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Inventory of Radioactive Waste

Current Inventory as at
31 December 2014 and Prediction

August 2015
In the event of discrepancies between this translation
and the original German version, the latter shall prevail
Contents
1. Introduction ............................................................................................................... 5
2. Summarising evaluation............................................................................................. 6
2.1 Scope of the data comprised .......................................................................................... 6
2.2 Classification and categorisation of the radioactive waste .............................................. 6
2.3 Inventory of spent fuel and waste from reprocessing...................................................... 8
2.4 Inventory of other radioactive waste ............................................................................. 8

3. Waste inventories at the different sites .................................................................... 10


3.1 Sites in Baden-Württemberg ........................................................................................ 13
3.1.1 Karlsruhe – Central Decontamination Department (Hauptabteilung Dekontaminationsbetriebe –
HDB) within the grounds of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) Campus North ............................. 13
3.1.2 Neckarwestheim nuclear power plant ......................................................................................... 14
3.1.3 Obrigheim nuclear power plant ................................................................................................... 16
3.1.4 Philippsburg nuclear power plant ................................................................................................ 17
3.1.5 Land collecting facility Baden-Württemberg ............................................................................... 19

3.2 Sites in Bavaria ............................................................................................................ 20


3.2.1 Garching – Technische Universität München .............................................................................. 20
3.2.2 Karlstein – Siemens AG ................................................................................................................ 21
3.2.3 Grafenrheinfeld nuclear power plant .......................................................................................... 22
3.2.4 Gundremmingen nuclear power plant ........................................................................................ 23
3.2.5 Isar nuclear power plant .............................................................................................................. 25
3.2.6 Mitterteich – Power utilities storage facility ............................................................................... 27
3.2.7 Mitterteich – Land collecting facility Bavaria............................................................................... 28

3.3 Sites in Berlin............................................................................................................... 29


3.3.1 Berlin – Helmholtz-Zentrum für Materialien und Energie GmbH ................................................ 29
3.3.2 Berlin – Land collecting facility .................................................................................................... 30

3.4 Sites in Brandenburg.................................................................................................... 31


3.4.1 Rheinsberg nuclear power plant .................................................................................................. 31
3.4.2 Land collecting facility Brandenburg ........................................................................................... 32

3.5 Sites in Bremen ........................................................................................................... 33


3.5.1 Land collecting facility Bremen .................................................................................................... 33

3.6 Sites in Hamburg ......................................................................................................... 34


3.6.1 Land collecting facility Hamburg.................................................................................................. 34

3.7 Sites in Hesse............................................................................................................... 35


3.7.1 Ebsdorfergrund – Land collecting facility Hesse .......................................................................... 35
3.7.2 Hanau – NUCLEAR CARGO + SERVICE .......................................................................................... 36
3.7.3 Biblis nuclear power plant ........................................................................................................... 37

3.8 Sites in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania .................................................................... 39


3.8.1 Greifswald nuclear power plant .................................................................................................. 39
3.8.2 Rubenow – Land collecting facility Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania ....................................... 40

2
3.8.3 Rubenow – Zwischenlager Nord storage facility ......................................................................... 41

3.9 Sites in Lower Saxony .................................................................................................. 43


3.9.1 Braunschweig – Eckert & Ziegler Nuclitec GmbH ........................................................................ 43
3.9.2 Braunschweig – Research and measuring reactor ....................................................................... 44
3.9.3 Gorleben – Storage facility .......................................................................................................... 45
3.9.4 Emsland nuclear power plant ...................................................................................................... 47
3.9.5 Grohnde nuclear power plant ..................................................................................................... 48
3.9.6 Lingen nuclear power plant ......................................................................................................... 49
3.9.7 Stade nuclear power plant ........................................................................................................... 50
3.9.8 Unterweser nuclear power plant ................................................................................................. 51
3.9.9 Land collecting facility Lower Saxony .......................................................................................... 53
3.9.10 Leese – external storage facility for radioactive waste ............................................................... 54
3.9.11 Lingen – Fuel fabrication plant .................................................................................................... 55
3.9.12 Munster – central collecting facility of the German Armed Forces (Bundeswehr) ..................... 56

3.10 Sites in North Rhine-Westphalia................................................................................... 57


3.10.1 Ahaus – Transport Cask Storage Facility Ahaus ........................................................................... 57
3.10.2 Duisburg – Gesellschaft für Nuklearservice mbH ........................................................................ 58
3.10.3 Gronau – Uranium enrichment plant .......................................................................................... 59
3.10.4 Hamm-Uentrop – High temperature reactor nuclear power plant ............................................. 60
3.10.5 Jülich – Nuclear research reactor ................................................................................................ 61
3.10.6 Jülich – Research centre .............................................................................................................. 62
3.10.7 Jülich – Gesellschaft für Nuklear-Service mbH ............................................................................ 63
3.10.8 Jülich – Land collecting facility North Rhine-Westphalia ............................................................. 64
3.10.9 Würgassen nuclear power plant .................................................................................................. 65
3.10.10 Krefeld – Siempelkamp Nukleartechnik GmbH ........................................................................... 66

3.11 Sites in Rhineland-Palatinate ....................................................................................... 67


3.11.1 Ellweiler – Land collecting facility Rhineland-Palatinate ............................................................. 67
3.11.2 Mülheim-Kärlich nuclear power plant ......................................................................................... 68
3.11.3 Mainz – TRIGA Research Reactor Mainz ...................................................................................... 69

3.12 Sites in Saarland....................................................................................................... 70


3.12.1 Elm-Derlen – Land collecting facility Saarland ............................................................................. 70

3.13 Sites in Saxony............................................................................................................. 71


3.13.1 Rossendorf – Land collecting facility Saxony ............................................................................... 71
3.13.2 Rossendorf – VKTA – Strahlenschutz, Analytik & Entsorgung Rossendorf e. V. .......................... 72

3.14 Sites in Saxony-Anhalt ................................................................................................. 73


3.14.1 Land collecting facility Saxony-Anhalt ......................................................................................... 73

3.15 Sites in Schleswig-Holstein ........................................................................................... 74


3.15.1 Geesthacht – Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht – Centre for Materials and Coastal Research
GmbH 74
3.15.2 Geesthacht – Land collecting facility ........................................................................................... 75
3.15.3 Brokdorf nuclear power plant ..................................................................................................... 76
3.15.4 Brunsbüttel nuclear power plant ................................................................................................. 77
3.15.5 Krümmel nuclear power plant ..................................................................................................... 78

3.16 Sites in Thuringia ......................................................................................................... 79


3.16.1 Land collecting facility Thuringia ................................................................................................. 79

3
3.17 Sites abroad ................................................................................................................ 80

4. Disposed-of radioactive waste.................................................................................. 81


5. Radioactive waste prediction ................................................................................... 82
5.1 Predicted amounts of spent fuel and waste from reprocessing ..................................... 82
5.2 Predicted amounts of other radioactive waste ............................................................. 82
5.3 Asse II mine ................................................................................................................. 83

4
1. Introduction
Residual radioactive material generated during the handling of radioactive material as well
as disassembled or dismantled radioactive components shall be utilised without detrimental
effects or disposed of as radioactive waste in a controlled manner.

In the Federal Republic of Germany, radioactive waste is generated

 in connection with the operation of nuclear power plants and experimental,


demonstration and research reactors,
 in connection with the decommissioning of nuclear power plants and experimental
and demonstration reactors, of research and training reactors, and of other nuclear
facilities,
 in connection with uranium enrichment and the fabrication of fuel assemblies
(nuclear industry),
 in connection with basic and applied research,
 in connection with the use of radioisotopes in other research institutions,
universities, trade and industry companies, hospitals and medical practices,
 in connection with other waste originators, such as e.g. the military sector,
 in future in connection with the conditioning of spent fuel intended for direct
disposal.

The Inventory of Radioactive Waste provides an overview of the inventory of radioactive


waste and spent fuel assemblies in Germany which have been generated and are to be
disposed of or have already been disposed of as at 31 December 2014 and a prediction of
the expected volume of radioactive waste that will have arisen by the year 2080. It
represents one of the bases for the planning of waste management and for the preparation
of the National Programme. By indicating which radioactive waste is present in which
location, the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and
Nuclear Safety (Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz, Bau und Reaktorsicherheit –
BMUB) complies with the required reporting to the EU Commission according to Directive
2011/70/Euratom on behalf of the Federal Republic of Germany.

The inventory of radioactive waste is subject to constant change, which is why the Inventory
of Radioactive Waste can only reflect the status at a specific point in time and will therefore
be updated every three years.

