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THERMODYNAMICS

T121D - Nozzle Performance Test Unit - Code 955800

T121D - Nozzle Performance Test Unit - Code 955800 1. General The unit has been designed
T121D - Nozzle Performance Test Unit - Code 955800 1. General The unit has been designed

1. General

The unit has been designed to allow the study of the reaction of a compressed air stream through different types of nozzles. It is possible to utilize the unit in two different circuit configurations: the first allows to study the speed of the jet coming out from the nozzle, the second allows to study the thrust of the jet itself. In the first configuration the air jet coming out from the nozzle hits a special impact head mounted on a balance arm. In the second configuration, the air jet comes out from the nozzle vertically upwards, pushing the balance arm downwards. In both configuration, the forces generated are measured by a mechanical micrometer fitted with an electric sensor.

2.

Composition

Set of nozzles of 2 mm throat diameter

- No. 1 convergent

- No. 4 convergent/divergent with the following outlet area/throat area ratios: 1.2 – 1.4 – 1.6 – 2.0

No.2 pressure gauges, 0 16 bar, for the measurement of the inlet and the chamber pressure

No. 3 mercury thermometers, 150 mm long, for the measurement of the inlet and the chamber temperature

Variable area flowmeter for the measurement of the air flow from 1 to 8.5 g/s (25.000 l/h)

Hollow cantilever, 250 mm long, provided with nozzle adapter

Set of dead weights, 0,5 – 1 – 2 N, for the calibration of the cantilever deviation

Micrometer, 0,01 mm, with electric contact, warning lamp and voltmeter 0 1.5 V for the measurement of the deflection

Set of valves:

- No.1 diverter valve to send the air to the speed measurement circuit

- No. 2 needle valves for the accurate control of the inlet pressure and for the control of pressure and flow in the test chamber

- No. 1 safety valve calibrated at 10 bar

Air regulator complete with filter

3.

Experiences

- visual demonstration of the “choking” phenomenon

DIDACTA Italia S.r.l. - Strada del Cascinotto, 139/30 - 10156 Torino - Italy Tel. +39 011 2731708 - Fax +39 011 2733088 - http://www.didacta.it - E-mail: info@didacta.it

- determination of the effect of the inlet pressure on the mass flow through a nozzle discharging at a constant return pressure and comparison of the actual mass flow with the theoretical value

- determination of the return pressure on the mass flow through a nozzle with constant inlet pressure and comparison of the actual mass flow with the theoretical value.

- Determination of the speed of the jet coming out from a nozzle working at various inlet and return pressures

- Calculation of the nozzle efficiency

- Determination of the jet reaction and of the specific thrust at various inlet and return pressures

4. Weight and dimensions

Dimensions: 500x650x750 (h) mm

Weight : 15 kg.

 Dimensions: 500x650x750 (h) mm  Weight : 15 kg. Key of the drawing 1 Pressure

Key of the drawing

1 Pressure reducer with filter

2 Test chamber with thermometer

3 Air regulation valve

4 Circuit no.1 inlet temperature thermometer

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6 Test chamber pressure gauge

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8 Air inlet pressure gauge

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Flowmeter

Diverter valve

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Safety valve

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Warning lamp

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Voltmeter

12 Circuit no.2 inlet temperature thermometer

13 Inlet pressure fine regulation valve

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15 Micrometer adjustment device

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Test chamber

Cod. R00521/E 0912 Ed. 01 Rev. 02

In any time and without notice, Didacta Italia can carry out any appropriate modification on the product details, always maintaining their main features, according to the designing and teaching necessity.

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