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1.

0 Introduction
1.1 Background
This report summarizes the structural analysis and design of “The Proposed Building of “Mrs
Jasu Gurung” at PMC 15 Kaski. The analysis and design has been based on the prevailing
codes that are in practice in Nepal, the National Building code of Nepal and the IS code at places.
This report consists of the design procedures adopted, the assumptions made, the inputs made in
the design and the design output.

1.2 Salient Features


1.2.1 Project Information
Client : Mrs Jasu Gurung
Building Type : Residential
Location : PMC 15. Kaski.
Plinth Area : 853.94 Sqft
Total Area : 2144.58 Sqft

1.2.2 Building Features


Type of Structure : RCC Framed Structure
Storey : Three storey with Stair cover
Storey Height : 3.04 m
Total Height : 12.00 m
1.2.3 Site Condition
Soil Type : II (for seismic consideration as per NBC 105)
Seismic Zone Factor : 1.0
Net safe bearing capacity : 150.00 KN/m2 for isolated and combined footing
Medium soil from site inspection.

1.3 Geometry of the Building

Configuration of the building is rectangular shaped. It consists of Three storey with Stair cover.
Maximum length of the building is 13.53m and minimum width of the building is 7.46m. Plinth
height of the building is 0.45m.

2.0 Design Approach and Methodology

2.1 General
The structure is analyzed with Finite Element Method (FEM). Beams and columns are modeled
as frame (line) elements with sufficient and appropriate meshing. Modulus of elasticity and
poisson’s ratio for the materials used are taken accordingly. The section properties used are based
on preliminary section sizing with consideration for deflection, minimum sizing specified and
serviceability. Computation for stiffness as a whole is carried out using FEM based latest
software.
Seismic Coefficient approach is carried out and it is applied for lateral seismic force distribution
generated with NBC 105 based spectral Function for soil type-II.
For section design and check, suitable load combinations as suggested in NBC 105:1994 and if
not covered in that, IS 1853-2002 is referred with consideration of envelopes of internal forces
developed.
Foundation design is carried out to satisfy strength and stability requirements.

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2.2 Software used: (Introduction to Analysis software)

The analysis for the structural system was carried out using SAP 2014, SAP 2014 is a product of
computers and structures Inc, Berkeley. It is a FEM based software having facility of RC Design
based on IS- 456:2000.

2.3 Structural Performance

Structural response under limit state of serviceability is thoroughly checked. The force and
stiffness relationship resulting the deflection under various load cases and combined action of
forces are duly evaluated. Basically short- term elastic deflection due to vertical loads and lateral
deflection due to seismic forces are of major importance along with the long-term defection of
beam elements under sustained loading condition due to shrinkage and creep are also taken into
account.

2.4 Deformation under Vertical Loads.

Maximum vertical deflection in all beam and slab elements that resulted under vertical load of
combined effect of self, imposed dead and live load are checked for critical elements and
maintained to be within permissible limit. Short-term elastic deflection and long-term deflection
due to shrinkage and creep due to sustained loads are also maintained within permissible limits
for all the elements.

2.5 Deformation Under Lateral Loads


Effect of lateral load due to seismic force is analyzed using response spectrum input compatible
with codal provision. Using compatible sesmic coefficent method of modal combinations
combines the deformations and related forced reported.

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3.0 Analysis

3.1 Loading details / Types of Loads.

a.Dead Load: The Dead load comprises the loads due to the materials used in the construction
and parts or components in a building. It consists of the loads due to structural elements like
beam, column, wall, slab, staircase, etc; finishes applied in the building and some permanent
structures like water tanks etc.

b. Imposed Load: The imposed load comprises the loads due to the physical contribution
of people and the loads due to the nature of occupancy, the furniture and other equipments which
are a part of the character of the occupancy. The imposed loads on the structural system are based
on the codal provisions as specified in IS 875(part2)-1987.

c.Earthquake load: The Earthquake load is the horizontal /lateral load induced by the ground
motion due to earthquakes. The design lateral load / force is considered in two orthogonal
horizontal directions of the structures. The earthquake induced lateral loads on the structural
system are based on the codal provisions as specified in NBC 105:1994.

3.2 Material Specification

Considering Architectural, Economic and strength demands, reinforced cement concrete (RCC) is
used as the major structural material, the selected material also confirms the availability and ease
in construction. The concrete grade used is M20 in general but M20 for structural columns
system above ground floor also. Fe 500 is provided as longitudinal and shear reinforcement is
structural elements wherever RCC is used.
Considerations of material for loading and strength parameter are as detailed below:
Concrete

1. Grade: M20
Characteristic Compressive strength: 20 N/mm2
Unit weight: 25.0 KN/m3
Young’s modulus of elasticity (E) = 22361000 KN/m2

Steel Reinforcement (for both longitudinal and shear reinforcement)


Grade: Fe 500
Yield stress: 500 N/mm2

Brick
Unit weight: 18.85 KN/m2
NOTE: During this design, brick is not considered as structural component and hence its strength
is not considered.

