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TEN YEARS PAPERS FOR MBBS 1 ST YEAR STUDENTS

TEN YEARS PAPERS FOR MBBS 1 ST YEAR STUDENTS

GENERAL ANATOMY

MARKS

1.DOWN SYNDROME

3

2.KLINFELTER SYNDROME

3

3.TURNER SYNDROME

3

4. KARYOTYPING

2

5.EPIPHYSIS

3

6.PARTS OF GROWING BONE

2

7.EXPLAIN HOW LONG BONE GROWS IN LENGTH AND DIAMETER

3

8.BLOOD SUPPLY OF LONG BONE

3

9.SYNOVIAL JOINTS, TYPES AND EXAMPLE OF EACH

7

10.INTRACARTILAGENOUS OSSIFICATION

3

11.SECONDARY CARTILAGENOUS JOINTS

2

12.PRONATION AND SUPINATION (JOINTS AND MUSCLE)

3

13.TYPE OF SKELTON MUSCLE

ACCORDING TO ARRANGEMENT OF FIBRE WITH EXAMPLE OF EACH

14.CLASSIFACTION OF MUSCLE ACCORDING TO DIREACTION OF MUSCLE FIBRE

3

3

UPPER LIMB

MARKS

1. CUBITAL FOSSA

3

2.BRACHIAL ARTERY

2

3.CEPHALIC VEIN

3

4.BRACHIALIS MUSCLE

4

5.MEDIAN NERVE

5

6.HORNER SYNDROME

3

7.BRACHIAL PLEXUS

3

8.CARPEL TUNNEL SYNDROME

4

9.MOVEMENT AT WRIST JOINT AND MUSCLE PRODUCING THEM

2

10.TRAPEZIUS MUSCLE

3

11.CUTANEOUS INNERVATION OF PALM

3

12.MOVEMENT AROUND SHOULDER JOINT & MUSCLES PRODUCING IT

4

13.COURSE AND BRANCH OF RADIAL NERVE

3

14.LUMBRICALS OF HAND

2

15.1 ST CARPOMETACARPAL JOINTS

3

16.SUPERFICIAL PALMAR ARCH

2

17.STERNOCLAVICULAR JOINTS

2

18.EXTENSOR EXPANSION OF INDEX FINGER OF HAND

3

19.ORIGIN ,COURSE,AND DISTRIBUTION OF AXILLARY NERVE .NOTE ON APPLIED IMMPORTANCE

4

20.WRIST DROP

3

21.LYMPHATICS DRAINAGE OF MAMMARY GLAND

3

23.LUMBRICALS AND INTEROSSI OF HAND

3

24.BRACHIAL ARTERY GIVING IT’S IMPORTANCE

3

25.STRUCTURE UNDER COVER OF DELTOID MUSCLE

3

26.BRANCHES AND DISTRIBUTION OF ULNAR NERVE

3

27.ERB’S PARALYSIS

3

28.TYPE AND MOVEMENT AT FIRST CARPOMETACARPAL JOINT

3

29.ANATOMICAL BASIS OF REFERRED PAIN TO TIP OF RIGHT SHOULDER

3

30.DORSAL DIGITAL EXPANSION OF INDEX FINGER

3

31.RELATION OF SHOULDER JOINT

3

32.SUPERFICIAL VEIN IN THE CUBITAL FOSSA AND THEIR CLINICAL IMPORTANCE

3

33.CUTANEOUS SUPPLY OF PALMAR AND DORSAL ASPECT OF HAND

3

34.POSTERIOR INTEROSSEUS NERVE

4

35.ROTATOR CUFF

3

36.AXILLARY GROUP OF LYMPH NODES AND AREAS DRAINED BY THEM

3

37.BRACHIAL PLEXUS FORMATION AND BRANCHES

4

38.RADIAL NERVE WITH ITS APPLIED ANATOMY

4

39.FLEXOR RETINACULUM & STRUCTURE PASSING DEEP TO IT

4

40.APPLIED ASPECT OF CLAW HAND

3

LOWER LIMB

1.NERVE SUPPLY AND ACTION OF FOLLOWING MUSCLES

MARKS

EACH

2 MARKS

a.BICEPS FEMORIES

b.SARTORIUS

c.PARONEUS

d.PARONEUS LONGUS

e.POPLITEUS

f.ADDUCTOR MAGNUS

g.QUARDRICEPS FEMORIS

h.OBTURATOR INTERNUS

i.TIBIALIS ANTERIOR

j.SOLEUS

k.GLUTEAL MEDIUS

l.RECTUS FEMORIS

m.GRACILIS

n.INTEROSSI OF FOOT

o.ADDUCTOR HALLUCIS

p.OBTURATOR EXTERNUS

s.GASTROCNEMIUS

q.GLUTEAL MINIMUS

r.SEMIMEMBRANOUS

2.LIGMENTUM PATELLAE

2

3.MEDIAL LONGITUDINAL ARCH OF FOOT

3

4.LATERAL ROTATOR OF HIP JOINT

3

5.LUMBRICALS IN FOOT

2

6.DEEP PARONEAL NERVE

3

7.LIGAMENTS OF HIP JOINT

3

8.ADDUCTOR CANAL

3

9.INVERTER AND AVERTOR

3

10.FOOT DROP

3

11.POPLITEAL FOSSA

4

13.FLEXOR OF KNEE JOINT

4

14.FEMORAL TRIANGLE

4

15.POPLITEAL ARTERY

3

15.FLAT FOOT

2

16.OBTURATOR NERVE

3

17.LIGAMENTS OF ANKLE JOINT

2

18.HAMSTRING MUSCLES

3

19.STRUCTURE DEEP TO GLUTEUS MAXIMUS

2

20.LOCKING AND UNLOCKING OF KNEE JOINT

4

21.VENOUS DRAINAGE OF LOWER LIMB

3

22.COMMON PERONEAL NERVE

3

23.DISTRIBUTION OF FEMORAL NERVE

3

24.LIGAMENTS OF KNEE JOINT

3

25.TRENDELENBERG TEST

3

26.FEMORAL HERNIA

3

27.CONJOINT TENDON & ITS APPLIED ANATOMY

3

THORAX

MARKS

1.TYPICAL INTERCOSTAL NERVE

4

2.THORACIC DUCT

4

3.TYPICAL INTERCOSTAL SPACES

3

4.CONSTRICTION OF OESOPHAGUS

2

5.CARDIAC PLEXUS

4

6.LEFT VENTRICAL OF HEART

4

7.BLOOD SUPPLY OF HEART

4

8.ARCH OF AORTA

3

9.RIGHT ATRIUM

3

10.CO-ARCTATION OF AORTA

3

11. DESCENDING THORACIC AORTA

3

12. RIGHT CORONARY ARTERY

3

13. PUMP HANDLE AND BUCKET HANDLE MOVEMENT

4

14.OPENINGS OF DIAPHRAGM WITH THEIR VERTEBRAL LEVELS & CONTENTS

4

15.BRANCHOPULMONARY SEGMENT OF RIGHT LUNG

4

16.PLEURA WITH IT’S APPLIED ANATOMY

4

17.DIAPHRAGM MUSCLE

4

18.DIAPHRAGM AND ITS MAJOR OPENING

4

19.CARDIODIAPHRAGMATIC RECESS

2

20.PLEURAL RECESS

3

21.STRUCTURE PASSING THROUGH AORTIC OPENING OF DIAPHRAGM

3

22.AZYGOUS VENOUS SYSTEM

4

23.

