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ZOO 115 B-1L
ZOO 115 B-1L

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ZOO 115 B-1L ! EXERCISE V. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM Dr. Mary Grace Dacuma

EXERCISE V. CARDIOVASCULAR

SYSTEM
SYSTEM
Dr. Mary Grace Dacuma
Dr. Mary Grace Dacuma
OBJECTIVES OF THE EXERCISE 1. 2. 3. to identify the different tissues of the heart

OBJECTIVES OF THE EXERCISE

OBJECTIVES OF THE EXERCISE 1. 2. 3. to identify the different tissues of the heart to
1. 2. 3. to identify the different tissues of the heart to distinguish different types
1.
2.
3.
to identify the different tissues of the heart
to distinguish different types of blood vessels
to relate microscopic structures of cardiovascular system with
their respective functions

COMPONENTS OF THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

COMPONENTS OF THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM Heart - generates pressure to push blood to the pulmonary and
COMPONENTS OF THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM Heart - generates pressure to push blood to the pulmonary and
COMPONENTS OF THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM Heart - generates pressure to push blood to the pulmonary and

Heart - generates pressure to push blood to the pulmonary and systemic circulations Blood vessels - carry blood to their destinations Blood - has formed elements (erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets) and plasma where all blood cells are suspended, where all gases, hormones, metabolic products are dissolved

and platelets) and plasma where all blood cells are suspended, where all gases, hormones, metabolic products
and platelets) and plasma where all blood cells are suspended, where all gases, hormones, metabolic products
and platelets) and plasma where all blood cells are suspended, where all gases, hormones, metabolic products
and platelets) and plasma where all blood cells are suspended, where all gases, hormones, metabolic products
and platelets) and plasma where all blood cells are suspended, where all gases, hormones, metabolic products
HEART
HEART
HEART
HEART
HEART
HEART muscular, four-chambered organ divided into right and left halves that do not communicate with each
HEART muscular, four-chambered organ divided into right and left halves that do not communicate with each

muscular, four-chambered organ divided into right and left halves that do not communicate with each other possesses a pacemaker, a group of specialised cells called the sinoatrial node

with each other possesses a pacemaker, a group of specialised cells called the sinoatrial node http://www.texasheart.org
with each other possesses a pacemaker, a group of specialised cells called the sinoatrial node http://www.texasheart.org
with each other possesses a pacemaker, a group of specialised cells called the sinoatrial node http://www.texasheart.org
with each other possesses a pacemaker, a group of specialised cells called the sinoatrial node http://www.texasheart.org
with each other possesses a pacemaker, a group of specialised cells called the sinoatrial node http://www.texasheart.org
with each other possesses a pacemaker, a group of specialised cells called the sinoatrial node http://www.texasheart.org
with each other possesses a pacemaker, a group of specialised cells called the sinoatrial node http://www.texasheart.org
with each other possesses a pacemaker, a group of specialised cells called the sinoatrial node http://www.texasheart.org
http://www.texasheart.org
http://www.texasheart.org
LAYERS OF THE HEART
LAYERS OF THE HEART
LAYERS OF THE HEART Epicardium (aka visceral pericardium) Myocardium Endocardium https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au
LAYERS OF THE HEART Epicardium (aka visceral pericardium) Myocardium Endocardium https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au

Epicardium (aka visceral pericardium) Myocardium Endocardium

LAYERS OF THE HEART Epicardium (aka visceral pericardium) Myocardium Endocardium https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au
LAYERS OF THE HEART Epicardium (aka visceral pericardium) Myocardium Endocardium https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au
LAYERS OF THE HEART Epicardium (aka visceral pericardium) Myocardium Endocardium https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au
LAYERS OF THE HEART Epicardium (aka visceral pericardium) Myocardium Endocardium https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au
https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au
https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au
LAYERS OF THE HEART
LAYERS OF THE HEART
LAYERS OF THE HEART http://cardiovascularsystemud.weebly.com
http://cardiovascularsystemud.weebly.com
http://cardiovascularsystemud.weebly.com
CARDIAC VALVE
CARDIAC VALVE
1. 2.
1.
2.
CARDIAC VALVE 1. 2. mitral valve or bicuspid valve- between LA and LV tricuspid valve -

