Selected
101
C
Air Terminals (4)
G
Constraints 8 A
G
Level Level 1 t t O
Offset
Level Level I
12500.0 G3 E
Mechanical I c
System Classif cnt-or *
System
—Un (Wined 1! G
System Name
11 G
System Aj;bfev'dticn_ _
Dimensions
t c
Size i 300x300 S E
Identity Data 8
t *
C
Image
Comments c
Figure 2-42 G
8. Click away from any elements to clear the selection. G
9. Save the project. C
(

c
a
a
a
G
c
G
C
c
c
c
c
2-32 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
G
3 Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
D
D 2.4 Working with Basic Modify
D Tools
□ The basic modifying tools of Move, Copy, Rotate, Mirror, and
Array can be used with individual elements or any selection of
D elements. They are found in the Modify panel (as shown in
D Figure 2-43), in the Modify tab, and in contextual tabs.

D
3
3


♦ n-i m
mw oib -DJ
□o
t ulj 51 ^
*9+ °Q) O 1T -a m w
3 Modify
3 Figure 2-43
• For these modify commands, you can either select the
3 elements and start the command, or start the command,
3 select the elements, and press <Enter> to finish the selection
and move to the next step in the command.
3
Moving The Move and Copy commands enable you to select the
element(s) and move or copy them from one place to another.
3 and Copying You can use alignment lines, temporary dimensions, and snaps
D Elements to help place the elements, as shown in Figure 2-44.

3
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
o 2400.0 Horizontal and Nearest \ —
o I 1 !
Figure 2-44
o
o
o © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2-33
O
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
c
How To: Move or Copy Elements
c
G
1. Select the elements you want to move or copy.
O
You can also use the 2. In the Modify panel, click *** (Move) or ^ (Copy). A
shortcut for Move, MV dashed boundary box displays around the selected elements, o
or for Copy, CO. 3. Select a move start point on or near the element,
4. Select a second point. Use alignment lines and temporary
G
dimensions to help place the elements. O
5. When you are finished, you can start another modify
command using the elements that remain selected, or switch o
back to Modify to end the command.
c
• You can drag elements to new locations without starting the
Move command. Holding <Ctrl> and dragging copies the
c
element. This is quick but not very precise. G
Move/Copy Elements Options G
The Move and Copy commands have several options that
display in the Options Bar, as shown in Figure 2-45. c
G
E Constrain □ Disjoin Multiple
Figure 2-45
G
G
Constrain Restricts the movement of the cursor to horizontal or
vertical, or along the axis of an item that is at an angle. This
(
keeps you from selecting a point at an angle by mistake.
Constrain is off by default. c
Disjoin Breaks any connections between the elements being G
(Move only) moved and other elements. If Disjoin is on, the elements
move separately. If it is off, the connected elements also
move or stretch. Disjoin is off by default.
c
G
Multiple Enables you to make multiple copies of one selection.
(Copy only) Multiple is off by default. G
These commands only work in the current view, not between G
views or projects. To copy between views or projects, in the c
© (Copy to Clipboard),
Modify tab>Clipboard panel, use G
X (Cut to the Clipboard), and (Paste from Clipboard). G
c
C
C
c
2-M 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
e
r.
0 Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
0
♦ If you do not want elements to be moved, select the elements
0
and in the Modify tab, in the Modify panel, click * (Pm).
0 Pinned elements can be copied, but not moved or deleted.
0 Select the element and click the pin icon, as shown in
Figure 2-46, or type the shortcut UP to free it.
0

■■
0 Q
o
D
D
Figure 2-46
0
0 Rotating The Rotate command enables you to rotate selected elements
around a center point or origin, as shown in Figure 2-47. You
0 Elements can use alignment lines, temporary dimensions, and snaps to
0 help specify the center of rotation and the angle. You can also
create copies of the element as it is being rotated.
0

i
0 JL
0
D
0
0
0 t_____________ i
Original Completed
0 In process
Figure 2-47
0
0 How To: Rotate Elements
o 1. Select the element(s) you want to rotate.

o 2. In the Modify panel, click ^ (Rotate) or type the


shortcut RO.
0
o
0
o
0
0 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2-35
O
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP o
3. The center of rotation is automatically set to the center of the
c
element or group of elements, as shown in Figure 2-48. To o
change the center of rotation, as shown in Figure 2-49, use
the following: o
To start the Rotate
command with a prompt
• Drag the & (Center of Rotation) control to a new point. o
to select the center of • In the Options Bar, next to Center of rotation, click Place
and use snaps to move it to a new location.
c
rotation, select the
elements first and type • Press <Spacebar> to select the center of rotation and o
R3. click to move it to a new location. o
Center of Center of
rotation rotation c
A
t C
%
o
I I c
Figure 2-48 Figure 2-49 c
You can also specify the 4. In the Options Bar (shown in Figure 2-50), specify the Angle c:
angle on screen using
temporary dimensions.
and other options and press <Enter>. c
Ej Disjoin Copy Angle; Center of rotation: | Place) | Default G
Figure 2-50 c
• The Disjoin option breaks any connections between the c
elements being rotated and other elements. If Disjoin is on (
(selected), the elements rotate separately. If it is off (cleared),
the connected elements also move or stretch, as shown for a
wall in Figure 2-51. Disjoin is toggled off by default.
c
C'
Disjoin off Disjoin on c
c
c
c
c
Figure 2-51 c
• Rotating connected MEP elements can easily cause c
connection and system problems.
c
c
(
2-36 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
D Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
3
3 Mirroring The Mirror command enables you to mirror elements about an
axis defined by a selected element, as shown in Figure 2-52, or
3 Elements by selected points.

3 ii
D
•>
D ft
<S>
ft I

ft -=n-
3
D
□ t
fi n
3 [ Horizontal ^

D
3 © 0 -jijj— -i
© & O ('• © h
3

3
l
3 Figure 2-52
3
How To: Mirror Elements
D
1. Select the elements) to mirror.
D 2. In the Modify panel, select the method you want to use:
O • Click {Mirror - Pick Axis) or type the shortcut MM. This
3• prompts you to select an element as the Axis of
Reflection (mirror line).
O
o • Click (Mirror - Draw Axis) or type the shortcut DM.
This prompts you to select two points to define the axis
o about which the elements mirror.
3. The new mirrored element(s) remain highlighted, enabling
o you to start another command, or return to Modify to finish.
o • By default, the original elements that were mirrored remain.
o To delete the original elements, clear the Copy option in the
Options Bar.
o
o
o
o
o ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2-37
n
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
c
c
Hint: Scale
c
The Autodesk Revit software is designed with full-size
elements. Therefore, not much can be scaled. However, you
c
can use ® (Scale) in reference planes, images, and imported
c
files from other programs. c
G
Creating Linear The Array command creates multiple copies of selected G
elements in a linear or radial pattern, as shown in Figure 2-53.
and Radial For example, you can array a row of columns to create a row of C
evenly spaced columns on a grid, or array a row of parking
Arrays spaces. The arrayed elements can be grouped or placed as c
separate elements. G
• A linear array creates a straight line pattern of elements, C
while a radial array creates a circular pattern around a center
point. C
c
Radial Array
r\ c
i *

{ *
i
0 0 0
I G
0
9
c
c:
Linear Array H l
c
Figure 2-53
c
How To: Create a Linear Array c
1. Select the element(s) to array. c
□D
2. In the Modify panel, click □ □ (Array) or type the shortcut AR. c
3. In the Options Bar, click -!=*l (Linear). G
4. Specify the other options as required.
5. Select a start point and an end point to set the spacing and
C
direction of the array. The array is displayed. c
c
c
c
c
c
2-38 ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
c
3 Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
□ • If the Group and Associate option is selected, you are
D prompted again for the number of items, as shown in
3 Figure 2-54. Type a new number or click on the screen to
finish the command.
3
3
m.
t
3 a 3
- <•

□ 0 0 0
\\
D © -4=
D H i

D Figure 2-54
• To make a linear array in two directions, you need to array
D one direction first, select the arrayed elements, and then
D array them again in the other direction.

D Array Options
D
In the Options Bar, set up the Array options for Linear Array
d (top of Figure 2-55) or Radial Array (bottom of Figure 2-55).

o [V] Group And Associate Number 2 Move To: ® 2nd © Last


D
□ Group arid Associate Number: 3 Move To; 2nd C® Last Angle:

Figure 2-55
Center of rotation: [ Pt»cc| | Default)

o
o Group and
Associate
Creates an array group element out of all arrayed elements.
Groups can be selected by selecting any elements in the

o group.

o Number

Move To:
Specifies how many instances you want in the array.

2nd specifies the distance or angle between the center


o points of the two elements.

o Last specifies the overall distance or angle of the entire


array.
o Constrain Restricts the direction of the array to only vertical or
horizontal (Linear only).
CD
o Angle Specifies the angle (Radial only).

Center of Specifies a location for the origin about which the elements
O rotation rotate (Radial only).

o
o
o ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2-39
J

n
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
How To: Create a Radial Array
o
1. Select the element(s) to array.
o
□o
2. In the Modify panel, click DD (Array).
o
o
3. In the Options Bar, click (Radial).
4. Drag (Center of Rotation) or in the Options Bar dick Place
o
to the move the center of rotation to the appropriate location, o
as shown in Figure 2-56.
o
Remember to set the
Center of Rotation T i o
control first, because it G
is easy to forget to move
it before specifying the 0 G
angle. O
o
o c
G
Figure 2-56
5. Specify the other options as required.
G
6. In the Options Bar, type an angle and press <Enter>, or O
specify the rotation angle by selecting points on the screen.
C
Modifying Array Groups

When you select an element in an array that has been grouped, G


you can change the number of instances in the array, as shown
in Figure 2-57. For radial arrays you can also modify the
G
distance to the center. G
© Y
Q
a
a
1O1 O X
c
Ov
s a
° 1! ox a
Figure 2-57
C
• Dashed lines surround the element(s) in a group, and the XY G
control lets you move the origin point of the group C
C
2-40 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
C
□ Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
D
If you move one of the elements in the array group, the other
D elements move in response based on the distance and/or angle,
as shown in Figure 2-58,
D

□ © Y

D
. G X
D - 6

D
D Figure 2-58
D • To remove the array constraint on the group, select all of the
elements in the array group and, in the Modify contextual
D
□ tab>Group panel, click ^ (Ungroup).

D • If you select an individual element in an array and click

CD (Ungroup), the element you selected is removed from the


array, while the rest of the elements remain in the array
group.
D • You can use (Filter) to ensure that you are selecting only
Model Groups.

D
D
n
w


D



D


O
D
D © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2-41

Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
O
Practice 2c Work with Basic Modify Tools o
Practice Objective o
• Use basic modify tools, including Move, Copy, Rotate, Mirror, and Array o
In this practice, you will copy air terminals to several rooms and
o
move some so they fit the room logically. You will array plumbing o
fixtures in a restroom and then mirror them to the other restroom.
Finally, you will rotate lighting fixtures to fit an angled ceiling grid, o
as shown in Figure 2-59.
c
c
G
|fe |ife. |d& |a, G
c
c
C
G
♦♦♦ C
♦♦♦ c
c:
Figure 2-59
c
• This practice is for ail disciplines.
c
c
Task 1 - Copy elements. c
1. In the practice files Basics folder open c
Simple-Building-Modify-M.rvt.
c
2. Open the Mechanical>HVAC>Floor Plans>1 - Mech view.
c
3. Select the four air terminals.
c
4. In the Modify \ Air Terminals tab>Modify panel, click
co
c
(Copy). c
c
c
2-42 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
c
3 Basic Sketching and Modify Tools

D 5. In the Options Bar, select Multiple.


