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Casks and kegs (mostly 9-gallon casks called firkins) outside the Castle Rock

microbrewery in Nottingham, England

A microbrewery or craft brewery is a brewery that produces small amounts of beer,
typically much smaller than large-scale corporate breweries, and is independently
owned. Such breweries are generally characterized by their emphasis on quality,
flavor and brewing technique.[1][2]

The microbrewing movement began in the United Kingdom in the 1970s,[3] although
traditional artisanal brewing existed in Europe for centuries and subsequently
spread to other countries. As the movement grew, and some breweries expanded their
production and distribution, the more encompassing concept of craft brewing
emerged. A brewpub is a pub that brews its own beer for sale on the premises.[4]

1 Definitions
1.1 Microbrewery
1.2 Nanobrewery
1.3 Farm brewery
1.4 Craft brewery
1.5 Brewpub
2 National distribution
2.1 Australia
2.2 Canada
2.3 Asia
2.4 Denmark
2.5 Estonia
2.6 Finland
2.7 Germany
2.8 Ireland
2.9 Italy
2.10 Japan
2.11 Norway
2.12 Singapore
2.13 Spain
2.14 Sweden
2.15 Thailand
2.16 United Kingdom
2.17 United States
2.18 India
2.19 Vietnam
3 See also
4 References
5 Further reading
6 External links
Although the term "microbrewery" was originally used in relation to the size of
breweries, it gradually came to reflect an alternative attitude and approach to
brewing flexibility, adaptability, experimentation and customer service. The term
and trend spread to the US in the 1980s and was eventually used as a designation of
breweries that produce fewer than 15,000 U.S. beer barrels (1,800,000 liters;
460,000 U.S. gallons) annually.[5]

Microbreweries have adopted a marketing strategy that differs from those of the
large, mass-market breweries, offering products that compete on the basis of
quality and diversity instead of low price and advertising. Their influence has
been much greater than their market share, which amounts to only 2% in the UK,[6]
indicated by the introduction by large commercial breweries of new brands for the
craft beer market. However, when the strategy failed, the corporate breweries
invested in microbreweries or, in many cases, acquired them outright.[citation

Microbreweries gradually appeared in other countries, such as New Zealand and

Australia. Craft beer and microbreweries were cited as the reason for a 15 million
L (4.0 million US gal) drop in alcohol sales in New Zealand over 2012, with New
Zealanders preferring higher-priced premium beers over cheaper brands.[7]

The website The Food Section defines a "nanobrewery" as "a scaled-down
microbrewery, often run by a solo entrepreneur, that produces beer in small
batches."[8] The US Department of the Treasury defines nanobreweries as "very small
brewery operations" that produce beer for sale.[9]

Farm brewery
The term "farm brewery" or "farmhouse brewery" has been around for centuries.
Several beer styles are considered "farmhouse", originally stemming from farmers
brewing low ABV beer as an incentive for field workers. Farm breweries were not
large scale; they had smaller, more unique, methods of brewing and fermenting in
comparison to the larger breweries of the time.[10] This had different effects on
the overall product, creating unconventional beer flavors.

The term "farm brewery" has more recently found its way into several local and
state laws,[11][12] in order to give farm breweries certain, often agriculturally
related, privileges not normally found under standard brewery laws. These
privileges usually come at a price: some portion of the ingredients (such as
grains, hops, or fruit) used in the beer must be grown on the given licensed farm

Craft brewery

A craft brewery
"Craft brewing" is a more encompassing term for developments in the industry
succeeding the microbrewing movement of the late 20th century. The definition is
not entirely consistent but typically applies to relatively small, independently-
owned commercial breweries that employ traditional brewing methods and emphasize
flavor and quality. The term is usually reserved for breweries established since
the 1970s but may be used for older breweries with a similar focus.[4]

A United States trade group, the Brewers Association, interested in brand

transparency, offers a definition of craft breweries as "small, independent and
traditional". The craft brewing process takes time and can be considered an art by
the brewmasters.[13][14] In the United Kingdom, the "Assured Independent British
Craft Brewer" initiative is run by the Society of Independent Brewers (SIBA), who
ensure that any beers which carry the Independent Craft Brewer logo are relatively
small, independent and brewing quality beer.[15]

