Sei sulla pagina 1di 2

SATPrinceton.com

SAT MATH REFRESHER 1

Free for personal and classroom use. Private Tutoring:www.SatPrinceton.com | sat@higgsweb.com

1. NUMBERS

 Even and Odd Numbers Positive and Negative Numbers even+even=even even-odd=odd positive+positive=positive negative∙negative=positive odd+odd=even odd-even=odd negative+negative=negative positive∙negative=negative even+odd=odd even∙even=even positive−negative=positive positive÷positive=positive even-even=even odd∙odd=odd negative−positive=negative negative÷negative=positive odd-odd=even even∙odd=even positive∙positive=positive negative÷positive=negative Divisibility Rules Squares Exponents 2 the last digit of the number is 0, 2, 4, 6, or 8 3 the sum of the digits is divisible by 3 4 the last two digits are divisible by 4 5 the last digit is 0 or 5 6 the number is divisible by 2 and 3 9 the sum of the digits is divisible by 9 10 the last digit is 0
 Prime Numbers v - speed t - time - A prime number is divisible by 1 and itself only d - distance - The first 10 prime numbers are: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29 - 1 is not a prime number Average - 2 is the smallest and the only even prime number Speed % Decimal Fraction % Decimal Fraction Arithmetic 1% 0.01 1/100 40% 0.40 2/5 Sequence 1/50 0.50 1/2 2% 0.02 50% 5% 0.05 1/20 60% 0.60 3/5 Geometric 10% 0.10 1/10 75% 0.75 3/4 Sequence 20% 0.20 1/5 80% 0.80 4/5 25% 0.25 1/4 100% 1.00 1 Percent Percent Percent Proportion Change

2. ALGEBRA Algebraic Properties

FOIL Square of Sum/Difference Difference of Two Squares 2. ALGEBRA (continued) 2

Properties of Equality

Transitive

Subtraction

Multiplication

Division

Cross Multiplication

Zero Product

Properties of Inequality

Transitive

Subtraction

Multiplication

Division

 two real solutions one real solution no real solution           Rational Expressions                     Rules of Exponents
Rational Exponent
Absolute Value
Direct Variation
Inverse Variation

3. GEOMETRY

Convex Polygons

- The sum of the interior angles is

- The sum of the exterior angles is 360°

Similar Polygons

- Corresponding angles are equal

- Corresponding sides are proportional

The sum of the interior angles is 360°

SATPrinceton.com

3. GEOMETRY (continued) 3
 Inequalities in Triangles Any side of a triangle is shorter than the sum of the two other sides In a triangle, the longest side is opposite the largest angle Angles of Triangles
2
1
3
4 Pythagorean Theorem
c
b
a

Pythagorean

Triples

3, 4, 5 6, 8, 10 5, 12, 13

7, 24, 25

8, 15, 17 9, 12, 15 30°-60°-90° Triangles
30°
2
3
90°
60° 45°-45°-90° Triangles
45°
2
90°
45° Equilateral Triangles
60°
60°
60° Parallelogram
B C
O
A
D

Rectangle B C
O
A D Square
B
C
45°
45°
O
A
D
= =
2

Area

 Triangle Parallelogram Rectangle Square Trapezoid Perimeter
triangle
rectangle
square
Circle
Diameter=
Circumference=
Area= Circle
θ
θ/2
Central Angle=

Solids

Solid

Volume

Surface Area

Rectangular Solid

Cube

Right Cylinder

4. COORDINATE GEOMETRY 4 The Coordinate Plane
y
( , +)
(+, +)
x
(
,
)
(+,
) Slope
y
2 rise
1 run
x
1
2 Midpoint
Formula
Distance
Formula
Slope-Intercept Form
Point-Slope Form y

x

- parabola opens upwards

- parabola opens downwards Linear Functions
y
intercept
intercept
x
x-intercept:
y-intercept:

Parallel lines

Parallel lines have the same slope

Perpendicular Lines

The product of the slopes of

perpendicular lines is -1

Vertical Shift

Horizontal Shift

5. PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS   Probability of an Event        Odds     Independent Events

Dependent Events   Geometric Probability     Fundamental Counting Principle

If one event can occur in M ways and another event can occur in N ways, then the total number of ways both events can occur is MN. Mean   The mean is the sum of the numbers divided by the number of values in the set.    Factorial
Permutations
Combinations
 Median The median is the middle value in an ordered set of numbers. Mode The mode is the value that occurs most frequently in a set of numbers.