BRANCHOPULMONARY SEGMENT OF LEFT LUNG

4

HEAD AND NECK

MARKS

1.FASCIAL

ARTERY [ORIGIN,COURSE,BRANCHES]

 

3

2.MOVEMENT OF VOCAL CORDS

 

3

3.MUSCLE OF MASTICATION

3

4.TYMPANIC MEMBRANE

3

5.CUTANEOUS NERVE SUPPLY OF SCALP [APPLIED]

 

2

6.MUSCLE SUPPLIED

BY MANDIBULAR NERVE

2

7.BOUNDRIES AND CONTENTS OF

SUBOCCIPITAL TRIANGLE

3

8.TRIBUTARIES OF INTERNAL

JUGULAR VEIN

 

2

9.MOVEMENT OF EYE BALL

3

10.LAYERS OF SCALP

3

11.FONTANELLES

3

12.ACTION AND NERVE SUPPLY OF EXTRA-OCULAR

MUSCLES

2

13.WALDEYER’S RING

3

14.NASAL CAVITY ,BLOOD SUPPLY AND NERVE SUPPLY

 

5

15.LATERAL WALL OF

NOSE

(OPENING)

3

16.OPENING IN MIDDLE MEATUS OF NOSE

 

2

17.STRUCTURE PASSING THROUGH SUPERIOR ORBITAL FISSURE

2

18.STRUCTURE

PASSING THROUGH PAROTID

GLAND

4

19.RELATION AND BLOOD SUPPLY OF THYROID GLAND

 

3

20.MANDIBULAR NERVE

3

21.ANSA CERVICALIS

2

22.BRANCHES OF CIRCLE OF WILLIS

 

2

23.RELATIONS

AND COMMUNICATIONS OF CAVERNOUS SINUS

3

25.MAXILLARY ARTERY

4

26.DANGEROUS AREA OF FACE

 

3

27.LACRIMAL APPARATUE

4

28.SUBMANDIBULAR GLAND AND IT’S RELATIONS

2

29.ORIGIN ,COURSE AND BRANCHES OF EXTERNAL CAROTID

ARTERY

3

30.CILIAC GANGLION

3

31.CRUCIATE ANASTAMOSIS

 

2

32.DEVELOPMENT

AND INNERVATION OF TONGUE (MICROANATOMY)

3

33.CRICOTHYROID

MUSCLE OF LARYNX

2

34.STRUCTURE OF HYOGLOSSUS

 

3

35.BLOOD SUPPLY OF FACE

3

36.NASAL SEPTUM BLOOD AND NERVE SUPPLY

3

37.RELATION OF PAROTID GLAND AND ITS NERVE SUPPLY

3

38.COURSE AND BRANCHES OF FASCIAL NERVE

3

39.INFRATEMPORAL FOSSA

2

40.TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT ,MOVEMENTS AND MUSCLE PRODUCING THESE MOVEMENT

3

41.SUBMANDIBULAR GANGLION

3

42.CORNEA

2

43.BRANCHES OF BASILIAR ARTERY

2

44.MAXILLARY

SINUS

3

45.BLACK EYE

3

46.OCCULOMOTOR

NERVE PARALYSIS

3

47.INVESTING LAYER OF DEEP CERVICAL FASCIA

3

48.INTRINSIC

MUSCLE OF LARYNX

3

49.RELATION AND APPLIED ANATOMY OF THYROID GLAND

3

50.BUCCINATOR MUSCLE

2

51.DIGESTRIC MUSCLE

3

52.TASTEPATHWAY FROM ANTERIOR 2/3 OF TONGUE

2

53.RELATION AND BLOOD SUPPLY OF TRACHEA

3

54.SUPERIOR OBLIQUE MUSCLE OF EYE BALL

 

3

55.PALATINE TONSIL

3

56.MUSCLE OF LARYNX [ NERVE

SUPPLY

AND ACTION ]

4

57.MICROANATOMY OF SUBMANDIBULAR GLAND

3

58.GROSS ANATOMY AND APPLIED ANATOMY OF PARANASAL SINUSES

3

59.CAROTID SHEATH

[LABELLED DIAGRAMS ONLY]

3

60.CARTILAGES OF LARYNX

3

61.CONSTRICTOR MUSCLES OF PHARYNX

 

3

62.THYROGLOSSAL CYST

2

63.CERVICAL PLEXUS

3

64.GROSS ANATOMY AND APPLIED ANATOMY OF SOFT PALATE

3

BRAIN

MARKS

1.BLOOD SUPPLY OF BRAIN

 

4

2.UPPER MOTOR NEURON LESION

 

5

3.

VENOUS DRAINAGE OF BRAIN

3

4.T.S. AT THE LEVELS OF SUPERIOR COLLICULUS OF MIDBRAIN

3

5.

T.S. OF MIDBRAIN AT THE LEVELS OF INFERIOR COLLICULUS

3

6.FLOOR OF 4 TH VENTRICLE

 

3

7.3 RD VENTRICLE OF BRAIN

4

8.COMPONENTS OF INFERIOR CEREBELLAR PEDUNCLE

 

2

9.BRANCHES OF SUPERIOR CERVICAL GANGLION

2

10.FUNCTIONAL AREAS OF SUPEROLATERAL

ASPECT OF CEREBRAL

HEMISPHERE

3

11.ARTERY SUPPLY OF SUPEROLATERAL SURFACE OF CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE

3

12.PAIN AND TEMPERATURE PATHWAY

 

3

13.

VISUAL PATHWAY

3

14.DEEP NUCLEI OF CEREBELLUM

 

2

15.PARASYMPATHETIC OUTFLOW

3

16.INTERNAL CAPSULE [ PARTS ,FIBRE COMPONENTS ,BLOOD SUPPLY AND APPLIED ]

3

17.