5
2. Summarising evaluation
2.1 Scope of the data comprised
The Inventory of Radioactive Waste comprises spent fuel and radioactive waste from
reprocessing abroad in Europe that had already been returned by the reference date of
31 December 2014 as well as all types of radioactive waste to be disposed of in the Federal
Republic of Germany.

Radioactive waste from industrial, medical and research applications that has to be delivered
to a Land collecting facility rather than directly to a federal disposal facility will only be taken
into account once it has been delivered to a Land collecting facility.

2.2 Classification and categorisation of the radioactive waste

For the purpose of representation in the Inventory of Radioactive Waste, a general


distinction is made between:

 spent fuel and radioactive waste from reprocessing, and


 other radioactive waste.

Due to their high level of decay heat, the former count as heat-generating waste and can be
allocated for the largest part to the category of high-level waste according to the IAEA
classification. With a few exceptions, the other radioactive waste belongs to the waste with
negligible heat generation and is classified as low-level and intermediate-level waste
according to the IAEA.

The other radioactive waste (radioactive waste with negligible heat generation) is
categorised1) according to its processing condition for representation in the Inventory of
Radioactive Waste:

 Raw waste is radioactive waste in its form of origin.


 Pretreated waste has been pretreated for better handling or storage. For its disposal,
however, it has to be further conditioned.
 Conditioned waste products are waste in inner containers (e.g. drums) that have
been conditioned to such an extent that any further treatment will no longer change
its product properties. However, this waste will still have to be packaged in a disposal
cask prior to its disposal.
 Disposal Containers are waste products in a type of container intended for disposal.

____________________________

6
1)
Here, the category system as defined in Appendix X of the German Radiation Protection Ordinance (StrlSchV)
using primary waste (R), intermediate product (Z) and conditioned waste (K) for the purpose of inventorying
the radioactive waste is replaced by the category system below. The comparison of the category systems is
shown in Table 2.1.

For the purpose of inventorying the radioactive waste, the waste is divided according to its state of processing
into raw waste (RA), i.e. waste in its original form, and pretreated waste (VA), which e.g. has undergone
preconditioning for better handling. For storage, waste will generally be conditioned. The conditioning process
normally generates waste products that are usually stored in i.e. drums (as inner containers for future disposal
containers) (P1) or already in disposal containers that are intended for the Konrad repository (G1). The product
properties of this waste are generally not to be altered until its disposal. In the course of the product control by
the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS) it has to be ascertained that the waste product, if it meets the
waste acceptance requirements, is suitable for emplacement in the Konrad repository. If this is the case at least
for the radiological aspects, a product-controlled waste product (P2) is generated from the waste product of
the P1 category. The waste products of the P2 category will then be inserted into Konrad containers for
disposal and, if necessary, grouted in concrete (G1). If suitability of the disposal container (G1) for disposal is
confirmed by the BfS, it will be categorised as a product-controlled disposal container (G2) which can be
enrolled and requested for emplacement in the Konrad repository. A disposal container does not necessarily
run through all steps from RA to G2; however, only G2 packages may be disposed of in the Konrad repository.

Table 2.1: Correlation between the former and the more recent category system

Raw waste and Conditioned Disposal


pretreated waste waste products containers
RA VA P1 P2 G1 G2
Primary waste X X
Intermediate product X X X
Conditioned waste X X X X

In the Inventory of Radioactive Waste, RA and VA are summarised in one category, P1 and P2 are summarised
as waste products, and G1 and G2 as disposal containers for reasons of clarity.

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2.3 Inventory of spent fuel and waste from reprocessing

At the reference date of 31 December 2014, about 8,380 Mg HM2 had been generated from
the operation of nuclear power plants3 in the Federal Republic of Germany in the form of
spent fuel assemblies (FA), which will have to be disposed of in Germany.

Table 2.2: Inventory of spent fuel from German nuclear power plants, stored in Germany, as
at 31 December 2014

Storage location Containers Fuel Mass


assemblies
Nuclear power plant storage pools* 14,013 FA 4,258 Mg HM
Dry cask storage in on-site storage facilities 352 9,638 FA 3,444 Mg HM
Dry cask storage in the Ahaus and Gorleben storage 76 5,343 FA 677 Mg HM
facilities and the Zwischenlager Nord storage facility
Total: 28,994 FA 8,379 Mg HM

*
including the wet storage facility at the site of the Obrigheim nuclear power plant, which is being
decommissioned, and the reactor core of the permanently closed down Brunsbüttel nuclear power plant

Radioactive waste that has been returned from reprocessing abroad in Europe and high-level
vitrified waste that has been generated in Germany is stored in the Gorleben and
Zwischenlager Nord storage facilities in the form of 3,164 canisters in 113 casks.

The amount of spent fuel from German experimental and demonstration reactors yet to be
disposed of are in dry storage in 461 casks in the Ahaus storage facility, at the research
centre Forschungszentrum Jülich, and in the Zwischenlager Nord storage facility.

The amount of spent fuel from research reactors is less by several orders of magnitude than
the amount from nuclear power plants and is stored by the research reactors in Berlin,
Garching and Mainz as well as in 18 casks in the Ahaus storage facility.

2.4 Inventory of other radioactive waste

The inventory of other radioactive waste is given in Table 2.3. The distribution of the around
117,000 m³ of conditioned radioactive waste present at the reference date of 31 December
2014 between the groups of waste originators can be taken from Fig. 2.1.

2
Megagram of heavy metal (Mg HM) is the unit of the mass of heavy metal and hence a measure for the fuel
content (uranium, plutonium and thorium) of a fuel assembly.
3
Nuclear power plant in this context describes an installation for the fission of nuclear fuel for the commercial
generation of electricity.

8
Fig. 2.1: Breakdown of the current inventory of other conditioned radioactive waste by
groups of waste originators as at 31 December 2014

Reprocessing in Land collecting Nuclear power


Gemany facilities plants in in post-
13% 3% operational phase
or under
decommissioning
31%

Nuclear power
Research plants in operation
institutions Nuclear industry 7%
37% 9%

Table 2.3: Current inventory of other radioactive waste (as at 31 December 2014)4

Processing condition Mass/Volume5


Raw waste and pretreated waste 21,662 Mg
Conditioned waste products 16,908 m3
Disposal Containers 100,288 m3

The volume of raw waste and pretreated waste is given as their mass since the volume of
this waste is usually reduced by conditioning and therefore does not allow any conclusions
as to the volume to be disposed of. The conditioned waste is given as waste volume since in
this case, the expected volume to be disposed of will usually only grow by the packaging of
the waste products in disposal containers, but not by any changes of the waste product
itself.

Before a disposal container can be accepted for emplacement in the Konrad repository, the
product control process has to be concluded. In this process, the disposal container's
compliance with the requirements for disposal is verified.

So far, approx. 3,000 m³ of radioactive waste have been ascertained to comply with the
requirements for disposal in the Konrad repository and hence have been cleared for
enrollment for emplacement in the Konrad repository by the Federal Office for Radiation
Protection (BfS).

4
Differences to other publications are due to the processing of data with the focus on the storage facility site
instead of on the waste owners.
5
Including other radioactive waste stored abroad.

9
3. Waste inventories at the different sites
For representation in the Inventory of Radioactive Waste, the waste was grouped by the
storage sites on 31 December 2014 as notified by the waste originators. The licence holder
of a facility is not necessarily identical with the originator (owner) of the waste. Since
according to § 78 of the Radiation Protection Ordinance (StrlSchV) storage may be executed
jointly by several waste originators or by third parties, the owner of the waste is not
necessarily the proprietor.

Conditioning facilities that are not clearly physically separated from the storage facilities are
included in the lists of the respective sites, with the amount of waste in the process of being
conditioned not explicitly shown.

In the case of external conditioning facilities, the waste in the process of being conditioned
there is listed. Once conditioning has been completed, the waste is moved to waste storage
facilities.

Fig. 3.1 gives an overview of the sites of the reactors, transport cask storage facilities, waste
storage facilities, Land collecting facilities and conditioning facilities in the Federal Republic
of Germany.

10
Fig. 3.1: Sites of the reactors, transport cask storage facilities, waste storage
facilities, Land collecting facilities and conditioning facilities for radioactive
waste in the Federal Republic of Germany

11
Regarding fuel assemblies, their dimensions and fuel content differ from reactor type to
reactor type. In general, the information on the number of fuel assemblies provided in the
Inventory of Radioactive Waste represents the corroborated and reliable figures. Since the
associated mass of heavy metal – i.e. a measure for the fuel content (uranium, plutonium
and thorium) – is also of interest in connection with many other issues, this is also indicated.
These data were obtained by calculations. For this purpose, the number of fuel assemblies
was multiplied by an average mass of heavy metal per fuel assembly. It has to be noted in
this context that on the one hand, over the years the mass of heavy metal per fuel assembly
had been subjected to changes during production and on the other hand that it decreases as
a result of burn-up. The calculated masses of heavy metal can therefore only serve as guide
values and are not exactly identical with the actual masses in the spent fuel assemblies. It
has to be noted here that only little amounts of uranium and plutonium are present in the
waste from reprocessing as these were separated and reused.

