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RANDOM QUESTIONS ABOUT K TO 12 PROGRAM (Sources: DepEd Orders and

Government Websites)

(Ps: Ako lang po nag-construct ng questions kaya pasensya na kung may makita kayong
grammatical errors. Sana po makatulong sa ating lahat)

Feel free to share para marami po tayong pumasa ngayong September 30, 2018. In God’s will,
PAPASA TAYONG LAHAT. (CA***)

FEATURES OF K TO 12 CURRICULUM
1. Concerned with the optimum development of the Filipino child
A. Seamless
B. Relevant and responsive
C. Enriched
D. Learner-centered***
E. Decongested

2. Understanding mastery and removed unnecessarily repeated competencies


A. Seamless
B. Relevant and responsive
C. Enriched
D. Learner-centered
E. Decongested***

3. Transition between grade levels and continuum competencies through spiral progression
A. Seamless***
B. Relevant and responsive
C. Enriched
D. Learner-centered
E. Decongested
4. Caters on Filipino learners and needs of the community
A. Seamless
B. Relevant and responsive***
C. Enriched
D. Learner-centered
E. Decongested

5. Integrative, Inquiry-based, and constructive approach


A. Seamless
B. Relevant and responsive
C. Enriched***
D. Learner-centered
E. Decongested

ALTERNATIVE DELIVERY MODES


6. One teacher for 2 to 4 different grade levels in a single class
A. Multigrade Instruction***
B. Modified In School Off School Approach (MISOSA)
C. Instructional Management by Parents, Community, and Teachers (IMPACT)
D. Effective and Affordable Secondary Education (EASE)
E. Open High School Program (OHSP)

7. Given to high school students who incur long term absences or who are permanently unable to
attend school due to time, distance, or physical impairment.
A. Multigrade Instruction
B. Modified In School Off School Approach (MISOSA)
C. Instructional Management by Parents, Community, and Teachers (IMPACT)
D. Effective and Affordable Secondary Education (EASE)
E. Open High School Program (OHSP)***
8. Frees children from the four corners of classroom wherein a class is divided into two groups.
Group 1 goes to school and group 2 learns at home or vice versa.
A. Multigrade Instruction
B. Modified In School Off School Approach (MISOSA)***
C. Instructional Management by Parents, Community, and Teachers (IMPACT)
D. Effective and Affordable Secondary Education (EASE)
E. Open High School Program (OHSP)

9. This cater advanced students whose learning needs are not met by conventional learning
system.
A. Multigrade Instruction
B. Modified In School Off School Approach (MISOSA)
C. Instructional Management by Parents, Community, and Teachers (IMPACT)
D. Effective and Affordable Secondary Education (EASE)***
E. Open High School Program (OHSP)

10. This was developed by SEAMEO INNOTECH where parents, community and teachers
collaborate to address the large number of dropouts.
A. Multigrade Instruction
B. Modified In School Off School Approach (MISOSA)
C. Instructional Management by Parents, Community, and Teachers (IMPACT)***
D. Effective and Affordable Secondary Education (EASE)
E. Open High School Program (OHSP)

11. This refers to the customized course approved by CHED and PRC to deliver to Higher
Education Institutions (HEIs).
A. Revised Teacher Education Program
B. Accelerated Teacher Education Program***
C. Higher Education Training Program
D. Tertiary Teacher Education Program
12. The Learner Reference Number (LIS) is composed of how many digits?
A. 6
B. 8
C. 10
D. 12***

13. How about the School ID?


A. 6***
B. 8
C. 10
D. 12

14. This refers to the permanent record showing historical academic and co-curricular record of
students.
A. Form 137***
B. Form 138
C. School Form 1
D. School Form 2

15. This refers to the report card given every school year.
A. Form 137
B. Form 138***
C. School Form 1
D. School Form 2

16. This refers to a group of teachers and other personnel engaged in collaborative learning
session to solve shared challenges.
a. Learning Action Cell***
b. Teacher’s Quality Circle
c. Mentoring
d. Peer sessions

17. This refers to a set of knowledge, skills, and attitudes (KSA) required to carry out
successfully assigned roles, functions, and responsibilities in an organization.
a. Learning and Development System
b. School Based Management
c. Competency Standards***
d. Human Resource Development

18. This refers to the range of activities that cover Continuing Professional Development aimed
at improving individual and organizational productivity.
a. Learning and Development System
b. School Based Management
c. Competency Standards
d. Human Resource Development***

19. This refers to professional development activities shall be developed, managed, quality
assured, monitored and evaluated.
a. Learning and Development System***
b. School Based Management
c. Competency Standards
d. Human Resource Development

20. These are output-driven undertakings with specific calendar schedule and resource
assignment.
a. Learning Outcomes
b. Activities***
c. Learning Resources
d. School Projects
21. This refers to the inculcation of advanced KSV in post-licensure specialization for
professional practice.
a. Post-Graduate Studies
b. Professional Oath
c. Teacher Education Development Program
d. Continuing Professional Development***

22. Considers K to 12 Program as a flagship reform strategy


A. BESRA***
B. CHED
C. DepEd
D. TESDA

23. This assess grade 1 learners who may exhibit developmental advancement or delays.
A. Multi-factored Assessment Tool ***
B. School Readiness Test
C. Early Language, Literacy, and Numeracy Assessment
D. Developmentally Appropriate Practice

24. In SEC 2010, Math and Science are taught using what approach?
A. Discipline-based***
B. Spiral progression

25. The grading system used before the implementation of DepEd Order no. 8 series of 2015.
A. Knowledge, Process, Understanding, and Product/Performance (KPUP)***
B. Written Work, Performance Task, and Quarterly Assessment
C. Understanding by Design
D. OBE

26. This tool measures the readiness of kindergarten pupils upon entering Grade 1.
A. Kindergarten Catch-Up Education Program
B. Early Language, Literacy, and Numeracy Assessment
C. School Readiness Assessment Examination***
D. School Readiness Test

27. What school form is used by teachers to register the pupils/students in the Learner
Information System (LIS)?
A. SF 1***
B. SF 2
C. SF 3
D. SF 4

28. The following schools are the area of study of SEAMEO INNOTECH in the process of
reviewing the Philippine curriculum before the implementation of the K to 12 Program EXCEPT
A. Manila Science High School
B. Don Bosco Technical College
C. San Pedro Relocation Center National High School
D. Polytechnic University of the Philippines***

29. BESRA is composed of how many Key Reform Thrusts (KRTs)?


A. 3
B. 5***
C. 7
D. 9

30. This refers to the complete assessment in basic education to measure attainment in K to 12
program.
A. National Basic Education Competency Assessment (NBECA)***
B. End of Grade 12 Assessment
C. College Readiness Test
D. Exit Assessment

31. This is the official list of teacher applicants who obtained a score of 70 and above.
A. Learning Action Cell (LAC)
B. Registry of Qualified Applicants (RQA) ***
C. Key Result Areas (KRA)
D. Key Reform Thrust (KRT)

32. This refers to the unconditional means by which students learn in formal education.
A. Alternative Learning System
B. Alternative Delivery Mode***
C. Multigrade Instruction
D. Modified In School Off School Approach

33. Early Language, Literacy, and Numeracy Assessment is administered in what grade level?
A. Grade 1
B. Grade 3***
C. Grade 6, 10, and 12
D. Grade 9

34. This program in public schools aim to provide additional subject to Arabic Language and
Values Education
A. Madrasah Education
B. Arabic Emergent Reading
C. Arabic Language and Islamic Values Education (ALIVE)***
D. Language Enhancement and Pedagogy

35. In what grade are exploratory subjects taken in the subject TLE?
A. Grade 7 and 8***
B. Grade 8 and 9
C. Grade 9 and 10
D. Grade 11 and 12

