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• NU M B E R 1

SPRI N G 2006
Your Handspinnina Community

FEATURES 26 Behind th e Scenes: At the Merlin Tree by Laura Silverman

34 Of Sheep and Shipwrecks by Kale Langan

40 Teaching the Craft by Randy Chelsey

72 Fiber Basics: Coopworth

by Carol H. Rhaades

84 Handspun Gallery of Shawls

120 When th e Wheel Speaks

by Angela Butera Dickson

30 Spinning Basics: Plying
Chained Singles by Dadie Rush

HO TO 44 Spinning Sock Yarns

by Merike Saamiit

50 A Spinner's Cast-On
by Rebecca Harmon

54 Park City Poncho

by Carolyn Greenwood

58 A Study in Zig by Amy Tyler

66 Mother Nature's Footstool
by Pal Davis
80 Coopworth Lap Rug
by Carol H. Rhaades

page 44

2 Editor's Page 96 Abbreviations and Glossary
4 What's Going On Here?
by Marilyn Murphy
98 Spinner's Connection
by Peg Caffey
page 54
6 As th e Whorl Spins
by Amanda Berka 103 Calendar

12 Letters 112 Product News by Vicki Yast ON THE COVER: Amy Tyler created six scarves
using energized singles as the unifying design

18 Reviews 113 Classifie d Ads

element, page 58.

90 Your Yarn! Charkha-Spun

119 Advertisers' Index
Editor's Page r"u , H'ndspinn inll Cnmm "nil l'

\'OLrr-1E x x x
SPRING 2()()fi

EDITOR Amy Clarke Moore
'm writ ing t his at th e end of Febru- I've had a chance to watch a little of the AS SISTAN T ElJlTOR Amanda Berka
ary, and, wh ile outs ide ou r Colora do Olympi cs, I feel un it ed , n ot jus t wit h CONT RIBUTl~G EDITOR Bobbie

spring weathe r is t inged with winte r, th e millions of people watc h ing th e TECHNICAL EDITOR Carol H. Rhoades
inside there is th e wa r m t h of ca mara- Olympi cs, but wit h fiberists around the EIJITORIAL ,\ SSISTANT Judy Bem dt
derie; I feel a se nse of fell owship fr om world wh o have challenged th emselves EDITORS EME RITAE Anne Bliss, Lee Raven,
Deborah Robson
th e call to ac t io n issu ed by Step ha n ie to foll ow th e Olym pic spirit.
Pearl-McP hee-the Knitting Olympi cs. Two of this issue's contributors, Dodie CREATIVE SERVICES
Stephan ie is a lso known as th e Ya rn Rush and Carol Rhoades, are parti cipat- DESIGNER Jason Reid
Harl ot (www.ya rn ha rlot. ca/b log/) . You ing. Dodie, a long wit h th e sp in n ing PRODUCTION COORDINATOR Marc McCoy Owens
m ay rem emb er h er fr om th e articl es offshoo t of th e Philad elphia Guild PRODUCTlO:-l EDITOR Nancy Arndt
she wrote for Spin-Off' of Handweavers, is
or, if you're online, pa rt icipat ing by spi n- Ann Sabin Swanso n
you 've probabl y run nin g a two-pl y ya rn
ac ross th e blog in (19 wra ps pe r inch ) PUBLISHER Marilyn Murphy
which she capt ivates I from a Merino/Tencel ADVERTlS[]\;C MANAGER Vicki Vast
her audience with hi- blend. Ca ro l is wo rk-
M,\RKE Tl :-lG M,\NAGER Annie Bakken
lar ious acco unts of ing on a millspun Fair WEB MARKETING MANAGER Bruce Hallmark
her knitting and spin- Isl e baby sweate r an d c m e UU\Tl ON IJlRECTOR 'Irish Carter
ning obsessions . I had cha lle nged h erself to
CO!'i SUJ\n:R MARK ETIN G MANAGER Barbara Naslund
t o resist the u rge t o knit only in th e Conti-
part icipate beca use nental style. I'm look- Spin -Off (ISSN 0 198 -8239) is publis hed qua rter ly
(March. Ju ne, Septe mber. and December ) by Interweave
Stephani e's challenge ing forward t o seeing Press LLC, 201 E. Fourt h St., Loveland. CO 80537-5655,
(970) 669 -76 72. USPS #680 -9 50. Pe riodical s postage
starte d with th e open- and h earing ab ou t
paid at Lovela nd. CO 80538 and additional mailing
ing ceremo nies of the wh at they, an d every- offices. All conten ts of th is issue of Spin -Off are copy-
ri ght ed by In t erweave P ress LLC, 2 006 . All rights
Winter Olympics (you one else , ac h ieve as a reserved. Project s and info rmatio n are for inspirat ion
had to cast on by Feb- result. and per sonal use on ly. Spin·Off does not recom men d,
app ro ve. or en do rse any of the advertisers, products,
ru ary 10 at 2 p.m .) What really inspires se rvices, or views adve rtised in Spin·Off. Nor does
a n d en ds wit h th e While I didn't participate in the Knitting m e ab out thi s ca ll t o Spin-Off eva luate the a dve rtise rs' claims in an y way.
You should. t herefore , us e your own j udgmen t in
closing ce re mo nies. Olympics, I did spin and knit a onesie for act ion is that knitters evaluating the advertisers , prod ucts, services, and views
Th is directly coincides my daughter, Hannah . The instructions of all skill levels are in- advertised in Spin ·Off. Reproduct ion in whole or in part
are on our website, www.interweave.(om is pro h ibit ed. except by per mi ss io n of the pu blis her.
with the final weeks of vited to partici pate- Subscr iption ra te is $30.00/yea r in the U.S., $34.00 in
f spi nf projecIs_arlieles.asp. Cana da, and $3 7.00/yea r in ot her in ternational
m akin g th e Spri ng the idea is to challenge co untries, surface delivery. Pr inte d in t he U.S.A.
issue of Sp in'Off- and 1 fi gured you'd oneself. Working agains t a deadline for POSTMASTER: Pleas e send address changes to, PO Box
prefer a magazine rath er than an image spinning and knitting projects isn't a new 4691 15, Escondido, CA 92046 -9115.
Sl'llSCHIBERS: Please allow six wee ks for process ing
on my blog of a finished project. Call m e idea-if you stop to think about it, we do address ch anges. Your customer nu mbe r on the address
crazy, but t he re it is. it all th e tim e: th e bab y blanket for th e label is you r key t o t he best se rvic e possib le. Pleas e
incl ude it wit h all correspondence t o avoi d delays or
Even though I wasn't one of the 4,000 newborn, th e ves t you wa nt t o wea r to errors.
knitters to participate (Yes- 4,000! And Convergence, t he care fu lly hand craft ed
th ose a re jus t th e folks who n otifi ed gifts you make during the holidays. What For subsc ript ion info rm ation , ca ll (800 ) 767- 9638 or
visit th e website at .
Stephan ie ab out th eir pla ns t o parti ci- makes thi s cha llenge truly beautiful is
Fo r ad vertisi ng in formation, call Vick i Yost at (970 )
pate; many m ore are sim ply doing it on th e alignment wit h the winte r Olymp ics 6 13~4 683 , e-rnail or visit t he

their own), I was keeping an eye on my and t he athletes who have dedicated their we bsite at ""..........unte
Fo r sales in formatio n, ca ll (800 ) 272 -2193,
clock a t 2 p.m. on Friday February 10, lives t o being th e bes t that they ca n be
e-ntail sales
th inking about eve ryo ne with th eir in a way that crosses boundari es- Fo r ed it orial inqu iries , call (9 70 ) 6 13·46 50 ,
needles poised for action. And every time boundaries that a re ofte n so-so-well, e-m ail sp inoff@in te .

divisive. Here we have an opportu nity to Vi sit the In t e rweave Press we bsite at www
1 See the Sp ri ng 2004 issue of Spin·Off. page 120, .i nterweave.corn.
and t he Sum mer 2004 issue, pages 38-40. enjoy th ese at h letes doing wha t they do

best. while we enjoy what we do best.
And, sure, th ere is a healthy dose of
competition in the Olympics, but there
MoClels an Cl _..1

You have probably noticed that Spin-Dff

is also a lot of coming together. draws models from among our colleagues, Have a question about your
Stephanie is the perfect person to make friends, and families-and this issue was no Spin·Offsubscription? We have the
all of thi s happen, because she already exception . Amanda Berka (page 60) is answer. Visit our website, e-mail,
has a knack for helping fib erists come Spin' Oil's assistant editor, and Hannah call, or fax your question and we'll
Rose Moore (page 45) is my daughter.
together through her blog. be happy to assist you.
I'm looking forward to meeting Props
Go to and click
Stephanie in person thi s fall-she is On page 30, Dodie Rush is spinning on a
Little Grace Special. made by Mike and on Subscription Services in the page
going to be a guest speaker at Spin-Off
Autumn Retreat (SOAR) 2006 in Tahoe Maggie Keeves, of Nelson, New Zealand. footer for new subscriptions, re-
The inch gauge on page 47 was made by newals, gift orders, and to change
City, California (see page 88). I'm hoping
Rod Stevens of Taos, New Mexico. The your address, pay your bill, and to
to hear about her Olympic experience Emily spindle on page 67 (and on page
firsthand, and maybe I'll find out more 58) was made by Adam Mielke of Rudolph,
submit subscription questions
about the squirrel that kept stealing her Wisconsin . The light tan spindle on page or concerns.
fl eece from th e backyard. In light of all 58 was made by Magpie Woodworks of
Grand Junction, Colorado. Kaye Collins of
E-mai l: Spinoff@pcspubl
this, we thought we'd tryout a blog for
SOAR-we'll have a link on our webpage Fort Collins, Colorado, graciously loaned U.S. Customer Service: (800) 767-9638
the Rick Reeves wheel on page 80 for the
soon, www.interweave.corn/spin. Canadian & International
photo shoot.
Happy Spinning! Customer Service: (760) 291-1531
.... ....:::
O~ o
s ...
! ...... Fax Number: (760) 738-4805
From the Classified ads, page 119 of the
Winter 2005 issue, the correct number for
U.S. Mail: POBox 469115
Amy Clarke Moore, editor. Spi'l;Pff
Willow Creek Alpacas is (800) 323-1918. ~""" Escondido, CA 920 46-9 115 ~"""

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on and on. Amanda was quite pleased to For the work ofyour h ands,
direct them to th e ve ndors on th e show
the fabr ic ofyour life
floor or to members of the Spinning and
Weaving Association (SWA). I ndependent Publishers
Then last week, at the Sti tches West Since 1975
kn itting show and ma rket, Aman da
sta ffed the Interweave Press booth and FOUNDER, CREAT IVE DIRECTOR

spun through that show as well. Guess Linda Ligon

what? A similar th ing occu rred. Crowds CEO Clay B. Ilall

of all ages formed asking about spinning. PRESIDENT, coo Marilyn Murphy

They wante d to know abou t the tools, ere Dianne Gates

fi bers, techniques, and local guilds. VICE PRESID ENT, SALES & MAR KETI~ G
Knitti ng has been hot for the past few Linda Stark
years. All sorts of new knitters have been VICE PRESID ENT, IIUMAN RESOURCES
Suzanne DeAtley
Spinning the Next Generation
The New York Tim es ran an article in BOOKS
January titled, "The New Spinners: Yarn PUBLISHER Linda Stark
Is the Least of It. "! The feature write r ACQUISITION EDITOR Betsy Arrnstrong

Elizabeth Olson called Interweave to find ART DIRECTOR Paulette Livers

out what we know about spinning and ~

the market, and you bet we provided as Bruce I1allmark

much data as we could. I asked Elizabeth
what prompted her interest in spinning For Questions regard ing our book
program, can (970) 669·7672 or e-mail
and she said she had attended the Mary-
land Sheep and Wool Festival and found Irene Schmoller of Colton Clouds spins
and chats with TNNA altendees while
it fasc inating. Well, spinning is fasc inat- volunteering in the SWA booth . MAGAZINES
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created, and now they are ready to learn
Spinning Draws Fiberarts
about th e ya rn th at has been runnin g
Attention and Crowds through their fingers - and hopefully they Handwoven
will want to create their own ya rn. The Interweave Knits
Right after the article ran, we atte nd-
next ge ne ratio n of spinne rs is knocking PieceWork
ed The National NeedleArts Association
(TNNA) tradeshow in San Diego, Cali- at the door and is looking for information, Spin·Off
fo rni a. Sp in-Off 's assistant edito r, lessons, supplies, and community. Let's
Interweave Press, LLC
Amanda Berka, staffed the Spinning and be ready to teach , sha re infor mation,
201 East Fourth Street
Weaving Association's trade booth and direct the m to resources, and grow ou r
Loveland, Colorado 80537-5655
spun on a handspindl e throughout the spinning community. It couldn't be a
(970) 669·7672
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S P R I I\C 2006 1 S P I N' O F F l s

As the Wh orl Spins

Cyher Insider
odcasts are quickly spreading into of www.worrns m a nd Ted Myatt of to search n ot on ly by category or key-
a ll a reas of th e Web. Th ese audio www.knitte rg uy.ty rn. To list en word but a lso by co lor o r by u sing the
and video fil es a re n ot on ly ava il- to one of h er twe n ty - to th irt y-minute "geolocato r."
ab le for downl oa d, bu t wha t se ts t he m ep isodes, visit www.the fi be . Th e fi ber co m m unity has certain ly
apa rt is that th ey ca n a lso be em b race d th e blog: short for
subsc ribe d to using you r co m - web log, t hese on li ne journals
puter to auto matically download are as personal as those writing
vario us shows. Even Nati onal them. Webrin gs can be used to
Pu blic Rad io,, and link togethe r blogs on the same
th e White House, www.wh ite topic or those whose owners
h, have sta rt ed using have th e sa me interests. The
pod casts. Whil e the ir nam e Spinn ing Wheel is a webring of
would imply that an iPod is nec- nearl y 200 spinni ng-related In-
essa ry t o enjoy th em , you ca n ternet sites. Ring fo unde r Amie
a lso listen t o t hem on ot he r ~ Glasgow of Balti m ore, Mary-

portable media players as well as ~ land, n otes that wh ile inte rest
directly through the speakers of " in th e r ing h as bee n slow bu t
your co mpute r. Directo ries, steady durin g its two years on
such as www.po dcastdirec to ry the Internet, th ere h as bee n a
.com a nd podcas, ( Iara Parkes, spinner and editor of, su rge of new me mbers in th e
spun this mohair blend she purchased at the 2005 Mary·
dedi ca ted to indexing pod casts last few months. The ring can be
land Sheep and Wool Festival. added
ca n h elp you navigate the glu t spinning to their forums in November 2001. In the past su rfe d by vis it ing Am ie's bl og,
of top ics available. fourteen months there have been 6,702 posts to the spin-, or any
Ca ro line Morse of Sa n dow n, ning forums . On spinning, Clara remarks, "It's a natural othe r sites in the ring. Members
New Ham pshire, u sed t o on ly evolution for avid knitters who love yarn-what can be of web rin gs have c1ickable nav-
better than making it yourself?"
listen t o pod casts . Amo ng h er igation available from their sites,
favorites are Mari e Irsha d's u suall y on a s ide bar. To find
Knit Cast ( itcast.corn}, Bre n da Shopping isn 't a nyt h ing n ew t o t he more webrings, visit rin gsu .
Dayne's Cast -on (www.cast-on .com) . and Web, but Etsy,, offe rs it up With all thi s surfi ng on line, did you
SimpleArts Quilting Stas h (www.s im ple in a new way. Laun ched in Jun e 2005, m iss th e New York Tim es a rti cle "The
arts .com). Th en she rea lized she co u ld Etsy is sti ll grow ing an d imp rovin g its New Spinners: Yarn Is the Least of It" by
bring he r gift of gab to the informat ion marketplace exclusively for hand m ad e Eli zab eth Olson, published on January
superh ighway with a focus on fi ber. Since goods. Ope rati ng like ebay's buy-it-now 19, 200 6? Then visi t www.nyt rn
sta rt ing h er b iwee kly episodes in No- optio n, over 5, 00 0 se llers offer th eir or, for even more links to spinning-
ve mbe r 2005 , Ca ro line h as had total wares to nearly 20,000 members . Wh ere related articles appearing in newspapers
down loads from n early 1,200 listene rs. othe r shoppi ng sites make exte ns ive use around the country, visit www.spinweave
Interviewees have included Michael Cook of text-on ly searchi ng, Etsy a llows users .org/learn rnore. htrn.

6 Is PI N · 0 F F I WWW .INTERWE.\ \.E.C0 1.o1

Vis it one of these dealers to t est drive an Ash ford spinn ing whee l and t he new Knitters Loom
For a free colour brochure showing all Ashford products, write t he USA Distributor: Foxglove Fi berart s Supply, 8040 NEDay
Road , Suite 4F, Bainbridge Island, WA 98110. Phone (206) 780-2747.

ARIZONA Cu stom Handweavers COLORADO IDAHO Count ry lane

2267 Old Middle fi el d W~y Fiber Arts
Fiber Facto ry Mountain View. CA 94043 The Red Wheel luManos Sheep 286 0 Quincy Ave.
150 W. Main (650) 9 67-0B31 971 N. Park St. Camp New London,lA 5:2 645
Mesa. AZ 85201 Castle Rock. CO 80109 \ 9425_\th (319) 36 7-\0 6\
(480) 9 69-4346 Carolina Homespun I (303) 646-080 0 Pcceretlo. In 8]204 cntlnflb rartgali sc o.ccm
varn@fiberfac! Blue Moon Spinnery the re dw hee lea a cl. co m (20B) 478 -'938
45slis bon Street Imshpcmp@dcdLnet
The Squirrel's Nest San Francisc o, CA 9411 2 Shuttles Spindles KENTUCKY
530 Ba rrow Drive (80 0) 450 -7786 & Skeins The Sheep Shed
Sierra Vis.ta , AZ 85 635 635 S. Broadwa y, Unit E 76 N. Robinsu n Rd. Stone's Throw
(800) 340 -5772 Boulder, CO 80 305 Nampa,lD 83687 Artisans
i nfo@flbernuts .com Deep Color (303) 4 94- 1071 (208) 466-4365 116 North Broa dw ay St.
450 Colusa Ave. (800) 28]-4163 sheepshedeablgpla Geo rgetown, KY 4 0370
Studio Th ree Kensington. CA 94707 lIWiW. shuttle m (\02) 867-5897
1442 W. Gurley St. (510) 528-8734 (502) 857·2 712
Prescott, Al86305 Green valle ILLINOIS
(928) 778 -0 307 Weavers & Rnillers LS.H. Creations Rug & Yarn Hut 2115 West Colo rado Ave. The Fold 1584 Wetlesley Dr.
350 E. Campbell Ave. Colorado Spr, CO 80904 3316 Millstream Rd . Lexlngtcn, KY 40 513
Howa rd's Ca mpbell, CA 95008 (719) 44 8- 99 6 3 Marengo, ll 60152 (859) 23'- 0258
Handwerk Haus (888) 35 4-5544 toll-free (800) 457-8559 (815) 568-53 20 Ish-creatlcn seau sa .net
3054 N. First Ave. #8
rucso n. AZ 85719 Mtn. lady Yarns Table Rock llamas l'iW'W.handSpinn mI Ihefold
(520) 882·7012 24125 Red Ced ar Fiber Arts Stud io MAINE Suga r Pi ne, CA 95383 6520 Shoup Road little Shop of Fib er
(209) 586 -7312 Colorado Spri ngs, CO 1289 Rindeer Road. Shearbrooke Farm
mtnl adva rns@ Highland, tL 62249 400 Saw Rd.
CALIFORNIA (618) 654-\920 Stan dish, ME 04084
(866) 49 5-7747
Herndon Creek Farm (207) 642-3 0 67
tablerockll amasen n sn.ccm
The Weavers' Collage 17600 Morgan Va ll ey Rd.
15559 W. Sierra Hwy. lower lake, CA 95457 D)fs Fibercrafts INDIANA
Canyon Country, CA 91351 (707) 994 -4709 106 W. Main St.
Halcyon Yarn
(6 6, ) 250 -99 95 WNW. pacttlcslte5.com1- hcfa rm Florence. CO 81226 -1422 Crete's Spinning Hut 12 School St.
(] 19) 784-077\ Hullon llamas Bath, ME 04530
Powell Sheep Co. Alberta Borow dj sf bercra ft s@earttl ['l & Alpacas (800) 341·0282
18 26 Keyes Rd. 11525 Dry Creek Rd. )199 East 12 5 South servkegiha
wi namac, IN 46996 m
Ramona. CA 9206 5 Auburn. CA 95602 Fireside Fa rm s
(760) 789-17\B (530) 8 23-2433 898 21 1/2 Rd. (574) 94 6 -490 8
Bern Grand Junction, CO 81505
CountrySpun Fi bers (9 70) 858 -92 88 Sheep Street Fibers MARYLAND
1731 Redwi ng St. West Valley Alpacas 125 W. Washi ngton St.
San Marcos, CA 92078 19190 Road 878. Morgantown. IN 46160 The Drafting Zone
Custom Flbe r Processlng
(760) 744-0306 Es parto, CA 9 5627 CONNECTICUT (B 12) 597-5648
16 513 Sylvan Drive
(53 0) 662 -8630 W'NW .
Bowie. MD 20715
Denwar Craft Studio www.westvalleyalpacas .com The Wheel Thing
236 E.16th St. 454 Wells Hi lls Rd . Heckaman's (30') 464- \ 738
Quilts & Yarns
Costa Mesa, CA 92627 Meridian Road Studio Lakeville . CT 06039
(949) 54 8 -1342 Robi n l ynde (860) 435 -2626 63028 U.S. 31South
7811 N. Meridian Rd. Sout h Ben d, IN 46614
Village Splnnlng' & vacsvltte, CA 95688 (574) 29'-39,B
Weaving Shop (707) 678-5 750 FLORIDA Ewe and Me
425 Alisal Rd. The Fiber Closet
164 Upper Farms Road
Solvang, CA 93463 Spin Web Ranch Un common Threa ds 109 w. High St.
Northfield. MA 013 60
(8B8) 68 6-1192 1361 Easy Lane 31962 U.S. 19 North Rockvilte, IN 47B72
Palm Harbor, Fl34 684 (765) 569 -2953 (413) 49 8- 449 6
(80 S) 6 86 -1192 El Dorado Hills, CA 95762 pe ggvgda nlelsgsva hoo.ccm
www.villagesplnwea ve.ccm (9 ' 6) 939-,864 (727) 784 -6 778
kbzspinweb@ nn www.fl berclcset.corn
Bare Hill Studios
Ancient Pathways and Fiber loft
1294 N. Wishon Rumpelsliltskin 9 Massachusetts Ave.
Fresno, CA 93728 1021 " R" St. GEORG IA IOWA
Ha rvard. MA 01451
(559) ,64 -,874 Sarramanto, CA 95814 (8 00) 874-YARN (9276)
www.ancien (9'6) 442-9225
Clay House Rose Tree Fiber Shop
lurumpelea 770 Oglesby Bridge Rd. 2814 West Street
Conyers, GA 30094 Ames, lA 5001 4
(770) 4 B3-68 84 (slS) 292-7076
Mind.s Eye Yarn s Yesterday's Crafts
22 White St. ute Zels
Ca mbridge . MA 0214 ° 16 88140 0th St
(617) 354-7253 Avon, MN 56)10 (po) 746-2307

The Country Crafter At Loose Ends

270 Main St. 357 jrd Ave SE
Hanson, MA 0234 1 Perham, MN 56573
(78d 294-4556 Ph /Fax (218) 346-
YARN(9 276)
Spin-A-B it atlooseend s@aNig.n et
475 Ply mouth St.
Middl eb oro . MA 0234 6 MISSOURI
(soB) 946-] 343
Weaving Dept.
j Myers House
MICHIGAN 180 W. Dun n Rd.
Ftorissa nt (SL Louis)
Heritage Spinning MO 6 3031
and Weaving (866) 9 21-780 0
47 E. Flint.
lake Orlon . MI4836 2 Wool Ridge
(24B) 6 93-36 90 20529 ' 310t h St.
www.heritagespin m
[amespo rt, MO 6464 8
(66 0) 684-6 677
The Lavender Fleece
)82 6 N. Eastman Rd . A Twist in TIme
Midland. MI 48642 3105.1 Hwv.
(989) 83 2-49 08 t ama r, MO 64 759
la'le nderfteeceg xt (417) 68 ' -5931
www .atwisti nt m
The Spinning Loft
2400 Faussett Rd. Carol Leigh's Hillcreek
Hcw etl. MI 48843 Fib er Studio
(517) 54 6- 5280 7001 Hil lcreek Rd.
www.s plnningloft .us
Colum bia, MO 65203
(800)874 -9328
Lady Peddler (TRI -WEAV)
142 E. State St. clhf s@aoLcom
Hasti ngs. MI49 0 58 www.hillcreekfiberstl.ld iQ.(Q m
(616) 948 -9644 Kidd in' A-Round
104 S. Mai n
Clinton. MO 64735
MINNESOTA (660) 885-6614
Delta's Spindle Yarn Farm LLC
2592 Geggen-Tlna Rd .
614 Pickelsford Rd .
Maple Plain, MN 55359
SI. Clair. MO 63 0 77
(763) 479 -1612
(63 6) 629 -056 7
(877) 640-1612
www.Dettasspind m MONTANA
Creative Fibers DOn a Sf Fa rm
5416 Penn Ave So. 6726 Hwy 312
Min nea polis, MN 55419 Bill ings. MT 59105
(612) 927-8307 (40 6) 37)-6542
wew.creauvenbers.ecm www .mantanash Th e As hford Bo ok of
Weav ing Fo r Knitters
SI. Peter Woolen Mill NEBRASKA - an ins pira tiona l boo k
101 W. Broadway
SI. Peter, MN 56082 The Plum Nelly for an yone wa nt ing to
(800) 208-982 1 113 N. Hastings Ave. weave with the fun and
(507) 934-3734 Hastings, NE 68901
(402) 463-6 26 2 fa bu lous knitt ing ya rns
now availa ble.
3102 Maginn Dr. / Utopia
The Fi ber Studio Spinners Ridge at Dayton, OH4 5434 2572 Old Phila Pike Heritage Arts
9 Foster Hill Rd. Yarn's Etc... (937) 42 6 -5522 (Rt 340) 1074 0 County Road 102
Hennlker, NH 0324 2 2) 1 S. Elm St. Blrd-ln -Hand , PA17505 Grandvlew, TX 760 50
(603) 4 28 -78 30 s reenboro. Ne 2740 1 (717) 29 1-8911 (8 17) 86 6-2772
www.flbe (800) 335-50 11 lambobaa@hot ma heritarts@aoLcom nersridge.c o m OKLAHOMA
Mirage Alpacas Steam Valley Fiber Upstairs Stud io
2) 2 t empster Mountain Rd. Three Wate rs Farm Mountai n View 2304 Stea m Vall ey Rd . 111 1/2 N. a nd Sr.
Washingt on. located in Yam's Etc... Weavery Trout Ru n, PA 17771 Lapo rte. IX 77571
NH 03280 -0125 205 W. Ma in St. 562 1Mountain View Road. (570) 998-22 21 (877) 722"4996
(6 0 )) 49 \ ' 343\ (Triangle area) Edmc nd , OK 73 034 www.stea mvallesfl be
m i rageet ~ c a s@l 'Dnkl1et.( om Carrboro, NC27510 (40 5) 341-4998 Fay Drozd Studio
(919) 9 28-8810 wno bbe@ sbcglo bal. net Allhouse's 229A01d Ingra m loop
The Elegant Ewe reewatersfa Sewing Center Ingram. TX 78025
71 South Main St. 2]71 Packh ouse Rd . (830) 367-3' 52
Concord, NH 03301 Shuttles Need les OREGON Fogelsvilte. PA 18051 fd ro zd@o m nigloba
(6 0 )) 2 26-0 0 66 & Hooks (Boo) 615-3 216
info@eleg 214 E. Chat ham St.
Soft Horizons --...AI fhousP5.Si'wingCl"f1l l1! f.tO!n Stonehill
www.el m eary, Ne 27511 412 E. ' 13th Alle.
104 East urer.
Eugene, OR 97401
(919) 4 69-W EAV Fredericksburg. TX 78624
The Wool Room (888) 269 -6 8 06 SOUTH CAROLINA (8 30) 99 0 -8952
218 Pleasant St. (141) 343-0 6\1
(8 77) 990-8952
Antri m, NH 034 40 TheWoolery North Woods Farm www.stonehi
(6 03) \ 88-66 37 117 East Ma in St.
Wool Com pa ny Fiber CO., Ll C
99 0-2nd St. SE 420 John High Road
Murfreesbo ro. Ne 278 55
HOd~e Podge (800) 441-9 66\
Bandon. OR 97411 Ca mpo beHo, se 293 22 UTAH
Ha n icrafts www.woo le m (\41 ) 347-39 ' 2 (864) 4 \ 7'4 928
59 Belknap Ave. (88 8) 4\6-2430 www. northwood sfa The Needlepoint Joint
Newport , NH 03773 The Tail Spinner 241 Histo ric 25th St.
(6 0 3) 863-14 70 Richlands, Ne 28574
Loomi nesce Ogden. UT 8440 1
(910) 324-630\
Brookln gs. OR 97tflS SOUTH DAKOTA (80 0) 66 0 -43\ \
www.tall-splnner. com (541) 46 9 -0 117
NEWYORK www. lo om m Shyrlee Roting
Bovidae Farm Ha ndweaving VERMONT 160 8 I ervt s Br. Rd.
Th e Web·sters 237t O' 4S4th Ave.
59 Sp ring Rd. Mars Hill. Ne 28754
11 No rth M ain SI. Mad i so n. SO 57042 '722 7 Ellen's 1/2 Pint Farm
Hudson. NY 12534 Ash la nd , OR 97520 (605) 2\6-3701 85 Tucker Hill Rd.
(828 ) 689 -9931
(\18) 828-4\\4 bovida!"@mad ison.main.nLus
(80 0) 48 2-9 8 01 Norwich , VT 0 505 5
fa' (541) 488-8 3'8 Natural Colored (80 2) 649-54 20
Genera l Bailey we bsters@m ind. net Wool Studio
Homestead Farm OHIO www.yarnatwe bste m 109 N. and Street. www.ellensha
340 Spi er f all s Rd. Src t c n, SO 57445
Greenf leld (tr., NY 128)) Rollicking Hills (60 5) 397-4504 The Merlin Tree
(877) 471-WOOl Fi ber Designs PENNSYLVANIA w. Gl over. VT 1 Rollicking Hills (802) 754-64 33
De Graft, OH 43318
The Kni tter' s TEN NESSEE spinfix@sover. nel
North Wind Yarns (9 37) 58 5-5,61
Underground WWN. them en int
& Weaving Co.
308 S. Pennsylvania Ave. lane's Fiber an d
120A West and St.
( ent re Hall. PA 1682 8 Beads
Oswego. NY 1] 126 The Little House (814) 364-1433 1)415 E. And rew j oh nso n VIRGINIA
yarnshop@ao Hwy.
(8 77) 533-VAR N 1927 M ain St reet
www.No rt hWi ndYarn m Clyde. OH 4341 0
Atto n. TN 37 616 Misty Mountain Farm
(800) 554 -7973
Th e Mannings (888) 497-266 \ 154 Quai l Call la ne
Spin A Yarn www.lin lf>housespinn i ng.(om
Handweaving School www.janesfibefandllead Am issv il le. VA 20 106
9 M il chell Ave. & Supply Center (\40) 9 37'4707
Binghamto n, HY 139 03 French Creek Fiber 1132 Green Rid ge Rd. Kn it 'N Purl www.mlstymQ(lnla inf<Jrm.(om
East Bertin, PA 173 16 464 N. Ced ar Bluff Rd.
(6 07) 722-33, 6 Arts
36 840 Detroit Rd .
(800) 233-7166 Knoxville, TN 379 23 Hunt Country Yarns
Daft Dames Avon. OH 440 11 m (8 00) 808 -708 7 1 We st Federal Street.
kn itn pu rl@j un o. com M i ddleb urg. VA 20117
Handcraft s (440) 934-1236
13384 M ain Rd. Rte. 5 www. fre nch creek fibe
Misty Mountai n (540) 687-5'29
Akrcn, NY 140 0 1
Fi ber Workshop hcy@s m
23 Cham bersburg St. www.s kelns.ccm
(716) 54 2-4235 Sally's Shop
Gettys burg, PA 17325
141 Colle ge S1.
Winderwood w ad sw ort h, OH 44281 (717) 339-008 8 Catherine Whipple
Country Store sallyshopl@c m
m m fiber@a ol .com Dodds
4934 State Rour e 24 5
www.mistvmou 225 No rth Kin g St.
Naple s. NY 14512 teesbu rg. VA 22 0 75
(58 5) 374-8504 (70 3) 77]-4256
Spri ngwater Knot Just Yarn
Workshop 500 E Fairhaven Ave
80B N. Fairfax St. Bu rlington WA
Alexandria. VA 22314 1-888-477- KN1T
(703) 549 -3634 W"NW. kn otj ustva m
Stony Mountain
Fi bers Bahr Creek Llamas
939 Hammocks Gap Rd. & Fiber Shop
Chartott esville, VA 229 11 NI021 Sauk Tra il
(434) 295-2oo B Ceda r Grove, WI 53013
Barb.1 ~StOon'fMountainfjW~.cOl'l'l (9 20) 668-6417