The raw waste and the pretreated waste is differentiated by its chemical form, based on
Appendix X Part A No. 2 of the Radiation Protection Ordinance (StrlSchV). The conditioned
waste products are differentiated by the type and volume of the package6).

6
The package volumes indicated are the gross volumes of the packages. The respective typical volumes can be
taken from the table below.

Container Gross volume Container Gross volume


200-l drum 0.27 m³ Cast-iron container Type III 1.00 m³
280-l drum 0.38 m³ Container Type I 3.90 m³
400-l drum 0.52 m³ Container Type I (Type KfK) 3.80 m³
570-l drum 0.75 m³ Container Type II 4.60 m³
Concrete container Type I 1.20 m³ Container Type III 8.70 m³
Concrete container Type II 1.30 m³ Container Type IV 7.40 m³
Cast-iron container Type I 0.70 m³ Container Type IV (Type KfK) 7.14 m³
Cast-iron container Type II 1.30 m³ Container Type V 10.90 m³
Cast-iron container Type II
1.20 m³ Container Type VI 5.40 m³
(Type KfK)

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3.1 Sites in Baden-Württemberg
3.1.1 Karlsruhe – Central Decontamination Department (Hauptabteilung
Dekontaminationsbetriebe – HDB) within the grounds of the Karlsruhe Institute of
Technology (KIT) Campus North

Licence holder: WAK GmbH


Name of facility: WAK GmbH
 Storage facilities
> unlimited licence
Facility sections:
 Conditioning facilities
> unlimited licence

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 2,722.1 Mg
Solid waste, organic 75.6 Mg
Liquid waste, inorganic 64.0 Mg
Liquid waste, organic 2.9 Mg
Mixed waste 115.2 Mg
Radiation sources 5.3 Mg
Total: 2,985.1 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 6,942 1,874 m³
280-l drum 424 161 m³
400-l drum 421 219 m³
570-l drum 67 50 m³
Concrete container Type II 1 1 m³
Container Type IV (Type KfK) 16 114 m³
Cast-iron container Type II 32 42 m³
Total: 7,903 2,461 m³

Disposal containers Number Volume


Concrete container Type I 7,102 8,522 m³
Concrete container Type II 14 18 m³
Container Type IV 9 67 m³
Container Type IV (Type KfK) 6,517 46,546 m³
Cast-iron container Type II 136 177 m³
Cast-iron container Type II (Type KfK) 280 336 m³
Other 274 1,203 m³
Total: 14,332 56,869 m³

13
3.1.2 Neckarwestheim nuclear power plant

Licence holder: EnBW Kernkraft GmbH


Name of facility: Neckarwestheim nuclear power plant
 Unit I
> post-operational phase
 Unit II
> in operation, power operating licence expires on
Facility sections:
31 December 2022
 On-site storage facility
> storage limited to 40 years after first emplacement
(6 December 2006)

Spent fuel and vitrified waste from reprocessing

Fuel assemblies Net mass


Storage pool 824 FA 385 Mg HM
Storage facility
- 44 Castor® V/19 836 FA 405 Mg HM
Total: 1,660 FA 790 Mg HM

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 103.0 Mg
Solid waste, organic 48.7 Mg
Liquid waste, inorganic 0.6 Mg
Liquid waste, organic 1.3 Mg
Mixed waste 6.5 Mg
Radiation source <0.1 Mg
Total: 160.1 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 335 90 m³
280-l drum 4 2 m³
Total: 339 92 m³

14
Disposal containers Number Volume
Concrete container Type II 73 95 m³
Container Type IV 1 7 m³
Cast-iron container Type II 239 311 m³
Total: 313 413 m³

15
3.1.3 Obrigheim nuclear power plant

Licence holder: EnBW Kernkraft GmbH


Name of facility: Obrigheim nuclear power plant
 Nuclear power plant
> under decommissioning
Facility sections:
 Wet fuel assembly storage facility
> unlimited licence

Spent fuel and vitrified waste from reprocessing

Fuel assemblies Net mass


Wet fuel assembly storage facility 342 FA 100 Mg HM
Total: 342 FA 100 Mg HM

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 96.8 Mg
Solid waste, organic 15.1 Mg
Liquid waste, inorganic 1.4 Mg
Mixed waste 16.9 Mg
Total: 130.2 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 1 <1 m³
Other 302 82 m³
Total: 303 82 m³

Disposal containers Number Volume


Concrete container Type II 4 5 m³
Container Type II 25 115 m³
Container Type III 3 26 m³
Container Type IV 31 229 m³
Container Type V 31 338 m³
Cast-iron container Type II 107 139 m³
Total: 201 852 m³

16
3.1.4 Philippsburg nuclear power plant

Licence holder: EnBW Kernkraft GmbH


Name of facility: Philippsburg nuclear power plant
 Unit 1
> post-operational phase
 Unit 2
> in operation, power operating licence expires on
31 December 2019
Facility sections:
 On-site storage facility
> storage limited to 40 years after first emplacement (19
March 2007)
 Conditioning facilities
> unlimited licence

Spent fuel and vitrified waste from reprocessing

Fuel assemblies Net mass


Storage pool 1,427 FA 448 Mg HM
Storage facility
- 25 Castor® V/19 475 FA 257 Mg HM
- 11 Castor® V/52 572 FA 100 Mg HM
Total: 2,474 FA 805 Mg HM

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 90.4 Mg
Solid waste, organic 43.7 Mg
Liquid waste, inorganic 1.9 Mg
Liquid waste, organic 0.2 Mg
Mixed waste 31.9 Mg
Total: 168.1 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 3,142 848 m³
400-l drum 79 41 m³
Total: 3,221 889 m³

17
Disposal containers Number Volume
Concrete container Type I 44 53 m³
Concrete container Type II 18 23 m³
Container Type III 27 235 m³
Cast-iron container Type II 29 38 m³
Total: 118 349 m³

18
3.1.5 Land collecting facility Baden-Württemberg

The radioactive waste of the Land collecting facility Baden-Württemberg is stored at the site of the
WAK Decommissioning and Waste Management Company (Wiederaufarbeitungsanlage Karlsruhe
Rückbau- und Entsorgungs-GmbH) in Karlsruhe.

19
3.2 Sites in Bavaria
3.2.1 Garching – Technische Universität München

Licence holder: Technische Universität München


Name of facility: Technische Universität München
 Research Reactor Munich
> under decommissioning
 FRM II (Forschungs-Neutronenquelle Heinz Maier-Leibnitz)
Facility sections: (in operation)
> unlimited licence
 Institute of Radiochemistry
> unlimited licence

Spent fuel and vitrified waste from reprocessing

Fuel assemblies Net mass


243.5 kg
Rack in the set-down pool of the FRM II 35 FA
uranium
Total: 35 FA 243.5 kg
uranium

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 28.1 Mg
Solid waste, organic 2.0 Mg
Liquid waste, inorganic 2.7 Mg
Mixed waste 0.7 Mg
Total: 33.5 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 4 1 m³
Cast-iron container Type II 1 1 m³
Total: 5 2 m³

20
3.2.2 Karlstein – Siemens AG

Licence holder: Siemens AG, Energy Sector


Name of facility: Siemens AG
 Nuclear energy experimental facility and service centre
> unlimited licence
 Storage facilities
Facility sections:
> unlimited licence
 Conditioning facilities
> unlimited licence

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 29.0 Mg
Solid waste, organic 0.2 Mg
Total: 29.2 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 4 1 m³
280-l drum 1 <1 m³
400-l drum 1 1 m³
Cast-iron container Type II 4 5 m³
Total: 10 7 m³

Disposal containers Number Volume


Container Type III 34 296 m³
Container Type IV (Type KfK) 124 885 m³
Container Type VI 236 1,274 m³
Total: 394 2,455 m³

21
3.2.3 Grafenrheinfeld nuclear power plant

Licence holder: E.ON Kernkraft GmbH


Name of facility: Grafenrheinfeld nuclear power plant
 Nuclear power plant
> in operation, power operation licence expires on
31 December 2015
Facility sections:
 On-site storage facility
> storage limited to 40 years after first emplacement (27
February 2006)