CORPOUS CALLOSUM

3

18.PYRAMIDAL TRACTS

 

3

19.BASAL GANGLION

3

20. NUCLEI OF THALAMUS AND ITS CONNECTION

4

21. FUNCTION AND APPLIED ANATOMY OF CEREBELLUM

3

22.SPINAL CORD SHOWING ASCENDING TRACTS

3

23.VARIOUS TRACTS OF SPINAL CORD [ DIAGRAM]

3

24.TYPICAL SPINAL NERVE

4

25.SECTION OF MEDULLA OBLONGATA AT THE LEVEL OF PYRAMIDAL AND SENSORY DECHSSATION

[DIAGRAM]

3

26.MICROANATOMY OF CEREBELLUM

2

27.ACCOMODATION REFLEXES

2

28.SUBARCHANOID CISTERNS

3

29.SPINAL CORD

3

30.DEFINITION OF SPINAL SEGMENT AND BLOOD SUPPLY OF SPINAL

CORD

3

31.APPLIED ASPECT OF SPINOTHALAMIC TRACTS

3

32. CENTRAL PART OF LATERAL VENTRICLE

3

33.SUBARACHANOID SPACES

3

34.LATERAL SPINOTHALAMIC TRACT

3

35.VENTRICULAR SYSTEM OF BRAIN

4

36.GLOSOPHARYNGEAL NERVE [ BRANCHES AND DISTRIBUTION ]

4

37.CERBERO SPINAL FLUID [CSF]

4

38.MEDIAL MEDULLARY SYNDROME

3

39.HYDROCEPHALUS

3

40.BLOOD SUPPLY OF CEREBRUM

4

ABDOMEN

MARKS

1.SPERMATIC CORD

 

3

2.LESSAR SAC

3

3.CONTENTS OF BROAD LIGAMENTS

 

2

4.STRUCTURE FORMING STOMACH BED & BLOOD SUPPLY

OF STOMACH

3

5.LYMPHATIC DRAINAGE OF STOMACH

 

3

6.BRANCHES OF SUPERIOR MESENTERIC ARTERIES

 

2

7.RELATION OF PANCREASE

 

3

8.RELATION OF LIVER

3

9.RELATION AND APPLIED ANATOMY OF KIDNEY

 

4

10.BLOOD SUPPLY AND APPLIED ANATOMY OF STOMACH

 

4

11.INTERNAAL FEATURE AND STRUCTURE OF ANAL CANAL

3

12.RELATION AND BLOOD SUPPLY

OF SPLEEN

 

3

13.LOBES AND APPLIED ANATOMY OF PROSTATE

GLAND

3

14.TRIBUTARIES OF IVC

 

2

15.EXTRAHEPATIC BILIARY

APPARATUS

2

16.PORTOCAVAL

ANASTOMOSIS

3

17.APPLIED ANATOMY OF PORTAL SYSTEM OF ABDOMEN

 

3

18.PARTS,SURFACES AND RELATION OF

KIDNEY

4

19.BRANCHES OF LUMBAR

PLEXUS

3

20.SUPPORTS OF UTERUS AND ITS APPLIED ANATOMY

 

4

22.BLOOD SUPPLY OF KIDNEY AND COVERING WITH CLINICAL IMPORTANCE

4

23.INGUINAL HERNIA

4

24.INGUINAL CANAL

3

25.BRANCHES

OF ABDOMINAL

AORTA

3

26.CONTENTS

OF SIGMOID MESOCOLON

2

27.FUNCTIONAL UNIT OF KIDNEY

2

28.STRUCTURE

FORMING WALL OF SCROTUM

3

29.BRANCHES OF INTERNAL ILIAC ARTERY

2

30.LIGAMENTS OF OVARY

2

31.VENTRAL BRANCHES OF ABDOMINAL AORTA

2

32.STRUCTURE FORMING ANTERIOR WALL OF EPIPLOYIC FORAMEN

2

33.ANAL

CANAL

4

34.BRANCHES OF POSTERIOR DIVISION OF INTERNAL ILIAC ARTERY

2

35.STRUCTURE PASSING THROUGH SUPERFICIAL INGUINAL RING

2

36.MUSCLE FORMING PELVIC DIAPHAGM AND THEIR NERVE SUPPLY

3

37.MICROANATOMY OF DUODENUM

3

38.ARTERIAL SUPPLY OF STOMACH AND THEIR ORIGIN

2

39.EXTERNAL DIFFERENCES

BETWEEN LARGE AND SMALL INTESTINE

2

40. RECTUS SHEATH

4

41.VERMIFORM

APPENDISE

2

42.MICROANATOMY OF SMALL

INTESTINE

3

43.STRUCTURE IN THE FREE MARGIN OF LASER OMENTUM

2

44.TRIBUTARIES OF PORTAL VEIN

2

45.LYMPHATIC DRAINAGE

OF UTERUS

2

46.MICROSCOPIC

STRUCTURE OF LIVER

4

47.PELVIC DIAPHRAGM

 

4

48.SITES OF CONSTRICTION OF UTERUS

2

49.STRUCTURE PALPABLE THROUGH ANTERIOR WALL OF RECTUM

2

50.ARTERIAL SUPPLY OF SUPRARENAL GLAND

2

51.BLOOD SUPPLY AND LYMPHATIC DRAINAGE OF ANTERIOR ABDOMINAL WALL

3

52.PARETONEAL

LIGAMENTS

ATTACHED TO LIVER

2

53.CONTENTS OF LIENO-RENAL LIGAMENTS

2

54.SPERMIOGENESIS

 

2

55.POUCH OF DOUGLAS

3

56.RIGHT KIDNEY :-RELATION ,HISTOLOGY,BLOOD SUPPLY,APPLIED ANATOMY

8

57.DESCENT OF TESTIS

 

3

58.PARENEAL BODY

3

59.NORMAL CONSTRICTIONS

OF URETER

2

60.ANATOMICAL BASIS OF PAIN AROUND UMBILICES APPENDICITIS

3

61.ISCHIORECTAL FOSSA [BOUNDARIES,CONTENTS AND APPLIED ANATOMY]

4

62.CAPSULES OF KIDNEY

 

3

63.BLOOD SUPPLY OF LARGE INTESTINE AND CORRELATE WITH ITS DEVELOPMENT

3

EMBRYOLOGY

MARKS

1.DEVELOPMENT OF FOLLOWING

 

EACH

(3) MARKS

a.KIDNEY

b.FACE

c.RIGHT ATRIUM

d.HYALINE

CARTILAGE

e.OVARY

f.PALATE

g.LIVER

h.LIPS

i.RECTUM

j. ANAL CANAL

2.DERIVATIVES

OF MIDGUT

2

3. DERIVATIVES OF PHARYNGEAL POUCHES

 

3

4. DERIVATIVES

OF URETERIC BUD

2

5. DERIVATIVES OF CLOACA

 

3

6. DERIVATIVES OF MESONEPHRIC DUCT

3

7. DERIVATIVES OF MESODERM OF 1 ST PHARYNGEAL ARCH

3

8. DERIVATIVES

OF PARAMESONEPHERIC DUCT

 

2

9.FUNCTION OF

PLACENTA

2

10.

