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The Effectiveness of Orange Extract as an Alternative for Air Freshener

A Thesis

Presented to the Faculty

Of the Senior High School Department University of

Cebu- Main Campus Cebu City

In partial fulfillment of the Requirements for the Grade 12

Senior High School Students of Second Semester S.Y 2018 -

2019

In Investigatory Project

Bendibel, Khalyla Grace

Callao, Frederick Smith

Canoy, John Lloyd

Gementiza, Dyshell Claire

Sabido, Angela

Sumampong, John Anthony

Yaun, Michico

STEM 9A
Introduction

Schiffman and Williams (2005) shape and developed its fragrances


stated in their article, “Science of odor (Clark, 2013).
as a potential health issue.” that The researchers propose an
unpleasant odors have been considered orange-extract air fresheners made from
as indicators of potential risks to human an orange fruit. Orange is a citrus fruit.
health but not necessarily direct triggers According to David Colbert, MD, a
of health effects. Individuals have dermatologist, citrus fruit helps limit
announced that unpleasant odors all musky smells that may be lingering on
around declines their personal your skin (Girdwain, 2011). This air
satisfaction and feeling of prosperity. freshener is a liquid form and one of the
Smells from natural sources may main ingredients in making the said air
cause well-being side effects, contingent freshener is baking soda. Baking soda
upon individual and ecological variables. (sodium bicarbonate) absorbs foul
(Steinheider, 2016). When people go to odors. It neutralizes stubborn acidic
a certain area and that area is dirty odors like the funky smells lurking at
especially in places like public home. It’s a natural odor eliminator
restrooms, it emits foul odors or smells (Freed, 2017).The said air freshener is
and that is why air fresheners are made. natural and eco-friendly.
Air fresheners are items utilized in The study tries to investigate
homes, or business items for bathrooms the effectivity of orange extract as an
to produce aroma and dispose of alternative air freshener with different
scents. They are made to lessen the amounts of orange extract in each
foul odors and make the area smells sample. Specifically, the study aims to
pleasant to people (Marr, 2015). Some know the significant difference between
air fresheners have harmful chemicals the commercial air freshener and
that can cause migraine, headaches, alternative air freshener.
asthma attacks, breathing difficulties, The orange extract is not
respiratory difficulties, mucosal effective as an alternative substitute for
symptoms, dermatitis, infant diarrhea commercial air freshener.
and earache, neurological problems,
and ventricular fibrillation (Nazaroff &
Weschler, 2004).
The first air freshener was invented
by Canadian-born chemist Julius
Samann called the Little Trees air
freshener in 1952 in a small city called
Watertown in Northern New York State.
The idea came about when a milk truck
driver complained to him about the smell
of spilled milk. Tapping into his
experience extracting essential oils from
Canada’s evergreen trees, Samann
designed a very effective air freshener
specifically for the car. Two years later,
in 1954, Samann filed a patent for paper
impregnated with “odor-destroying, air-
perfuming substances,” a cellophane
wrapper and a string to hang it on. He
gave the product the distinctive tree
Materials and Procedure first set and they would provide a rating
like the previous set.
The researcher utilized the
following ingredients: orange extract
(450 mL), water (750 mL) baking soda
(600 g), oil (15 mL) and materials: bowl,
ladle, frying pan, gas stove and empty
container

To create the air freshener, first,


put the orange extract (50 mL) in the
bowl together with water (250 mL) and
baking soda (200 g) and mix using the
ladle. Next, put the frying pan in the gas
stove with low heat and pour the oil (5
mL).Once the oil is already heat, pour
the mixture in the frying pan. Wait for 20
minutes then turn off the stove. Letting it
to simmer for 15 to 20 minutes then
place it in the empty container. Repeat
steps for the second mixture with 150
mL of orange extract, 250 mL of water
and 200 g of baking soda. Lastly for the
third mixture with 250 mL of orange
extract, 250 mL of water and 200 g of
baking soda.

Procedure on how to test the


product:

To test the effectivity, the


researchers will prepare three sets of
experiments. The assessors will first
present sample A which will contain a
dried fish and it will be sprayed with the
product that contains 50 mL, Sample B
will contain a dried fish and it will be
sprayed with the product that contains
150 mL of orange extract and Sample C
will contain a dried fish and it will be
sprayed with the product that contains
250 mL of orange extract. The assessor
would give the intensity of each odor
sample a rate between “Intense,
Moderately Intense and Not Intense”.
The assessor would then present the
different set of odor sample. The first
sample will contain a commercial
product and the second sample will
contain the most effective sample in the
References Fresheners:
https://www.womensvoices.org/2
017/08/10/recommended-read-
ten-questions-concerning-air-
fresheners/
References
Gandhi, U. (2015, June 27). My Steinheider, B. (2016, October 26).
Company Video. Retrieved from ATSDR. Retrieved from
Orange Aromatherapy For Environmental Odors:
Anxiety: https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/odors/
https://mycompany.video/health/ air_pollution_odor_diaries.html
orange-aromatherapy-for-
anxiety-urvashi-gandhi/ Waldwick, N. (2016, January). House
Chem. Retrieved from Division of
Keller, H. (2016, September 21). Menshen Packaging USA, Inc.:
Nature's Botanika. Retrieved http://housechem.com/history-of-
from AROMATHERAPY : air-fresheners/
Orange:
https://naturesbotanikatheblog.c
om/

Keville, K. (2018). How Stuff Works.


Retrieved from Aromatherapy:
Orange:
https://health.howstuffworks.com
/wellness/natural-
medicine/aromatherapy/aromath
erapy-orange.htm

Marr, K. (2015, March). Live Simply.


Retrieved from An Elite
CafeMedia Food Publishe:
https://livesimply.me/2015/03/17/
4-ingredient-diy-citrus-air-
freshener/

Schiffman, S., & Williams, C. (2016,


October 26). ATSDR. Retrieved
from Environmental Odors:
https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/odors/
air_pollution_odor_diaries.html

Scranton, A. (2018, August). Women's


Voices For The Earth. Retrieved
from Recommended Read: Ten
Questions Concerning Air

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