Spent fuel and vitrified waste from reprocessing

Fuel assemblies Net mass


Storage pool 404 FA 217 Mg HM
Storage facility
- 21 Castor® V/19 399 FA 214 Mg HM
Total: 803 FA 431 Mg HM

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 11.3 Mg
Solid waste, organic 17.2 Mg
Liquid waste, inorganic 0.5 Mg
Total: 29.0 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 47 13 m³
Total: 47 13 m³

Disposal containers Number Volume


Cast-iron container Type II 15 20 m³
Total: 15 20 m³

22
3.2.4 Gundremmingen nuclear power plant

Licence holder: RWE Power AG


Name of facility: Gundremmingen nuclear power plant
 Unit A
> under decommissioning
 Unit B
> in operation, power operation licence expires on
31 December 2017
 Unit C
Facility sections: > in operation, power operation licence expires on
31 December 2021
 On-site storage facility
> storage limited to 40 years after first emplacement
(25 August 2006)
 Conditioning facilities
> unlimited licence

Spent fuel and vitrified waste from reprocessing

Fuel assemblies Net mass


Storage pool 4,410 FA 767 Mg HM
Storage facility
- 42 Castor® V/52 2,184 FA 380 Mg HM
Total: 6,594 FA 1,147 Mg HM

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 48.5 Mg
Solid waste, organic 1.4 Mg
Liquid waste, inorganic 4.4 Mg
Liquid waste, organic 0.5 Mg
Mixed waste 19.4 Mg
Total: 74.2 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 667 180 m³
Total: 667 180 m³

23
Disposal containers Number Volume
Container Type IV 121 895 m³
Cast-iron container Type II 23 30 m³
Total: 144 925 m³

24
3.2.5 Isar nuclear power plant

Licence holder: E.ON Kernkraft GmbH


Name of facility: Isar nuclear power plant
 Isar 1
> post-operational phase
 Isar 2
> in operation, power operation licence expires on
Facility sections:
31 December 2022
 On-site storage facility
> storage limited to 40 years after first emplacement (12
March 2007)

Spent fuel and vitrified waste from reprocessing

Fuel assemblies Net mass


Storage pool 2,172 FA 536 Mg HM
Storage facility
- 25 Castor® V/19 475 FA 254 Mg HM
- 9 Castor® V/52 468 FA 81 Mg HM
Total: 3,115 FA 871 Mg HM

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 115.6 Mg
Solid waste, organic 18.7 Mg
Liquid waste, inorganic 0.9 Mg
Mixed waste < 1 Mg
Total: 135.2 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 414 112 m³
280-l drum 17 6 m³
400-l drum 21 11 m³
570-l drum 5 4 m³
Total: 457 133 m³

25
Disposal containers Number Volume
Concrete container Type II 3 4 m³
Cast-iron container Type I 2 1 m³
Cast-iron container Type II 276 359 m³
Total: 281 364 m³

26
3.2.6 Mitterteich – Power utilities storage facility

Licence holder: GRB Sammelstelle Bayern für radioaktive Stoffe GmbH


Power utilities storage facility Mitterteich
Name of facility:
> Licence limited until 31 December 2028

Other radioactive waste

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 11,899 3,213 m³
280-l drum 287 109 m³
400-l drum 106 55 m³
570-l drum 26 20 m³
Other 5 14 m³
Total: 12,323 3,411 m³

Disposal containers Number Volume


Concrete container Type I 112 134 m³
Concrete container Type II 165 215 m³
Container Type I 6 23 m³
Container Type III 1 9 m³
Container Type IV 164 1,214 m³
Container Type V 11 120 m³
Cast-iron container Type II 1,993 2,591 m³
Total: 2,452 4,306 m³

27
3.2.7 Mitterteich – Land collecting facility Bavaria

Licence holder: GRB Sammelstelle Bayern für radioaktive Stoffe GmbH


Land collecting facility Bavaria
Name of facility:
> Licence limited until 31 December 2028

Note: Raw waste is also accepted at the Neuherberg outpost.

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Mixed waste 7.2 Mg
Radiation sources <0.1 Mg
Total: 7.2 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 777 210 m³
280-l drum 6 2 m³
400-l drum 10 5 m³
Total: 793 217 m³

28
3.3 Sites in Berlin
3.3.1 Berlin – Helmholtz-Zentrum für Materialien und Energie GmbH

Licence holder: Helmholtz-Zentrum für Materialien und Energie GmbH


Berliner-Experimentier-Reaktor II
Name of facility:
> Operation will cease on 31 December 2019

Spent fuel and vitrified waste from reprocessing

Fuel assemblies Net mass


Set-down racks 57 FA 77.4 kg SM
Total: 57 FA 77.4 kg SM

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 0.3 Mg
Total: 0.3 Mg

29
3.3.2 Berlin – Land collecting facility

Licence holder: Helmholtz-Zentrum für Materialien und Energie GmbH


Name of facility: Land collecting facility Berlin
 Land collecting facility
> unlimited licence
Facility sections:
 Conditioning facilities
> unlimited licence

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 76.2 Mg
Solid waste, organic 3.7 Mg
Liquid waste, inorganic 119.0 Mg
Liquid waste, organic 0.5 Mg
Gaseous waste <0.1 Mg
Mixed waste 27.9 Mg
Radiation sources 2.8 Mg
Total: 230.1 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 287 78 m³
400-l drum 12 6 m³
Total: 298 83 m³

Disposal containers Number Volume


Container Type IV 25 185 m³
Total: 25 185 m³

30
3.4 Sites in Brandenburg
3.4.1 Rheinsberg nuclear power plant

Licence holder: EWN GmbH


Name of facility: Rheinsberg nuclear power plant
 Nuclear power plant
> under decommissioning
Facility sections:
 Conditioning facilities
> unlimited licence

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 157.0 Mg
Liquid waste, organic 3.0 Mg
Mixed waste 40.5 Mg
Total: 200.5 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 477 129 m³
570-l drum 1 1 m³
Total: 478 130 m³

Disposal containers Number Volume


Concrete container Type I 19 23 m³
Concrete container Type II 6 8 m³
Total: 25 31 m³

31
3.4.2 Land collecting facility Brandenburg

The radioactive waste of the Land collecting facility is stored together with the waste of the Land
collecting facility Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania in the Zwischenlager Nord storage facility.

32
3.5 Sites in Bremen
3.5.1 Land collecting facility Bremen

The radioactive waste of the Land collecting facility is stored together with the waste of the Land
collecting facilities Hamburg, Lower Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein at the Helmholtz-Zentrum
Geesthacht – Centre for Materials and Coastal Research GmbH in Geesthacht.

33
3.6 Sites in Hamburg
3.6.1 Land collecting facility Hamburg

The radioactive waste of the Land collecting facility is stored together with the waste of the Land
collecting facilities Bremen, Lower Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein at the Helmholtz-Zentrum
Geesthacht – Centre for Materials and Coastal Research GmbH in Geesthacht.

34
3.7 Sites in Hesse
3.7.1 Ebsdorfergrund – Land collecting facility Hesse

Licence holder: Hessian Agency for the Environment and Geology


Land collecting facility Hesse
Name of facility:
 unlimited licence

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Mixed waste 114.9 Mg
Total: 114.9 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 303 82 m³
Total: 303 82 m³

35
3.7.2 Hanau – NUCLEAR CARGO + SERVICE

Licence holder: NUCLEAR CARGO + SERVICE GmbH


Name of facility: NUCLEAR CARGO + SERVICE GmbH
 two storage facilities
Facility sections:
> unlimited licence

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 0.4 Mg
Total: 0.4 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 38 10 m³
280-l drum 2 1 m³
400-l drum 39 20 m³
570-l drum 5 4 m³
Total: 84 35 m³

Disposal containers Number Volume


Concrete container Type I 133 160 m³
Concrete container Type II 6 8 m³
Cast-iron container Type II 4 5 m³
Container Type IV 1 7 m³
Container Type IV (Type KfK) 278 1,985 m³
Container Type V 29 316 m³
Container Type VI 954 5,152 m³
Total: 1,405 7,633 m³

36
3.7.3 Biblis nuclear power plant

Licence holder: RWE Power AG


Name of facility: Biblis nuclear power plant
 Unit A and B
> post-operational phase
 Waste storage depot (LAW storage)
> unlimited licence
 On-site storage facility
Facility sections: > storage limited to 40 years after first emplacement (18
May 2006)
rd
> since the 3 modification licence of 16 June 2014, the
mixed storage of transport and storage casks and up to
252 Mosaik containers has been possible in storage
hall No. 2