36. K to 12 curriculum is to holistic development as BEC and SEC is to


a. Functional literacy***
b. Discipline-based
c. Core curriculum
d. Concept development

37. The MTB-MLE is composed of how many languages?


A. 10
B. 11
C. 12***
D. 13

38. Who was tasked to review the Philippine curriculum before the implementation of the K to
12 program?
A. DepEd
B. PRC
C. SEAMEO INNOTECH***
D. PAFTE

39. The following are curricular themes for Kindergarten in the K to 12 curriculum EXCEPT
a. Myself
b. My family
c. My friends***
d. My community

40. The math curriculum is composed of how many content areas?


A. 3
B. 4
C. 5***
D. 6

41. Assessment for Kindergarten


a. Numerical Grades
b. Letters
c. Checklist and Anecdotal record***
d. Anecdotal record

K TO 12 GRADING SYSTEM
42. How many percent is given to written work in Language, AP, and ESP for Grade 1-10?
a. 30%***
b. 40%
c. 20%
d. 50%

43. How many percent is given to written work in Math and Science for Grade 1-10?
a. 30%
b. 40%***
c. 20%
d. 50%

44. How many percent is given to written work in MAPEH, EPP, and TLE for Grade 1-10?
a. 30%
b. 40%
c. 20%***
d. 50%
45. How many percent is given to performance task in MAPEH, EPP, and TLE for Grade 1-10?
a. 40%
b. 50%
c. 60%***
d. 30%

46. How many percent is given to performance task in Math and Science for Grade 1-10?
a. 40%***
b. 50%
c. 60%
d. 30%

47. How many percent is given to performance task in Language, AP, and ESP for Grade 1-10?
a. 40%
b. 50%***
c. 60%
d. 30%

48. How many percent is given to quarterly assessment in all the subjects for Grade 1-10?
a. 10%
b. 20%***
c. 30%
d. 40%

49. How many percent is given to written work in all core subjects for Senior High School?
a. 10%
b. 25%***
c. 15%
d. 50%
50. How many percent is given to performance task in all core subjects for Senior High School?
a. 10%
b. 25%
c. 15%
d. 50%***

51. How many percent is given to quarterly assessment in all core subjects for Senior High
School?
a. 10%
b. 25%***
c. 15%
d. 50%

52. In what year was K to 12 offered to incoming grade 1 and grade 7?


a. 2011-2012
b. 2012-2013***
c. 2013-2014
d. 2016-2017

53. In what year did the government put infrastructure to provide Senior High School?
a. 2011-2012
b. 2012-2013
c. 2013-2014
d. 2016-2017***

54. If a student failed to pass 3 subjects, he/she will


a. retain in the same grade level***
b. take remedial classes
c. move to the next grade level
d. transfer to other school

55. If a student failed to pass 2 subjects, he/she will


a. retain in the same grade level
b. take remedial classes***
c. move to the next grade level
d. transfer to other school

55. If a student passed all the subjects, he/she will


a. retain in the same grade level
b. take remedial classes
c. move to the next grade level***
d. transfer to other school

56. What assessment is given to Grade 9 students to determine aptitude and occupational
interest?
a. Career Assessment***
b. Specialization Assessment
c. Exit Assessment
d. College Readiness Assessment

57. What assessment is given to Grade 6, 10, and 12 students before they can be promoted to the
next grade level?
a. Career Assessment
b. Specialization Assessment
c. Exit Assessment***
d. College Readiness Assessment

58. This refers to the subsidy given by the State to Grade 10 completers.
a. Educational Service Contracting Grant
b. Voucher Program***
c. Performance Based Incentive
d. SHS Scholarship

59. The contents of various learning areas in the Senior High School are based on what
standards?
a. Moving-Up Standards
b. College Readiness Standards***
c. Employment Readiness Standards
d. Higher Education Standards

60. What agency formulated the standards of the various learning areas in the Senior High
School?
a. PRC
b. CHED***
c. DepEd
d. TESDA

PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION
SUBCATEGORIES OF TEACHER MOVEMENT/MOVEMENT MANAGEMENT
1. THRUST – proceeding without assessing
2. DANGLING – hanging activity by giving another
3. TRUNCATION – leaves activity
4. FLIP-FLOP – returns to a left activity while currently
doing an activity
5. STIMULUS-BOUND – distracted
6. OVERDWELLING – overtime in one topic
7. OVERLAPPING – multitasking results negatively
ISM’s IN EDUCATION
BEHAVIORISM – change ESSENTIALISM – basic
EXISTENTIALISM – choice HUMANISM – build
IDEALISM – enough in mind PERRENIALISM – constant
PRAGMATISM - practice (T&E) PROGRESSIVISM – improve
REALISM – enough to see UTILITARIANISM - best
SOCIAL RECONSTRUCTIVISM – benefit of all
AIMS OF ERAS
PRE-SPANISH – survival and conformity
SPANISH – Christianity
AMERICAN – democratic ideals and way of life
COMMONWEALTH – moral character, efficiency
JAPANESE – progress
PROF. ED PROPONENTS
B.F. SKINNER – Operant Conditioning
BANDURA – Modeling
BANDURA & WALLACE – Social Learning
CARL JUNG – Psychological
CARL JUNG – Psychological
CONFICIUS – Education for all, Golden Rule
EDWARD THORNDIKE – Connectionism
ERICK ERIKSON – Psychosocial
IVAN PAVLOV – Classical Conditioning
JEAN PIAGET – Cognitive FROEBEL - Father of Kndrgrtn
PEZTALLOZI – realia, Froebel’s protégé
JEROME BRUNER – Instrumental Conceptualism
JOHN DEWEY – learning by doing
JOHN LOCKE – Tabula Rasa (blank sheet)
KOHLERS – Insight Learning
LAURENCE KOHLBERG – Moral Development
LEV VGOTSKY – Social Cognitivist, Scaffolding
SIGMUND FREUD – Psychosexual
WILLIAM SHELDON – Physiological
PRINCIPLES
HEDONISM – pleasure principle
DOUBLE EFFECT – sacrifice for the good or bad
FORMAL COOPERATION – cooperation with will
LESSER EVIL – choice of the less one from two bad things
MATERIAL COOPERATION – cooperation without will
FREUD’S PSYCHOSEXUAL/PSYCHOANALYTICAL THEORY
1. ORAL (0-1 yrs. old) – Infant
2. ANAL (1-3 yrs. old) – Toddler
3. PHALLIC – Preschool
4. LATENCY – School Age
5. GENITAL – Adolescense
OEDIPUS – son to mom ELECTRA – daughter to dad
LAWS IN EDUCATION
PRC BR 435 – Code of Ethics for Professional Teachers
PD 1006 – Decree Professionalizing Teachers
RA NO. 1425 – inclusion of the works of Jose Rizal
RA NO. 4670 – “Magna Carta for Public School Teacher”
RA 7722 – CHED
RA 7796 – “TESDA Act of 1994”
RA 7836 – Phil. Teachers Professionalization Act of 1994
RA 9155 – BEGA (Basic Educ.) or DepEd Law
RA 9293 – Teachers Professionalization Act
RA 10533 – K-12 Law
ACT NO. 2706 – “Private School Law”
COMMONWEALTH ACT NO. 578 – “persons in authority”
KAUTUSANG PANGKAGAWARAN BLG 7 - PILIPINO NatlLng
PROKLAMA BLG 12 - Linggo ng Wika (Balagtas,Mr29-Ap4)
PROKLAMA BLG. 186 – Linggo ng Wika (Quezon,Ag13-19)
PROKLAMA BLG. 1041 – Buwan ng Wika (Ramos)
PHIL. CONSTITUTION ACT 14 – ESTACS
RA 1079 – no limit of Civil Service eligibility
RA 6655 – “Free Public Secondary Educ. Act of 1988”
RA 6728 – “Act Providing Government Assistance to
Students and Teachers in Private Education
RA 7277 – Magna Carta for PWD
RA 7610 – Anti-Child Abuse Law (Amendment: RA 9231)
RA 7743 – establishment of public libraries
RA 7877 – “Anti Sexual Harassment Act of 1995”
RA 7880 – “Fair and Equitable Access to Education Act”
RA 8049 – Anti-Hazing Law
RA 8187 – Paternity Act
RA 10627 – Anti-Bullying
SB 1987 ART. 14 SEK. 6-9 – FILIPINO (National Language)
BRUNER’S THREE MODES OF REPRESENTATION
1. ENACTIVE (0-1 yrs. old) – action-based information
2. ICONIC (1-6 yrs. old) – image-based information
3. SYMBOLIC (7+) – code/symbols such as language
TAXONOMY OF OBJECTIVES
COGNITIVE:
BLOOM (LOTS) ANDERSON (HOTS)
o Knowledge
o Comprehension
o Application
o Analysis
o Synthesis
o Evaluation o Remembering
o Understanding
o Applying
o Analyzing
o Evaluating
o Creating
AFFECTIVE:
o Receiving
o Responding
o Valuing
o Organizing
o Characterization
PSYCHOMOTOR:
SIMPSON HARROW
o Perception
o Set
o Guided Response
o Mechanism
o Complex Overt Response
o Adaptation
o Origination o Reflex movement
o Fundamental Movement
o Physical Movement
o Perceptual Abilities
o Skilled Movements
o Non-discursive communication
DALES CONE OF EXPERIENCE
Read
Hear
Picture
Video
Exhibit
Demonstration
Collaborative Work
Simulation
Real thing
ERIKSON’S PSYCHOSOCIAL TASKS
1. TRUST VS. MISTRUST (0-12 months)
2. AUTONOMY VS. SHAME/DOUBT (1-3 years old)
3. INITIATIVE VS. GUILT (3-6 years old)
4. INDUSTRY VS. INFERIORITY (6-12 years old)
5. INDENTITY VS. ROLE CONFUSION (12-18 years old)
6. INTIMACY VS. ISOLATION (early 20s-early 40s
7. GENERATIVITY VS. STAGNATION (40s-mid 60s)
8. INTEGRITY VS. DESPAIR (mid 60s-death)
PIAGET’S COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT THEORY
1. SENSORY – senses
2. PRE-OPERATIONAL - imagination
3. CONCRETE 4. FORMAL
GENERATIONS OF COMPUTER
1. VACUUM TUBES (1940-1956)
2. TRANSISTORS (1956-1963)
3. INTEGRATED CIRCUITS (1964-1971)
4. MICROPROCESSORS (1971-present)
5. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (present-future)
MISTAKEN GOALS
1. ATTENTION SEEKER – “teacher, notice me”
2. REVENGE – “teacher, I am hurt”
3. POWER-SEEKING – “teacher, may I help?”
4. INADEQUACY – “teacher, don’t give up on me”
5. WITHDRAWAL – “teacher, please help me”
KOHLBERG’S THEORY OF MORAL DEVELOPMENT
LEVEL 1: PRE-CONVENTIONAL MORALITY
Stage 1: Obedience and Punishment Orientation
Stage 2: Individualism and Exchange
LEVEL 2: CONVENTIONAL MORALITY
Stage 3: Good Interpersonal Relationships
Stage 4: Maintaining the Social Order
LEVEL 3: POST-CONVENTIONAL MORALITY
Stage 5: Social Contract and Individual Rights
Stage 6: Universal Principles
CENTRAL TENDENCY -Central (middle location) Tendency
MEAN – Average MODE – most occurring
RANGE – highest score minus lowest score
LOW SD–Homogenous, scores near to mean(almost same)
HIGH SD – Heterogenous, scores far to mean (scattered)
DECILE – 10 grps (D1…D10) QUARTILE – 4 grps (Q1…Q4)
SUSPENSION – time REVOKATION – condition
DIFFICULTY INDEX
0-0.20 VERY DIFFICULT
0.21-0.40 DIFFICULT
0.41-0.60 MODERATELY DIFFICULT
0.61-0.80 EASY
0.81-1.00 VERY EASY
POSITIVELY SKEWED (LEFT FOOT)
- low scores, mean greater than mode
NEGATIVELY SKEWED (RIGHT FOOT)
- high scores, mean is lower than mode
HORN/HALO EFFECT
- overcoming other trait, either bad/good
GENERAL EDUCATION
FILIPINO/ENGLISH:
MGA TEORYA NG PINAGMULAN NG WIKA
1. BOW-WOW –kalikasan at hayop
2. DING-DONG – bagay
3. POOH-POOH – masidhing damdamin
4. YOHEHO – pwersang pisikal
FILIPINO POETS AND PEN NAMES
BENVENIDO SANTOS – American Culture Writings
DANIEL DEFOE – “Robinson Crusoen” (novel)
EDILBERTO TIEMPO – made “Cry Slaughter” that has been
translated many times
ERNEST HEMINGWAY – Ring Lardner Jr.
JOSE GARCIA VILLA – “Comma Poet”, Dove G. Lion
MIGUEL DE CERVANTES/ESCALANDE - Masterpiece is
“Don Quixote” that is most influential
NICK JOAQUIN – Quijano de Manila
– Spanish Culture Writing
PAZ MARQUEZ BENITEZ – made “Dead Stars” that is the 1st
modern English short story
SAMUEL LANGHORNE CLEMENS – Mark Twain
- “Adventures of Tom Sawyer”
- “Adventures of Huckleberry Finn” (best novel)
SINTAKS/SINTAKSIS/PALAUGNAYAN
- sangay ng barirala na tumatalakay sa masistemang pagkaka-ayus-ayos ng mga salita sa pagbuo
ng mga parirala at pangungusap
PEN NAMES OF FILIPINO PROTAGONISTS
ANDRES BONIFACIO – May Pag-asa, Agapito
Bagumbayan
ANTONIO LUNA – Taga-Ilog
EMILIO AGUINALDO - Magdalo
EMILIO JACINTO – Di Masilaw, Tingkian
GRACIANO LOPEQ JAENA – Diego Laura
JOSE MA. PANGANIBAN ¬– JoMaPa
JOSE RIZAL – Dimas alang, Laon laan
JUAN LUNA – Buan
MARCELO DEL PILAR – Plaridel, Dolores Manapat,
Piping Dilat
MARIANO PONCE – Tikbalang, Naning (Satanas),
Kalipulako
MGA URI NG PANGUNGUSAP
WALANG PAKSA:
1. EKSISTENSYAL – mayroong isa o higit pang tao
Halimbawa: Mayroon daw puno sa bakuran.
2. MODAL – nais/pwede/maari (Gusto ko matulog.)
3. PANLIPUNAN – pagbati, pagbigay galang atbp.
4. SAGOT LAMANG – “Talaga?”, “Oo”
5. SAMBITLA – masidhing damdamin (Aray!)
6. TEMPORAL – panandaliang kalagayan o panahon
KAYARIAN:
1. PAYAK – iisang kaisipan
2. TAMBALAN – dalawang sugnay na ‘di makapag-iisa
3. HUGNAYAN – madalas nagsisimula sa kung, dahil sa
4. LANGKAPAN – mahabang pangungusap
MGA URI NG KWENTO
1. PABULA (fable) – hayop
2. PARABULA (parable)– Bibliya
3. ANEKDOTA (anecdote) – tunay na buhay
4. MITOLOHIYA (myth) – diyos at diyosa (pinagmulan)
ASPEKTO NG PANDIWA (Verb)
1. PERPEKTIBO – tumakbo
2. IMPERPEKTIBO – tumatakbo
3. KONTEMPLATIBO – tatakbo
KAANTASAN NG PANG-URI (Adjective)
1. LANTAY – walang pinaghahambingan
2. PAHAMBING ¬– inihahalintulad
3. PASUKDOL – nangingibabaw (H: pinakamataas)
MGA URI NG TULA
1. PATULA (Moro-moro)
2. PASALAYSAY (Epiko, Awit, Korido)
MGA AWITING BAYAN
1. DALIT/HIMNO – pagsamba sa anito o pang-relihiyon
2. DIONA – kasal
3. DUNG-AW – patay (pagdadalamhati)
4. KALUSAN – paggawa
5. KUMINTANG – tagumpay (pandigma)
6. KUNDIMAN – pag-ibig
7. OYAYI – pagpapatulog ng bata
8. SOLIRANIN – pagsasagwan
9. TALINDAW – pamamangka
PAGBABAGONG MORPONEMIKO
