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CBSEClass10Mathematics

ImportantQuestions

Chapter1

RealNumbers

3MarksQuestions

1.UseEuclid’sdivisionalgorithmtofindtheHCFof:

(i)135and225

(ii)196and38220

(iii)867and255

Ans.(i)135and225

Wehave225>135,

So,weapplythedivisionlemmato225and135toobtain

225=135×1+90

Hereremainder90≠0,weapplythedivisionlemmaagainto135and90toobtain

135=90×1+45

Weconsiderthenewdivisor90andnewremainder45≠0,andapplythedivisionlemmato

obtain

90=2×45+0

Sincethattimetheremainderiszero,theprocessgetstops.

Thedivisoratthisstageis45

Therefore,theHCFof135and225is45.

(ii)196and38220

Wehave38220>196,

So,weapplythedivisionlemmato38220and196toobtain

38220=196×195+0

Sincewegettheremainderiszero,theprocessstops.

Thedivisoratthisstageis196,

Therefore,HCFof196and38220is196.

(iii)867and255

Wehave867>255,

So,weapplythedivisionlemmato867and255toobtain

867=255×3+102

Hereremainder102≠0,weapplythedivisionlemmaagainto255and102toobtain

255=102×2+51

Hereremainder51≠0,weapplythedivisionlemmaagainto102and51toobtain

102=51×2+0

Sincewegettheremainderiszero,theprocessstops.

Thedivisoratthisstageis51,

Therefore,HCFof867and255is51.

2.Findthegreatestnumberof6digitsexactlydivisibleby24,15and36.

Ans.Thegreaternumberof6digitsis999999.

LCMof24,15,and36is360.

3.Provethatthesquareofanypositiveintegerisoftheform4qor4q+1forsome

integerq.

Ans.Leta=4q+r,whenr=0,1,2and3

Numbersare4q,4q+1,4q+2and4q+3

4.144cartonsofcokecanand90cartonsofPepsicanaretobestackedinacanteen.If

eachstackisofthesameheightandistocontaincartonsofthesamedrink.What

wouldbethegreaternumberofcartonseachstackwouldhave?

Ans.WefindtheHCFof144and90

5.Provethatproductofthreeconsecutivepositiveintegersisdivisibleby6.

Ans.Letthreeconsecutivenumbersbex,(x+1)and(x+2)

Letx=6q+r;0

6.Provethat(3–

)isanirrationalnumber.

Ans.

7.Provethatifxandyareoddpositiveintegers,thenx 2 +y 2 isevenbutnotdivisibleby

4.

Ans.Letx=2p+1andy=2q+1

8.Showthatoneandonlyoneoutofn,(n+2)or(n+4)isdivisibleby3,wheren N.

Ans.Letthenumberbe(3q+r)

9.UseEuclid’sDivisionLemmatoshowthatthesquareofanypositiveintegerofthe

form3mor(3m+1)forsomeintegerq.

Ans.

10.Provethatin

isnotarationalnumber,ifnisnotperfectsquare.

Ans.

11.Provethatthedifferenceandquotientof

Ans.

and

areirrational.

12.Showthat(n 2 –1)isdivisibleby8,ifnisanoddpositiveinteger.

Ans.Letn=4q+1(anoddinteger)

13.UseEuclidDivisionLemmatoshowthatcubeofanypositiveintegeriseitherofthe

form9m,(9m+1)or(9m+8).

Ans.Leta=3q+r