WASH INGTON Sheeping Beauty

Fib re Arts
Weaving Works 1401 Comm ercial St
4717 Brook1vn Alle. NE West Ben d, WI 53090
Seattle, WA 98105 (26 2) 334-037 0
(888) 524-122 1 _ .shttpingbeilutvfibrearts.-eom
(206) S24 -12 21
Apple Hollow
Northwest Fiber Art s
Ha ndspun Yarn s 732 jefferson St.
140 1 Commercial St. Stu rge on Bay, WI 54 235
Bellingham, WA 98225 Order Line 888-324 -8302
()6o) 201 '5141 a ~h ford@a p pleh o
www.applehotlow.rc m
The Fiber Attic
1009First SI. # 2 0 1 Susan's Fiber Shop
Snohomish, WA 98 290 N250 Hwy. A
(360) 563-0330 Columbus, WI 5392 5
(9 20) 62]-4 237
Elizabeth's Yarn (8 B8) 603·4237 orders
& Fiber susanfiber@internetwi s,(om
24 9U -112th St. E. www. susansfi
Bu ckley, WA 9832 1
(253) B26-0218 Mielke's Fiber Arts LLC
2550 Co. Rd. 11
Fibers Ett. Rudolph, WI 54475
705 Court C. (715) 344 -4' 0 4
tacoma. WA 98 40 2
(25]) 572-l859 Red Barn Farm
Ri1JN Roa d.
jewetl Creek Yarn s Buttemut, WI545 14
Mou ntain Meadow Fibre (715) 769 -3773
White Salmon. WA 98672 rose@redbamfann.n et
(s 09) 49 3-1960 The Fi ber Garden
W 11670 Goldsmith Rd.
Ja nus Alpaca Black River Falls, WI 54615
& Fiber Co. (71s) 284 -4590
113 10 S. Gard ner Rd. infa
Chenev, WA 99004 www. ftbe tgarden.cem
(s09) 448-2524 Wool Farm Crafts
20940 Cedar Point Rd
Paradise Fibers Gransburg. WI 54840
701 Parvin Rd. lara mY199
(olfa;ll,. WA 99111 715-488- 266 5
(509) 397-9'33
(B88) 320-SPIN (7746) Egdewood Arts
spinning@paradisef 109 N. Main St.
Waupaca, WI 5498 1
(71 5) 258 -0909
(715) 2S8W17 (faxl
Spinning revolution the course of two years as my client sent
I found Randy Chelsey's thoughts on me more dog hair.
Mahatma Gand hi's life and spinning to The yarn is spun from the hair of two
be interesting. Spinning can kees ho nden . It is a lofty
bring peace to a person; just worsted -weight yarn, spun
ask my gra te ful child re n. from lightly carded batts. My
For Gandhi, spinning was a cli ent sent me her favorite
powerful too l that he was raincoat to create a pattern
usi ng to break down the from . I crocheted the body
rigid social and occupation- of t he coat in a sim ple but
al stratification of the caste sturdy pattern stitch, so she
system. Change is resisted will never have to wo rry
and Gandhi was assassinated about a "sagging bottom "
for this. when she stands up!
J e a n n i n e G la v es
The sleeves are crocheted
Tu l sa , Ok lah oma with some reli ef stitc hes.
The hood is knitted lace, and AlBERTA NEW BRUNSWICK
Wftat is a Linda's creation is as side gussets are knitted with Ce le igh Wool Loodun-Wul Farm
RR'l, stte 11 601> 1. M II'~'. AB Ig j] "'I"i~n~o" R(),Jd. lJ .e~u "'. ~B
tall as she is-5'3"- a moc k cable. It has been
cabled yarn? ToC Ll"
{,So} le" .0.0, (,Dl» ) 8 l ~90
InrO(ifl~W<)'~~,(D m
but weighs just over ttl ~ it!l@I~lu ,pIBntt n ~ _.Ih'l'>li(l{llwo "'~ .,om
I have been watch ing the safely delivered to my cus-
6 pounds, so it is Pa m's WQolly Shoppe
"Su ';.Ulh st. St o~v Pl.Iin. A.8 NOVASCOllA
Yo ur Yarn ! department of very wearable. tomer and was well received. T1 Z ,V" G aspt!I~~u ¥oI l1~y Fi~re~
lIe-a}9">,' I~S 9 !]QGASP"~'U Ai~.. Ad.
Spin -Off with interest, plan- L in da B OTCh toll ~e (.s&!) ~3- 1SS9
f~", (]8oJ ~ ,-17T8
PO 8<1, :1J6So, Wollville. MS
B"P l~~
ning to one day send some G am br ills , Mar y lan d Shunlewo rks Lld
Sil '!' ,. 6<.». 9. RIi'~ I. oe Wi "~ ..."
(9lI' ) ,...-.6'-': ro.t 1901) 5'l ' -I ,a,
l oll """' 817 6RBR ES 18n -6,4 -n 11
yarn in. I see that the June deadline is (C. lg. ",J. AB
rot oXll (40-;.'1 938-1('9'9
1"~~H"~ "fPAu~. ll<'yribw"" A
_.J:.'IH!~.uv. llw1'1t>~ ~_<.

for cabled yarns. Can you please explain Cftarlifta spinning tips mlilljls~nl......o<h. rD'"\ll.....,.,s.". m
what a cabled yarn is? I spun my Your Yarn! samples for th is BoRlTI $ H COL UMBIA The B[<I(k lamb
2415- Rld<lll! St,.1'IlI1 H'W'!.0 111
issue on a book-sized cha rkha fro m Birkeland BIOS. Woo[ lI d
]~7l Ma In St \t.'lrM:GU"",. ~
LIJI ,p)
Brt d g e t M ill er V~III IN.
19I"J aB, -'CH9'Q

Collf n gw o o d , Ne w Z ea lan d
India. I've found that for those of us who 151l4J 814 4114
flb 'v-@I~ l.Imb_,,"
_.lhrbl~ kJ lm b_~ 1
bin'!'l. ndwwl@t~lu "' " pt
would rath er work sitting in a chair, hav- w - .blrl:o>I3MwM l_(Ml Ge m in l flbl~ S
Hummins bird Hbse Rtrh . S06l MLAlberl Rd ~>t,.
Editor's Note: One example ofcabled yam ing a Iow table abou t waist height when Art ~ Slullio Mt.Alb-e I\,ON
11 R i"' ~ P'i. ~' imo.llC lo G,Mo
is two 2 -ply yarns plied together. It is sitting keeps you r righ t sho ulder fro m 'I., T ,6., 1!J.ool s64 ·~" (9QSJ 413' 1033
&~ m1,,1nb~ inl~rfIop.c 0111
I~"J lS"''''''''
_.t:~ ml nlflb 't' ~ ,(om
made offour strands but it's not consid- getting sore. Gripping shelf lining under (8606) flIlRE"U [J.\2-734"j
. j. 'Dbi' ft~ ~!.ha"" .ea Knit-Kn.ckers
ered 4-ply since the four strands are not the charkha keeps it from sliding on the J\lybile e Fa rm
go;.; 66,. LJl:12S ~ 3-
'I';l rn
'il, Otttw., O~
(; , ~ p n wood , 8(
all plied together at once. The possibili- table wi thout having to clamp it down. 'Io H tJQ
K.P' of6
((rl]111Nn ~
toU fnoe '-&;6-965-W'OQL I.. rll@_"it· kna' k~~ . C,,,,,
ties are endless; you could make a A m y Du r g elo h 'iil le ~fi ~'.fl5 .(. _ .•"It-_ ". ( '~'~.c ...m
..........fTl>o,~oj~ .c~
different cabled yam for every day ofthe The 'I'; lm Source
Palm e r , Ala ska I(nit o-pi;l wcets CO . ~t>(,. H""I6.. Swt h"Ii'Rh.
1 ~461<>hMIM Rd. Bloom ~fflI. ClN
year. See Spinning Design er Yarns by WhilP Rc>ct. BC. V"ll 315 KQI( ."'"
1604J ~lh'181.B (lol l) 19 NB'l'9 f~, ~o/" 11 )91-'<,,(,"
Diane Varney (Loueland, Colorado: Novelty as we linow it jgtl rr.e 1-8 6 6-, 11-9606'.>
11 rst; d/ln _kn lll~o@IwIMll I Ll:~ __ , .m~, ..'. .
~"" on, ~.m. @I'ymp.1 iaI.<~

In terweave Press, 2003) for instructions Judi th MacKe nz ie McCuin rightl y Pa ga n Crl'i1lions
II I H llch ~ a,oJd.
Whal ' SWeft
~ .. ' Elmwood D<i~ .
( ampb.foll R.... ~'.!It
and other variations. credits Bernat Klein as a leader in chang- 'I9W IP4
IlPII ""';ll ~" ON IUilt ¥ 4 (6 ,1Jo
12~o192 32JS" 1'f' ~"94 1O
in g the way that we th ink abo ut color P A~~ "pj. l"nd_ ~. t P_ll '-@k.o ··~pj

Sun eenth F1b re ~ QUEBEC

A ftandspun crocheted and texture in textiles in her a rt icle f 1 - "979 Broadway St.
(hllliwdr il. se. Vl l' , Vg (604l
dog ftair coat "Novelty Yarns: Endless Variations On a ' '.l}oOO,!
¥l'Qo l]nQ'l i@ U ~~~~ ,( o m
~60 (~.SI.E"fJ'IL l "Ephiphl

Jsx l M'IIASo) SBB-l8 1S

n;p. QC

With the recen t showcase of canine Th read," Spin -Off, Win ter 2005. How-
yarn in th e Your Ya rn s! departme nt, I ever, she oversimp lifies when describing
wanted to send a photo of the "mother him as "an eight-year-old Jewish refugee
of all" dog hair coats! I wo rked on it over . . . who started out sweep ing mills in

12 IS PI N . 0 F F I www. 1~ T E RW E A V E . C 0 j\J
ROVINGS Galashiels... ." But the story of how Bernat Kl ein came to be
such a catalyst in textile design is worth noting.
Polworth Wool and Yarns Born in 1922 in a sma ll town in Yu goslavia near the
Hungarian border, he was educated locally and then in strict

,I at !
Spin-Off Autumn Retreat (SOAR) 2006 reg istration materials
are available online at
SOAR/ along with scholarship application details.

Handye olwarth The purse featured on the cover of Spin·Off. Winter 2005 .
was such a hit with readers that we are now offering Jana
Trent's exact pattern for this knitted and fulled purse on our
wool website at www.interweave.comjspinj .

If you're inspired to build your own charkha after looking at

this issue's Your Yarn! department, instructions originally print-
ed in the sold-out Winter 1996 issue of Spin·Off are now
available on our website.

• And our survey says ...

Your Yarn! featuring readers' yarns receives more mail
than any other department in the magazine as exempli-

• Spi he fibers, fied by the number of letters about it in this Letters de-
partment. How do you feel about the Your Yarns! de-
see equality o 1love it just the way it is; don't change a thing.
o 1like it, but can YDU reduce the number ofpages it

• Lo the yarn! o Expand it; 1want mDre info from participants and
maybe swatches, tOD.
Visit our website at and give
us your answer.
We will be asking the Spin·Off Reader Advisory Panel
for more input on Your Yarns! while the department is
on summer vacation next issue. To join our reader advi-
sory panel, visit /spin/sprap.asp.
Our Website
In the Winter 2005 issue we asked what you would like to see more of in the magazine. Here are the results .

4.5% want projects and ideas for using their yams.

28% want basic spinning intormation-s-tundamentat
instruction and technique.
26% want how-to articles Dn using equipment.
l OA.! sent us e-mails and letters detailing what they 'd
e like to see or expanding Dn the optionsgiven obooe.

14 IS P IN . 0 F F I www. 1 ~ T E R W E A V E . C 0 j\J
Jewish schools in Yugoslavia and A resp onse from Jud ith MacKenzie even now, nearly forty years later,
Jerusalem between the ages of thirteen McCuin: As Hilary Miller said, Bernat unwrapping, and then unrolling the bolt
and seventeen. He then turned his back Klein's life is definitely intriguing and ofjacket material. It's such a cliche to
entirely on his training and entered the mysterious-from eastern Europe to say it took my breath away, but that
Bezalel School of Art and Craft in Jerusalem during the start ofWorld War indeed, is what it did. Made me weak in
Jerusalem to st udy art and then textil e II. That would be an incredible story in the knees, too . And shy in th e presence
design. He subsequently came to Britain itself. But, it wasn 't his personal life that ofsuch unusual beauty. I knew that my
and enrolled at Leeds University to study captured my heart and ch anged my weaving life, as I currently knew it, was
textile technology. He eventually fetched life-it was his simply stunning yams done, and I had found the discipline and
up in Galashiels in 1951 as a technically and fabric. framework that would shape my craft.
accomp li sh ed texti le designer. He has Let me t ell you how I first came to Today, as a teacher, when 1 demon-
lived and worked in the Scottish Borders know about him. In the early 1960s, I strate novelty yams to a spinning class,
ever since, and the landscape has been a lived on a remote island off the west it 's the yam from that fabric, a marled
primary sou rce of inspirat ion for his coast ofCanada. I wove large tapestries and cabled slu b, that I re -create as a
textiles. for banks and public buildings-weaving thank you to the visionary designer who
Bemat Klein: Textile Designer, Artist, clothing was sim ply not an acceptable opened, for m e, a door you don 't walk
Colourist was recently exhibited at the occupation, and we, modem and young, back through.
Hawick Museum in association with the considered cloth mostly below our
Bernat Kle in Trust and will be traveling notice. But a woman who traveled wide- Share your stories, send us clippings of
to other venues in Scotland during 2006. ly owned a sum m er estate on the island. spinn ing-related news, and let us know
H i l a r y Mi l l er Sh e asked me to weave some cloth to wh at is important to y ou. Spin 'Off
A n glese y, Wale s , U n i t e d K i n g d o m match a piece she'd bought on her Letters, 201 E. Fourth St., Love/and, CO
travels from a "Scottish designer. " And 80.537-.56.5.5.
as 1 needed the money . . . I remember, Fax (970) 669-6117.

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16 S PIN . 0 F F I WWW. I !'i T E R W E A V E . C 0 M

c~ SP1t~Q1Q5

er Q.z..oo pl~CAZ..
~ Q.z..oo {d~
Dyeing to Knit friends. Not surprisingly, most are simple handspun can, of course, adapt the pat-
and rely heavily on the yarn for interest. tern s give n. A detailed explanatio n of
Some definitely fall into the "funky" cat- sock construction techni ques fo llows,
Camden. Maine: Down East Books. 2005. Hard-
bound, 128 pages, $25.9.1. ISBN 0-89272-667-9. egory but may appeal to beginner spin- incl uding different meth ods of shaping
ners and knitte rs who need extra help. cuffs, heels, and toes. Next are tips on
Although this book does include twen- Sweaters and accessories for adults and custom fi tti ng, measuring, and match-
ty knitting patte rns that may-or may children are supplement ed by ing soc k dim ensions to shoe sizes. A
not-appeal to the reader, its stre ngth is one lone pillow and an afg han guide to th e special
in the middle of the book. After a section adaptation. stitches used in the
on the basics of calor and how vari ous - Deboroh Pulliam patterns is included,
colors work together, and another more with lar ge, clear il-
substa ntia l discussion on dyeing with Crocheted Socks! lustrations.
acid dyes, th ere is a well-thought-out 16 Fun-to-Stitch The patterns them-
chapter titled "The Design Phase" that Patterns selves include both
incl udes information and suggestions on J toe-up and cuff-dow n
how to use th e yarn you've dyed, be it r ) designs and range from
solid, painted, or space dyed (the three J a basic sock pattern to
methods covered in the dyeing chapter). \\ () () I) designs incorp orating
One of th e disappointments of cre- Woodinville, Washington: lace or cables. Stitch pat-
ative dyeing is that often the skeins are Martingale & Company, 2003. Paperbound, terns ar e intended to
more attractive than the final product. 64 pages. S18.95. 1SBN 1-56477-4.94-5. mimi c the look and fe el of knitti ng;
Eskesen's chapter on designing and in- however, the authors acknowledge that
spiration with calor will give a beginner Most crocheters wishing to make crocheted socks will have their own
or timid designer enough to think about footwear th ink primarily of slippers or un ique chara cter. Rehfeldt and Wood
and get started experimenting. She be- bed socks, leaving fi ne-gauge, fitted socks give tips throughout on how to com-
gins-as all spinne rs and knitte rs (suitable for wear inside one's shoes) to pensate for differences between the two
should-with an emphasis on gauge and knitters, Authors Rehfeldt an d Wood, techniques to get the best results.
also points out the frequently overlooked both experienced knitwear and crochet Afte r trying many of the patte rns
importance of choosing the appropriate designers, wanted to create socks that wit h fine sock yarns at th e suggested
size needles for a specifi c combi ne the shaping of knitted gauges, I found the resulting crocheted
ya rn. socks with the rich variety of cro- fabric to be thicker and less elastic than
She takes her chet stitch patterns. They took that of my own handknitted socks made
own insp iration the familiar knitted sock con- with similar yarns. That said, the shap-
for calor and de- struction-cuff, leg, heel flap, ing and fitting techn iques given in the
sign from th e nat- gusset, foot, and toe-and book are quite good, with interesti ng
ural beauty of her tried different crochet tech- stitches and helpful instruct ions. The
home state of Maine, niques until th ey came up patterns were enjoyable and the fin ished
as well as from art- with footwear that was both results pleasing. With this book in hand
wo rk, ranging from comfortable and stylish. and an understand ing that knitting and
Monet, Matisse, and The introduction states crochet produce fundamentally differ-
Klee to textil e tradi- that th is is not a book for ent results, crocheters in need of warm
tions from around the beginning crocheters- there soc ks wi ll be able to crea te their own
wo rld to her children's is no guide to basic stitches, and the cro- well-fitti ng footwear with a characte r
artwork from school. cheter must be comfo rtab le with read- uni que to their craft.
For the patterns, Eskesen, owner of a ing patterns. The authors begin with a -Sandi Wiseheart
ya rn shop in Damar iscotta, provided discussion of how to choose th e right
han d-dyed yarns to staff and knitting ya rn for making socks. Those interested
in crochet ing socks usin g th eir own - con tinued on page 23

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SoIvang, CA 93463 Huacaya Moon Heritage Spinning 406-431-1688 740.686-2172
Nancy Ahlborn & Weaving in fO(ii joro{hand.'iJ?inning. 518.664-5885 740·686·2421 11."
805·686·1192 214 S RiveMew
Joan Sherldan com 518-864-7470 Iful kin gmerim fiioop{rpr.rom
888-686-1 1 92 lmder hf BelIevue. lA 52031 47 E Rint -" M!M!, jol'fJ{hand\pinning. ~ Swift Rollicking Hills
1~'t'flIJ6iiftll1!tlink.nn 563.542.5000 lake Orioo, MI 48362 com .arn . Susanne SIn/thers
hf1/J:lAiJJagf?S(Jin ",,.w.huuculvmoon.cvm 248-693..3690 Willows & Wool Pooghkeepsoe Plaza #1 RoIIK:king Hills Le-e
2600 South Rd.. Rt. 9 De Graff, OH 43318-9600
CCt~o.~DQ The Rose Tree infiJ(ifheril!llfespinninlf&!!!! Deborah Rodgers
Poughkeep.,e, NY 12601 937.585.5161
wWWoheritugrspinning.rom 1331 Summerdale
Bountiful Flber Shop Covens, MT 59828 (8 4 5 ) 454·7444 5elly's Shop
Lots & Bud Scarbrough Rosemary HeJdeman Lady Peddler
21 1 Green Mountaln Dr.. 2814 West Street J. Turner (406) 961·1472 (8 4 5 ) 454-9444 (fax) Sally"orrfson
livenTooo"e, CO 8lJ536 Amea. lA 50014-7429 142 E. Stale St. ji." hmonlanaiiemaiLmsn. kat('(ii )vrnShi ft rom 141 College 51.
P.C. Box 501 rom h...~q'Qm.l'-"'iflro," WadsNorih, OH 44281
970·482·7746 515·292·7076 Hastings, MI 49058 Blackberry Hili Farm 330-334-1996
970-484 0058 11", KANSAS 616·948·964-4 ItEW_HAMPSHIR(
877·586·9332 ItoUfree) Great Plain s Spinning Loft The Flber StUdio 156 Bells Pond Rd Mou~tain '-"~w
bount;[uKi{ Artisans Berry Forsyth PamGrob Hudson , NY 12534 Weavery
WH'Ht1Jf1unIiMyJimt?('fn-e.rom VirginiaHopson 2400 Faussett Rd. 9 Foster Hill Rd .
PO. 80><637 (518) 851·7661 Wanda Nobbe .
The Indigo Thread 893 3rd St. Howell, MI 48B43 bh fCii /pconi"nrt 562 1 Mountain Vl£!.N Rd ,
Lorraine Gorls PhiJlipsburg, KS 67661 Henniker, NH 03242
517-546·5280 Edmond, OK 73034-7530
3307 S. Colklge Ave. 785.543-6464 517·546-0002 11..' 603.428·7830 NORTH CAROLINA 405-341-4998
Suite 109 onn lIeJilYlhOl.J. rom saJ'!j{~di~m Three Water. -.'nobbf(i[:;bg:lobaL nn
Fort Collils. CO 80525 --- M~.,,,.spinningloft us M...it0~diaiUm Farm a t Yarn's Etc.
970.225.8001 MAINE Alat)" Ann Paoano
thein4iL.'(1th~q,nn Down Home & MIN.HESOTA Handlcrafts 205 West Main St. Molehill Farm
Compan)' Creative Flbers Suzanne Connary Carrboro. NC 27510 Cheryl Huffman
Shuttles, Spindles lorlndaO'Brlen Bonny McCormick 59 Belknap Ave. ([r""llle Area) 16722 SW Boones Fenv Ad
Bc Skeins 150 Main SI. 5416 Penn Ave. South Newport, NH 03773 919-928·8810 Lake Osweqo, OR 97005
lfaggiePutman & Bridgton ME 04009 Mnreapolls. MN 55419 503·697·9554
tI:£t:=v liE
Boolder, CO 0CX303
207-647-8118 .
The Wool Room ceer molehill[arm({iaoLcom
h'hw.lhrep 'O(en(," Mountain Shadow
Anne Hennessy
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Anlnm, NH 03440-3405 Hooks Teresa Slmons
GEORGIA 319 Naris HiDAd. Detta's Spindle 83207 Rodaers Road
- - - -- Mormouth, ME 04529 DenaJuuso/a 603·588-6637 ca",1 Handy
214 East Chatham St. Creswell o A 97426
_country 207.933.4107 2592 Geggen-l1na Rd
Weavers and things h'WW.friend."ifolll' Maple Plain, MN 55359 NEW JERSEY Cary, NC 275 11 541·895·5512
Bob orJ8 n Perry 763-479-1612 The Spinner)' 919-469·WEAV tereso.\"imon0fx1:!f.!!l!!Lnet
926 Fms:[X. Halc)'on Yarn 763-479-1982 Ifa:1! Berry OIdenburg Yarn Circle H.'h'h'.mounlain-sl.adow-
H!rIem, GI\:nl14 12 Schc:Joj St.
706-556-6716 Bath , ME 04-530 dt!ltas.o;pindltfifJ' 33 Race SI, MarthaOwen
-.~w. dt1Ul."' French T()INIl, NJ 08825 3851 US64E
bacJil:ountrt'- 800-341-0282 Peachtree Place 116
hv!tl''ery1ichaner,nn 207-442-0633 (f ax) spinnro(iiggLrom Murphy, NC 28906
whw.halQ'fJnl' _'h\spinnro,net 828·835·4592
h~/oV1(iihalQ'fm.' l'arndrrle@brmrmc. nel
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S P R1N G 2 n () 6 1S I' I N · 0 F F I 21
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more Reviews. • •
(continued from page 18)

The Art of Knitting: rious, inexplicable why of kni tting as we could very well have been The Nature of
Inspirational Stitches , t u rn fro m page to beautifu l page. Fabric and th e Fabric ofNature. In th e
Textures and Surfaces If you can imagine Isaku Noro and An- photogra phs, t h e bea uty of th e ya rn in
BY FR\!\COISE drew Goldsworthy-playfu l an d im agi- various stitches, colors, and textures meld
TELLIER L01M\C.E native artists/designers that they wit h th e bea uty of clo u ds, wa te r, an d
are-wande ring through fi eld
New York: Th am es & Hudson, 2005. Paper-
bound, 318 poges, $39.9". ISBN 0-" 00-28,,,,7-8. and forest, next to seashore and ~­ bedded in rou gh red sand
st rea m wit h baskets of glo ri- transform seam lessly into
The Art of Knitting is an elegant and ous ya rns , kni tt in g needles a wonde rfu l cab led tweed
unusual book, full of wonde rful surpris- tucked under their arms, you fabri c. In a no t he r pho to -
es and visual delights. I'd looked through will have some idea of the vi- gra ph, gray rive r st ones
it twice before I realized t h ere was n't a sua l deli gh ts of thi s boo k. merge with lovely knit hand-
ga rme n t in sigh t. Not on e soc k, m ulti- Add to it Tellier-Loumagne's sp u n so perfectl y t ha t it is
~~.,;,,;;; ­
eolore d or oth erwise, n ary a sca rf, n ot sc h ola rly a nd t h ou gh tfu l ha rd t o kn ow whe re fabric
even a dishcloth. And whe n I did realize analysis of the structure of and landscape part.
t hat t h ere we re n o patterns per se, and kni tti ng, wh ich fl ows throu gh t he book Even people whose in ter-
the book was, in fact, aim ed more for the wit h t h e orderl y m ovem ent of a Bach est in textiles does not extend beyond the
kn it designer wh o designs for industrial conce rto, an d you have a book t hat will thread co unt of th eir bedsheets will like
kn itti ng machines (the re is a very token bring new conce pts on the use of th read thi s boo k fo r its qu irky bea uty. For a
nod to handknitters), I didn't mi nd a bit. and th e nat ure of fabric. novice kn itter or spinne r, I think it will
Rather than dealing with the how of knit- In fact, t h e book's subt itle, Inspira- provide ma ny in sights into th e so u rces
t ing, th is book seduces us with th e glo- tional S titches, Textures and Surfaces, of design ins pirat ion . And, wh ile it is

...... ....
T he O riginal Howard Hand Card M ade in USA

All of our products are handcrafted in Woonsocket, Rhode Island. Our Hand Cards are manufactured to
the exact specifications developed by the fou nders of the Howard Brothers Company in 1866. Each hand card
is formed using select woods, with a gently curved compromise between flat and strongly curved cards, allow-
ing for both styles of carding action. The handles are ergonomically designed to shape and fit, easy to orient,
sturdily attached to the carder back and finished with a warm hand-rubbed sheen. These traditionally made
hand cards are offered in 3 sizes: Standard , Student and Mini, and in 5 densities from 54 TPI to 190 TPI for
the fiberarts community.
These 5 traditional densities of ca rd clothing are available in widths of 8".
10". 12" and 14" for you r Drum Carding requirements, an d can be purchased
by the linear foot. Also, being the manufacturer we can fabricate carding cloth
for many of your specia l fiber process requirements.
Our goal is to offer quality hand card tools and drum card ing cloth at a reasonable price to keep the craft of
spinning affordable. By doing so we are quickly becomin g the supplier of choice for the fiberarts community.
We also manufacture.._
• basic frame kits • rug hookin g gripper strips • drum carding cloth •
Call or check our w ebsite for a dealer near you!

800-556-7710 •
S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S P I N . 0 F F I 23
definitely not a project book, it does have assumptions about th e reader's es and rippin g out are
a sign ificant amount of t echnical infor- knowledge of knitting, so they al so addresse d. As the
mation that will be a goo d resource for start at th e very beginning. reader's skill improves,
both ya rn and knit desi gners. For the The fir st chapter covers more complex patterns are
more expe rie nced textile de signer, th e basic fiber information, sizes presented. Not t o be forgot-
combination of the cl ear st ru ct u ral of ya rn, and how t o read a ten is a section on finishing,
diagrams, text, and pictures will present yarn label. Spin ne rs might raise an including picking up stitches,
intriguing possibilities for many yea rs to eyebrow about some of the fib er descrip- blocking, graft in g, an d seve ral
come. tions but most of the information is solid. seam ing methods. Again , many colorfu l
- Judith MacKenzie McCuin A short discussion of knitting needles and photographs tak e the reader thr ough
necessary knitting notions is included. each step of the process.
Maran Illustrated: Ste p-by-ste p photos in th e "Knitt ing Then, like icing on the cake, there is a
Knitting & Crocheting Basi cs" ch apte rs sh ow cas t ing on and comprehensive section on crochet. Like
By ~ \ R \ NC R ~ P 11 I ( S how to knit and purl using both the En- the knitting part of th e book, it progresses
DE\'ELOPMENT CROl P glish and cont ine ntal m ethods. Accom- from the most basic to more compl ex and
Boston: Thomson Course Technology, 2005. Pa- panying th e text are lots of tips to ease includes pattern stitches and projects.
perbound, 297 pages, $24.99./SBN 1-.59200-862-3. th e process. A sect ion on measurin g Learn ing to knit or c rochet is exci t-
gauge and how t o read patterns provides in g and challen ging, and th e authors of
Knitting & Crocheting from th e Maran the read er with th e skill to choose from Knitting & Crocheting have worked hard
lllustrated series is one of the most com- a se lec t ion of basi c st itch patterns for to make it easy. Much ca re has gone into
preh en sive learn-to-knit books available scarves and wash cloths. translating quick motions of th e hand
tod ay. Page after page of chee rfu l photos Su bseque nt chapte rs introduce knit- into many detail ed photographs. If you
and concise text guide the new knitter to ting in th e round u sing circular needles are learning to knit and croc het from a
su ccess . The Maran famil y and knitting and doubl e points, calor knitting, lace, book, thi s one wou ld be a great ch oice!
co ns u ltan t Joann e Yordan ou mak e no and cables. How to repair dropped st itch- - Maggie Casey

24 I S PI N . 0 F F I w ww. I ~ T E R W E A V E . C 0 />l
48793 Chilliwack Lake Road, Chilliwack, B.C., Canada V4Z IA6
re •
Telephone (604) 858-6020
Call Toll Free 1-877-898-2273 for free brochure, 9:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. our time (Pacific Time)


Pat has been personally handcrafting fine carders for over 10 years.


DEB'S DELICATE DELUXE • Comes with the famous "Fur" drum for all delicate fibers.
The most popular and versatile of all hand-turned carders,
• Interchangable "Production" drum can be added for
named for Deb Menz who encouraged the development of its
processing strong fibers.
special 30: I carding and blending ratio, which makes it so
efficient for carding all medium wools and exotics. • Infeed drum spirally wrapped, with no unproductive groove
as found in many lower quality carders.

• Unique 9Y4 inch wooden infeed pulley.

• Hardrock maple frame and solid laminated drums.

• Anti-friction bearings for smooth and effortless


• Supplied with table clamps. cleaning brush. and doffer stick.

• Operating instructions and over 20 pages of comprehensive

"Carding Notes" included.

Spinning for Softness and Speed
Now available from Paula. $20 U.s., price includes postage.

CALL PAULA TOLL FREE, 877-898-2273

for prices, free brochure, or for Does your carder have
information about our equipment. dental problems?
Since carder teeth have a "knee".
they will bend back and rise above
SEE OUR WEBSITE: the normal tooth surface if
for photos and details about: damaged by matted bunny fur.
burrs, or badly tangled (unpicked)
• the MOTORIZED FANCICARD fibers. For realigning bent teeth.
use a draftsman's propelling pencil
• the MOTORIZED THREE-DRUM SUPERCARD with its lead removed. Slip the
• the MOTORIZED FOUR-DRUM ELSACARD pencil over the tooth and move
it gently into place.
F AL L 2 0 0 6 IS PI N . 0 F F I 25

" t seems my life has re-
volved around wheels," says Be In the cenes:
Dave Paul of The Merlin
Tree, "as a teenager I cycled
where friends drove." Dave
started his career in 1968 as a
teacher, then took to managing o

an international bicycle tour-

ing company, Vermont Bicycle
Touring. His life spun back
around as he returned to teach-
ing part-time while working at
home refurbishing old wood-
and-canvas canoes.

er In ree
Dave Paul tapering a replacement gunwale tip. BY LAURA SILVERMAN

Dave purchased his home, a one-room refurbish whee ls as a h obby. As hi s known for th eir cas t-iron treadl es.
Vermont sc h oo lho use a n d th e future collect ion grew. the group suggested that tension er saddles, and iron footm ent.
location of The Merlin Tree. in 1971. In he show his wheels at the Vermont Shee p Dave decided h e co u ld mak e a tru e
1994 h e marri ed Kathl ecn, an d th ey and Wool Festival. "I restored them so reproduction. "The whee ls were jus t fine
add ed more rooms to th e property. Th e that th ey wou ld reall y work," Dave says.
"grea t ro om" was devoted to spin n ing "They 're unlike th e refurbished whee ls
and knitting. A second story added over of th e 1950 s and 1960 s wh ich were
th e ca rriage h ouse becam e Kathl een 's brought back only as decor." He had a ball
yarn a nd fiber sh op. Finally, a building at the fall 2002 show, sold out his stock,
for the canoes was built. and decided to exh ibit at other festivals.
Many of Kathl een's friends love fiber After expe r ienc ing hi s first festival,
arts and frequently came over to spin. As Dave spent a lot of time thinking about c
Dave's sho p becam e fun ctional . th ey the whee ls h e had sold. Man y we re "o
sta rte d bringing him th eir old and Canadian Pr oducti on Wheels. uniqu e to
Jacob sheep, Icelandic sheep, and Cashmere
an tiqu e whee ls for repair. He becam e the Eastern Townships of so u t he rn goats have all been part of The Merlin
very ad ept at it and began to buy and Quebec. These Canadian wheels are best Tree flock.