3 6. Select the following points, as shown in Figure 2-60:
3 • First point: Lab 101
3 • Second point: Lab 104
• Third point: Lab 107
3 Lab Men's Women's lab
3 I 10» 1 I '02 I I ’03 l

3 t

rn
t t t *
—EH HE- —EH
First point I I
D
Second point
3 i I I t
-H- -EH -EH
D t
Third point
i IT1?.. 1
LJ Hall

D i go
D m Endpoint j

LJ |P
D
D
i=
O Mtch/Elec Lab Office

o
| 108
| 107
I ™~~)

o Figure 2-60

o 7. The air terminals are copied into each room.

o 8. Click 'r (Modify).


o
o 9. In the Modify tab>Modify panel, click * (Move).

o 10. As there is no current selection, you need to select the


elements to move. In Lab 107, select the two air terminals on
o the right and then press <Enter>.

o
o
o
o © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2-43
f~\
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP c
11. Select a base point on one of the air terminals and then use
c
temporary dimensions to move the air terminals 1200mm, as c
shown in Figure 2-61.
c
F
G
1 1200.0
if
c
t ■I
O
0
I Horizontal G
C
t c
0 0 G
t i G
G
Lab
G
107 G
Figure 2-61
O
12. Save the project.
G
c
Task 2 - Array and mirror elements. G
1. Open the Plumbing>Floor Plans>1 - Plumbing view. G
2. Select the WC and lavatory. G
3. In the Modify \ Plumbing Fixtures tab>Modify panel, click G
□□ G
DD (Array).

4. In the Options Bar, review the defaults. G


5. Pick the first point near one of the fixtures and a second point G
900mm below using temporary dimensions. G
a
c
a
a
a
2-44 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
a
n
D
Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
D
6. You are prompted again for the number of elements, as
D shown in Figure 2-62.
D 7. Change the number to 4, and then press <Enter>. The
□ additional fixtures are placed, as shown in Figure 2-63.

D —i
D
D [■ o i
D o*
D O’
D
□ 1 o
D
D
H)
d i Figure 2-62 Figure 2-63
D
3 8. Click (Modify) and select all of the fixtures. They are
grouped together.
D
9. In the Modify \ Model Groups tab>Group panel, click
D
(Ungroup). Each element can now be moved separately.
D
O 10. Click l' (Modify) and select the WCs.
D 11. In the Modify | Plumbing Fixtures tab>Modify panel, click
O DL(Mirror - Pick Axis).

O
o
o
o
o
o
o
D
© 2018, ASCENT ■ Center for Technical Knowledge® 2 45
o
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
12. Select the wall between rooms 102 and 103, as shown in
o
Figure 2-64. o
Men's Women's
o
102 103 o
o
o
m t
OPb
o
a
k G
ra G
0 G
G

f { G
G
Figure 2-64 G
Note that mirroring the
lavatories reverses the
13. Select one of the lavatories, right-click and select Create
Similar.
o
hot and cold water
connectors. 14. Place the lavatory across from the WC in the Women’s room.
c
c
15. Click (Modify), select and drag the lavatory into place. G
16. With the lavatory still selected, start the Array command. G
17. In the Options Bar, clear the Group and Associate option C
and set Number to 4.
G
18. Click a base point on the lavatory, and then click a second
point 900mm below it. Four lavatories are now placed, which C
do not need to be ungrouped.
c
19. Select two of the WCs in Room 102. In the Type selector,
change the type to M_Urinal_Wall Hung 20mm Flush
c
Valve. c
20. Save the project. c
c
c
c
2-46 <& 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge<§>
c
C
o Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
o
Task 3 - Copy and rotate elements.
D
D 1. Open the Electrical>Lighting>Ceiiing Plans>1 - Ceiling Elec
view.
D
2. Copy the lighting fixtures to the other rooms on the same side
D of the hall, similar to the example shown in Figure 2-65.
D

D
*7
1
D
3
3
D
Figure 2-65
3
3, Add a M_Plain Recessed Lighting Fixture: 600x600- 277
9 type lighting fixture to the room with the 45 degree ceiling.
(Remember to use Place on Face.)
3
LJ
4. Click ' (Modify) and select the new square lighting fixture.
3 5. In the Modify \ Lighting Fixtures fab>Modify panel, click
□ O (Rotate).
D
6. Drag the center control over to the edge, as shown in
D Figure 2-66. Click when the cursor displays a horizontal line
and then on the nearby 45 degree angled line, as shown in
D Figure 2-67. The fixture now fits in the grid.
D
Center
3 control

D
3 A
3 o
3 Figure 2-66 Figure 2-67

3 7. Copy the fixture to additional places in the room.


3 8. Save the project.
3
3 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge© 2—*17

Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
o
2.5 Working with Additional o
Modify Tools o
As you work on a project, some additional tools on the Modify o
tafc»Modify panel, as shown in Figure 2-68, can help you with
placing, modifying, and constraining elements. Align can be
o
used with a variety of elements, while Split Element, o
Trim/Extend, and Offset can only be used with linear elements.
o
D
«=!=> °iP ^ o
□a
on 51 ^ o
❖ °<3 o II Modify
-4 3 X o
Figure 2-68
o
o
Aligning The Align command enables you to line up one element with G
another. Most Autodesk Revit elements can be aligned. For
Elements example, you can line up an air terminal with ceiling grids, as O
shown in Figure 2-69.
O
4_ o
G

11 t c
G
Q
C
G
G
C
Figure 2-69
c
c
c
c
c
c
2 48 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
C
3 Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
3
How To: Align Elements
3
3 1. In the Modify tab>Modify panel, click ^ (Align).
2. Select a line or point on the element that is going to remain
3 stationary. For walls, press <Tab> to select the correct wall
face.
3 3. Select a line or point on the element to be aligned. The
3 second element moves into alignment with the first one.

3 • The Align command works in all model views, including


parallel and perspective 3D views.
3
* You can lock alignments so that the elements move together
3 if either one is moved. Once you have created the alignment,
3 a padlock is displayed. Click on the padlock to lock it, as
shown in Figure 2-70.
3
Locking elements
3
3
enlarges the size of the
project file, so use this
option carefully.
t
3
&
3
O
3
i
Figure 2-70
o • Select Multiple Alignment to select multiple elements to
align with the first element. You can also hold <Ctrl> to make
3 multiple alignments.
O
* For walls, you can specify if you want the command to prefer
O Wall centerlines, Wall faces, Center of core, or Faces of
core, as shown in Figure 2-71. The core refers to the
(3 structural members of a wall as opposed to facing materials,
O such as sheet rock.

O Vi Multiple Alignment Prefer Wall fates


o Properties Wall centerlines

o Center of core
Faces of core
o Figure 2-71
O
o
o
o © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2-49
n
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP o
o
Splitting Linear The Split Element command enables you to break a linear
element at a specific point. You can use alignment lines, snaps, o
Elements and temporary dimensions to help place the split point. After you
have split the linear element, you can use other editing o
commands to modify the two parts, or change the type of one G
part, as shown with walls in Figure 2-72.
G
O
o
G
0 iJ D G
□ D 0 n G
a
a
G
Figure 2-72 G
G
How To: Split Linear Elements
G
1. In the Modify tab>Modify panel, click 1 (Split Element) or
type the shortcut SL.
c
2. In the Options Bar, select or clear the Delete Inner Segment c
option.
3. Move the cursor to the point you want to split and select the
G
point G
4. Repeat for any additional split locations.
5. Modify the elements that were split, as required. G
• The Delete Inner Segment option is used when you select G
two split points along a linear element. When the option is G
selected, the segment between the two split points is
automatically removed. G
G
Trimming and There are three trim/extend methods that you can use with linear
G
elements: Trim/Extend to Corner, Trim/Extend Single
Extending Element, and Trim/Extend Multiple Elements.
C
• When selecting elements to trim, click the part of the element
that you want to keep. The opposite part of the line is then
c
(*
trimmed.
c
2-50 ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
c
3 Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
3
□ How To: Trim/Extend to Corner

o 1. In the Modify tab>Modify panel, click (Trim/Extend to


Corner) or type the shortcut TR.
3 2. Select the first linear element on the side you want to keep.
O 3. Select the second linear element on the side you want to
keep, as shown in Figure 2-73.
3
3
Pick 1
3
3
3 Pick 2
3
3 Figure 2-73

HowTo: Trim/Extend a Single Element

3 1. In the Modify tab>Modify panel, click ■=H (Trim/Extend Single


) Element).
2. Select the cutting or boundary edge.
3 3. Select the linear element to be trimmed or extended, as
shown in Figure 2-74.
3
Pick 1

3 i
3
Pick 2

3
Figure 2-74
3
3 How To: Trim/Extend Multiple Elements
3 1. In the Modify tab>Modify panel, click {Trim/Extend
3 Multiple Elements).
2. Select the cutting or boundary edge.
3
r-^

©2078, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2 51


J
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
3. Select the linear elements that you want to trim or extend by
o
selecting one at a time, or by using a crossing window, as o
shown in Figure 2-75. For trimming, select the side you want
to keep. o
Pick 1
c
o
Pick 2
o
o
G
Pick 3
r G
o
Figure 2-75 o
• You can click in an empty space to clear the selection and
select another cutting edge or boundary.
c
V_,
('
Offsetting The Offset command is an easy way of creating parallel copies
of linear elements at a specified distance, as shown in
Elements Figure 2-76. Walls, beams, braces, and lines are among the
G
elements that can be offset. C
MEP elements can be
offset, but you should
typically use other tools c:
to create parallel
elements, such as
c
ducts, pipes, and c
conduits.
c
c
^2? TV c
Figure 2-76
c
The offset distance can be set by typing the distance (Numerical
c
method shown in Figure 2-77) or by selecting points on the
screen (Graphical method).
c:
c
OGraphical ©Numerical Offset 1000.0 | 0Copy c
Figure 2-77
C
C
2-52 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
C
D Basic Sketching and Modify Tools

D How To: Offset using the Numerical Method


D
D The Copy option (which 1. In the Modify tab>Modify panel, click a (Offset) or type the
is on by default) makes shortcut OF.
D a copy of the element 2. In the Options Bar, select the Numerical option.
being offset. If this 3. In the Options Bar, type the required distance in the Offset
option is not selected, field.
□ the Offset command
moves the element the
4. Move the cursor over the element you want to offset. A
dashed line previews the offset location. Move the cursor to
D set offset distance. flip the sides, as required.
5. Click to create the offset.
D 6. Repeat Steps 4 and 5 to offset other elements by the same
D distance, or to change the distance for another offset.
• With the Numerical option, you can select multiple
D connected linear elements for offsetting. Hover the cursor
□ over an element and press <Tab> until the other related
elements are highlighted, as shown in Figure 2-78. Select
D the element to offset all of the elements at the same time.
D The offset is from
centerline to centerline
D of elements, such as
duct or pipe.

Most linear elements


connected at a comer
automatically trim or
extend to meet at the
offset distance.

o
U $ ik
Chain of walls or lines L

o Figure 2-78

o How To: Offset using the Graphical Method


o 1. Start the Offset command.
2. In the Options Bar, select the Graphical option.
o 3. Select the linear element to offset.
o 4. Select two points that define the distance of the offset and
which side to apply it. You can type an override in the
o temporary dimension for the second point.

o
o © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2-63
n
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP o
A
(
Hint: Using Thin Lines
o
The software automatically applies line weights to views, as
shown for a section on the left in Figure 2-79. If a line weight o
seems heavy or obscures your work on the elements, toggle off
the line weights. In the Quick Access Toolbar or in the View
c
tab>Graphics panel, click ^ (Thin Lines) or type TL. The
c
lines display with the same weight, as shown on the right in a
Figure 2-79.
o
ay. M_ c
It

*■ wz• j
-A c
c
X o
o
c
Thin Lines Off Thin Lines On
c
Figure 2-79
G
• The Thin Line setting is remembered until you change it, (
even if you shut down and restart the software.

c
G
C
C
c
c
c

c;
2-54 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
D Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
D
.j Practice 2d Work with Additional Modify
D Tools
D Practice Objective
D • Use Align, Split, Offset and Trim/Extend.
D In this practice, you will discover and delete excess piping and
D clean it up with modify tools. You will align air terminals to ceiling
grids. Finally you will offset cable trays and use trim/extend
O commands to link them. You will also split and resize part of the
tray, as shown in Figure 2-80.
D
D Additional linear
elements, including
pipes and cable trays
have been added to this
practice.
lJ

D
D
D
D
D
O N

o Figure 2-80
• This practice is for all disciplines.
o
o Task 1 - Clean up excess piping.

o 1. In the practice files Basics folder, open


o Simple-Building-Align-M.rvt.

o 2. In the Plumbing> 3D Views; 3D Plumbing view, zoom in on


the connection between the hot water heater and the pipe in
o the hall to display the open connector.
o 3. In the View Control Bar, change the Detail Level to E9 (Fine)
o and the Visual Style to (Shaded) to help display the pipes
o more clearly.

