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ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

SARANYA KALIAPPAN M20171000148

UNIVERSITI PENDIDIKAN SULTAN


IDRIS
Sem 3
Session 2017/2018

ASSIGNMENT

SRU 6024
Designing Questionnaire
ARUNAH SHIVJI
M20171000598
SARANYA KALIAPPAN
M20171000148

LECTURER : DR. HAFSAH BINTI TAHA


ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

SARANYA KALIAPPAN M20171000148

CONTENTS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 1

INTRODUCTION 2

OBJECTIVE AND RESEARCH QUESTION 3

VALIDATION AND REABLITY OF QUESTIONNAIRE 4-21

CONCLUSIOM 22

BIBLIOGRAFI 23-24

ATTACHMENT 25
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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

First of all we want to thank Almighty for giving me a chance to accomplish


this assignment. This assignment gives us a lot of information about how to design
questionnaire. Other than that we also learned how to do validation and reability using
SPSS. Secondly we want to give our appreciation to Dr.Hafsah Binti Taha for her
kindness gives us guidance and help to make this assignment. Without Dr. Hafsah
Binti Taha we cannot successfully finish this assignment.

We also want to give our appreciation to both of parents for giving us morale
support to finish this assignment. For our friends thank you so much for the help and
support. Lastly, thanks a lot to the people who give me a lot of inspiration and morale
support for encourage me to finish this assignment An Annotated Bibliography.

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INTRODUCTION
As a measure of a research instrument or tool, validity is the degree to which it
actually measures what it is supposed to measure (Wan, 2002). In simple terms,
validity refers to how well an instrument as measures what it is intended to measure.
A validated questionnaire refers to a questionnaire or scale that has been developed to
be administered among the intended respondents. The validation processes should
have been completed using a representative sample, demonstrating adequate
reliability and validity. A standard questionnaire of internal consistency is Cronbach’s
Alpha (CA). Cronbach Alpha values range from 0 – 1.0. In most cases the value should be
at least 0.70 or higher although a value from 0.60 to 0.70 is acceptable. If item have a
low value, we have to delete a question. If doing so dramatically improves our
Cronbach’s Alpha.

Reliability is the degree to which an assessment tool produces stable and


consistent results. Types of Reliability. Test-retest reliability is a measure of
reliability obtained by administering the same test twice over a period of time to a
group of individuals. Generally, a questionnaire with an α of 0.8 is considered reliable
(Field, 2009). Since the amount of items in a questionnaire is taken into account in the
equation, a hugh amount of variables can upgrade the α (Cortina, 1993; Field, 2009).
For example, if we do a reliability analysis for just the items making up the first factor
in our research, we get the same α, but the average correlation is 0.49 instead of 0.43.
How hugh the alpha should be for a dataset with a particular amount of items is still a
point of discussion (Cortina, 1993). Cortina (1993) recommends to determine the
adequacy of a measure on the level of precision needed. Cortina (1993) recommends
to determine the adequacy of a measure on the level of precision needed. If we want
to make a fine distinction in the level of pleasure in writing someone has, a more
reliable measure is needed than if we want to make a rough distinction. However,
since the α of this questionnaire is far higher than 0.8, we can assume that it is reliable
(Field, 2009).

Validity and reliability are important concepts in measuring instruments. A


measurement cannot be valid unless it is reliable; it must be both valid and reliable if
it is to be depended upon as an accurate representation of a concept or attribute (Wan,
2002).

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OBJECTIVE

In this questionnaire design, validity and reliability is referring to the confidence that
the score earned is a good representation of a teacher’s actual knowledge of the
content,attitude towards the contents and practices that are taken for Green
Chemistry.“Reliability is of more concern on standardized or high stakes testing than
they are in classroom assessment. In a classroom, students' knowledge is repeatedly
assessed and this allows the teacher to adjust as new insights are acquired” (Moskal
& Leydens, 2000, p. 7).

i) To evaluate understanding level about Green Chemistry among the teachers.

ii) To identify teachers attitude towards Green Chemistry.

iii) To see how far the teachers apply green chemistry awareness in daily life .

Research question

The research presented in this dissertation proposes to answer the following research
questions:

1. What are the likely pathways for the green chemistry?

2. How do teachers reason about benefits, costs and risks in real world context that is
relevant to chemistry?

3. What does examination of eye gaze patterns reveal about chemistry teachers’
understanding of structure-property?

4. In what ways do the understanding, interpretation, and assimilation of information


teachers at different levels in their chemistry education?

