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DYNAMICS
1 A heavy lorry has a high inertia. How difficult is it to start the lorry moving and to stop it moving?

[5054/1 S00]

2 An airship is moving forwards at constant height.


Which statement is correct?
[5054/1 S00]

A Gravity no longer has any effect.


B The airship now has zero mass.
C The potential energy is zero.
D The upward and downward forces are balanced.

3 In which direction does the frictional force always act on an object moving across a horizontal surface?
A in the direction of the gravitational force
B opposite to the direction of the gravitational force
C in the direction of motion
D opposite to the direction of motion [5054/1 W00]

4 An object falls freely in a gravitational


field. Which of the following describes
the resultant force acting on, and the
acceleration of, the object at terminal
velocity? [5054/1/M/J/01]

5 A sledge of mass 25 kg is pulled across level ground with a horizontal force of 60 N. The constant force
of friction is 20 N. What is the acceleration of the sledge? [5054/1/M/J/01]
A 0.63 m/s2 B 1.6 m/s2 C 2.4 m/s2 D 3.2 m/s2

6 A hollow ball is released from the bottom of a pool. After a short time, it rises at a constant speed. Which
statement best describes the resultant force then acting on the ball? [5054/1/O/N/01]
A upwards and equal to the ball’s weight
B upwards and greater than the ball’s weight
C upwards and less than the ball’s weight
D zero
7 A force of 3.0N and a force of 4.0N act on an object at the same time. Which of the following forces
cannot be the resultant force on the object? [5054/1/O/N/01]
A 0.5N B 3.5N C 4.0N D 5.0N
8 A body is moving in a circle at a constant speed. Which of the following statements about the body is
true?
A There is no acceleration.
B There is a force acting at a tangent to the circle.
C There is a force acting away from the centre of the circle.
D There is a force acting towards the centre of the circle. [5054/1/M/J/02]
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9 Two forces act at right angles at a point O as shown. What is the resultant of the forces?
[5054/1/M/J/02]

10 What must change when a body is accelerating? [5054/01/O/N/05] [5054/1/O/N/02]


A the force acting on the body
B the mass of the body
C the speed of the body
D the velocity of the body
11 A car is travelling at constant speed along a road and drives over a large patch of oil. The driver applies
the brakes to stop the car. Compared to braking on a dry road, what may happen? [5054/01/M/J/04]
A The car slows down more quickly because of the greater friction between the tyres and the road.
B The car speeds up at first because of the reduced friction between the tyres and the road.
C The car takes longer to slow down because of the reduced friction between the tyres and the road.
D The car takes longer to slow down because the thinking distance of the driver is greater.
12 Forces of 3 N and 4 N are acting as shown in the diagram. Which diagram may be used to find the
resultant R of these two forces? [5054/01/M/J/04]

13 A particle P is moving in a horizontal circle about O. It moves at constant speed V. Which statement is
true? [5054/01/O/N/04]

A A force of constant size is acting in the direction of V.


B A force of constant size is acting towards O.
C The force on P varies in size as it moves around the circle.
D There are no forces acting on P.
14 The wheel of a moving car is driven by the engine. The car is accelerating in the direction shown. In
which direction does the frictional force act on the wheel? [5054/01/O/N/04]
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Q1) [5054/2/S99]

[5054/2/W99]
Q2) [5054/2 S00]