26 I S PI N . 0 F F I www. 1 N T E R W E A V E . C 0 j\J
the way they were . Ther e wasn't any
reason to improve on them," Dave says.
Connecticut Sheep &
Wool Festival. "I felt
inners test-drive at a wheel-
bui c1ini~~e each participant
Dave spent a lot of tim e analysing a overwhelmed at the akes, home lh ~ir ilchHiker .~
group of wheels, carefu lly measuring all response!" he says.
th e parts and the angles, then averaging Dave still teaches
them to design his prototype. After middle schoo l sc i-
tweaking his plan, Dave was surprised to ence half-time and
find that the fini shed result closely devot es even more
resembled a wheel in his collection. hours to his business.
Locating a supplier for the cast-iron Dave continues to re-
treadles was more difficult. "It became a furb ish old canoes,
life-force of its own," Dave says. He finally all the while trying to
teamed with Schloss Furnaces, a national keep up wit h the
lan dmark foundry in Birmingha m, demand s of his fi ber
Alabama. Devoted to educating ap- cl ien ts. He loves
prentices in the old way of ironwork, they being fl exible and meeting people's SPINSTER LAURA SILVERMAN
were an ideal match for hi s purposes. needs. "I found something that I enjoy lives in Tarzana, California, with
Schloss's historically co rrec t output doing. I get a great deal of satisfaction her dogs Cosmos and Sunny,
helped make it hard to tell the difference in mak ing thi ngs that people can use, who, she regrets, make lousy
tiber sources because their hair
between Dave's reproductions and the especially when I get to wor k with the
is too short.
originals. person who is going to use it." Y!
Once th e tr eadles were orde red, The
Merlin Tree was fully committed to the
spinning whee l business. Dave limi ted Wheel Basics
his treadle order to a quantity he felt was
Model name: The HitchHiker Drive-band material: No drive band. The
man ageable bu t not a burden, if his rubber whorl drives directly off the side of
ve nture failed. He needn't have worried, Current retail price: Base model $259
lhe solid wheel.
though; to date he's sold forty-eight of Wood type: Ballic birch, ash, tulipwood,
Standard ratio: 7.1:1. Optional ratios:
the fi fty Canadian reproduction wheels cherry, and butternut. Other woods optional.
5.1:1,9.1 :1
origi nally planned in 2002. Dave is Finish: Unfinished or single coat of leak
For more information, contact The Merlin
currently developing a new des ign to oil. Other finishes optional.
Tree, 2093 Barton Rd., Wesl Glover, VT
rep lace h is Canad ian reproduction Drive type: Friction drive 05875. (802) 754·6433; www.TheMerlin-
The Merlin Tree is also well known fo r Treadle type: Single treadle, left or right
foot options
"The Hitchhiker," a spinning whee l
designed and execute d by Dave. His plan Standard accessories: Orifice hook,
was to make a serious ly portable, rea- 3 bobbins, and onboard lazy kate
sonably priced wheel that didn't take it- Options: Specially wood lrim or
self too seriously. With its carry ing paint finishes
handle cut out in the shape of a fist with Drive-wheel diameter: 14"
its thum b stuck out, and a foot-
Total height: 19%" it is airline
shaped tr eadle, the wheel was certai n ly compatible and will fit in a standard large
successful. canvas tote.
Dave took his prototype to Kathleen's
Orifice height from the fioor: 17'/."
spinning guild for input in Ap ril 2005.
"They sugges ted specific changes that Orifice size: %"
made a real differen ce," he said. One Bobbin length: 4%"
involved the addition of an onboard lazy Bobbin core diameter: %"
kate. When one of the women at the
Flyer width between arms: 41J4"
meeting posted a picture of it on her blog,
the phone orders started. He sold another Flyer hooks: 6 stationary guides per arm
eight soo n afte r that at the 2005

S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S P I N . 0 F F I 27
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28 IS PI N . 0 F F I www. 1 N T E R W E A V E . C 0 1'>1

Beautifully Crafted
A Delight to Spin On

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Single Treadle Double Treadle 24" SIngle Tread le 30 " Double Treadle
Ash : also avail able In Cherry : a lso availab le
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SP R I N C 2006 1 S P I N · O F F I 29

Plyin Chaine Sin es


ommonly known among spin- If you are trying this technique for the
fi rst time, you may want to practice with
~ ners as "Navajo-plying,' plying waste yarn- a weaving or knitting mill-
spu n ya rn o r croc h et cotton- be fore
chained singles produces a three-ply us ing your precious handspun! First
determ in e wh et h er t he ya rn h as been
yarn from a bobbin of singles yarn spu n S, t h e wh eel t u rni n g to t he left
(counterclockwise), or Z, the whee l turn-
and is accomplished by "chaining" ing to the right (clockwise), and then ply
in t he opposite direction.
loops; each new loop is drawn
A preview
through the previous loop.' With this Yo u r forward ha nd will pin ch off th e
tw ist, gu ide it into th e chai n ed singles ,
techniqu e, you can create three-ply a nd roll t he bum ps c rea te d wher e th e
loops join . Your back h a nd will form
ya rn from one bobbin of singles t he loops.
Sta rt by ty in g a ya rd-lon g leader to
instead of three. You may be familiar t he bobbin on th e fl yer spin dle. Th read
th e leade r over t h e h ooks a nd throu gh
with chaining a warp for weav ing, t h e orifice . Double bac k th e en d of the
leader to form a 5- inch loop an d ti e a
creating a crochet chain, or making kn ot. Select a large wh orl to give you a
low twist rati o. This allows more contro l
a chain stitch in embroidery, but you ~ as you practice th e m ot ions. Hold th e
"> leader and begin to t readle slowly. Check
can't make a stable yarn just chain- ~ the pu ll on th e leader as it is draw n
~ th ro ugh the orifice a nd winds onto th e
ing a strand of spun singles. The ~ bobbin. Adjust th e ten sion for a slightly
"o faste r draw-in th an you u sed whe n

chained singles need suffic ient twist spin ning th e sin gles.
If you 've spu n a singles ya rn from a Put t he yarn bobbin onto a lazy kate.
in the opposite direction to balance variegated rovi ng or batt, you can pre- I li ke to place t h e kate on th e fl oor
se rve solid sect ions of color in th e plied between my feet. Draw th e en d of th e
th e twist of the singles. yarn or grad ually move from one calor yarn up from the kate and fold it to form
to th e n ext. Plying cha in ed sin gles re- an 8-inc h loop . Pass t h e ya rn loop
1 Though plying chained singles is normally re- duces th e length of a color sec t io n of t hrough th e leader loop (Figu re 1). Pull
ferred to as "Navajo-plying, " questions have been
raised about the origins of the term and whether singles yarn to one -th ird of th e original the yarn loop toward your body with your
or not it is accurate. Plying chained singles is a de- len gth. For exam ple, to ply 5 inc h es of back hand, ce nte r in g it over t h e yarn
scriptive term for making a three-ply yarn from a
singles yarn. color, you will need to spin 15 in ches com ing from the kate. Pinch the junc-
of sing les in that color. tu re of the loops with th e fi nge rs of your

30 I S PI N . 0 F F I ww w. 1 N T E R W E A V E . C 0 j\J
forward hand, folding back 4 or 5 inch- hand, pull th e st ra nd co m ing from th e do esn't twist in either direction. How-
es of th e beginning of the loop (Figure kate through th e loop to form th e n ext ever, some of the twist energy has been
2). There a re four stra nds of yarn at th e loop (Figure 8). Pick up the ya rn com - set if the singles yarn has been stored on
pinch, cou nt ing th e tail from th e loop. ing from th e kate (third ply) wit h your th e bobbin for several hours or more. If
Use the thumb and little finger of your index finger (Figure 9). Resume tread- so, to test for th e amount of tw ist, take
back hand to spread and tension the two ling and guide the twist along the strands about 3 feet of th e singles an d fold th e
sides of the loop (Figure 3). Pick up th e (Figure 10). Repeat th ese mo tions. With ya rn to mak e 1 foot of thre e-pl y, knot
st rand coming from the kate (the third practi ce you will be abl e to in crease both ends, and put it into wate r to allow
ply) with your ind ex finger (Figure 4) . speed. th e twist ene rgies to balance. Match the
Begin to t readle slowly in the dire c- To ti ghten th e bump form ed whe re ply twist to this sa mple. Or, save a three-
tion opposite to wh ich the sing les ya rn t he loops overlap, roll the join back and ply sa m ple for com pa rison whe n spin-
was spun. Maintain equal tension on all forth between th e thumb and ind ex fin- ning th e singles.
thre e plies wit h you r spread fingers. As ger of your forward hand. Rollin g th e Loops can be large or small. If you are
twist builds up between th e orifice a nd join lets in extra twist, minimi zing the plyin g yarn with color seque nces, watch
the fin gers pinching at th e end of th e size of th e bump. for th e color chan ges. Adju st th e loop
lead er, slide th e pinch al ong the three A three-ply ya rn needs about th ree - size to place colors whe re you wou ld like
strands witho ut allowing any one st ra nd fourths of the twists per inch that were them to appear; pull more yarn from the
to twist around another (Figure 5). Stop put in the sing les. If th e sing les yarn has kate to lengthen loops, or pull less to
sliding the pinch whe n 3 or 4 in ch es of not been resting on th e bobbin before make shorte r loops.
loop remain (Figure 6). Move your hands plyin g, you can test th e twist by letting Treadle slowly to give your hands time
forward toward the orifice to let the plied 12 to 15 in ch es of plied yarn han g wit h- to form loops or adjust co lo rs . As you
yarn wind onto the flyer bobbin, and then out tension between your hand and the form loops, you may see thick or thin
stop treadling (Figure 7). With the back orifice. You wa n t a relax ed ya rn that sect ions. Com pe nsate by altering th e

S P R I N C 2006 I S PIN· 0 F F I 31
loop length ; place a thick sect io n Pull out any unattach ed stran ds and t ie
between two thin st ra n ds , or let three a knot to prevent raveling, 16
thin strands meet at the bump of joining
loop s. DODlE RUSH learned to spin on a rented wheel
when she attended her first SOAR (Spin-Off
If you r back hand finds manipulating
Autumn Retreat) in 1990. She lives in
the loops awkward , reversing hands may Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, with her husband,
help. As you become co m fo rta ble wit h Cory, who took the photos (or this article.
the motions, you 'll develop a smoo t h,
faster treadling rhythm. To pause wh ile Sources
plyin g, keep th e working loop open by Fournier, Nola, and Jane Fournier.ln Sheep's
Clothing. Loveland, Colorado: Interweave
placing the sides of th e loop around the
Press, 1995.
hooks on th e flyer, or put th e loop over lrwin, Bobbie. The Spinners Companion.
a knob. Wind the plied yarn onto a niddy- Loveland, Colorado: Interweave Press,
noddy a nd cut it free at the lead er loop. 2001.

32 I S PI N . 0 F F I WWW. 1 N T E R W E A V E . C 0 j\J
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Tom & Diane Golding
Mcadowswcct Farm
I 849 Saxtans River Road
Saxtons River, VT 05154
Precision Fiber Tools

Drop Spin dies hand

Ihirty Iwo differenl spindles to choose from, offering
carved designsl beautiful solidwoods aswell as Spinning Wheels
several hand painted spindles. I

"Flockof the Shepherdess"

Iriple Flyer Model, Ratios up 10 33:I
Single Flyer Model, Ratios up to 18:1

Floor Looms Accessories

• lIandearved and built • Innovative Construction
one at a time witt: 58 scaled ball beariogs Single Pointed Needles
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• 2 Piece Construction

Cherrywith Walnut, Maple, andPurpleheorl
e t
Mal(hing Benth 36 " Fuur Harness Jack Loom KniNing Needle (ose
has adjustable heightwith
four tilting positions

Lazy Kote I
for drop spindleplying



Lazy Kate 11
for spinningwheel plying

Of and wrec
Nova Scotia's woolly history

HEEP AND SHIPWRECKS have a long history in Nova Scotia, a storm or two longer
than that of sheep and foresters , and only a few years longer than that of sheep and


• Prince Edward
Island !
p ;l , Ballantyne's ~ -
.. <
-t r .
Sheep grazing by the sea in . sc o\ \7>. ~ ,
Ballantyne's Cove, N va Scotia. ~o'''' ,,,u',,.....
,A • Halifax

Atlantic Ocean
• Port Mouton

tr oduced to help increase the chances of

survival of the shipwrecked sailors . The
move was almost certainly in response
Port Mouton on the province's island- to one particularly sorry spring when the
dotted sou th sho re got its nam e from townsfolk from the mainland had to bury
an unlucky sheep that drown ed in its twenty-one frozen bodies, one of whom
wate rs, It is also where the first pair of was crouc he d over a pile of kindling
domestic shee p land ed 400 years ago. sticks holding a flint and stee l.
Time-blurred details leave it uncl ear as
A Nova Scotian woman spinning to whether these two wethers we re flock Spinning all day
on a great wheel. mates of the poor drowned creature and, A tapestry of mor e gentee l early nine-
therefore, missed out on immortality by teenth-century life was wove n by farm
the sheer luck of survival. The three- gi rl Louisa CoIIins who wrote in her diary
some, however, launched the meteoric during October and Novemb er 1815:
rise, by importation and natural instinct, "Yesterday nothing happened worthy of
"~ in the population of sheep in Nova Sco- notice. I was spinn ing all day. " "Today
~ tia to a stu nning 400,000 by the tim e of I have been spinning nearly all day." "I
~ co nfederation in 1867. don't think I shall get rheumatism in my
:: Shee p were a necessary commodity fingers for want of exerc ise, for I have
~ in a province lapped by the tail end of the been in my spinning room all day.. . . "
~ cold Labrador Curre nt during the long Then at the end of the latter month
; inhospitable winters. Fishermen, farm- she continued: "I have been sitt ing knit-
~ ers, and lumbermen and their wives and ting near all day." "Housewo rk and knit-
: children who tended to th e animals, the ting have been most of my employment
vegetable gardens, and all mann er of do- today.... " She also picked berries, made
-e mestic tasks, depended upon the animals wine, chu rne d bu tter, and washed
for surv ival. Oxford s, Shropshires, and clothes, but the aut umn months were
~ Leicesters were the leading breeds irn- dedicated to processin g wool from her
~ ported by the British in th e eighteenth family's flock of th irty sheep for the un-
'" and nineteenth centuries and were often ending supply of mi ttens, socks, mufflers,
~ grazed offsho re, leaving an im print of and sweaters that her family required. In
6: th eir lives on place-nam es such as th is light, it can be understood why Wai-
~ Shearpen Neck, Mutton Islands, and Ram ter Johnstone from Prince Edward Island
"< Island. On these island s, the restl ess felt the need to write letters advising En-

-;:; ocean acted as fencing, natural predators glish famili es against emigrating, for in
~ were limited to those on the wing, and his view "their women fr equently can
" the nutrients in kelp made for piquant spin neither flax, nor wool, and many are
> flavored meat and fin e crimped fleeces. both unable and unwilling to take the hoe."
< On the deadly Sea l Island and its Although Louisa marri ed a year later
6 neighboring Mud Islands, sheep were in- and moved to town, leaving her farm
- - - ' " c,

S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S P I N· 0 F F I 35
-I waterwheel is the third one in
use since the mill opened in
The pedigree of the other wheel took some
sleuthing, but eventually I determined that
1860. it was an unsigned wheel made by John-
ny or Frank You ng. This famil y made
Woolen underwear chairs from the 1840s that they sold for a
In 1870, Charles Sta nfie ld dollar apiece. Their wheels we re relative-
opened the Truro Woollen ly expensive at five dollars and had racy
Mill, the fi rst knitting mill in red and black bands painted on their legs
Canada . A consummate in- and wheel rims. These two wheel makers
vento r, Cha rles made some were not alone in this part of the wo rld;
waves in the underwear busi- the re we re at least a dozen mo re, and
ness with his fam ou s "drop there we re also many homemade walking
seat" lon g johns, but it was wheels in use. One Prince Edward Island
only when his sons invented maker numbered all of his wheels, and
2!"----,. shri nk-proof wool and corn-
-- - -. -- - - bined it with the ir fa the r's
wheels with numbe rs higher tha n 600
have been found.
- -- - "drop sea t" tha t they were
inked indelibly into history.
No ne of these fa milies make wheels
today, however, and there are only 13,400
Grand Banks fishing schooner, "Bluenose". The Klondike Trail of 1898, a shee p roaming the province, including
househ old nam e thanks to Scottish Blackface, North Country Cheviot,
work beh ind , the gene ratio ns of rural Jack London, made the little Nova Scotia Hexham Leicester, and Clun Forest. The
women who remained would have been company fa mous; barely a man with the ewes at Cole Harbour Heritage Farm from
thrilled at the colony's burgeoning en- glint of gold in his eye left civilization whom I get my annual stash of fl eece are
trepren eurial spirit. Farsighted bus i- without warm, heavy, woolen Stanfie ld's better known, howeve r, as Wiggles, Olive,
nessmen were striving to overcome the underwear. There are old, grainy, black- Pippi Longstocking, and so on; they are
economic and legislative obstacles of set- an d-white photos of st rings of them a hyb rid fl ock and are typical of all but 5
ting up textile industries. The home gov- stripped dow n to this un derwear as they percent of the province's sheep popula-
ernment in Britain preferred to have the struggle up Chi lkoot Pass with 700 tion. From their locks, I make war m,
resource-rich colonies dependent upon pounds of gear and winter closing in fast. sturdy sweaters, mitts, and fe lted slippers
it for the ir textile needs, ther eby bol- Stanfie ld's Woollen Mill is st ill in busi- for my active family, just as Louisa and
ste ring its own powerful industry. Per- ness, 135 years later. thousands of other wo me n have over the
severance was required in the outposts 400 years since the fi rst two we the rs
of the British Empire and the success is Wheel makers landed in Port Mouton. \Si
evident in the fact that forty-five years In my own wo rkshop, beside 1870s
later Nova Scotia boasted seventy-seven itine rant weavers' heddles, sit two antique KATE LANGAN spins and writes in Dartmouth,
Nova Scotia, Canada.
carding mills and numerous weaving spinning wheels, an unsigned Yo ung and
mills, and the new country's first knit- a signed Macintosh, crafted by two of the Resources
ting mill was gearing up. The itin eran t province's better known wheel makers. MeClare, Dale, ed. The 181,5 Diary ofa Nova
weavers, who in the old Scottis h style Alexander Macintosh lived and worked in Scotia Farm Girl: Louisa Collins of Colin
would travel between isolated homes car- Pictou County, where the first Scottish im- Grove, Dartmouth. Dartmouth, Nova Sco-
rying th eir heddles and beate rs, were migrants landed in 1773. The earliest ver- t ia: Brook House Press, 1997.
Perry, Zella. Sheep Shearing and Shipwrecks:
rapidly being put out of business. sion of his Scottish style do uble-drive belt
Seal Island, Noua Scotia. Bible Hill, Nova
Glimpses of this busy time have been wheel is dated 1809, and his son is known Scotla: Zella Perry, 1998.
preserved for us to enjoy. On display at to have worked until the 1870s. My wheel Reid, Stanford, ed. The Scottish Tradition in
the Barrington Woollen Mill are exam- is a beautifully balanced creature built by Canada. Toronto: McC lelland and Stew-
ples of the spinning jacks and water-pow- l.S. Macintosh, the son, and is dated 1814. art, 1976.
Zinck, Jack. Shipwrecks ofNova Scotia, Vo!.
ered looms that broke the shackles of the
1. Hantsport, Nova Scotia: Lancelot Press,
old country. The Wile Carding Mill, in Wallace R. MacAsl<il1
Bridgewater, still operates as a summer Statistics Canada
Learn more about the photographer,
attrac t ion, using the origi na l pickin g, Wallace R. MacAskill (1887-1956), at Nova Scctia Agricultural College, www.nsac
carding, and batting machin es that cut http:/ / .
the wo men's work of a week down to one macaskill/essay.asp?La ng ua9e-En9Iish. Nova Scotia Public Archives ,
hour. The seven-horsepowe r overshot

36 I S PI N . 0 F F I WW W. 1 N T E R W E A V E . C 0 j\J
Quality spinning tools since 1976
The Lendrum folding w heel is the ideal first w heel be-
cause it is easy to learn on and you w ill never outgrow
it. The smooth balan ced double treadl e action is as easy
as pedalin g a bicycle and w ill let you spin for hours. The
regular flyer th at comes w ith the w heel is the right speed
to get started, not too fast and not too slow. Later. as
your skills increase, you can buy other fly ers and head s
that w ill do any kind of spinning th at you can imagine.
This w heel has the w idest ran g e of fly er speeds availa ble,
from 5 up to 44 . This w heel has scotch tension w hich is
I the easiest system to adj ust. The rubber drive band sets
its own tension so you don't need to bother w ith it. You
simply adj ust th e brake to have the thread pull in th e
way you want it.
We use hard maple to build this w heel and fini sh it
w ith acrylic lacquer to insure a long and reliabl e life.
W hen you are ready for a dream w heel - - -......
our saxony is worth dreaming about. It is
available in your choice of w alnut. cherry
or maple and it is sold unfinished so you
can finish it to match its new home.
Don't let the good looks fool you! This
is very much a working w heel. W hen you
first sit to spin you w ill feel like you don't
need to treadle becau se the big w heel
goes by itself. You have your choice of
either a double d rive head or a scotch
tension head . We ca n build your w heel
w ith the head on th e left or on the right
to suit the way you spin .

403 Millhaven Rd. Odessa ON Canada KOH 2HO
gord@' /613) 386-7151
Why do we call it a folding wheel?
Because it folds as easy as 1, 2, 3.

J Unscrew the hand knob and pull it out.

2 Gently lower the frame down to the floor.
3 Screw the hand knob into the other hole.

In 14 seconds th e
wh eel is ready to go
in th e car or under
th e b ed .
Where to find one?
These wheels are sold by local craft stores throughout Canada and the USA.
You can find them at the dealers below or check our website for a complete list.
Pams Wooly Shop Bountiful The Fiber Studio Jane's Fiber and Beads
5107 50th St . 211 Green Mountain Dr. 9 Foster Hill Rd . Box 637 5415 E. Andrew Johnston HWy.
Stoney Plain, AB T7Z 1TS Livermore. CO 80536 Henniker. NH 03242 Afton. TN 37616
(7801 963-1559 (9701 482-7746 16031 428-7830 f4231639-7919
(8881 563-1559 toll-free (877) 586-9332 www.fiberstudio .com (8881 497-2665
Homespun Haven The Wool Room at
4165 Round Prairie Rd .
Meadow Brool( Farm Suzanne Roddy
Armstrong. BC VOE 184 Shuttles Spindles & 218 Pleasant St .
123 Tumbleweed Trail
{lSO' 546-3224 Skeins Antrim. NH 03440
Fredericksburg. TX 78624
635 S. Broadway, Unit E f8301 990-4629
Sun Bench Fibres Boulder. CO 80303 16031 588-6637
#1-8979 Broadway St. 13031 494-1071
I<athr.yn Alexander Tralfamadore Farm
Chilliwack. BC Vlr SV9 and Studio
Sylvie COX 1302 Jolmsonville Rd .
Jcrmscnvnre. NY 12094 15030 N . Mountain Rd .
Honeysuckle Fibre Arts 2A825 Fairwa.Y Dr. Broadway. VA 22815
9600 Tliird St. Buena Vista. cO 8121 I 15181 753-4094
kathalex@f1ash .net (5401896-7639
Sidney.BC vst, 2Z9 (7191395-2542
(2501656-4201 Serendipity Farm
Haneke Wool Fashions Limekill Enterprises
RD#1 Box 146 Richard Rd . 980 Cypress Chapel Rd .
Gemini Fibers 630 N . Blackcat Rd.
Schoharie. NY 12157 Suffolk. VA 23434
RRI Meridian. ID 83642 (7511 986-2010
Mount Albert. ON lOG I MO (2081 888-3129 15181827-4615
e-mail: sheepman
fBOOI 564-9665 (2081 888-2776 fax Sheep and Wool Shop
The Fold 4849 C::orY Corners Springwater Fiber
The Yarn Source 3316 Millstream Rd . Marion. NY 14505 Workshop
RR1, 2661 Hwy_62 Marengo. IL 60152 13151 926-5765 820 N . Fair{ax St .
Bloomfield, ON KOK 1GO (8151568-5320 Alexandria. VA 22314
f6131393-2899 mamxs sewprocnqy.ccm The Wool Room (7031 549-3634
172 Joes Hill Rd.
Fiber Factory French Hill Farm Brewster. NY 10509 Paradise Fibers
150 W . Main PO Box 82 18451 279-7627 919 W . Paradise Rd.
Mesa, AZ 85201 Solon. ME 04979 www.woolroom .com Spokane. WA 99224
f4801 969-4346 (2071 643-2540 f8881320-7746
Jehovah Raah Farm
Southwest Corner Webs 204 Dogwood Rd . The Weaving Works
PO Box 418 PO Box 147 Candler. NC 2871 5 4717 BrookjynAve. NE
Bisbee. AZ 85201 Northampton. MA 01061 18281 665-2242 seatne. WA 98105
f5201642-3603 (8001 367-9327 (2061 524-1221 http://www.yarn .com The Little House f8881524-1221
1927 N . Main St.
Carolina Homespun Maple Row Farm Clyde. OH 43410 Susans Fiber Shop
455 Lisbon St . 1051) C1ine Rd . 14191547-9210 N250 HwyA
San Francisco. CA 941 12 Sherwood. MI 49089 18001554-7973 Columbus. WI 53925
(8001450-7786 (5171741 -7434 f9201623-4237
Dettas Spindle Woodland Woolworks P&M Woolcraft
Village Spinning & 2592 Geggen-Tina Rd . 100 E. Washington Pindon End Cottage
Maple Plain. MN 55359 Carlton. OR 97111 Pindon End. Hanslope
Weaving Shop 15031852-7376 Milton Keynes UI<
425-B Alisal Rd . (7631479-1612
(8771640-1612 18001 547-3725 01908510277
Solvang. CA 93463
(8051686-1192 DettaS ® Mannings
f8881 686-1192 1132 Green Ridge Rd .
PO Box 687
East Berlin. PA 1 73 I 6

S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S PIN . 0 F F I 39
Whenever I teach, I arrive early and
arrange the chairs in a wide circle. Spin-
dl es ar e placed in fron t of eac h cha ir
along with eigh t ounces of good-quality
fleece and flickers for preparing the fiber.
I have everything ready fifteen minutes
before class begins. Then I sit and spin
a few yards. Almost as soon as I begin to
treadle I move into the cente r of myself,
the tensions of my day slip away. As my
Learning about students and myself students arrive, I tou ch each one in
B Y R A ND Y C IIE LS E Y some unobtrusive way-a palm pressed
against a sho ulde r. It's important t o
remember everyone's name. I introduce
STUDENT HAD BEEN INVITED to t each a s pin n ing class a nd asked
them to each other and ask them about
m e for gu ida nce. "First of a ll." I to ld h er, "be proficient." Un less the th emselves . I sugges t th ey begin pre-
knowledge has become incorporated into th e very cells of h er fin gers, paring their fl eece as we talk and show
I g ua ran te e h er that as she stan ds in fr ont of this g ro u p, she wi ll spin wo rse th em how.
To teach is to have power. When we
than she has ever s pu n in h er life . It is one thin g to s pin at h ome; it's so me- decide to learn something new, we are
thing else to stan d in front of people w ho are sta r ing at every m ovement yo u off balan ce. I've had teachers who have
make. She had five months, plenty o f t ime, t o gain profi ci ency. I sug gested helped me learn th e su bject matter.
Then , there are those exceptiona l teach-
that she spin an hour every day.
ers who have left me feelin g good abou t
myself. Th e teacher has th e power to
harm or heal. I've see n a teacher bring
a st ude nt to tears, pronouncing h er
in capabl e of learn ing this relati vely
s imple skill. In th e role of a teacher,
everything we say has a bigger impact
than we realize.
Some teachers ha ve not healed th e
wou nds th ey received whe n th ey were
st udents. Now, as teachers, they use their
power to hurt their pupils. Ot he rs may
use humor th ey think is funn y, but in
fact it is humiliating. And others are sim-
ply not aware of whe n th ey need to cri-
tiqu e and whe n su pport is required. And
a few always praise one or two students
without realizing others are losing heart.
I most enjoy teaching beginners.
Many of them stared spellbou nd at fairs
watching as dem onstrat ors sat treadling
blissfully. My st uden ts wan t to be that
woman in the dirnd l dress. Their expec-
tation is a burden on me but an even
bi gger one for th em. Fear slips ove r
th em like cold metal armor. And th e

Randy Chelsey leaching spinni ng at the Gold-

en Fleece Shop in Santa Cruz, California.

mind sta rts to cycle through doubts-
"Can I do it? Of co u rse I ca n 't . Wh at
madn ess mad e me think I co u ld? And
now I' ve got this whee l that cos ts
hundreds of dollars and classes paid for
and oh-my-goodness!"
I tell my students, "Everybody learns."
I u se ge ntle hum or, a nd whe n I ge n tly
move to th e cente r of the ir fear and put
a n am e on it, th ey lau gh. With th e
lau ghter, they begin to breathe and th eir
fears start to dissipate. The conce rn that
th ey will be th e on ly one who doesn 't
learn diminish es.
Watching eac h n ew st u de nt learn
fascina tes me. The way eac h of th em
approac hes life is reveal ed in th eir
beginner mo vemen ts. I can usually tell
how they will spin by th e way they enter
th e ro om. And wit h t h is knowl edge
co mes responsibility. I must co me to
th em te n de rly , ce leb ra t ing sma ll suc -
cesses, offering ge nt le co rrec ti ons. As through their fingers. These people move They've had to make th eir lives happen
they relax, their fingers learn to listen to from a qui et place insid e th emselves. through shee r effort, sometimes agains t
th e fiber and respond. When th ey get it, Some st ude nts can 't let go. Th ey be- im possibl e odds.
a glee fu l exp ress io n cove rs th eir faces lieve th e cur led mass g rip ped in th eir Still othe rs hold th emselves back and
and they let loose wit h an unrestrained sweaty palm is a n inanimate ent ity that away; th e yarn thins and breaks as t he
"h oo ray !" I' ve see n th e m ost seda te must be forced into yarn. They use their spindle drops aga in and again. The fiber
stu dents leap in th e air. fingers to twist the wool, not able to su r- drifts t h rough the ir fingers. Th ey don 't
A few st u de nts open im me diate ly to render to the process. As more and more reali ze th ey are in cha rge. They haven't
th e wool in th eir hands. They are awake tw ist is in serted they wo nde r why it 's acce pte d that th ey belong at t he cente r
to th e fee l of fibers movin g, sliding overspun. These peopl e are survivo rs. of their activ ity.

S P R I N C 2006 I S PI N· 0 F F I 41
After twenty-five years of teaching, I
can sta nd by a struggling student and
fe el what she or he needs. It may be a
suggest ion about technique. Or that I
notice her holding her breath. 1tell her
to "breathe" and see the rhythm of her
respiration transfer to her hands, and the
yarn becomes smooth. Somet imes I
suggest that she stop thinking and just
do it, or "slow down, there's no need to
rush," or that perhaps ifs time to walk
away and take a break.
I've watched two women sitting side
by side spinning and produci ng the same
uneven, full-of-slubs yarn. One of them
was ecstatic that th e ya rn was hold ing
together, the other was miserable that it
was not perfect. And I realized that the
difference was in their perceptions and
their expectations of themselves.
Some st udents comment to th em-
selves on their progress. These utterings
usually have no relation to how we ll
they're actually doing. Once, I had a new
student who I thought learn ed quickly.
But as she treadled , I heard her mutter-
ing, "Stupid, never get it, that's not right"
while she was spinning close to perfect
ya rn. It made me wo nder, "Whose voice
is that?" We can be so hard on ourselves
in a way we wo uld never be toward
And then there are those who need a "you can't undo the past: ' Having access into the places where
scient ific explanat ion of how hard to Everyone learns at different rates and people judge themselves is a big respon-
twist and how often. I offer a few facts; can benefit by having things broken sibility. [ am aware that I can hurt them
they are afraid to proceed without num- down and explained again, but there are in their tentative reaching out to learn
bers. These people are often "A" students. always students who catch on right away. somethi ng new. I seek guidance to
They've learned to rely on their excellent As a teacher, I need to balance th e ex- remember that when a student an noys
minds to find their way through new sit- citement of the quick learners with sup- me (and some dol, if s almost always be-
uat ions. Othe r ways of knowing have port for those who need more time. cause she reminds me of myself as a new
taken a back seat. When [ was learning to spin, [ was very learner, and that makes me want to run.
In learni ng to spin , a healing takes slow to catch on. 1had never held fi ber When [ am aware of this, [ become more
place that permeates every part of a per- or tools before learning to spin, not even accepting of both my student and myself.
son's life. If s impossible to isolate one a hammer. It took me longer to under- As I help th e student, [ hear my own
area. The controllers have learned to let stand the process of turning raw fleece words and find myself soothed. I become
go a little, the drifters learn to hold on, into yarn than it did for any student that my own teacher. 'oS
and the acade mics remember other ways I've eve r instructed. If I had been ig-
of knowi ng. nored, or ifanyone had been curt or too RANDY CUELSEY spins, knits, and ueaoes and
teaches these arts in a small village on the
It's only with practice that new spin- busy to help me when [ was learn ing, I
Califomia coast. She is currently writing a book
ners improve. Most do. But a few spend probably wo uld never have return ed to on art. craft. andspirituality.
th eir time trying to smooth already spinning, but fortunately, I had a won-
form ed yarn. "It's like life," [ tell them, derfully warm teacher, Lou Grantham.

42 I S I' I N · 0 F F I ww W . I N T E R W E A V E . C 0 f.l
SP R I N C 2006 1 S P 1 N OF F 43
The yarn for
HERE ARE THREE PRIMARY FACTORS to be considered when selecting, these booties

was designed
preparing, and spinning fibers for sock yarns: appearance, comfort, and dura- for both
bil ity. The proportion of each of these fac tors depends on the end use of the comfort and
socks. Though all three factors also come into play during the knitting process (choos- , Merike spun
ing a pattern, knitting to fit, etc.), starting with the right kind of yarn can really make a 2·ply lO'
the difference in whether the sock succeeds in its purpose. I (50% coiton,
and 50%
For instance, if you're knitting a pair wool) using
a long-draw
of bed socks for a bed- or wheelchair- The easiest factor to control is appear- technique.
bound friend, durability is not much of ance. While the appearance factor is, in
an issue compared to comfort. Here you large part, controlled by the knitting
can choose to prepare and spin a Merino/ pattern used, it is still something to
angora blend or almost any lower-twist consider in fib er selection, preparation,
woolen yarn that is soft, warm, and comfy. and spinning. In select ing fibers, con-
Ahardworking farmer's boot socks need sider the color, luster, and texture. Color
to be durable and comfortable and just as can be either th e natural color of the
hardworking as the farmer. Worsted- fib er or dyed. Blending different colors
weight woolen ya rn will give more cush- (or shades, tones, or hues of the color)
ioning in boots than a fi ner sportweight can dramatically enhance the overall ap- thro ugh several seasons either learn to
ya rn. I've learned that my husband's fa - pearance of th e color. Lustrous fib ers darn (see page 96), learn to knit socks with
vo rite boot socks are ones I knitted from spun wo rsted can provide greater stitch heels, toes, and/or soles that can be easi-
woolen yarn and then fulled slightly. The definition in an intricat e pattern and ly replaced, or learn to spin a durable yarn
fulli ng provides addi tional durability. make colors glow more. Blending some with the comfo rt and appearance factors
Then there are those fancy show-off lustrous fibers with non-lustrous ones is in appropriate proportions.
socks- the ones you'll wear with sandals an optio n here; for instance, consider a While fib ers that have an inherent
or clogs to demonstrat e yo ur creative Merinolsilk blend. Slubby, nubbly, high- dur ability fa ctor are usually eith er in-
patterning skills, or the dressier ones of ly textured ya rns often aren't durable and elastic or coarse (or both), careful selec-
delicate lace, or the ones with the beaded certainly are not comfo rtable underfoot, tion and blendi ng of these with fibers for
silk boucle cuffs . Here, of course, appear- but they look fabulous in the cuff or as comfort can ensure a yarn suitable for the
ance (consider color, texture, weight of boot toppers or leg warmers. durable, comfortable sock. Anothe r op-
yarn, and Qual ity of th e spinning and tion is spinning each fibe r separately into
knitting) is Quite important. But the fac- Comfort a fine singles and then plying them to-
tors of comfort and at least some dura- The comfort facto r of the sock certain- gether. If inelastic fibers are used by them-
bility still need to be taken into consid- ly depends on how well it fits, but the selves (for instance, a cottonlTencel blend
eration, if only for heels, toes, and soles comfort factor of th e yarn itself con- or an alpaca/silk blend), choose to spin
of the socks. A dash of glitzy, sparkly tributes to how well it feels on the foot. them into a fine very high-twist singles,
nylon blended into almost any other fiber No matter how perfectly the sock fits, it then ply into a balanced three- or four-
provides both a showy presentation and will not be comfortable if the yarn has ply yarn. This will provide elasticity to the
additional durability. any degree of coarse guard hairs, hard yarn that contributes greatly to the over-
There are specialty socks, too-fulled slubs, or excess twist to the point ofwiri- all comfort of the sock.
slipper socks, baby booties, leg warmers, ness. The comfort factor of the yarn also
and Christmas stockings, to name a few. depends on the comb ination of fiber To blend or to ply?
And, of course, there are those socks selection, prepa ration , and spin ning While the appearance of a blended fiber
that will be wo rn on a regu lar basis- techn ique. yarn is different from that of a yarn of
with your jeans, jumpers, out in the gar- fibers spun separately, then plied togeth-
de n, or walking the dog. Aseriously bal- Durability er, the difference is much less significant
anced set of factors of durability, comfort, Durability is the one factor that is of prime with fine ly spun ya rn, especially when
and appearance is important here. Always importance to some, a negligible fa ctor knitt ed into socks and viewed from at
remember that the three factors can be for othe rs, and a mystery to many. Those least five fee t away! But the decision to
combine d in varyi ng proportions In who expect th eir handspun, handknit either blend or ply needs to be made. Of
different parts of the sock. socks to be worn regularly and last at least primary importance is the length of the

S PR ING 2 () l) li l S I' IN · O F F I 45
• • ,


o • •
I} Angora/wool blend : spun by plying two strands of fine wool singles and introducing angora fiber into the plying triangle as it is plied.
2) Estonian Island sheep wool carded and spun with a modified long-draw for a 3-ply yarn. 3) Superwash Merino dyed in the microwave.
4) Avariety of silks blended with dyed kid mohair (3·ply). 5) Alpaca blended with dyed mohair and silk noil (2·ply). 6) Overdyed alpaca
and silk (2-ply).

selected fibers. When spinning a blend of if you can have total control of the care prepare fibers by handcarding rolags or
short and long fibers, great care must be of the socks. But, if spinning and knit- roll drumcarded batts into rolags, If you
taken to avoid having the short fibers left ting th em for others who might not be carded a blend of fib ers that aren't uni-
behind while the longer fibers are draft- likely to provide th e care they most cer- form in length, carefully predraft the ro-
ed with the short draw. An 8-inch staple tainly deserve (or ifyour own "handwash lags (or batts) into a roving that retains
length of second clip mohair blended with onl y" pile sta rts collecting dust ), th en a consistent proportion of the fibers used.
a 4-inch staple length of lamb's wool can fiber selection should include those fibers To make a strong , smooth, lustrous
result in an uneven mix of the two in the that can withstand the washing machine. wors ted yarn , I prefer to first card the
ya rn. The different fib er diameters can While superwash wool fib ers and blends fibers together on my drumcarder to get
also cause problems. However, a three- are available comme rc ially, there are a consistent blend. Then I pull th e card-
ply yarn consisting of two of lamb's wool wool fib ers that won't felt. Many of the ed batt int o len gthwise strips, lash th e
and one of mohair will be mu ch more down sheep breeds provide felting-resis- blend onto my Louet Dutch comb that
consistent. Blending silk with fine wool tant wool that, carded and spun woolen, clam ps to my tabl e, and pull my fib ers
provides a lovely, comfo rtable yarn that results in a soft, cushy yarn that may full into a top. If the blended fibers aren't uni-
is more durable th an fine wool alone. slig htly but will not sh rink. Cons ider form in length, combing or hackling is
There are man y very nice comme rcially blending this wool with nylon, mohair, not an option since all of the longer fibers
prepared silk/wool blends available. I have silk, Iyocell, Ecospun, or other fibers that will be pulled out first. In this case, I spin
found the simplest way to blend my own contribute durability to th e yarn. from th e carefully predrafted lengthwise
is to start with silk caps or hankies, When you consider that a woolen, low- strips of th e drumcarded fibers,
stretch them out, then cut the silk to the twist yarn is ideal for fulling, then the op- Another benefit to preparing your own
same length as the fiber I'll blend it with. posite holds true as well. A non-sup er- fibers for sock yarns is that yo u can con-
Since the durability factor signifies wash Merino fiber spun wo rsted from a trol the proportions of blended fibers. For
the potential longevity of th e sock, then combed top preparation into a high-twist instance, you can use superwash Merino
the shrinkage potential of the sock must yarn , then knitted tightly, will have a for th e cuff and foot but prepare a blend
also be considered. From what I've wit- greater tolerance for machine washing . of thi s Merino with nylon, silk, mohair,
nessed whe n I sold yarn , superwash If you also blend wool with silk, Lyocell, or othe r durabili ty-enhancing fiber for
wools' have recently contributed to the or nylon, you'll add greater durability and the heel and toe. Ideally, you' ll use the
resurgen ce in popularity of knittin g have even less likelihood of shrinking. heel yarn in a sock pattern that allows for
socks. Many of us have expe rienced th e eithe r an afterthought heel or any heel
heartbreak of finding lovingly handspun, Preparation tips construction whe re this yarn will stay
handknit socks among machine-washed, To make a soft, lofty, wa rm woolen yarn, both behind and under the heel without
tumble-dried laundry, full ed to the point being knitted over the top of the foot.
of total inelasticity so that even a foot 1Superwash wools have been chemically treated
to remove the scales that allow wool to become
small enough to fit the shrunken sock permane ntly interlocked with the application of Sampling and swatching
can't get past the cuff. This isn't an issue hot water, soap, and agitation. Spin sample yarns and then knit swatch-

46 I S PI N . 0 F F I WWW. 1 N T E R W E A V E . C 0 j\J
es using the stitch pattern intended for so that you can calculate the percentage starts with, "It depends... ." This time,
th e sock. Sta rt by spinning at least 3 to of shrinkage. Wash your sampler tube as my answe r is, "It depends on the purpose
5 yards of yarn . Make several prepara- you would the socks. Once it has dried, of the sock and yo ur selection of fibers,
tions (diffe rent proportions of blended you'll have an excellent indication of how processin g, and spinning methods that
fibers or different fibers) and spin them, your socks will look, feel, and withstand result in your choice of propo rt ions of
perhaps some as two-ply, some as three- yo ur washing method. Their durability the factors of appearance, comfort, and
or four-ply. Rem emb er to record you r will become evident in time. du rability." Sampling and record keep-
preparation and spinning methods. Then One way to test for durability is to pre- ing will soon reveal what factors provide
knit your samples in the round , using pare a sample ske in and use that ya rn to your ideal socks. §)
the size needles and stitch pattern you darn the worn areas of your favorite
MERIKE SAARNIIT ofMeadows of Dan, Virginia,
would for the sock, separating each sam- handknit socks. While it may take some
teaches spinning, weaving, knitting, and dyeing
ple section by knitting a round of stock- time to get the results of this test, it is a
workshops across the country as well as
inette with a synthetic or nonshrinking good durability indicator in the long run. in Estonia. You 'll find her teaching schedule
cotton yarn. Measure the swatch or mark So after all that, what makes the per- and other patterns she's publishedon
off a 2-by-2-inch square with waste yarn fect sock yarn ? My favorite answer always her webs/le at www./

Dane's Fancy Foot Socks

made from Bluefaced
Durability is the most Leicester, kid
important factor in these mohair, Shetland

rubber-boot liners. Lincoln and wool, alpaca, and
Lincoln-cross wool carded , then spun Merino all spun
seml-woolen with a low twist for a semi-worsted for
2·ply yarn. 2-ply yarns.

For her Spring Socks Merike spun a

3-ply yarn for the loe and heel made
lrom Tucsel (50%cotton, 2S%lussah Three-ply yarn
silk, 25% Lyocell), then spun a 3-ply created with
yarn for the instep from Silver 1 strand of
Lining (50% cotton, 50%gray superwash Merino,
Ileece), and spun a 3-ply yarn 1 strand of silk,
lrom Golden Fleece (50%organ- and 1 strand of a
ic brown cotton and 50% mohair/ Coopworth
wool) for the cuff. blend. The cuff was
All the fibers embellished with
are from French knots in
cochineal-dyed silk. (

S P R I N C 2006 I S P I N· 0 F F I 47
era t eonver
n erweave ress
Hand Felted Jewelry and Beads
25 Artful Designs
Carol Huber Cyper
Felt-bead jewelry is fashionable! It's showing up on runways, specialty
sto res, and galleries around th e globe. Hand Felted /eweIry and Beads
offers a contem pora ry and artistic
approach to this popular craft-and
th en takes it a step beyond through
beaded embellishment. No ot her hand -
felting book is as comprehensive, as
Hand Pelted /ewelry and Beads includes
both needle-felting and wet-feltmaking
techn iqu es covering fl at , flat with a
resist, 3-dimensional, use of armatures
and mediums, color, inclusions, shape,
and texture. And, these techniques are
taught step- by-step in a friendly and accessible manner through th e
creation of beautiful obj ects of personal ado rn me nt. You'll learn how
to make the felted equ ivalen t oflampworked beads, turquoise focal
beads, mokume gane look-alikes, and so much more. Try your hand
at th e Carved and Beaded Bangle, the unforgettab le Flower Lariat,
Co mpositions in Felt and Glass (st ru n g necklaces and bra celets), or
th e imaginative Felted Bead Diva's Necklace. Th e first-time felter will
be guided into this creative and fulfilling fiber art while th e seaso ned
feltmaker will fi nd inspiration , n ew tips and tricks to add to th eir
rep ertoire; everyone will relish the galler y of inspirational pieces.
Let your ima gination soa r an d get felting!

$21.95 Paperbound , 8'/, x 1DY., 128 pag es

,c:..... ISBN 1-59668-005-9

Want more?
..n u." DD'~ '."

5 imp 1 y(..:::::

11 U
201 East Fourth Street· loveland, Oclcradc 80537·5655
(800) 272-2193
Shipping is $4.95 for the first book, $1.00 for each additional book

One Skein
3D Quick Projects to Knit and Crochet.
Leigh Radford
Everyone has the time to spend on projects requiring only one skein ...
so don't miss out on the fun! One Skein features more tha n 30 knit-
ting an d crochet projects that range in size, time com mitment, and
experience level, providin g both beginning and experienced knitters
a variety of proj ects from which to choose. Th e stitch pattern s and
instructions are easy to follow and qui ck to use. Readers will enjoy
creating a fel ted purse, a drawstrin g bag, crocheted accessory bags,
cozy scarves, a pretty tank top, arm and leg warmers, cable footies,
lace wristlets, fin gerless
gloves, pillows, bibs, felted
bowls, a baby sweater, a soft
and absorbent crocheted
bath mat and accessor ies-
and so mu ch more, each
from a single skein of yarn!
In One Skein, autho r Leigh
Ra dford smartly includes
several projects specially
designed to make use of whatever you've got left over from other
projects-one of the nicest designs we've ever seen is for a quick-to -
make, colorful, and long-lasting rug. Dig out your stash and dash to
your yarn store ... you won't want to wait to begin these artful projects!

$19.95, Paperbound with flaps, 8 x 8'1., 128 pages

ISBN 1-931499-74-8

Coming Spring 2006

.TARTIiD .T . . . TliO

- J""""'_
Judith L.

, ~.
A inner's
~as - n
Modified lon g -tail ca st - on for knittin g with S - p l ie d yarns

PINNERS OCCASIONALLY lament that their S-plied yarn tail untwists

during the long-tail cast-on. This also happens with commercial yarns

that are S-plied. In the long-tail cast-on, the front yarn, which is the
I cut end (or the tail) is made into a twisted loop, through which a loop of the

back yarn (the ball yarn) is pulled. The ball yarn ends up as a series of loops on

th e needle and the tail yarn forms a series of twisted loops, like consecutive
Figure 1: First step in thumb position
for th e modified long-tail cast-on. Your
cursive e's. It is the act oftwisting the tail yarn into a loop that adds or subtracts
thumb is now in the correct position for
the modified cast-on (see Figure 2).
twist from the tail. Even a tightly twisted yarn will almost completely untwist

into separate plies if a large number of stitches are being cast on. By twisting

the tail loop in the opposite direction, one can add twist with each loop instead

of subtracting it. On occasion, I have tried twisting the tail after each six to ten

cast-on stitches, which helps but is inconvenient to do. Then, one day, I de-

cided to try looping the yarn in the opposite direction. It worked, and I now

use th is cast-on whenever I am working with S-plied yarn because it prevents

I the sloppy appearance of the unplied strand in the base of the cast-on. When
Figur. 2: Note that the thumb is in
position for the modified cast-on. using the traditional long-tail cast-on, the yarn is basically looped with the tail

at the fro nt of the loop; with this modified cast-on, the yarn is looped with the

tail at the back of the loop. When the yarn is in position fo r the modi fied cast-

I on, it should come from the needle, wrap across the front of the thumb from
, - / ' J
/" the right to the left, and then pass behind the thumb and down, as in Figure
\ .
- -"
Figur. ]: Picking up the I Pla ce the
0 : 2. It is still wrapped around the thumb but in the opposite direction fro m the
needle over the front strand on the index
finger, scoop the strand back through the traditional method. When the stitch is completed, the tail will be coming from
thumb loop, and then tighten the loop.
under the horizontal strand at the base of the stitch.

There are two ways of doing the long- up thi s st ra n d by bringing th e n eedl e th e thumb st ra n d by bringin g yo u r
tail cas t -o n . Both ca n be m odified for back und er it, and th en bring it back thumb up and to th e front , und er th e
S-plied yarn. I will describe h ow to do thr ough th e thumb lo op . Rem ove th e st ran d, an d th en pull forward on th e
both meth od s, as most knitters prefer thumb from th e loop and u se it to st rand t o snug it up against the n eedl e.
one or the other. tighten the thumb strand (th is forms the Tension the ball st rand if necessary. Your
If you wo rk the lon g-tail cas t-on with loop around the base of the st itch ). Note: thumb s h o u ld n ow be in po sition to
th e yarn forming an in verted "V" over It is easi er t o do this cas t -o n quickl y if insert th e n eedle aga in for th e n ext
yo ur left thumb and index finger, th e yo u pull th e thumb st ra n d fr om st itc h .
cas t-on is modifi ed in this wa y: underneath to tighten it (as in Figure 2), To see for yourself th e difference be-
To find th e ri ght positi on for your as thi s will put your thumb back in tween the original and modified cast-ons,
thumb, place yo u r thumb and index position to do the next cast -on st itch . make a 20-stitch swatch. Cast on 10 mod-
fin ger in th e normal po sition for th e If you work th e lon g-tail cas t-on with ified stitches, and then cast on 10 stitc h-
es in the traditional manner. Knit a few
ro ws of stoc kine tte sti tc h and th en ex-
amine your cast-on edge. The lower edge
of th e st itc h es sho u ld sla n t like thi s:
/ / / / / / / / / /-\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ (see Swatch 1).
If you examine these sti tc hes closely,
you sho u ld be able to see the tw ist in the
pli ed yarn. The st it ches on th e ri ght
shou ld be twisted more ti ghtly than the
stitc hes on t he left. If you feel the st itch-
Swatch 1
es , those on the right shou ld feel firmer
than those on the left.
This cas t-on will actua lly ti ghten the
S-plied yarn tail (the cut end) as you cast
on. If you want absolutely no twist added
t o or su bt racted from the yarn tail, try
alte rnat ing th e regular cas t-o n and th e
modified one to create a bri cklike effect,
w it h a lte rnat in g hori zontal st ra n ds
sim ila r to a rid ge of garter sti tc h (see
Swatch 2) . In fact, this technique is men-
Swatch 2 tioned as a decorative cast-on in Nancy
Bush's Knitting on the Road: S ock
Rebecca Harmon was frustrated with the traditional long-tail cast-on technique because the (ut Patterns for the Traveling Knitter
end of her yarn raveled as she cast on-so she developed this technique to counter the raveling (Love land, Colorado: Interweave Press,
and now enjoys cleaner cast-on edges. 2001 ). Once you get used to this cast-on,
it will become as natural as the original
long-tail cas t -o n (betw ee n th e two th e tail looped over your thumb and th e one. Ju st keep practicing it until it
st rands of yarn com ing from the needle). ball e nd ove r your right index fin ger, becomes comfo rtable! 1$
Now, move you r thumb up and in front modify the cast -on this way:
of th e fron t st ra n d (see Fi gure 1), a n d Instead of c ircl ing yo u r thumb ove r REBECCA HARMON is a fiber enthusiast from
Portland, Oregon. She enjoys
th en put th e tip of yo ur thumb between th e st rand, behind it, and back und er it
learning (and un-venting) new
the strands (thumbnail is now behind again to form the yarn loop, circle it over techniques to make her fiber
th e front st ran d) and move you r thumb th e strand, in front of it, and back under creations more useful and
leftward. it. Insert the tip of the n eedl e und er the beautiful. She and her husband,
To pick up th e loop of ya rn that will back thumb st ra n d fro m front t o back Lawrence, run Mountain Mist
go arou nd the needl e, insert th e ne edle and wrap the ball yarn arou nd the needle Fibenoorks-s-see their website at
under the back thumb st rand from front with your right hand as usual. Draw this
to back a nd bring it up over th e front strand through the thumb loop, remove
ind ex finger st rand (see Figure 3). Scoop your thumb from the loop , and tighten

S P R I N C 2006 I S PIN· 0 F F I 51
Website Listings

BUTTONS Ravings Louet Sales Harrisville Designs

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52 I S P I N • 0 F F I WWW. 1 N T E R W E A V E . C 0 j\J

A natural dyeing
retreat and a
handw oven momento


S I WRITE , th ere are just

284 days unti l the next
Wasatch Woolpack Retreat
in Park City, Uta h. Each summer,
members of this Salt Lake City guild
meet for four days of spinning,
fri endship, and renewal at member
Kathy Wri ght's property- Kathy's
Meadow. It is an eve nt we look for-
ward to all year.

A favorite activity at the retreat is

natural dyeing. I returned from the

last retreat with a bag full of mohair
and generic fine wool roving in beau-
tiful muted shades of blues, olive
greens, and rusts from indigo, onion
skin, and madder dyepots. I wanted
to make something from these fibers Carolyn Green-
wood spun the
that wou ld be a souvenir from the dyed ravings
from a spinner's
retreat- a Park City Poncho.
etrea t weekend
In City,
Fiber preparation Utah, to mak _
The fib ers were slightly felted by all the her poncho-a
handling in the dyeing process. I gently tangible memory
pulled the rovings apart lengthwise and of the weekend
with fiber friends.
carded each portion separately on my
Fricke drumcarder.

54 I S I' I N ' O F F [ w w W . I N T E R W E A V E

.~ 0 ~1
Spinning the yarns placed the wool to my left and the mo- wound all the yarns into skeins and gen-
[ wanted to make a variety of yarns fo r hair to my right. [ lied both yarns to th e tly washed them in warm, soapy wate r,
this ponc ho. Since [ had both mo hai r bobbin leader and plied using my largest rinsed th em, and hung them to dry. I
and fine wool, I decided to start wi th an who rl (9:1 ratio). To ply, I allowed t he th en wound them into balls. In the end,
"insta nt boucle" yarn. [ learned to make mohair to spiral loosely around the wool. [ had eleven differe nt ya rns.
this yarn in a workshop by Maggie Casey Every so often I would push some of th e
at SOAR 2001. plied mohair toward the orifice to form Weaving the poncho
Using my Schac ht wheel, I spun the little loops. This is not necessary but does [ wanted the insta nt boucle ya rn to be
mohair with a medium grist (about 78 create more loops in th e finished yarn . visible, so I looked through var ious
yards per ounce; grist is th e relation be- The magic of instant boucle occu rs weaving books and magazines to find a
tween the yarn's length and weight) and during th e fi nishing process. After ply- pattern that would show off these ya rns
medium twist. I set this bobbin aside and ing, I used a one -yard ruddy-n oddy to in the weave struc ture . I found what I
fi lled another bobbin with the fine wool wind the yarn into a skein and tied it in was looking for in the article, "Designing
spu n with a fine gr ist (about 230 yards several places. [ placed it in a sink fi lled wit h Novelty Yarns for a Su mpt uous
per ounce) and hi gh amo unt of twist. with hot, soapy water and scrubbed the Shaw l" by Barbara Herbster, in Hand-
Both these fibers were spu n from the ske in to enco urage th e wool fibers to woven (January/February 2005).
drumcarded batts by pulling offa length- shrink and full. The mohair does not full I decided to bundle the instant boucle
wise strip of fibers and spinning from the qu ite as mu ch as the wool, so it forms ya rns in separate colors to create bold
end in a modifi ed long draw (also know n littl e loops-instant boucle! str ipes spaced 2 inches apart. I wo und a
as point of twist). Being careful not to full the skein into 3-yard warp of 81 ends of instant boucle
I put the bobbins of ya rn on separate one giant lum p, I watched closely and, using 27 ends blue, 36 ends olive, and 18
lazy kates (shoe boxes wit h knitti ng when the strands of yarn were just start- ends rust. I threaded these 3 ends per dent
needles wor k as well-see page 96) . [ ing to stick togeth er, I quit scrubbing. I in an 8-dent reed,
warping fro nt-to-
back, to create
_ _ _...;.,
oject Notes

The poncho is woven in two panels on

one warp.
Yarn Requirements

Warp: 243 yards boucle, 12 wraps per

inch (I used 81 yards blue, 108 yards
olive, and 54 yards rusI).
rinsed and hung the
432 yards miscellaneous yarns, 14 skei n to dry. When it Carolyn brushed the
wraps per inch.
was dry, I carefu lly mohair after lulling Ihe
Weft: About 600 yards 2·ply tussah pulled the sticky strands poncho to help bring Dui
silk, 16 wraps per inch. apart and wound the a halo of mohair.

Aboul 15 yards 60/2 silk thread or yarn into a ball. thi ck, clustered stripes of colo r, leaving
other fine thread . After making three colors of instant 16 empty dents between each stripe (see
Tools boucle ya rn, I used up th e leftover wool Figure 1). I the n wound a 3-yard warp of
singles by either Navajo-plying (see page 144 ends from the miscellaneous yarns ,
4·harness loom, at least 22 inches weav-
ing width. 30) or by makin g three-ply yarn of winding each yarn separately until the
different stra nds . I used some of the ball ran out. [ had differe nt amounts of
s-dent reed. leftover mohai r fo r two-ply yarns. I each yarn, but a total of 144 ends.
Poncho dimensions on loom wanted some lighte r-colored yarns for The fun part was designing (warping
Wldlh: 21.375". contrast, so I blended some of th e dyed front-to-back) by placing each differe nt
wool fibers with tussah silk on my drum- ya rn in the 2-inc h sections of reed left
Length: 40" (make 2 panels).
carde r. I spu n these from the point of between the insta nt boucle stripes. I
Poncho finished dimensions: Widlh twist into two-ply yarns that averaged 14 threaded the heddles according to Figure
IT', Lenglh 36%" (excluding fringe). wraps per inc h usi ng a 15.5:1 ratio. [ 1 and ve ry carefu lly bea med the warp,

S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S P I N . 0 F F I 55
Carolyn made "instant pointed, though , that the boucle yarns
boucle" by making a spiral did not show as mu ch looped effect as I
yarn with a mohair and a
desired. I had really hoped for nice stripes
wool yarn and then washing
the yarn vigorously in hot of textured loops commanding atte ntion.
water to help the mohair I experimen ted and brus hed th e fabri c
bloom into boucle loops. The with a stiff brush. If I couldn't have loops,
smooth yarns are either then perhaps I could have fuzzy stripes!
Navajo·plied or 2·ply. The mohair brush ed up beautifully and
silk weft, using the pattern gave a nice softness to the fabric.
treadlin g, and hem-
stitche d. I continue d to Constructing the poncho
weave until the second I placed the short end of panel 2 at right
panel measured 40 inches angles to the top 15 inches of the long side
long. I cut the panels from of pan el 1. I sewed the panels toge ther
the loom leaving 6 inches using a cross-stitched decorative patt ern
of warp on t he en d for with the leftover han dspun silk yarn. I
fri nge. The first panel uses then placed th e short end of pane l 1 at
the tying on and fill er yarn right angles to the top 15 inches of the
gently using my fingers to comb out the for its fringe (see Figure 2). long side of panel 2, sewing these together
slightly tangled warp ends. in the same manner (see Figure 3).
For the weft, I spun about 600 yards Finishing Th is ponc ho reminds me of the
of two-ply tussah silk yarn at 16 wraps I cut the two pane ls apa rt and gently wonderful times I've had with my friends
per inch. I thought that silk would add a washed each by hand in a basin of warm at our Park City retreat. Whenever I wear
nice drape to the finished fab ric. wate r. The fabric immediately became it, I fee l wrapped in the warmth of friend-
Beginning with 3 in ch es of rags for softer and sup pler. I removed the excess ship. 'S
filler to make the fringe, I wove 40 inches wate r by ro lling it in a towe l and then
fo llowing the treadling patte rn in Figure hung the panels up to dry. I gently CAROLYN GREENWOOD lives in Genola,
1, gently layin g in the weft yarn at 11 Utah, with her husband and six children.
pressed th e fabric while damp. I twisted
When she's not playing soccer mom , you
picks per inch. I fo und so me 60/2 silk the fringe and knotted it. can find her in her fiber studio.
thread on a shelf in my studio and wove I was pleased with the colorful stripes
'/. in ch in plain weave with it, beat ing and even with the bit of seersucker effect Resources
firmly to hold the warp threads in place that sometimes occurs whe n working Herbstcr; Barbara. "Designing With Novelty
and to give a nice finish to the end of the with mixed warps. I was a bit di sa p- Yarns for a Sumptuous Shawl," Handwo-
panel. I hemstitched the end of the panel ven 16, 1 (January/February 2005), 70-72.
using th e silk thread and stitching over 111111 11 11
two of the handspun weft yarns at a time. ~,- - -8 " - - - - ,
To create space between the panels, I ,----2x---, ,----4x---, ,----2x---,

••• ••• • ••
• •• 44
wove 2 in ches usin g thic k rags as weft.
I began the second panel by weaving 'I,
D D o 0
••• • •• 0 0 2
3 3
1 1
inch in plain weave with the 60/2 silk. I \

then wove several shots of the handspun 0 = instant boucle (e = blue, e = olive green, e = rust ) \
Hemstit(h < 11111111 11 2" D = other yarns \


1111111111 15'

Figure 2

Figure 1

Twisted fringe Figure 3

56 I S PI N . 0 F F I WWW. 1 N T E R W E A V E . C 0 j\J
N MARCH 2003, I drove from Omaha,
Nebraska, to Fairfield, Iowa, to parti-
cipate in a three-day "Spinning for
Kn itting" wo rkshop tau ght by Rita
Buchanan, I'd been knitting for about
fifteen years, but spinning for only three,
so this worksho p seemed th e perfect
opportuni ty to redirect my very modest
spinning skills to complement my more
practiced knitting skills. Rita is a superb
instructor. Her systematic approach
made clear how changing each variable
of a yarn (such as th ickness or twist)
affected the knitted fabric .
I had too many moments of epiphany
to relat e here, but one particular
moment prompted me to explore th e
possibilities of knitt ing with singles. On

• ,•
•, " •'
• ,
• . the thi rd day of the workshop, we stud-
ied the effects of changing the numb er
• of plies in a yarn. One of the samples that
we knitt ed used a singles yarn that we

had spun. While I was knitt ing a swatch
from th at yarn, my mind buzzed with

,, ·
•, ••,,, ,•
• •
•• ••,
id eas for scarves that would take ad-
vantage of the biasing inherent in stock-

• •< , inette-stitch fabr ic made with singles.
• ••
•• '.
• ",
'.• Rita encouraged me to review the work

, • • of Kathryn Al exand er, and, after th e
.. ·· , • I
wo rks hop, I reread her article in th e
Spring 2002 issue of Spin-Off, Kathryn's
, : '' ..
·• •
'• .• .• ,
.. . •
work inspired me even more to explore
the wild and twisty world of knitting with
• energized singles.
• • In my knitting, I rely on sampling to
help me achieve the effects I have in my
mind's eye; through Rita's workshop, I
, came to appreciate the value of similar-
, "•

•• .• ", , ,
r' , •


I ly creating samples while spinning. To
take sampling even further, I give myself
,. ".,
• •
systematic assignments to develop tech-


. ,.
' I • niques, explore the possibilities ofspecific

.. • •I
. I •

spinning variables, and achieve a more
thorough and personal aesthetic sense.
Here are the results of one of my
• •
assignments-c- l have spun and knitted
six scarves to begin an exploratio n of
knitting with singles.

I essentially used t he same spinning
technique for all the yarns: a short draw
needle size that gives yo u a fabric yo u
li ke with the ya rn yo u have spun.
Despite the simplicity of th e st itch
patterns [ used, it was necessary to keep
an eye on the knitting; the yarn was
rather willfu l. Stitches tended to pop off
the needle, and dropped sti tches were
somet imes hard to pick up because the
stitch wo uld twist in on itself, hiding in
the stitch below. It seemed to me that,
because the scarves were knitted with
singles. variations in yarn thickness were
more obvious in the knitted fabric than
for fabric knitted with plied yarns, where-
as variations in twist seemed less obvi-
ous. Even though the patterns were easy,
I ofte n used stitch markers to separate
sections and relieve my brain from keep-
ing track of too many thi ngs.
For all the scarves, [ used a long-tail
cast-on (see page 50), and a sta ndard
Bind-off: K1 , *k1 and si over the sec-
ond stitch on the right needle and off the
right needle.* Repeat from * to * until
all the stitches have been bound off.

Blocking the scarves

and Z-twist for fibers spun on my Reeves pared to my usua l wo rsted- to heavy Prior to blocking, each scarf contained
upright (castle) wheel. The amount I pre- worsted-weight two-ply yarns that mea- a great deal of "motion" or "body," and
drafted depended on the fiber. Often, pur- sure 8 to 12 wraps per inch. most of the scarves were quite three-
chased rovings are a bit compacted and dimensional. It was wonderful to see
are difficult to spin without predrafting, Knitting the scarves some of these scarves become tamer, but
With thick commercially prepared combed For the scarves, [ knitted directly off the st ill fascinating, afte r blockin g-the
tops, I split sections of the top lengthwise bobbins, which I placed on my Kat ie blocked resu lt was always a pl easant
into two or more pieces. [ follow this a-Go Go (from Nancy's Knit Knacks). The surprise.
process by pulling lengthwise on a sec- Kati e a-Go Go is perfect for th is job For all scarves, [ used a wet-block
t ion of top to open up the fibers. Pur- because th ese singles are not steamed technique. [ let each scarf soak in warm
chased carded rovings are usually not as and the yarn readily untwists unless held water with a splash of Eucalan No Rinse
thick as commercial combed top, so less under tension. [ wove in the cast-on ends Woolwash for fifteen minutes. I carefully
lengthwise splitting is needed and length- sho rtly after start ing each scarf as squeezed out the water and rolled the
wise pulling is accomplished faster. In ad- Kathryn recommended in her arti cle, scarf in a towel to remove more water. I
dition to making the fibers easier to draft and then 1used spit joins' for the rest of laid th e scarf flat to dry. Some scarves
while spinning, predrafting allows me to the scarf to avoid having unruly ends to have edges that require additional steam
become acquainted with the character- weave In.
istics of the fiber (such as slipperiness or Prior to starting each scarf, [ sampled IMost scarves require more than one bobbin of
yam. I use spit joints to attach the end of the work-
elasticity) prior to spinni ng. [ tend to pre- to determine the needle size that result- ing yam to a new bobbin of yam fora seamless join
draft the combed prepa rations more than ed in a pleasing fabric and to determine with no ends to weave in. This tech nique works
well with feltable fib ers such as wool or alpaca-
the carded preparations. I also used this the gauge so that [ could cast on a overlap the working end with the end from the new
se ries of sca rves to pract ice spinni ng reasonable num ber of stitc hes. The bobbin about 2 to 4 inches. Put this overlapped sec-
more fi nely than [ usually do. The yarns gauges listed in th e inst ru ct ions are tion in your mouth to get it wet with saliva (or wet
it with water) , then vigoro usly rub the section
averaged 19 to 24 wraps per inch corn- guidelines only. Knit a swatch to find a between your hands to felt the section together.

S PR[ NC 2 (J n fi I s I' IN · 0 F F I 59
blockin g (see the individual sca rf in- effectively in Kathryn Alexander's work), other techniques that take advantage of
structions). or using mul tiple yarn twists and thi ck- the unique nexus of handkn itting and
In this series of scarves I explored a nesses, or varying needle sizes would handspinning, t£i
narrow set of spinning and knittin g vari- result in many more stunning arrange-
ables. Each scarf cons isted of onl y on e ments. You could also use more complex Formerly an assistant professor at the
University ofNebraska Medical Center, AMY
fib er source; all yarns were spu n wit h combinations of knit and purl stitches.
TYLER recently left Omaha and academic /ife to
Z-twist and an even thickness (an at- Roberta Gardne r, a fib er fri end in pursue tiber arts full lime in Interlochen,
tempted even th ickness, tha t is); and Bellevue, Nebraska , suggested using Michigan. There she revels in lake-effect snow
each scarf was knitted on U.S. size 2 to singles to knit the Tumbling Block stitch and creates knit designs under the business
4 needles. In addi tion, th e scarves were pattern, which contains patches of stock- name Stone Sock Pibers.
kn itted wit h similar stitc h patterns. I inette, reverse stockine tte, and seed
relied primarily on stockinette stitch- stitc h (see Th e New Kn itting S titch
Alexande r, Kathryn. "Knitting with Singles"
but chose variations of lace, reverse Library by Lesley Stanfie ld, p. 38, as one Spin-Off 26, I (Spring 2002), 54- 61.
stockinette, and garter stitch. (Note: The source for this pattern). Sta nfield, Lesley. The New Knitting Stitch
stoc kine tte st itc h results in a biased Even though the stitch patterns for Library . Rad nor, Pennsylvan ia: Chilton
fabric while the garter stitch does not.) these sca rves are quite simple, it is Book Company, 1992.
Wal ker, Barbara G. A Treasury ofKnitting
I imagine that including more than grat ify ing that they yielded far from
Patterns. Pittsville, Wisconsin: School-
one fiber in a scarf, or combining Z- and simple fabrics when knitt ed with singles house Press, 1998.
S-twist yarns (as demonstrated very yarns. I am now encouraged to explore

Random Obscurity Zigzag Scarf #1

.... .:.P~
roj e ct Notes
Finished weight: 3.4 ounces. chased from Bonkers Handmade
Originals, Lawrence, Kansas.
Finished dimensions: 10" by
46" . Wraps per Inch: 21.
Flbe" 50% Merino/50%Teneel Gauge: 8 sts and 10 rows = 1".
combed top, hand-dyed (the " Ob-
scure Rainbow" colorway), pur- Needle size: U.S. size 3.

I divided a 4-ounce bag of top into pieces about 1 foot long. I
then split each I-foot piece lengthwise into four strips and ran-
domly selected from th ese strips for spinning. I predrafted the
top before spinning.

For all rows, slip the first stitch purl-wise with the yarn in front.
If the row is then knitted, move the yarn to the back to start knit-
ting. If the row is purled, leave the yarn in front and start purling.
Cast on 80 sts.
Bottom edge: Work 4 rows of garte r stitch (knit each row).
' Work about 2 inch es in stockine tte stitc h (St st; knit on the
front, purl on th e back).
Work about 2 inches in reverse St st (pur l on the right side,
knit on the wrong side ).'
Repeat from ' to • until desired length.
Top edge: Work 4 rows of garter stitch (knit each row) and bind
I washed th e scarf and laid it flat to dry.

60 I S P IN ·O F F I W WW .INT E RW E A V E .C OJ\1
and Vanilla
Zigzag Scarf #2

...._ _...;..
Pr;.;;oject Notes
Finished weight: 3.05 ounces.
Finished dimensions: 6Y," by 63".

Fiber: 100% Finn wool carded roving

with variegated calors purchased from
Littlefarm Enterprises, Gerald, Missouri.
Wraps per Inch: 24.
Gauge: 8 sts and 12 rows = I".

Needle sl.e: U.S. size 2 for knitting and

U.S. size 5 for casting on and binding off.

This fib er was a luxury to spin as it
was ve ry, very soft. I thought about ice
cream the entire time I was spinning it.
The fib er needed only a bit of predraft-
ing before spinning.

The casting-on process for this scarf
was challenging for a few reasons. First,
because the scarf was knitted side to side,
[ cast on a lot of stitches. I estimate th e
numb er of cast-on stitches to be around
450 because, instead of actually counting
th e stitches after casting on as I usually
do, I counted while casting on and placed
a marker eve ry 100 stitches and did not
bother to recount. Second , because of
the energy inherent in the singles, I used
a long-tail cast-on with two strands, each
from a separate bobbin of singles. That
way, [ did not have to estimate the length
needed for so many stitc hes . Third , I
didn't want th e cast-on edge to be too
tight, so [ used a V.S. size 5 needle to cast
on, then I switched to size 2 for the body Bottom edge: 3 rows of reverse St st th e bottom edge .
of th e scarf (I bound off with a V.S. size (purl on right side , knit on wrong side). Bind off loosely and finish following
5, too). ' Work IS rows St st (knit on right instructions on pages 59 to 60. Steam
Start every row with yo, k2t og (on side, purl on wrong side). Work 15 rows the cast-on and bound-off edges to neat-
knit rows) or yo, p2tog (on purl rows). reverse Si st.* en th em.
Cast on 450 to 500 sts (kni t a gauge Work ' to • twice (60 rows). End by
swatch to determine th e number of wo rking IS rows St st.
stitches needed for desired length ). Top edge: 3 rows of reverse St st as for

S P R I N C 2006 I S PI N· 0 F F I 61
Pr;,,;oject Notes
Finished weight: 1.9 ounces.
Finished dimensions: 4%" by 63".
Flber: 100% Merino wool combed top
purchased from Heartland Natural
Fibers, Arlington, Nebraska.
Wraps per Inch: 22.
Gauge: 9 sts and 12 rows = 1".
Needle size: U.S. size 3.

