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1 Spaces

Definition 1. Vector space


A vector space over a field F is a set V quipped with operations +, ∗ (addition and
scalar multiplication).
Where (V, +) is an abelian group.

Definition 2. Linear dependence


A finite set {xi } of vectors is linearly dependent if there exists a corresponding set of
scalar {αi } with at least one αj 6= 0, such that
X
αi xi = 0
i

If on the other hand X


αi xi = 0
i

implies αi = 0 for all i, the set is linearly independent.