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Gamesa E-1.3MVA/E-1.4 MVA Installation and user manual GD-237983 R2 Copyright 2016 Gamesa Corporación Tecnológica, S.A.
Gamesa E-1.3MVA/E-1.4 MVA Installation and user manual GD-237983 R2 Copyright 2016 Gamesa Corporación Tecnológica, S.A.

Gamesa E-1.3MVA/E-1.4 MVA

Gamesa E-1.3MVA/E-1.4 MVA Installation and user manual GD-237983 R2 Copyright 2016 Gamesa Corporación Tecnológica, S.A.

Installation and user manual

GD-237983 R2

Copyright 2016 Gamesa Corporación Tecnológica, S.A.

EN
EN

Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA

Installation and user manual

Table of contents

1 INTRODUCTION

6

1.1 ABOUT GAMESA ELECTRIC

6

1.2 ABOUT THE GAMESA ELECTRIC INVERTERS

6

1.3 NOTE ON INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

6

2 AIMS AND CONTENTS

7

3 IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

8

4 SYMBOLS USED

9

4.1 SYMBOLS ON THIS MANUAL:

9

4.2 ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

10

5 SAFETY MEASURES

11

5.1 INVERTER IDENTIFICATION

11

5.2 RISKS

12

5.3 EMERGENCY SWITCH

13

5.4 MANUAL SWITCHES

14

6 GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

6.1 GENERAL INSTALLATION SPECIFICATIONS

16

16

6.1.1 Specifications of the AC line connected to the inverter

16

6.1.2 Voltages and frequency limits for Utility Interaction

17

6.1.3 Photovoltaic field specifications

18

6.1.4 Mechanical specifications

18

6.1.5 Environmental conditions, location and ventilation

19

6.2 BASIC DESCRIPTION OF THE GAMESA E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA INVERTER

23

6.2.1 General information

23

6.2.2 Single line diagrams of the Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter

24

6.2.3 Dimensions and external components

25

6.2.4 Component distribution

26

6.2.5 Efficiency

27

6.2.6 Control system

27

6.2.7 External power supply

27

6.2.8 Voltage dips (Low voltage ride through)

28

6.2.9 Insulation monitoring

28

6.3 GAMESA E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA INVERTER EXTENSIONS AND OPTIONS

29

6.3.1 1.3 MVA, 1.4 MVA and 2.6 MVA, 2.8 MVA integral solution

29

6.3.2 Earthing kit

29

6.3.3 DC fuses kit

30

6.3.4 Other extensions

30

7 INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS

31

7.1 TRANSPORTING THE GAMESA E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA INVERTER

31

7.2 INVERTER CONNECTIONS

33

7.2.1 Cross section and metrics of inverter connection conductors

37

7.2.2 About the auxiliary power supply

37

7.2.3 Heat exchanger installation and connection

37

7.2.4 Communications

39

8 OPERATION

40

8.1 GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

40

8.2 OPERATIONAL DIAGRAM

40

8.3 CONTROL PANEL

42

8.3.1 Touch screen operation

42

8.3.2 Welcome screen

42

8.3.3 Standard screen

43

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Installation and user manual

8.3.4 ON and OFF keys

44

8.3.5 Alarms menu

44

8.3.6 Menu

46

8.3.7 Configuration submenu

48

8.3.8 Advanced configuration menu

49

8.4 WEBPAGE

52

8.5 INVERTER CONNECTION AND DISCONNECTION PROCEDURE

54

8.5.1 INVERTER CONNECTION PROCEDURE

55

8.5.2 DISCONNECTION PROCEDURE

56

8.6 BEHAVIOUR IN RESPONSE TO GRID FAULTS

9 COMMISSIONING

56

57

9.1 VISUAL INSPECTION OF THE EQUIPMENT

57

9.2 WIRING CHECK

57

9.2.1 Internal inverter connections

58

9.2.2 Check power connections

58

9.2.3 Check the thermostat and hygrometer

58

10 TROUBLESHOOTING

59

10.1 ELECTRICAL

59

10.2 POOR PERFORMANCE

68

10.3 GENERAL

69

11 PREVENTATIVE MAINTENANCE

69

11.1

DESCRIPTION OF THE TASKS

70

11.1.1 Regular reading of errors and stored data

70

11.1.2 Check and clean protective grilles

71

11.1.3 Check, clean and (if required) change air filters

71

11.1.4 Change cooling liquid (water / glycol) and hoses

71

11.1.5 Cooling liquid

71

12 APPENDIX I: INVERTERS SPECIFICATIONS

72

13 APPENDIX II: INVERTER COMMUNICATION SPECIFICATIONS

76

13.1 LIST OF RECORDS USED

78

13.2 LIST OF ALARMS

85

13.3 ALARMS AND EVENTS REGISTERS

88

13.3.1 Alarm history read Example

13.4 VOLTAGE DIPS REGISTER (LVRT LOG)

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Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA

Installation and user manual

1

INTRODUCTION

1.1 ABOUT GAMESA ELECTRIC

GAMESA ELECTRIC has been a leading manufacturer of power electronic solutions since 1979, always using state-of-the-art technologies.

Our product portfolio includes a track record of successful projects on the most exigent sectors, such as:

Power converters and control cabinets for renewable energies power plants (wind and solar PV), UPS for nuclear power plants and industrial applications, power converters for marine propulsion systems, power quality solutions for both utilities and industrial applications (Statcom for reactive power dynamic compensation, Active Filter for fast dynamic harmonics cancellation, Windfact® for voltage dips withstanding on windfarms,…); being a solutions provider for our customers, who are among the leading utilities and industries in their respective sectors.

Our products have gained proven reliability in the most exigent conditions worldwide.

Finally, GAMESA ELECTRIC supports its customers along all the phases of their projects value-chain: during the design, construction, commissioning, start-up and operation of their power plants or industrial applications.

1.2 ABOUT THE GAMESA ELECTRIC INVERTERS

The photovoltaic Gamesa E Inverters by GAMESA ELECTRIC are fully-automated three-phase photovoltaic grid-connected inverters. The inverter connects to an array of photovoltaic panels on one side, from which it receives energy in the form of direct current, and to the electrical grid on the other side, which it feeds with the energy transformed appropriately into alternating current. The photovoltaic Gamesa Electric Inverters by GAMESA ELECTRIC are designed and certified for exclusive use in industrial environments.

1.3 NOTE ON INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

This document, its content, appendices and/or amendments (the “Document”) has been drawn up by Gamesa Corporación Tecnológica, S.A. (“Gamesa”) for purely informational purposes. It contains private and confidential information relating to Gamesa and/or its affiliates (the “Company”), and is aimed exclusively at the recipient. As a result, it may not be disclosed, published or distributed, totally or partially, without the prior written consent of Gamesa, and only if explicit reference is made to Gamesa’s ownership of the aforementioned intellectual property rights. The entire contents of this document, including text, images, markings, logos, colour combinations and any other element, its structure and design, the selection and manner of presentation of the materials included herein are protected by industrial and intellectual property rights, owned by Gamesa, which the addressee and recipient of this document must respect. In particular, but without limiting the general nature of the obligation of confidentiality, it is forbidden to reproduce, except for private use, transform, distribute, publicly communicate, make available to third parties and, in general, exploit in any other way, by any means, all or part of the contents of this document, including its design and the selection and manner of presentation of the materials included herein.

Contact information:

Gamesa Electric Ramírez Arellano 37 28043 - Madrid Telf.: (+34) 91 503 17 00

GD-237983 R2

gamesaelectric@gamesacorp.com

http://www.gamesaelectric.com

37 28043 - Madrid Telf.: (+34) 91 503 17 00 GD-237983 R2 gamesaelectric@gamesacorp.com http://www.gamesaelectric.com 6

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Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA

Installation and user manual

2 AIMS AND CONTENTS

The purpose of this manual is to provide explanations related to the installation, commissioning and regular use of the Gamesa E-1.3 MVA Inverter and Gamesa E-1.4 MVA Inverter

The manual provides safety indications, information on installation preparations and information on using, maintaining and troubleshooting the inverter.

The sections which make up this manual are described below:

SECTION 1: INTRODUCTION: Introduction and company contact information.

SECTION 2: AIMS AND CONTENTS: Description of the document and introduction to its contents.

SECTION 3: IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS: Considerations on the use of this manual and who it is aimed at.

SECTION 4: SYMBOLS USED: Description of the warning and information symbols used throughout this manual and on the inverter.

SECTION 5: SAFETY MEASURES: General equipment risks, procedures and safety measures during equipment use.

SECTION 6: GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS:

This section describes the general specifications which the installation must comply with for correct equipment commissioning, as well as an overview of the inverter build specifications and functions.

SECTION 7: INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS: This section describes the instructions required to perform correct electrical and mechanical installation of the inverter.

SECTION 8: OPERATION: This section provides details on normal equipment operation, as well as how it behaves in response to faults, electrical grid incidents, alarms, etc. It also provides details on how to use the equipment display for start-up, configuration, managing alarms, etc.

SECTION 9: COMMISIONING: Description of the commissioning or initial start-up process after inverter installation. Safety measures to be taken and steps to validate the installation are described.

SECTION 10: TROUBLESHOOTING: Guide for tackling problems which may arise during the life of the inverter.

SECTION 11: PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE: Maintenance tasks which must be performed on the inverter to ensure correct operation over time.

APPENDIX I: INVERTER SPECIFICATIONS

APPENDIX

II:

INVERTER

COMMUNICATION

SPECIFICATIONS:

This

specifications and content of the inverter’s MODBUS communications over Ethernet.

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appendix

details

the

 

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Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA

Installation and user manual

3 IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

This manual contains important instructions for Model Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter that shall be followed during installation and maintenance of the inverter. Installation of the Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter must be performed by qualified technical personnel who are authorised to carry out installations and commissioning on photovoltaic power stations.

Unauthorised or inappropriate manipulation or handling of this equipment entails risks to:

o

The physical integrity of the operator or others

o

The integrity of the equipment or other related material assets

o

Correct equipment operation

Any person involved in commissioning, operation or maintenance of the equipment must:

operation or maintenance of the equipment must: o Be suitably qualified for the task in question

o

Be suitably qualified for the task in question

o

Have adequate knowledge of handling electrical installations

o

Have fully studied and understood the equipment specifications and manual

The equipment must always be used in accordance with its anticipated use. Any other use is

considered not to be anticipated by its design and the manufacturer accepts no responsibility. Anticipated use also includes:

o

Reading and studying the user manual. All indications must be followed and are also considered part of anticipated use.

o

Observation of all maintenance protocols and periodic inspection.

o

Following the anticipated installation directives.

The manufacturer accepts no responsibility for damages which may be caused to the equipment or third parties in the event of storing or handling the equipment in an environment not approved or supervised by the manufacturer. The technical data in this manual include the permitted environmental specifications.

Installation must ensure that the cables are correctly insulated, do not present corrosion, no loose or damaged connections are present and that they have been designed with sufficient dimensions. Any faults found in the installation must be repaired immediately.

Equipment with the CE marking complies with the fundamental requirements of the low voltage and electromagnetic compatibility directives. More detailed information can be found in the “Technical specifications” appendix of this document.