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VALIDATION

 Agree

X Disagree

ITEM EXPERT 1 EXPERT 2 AGREE DISAGREE

1 X X /

2   /

3 X X /

4 X X /

5 X X /

6   /

7   /

8 X X /

9   /

10   /

11 X  /

12   /

13   /

14   /

15   /

16   /

17   /

18   /

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19 X  /

20   /

21   /

22   /

23   /

24   /

25  X /

26   /

27   /

28 X X /

29   /

30   /

31 X X /

32 X X /

33   /

34 X  /

35 X  /

36   /

37   /

38   /

39 X X /

40   /

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This questionnaire consists of 40 questions. 40 questions were created


based on three main construct which are ‘Green Chemistry awareness/Knowledge,
Green Chemistry practices and Green Chemistry attitude’. This questionnaire used a
5-point Likert-style scale (Strongy agree, Agree, Neutral, Disagree, Strongly
Dissagree). After designing questionnaire we have sent questionnaire to two experts
in field of chemistry for enhancement of content of questionnaire. We provided with
measurement tool and are asked to provide feedback. Their feedback is then analysed
based on Cohen's kappa. Cohen's kappa measures agreement between two raters only.
The first was Landis and Koch, who characterized values < 0 as indicating no
agreement and 0–0.20 as slight, 0.21–0.40 as fair, 0.41–0.60 as moderate, 0.61–0.80
as substantial, and 0.81–1 as almost perfect agreement. Fleiss's equally arbitrary
guidelines characterize kappas over 0.75 as excellent, 0.40 to 0.75 as fair to good, and
below 0.40 as poor.

In this questionnaire the agreement proportion is 35/40 or 0.875. While the


disagreement proportion is 5/40 or 0.125. Overall agreement proportion according to
Cohen’s kappa is:

NUMBER OF AGREE – NUMBER OF DISAGREE

TOTAL NUMBER OF ITEM

NUMBER OF AGREE = 35
NUMBER OF DISAGREE = 5
TOTAL NUMBER OF ITEM = 40

35 - 5 = 30 = 0.75
40 40

The Cohen’s kappa reading shows 0.75 for this questionnaire. So, its
shows good/perfect levels of agreement based on Cohen’s kappa. This indicates the
amount of agreement between the two experts is strong. The questions in this
questionnaire is acceptable. In conclusion this questionnaire have high validation.

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CONSTRUCT 1 : GREEN CHEMISTRY KNOWLEDGE

ITEM EXPERT 1 EXPERT 2 AGREE DISAGREE

1 X X /

2   /

3 X X /

4 X X /

5 X X /

6   /

7   /

8 X X /

9   /

10   /

11 X  /

12   /

13   /

Construct 1 that is Green Chemistry Knowledge consists of 13 questions.


The agreement proportion is 12/13 or 0.923. In other hand the disagreement
proportion from is 1/13 or 0.077. Overall agreement proportion for construct 1
according to Cohen’s kappa is:

NUMBER OF AGREE = 12
NUMBER OF DISAGREE = 1
TOTAL NUMBER OF ITEM = 13

12 - 1 = 11 = 0. 846
13 13

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The Cohen’s kappa reading shows 0.846 for construct 1. So, its shows
good/ perfect levels of agreement based on Cohen’s kappa. This indicates the amount
of agreement between the two experts is strong. The questions in this construct is
acceptable. In conclusion this construct 1 in this questionnaire is highly validated.

CONSTRUCT 2 : GREEN CHEMISTRY ATTITUDE

ITEM EXPERT 1 EXPERT 2 AGREE DISAGREE

1   /

2   /

3   /

4   /

5   /

6 X  /

7   /

8   /

9   /

10   /

11   /

12  X /

13   /

14   /

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Construct 2 that is Green Chemistry Attitude consists of 14 questions. The


agreement proportion is 12/14 or 0.857. While the disagreement proportion is 2/14 or
0.143. Total agreement proportion for construct 2 based on Cohen’s kappa is:

NUMBER OF AGREE = 12
NUMBER OF DISAGREE = 2
TOTAL NUMBER OF ITEM = 14

12 - 2 = 10 = 0.714
14 14

The Cohen’s kappa reading shows 0.714 for construct 2. So, its shows
good/ perfect levels of agreement based on Cohen’s kappa. The questions in this
construct 2 is acceptable. This indicates the amount of agreement between the two
experts is strong. In conclusion questions in construct 2 that is Green Chemistry
Attitude have high validation.

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CONSTRUCT 3 : GREEN CHEMISTRY PRACTICES

ITEM EXPERT 1 EXPERT 2 AGREE DISAGREE

1 X X /

2   /

3   /

4 X X /

5 X X /

6   /

7 X  /

8 X  /

9   /

10   /

11   /

12 X X /

13   /

Construct 3 that is Green Chemistry Practices consists of 13 questions.


The agreement proportion is 11/13 or 0.846. While the disagreement proportion is
2/13 or 0.154. Total agreement proportion for construct 3 according to Cohen’s kappa
is:

NUMBER OF AGREE = 11
NUMBER OF DISAGREE = 2
TOTAL NUMBER OF ITEM = 13

11 - 2 = 9 = 0.69
13 13

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The Cohen’s kappa reading shows 0.692 for construct 3. So its shows
good/ perfect levels of agreement based on Cohen’s kappa. The questions in this
construct 3 is acceptable. This indicates the amount of agreement between the two
experts is strong. In conclusion questions in construct 3 that is Green Chemistry
Practices have high validation.

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RELIABILITY ANALYSIS.