SUBDIVISION OF SOMITE

 

2

11.EMBRYOLOGICAL BASIS OF DIAPHRAGM

2

12.DEVELOPMENTAL ANOMALIES IN RELATION WITH INTERATRIAL AND INTERVENTRICULAR

SEPTUM

3

13. DEVELOPMENT OF ATRIAL SEPTUM WITH ITS APPLIED ANATOMY

3

14. DEVELOPMENTAL

ANOMALIES

OF ARTERIAL ARCH ARTERIES

3

15. DEVELOPMENTAL ANOMALIES

OF TRACHEA

3

16.DEVELOPMENT OF URINARY

BLADDER WITH DEVELOPMENTAL

ANOMALIES

3

17.DERIVATIVES OF DORSAL MESOGASTRIUM

2

18.ROTATION OF GUT

3

19.CLEFT-PALATE

2

20.DEVELOPMENT

OF THYROID GLAND AND ITS ANOMALIES

3

21. DEVELOPMENT

OF INTERATRIAL SEPTUM

3

22.THYROGLOSSAL CYST

2

HISTOLOGY

MARKS

1.HISTOLOGY

OF FOLLOWING

EACH [3] MARK

a.PANCREASE

b.TRACHEA

c.OESOPHAGUS

d.TESTIS

e.LUNG

f.SPLEEN

g.SUPRARENAL GLAND

h.SPINAL CORD

i.PROSTATE

j.THYROID GLAND

k.LIVER

l.VERMIFORM APPENDIX

m.FUNCTIONAL ASCEPT OF GALL BLADDER

p.SUB-MANDIBULAR GLAND

n.PAROTID GLAND

o.OVARY

2.MICROSCOPIC

STRUCTURE

OF PITUTARY

GLAND

3

3. MICROSCOPIC

STRUCTURE

OF

THYMAS

3

4. MICROSCOPIC

STRUCTURE

OF HYPOPHYSIS CEREBRI

3

5. MICROSTRUCTURE

OF LYMPH NODE

 

3

6.MICROANATOMY OF PALATINE TONSIL

3

7. MICROANATOMY OF ELASTIC CARTILAGE

3

8. MICROANATOMY OF MIXED SALIVARY GLAND

3

9. MICROANATOMY OF COMPACT BONE

3

10. MICROANATOMY OF ADENOHYPOPHYSIS

3

11. MICROANATOMY OF THYROID GLAND

3

12. MICROANATOMY OF HYLAINE CARTILAGE

3

13. MICROANATOMY OF ELASTIC ARTERY

3

14. MICROANATOMY OF OVARY

 

4

PHYSIOLOGY

GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY

MARKS

1.NA + - K+ ATPASE

 

3

2.RESTING

MEMBRANE

POTENTIAL

 

3

3.ACTIVE TRANSPORT

 

3

4.PRIMARY

ACTIVE

TRANSPORT

3

5.PROTEIN CHANNELS

 

2

6.CELL ADHESION MOLECULES

3

7.GENERATOR

POTENTIAL

AND

ACTION

POTENTIAL

3

8.MEMBRANE EXCITABILITY DURING ACTION POTENTIAL IN A NERVE FIBRE

4

9.ELECTRONIC

POTENTIAL

 

3

MUSCLE PHYSIOLOGY

MARKS

1.MOTOR UNIT

2

2.SARCOMERE

2

3.ISOMETRIC

CONTRACTION

2

4.CHRONAXIE AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE

 

2

5.ELECTROMYOGRAPHY

3

6.POST TETANIC AND LONG TERM POTENTIAL

2

7.MOLECULER

BASIS OF CONTRACTION

OF

MUSCLE

4

8. MOLECULER

BASIS OF LENGTH TENSION

RELATIONSHIP IN SKELTON MUSCLE

4

9.MYASTHENIA GRAVIS

3

10.ANTICHOLINATRASS DRUGS GIVEN IN

MYASTHENIA GRAVIS

3

11.STRENGTH DURATION CURVE

4

12.CHARACTERISTICS OF SKELTON MUSCLE CONTRACTION

3

13.ISOTONIC AND ISOMETRIC CONTRACTION IN SKELTON MUSCLE

3

14.ELECTRON MICROSCOPIC STRUCTURE OF SKELTAL MUSCLE

4

15.EXCITATION CONTRACTION COUPLING

 

4

16.FACTORS AFFECTING

CONTRACTION OF SKELTAL MUSCLE

4

17.ROLE OF GAMMA EFFERENT IN MUSCLE CONTRACTION

4

SPECIAL SENSES

MARKS

1.DARK AND LIGHT ADAPTATION

 

3

2.SCOTOPIC AND PHOTOPIC VISION

2

3.MYOPIA AND PRESSBYOPIA

2

4.PHOTO TRANSDUCTION

IN

RODS AND CONS

3

5.REDUCED EYE

3

6.WEBER’S AND RINNER’S TEST

 

2

7.VESTIBULOCULAR

REFLEX

3

8.CONDUCTIVE

DEAFNESS

AND NERVE DEAFNESS

2

9.TONIC LABYRNTHINE AND TONIC NECK REFLEX

2

10.VESTIBULAR

FUNCTION TESTS

 

3

11.GLUTAMATE

3

12.OTOLITH

ORGAN

3

13.FUNCTION OF MIDDLE

EAR

3

14.ROLE OF SEMICIRCULAR CANAL IN ROTATIONAL MOTION

4

15.BEL AND DESIBEL

2

16.COLOUR VISION

3

17.HAIR CELLS

3

18.ACCOMMODATION REFLEX

 

3

19.PATHWAY FOR OLFACTION

3

BLOOD AND BODY FLUIDS

MARKS

1.RH COMPATIBILITY

3

2.RH INCOMPATIBILITY

 

3

3.ABO BLOOD GROUPING

3

4.FUNCTIONS

OF PLASMA PROTEINS

 

3

5.REGULATION OF

ERYTHROPOISIS

3

6.ANTI MICROBIAL

MECHANISM

OF

NEUTROPHILS

3

7.FUNCTION OF PLATELETS

 

3

8.DEFINE

PREVENTED DRAW A FLOW CHART SHOWING THE REACTION INVOLVED IN FORMATION OF CLOT

HAEMOSTASIS. ENUMERATE DIFFERENT

MECHNISM BY WHICH BLOOD LOSS IS

BY EXTRINSIC PATHWAY AND INTRINSIC PATHWAY

1+3+3=7

9.AUTOIMMUNITY

3

10. IMMUNOGLOBULINE

 

3

11. CELLULAR IMMUNITY

3

12. HUMORAL IMMUNITY

3

13.ABSORPTION

OF

Fe

3

14.BLOOD GROUPS

4

15.BLOOD CLOTTING FACTORS

2

16.