The use of cans by craft brewers in the US has doubled since 2012, with over 500
companies using cans to package their beverages. Previously associated with the
major brewing corporations, cans are now favored by craft brewers for numerous
reasons: cans are impervious to oxygen, beer-degrading light does not affect canned
beer, canned beer is more portable since less room is required for storage or
transportation, canned beer cools more quickly, and cans have a greater surface
area for wraparound designs and decorations.[16]

The perception that bottles lead to a taste that is superior to canned beer is
outdated, as most aluminum cans are lined with a polymer coating that protects the
beer from the problematic metal. However, since drinking directly from a can may
still result in a metallic taste, most craft brewers recommend pouring beer into a
glass prior to consumption. In June 2014, the BA estimated 3% of craft beer is sold
in cans, 60% is sold in bottles, and kegs represent the remainder of the market.

Brewpub is an abbreviated term combining the ideas of a brewery and a pub or
public-house. A brewpub can be a pub or restaurant that brews beer on the premises.

National distribution
Main article: Beer in Australia
Beer arrived in Australia at the beginning of British colonisation. In 2004,
Australia was ranked fourth internationally in per capita beer consumption, at
around 110 L (29 US gal) per year, though considerably lower in terms of total per
capita alcohol consumption. The most popular beer style in modern-day Australia is
lager. The oldest brewery still in operation is the Cascade Brewery, established in
Tasmania in 1824. The largest Australian-owned brewery is the family-owned Coopers,
as the other two major breweries, Foster's and Lion Nathan are owned by the
British-South African SABMiller and the Japanese Kirin Brewing Company
respectively. Foster's Lager is made mostly for export or under licence in other
countries, particularly the UK.

Main article: Beer in Canada
In Canada, microbreweries flourished mostly on the West Coast, in Qu�bec and in
Ontario where a large domestic market was dominated by a few large companies. Many
of Ontario's microbreweries subsequently formed the Ontario Craft Brewers
association. Some other provinces also have similar associations.

There is no consistent definition of microbrewery across Canada. In fact, the

various Provincial governments define small brewery, microbrewery, macrobrewery and
nanobrewery, with each classification depending on the number of hectolitres
produced and that number varies from province to province. Still, most of the craft
or microbrewers tend to be small and locally owned, often by families. Some such
breweries have been sold to major corporations but they are still referred to as
craft brewers or microbreweries by most news media; after such a change in
ownership, however, they may no longer qualify as members of the Provincial craft
brewers associations.[18] Most microbreweries fall within the more commonly used
term "craft breweries". In 2006 there were 88 such operations in Canada, increasing
to 520 by 2015. The growth is particularly obvious in Ontario, with a 36% increase
in sales for this category of brewery. On a Canada-wide basis in 2015, such
breweries held about a 10% market share.[19]

In 1984, changes to outdated liquor control laws allowed Paul Hadfield, a former
architect, to open the Spinnakers Gastro Brewpub and Guesthouse in Victoria,
British Columbia. Hadfield then expanded into "brew-inspired" jellies, chocolates,
baked goods and vinegars.[20]

Microbreweries have also increased in number in Asia. China, the world's largest
beer consumer as of July 2013, is home to a growing craft beer market, with brands
such as Slowboat Brewery, Shanghai Brewery, and Boxing Cat Brewery.[21] By July
2013, the number of brewpubs in Shanghai, China had doubled since 2010.[21] General
beer consumption reached 50 million L (13 million US gal) in early 2013 and an
increasing interest in craft beers developed accordingly. The Great Leap Brewing
Company is one example of numerous microbreweries that have been recently
established, with a localization strategy leading to the use of traditional Chinese
ingredients and spices in the Beijing brand's beer production process. China's
largest brewpub is located in Suzhou and is managed by the Taiwanese brewing
company Le Ble D'or, while craft beer consumers are both ex-pats and native

In Taiwan, where a single beer company dominates the market, the craft beer market
has grown with brewers such as Redpoint Brewing Company gaining increasing market
exposure through local bars and restaurants. This market trend has been accompanied
by craft beer festivals where expat and Taiwanese brewers showcase their beer.
Cambodia's first microbrewery, Kingdom Breweries, opened in 2009 and brews dark,
pilsener, and lager beers. In Sri Lanka, over strict laws made it almost impossible
for any craft beer to be brewed. On the remote East Coast, however, "Arugam Bay
Surfer's Beer" managed to maintain a small, but popular brewpub. Established in
1977, the Siam View Hotel escaped regulations due to the long civil war and its
remoteness. For two years running, the Daily Telegraph[22] "Best of British"
awarded the Siam View Hotel the "Best Pub in Sri Lanka" medal.[23]