It is recommended not to dispose of this equipment with all other waste materials once it has completed its useful life. Electrical devices must be collected separately and recycled with respect for the environment in accordance with European Directive 2002/96/EC.

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4 SYMBOLS USED

4.1 SYMBOLS ON THIS MANUAL:

The symbols used in this document are explained below:

 

WARNING AND CAUTION

   

EXPLOSION RISK

Hazard messages identify situations or behaviours which could lead to personal injuries or even death.

Hazard messages identify situations or behaviours which could lead to personal injuries or even death. Caution messages identify situations or behaviours which could lead to

identify situations or behaviours which could lead to Warning that specific components or parts of the

Warning that specific components or parts of the equipment could explode in the event of a serious operational fault, causing damage to other parts of the equipment or people.

damage

to

the

unit

or

other

 

equipment.

 

ELECTRICAL HAZARD

   

HEAVY OBJECT

Electrical hazard messages identify situations with a degree of electrical risk, and the related consequences.

Electrical hazard messages identify situations with a degree of electrical risk, and the related consequences.

a degree of electrical risk, and the related consequences. Warns of the risk of damage to

Warns of the risk of damage to the equipment or people when physically handling the equipment or certain internal components.

 

HOT SURFACES

   

ELECTROSTATIC

DISCHARGE

Indicates potential risks to personal safety resulting from high temperature surfaces or outlets on the

Indicates potential risks to personal safety resulting from high temperature surfaces or outlets on the exterior or in the interior of this equipment.

safety resulting from high temperature surfaces or outlets on the exterior or in the interior of

WARNING

Warns of situations where an electrostatic discharge could damage the equipment.

 

USE

ELECTRICAL

PROTECTIVE

 

IMPORTANT INFORMATION

GLOVES

GLOVES

This symbol warns of the need to use electrical protective gloves for handling or performing certain tasks on the equipment.

for handling or performing certain tasks on the equipment. Represents important information for optimal equipment

Represents important information for optimal equipment operation.

NOTE: Close attention must be paid when encountering the symbols shown above during the course of this document, given that the failure to follow the safety indications given in this document may cause irreversible damage to the equipment/third party assets or, in the worst case, serious physical injury to persons, including death.

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Installation and user manual

4.2 ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

You can find the next acronyms and abbreviations in this document:

ANSI: American National Standards Institute

MTBF:

Mean Time Between Failures

CCU: Converter Control Unit

NEC:

National Electrical Code

IGBT: Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor

NFPA:

National Fire Protection Association

CEC: California Energy Commission

PV:

Photovoltaic

DSP: Digital Signal Processor

PWM:

Pulse-Width Modulation

FPGA: Field Programmable Gate Array

SCADA: Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition

HMI: Human Machine Interface

TCO:

Transparent Conducting Oxide

IEC: International Electrotechnical Commission

UL:

Underwriters Laboratories

IEEE: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

UPS:

Uninterruptible Power Supply

ISO: International Organization for Standardization MPPT: Maximum Power Point Tracking

VDE:

"German association for electrical, electronic & information technology.

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Installation and user manual

5 SAFETY MEASURES

Installation of the Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter must be performed by qualified technical personnel who are authorised to carry out installations and commissioning on photovoltaic power stations.

5.1 INVERTER IDENTIFICATION

The identification and serial number of the inverter can be found onside the top left cabinet door of the equipment. The most important information can also be consulted on the equipment’s touch screen (see section 8.3 “Control panel”). The identification label and its location are shown below:

The identification label and its location are shown below: Figure 5-1: Location of the inverter identification

Figure 5-1: Location of the inverter identification label

This label includes the following information:

Model.

Output power. Output power under nominal operating conditions.

Maximum input voltage. Maximum permitted panel voltage (1000 Vdc).

Output voltage range. E-1.3 MVA AC voltage (306 … 396 Vdc) E-1.4 MVA AC voltage (340 … 440 Vdc)

Frequency. Rated operating frequency (50 or 60Hz).

Serial number.

Date of manufacture.

IP protection level

Dimensions. Dimensions in millimetres (width x height x depth).

Weight.

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Installation and user manual

5.2

RISKS

Some of the risks posed by the equipment and general warnings which must ALWAYS be taken into account are described below:

WARNING: CORRECT USE

taken into account are described below: WARNING: CORRECT USE The Gamesa E-1.3 MVA / E-1.4 MVA

The Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter by GAMESA – ELECTRIC is designed and certified for exclusive use in industrial environments.

WARNING: PROCEED WITH EXTREME CARE

Read this installation manual and keep it for future reference. Before using the Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/ E-1.4 MVA Inverter, read all instructions, caution markings and other relevant sections of this /E-1.4 MVA Inverter, read all instructions, caution markings and other relevant sections of this manual. Failure to comply with these warnings could lead to severe electric shock or even death. Proceed with extreme care at all times to prevent accidents.

WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD

times to prevent accidents. WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD The two capacitor bridges can store energy. Before

The two capacitor bridges can store energy. Before performing any operation inside it, open the DC switches and press the emergency stop button and always check through the display that the dc bus not has voltage. Only qualified personnel are authorised to perform maintenance operations.

WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD

maintenance operations. WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD Before handling the interior of the inverter, always check

Before handling the interior of the inverter, always check that there is no voltage on the input terminals or the capacitor bridge. Open the doors or the covers of the device only once it has been disconnected and discharged. Check that the device does not register any DC voltage, including on the photovoltaic terminals.

WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD

the photovoltaic terminals. WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD If you wish to disconnect the Gamesa E-1.3 MVA

If you wish to disconnect the Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter from the low voltage grid to perform any operation on it, check that it is stopped by pressing the emergency switch as a safety measure and opening all of its switches. Switches which may be present on the installation’s power supply panels must also be opened so that no voltage is present on the AC and DC input terminals.

WARNING: CHECK FOR RECIRCULATIONS BEFORE HANDLING EARTH CONNECTIONS

CHECK FOR RECIRCULATIONS BEFORE HANDLING EARTH CONNECTIONS If the earth configuration of the installation where the

If the earth configuration of the installation where the inverter is located is unknown, it is advisable to check that no leakage currents are circulating from other parts of the installation before handling the earth connection.

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Installation and user manual

CAUTION: ELECTROSTATIC DAMAGE

The electronic components of the inverter can be damaged by handling or if they are charged with electrostatic energy. Discharge them through a ground potential before handling them and wear suitable protective equipment.Installation and user manual CAUTION: ELECTROSTATIC DAMAGE WARNING: EXPLOSION HAZARD The Power bridge module can

WARNING: EXPLOSION HAZARD

suitable protective equipment. WARNING: EXPLOSION HAZARD The Power bridge module can explode if a serious operating

The Power bridge module can explode if a serious operating fault occurs.

CAUTION: TRANSPORT DAMAGE

a serious operating fault occurs. CAUTION: TRANSPORT DAMAGE The equipment weighs approximately 1800 kg and should

The equipment weighs approximately 1800 kg and should therefore be handled with care when transporting it from the factory to the installation site. The doors must be kept closed and secured, and the manufacturer’s indications must be followed.

WARNING: HOT SURFACES

indications must be followed. WARNING: HOT SURFACES When the inverter is operating or has recently been

When the inverter is operating or has recently been turned off, there may be high temperature surfaces and components (fuses, transformers, filters, heatsinks, etc.…). If it is necessary to work on these components, in addition to the safety measures with respect to electrical risks, it is recommended to take adequate precautions regarding to temperature.

5.3 EMERGENCY SWITCH

precautions regarding to temperature. 5.3 EMERGENCY SWITCH Activation of the emergency switch by pressing the red

Activation of the emergency switch by pressing the red push-button disconnects the inverter. It is not possible to begin operation while the switch is activated, meaning that the emergency switch must be deactivated before the inverter can be used. Once the switch is activated, it remains locked. Turn it through a quarter rotation to unlock it. The unlock direction is indicated by arrows. This protection works at both the hardware and software levels. When pressed, the circuit which energises the AC output contactors is inhibited, preventing them from being closed, or it will open them immediately if they are closed. It also sends a logic signal to the controller so that it acts appropriately in response to the alarm.

WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD

in response to the alarm. WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD THE EMERGENCY SWITCH DOES NOT COMPLETELY ISOLATE

THE EMERGENCY SWITCH DOES NOT COMPLETELY ISOLATE THE EQUIPMENT FROM PARTS UNDER VOLTAGE. IT ONLY DISCONNECTS IT FROM THE GRID AND STOPS ITS CURRENT OPERATION. THE EQUIPMENT REMAINS ENERGISED FROM THE DC BUS AND THE PHOTOVOLTAIC FIELD. TO ISOLATE IT COMPLETELY, THE ISOLATION PROCEDURE IN SECTION 0, INVERTER CONNECTION AND DISCONNECTION PROCEDURE MUST BE FOLLOWED.

Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA

Installation and user manual

5.4 MANUAL SWITCHES

MVA Installation and user manual 5.4 MANUAL SWITCHES The Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter has several

The Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter has several manual switches located on its front face for connecting and disconnecting the equipment from its AC and DC parts. The AC switch electrically connects and disconnects the inverter’s AC output from the electrical grid.

The inverter includes 2 DCswitches. These switches electrically connect each of the DC sections to their inverter input. Each of them has an indicator light. It is extremely important to understand the meaning of the information provided by this indicator.

the meaning of the information provided by this indicator. When the indicator is red : -
the meaning of the information provided by this indicator. When the indicator is red : -

When the indicator is red:

- HANDLING THE SWITCHIS FORBIDDEN, irrespective of whether it is open or

closed. This situation occurs during generation operation, precharge operations and certain alarm states. When the indicator is green:

- HANDLING THE SWITCHIS PERMITTED, irrespective of whether it is open or

closed. Both opening and closing operations can be performed safely. This situation

occurs when the equipment is ready to open or close the corresponding switch without posing a danger to the installation or user.

CAUTION: OVERCURRENT AND DISCONNECT SWITCHES

or user. CAUTION: OVERCURRENT AND DISCONNECT SWITCHES External overcurrent protection and external disconnect

External overcurrent protection and external disconnect switches to the inverter, for both AC and DC circuits, must be provided by the installer in accordance with the National Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA 70, or other local regulations,if required.

WARNING: For continued protection against risk of fire, replace internal or external fuses and switches with the same type and ratings.

WARNING: PROCEED WITH EXTREME CARE

If the switches are operated without regard for the state of their respective indicators, some internal protections of the inverter or even the installation may be activated. It is essential to operate the equipment’s switcheseonly during operations when doing so is permitted.same type and ratings. WARNING: PROCEED WITH EXTREME CARE WARNING: PARTS UNDER VOLTAGE WITH THE EQUIPMENT

WARNING: PARTS UNDER VOLTAGE WITH THE EQUIPMENT DISCHARGED

Even when the AC and all DC switches have been opened, parts in the interior of the equipment will remain under voltage and discharge gradually. Wait for the period of time recommended in this manual before opening the cabinet and performing any operation inside. But even with the DC and AC switches open, AC and DC Voltage continues to exist in the DC and AC supply terminals accordingly.WARNING: PARTS UNDER VOLTAGE WITH THE EQUIPMENT DISCHARGED IMPORTANT: INVERTER ISOLATION PROCESS GD-237983 R2 14

Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA

Installation and user manual

In order to deactivate the Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/ E-1.4 MVA Inverter by disconnecting it from both the electrical grid and the photovoltaic /E-1.4 MVA Inverter by disconnecting it from both the electrical grid and the photovoltaic field, the procedure described in section 0

INVERTER CONNECTION AND DISCONNECTION PROCEDURE must be performed.