Spent fueland vitrified waste from reprocessing

Fuel assemblies Net mass


Storage pool 946 FA 506 Mg HM
Storage facility
- 51 Castor® V/19 969 FA 519 Mg HM
Total: 1,915 FA 1,025 Mg HM

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 84.5 Mg
Solid waste, organic 21.7 Mg
Liquid waste, organic 2.9 Mg
Mixed waste 8.8 Mg
Radiation sources <0.1 Mg
Total: 117.9 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 89 24 m³
280-l drum 24 9 m³
400-l drum 36 19 m³
570-l drum 3 2 m³
Total: 152 54 m³

37
Disposal containers Number Volume
Concrete container Type I 323 388 m³
Concrete container Type II 279 363 m³
Cast-iron container Type I 41 29 m³
Cast-iron container Type II 460 598 m³
Cast-iron container Type III 674 674 m³
Total: 1,777 2,052 m³

38
3.8 Sites in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
3.8.1 Greifswald nuclear power plant

Licence holder: Energiewerke Nord GmbH


Name of facility: Greifswald nuclear power plant
 Nuclear power plant Units 1-6
> under decommissioning
Facility sections:
 Conditioning facilities
> unlimited licence

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 89.2 Mg
Solid waste, organic 17.3 Mg
Liquid waste, inorganic 290.4 Mg
Liquid waste, organic 4.5 Mg
Mixed waste 184.8 Mg
Total: 586.2 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 200 54 m³
Total: 200 54 m³

39
3.8.2 Rubenow – Land collecting facility Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania

Licence holder: ZLN GmbH and EWN GmbH


Land collecting facility for radioactive waste of the Land of
Name of facility: Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
> unlimited licence

Note: The waste of the Land collecting facility for radioactive waste of the Land of Mecklenburg-
Western Pomerania is stored together with the waste of the Land collecting facility of the Land of
Brandenburg in the Zwischenlager Nord storage facility.

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 1.3 Mg
Total: 1.3 Mg

40
3.8.3 Rubenow – Zwischenlager Nord storage facility

Licence holder: EWN GmbH, ZLN GmbH


Name of facility: Zwischenlager Nord
 Storage for radioactive waste
> unlimited licence
 Storage facility
Facility sections:
> Storage limited until 31 October 2039
 Conditioning facilities
> unlimited licence

Spent fuel and vitrified waste from reprocessing

Fuel assemblies and


Net mass
canisters
Storage facility
- 62 Castor® 440/84 and 3 Castor® KRB-MOX 5.048 FA 584 Mg HM
- 4 Castor® KNK 2,413 fuel rods 0.5 Mg HM
- 5 Castor® HAW 20/28 CG with vitrified fission 140 canisters
product solutions
Total: 5,048 FA 584.5 Mg HM
2,413 fuel rods
140 canisters

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 3,756.5 Mg
Liquid waste, inorganic 14.6 Mg
Mixed waste 8.6 Mg
Radiation sources 1.4 Mg
Total: 3,781.1 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 10,614 2,866 m³
280-l drum 34 13 m³
400-l drum 114 59 m³
570-l drum 18 14 m³
Total: 10,780 2,952 m³

41
Disposal containers Number Volume
Concrete container Type I 56 67 m³
Container Type IV 19 141 m³
Container Type IV (Type KfK) 477 3,406 m³
Cast-iron container Type II 13 17 m³
Total: 565 3,631 m³

42
3.9 Sites in Lower Saxony
3.9.1 Braunschweig – Eckert & Ziegler Nuclitec GmbH

Licence holder: Eckert & Ziegler Nuclitec GmbH


Conditioning facilities
Name of facility:
> unlimited licence

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 8.1 Mg
Mixed waste 31.4 Mg
Radiation sources 6.6 Mg
Total: 46.1 Mg

43
3.9.2 Braunschweig – Research and measuring reactor

Licence holder: Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt


Name of facility: Research and measuring reactor Braunschweig
 Research reactor
> dismantled, released from nuclear supervision with the
exception of the storage facility
Facility sections:
> licence limited until emplacement in a federal disposal
facility is possible, with additional adequate time for
work related to the delivery to the disposal facility

Other radioactive waste

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 84 23 m³
400-l drum 32 17 m³
570-l drum 2 2 m³
Total: 118 42 m³

Disposal containers Number Volume


Concrete container Type I 7 8 m³
Total: 7 8 m³

44
3.9.3 Gorleben – Storage facility

BLG Brennelementlager Gorleben GmbH,


Licence holder:
GNS Gesellschaft für Nuklear-Service mbH
Name of facility: Storage facility Gorleben
 Gorleben waste storage facility
> unlimited handling licence
Facility sections:
 Transport cask storage facility
> storage licence limited until 31 December 2034

Spent fueland vitrified waste from reprocessing

Fuel assemblies and


Net mass
canisters
Storage facility
- 3 Castor® V/19 57 FA 30 Mg HM
- 1 Castor® Ic 16 FA 3 Mg HM
- 1 Castor® IIa 9 FA 5 Mg HM
- 74 Castor® HAW 20/28 CG with vitrified fission product 2,072 canisters
solutions
- 12 TN® 85 with vitrified fission product solutions 336 canisters
- 1 TS® 28 V with vitrified fission product solutions 28 canisters
- 21 Castor® HAW28M with vitrified fission product 588 canisters
solutions
Total: 82 FA 38 Mg HM
3,024 canisters

Other radioactive waste

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 1,020 275 m³
280-l drum 216 82 m³
400-l drum 296 154 m³
Concrete container Type II 8 10 m³
Cast-iron container Type II 3 4 m³
Total: 1,543 525 m³

45
Disposal containers Number Volume
Concrete container Type I 124 149 m³
Concrete container Type II 333 433 m³
Container Type III 69 600 m³
Container Type IV 58 429 m³
Container Type V 301 3,281 m³
Container Type VI 65 351 m³
Cast-iron container Type II 1,015 1,320 m³
Cast-iron container Type III 113 113 m³
Total: 2,078 6,676 m³

46
3.9.4 Emsland nuclear power plant

Licence holder: Kernkraftwerke Lippe-Ems GmbH


Name of facility: Emsland nuclear power plant
 Nuclear power plant
> in operation, power operation licence expires on 31.
December 2022
Facility sections:
 On-site storage facility
> storage limited to 40 years after first emplacement (10
December 2002)

Spent fuel and vitrified waste from reprocessing

Fuel assemblies Net mass


Storage pool 510 FA 274 Mg HM
Storage facility
- 32 Castor® V/19 608 FA 327 Mg HM
Total: 1,118 FA 601 Mg HM

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 7.4 Mg
Solid waste, organic 17.3 Mg
Total: 24.7 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 58 16 m³
Total: 58 16 m³

Disposal containers Number Volume


Cast-iron container Type II 41 53 m³
Total: 41 53 m³

47
3.9.5 Grohnde nuclear power plant

Licence holder: E.ON Kernkraft GmbH


Name of facility: Grohnde nuclear power plant
 Nuclear power plant
> in operation, power operation licence expires on
31 December 2021
Facility sections:
 On-site storage facility
> storage limited to 40 years after first emplacement (27
April 2006)

Spent fuel and vitrified waste from reprocessing

Fuel assemblies Net mass


Storage pool 502 FA 274 Mg HM
Storage facility
- 22 Castor® V/19 418 FA 228 Mg HM
Total: 920 FA 502 Mg HM

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 5.0 Mg
Solid waste, organic 33.4 Mg
Liquid waste, organic 0.7 Mg
Mixed waste 17.0 Mg
Total: 56.1 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 323 87 m³
400-l drum 5 3 m³
Total: 328 90 m³

Disposal containers Number Volume


Cast-iron container Type II 10 13 m³
Total: 10 13 m³

48
3.9.6 Lingen nuclear power plant

Licence holder: Kernkraftwerk Lingen GmbH


Lingen nuclear power plant
Name of facility:
> in safe enclosure, transition to dismantling

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 127.5 Mg
Mixed waste 19.3 Mg
Total: 146.8 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 579 156 m³
280-l drum 26 10 m³
Total: 605 166 m³

Disposal containers Number Volume


Cast-iron container Type II 142 185 m³
Total: 142 185 m³

49
3.9.7 Stade nuclear power plant

Licence holder: E.ON Kernkraft GmbH


Name of facility: Stade nuclear power plant
 Nuclear power plant
> under decommissioning
 Storage for radioactive waste (LarA)
Facility sections: > to be cleared out once the Konrad repository is in
operation, therefore limited to a maximum of 40 years
from date of commissioning (July 2007)