Lace Diamond Chain (panel of 18 sts)

from Barbara G. Walker's A Treasury of
Knitting Pal/em s, page 222. Reprinted
with permission from Schoolhouse Press,
Pittsville, Wisconsin.
Row 1: K6, yo, ssk, k2, yo, ssk, k6.
Row 3: K4, k2tog, yo, kl , yo, ssk, k2, yo,
ssk, k5.
Row 5: K3, k2tog, yo, k3, yo, ssk, k2, yo,
ssk, k4.
Row 7: (K2, k2tog, yo) twice, kl, yo, ssk,
k2, yo, ssk, k3.
Row 9: Kl, k2tog, yo, k2, k2tog, yo, k3,
(yo, ss k, k2 ) twice.
Row 11: K3, yo, ssk, k2, yo, ssk, yo,
k2tog, yo, k2, k2 tog, yo, k2tog, kl .
Row 13: K4, yo, ssk, k2, yo, sll, k2 tog,
psso, yo, k2, k2tog, yo, k3.
Row 15: K5, yo, ssk, k2, yo, ssk, kl ,
k2tog, yo, k4.
Repeat Rows I- 16 twice (so that you
have three patterns total).
Repeat Rows I and 2 again.
Work 3 rows to create a garter ridge
The Other Side ofthe Diamond and to reverse direct ion: KI, purl to last
Zigzag Scarf #3 st, kl.
Continue repeating this diamond
Spinning from Barbara G. Walker's, A Treasury of
pattern until scarf is desired length.
I pulled off about a foot of the top at Knitting Pal/ems, page 222. The 11 sls
Top edge: Work 4 rows of garter stitch
a time, divided it lengthwise into four at each side are worked in lace fagoting,
(knit each row) and bind off.
pieces, and then predrafted each piece. Cast on 40 sts. After washing the scarf following
This fiber tended to stick to my clothes, Bottom edge: Wo rk 5 rows of garter instructions on pages 59 to 60, I noticed
so I put the predrafted fiber in a smooth stitch (knit each row). that the side edges still curled a bit, so I
ceram ic bowl, and 1put the bowl on the Next row: KI, purl to last st, kl , steamed them with a steam iron (holding
fl oor so that I cou ld feed th e fiber onto Start pattern (16 rows):
th e iron just above the fabric) to neaten
the whee l wit hout it catching on my Note: Each odd-numbered row (RS)
th em.
clothes. is worked as follows: K3, ssk, yo, k2 , yo,
k2tog, k2, Lace Diam ond Chain (see
Knitting below), k2, ssk, yo, k2, yo, k2tog, k3.
For th e center panel of 18 sts, I used Even numbered rows (WS) : Kl , purl
the Lace Diamond Chain stitch patte rn to last st, kl.

62 I S I' I N · 0 F F I ww W . I N T E R W E A V E . C 0 f.l
Alexander's Alpaca Zigzag Scarf #4
Project Notes
Finished weight: 2.4 ounces. Wraps per Inch: 19.
Finished dimensions: 7'!,-8Y," by Gauge: 7.5 sts and 11 rows in stock-
36". inette stitch = 1".
Flber: 100% alpaca carded roving ob- Needle size: U.S. size 3; stitch
tained as a sample from Prairie's Edge markers.
Farm, Paola, Kansas.

[ ordered a large amount of alpaca roving from Kathleen Wedel of Prairie's
Edge Farm. In advance of that large order. she sent me a sample from Alexan-
der, a rose-gray alpaca. Alexander was soft! This scarf is from that sample.

For each row, slip the first stitch purlwise with yarn in front, then move
the yarn to the back. Cast on 56 sts.
Bottom edge: Work 4 rows of garter stitch (k each row) .
*Next row: 511 purlwise, kI, k20 (place marker), kl2 (place marker ), p20,
Repeat th is row 23 times (24 rows total).
Next row: Sll , kl, p20, k12, k20, k2.
Repeat this row 23 times (24 rows total) .*
Repeat from * to * until scarf is desired length.
Top edge : Work 4 rows of garter stitch (k each row) and bind off.
[ washed the scarf following the instructions on pages 59 to 60. Prior to
blocking, this scarf seemed destined to remain three-dimensional. However,
blocking returned the scarf to two dimensions, with a varying width.

Softer Than Celery Zigzag Scarf #5

Spinning Project Notes
This fiber came in one of my
Finished weight: 3.8 ounces.
favorite shades of green- a cel-
ery calor. Although the fiber did Finished dimensions: 9" by 54".
not feel overly soft to my hand, Flber: 100% Targhee wool carded rov-
it perfo rme d perfectl y in th e ing purchased fromOzark Carding Mill
next-to-the-n eck test (I put a of Warsaw, Missouri.
small knitted swatch under my Wraps per Inch: 22.
collar and left it there for a
Gauge: 7 sts and 10 rows in stockinette
while). This fib er is very, very stitch = 1".
springy and is wond erful for
winter wear. Needle size: U.S. size 4; stitch markers.

Cast on 62 sts. Start each row: 511 purlwise with yarn in front, move
ya rn to back, wo rk across.
Botto m edge: Work 16 rows garte r stitch (k each row) .

SPRINC 2(JUfi l S I' I N' O F F I 6 3

*Row 1: SI1 purlwise with yarn in front, Row 4: Work as for Row 1. I was he d th e sca rf and let it dry fiat.
k18 (place marker), k24 (place mark- Repeat Rows 3 and 4 for a total of 16 The zigzagg ing of this sca rf is rath er
er), k19. rows.* su btle . Th e sca rf blocked to a stan da rd
Row 2: SI1, k18, p24, k1 9. Repeat fro m * to * until sca rf is de- rectangular sha pe, yet th e cen t ral sec -
Repeat Rows 1 and 2 for a tota l of 16 sired length. tions of St st and reverse St st still biased
rows (8 garte r ridges). Top edge: Work 16 rows ga rte r st itch a bit.
Row 3: Work as for Row 2. (k each row) and bind off.

Three Dee Zigzag Scarf #6

The colors, wh ich were more distinct
in the combed top, became subtly blend-
ed wit h spinn ing. The result is a lovely,
muted fabri c, wit h a faint mohair halo.

L -_ _ --'-
roject Notes
Finished weight: 3.65 ounces.

Finished dimensions: 8" by 62".

Flber: Merino/kid mohair blend combed
top that I purchased from Ms. Dobinsky,
a fiber vendor at the Heart of America
Sheep Show and Fiber Festival, Nevada,
Wraps per Inch: 24.
Gauge: 9 sts and 11 rows = I".

Needle size: U.S. size 3; stitch marker.

Knitting Row 2: P2tog, yo, p34, k36.

Cast on 72 sts. Repeat this row for about 4%".*
Rep eat from * to * until sca rf is
Bottom edge: desired len gth.
Row 1: *K2tog, yo*; repeat from *
to * to last 2 sts ; k2. To p edge :
Row 2: Kni t across. Row 1: Knit ac ross.
Row 3 : K1, *k2tog, yo *; repeat Row 2: K1 , *k2tog, yo*; repeat from * to
from * to * to last st; k1. * to last st; k1.
Row 4: Knit across. Row 3: Knit across.
Row 4: *K2tog, yo*; repeat from * to * to
Main pattern: last 2 sts; k2 and bind off.
*Row 1: K2tog , yo,
k34 (place mark- I washed this scarf and then folded it
er), p36. lengthwise so that it wou ld lay fiat to dry.
Repeat this row Th en I used a steam iron to stea m ou t
until scarf measures th e edges . This sca rf was th e on ly one
about 4 }~ ". th at remain ed di stinctly three-dimen-
sional after blocking.
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S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S P I N . 0 F F I 65
er ature's ootstoo
Spinnin g for n e edl ep oint

project and get two th ings don e at the

UST HOME from another year's intense nine -day Ontario
same time. Since it was still summer, and
Handweavers and Spinners Spinning Certificate and Master Spin- the weeds, along with beautiful flowers
ner program in Ki ngston, Ontario, Canada, I was inspired by my and gardens, we re plentiful, I would dye
fiber with natural dyes for a needlepoint
new dyeing skills and had an abundance of energy for the coming year's footstool cover to satisfy the requirement
homework. I already envisioned all th e wonderful natural dye colors for the worsted project as well as the
homework assignment for natural dyes.
availabl e in my neighborhood,
Washing the fleece
One of th e homework assignments th e spinning technique, findi ng a fleece
Like most spinners, I had a couple of un-
was to make a handspun worsted proj- for a specifi c project , and working with washed and washed fl eeces in my stash.
ect using 150 to 200 yards of two-ply natural dyes), I read about my stash fleece s on the In-
yarn. It did not have to be dyed, but it I had taken th e Level [[ classes that
ternet and in In Sheep s Clothing. I chose
had to be prepared from a breed of sheep included worsted spinning (wool comb-
a white Columbia fl eece that I had pur-
appropriate for the end use. "End use" ing, spinning techn iques, and finishing),
chased fro m Belly Haws (see box below)
had become a dreaded phrase. It meant sheep breeds (identification of types, mi-
because I had learned that Colum bia
sampling, sampling. and more sampling. cron count, and fl eece characteristics),
(Lincoln rams crossed with Rambouillet
The real challenge was not just to spin natural dyeing (possible dye materials,
ewes) has a fine, lofty, and lustrous fleece
with the end use in mind, but also to in- mo rdants, process, and safety), color
recommended for kni lled and woven
corporate more of what I learn ed from blending (to create a triaxial th irty-step projects. Even though there was no men-
the Kingston classes into the worsted chart using the three primary colors and tion of needl epoint, I had a feeling it
project (choosing th e right end use for changing the blending by percentages to
could work. I placed the fl eece on a 4-by-
create colors), and the history of spin-
8-foo t shee t of plywood positioned on
Project Notes ning equipme nt and wh eels. Just to
metal sawhorses to create a good work
make sure we had hands-on experience,
Finished size: 11 x 15 x 8". area at a reasonable height for skirting.
we spun sample skeins on five types of
I kept the locks intact and placed groups
Flber: 4 ounces of Columbia fleece in wheels: a flyer driven Ashford Tradition-
of them in five plastic mesh baskets for
locks, al, a spindle wheel (the Great wheel), a
washing. I fill ed both sides of a double
Yarn: 2·ply handspun yarn, 13 wraps doub le-drive Journey wheel, a bobbin- sink with hot tap water (125 F). I added

per inch. driven Louet SI 0, and a frict ion-driven 2 tablespoons of Orvus soap to one sink
Dyed flber: Fifteen packets of 5.4 Baby LoueUHat box wheel.
and left the othe r sink for rinsing. I
grams of fiber that has been dyed with As I was thin king about the home-
placed a single layer of fleece in each bas-
banana peel, goldenrod, onion skins, work assignments, it occurred to me that
ket, stacked the baskets, then lowered
Queen Anne's lace, 51. John's wart, I could expand upon what I was doing for
sumac, and walnut giving shades of yel- them into the soap solution and let them
som e of th e homework for my worsted
low, green, and brown along with the soak for 5 minutes. I pulled th e stacked
natural undyed fleece. baskets out of the wat er and we nt
Columbia Fleece thro ugh the locks, open ing the tips so
Needle: Size 18.
Becky Haws the cru sted dirt cou ld work free, and
Materials: Size 14 needlepoint canvas;
9161 Greensburg Pike then I returned the m to the hot, soapy
the canvas was 2 inches wider on all
sides than the footstool top; 1'/," wide Portage, OH 43451·9733 wate r for an other 5-mi nute soak. I
tape for binding edges. pressed the excess water fro m the locks

66 I S I' I N · 0 F F I ww W . I N T E R W E A V E . C 0 f.l
and transferred all the baskets to the closin g each with a brass safe ty pin (to Gathering dyestuff
rinse water. I re peated this wash and prevent rust). I tagged th e packets (328 I looked through Wild Color by Jenny
rinse process two more times and then in all) with plastic strips cut fro m a milk Dean an d reviewed my notes fro m last
dried th e locks on sweater drying racks. jug and labeled each strip with the name
of the dye plant an d morda nt (if used) D}'eing Safely
Keeping track of the process using a permanent marker. However, if
I made a spinning worksheet for track- I had the time to make new ones for fu- Follow the safety precautions on the la-
bels for handling mordants and dye solu-
ing my process and the equipme nt and ture use, I would use Ink Jet Shrink Film
tions. No matter how funny it looks-al-
techniques I used. I weig hed the locks by Crafix to make the tags with dye plant ways wear a dust mask and gloves when
usin g Ohaus sca les after each step and and mordant descriptions so that I could collecting dye material and handling
put th e locks into netted mesh squares reuse the tags for another project. powder. Work in a well-ventilated area.
Protect your skin and eyes from dye so-
lutions. Never use dye equipment for
food preparation.

Dyeing Equipment
and Materials
Distilled water
Dye material
Measuring cups
Tall glass jars
Glass stirrer
Stainless steel pot
Stainless steel extra-large mixing bowl
for modifier solution
Stainless steel strainer
Empty one-canon plastic water jugs
Dyed skeins and locks.
Fiber weight per packet: Columbia locks,
5.4 grams; commercial 2·ply yarn, 4.3
grams. (The locks were for the needle-
point project and the commercial yarn
was for the dye homework.)

1. Soak fiber 30 minutes in Orvus
soap/water solution.
2. Premordant fiber packets before plac-
ing them in dye solutions by placing
them in mordant solutions if needed.
3. Place fiber packets in dyebath con-
taining one mordant.
4. Postmordant fiber packets by placing
them in mordant solutions.
5. Place fiber packets in after-bath
modifier solution if needed.

Natural dye stock solutions.


su mme r's class and dye sessio n to re- or until th ey looked drained of calor be- Spinning
searc h a nd choose a tota l of eight veg - fore setting eac h stock so lu tion aside to I was finally ready to prepa re t he locks,
etab le, fru it, and tree materials to use for cool. After they we re cool, I pou red t he spin the yarn, a nd sta rt th e needlepoint.
dyein g. I decided on St. John's wa rt (Hy- dye liquors into empty one-gallo n plas- With Lou et doubl e-row m in ico m bs, I
pericum perforalum), Queen Anne's lace ti c wate r j ugs for t em porary sto rage co mbe d eac h 5.4-g ra m pa ck et of dyed
(Dau cus carola) , goldenrod (Solidago (it was abou t eight weeks from the tim e lock s, t ra nsfe rr ing th e fiber fr om one
canadensisi, yellow oni on skins (Allium th e dye liquor was m a de until I co u ld comb to the othe r three times. I attac hed
cepa) , banana peels (Musa sp .}, wa ln ut co m plete t he dyeing a nd m ordanting the combs to my belt loop and slowly at-
hulls (Juglans regia), sumac (Rh us sp.), processes), tenuated t he fi bers by pu lling th em from
and brazilwood (Caesalpinia sp.). I saved With the fleece was hed and dyed and side to side to create a sliver that I wound
onion skins and banana peels from m eals the 328 pack ets processed using one of into a bird's nest bu ndle. I weighed each
and chopped the banana peels into small eight dye m ethods, the next ste p was to calor's bundle and divided them into two
pi eces, th en ferm en t ed th em fo r fou r decide on a pattern fo r the barge llo foot- groups for spinn ing. I spu n singles with
days. My mom gave me walnuts from one stoo l cover a nd se lec t co lo rs from th e S -tw ist using a sho rt ba ckward-draw
of her foraging trips. I had clipped non- netted dyed packets of locks. There were tech n ique . Keep ing th e co lors se para te,
poisonous su m ac fl owers th e previous so many co lors t o pi ck from , but I was I plied all the singles with Z-twist. I com -
fall. The brazilwood was purch ased at a ab le t o narrow my choices down t o fi f- pared th e ya rn I spu n to the blue co m -
workshop seve ra l years before an d kept teen of the dyed packets. I chose the Gen- mercial sample a nd stitched samples on
for th e app ropriate t ime. A fr iend gave t ian patte rn fro m Bargelto Magic, page three sizes of needlepoint canvas; I D, 12
me St. John's wart co llected dur ing th e 11 8, and 14. I originally planned on sampling
sum me r. As for th e Quee n An ne's la ce I plann ed on sa mp ling the patte rn on on 12, 14, and 16, but on ly ha d the ID,
and golden rod, I on ly h ad to venture to 12-, 14- and I 6-coun t needl epoint can - 12, a nd 14-so I samp led on what I had.
a local field whe re they were ab un dant. vas once I h ad spu n m y ya rn . I ha d a The first yarn was too fine for any of the
I wore a dust mas k wh ile cutting them sa mp le of com me rcia l Persian needl e- canvas sizes, so I contin ued to spin and
to avo id allergic reacti ons to pollen. point ya rn t o use as a gu ide for the de - ply small samples until I found the grist
Over the next few days, I put each dye sired gris t, twists per inch , an d twist (13 wraps per inch) t hat covered th e 14-
material in to a se pa rate sta in less steel angle for my han dspun yarn (2,250 yards point ca nvas wit h t he look an d feel I
stockpot filled to the bri m with distilled per pound, 8 twists per inch, and a 22 de- wa n ted fo r th e project. Once I deter-
wate r and simme red t hem over an hou r gree angle of twist) . min ed the gris t of the ya rn, I spu n and

,,~ ,
" " "

'" I ri ,. _ _ ' ~ .... ,

' ..
" . .......
...~; . "
_ -." ,,,'''' ,
d ,. . ..

.... . __,_. . .
L.. ",,~ "

III '"
,,' <I ""," ~
."''''' "' ... .... , ''"'_.oJ
'' ~' ''''''' --,~"""

,-_ "" ". .

", "", ..•_ ....... '~ ,b...
~ ~-

~ < ..."
" , '~-"""" '"''
. . . . ~_ •• "" • • •
. ... ".....
J t 'I
h .. _ ' •• """''I' ·,'".. ~ _ ~"" , .. .... ....
•h,,"" .
~IN ...

Pat kept detailed notes of her process-carefully labeling the 328 packets of fleece and skeins as she dyed them with natural dyes.

SPR IN C 2006 1 s PIN · OF FI 69

plied the remaining fiber to match. I combination I chose- the natural dyes annual fairs. She teaches
ske ined th e yarn, soaked th e skeins for seem to just flow together nicely. When adults and her five-year-old
granddaughter how to spin
five minutes in hot tap water and a small I fini shed stitch ing th e needlepoint de-
when she's not working at the
amount of Orvus paste, and th en rinsed sign, I sewed the rectangle to a coordi- University o f Michigan or
and hung th em to dry. natin g fabric using a sewing machine attending tiber-retated workshops.
and secu red it to th e footstool usin g a
Needlepoint with handspun staple gun. One thing I learned is that, Resources
The book, Bargello Magic, suggests that while it was good to have samples of th e Dean, Jenny. Wild Calor. New York: Watson-
the canvas should be ori ented in the com me rcia l yarn to com pare, it really Cuptill Publications, 1999.
Fischer, Pauline, and Anabel Lasker. Bargel-
same direction as the bargello st itches came down to the hand of the handspun la Magic. New York: Holt, Ri nehart and
that are to be worked on the canvas. I cut yarn and whether or not it could be used Winston, 1974.
the canvas in a rectangle and taped the for needlepoint. The footstool adorns Foumier, Nola, and Jane Sheep's
edges to keep them from fraying while I the living room and we use it regularly. Clothing. Loveland, Colorado: Interweave
was working the needlepoint pattern and Press, 1995.
Minor, HoIlis Creer, "Kindling the flames: the
began stitc hing with one of the fifteen
PAT DAVIS lives in Tecumeseh, Wisconsin wit h
history and legend of Bargello," PieceWork
eo Jors. As I progressed from one section 6, 1 (January/February 1996), 42-45.
her husband. She has been spinning since 199/;
to the next, I laid some of th e sma ll Robertson, Beth. "Stitch a Bargello Orna-
and is currently working on the sixth level ofthe
skeins next to the finished section to con- OHS Spinning Certificate and Master Spinner
ment," PieceWork t2, 6 (Novembe rlDe-
template th e color combination for the Program. She was the newsletter editor (or the
cember 2004), 48- 50.
new sec tion, but it didn 't matter wha t Spinner s flock guild and sells at some of /heir

Chart for the dye emordan

process for
thefifteen colors Mordant to liquor ratio: 2:1. I used six mordants for the 2 tabl espoons ammonia per
eight dye plants. Mordants gallon of water.
All fibers were soaked
in Orvus paste for 30 used: rhubarb, chrome,
minutes before any copper, iron, alum/cream of
mordant or dye process. tartar, and tin.
Fiber: 5.4 grams.

Simme r bath at 200'F for Calculate amount of dye Soak time: 5 minutes.
30 minutes. liquor for Weight of Goods
(WOG) (1:1 ratio) .
Mordant mixture was 1 gallon
of distilled water; dye liquor
was originally 2 gallons.

Alum (potassium aluminum Alum (potassium aluminum Copper (ferrous sulfate) with
sulfate) with cream of tartar sulfate) with cream of tartar ammonia for onion skins,
(potassium acid tartrate) for (potassium acid tartrate) for goldenrod, St. John's wort,
onion ski ns and goldenrod. onion skins, Queen Anne's and Queen Anne's lace.
lace, and banana peel. Rhubarb (Rhuem sp.) for
Copper (ferrous sulfate) for onion skins.
walnuts, banana peel,and sumac.
Rhubarb (Rhuem sp.) for
onion ski ns, and St. John's

70 I S PI N . 0 F F I www. 1N T E R W E A V E . C 0 j\J
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S P R I N C 2006 I S P I N· 0 F F I 71
age and lamb meat production, long

Pi De r Basics • • productive life, good weight and quality

of wool and easy shepherdi ng." Per-
formance is also required fo r Coopworth
COOPWORTH Sheep Society of North America regis-
BY CAROL H U E B S C H E R R II O A D E S tration: "Ideal Coopworths are excellent
C mothers, sell le quickly, lamb unassisted,
~ usually twin, are strong and vigorous at
r-------------------------------..., ~
birth, grow ou t well on forage, move
freely on fi elds ye t are easily gathered,
" shear a heavy fleece, yield a good carcass,
e, and are resistant to foot rot." Their re-
"~ sistance to foot rot allows them to thrive
% on wet lowlands as well as low hills.
Breed characteristics
~ Coopworths are polled (hornless), with
~ face s and legs free from wool. Us ually
th eir faces are white, but colored Coop-
wo rths have dark skin and tongues. The
~ shee p are medium to large size. Rams
S average [75 to 300 pounds and ewes, 150
~ to 200 pounds. Coopworths have longer
Coopworth sheep from Carol and Paul Wagner's flock at Hidden Valley Farm and Woolen Mill, bodies and legs than Romneys. Coop-
Valders, Wisconsin.
worth shee p are considered alert and
he Coopworth is a relative ly new breed of shee p that originated in New rath er independ ent. They lamb unas-
sisted and can take care of the lambs with
Zea land and was regi st ered as a breed in 1968. It is a dual-purpose
little or no hu man interfere nce.
breed, producing mi ld-tasting m eat and long, lustrous woo l. The breed Most Coopwo rth fl eeces are open,
is named afte r the professor [an Coop who was instrumental in establish ing wi th staples 5 to 7 inches long that have
the breed through his work at Lincoln College (now Lin coln University) in a good luster and silky handle. The tips
are pointed, making it easy to distinguish
Cante rbu ry, New Zealand. The breed has become very popular in New Zealand
them and separate locks. Fleece weights
and is now second to Romney in overall n um bers. Coopworths are also found are heavy, averaging 10 to 13 pounds per
in Australia, North Ame rica, and Eastern Eu ro pe. shearing. The wool is in the coarser
range but lamb's wool is softer, and the
History of the and all variables (lambing rates, weaning silkiness of th e fleece mean s it can be
Coopworth breed weights, fleece weight, ease of care, over- used for a variety of end products. Coop-
New Zealand's need in the 1950s for high- all quality) were analyzed for effective worth takes dye easily, and its luster
er lambing percentages instigated the culling and selection. The third and makes the colors sparkle. The fiber
crossbreeding that eventually resulted in fourth generation sheep were considered diameter ranges from 30 to 39 microns,
th e Coopworth breed. At first, Border equal to the original crossbred animals equivalent to a Bradford count of 50s to
Leicester rams (at that time, the breed and superi or to the original Romneys. 44s. When choosing a Coopworth fleece,
with the highest lambing percentages in The new breed was now viable. remember that Coopworth registration
New Zealand) were bred to Corriedale The qualities emphasized in estab- is based on productivity rather than strict
ewes and also Romney ewes. The Border lishing the breed still determ ine th e fleec e and body standards, so the wool
Leicester/Corr iedale cross did not meet standards for registered Coopwo rth
sheep . Brian Croot notes th at "strict Brian Croot. "Cocpworth-Ccloured." In The Uhrld
the needs and that line was aba ndoned. of Coloured Sheep, edited by Roger S. Lundie and
Instead, the Border Leicester/Romney breeding requireme nts ensure all Coop- Elspeth J. Wil kinson. New Zealand: The Black and
crosses were selected for th e foundation worth stud breeders offer for sale only Coloured Shee p Breeders' Association of New
the very best animals with proven genetic Zealand (20041. 55.
stock and these crossbred sheep were in- From the Coopworth Sheep Soc iety of North

terbred . Meti culous records were kept performance in: high lambing percent- America website:www.coopworthsheep.orglbylaws.

72 I S I' I N . 0 F F I ww W . I :.. T E R W E A V E . C 0 M
can vary from sheep to sheep. The wool any fl eece, always
should, however, be consistent within a check to be sure that
fleece . Carol Wagner, who owns about the wool is consis-
200 Coopworth sheep, notes that the tent in calor and
white fleeces can feel coarse but usually crimp down the en-
have a silky hand and good lock forma- tire staple length.
tion . The colored fl eeces can be finer, The exception would
with less well-defi ned cri mp and lock be sun-bleached or
structure. The white fleeces I've handled yellowed tips, which
we re similar to Border Leic ester woo l can so meti mes be
while the colored Coopwo rth fl eeces weak. In that case,
seemed more Romney-l ike. pull or cu t off th e
The majority of Coopworth sheep are tips. You can test the
white-wooled because that is desirable for sta ple strength by
commercial flocks. However, the Border firmly grasping each
Leicester and Romney background of the end of th e lock and
Coopworth insures an ample presence of popping it wi thout excessive force. The For more details on sorting a fleece, read
color genetics. Colored Coopworth fleeces staple should withstand the popping pages 172 to 173 of In Sheep 's Cloth ing
range from pale silve rs to charcoal and without breaking. (see Resources).
brown-greys. Of spec ial interest to those You'll need a big space to spread out Coopworth fl eeces are not usually
preferring colared fle eces are the blue- a Coopworth fl eece if yo u want to sepa- heavy with grease (my sampling showed
gray Coopworths. They have dark skin and rate it into various qualities. Unroll the an 85 percent yie ld or only 15 percen t
may be marked by a white "teardrop" fleece so that the tips face outward. Look weight loss with washing). so washing
under each eye. The wool appears to have over th e fl eece to see if there are any should be quick. I sort my fl eeces into
a bluish cast because of dark and light obvious problem areas or sections of one-pound segments. The wool is placed
areas in varying shades of gray. wool stronger or softer than the ave rage. into a nylon net bag and submerged gen-
Yo u can either use th em separately or tly into a sink fu ll of warm to hot water
Preparing Coopworth wool blend them evenly with the average wool. with about Y. cup Orvus paste (you can
Working with Coopworth wool should Any vegetable matter should be easy to buy Orvus at feed stores, where it is
be easy. While wool quality can vary both shake out of or pull away from the wool. cheaper, or at quiltin g supp ly shops). I
between sheep and with- soak the wool for five minutes and rinse
in the fleece of one sheep, it in the same temperature water with a
most Coopworth fl eeces tablespoon or two of white vinegar in the
are free-flowing and fair- fi rst rinse to help release the soap from
ly even in quality. They "~ the fibers. After the second rinse (or third
should not be matted, •< if the fl eece was dirt ier than normal), I
spongy, or hairy. As with z
put the bag of wool into the washi ng ma-
~ chine and set the spin cycle for a one- to
"c two-minute spin. After removing the wool
from the bag, I shake it out a bit so it can
dry on a flat rack in the backya rd. I turn
the wool over when the top side feels dry.
Coopworth fl eeces are easy to sepa-
rate into locks. If you want to drumcard
or comb the wool, already sorted locks
will make the processing faster. To spin
directly from the locks (either from the
ends or folded over th e finger), open
them quickly by slightly fanning out the
cut and tip ends. Aim for a rectangle of
Coopworth sh eep from Carol and Paul
Wa gner's flock at Hidden Valley Farm and wool that shows ind ividual fibers but still
Wool en Mill, Valders, Wiscon sin. holds together as a lock. I use the same

S P R I N C 2 (J I) fi Is I' [ N . U F F I 73
Friction anCl twist
The reason one needs to add more
twist to a fiber that has been cut in
half has to do with the "inte r-fiber
friction" or "nip ." Cut the stap le
length in half, and you need twice as
much twist (fo r the same diameter/
grist yarn) to get an equal amount of
nip. In addition, because the coars-
er fibers generally have much greater
rigidity (res istance to twist intro-
ducti on ) than fi ne r fib ers, the cut
• •
Wool colors and quantities can vary within a fleece. 1) Four shades of brown and gray from one
sta ples also need the ext ra twist to lamb's Ileece lrom French Hill. 2) Brown Coopworth lamb's Ileece from Hidden Valley.
overcome the rigidity as well as the
shortened length fo r achieving nip. tech nique to prepare the wool fo r drum- the passive card, make sure that there is
For mo re on twist, see The Alden card ing. Because my Patrick Green Su- a break between the fibers on the active
Amos Big Book of Handspinning percard is electric, I simp ly open the and passive cards before coming back for
(Love lan d, Co lorado: Interweave locks and feed th em in , making it un- the next pass; otherwise, you will fold the
Press, 2001), 101- 117. necessary to prepa re stac ks of them fib ers. Yo u can also cut the Coopworth
-Alden Amos and ahead of time. locks in half before carding. Yarn spun
Stephe nie Gaustad Coopworth is longer than the usual from cut locks will need more twist than
3-inch maximum for handcarding: how- yarn spun fro m the full len gth of the
JNip is a term that is used in knot tying-and ever, one can card Coopwort h wool with- wool-Alden Amos and Stephanie Gaus-
according to Merriam -Webster's Collegiate
Dictionary , 11th Edition , it is "to catch hold out too muc h trou ble. Use wool cards tad explain why in th e box to th e left.
of and squeeze between two surfa ces, edg es, with 40 or fewer teeth per square inch.
or points."
Whe n the active card sweeps away from Spinning Coopworth
When planning a project with Coopworth,
bear in mind that it is a coarse wool. It
will not feel soft or ethereal. However, the
silkiness of most Coopworth fl eeces

• means that you can have a smooth yarn

that is not at all hars h feeling. Depend-
ing on your project and the fl eece, you
might spin a dense or a light yarn. Blend-
ing Coopworth with other fibers can shift
the density and handle somewhat. Try silk,
mohair, alpaca, or othe r wools.
Because of its long stap le len gth,
Coopworth can be spun with a low twist.
It is easiest to spin with a short draw and
it can be spun from the ends of a lock,
the fold, combed top, or strips of a drum-
carded batt . Coopwort h is also a good
choice for t rying out Paula Simmo ns's
one-hand method for spinning soft ya rn
quickly (see Resources).
Fini shi ng Coopworth yarns is also
quick and easy. [ wash the skeins in warm
Sample 1: 1) Lamb's roving ("Valentina") lrom French Hill. Card with sample 01
singles yarn (Sfwlst), 3) Small skein of Z·plied yarn (60 yards per ounce, 12 wraps water with a tablespoon or less of wool-
per inch). 4) Tricot crochet cuff. wash, soaking them for about five min-
utes and rinsing as fo r the fl eece. I take

74 IS P IN · 0 F F I www. I ~ T E R W E A V E . C 0 />l

Brown unwashed Coopworth lamb's fleece from Hidden Valley. 2) White washed and unwashed Coopworth adult fleeces from Hidden Valley.
3) Medium gray roving from French Hill. 4) Light gray roving from Woodland Woolworks.

the skei ns outside, flick them by one end ounce of fiber yielded 60 yards of a However, the smooth yarn was needed
and th en the other to fling out some of smooth and lustrous 2-ply yarn with 12 to show off th e stitches.
th e water, and hang them with clothes- w raps per inch. I adapte d and t ranslated the tricot
pins holding one of the ties used to secure I spun the yarn S/Z so it wouldn't motif into modern U.S. croch et terms.
the skein. After the top end is almost dry, twist more as I crocheted. For some cro- For th e complete pattern for the cuffs
I turn each skein, squeeze out the water, chete rs, th e direction of twist does not wo rked in tri cot, see Weldon s Practical
and let the other end dry. make a difference; for me, it does. Before Crochet, Twelfth Series, We/don s Practi-
embarking on a crochet project, sample cal Needlework, Volume S (Loveland, Col-
Yarn and swatch details S/Z and ZlS yarns with varying degrees orado: Interweave Press, 2001 ). For more
Sample I of twist, so yo u'll know what wo rks with on tricot (also called Tunisian or Afghan
Breed-specific rovings aren't too hard to your particular technique. Tricot crochet crochet), see The Harmony Guides, Vol-
fi nd in the United States because many makes a firm fabri c and the Coopworth ume 7: 220 More Crochet Stitches (Lon-
suppliers of fl eeces for handspinning semiworsted yarn added to the firmness. don: Collins & Brown, 1998), 85-88.
process some of their wool crop into rov-
ing and label it with the type of wool and
1) Pair of socks de-
sometimes even the sheep's name. The sig ned by Carol H.
roving for this swatc h was Valenti na's Rhoades, knitted on 11.5.
woo l from Fren ch Hill Farm . Befor e size 2 needles in Water-
spin ning, I held the roving up to the fall pattern but not
light and could see that th e fibers we re discussed in article.
2) Small skein of yarn-
well aligned and th ere were no slubs or
16 wraps per inch.
nail s (if possibl e, always check roving
before purc has ing). The stap le length

was about 4\1, inches, so I held my hands
5 inch es apart while drafting. With the
fingers of my left (fiber-holding) hand ,
I held the end of the roving in a round-
ed rather than flat configuration so that
I could draw fibers from th e piece more
smoothly. I tr eadled slowly while I draft-
ed with a short forwa rd draw, and I
smoothed the yarn as the twist went into
the drafted fi bers. I enjoyed seeing all
the shades of gray and brown as they en-
ter ed the yarn . I spu n the wool cou n-
terclockwise (S) on a Lendrum at a 12:1
ratio and plied clockwise (Z) at 15:1. One

I NC 2 0 0 6 I S P I N · 0 F F I 75
Sample Z: Fleece sample 01 1) gray
alpaca ("Eyre Apparent," mature
gelding lrom Deborah McMurtrie)
and Z) washed qray-brown Coop-
worth lamb (Irom French Hill Farm).
]) Skein of spindle-spun yarn, 2 ply,
61.1 yards per ounce, 13 wraps per
inch. 4) Knitted mitten with Lemon-
stitch cull.


