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COST ESTIMATION

When it comes to establishing mineral water plant, cost becomes a major factor. Industries seeking to
install advanced grade mineral water plant need to figure out about the investment required in detail.
Cost of mineral water plant in pakistan depends on various factors.

Cost of utilities, Government License expenditure, ISI consultation cost and construction/engineering costs
are four major factors that together form entire mineral water plant cost. Understanding these elements in
detail becomes significant while you decide to install premium quality mineral water plant.

Our expert consultants suggest most appropriate plan for cost of mineral water plant to our esteemed
clients. Since the investment made by a company for establishing mineral water plant in pakistan is
directed to gain a considerable profile margin. This will happen if only, the cost is planned smartly. Our
proficient, cost experts understand that mineral water plant cost should be planned in such a way that a
substantial profit margin is achieved.

Our strategy based solution provided for price of mineral water plant are widely accepted and
appreciated by our clients. Plant costing varies as per plant size. We are focused on offering detailed
expert consultation to our clientele of small, medium and large scale plan installation requirements.

We have kept various prototypes ready to give complete insight about our offerings to our existing and
potential clients. Our present detail plans for large, medium and small scale mineral water plant cost. With
our smart solutions, we have been able to deliver premium quality bottling solutions.

Apart from installation cost, maintenance cost of these plans becomes highly significant. We understand
this factor completely; hence our cost plans include maintenance and additional costs too. Our experts
also focus on the methodology, where highly efficient plants are installed at a comparatively least cost.

We dont believe in going by intuitions when it comes to design mineral water plant price for our clients.
We appropriately understand your planting needs, future plans and maintenance concerns. Then we
structure an altered cost plan for you accordingly. This individualistic approach towards our clients has
helped us to make our presence marked amongst complex competition standards

Packaged Drinking Water Plant Cost Estimation


PARTICULARS QUANTITY PRICE (in Lakhs)

RO Plant – 2000 ltr 1 3.50


Alum Treatment Tanks 2 0.70

Chlorination Tank (STEEL) 1 0.50

Sand Filter & Carbon Filter 1–1 0.90

UV Disinfectant System 1 0.25

Raw water tank 1 0.30

Purified water tank 1 0.30

Pumping motors 2 0.40

Bottling Machine Automatic 1 6

Lab Equipments 1 1

Miscellaneous Tools – 1

TOTAL – 14.85 LAKHS

From the above table, we come to know that cost of machines for starting mineral water plant is around 15 lakhs
rupess. Apart from machinery, you will need a proper location for plant installation and some basis furniture.

After the installation of plant, you have make a proper business plan for production of bottled drinking water. That
business plan will include following details –