1. ASIMILASYON – Parsyal (pangsukli), Ganap (panukli)
2. MAY ANGKOP – wikain mo – “kamo”
3. MAYSUDLONG/PAGDARAGDAG NG PONEMA
- muntik – muntikan, pagmuntikan, pagmuntikanan
4. METATESIS – linipad – nilipad
5. PAGKAKALTAS NG PONEMO – takipan – takpan
6. PAGLILIPAT-DIIN – laRUan (playground) - laruAN (toy)
7. PAGPAPALIT NG PONEMA – madapat – marapat
MGA URI NG PANGHALIP/PRONOUNS
1. PANAO/PERSONAL PRONOUN – ako/I etc.
2. PAMATLIG/DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUN – ito/this etc.
3. PANAKLAW/INDEFINITE P. - isa, all, anyone etc.
4. PATULAD – ganito, ganyan atbp.
5. PANANONG/INTERROGATIVE P. – sino, when etc.
6. PAMANGGIT/RELATIVE P. – daw, umano, which, who
MGA AKDANG NA MAY IMPUWENSYA SA MUNDO
AKLAT NG MGA ARAW – China (by Confucius)
AKLAT NG MGA PATAY – Egypt cults & myths (by Osiris)
AWIT NI ROLANDO-France (by Doce Pares, Roncesvalles)
BIBLIYA – Palestino at Greece
CANTEBURY TALES – America (by Chaucer)
DIVINE COMEDIA – Italy (by Dante)
EL CID COMPEADOR – katangian at history ng Spain
ILIAD o ODYSSEY – Myths of Greece made by Homer.
ISANG LIBO’T ISANG GABI – Ugali sa Arabia at Persia
KORAN – Arabia (Muslim Bible) MAHABRATA – India
UNCLE TOM’S CABIN – about slaves that becomes the basis of democracy. (by Harriet
Beecher Stowe of U.S.)
MGA URI NG PANITIKAN
1. TULUYAN – binubuo ng mga pangungusap
A. NOBELA – binubuo ng mga kabanata
B. DULA – pagtatanghal sa entablado
MGA DULANG PANLIBANGAN:
a. TIBAG – Sta. Elena
b. LAGAY – Pilarenos ng Sorsogon
c. PANUNULUYAN – pagtatanghal bago mag-alas dose (12PM) ng gabi ng kapaskuhan
d. PANUBOL – parangal sa may kaarawan
e. KARILYO – ala-puppet show
f. KURIDO – katapangan, kabayanihan, kababalaghan, pananampalataya
g. SARSUELA – musical tungkol sa pag-ibig, paghihiganti atbp. masisidhing damdamin
C. ALAMAT – pinagmulan
D. ANEKDOTA – ugali, may mabuting aral
2. PATULA - may sukat,pantig,tugma,taludtod,saknong
A. TULANG PASALAYSAY - mahahalagang tago o pangyayari sa buhay.
a. EPIKO – kabayanihan sa kababalaghan
o BIDASARI, PARANG SABIR – Moro
o BIAG NI LAM ANG – Iloko
o MARAGTAS, HARAYA, LAGDA AT HARI SA BUKID – Bisaya
o KUMINTANG – Tagalog
o DAGOY AT SUDSUD – Tagbanua
o TATUANG - Bagobo
b. AWIT o KORIDO - kaharian
c. TULA NG DAMDAMIN o LIRIKI – own feeling
MGA TULANG LIRIKO:
o AWITING BAYAN – kalungkutan
o ELEHIYA – yumao
o DALIT – pagpupuri sa Diyos
o PASTORAL – buhay sa bukid
o ODA – papuri
B. TULANG DULA O PANGTANGHALAN
a. KOMEDYA
b. MELODRAMA – musical
c. TRAHEDYA – death of main character
d. PARSA – mga pangyayaring nakakatawa
e. SAYNETE
-karaniwang pag-uugali ng tao/ pook
C. TULANG PATNIGAN
a. KARAGATAN – alamat ng singsing ng prinsesa na naihulog niya sa dagat sa hangaring
mapangasawa ang kasintahang mahirap.
b. DUPLO – paligsahan ng husay sa pagtula
c. BALAGTASAN – pumalit sa Duplo
FIGURES OF SPEECH/TAYUTAY
PAG-UUGNAY O PAGHAHAMBING:
1. SIMILE/PAGTUTULAD – mayroong pangatnig
2. METAPHOR/PAGWAWANGIS – walang pangatnig
3. ALUSYON – iba’t ibang aspekto ng buhay ng tao
4. METONYMY/PAGPAPALIT-TAWAG
5. SYNECDOCHE/SINEKDOKE – pagbanggit ng isa upang tukuyin ang kabuuan
Hal: Dalawang bibig ang umaasa kay Romeo.
PAGLALARAWAN:
6. HYPERBOLE/ PAGMAMALABIS o EKSAHERASYON
7. APOSTROPHE/PAGTAWAG – pakikipag-usap sa hindi buhay o malayong tao. Hal: Ulan,
tumigil ka na.
8. EXCLAMATION/PAGDARAMDAM – strong feeling.
9. PARADOX/PARADOKS -“malayo ma’y malapit pa rin”
10. OXYMORON/PAGTATAMBIS - paradox w/ extra words
PAGSASALIN NG KATANGIAN:
11. PERSONIFICATION/PAGSASATAO
PAGSASATUNOG:
12. ONOMATOPOEIA/PANGHIHIMIG – tunog ang paksa
13. ALLITERATION/PAG-UULIT – repetition of 1st letter in the 1st word. Ex: Dinggin mo ang
Diyos na Dinadakila
14. REPITASYON – repetition of phrase. Ex: Tama! Tama!...
IBA PANG TAYUTAY NA GAMIT SA TULA:
ALITERASYON – unang titik o pantig ay pare-pareho
ANADIPLOSIS – paggamit ng salita sa unahan at hulihan
EPIPORA – pag-uulit ng salita sa hulihan
PAG-UYAM – sarcasm
LITOTES – pagtanggi o pagkukunwari.
TALUDTOD – linya sa tula
UNFAMILIAR PARTS OF THE SPEECH
1. PREPOSITIONS-on, under, off, by, in near, for, to, since
2. CONJUNCTIONS (PANGATNIG)
- para/for, at/and, nor, or, pero/but, yet, so, ni, ngunit
3. INTERJECTION – with exclamation mark
PROPER SEQUENCE OF WORDS IN A SENTENCE
1. ARTICLES – a, an, the 2. OPINION 3. SIZE
4. AGE 5. SHAPE 6. COLOR
7. MATERIAL 8. PURPOSE
CLASSIFICATIONS OF POEM
1. BALLAD – narrative, less folk tale/legend, to be sung
2. BLACK VERSE – with meter but no rhyme
3. DRAMATIC MONOLOGUE – written in form of speech for individual character.
4. ELEGY –death of individual
5. EPIC – tells a story about heroic figure
6. EULOGY – message for the dead
7. FREE VERSE (vers libre) – without meter but with rhyme
8. HAIKU – Japanese poem about nature. 5, 7, 5 (3 lines and 17 syllables)
9. IDYLL (Idyl) – peaceful, idealized country scene
10. LYRICS - thoughts and feelings
11. NARRATIVE – tells story
12. ODE -typically serious/meditative nature, type of Lyric
13. PASTORAL –rural life in peaceful & romanticized way
14. SONNET – Lyric poem consists of 14 lines
15. TANKA – Japanese poem: 5 lines, 31 syllables
PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTIONS
BIAK NA BATO – pact, thought of 1st Republic.
- Spainards paid P200 000
1. MALOLOS CONSTITUTION – Apolinario Mabini
- rights of soldiers
- no Visayas yet in right of territories
2. 1935 CONSTITUTION – adapted from American Const.
3. 1943 CONSITUTION - Jose P. Laurel
- Japan invades but gave freedom for Phil. to rule.
4. 1937 CONSTITUTION – Ferdinand Marcos
- Martial Law – 60days max
- Nat’l Territory forced Kalayaan grp. of Islands & Saba
5. 1987 CONSTITUTION - 18 articles
- past chairwoman: Cecilla Muñoz Palma (Feb 2, 1987)
- Bill of Rights are for the criminals
JUS SANGUINI – blood JUS SOLI – place
SOME TYPES OF GOVERNMENTS
1. COMMUNIST – classless society
- State plans and controls economy
2. PARLIAMENTARY – majority of people voted
3. REPUBLICAN – power comes from people
PHILIPPINE PRESIDENTS
(AgQueLaOsRoQuiMagGarMaMarAquiRaEsArAquiDut)
ACTS
1. ASSOCIATION OF SE ASIAN NATIONS (ASEAN)
- Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, Brunei, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Indonesia, Vietnam,
Malaysia
2. BELL TRADE (PHILIPPINE TRADE ACT) – bet. Phil. & U.S.
3. KYOTO PROTOCOL (UNNCC)
- fight global warming decreasing green house gases
4. RIO DE JANEIRO CONVENTION
- environment and sustainable development
5. TEJEROS CONVENTION – election
- Bonifacio elected as Director Imperior
6. TREATY ON GENERAL RELATIONS
- recognition of U.S. to Philippine freedom
7. UNDERWORLD-SIMMONS ACT – full free foreign trade
8. PAYNE ALDRICH ACT – partial free foreign trade
MISSIONARIES AND EXPEDITIONS
1. AUGUSTINIAN – most intelligent
2. FRANCISCAN – sends medical aids
3. JESUITS
4. DOMINICANS – richest
5. RECOLECTS – most killed schools
MARTYR PRIESTS
1. BURGOS – youngest, mastermind of secularization
2. GOMEZ – Oldest, likes “sabong” and hid there
HOMO HABILIS – man of steel (bighead, uses muscle)
HOMO ERECTUS – man who discovered fire & clothes
HOMO SAPIENS – thinking man (can produce materials)
UNFAMILIAR BRANCHES OF BIOLOGY
ANATOMY – inner organs ENTOMOLOGY – insects
BIOCHEMISTRY – chemical patterns of animals
ECOLOGY – living things bet. Each other in environment
EMBRYOLOGY – developmental patterns fr. zygote-birth
GENETICS – heredity MYCOLOGY – fungi
HERPETOLOGY – reptiles and amphibians
HISTOLOGY – plant and animal tissues
MORPHOLOGY – phenotype (appearance)
ORNITHOLOGY – birds PARASITOLOGY – parasites
PALEONTOLOGY – fossils of animals and plants
PHYSIOLOGY – function of tissue, organ & system
TAXONOMY – classification of living organisms
SCIENCE PROPONENTS
CAROLUS LINNAEUS – Father of Taxonomy
ROBERT HOOKE – termed “cells” (cellulae)
ANTON VAN LEUWENHOEK – 1st person to observe microscopic organisms (animal cule)
ROBERT BROWN – discovered Nucleus
MATTHIAS SCHIEDEN (Botanist) & THEODORE (Zoologist)
- found all plants consist of cells
RUDOLF VIRCHOW – proposed cells come fr. existing cells
EARTH’S SPHERES
ATMOSPHERE – gaseous sphere protection from meteors
Divided into five:
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Mesosphere
Thermosphere
Exosphere
HYDROSPHERE – water
LITHOSPHERE – oceanic and continental crust
BIOSPHERE – all life forms in Earth
CRYOSPHERE – ice ANTHROSPHERE – ancestors
PLANETS AND THEIR SEQUENCE
1. SUN – 99.86% of Solar System
- believed was formed 4.6 billion years ago
- Responsible for weather and climate
2. MERCURY – named after Roman God
- no satellite and atmosphere
- discovered by Mariner Ten
3. VENUS – Goddess of Love and Beauty (Mariner 2)
- Perfect sphere, sister planet of Earth
4. EARTH
5. MARS – God of War, red planet (Mariner 9)
6. JUPITER -Gas Giant, fastest rotating planet (10hrs less)
- has Great Red Spot: huge storm for 350yrs
7. SATURN – God of Agriculture (chunks of rocks)
- made mostly of hydrogen
8. URANUS – Frederick William Herscel
- Sky & Ice Giant, 3rd largest planet