o
o © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2-55
r~\
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP c
c
4. If required, in the Quick Access Toolbar, click
Lines) to see the piping better.
(Thin c
5. Delete the extra pipe and connectors between the pipes, as
c
shown in Figure 2-81. c
c
G
C
C
c
Figure 2-81
o
o
6. In the Modify tab>Modify panel, click {Trim/Extend to
Corner.
c
7. Select the two pipes, as shown in Figure 2-82. Ensure that
c
you select the smaller pipe first so that the elbow connector
uses the size of the larger pipe, as shown in Figure 2-83.
c
G
G

/NA, Figure 2-82 Figure 2-83


c
c:
G
G
8. Type ZF to zoom the model to fit the view. a
9. Save the project G
Task 2 - Align air terminals to ceiling grids. G
1. Open the Mechanical>HVAC>Ceiling Plans>1-Ceiling Mech
c
view. o
2. Zoom in on the lab room in the upper left corner. G
C
(Align).
3. In the Modify tab>Modify panel, click
a
c
a
2-56 ©2019, ASCENT - Center (or Technical Knowledge® o
rr
D Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
o 4. Select a vertical grid line and then the side of the air terminal,
o as shown in Figure 2-84.
D First selection
D ■ond selection
D
D
D
t t

u


o Figure 2-84

□ 5. While still in the Align command, in the Options Bar, select


Multiple Alignment.
D 6. Without stopping, select the following items in the order
□ listed, as shown in Figure 2-85:
• Horizontal grid line
D • Horizontal edge of the first air terminal
D • Horizontal edge of the 2nd air terminal
D ... - First selection
D

D
t t
3
o
D
D
l Second selection

Third Selectioi
Figure 2-85
3
7. Press <Esc> once. This keeps you in the command but
D releases the alignment line.
O
D
D
D
□ © 2018, ASCENT - Center (or Technical Knowledge® 2-57
O
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
8. Align the other air terminals to the ceiling grid, as shown in
o
Figure 2-86. o
o
o
f o
z o
o
I c
o
I t o
o
o
c
c
Figure 2-86 G
9. Use the Align toot with or without the multiple alignment (see c
which works the best for you) to move the air terminals in the
other lab rooms.
c
10. Zoom to fit the view and then save the project.
c
c
Task 3 - Offset, Trim and Split cable trays. c
1. Open the Electrical>Power>Floor Plans>1 - Power view. c
it
c
2. In the Modify tab>Modify panel, click (Offset).
c
3. In the Options Bar, select Numerical, set the Offset to
4600mm, and ensure that Copy is selected. c
4. Hover the cursor over the vertical cable tray and ensure that
c
the alignment line is to the right, as shown in Figure 2-87.
Click to create the copy.
c
c
c
c
c
2-58 @2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
c
□ Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
o >
o
D <!><!><!>
D
D <D><t> <t>
3
3 Figure 2-87

3 5. Select the new cable tray (ensuring that the offset is to the
right) and continue until there are five total trays, as shown in
3 Figure 2-88.
□ <
D ..n <t>
v<t> <t>
D
D <l> <D> <i>
3
ni
<—/
Figure 2-88
..J
D 6. Click Modify.

□ 7. In the Modify tab>Modify panel, dick (Trim/Extend


J Multiple Elements).
3 8. Select the horizontal cable tray and then draw a crossing
window from right to left, as shown in Figure 2-89.
3
Selection end Selection start
3
3
3 Hi
3 r i

3 «> <3> <t>


3 <1> <1> <D>
3
—-
3 Figure 2-89


D © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2-59
3
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
9. The cable trays are extended and fittings applied, as shown
o
in Figure 2-90. The last cable tray does not clean up, use the o
(Trim/Extend to Corner) command to finish it. o
> o
vJ I o
<t> <t> O o
<l> o <t> o
c
o
Figure 2-90
o
10. In the Modify tab>Modify panel, click «a» (Split Element). o
11. Select the point on the vertical cable tray shown in c
Figure 2-91. The cable tray is split and fittings are applied.
c
c
G
c:
=\
J1 c
c:

Cable Tf ays: Cable Tray with Fittings : Wire Mesh Cable
c
Tray
c
c
c
c
c
Figure 2-91 c
12. Click Modify and select the lower part of the tray. In the
Options Bar, change the Width to 100mm. The size changes
c
and the fitting is applied. c
• Note: You will learn how to justify cable tray in Chapter c
11.5 Adding Cable Trays and Conduit
c
13. Save the project. c
?-€0 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
C
3 Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
D
o Chapter Review Questions
4_/

1. What is the purpose of an alignment line?


3 a. Displays when the new element you are placing or
3 drawing is aligned with the grid system.

3 b. Indicates that the new element you are placing or drawing


is aligned with an existing element.
3 c. Displays when the new element you are placing or
n drawing is aligned with a selected tracking point.
d. Indicates that the new element is aligned with true north
3 rather than project north.
3 2. Which of the following commands imports a component (such
3 as the sink shown in Figure 2-92) that is not available in your
project?
j
)
)
')
) o
3
)
O Plumbing Fixtures : Sink - Island - Single
Public

□ a. Load Family
Figure 2-92

U b. Load Equipment
3 c. Load Component
O d. Load Fixture
3
n
D
O
O
O
D &2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2-61

Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP o
3. How do you select all Lighting Fixture of various sizes, but no
o
other elements in a view? o
a. In the Project Browser, select the Lighting Fixtures
category.
o
b. Select one Lighting Fixture, right-click and select Select o
All lnstances>Visible in View. G
c. Select all of the elements in the view and use (Filter)
to clear the other categories. o
d. Select one Lighting Fixture and click re(Select Multiple) o
in the ribbon.
4. What are the two methods for starting commands such as
Move, Copy, Rotate, Mirror, and Array? Start the command G
from the Modify tab and select the elements, or...
O
a. Select the elements and then start the command.
a. Select the elements and then select the command from
G
the Status Bar. G
a. Select the elements, right-click and select the command
from the list.
5. Where do you change the type for a selected plumbing
fixture, as shown in Figure 2-93? a
c
o
o

Figure 2-93
a. In the Modify \ Plumbing Fixtures tab>Properties panel, c
click ® (Type Properties) and select a new type in the c
dialog box. c
b. In the Options Bar, click Change Element Type.
c. Select the dynamic control next to the selected plumbing
c
fixture and select a new type in the drop-down list. c
d. In Properties, select a new type in the Type Selector
drop-down list.
c
c
c
c
2-62 ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® c
C
D Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
D
D 6. Both ^ (Rotate) and DD (Array) with 2^1 (Radial) have a
center of rotation that defaults to the center of the element or
D group of elements you have selected. How do you move the
center of rotation to another point as shown in Figure 2-94?
D (Select all that apply.)
D
D
D
D o
D
D
D
D
D
□ Figure 2-94
3 a. Select the center of rotation and drag it to a new location.
u b. In the Options Bar, click Place and select the new point.
D c. In the MocWy tab>Placement panel, click ® (Center) and
) select the new point.

O d. Right-click and select Snap Overrides>Centers and


select the new point.
O 7. Which command would you use to break part of a duct so
D that you can change the duct type?
□ a. fc (Align)
O b. " (Split)
o
o c. ^ (Trim)

o d. (Offset)

o
o
o
o
o © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2-63
n
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
c
c
Command Summary c
Button Command Location
c
Modify Tools c
an
□□
Array • Ribbon: Mod/fy tab>Modify panel
• Shortcut: AR
c
Co Copy • Ribbon: Modify tab>Modify panel G
0)

Copy to
• Shortcut: CO
• Ribbon: Modify tab>Clipboard pane'
c
C5 Clipboard • Shortcut: <Ctrl>+<C> C
X
Delete •

Ribbon: Mod/fytab>Modify panel
Shortcut: DE
c
Mirror - Draw • Ribbon: Modify tab>Modify panel c
Axis
Mirror - Pick


Shortcut: DM
Ribbon: A/fo<rt/ytab>Modify panel
c
-f Axis • Shortcut: MM C

Move •

Ribbon: Modify tab>Modify panel
Shortcut: MV
c
G
Paste • Ribbon: Modify tab>Clipboard panel c
• Shortcut: <Ctrl>+<V>
G
Pin • Ribbon: Modify tab>Modify panel
a
• Shortcut: PN c
o Rotate •

Ribbon: Modify tab>Modify panel
Shortcut: RO
c
Scale • Ribbon: Modify tab>Modify panel G
6]
Unpin
• Shortcut: RE
• Ribbon: Modify tab>Modify panel
c
• Shortcut: UP c
Modify Tools
Align • Ribbon: Modify tab>Modify panel
c
• Shortcut: AL C

&
Offset • Ribbon: Modify tab>Modify panel c
Split Element
• Shortcut: OF
• Ribbon: Modify tab>Modify panel
c
=5" • Shortcut: SL C
m Trim/Extend
Multiple
Elements
• Ribbon: Modify tab>Modify panel
c
c
Trim/Extend • Ribbon: Modify tab>Modify panel
HI Single Element C
C
c
2-64 ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® c
c
D Basic Sketching and Modify Tools
D
Trim/Extend to • Ribbon: Modify tab>Modify panel
D Corner • Shortcut: TR
D Select Tools

D Drag elements
on selection
• Ribbon: All tabs>Select panel
■ Status Bar
D Filter • Ribbon: Modify | Multi-Select tab>
XI Filter panel
D ♦ Status Bar
D ft
Select Elements • Ribbon: All tabs>Select panel
By Face • Status Bar
D Select Links • Ribbon: All tabs>Select panel
‘if
0 • Status Bar

□ ft
Select Pinned
Elements
• Ribbon: All tabs>Select panel
• Status Bar
D &
Select Underlay • Ribbon: All tabs>Select panel
Elements • Status Bar
0
D

D

O
0
0
0
0
0
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
0
o © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 2 -65
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
G
c
c
c
G
C
r;
c
c
G
G
G
G
C
a
G
c
G
C
a
7-66 © 2019, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® c
r'-y
4 Ell 1L
sieP Chapte e
SP4I..
“ ft IS
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k w1
Starting Systems Projects
V--
MEP projects are typically started after an architectural project is underway, and
need to use information provided by the architect as the base for the project. You
4_
can link Autodesk'1"1 Revit® models and then build the systems model around
them, copying and monitoring the required information from the architectural
model into the systems project.
t Learning Objectives in this Chapter
• Unking and Importing CAD files.
c • Link Revit models into the project so that you can design the systems project.
» Add levels to define floor to floor heights and other vertical references.
c • Copy and monitor elements from linked Revit models so that you know when changes have
been made.
• Run Coordination Reviews to identify changes between the current project and any linked
c models.

o • Batch Copy elements such as air terminals, lighting fixtures, and plumbing fixtures from a
linked model
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
c J

o CS20f 8. ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge€> 3-1


f
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP c
c
3.1 Linking and Importing CAD c
Files o
While the Autodesk® Revit® software has become a major player
o
in the AEC community, many firms have legacy drawings from
other CAD programs and could be working with consultants that
o
use other programs. You can import, link, and export data from a o
variety of programs. These can include 2D details (as shown in
Figure 3-1) and 3D models.
o
G
o
[] □ G
G
Mi
muuM O
c
Q
.Hj
o
MMJMVOMIMN

o
Figure 3-1 c
• CAD files that can be linked or imported include AutoCAD
.DWG and .DXF, Microstation .DGN, ACIS .SAT, and c
Sketchup .SKP files. o
Unking vs. Importing G
• Linked files: Become part of the project, but are still
G
connected to the original file. Use them if you expect the G
original drawing to change. The link is automatically updated
when you open the project. G
• Imported files: Become part of the project and are not
G
connected to the original file. Use them if you know that the G
original drawing is not going to change.
G
G
G

G
3-2 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® O
n
D Starting Systems Projects
o How To: Link or Import a CAD File
o 1. Open the view into which you want to link or import the file.
o • For a 2D file, this should be a 2D view. For a 3D file, open
D a 3D view.

o 2. In the Insert tab>Link panel, click (Link CAD), or in the


D Insert tab>lmport panel, click ® (Import CAD).
3. In the Link CAD Formats or Import CAD Formats dialog box
O (shown in Figure 3-2), select the file that you want to import.
D
R Unk CAD Formats
D
Look n: I ftcvrt Architectifc Fmdanentab ■'l ^ SJ X 9«vs -
D * Name Type
Preview