IMPORTANT: PRECAUTIONS DURING MAINTENANCE OF PHOTOVOLTAIC FIELD

When the DC switches are closed, the correspondent DC LINK is coupled to the photovoltaic panels. For example, when the inverter is turned OFF and the AC switch is opened, if the DC switches are closed, DC voltage will be present in all the DC wiring from the photovoltaic panels to the DC input and the DC Link of the inverter.

panels to the DC input and the DC Link of the inverter. When maintenance tasks are

When maintenance tasks are done in the photovoltaic field take into account that when disconnecting DC lines, the DC voltage of the DC Link will be present at the DC lines if the DC Switches are left closed.

It is very important to check before connecting the photovoltaic fields that the DC switches of the inverter are open. One possible scenario is to close the photovoltaic field with a fuse or an external DC switch having forgotten to open the DC Switches of the inverter. This situation could generate a failure of internal components of the inverter or a failure in the Photovoltaic field itself.

It's highly recommended before doing any maintenance and commissioning task in the photovoltaic field to check and open DC Switches of the inverter.

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Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA

Installation and user manual

6 GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

This section describes the general specifications which the installation must comply with to guarantee the correct behaviour of the equipment, as well as an overview of the building specifications and some functions of the Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter.

6.1 GENERAL INSTALLATION SPECIFICATIONS

When planning an installation, it is necessary to understand all of the components it comprises in order to achieve optimal operation of the installation. The inverter must be installed according to the National Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA 70 including Sec. 690.35 (ungrounded PV array) and with local regulations.

CAUTION: CORRECT USE

PV array) and with local regulations. CAUTION: CORRECT USE If the Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter

If the Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter is not used in accordance with these specifications, the inverter and other system components may be damaged. This misuse is also considered a violation of the terms of the warranty. For more information, consult Appendix I which contains the full specifications of the inverter.

6.1.1 Specifications of the AC line connected to the inverter

The general specifications of the AC line which is connected to the inverter are as follows:

E-1.3 MVA AC Line

Nominal output voltage

360

Vac

 

Grid voltage range

306

– 396 Vrms (-15% / +10%)

Grid voltage range 306 – 396 Vrms (-15% / +10%)

Grid frequency range

(47,5 Hz - 52 Hz) / (57 Hz - 63 Hz)

Power Factor Range

Any range Configurable

Maximum current per phase

2100

Arms (

Nom. power at the connection point

1.3

MVA

Maximum AC output power

1.1

MW (*)

Max. cable cross section per phase

6x300 mm 2

(*) In nominal conditions of grid voltage. PF=1@50ºC

 

E-1.4 MVA AC Line

Nominal output voltage

400

Vac

 

Grid voltage range

340

– 440 Vrms (-15% / +10%)

Grid voltage range 340 – 440 Vrms (-15% / +10%)

Grid frequency range

(47,5 Hz - 53 Hz) / (57 Hz - 63 Hz)

Power Factor Range

Any range configurable

Maximum current per phase

2020

Arms

Nom. power at the connection point

1.4MVA

Maximum AC output power

1.370MW (*)

Max. cable cross section per phase

6x300 mm2

(*) In nominal conditions of grid voltage, PF=1@50ºC

 

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Installation and user manual

6.1.2 Voltages and frequency limits for Utility Interaction.

The following table shows the adjustable trip limits and times for AC voltage and frequency, it also indicates the range and the value configured by default.

Utility Interactive trip limits (adjustable)

 
 

Trip limits

Min.

Max.

Default

Undervoltage

50

%

88

%

88%

LOW

Trip times

Min.

Max.

Default

0.16

s

2.00

s

1.00

s

 

Trip limits

Min.

Max.

Default

Overvoltage

110

%

120

%

110

%

HIGH

Trip times

Min.

Max.

Default

0.16

s

1.00

s

1.00

s

 

Trip limits

Min.

Max.

Default

Undervoltage

30

%

50

%

50%

VERY LOW

Trip times

Min.

Max.

Default

0.10

s

0.16

s

0.16

s

 

Trip limits

Min.

Max.

Default

Overvoltage

120

%

130

%

120

%

VERY HIGH

Trip times

Min.

Max.

Default

0.10

s

0.16

s

0.16

s

 

Trip limits

Min.

Max.

Default

Underfrequency

57

Hz

59.8 Hz

59.3

Hz

Trip times

Min.

Max.

Default

 

0.16

s

300 s

0.16

s

 

Trip limits

Min.

Max.

Default

Overfrequency

60.5 Hz

63

Hz

60.5

Hz

Trip times

Min.

Max.

Default

 

0.10

0.16

s

0.16

s

Voltage trip limit accuracy

 

±1.0% of Nom. Voltage

 

Frequency trip limit accuracy

 

± 0.1% of Nom. Freq.

 

Trip time accuracy

 

± 3% and ≤ 50 ms

 

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6.1.3 Photovoltaic field specifications

The specifications of the PV input line are as follows:

E-1.3 MVA DC Line

Recommended PV-power

1100-1400 kWp

Recommended PV-power 1100-1400 kWp

Panels voltage range

570

- 1000 V (*)

MPP voltage range

570

- 910 V

Maximum DC current

1800

A @50ºC

Number of DC Ports

12

(6+6) groups of PV–panels

Max. cable cross section per terminal

2x300 mm 2

Number of independent DC sections

2

Max. DC current per section

900

A

Number of independent MPPTs

2

(independent MPPT for each Section)

(*) The maximum voltage should not be exceeded under any circumstances. It should be noted that the open circuit voltage increases with low temperatures.

E-1.4 MVA DC Line

Recommended PV-power

1400

-1800kWp

Recommended PV-power 1400 -1800kWp

Panels voltage range

610

- 1000 V (*)

MPP voltage range

610

- 910 V

Maximum DC current

2100

A @50ºC

Number of DC Ports

12

(6+6) groups of PV–panels

Max. cable cross section per terminal

2x300 mm 2

Number of independent DC sections

2

Max. DC current per section

1050

A

Number of independent MPPTs

2

(independent MPPT for each Section)

(*) The maximum voltage should not be exceeded under any circumstances. It should be noted that the open circuit voltage increases with low temperatures.

6.1.4 Mechanical specifications

The Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter is a static converter embedded in a mechanical enclosure. The equipment should be installed on a raised access floor adequately reinforced to withstand its weight.

Mechanical specifications

Dimensions (mm) Approximate weight Environmental protection

2450 x 1840 x 975 (1035 with handles) 1700/1800 kg IP-20/ Ik-8

Approximate weight Environmental protection 2450 x 1840 x 975 (1035 with handles) 1700/1800 kg IP-20/ Ik-8

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6.1.5 Environmental conditions, location and ventilation

The equipment must be located in a building, either inside a substation or industrial installation, or in a specific prefabricated building or container with adequate air conditioning or extraction of heat generated by the inverter during operation. In addition, the temperature inside the building or container must be above the inverter’s minimum working temperature and the condensation threshold for the atmospheric humidity.

Environmental conditions, location and ventilation

Recommended ambient temperature Ambient operating temperature Maximum relative humidity:

25°C

Recommended ambient temperature Ambient operating temperature Maximum relative humidity: 25°C

-20ºC a 65ºC (*)

95%

(non-condensing) Fresh air inlet required Liquid cooling circuit (water-glycol) Maximum altitude without derating

2500 m 3 / hour 2,5 m 3 / hour 3000m above sea level

(*) Power derating is produced from 50 °C to 65 °C

 

The inverter is designed to work at ambient temperatures between -10°C and 50°C (from -20ºC with “Low temperature kit”). When the inverter is at a temperature lower than 0°C its heating system is activated in order to reach an internal temperature greater than 0°C and permit start-up. To ensure correct equipment operation and to feed the grid with maximum power, an ambient temperature ranging from 0°C to 50°C is required. Compliance with the nominal values is guaranteed within this temperature range given that a temperature-based derating of the power fed occurs above these limit values in order to ensure the safety and correct operation of the equipment (see Figures 6-1). These figures show how both models of inverters reduce the output power with different downward gradients, and the behaviour of the inverters when the ambient temperature reaches 65ºC, at which point it will turn off completely with an overtemperature alarm.

it will turn off completely with an overtemperature alarm. Figure 6-1a : E-1.3MVA Power derating with

Figure 6-1a : E-1.3MVA Power derating with temperature

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Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Installation and user manual Figure 6-1b : E-1.4MVA Power derating with temperature

Figure 6-1b : E-1.4MVA Power derating with temperature

IMPORTANT!

6-1b : E-1.4MVA Power derating with temperature IMPORTANT! The inverter display will show the “limited by

The inverter display will show the “limited by temperature” warning when the equipment is operating within the 50°C-65°C range and the operating power is limited. The inverter will show the overtemperature alarm and disconnect when the temperature exceeds 65°C.

IMPORTANT!

Ambient temperature recommendation: Maintaining a low temperature in equipment rooms their MTBF (mean time between failures) is increased. MTBF is highly dependent on operating temperature for all power converters in general.Ambient temperature recommendation:

IMPORTANT!

temperature for all power converters in general. IMPORTANT! GAMESA – ELECTRIC recommends keeping technical rooms and

GAMESA – ELECTRIC recommends keeping technical rooms and huts containing the equipment well-ventilated and free of dust. Furthermore, ensure that the ventilation grilles of the rooms are unobstructed to facilitate heat removal from their interior.

Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA inverters must be installed vertically, on a level floor. Fresh air comes into the inverter from the front side and hot air leaves the unit trough the back side of the cabinet. As a consequence,

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Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA

Installation and user manual

it is recommended to maintain a minimum distance of 1 m between any obstacle, wall or similar and front & back faces of the unit (see Figure 6-2). In case of two inverters next to each other, it must be left 200mm between them.

Adding adequate ventilation grilles to the wall of the technical building/container, it is also possible to adjust the back side of the inverter to the wall, minimising the required space to place the unit. It also reduces the cooling requirements of the building because heat is directly expelled to the outside. To improve the heat extraction it could also be possible to equip screens or a cooling duct between the inverter and the wall.

The inverter also needs a heat exchanger to evacuate heat from the liquid cooling system. The heat exchanger will be placed outside the technical building.

exchanger will be placed outside the technical building. Technical building without wall ventilation grilles
exchanger will be placed outside the technical building. Technical building without wall ventilation grilles

Technical building without wall ventilation grilles

Technical building wall with ventilation grilles

Figure 6-2: Minimum dimensions for planning the installation

The Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter takes the fresh air required for cooling through the grilles located on the front face and expels the air through the grilles located on the back face (see Figure 6-):

the grilles located on the back face (see Figure 6-): Figure 6-3: Cooling air flow It

Figure 6-3: Cooling air flow

It is extremely important to always keep these ducts free of dirt and objects which could prevent correct equipment ventilation.

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The inverter has a modular design, with different cooling paths to keep different areas of the equipment at their correct operating temperatures. Gamesa Electric recommends providing a fresh air inlet of 2500 m³/h.