A reliability coefficient is a measure of how well a test measures achievement. It is


the proportion of variance in observed scores. The term “reliability coefficient”
actually refers to several different coefficients:

 Cronbach’s alpha
 A simple correlation
 Pearson’s correlation
 The Spearman Brown formula
 Cohen’s Kappa
The range of the reliability coefficient is from 0 to 1. Rule of thumb for preferred
levels of the coefficient:

 For high tests, > 0.85. Some authors suggest this figure should be above .90.
 For low tests, > 0.70. Some authors suggest this figure should be above 0.80
Therefore, Cronbach’s alpha is most commonly used to assess the internal consistency
of a questionnaire that is made up of multiple Likert-type scales and items.All items
are responded to on a Likert scale of 1-5, where 5 = Strongly agree and 1 = Strongly
disagree. This is so throughout the scale a high score on a question indicates a high
belief in value.To establish whether the items on this questionnaire all reliably
measure the same construct, we ask 30 participants to complete this questionnaire, so
we can calculate Cronbach's alpha based on their scores. Alpha is commonly reported
for the development of scales intended to measure attitudes , tests of teacher’s
knowledge and understanding that cite Cronbach’s alpha as an indicator of
instrument quality.

Reliability Statistics

Cronbach's
Alpha N of Items

.932 40

Item-Total Statistics

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Corrected
Scale Mean if Item Scale Variance if Item-Total Cronbach's Alpha if
Deleted Item Deleted Correlation Item Deleted

B3GC1 157.9667 276.930 .815 .928

B3GC2 157.4667 296.051 .183 .933

B3GC3 157.8333 279.247 .798 .928

B3GC4 157.5333 283.292 .584 .930

B3GC5 158.4000 276.938 .602 .930

B3GC6 158.0000 289.310 .464 .931

B3GC7 157.5667 297.426 .100 .934

B3GC8 157.9667 276.930 .815 .928

B3GC9 157.9333 275.995 .545 .931

B3GC10 157.9667 276.930 .815 .928

B3GC11 157.3333 297.195 .159 .933

B3GC12 157.8333 279.247 .798 .928

B3GC13 157.5333 283.292 .584 .930

B1GCK1 157.7667 293.702 .212 .933

B1GCK2 158.1667 292.489 .294 .932

B1GCK3 158.1000 286.507 .557 .930

B1GCK4 157.5333 291.085 .367 .932

B1GCK5 157.7333 284.823 .527 .930

B1GCK6 157.9000 286.852 .383 .932

B1GCK7 157.7333 283.651 .493 .931

B1GCK8 157.9333 283.582 .579 .930

B1GCK9 157.6667 284.299 .395 .932

B1GCK10 157.6667 287.816 .321 .933

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B1GCK11 157.8000 281.407 .618 .929

B1GCK12 157.9667 273.413 .825 .927

B1GCK13 157.6333 294.447 .178 .933

B2GC1 157.8333 279.247 .798 .928

B2GC2 157.5333 283.292 .584 .930

B2GC3 157.5000 295.431 .153 .934

B2GC4 157.5000 285.845 .484 .931

B2GC5 158.0000 289.310 .464 .931

B2GC6 157.6333 298.447 .061 .934

B2GC7 158.0000 275.655 .808 .927

B2GC8 157.3667 293.275 .240 .933

B2GC9 157.8667 277.982 .781 .928

B2GC10 157.6000 280.731 .602 .930

B2GC11 157.5667 295.151 .182 .933

B2GC12 157.5667 280.530 .660 .929

B2GC13 158.0000 289.310 .464 .931

B2GC14 157.3000 299.183 .037 .934

Scale Statistics

Mean Variance Std. Deviation N of Items

161.8000 300.234 17.32728 40

Overall Reliability Analysis :

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Green chemistry which is the latest and one of the most researched topics now days
has been in demand since 1990's. Green chemistry as the name indicates is a
technology imbedded, environmental friendly and cost effective utilization of
resources that minimize or even eliminate the production of harmful bi-products in
the design and manufacturing of the produce. (PDF) A Focus & Review on the
Advancement of Green Chemistry. [accessed Nov 02 2018]. Therefore , we had The
result shows that Cronbach’s alpha quite high : 0.932 , which shows the questionnaire
is reliable. Many researchers consider an alpha coefficient at least 0.070 or more to
be adequate for the scale (Nunnally, 1978). so, we conclude that the teacher’s
knowledge , atitude and practices towards Green Chemistry are at satisfactory level.

CONSTRUCT 1 : GREEN CHEMISTRY KNOWLEDGE

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Reliability Statistics

Cronbach's
Alpha N of Items

.838 13

Item-Total Statistics

Corrected Cronbach's
Scale Mean if Scale Variance Item-Total Alpha if Item
Item Deleted if Item Deleted Correlation Deleted

B1GCK1 47.7667 38.530 .476 .827

B1GCK2 48.1667 40.282 .347 .835

B1GCK3 48.1000 38.438 .577 .822

B1GCK4 47.5333 40.809 .302 .837

B1GCK5 47.7333 37.306 .590 .819

B1GCK6 47.9000 37.059 .512 .824

B1GCK7 47.7333 39.926 .263 .843

B1GCK8 47.9333 38.064 .517 .824

B1GCK9 47.6667 36.230 .489 .827

B1GCK10 47.6667 37.264 .441 .831

B1GCK11 47.8000 35.959 .693 .811

B1GCK12 47.9667 34.792 .738 .806

B1GCK13 47.6333 38.861 .423 .830

Scale Statistics

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Mean Variance Std. Deviation N of Items

51.8000 43.959 6.63013 13

Reliability Analysis for Construct 1

Cronbach’s alpha for construct 1 is : 0.838 , which shows the questionnaire is reliable.
Cronbach’s alpha has been described as ‘one of the most important and pervasive
statistics in research involving test construction and use’ (Cortina, 1993, p. 98) to the
extent that its use in research with multiple-item measurements is
considered routine (Schmitt, 1996, p. 350).Reliability coefficients range from 0.00 to
1.00. Ideally, score reliability should be above 0.70. Coefficients in the range
0.80-0.90 are very good for classroom assessments.