Finishing
Plaster
Unit Weight: 20.4 KN/m3

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Floor Finish:
Specification: 50mm thick screed + punning on floor
Intensity: 1.02 KN/m2
Note: Additional load is considered for partition as well
Light partition ≈ 1.0 KN/m2
115mm thick brick wall ≈ 2.0 KN/m2

3.3 Loading on Structural Model


The following considerations are made during the loading on the structural model:
 The loads distributed over the area are imposed on area element and that distributed over
length are imposed on line element whenever possible.
 Where such loading is not applicable, equivalent conversion to different loading
distribution is carried to load the model near the real case as far as possible.
 For lateral load, necessary calculations are performed to comply with the requirements of
NBC 105: 1994.

The earthquake induced lateral loads are determined and used from the spectral load cases based
on NBC 105: 1994: Spectrum for Soil Type II. Lateral load thus developed is the product of
structural seismic mass, modal response and respective spectral ordinates.
3.4 Load Cases
The following load cases were used for loading during the analysis:
Dead : Self Weight of the building structural components
Finish : Weight of the finishing of the slabs and staircases (including steps)
Wall : Wall loads (including plaster)
Live : Live load in the building area elements
Rlive : Live load in the roof both accessible and inaccessible
Ex : Spectral seismic load in X-Direction
Ey : Spectral seismic load in Y-Direction

3.5 Load Combination


The load combinations are based on NBC105:1994. The following load combinations are
specified by NBC 105: 1994:
Static Load Combination:
1.5 Dead Loads + 1.5 Live Loads
Seismic Load Combination
0.9 Dead Loads ± 1.25 Earthquake Loads
1.0 Dead Loads + 1.3 Live Loads ± 1.25 Earthquake Loads
1.0 Dead Loads ± 1.25 Earthquake Loads
For seismic loading, mass equivalent to the load that is composed of 100% of Dead Load and
25% of Live Load is taken into consideration.

The following load combinations are used during analysis:


DL = 1.5 Dead + 1.5 Finish + 1.5 Wall + 1.5 Live + 1.5 Rlive
DEx = 0.9 Dead + 0.9 Wall + 0.9 Finish ± 1.25 Ex
DEy = 0.9 Dead + 0.9 Wall + 0.9 Finish ± 1.25 Ey
DLEx = 1.0 Dead + 1.0 Wall + 1.0 Finish + 1.3 Live ± 1.25 Ex
DLEy = 1.0 Dead + 1.0 Wall + 1.0 Finish + 1.3 Live ±1.25 Ey

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3.6 Assumptions
The following assumptions are taken into consideration in the seismic resistant analysis and
design of structures:
 Adequate supervision and quality systems are provided during execution of the works.
 Construction is carried out by personnel having the appropriate skill and experience.
 Construction materials and products confirm to the pertinent codes and specifications.
 The structure is adequately maintained.
 The structure is used in accordance with the design brief.
 An earthquake is not likely to occur simultaneously with maximum flood, wind, waves or
tides.
 Resonance as visualized under steady state sinusoidal excitation will not occur, as the
small duration of earthquake is not enough to build up resonance amplitudes.
 Subsoil does not considerably settle or slide due to earthquake at the site of structure.

3.7 Load Calculations


3.7.1 Dead Load
Wall Load Calculation

Thickness of wall = 9" + two side plaster = .25m.


Thickness of wall = 5" + two side plaster = .15m
Unit weight = 19KN/m3

Note:- Load due to Internal partition wall are apply in slab

1 Wall load at periphery of building on 4.50 span beam


Total wall weight = (4.20*2.54*.15*19) = 30.40 KN
Total weight 30.40 KN
KN/
UDL to be applied = total weight/Span = 7.24 m

Adopt 7.50 KN /m

2 Wall load at periphery of building on 4.57m span beam


For the floor having opening(6’-0”x4’-6”)

Total wall weight = (4.57*2.61*.25*19) = 56.66 KN


Opening Deduction = 1.83*1.37*.25*19 = -11.91 KN
Total weight 44.75 KN
KN/
UDL to be applied = total weight/Span = 9.79 m

Adopt 9.80 KN /m

3 Wall load at periphery of building on 3.35m span beam


For the floor having opening(6’-0”x4’-6”)

Total wall weight = (3.35*2.61*.25*19) = 41.53 KN


Opening
deduction
= 1.83*1.37*.25*19 = -11.91 KN

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Tota
l
weig
ht 29.62 KN
UDL to be KN/
applied = total weight/Span = 8.84 m
Adopt
8.9KN /m
4 Wall load on all 5" thk internal wall building on 4.57m span beam
For all floor having opening(3’0”X7’0”X2)

Total wall weight = (4.57*2.61*.15*19) = 33.99 KN

Opening Deduction (0.90*2.13*.15*19) -5.46


total
UDL to be weight/Span
applied = = 6.24 KN
6.25
Adopt 6.25 KN /m

Live Load UDL (KN/m2) Concentrated load (KN)


Bed rooms and sitting rooms 2.0 2.7
Kitchen 2.0 4.5
Lobby/Corridor/Staircase 3.0 4.5
Balconies 3.0 1.5 per run meter
Store 3.0 4.5
Roof 1.5

3.7.2 Seismic Load


The seismic lateral load is calculated through the response spectrum for soil type II, NBC
105:1994. The base shear is applied with the coefficient as calculated hereunder:
Site Sub-soil category Type II
Time Period (H = 12.00m) 0.38sec (<1.0sec)
Basic Seismic Coefficient (C) 0.08
Seismic Zoning Factor 1.0
Importance Factor 1.0
Structural Performance Factor 1.0
Coefficient of Base Shear (Cd) 0.08
Base Shear Vb (KN) 308.349
Storey Drift(mm) 5.35mm<12.16mm
Maximum displacement of storey 15.57 mm

* This consideration is made for the importance factor of educational building with likely larger
occupancy number.