BLOOD TRANSFUSION

 

3

17.HAEMOPHILIA

2

18.NAME OF FACTORS OF BLOOD COAGULATION .DISCUSS THE INTRINSIC + EXTRINSIC MECHANISM

OF COAGULATION.

2+5=7

19. ERYTHROBLASTOSIS

FOETALIS

3

20. BLOOD PICTURE IN Fe AND VIT.B12 DEFICIENCY ANEMIA

2

21.HYPOPROTEINEMIA MAY LEAD TO OEDEMA [PHYSIOLOGICAL EXPLANATION ]

3

22.IRON DEFICIENCY ANAEMIA IS COMMON IN PRAGNANT WOMEN IN INDIA .[ PHYSIOLOGICAL

EXPLANATION ]

 

3

23.RBC

IN VENOUS BLOOD ARE

MORE FRAGILE

[EXPLANATION ]

3

24.PCV AND PH OF ARTERIAL AND VENOUS BLOOD IS DIFFER [ EXPLAIN ]

3

25 OXYGEN HAEMOGLOBIN DISSOCIATION CURVE

 

3

26.

PHAGOCYTOSIS

2

27.CHEMOTAXIS

 

2

28.FIBRINOLYTIC

SYSTEM

2

29.FACTORS

AFFECTED FOR

ERYTHROPOISIS

 

3

30.HLA

ANTIGEN

 

2

31.HEPARIN AND DIEUMAROL

2

32.ALBUMIN AND GLOBUMIN

2

33.FETAL AND

ADULT

Hb

2

34.LAMINAR AND TURBULANT FLOW IN BLOOD VESSELS

2

35.DIFFERENCE

BETWEEN PLASMA AND SERUM

 

2

36.NEUTROPHL AND EOSINOPHIL

 

2

37.RESISTANCE

AND CAPCITANCE

VESSELS

2

38.

FUNCTION

OF LYMPH

3

39.FREE

HAEMOGLOBIN

 

3

40.HEMOPHILIA A

2

41.HAEMATINIC PRINCIPLE

2

42.IMMUNOLOGICAL TOLERANCE

2

43.RELATIVE LYMPHOCYTOSIS

2

44.GIVE AN ACCOUNT OF BIOPHYSICAL CONSIDERATION (HAEMODYNAMICS) OF BLOOD FLOW

7

ENDOCRINOLOGY

MARKS

1.GOITRE

3

2.CALCITONIN

3

3.ACROMEGALY

 

4

4.GLUCAGON

3

5.FUNCTION

OF

THYROXIN

 

3

6.CAISSION’S

DISEASE

3

7.THYROID FUNCTION

TEST

3

8.THYROID AND PITUTARY

DWARFS

 

4

9. HYPERTHYRODISM

 

3

10.

TYPE 1 AND TYPE 2 DIABETES

MELLITUS

 

3

11.NAME THE HORMONE WHICH BLOOD

SUGAR LEVEL

2

12.WHAT ARE THE LAYERS OF ADRENAL CORTEX. DISCUSS THE FEATURES OF CUSHING SYNDROME

2+4=6

13.MILK LET DOWN REFLEX

 

3

14.FEATURE

OF

TETANY

4

15.ORAL REHYDRATION THERAPY

[ORT]

3

16.HORMONES

OF PLACENTA

3

17.HORMONES REGULATING BLOOD CALCIUM LEVEL

4

18.

REGULATION OF CALCIUM METABOLISM

3

19.HORMONE OF ANTERIOR PITUTARY. FUNCTION OF GROWTH HORMONE AND EFFECT OF ITS

HYPERSECRETION

7

20.HORMONE OF KIDNEY

4

21.

REGULATION OF SECRETION OF GLUCOCORTICOIDS

4

22.FUNCTION OF THYROID HORMONE WHAT HAPPENS WHEN INCREASE OR DECREASE

5

23.PHYSIOLOGICAL BASIS OF SIGN AND SYMPTOM OF DIABETES MELLITUS

3

24.HYPOTHALAMUS CONTROLS OF OVARIAN FUNCTIONS

3

25.MAJOR SOURCES OF ADRENOCORTICAL HORMONES. PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECT OF GLUCOCORTICOIDS. ADD NOTE TO ITS ABNORMALITIS.

7

26.GLUCOCORTICOIDS AND MINERLOCORTICOIDS.

3

27.

FUNCTIONS OF CORTICOSTEROIDS

3

28.SOMATOSTATIN AND STOMATOMADIN.

3

29.HORMONE RELEASED DURING STRESS

3

30.ENDEMIC AND EXOPTHALAMIC GOITRE

3

31.OXYTOCIN AND VASOPRESSIN

3

32.

VITAMIN D

3

33.HOW INSULIN IS SECRETE

3

34.DIABETES MELLITUS

4

35.

CONN’S DISEASE

3

36.PHYSIOLOGY OF LACTATION

3

37.PARATHYROID HORMONE

2

REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM

MARKS

1.MENSTRUAL CYCLE

4

2.OVARIAN CYCLE

3

3.OESTROGEN AND PROGESTERONE IN THE MENSTRUAL CYCLE

 

3

4.HORMONE REGULATION OF MENSTRUAL CYCLE

 

3

5.TESTS

TO DETECT

OVULATION

3

6.PHYSIOLOGY OF LACTATION

4

7.LACTATIONAL

AMENORRLOEA

3

8.SERTOLI CELLS

3

9.LEYDIG CELLS

4

10.TESTOSTERONE

2

11.SPERMATOGENESIS & FACTOR

AFFECTING MOTILITY

OF

SPERM

7

12.CAPACITATION

2

13.MECHANISM OF PARTURITION

3

14.CHROMOSOMAL

ABNORMALITIES IN SEX DEVELOPMENT DETERMINATION

3

15.HORMONE SECRETED BY PLACENTA AND THEIR PHYSIOLOGICAL ROLE

3

16.FETOPLACENTAL UNIT

3

17.PHYSIOLOGICAL ROLE OF ORAL CONTRACEPTIVE

 

3

18.METHODS OF MALE CONTRACEPTION

3

19.MECHANISM OF ACTION

OF HORMONE

PILLS

3

20.WRITE NOTE ONSET OF PUBIRITY

3

21.BLOOD TESTIS -BARRIER

3

22.MATERNAL CHANGES OCCURING DURING PRAGNANCY

 

3

23.UTERINE CYCLE

3

DIGESTIVE SYSTEM [GIT]

MARKS

1.DIABETES INSIPIDUS

 

3

2.TASTE BUDS

3

3.PHASES OF DEGLUTINATION & ITS CONTROL

4

4.DIGESTION OF FAT

 

3

5. DIGESTION OF PROTEIN

 

4

6.REGULATION

OF FOOD INTAKE

3

7.GASTROCOLIC REFLEX

3

8.CARDIOCHLASIA

 

2

9.ENTEROHEPATIC CIRCULATION

 

3

10.