CONSTRUCT 2 : GREEN CHEMISTRY ATTITUDE

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Reliability Statistics

Cronbach's
Alpha N of Items

.822 14

Item-Total Statistics

Corrected Cronbach's
Scale Mean if Scale Variance Item-Total Alpha if Item
Item Deleted if Item Deleted Correlation Deleted

B2GC1 53.9667 28.447 .811 .785

B2GC2 53.6667 29.747 .578 .802

B2GC3 53.6333 34.930 .010 .842

B2GC4 53.6333 29.482 .602 .800

B2GC5 54.1333 31.982 .430 .813

B2GC6 53.7667 34.530 .092 .832

B2GC7 54.1333 27.913 .742 .787

B2GC8 53.5000 32.810 .253 .825

B2GC9 54.0000 27.862 .813 .782

B2GC10 53.7333 28.547 .632 .796

B2GC11 53.7000 34.148 .114 .833

B2GC12 53.7000 28.907 .651 .795

B2GC13 54.1333 31.982 .430 .813

B2GC14 53.4333 34.944 .056 .832

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Scale Statistics

Mean Variance Std. Deviation N of Items

57.9333 35.651 5.97081 14

Reliability Analysis for Construct 2

Cronbach’s alpha for construct 2 is : 0.822 , which shows the questionnaire is reliable.
Theoretically, Cronbach’s alpha results will give a number from 0 to 1,sometimes will
get negative numbers as well. A negative number indicates that something is wrong
with the data. The general rule of thumb is that a Cronbach’s alpha of .70 and above
is good, .80 and above is better, and .90 and above is best.

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CONSTRUCT 3 : GREEN CHEMISTRY PRACTICES

Reliability Statistics

Cronbach's
Alpha N of Items

.875 13

Item-Total Statistics

Corrected Cronbach's
Scale Mean if Scale Variance Item-Total Alpha if Item
Item Deleted if Item Deleted Correlation Deleted

B3GC1 48.2333 37.564 .804 .852

B3GC2 47.7333 44.202 .237 .879

B3GC3 48.1000 38.714 .754 .856

B3GC4 47.8000 39.338 .622 .862

B3GC5 48.6667 36.506 .658 .860

B3GC6 48.2667 42.271 .436 .872

B3GC7 47.8333 45.385 .069 .887

B3GC8 48.2333 37.564 .804 .852

B3GC9 48.2000 37.683 .470 .878

B3GC10 48.2333 37.564 .804 .852

B3GC11 47.6000 45.352 .127 .882

B3GC12 48.1000 38.714 .754 .856

B3GC13 47.8000 39.338 .622 .862

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Scale Statistics

Mean Variance Std. Deviation N of Items

52.0667 46.478 6.81749 13

Reliability Analysis for Construct 3

Cronbach’s alpha for construct 3 is : 0.875 , which shows the questionnaire is reliable.
Cronbach’s alpha does come with some limitations: scores that have a low number of
items associated with them tend to have lower reliability, and sample size can also
influence the results for better or worse. Cronbach's alpha will generally increase as
the intercorrelations among test items increase, and is thus known as an internal
consistency estimate of reliability of test scores.

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CONCLUSION

Based on the validity and the reliability analysis regarding research findings, so it can
be concluded that the knowledge, attitude and practices of Green Chemistry learning
was supported by proper learning materials developed in the initial stage of this study.
Reliability refers to accuracy and precision of a measurement instrument or scale.
Reliability of test scores are estimated through measures of internal consistency has
been characterized mathematically in many ways that appear, on the surface at least,
to be very different to one another. The coefficient alpha is the most widely used
measure of internal consistency for composite scores. Precision of measurement is
one of the major issues, which is frequently quantified by the reliability coefficients.
The coefficient alpha, developed by Cronbach (1951), is the most commonly used
index for estimating the reliability of measurement instruments such as scales,
multiple item tests, questionnaires, or inventories (Raykov 1997) in all the fields of
research such as psychology, education, statistics, sociology, medicine, counseling,
nursing, political science, and economics (Cortina 1993).

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

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13. Fleiss, J.L. (1981). Statistical methods for rates and proportions (2nd ed.).
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ATTACHMENT

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EXPERT
1

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Kepada 25 OKTOBER 2018

Guru Subjek kimia,

Tuan/Puan,

Pakar Rujuk Instrumen ‘Kesedaran Kimia Hijau Dalam Kalangan Guru-guru SJK
(Tamil) Simpang Lima, Klang’ Untuk Tujuan Pengesahan

Dengan segala hormatnya perkara di atas adalah dirujuk.

