Sei sulla pagina 1di 19

. , A beam rests on a concrete wall 300 mm wide and with 27.

S MPa compressive strength f ,


Situation , c•
Given :
Beam Properties
Depth, d = 450 mm
Flange Width, bf = 190 mm
Flange Thickness, tf = 18 mm
Web Thickness, tw = 10 mm
The critical section for bending in bearing plates is at a distance , k, from the centroidal Y-axis : k = 35 mm
Allowable Stresses
Steel Yield Stress, Fy = 248 MPa
Bearing Stress on Support, Fp = 0.35fc'
Bending Stress on Plate, Fb = 0.75 Fy
Beam End Reaction = 240 KN
1. Determine the required length of bearing plate (mm) if the width is 250 mm.
A. 100 C.200
8. 400 D. 300
2. Using a bearing plate with dimensions 250 mm wide x 200 mm length along the wall, determine the required bearing
plate thickness (m m).
A.25 C. 36
8. 32 0. 28
3. Determine the web yielding stress (M Pa) which occurs at a distance (N +2.Sk) where N is the length of the bearing
plate. The bearing plate is 250 mm wide x 200 mm long along the wall.
A. 166 C. 144
B. 128 D. 83
Design "l" for bearing:
f, = ~
A
0.35(27.5) :: 240000
250(L)
L= 99 74 mm or JGC mm

De~•cn " t '' uiing L :;200 for bending: L

L - L/ 2 - 35 200/2-35 =65 mm Web yielding stress:: R :: 240000

t, = 3 t, ~ 1 = (3}(0.3Sx27.6X65)1 =25.61 mm t(N-+-2.Sk) 10[ 200 +2.5(35))


Fb 0.7~248)
=83.48 MPa
11 11 111' 1,,11 ,,11,t ,111/l h fl x11d 11 111,,, rlf.!h formtv
/I 17 ,n lo ng l1<flll n 1 i, ht1pfy ~upporlt•d l H id II 1, • 11hl1•1111r1,111
11
1
'11ft1,tll Oll ' • • IJh l
,w,r,it,111, ,tf lomfo
IJ1 •t1tl I ,,nd, w • I(, I KN/rn
11 ,,,ullnf.l 1,, ,,hout llw ,n,1Jor X 11)(1 ~,
C, lv,~n .
S(lcl/<l ll W~140 mm)( 150 kg/ m
/ln •tt, /1, .. 19,VS mm '
Ot•µlh, cl 11 !i40 mm .
r,,1ng<' Wldl'h, bf • .H Omm
w, •b Thlcknr ~s, rw • 12.5 mm
/ langc• 1hlckn ci,5, tf • 20 mm
[ l,,stlr Srr1lon Modulu!I, 5)( • 3. n )(
10'' mm
1

" 't
[ l,,~ llc Sl'rllon Modufu ~, Sy • 0.66 )( 10 mm
h (1
PIIJ!,IICModulu ~, z)( • 4.14 X 10 mm
1
Plr1!> llc Modulus, Zy • 1.01 )( 10" mm
Struclur,Jf Strr.l, Fy 111 345 MP,1
Modulus of [ f.istlclty, f i:: 200 GPa
1. 8,1~cd on th C' design fl exurnl strength of the beam, Mu, which of the following glvcf, the maximum llvr load (kN/m) It
con carry ? Factored l oad ComblnJtlon, U =1.20 ➔ l.6L
Rc:>slsrancr Fac tor for Flexure, phi =0.9
A. S9.3l C. 32.11
8. 51.38 D. 37.07
2. Based on the des ign shear strength of the beam, Vu, how much Is the maximum llvc load (kN/m) that the bea m ca n
be subjected to? Factored Load Combination, U :; 1.20 + 1.6L. I
R(~slstance Factor for Shear, phi = 1.0
Shear Stress at Factored Loads, vu =0.6Fy
A. 186.3 C. 172.5
B. l03.9 D. 166.3
3. Which of the following gives the maximum service live load (kN/m) on the beam based on an allowable deflection due
to live load of 1/360 of th e span ?
A. 61.26 C. 107.81
B. 62.39 D. 52.0
- -------------------------------
D= 16.7 kN/m Considering shear:

~~----.......,
12m
b Vn = 0.6Fydtw

Con~tdenng flexure ;
= 0.6(345)(540X12.S) =1397.2 kN
♦Vn = 1.0(1397.2) = 1397.2 kN
Mn ::: FyZx
Vu = l.2 5(1:,7)(12) •t 6S(~t)(12) :. 1397.2
= 14S (4.14x10')
=1428.3x10' N-mm
w1 = 103.9 kN/m
or 1428.3 kN•m