O J. Practice Library
Hotel-Lobby-Floor Plan.cfwg
File folder
AutoCAD Drawing
won
o I^HotelTypkal-Guest-Floor-Plan.dwg
^ Roof-Detail.dwg
AutoCAD Drawing
AutoCAD Drawing
D
Q
O *
D
O
a
o Flenane: Hotd-Tyncal-Guest -floor -Ptan.dwg

D [- Ffcsoftype: [oWGFies (’.dwg) ________

□ 0 Current view orfy Colors: Preserve

layers/.evefe: [aI »]
Postering: [Auto -OrigintoOngki

Place at: Levels


D truxrt Hits: jnutoOetect l.QOOOOo)
tt'Hgra
(vj Orient to vtew


D L T«* @ Correct tries that are sStfitty off axis

Figure 3-2
I OP*" Caned

□ •
The dialog boxes for Link CAD Formats and Import CAD
Formats are the same.
D
• Select a file format in the Files of Type drop-down list to
D limit the files that are displayed.
D 4. Set the other options as outlined below.
5. Click Open.
G
O
o 02018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 3-3
O
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
Link and Import Options
o
o
Current view
only
Determine whether the CAD file is placed in every view, or
only in the current view. This is especially useful if you are
o
working with a 2D floor plan that you only need to have in
one view.
o
Colors Specify the color settings. Typical Autodesk Revit projects
o
are mainly black and white. However, other software
frequently uses color. You can Invert the original colors.
O
Preserve them, or change everything to Black and
White.
O
Layers Indicates which CAD layers are going to be brought into
o
the model. Select how you want layers to be imported: All,
Visible, or Specify....
G
Import units Select the units of the original file, as required.
O
Auto-Detect works in most cases.
O
Correct If lines in a CAD file are off axis by less than 0.1 degree
Lines... selecting this option straightens them. It is selected by C
default.
C
Positioning Specify how you want the imported file to be positioned in
the current project: Auto-Center to Center, Auto-Origin G
to Origin, Manual-Origin, Manual-Base Point, or
Manual-Center. The default position is Auto-Origin to G
Origin. If linking the file, Auto-By Shared Coordinates is
also available.

Place at Select a level in which to place the imported file. If you C


selected Current view only, this option is grayed out.

• When a file is positioned Auto-Origin to Origin, it is pinned C


in place and cannot be moved. To move the file, click on the G
pin to unpin it, as shown in Figure 3-3.
G
9 9V

7S
(.to

7*
c
C
«i c
\
h / A
| Prevent or a low change of element position | c
2 C
y" N (_

6 66 «> ■io
F IS
• 66
C
Figure 3-3 c:
c
3-4 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® c
C
D Starting Systems Projects
D
D 3.2 Linking in Revit Models
D You can link Autodesk Revit architectural or structural models
directly into a systems project. A linked model automatically
3 updates if the original file is changed. When the model is linked
D to the systems project, the architectural and structural elements
display in halftone, as shown in Figure 3-4.
3
D ?f??f?Y?Y?
D i
0—r—r*

D fD—s- —
©-■
D
o— Ty. .A_u ,i. IL
D —i—4—i 4-i-
3 iii i i i ii
iiiiiii i—i- r
o Architectural model linked into a systems project.
D Figure 3-4

D • Architectural, structural, and MEP models created in the


Autodesk Revit software can be linked to each other as long
3 as they are from the same release cycle.
o • When you use linked models, clashes between disciplines
o can be detected and information can be passed between
disciplines.
o
o How To: Add a Linked Model to a Host Project

O 1. In the Insert tab>Link panel, click B (Link Revit).


2. In the Import/Link RVT dialog box, select the file that you
o want to link. Before opening the file, set the Positioning, as
o shown in Figure 3-5.

o We Game: Syracuse-Sutes.rvt

O Res of type: ' RVTntes (Vrvl)_ ifc/. 3


eoatjorwig:
O jUjto-CentertoCenter^^^^^^^__
I
o 3 Auto - By Shared Coordnates
Auto • Project Base Point to Project Base Poeit
Manual -Origin
o Manual - Base Po^t
Manual - Center

o Figure 3-5

o 3. Click Open.

o © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 3-5


r~\
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP c
• Depending on how you decide to position the file, it is
c
automatically placed in the project or you can manually place c
it with the cursor.
c.
• As the links are loading, do not click on the screen or click
any buttons. The more links present in a project, the longer it
c
takes to load. c
Hint: Preventing Linked Model from being moved □
Once a linked model is in the correct location, you can lock it in c
place to ensure it does not get moved by mistake, or prevent
the linked model from being selected. c
• To pin the linked model in place, select it and in the Modify

tab>Modify panel, click u (Pin). c


• To prevent pinned elements from being selected, in the G
Status Bar, click ft (Select Pinned Elements). c
• To toggle off the ability to select links, in the Status Bar, click c
(Select Links). c
If a linked file is moved, you can reposition it to the Project Base
G
Point or Internal Origin. Right-click on it and select the option, G
as shown in Figure 3-6.

Cancel

Repeat (Manage Links] a


Recent Commands
G
Reposition to Project Base Point
G
Reposition to Internal Origin
G
Figure 3-6
G
Multiple Copies of Linked Models G
Copied instances of a linked model are typically used when a
creating a master project with the same building placed in G
multiple locations, such as a university campus with six identical
student residence halls. G
• Linked models can be moved, copied, rotated, arrayed, and Q
mirrored. There is only one linked model, and any copies are
additional instances of the link.
G
O
3-6 ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
G
n
3 Starting Systems Projects
3
• Copies are numbered automatically. You can change their
3 names in Properties when the instance is selected.
3 • When you have placed a link in a project, you can drag and
drop additional copies of the link into the project from the
3 Project Browser>Revit Links node, as shown in Figure 3-7.
3
0 iso Revit tanks
3 ^ Warehouse Layoutrvt

3 Figure 3-7
3
Managing Links The Manage Links dialog box (shown in Figure 3-8) enables you
3 to reload, unload, add, and remove links, and it also provides
3 access to set other options. To open the Manage Links dialog
box, in the Insert tab>Link panel, click ^ (Manage Links) or
3 select the link and, in the Modify { RVT Links tab> Link panel,
click (Manage Links).
D
Manage Unto
D Revt! B=C j CAO Format* flWMertMMlPoWCbufc

3 Link Name Status


Refeierx* Portions
Saved Path Path Type Local Alias

o MtP-EJementacy-School-A D
Type Not Saved
■•whdlcAfiOl J: I

o
D &•*«*• k'iculxrr. Reload from... fidoad U*»ad ] ! flild... | | «ci«m j

o MJragr V/aVSeS

Cn | | Qm** | ! | Help

O
Figure 3-8
o The options available in the Manage Links dialog box include the
o following:
o Reload is also available • Reload From: Opens the Add Link dialog box, which enables
o in the Project Browser.
Expand the Revit Links
you to select the file you want to reload. Use this if the linked
file location or name has changed.
o node. Right-click on the • Reload: Reloads the file without additional prompts.
Revit Link and select
o Reload or Reload • Unload: Unloads the file so that it the link is kept, but the file
is not displayed or calculated in the project. Use Reload to
o From...
restore it,
o • Add: Opens the Import/Link RVT dialog box which enables
you to link additional models into the host project.
o • Remove: Deletes the link from the file.
o
o © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 3-7
n
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP c
Links can be nested into one another. How a link responds when
o
the host project is linked into another project depends on the o
option in the Reference Type column:
G
• Overlay: The nested linked model is not referenced in the
new host project. G
• Attach: The nested linked model displays in the new host O
project.
The option in the Path Type column controls how the location of
G
the link is remembered: G
• Relative G
• Searches the root folder of the current project.
G
• If the file is moved, the software still searches for it.
G
• Absolute
• Searches the entire file path where the file was originally
O
saved. G
• If the original file is moved, the software is not able to
find it.
G
• Other options control how the linked file interfaces with G
Worksets and Shared Positioning. G
Hint: Visibility Graphics and Linked Files G
When you open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box (type W or c
VG), you can modify the graphic overrides for Revit links as
shown in Figure 3-9. This can help you clean up the view, or c
assign a view to build on. G
VKihUdy/Graphic Override for Structural Plan: 00 GROUND H.OOR ■a
Modd Categories Annotation Cehrgorie Viafytaaf Mode) Catrgone Inported Cateflorie fitters Revit tries
a
Vrsbikty Halftone Underlay Display Settings
a
p53E23 ust-Sueej-iicihCniorit r.t ?ji I lest flew
T7
G
Figure 3-9 c
The Display Settings include: G
• By host view: The display of the Revit link is based on the
view properties of the current view in the host model.
c
• By linked view: The appearance of the Revit link is based c
on the view properties of the selected linked view and
ignores the view properties of the current view.
c
• Custom: You can override all of the graphical elements.
c
c
3-8 ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® c
c
D Starting Systems Projects

3 Practice 3a Start a Systems Project
D Practice Objectives
D • Start a new project from a template
• Link an architectural model into a systems project.
D
3 In this practice, you will create a new systems project file and link
an architectural Autodesk Revit model into it. You will then pin
3 the linked model in place and modify the elevation view marker
D locations, as shown in Figure 3-10. You will also view the linked
model in 3D.

O 0 tit____ ta____

Cj
□ i
□ 'iFniTT”’-]
.-M.l../1

T"'n a &

3 I I I If RVT Links : Linked Revit Model: MEP-Elementary-


School-Architectural.rvt: 1 : location <Not Shared>
o •a
J ?
D
3
ajLiJL. \A
-l

D Yii
□ D
CL
Figure 3-10
D • This practice is for all disciplines.
3
Task 1 - Create a new project.
D
D 1. In the File tab, dick D (New).
3 2. In the New Project dialog box, click Browse....
3 3. In the Choose Template dialog box, select
D Systems-Default_Metric.rte, click Open, and then click OK.
* These practices use templates from the US Metric
3 installation of the Autodesk Revit software. The templates
3 are available in the Metric Templates practice files folder.

3
3 «$ 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 3-9
3
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP o
4. Save the project in the practice files Starting folder as
o
MEP-Elementary-School.rvt. o
Task 2 - Link in a architectural model.
o
o
1. In the Insert tab>Link panel, click (Link Revit). o
2. In the Import/Link RVT dialog box, navigate to the practice o
files Starting folder and select MEP-Elementary-School-
Architectural-M.rvt.
o
3. Verify that the Positioning is set to Auto - Origin to Origin
o
and then click Open. o
4. Type ZF (Zoom to Fit). The new building displays in the active G
view and is linked into the new Revit MEP project.
O
5. Select the linked model. In the Modify | RVT Links tab>Modify
G
panel, click u (Pin). The pin icon displays on the linked file O
as shown in Figure 3-11. This keeps the linked model from
being moved by accident. G
G
G
C
C
G
G
G
G
G
C
c
c
c
c
c
c
3-10 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® c
C
)
Starting Systems Projects
3 r
D 9
3

D
D
0
O *■ n "-"■1*-■>.mrrrirr TTi
o
D ip I
j Prevent or allow change of element position

D
6
O
D
t ^ *r<* C’-v- -r-ulr. :-J
H
j>-rr jy


11
r <" *- ■»•*■
■ 'V-A.

o
*T2 m
■5
r—\
.)

^—. *
o
r
Figure 3-11

3 6. Click in empty space to clear the selection of the linked


model.
0.
7. Move the elevation markers outside of the building, (Hint:
0 Drag a window from left to right around each marker to select
both parts.)
O
O 8. In the Quick Access Toolbar, click ^ (Default 3D View.)
0 9. Zoom in to look at the model. All of the MEP-related elements
o in the architectural model display in black, while the
architectural elements are grayed out, as shown in
n Figure 3-12.
o
u
o
o
o Vi 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 3-11
O
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP c
c
c
,MEP fixtures In the linked c
model
c
Architectural elements In
linked model
c
c
c
c
c
Figure 3-12 c:
10. Zoom to fit the view. G
11. Save the project. c
c
c
c
c
f
c
G
C
G
G
C
c
c
c
c
c
c:
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3-12 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
c
Starting Systems Projects
D
D 3.3 Setting Up Levels
Levels define stories and other vertical heights, as shown in
Figure 3-13. The default systems template includes two levels,
3 but you can define as many levels in a project as required. They
) can go down (for basements) or up.