2. Saya Arunah Shivji (M20171000598) dan Saranya Kaliappan (M20171000148)


sedang menjalankan kerja khusus bagi subjek SRU 6024 Kaedah Penyelidikan
Kuantitatif yang bertajuk PENILAIAN INSTRUMEN KESEDARAN KIMIA
HIJAU GURU-GURU SJK(T) SIMPANG LIMA, KLANG. Saya memohon
kerjasama Tuan/Puan bagi menyemak dan membuat pengesahan instrumen yang
dilampirkan.

3. Sehubungan itu, saya dan rakan berbesar hati melantik Tuan/Puan sebagai pakar
pengesahan instrumen yang akan digunakan dalam kerja khusus yang berkaitan.

4. Kerjasama dan pertimbangan daripada pihak Tuan/Puan amatlah dihargai dan


didahului dengan ucapan ribuan terima kasih.

Sekian.

Yang benar,
Arunah Shivji
……………………….
(Arunah Shivji)
Pelajar Semester 3,
Ijazah Sarjana Pendidikan (Matematik)
Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris

27
ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

SARANYA KALIAPPAN M20171000148

FACULTY OF SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS

SULTAN IDRIS EDUCATION UNIVERSITY

GREEN CHEMISTRY : TEACHER’S KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES AND


PRACTICES IN SJK(T) SIMPANG LIMA, KLANG.

This questionnaire is conducted to investigated the level of awareness, practices

and attitudes of green chemistry among the Simpang Lima Tamil school teachers.

Over the years different principles have been proposed that can be used when

thinking about the design, development and implementation of chemical products

and processes. These principles enable scientists and engineers to protect and

benefit the economy, people and the planet by finding creative and innovative

ways to reduce waste, conserve energy, and discover replacements for hazardous

substances.

This validation aimed to investigate the Green Chemistry topic. 40 questions were

created based on three main construct which are ‘Green Chemistry

awareness/Knowledge, Green Chemistry practices and Green Chemistry attitude’.

Please tick (/) your level of agreement to represent your opinion. All the responses

are only for the purpose of academic research will be confidential. Your

cooperation is appreciated. Thank you.

28
ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

SARANYA KALIAPPAN M20171000148

SECTION A : DEMOGRAPHIC DATA

Please TICK ( / ) in the approprite boxes or spaces provided .

1. AGES :
20- 25 1

26 - 30 2

31 - 35 3

> 35 4

2. Gender Male 1 :

Female 2

3. Ethnicity Malay 1 :

Indian 2

Chinese 3

Others 4

4. Year of study :…………………..

29
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SARANYA KALIAPPAN M20171000148

30
ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

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31
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EXPERT
2

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ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

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Kepada 25 OKTOBER 2018

Guru Subjek kimia,

Tuan/Puan,

Pakar Rujuk Instrumen ‘Kesedaran Kimia Hijau Dalam Kalangan Guru-guru SJK
(Tamil) Simpang Lima, Klang’ Untuk Tujuan Pengesahan

Dengan segala hormatnya perkara di atas adalah dirujuk.

2. Saya Arunah Shivji (M20171000598) dan Saranya Kaliappan (M20171000148)


sedang menjalankan kerja khusus bagi subjek SRU 6024 Kaedah Penyelidikan
Kuantitatif yang bertajuk PENILAIAN INSTRUMEN KESEDARAN KIMIA
HIJAU GURU-GURU SJK(T) SIMPANG LIMA, KLANG. Saya memohon
kerjasama Tuan/Puan bagi menyemak dan membuat pengesahan instrumen yang
dilampirkan.

3. Sehubungan itu, saya dan rakan berbesar hati melantik Tuan/Puan sebagai pakar
pengesahan instrumen yang akan digunakan dalam kerja khusus yang berkaitan.

4. Kerjasama dan pertimbangan daripada pihak Tuan/Puan amatlah dihargai dan


didahului dengan ucapan ribuan terima kasih.

Sekian.

Yang benar,
Arunah Shivji
……………………….
(Arunah Shivji)
Pelajar Semester 3,
Ijazah Sarjana Pendidikan (Matematik)
Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris

35
ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

SARANYA KALIAPPAN M20171000148

FACULTY OF SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS

SULTAN IDRIS EDUCATION UNIVERSITY

GREEN CHEMISTRY : TEACHER’S KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES AND


PRACTICES IN SJK(T) SIMPANG LIMA, KLANG.

This questionnaire is conducted to investigated the level of awareness, practices

and attitudes of green chemistry among the Simpang Lima Tamil school teachers.

Over the years different principles have been proposed that can be used when

thinking about the design, development and implementation of chemical products

and processes. These principles enable scientists and engineers to protect and

benefit the economy, people and the planet by finding creative and innovative

ways to reduce waste, conserve energy, and discover replacements for hazardous

substances.

This validation aimed to investigate the Green Chemistry topic. 40 questions were

created based on three main construct which are ‘Green Chemistry

awareness/Knowledge, Green Chemistry practices and Green Chemistry attitude’.