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 574.4 Mg
Solid waste, organic 4.2 Mg
Liquid waste, inorganic 0.6 Mg
Mixed waste 6.0 Mg
Total: 585.2 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 649 175 m³
280-l drum 9 3 m³
Total: 658 178 m³

Disposal containers Number Volume


Container Type III 27 235 m³
Container Type IV 183 1,354 m³
Container Type V 191 2,082 m³
Cast-iron container Type II 321 417 m³
Total: 722 4,088 m³

50
3.9.8 Unterweser nuclear power plant

Licence holder: E.ON Kernkraft GmbH


Name of facility: Unterweser nuclear power plant
 Nuclear power plant
> post-operational phase
 Storage facility Unterweser
Facility sections: > unlimited licence
 On-site storage facility
> storage limited to 40 years after first emplacement
(18 June 2007)

Spent fuel and vitrified waste from reprocessing

Fuel assemblies Net mass


Storage pool 413 FA 222 Mg HM
Storage facility
- 16 Castor® V/19 304 FA 164 Mg HM
Total: 717 FA 386 Mg HM

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 30.2 Mg
Solid waste, organic 13.1 Mg
Liquid waste, inorganic 0.4 Mg
Mixed waste 0.4 Mg
Total: 44.1 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 1,375 371 m³
280-l drum 79 30 m³
400-l drum 63 33 m³
570-l drum 78 59 m³
Total: 1,595 493 m³

51
Disposal containers Number Volume
Concrete container Type I 36 43 m³
Concrete container Type II 87 113 m³
Container Type IV 13 96 m³
Container Type V 19 207 m³
Cast-iron container Type I 21 15 m³
Cast-iron container Type II 388 504 m³
Total: 564 978 m³

52
3.9.9 Land collecting facility Lower Saxony

Since 2002, the Land collecting facility Lower Saxony has been operated by Gesellschaft für Nuklear-
Service (GNS). GNS accepts the raw waste intended for the Land collecting facility Lower Saxony and
conditions it at its facility within the grounds of the research centre Forschungszentrum Jülich. After
conditioning and packaging in line with the requirements for disposal, the waste is transported to the
storage facility of the Eckert & Ziegler Nuclitec company in Leese and emplaced there. In addition,
there are 4,885 200-liter drums in the Leese storage facility which were accepted by the Land
collecting facility Lower Saxony prior to 2002.

Old waste of the Land collecting facility Lower Saxony is furthermore stored together with waste of
the Land collecting facilities of Bremen, Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein at the Helmholtz-Zentrum
Geesthacht – Centre for Materials and Coastal Research GmbH in Geesthacht.

53
3.9.10 Leese – external storage facility for radioactive waste

Licence holder: Eckert & Ziegler Nuclitec GmbH


Leese external storage facility for radioactive waste
Name of facility:
> unlimited licence

Other radioactive waste

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 4,885 1,319 m³
Total: 4,885 1,319 m³

Disposal containers Number Volume


Container Type IV 5 37 m³
Total: 5 37 m³

54
3.9.11 Lingen – Fuel fabrication plant

Licence holder: Advanced Nuclear Fuels GmbH


Name of facility: Fuel fabrication plant
 Fabrication plant for fuel assemblies
Facility sections:
> unlimited licence

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 87.6 Mg
Solid waste, organic 8.2 Mg
Liquid waste, inorganic 0.4 Mg
Liquid waste, organic 3.6 Mg
Radiation sources 0.2 Mg
Total: 100.0 Mg

55
3.9.12 Munster – central collecting facility of the German Armed Forces (Bundeswehr)

Bundeswehr Research Institute for Protective Technologies and


Licence holder:
NBC Protection (WIS) in Munster
Central Collecting Point for Bundeswehr radioactive waste
Name of facility:
> unlimited licence

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 180.0 Mg
Solid waste, organic 0.6 Mg
Radiation sources 0.2 Mg
Total: 180.8 Mg

56
3.10 Sites in North Rhine-Westphalia
3.10.1 Ahaus – Transport Cask Storage Facility Ahaus

Licence holder: GNS Gesellschaft für Nuklear-Service mbH, Brennelement-


Zwischenlager Ahaus GmbH
Name of facility: Transport Cask Storage Facility Ahaus
 Storage limited until 31 December 2036, storage licence
according to §7 StrlSchV limited to 10 years after first
emplacement (21 July 2010)

Spent fuel and vitrified waste from reprocessing

Fuel assemblies Net mass


Storage facility
- 3 Castor® V/19 57 FA 29 Mg HM
- 3 Castor® V/52 156 FA 26 Mg HM
- 305 Castor® THTR/AVR 617,606 FA spheres 7 Mg HM
- 18 Castor® MTR 2 951 FA 2 Mg*
Total: 1,164 FA and 62 Mg HM
617,606 FA spheres 2 Mg*
*
Gross mass of fuel assemblies at the time of allocation for disposal. Apart from the total mass of the fuel, it also
comprises the mass of non-separable cladding and construction materials. The separable top and bottom end
pieces are not considered here.

Other radioactive waste

Disposal Containers Number Volume


Container Type III 31 270 m³
Container Type IV 38 281 m³
Container Type V 73 796 m³
Total: 142 1,347 m³

57
3.10.2 Duisburg – Gesellschaft für Nuklearservice mbH

Licence holder: GNS Gesellschaft für Nuklear-Service mbH


Name of facility: Conditioning facilities
> Licence limited until 31 December 2022

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 183.4 Mg
Solid waste, organic 5.5 Mg
Liquid waste, inorganic 0.3 Mg
Mixed waste 200.0 Mg
Total: 389.2 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 971 262 m³
Total: 971 262 m³

58
3.10.3 Gronau – Uranium enrichment plant

Licence holder: URENCO Deutschland GmbH


Name of facility: Uranium enrichment plant
 Plant
> unlimited licence
Facility sections:
 Conditioning facilities
> unlimited licence

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 4.3 Mg
Solid waste, organic 2.3 Mg
Liquid waste, inorganic < 0.1 Mg
Liquid waste, organic < 0.1 Mg
Total: 6.6 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 54 15 m³
Total: 54 15 m³

Disposal containers Number Volume


Container Type V 3 33 m³
Total: 3 33 m³

59
3.10.4 Hamm-Uentrop – High temperature reactor nuclear power plant

Licence holder: Hochtemperatur Kernkraftwerk GmbH (HKG)


Thorium High Temperature Reactor (THTR)
Name of facility:
> in safe enclosure

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 273.4 Mg
Solid waste, organic 4.7 Mg
Total: 278.1 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 60 16 m³
Container Type IV 2 15 m³
Total: 62 31 m³

60
3.10.5 Jülich – Nuclear research reactor

Licence holder: Arbeitsgemeinschaft Versuchsreaktor GmbH


Name of facility: Jülich nuclear research reactor
 Research reactor
Facility sections:
> under decommissioning

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 685.1 Mg
Solid waste, organic 9.0 Mg
Mixed waste 15.5 Mg
Total: 709.6 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 97 26 m³
Total: 97 26 m³

61
3.10.6 Jülich – Research centre

Licence holder: Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH


Name of facility: Forschungszentrum Jülich
 Research reactor 2
> under decommissioning
 Storage facility
> Clear-out ordered
Facility sections:
 Waste storage facility
> unlimited licence
 Conditioning facilities
> unlimited licence

Spent fuel and vitrified waste from reprocessing

Fuel assemblies Net mass


Storage facility
- 152 Castor® THTR/AVR approx. 290,000 2 Mg HM
AVR FA spheres
Total: approx. 290,000 2 Mg HM
AVR FA spheres

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 122.5 Mg
Solid waste, organic 75.9 Mg
Liquid waste, inorganic 6.3 Mg
Liquid waste, organic 5.6 Mg
Mixed waste 4,226.9 Mg
Total: 4,437.2 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 618 167 m³
Total: 618 167 m³

Disposal containers Number Volume


Container Type IV 14 104 m³
Container Type IV (Type KfK) 24 171 m³
Container Type V 17 185 m³
Total: 55 460 m³

62
3.10.7 Jülich – Gesellschaft für Nuklear-Service mbH

Licence holder: GNS Gesellschaft für Nuklear-Service mbH


Conditioning facilities
Name of facility:
> unlimited licence

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 153.5 Mg
Solid waste, organic 18.1 Mg
Liquid waste, inorganic 1.1 Mg
Liquid waste, organic 0.5 Mg
Mixed waste 7.4 Mg
Radiation source 1.4 Mg
Total: 182.0 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 1,386 374 m³
280-l drum 2 1 m³
400-l drum 5 3 m³
Other 3 2 m³
Total: 1,396 380 m³