mitral valve or bicuspid valve- between LA and

CARDIAC VALVE 1. 2. mitral valve or bicuspid valve- between LA and LV tricuspid valve -
LV
LV
CARDIAC VALVE 1. 2. mitral valve or bicuspid valve- between LA and LV tricuspid valve -

tricuspid valve - between RA and RV

CARDIAC VALVE 1. 2. mitral valve or bicuspid valve- between LA and LV tricuspid valve -
CONDUCTION SYSTEM OF THE HEART https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au

CONDUCTION SYSTEM OF THE HEART

CONDUCTION SYSTEM OF THE HEART https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au
CONDUCTION SYSTEM OF THE HEART https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au
https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au
https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au
PURKINJE FIBERS
PURKINJE FIBERS
PURKINJE FIBERS - - specialised cells for conduction found in the sub-endocardium contain numerous glycogen and
- - specialised cells for conduction found in the sub-endocardium contain numerous glycogen and mitochondria
-
-
specialised cells for conduction found in the sub-endocardium
contain numerous glycogen and mitochondria
-
not connected by intercalated discs but by desmosomes
http://histologylab.ccnmtl.columbia.edu
LAYERS OF BLOOD VESSELS Tunica intima - innermost layer, lined with endothelium Tunica media -

LAYERS OF BLOOD VESSELS

LAYERS OF BLOOD VESSELS Tunica intima - innermost layer, lined with endothelium Tunica media - middle
LAYERS OF BLOOD VESSELS Tunica intima - innermost layer, lined with endothelium Tunica media - middle
LAYERS OF BLOOD VESSELS Tunica intima - innermost layer, lined with endothelium Tunica media - middle

Tunica intima - innermost layer, lined with endothelium Tunica media - middle layer, components depend on the type of blood vessel Tunica adventitia - external layer, made of collagen fibers

middle layer, components depend on the type of blood vessel Tunica adventitia - external layer, made
middle layer, components depend on the type of blood vessel Tunica adventitia - external layer, made
middle layer, components depend on the type of blood vessel Tunica adventitia - external layer, made
middle layer, components depend on the type of blood vessel Tunica adventitia - external layer, made
middle layer, components depend on the type of blood vessel Tunica adventitia - external layer, made
TYPES OF ARTERIES
TYPES OF ARTERIES
TYPES OF ARTERIES vasa vasorum 1. Elastic artery- contain elastic fibres in the tunica media http://www.histol.ru
vasa vasorum
vasa vasorum
1. Elastic artery- contain elastic fibres in the tunica media http://www.histol.ru
1. Elastic artery- contain elastic fibres in the tunica media
http://www.histol.ru
TYPES OF ARTERIES
TYPES OF ARTERIES
TYPES OF ARTERIES internal elastic lamina external elastic lamina 2. Muscular artery or distributing artery -
TYPES OF ARTERIES internal elastic lamina external elastic lamina 2. Muscular artery or distributing artery -

internal elastic lamina

TYPES OF ARTERIES internal elastic lamina external elastic lamina 2. Muscular artery or distributing artery -
TYPES OF ARTERIES internal elastic lamina external elastic lamina 2. Muscular artery or distributing artery -

external elastic lamina

OF ARTERIES internal elastic lamina external elastic lamina 2. Muscular artery or distributing artery - contain
TYPES OF ARTERIES
TYPES OF ARTERIES
TYPES OF ARTERIES 3. Arteriole - smallest branch of muscular artery & this contains 2-3 layers

3. Arteriole - smallest branch of muscular artery & this contains 2-3 layers of smooth muscles in the tunica media - found in connective tissues of organs

