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Based on what you have known
in your previous writing or
grammar lessons, does the
following paragraph qualify for a
well-written text?

Why? Justify your answer.


I will not allow my child Brian, to play violent video
games. Why? It’s because violent video games could
make my child more aggressive. And if he will be
continuously exposed to this kind of games, he might also
imitate what he sees. And I don’t want that to happen.
There’s a tendency that my child would hate other
people for no reason at all. Oh my gosh! I just realized
that he might not have friends and he might be bullied in
school because of this! What if Brian never marries in the
future because he is so anti-social? I might not have
grandkids if that happens! What a truly frightening
thought! Therefore, we must say “No” to our kids playing
violent video games! THE FUTURE IS NOW IN OUR HANDS.
What are the
considerations in writing
a text?

What are the properties


of a well-written text?
THE 6 TRAITS OF WRITING
Please watch the video
https://www.youtube.com/wat
ch?v=oAp5w-ZKeXk&t=11s
1. Ideas
developed when there is a
clear statement of purpose,
position, facts, examples,
specific details, definitions,
explanation, justifications, or
opposing viewpoints.
2. Organization
achieved when ideas are
logically and accurately
arranged
When ideas are organized well, a
text can achieve the following:
Unity – achieved when a composition
contains one focused idea
Coherence – occurs when ideas are
connected at the conceptual level
Cohesion – connection of ideas at
sentence level
Language Use & Word
Choice
appropriateness of word /
vocabulary usage
Language Use & Word
Choice
*Use clear and concise sentences. Use
precise vocabulary
*Avoid redundancies, wordiness, clichés,
and highfalutin language.
*Avoid excessive use of there and it
structures.
*Be consistent with pronouns
*Avoid sexist language.
Sentence Fluency
achieved through appropriate
sentence structure, correct
subject-verb agreement and
varying sentence starters
Common Issues in Sentence
Fluency
Sentence Fragment
- fails to be a sentence in
the sense that it cannot
stand by itself. It does not
contain even
one independent clause.
Sentence Fragment

In Japan, during the last


war and just before the
armistice.
Common Issues in Sentence
Fluency
Run-on Sentence
has at least two parts, either one of
which can stand by itself (in other
words, two independent clauses), but
the two parts have been smooshed
together instead of being properly
connected.
Run-on Sentence

This computer doesn't


make sense to me, it
came without a manual.
Common Issues in Sentence
Fluency
Misplaced Modifiers
- a word, phrase, or clause
that is improperly separated
from the word it describes
Misplaced Modifiers

The dealer sold the car to


the buyer with leather
seats.
Common Issues in Sentence
Fluency
Dangling Modifiers
- a phrase or clause that is not
clearly and logically related to
the word or words it
modifies (i.e. is placed next to).
Dangling Modifiers
Many tourists visit Arlington
National Cemetery, where
veterans and military
personnel are buried every
day from 9:00 a.m. until 5:00
p.m.
Dangling Modifiers
When writing a proposal, an
original task is set for
research.
Common Issues in Sentence
Fluency
Faulty Parallelism
- a construction in which two or
more parts of a sentence are
roughly equivalent in meaning but
not parallel (or grammatically
similar) in form.
Faulty Parallelism
The candidate's goals
include winning the
election, a national health
program, and the
educational system.
Sentence Sprawl
The hearing, which had been
planned for Monday,
December 2, was rescheduled
for the following Friday so that
all witnesses would be able to
attend.
Voice

distinct personality, style, or point of


view of a piece of writing or any
other creative work
Mechanics
set of conventions on how
to spell, abbreviate,
punctuate, and capitalize
Mechanics
Avoid contractions and
exclamation points (unless part
of a direct quotation)
Mention the full name before
the abbreviation.
Numbers from 0-10 must be
spelled out.
Rules to Observe
in Academic
Writing
1. Always use
standard English.
Use the
appropriate level
of formality.
2. Use clear and
concise sentences
and precise
vocabulary.
3. Avoid
exclamation
marks unless they
are part of a direct
quotation.
4. Mention the
full name of an
organization or
institution in
first mention.
5. Numbers zero
to ten should be
spelled out.
6. Avoid
contractions.
7. Avoid
redundancies,
wordiness,
cliches, and high
falutin language.
8. Avoid
excessive use of
“there” and
“it” structures.
9. Be consistent
with your
pronoun’s
point of view.
10. Avoid
sexist
language.