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Presented by

Assistant Director
Central Poultry Development
Organisation, Chandigarh
Did you know?
India – Population of 1.2 billion people with a GDP growth
Poultry Development Organisation (NR)

rate of about 9% is the one of the biggest consumer market

in the world.

India’s livestock population is amongst the highest in the


The livestock sector contributes approximately 4% to GDP

and 27% to agricultural GDP.

India is 3rd largest producer of eggs with annual production

of 57 billion eggs & 5th largest producer of poultry meat
with a production of 2.5 million tonnes of Poultry meat.
Did you know?
Poultry Development Organisation (NR)

In addition to providing nutritional security to the poor, it

offers provides direct and indirect employment to over three
million people and have been one of the key contributors
within the livestock sector.

Bridging consumption gaps between NIN/NAC

recommended 180 eggs & 11kg. When compared with
current consumption patterns (52 Eggs & 2.5 kg of poultry
meat) it presents huge opportunity for International players
to tap the market.

Matching of above International standards i.e. 5 fold

increase in egg and 10 fold increase in meat consumption
has the potential to create 10 million jobs in the country.
Technological Advancements in
Poultry Farming
Poultry Development Organisation (NR)

Advancements in Housing System

Advancements in brooding System
Advancements in Feeding system
Advancements in Watering system
Advancement in Egg collection system
Type of poultry housing Systems

Semi-Intensive Intensive

Slat cumlitter Slattedfloor Deep Litter Cage

Stair-step/ Battery/ Individual

California Vertical
Individual cage

Colony cages Battery cages

California Housing
(High Rise/ Elevated cage house)

 This type of houses provides sufficient

ventilation & waste management in tropical

 The height of the shed is raised by 7-8 feet from

ground level using concrete pillars

 The distance between two pillars is 10 feet

 Two feet wide concrete platforms are made

over the pillars

 For 3 ‘M’ type cages are arranged 4 platforms

are needed

 The inter-platform distance is 5-8 feet

depending upon the type of the cages used

 The total height of the house is 20-25 feet and

the width is 30-33 feet
8 to 9 ft

7-8 ft

10- 15 ft
Depends on cage

(5 to 8 ft

2 ft
 Multi-tiered buildings for cage-free housing
 Several levels of flooring
 Use of vertical space (perches and platforms) – allow birds to
jump to different levels

 High density of birds upto- 25 birds per sqaure meter

Environmentally Controlled House
Automatic controls
 To maintain the indoor
temperature and provide air
exchange as weather
changes hourly and

 Regulate the supplemental

heating rate

 Sold state controllers and

computer systems capable of
controlling the inlet and outlet
opening and supplemental
A well-insulated building is needed for EC houses

It prevent condensation on the inside surfaces, reduce

heat loss in cold weather, and reduce solar heat gain in
warm weather

PAD systems
systems systems

Naturally Power- Power-

Very dry ventilated ventilated ventilated
climates housing housing house

Cooling the House cooling effect by evaporation


Low pressure fogging

• Inject fine water particles
• Low cost fogging system
• High quality and durable PVC Pipes
are used

High pressure fogging

Fogger Sprinkler
• Micro mist fog size (10-15µ)
• Fogger in true sense dischargesfog
not water
• Operated intermittently or designed to
avoid excessive water
• High pressure and durable Stainless
Steel Pipes are used
Evaporative cooling pads

 Operate on the same cooling principle as foggers

 Cooled air entered the house, when it passes through the wet pads above which
water runs through perforated pipes
 This method avoids the problem of wet litter

Concrete coated bagasse pad, Aspenfiber, rubberised hogshair

pad cellulose or fluted cardboard pads materials widely used as cooling pads
 Supplemental heat is needed in natural & powered ventilated houses to
maintain desired indoor temperatures during cold weather & brooding

 Different types of heaters are used for supplemental heating in poultry houses
including radiant, space and make-up air heaters
Poultry Development Organisation (NR)

•Air master fan

•Axial fan
•box & panel fan
•Stir and circulation fan

Axial fan
Air master fan
Tunnel ventilation
 Most effective in tropical climate due to higher air exchange rate
& faster air movement @ 2.5-3 m/sec

 Fresh air enters the house at one end and pulled through the house
in longitudinal direction by means of high-performance fans
 Cross ventilation (fans on one side of the
house and inlets on the other side –works
best in houses of less than 10 m wide)

 Sidewall ventilation: fans and inlets on

same sidewalls

 Attic inlet ventilation: fans are distributed

at the side-walls, inlets are in the roof
Feeding System
 Automatic feeders have one loop of feeder chain and trough
capable of feeding a given number of birds

 A feeding control system to turn the feeders on and off

 Feed monitoring systems are available to measure the amount
of feed consumed by bird

 It is important that, same amount of feed to be available at all

locations along the feeder
The feed hopper in the house holds the feed before it goes out
through the auger & into the feed pans

Feed goes through the auger

lines & drops into each feed
pan for the chickens to eat



•Reduces the feed volume
•Improved feed conversion
•lower mortality rate.
•Quick and easy cleaning
•Anti-roost wire protects the
entire system from excess
•The fixed and stable
connection to the pipe
•Available with or without
slide shut-off

•Used for Feed storage

•High-quality galvanization
•High functional reliability
•Temp adjustable
Tube Feeder Hanging type Feeder Linear Trough feeders

Round bottom feeders Square bottom feeders Automatic feeder


Fountain drinkers Automatic drinkers Nipple drinkers

Medication system allows for medicines to be
administered through the water lines
Egg collection
Conveyor belt system
Technological advancement in
Brooding equipments
Poultry Development Organisation (NR)

Types of Brooding Equipments

•ordinary incandescent
•Infra red bulbs
•Gas brooding
•Heater coils
•Centralised heating system
•Battery brooders
•Bio-gas brooders
Technological advancement in
Brooding equipments
Poultry Development Organisation (NR)

Hanging Heat Lamp

Hanging Heat Lamp Infrared
Brooder Incandescent type
Brooder Infrared type Gas brooder

Glow Radiant High pressure

Gas brooder
Technological advancement in
Management (Health)
Poultry Development Organisation (NR)

Debeaker Automatic Vaccinator


Nest Box
Lighting System
• EC houses should be light proof, use of light trap at fan openings
• A monitoring and control system for scheduling of lights
• A system than can pre-program lighting schedules over the life of the flock
is very useful for management
• It is also important to provide the desired intensity of light
• Lighting is provided by incandescent lights with dimmer switches

Incandescent lights Fluorescent tube light Compact Fluorescent light

Waste management Biosecurity
Poultry Development Organisation (NR)

•Control & monitor

Hatcher & Setter

•Optimum incubation
•Correct temperature
•Humidity and CO2 control

•High ventilation
Egg Vending Machine
Poultry Development Organisation (NR)

•It is an electronic prototype machine

with smart card swipe system and
multi coin dropping system.
•Any packed poultry commodity can
be vended through this machine.
•This can stack upto 100 egg trays.
Both coin and smart card can be used
for user credit valuation and can vend
either 6 eggs or 12 eggs as per the
requirement at any given time.
• The concept of egg vending
machine is not only meant for
individual purposes but for developing
consistent network for automatic

distributors in all localities.

Poultry Development Organisation (NR)

 Automation is the need of hour to reduce labor cost and

increase poultry production

 California houses with automation is better option in

tropical climate

 Thought should be given to Environmental Control houses

while constructing houses in hot climate, if capital is available

 Civil engineers or architectures should be involved

while planning and designing poultry houses
Central Poultry Development Organisation (NR)