With tri cot hook or straight-handled Sample 2 I spee ded up the process at the end by
crochet hook 0 .5. size F or 4 mm, loose- I had originally planned to flick card this plying on my Lendrum with a 12:1 ratio.
ly chain 36 sts or a mul tiple of 5 plus 1. lamb's fl eece and spin it from the locks. The 165 yards of two-ply yarn weighed
Row 1: Pick up 1 st in each eh across (36 However, I spotted some leftover gray al- 2.7 ounces (61.1 yards per ounce) and
loops on hook). Work back: Draw yarn paca and decided to blend it with the was 13 wraps per inch.
thro ugh first st on hook, *ch 1, ya rn wool. For a batt, 1 weighed Y, ounce of This blend's fib ers were not very
over hook and draw it through 3 sts each fiber and teased open the fl eeces springy, so I chose Lemon stitch for the
together (through 4 loops), eh 1, yarn making a separate pile of each. I put mitten 's cuff because it is a very elastic
over hook and draw th rough next st some alpaca covered with a light layer of ribbing. The mitten was knitted on 0 .5.
(that is, through 2 loops), yarn ove r wool on the carde r's infeed tray and then size 2 needles.
hook and draw through next st; repeat fed in the fibers. After cardi ng all the The Lem on st itc h, used for several
from * across. batts, I tore each len gthwise into six garme nts in Weldon's Praclical Kn itter,
Row 2: Pick up loop through vertical tricot strips so that each of the six piles had a is a multiple of 6 sts.
strand on seco nd si of previous row, piece from each of the original batts. The R ou n ds 1-3: *K3, p3; repeat from *
*pick up one loop each: under ch st , next pass completed th e blending. around.
through back loop of the 3 sts together, The fiber blend's han dle was so nice Round 4: *Yo, sll, kztog, psso, yo, p3; re-
under ch st, and in each vertical loop I decided to spind le-spi n t he yarn . I peat fro m * arou nd.
of next 2 sts: repeat from * across, end- tested a couple of spindles an d chose a
ing wi th a loop thro ugh 1 tricot st at Tracy Eichheim spind le weigh ing 1.1 Sample 3
end. Work back as for Row 1. ou nces. I stripped each th in batt into This white adult Coopworth was easy to
Repeat Row 2 un til piece is desired four lengths and spun with a short draw. prepare and spin. I flick carded each lock
length . with a quick snap to open it up and spun

76 IS P IN· 0 F F I www. I ~ T E R W E A V E . C 0 />l

it from the tip end. To control th e lock, Cockle-Shell knitting pattern is Coopworth and kid mohair (my knitt ed
I fold ed three fin gers over th e cut end (adap te d by Carol H. Rhoades fro m tea cozy will be featured in an upcorning
half and supported the tip end over my Weldon 5 Practical Knitter, Tenth Series, Spin -Off article) . By experimenting with
ind ex fin ger (half bent) and und er my Weldon 5 Practical Needlework, Volum e preparat ion methods, spinning tech-
thumb (pointing to th e wheel's orifice). 4 [Loveland, Colorado: Interweave Press, niques, and the amount of twist, you'll be
The singles yarn was spun Z (clockwise) 2001]) surprised and pleased at the lovely Coop-
on my Schacht with a 9:1 ratio. 1treadled Multiple of 9 plus 2 stitches . worth yarns you can produce.
slowly as 1 drafted out 2 inches of fiber Row 1 (WS): *K2, p l , k5, pI ; repeat from Many thanks to Carol Wagner (Hidden
before smoo th ing th e yarn as the twist * and end k2. Valley Farm and Woolen Mill, 14804 New-
entered it. It was important to move only Row 2 (RS): *K3, (yo, kl ) 6 times; repeat ton Rd.,Valders, WI 54245; hvfarmwoolen
th e draftin g hand so that the yarn went from * and end k2. mill@lakefield.n et; www.hiddenvalley
onto the bobbin right away. To fi nish the Row 3 : *K2, p13; repeatfrom * and end and Diane Trussell
sing les ya rn (21 wraps per inch, lOO k2. (Frenc h Hill Farm, Pf) . Box 82, Solon,
yards per ounce), 1 wound it onto a Row 4: *K2, ssk, k9, k2tog: repeat from ME 04979; dian e@fren chhillsh eepand
niddy-noddy and stea med it (protecting * and end k2.; www.frenchhillsheepandwoo l
my hands, of course). Row 5: *K2, p2tog , p7, p2tog tbl; repeat .com/fhI) who generously provided fleeces
Paired decreases in lace patterns and from * and end k2. and roving for this article. '$l
larger needles help eliminate the biasing Row 6: *K2, ssk, k5, k2tog: repeat from
associated with singles yarns and knit- CAROL RIIOADES of Austin, Texas, is fascinated
* and end k2.
by the myriad Qualities of wool, and she enjoys
tin g. A preliminary swatc h knitted on Repeat Rows 1-6 fo r des ired len gth discovering what each fleece has to offer.
U.S. size 4 needles was very lively but the and end with Row 1.
pattern was buried. With U.S. size 6 nee- As you can see, Coopworth wool offe rs
dles, the pattern was more visible and a ran ge of possibilities for projects. It Resources
the fabric was still bouncy. It would make ble nds well with other long fibers such as Coopworth Sheep Society of Aust ralia Inc.
a nice scarf or shawl. u.
mohair, silk, and alpaca. My favorite blend
Coopworth Sheep Society of New Zealand.
Coopworth Sheep Society of North America.
www.coopworthshee CSSNA Inc.,
25 101 Chris Lane N.E., Kingston, WA
Buchanan, Rita, Mary Spanos, and Patri cia
Emerick. "One Fleece Three Ways,"

.. Spin-Off 23, 1 (Spring 1999), 54-63.

Croot, Brian. "Coopworth-Coloured."In The
World ofColoured Sheep, edited by Roger
S. Lundie and Elspeth J. Wilkinson. New
Zealand: The Black and Colo ured Sheep
Breeders'Association ofNew Zealand, 2004.
Fournier, Nola, and l ane Fournier.ln Sheep s
Clothing: A Handspinner's Guide to Wool.
Loveland, Colorado: Interweave Press, 1995.

• Home, Beverley. Fleece in YDur Hands: Spin-

ning with a Purpose: Notes and Projects.
Loveland, Colorado: Interweave Press, 1979.
New Zealand Wool Board.New Zealand Sheep
and Their Woo!. Wellington, New Zealand:
Grower Services Division, New Zealand
Wool Board, 1980.
Simmons, Paula. Spinning tor Softness and
Speed. Chilliwack, British Columbia,
Canada: Sunrise Printing, 1982.
Wal ker, Linda Berry. "Know Your Sheep

• Breeds: Coopworth." Spin'Off 13, 3 (Fall

1989), 27.
._ -. "The Quest for the Blue Sheep: A
Sample 3: 1) Card with sample of singles yarn (Z twist). 2) Small skein of singles
yarn (21 wraps per inch, 100 yards per ounce). 3) Lace swatch. Simple Project, and a Dream." Spin-Off
13, 3 (Fall 1989), 28--30.

S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S P I N ' 0 F F I 77
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S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S P I N . 0 F F I 79
war •

Spinning bulky low-twist yarns for domino knitting


HE ORIGINAL INSPIRATION for this lap rug came from the Coopworth project in
Beverley Home's Fleece in Your Hands (Interweave, 1979). She designed a block
pattern rug or wall hanging with three colors of Coopworth. 1wanted something
similar that would be easier to knit and cozier. Adomino-knitted throw immediately came
to mind. I sampled the spinning and decided on a low-twist two-ply yarn. I knitted the
first swatch on V.S. size 10Y, needles, but the yarn felt a bit hairy. Contrary to expectations,
changing to smaller needles (V.S. size 9) made the knitted swatch feel softer. Because the
lap rug is modular, you can easily make it smaller or larger by adjusting the number or
size of the squares.

lengthwise strips and spun the strips on one just knitted. Tails can be wove n in
....._ _ Project Notes _ _......
my Louet 5 -90 whee l with a 6:1 rati o. as yo u knit or afterwards. The throw is
Finished size: 27" x 38"; P/4 pounds. With my hands seve ral inch es apart, 1 composed of squares and right- and left-
drafted with a short forward draw. 1 tr ea- side triangles. See the diagram for the
Fiber: 9 ounces brown lamb, 16 ounces
medium gray and 10 ounces white adult dIed slowly as the twist entered the fib er knitting sequence.
Coopworth Ileece (all obtained lrom Hid- and then moved the yarn quickly onto The cast-on number for each square
den Valley Farm). the bobbin. To keep the yarn from being is 27 sts. Each square on the first row
Varn: 2-ply bulky yarn (Iamb's wool-33 to o slack or hairy, [ added a bit more sta rts with a knit cast-on. After that,
yards per ounce; adult wDol-25 yards twist to the ply. with an 8.5:1 ratio on the stitches for the squares are picked up and
per ounce); 7 wraps per inch . Each Louet 5-90. The skeins were then washed knitted along th e left side of one square
square required about 12 yards of yarn . in warm wate r with woolwash , rinsed, and the right side of th e next. The cen-
The entire lap rug used 228 yards 01
and hung outside, unweighted, to dry. ter stitch of each square should be picked
brown. 204 yards 01 white, and 343
yards 01 gray. It is very important when spinning for up and knitted at the tip of the square
domino knitting that the ya rns all knit below. When picking up stitches. insert
Gauge: A square = 5lf/' across the dlaq-
to th e same gauge. Because 1 used wool the needle under both loops of knit cast-
anal (Irom point to point).
from three different-quality fl eeces. it on or slip-stitch edges.
Needles: 11.5. size 9. was a bit tricky to obtain the necessary
cons istency. Experim entation showe d Square
Preparation that th e number of wraps per inch was Knit cast on 27 sts (or pick up and
Each fl eece was washed as describ ed in more impor tant than the number of knit 27 sts).
the Fiber Basics article (see page 75). The yards per ounce because the lamb's wool Row 1 (WS): K26. pl ,
wool was carded on my Patrick Green was a fin er micron count and probably Row 2 (RS): 51l kwise, kll , sll, k2tog.
Supercard drumcarder. I turned on the had more sho rt fib ers, so more air was psso, kll, pl ,
machin e, teased each lock well, and fed trapped in it. Row 3: SIl kwise, knit to last st, pl .
it in. Each batt was smoothly carded in The lap rug was knitted following the Repeat Rows 2 and 3, with 1 less knit
one pass and provided enough yarn for principles of domino knitting. For more st on each side of double decrease until
one square. The project could be speed- on the details of the technique. see Vivian 3 sts rem ain.
ed up by using Coopworth roving. Hoxbro's Domino Knitting (Interweave Last RS row: SIl , k2tog. psso. Cut yarn
Press, 2002). Basically. after knitting the and leave loop of last stitc h; do not
Spinning first square. turn it so that the points are bind off-it will be th e first stitch of
[ tore each ll-inch-wide batt into four north. south, east. and west. and sta rt the next square.
the next square with the last stitch of the

S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S PI N· 0 F F I 81
last st onto the needle, and then pick up
Carol was careful to keep the and knit 12 sts along the left side of the
three yarns she made consis- white square: pick up and knit 1 st at the
tent in wraps per inch (7) point joining white and brown squares
so that the domino (inserting needle und er loops of bot h
knitting would squares): pick up and knit 13 sts along
go smoothly.
the right side of the brown square (27 sls
on needle). Complete the white square.
Continue in the same way, following the
sequence shown on the diagram.
After knitting all the squares and tri-
angles, weave in ends if you haven't already
done so. Block the lap rug by carefully
steam-pressing under a damp cloth, or
wash it in woolwash and warm water.
Rinse in war m water and then roll the
piece in a large towel to absorb excess
water. Smooth or pin out the throw and
let it dry. Because the ya rns are bulky,
th e th row may need some ti me to dry
thoroughly. While it dries. fi nd a good
book or a small project. The lap th row is
heavy enough to stay put and big enough
to keep your lap and legs warm and cozy
while reading or doing a proj ect.
Many thanks to Vivian Hoxbro for per-
mission to share th e domino knitting
techniques used in this project. IS


hoping to live in a more uool-suitable climate
one ofth ese days.

Left-side triangle (these are the k2tog, k to last st, pI.

triangles on the left side of the lap rug) Begin by knitting the three brown and
Pick up and knit 14 sls along left side two white squares for the bottom row.
of lower square. Knit each square separately leaving the
Row J (lVS): SII kwise, k to last st, pI. last stitch open. These stitches will be
Row 2 (RS): SII kwise, k to last 3 sts, ssk, used to start the stitches on the square
pI. or tr iangle above it.
Repeat Rows 1 and 2 until 3 sts re- Place a brown square so that the tip
mam. with the last (open) stitch points up.
Next RS row: SIl kwise, p2tog. Place that stitch on the needle, and then
Next \VS row: SI1 kwise, pI. pick up and knit 13 sls along the left side
Last row: Ssk. of the square (14 sts total). Work a left-
side triangle. Leave the last stitch of the
Right-side triangle (worked on triangle open so that you can knit into
right side of lap rug) it when a square meets it.
Work as for left-side triangle, starting Start th e next pan el: Place a white
along the right side of the square below, square to the right of the brown square
but wo rk Row 2 as fo llows: SIl kwise, so that the side points meet. Place th e


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SP R I N C 2006 1 S P I N · OF FI 83
Polwarth fleece singles show
the cola, transition of the
roving before plying.
Karin Worling of Belleville, Ontario, her warp at 10 ends per inch and wove a spired by a Faro ese shawl she had re-
Canada, was immediately inspired by the plain weave cloth , again alternating th e cently knitted with fitted shoulders that
color blend when she first saw th e Pol- two yarns, on her Louet countermarch allow the shawl to stay on during wear,
wa rth fi ber she used in this shawl at the floor loom. The construction of the shawl Deborah decided to create her own ve r-
Yarn Source, a weaving and knitting supply was based on an art icle by Barbara Tay- sion. Deborah hand-dyed two 8-ounce
store near her town. The fleece came from lor Farnum in the Summer 1985 issu e batches of Merino top from Ohio Valley
Australia and was dyed in Manitoba before of Handmade. Fibers wi th ProChern acid-fast dyes to co-
being blended into rovings. Envisioning a Since finishing her project, Karin has ordinate with her multicolored singles.
handspun and woven triangu lar shawl, worn th e shawl to gu ild meetings and One portion was dyed gree n wh ile the
Karin was spu rred on by her spinning various craft shows, garnering compli - ot her turned into a happy accident of
mentor, Lise Noakes of th e Yarn Source. ments from spinning and weaving peers. blues and purples,
Although Karin was initially hesi- After lightl y carding th e Merino
tant to take on ye t another project with her Ashford cotto n cards to
Lise convinced her that she could fit loosen the fibers, Deborah spun two-
it int o her schedule if she just set ply ya rn on her Ashford Traditional at
aside some time on a daily basis. In
th e summer of 2004, Karin began
HANDSPUN a 12.5:1 rati o with a short fo rwa rd
draw. Deborah achieved a soft and
her work on the shawl with 8 ounces springy yarn at 13 to 15 wraps per
of the Polwarth roving that she split
into two equal sections lengthwise
GALLERYo! inch and about 1,400 yards per pound.
She washed the yarn in warm water
and wound into two matching con- with Eucalan and draped it on a dry-
tinuous balls. For about one month,
Karin spun in the mornings on her
Shawls ing rack to dry without weight.
Deborah used th e Catharina pat-
deck overlooking the Bay of Quinte tern from Stahman's Shawls and
while bird-watching and occasion- for your inspiration Sca rves' as a guide for th e shoulde r
ally ente rtaining company over
coffee . Using her Lendrum double-
treadle wheel and a long draft, Karin
filled four bobbins of tightly spun singles, Deborah Wolfe of Cookeville,
numb erin g them so that she could keep Tennessee, nam ed her project
her colorway in orde r. Starting from the Ten nessee Twilight because the
matching end of her second ball of roving, colorway is reminiscent of the
she fill ed four more bobbins of singles. hills and valleys at twilight in her
When it was finally time to ply, Karin was region . After completing her
careful to ply the bobbins in orde r, work- shawl, Deborah was excited to
ing backwards, four, three, two, and one. share the project with her "spin-
This careful tracking allowed her to pro- ning community." Unfortunate-
duce ya rn with both plies in almost an ly, Deborah doesn 't have a local
identical color transition. After plying the community of spinne rs with
ya rns, she was hed th em and hung them whom to share her accompli sh-
to dry over a broomstick without weight. ments so she sent photos of her
Karin decided to design her shawl using 8 shawl to Sp in -Off,
ounces of a coordinating solid-colored Deborah starte d her shawl
Bluefaced Leicester that she had previously from 12 ounces each of three dif-
spun for a knitting project that did not ma- ferent rnulticolored Colonial wool o
terialize. rovings purchased from Blue =

Karin alternated the Polwarth an d Goose Glen at th e Cannonsburg Deborah Wolfe of Cookevllle, Tennessee, models
Bluefaced Leicester yarns as she wound Fiber Festival in October 2004. In- her Faroese shawl.

S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S PI N . 0 F F I 85
Stephan ie Pea rl-McPhee's Snowdro p
Shawl' pattern and found the perfect op-
portunity to use it when her guild de-
cided to donate handmade items to
Rocky Mountain Public Broadcasting
System 's "Wi ld, Wild Auction."
Pat Noah, another guild member, took
on the responsibil ity of preparing a do-
nated fl eece for Carol to knit. Pat started
by placing the fleece in a mesh bag to soak
in hot water with a little Dawn dish-
washing soap. She added vinegar to the
fi rst rinse and then rinsed a second time
with just hot water. She put the mesh bag
of wool into her washing machine with it
set to the spin cycle to get the water out
and then hung it on the clothesline to dry.
After the wool dried, Pat handpicked the
fleece to remove vegetable matter and ran
it through her Patrick Green drumcarder
with the fur head attachment. Pat spun
the wool on her Schacht wheel with a
high-speed whorl using a long-draw
meth od. The resulting two- ply ya rn is
about 24 wraps per inch.
Once Carol had the laceweight yarn
in hand, she began working on the Snow-
Ooborah Wolfo of, drop Shawl pattern, modifying it to add
Tennessee, created calor transitions more snowdrop repeats and replace the
in her shawl using five different yarns.
plain knit triangle with additional snow-
drop motifs. She also replaced the I-cord
IStahman. Mym a A. I. Sta hman s Shawls and edging with a single crochet stitch to sta-
Scarves: Lace Faroese-Shaped Shawls from the shaping of this shawl. To avoid a striped bilize the top edge of the shawl. Carol was
Neck Doum & Seamen s Scon es. Boise. Idaho:
Rocking Chair Press. 2000. shawl, Deborah alternated colors every so pleased with the results of her project
2 Hamlyn Publishing Group: The Knitting Collec- two rows for six rows at each color tran-
tion. New York: Golden Press. 1982. sition. After completing the shoulder
3 shaping, she began a pattern insert at the
center back using the Branched Fern pat-
tern from The Knilling Collection.' Deb-
orah completed the design with a five-
stitch garter-stitch borde r on either side
of the center panel and on the edge of the
shawl while increasing at the edge every
other row.
Carol Dowell of Yuma, Colorado, is
an active member of the High Plains
Spinners and Weavers Guild, a guild who
is always looking for ways to fu rther in-
terest in fiber arts and fibe r production .
The guild sponsors community and
school projects and presents vario us
Two of the yarns Oeborah Wolfe used to ere- demonstrations. Carol was inspired by
ate her Faroese shawl.

86 I S I' I N · 0 F F I ww W . I N T E R W E A V E . C 0 f.l
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that it was hard to let it go, even to a good ',. ',.'." I,' " ','.' .
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cause. The shawl along with eight other e . " .', :- . ...
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items completed by the guild's members
was displayed on the PBS website for a
month leading up to the April 23, 2005,
", '


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televised auction. The broadcast reached

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more than 1.8 million viewers in Col- , •- •~• ' . ..' ~I . , ., ' 'Ill.
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orado and the Rocky Mountain region ' •• • ... 1 ,. r
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and is a major fundraiser for the support

of Rocky Mountain PB S. •• : ,~ . ... ..,'...•.., • . .'..
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It was a grea t surprise to Carol when • •
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on Mother's Day she received the shawl •• .".-
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from her three children and their spous-
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es who had watched the many hours she , •

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spent knitting the shawl and then pur- , •,
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chased th e shawl for her from Rocky •
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Mountain PBS. \f> ,
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24th Annual

I ·
Autumn Retreat
October 29-November 5, 2006
Tahoe City, California

With twelve mentors offering a variety of three-day workshops and half-day

retreat sessions, spinners novice to advanced will participate in an unforget-
table experience. There wi ll be plenty of unstructured t ime for sharing your
passion as well as a spinners' market and gallery, fash ion show, spin-in, and the
opportunity to hear musings from Stephanie Pearl-McPhee (aka the Yarn Harlot).
Come for all or part of the week.
W orkshop Only: October 29- November I
Tu ition is $300 (plus workshop materials fee)
Retreat Only: November 2-5
Tu ition is $305 (includes materials fees)
Workshop and Retreat: October 29- Novem ber 5
TU ition is $580 (plus workshop materials fee)
The SOAR registration booklet with full Informati on will be available in
March by mail and on the Interweave website at

For registration materials, send your name and address (no SASE) to:
SOAR 2006
Interweave Press
20 I East Fourth Street. Loveland, CO 80537-5655

(970) 669-7672 ext. 672 or fax (970) 669-61 17
Granlibakken Resort in Tahoe City, California. also the site of SOAR 2002,
is nestled in its own picturesque mountain valley at an elevation of 6,200 feet, a
mile from Lake Tahoe, California. Granlibakken's natural setting contrasts with its
modern conveniences; it is only 55 minutes from the RenofTahoe International
Airport in Reno. Nevada.


October 3D-November I Novem ber 3-4
Rudy Amann • Spinning Woo l, 20 I Rudy Amann • Nalbinding
Jeannine Bakriges • Of Moths, Milk. and More: Spinning Silken Fibers Alden Amos • As the Whee l Turns
Nancy Bush and Judith MacKenzie McCuin • From Our Hands Jeannine Bakriges • N ew Wave Fiber s
to Yours: The Art and H istory of Hand Coverings Maggie Casey • Boucle the Easy Way
Maggie Casey • Spinning 101: Learn to Spin or Refresh Your Skills Sharon Costello • Felt Soap
Sharon Costello • Featherweight Felt Stephenie Gaustad • Weaving a Wool Gatherers Basket
Stephenie Gaustad • The Cellulosics: Cotton, Flax. Ramie. and Hemp Sara Lamb· Cardweaving
Sara Lamb • Contemporary Cut Pile Judith MacKenzie McCuin • Three W ild Downs: Bison.
Deb Menz • Survey of Synthetic Dyes Cashmere, and Yak
Andrea Mielke • Single-M inded Spinn ing Deb Menz • Paint Your Own Handspun Yarns
Linda Shelhamer • Spin Your Own Stripes Andrea Mielke • Loop Flowers w ith Hairp in Lace
Linda Shelhamer • Punch Needle Embroidery for Spinners


o \' ~ O RTH SI
cP v,
'1;',1) ••
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Registering p erform ance recorded
Coop worths since 1986
Produce a long, silky, lustrous fleece MAJACRAFT ° WEAVING LOOMS
with a spinning c o unt of 46-50.
Staple length averages 5-8 inches.
FREE SHIPPING & SALE or GIFT w/most Wheels
It's a favorile with handspinners,
From novice to expert!
They are eas y to care for,
Lamb unassisted, usuafly with twins,
and make very efficient use of pasture!

For sources of thi s wonderful fi ber and

more informat ion about the bree d,
plea se visit
or contac t secretary, Marci a Adams SCHACHT MATCHLESS JENSEN Tina 11 .JENSEN 24" or 30" Cherry
2510 1 Chris Lane N.E. Call for our LO\V Price! wlDistaIT \Vheel wlDistafT, 3 Bobbins
& 3 Whorls
Kingston WA 98346
email : rainfann

I\lajacrart FillERS & YARNS
Specials on website. Dealer inquiries.. invited.
At Retail w/Girt
Free Shipping

Spinning and Weaving

Equipment and Supplies
• Louet • Timbertops
• Bosworth • Schacht
• Lendrum • Ashford
• Majacraft • Ertoe l Creensleeves Girt Certificate with STRAUCH'S FINEST
Now carrying Fricke eq uip men t! Kate & Spindles LENDRUM Wheels Free Shipping and Girt!
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BOUNTIFUL, 211 Green Mountain Dr., Livermore, CO 80536

(970) 482-7746' Fax (970) 484·0058 • Order Line: (877) 586-9332
E·mail: info
New Shop Hours, 10-6,00 PM Wed
and Sun. by appt.
I I eB l.;g!1

SP R I N C 2006 1 s P I N · O F F I 89
Your Yarn! Charkha-Spun Yarns!
Charkhas can be a great tool for short staple fibers, While 75 percent of the entries
submitted contained cotto n, readers prove that many other fibers can be successfully
spun on a charkha. Some of you that plied on a drop spindle or wheel commented that
plying on your charkha was not optimal. Still, only 18 percent of th e ent ries we re
singles yarns, while 65 percent we re two-ply. Several other yarn structures are repre-
sented as well. Charkha spinners gather onli ne at the charkha group hosted by Yahoo!
(http://group Many entries we re spun using cigar-box
charkhas built following instructions in Marilyn Rishel Suit 's article, "Cigar-Box
Charkha," in the Winter 1996 issue of Spin -Off. We have had so many requests for this
sold-out back issue that we have made Marilyn's article available on our we bsite at
The Your Yarn! department will be on summer vacation next issue. Your Yarn!
will return in Fall 2006 featuring cabled yarns; the deadline to submit is June 15,
2006. Please send a five-yard len gth of handspun ya rn labeled with your name,
We love opening Your Yarn! packages mailing address, phon e number, e-rnail address (if you have one), and fiber content.
and reading the details you include. We Mail your yarn, and any comments you may have, to Spin 'Off Your Yarn, 201 E.
have found that handling yarns can be
Fourth St., Loveland, CO 80537-5655. Call or e-rnail us with questions at (970) 61 3-
tricky and were so pleased by the sub-
missions sent in on bits of cardboard 4672 or The yarn won't be returned, but it will be used to
that we would like to encourage every- raise money for a worthy cha rity. See page 95 to learn more about Sp in -Off charity
one to send in their entries like this. auctions.

« Andrea (Cookie)
Livingston-Shurman « Belly Clarkson
Hayward, California Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Cotton/sil k, 9 wp.i. Cotswold cross, 14 w.p.i.

l\1orgaine Wilder >-

San Francisco, California
Cotton, 10 w.p.i.

.. Rickie van Berkum

""'I( Christine Dalziel Stony Brook, New Yo rk
Greenwood, British Columbia, Yak down, 15 w.p.i,
Cotton, 12 w.p.i.

Sue Spencer >- Anne O' onnor ~

Cooperstown, Pennsylvania Un iversity Park, Maryland
Egyptian cotton/ray 12 w.p.i. Cotton/wool, 16 w.p.i.
.. Marjorie Bellringer
.. Helen Seguln
Palrner, Alaska
Spring City, Pennsylvania
Alaskan wild moose, 16 w.p.i .
Cotton/tussah silk, 13 w.p.i.

Laurel Wnght ~
Salt Lake City, Utah LilIian Goldberg ~
Pill bottle cotton, 13 w.p.i. Canton, Massachusetts
Cotton, 16 w.p.i.

-e Pam Blasko -e Sberry Cox
Oxfo rd, Connecticut Manahawkin, New Jersey
Merinoffencel, 16 w.p.i. Cotton/silk noil, 21 w.p.i.

Maureen Yukl >-

Judy Gilchrist »
Clifton Park , New York
Duxbury, Massachusetts
Cotton, 17 w.p.i.
Cotton, 22 w.p.i.

-< Alicia Santiago -< Roseann Mauroni

Queen Creek, Arizona Alexandria, Virginia
Yak down, 17 w.p.i. Cotton, 22 w.p.i.

Juti Winchester >-

Glenna humbley > Cody, Wyoming
Huntsville, Texas Cotton, 23 w.p.i.
Merino/silk, 18 w.p.i. -< Nancy Alegria
San Francisco, California
-< Cyndy Grimm Cotton, 23 w.p.i.
Brainerd, Minnesota
- Cotton, 18 wp.i.

Helen Demck >-
Carol Phillpott » Fort Bragg, Californ ia
North Canterbury, Kent, Cotton, 24 w.p.i.
Tussah silk, 20 w.p.i.
-< Karen Bellimer
-< Susan Ober Liverpool, New York
Fulks Run , Virginia Cotton, 24 w.p.i.
Cotton, 20 w.p.i.

'Ienny Sennott >-

Centralia, Missouri Kate Flynn »
Peruvian cotton, 20 w.p.i. San Mateo, California
Cotton/rayon, 25 w.p.i.

-< Jessica Sewell

-< Kevin DeVries Newtonville, Massachusetts
Crown Point, Indiana Persian feline, 25 w.p.i .
Cotton, 20 w.p.i.

Vivien Wright »
Bridgnorth . Shropshire, Martha Janzen >-
England Louisville, Kentucky
Cotton, 20 w.p.i. Cotton/milk silk, 26 w.p.i.

-< Jacquelyn Brewer

-< Lynn Ruggles Champaign. Ill inois
Boise. Idaho Cotton, 26 w.p.i .
Cotton/rayon, 20 w.p.i.

Katie Cosmic- Phillips >- Lori Gayle »

Redway, Califo rnia Arlinaton, Massachusetts
Cormo/cotton/silk, 21 w.p.i. Cotton/cotton denim,
26 w.p.i.

S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S P I N· 0 F F I 91
I -SOO-TlC1-\\ I-: \ \ E 573-874-2233

Bobbin Special...
a spinner's quarter dozen.
Use our On-lint
Sh() ppillg C a nal:
Ashford: Reg. SD $8.75 Louet: Regu lar $29.50
Reg. DD $9.95 Hi-Speed $29.50 www.Hi
Joy $ 10.00 Fatcore $44.00 T he Petal Pon cho
Lace $12.25 Bulky $33.95 C r euted beauti f ul l y an d ea si ly o n
n UT S p ri g ~ s M.iustahl e T' rf an ple
Jumbo SD $ 10.00 Schacht: Regular $32.00 F r a m e Loom. or. by combining
Jumbo DD $ 11.25 Hi-Speed $32.00 smaller pieces created on our Travel Tri·
Kromski: Unfinished $ 13.00 Reeves Ash $29.50 and Square Looms. Contact us for t his
Fini shed $ 15.00 Reeves Cherry $34.00 New Patte r n for the fram e loo ms, and
for our Frame Loom Brn chure. 1· 8UU·
Majacraft: Plastic $13.00 874-9328
Wooden $25.00 Offer good through June I. 2005.
Shipping not included.

Request our free calor Y ARN BARN of Kansas

Weaving & Spinning 1-800-468-0035
Catalog or visit 930 Massachusetts
yarn ba Lawrence, KS 66044

92 IS P I N • 0 F F I WWW. 1 N T E R W E A V E . C 0 j\J
-< Crystal Canning
East Burke. Vermont
• -< Elizabeth Ribble
Cotton, 27 w.p.i. Bradenton, Florida
Cotton, 35 w.p.i.

Susan Forsyth >- Mary LOll Ricci >-

Maple Ridge, Blaustown, New Jersey
British Columbia, Canada Cotton, 35 w.p.i.
Cotton, 28 w.p.i.
-< Ineke v.d. Heijden -< Sue Peterson
Goor, The Netherlands Bellevue, Washington
Cott on, 28 w.p.i. Meri no, 36 w.p.i.

Myra Donnan ~
Rensselaerville, New York Selah Barling ~
Tussah silk/mohair, 28 w.p.i. Seattle. Washington
Romney, 36 w.p.i.

-< Barbara Clorite-Ventura

Waltham, Massachusetts
-< Deborah Todhunter Cotton, 38 w.p.i.
Cordova, Tennessee
Silk, 29 w.p.i.
Laura Chlnn-Smoot >-
San Francisco, California Jutta Frankie >-
Cotton, 31 wp.i. Berkeley, California
Cotton, 38 w.p.i.

-< Morgan Adcock -e Susan Tauck

Watervliet, New York Marcngo, Il linois
Cotto n, 31 w.p.i. Cotton, 39 w.p.i.

Jeannine Glaves >- Tomoko Sophie Hogen >-

Tulsa, Oklahoma Tokyo, Japan
Cotton/silk, 32 w.p.i. Cotton/rayon, 39 w.p.i.

-< Judith Sorgen -< Margaret More

Mill Valley, California San Jose, California
Cotton/ramie, 32 w.p.i. Upland cott on, 40 w.p.i.

Elisa Mui Eiger >- Rosemary Janes >-

Montville, New Jersey Redway, California
Cotton denim, 32 w.p.i. Silk latte, 42 w.p.i.

-< Lydia Towery -< Kenna Golden

Gastonia, North Caro lina San Francisco, California
Cotton, 32 w.p.i. Pima cotto r 2· .i.

Angela Schneider >- Ruth Griffiths ~

Germantown, Tennessee Fort Moody, British
Angora, 33 w.p.i. Columbia, Canada
Cotton , 40 w.p.i.

S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S P I N . 0 F F I 93

The demand is where you are • • •

and bigger than ever!

RR#\ , Belfast, Prince Edward Island,

Canada COA \ AO
Telephone: \ ·902-659-2533
Fax: \ -902-659-2248
E-mail: Richard@min

Before Form
~;:,._ A ffordarb_i1_
i tY 1"""I
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f un

LETTERING LAB£L BACKGROUND - - .... _ ....11 . . ...-..

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72 labels Ior $31,50 with a W oolee W inder witb Flye r Lead and
While Gold LUre>:
Blul . Srown, SiII'k. Pin~
While, Crum l-H _ !or $49.50
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Catalog: 1-800-628-3208


Sage l\1cKenzie
""'I( -< Susan Sullivan l\1aynard
Lampassas, Texas Brisbane, California
Yak down, 40 w.p.i. Cotton/silk, 48 wp.i.

Barbara (bj) Heeke ~ Kate Campbell-Taylor ~

Waco, Texas Ma rtinez, California
Cotton, 42 w.p.i. Cotton, 48 w.p.i.

.. Amy Durgeloh -< Amanda Hannaford

Palmer, Alaska Grampound, Cornwall,
Cotton/silk, 44 w.p.i . United Kingdom
Cotton, 50 w.p.i.
Ellen Hall ~
Fultondale, Alabama Jessica l\1adsen >-
Kid mohair, 44 w.p.i. Ann Arbor, Michigan
Cotton, 54 w.p.i.

""'I( Julie
Henderson, Nevada .. Willard C. Taylor
Pima cotton, 44 w.p.i . Martinez, Californ ia
Cotton, 66 wp.i.
Mary Underwood ~
Ann Arbor, Michigan Christine Johnson >-
Mongolian cashmere, 47 w.p.i. Gilroy, Califo rnia
Cotton, 70 w.p.i.

Your Yarn in Action

The eBay auction of these fingerless mitts will be held March 6-16,
2006, to be nefit the Craft Eme rge ncy Re lief Fun d (C ERF). CERF
provides emergency relief assistance, professio nal an d business
development support, and resources to craft artists. CERF was founded
in 1985 by Caro l Sedestrom Ross, Ma ri lyn Dintenfass, and Josh
Simpso n in an effort to formalize and build on the gene rosity they
had experienced withi n the craft community. In 1987 CE RF bega n
making loans and since then, the organization has helped more than
400 professional craft artists with over $650,000 in fina ncial assistance, Amanda Berka, Spin-Offs assistant editor, used yarns
and about $200,000 in donated services. For more info rmation on featured in the Your Yarn! Cellulose and Protein! de-
CERF, visit, partment in the Summer 2005 issue of Spin-Off for
these mitts.