2-3 layers of smooth muscle s in the tunica media - found in connective tissues of
2-3 layers of smooth muscle s in the tunica media - found in connective tissues of
2-3 layers of smooth muscle s in the tunica media - found in connective tissues of
http://medsci.indiana.edu
http://medsci.indiana.edu
TYPES OF VEINS
TYPES OF VEINS
http://stevegallik.org
http://stevegallik.org
1.
1.
TYPES OF VEINS http://stevegallik.org 1. Large vein - same layers as the artery but the lumen
TYPES OF VEINS http://stevegallik.org 1. Large vein - same layers as the artery but the lumen

Large vein - same layers as the artery but the lumen is collapsed; very thin tunica media and thick tunica adventitia Ex. superior vena cava and inferior vena cava

the lumen is collapsed ; very thin tunica media and thick tunica adventitia Ex. superior vena
TYPES OF VEINS
TYPES OF VEINS
2.
2.
TYPES OF VEINS 2. http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk Muscular vein - same layers as the large vein. The tunica
http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk
http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk
TYPES OF VEINS 2. http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk Muscular vein - same layers as the large vein. The tunica

Muscular vein- same layers as the large vein. The tunica media has smooth muscles but there are no internal elastic lamina and external elastic lamina

the large vein. The tunica media has smooth muscles but there are no internal elastic lamina
the large vein. The tunica media has smooth muscles but there are no internal elastic lamina
ARTERY, VEIN & NERVE
ARTERY, VEIN & NERVE
ARTERY, VEIN & NERVE http://www.dartmouth.edu
http://www.dartmouth.edu
http://www.dartmouth.edu
TYPES OF VEINS
TYPES OF VEINS
TYPES OF VEINS 3. Venule - smallest vein, directly attached to a capillary
TYPES OF VEINS 3. Venule - smallest vein, directly attached to a capillary
TYPES OF CAPILLARY
TYPES OF CAPILLARY
TYPES OF CAPILLARY 1. Continuous capillary - endothelial cells making up the capillary wall are bound
TYPES OF CAPILLARY 1. Continuous capillary - endothelial cells making up the capillary wall are bound
TYPES OF CAPILLARY 1. Continuous capillary - endothelial cells making up the capillary wall are bound
TYPES OF CAPILLARY 1. Continuous capillary - endothelial cells making up the capillary wall are bound

1. Continuous capillary - endothelial cells making up the capillary wall are bound by tight junctions

capillary - endothelial cells making up the capillary wall are bound by tight junctions http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk
http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk
http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk
TYPES OF CAPILLARY
TYPES OF CAPILLARY
TYPES OF CAPILLARY 2. Fenestrated capillary - found in organs that require high permeability for exchange
TYPES OF CAPILLARY 2. Fenestrated capillary - found in organs that require high permeability for exchange
TYPES OF CAPILLARY 2. Fenestrated capillary - found in organs that require high permeability for exchange
TYPES OF CAPILLARY 2. Fenestrated capillary - found in organs that require high permeability for exchange

2. Fenestrated capillary - found in organs that require high permeability for exchange of molecules with blood; endothelial cells have gaps at the basement membrane

exchange of molecules with blood; endothelial cells have gaps at the basement membrane http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk
exchange of molecules with blood; endothelial cells have gaps at the basement membrane http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk
http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk
http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk
TYPES OF CAPILLARY
TYPES OF CAPILLARY
TYPES OF CAPILLARY 3 . Discontinuous capillary - is only found in the liver; formed between
TYPES OF CAPILLARY 3 . Discontinuous capillary - is only found in the liver; formed between

3. Discontinuous capillary - is only found in the liver; formed between endothelial cells of sinusoids and hepatocytes; the latter has numerous microvilli that project into the space of Disse creating gaps between endothelium and hepatocytes

that project into the space of Disse creating gaps between endothelium and hepatocytes http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk
that project into the space of Disse creating gaps between endothelium and hepatocytes http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk
that project into the space of Disse creating gaps between endothelium and hepatocytes http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk
http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk
http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk