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CONSULTANCY REVIEW & INTER SERVICE MENTORING

Online Activity No. 2


Criminal Law and Jurisprudence

1. This is NOT a part of the rules for graduating penalties.


a. When the penalty prescribed for the felony is single and indivisible, the penalty next lower in degree shall be
that immediately following that indivisible penalty in the respective graduated scale prescribed in Art. 71 of this
Code
b. When the law prescribes a penalty for a crime in some manner not specifically provided for in the four
preceding rules, the courts, proceeding by analogy , shall impose corresponding penalties upon those guilty as
principals of the frustrated felony, or of attempt to commit the same, and upon accomplices and accessories
c. When there are two or more mitigating and no aggravating circumstances present in the commission of the crime,
the penalty will be lowered by degrees
d. When the penalty prescribed for the crime is composed of one or tow indivisible penalties and the maximum
period of another divisible penalty, the penalty next lower in degree shall be composed of the medium and
minimum periods of the proper divisible penalty and the maximum period of that immediately following in said
respective graduated scale
2. Those acts or omissions punished by special laws.
a. infractions b. felonies c. offense d. offenses
3. Those circumstances which are either aggravating or mitigating according to the nature and effects of the crime
and the other conditions attending its commission. They are relationship, intoxication and the degree of
instruction and education of the offender.
a. aggravating circumstances c. justifying circumstances
b. alternative circumstances ` d. exempting circumstances
4. Those felonies which are punished by capital (death) penalty or penalties which are afflictive like reclusion
perpetua, reclusion temporal, prision mayor; 12 years and one to life imprisonment and death.
a. grave felonies b. less grave felonies c. light felonies d. correctional felonies
5. Those infractions of law for the commission of which the penalty of arresto menor or a fine not exceeding 200 pesos.
a. grave felonies b. light felonies c. slight felonies d. less grave felonies
6. Those punished by arresto mayor prescribe in
a. 1 yr b. 6 mos c. 2 mos d. 5 yrs
7. Those still in the mind-not punishable no matter how evil it is; you want to kill your wife in your mind.
a. external acts b. overt acts c. preparatory acts d. internal acts
8. Those who cooperate in the commission of the offense by another act without which it would not have been
accomplished – holding the hands of victim while one is stabbing him so he could not defend himself or fight back.
a. principal by inducement c. principal by active participation
b. principal by indispensable cooperation d. principal by direct participation
9. Those who cooperate in the execution of the offense by previous or simultaneous acts – acting as a look-out;
bringing them to the place of the crime; holding the girl while another is raping her; you can still rape her even if
no one is holding her hands.
a. conspirators b. principals c. accomplices d. accessories
10. Those who force or induce others to commit the crime; - A induces B with reward of money to kill C.
a. principal by inducement c. principal by active participation
b. principal by indispensable cooperation d. principal by direct participation
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