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First Semester Final Exam Review Worksheet

Write your answers on a separate sheet of paper.

Unit 1: Measurement and Density
1. What are the SI base units for length, volume, mass, and density? Length: Meters Volume:
Meters^3 Mass: Kg Density: g/mL
2. Calculate the density of an object that has a mass of 2.41 g and a volume of 11.4 mL. d=mv
3. Calculate the volume of an object that has a density of 3.25 g/mL and a mass of 5.13 g.
4. What are the following pieces of lab equipment used for: graduated cylinder, beaker,
Erlenmeyer flask, evaporating dish, test tube, electronic balance.
5. Which piece of lab equipment above provides the most accurate/precise volume
6. Susan ran 2500 meters. How many kilometers did she run?
7. 3. Katie drinks 2 liters of water throughout the day. How many milliliters is this?
8. Give the number of significant digits in each of the following measurements:
9. 12708.50 b. 80.002 c. 43.050 d. 120000 e. 823.012 f. 0.147
10. Round off the following numbers to four significant digits:
a. 120000 b. 4.5319 c. 5.457 d. 430.69
11. Perform the following operations giving the proper number of significant figures in the answer:
a. 23.4 x 12 _______________ 0.05 - 0.0007 _______________
12. 7.895 + 5.4 _______________ 7.85 / 34 _______________
a. 0.0965 x 1.57 _______________ 0.2 / 0.005 _______________

Unit 2: Matter & its Changes

13. Give 2 examples of elements, compounds, homogenous mixtures, and heterogeneous
14. List five examples of physical properties.
15. Give three examples of physical change and three examples of chemical change.
16. List three observations that indicate a chemical change has occurred.
17. What is the difference between an exothermic process and an endothermic process?
18. Determine whether the following are exothermic or endothermic processes.
19. a. Dissolving NaOH in H2O (gets hot) c. Burning wood e. melting
20. b. Mixing the chemicals in a cold pack d. boiling f. freezing
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Unit 3: Atomic Structure & History
21. List the charge and location in an atom of the protons, neutrons, and electrons.
22. List the four statements of Dalton’s atomic theory. Which are no longer true?
23. What did Rutherford learn about the atom as a result of his gold foil experiment?
24. What is an isotope? What do isotopes have in common? What is different?
25. List the number of protons, neutrons and electrons in each isotope below:
a. 35Cl

b. 37Cl

26. Calculate the number of protons, electrons and neutrons in radon-222.

27. There are two naturally occurring isotopes of an element. One has a mass of 35 and is
75.77% abundant in nature; the other has a mass of 37 and is 24.23% abundant. What is the
average atomic mass of this element?
28. Which subatomic particle plays the greatest role in determining the physical and chemical
properties of an element?
29. Which of the following elements have the same outer energy level electron configurations?
(circle them)
Na Mg Ca Ne Ba Cr Al
30. What is the purpose of flame tests?
31. Define frequency and wavelength. Are they inversely or directly related?
32. Rank the following forms of electromagnetic radiation in terms of increasing (smallest to
largest) energy: radio waves, gamma rays, infrared, x-rays, visible light, ultraviolet

CD players have a small infrared laser that emits light at 7.40 x 10-7 m (740 nm).
33. What is the frequency of this radiation?
34. What is the energy of this radiation?

Electron Configurations
35. Write the e-configuration for:
36. Write the short-hand e- configuration for Cu
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What element is this?

a. 1s22s22p63s2
b. [Ar] 4s23d104p5
c. Has 3 valence electrons in the 3rd energy level
d. Has 4 electrons in the 4p orbital.
e. Has a completely filled 2nd energy level.
Draw the electron dot structures for:
a. B
b. Cl
c. C

37. Wavelength, Frequency, Energy

a. If wavelength increases, frequency and energy .

b. Which as the highest energy? Shortest λ? Smallest ν?

x-rays visible light radio waves UV gamma

c. The wavelength λ is 5.00 x 10-7 m. What is the ν? What is the energy?

Unit 4: Periodic Table and Periodicity

38. Which subatomic particle (proton, neutron, or electron) plays the largest role in determining the
physical and chemical properties of an element?
39. Write the full electron configuration for the following atoms:
a. K
b. S
40. 36. Create an orbital electron filling diagram for the following atoms:
a. O
b. Si
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41. 39. Where do you find the following on the periodic table: groups, periods, Alkali metals,
Alkaline Earth metals, Halogens, Noble Gases, transition metals, metalloids?

42. Determine the # of valence electrons for the following elements. Then, tell what the charge on
their ion would be when they form an ionic compound.
a. O
b. Ne
c. Mg
d. K
e. P
f. Al
g. Cl
43. What is the general periodic trend going across a period and down a group? Explain the
reason for each trend.
atomic radius (size)
ionization energy

Unit 5 and 6: Bonding and IMFs

44. Explain the difference between an ionic bonds & covalent bonds and polar covalent and
nonpolar covalent bonds.
45. How do the properties of an ionic compound differ from a molecular compound?
46. Categorize each type of bond as nonpolar covalent, polar covalent or ionic.
a. N2
b. CaCl2
c. NaF
47. For each molecule, draw the structural formula.
a. CF4
b. PH3
c. H2O
d. N2
48. What type of molecules (polar, nonpolar, ionic) would dissolve in water? Why?
49. Write the correct chemical formula or chemical name.
a. magnesium hydroxide e. AlBr3
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b. triphosphorus pentoxide f. Mg(NO3)2

c. iron (III) oxide g. NO2

d. sulfuric acid h. HCl

50. If the bond in #6 is polar covalent, draw the appropriate partial charges (δ+ and δ –) at each
end to show which end is more electronegative.

51. Is every molecule with polar bonds a polar molecule? Explain your answer using CF4. Make
sure you draw the molecular shape.

52. Explain why a polar molecule, like water, and a nonpolar molecule, like cyclohexane, don’t mix.
Be sure to draw the molecular shapes and distribution of charge in your discussion.

53. Compare and contrast the intermolecular forces (dispersion, dipole-dipole, hydrogen bonds).
54. What is the relationship between intermolecular forces and the boiling point of a substance?

Unit 6: Chemical Reactions

55. List four observations that indicate a chemical reaction is occurring.

56. Identify the type of reaction. Then, balance each chemical equation.
a. SO2 + O2  SO3
b. Pb(NO3) 2 + K2CrO4  PbCrO4 + KNO3
c. Mg + AgCl  MgCl2 + Ag
d. Al(OH)3  Al2O3 + H2O
e. PbO2  PbO + O2
f. C3H6 + O2  CO2 + H2O
57. How do you determine whether a single-replacement reaction will occur?
58. Write a balanced chemical equation. Use the necessary state symbols for each reactant and
product (be sure to know all 4 state symbols). “Adding chlorine gas to a solution of potassium
iodide gives solid iodine and a solution of potassium chloride.”
59. List the seven diatomic molecules.
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60. What is the purpose of the coefficients in a balanced chemical reaction?