Sei sulla pagina 1di 11

Versatile Affordable Advanced Turbine Engines Provide Game Changing Capability with Superior Fuel Efficiency

11 th Annual Science & Engineering Technology Conference/DoD Tech Expo

& Engineering Technology Conference/DoD Tech Expo Daniel E Thomson Turbine Engine Division Propulsion

Daniel E Thomson Turbine Engine Division Propulsion Directorate Air Force Research Laboratory

Division Propulsion Directorate Air Force Research Laboratory APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE, Case Number 88ABW-2010-1467

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE, Case Number 88ABW-2010-1467

Turbine Engines Power DOD’s “Air Presence” and “Air Capability” Others Helicopters *27,525 Military A/C

Turbine Engines Power DOD’s “Air Presence” and “Air Capability”

Others Helicopters *27,525 Military A/C powered by Transports *49,416 Turbine Engines Bombers Fighters Missiles
Others
Helicopters
*27,525 Military A/C powered by
Transports
*49,416 Turbine Engines
Bombers
Fighters
Missiles
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE,
Case Number 88ABW-2009-3428
*Aviation Week 2008 Aerospace Source Book

2

US Air Force Energy Program Vision … “Make energy a consideration in all we do”

US Air Force Energy Program

US Air Force Energy Program Vision … “Make energy a consideration in all we do” •

Vision … “Make energy a consideration in all we do”

Reduce Demand

Increase Supply

Cultural Change

• Reduce Demand • Increase Supply • Cultural Change The Air Force’s mission to fly, fight,
The Air Force’s mission to fly, fight, and win entails operations that require a tremendous
The Air Force’s mission to fly, fight, and win entails operations that
require a tremendous amount of energy

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE, Case Number 88ABW-2010-1467

Increase Supply Single Battlespace Fuel (SBF) • Completing S&T support for “Hydrotreated Renewable Jet” (HRJ)

Increase Supply

Single Battlespace Fuel (SBF)

Increase Supply Single Battlespace Fuel (SBF) • Completing S&T support for “Hydrotreated Renewable Jet” (HRJ)

Completing S&T support for “Hydrotreated Renewable Jet” (HRJ) biomass-derived jet fuel 50/50 blend certification by AFCO per AF Energy Plan

Research Reports

Data to support gap analyses

Developing next generation alternative fuels to TRL 6

Working with DARPA, CAAFI/FAA, DOE, USDA

Advanced processes, fully synthetic fuels

Camelina
Camelina
Algae
Algae

Developing improved emissions measurement tech

Collaborating with FAA, EPA

Next generation endothermic fuels for hypersonics

Improved fuels, catalysts

Nanotechnology for improved fuels, deployable energy

Laboratory Scale Tests
Laboratory
Scale Tests

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE Case Number 88ABW-2010-1467

catalysts

energy Laboratory Scale Tests APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE Case Number 88ABW-2010-1467 catalysts modeling Alt fuel testing

modeling

energy Laboratory Scale Tests APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE Case Number 88ABW-2010-1467 catalysts modeling Alt fuel testing
energy Laboratory Scale Tests APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE Case Number 88ABW-2010-1467 catalysts modeling Alt fuel testing

Alt fuel testing

energy Laboratory Scale Tests APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE Case Number 88ABW-2010-1467 catalysts modeling Alt fuel testing
VAATE Provides Game Changing Capability with Superior Fuel Efficiency and Reduced Emissions “A primary long-term

VAATE Provides Game Changing Capability with Superior Fuel Efficiency and Reduced Emissions

“A primary long-term goal in aircraft

Reduced Emissions “A primary long-term goal in aircraft propulsion is to reduce system specific fuel consumption
propulsion is to reduce system specific fuel consumption by more than 30 percent over (current)
propulsion is to reduce system specific fuel
consumption by more than 30 percent over
(current) gas turbine
Technical

challenges being pursued include:

efficient, high-overall-pressure-ratio compression systems; variable-cycle engine technologies; advanced high-temperature materials and more effective turbine blade cooling; and techniques to more efficiently recuperate energy while satisfying thermal and power requirements.”

Advanced Affordable Turbine Engine (AATE)

requirements.” Advanced Affordable Turbine Engine (AATE) Adaptive Versatile Engine Technology (ADVENT) Efficient

Adaptive Versatile Engine Technology (ADVENT)

Engine (AATE) Adaptive Versatile Engine Technology (ADVENT) Efficient Small Scale Propulsion (ESSP) Adaptive Highly
Engine (AATE) Adaptive Versatile Engine Technology (ADVENT) Efficient Small Scale Propulsion (ESSP) Adaptive Highly

Efficient Small Scale Propulsion (ESSP)

Adaptive Highly Efficient Embedded Turbine Engine (HEETE)

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE, Case Number 88ABW-2010-1467

Reduce Demand ADaptive Versatile ENgine Technology Vision Multi-design point engines that automatically adjust fan &
Reduce Demand ADaptive Versatile ENgine Technology Vision Multi-design point engines that automatically adjust fan &

Reduce Demand

ADaptive Versatile ENgine Technology

Vision
Vision

Multi-design point engines that automatically adjust fan & core airflow and pressures for optimized performance & fuel efficiency at all flight conditions

High Performance …ADVENT Fuel Efficiency Low Altitude Normal Takeoff Cruise Cruise High Efficiency Core +
High Performance
…ADVENT
Fuel Efficiency
Low Altitude
Normal
Takeoff
Cruise
Cruise
High Efficiency Core
+
Adaptive Engine Technology
Significant Fuel Demand Reduction

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE, Case Number 88ABW-2010-1467

6

Reduce Demand Highly Efficient Embedded Turbine Engine Product Vision: • Develop fuel efficient , subsonic