Floor levels are


frequently set by the
architect and need to be faotni-w» ^

copied and monitored


into the systems model.
You can also draw -H saw
w«»a Root -

levels directly in a
project, as required. &

■t Moor 2 jT\
■"40 OTTvr

VIP*

'
—,jwh>
-—

Figure 3-13
D • You must be in an elevation or section view to define levels.
D • Once you constrain an element to a level it moves with the
level when the level is changed.
D
D How To: Create Levels
o 1. Open an elevation or section view.
o 2. In the Architecture tab>Datum panel, click (Level), or
o type LL.
3. In the Type Selector, set the Level Head type if required.
o 4. In the Options Bar, select or clear Make Plan View as
required. You can also click Plan View Types... to select the
o types of views to create when you place the level.
o 5. In the Modify \ Place Level tab>Draw panel, click:

o • 4 (Line) to draw a level.

o .4 (Pick Lines) to select an element using an offset.

o Be careful when you use Pick Lines that you do not place
levels on top of each other or other elements by mistake.
o
o © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge« 3-13
r~\
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
c
• Level names are automatically incremented as you place
c
them so it is helpful to name them in simply (i.e., Floor 1, c
Floor 2, etc., rather than First Floor, Second Floor, etc.). This
also makes it easier to find the view in the Project Browser. c
c
• A fast way to create multiple levels is to use the ^ (Pick
Lines) option using an Offset. In the Options Bar, specify an
c
Offset, select an existing level, and then pick above or below
to place the new level, as shown in Figure 3-14.
o
c
You specify above or
below the offset by Offset alignment line c
hovering the cursor on
Level 2
G
the required side.
[ LevtH . Lf.d; Levd 2; Rf<t<enc< \ 400 C G
Figure 3-14 o
• When using the ■' (Line) option, alignments and temporary G
dimensions help you place the line correctly, as shown in
Figure 3-15.
G
You can sketch the level Temporary
lines from left to right or
£»ten*icn
Dimension
Level 3 ,—
8000-,-^ G
right to left depending
on where you want the
§
s Level 2 Level 2 .
Irfrmicn
c
bubble. However,
ensure they are all
Alignment line
*000

Level i
Alignment line
*000 '

Level i M-y.
c
sketched in the same ------ C
direction. First click Second click
Figure 3-15
O
or* G
• You can also use (Copy) to duplicate level lines. The
level names are incremented but a plan view is not created. G
• Levels display in the default 3D view. They can be modified
O
and copied but you cannot create them in this view. G
• Levels can be hidden in any view. C
G
O
c
G

C
3-14 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
G
r'
D Starting Systems Projects
D
o Modifying You can change levels using standard controls and temporary
dimensions, as shown in Figure 3-16. You can also make
v__ /
Levels changes in the Properties palette.

30

□ Leve* 4
V203Q
0

o ID

o M

f
Leved 3
8OJ0

Figure 3-16

k_) 0□ (Hide / Show Bubble) displays on either end of the


level line and toggles the level head symbol and level
information on or off.
D
zo 30
(Switch to 3d / 2d extents) controls whether any
movement or adjustment to the level line is reflected in other
views (3D) or only affects the current view (2D).

(Modify the level by dragging its model end) at each end


of the line enables you to drag the level head to a new
location.
)
)
.ad (Create or remove a length or alignment constraint)
controls whether the level is locked in alignment with the
other levels. If it is locked and the level line is stretched, all of
the other level lines stretch as well. If it is unlocked, the level
line stretches independent of the other levels.

• Click (Add Elbow) to add a jog to the level line as shown


D in Figure 3—17. Drag the shape handles to new locations as
required. This is a view-specific change.

w>

D Parapet
) Parapet
17Q0~'^Z^^
-- • 17000 ; V
KOO Roof

) 16000 16000
Before After
D
\ Figure 3-17

D © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 3-15


D
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
• To change the level name or elevation, double-click on the
o
information next to the level head, or select the level and o
modify the Name or Elevation fields in Properties, as shown
in Figure 3-18.
o
o
Properties
ID
o
Level
8mm Head
o
o
Levels (1)
Constraints
Elevation
Story Above
40000
Default
•» © Edit Type -----------
a
L Floor 2

4000 V o
O
Dimensions
Computation Height 00
a
o
Extents
Scope Box None
a
J o
Identity Data a
Name f3BHE G
Structural
Building Story
a
m c
Figure 3-18 C
• When you rename a Level, an alert box opens, prompting G
you to rename the corresponding views as shown in
Figure 3-19. G
C
x
Confirm Level Rename
c
Would you like to rename corresponding views? c
c
0 Do not show me this message again Yes I No c
Figure 3-19 c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
3-16 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
c
Starting Systems Projects
D
• If you delete a level, the views related to that level are also
3 delete. A warning displays as shown in Figure 3-20.
3
Autodesk Revit
3 Warrxng

D Along with the selection, 6 elements and 3 views wH be deleted.


View Floor Plan : Floor 4 wi be deleted.
View Ce&ig Plan : Floor 4 wi be deleted.
3 When Do not duplicate View Structural Plan ; Floor 4 wi be deleted.
existing views is
3 selected, views without 9 tow Expand »

3 the selected plan type


display in the list.
3 QK Cancel |

3 Figure 3-20

3 Hint: Propagating Datum Extents


3 Datum elements such as levels and column grids might not
always display as expected in a view. Select the levels or grids
3 in a view in which they are displayed. In the Modify contextual
3
tab>Datum panel, click (Propagate Extents). In the
3 Propagate datum extents dialog box (shown in Figure 3-21),
select the views to project the levels or grid lines to.

D Propagate datum extents

3 For the selected Datum (s), apply the Extents from this view to the
folowing views:
3
plElevabon: East - Mech
3 ipjElevation: East - Ptumbog
00evatk>n: West-Bee
3 ^Elevation: West - Mech

3 0i ilevation: West - Plumbing

Figure 3-21
3
.% (Propagate Extents) is particularly useful to make levels
O and grids display the same in all views.
3
3

3
3
3
3 *5 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 3 17
3
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
o
Creating Plan By default, when you place a level, plan views for that level are
automatically created. If Make Plan View was toggled off when o
Views adding the level, or if the level was copied, you can create plan
views to match the levels.
o
• Level heads with views are blue and level heads without o
associated views are black, as shown in Figure 3-22.
o
Level 3
7300 Black - no Plan o
Level 2
Views
o
4000 ■Blue • Plan Views
created o
Level 1
os G
Figure 3-22 O
How To: Create Plan Views
O
G
1. In the View tab>Create panel, expand El (Plan Views) and!
select the type of plan view you want to create, as shown in
G
Figure 3-23. C
2. To specify the discipline, in the New Plan dialog box, click
Edit Type. G
3. In the Type Properties dialog box, select the button beside
View Template applied to new views.
C
Hold <Ctrt> or <Shift> to 4. In the Apply View Template dialog box, select the appropriate C
select more than one view template name. Click OK twice.
level. 5. In the New Plan dialog box, select the levels for which you c
want to create plan views, as shown in Figure 3-24.
c
f New Floor Plan si c
Plan Views * S *
rype

[noorPton *] I edtType... |
c
c
B Floor Plan
Select one of more levels for which you want to
create new views. c
Reflected Ceiling Plan
Ptenun 2
Ptemxn 3
c
H Structural Plan
c
Plan Region
|yj Do not dedicate existing views c
j Area Plan OK '] { Caned ] c
Figure 3-23 Figure 3-24
c
c
c
3-18 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
C
D Starting Systems Projects
D • System projects are typically divided into disciplines and
D sub-disciplines, as shown in Figure 3-25. You can specify the
discipline while you are creating the plan view, or after the
D plan is created in Properties, as shown in Figure 3-26.
3
Project Browser - Projectl X
D V ews 'Oise p me)
D a- Electrical
Q Lighting f| Properties X

3 (a5 F'oor Plans

D
® Ceiling Plans
3 Power
■3 Floor Plans
0 Floor Plan

® 30 Views ▼ 01 Edit Type


E Floor Plan: 1 - Mech
3 ® Elevations (Building E evation)
Underlay : None
□ Mechanical
D B HVAC
Underlay
Orientation
Orientation Plan
Project North
® Floor Plans
D Wall Join Display Clean all wall joins

D
S Ceiling Plans
11 3D Views
3 Elevations (Building Elevation) i_J,
Discipline
Show Hidden Lines Architectural
Mechanical
op
f

0
1 0 Plumbing
g Plumbing
0 Floor Plans
Color Scheme Locate.. (Structural
Color Scheme
. - , .
Mechanical
- (Electrical
System Color Schemesp|(jmbmg
mJ
Default Analysis Disp... Coordination
D 0 3D Views
0 Elevations (Building Elevation) Sub-Discipline nvMi.

D Figure 3-25 Figure 3-26



D
O
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 3-19
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
c
c
3.4 Copying and Monitoring c
Elements c
Once a linked architectural model is in place, the next step is to c
copy and/or monitor elements that you need from the linked file
into the systems project. These elements most often include
c
grids and levels. Other elements commonly include lighting
fixtures (as shown in Figure 3-27), plumbing fixtures,
c
mechanical equipment, and sprinklers. A monitoring system c
keeps track of the copied elements and prompts for updates if
c
something is changed. The 0 (Monitor) icon indicates the
monitored elements. c
c
G
Monitored
elements- c
c:
0
\
0
\
0 c
c
Figure 3-27
c:
• Copy: Creates a duplicate of a selected element in the
current project and monitors it to a selected element in the c
linked model or current project.
c:
• Monitor: Compares two elements of the same type against G
each other, either from a linked model to the current project
(as shown in Figure 3-28) or in the current project. C
Level 2
G
5000 Plenum 1 G
Ceiling 1 4200 c
3600
C
G
G
level I
C
0

Figure 3-28
c
c
c
3-20 ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
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W-J
Starting Systems Projects
D
How To; Copy and Monitor Elements from a Linked
3 File
o 1. In the Collaborate tab>Coordinate panel, expand
3 * (Copy/Monitor) and click (Select Link).
3 2. Select the link.
3 C'I
3. In the Copy/Monitor tab>Tools panel, dick (Copy) or
3 81(Monitor).
4. If copying from the linked file, select each element that you
want to copy. Alternatively, use the Multiple option:
3 • In the Options Bar, select Multiple, as shown in
Figure 3-29.
3
3 Copy/Monitor 0Multiple [Finish] [Cancel]

3 Figure 3-29
• Hold <CtrI> and select the elements that you want to copy
3 into your model individually, or use a pick and drag
window around multiple elements.
Warnings about • In the Options Bar, click Finish.
duplicated or renamed
If monitoring elements in the current project with elements in
types might display.
3 the linked model, first select the element in the current
project, and then select the element in the linked model.
3
3 5. Click (Finish) to end the session of Copy/Monitor.