~ Mn : 0.9(1428.3) Considering live lodd deflectton:


; 128S.S kN•m YtNa= WL (12000)" : 8000/360
Mu = ,. 16.7(12) 1 wl (12)1: 1285.5 185(200000)(3.72xl~x540/2)
1 6
.. 8 8
wt =59.74 kN/m Ix=Sx C
wt :: 32.11 kN/ m
.___ j
, 1111 ., 11 , . 1, " • !111 , ,1" ~11t•t•••••• ti uoi1 ,.. . ,u.. , 1, 1 .. , 1t, ~.,,, 11,,, , , H,,,,1,,• 11, ,1 ,1 1,,,.,1 , •• ,.1 .,••
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, 1 1\, II
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t l,11 1"1• I h h l..11 N 1\, It J ll m m
\o\ ,, I• I'" ' I,, 11 , I W ,,1,,,
\ I ,, 11\\
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I\ \ • :I l 111111
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\I .. ' " " Ml'll
\ t• • 1 i)
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' l h t" ,,,m i,,,.,,,10 11 tl eu ,y~ 1>1 ,11 ~ f:t h dr•t It. t. 11 1)1)0 1 l a d nn ly ., , ,nllhp,m Wh it I, r)f t h~ rn ll c'JWl t'I" l!IVI-, th#' .. n,.,w ..t-.14" ,,,.., >t' '

,\1"""'' I h (Ml'~ )!•


I,\ ) \lt• l ))7

1
• H 1, \'IV tl\\t1 h ,,,, lh l" ll f"' ~I II 111 r. 11 t'!I'- (MP l'I ) n l •, ror v lt c• loo<h?
A H •'• l l '1'l
t\ Hl 1 I), ll')
, W h ~I 1:-. 1hr ll\ M dl l HI"' tl l")( UI ~ , :,In• •,:, (MP.1 ) nt ultlm olt• loo d ?
A \ l '-> ( JO?
t' \.l'J I) ' j t,',
( h(~c" ~ if · D• 82kN l • 77 kN M = (8 2 + 7 7 )( 10) a 3 9 7 5 k N -m l
::l:
M:
'10:,oooc b
\' f- y
ro..,c.)00( , 0)
l
't
,

10000 I 2
J 3~2 0000 C b
FY
/ 3520000(1 .0)
--.,u.,•"--.•.
......
tb • 39 7 .5.io• \

\
I

3" ~, V 3,• S11 3 .7 2x l01' \

fb - 106 .8 S M Pa I
45 ] ] 60 .24 101 .16 O ki

2 Fy(L/rt )' I I2 3"(60 2,) 1 I :M4


13 1O !>!11'1 O~ Cb lFy 3 J
10 ~~x 10' (1 .0) I( ) M = (1 2x82+1 .6 x77)( 10) = 554 kN -m \
I 4
::; 188.63 M Pa
83000Cb
L (d / Af)
.. 5000(5,o, 83000(1 .0)
(312x20))
fb = M :; 5 54 xl 0 6
5" 3 .7 2x l 0 1 J

= 19 1 .8 2 <= correct a ns
No te' : us0 t hr bigg(~r val ue but no t fb = 148 .92 M Pa
gr(\a te r t han 0 .6Fy = 0 .6 (34 4) =
20<> .4 1\.tr:..1_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
I I Il
I I I
'( I fi
I I II I I 1 Ii

f,
'ti
'
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I

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1 I nl!
I 1 1"'4
11'
, l 1i l 1 !«1
1•
l
I I

I II
11
1I
I I
I I
I

11t1
I t lh ,, I 1

I 11 I IH

ti I
t ti I ,, II ,
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l ill

I ' I I ii I I I' 1I II I ' 111' ' !1 I 11 1 j


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11 ~1111 \, t,111, I I JI 111111

ll i- 1,11 , 1111 1111 II l~lli l ll


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,, ~1i111 111, \ 1111 11 .. 11 1~ Im~"""
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M111l 11h 111111 lro l li ll y I 111111, 1'11
I \~ 111\, 1111111w1 pl111u~ w1t1, h "' 111,, l1,ll1 ,w111~ 111,,. , 1111 11U1t1111,,., ui-.11,,i;r/ /~ilt t; ,tui , , ,,, , ,
,., tJUU I 11~ I