Main article: Beer in Denmark
In Denmark microbreweries have occurred throughout the country in increasing
numbers. Small microbreweries often relate to restaurants and pubs, but local
microbrewed craft beers are also sold in stores.[24]

Estonia has a tradition of home-brewed farm beers which are often flavoured with
juniper. Craft beer came late to Estonia, but that began to change in 2012 when
Mikkeller brewed a custom beer for the Estonian market, called Baltic Frontier.
Then one local brewer in particular, P�hjala, led the way for other Estonian
microbrewers such as Lehe, Koeru and �llenaut.[25] By 2017 there were nearly 30
microbreweries on the Estonian market, in a country with a population of only 1.2
million. Since 2015 P�hjala Brewery has organised an annual craft beer festival
called "Tallinn Craft Beer Weekend".[26]

Main article: Beer in Finland
The legislation in Finland allows craft breweries to sell their products directly
to consumers.[27]

Main article: Beer in Germany

Welsh Dragon motif of Felinfoel Village Micro-Brewery canned beer pioneers

Some, such as those in Germany, have been brewing traditionally for hundreds of
years. In Germany, there were 901 small breweries in 2010. The Federal Statistical
Office defines a small brewery as a brewery with a production of less than 5,000
hectoliters (132,086 US gallons) beer p.a. Small breweries pay a reduced beer tax.

The total market share of the small breweries is less than 1%.[28] 638 of them have
a production even less than 1,000 hl (26,417.2 US gal.) p.a. and can be considered
as microbreweries in a narrow sense. The figures apply to commercial breweries only
and do not include hobby brewing.

About one third of the small breweries have a tradition going back up to 500 years,
most of them in Franconia. About two thirds were founded in the last 25 years. The
vast majority of small breweries operate in combination with a brewpub.

Brewpub �Brauereigasthof Rothenbach� in Aufse� (Franconia, Germany)

Whereas in other countries, microbreweries and brewpubs have risen in reaction to
the mass production and marketing of beer, in Germany, the traditional brewpub or
Brauhaus remains a major source of beer. This is mainly true for the South of
Germany, especially the state of Bavaria. Upper Franconia, a district in the Region
Franconia in the north of Bavaria, has the highest density of breweries in the
world. Upper Franconia has about one million inhabitants and about 200 breweries.
Many of them are microbreweries or brewpubs.[29]

Main article: Beer in Ireland
Ireland has a long and proud history of brewing and in the past two decades, there
has been a resurgence in craft breweries. Although the Irish market remains
dominated by three multinational brewing concerns (Diageo, Heineken and C&C)[30],
there have been four so-called waves of growth in the Irish craft beer market. The
number of microbreweries in Ireland has risen from 15 in 2012 to over 72 by 2017.

Main article: Beer in Italy
In recent years, many microbreweries have opened in Italy, due to increasing beer
popularity among young people. According to Coldiretti, microbreweries have grown
in ten years by 1900%. There are more than 600 microbreweries active in Italy.[32]

Main article: Beer in Japan
An early boom in small regional microbreweries followed Japan's 1994 revision of
tax laws allowing the establishment of smaller breweries producing 60,000 litres
(13,000 imp gal; 16,000 US gal) per year. Before this change, breweries could not
get a license without producing at least 2,000,000 litres (440,000 imp gal; 530,000
US gal) per year.[33] Beer produced by microbreweries in the early 1990s was
commonly referred to as Ji Biru (????), or "local beer." In the late 2000s more
established microbreweries in Japan have chosen to emphasize the term Craft Beer
(??????) to mark a break with the short-lived Ji Biru boom and to emphasize the
traditional brewing skills and reverence for ingredients that characterize their

Main article: Beer in Norway
After Oslo Microbrewery was established in 1989, the number of microbreweries in
Norway has expanded rapidly and sharply in the recent decades. Interest and
expertise among Norwegians about craft brewed beer has risen sharply in a short
time, and the old brewery traditions of this country are revived. Local
microbreweries are scattered across Norway, from Lindesnes in the very south, and
to the northernmost microbrewery in the world, Svalbard Bryggeri at Svalbard.[34]

Main article: Beer in Singapore
History of beer in Singapore dates back to the mid-19th century.