How To: Copy and Monitor Elements in the Current


3 Project.
3 1. In the Collaborate tab>Coordinate panel, expand
rn
lJ mi(Copy/Monitor) and click (Use Current Project).
On
3 2. In the Copy/Monitor tab>Tools panel, click (Copy) or
3 * (Monitor).
3 3. Select the two elements you want to monitor.
4. Repeat the process for any additional elements.
D
5. Click * (Finish) to end the command.
O
* The elements do not have to be at the same elevation or
3 location for the software to monitor them.
D
G
3 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 3-21
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Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
c
G
Practice 3b Copy and Monitor Elements o
Practice Objectives o
• Modify existing levels. o
• Copy and monitor levels.
• Add levels.
c
o
In this practice, you will use Copy/Monitor to copy and monitor
levels from the architectural model to the MEP project, as shown G
in Figure 3-30. You will also add levels and then monitor them C
against other levels.
C
MEP copy/monitored levels
B Parapet - Gym Parapet - Gym G
11300 1130D
Architectural model levels
B Library Top Library Top^A
G
9SDD win
S <Ail»g RocIt f \
IAIUg Root*
8SDD ^ 85QQ c
c
B G
UiifciS- ReTereice
— SJQQ
0 leuel 2
4D00
leuei 2 ,—.
4000

c
B Lewi 1 - Retereice f-,
G
a Leuel 1
1000 W
c
TOP mT\
-16SD VF G
Figure 3-30 C
• This practice is for all disciplines. c
Task 1 - Match existing levels to levels in the linked model. c
c
1. In the practice files Starting folder, open
MEP-Elementary-School-Levels-M.rvt. c
2. Open the Mechanical>HVAC>Elevations (Building c
E1evations)>East - Mech view.
L
C
3-22 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® c
C
D Starling Systems Projects
D 3. There are two levels in the host project. Select the linked
D architectural model to help you distinguish between them, as
shown in Figure 3-31.
D
Linked model levels
D
□ ___ _ —MEP project levels

D
D [L«hI
?!W!
l«u«I 2
------------inW
D I
D
r
o tttwi
3
llllfl I
~0~\w

D
D Figure 3-31

D 4. Click b (Modify)
D
3 tb (Align).
5. In the Modify tab>Modify panel, click
D If required, press <Tab> 6. In the linked model, select Level 2 and in the host project,
to select the level in the select Level 2. The levels are now coincident.
o host project, and not the
o linked model. 7. Click 1' (Modify) and select one of the level lines in the host
project. Select the control and drag it to the side, as shown in
o Figure 3-32.
o Level 2 t _Level 2
o 4000 v 4000 ’

o Linked model levels

o MEP project levels moved—

O Level 1 Level 1
0
O
o -1650 ^

o Figure 3-32

o 8. Click b (Modify).
o 9. Save the project.
o
o © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 3-23
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Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
o
Task 2 - Copy and monitor levels.
o
1. In the Collaborate tab>Coordinate panel, expand ■t (Copy/ o
o
Monitor) and click (Select Link).
o
2. Select the linked model.
o
3. In the Copy/Monitor tab>Tools panel, click (Monitor). o
4. In the host project, select Level 1. In the linked model, select o
Level 1. Repeat for Level 2.
o
5. In the Copy/Monitor panel, click ^ (Finish). The levels are G
now monitored as shown in Figure 3-33. o
G
© UIBI2 jf\ Uuel2jfN
mu\P tfEO V*' G
G
G
0 --- G
tof jt.
—■ — r16®-ry G
Figure 3-33
C
6. Select Level 2 in the host project. Change the Height to
5000mm (use temporary dimensions or change the number
G
below the level name). A Warning box opens as shown in C
Figure 3-34.
a
Warning B) G
Coordmabon Mentor alert: Level moved by 1000
+• G
«5
C
G
Figure 3-34
c
c
c
G
e
3 24 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
c
D Starting Systems Projects
D
7. Close the warning box and undo the level height change.
3
D 8. In the Collaborate tab>Coordinate panel, expand ■»(Copy/
3 Monitor) and dick ^ (Select Link).

3 9. Select the linked model.


3 G">
10. In the Copy/Monitor tab>Tools panel, click (Copy).
D
11. Select the top three levels. They are reference levels used to
D create the heights of spaces. If required, close any alert
D dialog boxes.

D 12.In the Copy/Monitor panel, click * (Finish).


3 13. Drag the level bubbles over so that they match with the levels
□ you moved earlier.

14. Save the project.


D
D Task 3 - Add and monitor levels.
D
1. In the Architecture tab>Datum panel, click (Level).

o A
2. In the Modify ] Place Level tab>Draw panel, click (Pick
D Lines).

3 3. In the Options Bar, clear Make Plan View and set the Offset
to 1000mm.
O
4. Hover the cursor over Level 1 and verify that the alignment
O line for the offset is above the level as shown in Figure 3-35.
o
o 1 M'':
Level 1 Level 1

o —(r---- rv*
Levels: Level: Level 1: Reference i

O ________TOFjg
-1650 G*
o Figure 3-35
o
o
o
o
o 132018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 3-25
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Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP c
5. Click on Level 1 to place the new level.
c
c
6. Repeat with Level 2 and then click & (Modify) to end the
command.
c
7. Click on the name of new level above Level 1 and change it
c
to Level 1 - Reference, as shown in Figure 3-36. c
30 G
1000
0 C
Level i
Level 1
0
C
c
c
Figure 3-36
c
8. Repeat with the new level above Level 2 and name it Level 2
- Reference.
c
9. In the Collaborate tab>Coordinate panel, expand
c
(Copy/Monitor) and click (Select Link).
c
G
10. Select the linked model.
G
By monitoring the 11. In the Copy/Monitor tab>Tools panel, click (Monitor). G
reference levels to the
levels in the linked 12. In the host project, select Level 1 - Reference. In the linked
project, any changes to model, select Level 1. Repeat for Level 2 - Reference and
the linked project (such Level 2. G
as a name change) are
13. In the Copy/Monitor panel, click (Finish).
C
automatically updated in
the reference levels as G
14. Zoom out and save the project.
well. C
c
c
c
c
c
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3-26 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
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D Starting Systems Projects
D
3.5 Coordinating Linked Models
D Monitoring elements identifies changes in the data and changes
□ in placement. For example, if you move a grid line, a
Coordination Monitor alert displays, as shown in Figure 3-37.
D You can run a Coordination Review to correct or accept these
changes.
D
D 10 11 ! 3D

D
>----------- TT-i________ I_____ l

i i
<0 0
D ~r ?VT 0
D Warning
Coordination Mon tor alert: Grid moved ♦
D ♦
D i
o
D Figure 3-37
3 • If you open a project with a linked file which contains
elements that have been modified and monitored, the
D Warning shown in Figure 3-38 displays.

Autodesk Revit
D Warning • car be ignored

O Instance of Ink needs Coorcfcnabon Review

o
□ Show | More Info j Expand >>

O
o cx Caned

o Figure 3-38

o • Warnings do not prevent you from making a change, but


rather they alert you that the element is monitored and
o requires further coordination.
o * If you no longer want an element to be monitored, select it
o and in the associated Modify tab>Monitor panel, click

o (Stop Monitoring).

o
o ■S3 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 3-27
n
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP o
How To: Run a Coordination Review
o
O
1. In the Collaborate tab>Coordinate panel, expand
o
(Coordination Review) and click □ (Use Current
o
Project) or ^ (Select Link). The Coordination Review dialog
box lists any conflicts detected, as shown in Figure 3-39.
o
• If there are no conflicts, the Message area is empty.
o
o
Coordination Review
o
In host project
O
Group by: | Status, Category, Riie

Message Action Comment |


G
NewAJnresotved ip a
g Grids
i Mairtan relative poslion of Grids
m ”BS;
G
O God moved Postpone
Grids Grid 1 id 2S85€€
Modem-Hotef-Final B2rvt Grids Grid . 1 id
__________ 327610______________________
Eg—T?
:; •
M
==
m c
G
G
G
C
C
Show:
[V] Postponed ■J. Rejected << Elements I G
G
Show Create Report i_« n \ **.. j i Cancel i
:
G
Figure 3-39 G
2. Use the Group by: drop-down list to group the information by
Status, Category, and Rule in a variety of different ways. G
This is important if you have many elements to review. C
a
c
c
c
c
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3-78 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
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o Starting Systems Projects
o
3. Select an Action for each conflict related to the elements
D involved, as shown in Figure 3-40.
O
Action Com
o ¥
□ i

o id
tt*rifyGrid-3i
Postpone
v Add co

o Reject
Accept deference “■rj

o Figure 3-40
D • Postpone - Do nothing, but leave it to be handled later.
D • Reject - Do not accept the change. The change needs to
be made in the other model.
O • Accept Difference - Make no change to the monitored
3 element in the current project, but accept the change
(such as a distance between the elements) in the monitor
D status.
3 • Rename/Modify/Move - Apply the change to the
monitored element.
3 • Other options display when special cases occur. See the
□ Autodesk Revit help files for more information.

3 4. Add a comment, dick Add comment in the column to the


right. This enables you to make a note about the change,
D such as the date of the modification
5. Select the element names or click Show to display any items
3 in conflict. Clicking Show changes the view to center the
3 elements in your screen. Selecting the name does not
change the view.
3 6. Click Create Report to create an HTML report that you can
share with other users, as shown in Figure 3-41.
D
D
Revit Coordination Report
D
In host project
D
□ nNew Unresolved
Plumbing Martam relative position of Relative position of P*o
Plmbug Fixtues Smk_Kichen SiogJe[IJ Maik 1 id 734856
MEP-EJeroenraiy-School-AichirectuiaJnt PXxnbmm Fixtures
Fixtures Fixtures ■Fixtures changed
Smk_Kircben-SiogJe( 1) Marie SO *3 329165
3
Figure 3-41
3


3 & 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 3-?9

Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
O
Practice 3c Coordinate Linked Models o
Practice Objectives o
• Make a modification to an architectural model. o
• Run a Coordination Review. o
In this practice, you will make a modification to the architectural o
model, and then open the systems project which prompts you of
the change. You will then run a Coordination Review and update o
the systems project to match the change in the architectural
model, as shown in Figure 3-42.
o
o
Floor 2 Reference o
5000
Floor 2 dj; Floor j. O
4000 vr 4000
o
G
Floor 1 - Reference G
Floor 1
1000
Floor i
o
G
Figure 3-42 C
• This practice is for all disciplines. c
Task 1 - Coordinate the architectural and MEP models. G
1. Close the previous practice’s project if you have not already
c
done so. You cannot open a linked file with it open. G
2. In the practice files Starting folder, open the project G
MEP-Elementary-School-Architectural-M.rvt. This is the
file that is linked into the MEP project. C
3. In the Project Browser, open the Elevations (Building
C
Elevation)>Architectura!>East view. c
4. Zoom in on the level names to the right of the elevation. (I
c
c
c
c
3-30 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
C
o Starting Systems Projects
o
5. Select Level 1 and change the name to Floor 1, as shown in
o Figure 3-43.
o
Floor l|
O
0^
O
0 TOF
O -1650
O Figure 3-43
D 6. Repeat with Level 2 and rename it to Floor 2.
0 7. Save and close the project.
O 8. In the practice files Starting folder, open the project
MEP-Elementary-School-Coordinate-M.rvt. A Warning box
0 opens, prompting you that the linked model needs a
0 Coordination Review, as shown in Figure 3-44.

0
Autodesk Revrt
0 Warning - can be ignored

0 Instance of link needs Coordination Review

0 Figure 3-44

n 9. Click OK.

J 10. Open the Mechanical>HVAC>Elevation (Building Elevation)>


East - Mech view and zoom in on the level names. The
LJ linked model displays the updated names but the host file has
0 not yet been updated as shown in Figure 3-45.

0
0
D

0

0
0
0
0 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 3-31
0
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
o
L8vel 2 - Reference o
Floor 2 JT\
5000
Lev6li o
4000 4000
o
] o
Level I - Reference jps o
Floor 1
1000
Leve_^ o
o
-I650^JP
o
Figure 3-45 O
11. Select the linked model. O
12. In the Modify J RVTLinks tab>Monitor panel, click G
^ (Coordination Review). O
13. In the Coordination Review dialog box, expand each of the G
New/Unresolved>Levels>Maintain Name>A/ame changed
categories to display the proposed changes.
G
14. Select one of the Name changed options to display the G
related levels highlighted in the view as shown in C
Figure 3-46. In the example, the software recognizes the
monitoring connection between Level 2 in the host project C
with Floor 2 in the linked model.
G
Message Act»on Comment |

insm
New/Umesolved
-v 8500 ^
C
H Revels
Maintain Name
-j Name changed Postpone
G
levels: level level 2: id W
MlP-Elefnentaiy-ScNooL Architect uiai-M-dc Level 2 - Rolelence jpv G
5000
c
i levels: level: Floor 2: id 204782________
.b Name changed_________________ Postpone Level £ jf-v,
m Name changed _____ Postpone tooo
v Name changed Postpone
I c
Level 1 • Releience c
a™;
1000
Level I
c
5P Postponed 2 Rejected | << Dements

