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HPP - digester steam line

Pressure Loss Calculator - Version 1612.06.16.30


8 Jun 2019, 8:04 PM
Calculation Reference - 00001 - PLC - 25/2019
Registered User - Leonine International

Site Location ,,
Fluid type Steam
Pressure 1380 kPa abs 200.2 psia
Temperature 194.4 °C 381.9 °F
Atmospheric Pressure 85 kPa 12.3 psi
Gauge Pressure 1295 kPag 187.8 psig

Input data
Effective
Item Line tag/identification Fitting type Mass flow Size Elevation Quantity No: of pipe
length
[pph] Inch [ft] Diameters [ft]
1 Pipe- Carbon steel 34,453 4 0 29.5ft 1 29.500
2 Bend r/D=4.0 34,453 4 0 1 14 4.600
3 Pipe- Carbon steel 34,453 6 0 492.1ft 1 492.100
4 Straight Globe- 50% 34,453 3 0 1 1 0.300
5 Bend LR r/D=2.0 34,453 6 0 5 1 2.500
6 Pipe- Carbon steel 34,453 6 0 32.8ft 1 32.800
7 Pipe- Carbon steel 84,410 10 0 105.0ft 1 105.000
8 Bend LR r/D=2.0 84,410 10 0 4 1 3.300
9 L-001 Straight globe valve- open 22,050 8 0 1 330 216.500
10 L-001 Pipe- Carbon steel 22,050 8 0 3.3ft 1 3.300
11 L-001 Pipe- Carbon steel 22,050 8 0 32.8ft 1 32.800
12 L-001 Pipe- Carbon steel 22,050 8 0 32.8ft 1 32.800
13 L-001 Pipe- Carbon steel 22,050 8 0 32.8ft 1 32.800
14 L-001 Pipe- Carbon steel 22,050 8 0 32.8ft 1 32.800
15 L-001 Pipe- Carbon steel 22,050 8 0 32.8ft 1 32.800
16 L-001 Pipe- Carbon steel 22,050 8 0 32.8ft 1 32.800
17 L-001 Pipe- Carbon steel 22,050 8 0 32.8ft 1 32.800
Effective
Item Line tag/identification Fitting type Mass flow Size Elevation Quantity No: of pipe
length
[pph] Inch [ft] Diameters [ft]
18 L-001 Pipe- Carbon steel 22,050 8 0 32.8ft 1 32.800
19 L-001 Pipe- Carbon steel 22,050 8 0 32.8ft 1 32.800
20 L-001 Pipe- Carbon steel 22,050 8 0 32.8ft 1 32.800
21 L-001 Pipe- Carbon steel 22,050 8 0 32.8ft 1 32.800
22 L-001 Pipe- Carbon steel 22,050 8 0 32.8ft 1 32.800
23 L-001 Pipe- Carbon steel 22,050 8 0 32.8ft 1 32.800
HPP - digester steam line
Pressure Loss Calculator - Version 1612.06.16.30
8 Jun 2019, 8:04 PM
Calculation Reference - 00001 - PLC - 25/2019
Registered User - Leonine International

Site Location ,,
Fluid type Steam
Pressure 1380 kPa abs 200.2 psia
Temperature 194.4 °C 381.9 °F
Atmospheric Pressure 85 kPa 12.3 psi
Gauge Pressure 1295 kPag 187.8 psig

Results
Volume Pressure Exit Exit Percentage
Item Size - Fitting Flow Velocity Drop Pressure Pressure DP
Inch acfm ft/s psi psi a psi g %
1 4, Pipe- Carbon steel 1,312.8 247.5 3.8407 196.3 184.0 27.2
2 4, Bend r/D=4.0 1,337.5 252.2 0.5356 195.8 183.4 3.8
3 6, Pipe- Carbon steel 1,341.1 111.4 7.0662 188.7 176.4 50.1
4 3, Straight Globe- 50% 1,389.2 428 0.1700 188.5 176.2 1.2
5 6, Bend LR r/D=2.0 1,390.4 115.5 0.0366 188.5 176.2 0.2
6 6, Pipe- Carbon steel 1,390.7 115.5 0.4884 188.0 175.7 3.4
7 10, Pipe- Carbon steel 3,415.6 104 0.6998 187.3 175.0 4.9
8 10, Bend LR r/D=2.0 3,427.8 104.3 0.0219 187.3 175.0 0.1
9 8, Straight globe valve- open 895.5 44.1 0.4880 186.8 174.5 3.4
10 8, Pipe- Carbon steel 897.8 43.1 0.0056 186.8 174.5 0.0
11 8, Pipe- Carbon steel 897.8 43.1 0.0564 186.7 174.4 0.4
12 8, Pipe- Carbon steel 898.0 43.1 0.0565 186.7 174.4 0.4
13 8, Pipe- Carbon steel 898.3 43.1 0.0565 186.6 174.3 0.4
14 8, Pipe- Carbon steel 898.6 43.1 0.0565 186.6 174.2 0.4
15 8, Pipe- Carbon steel 898.8 43.1 0.0565 186.5 174.2 0.4
16 8, Pipe- Carbon steel 899.1 43.1 0.0565 186.5 174.1 0.4
17 8, Pipe- Carbon steel 899.3 43.2 0.0565 186.4 174.1 0.4
18 8, Pipe- Carbon steel 899.6 43.2 0.0566 186.3 174.0 0.4
19 8, Pipe- Carbon steel 899.9 43.2 0.0566 186.3 174.0 0.4
20 8, Pipe- Carbon steel 900.1 43.2 0.0566 186.2 173.9 0.4
21 8, Pipe- Carbon steel 900.4 43.2 0.0566 186.2 173.8 0.4
22 8, Pipe- Carbon steel 900.6 43.2 0.0566 186.1 173.8 0.4
23 8, Pipe- Carbon steel 900.9 43.2 0.0566 186.1 173.7 0.4

Total pressure drop 14.1 186.1 173.7

EN 45510 (steam turbines) recommends slope 1:100


Spirax Sarco recommends slope 1:250, Steam & Condensate Services 1981
Spirax Sarco 'The Steam and Condensate Loop Book' recommends slope 1:100 for steam lines
Spirax Sarco 'The Steam and Condensate Loop Book' recommends slope 1:70 for condensate lines
Volume Pressure Exit Exit Percentage
Item Size - Fitting Flow Velocity Drop Pressure Pressure DP
Inch acfm ft/s psi psi a psi g %
Crocker recommends slope 1:120 to 1:240
BS 806 4.12.2 recommends slope 1:100
BS 806, Where drainage is against the flow of steam a slope of 1:40 is recommended
Eskom Power Generation Specification (NWS 1451) calls for slope 2:100
Hoffmann Specialities calls for slope in steam main 1/4in:10ft, or 1:500
Factory Mutual FM5 420 Chapt 10 calls for slope in steam main 1/4in:10ft, or 1:500
Hoffmann Specialities calls for slope in steam line to radiator 1/2in:ft, or 1:24