“I CAN DO ALL THINGS THROUGH CHRIST WHO GIVES ME STRENGTH”


- Philippians 4:13

-repost

ISMS KEYWORDS

Do not limit your ideas of isms on keywords only. READ MORE

IDEALISM
-by Plato
-ideas
-mind only
-independent from the material world
-innate
-values

REALISM
-by Aristotle
-independent on human mind
-external world
-world of physical objects
-objective (evidences)
-action/application to the real world

EMPIRICISM
-by John Locke
-senses (use of senses, sense-based experience)
-is similar with realism

EXISTENTIALISM
-by Soreen Kierkegaard
-lies within the individual (subjective)
-choice and respomsibility
-unique individuals
-freedom

ESSENTIALISM
-by William Bagley
-basics (3Rs/4Rs)
-subject matter
-authority
PERRENIALISM
-by Robert Hutchins
-challenged people over the centuries
-classical tradition
-great books
-eternal truth
-humanities
-critical thinking
-constant and universal

PRAGMATISM (mother of progressivism)


-by Charles Sanders Pierce
-consequence of its test
-change
-experimental method
-practicality

PROGRESSIVISM
-John Dewey
-whole child
-problem solver
-active interplay
-learning by doing
-child centered

BEHAVIORISM
-John Watson
-stimuli
-environment
-arrangement of conditions of learning
-rewards and reinforcement

RECONSTRUCTIVISM
-by George Counts and Harold Rogg
-society
-become involved in the problems whether political, social or economical
-reconstruct society

HEDONISM
-pleasure is the only good thing to the person
UTILATARIAN
-useful

EPICUREANISM
-simple moderate life
-pleasure is attainable by reason

STOICISM
-if there are difficulties and adversities, you have to patiently accept them and
endure them.

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#plsfollowme
#renros

REVIEW Notes
FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

● John Locke was an English philosopher and physician "Father of Liberalism" ; to form
character (mental, physical, and moral) ; Education as Training of the mind/Formal discipline ;
Notable ideas - "Tabula rasa"

● Francis Bacon was an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator and author.
"Father of scientific method" "Father of empiricism"

● Jean Jacques Rousseau was a Francophone Genevan philosopher, writer and composer of the
18th century."Hollistic education"(physical,moral, intellectual)
Notable ideas - moral simplicity of humanity; child centered learning; Famous novel: "Emile" or
On Education; Human Development

● Edgar Dale was an American educator who developed the "Cone of Experience"
aka "Father of Modern Media in Education"

● Erik Erikson was a German-born American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst


known for his theory on "psychosocial development" of human beings.

● Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi was a swiss pedagogue and educational reformer who
exemplified Romanticism in his approach. "Social regeneration of humanity" Notable ideas:
"Four-sphere concept of life" his motto was " Learning by head, hand and heart"

● Friedrich Frobel was a German pedagogue a student of Pestalozzi who laid the "foundation
of modern education" based on the recognition that children have unique needs and capabilities.
"Father of kindergarten"

● Johann Herbart was a German philosopher, psychologist and founder of pedagogy as an


academic discipline. ;

● Edward Lee Thorndike was an American psychologist ; " Father of Modern educational
psychology; connectionism; law of effect. ; "Realize the fullest satisfaction of human wants"
PHILOSOPHICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

● IDEALISM Plato (own ideas) nothing exist except in the mind of a man/ what we want the
world to be

● REALISM Aristotle;Herbart; Comenius; Pestalozzi; Montessori; Hobbes; Bacon; Locke


▶ (experience) fully mastery of knowledge

● BEHAVIORISM always guided by standards/by procedure; purpose is to modify the


behavior

● EXISTENTIALISM Kierkegaard; Sartre; "Man shapes his being as he lives"


▶ Focuses on self/individual

● PRAGMATISM/EXPERIMENTALISM William James; John Dewey - learn from


experiences through interaction to the environment
▶ Emphasizes the needs and interests of the children

● PERENNIALISM Robert Hutchins


▶ focuses on unchanging/universal truths

● ESSENTIALISM William Bagley - teaching the basic/essential knowledge


▶ Focuses on basic skills and knowledge

● PROGRESSIVISM Dewey/Pestalozzi (process of development)


▶ focuses on the whole child and the cultivation of individuality

● CONSTRUCTIVISM Jean Piaget


▶ Focused on how humans make meaning in relation to the interaction b/w their experiences and
their ideas. Nature of knowledge w/c represents an epistemological stance.
● SOCIAL RECONSTRUCTIONISM George Counts - recognized that education was the
means of preparing people for creating his new social order
▶ highlights social reform as the aim of education

➡ACCULTURATION - learning other culture; the passing of customs, beliefs and tradition
through interaction and reading.

➡ENCULTURATION - the passing of group's custom, beliefs and traditions from one
generation to the next generation

➡Convergent questions - are those that typically have one correct answer.

➡Divergent questions - also called open-ended questions are used to encourage many answers
and generate greater participation of students. Higher order thinking skills; to think more
creatively.

➡90 days - enrolled bills becomes a law


➡30 days - "lapse"

PRINCIPLES & THEORIES OF LEARNING & MOTIVATION

● Psychosexual Theory/Psychoanalysis - Sigmund Freud


● Psychosocial Theory - Erik Erikson's Theory of Personality
● Ecological Theory - Eric Brofenbrenner's Theory of Development
● Sociohistoric Cognitive Linguistic Theory - Lev Semanovich Vygotsky
● Cognitive Development - Jean Piaget; John Dewey; Jerome Brunner
● Phenomenology - Abraham Maslow; Carl Rogers; Louis Raths
● Behaviorism - Edward Thorndike; Ivan Pavlov; Burrhus Frederick Skinner
● Moral Development - Lawrence Kohlberg
● Ivan Pavlov - classical conditioning
● Edward Thorndike - connectionism
● B.F. Skinner - operant conditioning & reinforcement
● Albert Bandura - "bobo doll" experiment; modelling; self eficacy
● David Ausubel - Meaningful Reception Theory
● Jerome Bruner - Discovery Learning Theory/Inquiry method
● Wolfgang Kohler's - Insight Learning Problem
● Richard Atkinson & Richard Shiffrin's - Information Processing Theory
● Robert Gagne's - Cumulative Learning Theory
● Howard Gardner - Multiple Intelligence
● Kurt Lewin's - Field Theory/ his concept of life space
● Brofenbrenner's - Ecological System Theory
● Lev Vygotsky - Social Constructivism; Zond of Proximal Development (ZPD) * gap b/w
actual and potential development
● Hilda Taba - Grassroots Approach
● Max Wertheimer - Gestalt Psychology
● Wilhelm Wundt - "Father of Modern Psychology"
● William James - wrote the "Principles of psychology"/ consciousness
● hypothalamus - brain's stress center
● Abraham Maslow - physiological needs; "Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs" ; safety&security;
love & belongingness; self-esteem; self-actualization
● John B. Watson - (behaviorist approach) an American psychologist who established the
psychological school of behaviorism.

FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE

● Metaphor - is a comparison made b/w things w/c are essentially not alike.
Ex: "Nobody invites Edward to parties because He is a wet blanket"

● Simile - is like a metaphor and often uses the words "like" or "as"
Ex: "Jamie runs as fast as the wind"
● Personification - when something that is not human is given human-like qualities, this is
known as personification.
Ex: " The leaves danced in the wind on the cold October afternoon"

● Hyperbole - exaggerating, often in a humorous way to make a particular point is known as


hyperbole.
Ex: "My eyes widened at the sight of the mile-high ice cream cones we we're having for dessert"

● Onomatopoeia - when you name an action by imitating the sound associated with it.
Ex: "The bees buzz angrily when their hive is disturbed"

● Idiom - an idiom is an expression used by a particular group of people with a meaning that is
only known through common use.
Ex: "I'm just waiting for him to kick the bucket."

● Synecdoche - a synecdoche is a figure of speech using a word/words that are a part to represent
a whole.
Ex: referring to credit cards as "plastic" is a synecdoche

● Assonance - when you repeat a vowel sound in a phrase, it is an assonance.


Ex: "It's true, I do like Sue."

● Metonymy - a metonymy is a figure of speech where one thing is replaced w/a word that is
closely associated with it such as using "Washington" to refer to the United States

REPUBLIC ACTS

● RA #⃣7836 - Philippine Teacher Professionalization Act of 1994


● RA #⃣7796 - TESDA Act of 1994
● Article XIV 1987 Philippine Constitution (Educ.Sci & Tech,Arts,Culture& Sports) this is the
very fundamental legal basis of education in thr philippines.
● Education Act of 1982 (Batas Pambansa 232, Sept 11,1982) an Act providing for the
Establishment & Maintenance of an Integrated System of Education
● RA #⃣4670 - Magna Carta for Public School Teachers (June 18,1966)
● RA #⃣6713 - Code of Conduct & Ethical Standards For Public Officials and Employees
● RA #⃣7877 - Anti-sexual Harrassment Act of 1995
● RA #⃣9155 - Decentralization; Legal basis of Shared Governance in Basic Education
● RA #⃣7784 - Establishment of Center of Excellence
● K-12 Curriculum - Enhanced Basic Education Curriculum
● RA #⃣90210 - "An Act to Integrate Information Teachnology into the Public Elementary &
Secondary Curricula & Appropriating funds
● RA #⃣10121 - DRMM approval headed by OCO office of Civil defense May 2010