REGULATION

OF GASTRIC SECREATION

3

11.BILE SALTS AND

ITS

FUNCTION

4

12.MECHANISM OF GASTRIC

EMPTYING

3

13.SHAM FEEDING

 

2

14.WHAT IS DEGLUTITION REFLEX AND GIVE ITS PATHWAY ALSO WRITE ABOUT THE STAGES OF

DEGLUTITION AND SIGNIFICANCE OF DEGLUTITION

APNOEA

5+3=8

15.GASTRIC

MOTALITY

AND

EMPTYING

4

16.FUNCTIONS

AND REGULTATION OF SALIVARY

SECRECTION

3

17.CCK-PZ HORMONE

3

18.ACHLASIA

2

19.MECHANISM OF GASTRIC HCL SECRETIONS AND ITS REGULATION

5

20.

DIETARY FIBRE

4

21.SMALL INTESTINE MOTILITY

 

4

22.PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF PEPTIC ULCER

 

3

23.CONSEQUENCE OF GASTRECTOMY

3

24.REGULATION OF RELEASE OF BILE JUICE FROM GALL BLADDER

4

25.GASTRIC MUCOSAL

BARRIER

3

26.GASTRACTOMY

RESULTS IN PERNICIOUS

ANAEMIA

3

27.WHAT IS JAUNDICE . CLASSIFY

AND DESCRIBE ITS DETAIL

1+6=7

28.PHASES

OF GASTRIC

SECRETION

4

29.FACTORS REGULATING GASTRIC MOTILITY

 

4

RENAL PHYSIOLOGY & SKIN

MARKS

1.RENAL

HANDLING

OF GLUCOSE

4

2.MECHANISM OF RENAL HANDLING OF SODIUM

4

3.PHYSIOLOGY OF MICTURITION

4

4.JGA [JUXTAGLOMERULAR APPARATUS]

3

5.ROLE OF KIDNEY IN REGULATION OF BODY FLUID OSMOLARITY

5

6.FUNCTION

OF

PCT

 

4

7.TUBULO-GLOMERULAR FEEDBACK

3

8.NON-EXCRETORY FUNCTION OF KIDNEY

3

9.LOOP

DIURETICS

2

10.ATONIC URINARY BLADDER

3

11.TMG [TUBULAR MAXIMUM FOR GLUCOSE]

2

12.WATER DIURESIS

 

2

13.MECHANISM OF URINE CONCENTRATION

4

14.a. WHAT IS ULTRA FILTRATE ? GIVE STRUCTURE OF GLOMERULAR FILTRATION MEMBRANE AND

DESCRIBE THE MECHANISM OF GLOMERULAR FILTRATION

7

b.HOW DOES TONICITY OF FLUIDS CHANGES ALONG THE DIFFERENT PARTS OF NEPHRON

 

3

15.OSMOTIC AND WATER DIURESIS

 

3

16.RENAL BLOOD FLOW

3

17.ARTIFICIAL KIDNEY

3

18.FACTORS AFFECTING

GFR AND ITS REGULATION

3

19.ABSORPTION OF WATER IN DIFFERENT SEGMENTES OF TUBULE

3

20.STARLING FORCES DETERMINING RATE OF FILTERATION IN A CAPILLARY

3

21. COUNTER CURRENT

MULTIPLIER AND COUNTER

CURRENT EXCHANGERS

6

22.RENAL FUNCTION

TESTS

4

23. CYSTOMETROGRAM [CMG]

 

3

24. THERMAL AND NON- THERMAL SWEATING

2

25. BODY RESPONSE TO COLD TEMPERATURE

3

26. BODY RESPONSE TO HOT TEMPERATURE

3

27.MECHANISM OF TEMPERATURE REGULATION IN COLD WEATHER

3

28.

NON SHIVERING THERMOGENESIS

3

29.CHILD IS NOT ABLE TO ADOPT

THE ENVIROMENTAL TEMPERATURE

3

30.SPECIAL FEATURE AND REGULATION OF BLOOD FLOW TO THE SKIN

3

31.HEAT GAIN AND HEAT LOSS IN TEMPERATURE REGULATION

4

32.

POIKILOTHERMIA AND

HYPOTHERMIA

2

33.CORE TEMPERATURE

 

2

RESPIRATORY SYSTEM & ENVIROMENTAL

PHYSIOLOGY

MARKS

1.TRANSPORT

OF

O2

4

2.TRANSPORT

OF

CO2

4

3.NEURAL CONTROL

OF

RESPIRATION

 

4

4.

CHEMICAL

REGULATION

OF

RESPIRATION

 

4

5.MECHANISM

OF

RESPIRATION

 

3

6.ALVEOLAR

VENTILLATION

 

3

7.VOLUMES

AND CAPACITIES

OF

LUNG

3

8.

NON-RESSPIRATORY

FUNCTION

OF THE

LUNG

3

9.SURFACTANT

AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE

3

10.LABELLED DIAGRAM OF

RESPIRATORY

MEMBRANE

3

11.HOW HYPERCAPNIA CONTROL

RESPIRATION

 

3

12.VENTILATION PERFUSION

RATIO

3

13.OXYGEN Hb

CURVE

4

14.HYPOXIA

3

15.RESPIRATORY

COMPLIANCE

4

16.FACTORS

AFFECTING O2 CARRYING

CAPACITY

OF Hb

3

17.HALDANE

AND BOHR’S

EFFECT

 

3

18.GIVE

THE PRESSURE CHANGES DURING VENTILLATION AND THE FACTOR AFFECTING

IT

7

19.WRITE THE VARIOUS ADJUSTMENT TAKING PLACE AT HIGH ALTITUDE IN OUR BODY

7

20.PULMONARY FUNCTIONS

TEST

5

CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

MARKS

1.DRAW A WELL LABELLED DIAGRAM OF BARORECEPTOR ARC . EXPLAIN THE ROLE OF BARORECEPTOR IN REGULATION OF BLOOD PRESSURE.