Figure 3-46
c
c
c;
c
3-32 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
C
D Starting Systems Projects
3 15. Next to each Name changed message, expand the list in the
3 Action column and select Rename Element as shown for
Level 2 in Figure 3^47.
3
In host project
3
Group by: Status, Category, Rule
3
Message Action Comment
3 3 New/Unresolved_____ =§§§11
rJ Leveb
3 S Mart an Name
Add comment
D 2 Name changed
il Name dvnged
Reject
3 3 Name changed
i) Name changed Accept difference
Rename Element 'Level 2'
3 6
3 Figure 3-47
3 16. Click OK.
3 17. The levels in the host project are renamed as shown in
Figure 3-48.
3
Floor 2 • Reference
3 5000 '^
F,00L2 JQ
3 Floor 2
4000 4000
3
O
3 Floor l - Reference
3 Floor 1
1000
F'oor^
3
Figure 3-48
18. Save and close the model.
Q
O
0
O
0
O
o
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0 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 3-33
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Autodesk Revit 2019; Fundamentals for MEP c
G
3.6 Batch Copying Fixtures G
MEP fixtures can be copied and monitored from linked models. G
To make the process of copy/monitor more effective, you can set
the behavior of various categories as they are copied, as shown G
in the Coordination Settings dialog box in Figure 3-49. In this G
dialog box, you can also prepare elements to be batch
copy/monitored. a
G
Coordination Settings MEP Elementary School Architectural.rvt: 1 (<Not Shared>| HPnFsi
G
Apprfy settings to: [MgP-Bcmentay-Schoot-Architectixa -
G
Category Sehavior
jQ Ar Terminals Copy behavior Copy individually
G
Communication Devices
Data Devices
Mapping behavior Specify type mapping
G
Electrical Equpment
Electrical Fbdures
G
Fire Alarm Devices
Ughting Devices
G
light ng Fixtures
Mechanical Equpment
G
Nurse Cal Devices
3 Plumbing Fixtures
G
Type Mapping
Security Devices
G
Sprinklers
Telephone Devices
G
Figure 3-49 G
• Only Autodesk Revit MEP fixtures in the linked model can be Q
copied and monitored. This process cannot be used for
non-MEP elements in the host project.
G
* If a linked model has nested finks you can only copy and
G
monitor fixtures from primary linked model. G
« Create the default settings before you start to copy and G
monitor. This saves you time and reduces errors.
C
How To: Define Default Coordination Settings C
1. In the Collaborate tab>Coordinate panel, expand c
(Copy/Monitor) and click ^ {Select Link). c
2. Select the linked model you want to work with. c
c
c
3-34 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
c
)
Starting Systems Projects
o
3 Coordination Settings 3. In the Copy/Monitor tab>Tools panel, click (Coordination
are also accessible in
o the Collaborate tab>
Settings).
4. In the Coordination Settings dialog box, in the Category area,
Coordinate panel. select the type of fixtures you want to modify.

3 5. In the Behavior area, specify the following:

Copy Allow batch copy: You can use the batch copy command on
behavior this category.
Copy individually: You need to select each element in this
3 category you want to copy,
Ignore category: Prevents you from copying elements from
3 this category.

D Mapping Copy original: Copy exact replicas of the fixtures in this


behavior category.
3 Specify type mapping: Specify the fixtures you want to use in
place of the linked models component.
3
3 6. If you select Specify type mapping, in the Category area,
select Type Mapping. Then you can set up the coordination
between the linked model and the host project, as shown in
3 Figure 3-50.

*_
Coordination Settings - MEP-Elementary-School-Architectural-M.rvt: 1 (<Not Shared*) nr lgp
Apply settings to: MEP-Semen tary-Schod-Architecture »

Category Behavior
Nr T«rrsna!s Properties:
In the Linked Model In the Host Model
Communication Devices
Lavatory
3 Data Devices
0 Electrical Equpment
Linked Type
Lav Copy onginal Type
lavatory%20 %20Vanity(l]
3 Type Mappng
Bectncal Fedures HostType | 1200 x 450 mm - Private Copy original Type

3 fire Warm Devices


Lighting Devices
MSink Kite hen-Single
760 x 535mm M Smk - Island - Single: 4
bghtng fixtures
vj 900 x 600mm M Smk - Island - Single: 4
Mechanical Equpment
Toilet-Commercial- Wall-3D
3 LPrse Cal Devices
0 Ptumbrig fixtures
380mm Seat Height M Water Closet - Flush Va
Urinal
O Type Mapping
Security Devices HS/Staff Copy original Type

3 Sprinklers
Telephone Devices
single occupancy toilet
ADA - HS/MS/Staff M_Water Closet - Flush Va

3 Figure 3-50
3 7. Click Save & Close.
3
O
3 ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 3-35
n
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP o
o
Batch Copying When working with a project in which the architect has placed
O
most of the fixtures and devices, you can use a batch copying
Fixtures process that saves you the time it would take to select each
element. O
• It is recommended that you set up the Coordination Settings
o
for the linked model before you start the process. However, o
you can also do this before copying in the fixtures.
o
• Copy levels first before you copy fixtures into the project.
o
How To: Batch Copy Fixtures o
1. Start the Copy/Monitor process and set the Coordination o
Settings for a selected linked model.
o
2. In the Copy/Monitor tab>Tools panel, click (Batch Copy).
3. In the Fixtures Found dialog box shown in Figure 3-51,
o
select Specify type mapping behavior and copy fixtures G
or Copy the fixtures.
C
Fixtures Found Q
New uncopied fixtures have been found in the linked model,
MEP-Elementary-School-Architectural.rvt: 1: location <Not Shared>.
G
What would you like to do? C
c..
4 Specify type mapping behavior and copy fixtures.
Allows you to specify the type-mapping behavior and copy the fixtures. c
4 Copy the fixtures.
a
Allows you to copy fixtures into the host model based on current type mapping
settings.
c
c
Cetfctei 1
c
Click here to learn more
c
Figure 3-51
c
c
c
G
C
c
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3-36 ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
C
3 Starling Systems Projects
3
4. The elements are copied into the host project and set to be
3 monitored, as shown in Figure 3-52.
3 If an element of that
3 name already exists in
the project, a warning
D box opens prompting
you the copied element
has been given a new
I—I
D name.

D ]f\
Figure 3-52
71
)
• If batch copied elements are added to the linked file, they are
3 copied into the project when it is reloaded or reopened.
'V

)
3

3
3
3
3
3
O
3
O
3
O
O
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O S3 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 3-37
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Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
c
o
Practice 3d Batch Copy Fixtures G
Practice Objectives ( j

• Set up the coordination settings. o


• Batch copy fixtures from the architectural model. o
In this practice, you will set up coordination settings to select the o
types of elements you want to copy and monitor. You will then
use Batch Copy to copy in MEP fixtures, as shown in o
Figure 3-53.
o
-* « t ~r pa
o
00 0
El
0
0 0 O o
0 f=H3-
0 o* a
0 0 o0-
0 0 0 o
-0- 0 —0— 0 0 o0 —'
t (
t
0 o* o

Mechanical
Jl''
Electrical
o
Plumbing
s
O G
G
c
Figure 3-53
• Select the task that matches your discipline: Task 1: c
Mechanical, Task 2: Electrical, Task 3: Plumbing.
G
Task 1 - Copy and monitor mechanical fixtures. G
1. In the practice files Starting folder, open the project
o
MEP-Elementary-School-Batch-M.rvt. G
2. Open the Mechanical>HVAC>Floor Plans>1 - Mech view. G
3. Air terminals in the linked model display darker in this view, C
but are not in the host project.
O
4. In the Collaborate tab>Coordinate panel, expand
c
(Copy/Monitor) and click (Select Link). c:
5. Select the linked model. G
C
G
3-38 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge€> C
G
3 Starting Systems Projects
o
3 6. In the Copy/Monitortab>Tools panel, click (Coordination
Settings).
3
7. Select the Air Terminals category and set the Copy behavior
3 to Allow batch copy and the Mapping behavior to Specify
3 type mapping, as shown in Figure 3-54.

3 Coordination Settings - MEP-Elementary-School-Architectural.rvt: 1 (<Not Shared>) ? X


3
Apply settings to: MEP-QementarY-School-ArdTitectijra
D
Category Behavior
3 0 Hir Temunafe Copy behavior Allow batch copy
Type Mapping
3 Communication Devices
Mapping behavior Specify type mapping

Figure 3-54

8. In the Category area, select Air Terminals>Type Mapping.


it is important to select 9. In the Behavior area, in the In the Host Model column, set the
the MEP fixtures following, as shown in Figure 3-55:
because they have • M Return Diffuser - Hosted: 600x 600: M_Return
connectors. Diffuser: 600 x 600 Face 300x 300 Connection
Architectural fixtures
• M_Suppty Diffuser: 600 x 300: Don’t copy this type
typically do not have
connectors. • M_Supply Diffuser: 600 x 600: Supply Diffuser - Round
Neck - Ceiling Mounted: 600mm x 600mm x 300mm In
Neck

ation Settings - MEP-Elementary-School-Architectural-M.rvt: 1 (<Not Shared>) ? X

ettings to: MEP-Hementary-School-Archilectijre

Behavior
3 Terminals Properties:
In the Linked Model In the Host Model
3 Type Mappng
nmunicaBon Devices tinted Type
M Retum Diffuser - Hosted
600 x 600 M Return Diffuser: 600 x 600
3 a Devices
ctricai Equipment MSuppty Diffuser
T ctiical Fixtures Host Type ] 600 x 300 Copy original Type
wJ
• Alarm Devices
Copy original Type A
Don't copy this Type

3 M_Exhaust Grill: 600 x 600 Face 300 x 300 Connection


M_Retum Oiffuser: 600 x 600 Face 300 x 300 Connection

3 |M_Supply Diffuser - Perforated - Round Neck - Ceiling Mounted : 600mmx600mm>:300mm In Neck


M_Supply Dtffuser: 600 x 600 Face 300 x 300 Connection
v
)
Figure 3-55
<—) 10. Click Save & Close.
3
3 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 3-39
D
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
o
11. In the Copy/Monitor tab>Tools panel, click <? (Batch Copy). o
12. In the Fixtures Found dialog box, select Copy the fixtures. o
13. In the Copy/Monitor panel, click (Finish). o
14. Zoom in on some of the classrooms and draw a window c
around the air terminals to show the monitoring icon, as
shown in Figure 3-56.
o
c
tvj hd c
0 El E G
G
* 0
^0—© —E—E) E G
t
c
IE C
Figure 3-56 c
15.Zoom out to see the full view. G
16. Save the project. G
Task 2 - Copy and monitor lighting fixtures. C
f"
1. In the practice files Starting folder, open the project
MEP-Elementary-School-Batch-M.rvt.

2. Open the Electrical>Lighting>F!oor Plans>1 - Lighting view. G


3. The lighting fixtures in the linked model display darker in this C
view but are not yet copied into the host project. Zoom in
close enough to see the style of the lighting fixture, as shown
C
in Figure 3-57. C
C
C
c
c
E jlML^r c
~T7
Figure 3-57
c
c
3-40 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
C
0 Starting Systems Projects
o 4. In the Collaborate tab>Coordinate panel, expand
o
*
o {Copy/Monitor) and click ^ (Select Link).

5. Select the linked model.


D
6. In the Copy/Monitor tat»Tools panel, click (Coordination
D Settings).
D 7. Select the Lighting Fixtures category and set the Copy
D behavior to Allow batch copy and the Mapping behavior to
Specify type mapping, as shown in Figure 3-58.
O
D Coordination Settings - MEP-Elementary-School-Architectural.rvt: 1 (<Not Shared>) ? X

D Apply settings to: MEP-Clemen tor y-ScbocH-Ardii lecture

D Category Behavior

3 Air Terminals
Communication Devices
I Copy behavior
Mapping behavicr
Allow batch copy
[Specify type mapping
D Data Devices
Bectrical Equpment
□ Electrical Fixtures
Fire Warm Devices
) Lighting Devices ■Ensure that you select
Lighting
a Ughting Fixtures Fixtures
) Type Mapping

Figure 3-58

8. In the Category area, select Lighting Fixtures>Type


Mapping.
o It is important to select 9. In the Behavior area, in the In the Host Model column, set the
3 the MEP fixtures following, as shown in Figure 3-59:
because they have
3 connectors.
• 2 Lamp - 120V: M_Troffer Light - Parabolic
Rectangular: 0600mmx1200mm (2 Lamp) - 120V
3 Architectural fixtures
• 2 Lamp - 277V: Don’t copy this type
typically do not have
O connectors. • 4 Lamp - 120V: Don’t copy this type
• 4 Lamp - 277V: Don’t copy this type
3
3
3
3
3
3
l}

3 ©2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 3-41


0
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP o
Behavior
o
In the Linked Model In the Host Model o
M_Troffer Light - Rectangula
o
2 Lamp - 277V
|M.Troffer Light - Parabolic Rectangular: 060fo 1200mm(2 Lamp) - I20V|
jM_Plain Recessed Lighting Fixture: 600x600 - 120
m
a
o
4 Lamp - 120 V M.PIain Recessed Lighting Fixture: 600x600 - 277
4 Lamp - 227V
M Troffer Light - Parabolic Rectangular: 0600x1200mm(2 Lamp! - 120'
M_Troffer light - Parabolic Rectangular: 0600x1200mm(2 Lamp) - 2
o
M_Troffer Light - Parabolic Rectangular: 0600x1200mm(4 Lamp) • 120V
M_Troffer Light - Parabolic Rectangular: 0600x1200mm(4 Lamp) - 277V v
o
Figure 3-59
o
10. Click Save & Close.
o
<?•? o
11. In the Copy/Monitortab>Tools panel, click ; (Batch Copy).
G
12. In the Fixtures Found dialog box, select Copy the fixtures.
G
13. In the Copy/Monitor panel, click * (Finish). G
14. Zoom in on some of the classrooms and draw a window C
around both the lighting fixtures. They have been copied into
the project and the monitoring icon displays as shown in G
Figure 3-60.
G
C
/
c:
© © © © c
c
G
s s C
C
cm
c
Figure 3-60
c
15. Zoom out to see the full view.
c
c
16. Save the project.
c
c
c
c
3-42 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
C
D Starting Systems Projects
3
Task 3 - Copy and monitor plumbing fixtures.
3
3 1. In the practice files Starting folder, open the project
MEP-Elementary-School-Batch-M.rvt.
)
2. Open the Plumbing>Floor Plans>1 - Plumbing view.
3
3. Plumbing fixtures in the linked model display darker in this
3 view but are not yet copied into the host project.
3 4. In the Collaborate tab>Coordinate panel, expand
3 (Copy/Monitor) and click & {Select Link).
3 5. Select the linked model.
3 6. In the Copy/Monitor tab>Tools panel, click * (Coordination
□ Settings).