The liquid cooling circuit (water-glycol) is dimensioned to maintain the power semiconductors below 100ºC even at the most unfavourable working conditions, maintaining in this way the power losses in an exceptionally low level. These low working temperatures will prevent premature aging of the materials, increasing the MTBF of the unit.

aging of the materials, increasing the MTBF of the unit. Figure 6-4: Liquid cooling circuit The

Figure 6-4: Liquid cooling circuit

The following figure shows the block diagram of the liquid cooling circuit:

shows the block diagram of the liquid cooling circuit: 1. 2. Pressure sensor 3. Heating resistance

1.

2. Pressure sensor

3. Heating resistance

4. Temperature sensor

5. Poppet valve

Outlet

7. Outlet

6.

Pump

8. Temperature sensor

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Figure 6-5: Liquid cooling diagram

9. Intercooler

10.

11.

12. Thermostatic valve

13. Pressure switch

14.

15. Expansion tank

16. Pressure sensor

Faucet

Faucet

Inlet

17.

18.

19.

20. Purge

21.

22.

23. Pressure sensor

24. Pressure sensor

Faucet

Faucet

Purge

Purge

Inlet

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Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA

Installation and user manual

IMPORTANT!

E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Installation and user manual IMPORTANT! The inverter must be installed in a location

The inverter must be installed in a location which prevents direct exposure to sunlight.

Further information about refrigeration could be found in the document “1.3 MVA/1.4MVA_REFRIG_EN -

Ventilation and cooling recommendations

6.2

BASIC

INVERTER

DESCRIPTION

OF

THE

GAMESA

E-1.3

MVA/E-1.4

MVA

The basic features of the inverter, dimensions, component locations, technology, consumption, performance, etc. are described below.

6.2.1 General information

The Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter by GAMESA - ELECTRIC is a fully-automated three-phase photovoltaic grid-connected inverter.

The inverter connects to an array of photovoltaic panels on one side, from which it receives energy in the form of direct current, and to the electrical grid on the other side, which it feeds with the energy transformed appropriately into alternating current.

energy transformed appropriately into alternating current. Figure 6-6: Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter with
energy transformed appropriately into alternating current. Figure 6-6: Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter with

Figure 6-6: Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter with connection to electrical grid

The Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter remains on standby whenever the panel power is less than approximately 5 kW (0.5 % of the rated power). Under these conditions the inverter is disconnected from the grid.

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6.2.2 Single line diagrams of the Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter

The Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter does not have an internal isolation transformer and it has a nominal output voltage of 360 Vac for E-1.3 MVA Inverter and 400 Vac for E-1.4 MVA Inverter. The equipment installer must design the connection to the medium voltage line via a step-up transformer which also provides galvanic isolation between the inverter and the grid. GAMESA-ELECTRIC also offers plug & play solutions for higher-power grouped installations.

Figure 6- shows the single-line diagram of the Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter.

diagram of the Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter. Figure 6-7: Single-line diagram of the Gamesa E-1.3

Figure 6-7: Single-line diagram of the Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter

WARNING: STEP-UP TRANSFORMER NEUTRAL

MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter WARNING: STEP-UP TRANSFORMER NEUTRAL The neutral of the low voltage winding (if a

The neutral of the low voltage winding (if a star-point exists) in the step-up transformer must not be bonded to ground.

The converter incorporates two 650kVA/700KVA inverter bridges designed to be connected to two independent photovoltaic fields. The performance of the PV Plant is thereby greatly increased, with each inverter bridge managing the power extracted from each field through independent MPPT. Better energy management of the photovoltaic fields minimises the time required for the installation to give a return on investment.

In addition, the fact that the Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter has two separate inverter bridges, with a dedicated controller for each one, permits control and switching strategies on the bridges which allow the inverter to attain very low distortion levels and prevent disturbances on the electrical grid.

Consult the manufacturer for more information and advice on the design of a photovoltaic installation:

Contact information:

Gamesa Electric Ramírez Arellano 37 28043 - Madrid Telf.: (+34) 91 503 17 00

gamesaelectric@gamesacorp.com

http://www.gamesaelectric.com

Ramírez Arellano 37 28043 - Madrid Telf.: (+34) 91 503 17 00 gamesaelectric@gamesacorp.com http://www.gamesaelectric.com

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Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA

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6.2.3 Dimensions and external components

The dimensions and external components of the Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter are shown in the following figure.

IMPORTANT!

MVA Inverter are shown in the following figure. IMPORTANT! The ventilation requirements described in 6.1.4

The ventilation requirements described in 6.1.4 Environmental conditions, location and

ventilation must be taken into account when planning the installation.

must be taken into account when planning the installation. Figure 6-8: Dimensions and external components of

Figure 6-8: Dimensions and external components of the Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter

The main external components of the enclosure shown in the above figure are:

1 - Touch screen: Located on the front upper-right door of the enclosure. Permits user operation and information, allowing communication with the inverter to turn it on and off as well as to view the status of possible alarms.

2 - Emergency switch: Activation disconnects the inverter. While it is locked the inverter cannot be placed in operation. Unlocking is performed by turning a quarter rotation in the direction indicated by the arrows on the switch.

3 - DC switches: These are the manual switches which electrically connect and disconnect the inverter from the DC input from the panels. These switches must be handled in accordance with the connection and disconnection protocol of the inverter and when the indicators permit. Switch status indicators: These indicators show when the user is allowed or not allowed to handle the manual DC and AC switches and when they should/can be handled. See the inverter connection and disconnection protocol for more information.

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Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA

Installation and user manual

4 - AC : This switch connects the equipment to the AC grid.

5 - Air inlet grilles: Cold air inlets for inverter cooling. Keep clean and free of obstacles.

6 - DC cable entrance: The DC wiring enters the inverter on the lower right side. This must be taken into account when positioning the inverter.

7 - AC cable entrance: The AC wiring enters the inverter on the lower left side. This must be taken into account when positioning the inverter.

6.2.4 Component distribution

The equipment is designed with a modular distribution, composed of different equipment areas.

modular distribution, composed of different equipment areas. Figure 6-9: Dimensions and cabinet locations of the Gamesa

Figure 6-9: Dimensions and cabinet locations of the Gamesa E-1.4 MVA Inverter

- Cabinet 1 – Inverter Bridge: This cabinet provides access to the equipment’s inverter bridges.

- Cabinet 2 – AC cabinet: AC cable entrances and AC switch.

- Cabinet 3 – This cabinet has two different areas:

o 3a

– DC cabinet: DC cable entrances, DC switches.

o 3b

– Liquid cooling Pump

- Cabinet 4 – This cabinet has two different areas:

o 4a – Inductors: This cabinet provides access to the equipment’s inductors. o 4b – Control: This cabinet contains the control, switching and auxiliary power components.

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6.2.5 Efficiency

The Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter is notable for its high efficiency reaching maximum values of 98,6 %, an European efficiency of 98.4% and a Californian efficiency of 98.4%

6.2.6 Control system

The Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter incorporates an advanced control system which performs control functions & PWM generation for the inverter bridges and control the different protection and cooling systems. It also performs monitoring and communications tasks and an external SCADA could be connected to the equipment through the communication ports.

This proprietary control system developed by GAMESA is a robust and flexible system based on DSPs and FPGA. The system can be controlled and updated remotely, allowing it to adapt to the customer’s needs as well as permitting fast and efficient fault maintenance and management.

fast and efficient fault maintenance and management. Figure 6-10: Gamesa CCU 6.2.7 External power supply The

Figure 6-10: Gamesa CCU

6.2.7 External power supply

The external power supply for feeding powered certain components such as fans, extractors, the cabinet heating system, control system and communications, etc. is powered from an external grid to the one that the inverter is feeding energy into. It is for this reason that it is necessary that this power has a low harmonic content (THD around 1%)

that this power has a low harmonic content (THD around 1%) Figure 6-11: Illustration of auxiliary

Figure 6-11: Illustration of auxiliary consumption

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6.2.8 Voltage dips (Low voltage ride through)

the Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter comprises a robust piece of

equipment in response to grid voltage faults, remaining connected to the electrical grid even when it does not

maintain rated values during transitory periods (depending on the needs and requirements of the system operator for different countries).

With the voltage dips control,

A voltage dip is an abrupt reduction in voltage followed by a recovery over short time lapse. By convention, a voltage dip lasts from 10 ms to 1 min. After the fault is cleared, a recovery period is required for the voltage to reach admissible values. The fact that the equipment withstands voltage dips means that the generating equipment remains connected to the electrical system without undergoing disconnection as a result of voltage dips specified by the grid operator. Figure 6-12 shows some examples of voltage dips:

operator. Figure 6-12 shows some examples of voltage dips: Figure 6-12: Voltage-time curve which defines the
operator. Figure 6-12 shows some examples of voltage dips: Figure 6-12: Voltage-time curve which defines the

Figure 6-12: Voltage-time curve which defines the area of the “voltage dip” at the grid connection point which the installation must withstand. Spanish regulations (left) and international examples (right).

The depth of the voltage dip which the equipment must withstand depends on the applicable regulations.

In order to adapt to these changing regulations, certain systems have been added to the inverter to ensure correct measurement of the electrical grid parameters in real time as well as a energy storage system to ensure auxiliary power supply of the inverter and correct operation even when the electrical grid is causing a fault. This system is based on modern energy storage technology, reducing maintenance and costs to a minimum compared to replacing the batteries of traditional UPS systems.

6.2.9 Insulation monitoring

Each bridge of the inverter has one insulation monitor relay which measures the insulation resistance of the photovoltaic field, if the resistance falls below a threshold value then an alarm on the inverter is triggered and the corresponding bridge will be disconnected. In the case of inverter with earthing kit the insulation monitoring is based on leakage current.

During the connection procedure, the insulation resistance must be measured by the inverter before is connected to the grid. Therefore, after the charge of the DC bus, the user closes the DC switches if they are not closed, and then the insulation is being measured. If the measured value is correct the inverter closes the main AC breaker and feeds power to the grid, if not an insulation alarm is triggered.

The correct function of the insulation monitors is supervised periodically (e.g once a day) and in case of a reset of the CCU. It is also possible to trigger manually this test from the HMI.

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Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA

Installation and user manual

6.3 GAMESA E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA INVERTER EXTENSIONS AND OPTIONS

The Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter has a number of optional extensions to equip it with additional functions on customer request or as dictated by applicable technical requirements based on the country where the installation will be performed. Consult Gamesa-Electric for more information on the optional equipment functions. Some of the notable options are:

6.3.1 1.3 MVA, 1.4 MVA and 2.6 MVA, 2.8 MVA integral solution

Gamesa Electric also offers integrated solutions for large PV-plants:

- Best choice for large utility scale PV systems.

- The complete MV connection solution includes MV switchgear, the photovoltaic inverters and monitoring hardware.

- Also customized configurations under request: concrete building or metallic container, pad-mounted transformers, SCADA hardware and software for complete PV Plant remote monitoring, oil-filled or dry transformers

6.3.2 Earthing kit

In order to work with certain photovoltaic panel technologies (such as some fine-layer models and avoiding corrosion of the TCO layer), a configuration with a grounded photovoltaic field negative or positive is essential (check with the corresponding photovoltaic panel manufacturer).