I I 11\11 I pl 11 l1•- 1'1111111 11 wlll11, I/ 1111111 111, ► l'I /IJ 11 ,l/lriil w1,1>1, ,,, ,,,,. ,1,ll1, 11lt11i(llllf/ ,,,. ,11,,11.t,1, I ' .,,.,, I U,
1\ \ ◄ ti◄ t IIIH,
1
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i 1 ,ii, ,1ltH1 , ll1 r 1I 1111 1 nl l1w ~ltntt lr, 11,I l~l~I II tit,_.,,."'" 1111111,/f'f ,,,,. , ,. .
A 111 '1 I ttlJ f
I\ tuun I l fl~III I

,,OM...,_
• 4(J • " " " ,,.Hf .. .,. ... ,. • ,,.. ftMl't
Kl .. CU I.UOO) ~l .. o t lkJOOJ
, • . ,~ ,,...,.,..11
111 Ut II~ I' : ,tf) 1/f, jf,..
• W4'41t#-f
I Hl'J ,,
1 • ~1t1,1
,, 'I • ,w'f200000l . .._, ,, J
(KL/,( IN MY

1,111 , .. /0 ,,Hf •tf)Of ll)' /11


♦ J ~Of I I HJ /0 ~ )' J,&M .,..._
11:U o ,- • lll)tl Mh
• Ill U d(lmm'

Ill " O,t ltoCHII ~I • O~ 1.aool " • I IO t14A~J.. I ..OW 11 I.II

', IIL. "I,,,,. ,, I ,..


41 t,/h lfr • 1~,kh

I ◄ 'l/'l tl
.. ◄~ &I ' I t Ji
10 Dr.l\vmg the ,hc:::ir Jnd moment d1.:igram.
,itu1t1on 1: .-\ .!.:-(1 rr.m , .150 cmn , 1~ m long preco,t cxm.:-rc:'1c pile L'
l-..: lif..M ~ I~ C.l..<lln~ ~d ow q \.\'
4
The: p,k ti ltflcd hon1.1.mtaUy at tV,C\ poml" At wtut t.-qu.11J.i sranr c (rn)
frum w end" c~•uld tht· p1k b-c held '-O tru! the n:-culting t-a:in~

t
\

i
'II f
\V
f .I ' X •
S'..I'C..C~ , .. th.: :~~ flO~•t-k' ' t
3 ~.25 c 1 -1
• - - - - -- - - l R n1 •

~ .
b 2_5-: d \ 10
I ~

.-\th.l! eqUJI disiJ.DCC tml from the: end, chould th, ri le be ltOcd
'II.

honzonUII) c.o th31 the reculttng ,hear qre,-5 is ~m ::,Jk,1 ~


-Wx -W( 9-x 1
2.. '
t: .
d 3 ll ] I
-0.5\1/x 1- 0 S\1.:(9-x I
3 Tr.c~ p1k 1s 1,t~ed bori.mntalh :it I fl m from each end. find Lhc
OU'\Hnum TTl<'TnL7l\ 1ki,-m) d~ le:, ,ts own \\ l.'rght . Uni t ,,eight of
rnoCT('le tc 24 l~ m '
a.. I%.~ c. 126 0
l
t-. I I " I J. l i 5 n -0.SVJx -0 SWx

~olotion:
I. For mjmmum bending stress: + Mn\ll = j-Mmal
~ote-.. -0.SW:"< 2 + O.SW (9 - x) 2 = I-0.5Wx 1 I ➔ x = J.7 J m - > ar1'\~ e 1
Alternate solution: x = 0 .207L = 0.207 ( 18) .: J 7 3 m -► Jns" er
l ~o . of PiC'k-up points For ~Un . Bending For Min. Shear
1 I x = 0 .2Q2L 2. For minimum shear stress:+ v__, = I-Vm.1-, I
2 x = 0 .207L X =O.!SOL
l
W (9 - x) = 1-Wxj ➔ x = -UO m _. Jnsw..:r
x = 0 .1-tSL
Alternate solution: x = 0.25L = 0.25 ( 18) = 4 SO m -► ansv. ..:r
.! >.. = 0.107L

3. M _ , due co own weight if x = l.8 m:


W = yA = 24 (0.45) (0.45) = 4 .86 lcN/m
M""' = ..0.5 (4.86) (1.8) 2 + 0.5 (4.86)(9 - 1.8)2 = 11 X.119H kl\'-m -► answer