4+3=7

2.BARORECEPTOR

REFLEX

 

3

3.HEART SOUNDS

3

4.

SECOND HEART SOUND

3

5.CORONARY

CIRCULATION

 

3

6.

CARDIAC CYCLE

3

7.CARDIAC OUTPUT . FACTOR REGULATING IT.

7

8.HYPOVOLUMIC

SHOCK

 

3

9.

CARDIOGENIC

SHOCK

3

10.SINUS NODE GENERATES CARDIAC IMPULSE

3

11.ANAPHYLACTIC

SHOCK

 

2

12.HYPOXIC HYPOXIA

AND ANAEMIC

HYPOXIA

3

13.SINUS

ARYTHMIA

2

14.WINDKESSEL

VESSELS

3

15.ARTERIAL

HYPOXIA

AND ITS CAUSES

3

16.PROPERTIES

OF CARDIAC MUSCLE

4

17.DEFINE CARDIAC OUTPUT AND CARDIAC INDEX . DESCRIBE HETEROMETRIC AND HOMOMETRIC

REGULATION OF CARDIAC OUTPUT.

2+5=7

18.LATERAL PRESSURE IN BLOOD VESSELS IS LESS THAN THE END PRESSURE

3

19.PACEMAKER

POTENTIAL

3

20.P-R INTERVAL OF ECG AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE

3

22.LONG TERM REGULATION

OF

B.P.

4

23.TRIPLE

RESPONSE

3

 

FALLS

DURING CAROTID

SINUS STIMULATIONS PHYSIOLOGICAL

24.BLOOD PRESSURE EXPLAINATION

25.PROPERTIES OF SENSORY RECEPTOR

 

3

3

26.EFFECT OF SYMPATHETIC AND PARASYMPATHETIC STIMULATION OF PACEMAKER POTENTIAL OF

HEART

3

27.SYSTEMIC

AND PULMONARY

CIRCULATION

4

28.DESCRIBE THE METHOD OF MEASURMENT OF CARDIAC OUTPUT

3

29.CARDIOVASCULAR

ADJUSTMENT DURING MODERATE EXERCISE

3

30.IMMEDIATE RESPONSE OF THE BODY TO A SUDDEN FALL OF BLOOD PRESSURE

3

31.MYOCARDINAL

ACTION POTENTIAL AND PACEMAKER POTENTIAL IN CARDIAC MUSCLE

CORRELATES WITH IONIC CONDUCTION

 

3

32. REFRACTORY

PERIOD OF CARDIAC

MUSCLE

2

33.SECOND

DEGREE HEART

BLOCK

3

34.DESCRIBE COMPENSATORY MECHANISM OF CIRCULATION DURING NON-PROGRESSIVE

HEMORRHAGIC SHOCK

4

35.JVP [JUGULAR

VENOUS PULSE]

3

36.WAVES

OF ECG

3

37.GIVE

AN ACCOUNT OF NEURAL MECHANISMS THAT BRING ABOUT REGULATION OF CARDIO-

VASCULAR

SYSTEM

7

38.VIS- A- TERGA OR LEFT VENTRICULAR CONTRACTION

3

NERVOUS SYSTEM

MARKS

1.CONDITION AND UNCONDITION

REFLEX

2

2.PUPILLARY

REFLEX

2

3.ACCOMODATION

AND LIGHT REFLEX

2

4.WITHDRAWL REFLEX

3

5.AXON

REFLEX

3

6.STRETCH AND INVERSE STRETCH REFLEX

2

7.DESCRIBE

POSTURAL

REFLEXES GIVE MECHANISM OF STANDING IN HUMAN BEINGS

8

8. PAIN

8

9.OUTLINE THE PATHWAY OF THE PAIN FROM SKIN TO SENSORY CORTEX. ADD TO STRESS

ANALGESIA.

 

8

10. REFERRED PAIN

3

11.FAST

AND SLOW PAIN

2

12.SOMATIC AND VISCERAL PAIN

 

2

13.SUPERFICIAL

AND DEEP PAIN

2

14.WHY SOLDIER DO NOT FEEL PAIN

DURING WAR

3

15.SLEEP

DISORDERS

3

16.REM SLEEP \ NON REM SLEEP

 

4

17.ECG

CHANGES

DURING

SLEEP

4

18.SLOW

WAVE SLEEP

3

19.PARADOXIAL

SLEEP

 

3

20.DEFINE

POSTURE . DESCRIBE THE ROLE OF DIFFERENT PARTS OF BRAIN IN REGULATION OF

POSTURE .

8

22.BROWN SEQUARD SYNDROME

3

MOVEMENT

GIVE TESTS TO DETECT THE

23.ROLE OF CEREBELLUM IN CONTROL OF VOLUNTRY CEREBELLAR DYSFUNCTIONS

 

4+4=8

24.FEED BACKWARD

AND

FEED

FORWARD

INHIBITION

2

25. NEURONAL

CIRCUIT

OF

CEREBELLUM

4

26.ALPHA-GAMMA

LINKAGE OF

CEREBELLUM

3

27.PRESYNAPTIC

INHIBITION

AND

PRESYNAPTIC

FACILITATION

2

28.CEREBELLUM ACT AS COMPARATOR OF SEVERAL MECHANISM

 

3

29.BABINSKI SIGN AND

ITS

SIGNIFICANC

3

30.CEREBELLAR

FUNCTION

TEST

3

31 STRUCTURE

AND FUNCTION

OF MUSCLE

SPINDLE

3

32. DESCRIBE

MEMORY

AND

GIVE

ITS MOLECULER

BASIS

ADD NOTE

TO

ALZHEIMER’S

DISEASE

4+4=8

33.EXPLICIT

AND IMPLICIT

MEMMORY

3

34.EPSP

AND

IPSP

3

35.WALLERIAN

DEGENERATION

OF NERVE FIBRE

2

36.INHIBITORY

NEUROTRANSMITTER

 

3

37.INHIBITION OF SYNAPSE

 

4

38.BODY RESPONSE

TO

HUNGER

 

3

39.GIVE CONNECTIONS OF BASAL GANGLION . WRITE ABOUT THE PHYSIOLOGICAL

BASIS OF

SIGN, SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT OF PARKINSON’S DISEASE

4+3=7

40. ROLE OF HYPOTHALAMUS

IN CONTROL OF HUNGER

AND FEEDING

4

41.CHEMORECEPTOR

IN

BRAIN

3

42.DESCRIBE

PHYSIOLOGY

OF LANGUAGE

WITH

ITS DISORDER

4

43.GOLGI TENDON

ORGAN AND MUSCLE SPINDLE

 