In Spain in 2011, the newspaper El Pa�s reported a "revolution is occurring in
craft beer" (cervezas artesanales)[35] and more recently that by 2013 the trend had
extended to the autonomous communities of Catalonia, Valencia, Basque Country and

Main article: Beer in Sweden
In Sweden, microbreweries have existed since around 1995. Today, the market is
flourishing with many of the nation's regions and cities having their own
breweries, such as Gotlands Bryggeri, J�mtlands Bryggeri, Helsingborgs Bryggeri and
Wermlands Brygghus. Stefan Persson, the CEO of Swedish clothing chain H&M, has his
own microbrewery on his estate in England.[37]

Following the introduction of American microbrews in 2012, the popularity of craft
beer bars in Thailand�primarily Bangkok�increased fairly rapidly and in January
2014, the fourth global location of Danish microbrewery Mikkeller was launched in
Bangkok. The brand partnered with an already established beer distribution company
and seeks to capitalize on the higher earning capacity of Thai people in the second
decade of the 21st century, as well as tourists. At the opening, one of the owners
explained: "... and we thought it was about time to elevate the level of craft beer
available in Thailand and, hopefully, expand throughout Southeast Asia." A total of
30 beers are served at the venue, including two microbrews exclusive to Thailand.

United Kingdom
Main articles: Beer in England, Beer in Wales, Beer in Scotland, and Beer in
Northern Ireland

Bill Urquhart at Litchborough Brewery

The term "microbrewery" originated in the UK in the late 1970s to describe the new
generation of small breweries that focused on producing traditional cask ale
independently of major brewers or pub chains. In 1972 Martin Sykes established
Selby Brewery as the first new independent brewing company for 50 years. "I foresaw
the revival in real ale, and got in early", he said.[41] Another early example was
the Litchborough Brewery founded by Bill Urquhart in 1974. Alongside commercial
brewing, training courses and apprenticeships were offered by Litchborough, with
many of the UK movement's early pioneers passing through its courses prior to
setting up their own breweries.[42]

Before the development of large commercial breweries in the UK, beer would have
been brewed on the premises from which it was sold. Alewives would put out a sign�a
hop pole or ale-wand�to show when their beer was ready. The medieval authorities
were more interested in ensuring adequate quality and strength of the beer than
discouraging drinking. Gradually men became involved in brewing and organized
themselves into guilds such as the Brewers Guild in London of 1342 and the
Edinburgh Society of Brewers in 1598; as brewing became more organized and reliable
many inns and taverns ceased brewing for themselves and bought beer from these
early commercial breweries.[43]

However, there were some brewpubs which continued to brew their own beer, such as
the Blue Anchor in Helston, Cornwall, which was established in 1400 and is regarded
as the oldest brewpub in the UK.[44][45] In the UK during the 20th century, most of
the traditional pubs which brewed their own beer in the brewhouse round the back of
the pub, were bought out by larger breweries and ceased brewing on the premises. By
the mid-1970s, only four remained: All Nations (Madeley, Shropshire), The Old Swan
(Netherton, West Midlands), the Three Tuns (Bishop's Castle, Shropshire) and the
Blue Anchor pub (Helston, Cornwall).[46]

The trend toward larger brewing companies started to change during the 1970s, when
the popularity of the Campaign for Real Ale (CAMRA)'s campaign for traditional
brewing methods, and the success of Michael Jackson's World Guide to Beer
encouraged brewers in the UK, such as Peter Austin, to form their own small
breweries or brewpubs. In 1979, a chain of UK brewpubs, known as the "Firkin" pubs,
started,[47] running to over one hundred at the chain's peak; however, the chain
was sold and eventually its pubs ceased brewing their own beer.

Some British brewpubs specialize in ale, while others brew continental lagers and
wheat beers. The Ministry of Ales, Burnley;[48] The Masons Arms in Headington,
Oxford;[49] The Brunswick Inn, Derby (in 2010, half of the beers sold by the
establishment were brewed on-site);[50] The Watermill pub, Ings Cumbria;[51] and
the Old Cannon Brewery, Bury St Edmunds[52] are some examples of small independent
brewpubs in the UK.