Solution - November 2018 Board Exam


r 1rnrr.i l r,.111,,1 11,n,
I . \\ ., .. , \\ 111\· 1 • ._..,. ()( l l lllll(I , \\h.:1\'
11 'I lt l n ~'
7~ 111111 \II 11111 llllll
-.; \11111r I (l .JS ' \\' , (' r.11111 t-) ...,,. lt'hl ~ .....
\\ 1111 I l ' r 1111 Ill mll\1 t,, \\ \ 11,1 ,, \V~ -
t I Ci
' I'"' 1111 VI.II ,1, 11r I r1111·11t \\' \\'
, , ,, ,• Ill I
,m, ,iv ,d t11ll"l' ,1101
l
~ ( , 1'
1
----
' Y IY,. )
J .(,.J
,p,·1II\, ,11 ,, n l\' ,d lh1<' ,n:~ 1
I Polll k>,1 'tn
W 11I CI ( lll' I 11'" 111 •' 1
Io~
l· 11h .l1'\'Cil ·"'
~J1,kN 111
1
\fnttrlaal
('p111 l\'l l ' llllll \\ d,:hl
W111r r
-
t·rmcnr
Ill \\'h ,, ,, lhl' 1111,1I ,.,, llI 1,nillflll' ,,1 \\llk l. r \' 111\'III , ri1ru,r ngl{tq1n1c ond
11. l 1II . l Ir, " riidil ,,f, ,,,11 ~1• ,1Jij!tr.,:.111r '" Ill I I..N rn1'!
· I tnl' \ 1•~•rl'~' 11': --
· 11 I Olf'l'\'1I .Ill ,
l (' ll I ~ C11M,r A~••• rq•arc~
(I II I!'{
I, ti ~ I
d II f .,, 1~111rr,·.1 •¼

II
.
l· l'I

57 I
111 , . ,ncn·lt' • hnw
111 ,, 1 \,\
m11r h rr m rnl ( l
1 l S
N l i-: ncrdc-117 ~1ut..rh,I
\VJlcr I ; M / I•) ~ I ' I)
-\hwluh· \' oh1n,·
ll I I(
-i
~,t.l
.1 '' • 0\ I

hl~t ,l~S
---- C-l'rnc-111 1( 1 »< I , 3l ~)- n I IQ m'
Fin,· A~ ~•nlL~- I o 1~ 11il7>- 01M 11111 o 11 011; '
t:' lflht· i:omhmcd ,.,,lid ,olume 111'crnwn1. wukr. i.:11111--r ll){l!ICl-(,lll' and C0ur~,- ~ ::,~1111:~ ,~4 m ' ------
1o 1 , ( •> :-< 1 , 2 "~ J n _
. ,n..~I ,,r , .. ,1 .." '" m ' ' willll \\1.· 1rh1 (I..N) 11r dry 'land ,s fl"l.fttircJ·>
1'1\ In\( I - ' • l-'111rnpprd i\ 11 0111 m'
ll I ., .o i.:
. 1...c; .Q
d I l I,
Vol11mr 111'" ,11,· r. cc-nk:'llf . l ncuxc· ·•!l~f<')h llC .md (nlr.1p('C'\I a,r
\\'r, 0 IX t 0. 11 ') 1 !UH~ • Olli O hlil n,

~ C'c~·nl nccdi:d for Ill m ' of c,m~rc•i:


W,. ,..,"' '" 3 (,?C/ 110) - ,,, i <> k \I - • '°""' , 1

.1 Wl'i!lhl 111 dry 'i,mJ 11 \\'t.~ - O.S5 m '


W - yV - (().~l)(l.(w11 l - 0.5SJ -1 I ti' u, . U h l \1· r

Solution - Novt·mbt'r 201 ~ noard [um


,,,turk>r let : R,· k , 1.1., f, .: ~ \~\1 15 r FlC\.1)-.' c u ',k -~ CF .!, J DF. ~ -- ~lot io n·
th -: tTt., , :i- ,• ., ~t"!"""Ta.' µ.in.::!
- I
h
1 f1"I
\\ ' )O l~ •

Fu1d ~ l"t"~ultm~ fcrc-i: ,n !!"Cmba CU (l:.\; 1


.1 1:- l)T
b - -5 T
l -sc
I'\
Firio Q·h ,... h ~ oruJ 1, 3'...l'Tn~ .JJ'-J t!= fc:-c-c ll'f, 1:-1 ,t
:i ' ~ , er c ~ o DE
h l ~--5 nF d :5 0 CF

\\ lu! ,~ the rcsuhm~ foro: m mcrnbc-r BD (k:'\1 •


' r, • 'r
a ~< nC ·.,
t, : 5 (I T
c l:!5T
d, 1~5C
I' 1, 1 ll '-

C f)
L i.~"'tl.l.u:nf !'11 I he ro,:t ,._v - •

• L, ~1. - 0 -\ , ('-'1 . lll 1' 1 - I I - • 4. - h) ~ '.'

-
,,, . - o -a . 1'i1 · 10 1t- , -.. () - L1 - :or,

h 1_' 5 1--1 Sec•~·--- ~ :I..

'- 'f ' •0 -F, 1J 1 - ~ 11 1 ~ 0 - 1

, r. o f .. I~)-_4,. ~,., n- •

C ,~Jcnfl! J.-.tn! .M 8
• • • ..- r. .. o ",-.... l ~; '\) _:!o - o- r,
.:.

Solution - ~oHmbc-r !OUi &a.rd [um


Situation 21 : Figure: E~!N 12 .31 shows the archer aiming to release the Solution:
am)w . .-\s the archer pulls the cord with his nght ann. he applies a force of
54fl ~ with hi~ ldl arm. 200 mm

3 200mm
• •t
b 300mm
C 300mm
300 mm

C1 I. Calculate the n.--sulting tension in the upper cord.


3 . 309 C . 270

b. 4S7 d. ~56

62 . Calculate the resulting tension in the lower cord. 300 mm


3 ~s- c. 270
-
I ,?~
b. 556 d. 309
, / I\
63. How much force (1'-l does the archer exert \\;th his right arm?
::J :5..; J C . 270 Calculating for the angle:
b. 259 d. 51S 300
tnne = - e = 56.31°
200

ulculating the force e,'(erted on lhe right arm: F, = ~ IJ , - .._n-..' ::.1

b Considering the joint on the righl b:md.


L F, = 0: Tu sin{56.31°) - TL sin{.56-31° ) = 0 -~ T_ = T,
) FH = 0: Tl, cos(56.3 IQ) - Ti cos{56-31" ) - 5~ =0
but Tl, = T~ : Tl co-5(56.3 I, ) --- Tt COS{56 3 1' ) - 5-W = 0
Tl = TL = ~S6 75 '-.: - .i.n, \\cr
C

Figure £.\I~ 12.31

Solution - ~o, ember 2018 Board E..um


Solution:
Situation 25: Refer to Fig. EMN 12.27. The tower shown is subjected lo
Ci
J
i-
m ..
IH
4 ,s ,n

three forces as follows : •
F1 4 kN 6kN
6kN ~ 2 rn

Given: a 5.8 m C 4.8 m


b = 3.2 m d = 2.0 m 32m
- -♦
73. Which of the following gives the resultant reaction at B (kN)
a. J J.5 C. 18.0 J =rn
b. 16.0 d. 8.3

74. Which of the following gives the force in member AC (kN)? A.


a. 12.87 Tension c. 12.87 Compression
R
b. 9.25 Compression d. 9.25 Tc:nsion
Calculating for the reactions:
75. Which of the following gives the force in member GE (kN)? L FH = 0: 6 r 6 r 4 - B. = 0 -► B, = 16 k.N
a. 5.50 Tension c. 2. 75 Compression L M, = 0: -B,, (2) (5 .8) + 6 (3 .2) - 6 (.2) 13 2) - 4 (3) (3 2 ) = 0 - 8 ) = 8.28 kN
b. 5.50 Compression d. 2.75 Tension
1 1
R 8 =J( B,) +(B,f = J(l6) + (8..28): = Jl{ (Jl k ' > J.fb l \ t r

L F\ = 0: A , = 8) = 8.28 kN

Considering Joint A:
32
tan0 = · Pl - ) tl = 6J.4J''
-H.N
(, '.; m H
- .
-1.8
L F,
F,.c:
= 0: -8.28 + F\C sin6J.-U = O
= ~2 n l.. N (f) -► an.,•1cr
0
' 3 2 rn

Considering the: sec:tion:


32
EF =2 + 2 ( · ) = 5.2 m
tan 63.43°

Figure EMN 12.27


~)vi, = U: -I (J .2) - F Gf s in63.-13 (5. 2 ) = O

Solution - ~oHmber ..?018 Board E:1:am


Situation 1 (Note: Erroneous. 2.5m tributary
width was not considered in the choices)
wu = 1.2wn + 1.6wL
A 8 C = 6(2.5) + 4.6(2.5)