2

44.ALPHA BLOCK

3

45.CLASSIFICATION

OF

NERVE

FIBRE

3

46.ENDOGENOUS PAIN RELEVING SYSTEM

3

47. MOTOR CORTEX

3

48.HORRIPILATION

2

49. DESCRIBE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF MUSCLE SPINDLE IN STRETCH REFLEX

4

50. MIGRATING MOTOR COMPLEX

 

3

51.ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAM

4

52.INHIBITION OF PAIN

 

4

53.SUMMATION

AND

OCCLUSION

 

3

MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY

MARKS

1.POST TRANSLATIONAL

MODIFICATION

AND THEIR SIGNIFICANCE IN MEDICINE

 

4

TRANSLATIONAL MODIFICATION

OF

2.WHAT IS TRANSLATION. EXPLAIN THE PROCESS OF POST PROTEIN WITH THEIR SIGNIFICANCE

 

8

3.POST

TRANSCRIPTIONAL

MODIFICATION

2.5

4.REVERSE

TRANSCRIPTASE

AND ITS ROLE IN RECOMBINANT

DNA TECHNOLOGY

 

2.5

5.DESCRIBE

THE PROCESS OF TRANSCRIPTION

IN PROKARYOTES . HOW IT DIFFERS IN

 

EUKARYOTES

 

5

6. TRANSCRIPTION

INITIATION

AND TERMINATION SIGNALS

 

3

7. GIVE

TWO EXAMPLE

TO SPECIFY

THE MECHANISM OF ACTION

OF ANTIBIOTICS

ON

TRANSLATION

 

2.5

8. PEPTIDE BOND FORMATION AND TRANSLOCATION DURING PROTEIN SYNTHESIS

 

2

9.RESTRICTION

ENDONUCLEASE

[ MOLECULAR

SCISSORS]

3

10.DNA

REPAIR MECHANISM

AND

ITS

IMPORTANCE

 

4

11.GENETIC CODE

 

2

12.OKAZAKIFRAGMENT

2

13.XERODERMA

PIGMENTATION

2

14.TELOMERASE

2

15. PROBE AND VECTOR

5

16. HUMAN GENOME PROJECT

[ HGP]

2.5

17.REGULATION OF GENE EXPRESSION

5

18.RNA

[COMPLETE]

5

19.

DNA POLYMERASE III

 

3

20.OPERON

 

4

21.DNA

POLYMERASE

IN

PROKARYOTICES

AND

EUKARYOTES

4

22.PCR

AND

ITS

SIGNIFICANCE.

4

23.NUCLEOTIDE

EXCISION

REPAIR

 

3

24.PROTEIN

SYNTHESIS

IN PROKARYOTES

5

25.RNA

EDITING

 

3

26.INDUCTION

AND

REPRESSION OF GENES

 

3

27.STRUCTURE

OF

DNA

AND

RNA

3

28.MUTATIONS

 

3

29.

FRAME SHIFT

MUTION

WITH EXAMPLE

 

3

30.SOUTHERN

BLOTTING

 

2

31.REPLICATION

BUBBLE

3

32.

HISTONES

PROTEIN

2

33.rDNA TECHNOLOGY

3

34.WOBBLE HYPOTHESIS

3

35.RFLP

 

4

36.MONOCLONAL

ANTIBODIES

2.5

37.ANTIBIOTIC

RESISTANCE

 

2

38.REPLICATION FORK

3

39.MUTAGENS

 

2

40.FISH (FLUORESCENCE IN SITU HYBRIDIZATION)

 

2

METABOLISM

MARKS

1.MAPLE SYRUP URINE DISEASE

 

3

2.REGULATION OF LIPOLYSIS

3

3.KETOSIS

3

4.CLINICAL

SIGNIFICANCE

OF

PYRIMIDINE

METABOLISM

 

3

5.NON-OXIDATIVE

PORTION OF HMP SHUNT

 

2

6.SYNTHESIS

OF CREATINE AND CRETININE

2

7.CALCIUM

3

8.SODIUM

3

9.LESH NYHAN SYNDROME

 

2.5

10.CHOLESTEROL AND ITS BIOMEDICAL

IMPORTANCE

2

11.DISCUSS IN DETAIL THE PROCESS OF GLYCOLYSIS

AND

ITS REGULATION

7

12.STARVATION

3

13.STEROID HORMONE

 

3

14.PHENYLKETONURIA

2

15.HARTNUP’S DISEASE

2

16.IODINE

3

17.PURINE ANALOGUES AND THEIR IMPORTANCE IN MEDICINE

2.5

18.BIOSYNTHESIS OF TYROSINE

FROM PHENYALANINE

 

3

19.ONE CARBON METABOLISM

4

20.GLYCOSURIA

4

21.INHERITED METABOLIC DISORDER ASSOCIATED WITH PURINE SALVAGE PATHWAY

3

22.SELENIUM

4

23.SIGNIFICANCE OF RAISED UREA LEVEL

 

2

24.SUBSTRATE LEVEL PHOSPHORYLATIONS

2

25.METABOLISM OF SPECIALISED

PRODUCTS

3

26.β- OXIDATION OF PALMITIC

ACID

 

3

27.DISORDERS

OF

UREA CYCLE

3

28.ALLOPURINOL IS GIVEN

TO GOUT

PATIENTS

2

29.STATINS

ARE GIVEN TO PATIENTS

WITH HIGH CHOLESTEROL LEVEL

2

30.GLYCOGEN

2

31.DISCUSS BIOCHEMICAL IMPORTANCE OF Cu. DESCRIBE DISEASE IN RELATION TO COPPER

METABOLISM

4

32.HYPERKALEMIA

3

33.WHAT ARE KETONE BODIES. DISCUSS THE PATHOGENIC MECHANISM LEADING TO KETOACIDOSIS

5

34.DISCUSS THE RECIPROCAL REGULATION OF GLYCOGENOLYSIS

VS

GLYCOGEN SYNTHESIS

5

35.BIOCHEMICAL SIGNIFICANCE AND METABOLISM OF LDL

3

36.CYSTENOSIS

2

37.ALKEPTONURIA

2

38.WHAT ARE LIPOPROTEINS

LIPOPROTEIN PARTICLE. ROLE OF

AND HOW THEY ARE SEPARATED ? STRUCTURE OF TYPICAL

DIFFERENT LIPOPROTEINS IN LIPID TRANSPORT AND THEIR

CLINICAL IMPORTANCE

 

10

39.GLUCONEOGENESIS

4