LITERATURE

● Folklore - traditionally derived and orally transmitted literature


● Folktales - reflect the people's beliefs handed down from generation to generation by word of
mouth
● Epilogue - conclusion or final part of non-dramatic literary work
● Genre - distinctive type of literary composition such as epic, tragedy, comedy & novel
● "Quo Vadis" - means "where are you going"
● hieroglyphics - oldest forn of egyptian writing
● Allegory - narrative whose meaning is beneath the surface
● Elegy - a meditated poem of grief
● Sonnet - verse w/14 iambic pentameter lines
● Epic - long poem w/c depicts the adventure of a great hero who reveals his country's
aspirations; narrates heroic deeds and supernatural happenings w/local actor in w/c people
sing/chant
● Soliloquy - speech made by a person who reveals his thoughts
● Manuel Arcilla - "How my brother Leon brought home a wife"
● Washington Irving - "The Legend of a Sleepy Hollow"
● Fall of the house of usher - hypochondriac living in morbid fear
● Cyrano de Bergerac - poet & soldier noted for his Peculiar nose
● "The Illiad of Homer" - great epic poem whose plot centers around the anger & wrath of
Achilles against agamemnon
● "The Bells" - "If eyes are made for seeing, then beauty is its own excuse for being"
● Cacophony - literary term w/c means harsh & discordant sounds introduced for poetic effect
● George Bernard Shaw - know for his excellence of characterization, swiftness of narrative &
clarity of style.
● Edgar Allan Poe - greatest American writer of horror and detective stories
● Rabindranath Tagore - best known for his collection of poems called Gitanjali/song offerings
● Robert Frost - ranked as one of the best modern American poets.
● Geoffrey Chaucer - Morning Star of English Literature
● Mark Twain - "Samuel Clemens"
● Harriet Stowe - "Uncle Tom's Cabin"
● Charles Darwin - Origin of species
● Lazlo Biro - invented the ball point pen
● Harry Potter - epic kind of story

VOCABULARY

Emulate 〰imitate
Vouchsafe 〰 grant
Abeyance 〰suspended
Denigrate 〰malign
Furtive 〰 sneaky
Remonstrate 〰protest
Corroborate 〰confirm
Gullible〰easily deceived
Germane〰relevant
Plebeian〰common
Vulpine〰cunning
Spendthrift〰spender
Impolitic〰unwise
Terse〰concise
Parsimonious〰stingy
Stupefy〰make numb
Pariah〰outcast
Wizened〰shrivelled
Dubious〰doubtful
Incriminates〰accuse
Frivolous〰worthless
Susceptible〰inclined
Impertinent〰irrelevant
Ostracized 〰excluded
Conglomeration〰diffusion
Cacophonous〰loud and unpleasant
Carnal〰worldly
Aplomb〰composure
Candor 〰honesty
Contemptuous 〰 scornful
Feeble 〰weak
Inevitable 〰certain

FILIPINO

● Ang panubong - handog sa dalagang may kaarawan (koronang bulaklak)


● Florante at Laura - (awit) "katiwalian ng mga kastila"
● Jose dela Cruz - tungkod ng tulang tagalog
● Noli Me Tangere - (Rizal) suliraning panlipunan ng bayan
● "Doktrina Kristiyana" - Fr. Domingo de Nieva unang aklat na nalimbag sa pilipinas
● Severino Reyes - Ama ng dulaang tagalog
● Juan Luna - La Spolarium
● "Alim" - pinakamatandang epiko ng pilipinas
● Jose Palma - naglikha ng "Himno Nacional Filipino"
● Liwayway - nabigyan ng pagpapahalaga ang sariling wika
● Lope K.Santos - "Ama ng balarila ng pilipino"
● Andres Bonifacio - "anak bayan"
● Pupdok/Kinting kulirat - hindi kailanman ginamit ni Marcelo del Pilar
● Teodoro Agoncillo - isang kilalang manunulat ng kasaysayan
● Manuel Quezon - Ama ng Wikang Pambansa
● Constancio de Guzman - lumikha ng awit na "Ang Bayan Ko"
● Pascual Poblete - Ama ng pahayagang tagalog

FEW TIPS ON HOW TO PASS THE BOARD EXAM

Do not change your answers. UNLESS you are very uncertain about your first answer. Kung
sure na sure kayo na nabasa nyo o nareview tlga ung tanong na un why not baguhin nyo pero
sabi ng nagbriefing sa amin "YOUR FIRST ANSWER CHOICE" USUALLY TAMA.

Make the most intelligent guess you can kung di nyo tlga alam ung tanong.

Find KEY WORDS or phrases in the question that will help you choose the correct answer.

Make sure you understand what the question is asking.

Watch out for these words: (first,primary,initial,early,best,most/least,most


important,priority,except)

⛔LONG TIME PREPARATION - need po paghandaan ang board exam, malayo pa magreview
na or magbasa basa ng notebooks or mga xerox noong college, kung super bc yung simpleng
pagbasa ng 1-2 pages sa isang araw makakatulong un :)
⛔REVIEW CENTERS(RECOMMENDED) - kung kaya nmn ng budget nyo maghanap kayo ng
reviewcenter sa lugar nyo kasi iba din po ung weekly may nagtuturo, at merong handouts silang
bnibigay na makakatulong sa pagrereview ninyo. Meron rn libreng mga reviewcenter na
pinapatupad ng gobyerno sa ibang lugar tulad dto samin maging resourceful po kayo. Kung di
kaya ng budget ok lang naman mag self review

⛔BE RESOURCEFUL(WAG MAHIHIYANG MAGHANAP) - maghanap kayo ng maraming


reviewers , books, or mga xerox copies sa mga kakilala wag mahihiyang maghanap Mas
maraming mababasa, mas marami matututunan nyo malaki pa chance mo makapasa kasi mrami
ka alam.

⛔PRAY (WAG MASASAWANG MAGDASAL)


Wag kalimutan magdasal dahil lagi nanjan ang Diyos para satin, wag sabihin sakanya na sana
makapasa kayo , but instead " Bigyan nyo po ako ng linaw ng pag iisip upang maunawaan ko
lahat ng tanong sa exam upang makuha ko ang tamang sagot at matapos ko ito sa takdang oras"

⛔THINK POSITIVE/POSITIVE MINDSET


wag kayo mawalan ng pag asa lalo na sa repeaters tandaan nyo lang po to
" WINNERS NEVER QUIT, AND QUITTERS NEVER WIN" kailangan lakasan nyo loob nyo
mahal tayo ng Diyos hndi nya tayo papabayaan

⛔GOOD LIFESTYLE (BE HEALTHY & SMART)


wag pabayaan ang sarili, kung hndi kakain sa tamang oras, balewala ung pag aaral ninyo, kumain
muna bago mag aral at matulog ng maaga, Kumain lagi ng maraming prutas at gulay esp nuts
and dark chocolate recommended ko yan pampatalas ng isip.

PS: IWASAN ang junk foods nakakatuyo po ng utak yun hndi kayo makakafocus mag aral

⛔MAGREVIEW NG MAGREVIEW NG MAGREVIEW - wag po susuko, may awa ang Diyos


basta mag effort lang tayo, "PAG GUSTO LAGING MAY PARAAN PAG AYAW LAGING
MAY DAHILAN."
" PAG MAY TYAGA MAY NILAGA" Pag desidido at matyaga kayo, makakaya nyo yan, lahat
naman ng bagay dinadaan sa TIYAGA , right po? Para hndi maistress, relax lang chill lang
ienjoy nyo lang ang pagrereview,
IT TAKES A LOT OF EFFORT, PERSEVERANCE and TIME. Lagi natin isipin na kaya natin.

✔ANOTHER TIPS PO TO BUT THIS IS EXCEPTIONAL Depende sainyo kung gagawin nyo
to or hndi pero ako ginawa ko to lahat naniniwala kasi kami sa pamahiin. Wala naman
mawawala kung gagawin right ?