Rr s
= 26.5kN/m
. '.E_._. - - - - --1t-rti-:E:::..__ _ _ _ _ ----1 IF 1

'i G
. I:i !
@ _· . -·-·-~ ' !
\i- - · ·---· M -- ---------··->
Lz
Figure RC-04

NSCP 408.4.3 As alLcrnatc to frame analysis the approx imate


momcnL and shears shall be permllled Lo be used in design of
continuous hcams and one-way slabs provided:
I. There are two or more spans,
2. Spans are approximately equal, with the larger of two adjacent
spans not greater than the shorter by more than 20 pcn.:cnL
3. Lo~ds. are uniformly distribuLed, ·
4. Unit live does not exceed three Limes un it dead load. and
5. Members arc prismatic.
2. Due to lack of torsional resistance of
POSITIVE MOMENT
beam support, consider end support as
End spans
Disrnntinuous end unrestrained .. ..... .... .......... ............. . w.J.,2/11 unrestrained.
Discontinuous end integral wilh suppon .. . .. . .. . . . . .. ... wj;'/14

Interior spans .. . . . . . . .. . .. . .. .. .. . . . . . . .. .. . . .. ....... ............ . wj.;'/16

NEGATIVE MOMENT
M
u
= w)/
at exterior face of first interior suppon 9
Two spans . . . .. . .. .. .. .. .. .. . .. . . .. . .. .. . .. . . . .. . . . .... ... . w.I.119
More than two spans . . .. . .. .. . . . . . . . . .. .. . .. .. . . .. . . . .. . . . . wj, l/1 O
= 26.5 ( 7.65)2
at other faces of interior supporLS .. . .. . .. .. . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . .. wj.,2/11
11
at interior face of exterior suppons for members built integrally with
supports: = 140.99 kN-m
where suppon is a spandrel beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . wj,.2/24
where suppon is a column ..... ........ ..... ...... .. ... ..... w.l/ /16

SHEAR
at face of first interior support .... .. ........ .. ...... ... .. . 1.15w./.,/ 2
at face of all other suppons . .. .. . . . .. . . .. . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . . w.I.12 3.

1. V = l.15wuln
u 2
A B C
R-'"'i--- - -- -- - --r-~...,-,..,.i-=----- - - - - -..,,_:•1 = 1.15(26.5)(7 .65)
L!..J-- - - - - - - --l....W"--- - - - - - - - - ,....
i
2.Sm
2

. .. ll
D E F = 116.57 kN
------·· - - - -
2.Sm :I
~ -G- - - - - -~r~H_ ______ ~i l I
.l.. t+ · !· .. ....
_:_ ~- --=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=.. .:.:.-l...:..Cl-z=======:;L-;-. l
lnt = 7.65 ln 2 = 6.65
Situation 5
Floors Live Remarks
Load
R0of 0 kPa
3r<i 2.4 kPa Can be reduced
2nJ 6.0 kPa Cannot be reduced

Note: Live load reduction is not applicable for floors 2. Live load @ ground floor interior column
in places of public assembly and for live loads 2
A 1 =8(8)=64 mm
greater than 4.8 kPa. For influence area Ai,
2
consider all area with live load that can be Ai= 4(64) = 256 mm
reduced, that influence the column being
considered (area projected above).

1. Live load @ 2 nd floor interior column


L= L+.25+4.57( k. )]
At = 8(8) = 64 mm 2
Ai = 4( 64) = 256 mm 2
=2.4[o.2s+4.57(~)]
= 1.2855 kPa

L= L+.25+4.57( k. )] PL= 1.2855(64) + 6(64) = 466.272 kN

Note: Ground floor Columns carries 3 rd


=2.+.25+4.57(~)] and 2nd floor live load.

= 1.2855 kPa
3. Dead load@ ground floor interior column

PL= 1.2855(64) = 82.272 kN P0 =(5 + 7 + 7)(64) =1,216 kN


Note: 2 nd floor Columns carries 3 rd floor
live load.
Situation 3

••• M=~A,f,(d-;J
0

• •
=0.90(1,1761t)(415) 520 1512.58]
(
= 612.96 kN-m
•••
b 2.