Please tick (/) your level of agreement to represent your opinion. All the responses

are only for the purpose of academic research will be confidential. Your

cooperation is appreciated. Thank you.

36
ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

SARANYA KALIAPPAN M20171000148

SECTION A : DEMOGRAPHIC DATA

Please TICK ( / ) in the approprite boxes or spaces provided .

5. AGES :
21- 25 1

26 - 30 2

31 - 35 3

> 35 4

6. Gender Male 1 :

Female 2

7. Ethnicity Malay 1 :

Indian 2

Chinese 3

Others 4

8. Year of study :…………………..

37
ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

SARANYA KALIAPPAN M20171000148

38
ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

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39
ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

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40
ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

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41
ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

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42
ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

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SAMPLE
RESPONDENT

43
ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

SARANYA KALIAPPAN M20171000148

Kepada 25 OKTOBER 2018

Guru Subjek kimia,

Tuan/Puan,

Pakar Rujuk Instrumen ‘Kesedaran Kimia Hijau Dalam Kalangan Guru-guru SJK
(Tamil) Simpang Lima, Klang’ Untuk Tujuan Pengesahan

Dengan segala hormatnya perkara di atas adalah dirujuk.

2. Saya Arunah Shivji (M20171000598) dan Saranya Kaliappan (M20171000148)


sedang menjalankan kerja khusus bagi subjek SRU 6024 Kaedah Penyelidikan
Kuantitatif yang bertajuk PENILAIAN INSTRUMEN KESEDARAN KIMIA
HIJAU GURU-GURU SJK(T) SIMPANG LIMA, KLANG. Saya memohon
kerjasama Tuan/Puan bagi menyemak dan membuat pengesahan instrumen yang
dilampirkan.

3. Sehubungan itu, saya dan rakan berbesar hati melantik Tuan/Puan sebagai pakar
pengesahan instrumen yang akan digunakan dalam kerja khusus yang berkaitan.

4. Kerjasama dan pertimbangan daripada pihak Tuan/Puan amatlah dihargai dan


didahului dengan ucapan ribuan terima kasih.

Sekian.

Yang benar,
Arunah Shivji
……………………….
(Arunah Shivji)
Pelajar Semester 3,
Ijazah Sarjana Pendidikan (Matematik)
Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris

44
ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

SARANYA KALIAPPAN M20171000148

FACULTY OF SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS

SULTAN IDRIS EDUCATION UNIVERSITY

GREEN CHEMISTRY : TEACHER’S KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES AND


PRACTICES IN SJK(T) SIMPANG LIMA, KLANG.

This questionnaire is conducted to investigated the level of awareness, practices

and attitudes of green chemistry among the Simpang Lima Tamil school teachers.

Over the years different principles have been proposed that can be used when

thinking about the design, development and implementation of chemical products

and processes. These principles enable scientists and engineers to protect and

benefit the economy, people and the planet by finding creative and innovative

ways to reduce waste, conserve energy, and discover replacements for hazardous

substances.

This validation aimed to investigate the Green Chemistry topic. 40 questions were

created based on three main construct which are ‘Green Chemistry

awareness/Knowledge, Green Chemistry practices and Green Chemistry attitude’.

Please tick (/) your level of agreement to represent your opinion. All the responses

are only for the purpose of academic research will be confidential. Your

cooperation is appreciated. Thank you.

45
ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

SARANYA KALIAPPAN M20171000148

46
ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

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47
ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

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48
ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

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49
ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

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50
ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

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REPORT
SUMMARY
BY CONSTRUCT

CONSTRUCT 1

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Case Summariesa

B1GCK1 B1GCK2 B1GCK3 B1GCK4 B1GCK5 B1GCK6 B1GCK7 B1GCK8 B1GCK9 B1GCK10 B1GCK11 B1GCK12 B1GCK13

1 neutral agree agree agree agree agree Strongly agree Strongly agree agree agree Strongly

agree agree agree

2 agree agree agree Strongly agree neutral agree Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly agree

agree agree agree agree agree agree

3 agree neutral agree Strongly Strongly Strongly neutral Strongly agree Strongly Strongly Strongly agree

agree agree agree agree agree agree agree

4 agree agree agree agree agree agree Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly agree

agree agree agree agree agree agree

5 Strongly neutral agree Strongly Strongly agree Strongly Strongly Strongly agree Strongly Strongly neutral

agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree

6 neutral neutral agree agree agree agree agree agree Strongly agree Strongly Strongly agree

agree agree agree

7 agree agree agree Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly agree Strongly agree Strongly Strongly neutral

agree agree agree agree agree agree agree

8 agree neutral agree agree Strongly agree Strongly Strongly Strongly agree Strongly Strongly agree

agree agree agree agree agree agree

9 agree agree agree agree Strongly agree agree agree neutral agree Strongly Strongly Strongly

agree agree agree agree

10 agree agree agree Strongly agree Strongly Strongly agree Strongly agree agree agree agree

agree agree agree agree

11 agree Strongly neutral agree neutral agree agree Strongly agree agree agree agree Strongly

agree agree agree

12 agree neutral agree Strongly agree Strongly Strongly agree Strongly agree agree agree agree