The earthing kit earths one of the poles of the photovoltaic field via a protection, which ensures the safety and monitoring of the connection’s isolation. This system is world renowned and its installation is compulsory in some countries.

and its installation is compulsory in some countries. Figure 6-13Positive and negative terminal earthing kit

Figure 6-13Positive and negative terminal earthing kit

IMPORTANT!

6-13Positive and negative terminal earthing kit IMPORTANT! Neither of the poles of the photovoltaic field should

Neither of the poles of the photovoltaic field should be connected to earth externally from the standard inverter without the earthing kit. The inverter will trigger an isolation alarm and will not start. The E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter is only designed to perform adequate earthing via the earthing kit, and if this warning is ignored it may lead to damage the inverter and the installation.

Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA

Installation and user manual

6.3.3 DC fuses kit

The Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter has the option of installing up to 12 fuses in the direct current connection point. The alarms corresponding to DC fuses are activated or deactivated in each case.

6.3.4 Other extensions

Do not hesitate to contact GAMESA-ELECTRIC if you require other additional features for this equipment.

Contact information:

Gamesa Electric Ramírez Arellano 37 28043 - Madrid Telf.: (+34) 91 503 17 00

gamesaelectric@gamesacorp.com

http://www.gamesaelectric.com

Ramírez Arellano 37 28043 - Madrid Telf.: (+34) 91 503 17 00 gamesaelectric@gamesacorp.com http://www.gamesaelectric.com

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Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA

Installation and user manual

7 INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS

This section describes the necessary instructions and precautions to perform correct electrical and mechanical installation of the inverter.

7.1 TRANSPORTING THE GAMESA E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA INVERTER

CAUTION: HEAVY EQUIPMENT

GAMESA E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA INVERTER CAUTION: HEAVY EQUIPMENT This equipment weighs approximately 1800 kg. Attempts to

This equipment weighs approximately 1800 kg. Attempts to lift the enclosure from lifting points other than the recommended ones can cause damage to the equipment, risks to personal safety and void the warranty. Keep doors closed and locked when moving the enclosure. Failure to lock the doors may void the warranty.

Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter must be handled using the lifting rings located on the upper surface for unloading. Subsequently they can be moved with a forklift capable of supporting the weight of the inverter.

FORKLIFT TRANSPORT PRECAUTIONS: HEAVY EQUIPMENT

Falling equipment can pose a mortal danger. When transporting the inverter with a forklift, the inverter must be secured from falling. Do not perform sudden changes in direction, or accelerate or brake abruptly.inverter. FORKLIFT TRANSPORT PRECAUTIONS: HEAVY EQUIPMENT Figure 7-1: Follow the manufacturer’s indications for

changes in direction, or accelerate or brake abruptly. Figure 7-1: Follow the manufacturer’s indications for

Figure 7-1: Follow the manufacturer’s indications for forklift transport

CRANE TRANSPORT PRECAUTIONS: HEAVY EQUIPMENT

transport CRANE TRANSPORT PRECAUTIONS: HEAVY EQUIPMENT The lifting points located on the top of the equipment

The lifting points located on the top of the equipment must be used for transporting the inverter with a crane. Special care must be taken to ensure that the unit is levelled.

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Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Installation and user manual Figure 7-2: Pay special attention to balancing the

Figure 7-2: Pay special attention to balancing the equipment when lifting with a crane. Always lift it with all of the eyebolts located for this purpose.

IMPORTANT! Ventilation

Take the aforementioned ventilation requirements into account when positioning the inverter in its final location, for example, by not blocking the air inlets and outlets.eyebolts located for this purpose. IMPORTANT! Ventilation IMPORTANT! Shock sensor The inverter has inside a shock

IMPORTANT! Shock sensor

blocking the air inlets and outlets. IMPORTANT! Shock sensor The inverter has inside a shock sensor.

The inverter has inside a shock sensor. If the inverter has received rough handling during transport to the installation point, a red indicator in the sensor appears.

Consult GAMESA-ELECTRIC to know how to proceed with this scenario.

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7.2 INVERTER CONNECTIONS

WARNING: ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION METHODS

All electrical installations and wiring methods shall be in accordance with the local electrical regulations, the National Electrical Code , ANSI/NFPA 70 or similar . National Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA 70 or similar .

CAUTION: FIRE RISK PREVENTION

WARNING: To reduce the risk of fire, connect each AC circuit of the inverter only to To reduce the risk of fire, connect each AC circuit of the inverter only to a dedicated circuit provided with protection in accordance with the National Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA 70 or similar.

WARNING

National Electrical Code , ANSI/NFPA 70 or similar. WARNING Keep cables away from any sharp edges

Keep cables away from any sharp edges which could damage the insulation.

WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD

WARNING: Ensure that all connection cables and the equipment itself are not under voltage during installation. Ensure that accidental reconnection which would place the terminals under voltage is not possible. Failure to follow this indication may lead to serious damage and even death.WARNING:

WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD

damage and even death. WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD WARNING: The protective earth must always be the

WARNING: The protective earth must always be the first cable connected to the equipment and the last cable disconnected.

WARNING: PHOTOVOLTAIC GENERATOR CONNECTION

disconnected. WARNING: PHOTOVOLTAIC GENERATOR CONNECTION The configuration of the photovoltaic generator will dictate

The configuration of the photovoltaic generator will dictate the way in which the inverter is connected. Consult GAMESA-ELECTRIC for advice when performing the connection.

WARNING: FOR INVERTERS WITHOUT ISOLATION TRANSFORMER

WARNING: FOR INVERTERS WITHOUT ISOLATION TRANSFORMER For inverters without an isolation transformer, and

For inverters without an isolation transformer, and depending on the PV modules technology used and the desired connection type to the medium voltage transformer, a series of special considerations must be observed to ensure correct equipment operation. Consult GAMESA-ELECTRIC for advice when designing the installation.

Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA

Installation and user manual

WARNING: CHECK FOR RECIRCULATIONS BEFORE HANDLING EARTH CONNECTIONS

CHECK FOR RECIRCULATIONS BEFORE HANDLING EARTH CONNECTIONS If the earth configuration of the installation where the

If the earth configuration of the installation where the inverter will be located is unknown, it is advisable to check that no leakage currents are circulating from other parts of the installation before handling the earth connection.

WARNING

Cable entry is performed via the bottom part of the equipment and the equipment should therefore preferably be installed on a raised access floor. If this configuration is not possible, the cable entry can be performed via the lower rear or front face, given that the equipment is mounted on a bench to facilitate transport. Special attention must be paid to the fact that the floor is capable of supporting the equipment to be installed.installation before handling the earth connection. WARNING The electrical connection is performed on the lower front

The electrical connection is performed on the lower front part of the inverter, with the photovoltaic generator connection on one side and the three-phase AC grid connection on the other, and finally the installation earth connection.

IMPORTANT: GOOD ELECTRICAL CONNECTION MUST BE GRANTED

IMPORTANT: GOOD ELECTRICAL CONNECTION MUST BE GRANTED When connecting one or two power cables to a

When connecting one or two power cables to a connection plate or a terminal block, perfect and tight electrical connection must be granted. Cable power terminals that are bent or damaged can cause hot spots and compromise the correct behaviour of the inverter and the installation.

the correct behaviour of the inverter and the installation. A - Bolt B - Washer C
the correct behaviour of the inverter and the installation. A - Bolt B - Washer C
A - Bolt B - Washer C - Power Cable lugs D - Washer E
A
- Bolt
B
- Washer
C
- Power Cable lugs
D
- Washer
E
- Locking Washer
F
- Nut

Figure 7-3: Recommended power connections in connection plate

The Photovoltaic Inverters includes a metallic sheet with the holes for making the routing of the DC and AC power cables easier. Combining this sheet with cable glands it is possible to obtain a great protection against dirt and entering of external agents in the cabinet through the wiring input.

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Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Installation and user manual Figure 7-4: Wiring inputs Figure 7-5 shows the

Figure 7-4: Wiring inputs

Figure 7-5 shows the AC terminal strips of the Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter.

7-5 shows the AC terminal strips of the Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter. GD-237983 R2 Figure

GD-237983 R2

Figure 7-5: AC terminal strip

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Figure 7-6 shows the DC terminals of Section 1 of the Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter. Terminals one correspond to the connection for inverter bridge ONE and terminals two connect to bridge TWO.

inverter bridge ONE and terminals two connect to bridge TWO. Figure 7-6: DC terminal strip WARNING:

Figure 7-6: DC terminal strip

WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD

Figure 7-6: DC terminal strip WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD The DC conductors of this photovoltaic system

The DC conductors of this photovoltaic system are ungrounded and may be energized.

The installation’s earth connection is performed by connecting the earth conductor of the AC Cabinet to any of the free holes on the strip shown in Figure 7-7

to any of the free holes on the strip shown in Figure 7-7 Figure 7-7: Earth

Figure 7-7: Earth strip

When connecting the cables, it is advisable to leave a length of 30-50 cm from the floor level to the end of the cable to facilitate connection. Depending on where the power conductors enter, it is advisable to leave a space of 200 cm between the DC and AC section cables, which is the approximate average distance between the AC and DC connection terminals. An example layout is shown in the figure below:

terminals. An example layout is shown in the figure below: Figure 7-8: Example of layout of

Figure 7-8: Example of layout of inverter cable access

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7.2.1 Cross section and metrics of inverter connection conductors

The recommended cross sections of conductors connected to the inverter are:

 

RECOMMENDED CROSS SECTIONS FOR THE POWER CONDUCTORS

DC

conductors

2 x 300 mm 2 (*)

AC

conductors

6x 300 mm 2 (*)

Earth conductor

90 mm 2

Auxiliary power (only if used)

4 mm 2

(*) max per port/phase. Selected sections shall guarantee that the voltage losses are low enough. These values should be verified according to the cable lengths of each PV Plant.

Bolt metrics and tightening torques to ensure a good electrical connection are:

 

METRIC USED

AND

TIGHTENING TORQUE

DC

terminal

M12

80 Nm

AC

conductors

M12

80 Nm

Earth conductor

M8

23 Nm

WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD

conductor M8 23 Nm WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD WARNING: Cables coming from the panels can reach

WARNING: Cables coming from the panels can reach high voltages even under low irradiances.

7.2.2 About the auxiliary power supply

An auxiliary power supply is necessary, the equipment have to take the supply of its auxiliary services from a regular three phase 360Vac / 400Vac outlet with THD<1%. This auxiliary power supply can consume a maximum of 4 kW and the wires must be sized accordingly. This auxiliary power input is already protected and the recommended cross sections of conductors are 4 mm 2 . Consult Gamesa-ELECTRIC for more information on the auxiliary power supply connections.

7.2.3 Heat exchanger installation and connection

The Heat Exchanger will be installed outside the container, with a maximum distance between Heat Exchanger and Inverter of 3 meters. In other case, it must be indicated to Gamesa Electric. Be aware of not blocking the proper air flow from any grill or similar on the building. The housing of the Heat Exchanger must be connected to the same ground that the Inverter.

