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UNIVERSIDAD DE LAS FUERZAS

ARMADAS ESPE EXTENSIÓN


LATACUNGA
SISTEMAS CAD-CAM
Ing. Electromecánica
Integrantes:
Aldas Giovanny
Nivel:
Quinto “A”
Aula:
C-309
Docente: Ing. Fausto Acuña
GRAVADO EN MADERA

2019
 DIBUJO A GRAVAR
 GRABADO
Herramienta: ENGRAVE END MILL D1/8´´ PUNTA AGUSADA 15°
Herramienta de sujeción: Cono Porta-fresas BT40.

 Cálculos:

Velocidad de corte
Datos:

𝑍𝑐 = 1 𝑑𝑖𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑠
1
𝐷𝑐 = = 3.125 𝑚𝑚
8′′
𝑉𝑐 = 300𝑚/ min 𝑎 600𝑚 /𝑚𝑖𝑛
𝑓𝑧 = 0.01 𝑚𝑚/𝑧 𝑎 0.20𝑚𝑚/𝑧
Velocidad de corte (Vc, m/min)
𝐷𝑐 ∗ 𝜋 ∗ 𝑛
𝑉𝑐 =
1000
𝐷𝑜𝑛𝑑𝑒:
𝐷𝑐 = 𝑑𝑖á𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑟𝑜 𝑎 𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑓𝑢𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑑𝑎𝑑 𝑑𝑒 𝑐𝑜𝑟𝑡𝑒
𝑛 = 𝑣𝑒𝑙𝑜𝑐𝑖𝑑𝑎𝑑 𝑑𝑒𝑙 ℎ𝑢𝑠𝑖𝑙𝑙𝑜

Velocidad del husillo (n; rpm)


𝑉𝑐 ∗ 1000
𝑛=
𝜋 ∗ 𝐷𝑐

600 ∗ 1000
𝑛=
𝜋 ∗ 3.125
𝑛 = 61115.49 𝑟𝑝𝑚
Recomendación usar máximo 8000 rpm

𝑛 = 8000 𝑟𝑝𝑚
Velocidad de avance (Vf, mm/min)

𝑉𝑓 = 𝑓𝑧 ∗ 𝑍𝑐 ∗ 𝑛
𝐷𝑜𝑛𝑑𝑒:
𝑓𝑧 = 𝑎𝑣𝑎𝑛𝑧𝑒 𝑝𝑜𝑟 𝑓𝑖𝑙𝑜 (𝑑𝑖𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑒)
𝑍𝑐 = 𝑛𝑢𝑚𝑒𝑟𝑜 𝑑𝑒 𝑑𝑖𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑠
𝑁 = 𝑣𝑒𝑙𝑜𝑐𝑖𝑑𝑎𝑑 𝑑𝑒𝑙 ℎ𝑢𝑠𝑖𝑙𝑙𝑜 𝑟𝑝𝑚

𝑉𝑓 = 0.08 ∗ 1 ∗ 8000

𝑉𝑓 = 640 𝑚𝑚/𝑚𝑖𝑛
640
𝑉𝑝𝑒𝑛𝑒𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑜𝑛 = = 320 𝑚𝑚/𝑚𝑖𝑛
2

Avance por diente (fz, mm)

𝑉𝑓
𝑓𝑧 =
𝑛 ∗ 𝑍𝑐

𝐷𝑜𝑛𝑑𝑒:
𝑍𝑐 = 𝑛𝑢𝑚𝑒𝑟𝑜 𝑑𝑒 𝑑𝑖𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑠

640
𝑓𝑧 = = 0.08 𝑚𝑚
8000 ∗ 1
 CÓDIGO
% N250 X-62.587 Y9.623 I0 J-10;

O0023 N260 G3 X-47.739 Y7.5 I15.346 J54.324;

( PROGRAMA PARA GRABADO EN N270 G2 X-40.305 Y0. I-.066 J-7.5;


MADERA DE 200X200X12 CON
ENGRAVE END MILL D1/8'' EN ATC#2. ) N280 X-42.18 Y-4.961 I-7.5 J0;

N10 G17 G21 G40 G49 G58 G80 G90 G94 N290 G1 X-33.43 Y4.961;

N20 M06 T02; N300 G2 X-.059 Y17.727 I33.371 J-37.234;

N30 G00 X4.695 Y17.5; N310 X4.695 Y17.5 I0 J-50;