3 7. Select the Plumbing Fixtures category and set the Copy


behavior to Allow batch copy and the Mapping behavior to
3 Specify type mapping, as shown in Figure 3-61.
3
□ Coordination Settings - MEP Elementary-School-Architectural.rvt; 1 (<Not Shared>) ?x

Apply settings to: MEP-Sementary-Sdiool-Archltectira

Category Behavior
Ar Termnafs Copy behavior Allow batch copy
u Cofnmumcabon Devices Mapping behavior Specify type mapping
Data Devices
Bectncal EcMpment
Bectncd Fixtures
3 Fire A am Devices
Lighting Devices
D Lighting Fixtures
Mw^ianical Equpment
O Nurse CaS Devices

o E) IS
Type Mapping
o Figure 3-61
LJ

D
O
O
o
o
o © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 3-43
n
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
c
8. In the Category area, select Plumbing Fixtures>Type
c
Mapping. c
It is important to select 9. In the Behavior area, in the In the Host Model column, set the O
the MEP fixtures
because they have
following, as shown in Figure 3-62:
• M_Lavatory - Oval-A: Don’t copy this type
o
connectors.
Architectural fixtures
• M Lavatory - Vanity-A: Don’t copy this type o
typically do not have • M Sink Kitchen-Single: Don’t copy this type G
connectors. • M_Urinal-Wall Hung-A: M_Urinal - Wall Hung: 20 mm
Flush Valve C
• M_Water Closet Flush Valve - Wall Mounted: M_Water G
Closet * Flush Valve - Wall Mounted: Public - 6.1 Lpf
G
Behavior
In the Linked Model In the Host Model
G
M.Lavatory - Oval-A G
635 mmx51Q mm - Public Don't copy this Type
M.Lavatory - Vanity-A G
1200 x 450 mm - Private Don't copy this Type *
c
M Sink Kitchen Single
900 x 600mm
MUrimlWaO Hung-A
Don't copy this Type M G
20 mm Flush Valve M.Urinal - Wall Hung : 20 G
M_Water Closet Flush Valv
Public -6.1 Lpf Mounted : Public - 6.1 Lcfp, c
M.Uiinal * Wall Hung : 20 mm Flush Valve
MJJrinal • Wall Hung : 25 mm Flush Valve c
M.Water Closet - Flush Valve - Wall Mounted: Private - 6.1 Lpf
M.Water Closet - Flush Valve - Wall Mounted: Private • Flushint c
■M.Water Closet - Flush Valve - Wall Mounted: Public - 6.1 lpf
M.Water Closet - Flush Valve - Wall Mounted: Public - Flushing G
Figure 3-62 G
10. Click Save & Close. G
11. In the Copy/Monitor tab>Tools panel, click c? (Batch Copy).
a
12. In the Fixtures Found dialog box, select Copy the fixtures. Q
C
13. In the Copy/Monitor panel, click * (Finish).
G
C
c
c
c
c
3 44 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
c
D Starting Systems Projects
3
□ 14. Zoom in on one of the restrooms and draw a window around
both the lavatories and WCs. Only the WCs are copied into
the project, as shown in Figure 3-63.
3
3
3
m E)
oEh
3
D m o0
D 0 o
3
m —E)~
oB-
3
D m /
o
D s
□ o
□ Figure 3-63
3 15. Zoom out to see the full view.
D 16. Save the project.
D
3
D
3
D
3
3
O
3
3
3
3
3
3
O © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 3—45
o
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
o
o
Chapter Review Questions o
1. What type of view do you need to be in to add a level to your
o
project? o
a. Any non-plan view. o
b. As this is done using a dialog box, the view does not
matter.
o
c. Any view except for 3D.
G
d. Any section or elevation view. o
2. Which of the following elements can be copied and o
monitored? (Select all that apply.)
G
a. Plumbing Fixtures
O
b. Levels
c. Ducts
O
d. Electrical Fixtures C
3. Which of the following elements can be batch copied and G
monitored? (Select all that apply.)
G
a. Plumbing Fixtures
G
b. Levels
c. Ducts
C
d. Electrical Fixtures CJ
4. On which of the following element types can a coordination G
review with the host project be performed?
a
a. CAD link
b. CAD import
c
c. Revit link
a
d. Revit import a
c
a
c
c
c
c
c
3-46 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
C
3 Starting Systems Projects
3
5. When linking an architectural model into a systems project
3 which of the positioning methods, as shown in Figure 3-64,
keeps the model in the same place if the extents of the linked
3 model changes in size?
3
PoabofTBxj; Auto-Origin toOogin
3 Auto - Center to Center
Auto - Origin to Origin
3 Auto - By Shared Coordinates
* Auto - Project Base Pont to Project Base Pont
3 Manual - Origin
Manual - Base Point________________
3 [Manual - Center

3 Figure 3-64
3 a. Auto - Center-to-Center

D b. Auto - Origin-to-Origin
c. Manual - Basepoint
3
r~v d. Manual - Center
6. How many times can one project file be linked into another
3 project?
D a. Once
b. It is limited by the size of the link.
3
c. As many as you want.
O
3

CD
D
CD
O
O
CD
O
O
O
o
o
o © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 3-41
n
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP
c
c
Command Summary c
Button | Command J Location c
General Tools
Level • Ribbon: Architecture tab>Datum panel
c
• Shortcut: LL C
© Override By
Category
• Ribbon: Modify tab>Vlew panel, expand
Ovenide Graphics in View
G
• Shortcut Menu: Override Graphics in G
View>By Category...
Override By • Ribbon: Modify tab>View panel, expand C
Q> Element Override Graphics in View
c
• Shortcut Menu: Override Graphics in
View>By Element... G
Pin • Ribbon: MocWy tab>Modify Panel
-03 c
Select Links • Status Bar
c
&
Select Pinned
Elements
* Status Bar c
Linked Revit and CAD Files c
Coordination • Ribbon: Collaborate tab>Coordinate G
Review panel
o~\ Copy (from • Ribbon: Copy/Monitor tab>Tools panel c
Q> linked file)
Copy/Monitor> • Ribbon: Collaborate tab>Coordmate
c
& Select Link panel, expand Copy/Monitor c
Copy/Monitor>
Use Current
Project
• Ribbon: Collaborate tab>Coordinate
panel, expand Copy,'Monitor c
G
a Import CAD • Ribbon: Insert tab>lmport panel
G
• Ribbon: Insert tab>Link panel
£3 Link CAD
G
m Link Revit * Ribbon: Insert tab>Link panel
G
t! Manage Links • Ribbon: Manage tab>Manage Projects
panel or Insert tab>Link panel
c
Monitor • Ribbon: Copy/Monitor tab>Tools panel c
Options ♦ Ribbon: Copy/Monitor tab>Tools panel
c
(Copy/Monitor) c
c
c
c
3-4fl ©2018. ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge®
c
G
it
•j-
Chapti
=F W\
fejteps
m iii
null '•^ri ,h
1^]
i 4

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■* -j
i
L-
Working with Views
F"“\ Views are the cornerstone of working with Autodesk® Revit® models as they
enable you to see the model in both 2D and 3D. As you are working, you can
duplicate and change views to display different information based on the same
view of the model. Callouts, elevations, and sections are especially important
views for construction documents.

Learning Objectives in this Chapter


f—i
• Change the way elements display in different views to show required information and set
views for construction documents.
• Duplicate views so that you can modify the display as you are creating the mode' and for
construction documents

n • Create callout views of parts of plans, sections, or elevations for detailing.


• Add building and interior elevations that can be used to demonstrate how a bui'ding will be
r
) built,
r • Create building and wall sections to help you create the mode' and to include in construction
documents.

VJ

f~~ i
c..

G
O
G
O
G
Cjl © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 4—1
( 1
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP r
r
4.1 Setting the View Display c
Views are a powerful tool as they enable you to create multiple o
versions of a model without having to recreate building elements.
For example, you can have views that are specifically used for o
working on the model, while other views are annotated and used
for construction documents. Different disciplines can have
c
different views that show only the features they require, as o
shown in Figure 4-1. Properties of a view are independent of the
properties of other views.
G
o
G
G
G
G
Architectural T
c
G
Ji HHdH i'1. / o
c
11 J

7~
c
Mechanical c
Figure 4-1
c
The view display can be modified in the following locations:
G
• View Control Bar
G
• Properties
• Shortcut menu G
• Visibility/Graphic Overrides dialog box G
C
Hiding and Two common ways to customize a view are to:
G
• Hide individual elements or categories
Overriding
Graphics • Modify how graphics display for elements or categories e
(e.g., altering lineweight, color, or pattern) c
c
c
c
4-2 © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® c
(:
D Working with Views
D
Note that an element is an individual item (i.e., one piece of
D equipment in a view), while a category includes all instances of a
selected element (i.e. all of the equipment in a view).
D
D For example, you can customize the view shown in Figure 4-2
by changing the grid category in a Floor Plan to halftone.
D
D U1 1—1
D ------- 0 3= f*=\ •0
1 *
D -r -3
i i .. ' Z£

D IFi Jl:i a. -3
i
D
1
D
□ 3 F --------0 ■o
if-
7
TV'-^T JS pr ■
ti~ nzz:

D v □
O
3
r 4
-Grids normal

Grids halftone

Figure 4-2
0

o How To: Hide Elements or Categories in a view


3
1. Select the elements or categories you want to hide.
O 2. Right-click and select Hide in View>Elements or Hide in
View>Category, as shown in Figure 4-3.
O 3. The elements or categories are hidden in current view only.
o A quick way to hide
o entire categohes is to
I E
O
O
CD
o
o
select an element(s)
and type VH.

i Caned

Repeat (Visibility/ Graphics]

Recent Commands

Hide in View

Override Graphics in View


Elements

Category

By F’tter-
0
s
n
Create Similar

o II Edit Family

o Figure 4-3

o
o © 2018, ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge® 4-3
n
Autodesk Revit 2019: Fundamentals for MEP O
c
How To: Override Graphics of Elements or
Categories in a View
a
1. Select the element(s) you want to modify. o
2. Right-click and select Override Graphics in View>By G
Element or By Category. The View-Specific Element (or
Category) Graphics dialog box opens, as shown in O
Figure 4-4.
G
The exact options in the
dialog box vary
View Specific Element Graphics x o
depending on the type PI Visible □ Halftone o
of elements selected. ► Projection Lines
G
▼ Surface Patterns
Foreground p] '/table
o
Pattern: <0y Material 3 El G
Color: | ] <By Material> O
Background pjvtsfcle
c
Pattern: <Bv Material

Color: | | <0y Material:'