agree agree agree agree

13 Strongly agree agree agree agree agree Strongly agree Strongly agree agree agree agree

agree agree agree

14 neutral neutral agree agree Strongly agree Strongly agree agree Strongly agree agree Strongly

agree agree agree agree

52
ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

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15 agree Strongly agree Strongly Strongly agree Strongly neutral agree Strongly neutral neutral Strongly

agree agree agree agree agree agree

16 agree agree neutral agree agree agree Strongly neutral Strongly Strongly neutral neutral agree

agree agree agree

17 agree agree Strongly Strongly agree agree agree neutral neutral Strongly agree agree agree

agree agree agree

18 Strongly Strongly agree agree agree neutral agree neutral neutral Strongly neutral agree Strongly

agree agree agree agree

19 Strongly agree neutral agree agree agree agree neutral neutral Strongly agree agree Strongly

agree agree agree

20 agree neutral neutral Strongly agree neutral agree agree Strongly neutral neutral neutral agree

agree agree

21 agree agree agree agree Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly agree agree agree

agree Disagree Disagree agree Disagree agree

22 Strongly neutral agree Strongly agree agree neutral agree agree neutral agree neutral Strongly

agree agree agree

23 Strongly neutral Strongly agree neutral agree neutral agree agree agree agree agree agree

agree agree

24 agree agree neutral agree agree agree agree neutral agree Strongly agree neutral Strongly

agree agree

25 agree neutral disagree disagree disagree agree neutral neutral Strongly Strongly agree neutral agree

agree agree

26 agree agree neutral agree agree agree agree neutral agree Strongly agree neutral agree

agree

27 agree neutral neutral neutral neutral Strongly neutral neutral agree disagree agree neutral agree

agree

28 agree agree agree agree Strongly Strongly agree agree Strongly disagree agree neutral agree

agree agree agree

29 Strongly neutral agree Strongly agree agree neutral agree agree agree neutral neutral Strongly

agree agree agree

30 Strongly disagree disagree agree disagree Strongly agree disagree Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly

Disagree Disagree Disagree Disagree Disagree Disagree Disagree

53
ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

SARANYA KALIAPPAN M20171000148

Total N 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30

a. Limited to first 100 cases.

54
ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

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CONSTRUCT 2

Case Summariesa

Case

Number B2GC1 B2GC2 B2GC3 B2GC4 B2GC5 B2GC6 B2GC7 B2GC8 B2GC9 B2GC10 B2GC11 B2GC12 B2GC13 B2GC14

1 1 agree agree neutral agree agree agree agree Strongly agree agree neutral agree agree Strongly

agree agree

2 2 agree neutral Strongly Strongly Strongly agree Strongly agree agree neutral Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly

agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree

3 3 agree agree Strongly neutral Strongly Strongly Strongly agree agree agree Strongly neutral Strongly agree

agree agree agree agree agree agree

4 4 agree Strongly agree Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly agree Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly agree

agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree

5 5 agree neutral Strongly Strongly Strongly agree Strongly agree agree neutral agree Strongly Strongly Strongly

agree agree agree agree agree agree agree

6 6 Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly agree agree Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly agree Strongly agree Strongly

agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree

7 7 Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly agree agree Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly agree Strongly agree Strongly

agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree

8 8 Strongly Strongly agree Strongly agree Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly agree Strongly agree agree

agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree

9 9 Strongly Strongly agree Strongly agree agree Strongly agree Strongly Strongly agree Strongly agree agree

agree agree agree agree agree agree agree

10 10 Strongly Strongly neutral Strongly agree agree agree Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly agree Strongly

agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree

11 11 Strongly Strongly neutral Strongly agree agree agree Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly agree Strongly

agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree

12 12 Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly agree agree agree agree Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly agree Strongly

agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree

13 13 Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly agree agree agree agree Strongly Strongly agree Strongly agree agree

agree agree agree agree agree agree agree

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ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

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14 14 agree Strongly neutral Strongly agree Strongly agree Strongly agree Strongly neutral Strongly agree Strongly

agree agree agree agree agree agree agree

15 15 agree Strongly Strongly Strongly neutral agree neutral Strongly agree Strongly agree Strongly neutral agree

agree agree agree agree agree agree

16 16 agree Strongly Strongly agree neutral agree neutral agree agree Strongly agree Strongly neutral Strongly

agree agree agree agree agree

17 17 agree Strongly agree agree neutral neutral agree agree agree Strongly Strongly agree neutral Strongly

agree agree agree agree

18 18 agree Strongly Strongly Strongly neutral neutral agree Strongly agree Strongly Strongly agree neutral agree

agree agree agree agree agree agree

19 19 neutral agree agree agree neutral agree agree Strongly neutral agree Strongly agree neutral Strongly

agree agree agree

20 20 neutral agree Strongly agree agree neutral disagree disagree disagree disagree Strongly agree agree agree

agree agree

21 21 agree agree Strongly neutral agree Strongly neutral Strongly agree agree agree neutral agree agree

agree agree agree

22 22 agree agree Strongly neutral agree agree neutral neutral agree agree neutral neutral agree Strongly