N40 M03 S8000; N320 G1 X4.831;

N50 G43 H2 Z50; N330 G2 X17.751 Y14.955 I0. J-34.066;

N60 Z10; N340 G0 Z50;

N70 G1 Z-1 F250; N350 X16.004 Y15.695;

N80 G1 X4.831 F500; N360 Z10;

N90 G2 X17.751 Y14.955 I0 J-34.066; N370 G1 Z-1 F250;

N100 G1 X68.901 Y-4.307; N380 G3 X19.378 Y15.33 I3.374 J15.404


F500;
N110 G3 X55.427 Y-1.854 I-13.474 J-
35.779; N390 X31.239 Y20.708 I0 J15.769;

N120 X17.195 Y-40.014 I0 J-38.232; N400 G2 X36.881 Y23.265 I5.642 J-4.943;

N130 G2 X11.195 Y-47.348 I-7.5 J.014; N410 X50.841 Y20.547 I-6.019 J-68.123;

N140 G1 X-24.805 Y-54.697; N420 G1 X36.881 Y8.265;

N150 G2 X-27.805 Y-55. I-3 J14.697; N430 G2 X34.237 Y8.747 I0 J7.5;

N160 X-41.779 Y-45.452 I0 J15.; N440 G0 Z50;

N170 G1 X-53.395 Y-15.681; N450 X23.55 Y20.659;

N180 G3 X-62.376 Y-9.545 I-8.981 J-3.504; N460 Z10;

N190 X-65.305 Y-10 I0 J-9.64; N470 G1 Z-1 F250;

N200 G2 X-74.254 Y-4.462 I0 J10; N480 X16.124 Y32.635 F500;

N210 G3 X-82.583 Y.003 I-8.329 J-5.536; N490 G3 X11.874 Y35. I-4.25 J-2.635;

N220 X-82.805 Y0 I0 J-10.001; N500 G1 X-3.126;

N230 G1 X-71.019 Y8.207; N510 Y32.5;

N240 G2 X-65.305 Y10. I5.714 J-8.207; N520 X10.483;


N530 G2 X14.732 Y30.135 I0 J-5; N830 X59.592 Y72.212 I-2.5 J0;

N540 G1 X21.426 Y19.341; N840 G1 X55.963;

N550 G0 Z50; N850 Y67.212;

N560 X23.535 Y62.212; N860 G0 Z50;

N570 Z10; N870 X.321 Y62.712;

N580 G1 Z-1 F250; N880 Z10;

N590 X22.731 Y64.355 F500; N890 G1 Z-1. F250;

N600 X19.785 Y72.212; N900 G3 X-.179 Y63.212 I-.5 J0 F500;

N610 X16.838 Y64.355; N910 X-.679 Y62.712 I0 J-.5;

N620 X16.035 Y62.212; N920 X-.179 Y62.212 I.5 J0;

N630 G0 Z50; N930 X.321 Y62.712 I0 J.5;

N640 X16.838 Y64.355; N940 G0 Z50;

N650 Z10; N950 X-16.644 Y70.696;

N660 G1 Z-1 F250; N960 Z10;

N670 X22.731 F500; N970 G1 Z-1 F250;

N680 G0 Z50; N980 G3 X-19.631 Y72.228 I-2.987 J-2.145


F500;
N690 X39.249 Y62.712;
N990 X-22.98 Y70.069 I0 J-3.677;
N700 Z10;
N1000 X-23.451 Y67.212 I8.438 J-2.857;
N710 G1 Z-1. F250;
N1010 X-22.98 Y64.355 I8.909 J0;
N720 G3 X39.749 Y62.212 I.5 J0 F500;
N1020 X-19.809 Y62.148 I3.246 J1.283;
N730 X40.249 Y62.712 I0 J.5;
N1030 X-16.393 Y65.594 I-.074 J3.49;
N740 X39.749 Y63.212 I-.5 J0;
N1040 G1 Y66.649;
N750 X39.249 Y62.712 I0 J-.5;
N1050 X-20.913;
N760 G0 Z50;
N1060 G0 Z50;
N770 X55.963 Y62.212;
N1070 X-39.165 Y62.712;
N780 Z10;
N1080 Z10;
N790 G1 Z-1 F250;
N1090 G1 Z-1 F250;
N800 Y67.212 F500;
N1100 G3 X-39.665 Y63.212 I-.5 J0 F500;
N810 X59.592;
N1110 X-40.165 Y62.712 I0 J-.5;
N820 G3 X62.092 Y69.712 I0. J2.5;
N1120 X-39.665 Y62.212 I.5 J0;
N1130 X-39.165 Y62.712 I0 J.5; N1430 X-67.805 Y-44.5 I0 J2.5;