1. Salary and wages for staffs


2. Working capital per month
3. Production target
4. Other expensenses in raw materials if any
BUDGETING

1. A business plan-: A detailed business plan is the most important tool that you would need to start
your business. It would give you a clear idea of what you want to achieve and just how much capital and
skills you need to achieve this. A business plan would cost you anywhere from $0 if you write it yourself,
to $1,000 if you are hiring a professional to perform a full scale feasibility study, market research and
business plan writing. However, it is advisable for you to choose the most cost effective means to avoid
incurring excessive expenses.
2. Registration of business-: You would also need to register your business name, obtain a bottled water
production business license and maybe incorporate your company. Amounts needed to do this varies
country by country and you may also need to pay a lawyer to handle the business registration on your
behalf but a good sum to budget for this expense is $1,000.
3. Registration with health regulatory agencies-: If you are starting your bottled water company in
pakistan for instance, you will need to register, obtain a license and an identification number from
Pakistan standards quality control authority before you can be allowed to operate your business. For
those in the United States of America, the FDA is the government agency that is responsible for giving
out licenses for food and water related businesses. Again, you can budget between $1,000 and $2,000
for this expense.
4. Renting/Building a Factory-: Depending on how much financial resource at your disposal, you may
decide to build your own bottled water factory or rent out a space but if you decide to rent, you must
ensure that the facility is neat and conducive and not shared with any residential building. Depending on
your country, any amount between $1,000 and $5,000 would be sufficient to cover this cost.
5. Water supply-: You would need a good source of water supply. This is also dependent on the type of
water you plan to be producing. If you choose to produce spring water, then you would need to locate
your production facility very close to a natural spring and look for a way to transfer the water from the
spring to be water bottling plant to be bottled immediately at source. For other types of water, you may
need to dig a borehole, a well or use a public water source. A good amount to set aside for this expense
is $2,500. Again, this is dependent on your country and your specific needs.
6. Water bottling plant-: You can import an automatic water bottling plant from China for between
$30,000 and $60,000. This would be used to package the water without stress.
7. Generating set/power supply: You may also need an alternative source of power to guarantee access
to water supply especially if you are setting up in a developing country where power supply is not
constant. You should also consider cheaper sources of power like solar or wind energy to save energy
costs in the long run.
8. Water treatment plant-: You would also need to figure out how to make the water cleaner and safe
for drinking without giving it a bad taste or excessively stripping it of its natural minerals. A water
treatment plant would cost you about $1,000- $10,000 to set up, depending on size and functions.
9. Mineral injection facility-: Since some water treatment processes strip water of its natural minerals, most
bottled water companies look for a means of injecting the minerals back into the water artificially. Again, this may
cost you about a thousand dollars.
10. Automatic bottle washers-: To ensure that your water is produced under clean and highly hygienic conditions,
it is advisable for you to invest in automatic bottle washers which would be used to clean the bottles prior to
packaging water in them in order to get rid of chemicals and all forms of impurities.
11. Labels-: You would also need to spend some money on labels for your bottles. You can get someone to make
the labels for you easily. You should budget about $100-$300 for the first batch, depending on how many bottles
you want to roll out.
12. Distribution trucks-: Another very important asset that you would need is a truck for distributing your
products. You can buy a fairly used truck if you cannot afford a new one but make sure it is branded with your
company name and logo and is kept clean ad covered at all times.
13. Consumables-: You would also need some consumable items like bottles, caps, wrapping sheets, P.E films and
packaging supplies.
14. Marketing and promotional materials-: Of course, you would need to promote your brand so it is important
that you add up costs of advertising your water brand, costs of printing flyers and business cards and costs of other
promotional materials and activities.
15. Staffing-: You would definitely need to staff to successfully run your business. You would need machine
operators, people to pack and upload produced water, clerical staff, maintenance officers, drivers and marketers.
16. A website-: Getting a website for your bottled water production business is not a bad idea either. It would help
you to increase awareness for your products and also make your customers have access to you and learn why your
own brand of bottled water is the best option for them.
COST CONTROL

Cost control is concerned with measuring variances from the cost baseline and taking effective
corrective action to achieve minimum costs. Procedures are applied to monitor expenditures and
performance against the progress of a project. All changes to the cost baseline need to be recorded
and the expected final total costs are continuously forecasted. When actual cost information becomes
available an important part of cost control is to explain what is causing the variance from the cost
baseline. Based on this analysis, corrective action might be required to avoid cost overruns .
Pure demineralized water is an essential part of nearly all industrial processes, ranging from electric
power generation to refinery process steam production. The need for effective and efficient pure water
production is often eclipsed by the immediate needs of just producing enough water to satisfy the daily
demand. Today's water treatment technology provides plant operators and management an
opportunity to improve efficiency without sacrificing efficacy.

Not all water treatment systems are identical; therefore, there is no single right solution. Whether
operating a reverse osmosis (RO) system or an ion exchange demineralizer, there are several technology
upgrades that exist when evaluating potential improvements to a water treatment system. These
include:

1. Energy savings by utilizing low-pressure or low-energy membranes


2. Energy and chemical cost savings by utilizing fouling-resistant membranes
3. Fewer mixed bed polisher regenerations by utilizing high-rejection membranes
4. Extended throughput and lower chemical, energy and wastewater costs by utilizing uniform
particle-size ion exchange resins
5. Packed-bed technology
6. Pretreatment technology to level off feedwater variability and provide consistent water quality
to down-stream processes.

All of these technology choices can help improve system performance, provide cost savings and
improved reliability.

