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TEACHING AND TIME CONTENT MATTER METHOD OF AV AIDS EVALUATION


LEARNING OBJECTIVES TEACHING

(1) To establish the 1min Good afternoon I am NEHA KAUNDAL here to PPT
rappot with the teach you about the first stage of labour.
students and to
explain the topic. Population dynamic LECTURE- CUM
DISCUSSION
(2) 2min
Definition
To define population Population dynamics is the branch of life sciences What is the
dynamic . definition of
that studies the size and age composition of
population
populations as dynamical systems, and the PPT dynamic?
biological and environmental processes driving
them (such as birth and death rates, and by
immigration and emigration).
Example scenarios are ageing populations,
population growth, or population decline.
LECTURE- CUM
To discuss history of History DISCUSSION
3) 1min
population dynamic Population dynamics has traditionally been the
dominant branch of mathematical biology, which
has a history of more than 210 years, although PPT
more recently the scope of mathematical biology
has greatly expanded. The first principle of
population dynamics is widely regarded as the
exponential law of Malthus, as modeled by the LECTURE- CUM
Malthusian growth model DISCUSSION
What is common
(4) To explain the mathematical
Common mathematical models
common 1min models?
mathematical models. Exponential population growth
Exponential growth describes unregulated
reproduction. It is very unusual to see this in
nature. In the last 100 years, human population
growth has appeared to be exponential. In the
long run, however, it is not likely. Thomas Malthus
believed that human population growth would LECTURE-CUM -
DISCUSSION
lead to over population and starvation due to
scarcity of resources..
They believed that human population would grow
at rate in which they exceed the ability at which
humans can find food. In the future, humans
would be unable to feed large populations. The PPT
biological assumptions of exponential growth is
that the per capita growth rate is constant. Growth
(5). is not limited by resource scarcity or predation
.

2min Population dynamics : The population is not static LECTURE- CUM What is the
To determine but is always in a dynamic state. DISCUSSION derivation for
derivation for Intrinsic rate of increase population
population dynamics The rate at which a population increases in size if dynamics?
there are no density-dependent forces regulating
the population is known as the intrinsic rate of
increase. It is
dNdt1N=r
where the derivative d N / d t is the rate of
increase of the population, N is the population
size, and r is the intrinsic rate of increase. Thus r is
the maximum theoretical rate of increase of a
population per individual that is, the maximum
population growth rate. The concept is commonly
used in insect population biology to determine
how environmental factors affect the rate at which
pest populations increase.

Factors involved in population dynamics are: What are factors


(6) To enlist factors 2 min involved in
Death
involved in population
Births dynamic?
population dynamics.
Migration
LECTURE-CUM- PPT
THE COMPOSITION OF POPULATION. DISCUSSION
The population dynamics includes birth rates,
death rates, immigration, and emigration age and
sex composition. Birth and death rates,
immigration and emigration are the four primary
ecological events that influence the size of a
population. This relationship can be expressed in a
PPT
simple equation:

Change in population = (Birth + Immigration) -


(Death + Emigration).

Birth and death rates are the most important


determinants of population growth; in some
countries net migration is also important. Until the
LECTURE-CUM
mid-19th century birth rates were slightly higher DISCUSSION
than death rates, so the human population grew
very slowly. Demographic profiles of the Indian
states vary from region to region and state to
state.
Thus, heterogenecity in demographic profiles of
the Indian states affects its population
composition.
Heterogenecity in demographic profiles of the six
southern states (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka,
Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Goa) and
eight empowered action group (EAG) states (viz.
Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar,
Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and
Orissa) are very significant. PPT
What are
Fertility and mortality trends and Demographic indicators of
6. To discuss the indicators in India fertility and
fertility and mortality Fertility and mortality trend, infant mortality and LECTURE- CUM mortality trends
1min natural growth rate of India since 1995 to 2013,
trends and DISCUSSION ?
demographic based on SRS data is given in following graph.
indicators in India.. On the contrary , there has been only a marginal
fall in the birth rate throughout the years.
It is the disparity between the death rate and birth
rate which results in the rapid rise of population.
This is specially pronounced in the developing
countries comprising about 70% of the total
population.
The problem becomes intensified by the dynamic
migration of population from one state to the
other or amongst different parts of the same state
.
e.g. Rural to urban.

7. Magnitude of the problem What is the


To explain magnitude 2min
of the problem. magnitude of the
The total world population was estimated to be problem?
about 6 billlion in the last century.
Earlier in the last century, the rate of increase of
population was about 10million per year. It is now
increasing at a much faster rte of 100 million per
year.
In India , during the period 1991-2001, the
population increase was to the extend of 160
million. This means an increase in population to
the extent of 16 million per year.

India’s population has reached 1027 million in


2001 and the projected population in 2025 is 1,363 LECTURE-CUM-
millions. DISCUSSION PPT
In 2050, the projected population is 1628 millions
when India would be the world’s most populous
country exceeding China.
What are impact
Impact of increased population
To discuss impact of of increased
8. 2 min
increased population population?
The rapid increase of population has got an
adverse effect on the national economy.
Moreover, increasing number of births have got a
deleterious effect on the health of the mother and
the child and hinders social and economic
upliftment of the family.
High parity is also related to increased Maternal,
perinatal and infant deaths and is associated with
various obstetric and gynecological complications
and nutritional problems.
DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS IN INDIA

[1] DEMOGRAPHIC INDICATORS


[2] AGE AND SEX COMPOSITION
[3] AGE PYRAMIDS
[4] SEX RATIO
[5] DEPENDENCY RATIO
[6] DENSITY OF POPULATION
[7] URBANIZATION
[8] FAMILY SIZE
[9] LITERACY AND EDUCATION
[10] LIFE EXPECTANCY LECTURE-CUM- Explain vital
9. To explain vital DISCUSSION PPT statistics?
1MIN VITAL STATISTICS
statistics.