GO TO CHURCH †(few days before exam)


Una, few days before the exam , dalhin lahat ng gagamitin sa exam like
pencils,envelopes,calculators etc sa church at after ng mass ipabless o pababasbasan sa pari ung
mga gagamitin sa exam day (for catholics only po to)

❌BAWAL MAGPAGUPIT NG BUHOK ✂(few months before exam)


Wag mag gupit or wag magpagupit ng buhok girls/boys habang naghhntay ng big day until
examination day why? Kasi mawawala daw ung mga pinag aralan mo kasi connected daw po un
sa utak pero after exam day pde na magpagupit :)

WEAR SOMETHING RED (during exam day)


Pdeng red ponytail, red na panyo, red bracelet, socks, basta anthing na kulay red, lucky color
daw po kasi ang red and fighting color rin ang red

RIGHT FOOT FIRST


Bago ka maghanap ng seat # Kanan na paa daw po unang ihahakbang papasok sa mismong room
kung saan ka mag eexam. At pagkapasok mo sa room upuan mo agad ung mismong upuan mo
after makita ung seat # mo

(During examination day) Bring 2 pencils (para hndi hassle putulin na ung isa sa bahay bago
exam day) Bago lumabas ng room, icheck lahat ng gamit kung nsa bag na then after mo maipasa
answer sheet, idonate sa watcher ung ginamit mong lapis,(ung hndi putol ang idonate)ruler,eraser
etc

⚠ tapos sipain ng mahina ung mismong inupuan mo pag exam sabay labas ng room diretso
palabas ng campus Wag ng tumigin ulit pabalik sa room na pinag examan mo, why? Para hndi ka
na daw bumalik ulit sa rum na yun kasi papasa kna.
✏tapos ung isang extrang lapis na putol na, itapon mo naman sa madadaanan na trashcan sa loob
ng campus.

During exam day, wag kalimutan magdasal syempre bago magsagot then maglagay ng coin/s sa
right pocket and rosary (for catholics) naman sa kaliwang part pampaswerte daw po yun.

PINAKABEST SA LAHAT AY MAG ARAL PA RIN PO :) "NASA DIYOS ANG AWA,


NASA TAO ANG GAWA" hndi kayo magsisisi basta tyaga lang po kayo
magreview, wag kayo mag alala kasi..

KAYO NAMAN ANG SUSUNOD NA PAPASA☺

#plsfollowmypost
#plsfollowme
#renros
#Ctto

The 7 Domains collectively comprise 37 strands that refer to more specific dimensions of teacher
practices.

Domain 1, Content Knowledge and Pedagogy, is composed of seven strands:

Content knowledge and its application within and across curriculum areas

Research-based knowledge and principles of teaching and learning

Positive use of ICT

Strategies for promoting literacy and numeracy

Strategies for developing critical and creative thinking, as well as other higher-order thinking skills

Mother Tongue, Filipino and English in teaching and learning

Classroom communication strategies

Domain 2, Learning Environment, consists of six strands:

Learner safety and security


Fair learning environment

Management of classroom structure and activities

Support for learner participation

Promotion of purposive learning

Management of learner behavior

Domain 3, Diversity of Learners, consists of five strands:

Learners’ gender, needs, strengths, interests and experiences

Learners’ linguistic, cultural, socio-economic and religious backgrounds

Learners with disabilities, giftedness and talents

Learners in difficult circumstances

Learners from indigenous groups

Domain 4, Curriculum and Planning, includes five strands:

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Planning and management of teaching and learning process

Learning outcomes aligned with learning competencies

Relevance and responsiveness of learning programs

Professional collaboration to enrich teaching practice

Teaching and learning resources including ICT

Domain 5, Assessment and Reporting, is composed of five strands:

Design, selection, organization and utilization of assessment strategies

Monitoring and evaluation of learner progress and achievement

Feedback to improve learning

Communication of learner needs, progress and achievement to key stakeholders

Use of assessment data to enhance teaching and learning practices and programs

Domain 6, Community Linkages and Professional Engagement, consists of four strands:

Establishment of learning environments that are responsive to community contexts

Engagement of parents and the wider school community in the educative process

Professional ethics

School policies and procedures

Domain 7, Personal Growth and Professional Development, contains five strands:

Philosophy of teaching

Dignity of teaching as a profession

Professional links with colleagues

Professional reflection and learning to improve practice

Professional development goals

Career stages

Teacher professional development happens in a continuum from beginning


Mr.Jhoe jhoe Binoy, a private high school teacher is being hired by a certain senatorial candidate to
serve as one of the UNA Party poll watchers for the 2016 elections. Is this allowed? A. Yes, it is one his
rights as a Filipino citizen to support a political party that he wants. B. No, unless his principal allows him
to do so. C. Yes, he is a private school teacher, not a public school teacher. D. No, it is not
allowed regardless if he is a public or private school teacher. Answer: D. According to Article II, Section 5
of the Code of Ethics for Professional Teachers, a teacher shall not engage in the promotion of any
political, religious, or other partisan interest, and shall not, directly or indirectly, solicit, require, collect,
or receive any money or service or other valuable material from any person or entity for such purposes.
This applies to all public and private school teachers, from preschool up to high school, on full-time or
part-time basis. 2. What is the most accurate definition of puberty stage? a. Rapid physical growth that
occurs during adolescence b. Stage when sexual maturation is attained. c. Rapid physical growth and
sexual maturation that ends childhood d. Stage when adolescents establish identifies separate from
their parents. Answer: C 3. Which theory operates on the "stimulus-response principle", which means
all behaviors are caused by external stimuli? a. Contextual theory b. Behaviorist theory c. Cognitive
theory d. Constructivist theory Answer: B Contextual learning is based on a constructivist theory of
teaching and learning. Learning takes place when teachers are able to present information in a way that
students are able to construct meaning based on their own experiences. Cognitive theory is an approach
to psychology that attempts to explain human behavior by understanding your thought processes. 4.
Deped’s “A Child and Community-Centered Education System (ACCES)” describes the learner-centered
education that teachers ought to provide. Which one does NOT describe learner-centered? a.
Culture-responsive b. Ethnocentric c. Environmentally-safe d. Culture-sensitive 5. Who is a
global teacher? a. A graduate of a degree in a university outside the country b. Competent in
the use of information and communication technology c. Able to teach learners from diverse
groups and cultures d. Knows how to speak different foreign languages • CA is C. A global teacher
is an educator that incorporates various global issues into their curriculum including multiculturalism,
economic, environmental and social issues 6. RA 8545 otherwise known as the ‘Expanded Government
Assistance to Students and Teachers in Private Education Act.’ aims to promote ____. a. Quality
education b. Accessible education to all Filipino citizens and foreigners who have resided in the
Philippines c. Quality education Accessible to all Filipino citizens only d. Sustainable education
7. Which of the following is an Alternative Delivery Mode (ADM) in the secondary level? a. Modified In-
School, Off-School Approach (MISOSA) b. o Enhanced Instructional Management by Parents,
Community and Teachers (e-IMPACT) c. o Multigrade Program in Philippine Education (MPPE) d. o
Dropout Reduction Program (DORP) 8.. Which is TRUE of Open High School Program? a.
recommend for “Students At Risk of Dropping Out’ who permanently cannot attend regular classes b.
falls under the ALS c. Falls under the informal system d. open to all students who are interested CA.A •
OHSP is an acronym for Open High School Program. It is an alternative mode of formal
secondary education program run by the Bureau of Secondary Education (BSE) of the Department of
Education (DepEd) of the Republic of the Philippines. is a distance learning program for high school
students who are unable to attend regular classes due to physical, economic and geographical
limitations. A part of the Drop Out Reduction Program (DORP) of the Department of Education and
funded by the Asian Development Bank, the OHSP was first started in 1998 and is now offered by an
increasing number of public schools across the country. 9.. Is an alien qualified to take LET? a. yes,
provided his country has reciprocity with the Philippines in the practice of the teaching profession b.
yes, provided he is an education graduate c. no, because he is not a Fil citizen d. no, he is not a natural
born Filipino citizen 10. can a licensed professional teacher teach after continuous 5 years of not
practicing the profession? a. yes b. no, unless he has earned 12 units of refresher course in education c.
that depends on LET rating d. That depends on GPA in college CA B…RA 9293