1. d = 600-80 = 520mm
s
As act.
Pact 12 2
bd n: ( 4)(275)(520)
1, 1761t 4
=----:::!._ _ _ __

350(520) 100
= 646.91 kN
= 0.0203

3.
Pmax = 0.634pbal
= 0.634(0.035) Ve = 0. l 7A../f:bwd
= 0.0222 = 0.17(1 )✓34(350)(520)
= 180.40 kN

Pact< Pmax ' analyze as SRB


Vn =Ve+ Vs
= 180.40 + 646.91
A/s = 827.30 kN
a= 0.85fc 'b
l, l 761t(415)
= 0.85(34 )(350)
= 151.58mm
Situation l l

1. Zero. The plastic centroid is at the


geometric centroid of the section.
~

- - -- 250mm - -- -

....,_
-- 8- 25mm 0 A = A/y

= 4{252 rr) (415)


4
= 814.85 kN

2. = 4(252rr) (415)
4
70 = 814.85 kN
mm
180mm
4 ►◄
C = 0.85fc 'ab

- 8 - 25 mm ~
= 0.85(20.7)(90.4)(600)
E
,,.. I = 954.35 ~"\J
~ 4: I
E z •I
0
0 0.:
Based on the choices, the effect of displaced
'° I
concrete was not considered.
< 90.4 ► Pb = B + C-A
mm Pb
I
I t--- eb - --&! = 954.35 kN
I ~ ½) ➔
I ,..--::::::1
~SSmml ►i 8
• __ - •r

'
I 55mm •
79.8mm

A C
Situation 9
1. 3.
r = 0.25D = 0.25(600) P11 = l.2PD +PL+ l.4PE
=150mm = 1.2(3,000) + 1,800 + 1.4(420)
= 5,988 kN

klu = 1(2,800)
r 150
= 18.67 5, 988xl 03
= 0.75(0.85)(0.85(34 )(90, 0001t - ASL)+ 41 SAsl]

2. Ast= 3,164..10 mm 2
Ag= 90,000n
N = 3,164.10
A st = 0.025 25 2 1t
Ag 4
= 6.45 ~ 7pcs.
A st =O·025(90,0001t)
2
= 7,068.58 mm

7,068.58
N = 3221t
4
= 8.79:.::: 9pcs.
I .Deflection @B.
Situation 6

C
H,
C

B
I•om
175 kN

8 •(--- p
A
_}sm
A Since there is no load in segment BC, you
can use the equation of maximum deflection
for cantilever beam, but consider only the
length of segment AB.
SA-1
7

1r 1
1111
!
L
--
J. -,Ii -
1- - x
--.
W\

j
J
t, max

I::, X
(ill fT1!e end)

= _w_
120EI L
w L4
= 30EI I
(•~- 5L. X + •~Si
I
PL3
.1R=-
3EJ
175,000(15003 )
( p L3
= 3EI I =--------
6
6 max (al free end) 3(200, 000)(l 9 l .43xl 0 )

I. L ,-
I X

-1
I
. \ X: - P
6 El
(2l3- 3Lx+x
2 )
=5.14mm
a t
'l D. ma• (a1tree end)
Pa 2
= 6El(3l-a)

1· L ~x =- Pa i (3L • 3x - 1)
2.Deflection @C.
I GEi
I

.1 _Pa2(3L-a)
c- 6El
= 175, 000(1500 2 ) [ 3(2500)-1500]
0.276m 0.3m 6(200, 000)(191.43x I 06 )
~ 1 = 10.28mm
;-;,;;;~#%

3 3
I= 300(300 ) 276(276 ) 3.
12 12
6 4 _ Mmaxc
= 191.43xl0 mm CJ max - -...:.:.=-
4 I
= 1.914xl0-4m
_ l 75,000(1500)(150)
191.43xl06
=205.69 MPa
3. Note: An effective cover of 70mm must
be given. to get an answer that is among the
choices. According to problem, assume compression
70
steel will yield and based on the previous
mm question, displaced concrete is neglected.
'• ->~___187.Smm_ _ __
B = As '( f 5 ' - 0. 85 f/)
~-~- = 625n(415)
'- 8 - 25 mm 0
E
E
0
0
~.
Z I
I
. I

Cl.: I
= 814.85 kN
I.O C = 0.85fc 'ab
= 0.85(20.7)(a)(600)
I j(---
I
a ➔
I =10557a N
I I I I pn
1

I ◄- e=200 T1
'I
:.- c~I IM@pn=Q
~L-1
I
I
I ~ I
I
145B+(75+0.5a)C-255A = O
I
~-
---f:: t◄~ I
- -~ •,~ SSmm l 8 145 :
145B + (75 + 0.5a)(l 0,557a)- 255A = o
I 55mm , 1
a=75.25 mm
t I C ►1
75+0.Sa i
A C I
1- - - - - - - - -~ 1
◄ I
255 mm
C = 10.557(75.25) kN
= 794.4 kN
From balance conctition:
Pbeb = 55A + 55B + 79.8C Pb =B+C-A
eb = 173.72 mm = 794.4 kN

eza > ebaJ_:.Tension steel will yield.