Reverse Osmosis

Water plant professionals are all faced with the challenge to sustainably produce more water without
sacrificing quality. There are options that can immediately help achieve these goals.
RO technology has evolved greatly over the past three decades. Desirable for its continuous operation
and absence of chemicals for regeneration, this technology is a solid contributor in the quest for "more,
better water." Energy consumption and chemical cleaning are key operating costs associated with this
process.
One of the greatest achievements in minimizing the overall cost of RO operation has been the
development of low-energy and high-rejection elements. This technology allows system owners to
consume up to 34 percent less power. Moreover, high-rejection elements provide improved water
quality and lower downstream water treatment costs by reducing or eliminating the need for mixed-bed
polishing.
Lower-fouling RO technology has evolved greatly as well. The benefits associated with low-fouling
membranes generally justify the premium price for this technology. Combining maximum element
surface area, optimized feed spacers and unique membrane chemistry, the reduction in cleaning
frequency means more up-time for water production and a reduction in chemical cost and wastewater
associated with cleaning.

Ion Exchange Systems

Ion exchange, used to remove ionic impurities from water, is a seasoned and effective high-purity water
treatment technology. Several aspects of an ion exchange system can be optimized for more efficient
operation. Using true uniform, particle-size ion exchange resin will immediately help lower pressure
drop across a bed of resin, consume less rinse water during regeneration and reduce backwash flow
rates. In addition, better water quality can be achieved through higher regeneration efficiency, reduced
leakage, improved resin separation in mixed beds, faster kinetics, and ultimately higher operating
capacity.
Using ionic monitoring to determine precise end-points will greatly enhance performance, as will
balancing the volume ratio of cationic and anionic resins to align with the raw water composition. In all,
a 20-percent decrease in operating costs may be realized. Modeling tools are available to help evaluate
and quantify the potential savings. Some older systems may not allow throughput optimization due to
changes in raw water quality, but saving on rinse water and backwash water alone returns valuable cost
savings.
Due to the maturity of this technology, many older systems are operating outside of their original design
parameters. Since feedwater quality can change over time, the original design parameters are not
applicable today. As the feedwater changes, most commonly manifested as an increase in total
dissolved solids (TDS), the systems can be optimized to best accommodate the changing feedwater
quality. Modeling tools are available to help pinpoint the optimum resin combination and operating
conditions to best achieve the quantity and quality of water required.
Retrofitting an existing ion exchange system into a counter-current or packed-bed system is the ultimate
optimization method. The economic advantages of this unique ion exchange technology are very clear,
but there is a capital premium associated with high-performance, packed-bed ion exchange technology.

Pre-Treatment Technologies Ultrafiltration

Ultrafiltration technology is quickly becoming the feedwater pre-treatment technology of choice.


Inconsistent suspended solids concentrations in feedwater sources from drought or flood can wreak
havoc on an RO or ion exchange system. Suspended solids can quickly plug downstream processes,
resulting in poorer throughput, poorer water quality and increased costs associated with cleaning and
lost production.
Installing an ultrafiltration system is an excellent solution in this scenario. Ultrafiltration is also effective
at removing biological contaminants.Notable are feedwater excursions with very high suspended solids
concentrations where the treated water quality remained consistent.

Particle Filtration

Particle filtration covers a very large and diverse set of operations. Everything from bag filters, cartridge
filters and media filters are considered particle filters. However, one technology stands alone as truly
unique. TEQUATIC™ PLUS fine particle filtration technology consistently and cost-effectively combines
the power of continuous cleaning, cross-flow filtration, centrifugal separation, and settling into one
device. Designed to process a wide range of difficult-to-treat, high-solids water including oily water, this
is a cost-effective solution to traditional filtration technologies that facilitates high uptime, reduced
consumables, consistent performance, and a small footprint. Figure 6 shows the benefits of cross-flow
particle filtration as it relates to the reduction of bag filter replacements costs.

Summary
Although there can never be a streamlined solution for across-the-board water treatment processes,
improved water quality and cost savings can be realized through custom systems with common water
treatment technologies. Most water treatment solution manufacturers have experts on hand to help
optimize or completely redesign one's existing system to help improve his or her sustainability footprint
while benefitting from purer water with lower cost.