Reduce Demand

Highly Efficient Embedded Turbine Engine

Reduce Demand Highly Efficient Embedded Turbine Engine Product Vision: • Develop fuel efficient , subsonic propulsion

Product Vision:

Develop fuel efficient, subsonic propulsion that supports future ISR, UAVs, tankers and mobility extreme endurance and range requirements

Approach:

Combine next-generation, ultra- efficient cores with adaptive features and advanced thermal management

HEETE Supporting Multiple Systems

thermal management HEETE Supporting Multiple Systems U A V ’ s Transports / Tankers I S

UAVs

Transports / Tankers

ISR

Tactical Transport Benefits

s Transports / Tankers I S R Tactical Transport Benefits Benefits: • 35% improvement in fuel

Benefits:

35% improvement in fuel efficiency

Fuel efficiency at part power

Reduced emissions & noise

Increased power extraction

Reduced emissions & noise • Increased power extraction APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE, Case Number 88ABW-2010-1467

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE, Case Number 88ABW-2010-1467

Reduce Demand Advanced Affordable Turbine Engine (AATE) CRITICAL TO SUPPORT ARMY AVIATION MODERNIZATION STRATEGY FOR
Reduce Demand Advanced Affordable Turbine Engine (AATE) CRITICAL TO SUPPORT ARMY AVIATION MODERNIZATION STRATEGY FOR

Reduce Demand

Advanced Affordable Turbine Engine (AATE)

Reduce Demand Advanced Affordable Turbine Engine (AATE) CRITICAL TO SUPPORT ARMY AVIATION MODERNIZATION STRATEGY FOR
Reduce Demand Advanced Affordable Turbine Engine (AATE) CRITICAL TO SUPPORT ARMY AVIATION MODERNIZATION STRATEGY FOR

CRITICAL TO SUPPORT ARMY AVIATION MODERNIZATION STRATEGY FOR BLACKHAWK AND APACHE

AVIATION MODERNIZATION STRATEGY FOR BLACKHAWK AND APACHE HIGH PERFORMANCE -25% Specific Fuel Consumption +65%

HIGH PERFORMANCE

-25% Specific Fuel Consumption +65% Horsepower/Weight

GOALS

ROBUST

6,000 hours design life 15,000/7,500 cycles LCF cold/hot parts

AFFORDABLE

-35% Production Cost -35% Maintenance Cost

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE, Case Number 88ABW-2010-1467

Reduce Demand

Efficient Small Scale Propulsion ESSP Gas Turbine Technology Gas Turbine Technology Internal Combustion Engine
Efficient Small Scale Propulsion
ESSP
Gas Turbine Technology
Gas Turbine Technology
Internal Combustion Engine Technology
Specific Fuel Consumption, lb/hp
Lower Fuel Consumption Lower Fuel Consumption = Longer Range
Higher Higher Power Power Density Density = Lower & Size/ Lower Weight Weight
Power Density, hp/lb
Power Density, hp/lb

Technologies:

High Bypass Ducted Fan

High Pressure Ratio Compression

Variable Cycle Features

Direct Fuel Injection Combustion

Micro Fuel Delivery and Power Generation Components

Benefits:

30% Improvement in Fuel Efficiency

2X Increase in Loiter Time/ Range

Integrated / Distributed Power

Conversion to JP8/ Heavy Fuel

Emerging turbine and Internal Combustion Engine technologies for UAS / missiles
Emerging turbine and Internal Combustion Engine technologies for UAS / missiles

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE, Case Number 88ABW-2010-1467

Reduce Demand Component And Engine Structural Assessment Research Single engine demonstrator supports durability

Reduce Demand

Component And Engine Structural Assessment Research

Demand Component And Engine Structural Assessment Research Single engine demonstrator supports durability validation

Single engine demonstrator supports durability validation for multiple technology programs

durability validation for multiple technology programs Probabilistic High Cycle Fatigue (HCF) Prediction & Time

Probabilistic High Cycle Fatigue (HCF) Prediction & Time of Arrival Sensors

Cycle Fatigue (HCF) Prediction & Time of Arrival Sensors Vibration Damping Coatings for HCF Integrally Bladed

Vibration Damping Coatings for HCF

Time of Arrival Sensors Vibration Damping Coatings for HCF Integrally Bladed Rotors Compressive Stress Leading Edge

Integrally Bladed Rotors

Vibration Damping Coatings for HCF Integrally Bladed Rotors Compressive Stress Leading Edge Treatment FOD Tolerant
Vibration Damping Coatings for HCF Integrally Bladed Rotors Compressive Stress Leading Edge Treatment FOD Tolerant

Compressive

Stress Leading

Edge

Treatment

FOD Tolerant

Design System

Acoustic Model Heat Release Model
Acoustic
Model
Heat
Release
Model

3-D Heat Release Prediction

Fuel Management for Augmentor Screech Reduction

CAESAR

Joint Air Force/Navy Affordable Test Bed

Thermal Management Safety & Affordable Readiness Life Cycle Cost Thrust Growth Cruise Efficiency Noise
Thermal
Management
Safety &
Affordable Readiness
Life Cycle
Cost
Thrust Growth
Cruise Efficiency
Noise
Characterization

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE, Case Number 88ABW-2010-1467

VAATE is our Nation’s Planning and Execution Construct for Turbine Engine Technology THE PARTNERSHIP T

VAATE is our Nation’s Planning and Execution Construct for Turbine Engine Technology

and Execution Construct for Turbine Engine Technology THE PARTNERSHIP T H E M I S S

THE PARTNERSHIP

THE MISSION

Engine Technology THE PARTNERSHIP T H E M I S S I O N APPROVED FOR

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE, Case Number 88ABW-2010-1467