Recently Auctioned
Joanna Gleasori's Tapestry Box Purse was auctio ned on eBay in December to benefit the American Textile Muse-
um. The auction raised $250.48 fo r the American Textile Muse um in Lowell, Massachusetts. "The purse is absolute-
ly beautiful and incredibly inspiring. I can't wait to make more beaded yarns of my own!" remarked winning bidder,
K. Hayes.

S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S P I N . 0 F F I 95

Abbreviations & Glossary

Knitting Abbreviations
Darning: To fix holes in knitted fabric,
beg-begin(ning) ravel the stitches around the hole until
you have a square or a rectangle. Pick
BO-bind off Shoebox lazy kate
up the stitches plus one stitch on
CO-caslon either side (to anchor your work) on a
darning needle threaded with matching
yarn. Loosely lace the stitches across \
k210g-knil 2 logelher
the gap-leave enough space to accorn-
modate the number of rows on either
side of Ihe hole. Then slarl al Ihe
inc-increase(s) lower right corner of the hole and
MI-make 1 by picking up make loops around pairs of the lace
loop between 2 sts, place stitches to mimic the knitted stitches.
When you gel 10 Ihe left side, move up
on left needle and knil
inlo back of loop a row and work back. Continue this
way until the missing rows of stitches
p-purl have been replaced.
p210g-purl 2 logelher
psso-pass si st over
rnd(s)-round(s) Knitted cast-on: Make a slipknot and place it on a nee-
RS-righl side Approximate die held in your left hand. ' With a free needle, knil inlo
Metric Equivalents Ihe slipknol (I) and place Ihe new si Iwisled onlo Ihe left
needle (2)-2 sts on left needle.
for English
ssk-slip 1 knitwise (Iwice), Repeat from " , always knitting into the last st made
place on left needle and Measures (nol Ihe slipknol).
knil logelher Ihrough
back loops
1 inch ~
2.5 cm
sl(s)-slilch(es) 1 foot ~
30.5 cm
Ibl-Ihrough Ihe back loop 1 yard ~
0.9 m c
1 ounce ~
28 9
WS-wrong side
1 pound ~
454 9
yo-yarnover 1 2

Some Approximations for Plain Yarns

These numbers are comp iled from a variety of sources, from experience, and from patterns,
none of which precisely agree! Use them as rough eslimates only.

Vam Style Vards/pound Approximate Typical gauge Approximate

wraps/inch stitches/inch needle size
U.S./ melric
Lace 2,600+ I S+ S+ 00-2 / 1.75- 2.75 mm
Fingering 1,900- 2,400 16 7-S 2-4 /2 .75-3.5 mm
Sport 1,200- I ,SOO 14 5Yt-6Yz 4-6 /3.5-4 mm
Worsled 900-1,200 12 5Yt-S% 7-9 /4 .5-5.5 mm
Bulky 600-S00 10 3-3% 10-11 / 6- S mm
Very bulky 400-500 S or fewer 1Yz-3}~ 13- 15 /9-10 mm

96 IS PI N . 0 F F IwwW.I N T E R W E !\ \' E . C 0 M
25656 Hwy. T, Warsaw, MO 65 355
660-438-2106 processing info.· 660-286-3125 yarn info.
1ZelWiJv ~ Int)~
whitegf@earthlink.nel ·
70%ImiNO ' 30%SilK
\].00/ 101.
Providers of Quality
Handspinning Rovings
and Knitting Yarns
We are a full -service m ill offering washing , open ing, carding,
pin drafting and machine spinning .

We offer processing for , and blends of:

wool, alpaca , llama, mohair, silk, cotton, bunny, and dog hair.

End products are roving, batts, webs, and yarn.

we will return, at your expense,
flher not suitable for processing into roving or yarn.

Our 2006 shows are: Save

MO Fiber Retreat - Jefferson City Shipping!
Fleece Fair - Greencastle, IN Bring your fiher
MD Sheep & Wool - West Frien dship to the show.
Heart of America - Seda lia, MO
Ml Fiber Festival - AlIegan
Gail & Jim \Vhite
SAFF - Asheville, Ne YAR:O\ SP INJ'IIING
Sharon Meador

-r ",,!.:I
• rn~I u. ·I.'"'g' nrr«
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fiber, arn dero,
Or ;;.i "r
whees Shi?

& looms

For unbelievable fleece,
find the Shetland breeder nearest you! Fiber Arts Supplies!
A shford , Lend rum , Schact
North American Brow n Sheep, BaabaJoe's
Shetland Sheep Association Brys pun, M isti A lpaca , Kollage
Kromski , Britta ny, Addi, Lou et
(NASSA) Mill Ends, Seconds and more ...

S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S P I N . 0 F F I 97
Spinner's Connection

ur spin ning grou ps are impor- last year. Ai, she thought about it, what
ta nt in cou ntless ways. Meet- came to min d were n ot "visions of
ings give us exposure to the leadership an d holding the rein s of
accumu lated knowledge of all those power (a good thing or I wo uld have
present. Members are on hand to solve been a bit disappointed), bu t the
problems, encourage growth , witness simple fact that it was my turn." Con-
t rium phs, and inspire new goals. A " trary to her expectations, she found it
gro u p ca n widen ou r interests and ~
a pleas ure to organ ize th e meetings,
opportu nities much more readily than : help pro cess newsletter issues, and
solo attempts made outside of it. These ::;< represent the guild in the larger
benefits exist becau se m embers ~ com m u n ity. With ove r one hun dred
co nscio us ly take an active part in ~ membe rs, the group has a number of
providing for the good of the whole. ~ tale nte d artisa ns, and "just about
A small piece of pr inted glass ;: a nythi ng you wa n t or nee d to learn
hanging in my kitchen window quotes _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ... ~ about fiber arts can be learned fro m a
Maya Ange lou, "Whe n you get, give; The llama pictured here is one of 15,000 animals fe llow member." At her last executive
when you learn, teach." How especial- that were registered for various exhibits and compe- meeting, discussions and plans for the
ly appropriate to han dspinners! Here tilions al the 100th National Western Stock Show, coming year were forming and Diana
are several stories about making th is Denver's largest festival, held January 7- 22, 2006. fe lt a st rong cohesio n among the
This year's show set record attendance of 726,972
co ntribut ion. membe rs. A shift from serving their
and included both a sheepshearing contest and
Tami Cole of the Las Aranas Spin- judging of wool for handspinning. For more infor- own needs to first addressing the
ners & Weavers Guild (New Mexico) mation, visit Please keep learning needs of new members grew
learned to spin by sitting each evening sending us photos or hiqh-quality digital images of out of the realization that this was how
next to a woman volunteeri ng her time your fiber-bearing animals to Spinner's Conn ection, they had become artisans themselves.
at a small agricultural fair in New Jersey. 201 E. Fourth St., Loveland, CO 80537, or e-mail She reported, ".. . people came for-
us at Make sure to send
Tami joined her current guild after a copy (not the original) as we will keep all the ward . .. who would like to teach these
watching member Ruth Ronan working photos for possible use in a future issue. classes. These a re exci ti ng tim es, as
at a loom in a sheep-to-shawl booth. the men tored becom e mentors and
Ruth, who obviously enjoyed de monst rat ing, gave passionate the learning goes on [with] our own experts .. . willing to share
answe rs to Tami's questions and urged Tami to join the group. their time, energy, and observations of the craft with us."
As time we nt on Tarni's excuses for declining meetings or for not Teaching what we have learned and givi ng back to othe rs
volunteering for events gave way to parti cipating. Tami eventu- keeps groups alive and often is the attraction for nonspinners
ally signed up for the required shifts at a guild booth in exchange to join our guilds. Your newsletters also attest to creating long-
for the opportunity to sell items from her farm . "Full blown anx- lasting friendships that begin with spinning and carry over into
iety prevailed!" she says, "as all of my experience [in spinning other areas of our lives. These newsletters help keep all of us
and dyei ng] was in th e privacy of my own home." Though she in touch. Barbara Kramer of th e Slalen Island Handspinners
was clearly out of her comfort zone, members stepped in to guide (New York) sent me an e-mail afte r she read abo ut Karen
he r and ma ke h er pe rforma nce a success. He r perspective Amble's journey to Scotland and subsequent quest to spin in
completely changed after her experience of helpi ng and be ing "Spinner's Connection" in the Spring 2005 issue. Barbara said,
helped . She rearranged her schedule to ensure she would not "I am the spinne r Karen got in touch with as I was presiden t
miss another guild meeting. In fact, when her sister and her fam- of the guild. I just resign ed after fourteen years. The new
ily visited from Oregon, Tami sent them to a pizza parlor with a president is Karen Am ble! " To find a group near you, visit
frie nd to ensure that she was free to attend the guild's meeting. ilds.asp. Some
Diana Twiss of the Langley Weavers & Spinners Guild guilds are fo rmal or traditional with elected officers and dues,
(British Columbia, Canada) was asked to serve as guild president while others meet at impromptu gatherings as lifestyles allow.

98 IS P IN . 0 F F I w w W . I ~ T E R W E ,\ V E . C 0 1\1
The news for this column comes activities through a state-wide newsletter. of th eir cho ice. Th ey m eet wee kly at a
from you, the readers, and [ love to hear "A Thread Run s Through It" is the theme local bookstore to learn and guide eac h
from you. Mail newsletters to m e at the for their annual confe rence next Augu st, other until th e project is com pleted. The
address below. To read more ne ws than and class offe rings will reflect th e number Alpine Weavers and Spinners used up
can be printed here, send a self-addressed of fiber and knitt ing gro ups tha t have their thrums to prepare 200 seven-strand
legal-size enve lope with postage for two sprung up and en larged their attendance . braid kits for a demonstration for second
ounces to Peggy Coffey, 7297 N. Range Recent newsworthy activities include the gra de rs at an ele me nta ry sc h ool. Th e
Road, LaPorle, IN 46350. Seve ral peo- foll owin g. In th e Billings area, th e Yellowslone Weavers and Sp inners
pl e t akin g trip s have requested n ews Montana Fiber Crafters are engaged in a (Wyom ing) install ed a m onth-long
from gro ups in the a reas th ey will visit, Shaw l Knit Al ong. All participants follow di splay at th e Cody Library. Items
and I am happy to send you what is avail- th e same free online pattern using yarn included a handspun , knitted scarf to be
able. There is fun and adventure wait ing
for you when you ar e connected.


Happy Anniversary to the Twisl o'Wool

Guild (Vermont) celebrat ing its twenty-
sixth year. The New Year was ush ered in
with th e "Best & Worst Show & Tell" and
a potluck on Rock Day. Hand-d yed carded
batts were passe d out to m embers to be
spun, plied, and th en used for an afgha n Over 150 Booths Camel Rides
project to be sold in May at an annual auc- Free Mini-Workshops Pelting Zoo
tion ben efiting the local hospice. Workshops Door Prizes
Members of the Tucson Handweavers Pony Rides Food Vendors
Fleece Competition Flax to Linen Demo
and Spinners Guild (Arizona ) became
Skein Competition Youth Competition
te levision sta rs whe n they volu ntee re d
Fiber Arts Competition Kids Fiber Animal camp
for a phone pl ed ge dri ve for a local TV
sta t ion. Members of the gu ild we re
invit ed to bring their projects and were s'Jprie 7. 2006 ~ 4:OOpm to 7: 00 pm
featured live during m ost of th e pled ge
breaks. This oppo rt u n ity to talk abou t s'Jprie 8, 2006 ~ 9:00 am to 5-00 pm
the group and inform the viewing public
of th eir presence in town was so much fPutnam r5()unty [ff(n"!lrounds - rJreenc(l1Jtfe, Jfndiana
fun th at m emb ers hav e al re a dy vo lu n -
t eered for the next drive. Fleece Fair provides Fiber Fantasy in a rainbow of cotorful tibers
Enthusiasm for Mother Earth an d Llama - Alpaca - Silk - Angora - Mohair - Linen - Col/on
literature about the great outdoors forms and various types ofSheep 's Wool in natural & dyed colorslll!
th e latest desi gn cha lle nge for th e Also: Spinning & Weaving Supplies, Books, Handmade
Peachlree Handspinners Guild (Geo r- Items, Sheep & Fiber related Craft Items, Yarn & Knitting Sup-
gia). "Fashion Flora and Fauna" calls for plies, Alpaca Rugs, Hom emade Soap, Roving, Blankets, Sheep
proj ects u sing fiber to depict a nature Hides, Baskets and sooooo much more!!!!!
th eme. Any m edium is acce ptable, but
no com me rc ia l patterns may be u sed .
Each year's project results are exh ibited Various Animals will be thereJar you to enjoy
at th e Dekalb Main Library in Decatur, For more InJo &Jar Participation call
Pal Fende r at (812) 829-4501 er email: rpfender@bluemarble,nel
a nd items mad e wit h woo l are later
CHECK.Q[Jf OUR WEB SITE at www.fleecefair.corn
displayed at the Georgia National Fair.
Montana has an association of weav-
ing and spinn ing gro ups who share their

SPRINC 2006 1 S PIN · o F FI 9 9

raffled to benefi t the library. In August ton) newsletter lately. Three mathemat- to the human eye than one that is not.
the group demonstrated for the "Eliza- ical concepts to help in designi ng Suggestions for practical uses of these
beth I, Ruler and Legend" museum dis- patterns and projects were explained in concepts included determining the width
play sponsored by the Powell Library. one issu e fo llowed by examples of how of an afghan, developing a sequence of
The editor for the Spindle and Dyepot to use them in the months followin g. st ripes, and calcu lating the nu mber of
Guild (Wisconsin) will wash the car of Examples of Fibonacci Numbers, Lucas balls of yarn needed for a mul ticolored
any member sending in an article for the Numbers, and the Golden Ratio are but randomly pattern ed piece.
newsletter. Unab le to write one? Parn com mo n in natur e. A proportion based Examples of traditional fiber arts skills
Jablonsky says, "Telephone and talk it to on one of them appears more attractive were provided in the Country Store at the
me." This gro u p bustles with Wisconsin Sheep & Wool Festival
activi ty whe never they meet. For by the ~Iarshall Pleasant Spinners.
example, a show-and-tell included z They gave ongoing demonstrations

the results of using icing dyes in a ~ of handcarding, combing, spinning,

Crock-Pot, preparing fiber using a
dog com b with rota t ing teeth ,
-~ kni tting, and weaving and encour-
~ aged bystande rs to ask questions.
dyeing with avocado pits and peels, S The guild started meet ing in 1979
and t rying t hree braiding tech- ,;: as an informal organizatio n.
niques: kumihimo, lucetting, and Fiber for a "blanket of hope" was spun by twenty-seven spin- The Foothill Fibers Guild (Cal-
cord twisting. Short how-to articles ners and woven by six weavers of the Central Ohio Weavers ifornia) newsletter featured tips on
on each tec hnique we re in sub- Guild to present to member Cheryl Koncsol who was diag- Crock-Pot dyein g from memb er
sequent newsletters for those un- nosed with cancer. Cheryl is now on the road to recovery and Beryl Moody. Afte r read ing an
her prognosis is good. Pictured from left to right are: Lois
able to atte nd. article about dyein g in Spin -Off
Ereira, Sue Riley·Brown, Pat Bullen, Nancy Goldschmidt, Pat
Math has been a part of the Radloff, Iris Meier, Sue Briney, Kathleen Craig, Dee Dee years ago, she says, "I haven't
Valley Spinners' Guild (Washing- Ptaszek, and Cheryl Koncsol. looked back once since I first tri ed


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100 I S P IN· o F F I ww W . I N T E R W E A V E . C 0 />l

slow cooking my yarn instead of my the spinning, and th e skill of th e
dinner. " She makes up dye stocks ~ weaving imp ressed the members
using a cup of ho t wat er and a ~ enough to plan anoth er visit.
teaspoon of dye with no intent on •. ~ What do you do with samples of
produ cing a given calor. Howeve r, ~~ ~ fleeces and yarn? Gage Evans of the
she is careful about keeping her pH Rocky Mountain Weavers Guild E ~
between 4.5 and 5.0 so that the dye " (Colorado) could not throw out any
is absorbed qu ickly. After th e fi rst "o amount of fiber, and began sorting -
color is absorbed by the yarn an d S them into similar colorways, Using
disappears fro m the water, she pours "
c, handcards, she "folded" the bits into

a different color over the yarn The Woolgathers of the Comox Valley (Canada) were a white fl eece, letting it act as a
invited to demonstrate spinning and weaving and sell their
without stirring it for unique results. background and extender. The col-
handspun and handwoven items at the Filberg Festival on
Beryl has found that natural and acid Vancouver Island. Pictured here, Judy Maclean demonstrates ors becam e the focus of the yarn
dyes work equally well with this a great wheel at the festival. she create d as a spinning sample
method, and she achieves mini mal for the group's newsletter. The guild
bleeding when th e yarn is rinsed. gauze woven with crepe or overspun yarn, recentl y took part in the 100th anni-
A field trip to the Peabody Museum of gauze in which colo r, as well as pattern, versary of the National Western Stock
Archa eology an d Ethnology at Harvard was an element, and gauze serving as a Show in Denver. Twenty-seven m em bers
University was sparked by a workshop on base fo r oth er techniques and embellish- donated over 200 hours total dem on-
gauze for th e Weavers' Guild of Boston ments. The curator and database admin- st rating weaving and spinning for
(Mass achusetts ). Several categories of istrator wore gloves an d manipulated attende es includin g 20,000 ch ildren
Peruvian gauze were selecte d fo r the fabrics so the mem bers could see th e participating in the school tour program.
gro u p t o view, including plain weave fragile fabri cs witho ut tou ching them .
woven of balan ced yarns, monoch romat ic The range of techniques, the fi neness of

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: (8 lb. Mininum run) " WOOL fIBERS:
: ' Addi!. Fees charged for 15 Ib M' . I' Roving Only :
, d . . m'num ru n llama. Alpaca, Angora Mohair etc. :
: runs un er mm. : :' Addi!. Fees charg ed for runs under min. '
: Washed, Picked {I( Carded Into :: Picked {I( Carded Into :: Raw over Slbs. per run ,. reg. $8 .25 lb. :
: Balling Reg . $6.25 lb. : : Batting Re g , $5. 50 lb. : : NOW $7.25 lb. ,
: NOW $5.25 lb. :: NOW $4.50 lb. :: Prewashed over5Ibs.Per run** $7.25 lb.:
: Roving Reg . $6 .25 : : Ro vin g Reg. $5.50 :: NOW $6.25 lb.
NOW $5.25 lb.
. . . - . - . -. . _.: : NOW $4.50 lb. : :. --------
-.. . . . . . .. .. . . . .
. ' .. . . .. .
' Add!. Feescharged forrunsunder min.
. ------------------.
· ~··1ring·r;;~·r W~l:t~t~~'MarYlaridSll~i!P &' wo~l'l:eiti~al &' S ~'~~i;~'~hiPPing!
. . .,-:-</.. We W.Urfle Accepting'WQol on Satwi;iag -.& , Sunday;·.•.s-;-.····... .,/
····.·;··:···' ./Jo th Insid~ ·at.Qur
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at OIi"rTraiiei:"
' . .

S P R I N G 2 0 0 6 I S PIN · 0 F F I 101
Conference o f N orth ern California
Hond wecvers

= C
'til l I 20 tl _Of)
Bead ib how May 5 - 7, 2006
Fri . It S ;al. 1I) :OO -O :uo . SUD . 10:0"-4 :00 Modesto Centre plaza
1000 LStreet, Modesto, CA

Marketplace, Semi na rs, Fashion Show,

www.thefib c Santa Mo nica Ch i C" Au ditorium Ga lleries, Demonstration s, & MORE!
MK Concepts, LLC : (310) 84s -9 1U 1855 Main Street, Santa M QRlca, CA 9(140 1-32 09

- For more Inform ation, visit us online:

GATHERING The Black Sheep
June 23, 24 and 25, 2006
Lane County Fairgrounds
Eugene, Oregon

Celebrating natural colored animals

and their fibers

Sheep and Angora Goat Shows' Fiber Arts Show

Angora Rabbit Exhibit· Wool Show and Sale
Workshops' Sheep-to-Shawl . Raffle
Trade Show' Spinner's Lead· Educational Talks
Demonstrations' Saturday Night Potluck Dinner

The Black Sheep Gathering, Inc.

86460 Lorane Hwy, Eugene, Oregon 97405 • 541-484-1011

102 I S PI N · 0 F F I ww W . I N T E R W E A VE. C 0 />l

l a- August 19,2007. in Pittsbu rgh. Slide dead- IUINOIS
TO ENTER lin e Augu s t 18 . Send SASE to Mary Towner, .'l arc h 10-1 3 . 4th Annual Bloom ie Fest for spin-
103 N arble Dr.• N c~l ur ray. PA 1531 7. (412) ners. kn itte rs. and weave rs . in Bloomington .
521·2547; fiberartinternat (80S) 529·1816: d2wms@'
CALIFORNIA April 2 2. 10th Annual Stephenson County Piber
.'tooterey County Fair Wool Show. open, Au gust Art Fair. at Jane Addams Center, 430 W. Wash-
15-20. in Nonterey, seeks handcraft and fleece ington St., Cedarville. Suzy Beggin. PO Box 54,
ent ries. Entry deadlin e June 29. (831) 372- fESTIVALS ,1 _'0 Stockton. IL 6 1085 . (8 15) 947-2872; Suzy@
5863; www.montereycountytair.corn. GATHERINGS www.SuzyBeggin.comIFAF
CONNECTICUT .ht m; Nancy Jones. (8 15) 563-4911.
Fleece to Shawl contest. open. April 29. at the Con- INDIANA
necticut Sheep, Wool. and Fiber Festival, at 101- CALIFORNIA
June 3. Hossier Hills Fiberarts Festival. at John-
land Agricultural Center. (860) 684-2124; July 29. Lambtown. fiber festival. in Dixon. Will
include First Annual National Spinning Com- so n Cou nty Fairgrou nds, Franklin. Toni \\'al-
\\' ter, (3 17) 535-0833: hhff@' www
petit ion . Dana Foss, PO Box 492. Dixon . CA
FLORIDA 95620 . (707) 678-7386; dcarpio@lambtown .h hfi
Florida Tropical Wea\'ers' Guild seeks teacher and .com; www.lambtown .corn. KANSAS
ven dor applications for t he 2008 conference. Au gust 18-20. Fabu lou s Fiber Fest 2006 , Santa April 21 -2 3. Cen tra l Plain s Piber Festival and
Jack i Malone. 3 13 Bay St. , Tarpon Sp rings, FL Monica Civic Auditorium . ~l K Concepts. LLC.• Kansas Alliance of Weavers and Spin ne rs An -
34689. jcm 3767 Overlan d Ave., Ste. 102. Los Angeles, CA nual Meeting. at Phillips County Fairground s,
90034 . (310 ) 845 -9 111; fax (3 10) 845-9 199; Phillipsburg. Sally Brandon. 356 E. Hunter Rd.,
MICHIGAN Phill ipsburg. KS 6766 1. (785) 638- 2803; WW\V
Spin a Grand Strand. open, juried skein exhibit in
Grand Rapids in conjunction with Convergence .cent ra m.
2006 in Jun e. Entry postmark deadline May MAINE
15. Spi n a Grand St rand, Han dweavers Gu ild JunelO--l1. Annual Piber Frolic, at Windsor Fair-
of America. 1255 Buford Hwy, Ste. 211, Suwa - grou nds. www.fiberfro
nee, CA 30024. (678) 730-0010; hga@weavespin
dye.erg. MARYLAND
April 9 . ABC Show, alpaca fl eece show and sale, at
NEBRASKA Howard County Fairgroun ds, West Friendsh ip.
~li d wes t Weave rs Con fere nce 2007 , see ks p ro-
Ka te Perez, (30 1) 60 7-9 129; www.Alpac a
posals for worksho ps and seminars June 17- 23,
2007. in Lincoln. Kitt Hamersky, 543 1 Ham il-
ton St., Omaha, NE 68 132. treadler@cox.n et. MASSACHUSETTS
,'I tay 27-28. 32nd Annual Massachusetts Sheep and
Woolcraft Fair. at the Cummington Fair-
Peters Valley Craft Fair, September 29-0ctober 1, Enjoy scenic Camp Myrllewood in spring
in Augusta. welcomes applications from artists while at Ihe Fiber in the Forest retreat,
selling handcrafted items . Application deadline Euqene, Oreg on. MINNESOTA
~I ay 3 1. Nancy Nolte. Peters Valley Craft Cen- .'Itay 13-14. Minnesota Shepherd's Harves t Sheep
ter. 19 Kuhn Rd.. Layton. NJ 07851. (973) 948- COLORADO & Wool Festival. at Wash ington County Fair-
5200; fax (973) 948-00 11;; ,'Ilay 2 5- 2 8. Pagosa Fiber Festival, at Arch ul eta grou nds. Lake Elmo. www.shepherdsharvest
WW\\'. County Fairgrou nds. RI. 84 south of Rt. 160, festival .erg.
Pagosa Springs. (970) 264 -5232 ; Paulin e@
pagosa fiberfe s t i vaI.corn; w....'W. pagosaflbe r
Blue Ridge Handweavin g Show, biennial interna- ~Iay 20. Fiber Fair. at Webster County Fairgrounds,
tional non-juried exh ibit of handwovens. Oc- Marsbfield. Helen Grace Muzzy. (417) 859-7840.
Jun e 15 -1 8. Estes Park Wool Market and Fiber
tober. in Asheville. E ntry forms and fees dead- Animal Show. in Estes Park. Estes Park Wool NEW HAMPSHIRE
line August 3 1. Sue Reynolds. Registrar, Blue Market. PO Box 1967. Estes Park. CO 805 17. ,'Il ay 13-1 4. 30th Annual New Hampshire Sheep
Ridge Handweaving Show. PO Box 18602. (970 ) 586-6104 ; lax (970) 586-3661; events@ & Wool Festival. at Hopkinton State Fair-
As hevill e, NC 28814. ....; grou nds. Contoocook. Lenore Sou sa . lenore
CONNECTICUT; Jeff Jordan. (603) 798-5074: Na-
OHIO April 29. Connecticut Sheep. Wool. and Fiber Fes- dine Chou net, (603) 744 -3851 ; ti nyfarm@
Black Swamp Spinners' Guild ' ta rket Day, April tival, at Tolland Agricultural Center, Rt. 30 off metrocas t.n et:
1, in Bowling Green, we lcomes vendors. Edie, 1-84. Exit 67. (860) 6&\-2124; www.CTSHEEP NEW YORK
(5 17) 486-5898; .crg. June 17-18 . 5th Ann ual Jefferson County Sheep
Lake Metroparks' Fiberfest, June 17-18 seeks fi ber-
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA & Woo l Festi val, at Sto n e Mills Agricultural
related vendors for the festival, in Kirtla nd. An-
June 4-5. Celebration of Textiles, at The Textile Mu- Museum . Rt. 180. Laf'a rgeville. Janet Sc hrad-
drea Pasquale. (800) 366-32 76; apasquale@
seum, 2320 S St. NW, Washingto n, DC 20008. er, (315) 232·3786: Tom Mitchell , Tomit ch@
lakem .
(202) 667-044 1; fax (202 ) 483-0994 ; info@ verizon. ne t.
Fiherart International. open , ju ried exhibit April -s-continued on page 105

S P R I N G 2 u () ti Is PI N · 0 ,. F I 103
Carded wool
in 5 natural and
19 dyed colors.
-- - -------
Custom carding
and spinning

Send $2. 50 for sample cards.

Dealers inquiries invited.

Come see us at the 2006 shows! THE FOLD

April 7/8 - Fleece Fair - 3316 MlIstream FkI.
Greencastle, IN flael9J, IL60152
May 6/7 - Maryland S&W
FAX: 815-568-5342
Aug J 0-13 - Stitches Midwest E!lTIlIiI:
Aug 19120 - Michigan FF YNo'Nlaldspimrg..rooomllll.....""·oId
VIsa, M3stetcad, OiSOCM!!l'
Oct 21122 - NY State S&WF

104 I S PI N · 0 F F I ww W . I N T E R W E A VE. C 0 />l

more Calendar. • •
(cont inued fr om page 103)


Apri l 1. Black Swamp Spin ners' Guild of NW Ohio October 7 , 8 . The Fall Fiber Fest iva l of Virginia
annual Market Day and Pib er Fair, at Wood Montpelier Estate, Ora nge County, Vi rg ini a.
Cou nty Fairgrounds, Ju nior Fair Bldg., 13800 David S ingleto n , (434 ) 990-9068; dr s3y@
April 29 - 30. New Forest Need lework Fiesta, at
W. Poe Rd., Bowli ng Gr een . Sus an Cayton, WW\..... fallfiberfestival. erg.
Brockenhu rst Village Hall. Fiesta, do 38 South
(419) 874-5633; cayto nsj@j; www
.geocities.comJblackswampspinne rsguildJhome
WASHINGTON si.. Pen ni ngton. Lymington S0 4 1 8DX, En-
April 1- 2. 35 th An n ua l Whidbey Weaver s' Guild gland. (0 1590) 673334.
Spin-In, at Oak Harbor High School , Oak Har -
j\1ay 27-28. Great Lakes Fiber Show, at Wayne
bor. Patricia Oet ken , (360) 678-0930; whidbey
Cou nty Fairgrou nds, 199 Vanover St. Woost- CONFERENCES
er. Linda Reichert, (330) 264-9665 ; don47linda
April 2 0- 23. 27th An n ua l She phe rds' Ext rava-
@va lkyri ; www. lambzown.c om/Great
ganza. at the fairgrounds in Puyallup. Lin, (425)
LakesFiberShow.h tm. ARIZONA
432-3455 ; lin@sheph;
June 17- 18. Lake Metroparks' Piberfest, in Kirt- j\larch 16--19. Fibers Thro ugh Time 2006, confer-
\....\»w.shepherds-extravaga nza.corn.
land. Andrea Pasquale, (800) 366-3276; ence of the Arizona Federation of Weavers and
apasqualecclakeme tropa AUSTRALIA Sp in ners Guilds, at Cen tral Arizona College,
June 30-July 3. Alice Springs Beanie Festival. Alice Coolidge. Anit a Bellinger, 2032 E. Tonopah Dr.,
Springs, Northern Territory, Australia. wwwbeanie Phoenix, AZ 85024. (602) 485-9757; abellinger
j\l arc h 25 . High Desert Wool Growers' Fibe r Mar- ;
ket Day, at Crook Cou nty Fairgrounds, Prine-
ville. Robina Koenig, tumblecreekfarm@ CANAOA. BRITISH COLUMBIA FLORIDA
juno.c om. March 3 1- April l. Fibrefest International 2006, at j\larch 16--19. Florida Tropical Weavers Guild Con-
.May 19- 22. Piber in the Forest , at Camp Myrtl e- Tradex, Abbotsford. Marilyn Ross, (604) 856- ference. Penny Morgan, (561) 272-1000; Sandy
wood , off Hwy. 42, 40 m iles west of 1-5. Fiber 077 1; www.fibrefestinte m ational.corn. Carr, tu m .weavecpver izon .net ;
in the Forest , 249 Coachman Dr., Eugene, OR July 18- 22 or 25-29, 200 7. Prince Edward Island
97405. Suzie Liles , (54 1) 684-59 00; www Tapestry Retreat. Weave a small tapestry with MICHIGAN . na turally dyed yarns. Accommo dat ions avail- June 25-J uly 1. Convergence 2006, Handweavers
able. All levels welcome. (520) 792-6665; W\OIlW Guild of Ame rica biennial confe re nce , at De
- continued on page 107

Meeting Your Fiber Needs for Two Decades

We are one of the largest Custom Processing
Fiber Mills in North America and we
encourage you to visit.
Overnight accommodations available.
Ohio Valley Natural Fibers Along with producing lofty roving from wool, al-
Kent & Ginny Fergu son paca, llama, angora, buffalo, yak,
Julie Basham
854 1 Louderback Rd. cashmere and mohair....we can process:
Sardinia, OH 451 71
(937) 446-3045 Yam Pencil Roving
~ Write, e-rnail or call for FRE E brochure. Felting Batts Comforter Batts
t..: NEW E-mail: Quilt Batts Pin Drafted Roving
~ Website:
~ Check Website for Show Schedules,
~ fuJecials and Gift Certificate
Prices based on FINISHED weight

Call to discuss the best Processing We also carry animal products, books, fibers for
~ Method for your individual needs. blending, spinning wheels and spinning supplies.

S P R I N G 2 0 0 6 I S PI N · 0 F F I 105
1-877-665-5790 ~altbtSU' Jlftb~.r
Wool & Exotic Hbers Living Felt Neecllefelting Kits CUSTOM CARDING
and Yam & Patterns
whelesele Il"lquirieJi WekOrTle4

Spinning & Weeving TEASINGIBLENDING--$2.00/#

Felting Needles & Supplies
Supplies and Equipment
CARDING--batts or roving--
Blue Goose Glen $5.60/#
Worsted wgt. 500-100Oyds/#--$23.5 0 1#
Sport wgt. 1000 -1500yds/# --$26 ,OOI#
'1laynes" Colonial Spinning Wheel (Establis hed 1974)
Lace wgt. 1500 -20 00/yds /# --$28.0 0 1#

• Long life bearings ·Patented quick-change Flyer

WASHING--$3,OOI# incoming weight
• Built-in Lazy Kate • Very easily assembled
• Unfinished or Polished • Single or double Treadle DEHAIRING--priced according to fiber
• Handcrafted by " Skilled Craftsmen for Crafts People" t ype and ch arged o n inco ming weight
world wide
Partly assembled kit insured, post free. 9190 5 . Cent ennia l Lan e
For full price list and brochure of Wheels and Accessories,
please write, fax, or email to - Canby, OR 9701:3
20 Gordons Road, P.O. Box 218, Ashburlon, New Zealand. www.farrta eyfibere .com
Fax +64 3 308-6884, Email: baynes
Website: ffibers

June 15-
Sign up now for shows,
workshops, contests.••
WorkshopsJ June 15-16
We av lfi~& spinmng
Dyeing,," Felling
Knitt ing & Crochetin g
Contests, June 17-18
Fleece Sheep 10 Shawl SPINDLES & SKEINS
Handsp nn Skeins
Shows, Exhibits, June 18-19 Weaving· Basketry· Spinning
Llamas Alpacas Knitting· Classes· Equipment
Goats & Sheep
Commercial and Education al 635 S. Broadway, Unit E
Booths and Displays Boulder, Colorado 80305
Call or e-mail (or information
970-S86-6J04, EClents@esles,Qrg, (in the Table Mesa Center)
Fax: 9'10-586-3661 (303) 494-1071· (800) 283-4163

Visit our web site:


Mon 12-6 pm • Tues-Sall 0-6 pm


P.O.Box 1967 Estes Park, CO 80517 Closed Sundays

106 I S P I N · 0 F F I ww W . I N T E R W E A VE. C 0 />l

more Calendar. • •
(continued from page 105)

Vas Place Convention Cente r, Grand Rapids. MICHIGAN

(678) 730-0010; fax (678) 730-08 36 ; hg a E XH IBI T S , S HO WS , June 23 -July 21. High lights of the Fiber Depart- www.weave AND SA LES ment, exhibit fro m Wayne State Univer sity, at
spin Community Arts Gallery, 150 Communi ty Arts
COLORAOO Bldg., Detroit.
WASHINGTON Through April 15 (Closed for spring break, March
June 1- 4. Northwest Regional Spinners' Associa - 16--27). Material Witness, featuring the flbers OHIO
t ion Conference , at the Un ivers ity of Pu get program, at Colorado State University. Colorado June l f -July 28. Focus Fiber: 2006 , regional ju-
Sound, Tacoma. College Coburn Art Gallery, Worner Campus ried exhibit, in Cleveland, at The Textile Art Al-
Center, 902 N. Cascade Ave., Colorado Springs, liance of Cleveland Museum of Art. Send SASE
AUSTRALIA to Christine Maurersberger, 1286 W. 112th St.,
CO 809 03. (71913 89-6797.
August 13-14 . Selling Yarns: Australian Indige- Cleveland, OH 44102; focusfi
nous Textiles and Good Busine ss in the 2 1st OISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
Century, conference, at The Museum and Art Through July 30. Seldom Seen: Director's Choice OREGON
Gallery of the Northern Territory, The Theat r- from the Museum's Collections. March 17-Sep- May 5-7. Handwovens Plus, Portland Handweavers
ette, Darwin, NT. tember 3. Harpies, Mermaids, and Tulips: Em - Guil d Annual Sale, at t he Oregon Convention
broidery of th e Greek Islan ds and Ep irus Re- Center, 777 NE Martin Luther King Blvd., Port-
CANAOA gion. Exhibits at The Textile Museum, 2320 S lan d. Margaret Zeps, (503) 638-5430; zepsm @
June 2-7. Warp ed and Twisted-a-Creative Colou r St. NW, Washington, DC 20008.(202) 667-0441; : Laurie Brown, (503) 635-6520;
Connect ions. Conference of the Handweavers. fax (202) 483-0994 ; info@textilem useu;
Spinners and Dyers of Alberta Provincia l Guild,
at High River, Alberta , 30 m inutes south of Cal-
MASSACHUSETTS May 27-August 26. Exhibit of nineteen th -centu -
ga ry. nswgta'; wwvv.
.t\larch 21 -l\"lay 6. Folks in Fiber, invitational ex- ry caps, clothing, and household textiles, at th e
GERMANY hib itio n, at Cahoon Museum of American Art, Ho me Textile Tool Museum on SR 1036 , Or-
October 5-8. Spintreffen conference, in Wupper- 4676 Falmouth Rd., PO Box 1853, Cotuit , MA well. Home Textile Tool Museum, PO Box 153,
tal. . 02635 . (508) 42 8-7581; fax (508) 420-3709 ; Rome, PA 18837. in forc v..........w.home
www.cahoonmuseu m.o rg.
- continued on page 108


(877) 767-2920 • (989) 652-2920· Fax (989) 652-2940

o. Website: • Evmail:

Early Spring Processing Special

20% discount on prepay roving and batting orders from
March I-April 15
Discount good with check or money orders only.