Disposal containers Number Volume


Concrete container Type II 1 1 m³
Container Type V 81 883 m³
Total: 82 884 m³

63
3.10.8 Jülich – Land collecting facility North Rhine-Westphalia

Licence holder: Cologne district government


Land collecting facility North Rhine-Westphalia
Name of facility:
> unlimited licence

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 1.2 Mg
Total: 1.2 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 875 236 m³
280-l drum 676 257 m³
Total: 1,551 493 m³

64
3.10.9 Würgassen nuclear power plant

Licence holder: E.ON Kernkraft GmbH


Name of facility: Würgassen nuclear power plant
 Nuclear power plant
> under decommissioning
 UNS storage facility
Facility sections: > in §7 AtG licence of the nuclear power plant included,
albeit limited until 31 December 2033
 Transport preparation hall
> limited licence until 31 December 2045

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 28.1 Mg
Mixed waste 47.0 Mg
Total: 75.1 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 1,170 316 m³
280-l drum 1,508 573 m³
Total: 2,678 889 m³

Disposal containers Number Volume


Concrete container Type II 3 4 m³
Container Type II 19 87 m³
Container Type III 136 1,183 m³
Container Type V 124 1,352 m³
Cast-iron container Type II 13 17 m³
Total: 295 2,643 m³

65
3.10.10 Krefeld – Siempelkamp Nukleartechnik GmbH

Licence holder: Siempelkamp Nukleartechnik GmbH


CARLA – melting facility
Name of facility:
> Licence limited until 31 December 2015

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 2,147.8 Mg
Solid waste, organic 1.1 Mg
Mixed waste 5.8 Mg
Total: 2,154.7 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 270 73 m³
Total: 270 73 m³

66
3.11 Sites in Rhineland-Palatinate
3.11.1 Ellweiler – Land collecting facility Rhineland-Palatinate

Landesamt für Umwelt, Wasserwirtschaft und Gewerbeaufsicht


Licence holder:
Rheinland-Pfalz
Land collecting facility Rhineland-Palatinate
Name of facility:
 unlimited licence

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 7.4 Mg
Solid waste, organic 2.8 Mg
Liquid waste, inorganic 0.2 Mg
Mixed waste 144.2 Mg
Radiation sources 0.6 Mg
Total: 155.2 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 35 9 m³
Total: 35 9 m³

67
3.11.2 Mülheim-Kärlich nuclear power plant

Licence holder: RWE Power AG


Mülheim-Kärlich nuclear power plant
Name of facility:
> under decommissioning

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 2.2 Mg
Solid waste, organic 11.6 Mg
Liquid waste, inorganic 41.0 Mg
Total: 54.8 Mg

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3.11.3 Mainz – TRIGA Research Reactor Mainz

Licence holder: Mainz University


TRIGA Research Reactor Mainz
Name of facility:
> in operation, unlimited licence

Spent fuel and vitrified waste from reprocessing

Fuel assemblies Net mass


Wet/dry storage facility 4 FA 764 g uranium
Total: 4 FA 764 g uranium

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3.12 Sites in Saarland
3.12.1 Elm-Derlen – Land collecting facility Saarland

Licence holder: Ministry of Environment and Consumer Protection


Land collecting facility Saarland
Name of facility:
 unlimited licence

The waste of the Land collecting facility Saarland is currently being conditioned in compliance with
the requirements for disposal by Eckert & Ziegler Nuclitec GmbH.

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3.13 Sites in Saxony
3.13.1 Rossendorf – Land collecting facility Saxony

Licence holder: VKTA – Strahlenschutz, Analytik & Entsorgung Rossendorf e.V.


Land collecting facility of the Free State of Saxony for radioactive
Name of facility: waste
> unlimited licence

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Liquid waste, inorganic 1.3 Mg
Liquid waste, organic 1.1 Mg
Mixed waste 76.0 Mg
Radiation sources <0.1 Mg
Total: 78.4 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 17 5 m³
280-l drum 11 4 m³
Total: 28 9 m³

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3.13.2 Rossendorf – VKTA – Strahlenschutz, Analytik & Entsorgung Rossendorf e. V.

Licence holder: VKTA – Strahlenschutz, Analytik & Entsorgung Rossendorf e. V.


Name of facility: Research centre
 Research centre with the Rossendorf research and zero-
load reactors, et al.
> under decommissioning
Facility sections:  Rossendorf storage facility
> unlimited licence
 Conditioning facilities
> unlimited licence

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Mixed waste 702.4 Mg
Total: 702.4 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 29 8 m³
Concrete container Type I 21 25 m³
Cast-iron container Type II 4 5 m³
Total: 54 38 m³

Disposal containers Number Volume


Concrete container Type I 307 368 m³
Container Type IV (Type KfK) 31 221 m³
Total: 338 589 m³

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3.14 Sites in Saxony-Anhalt
3.14.1 Land collecting facility Saxony-Anhalt

The radioactive waste of the Land collecting facility Saxony-Anhalt is stored together with the waste
of the Land collecting facility Thuringia at the Land collecting facility Saxony in Rossendorf.

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3.15 Sites in Schleswig-Holstein
3.15.1 Geesthacht – Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht – Centre for Materials and Coastal
Research GmbH

Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht – Centre for Materials and Coastal


Licence holder:
Research GmbH
Name of facility: Research centre
 Preparation hall
> limited until 8 February 2017
 Storage facility for components of the nuclear vessel "Otto
Facility sections Hahn" for scientific follow-up examinations (HAKONA)
> unlimited licence
 Collecting facility
> unlimited licence

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 3.2 Mg
Total: 3.2 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 683 184 m³
280-l drum 308 117 m³
400-l drum 132 69 m³
570-l drum 12 9 m³
Other 3 3 m³
Total: 1,138 382 m³

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3.15.2 Geesthacht – Land collecting facility

Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht – Centre for Materials and Coastal


Licence holder:
Research GmbH
Land collecting facility Schleswig-Holstein, Bremen, Hamburg,
Name of facility: Niedersachsen
> unlimited licence

Other radioactive waste

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 148 40 m³
280-l drum 4 2 m³
400-l drum 14 7 m³
Total: 166 49 m³

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3.15.3 Brokdorf nuclear power plant

Licence holder: Kernkraftwerk Brokdorf GmbH & Co. OHG


Name of facility: Brokdorf nuclear power plant
 Nuclear power plant
> in operation, power operation licence expires on
31 December 2021
Facility sections:
 On-site storage facility
> storage limited to 40 years after first emplacement
(5 March 2007)

Spent fuel and vitrified waste from reprocessing

Fuel assemblies Net mass


Storage pool 452 FA 245 Mg HM
Storage facility
- 26 Castor® V/19 494 FA 267 Mg HM
Total: 946 FA 512 Mg HM

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 42.9 Mg
Solid waste, organic 27.7 Mg
Liquid waste, inorganic 24.3 Mg
Liquid waste, organic 5.6 Mg
Total: 100.5 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


400-l drum 1 1 m³
Total: 1 1 m³

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3.15.4 Brunsbüttel nuclear power plant

Licence holder: Kernkraftwerk Brunsbüttel GmbH & Co. oHG


Name of facility: Brunsbüttel nuclear power plant
 Nuclear power plant
> post-operational phase
Facility sections:  On-site storage facility
> regulatory action for storage limited until 16 January
2018

Spent fuel and vitrified waste from reprocessing

Fuel assemblies Net mass


Reactor pressure vessel 517 FA 90 Mg HM
Storage facility
- 9 Castor® V/52 448 FA 73 Mg HM
Total: 965 FA 163 Mg HM

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 137.7 Mg
Solid waste, organic 65.7 Mg
Liquid waste, inorganic 31.3 Mg
Mixed waste 21.0 Mg
Total: 255.7 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 2 1 m³
280-l drum 67 26 m³
Total: 69 27 m³

Disposal containers Number Volume


Concrete container Type I 12 14 m³
Concrete container Type II 550 715 m³
Container Type IV 19 141 m³
Container Type V 41 447 m³
Container Type VI 125 675 m³
Cast-iron container Type II 167 217 m³
Total: 914 2,209 m³

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3.15.5 Krümmel nuclear power plant

Licence holder: Kernkraftwerk Krümmel GmbH & Co. oHG


Name of facility: Krümmel nuclear power plant
 Nuclear power plant
> post-operational phase
Facility sections:  On-site storage facility
> storage limited to 40 years after first emplacement
(14 November 2006)

Spent fuel and vitrified waste from reprocessing

Fuel assemblies Net mass


Storage pool 1,094 FA 194 Mg HM
Storage facility
- 19 Castor® V/52 988 FA 175 Mg HM
Total: 2,082 Fa 369 Mg HM

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 7.2 Mg
Solid waste, organic 22.3 Mg
Mixed waste 3.1 Mg
Total: 32.6 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 1,012 273 m³
280-l drum 1 <1 m³
400-l drum 115 60 m³
Total: 1,128 333 m³

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3.16 Sites in Thuringia
3.16.1 Land collecting facility Thuringia

The radioactive waste of the Land collecting facility Thuringia is stored together with the waste of the
Land collecting facility Saxony-Anhalt in the Land collecting facility Saxony in Rossendorf.