N1140 G0 Z50; N1440 G0 Z50;

N1150 X-55.879 Y62.212; N1450 X-64.305;

N1160 Z10; N1460 Z10;

N1170 G1 Z-1 F250; N1470 G1 Z-1. F250;

N1180 X-56.683 Y64.355 F500; N1480 G3 X-70.305 Y-38.5 I-6 J0 F500;

N1190 X-59.629 Y72.212; N1490 X-76.305 Y-44.5 I0 J-6;

N1200 X-62.576 Y64.355; N1500 X-70.305 Y-50.5 I6 J0;

N1210 X-63.379 Y62.212; N1510 X-64.305 Y-44.5 I0 J6;

N1220 G0 Z50; N1520 G0 Z50;

N1230 X-62.576 Y64.355; N1530 X-59.305;

N1240 Z10; N1540 Z10;

N1250 G1 Z-1 F250; N1550 G1 Z-1 F250;

N1260 X-56.683 F500; N1560 G3 X-70.305 Y-33.5 I-11 J0 F500;

N1270 G0 Z50; N1570 X-81.305 Y-44.5 I0 J-11;

N1280 X-72.454 Y-43.223; N1580 X-70.305 Y-55.5 I11 J0;

N1290 Z10; N1590 X-59.305 Y-44.5 I0 J11;

N1300 G1 Z-1 F250; N1600 G0 Z50;

N1310 X-52.963 Y-10.434 F500; N1610 X-52.805;

N1320 G2 X-47.805 Y-7.5 I5.158 J-3.066; N1620 Z10;

N1330 X-41.805 Y-13.5 I0 J-6; N1630 G1 Z-1. F250;

N1340 X-43.292 Y-17.453 I-6 J0; N1640 G3 X-70.305 Y-27 I-17.5 J0 F500;

N1350 G1 X-68.424 Y-46.147; N1650 X-87.805 Y-44.5 I0. J-17.5;

N1360 G0 Z50; N1660 X-70.305 Y-62. I17.5 J0;

N1370 X-67.805 Y-44.5; N1670 X-52.805 Y-44.5 I0 J17.5;

N1380 Z10; N1680 G0 Z50;

N1390 G1 Z-1. F250; N1690 X57.195 Y-40;

N1400 G3 X-70.305 Y-42 I-2.5 J0 F500; N1700 Z10;

N1410 X-72.805 Y-44.5 I0 J-2.5; N1710 G1 Z-1. F250;

N1420 X-70.305 Y-47. I2.5 J0; N1720 G3 X59.695 Y-42.5 I2.5 J0 F500;
N1730 X62.195 Y-40 I0 J2.5; N1910 X42.195 Y-40. I0. J-17.5;

N1740 X61.82 Y-38.682 I-2.5 J0; N1920 X59.695 Y-57.5 I17.5 J0;

N1750 G1 X24.613 Y21.318; N1930 X77.195 Y-40 I0 J17.5;

N1760 X20.363 Y18.682; N1940 G0 Z50;

N1770 X57.57 Y-41.318; N1950 X81.695;

N1780 G0 Z50; N1960 Z10;

N1790 X67.695 Y-40; N1970 G1 Z-1 F250;

N1800 Z10; N1980 G3 X59.695 Y-18 I-22 J0 F500;

N1810 G1 Z-1 F250; N1990 X37.695 Y-40 I0 J-22;

N1820 G3 X59.695 Y-32 I-8 J0 F500; N2000 X59.695 Y-62 I22 J0;

N1830 X51.695 Y-40 I0 J-8; N2010 X81.695 Y-40 I0 J22;

N1840 X59.695 Y-48 I8 J0; N2020 G0 Z50;

N1850 X67.695 Y-40 I0 J8; N2030 M05 S0;

N1860 G0 Z50; N2040 G91 G28 Z0;

N1870 X77.195; N2050 G28 X0 Y0;

N1880 Z10; N2060 M30;

N1890 G1 Z-1 F250; %

N1900 G3 X59.695 Y-22.5 I-17.5 J0 F500;