The city of Bristol was identified by The Guardian in May 2014 as an area where the
microbrewery industry had flourished. Ten brewpubs, such as Zerodegrees, The
Tobacco Factory, Copper Jacks Crafthouse and The Urban Standard, were identified as
thriving Bristol craft beer establishments.[53]

The East End of London has also been a place for speciality craft beers and unique
independent pubs and breweries. Again The Guardian has an interesting list of Craft
Beer pubs in East London[54] with local East End tour companies also showing the
distinct food and craft beer pubs to London visitors with Craft Beer Tours.[55]

With craft beer becoming more popular each year a number of craft beer subscription
clubs are available in the UK. This trend, which originated from the US, allows
people from the UK to discover new craft beers much like their counterparts over
the pond in the USA.

United States
Main article: Beer in the United States
In the US, award-winning homebrewer K. Florian Klemp wrote in 2008 that the craft
beer movement was revived in 1965�subsequent to an earlier American era�when Fritz
Maytag acquired the Anchor Brewing Company in San Francisco, thereby saving it from
closure.[56] American craft beer drinkers tend to have higher average incomes and
demographically skew white, male, and generation X; however trends show an
increasingly racially and ethnically diverse, female, and millennial demographic

In a June 2014 interview, the owner of an Oregon-based microbrewery explained:

"You've got to do more than just make great beer. It's really about innovation,
creativity�stepping outside the box of traditional beer marketing", while an
employee explained that "heart and soul" is the essence of the operation.[58]

Microbreweries, regional breweries, and brew pubs per capita[59]

The turnaround of the Anchor Brewing Company in 1965, after it was acquired by
Maytag, is considered a turning point for American beer, due to the revival of
craft beer in the US, where microbrewing boomed after then-president Jimmy Carter
de-regulated the beer market in 1979.[56][60] During the same period, others turned
to homebrewing and eventually a few of these brewers started to produce on a
slightly larger scale. For inspiration, they turned to the centuries-old tradition
of artisan beer and cask ale production that was continuing in the UK, Germany and

The New Albion Brewing Company was founded in 1976 and served as a blueprint for
American brewers to build small-scale commercial breweries.[62][63] The popularity
of these products was such that the trend quickly spread and a large number of
small breweries were founded, often attached to a bar (known as a "brewpub") where
the product could be sold directly. As microbreweries proliferated, some became
more than microbreweries, necessitating the creation of the broader category of
craft beer.[citation needed]

American microbreweries typically distribute through a wholesaler in a traditional

three-tier system, others act as their own distributor (wholesaler) and sell to
retailers or directly to the consumer through a tap room, attached restaurant, or
off-premises sales. Because alcohol control is left up to the states, there are
many state-to-state differences in the laws.[64] Following the federal US
government shutdown on October 1, 2013, craft beer producers were forced into an
activity lull due to the closure of the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau
(TTB), an arm of the Treasury Department. The TTB is responsible for granting
approval for new breweries, recipes, and labels.[65] Interest spread to the US, and
in 1982, Grant's Brewery Pub in Yakima, Washington was opened, reviving the US
"brewery taverns" of well-known early Americans as William Penn, Samuel Adams and
Patrick Henry. Growth was initially slow�the fifth US brewpub (BridgePort Brewing
Company in Portland, Oregon) opened in 1984,[66] Triple Rock in 1986,[67] but the
growth since then has been considerable: the Brewers Association reports that in
2012 there were 2,075 regional craft breweries, microbreweries and brewpubs in the

Craft brewing is most established in the US, where changes to US law laid the
foundations for the expansion of craft brewing. The 1978 Carter homebrewing law
allowed for small amounts of beer and wine, and, in 1979, Carter signed a bill to
deregulate the brewing industry, making it easier to start new breweries;[60]
although, states could still enact local restrictions. As a result of deregulation,
homebrewing became a popular hobby in the 1980s and 1990s, and, in the mid-1990s,
homebrewers launched business ventures based on home-based hobby brewing.