DEFINITION:-
Vital statistics are conventionally numerical LECTURE-CUM-
records of marriage births, sickness, and death by DISCUSSION
which the health and growth of community may
be studied. Or It is a branch of biometry deals with
data and law of human mortality, morbidity,&
2MIN demography.
7

Purpose
1) Community Health: To describe the level of
community health, to diagnose community illness
& to discover solutions to health problems.
. 2) Administrative purpose: It provides clues for
administrative action to create administrative
standards of health activities.
3) Health programmed organization: To determine
success or failure of specific health programmed or
undertake overall evaluation of public health work.
4) Legislation purpose: To promote health
legislation at local, state,& national level.
5) Government Purpose: To develope, policies,
1 min
procedure at state and central level.

USES:- PPT
To evaluate the impact of various National
Health Programmes.
To plan for better future measures of
disease control.
To explain the heriditary nature of the
disease. LECTURE-CUM-
To plan and evaluate economic and social DISCUSSION
. development.
It is a primary tool in research activities.
To determine the health status of
individual.
To compare the health status of individual
3 min one nation with others.

SOURCES OF VITAL STATISTICS:-


1. Civil Registration System: It is defined as the
continous permanent and compulsory recording of
the occurrence of vital events like live births,
deaths, fetal deaths, marriages, divorces, as well as
annulments, judicial separation, adoption. Civil
registration is performed under a law and
regulation so as to provide legal basis to the
records and certificate made from system.
2. National Sample Survey
: The data collected from the census are not very
reliable and available only once in 10 years. In
absence of reliable data from the civil registration
system(SRS), the need for reliable statistics at
national and state levels is being met through
sample surveys launched from time to time.
LECTURE-CUM-
DISCUSSION
3. Sample Registration System PPT
: In this system, there is continous enumeration of
births and deaths in a sample of villages/urban
blocks by a resident part time enumerator and
then an independent six monthly retrospective
survey by a full time supervisor
PPT
4. Health Surveys
: A few important sources for demographic data
have emerged. These are National Family Health
Surveys(NFHS) and the District Levels Household
Surveys(DLHS) conducted for evaluation of
reproductive and child health programmes
. NFHS provide estimates of fertility, child mortality
and a no. of fertility, child mortality and a no. of
health parameters relating to infants and children
at state level. The DLHS provide information at the
district level on a no. of indicators relating to child
health, reproductive health problems and quality
What do you
To discuss family size 2 min of services availability to them.
10. mean by family
size?
FAMILY SIZE :
While in common parlance, family size refers to
the total number of persons in a family, in
demography, family size means the total number
of children a woman has borne at a point in time.
The completed family size indicates the total
number of children borne by a woman during her
child- bearing age, which is generally assumed to
be between 15 and 45 years.
The total fertility rate gives the approximate
magnitude of the completed family size.
The family size depends upon numerous factors,
viz duration of marriage, education of the couple,
the number of live births and living children,
To explain MCH preference of male children. desired family size,
11. 2 min What is MCH
service etc. 60
SERVICES?
MCH SERVICES LECTURE-CUM-
MCH (mother and child health) is a method DISCUSSION
of delivering health care to special group in the PPT
population which is especially vulnerable to
disease, disability or death.
 Specific objectives
 Reduction of morbidity and mortality rates
for mothers and children.
 Promotion of reproductive health
 Promotion of the physical and
psychological development of the child
within the family.
Summarization
DEFINITION
 HISTORY
 COMMON MATHEMATICAL METHOD
 MAGNITUDE OF PROBLEM
 MATERNAL MORTALITY AND MORBIDITY
 DEMOGRAPHIC INDICATORS
 VITAL STATICS
.  FAMILY SIZE
 MCH SERVICES IN INDIA

RECAPTUALIZATION

3min  What do you mean by population dynamic?


 What is common mathematical method for
calculating population dynamic?
 What do you mean by MCH and explain
maternal mortality and morbidity in India?
 Discuss vital statics?

.
What are
advantages of
partograph?
PPT

To give advantages of LECTURE-CUM-


partograph. DISCUSSION

13.
Discuss about
analgesia in
normal delivery?

To explain analgesia
in normal delivery.

14.
LECTURE-CUM-
DISCUSSSION
Explain nursing
PPT management in
normal labour?

To explain nursing
management of first
stage of labour.

15.
LECTURE-CUM-
DISCUSSION

PPT
LECTURE-CUM-
DISCUSSION PPT
12)
LESSON PLAN
Name of the student teacher – NEHA KAUNDAL

Subject - OBSTETICS AND GYNECOLOGY

Topic - POPULATION DYNAMIC

Group - MSc Nursing 1st Year

Number of students- 5

Method of teaching- Lecture- cum discussion

Teaching AIDS- PPT, Black board ,

Venue- Classroom

Date of presentation- 07-02-2019


GENERAL OBJECTIVE :-

 At the end Group will be able to understand the POPULATION DYNAMIC.

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE

Group will be able to

Introduction
• Define population dynamic.
• To discuss the history of population dynamic .
• To explain common methodological method for calculating population dynamic.
• To explain magnitude of population.
• To explain vital statics .
• To explain demographic components in INDIA.
• To explain MCH services and maternal mortality and morbidity in India .