In the figures below, you can see the electrical connexion between the Heat Exchanger and the Inverter and the position of the terminal X12, X13 and X14 inside the Inverter:

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Figure 7-9: Example of layout of inverter cable access
Figure 7-9: Example of layout of inverter cable access

Figure 7-10: Example of heat exchanger hoses connection

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7.2.4

Communications

The inverter uses the MODBUS/TCP communications protocol. The RJ45 connector for the communicateons cable connection is located in the DC cabinet (bottom right).

connection is located in the DC cabinet (bottom right). Figure 7-11: Location of the communications port
connection is located in the DC cabinet (bottom right). Figure 7-11: Location of the communications port

Figure 7-11: Location of the communications port

The IP of the slave inverter is in the form 192. 168. XX. XX connected to port 502. Request the definitive IP from GAMESA-ELECTRIC. The IP can also be consulted on the equipment via the HMI screen.

When connecting with the inverter via MODBUS/TCP, different slave numbers are defined for different kind of

applications and priorities (Standard SCADA, Maintenance, Grid operator reactive references

A complete specification of the communication protocol can be found in APPENDIX II.

).

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8

OPERATION

This section explains how to use the equipment correctly, how to configure it, start and stop it. It also explains how the equipment behaves in response to faults, electrical grid incidents, alarms, etc. Furthermore, details are provided on how to use the touch screen display.

8.1 GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

The Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter by Gamesa - Electric is a fully-automated three-phase photovoltaic grid-connected inverter, meaning that intervention on the inverter is only required in the event of a serious inverter failure that require an inspection and a manual reset.

There should be no active alarms for correct operation. Nevertheless, alarm states are automatic in all operational states, and so if an alarm is triggered the inverter will stop immediately and the reason for the alarm will appear on the front panel. If the alarm condition disappears, the inverter resumes its normal working operation.

IMPORTANT!

inverter resumes its normal working operation. IMPORTANT! The emergency switch located on the front panel of

The emergency switch located on the front panel of the inverter must be deactivated in order to start the equipment.

8.2 OPERATIONAL DIAGRAM

Once the inverter has been started via the corresponding activation signal, it will go through a series of states, as described below.

it will go through a series of states, as described below. Figure 8-1: Simplified operational states

Figure 8-1: Simplified operational states diagram of the Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter

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A more detailed description of what happens in each state is given below:

STATE

DESCRIPTION

START

This is a compulsory state which is passed when the equipment initialises. After initialisation, if there is an alarm, it will go to EMERGENCY, and if everything is correct, it will go to TEST.

STOP

The main purpose of this state is to wait for the equipment to be started in order to determine the action to follow. No action occurs until the operator presses the start key on the front panel. If the DC switches are open, it decides whether the DC load switch can be closed directly or it is necessary to precharge the DC buses. If the DC switches are closed, it waits until the DC bus voltage is greater than the start-up reference voltage. If this does not occur, it remains in this state.

In cases where the inverter already has been connected to the panels and has been running (e.g. a power outage or maintenance) When re-energize the inverter; it shall be starting automatically if conditions permit.

The indicators for each one turn green to let the operator know that they can be closed.

PRECHARGE

The purpose of this state is to charge the capacitors of the DC buses to an initial value. To do so, the precharge contactor is closed and it waits until the voltage of the capacitors is greater than a preset value.

GRID

The purpose of this state is to connect the equipment to the grid. To do so the charge contactor is closed and the precharge contactor is opened.

CONNECTION

DC CHARGE

The purpose of this state is to charge the capacitors of the DC buses to the voltage of the panels to avoid high current surges when closing the DC switches. To do so, the equipment’s PWM control is activated and it operates in rectifier mode.

GENERATING

The purpose of this state is to deliver power to the grid by running the equipment as an inverter, provided the DC bus voltage is greater than the stop reference voltage.

WAITING

If the conditions to produce energy are not favourable, the inverter stops the production, is disconnected from the grid (ceases to deliver power to the grid) and waits for adequate conditions to resume. In this state the equipment performs several attempts to reconnect to the grid, in order to test whether the power delivered is sufficient. If a time period elapses in which the power available in the photovoltaic fields is insufficient, the inverter will enter the disconnection state. There are also certain alarms which will put the equipment in the wait state and, when cleared, the inverter will continue operating if there is sufficient power from the panels.

DISCONNECTION

The purpose of this state is to disconnect the equipment from the grid by opening the charge contactor and deactivating both rectifier and inverter modes.

EMERGENCY

The purpose of this state is to report some kind of alarm. The equipment will remain in this state while the alarm persists.

TEST

The purpose of this state is to test the correct function of the insulation monitor relays while the inverter is not connected, this test is done periodically (e.g. once a day), or after a reset of the inverter

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8.3 CONTROL PANEL

The Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter includes a control panel which provides useful information related to the operation of the inverter and which can be used to configure different types of settings. Figure 8-2 shows an image of the touch screen.

of settings. Figure 8-2 shows an image of the touch screen. Figure 8-2: Control touch screen

Figure 8-2: Control touch screen

8.3.1 Touch screen operation

The screen for operating and visualising the status and operation of the inverter is located on the top right door of the inverter enclosure. The screen is a touch-sensitive panel which displays keys to permit navigation of the menus and modification of the configurable parameters.

Note: The screen turns off 20 minutes after detecting the last user command. The screen can be turned on again by touching it.

8.3.2 Welcome screen

The first screen shown on the Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter when it is connected to the electrical grid is the welcome screen. To begin to manipulate the screen once the inverter is energized is needed to wait about 30 seconds to establish communications. If you click on any point on the screen, the standard screen is opened Figure 8-3 shows a capture of this screen.

screen is opened Figure 8-3 shows a capture of this screen. Figure 8-3: Appearance of the
screen is opened Figure 8-3 shows a capture of this screen. Figure 8-3: Appearance of the

Figure 8-3: Appearance of the welcome screen

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Note: In the event of an electrical supply failure, the Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter will restart automatically once the supply is re-established.

8.3.3 Standard screen

The pictures showed in this chapter and in the following chapters represent Gamesa E-1.4 MVA screens; Gamesa E-1.3 MVA screens are similar, for this reason the instructions of these chapters are valid for both models of inverter. Figure 8-4 shows a capture of the standard screen and the elements which it displays are described below:

and the elements which it displays are described below: Figure 8-4: Appearance of the standard screen

Figure 8-4: Appearance of the standard screen

The standard screen displays the following information:

State of the different contactors and switches.

The standard screen of the inverter shows a simplified single-line diagram indicating the state (open or closed) of the equipment’s different switches and contactors:

diagram indicating the state (open or closed) of the equipment’s different switches and contactors: GD-237983 R2

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Current time.

The previously set current time is shown. This is very useful or alarm management, as shown further on.MVA Installation and user manual ∑ Current time. ∑ Instantaneous AC power. The user is shown

Instantaneous AC power.

The user is shown the instantaneous AC active and reactive power being generated by the inverter.as shown further on. ∑ Instantaneous AC power. ∑ Local-remote indicator: The screen shows the /

Local-remote indicator:

generated by the inverter. ∑ Local-remote indicator: The screen shows the / icon (remote or local)
generated by the inverter. ∑ Local-remote indicator: The screen shows the / icon (remote or local)
generated by the inverter. ∑ Local-remote indicator: The screen shows the / icon (remote or local)

The screen shows the / icon (remote or local) depending on the communications priority. By default, on energising the equipment, it starts in “remote” mode. The remote mode permits both local and remote equipment operation (start, stop, configuration). It enters local mode automatically when pressing the stop key to ensure that the equipment is not controlled remotely while being operated from the touch screen. It is possible to change between local/remote mode by pressing the icon or from the configuration menu, as shown further on.

8.3.4 ON and OFF keys

The

menu, as shown further on. 8.3.4 ON and OFF keys The ∑ ∑ and keys are

and

keys are shown on the standard screen.as shown further on. 8.3.4 ON and OFF keys The ∑ ∑ and key: Pressing this

key: Pressing this key puts the inverter into generation state, provided that the panel voltage is Pressing this key puts the inverter into generation state, provided that the panel voltage is sufficient and the grid is within the limits established by the applicable grid regulations. Depending on the initial state, precharge of the DCLink is realised or not

initial state, precharge of the DCLink is realised or not key: Press this key to stop

key: Press this key to stop the equipment if it is started. The display shows the message:

“STOPPING”. The inverter also has an emergency push-button which allows the equipment to be disconnected in the face of any danger or a problem with the stop key. For safety reasons, the equipment automatically enters “local” mode when pressing the OFF key.

8.3.5 Alarms menu

The “alarms” key has two states:

key. 8.3.5 Alarms menu The “alarms” key has two states: o Blank: No alarm active. o

o

Blank: No alarm active.

o

Flashing alert symbol: Alarm(s) active.

Press the alarms key to access the active alarms screen. Also pulse the button “Alarm.Hist” to enter the alarm Historic Screen.

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Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Installation and user manual Figure 8-5: Submenus in the alarms section ∑

Figure 8-5: Submenus in the alarms section

The “ACTIVE ALARMS” screen shows alarms which are currently active and their corresponding alarm code. The “rearm” key can be used to reset alarms which require a manual inverter reset.

The “ALARM HISTORIC” screen shows the last 500 alarms detected by the inverter, indicating the date and time when they were activated or deactivated and the status (Active or Cancelled) of each one. The history is initialised and deleted with the “RESET” key.

Consult Chapter 10 – TROUBLESHOOTING for a list of alarms and their meaning.

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8.3.6

Menu

E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Installation and user manual 8.3.6 Menu Clicking on the ”menu” key from the

Clicking on the ”menu” key from the standard screen accesses the measurements, various and config menu. The following diagram shows the transitions and different screens which can be accessed.

DC
DC
transitions and different screens which can be accessed. DC POW.Hist AC The voltage of the grid

POW.Hist

AC
AC
and different screens which can be accessed. DC POW.Hist AC The voltage of the grid which

The voltage of the grid

which the

inverter

is

connected

to,

are

displayed.

The instantaneous current values being fed into the grid are displayed for each phase and each inverter

bridge.

The

instantaneous AC power which the inverter is feeding into the grid is displayed.

The AC power of each of the bridges is also displayed.

Measurement of the grid frequency and the power factor.

Measurement of the grid frequency and the power factor. Active, reactive and apparent power data are

Active, reactive and apparent power data are displayed in total and for each sections.

Historical presentation of the power during the fed AC 5 last minutes of operation.

Historical presentation of the

power

during

the

fed

AC

5

last

minutes

of

operation.

the fed AC 5 last minutes of operation. Historical presentation of the AC power fed during

Historical presentation of the AC power fed during the last 12 hours of operation.

of the AC power fed during the last 12 hours of operation. Measurements of instantaneous voltage
of the AC power fed during the last 12 hours of operation. Measurements of instantaneous voltage

Measurements of instantaneous voltage and current at each of the equipment’s DC buses.

DC power present at the

input

to

each

of

the

inverter bridges.

 

Total

DC

power

at

the

equipment input.

