Sei sulla pagina 1di 4

Designing Floodwater Harvesting Systems

in Jade Valley, Davao City by Using a

GIS Simulation Based Design System.
Jeah Bongcayao1, Samantha Joyle Pansoy1, Zenna Mae Wong1
College of Engineering, University of Mindanao
Mc Arthur Highway, Davao City, 8000
Abstract— Flood had been a destructive act of nature. It come what may. But prevention and mitigation can be done.
encompasses a large scale of damages not only in properties but Hence, this study intended for.
also to human life. Severe flooding occurred here in the The purpose of this study is to find solution in this flood
Philippines, specially here in Davao because of our geographical
prone area by means of redirecting the flow of floodwater
location, we experience a lot of storm. Heavy rains cause over
spilling on the river, and affecting those area who had a lower
towards the area that will serves as the catch basin. This will
elevation or adjacent to the river. This is the case in Jade Valley, prevent the river to catch a large amount of stormwater, thus
were flood water reaches 1 to 2 meters in depth. The objective of preventing the over spilling. This will also encourage the rest
this study is to identify a suitable area serve as the catch basin for of Asia to carry out a comprehensive assessment of
floodwater harvesting. This can be done using Geographic catastrophe risk and will have a practical and strategic
Information System (GIS) tools, such us mapping and digital significance to promote and strengthen international
elevation model (DEM).Flood risk mapping consists of modelling cooperation in dealing with catastrophes [8,9].
the complex interaction of river flow hydraulics with the This study will help to help the people in Jade Valley who
topographical and land use characteristics of the floodplains.
experienced flooding for years. And offer the local
Integrating hydraulic models with geographic information
systems (GIS) technology is particularly effective [1]. Using this, government solutions that will help prevent flooding in the
prevention of the flood can do and save lives and properties. area.
This study focuses on the data on hand and what we able to
Index Terms— Geographic Information System, Flood Analysis,
II. Materials and Methods
Floodwater Harvesting.
Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are computer-
I. INTRODUCTION based systems that enable users to collect, store,process,
analyze and present spatial data [10]. In context of flood
Storm and typhoon occur in Philippines frequently. And
hazard management, GIS can be used to create interactive
with this storm accompany heavy rains that causes flood in
map overlays, which clearly and quickly illustrate which areas
some areas in the country. Davao City was no exception. And
of a community are in danger of flooding. Such maps can then
among the areas in Davao city, Jade Valley had been a
be used to coordinate mitigation efforts before an event and
constant victim of flooding for so many years. Heavy rains fill
recovery after [11]. GIS, thus, provides a powerful and
the Davao River and eventually overflow, causing areas near
versatile tool to facilitate a fast and transparent decision-
the river to experienced flooding. Jade Valley has a low
elevation that it is almost adjacent to the river [2]. The easy
By using geographic information system (GIS) software
solution we can think about is not to occupy the land at all.
and remote sensing technique flash flood hazard maps can be
But action is hard to carried out as the area occupied by a lot
generated which are an important tool for municipal, urban
of families. And in an over growing population cities like
growth planning and emergency action plans [12].
Davao, it will be hard to find another area to transfer the
For this study, integrating of HEC-RAS [13] and ArcGIS
affected families.
were used to prepare inundation map (inundation extents and
There are next to nothing when it comes to research that
concern the flood prone areas here in Davao City. Comparing
data and added reference will a hard to find. But this is not
much a problem at all, as application of GIS in flood risk it A. Conceptual Framework [You may choose appropriate
had been used worldwide. After nearly 20 years of subtitle]
development, it has become the urban green rainwater
infrastructure (GSI) technology most commonly used in the INPUT PROCESS OUTPUT
United States and many developed countries [3]. Flood loss -Study Area -Flood
has been assessed by some measures; Forte used GIS and -Hydraulic Redirecting
remote sensing method for loss estimation in the super- -Hydrological Analysis -Floodwater
Ruffana-Nociglia Graben [4]; Zhao applied GIS approach to Data Harvesting
assess the flood loss in the middle part of Inner Mongolia [5];
researchers used ArcGIS in Taihu Basin where they present a
methodology for information system development [6] and B. Materials and Resources
Tatjana with his colleagues they used GIS to accurately
updated the floodplain maps in Republic of Srpska [7]. The researcher would get the elevation of the study area
Floodplain modeling is a relatively new and applied needed using Google Earth, and GIS for contour mapping.
method in river engineering discipline and is essential for The researchers' will also study the rainfall in the said
prediction of flood hazards, and the purpose of managing and area and all the losses related to it, the amount of water
performing all river training practices [14].For over the years flowing, the soil property of the proposed site, and the
Jade Valley had no appropriate measure that been undertaken. detailed study of the agricultural land of nearby area.
Leaving families to wait for the disaster to happen and accept Assessment of the sources available and determine the
water demand of the proposed population. The
researchers would also assess suitable measures for the
proposed flood water harvesting and model the inundated
area in 3D animation using the GIS technology.