A== A/y
::: 625n( 415)
== Xl 4)~5 kN
Situation 14
C:ON,-,OU, ll(AY - THIIIU (~A l PAl<S - ON[ llC> PAH UM.OA!)(O

- ----
,,.,,,,,, ,, ,, ,,, ,,.,,,,,,.,,,, • ., ,, ,. ., ::et
•' ' I

R, to ()Ulw l R, I 21',,I R, O ,t,oui R0 O O]..la,j

0 01, .. 1 2.Maximum Shear @ C.


-
O ~la/ 0 011 .. 1
o4l 7 td

,o o, Hw/ W uL IVu L

- 001 1Ju•l 1
t ! J J
' 'J '
L t
, Wu n
''''''''
o «,,.t u

.Li' ' '8m' ' '6' i1


'1 ,._
eooc~ - .... T- l lOUAl uu.a - (Nil lil'AN' LOAOlD
~ Bm
6 8m
B C D
······ ·· ········i•,···p"'
C I
A
• 1
•'
f (I I rt"W: J
U o r,!-QM- 1 ll • n 4\llwl

Ve = 0.60w 0 L + 0.6 17w LL


• Cl It l a max
= 0.60( 18)(8) + 0.617( 11.5)(8)
n o~.o..r,·
= 143 .16 kN
.. ... ... ~- ............... .... ............... ..... ....... ............. .
I • I I 0 1

0 4110.~

3.Maximum Moment @ C.
4 ,,..., ..

CJ -,,,,i i rJ .(11)1 fl 400,

U !Al• I
0 I IIIJ • I W ul. n·.. l

''' t t 1..
' ' !
' '
' ' '~rn'
t f t ' 11 '11[1
' ' t ' ' ' C.'
' li
} ~c1x 1rnum rcaL1ion ra3 C. .£
A
tiB ~m -C
~~

D
w,,, w.,,
' ' f
' ' '' ' ' '' 't '' •'
' .L ',' I~ 1'
- • ' •' ' ' ' ' Y/ ,i / /
.,: ( :,, 111 I II
;, ,p?j/,
I} r II
/,
ll lll~)l~f~ t \l ' l .. \1 1 ' \ ~\:
.'01 \\ ~N
V I l 1J111,t • I 'J IJ w, I
I 1 1;1/;{Jil'i j I' / 11/1 I ~HH)
/1 /,I, /'t ~I /

I I • , 'J,, J1 , II I I II /I I I , ,I I I I I , ' I I" II I fl 'I I


1 1 1, ii' J. , , ,, , , I/ / , ,,,,ii II/ ti• 11 11 • 1,11 jl,t••d
4; I I 11' 111111 I 1111 11111 ; ,,111,i ,1111 l111 II \ I
I
Situation 18

..- 2m _...,.,_ 3m- ,-- 2m __..._ lrn •

♦ ~\ ! ' l ' ... ~


I
' ' ' ' - "'I I'' ' ' '
I
tt ti
1 Al 1"
i t ' • ,, l f l i At l l &
t·~· tt ~~•• t
I
I .1.:s~ \ n ""'N -~
I
1. 1ot-- --
I
- Sm
225 kN =V~ ,
..- 2m ~ - 3m t 2m -+
I
I
I
I

A : l l 1200k N/m 1 1 1 1300~N nil


18m '~/7 in\
tt • •· t t t t •• t •' t''' -lSOkN ,, -125 kN
- - 0.SL - - R- lOOU~N
L - - - - --+ I
336 kN-m I
I

1p7 i4 kN -m

Rx=LMA
,-375kN -m
1000(0.SL) = 200(2)(1) + 300(2)(6) I

L=8m -240kN -m
J.---- - X - - -

3.Solve for a.

b 2~5
9=9
--a
7 7

a b; \25)(f-a J
225
-37 .5+ +b(a)=0
2
~ 7(225) ( --a
22 :>+---'- 9 J
_ ,.,7
_, .5+ - - -9- ~7 ~ (a) =O
2
a= 0.18m

X= 2 + 3 + 0.18 = 5.18m

32:'.)(-f) = leoO
Jo= 3Vl'llA,s .

D=4YV'