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TEMP
TEMP

Information on the different internal temperature probes of the inverter. When the temperature is high, it is possible to see whether the corresponding fan is on, as indicated by the fan icon.

the corresponding fan is on, as indicated by the fan icon. ENERGY Historical measurements of the
the corresponding fan is on, as indicated by the fan icon. ENERGY Historical measurements of the

ENERGY

fan is on, as indicated by the fan icon. ENERGY Historical measurements of the reactive, active
fan is on, as indicated by the fan icon. ENERGY Historical measurements of the reactive, active
fan is on, as indicated by the fan icon. ENERGY Historical measurements of the reactive, active

Historical measurements of the reactive, active and apparent energy generated and consumed since the equipment was started. Shown as totals and for each section. All variables can be set to zero with the reset key.

Figure 8-6: Parameters shown on the MEASUREMENTS menu

NOTE: Pressing the

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shown on the MEASUREMENTS menu NOTE: Pressing the GD-237983 R2 key on any submenu returns to

key on any submenu returns to the general menu.

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8.3.7 Configuration submenu

MVA Installation and user manual 8.3.7 Configuration submenu Pressing the key from the measurements menu accesses

Pressing the key from the measurements menu accesses the configuration menu. Here, basic settings can be configured for the HMI such the brightness and contrast of the screen. Date,time and various basic parameters can be viewed. There is an advanced password-protected menu restricted to authorised personnel for configuration and maintenance tasks.

The following diagram shows the transitions and different screens which can be accessed.

the transitions and different screens which can be accessed. Displays useful information about the firmware version
the transitions and different screens which can be accessed. Displays useful information about the firmware version
the transitions and different screens which can be accessed. Displays useful information about the firmware version
the transitions and different screens which can be accessed. Displays useful information about the firmware version
the transitions and different screens which can be accessed. Displays useful information about the firmware version
the transitions and different screens which can be accessed. Displays useful information about the firmware version
the transitions and different screens which can be accessed. Displays useful information about the firmware version

Displays useful information about the firmware version of CCU and HMI

Screen brightness and contrast adjustment. Press the corresponding brightness/contrast icon to save the setting and store it for the following restart.

Setup only accessible to advanced users. See section below "advanced configuration menu"

See section below "advanced configuration menu" New language selection. A dialog box opens
See section below "advanced configuration menu" New language selection. A dialog box opens

New

language

selection.

New language selection. A dialog box opens to enter date and time parameters.

A dialog

box opens

to enter

date and

time

parameters.

box opens to enter date and time parameters. Measurement of the equipment’s operation time since it

Measurement of the equipment’s operation time since it was started. A partial time counter is also included which can be zeroed by pressing the eraser icon.

included which can be zeroed by pressing the eraser icon. Displays useful information about the equipment.

Displays useful information about the equipment. LOCAL/REMOTE mode can be configured from this screen by pressing the icon.

Figure 8-7: Parameters shown on the MEASUREMENTS menu

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How to set the time:

Press the centre button on the date/time screen to access the menu which allows it to be set. Select the desired values and press the set key for several seconds. This action sends a request to the controller to change the time from the touch screen. If this change is permitted (given that the time can also be synchronised remotely), the time will be updated on the HMI after approximately one minute.

will be updated on the HMI after approximately one minute. Figure 8-8: Setting the date and
will be updated on the HMI after approximately one minute. Figure 8-8: Setting the date and

Figure 8-8: Setting the date and time

8.3.8 Advanced configuration menu

CAUTION: MALFUNCTION

time 8.3.8 Advanced configuration menu CAUTION: MALFUNCTION Any changes made to the settings in the CONFIG

Any changes made to the settings in the CONFIG menu which are not supervised by qualified GAMESA – ELECTRIC personnel may cause inverter malfunction.

To access this menu, from the configuration submenu, search the screen in which the lock symbol appears. A password to access this menu is asked, check with Gamesa Electric to perform these tasks.

is asked, check with Gamesa Electric to perform these tasks. Figure 8-9: Main screen of the

Figure 8-9: Main screen of the advanced configuration menu

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IP SETTINGS BUTTON:

It is possible to change the IP defined for the inverter. Enter new values and press “set new IP”.

the inverter. Enter new values and press “set new IP”. Figure 8-10: IP Settings screen The

Figure 8-10: IP Settings screen

The new IP is configured on the inverter when the button is activated although the real change of IP comes when the system restarts. To reset the control system press the "Reset CCU" button found in the previous screen.

NOTE: Reset of the control system only can be made with the inverter in stop state and the emergency switch activated because when you press this key, the control system is reset immediately stopping any operation that is being performed (such as injection of power to the grid).

Upon completion of the reset (30-40 seconds), the inverter will have the new IP configured.

PANNEL ADJUST BUTTON:

From this menu the user may adjust the inverter start parameters. Specifically, the starting voltage of each bridge. Just have to enter the new value and press the "Update" button. The user can check if the new value is configured correctly in the lower box "actual value".

correctly in the lower box "actual value". Figure 8-11: Panel adjust screen. MAXIMUM POWER SETTINGS
correctly in the lower box "actual value". Figure 8-11: Panel adjust screen. MAXIMUM POWER SETTINGS

Figure 8-11: Panel adjust screen.

MAXIMUM POWER SETTINGS BUTTON:

The maximum power screen can be used to limit the power which the inverter can output. The CCU saves the new value of the parameter even if the CCU is rebooted. This value is set to 110% by default, but it is possible to set it to lower values for testing and debugging.

GD-237983 R2

value is set to 110% by default, but it is possible to set it to lower
value is set to 110% by default, but it is possible to set it to lower

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Figure 8-12: Power Adjust screen.

CURRENT ADJUSTMENT:

The maximum current screen can be used to limit the current which the inverter can output. The CCU saves the new value of the parameter even if the CCU is rebooted. This value is set to 100% by default, but it is possible to set it to lower values for testing and debugging.

to set it to lower values for testing and debugging. Figure 8-13: Current Adjust screen RESET
to set it to lower values for testing and debugging. Figure 8-13: Current Adjust screen RESET

Figure 8-13: Current Adjust screen

RESET CCU BUTTON:

Resets the central control. Only for commissioning and maintenance purposes.

NOTE: Reset of the control system only can be made with the inverter in stop state and the emergency switch activated because when you press this key, the control system is reset immediately stopping any operation that is being performed (such as injection of power to the grid).

ADVANCED USER BUTTON:

as injection of power to the grid). ADVANCED USER BUTTON: Pressing this button a menu will

Pressing this button a menu will be available only for advanced users. From this menu some adjustments of the inverter operation will be done.

GAMESA CONTACT INFORMATION BUTTON:

operation will be done. GAMESA CONTACT INFORMATION BUTTON : Pressing this icon in any screen will

Pressing this icon in any screen will appear the contact information of Gamesa Electric.

BUTTON : Pressing this icon in any screen will appear the contact information of Gamesa Electric.

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8.4 WEBPAGE

Each inverter has a webserver accessible by introducing the IP of the inverter in a web navigator that shows the most important variables of the working of the inverter in real time.

For example, if the IP of the inverter is 192.168.1.100, introducing in a standard web navigator the direction http://192.168.1.100, will show the web server of the inverter.

The pictures above show the E-1.4 MVA webserver that is similar to E-1.3 MVA webserver:

show the E-1.4 MVA webserver that is similar to E-1.3 MVA webserver: Figure 8-13: Webserver Snapshots.
show the E-1.4 MVA webserver that is similar to E-1.3 MVA webserver: Figure 8-13: Webserver Snapshots.
show the E-1.4 MVA webserver that is similar to E-1.3 MVA webserver: Figure 8-13: Webserver Snapshots.
show the E-1.4 MVA webserver that is similar to E-1.3 MVA webserver: Figure 8-13: Webserver Snapshots.
show the E-1.4 MVA webserver that is similar to E-1.3 MVA webserver: Figure 8-13: Webserver Snapshots.

Figure 8-13: Webserver Snapshots.

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The main features of webserver 1.9.1 are:

Real time monitoring of the most important variables of the inverter.

Remote Control: ALARMS REARM, REMOTE ON/OFF, power limitation and control of cos phi.

Recommendation: IP ADRESSING: WEBSERVER PORT:80

of cos phi. Recommendation: IP ADRESSING: WEBSERVER PORT:80 For obtaining the best performance of the inverter

For obtaining the best performance of the inverter communication system and taking advantage of the monitoring, control and remote maintenance capabilities, when connecting the inverter/s to the internet, Gamesa Electric recommends the use of Static and Public IP. If not possible, please consult Gamesa for studying other possibilities.

The webserver uses PORT 80

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8.5 INVERTER CONNECTION AND DISCONNECTION PROCEDURE

WARNING: FOLLOW THE STEPS DESCRIBED STRICTLY

The procedure for connecting the equipment to the AC grid and the photovoltaic field must be performed in the correct order and following the steps described below. Failure to follow compulsory steps can damage the inverter.PROCEDURE WARNING: FOLLOW THE STEPS DESCRIBED STRICTLY WARNING: ONLY OPERATE DC SWITCHES WHEN THE INDICATOR IS

WARNING: ONLY OPERATE DC SWITCHES WHEN THE INDICATOR IS IN “GREEN” STATE

Is very important to understand that when the inverters connects to the PV arrays, there will be a big difference between the voltage present at the PV arrays and the DC voltage present inside the inverter. For example, the below schematics shows a situation in wich the PV voltage is 700VDC and the DC voltage inside the inverter is 0 Volts. If in this situation the user would close the DC switch, there will be an overcurrent in the DC side and the DC fuse and other power electronics components could be damaged.

and other power electronics components could be damaged. This situation is warned by the LED indicator

This situation is warned by the LED indicator of each DC Switch. If the indicator is in RED state, you cannot manipulate DC switch and if the LED are in green state, you can operate the DC switch in a safe way.

The way that the inverter make possible to close the DC switches in a safe way is making a controlled precharge of the internal DC link so when you close the DC switch, the voltage between PV voltage and the internal DC-link are the same and no overcurrent are produced:

the internal DC-link are the same and no overcurrent are produced: Safe close of the DC
the internal DC-link are the same and no overcurrent are produced: Safe close of the DC

Safe close of the DC switch is possible

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Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA

Installation and user manual

8.5.1 INVERTER CONNECTION PROCEDURE

and user manual 8.5.1 INVERTER CONNECTION PROCEDURE 0 Energize the auxiliary circuit of the inverter from

0

Energize the auxiliary circuit of the inverter from the external auxiliary power supply placed in the container. The auxiliary filter output feeds up this line.

container. The auxiliary filter output feeds up this line. Auxiliar Circuit Filter The first step (after

Auxiliar Circuit Filter

The first step (after the auxiliary circuit connection) in the procedure for connecting the inverter to the electrical grid is to close the AC switch to energise the equipment. If this is the first time that the equipment is connected or a maintenance task has been performed, the DC switches will be in the OPEN position, and the photovoltaic fields will therefore be disconnected. The touch screen will turn on, showing the inverter main menu (see Section 8.3 CONTROL PANEL). The DC switch status indicators will light up, showing whether the respective circuit breakers switches can be handled or not.