C. Methods and Procedures

The researchers would get the elevation of the study area
needed using Google Earth, and GIS for contour mapping.
The researchers' will also study the rainfall in the said
area and all the losses related to it, the amount of water
flowing, and the soil property of the proposed site. To
construct the model of the Davao River flow area in HEC-
RAS, three specific input parameters must be specified:
Stream Geometry, Flow Data, and the Model Plan [15].


[1] Redlands, CA., 1990:Understanding GIS: The ARC/INFO Method,

Environmental System Research Institute, ESRI,pp. 1.2
[2] K. Canedo “low flood casualty, thousand rescued”, SunStar Article
[3] Dagenais,D.;Thomas,I.;Paquette,S.Sitinggreenstormwaterinfrastructure
inaneighbourhoodtomaximise secondary benefits: Lessons learned
from a pilot project. Landsc. Res. 2017, 42, 1–16.
[4] F. Forte, R. O. Strobl, L Pennetta, “A Methodology using GIS, Aerial
Photos and Remote Sensing for Loss Estimation and Flood
Vulnerability Analysis in the Super sano-Ruffano-Nociglia Graben,
Southern Italy,” (2006) Environ. Geol.vol. 50, pp. 581-594.
[5] Zhao Xia, Wang Ping, Gong Qing, Huang Shifeng, “A GIS-based
approach to flood risk zonation area,” (2000) Acta Geographica
Sinica,vol. 55 (1), pp. 15-24.(in Chinese)
[6] Zhao Xia, Wang Ping, Gong Qing, Huang Shifeng, “A GIS-based
approach to flood risk zonation area,” (2000) Acta Geographica
Sinica,vol. 55 (1), pp. 15-24.(in Chinese)
[7] Tatjana Baros, Maja Kalinic, Tatjana Stojanovic “GIS in a monitoring
of flood disaster”, (2014) Univerzitet u Beogradu pp. 2
[8] Islam MM, Sado K (2000) Flood hazard assessment in Bangladesh
using NOAA AVHRR data with geographical information system.
Hydrol Process 14:605–62
[9] Tawatchai T, Fazlul KM (2005) Flood hazard and risk analysis in the
southwest region of Bangladesh. Hydrol Process 19:2055–2069.
[10] Redlands, CA., 1990:Understanding GIS: The ARC/INFO Method,
Environmental System Research Institute, ESRI,pp. 1.2
[11] Raford, N., 1998:cited in Awal, R., 2003: Application of Steady and
Unsteady Flow Model and GIS for Floodplain Analysis and Risk
Mapping: A Case Study of Lakhandei River, Nepal, M. Sc. Thesis,
Water Resources Engineering, IOE, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu,
[12] Elkhrachy I (2017) Assessment and management flash flood in najran
wady using GIS and remote sensing. J Indian Soc Remote 46: 297-308.
[13] US Army Corps of Engineers (2016) HEC-RAS River Analysis
System, Hydraulic Reference Manual. Hydrologic engineering center
report CPD-69, Davis, California, USA.
[14] Ghanbarpour MR, Salimi S, Solaimani K, Ahmadi MZ (2013)
Floodplain mapping using hydraulic simulation model in GIS. J Appl
Sci 8: 660-665.
[15] Pappenberger F, Beven K, Horritt M, Blazkova S (2005) Uncertainty in
the calibration of effective roughness parameters in HEC-RAS using
inundation and downstream level observations. J Hydrol 302: 46-69.