Visit our website for all pricing! Visit our website

Ravings Dehair Llama Quiits
for the spring shows that
Combed Top and Cashmere Comforters
Battings Yarn Mattress Pads we will be attending
Pencii Ravings Socks Pillows

S P R I N G 2 0 0 6 I S P I N· 0 F F I 107
more Calendar. • •
(cont inued from page 107)

TEXAS MAINE Nor t hern New Mexico Com munity College,

April 22 -23. Fiesta Arts Fair, at the Southwest Knitter's Retreat/Workshop, August 7-1 3, at Medo- El Rito . Karen Martin ea, (505 ) 58 1-41 13;
Schoo l of Art & Craft, San Antonio. Barbara mak Camp and Retrea t Center, Wash ington.; ww\.....fiberartsprogram
Hill, (210) 224-1848; (866) 633-6625; \
CANADA Dyeing as if the Earth Mattered, August 25-27,
May 4- 3 1. Natural Textiles of Akih iko Izu kura, at Works hop wit h Michele Wipplinger, at Hope S pin n in g: Magic with Dyeing and Plying, April
t he Silk Weaving Studio, # 15-155 1 Joh nston Spinnery, 725 Camde n Rd., Hope, ME 04847 . 2- 7, with Patsy Zawistoski. Spinning and Dye-
St., Granville Islan d, Vanco uve r, British Co- (207) 763-4600; www.hopespinnerycom; Earth- ing: From Garden to Yarn , April 9- 15, wit h
lumbia. (604) 687-7455; silk eos ilkweaving ues, (206) 789-1065; \ Carla Owen. Additiona l fiber- re lated classes
studio.corn; '....ww.silkweavingstudio .com . NEW HAMPSHIRE throughout the year. Jo hn C. Campbe ll Folk
Ever So Lightly Felted Vest, July 13- 14. Strip Felt Sc hool, 1 Folk School Rd., Brasstown, NC
Vest, Ju ly 15- 16. Workshops with Polly Stir- 28902. (800) 365-5 724; www. fol
ling , at Th e Fiber Stud io, 9 Foster Hill Rd ., OkLAHOMA
Hennike r, NH 03242. (603) 428-7830; www Master Spinners Program , Level 1, April 24-28.
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA Levels 1 and 2. October 16- 20. In Davis, pre -
George Hewitt l\"lyers: An American Original, June
NEW MEXICO sented by Olds College of Alberta, Canada. (800)
8, lec t ure by Dan iel Walke r. Oriental Rugs ,
Twill Saddle Blanket Weave, April 3- 7, with Liesel 661-653 7; Sherry, sherry.healey@doc.state
Ju ne 15, lect ure by Daniel Walker. Southeast
Orend. Int r o to Rio Gra nde Weaving, April; ww,.....
Asian Textiles , June 22, lect ure by Mattiebelle
Cittinger, Western Hemisphere Textiles, June 17- 20, with Karen Mart inez. Upholstery Weav- OREGON
29, lecture by Ann Pollard Rowe. Islamic Tex- in g Ch imayo Style, May 1-4 , with Karen Mar- lkat Weavingflndigo Dyeing, with Marilyn Roberts.
tiles, Ju ly 8, lect u re by Sumru Belger Krody. ti nea. Shadow Weave Chenill e Scarve s, May Tints, Tones and S hades, with Jan is Thomp-
Lunchtime Textile Talks. at The Textile Muse- 1- 5, with Liesel Orend. Rag Rug Weaving, May son. Block Weaves in Rugs, with Jason Colling-
u m , 2320 S St. NW, Washi ngto n, DC 20008. 15- 18, with Karen Martinez. Navajo Weaving, wood. Bead E mbellish m ent, with Ann Marta
(202) 66 7-044 1; fax (20 2) 483-0994 ; info@ May 22-25. Natural Vegetal Dyes, Ju ly 14- 16, Bowker, Workshops May 19- 22 in conj unction
textilemuseu www.textilemuse with Liesel Orend . In tens ive workshops, at with Fiber in the Forest retreat , at Camp

Watch for the n ext

in 2007
Thank you to our 2005 presenters;
Stephen Ableman
Jeannine Bakriges
Sharon Costello
Amy Oxford
Patsy Sue Zawistoski
sp in n ing > coIor rhcorv > tClting
rug hoo king > htsro rv > en te rtain men t

complete detail s:
(802) 464·3762

108 I S PI N . 0 F F I www. [ x T Eo: H W E A V E . C0 :>1

Myrtlewood, Oregon. Suzie Liles, (541) 684 -5900; studios. fi ber producing farms, reta il outlets, learning center, galleries, and
proc essi ng mills. Maps availab le from Hope Spin ner}" 725 Camden Rd.,
Hope, ME 0484 7; (207) 763-4600; wwwhopespin .
Workshops, May 25-August 25, in weaving, hand-sewing costumes, basketry,
New Zealand, April. Creative Fibre Festival and tour. Mary Fletcher, PO Box 61228,
felt ing, na tural dyes, and drafti ng, at the Home Textile Tool Museum, SR
Denver, CO 80206. Phonelfax (303) 632-9255; t.
1036, On....ell. HTTM, PO Box 153, Rom e, PA 18837. www.hometextiletool
United States , April 25- May 2 an d Ju ly 9- 16. Navajo rug and basket workshops,
muse um. erg.
to urs of pueblos and trading pos ts. Hor izons, PO Box 634, Levere tt, MA
WISCONSIN 01054; (413) 367-9200; fax (413) 367-9522; ;
Color Works for You. June 9- 11, wit h Deb Men z. Crea tive Color with Your
Carder, Jun e 11-1 6, with Deb Menz . Fabu lous Felt Hat , June 30- Ju ly 2,
Calendar euents ofspecial interest to spinners are printed free ofcharge as a service to
wit h Chad Alice Hagen . E xplora tions in Resist Dyeing on Hand-Pelted our readers . To maximize the passibility afyaur event s inclusion in the Summer 2006
Wool. July 2-7, with Chad Alice Hagen . Sievers School of Fibe r Arts, PO issue, please send intormation by April), 2006. to "SPtA'·OFF Calenda r. " 20} E. Fourth
Box 100, Washington Island, WI 54246. (920) 847-2264; fax (920) 847-2676; St.. Love/and, CO 80.5.17-.56.55. Listings are made on a space-acaiiabte basis. While we in-; clude as many enents as possible. we cannot yuarantee that your listing will be included.
Loom Beading, March 23-April l , with Gayle Liman , in Antigua . Liza Fourre,


Art Workshops in Guatemala, 4758 Lyndale Ave. S., Minneapolis, MN 55419.
(612) 825-0 747; fax (612) 825-6637; www.artg
,..u HOWE, IDAHO 83244


Ch ina. May. Silk Road and silk production tour. Mary Fletcher, PO Box 61228, NAVAJO-CHURRO, SHAGGY
Denver, CO 80206. Phone/fax (303) 632-9255; KARAKUL, and BUCK EXPRESS
Finland and Sweden. Jun e 9- 26. North ern Lights: Textile Arts Tour, sponsored AMERASIAN
by The Textile Museu m. (800) 323- 7600; tp
Guatema la, July 21-30. Textile, weaver's and craft tour, with Karen Searle. Liza SHEPHERD CARE LIVESTOCK
Fourre, Art Workshops in Guatema la, 4758 Lyndale Ave. S., Minneapolis, TRANSPORT
MN 55419. (612) 825-0747; fax (612) 825-6637;
PHONE (208) 767-3475
.Maine, August 4-6. Maine Fiberarts tour, with self-guided map to locate artists'

A lace blanket for a special baby

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S P R I N G 2 0 0 6 I S PIN · 0 F F I 109
FESTIVAr 'OC 19 & 20,

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110 I S P I N · 0 F F I WWW. I N T E R W E A V E. C 0 />l

• •
roe e IS • ac I
o er an ever!
Create fabulous clothing and accessories

that will have you seeing crochet in a whole

new light. Transform he-hum wearables

into one-of-a-kind fashion
statements by adding crocheted touches.

Experiment with familiar stitches

The New
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imaginative edgings
40 Wonderful
Wearables and embellishments. Enjoy

luscious yarns, creative patterns,

Terry Taylor

gotta-have-it styles.

~ . A Division of
Sterling Publishing Co., Inc.
New York

$24.95 (Canada $35.95) • Hardcover t -57990-686-9 • 144 color pages • 8y" x 10 • Available wherever books are sold.
Product News

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Cl a s s i I i e d s

co py along with payme nt eig ht weeks prior to felt in g, a nd knitti ng. Go t o www.ya rn barn & Wool Co.: need mechan ical apt itude, atten-
th e mont h of pu blication (Marc h , Ju ne, Sep - · or call us at (800) 468-0035. Yam Barn t ion to deta il, good com m unication skills. Ex-
tember, December ). Only $2.50/wo rd ($50 min- of Kansas, 930 Massac husetts, Lawr ence, KS perience wit h kn itting or handspinning a plus.
imu m ) or $100/col. inch (press ready) for clas- 66044. Call (40 6) 388·4945 o r e-mai l www.lamband
sified display ads. Payment must accompany ad. m.
VISA, Mast erCa rd, America n Express, Discover
Pau la Sim mo ns. Lon g out of prin t, now avail-
accepted with account n umber an d expiratio n
able! $20 including sh ipping. Pat Green Carders,
date. Send to Interweave Press, Spin' Off Clas-
Ltd., 48793 Chilliwack Lake Rd., Chilliwack, BC,
sified Ads. 201 East Fou rth St reet, Loveland,
Canada V4Z IA6. Call toll-free (877 ) 898-2273
CO 8053 7-5655. Fax (970) 66 7-83 17; Vick iY@
(P'F Zone ). rn.
tion with updates, rewr ite for shea ring section , Experi en ce the jo y
Associati on ) invites yo u t o beco me a va lue d
plus 3 pages about paco-vicufia with sample- of raising you r o w n qu ality fiber.
me mber and a vita l link in a spi nners ' network
$14 plus $2 sh ipping ($16 tota l) or $3.50 shi p-
of comm unica tio n des igned to pro mo te awa re- Fine-fle e ced Registered W hite a nd
pi ng to Canada ($ 17.50 total). Al so availab le
ness of the art and craft of handsp inning and to C ol ored Angora G o ats and Mohair
Projects for Alpaca and Llam a, $16 (plus $2
give sp in ne rs t he oppo rtu nity to sha re, lea rn , ro vings for sale . Contact:
sh ipping). Chris Switzer, Box 3800, Estes Par k,
educate , study, compe te , an d cooperat e. Your
CO 805 17.
membe rs h ip avails yo u t o t en acti on-pa cked
news lette rs a yea r, local spin-in m eeti ngs, an-
, ,,,c, W ATER C
1<-' ~
nual confe rence, library of refe rence materials, ,,~ FARM ~('.{
and scho larsh ips available to those who q uali - 19325 Dairy Rd.
fy. Fo r mo re in format ion vis it our webs ite at Spring Grove, MN
www.nw rsa .org or se nd $ 1.00 in stamps to
NwRS A, Dept . SO, 330 0 166th Place SW, Lynn-
wo od, WA 98037. Ecmai l m em bershi p@
Chilly Toes? 55 974
(507) 498-3277
nw rsa.o rg. Cool Socks Warm Feet
A128-pagebook with great sock
LIQ UIDATION SALE ! Or gani c cotton s liver recipesand moreby Luey Neatby.
and blends, 25% off by the pound, volume dis- At yarn stores or www.tradewindknits.eom
a unts available. New World Textiles, (828) 669·
1870; www.charkha.bia.

Raising registered Shetland

Sheep, Angora rabbits, and
Llamas. Selling fiber as well
as breeding stock, 011 in 0 wide
by Priscilla A. G ibso n-Roberts
& Dc borah Robson variety of colors.
At yo ur fa vorife y.u n shop or book s tore 55074 I 40th Ave., Lucas, lA SO I 5 I
Ask for Simple Socks. "'din and Fancy. too! wil lowri dgefarm@ iowate


Black Sheep Newsletter Th e
n Spinning Wh eel S leuth
A Newsl etter About Spinning W heels Spinning & Knitting Supplies
Published quarterly for growers, spinne rs and Related Tool s
and textile artists inte res ted in black $24/4 issues ($28 Canada , $35 Intern at ional) Fleeces .:. Fiber .:. Classes
Sample $3.50
sheep, wo o l and o t her animal fibers. Reg. Jacob
Border Leicester
$ I 4 per year [mAl Hand Looms Supplemen ts
sample copy $3 " - I Postcards of Rare 5
Reg. Angora Goats
Colored & White
Black Sheep Newsletter Unusual Spin ning Wheels
~""-.l wayne & Edle Van Valkenburg
2S4SS NW Di xie Mtn . Rd . PO Box 422 , Andover, MA 01810
- 87 EastJake Rd.
Scappoose. OR 970S6 (978) 475· 8790 ffw
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VSFCP.NJ3S (856) 769·1526
e -mall: BSN ewsltr@ aol .com BruclTB Free joyew @m ind spr lng .co m
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S PR[ NG 2 006 1 S P I N· 0 F F I 113


blankets , jackets , a nd more. Unique . Sim ple. Swifts , etc. Also unusual spin ning whe els. All and Russian styl e support spindles. Exotic hard-
Compl ete instru ctions . Oak , Map le, Waln ut , excellent condition and working order. Willow wood drop spindles and much more. List on re-
Che rry. Stand and accessori es availab le. In 4
Brook Farm, PO Box 1568, Fort Washingt on, ques t. Jim Hokett, PO Box 1899, Magdalena,
st ruct iona l Tr iangle Loom Weav ing Vid eo, 90 PA 19034 . (2 15) 643 -4499; www.willowb ro ok NM 87825.
m inutes of bas ic a nd intermediate techniqu es,
$38.95 ppd, new DVD $33.95 ppd. 2' and 3' Trav- PAT GREEN CARDE RS design and make t he
el Tri-Looms, Mini stand, and new sturdy trav- BIG SALE ON SPINNING WBEELS . loom s, highest quality ca rding and picking equipment,
el bags also availabl e. Carol Leigh's Hillcreek and drum carders. See our ad on page 89. Call tabletop to Cottage Industry size. Phone or wr ite
us for your best deal! Bountiful, Toll-free (877) for fr ee bro ch ure . Pat Green Carders , Ltd.,
Fiber S tudio, 7001 Hillcreek Rd., Columbia, MO
65203 . (800) TRI-WEAV (874-932 8), (57:1 ) 874- 586+9332; www. bountifuIsp i 48793 Chilliwack La ke Rd., Chilliwack, BC,
Canada V4Z IA6. Call to ll-free (877) 898- 2273.
22 33 ; we accept MClVisa , Discover; webs ite FELTING NEEDLES. Round , wo od en -k nob
www.HillcreekFiber St udi handle fits comfortably in the ha nd-holds 4 or SPINNING WHEELS , lessons, fibers, books ,
16 needles, easily replacea ble, easy to use. Sin- dyes , looms. Shop open by appointm ent. Cata-
gle needles 2/pkg. $ 1.75; a-p ron g $14.95; 16- log $3. Detta's Spindle, 2592L Oeggen Tina Rd.,
prong $24.95. Stony Mountain Fibers , 939 Maple Plain , MN 55359. (763) 47 9-16 12, (877)
Ham mocks Gap Rd., Charlottesville , VA 229 11. 640 1612; .

addi Turbo" ••;nu!lo. (434) 295-2008. MCN ISA, Discover. www.Stony

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Phone 303-294-0582 8OQ.731-5648 stor ag e.
Fax 303·295-6944 nancy&knitknacks.c:om Fo r hands free plying!

114 I S P I N . 0 F F I w w W. I N T E RWEAVE. C0 />l



April 21-23, 20IJ6. In th e 4·H Build ing at th e blended ravings. Beautiful co lorways. wo nde r-
Phill ips Cou nty Fairgr ou nds, I Jh m iles north of I ful tibers. Kits and patterns, too. www.ewenigue
Phi llipsb u rg, Kansas on H ighway 183. Teach -
Festival a nd 'I arket plllr e:
I .
ers: Jud y Dittmore, Layna Bentley, Marci Burn s,
and othe rs. Classes in weaving, sp inning, felt -
Demonstrations - Hands on Sessions I ABSOLUTELY EXCITING COLORS. Ravings,
Fleece Competitions - Produ ctions fl eeces , yarns, dyes, and equipmen t. See us at
ing, Devore' fleece judg ing, etc. Kansas Alliance I www.b luegooseg len .com o r contact us Blue
of W eavers an d Sp in ne rs Ann ua l Confe re nce
(KAWS). Vendors, s heep, a lpac a, llamas . Fo r
Fiber Ar ts Wo rkshops
June 15- 18
I; (73 1) 984 -749 7.
more inform at ion contac t Sally Brandon at Spinning ' w eaving - Dyeing - More I ALPACA FIBER in raw, roving, and yarn. Nat-
(785) 638 ·2803 or check out website www ural , luxurious colo rs fro m Missouri's largest
.centralp la i nsfibe he rd. Roving sa mp ler $5 refu nda ble with firs t
order, Alpacas always for sale. Whirlwind Ranch,
FUZZY BUNZ FIBERFEST, 21-22 April 2006,
24649 S nowbe rry Drive , Lebanon , MO 65536 ~
Colville , WA. Visit our websit e at http ://fuzzy
6471. (417) 533 ~5280;
bun for informat ion o n wo rk-
shops, ve ndo rs , fibe r a n ima l exh ibits, fl eece ALPACA TOP, beautifully processed. Many love-
show, handspun yarn competition , and our Peo- ly co lo rs includi ng black, g rey, a nd fawn . Raw
pie 's Cho ice Piber Arts co m pe t itio n. E-mail fl eeces and felting fi ber available as well as fi ber
new fa; (509) 684-2585; PO Box an im al s and qu a lity breedi ng stoc k. Vis it
282, Colville, WA 99114. www.glimme rg o r e-mail deich
manrs' . Glimmer Glass Alpacas , 1409
Co. Hwy. 26, Fly Cree k, NY l:J337 . (607) 54 7·
Fest ival , Mother's Day weekend : May 13 & 14, The 23 rd Annual
2006. Wa sh ington Co unty Fa irgrounds , La ke
Elmo, MN. Classes , vendors, demonst rat io ns, Wool Festival at Taos BEST CORMO COMBED TOP-excepti ona l.
fl eece, and breed show. www.shepherdsharvest Oc tober 7 - B 2006 Excit ing, dyed ravings. Ready to spin or dye nat-
festival. Kit C arson Park, Ta os , NM ura l co lo red fl eec es , roving. Sa m ples $3 wit h
SASE. Barb Janay, 12350 Barbee Rd., Br lstow,
Offe r ing Wo rkshops Be fo re and After VA 20136. (703) 36 1-0 162. See it on \vww.woolv
treat. Weave a small tap estry with naturally dyed
yarns. J uly 18-22 o r 25-2 9, 200 7. Acco mmo - Visit website : www.taoswoolfestiva l.o rg
dat ions availab le. All levels welcome . www Or to request a brochure :
.weaveanis m or call (520) 792 -6665. Email:info@taoswoolfe stival .org
WISCONSIN SHEEP & WOOL FESTIVAL. Call toll fre e BBB-909-WO OL (9665)
Wonders of Wool Fiber Arts Class es. September Ma il: Wo ol Fe st Taos , S. Correira Hoosiev
8-10,2006, Jefferson , Wisco nsin . See we bsite 2646 FM 1704, Elgin, TX 7B62 1
for cl asses and Instru cto rs. www.wisco nsin Hills
sheepandwoo ..
J une 3 , 2006
9am - 6pm Rain or Shine
John son County Fairgrounds, Frankfin, IN
(New location this year!)
Free Admission & Parking
Northern Calil ornia and Southern Oregon
Alpaca Breeders Invite You to Anend Great Lakes Fiber Show For more info visit: www.hhfiberfe
Fiber on the Foot/Celebrating Alpacas
Sa turday, May 6, 2006 -10 am 10 5 pm
Wayne County Fairgrounds
Sunday, May 7, 2006 - 9 am 10 4 pm Wooster, Ohio
Tehama Dislri ct Fa irground - Red Bluff, CA

Satu rday Sunday

May 27 May 28
I Oam- 5pm I Oam- 4pm
l)(ue Rid ge Si(K W ORKS
Handpainted Handcrafted
Sales booths with Fiber-Related Yarns G ift Items
AL PACAS Supplies and Fiber Ar t s; Workshops &
Demonst r at ions; Flee ce Show & Sale; Handpainted Wholesale

FOR SALE Angora Goat Show; Sh eep Sale; Spinning

Fibers Retail
Kids Activities; and MORE!
Linda Reichert, 2474 N. Firestone Rd. Free Shipping on Most Orders!
Woosler, OH 44691 • (330) 264-9665 BRSilkworks@adelphia,net
For more information calf 530-529-3298
www.lambzOWILcom.lGreatLakesFiberShow.htm 540·896·1078

S P R [ N G 2 0 0 6 I S P I N . 0 F F I 115

top, 2·ply sport and worsted yarn in natural eel- Nonp rofit. Fair Tra din g fro m th e Sou rc e!". Wh it e and nat ural -color ed. Clean , cove red
ors and whi te. LSASE with $.50 postage for sam- Black Mesa Weavers for Life and Land, Arizona . fleec es $6/ lb a nd u p. Roving , spin n ing batts,
pie/p rices. Nine Oaks Farm, 3045 West B Ave., Adu lt and lambswoo l, lust ro us whi tes to deep 100 % wool a n d ble nds , $ 1.5 0/oz. a nd u p.
Pla inwell , MI 49 080 . (269) 382·6026; gracie black, raw to yarn, from $7/lb. PO Box 543 , New- Spinnab le samp les, $2 . l\l erry Meadows Farm, ton, MA 02456. ca rcl rs'blackm esaweave rs.o rg: 24 710 Reyn clds Hwy.. Willi!s, CA 95490 . (707); 866 -4 +C HURRO 4 5 9~ 9 5 90 ; e -mail walczy kowsk i@w illitson
BLACK WELSH I\IOUNTAI N fleece , r oving,
(866·424·8776). lin
yarn , tanned pelts, and breeding stock. Desert
Weyr, 16870 Carvi n Mesa Rd., Paonia, CO 81428. COOPWORTH FLEECES, LONG LUSTROUS, ENGLISH LEICESTER LONGWOOL. $6 .50~b.
lo io at (970) 527-3573; w\vw.dese m . clea n, covered, handsp in ner s ki rt ed in ma ny Whol e, sk irted fleeces. Sh ipping extra. Willow
colors. East Coast distributo r for Forrester spin- Brook Farm , PO Box 1568 , Fo rt Washingto n,
dles , Lendrum wheels. French Hill Farm , PO PA 19034 . (2 15) 643 ·4499.
dyed spin ning fibers incl ude Bom byx top, 50/50
Box 82 , So lon, ME 04979. (207) 643-254 0;
Bombyx/merino, tussah top, 80/20 merino/ten - FLEECE: LOVELY NATURAL·COLORED gray,
wwwJ m .
eel, 70130 meri no/kid, amazing kid mohair locks, brow n , black, wh ite, $4/lb. LSASE for sa m ples.
and more! Nancy Finn, 1700 Hilltop Dr., Will its, CORMO , CALIFORNIA RED AND ~IOHAIR Georgia w c lterbeek, Fairmount Farm, Rin dge,
CA 95490. (70 7 ) 459·8558. fleec e rovin g, batts, and ya rn in many co lo rs. NH 0346 1.
Apple Rose Fibers, PO Box 2 16, w rightstown,
NJ 08562.; (609) 752+0596.
jo Churro, Shetland, Romonov. Lim it ed num -
ber of 2005 ram and ewe lam bs ava ilable. Con-
tact \\; (406) 658-
2222 .

New Colors! New Zealand Fleeces

Beautiful , clean, heavily skirted, top qual ity
ROYALE HARE HAND-PAINTED spinning Heeces, Wh ite and Co loured.
Merino - Polworth - Corriedale - Romney
.p~ ~
Samples $3, Check, VISA, MasterCard
} Pygora fi&
breeders available
c o n tac t o u r w eb si tel
Royale Hare, 946 Ladi St., Santa Rosa,
CA 95401 . (707) 579-2344 . 538 Lamson Rd., Lysandcr. NY 13027

The Bell w eth e r .----------------------------.

www.t he be tlwet he m
Are you looking for ...
Fire Ant Ranch Do you recog nize:
Sapphire Moun tains
Nat u ra l Fibe rs f o r Fe lti ng & Spinni ng
Sin ce 1992. at Elgin l X, on th e we b O rg an ic Yarn s f or Knitti n g & Weav ing
,. at A Breed Apart
fiber festival s (i ncl. Est es, Taos). Malachite Natu ra l Dyes
Dragon's Fire Wor ksho ps & Cla sse s
512-281-4496 Farm Shop Hours by Appt. Spinnable samples of lo ve ly woo l/silk blends
On line Sh opping for all you r f ibe r needs
Han d-processed. Farm -grown Fiber s, Yarns can be e njoye d with a Rhyme Times
& Goo ds from my Gulf Coast Native Sheep, subscriptio n $ I I/year US (higher outside US)
Black Wel sh Mount ain Sheep and others.
I carry Roberta Electron ics, Strauch Carde rs, PO Bo x 802 * Sequim. WA
OPA L yarn, Bo sworth Spindles and morel 360-582-0697

347 Bedford A~e, aroc uyn. NY 1121 1
(718)384 -8030 www. lhe y.unlree .com

For a list ofhreeders and
fiher available con tact:
Lane Harris, Secretary
PO Box 10427, Bozeman, MT 59719
(406) 388-9537
spottedsheep@yahoo .com
'The Maj estic Jaco6 Sheep-
51 Special. 'Breed

1161 S P IN ·O F F I WWW .IN TE RWE A V E .C O/>l


FR EE CORl\IO WOOL. Inquiries receive 1 oz. ICELANDI C FLEECES. ne w co u ntry blend LUXURIO US ALPACA ROVINGS . m ul-
tree fleece wool. Fin e. long-stap led, hand spin- natural color roving: Icelandic alpaca, mohair, tiple colors. white $ 10/4 oz.: black. brown, mixes
ner skirted. Ravings and brown and black felt- silk, and more. Tongue River Farm, (573 ) 689 4
512/4 oz. (pl us Sill ). Samples on request. Day
Ing wool available. Henry Ortmann, Box 2 106. 2900; \\'\V' Star Alpacas.; 1330}
Wolf Point. ~IT 5920 1. (406) 392-5277. 538-2654 10111 _
JACOB FLEECES. JSBA registered/Spinner!
FR ESIAN S HE E P WOOL for sa le. Vermont - Weaver's flock. Free samples, price list. Craft's ~IAPL E RID GE S HE E P FAR~1. The olde st
raised. loft y, bouncy, 3 -4 sta ple with sligh t
R at Bluffton. 2572 Village Rd.. Decorah. lA 5210 1. flock of Shetlands in the USA. Breeding stock.
c r im p. Ewe wool by pound. yea r ling woo l by (563) 735-5533. handspinner fleeces. rovings. yarn, quilt batts.
fl eece . For more information e-mail merino Visit www.mrsf.ccm.
KARAK UL FLEECE. All colors. raw-washed
batts and roving available. Ecmail or call for ~IOHAIR FR ml A S P INNE R'S FLOCK.
HAPPY S HE E P PROD UCE BEAUTIF UL prices. Nary carol.bu (5 12) Fleeces and roving in white and natural colors.
fl eeces. White and natural eolored fine. medi- 858- 7920 or 15 121 46 1-3870. Spring Water Creek Farm. 19325 Dairy Rd.,
um, and long wool coated grease fleeces. White, Spring Grove. ~IN 55974 . (507) 498-3277.
natural colored, dyed moh air. White. natural
ready to spin. Seven natural colors from beau -
colo red. dyed wool roving a nd m ohair/wool
tiful. healthy. happy llamas. For picture s and
blend roving. $3.50 for sam ple. ~loons Shadow
pr ices call Wisconsin. Cram's Llama Farm.
Farms, 11252 Kekke Rd.• Chisholm, MN 55719.
1608 1372-2759_
hJt p:/t horn epage.h i bhi "gm m / - moo n
sshadowfarmslindex.htm. Teq TIme Gq tqen
~ P.D.Box 442099
Lawrence, KS 66044
Extraordina r y black & green
I M... NO ...... b l OIIG 'N ... d I lo o se t eas blended w it h

buy s& 'z ibee 'farn

su perior herbs. spices, fr uit
Purveyor of luscious & flowe rs fo r a nat urally de licio us brew. hand-dyed spinning fibers & yarn Teapots, cozies & brewi ng accessories.
a virtual fiber fair at your fi ngerti ps.. . ~ From my hands to yours . . . PO Bo x 34. N orth Lakewo o d. W A
98259 • 360.652.8488 P5T
Roving Blends, silks, & more!
See my web site fordetails wwwteat trneqarden.corn
and monthly sales!


Sol id Pe\\·te r Classes & Supplies
Dealer for Louet, Schacht,
and Ashford wheels.
If you're planning a move, don:t f? rget to Sp in ner 's Schacht and Leclerc looms.
take along your ~pi" ·0.ff subscri ption. Send 56 for a complete catalog of over
o r namen t 500 yarn samples and equipment list.
Send rour o ld and new add ress. along
with the- custo mer number that appe-ars FIBER LOFT (Bare Hill Stud ios)
(actual size 2.25")
o n your mailing 9 Mass_Ave. (Rle. 111 )
label. to:
Fro-rw OUt" FCU"»1I to-yow Harvard, MA 01451
Fer y01M' fr;werU:", {Lbe.- cuLo$ (800) 874-YARN (9276)
PO Box ~69 1 15 yarn @TheFiberLo
BearUn Acres Farm (717) 530-3605
Escondido, CA 92046-9 115 www.T he Fibe rLoft .co m
Pftag "a..w plmry if rrmt fr b "&'\1" re r.rlr tJtat·

luxurious 11 C RD,\TIV F FI P>ERS

Fibers Mi nnea poli s area supplier of
fibc r and classes
Wool, Mohair for spinners!
Llama, Blends
6 I2-927-8307
Covered Fleeces, 5416 Pcnn Avenue S.
Roving, Batts, 11985 Rolling Hills Lane
Yarns Lovetts ville, VA 20180 Min ncapolis. MN 554 19

S P R I N G 2 U () eI s P J N . 0 J' F I 117

wool and ravi ngs. Com plete lin e of spinning, in California. Well-skirted, clea n. White and nat- cards will capture the spirit of yo ur craft. Int ri-
weaving, dying, and felting suppli es. Free cata- ural co lo red . Breed in g stoc k available. www ca te origi na l des ig ns for the pas si onat e fib er
log. La Plata Farms, 1281 eR 123, Hesperu s, .p : martas u Iliva n@ artist. Kaspareks , PO Box 74 8 , Ber keley, CA
CO 8 1326. (970) 385·4375. cit : (530) 336-62 02. 94701 . w\»w.kas pareks .biz.
PACO-VIC UNA FIBER, hi ghest qua lity, 3 POLWARTH FLEECES , WHITE, handspinner
shades (beige, golden, brown ) $25- $35 per oz . skirted. Send SASE for free sa m ples to Nancy
plus shipping. Chr is Switzer, Box 38 00, Estes Ortmann, HC 30 Box 2 107 , Wo lf Point , MT
Park, CO 805 17. 59201. (406) 392-5356.
CROSSES and Corrida le crosse s. Fleece s, Workshops in spinn ing, weaving, basketweav-
carded wool and blends. Sa m ples $3. Charlene
ing. Compl et e line of fiber arts equipment. On 4
Cox, 1779 Hughes Creek Road, Darby, Montana
line ordering and workshop registratio n. The
59 829 . (406) 349-2588 ;
Fiber Garden, www J ibe rg a rde m; Black
EARTH GUILD RAW WOOL FROM COVERED, cclo red she ep River Falls, Wisconsin. (715) 284 44590 .
Tools, Materials & Books in Texas. Fo r free sa mples, orde r ing informa -
for Traditional & Con tem p orary tion, and availabi lity, call (469) 766·2086 . Sma ll
dio and school. Classes in tapestry, weaving, dye-
Handcrafts o rders welcom e.
ing. and feltin g. 512 S. 6'" Ave., Tucson, Arizona.
(520) 792 ~6665; www.des ertweavin m.
33 Haliw ood S treet
Ashevi le , Ne 28801 FLETCHER FARM SCHO OL FOR THE arts
loll f ree 1-800-327-8448 a nd cra fts. Extens ive fiber a rts program
Ju ne- September. Week ends o nly October-May,
on the web at FIBERS, YARNS, SUPPLIES! Spinn ing, weavi ng, rug braiding and hooking,
e-mail usat in form@earth gu ild .co m Handpa jntcd. d yed and na tural woo ls a nd blends, tatt ing, bo bbi n lace , kn itti ng, pa per and book-
tussah, silklbam boo, 1('11('('1, hem p & others. Dyes, making, wet and dry felting, qui lting, dol lmak-
Complete Mail O rder Ca talog : $4 ing, and more. Free catalog. 611 Rte. 103S, Lud-
pat terns, silk pa per su p plies & more!
(free with order over $10) low, VI 05 149. (802) 228·8770; www,fletcher
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