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3.17 Sites abroad

Processing and conditioning of radioactive waste that has arisen in Germany may also be
carried out abroad. The radioactive waste arising in this process is returned to the waste
originators and disposed of in Germany. The most important service providers in this respect
are waste treatment plants in Sweden, France, and the USA.

Other radioactive waste

Raw waste and pretreated waste Mass


Solid waste, inorganic 2,023.7 Mg
Solid waste, organic 26.7 Mg
Liquid waste, organic 3.2 Mg
Mixed waste 23.3 Mg
Total: 2,076.9 Mg

Conditioned waste products Number Volume


200-l drum 62 17 m³
Total: 62 17 m³

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4. Disposed-of radioactive waste
In the former GDR, construction of the Morsleben Repository for Radioactive Waste (ERAM)
was begun in 1971. Following a test phase, emplacement operation took place initially under
a licence that was granted in 1981 and limited to five years; in 1986, an unlimited operating
licence for the acceptance and disposal of low- and intermediate-level waste was granted.
After German reunification, the facility became the responsibility of the Federal Republic of
Germany, and the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS) became the operator of the
disposal facility. From 1994 until September 1998, the ERAM took in low- and intermediate-
level waste from the entire German territory. During the whole period from 1971 until 1998,
a total waste volume of 36,754 m³ was disposed of there. The waste in question comprises
solid as well as solidified waste and 6,621 radiation sources with a total activity in the order
of magnitude of 1014 Bq. The radioactive waste emplaced is generally packed in standardised
containers, e.g. 200-l to 570-l drums and cylindrical concrete containers. Besides the
radioactive waste emplaced, sealed cobalt radiation sources, several caesium radiation
sources and small amounts of solid intermediate-level waste in seven special containers
(steel cylinders) with a volume of 4 l each – disposed of in level boreholes – as well as one
280-l drum containing radium-226 waste have been emplaced. The sealed radiation sources
have not been treated any further and are only packed in small welded containers.

According to § 57a of the Atomic Energy Act (AtG), which was added due to the Unification
Treaty, and as a result of the amendment of the AtG of 6 April 1998, the permanent
operating licence for the ERAM continued to be valid until 30 June 2005 as licence (plan
approval) according to § 9b AtG. With the AtG amendment of 22 April 2002, the limit on the
continued validity of the permanent operating licence application ceased to apply with the
provison that as of 27 April 2002, the acceptance of further radioactive waste or its
emplacement for the purpose of disposal or the acceptance of further nuclear fuels or other
radioactive substances for the purpose of safekeeping or storage would no longer be
permitted. Since the end of emplacement operation, the licensing (plan approval) procedure
for the decommissioning of the ERAM has been pursued. An application was also made as
part of this procedure to eventually dispose of the stored waste in this facility.

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5. Radioactive waste prediction

For the activities in connection with the planning of disposal facilities it is necessary to make
predictions of the expected volume of waste. All predictions include the radioactive waste
that has already arisen to this date.

5.1 Predicted amounts of spent fuel and waste from reprocessing


In all, the assumption is that about 10,500 Mg HM in the form of spent fuel assemblies will
be generated in nuclear power plants and will have to be disposed of in the Federal Republic
of Germany. This amount will be stored in about 1,100 storage casks.

The amounts of waste expected from reprocessing that will have to be disposed of in the
Federal Republic of Germany are shown in Table 5.1.

Table 5.1: Prediction of the amounts of waste expected from reprocessing that will have to
be disposed of in the Federal Republic of Germany (as at 31 December 2014)

Canisters Containers

Vitrified High-level radioactive waste from France (CSD-V) 3,024 108

Vitrified intermediate-level radioactive waste from France (CSD-B) 140 5

Intermediate-level radioactive waste from France compacted under high 4,104 152
pressure (CSD-C)
Vitrified high-level radioactive waste from the United Kingdom (UK- 571 21
HAW)
Vitrified high-level radioactive waste from reprocessing at Karlsruhe 140 5
(HAW-WAK)
Total 7,979 291

From the research, development and demonstration reactors, an amount within the range
of 10 to 12 Mg HM is expected. As regards the BER II in Berlin, contracts exist governing the
return shipment of spent fuel to the country of origin.

5.2 Predicted amounts of other radioactive waste


For the prediction of the volume of other radioactive waste, the waste originators were
asked to provide data. The information provided by the waste originators also includes the
predicted volumes of waste that will arise in connection with the decommissioning and

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dismantling of nuclear facilities, respectively. The data in question are planning levels which
are subject to uncertainties.

The figures provided by the waste originators were translated into the numbers of
containers suitable for emplacement in the Konrad repository in order to be able to indicate
the waste package volume. Regarding the Land collecting facilities, the estimate was carried
out by the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS) on the basis of the volume of waste
of the past years.

The time pattern of the cumulated amount of radioactive in the future as it is expected by
the waste originators is shown in Fig. 5.1; the waste to be retrieved from the Asse II mine is
not included. It becomes clear from this figure that no further large amounts of waste are
expected to arise from the decommissioning of the nuclear power plants after the year
2045.

Figure 5.1: The time pattern of the cumulated amount of radioactive waste with
negligible heat generation as it is expected by the waste originators and
which according to the valid license (plan approval) are to be emplaced in
the Konrad disposal facility, shown as waste packages volume until the
year 2080,

* this also includes the waste volumes of the federally-owned Energiewerke Nord GmbH

5.3 Asse II mine


In the Federal Republic of Germany, disposal began with the rededication of the Asse II
former salt mine in 1965. Between 1967 and the end of 1978, about 47,000 m³ of low- and
intermediate-level waste were emplaced here in different types of containers. The current
inventory lists indicate that the following waste containers were emplaced:

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 124,494 packages as low-level radioactive waste with a total activity of about
2.16·1015 Bq (as at 31 December 2012). According to the current state of
knowledge, 14,779 of them are so-called "Lost Concrete Shieldings" (VBA)
containing waste with higher activity. Altogether, the containers contain
about 80 % of the total activity in the Asse II mine and are distributed over
eleven chambers at the 750-m level and one chamber at the 725-m level.
 1,293 drums holding intermediate-level waste with a total activity of about
5.5·1014 Bq (as at 31 December 2012). These represent about 20 % of the total
activity and are stored at the 511-m level. Additionally, eight drums with low-
level radioactive waste are also stored there. The latter were emplaced to test
a new shielded cask type.
 The low-level radioactive waste emplaced contains solidified or dried waste,
such as evaporator concentrates, filter residues, sludge, ion-exchanger resins,
furthermore solid waste such as scrap, rubble and mixed waste. As regards
the intermediate-level radioactive waste, metal scrap, filters and solidified
waste was emplaced.
 According to the current state of knowledge, no high-level radioactive waste
was emplaced in the Asse II mine. Eight drums filled with intermediate-level
radioactive waste from the research centre Forschungszentrum Jülich contain
parts of new or briefly irradiated fuel rod segments or AVR fuel spheres with,
in some cases, enriched uranium.

Since 1988, there has been a continuous inflow of groundwater from the overburden into
the mine. At the same time, the stability of the mine started to deteriorate successively due
to the pressure of the overlying overburden and the decreasing load-carrying capacity of the
mine workings. According to § 57b AtG, the Asse II mine must therefore be closed
immediately. Closure is to take place once the radioactive waste has been retrieved. The
concept for the retrieval of the radioactive waste provides for recovering all the waste, to
transport it above ground in transport containers and to condition it there in order to
dispose of it then. Retrieval according to § 57b AtG shall be discontinued if its performance is
not acceptable for the population and the employees for radiological or other safety-
relevant reasons. The retrieval is planned on the basis of the assumption that the entire
waste as well as an additional amount of contaminated salt breeze will have to be treated
and stored. Current estimates reckon with at least 90,000 Mg of unconditioned waste and a
waste volume of conditioned waste of approx. 175,000 to 220,000 m³ for later disposal.

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