agree agree

23 23 agree neutral Strongly neutral neutral Strongly neutral Strongly agree neutral Strongly neutral neutral agree

agree agree agree agree

24 24 neutral neutral neutral neutral neutral agree neutral neutral neutral neutral neutral neutral neutral Strongly

agree

25 25 neutral neutral agree neutral neutral neutral neutral Strongly neutral neutral agree neutral neutral agree

agree

26 26 neutral neutral agree agree neutral agree neutral Strongly neutral neutral Strongly agree neutral agree

agree agree

27 27 neutral neutral agree Strongly neutral Strongly neutral agree neutral neutral agree Strongly neutral Strongly

agree agree agree agree

28 28 neutral agree agree agree agree Strongly neutral Strongly neutral agree neutral agree agree agree

agree agree

29 29 neutral Strongly Strongly neutral agree Strongly neutral Strongly neutral Strongly agree neutral agree neutral

agree agree agree agree agree

56
ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

SARANYA KALIAPPAN M20171000148

30 30 neutral agree neutral Strongly agree agree neutral agree neutral agree agree neutral agree Strongly

agree agree

Tota N 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30

a. Limited to first 100 cases.

57
ARUNAH SHIVJI M20171000598

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CONSTRUCT 3

Case Summariesa

Case

Number B3GC1 B3GC2 B3GC3 B3GC4 B3GC5 B3GC6 B3GC7 B3GC8 B3GC9 B3GC10 B3GC11 B3GC12 B3GC13

1 1 agree Strongly agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree

agree

2 2 Strongly agree agree neutral agree Strongly Strongly Strongly agree Strongly agree agree neutral

agree agree agree agree agree

3 3 Strongly agree agree agree agree Strongly agree Strongly agree Strongly agree agree agree

agree agree agree agree

4 4 Strongly Strongly agree Strongly agree Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly agree Strongly

agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree

5 5 Strongly agree agree neutral agree Strongly agree Strongly agree Strongly Strongly agree neutral

agree agree agree agree agree

6 6 Strongly agree Strongly Strongly agree agree neutral Strongly agree Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly

agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree

7 7 Strongly agree Strongly Strongly agree agree Strongly Strongly agree Strongly agree Strongly Strongly

agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree

8 8 Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly agree agree neutral Strongly Strongly Strongly agree Strongly Strongly

agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree

9 9 Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly agree agree Strongly Strongly agree Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly

agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree

10 10 agree Strongly Strongly Strongly agree agree neutral agree Strongly agree Strongly Strongly Strongly

agree agree agree agree agree agree agree

11 11 agree neutral Strongly Strongly Strongly agree agree agree Strongly agree agree Strongly Strongly

agree agree agree agree agree agree

12 12 agree agree Strongly Strongly Strongly agree agree agree agree agree Strongly Strongly Strongly

agree agree agree agree agree agree

13 13 agree Strongly Strongly Strongly Strongly agree Strongly agree Strongly agree agree Strongly Strongly

agree agree agree agree agree agree agree agree

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14 14 agree agree agree Strongly neutral agree agree agree agree agree Strongly agree Strongly

agree agree agree

15 15 neutral agree agree Strongly neutral neutral Strongly neutral neutral neutral Strongly agree Strongly

agree agree agree agree

16 16 neutral Strongly agree Strongly neutral neutral agree neutral Strongly neutral agree agree Strongly

agree agree agree agree

17 17 agree Strongly agree Strongly neutral neutral Strongly agree agree agree agree agree Strongly

agree agree agree agree

18 18 agree agree agree Strongly agree neutral Strongly agree agree agree Strongly agree Strongly

agree agree agree agree

19 19 agree Strongly neutral agree Strongly neutral Strongly agree Strongly agree Strongly neutral agree

agree agree agree agree agree

20 20 neutral agree neutral agree disagree agree Strongly neutral agree neutral agree neutral agree

agree

21 21 neutral agree agree agree disagree agree agree neutral Strongly neutral agree agree agree

Disagree

22 22 neutral Strongly agree agree disagree agree Strongly neutral agree neutral Strongly agree agree

agree agree agree

23 23 neutral agree agree neutral Strongly neutral agree neutral Strongly neutral agree agree neutral

Disagree agree

24 24 neutral agree neutral neutral Strongly neutral agree neutral Strongly neutral Strongly neutral neutral

Disagree Disagree agree

25 25 neutral Strongly neutral neutral disagree neutral neutral neutral Strongly neutral Strongly neutral neutral

agree agree agree

26 26 neutral agree neutral neutral neutral neutral agree neutral agree neutral agree neutral neutral

27 27 neutral neutral neutral neutral neutral neutral agree neutral Strongly neutral agree neutral neutral

Disagree

28 28 neutral Strongly neutral agree neutral agree agree neutral agree neutral agree neutral agree

agree

29 29 neutral agree neutral Strongly neutral agree agree neutral agree neutral Strongly neutral Strongly

agree agree agree

59
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30 30 neutral agree neutral agree agree agree agree neutral Strongly neutral agree neutral agree

Disagree

Total N 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30

a. Limited to first 100 cases.

60