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Factors affecting Solubility

Activity 1
 Solutions are found at home and in the
environment.
 Solutions are made up of solutes and
solvents.
 Solutions can be solid, liquid or gas.
 Solutions can be naturally occurring or
manufactured.
Activity 2
 Solutions have only one phase, thus, a
uniform appearance.
 The components of a solution cannot be
separated through filtration because their
particles are very small that they can pass
through the holes of the filter paper.
Activity 3
 A saturated solution is a solution that
contains the maximum amount of solute
that the solvent can dissolve.
 The presence of excess solute that can
no longer dissolve is the evidence that a
solution is saturated.
 An unsaturated solution is a solution that
contains less solute than the maximum
amount that the solvent can dissolve.
Concentrations of solutions
 percent by volume – amount of solute in
a given volume of solution (g/100 mL)
 percent by mass – amount of solute in a
given mass of solvent (g/100g)
What could affect the solubility of
solutes in solutions?

Add a teaspoon of salt Add a teaspoon of salt

Stirred Not stirred


Why would the solute dissolve
faster when the solution is stirred?
Why would the solute dissolve
faster when the solution is stirred?
Why would the solute dissolve
faster when the solution is stirred?
Why would the solute dissolve
faster when the solution is stirred?
Why would the solute dissolve
faster when the solution is stirred?
Why would the solute dissolve
faster when the solution is stirred?
Stirring causes the
particles of solute and
solvent to move
faster increasing the
chances of contact.
Activity 4
 Which will dissolve faster – crystals of
table salt or the same amount of crushed
table salt?
Procedures
Add 50 mL of water into 2
identical containers.

Add 5 grams of rock salt to


one container and 5 grams Independent
iodized salt to the other
container.
variable

Record the time it takes the


salt to dissolve in each of the
Dependent
containers. variable
What makes the crushed salt
dissolve faster than the crystals of
salt?

crystal of crushed
table salt table salt
have more edges
Smaller particles

and corners where the


solvent can be in contact.
Thus, the smaller the particle of salt,
the easier it mixes with
water.
The Coffee Problem
 Why do people stir coffee in water after
they have added sugar?
Parallel Investigations
 Activity 5: How fast does coffee dissolve
in hot water? In cold water? [G1-G5]
 Activity 6: Which dissolves faster in hot
and cold water: sugar or salt? [G6-G10]
 Prepare a lab sheet that will answer the
problem assigned to your group.
 Do not forget to formulate a hypothesis
for your problem.
 Bring the materials that you will need for
the investigation next session.