In 1979, 89 breweries existed in the US�the Brewers Association reports that in

March 2013 a total of 2,416 US breweries were in operation, with 2,360 considered
craft breweries (98 percent�1,124 brewpubs, 1,139 microbreweries, and 97 regional
craft breweries).[68][69] By 2015, the number of US craft breweries had grown to
over 4,000.[57] Additionally, craft brewers sold more than 15,600,000 US beer
barrels (1.83�109 L; 480,000,000 US gal) of beer, which represented approximately
7.8% of the US market by volume.[70] In 2007 the largest American craft brewery was
the Boston Beer Company, makers of Samuel Adams.[71] The West Coast has the most
craft breweries and the Deep South has the fewest.[57]

The Brewers Association defines American craft brewers as "small, independent and
traditional": "small" is defined as an "annual production of 6 million barrels of
beer or less"; "independent" is defined as at least 75% owned or controlled by a
craft brewer; and "traditional" is defined as brewing in which at least 50% of the
beer's volume consists of "traditional or innovative" ingredients.[13] This
definition includes older microbreweries, which traditionally produce small
quantities of beer, as well as other breweries of various sizes and specialties.

The Brewers Association defines four markets within American craft brewing:
microbreweries, with an annual production less than 15,000 US beer barrels
(1,800,000 L; 460,000 US gal); brewpubs, which sell 25% or more of their beer on
site; regional craft breweries, which make between 15,000 US beer barrels
(1,800,000 L; 460,000 US gal) and 6,000,000 US beer barrels (700,000,000 L;
190,000,000 US gal), of which at least 50% is all malt or contains adjuncts that
are used only to enhance flavor; and contract brewing companies, which hire other
breweries to make their beer.[73]

In March 2014, the Brewer's Association (B.A.) updated the definition of craft beer
to remove any references to the use of adjuncts in the brewing process. The change
allows long-established breweries, such as Yuengling, to be defined as craft beer.
The B.A. statement read:

The idea that brewers who had been in business for generations didn't qualify as
"traditional" simply did not cohere for many members. Brewers have long brewed with
what has been available to them. (Since the Brewers Association doesn't define
craft beer�that idea remains up to the beer drinker�the definition doesn't
differentiate on what type of beer craft brewers brew, as long as the majority of
what they make is beer.) The revised definition also provides room for the
innovative capabilities of craft brewers to develop new beer styles and be creative
within existing beer styles. The revised definition removes the subjective
assessment by Brewers Association staff of whether adjuncts "enhance" or "lighten"
flavor in a particular beer.[74]

The B.A. decision also included an updated mission statement and market share goals
for the industry. Association members committed to strive for a goal of 20 percent
market share by the year 2020 and Gary Fish, owner of Deschutes Brewery and 2014
chair of the BA Board, explained:

The 20-by-20 objective is an aspirational goal for our craft community, with an
inspiring symmetry. I'm convinced this goal is within our reach if we, as an
industry, continue to focus on our strengths and passions�making and delivering
high-quality, innovative, full-flavored beer to craft beer enthusiasts. ...
Additionally, by noting a commitment to quality and clarifying the place of
homebrewers and brewing enthusiasts, we further acknowledge the critical role each
plays in the health and growth of the craft brewing industry.[74]

The Brewers Association reported the production of craft beer has doubled between
2011 and 2016, with the number of breweries growing from 2,000 in 2011 to 5,200 in
2016. The craft breweries are also seeing an increase in beer tourism, seasonal
brews, and a marketing effort to get more women involved in beer production.[75]

Craft Non-Alcoholic Beer, part of the craft beer market, is also on the rise with
more breweries such as Surreal Brewing Company in California that are solely
dedicated to creating non-alcoholic beers.


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India's first microbrewery Doolally was opened in Pune in 2009.[76] The Barking
Deer is Mumbai's first microbrewery featuring many different brands of beer.[77]
India's first brewhouse, the team at Deccan Brewing Company (DBC) began a task in
late 2010 to set up Microbreweries in Mumbai but in end 2011 they shifted their
sights to Pune.[78] Gateway Brewing Company is also a popular microbrewery company
which was founded on 1st Nov, 2011.[79] Bangalore has a rich history of pubs and
has also caught up on microbreweries with over 60 microbrweries. [80]

Vietnam is the largest producer of craft beer in Southeast Asia, with
microbreweries producing 31,000 hectolitres in 2018.[81]

With a beer culture that emerged during French colonisation and further influenced
by Vietnamese students returning from overseas studies,[82] as of 2018, there were
31 microbreweries in Vietnam. Established microbreweries include BiaCraft, Platinum
Beers and Pasteur Street Brewing Company.