If this is the first time that the inverter is connected to the electrical grid, it is recommended to configure the touch screen by entering the date and time parameters as a minimum. This is usefulrespective circuit breakers switches can be handled or not. 1 for solving incidents. During the initial

1 for solving incidents. During the initial commissioning, GAMESA-ELECTRIC will have already configured the system with the corresponding plant parameters and electrical grid configuration for the equipment to operate optimally. It is necessary to check that the equipment does not register any alarms in order to proceed to start-up and subsequent grid connection:

order to proceed to start-up and subsequent grid connection: The first action required for the inverter

The first action required for the inverter start-up procedure is to press the “ON” key on the touch screen. The inverter will then close the precharge contactors to perform a controlled precharge of

2 the DC buses from the electrical grid. During this process the inverter works as a rectifier and a voltage of approximately 365 V is obtained in the DC buses. When the controller verifies that the voltage is correct, it closes the main AC contactors and opens the precharge ones. The inverter is now connected to the electrical grid but not to the photovoltaic fields. During this process the DC switch indicators will be RED, meaning that these switchescannot be handled. During this process the “DC bus precharge” and “AC connected” messages appear on the touch screen. The connection process will continue automatically as described in the following point.

continue automatically as described in the following point. In order to close the DCswitches, the voltage

In order to close the DCswitches, the voltage in the DC buses must match the voltage present in the connected photovoltaic fields. On the contrary, overcurrents which could damage the

3 equipment will be produced when closing the switches. To match these voltages, PWM control is performed where the inverter functions as a controlled rectifier to raise the voltage in the DC buses (which was at approximately 480 V after the initial precharge) to the same value as the voltage in the panels. The touch screen will now show the message “DC PWM charge”. When the voltages of the DC buses and the panels have been matched, the touch screen will show the message “Waiting DC switch” and the switch indicators will change to GREEN. Now the user should close the DC switchesto connect the photovoltaic fields to the inverter and keep the voltage in the DC bus. This operation must take less than 180 seconds, or the DC bus voltage will decrease under a threshold value so the DC circuit indicator will turn to RED and then the connection process becomes unsafe and show the “connection time exceeded" alarm. When all of the DC switcheshave been correctly connected, the panel will show the “on” message and is ready to feed the grid with power (provided the power available from the panels is sufficient).

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Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA

Installation and user manual

Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Installation and user manual Before connecting to the grid, the inverter measures

Before connecting to the grid, the inverter measures the insulation resistance of the photovoltaic fields compared to ground. If the insulation value is correct then the inverter will start automatically and close the main AC contactors, if the resistance value is lower than the threshold

4 value an alarm is triggered.

With the inverter connected to the electrical grid and the photovoltaic fields, it will now begin to feed power into the grid when the power from the panels permits. This is based on the configuredis lower than the threshold 4 value an alarm is triggered. 5 panel voltage and depends

5 panel voltage and depends on the specifications of the installation. The inverter will show the “generating” message on the screen.

8.5.2 DISCONNECTION PROCEDURE

The following steps must be carried out in order to interrupt normal inverter operation and disconnect the electrical grid or photovoltaic fields.

and disconnect the electrical grid or photovoltaic fields. Press the “OFF” key on the touch screen

Press the “OFF” key on the touch screen to stop the inverter. This action will automatically put the inverter in the waiting sunrise state where the switching of the bridges is interrupted and the

1 contactors are opened (DC, precharge and AC contactors). This operation is performed in a controlled manner. It gives the same result as pressing the emergency push-button, with the difference that the emergency push-button stops the equipment immediately and in an uncontrolled manner and the system will advance to the emergency state. It is therefore recommended not to press the emergency push-button to stop the equipment unless it really is an emergency. The normal stop process for the equipment is to press the “OFF” key on the touch screen. The touch screen will show the “Emergency” message and both the DC and AC switches can be opened safely.

WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD

can be opened safely. WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD The two capacitor bridges can store energy. Before

The two capacitor bridges can store energy. Before performing any operation inside it, open the DC switches and press the emergency stop button and always check through the display that the dc bus not has voltage. Only qualified personnel are authorised to perform maintenance operations.

For equipment with voltage dips kit, the auxiliary power will remain energized for a few minutes even having switched off the AC Power. If you can’t see the voltage of DC bus on the display, check with a multimeter that no voltage.

8.6 BEHAVIOUR IN RESPONSE TO GRID FAULTS

GRID FAULT WITH DIPS FUNCTION (Low voltage ride through): When anomalous magnitudes are detected in the grid to which the inverter is connected, it will not disconnect from the grid and will keep the AC contactors energised. Depending on the applicable legislation in each country, the inverter will either continue feeding power into the grid or wait for the grid fault to clear in order to continue normal operation and exit “grid fault” operation mode.

The inverter is able to perform according to each particular grid code, adjusting the behaviour to HVRT, LVRT, ZVRT and power factor requirements.

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Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA

Installation and user manual

9

COMMISSIONING

Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter units have previously passed a test to verify correct operation by the manufacturer. However, it is necessary to perform a general check before performing the initial start-up to eliminate errors which may have been caused by incorrect transport or installation.

IMPORTANT!

caused by incorrect transport or installation. IMPORTANT! The equipment’s warranty is only applicable if personnel

The equipment’s warranty is only applicable if personnel designated by GAMESA- ELECTRIC have performed commissioning and validated the installation of the inverter.

IMPORTANT!

and validated the installation of the inverter. IMPORTANT! Possible wiring errors must be rectified by following

Possible wiring errors must be rectified by following the corresponding electrical schematics and the existing documentation.

It is essential to fill out and follow the commissioning sheet and report in order to carry out this operation, and this should only be performed by specialist personnel designated by GAMESA-ELECTRIC.

In general terms, carry out an initial visual inspection of the equipment, including:

Check that the polarity of the photovoltaic field is correct

Check that the equipment’s mechanical connections are correct, are not scratched and no abnormal components are present.

Check the electrical connections, their torque and secure the terminals and connectors.

Check that the AC and DC cables are connected correctly, their cross-section is adequate and the cables and connectors are not damaged.

9.1 VISUAL INSPECTION OF THE EQUIPMENT

A visual inspection of all of the equipment’s mechanical components must be carried out in order to verify that it has been transported correctly and there are no dents or scratches.

9.2 WIRING CHECK

IMPORTANT!

there are no dents or scratches. 9.2 WIRING CHECK IMPORTANT! Special importance must be given to

Special importance must be given to connections made on the site, specifically:

- Unterminated connections and polarity faults.

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Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA

Installation and user manual

9.2.1 Internal inverter connections

Check that the connections to the different terminals and components such as cards, filters, transformers, etc. are correct and are not loose.

Check that the corresponding internal temperature sensors are correctly positioned and connected.

Look for possible loose connections or bad contacts dues to poor transport or excessive vibration of the equipment.

9.2.2 Check power connections

Check the connections from the photovoltaic field to the inverter:

Check that the polarity is correct

Check that the voltage is in the range of 570/610 to 1000 V (depending on the installation).

Check the AC connections, verifying that:

The phase voltages and sequence are correct

The grid frequency is within specification

Check the earth connections:

Check that the cabinet components are correctly connected to the earth terminal.

If the earthing kit is used, check that it has been installed correctly and the polarity is correct.

9.2.3 Check the thermostat and hygrometer

The inverter has several thermostats to control switching of the cabinet heating system and overtemperature protections. These thermostats are factory pre-set.

Check that the dial of the thermostat BT01 has 0°C tares and the thermostat BT02 has 5ºC tares.

Check that the hygrometer for measuring the humidity is tared at 95%.

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Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA

Installation and user manual

10 TROUBLESHOOTING

WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD

manual 10 TROUBLESHOOTING WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD The two capacitor bridges can store energy. Before

The two capacitor bridges can store energy. Before performing any operation inside it, open the DC switches and press the emergency stop button and always check through the display that the dc bus not has voltage. Only qualified personnel are authorised to perform maintenance operations.

This is a guide for troubleshooting problems which may arise during the life of the Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA Inverter.

10.1 ELECTRICAL

ERROR

 

ERROR

 

DESCRIPTION

CODE

0

Software error

   

ACTION TO BE TAKEN:

 

MODBUS ADDRESS: W_0 BIT_0

Reboot CCU.

 

Notify the authorised technical service if the alarm is shown permanently.

 

Phase

x

voltage,

high

The instantaneous voltage for the indicated phase of the grid which the inverter is connected to is outside the operational range.

1, 2 or 3

instantaneous value

 

ACTION TO BE TAKEN:

 

MODBUS ADDRESS: W_3 BIT_0,1,2

When this condition occurs, the inverter stops triggering and opens its AC contactors.

The inverter resets itself automatically when the alarm clears and should restart the power generation when normal operating conditions return (5 seconds after the fault disappears).

If the alarm persist:

 

Press the “Reset CCU” Button from the advanced configuration window of the HMI.

If the alarm still persist:

 

Check for any loose connection or a faulty component in the AC measure Circuit (QA04 and X2A connector of the CCU)

Notify the authorised technical service if the alarm is shown permanently.

 

Phase

x

voltage,

high

rms

This alarm occurs when the rms value of voltage in any phase (R, S or T) exceeds a certain upper limit of a hysteresis band and does not fall below the lower limit before a specified time.

4, 5 or 6

value

ACTION TO BE TAKEN:

 

MODBUS ADDRESS: W_3 BIT_3,4,5

See the actions described in “ACTION TO BE TAKEN” of the alarm with code 1, 2 or 3.

7, 8

Phase x voltage, very high rms value

This alarm occurs when the rms value of voltage in any phase (R, S or T) exceeds a certain upper limit of a hysteresis band and does not fall below the lower limit

and 9

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Gamesa E-1.3 MVA/E-1.4 MVA

Installation and user manual

   

before a specified time.

ACTION TO BE TAKEN:

 

MODBUS ADDRESS: W_3 BIT_6,7,8

See the actions described in “ACTION TO BE TAKEN” of the alarm with code 1, 2 or 3.

10,11 and

Phase x voltage, extremely

This alarm occurs when the rms value of voltage in any phase (R, S or T) exceeds a certain upper limit of a hysteresis band and does not fall below the lower limit before a specified time.

12

high rms value

 

ACTION TO BE TAKEN:

 

MODBUS ADDRESS: W_3 BIT_9,10,11

See the actions described in “ACTION TO BE TAKEN” of the alarm with code 1, 2 or 3.

13, 14 or

Phase

x

voltage,

low

rms

This alarm occurs when the rms value of voltage in any phase (R, S or T) exceeds a certain upper limit of a hysteresis band and does not fall below the lower limit before a specified time.

15

value

ACTION TO BE TAKEN:

 

MODBUS ADDRESS: W_4 BIT_0,1,2

See the actions described in “ACTION TO BE TAKEN” of the alarm with code 1, 2 or 3.

16, 17 or

Phase x voltage, very low rms

This alarm occurs when the rms value of voltage in any phase (R, S or T) exceeds a certain upper limit of a hysteresis band and does not fall below the lower limit before a specified time.

18

value

ACTION TO BE TAKEN:

 

MODBUS ADDRESS: W_4 BIT_3,4,5

See the actions described in “ACTION TO BE TAKEN” of the alarm with code 1, 2 or 3.

19, 20 or

Phase x voltage, extremely

This alarm occurs when the rms value of voltage in any phase (R, S or T) exceeds a certain upper limit of a hysteresis band and does not fall below the lower limit before a specified time.

21

low rms value

 

ACTION TO BE TAKEN:

 

MODBUS ADDRESS: W_4 BIT_6,7,8

See the actions described in “ACTION TO BE TAKEN” of the alarm with code 1, 2 or 3.