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ANALYSIS OUTPUTS

3.8 Results from Structural models and analysis

3D Model of the Building

TABLE: Joint Reactions


Joint OutputCase CaseType F1 F2 F3 M1 M2
Text Text Text KN KN KN KN-m KN-m
6 COMB1 Combination 2.552 2.187 346.581 -2.4888 2.2838
11 COMB1 Combination 2.317 1.635 482.474 -1.9378 1.9409
16 COMB1 Combination 4.053 4.071 524.86 -4.3712 3.5017
26 COMB1 Combination 4.418 -7.621 416.135 7.3098 3.6423
46 COMB1 Combination 0.135 1.511 481.201 -1.9551 -0.1306
51 COMB1 Combination 0.061 2.648 606.583 -3.0916 -0.3137
56 COMB1 Combination -1.449 5.663 772.285 -6.1037 -1.9955
66 COMB1 Combination -1.636 -9.369 668.666 8.9153 -2.407
86 COMB1 Combination -2.817 2.282 354.748 -2.8696 -3.08
91 COMB1 Combination -2.495 3.035 514.762 -3.6216 -2.8675
96 COMB1 Combination -1.58 5.987 731.619 -6.5715 -2.1262
106 COMB1 Combination -3.559 -12.028 527.568 11.4278 -4.3283

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TABLE: Modal Participating Mass Ratios
OutputCas
e StepType StepNum Period UX UY UZ SumUX SumUY
Text Text Unitless Sec Unitless Unitless Unitless Unitless Unitless
MODAL Mode 1 0.693332 0.16172 0.7213 0.000007056 16% 72%
MODAL Mode 2 0.692097 0.71545 0.16418 0.000001529 88% 89%
MODAL Mode 3 0.624759 0.01017 0.00022 6.906E-07 89% 89%
MODAL Mode 4 0.241877 0.00725 0.08404 4.545E-07 89% 97%
MODAL Mode 5 0.239336 0.08405 0.0075 0.00002141 98% 98%
MODAL Mode 6 0.2185 0.00035 0.000002909 0.00001026 98% 98%
MODAL Mode 7 0.160764 0.00332 0.01857 0.00004366 98% 100%
MODAL Mode 8 0.159476 0.01463 0.00278 0.000003882 100% 100%
MODAL Mode 9 0.144854 0.00229 0.00035 1.954E-09 100% 100%
MODAL Mode 10 0.130622 0.00014 0.00065 0.00024 100% 100%
MODAL Mode 11 0.120522 0.00047 0.00008687 0.000005198 100% 100%
MODAL Mode 12 0.101096 0.000002121 3.848E-07 0.00001181 100% 100%

Stress Diagrams (Samples only)

Sample Axial Force Diagram

Sample Shear Force Diagram

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Sample Bending Moment Diagram

5.0 Design of Members

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Design of Foundation

Modeling, analysis and design is carried out using the software. However design of the individual
elements is carried out manually. Results of the design output of beams and columns given by the
software are directly used but the design of slab, staircase and foundation is checked manually.
The sample calculation of the individual elements is presented below.

The reactions in the column bases for the foundation combination are as given below

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING - SPREADSHEET


AS PER IS 456: 2000

Data: Column no. 56


load case Combo1
Concrete grade, M 20
Steel grade, Fe 500
Axial load, kN 514.85 kN
My, kNm -6.1 kNm
Mz, kNm -1.99 kNm
Column size, b 300 mm
Column size, d 300 mm
SBC of soil, kN/m2 150 kN/m2
Design factor 1.5

Pressure: Axial load 514.85 kN


App. Self weight 51.485 kN
Total weight 566.335 kN

Area of footing 3.78 m2


size of footing, Bf 1.9 mt
size of footing, Df 1.8 mt
Projection, b1 0.800 mt
Projection, d1 0.750 mt

Footing Pressure,
Pmax = P/A + My/Zy + Mz/Zz
Pmax 142.97 kN/m2
Pmin = P/A - My/Zy - Mz/Zz
Pmin 158.11 kN/m2

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Eccentricity:
Y 0.90 mt
X 1.00 mt
L 1.9 mt
2/3 L 1.27 mt

b 1.8 mt
qu 225.8114 kN/m2
Eff. qu 225.8114 kN/m2
Shear Chk.
One way Shear : At distance d from face of column.
pt assumed 0.35 %
Designed shear
0.41 N/mm2
stress
vu 182.9072
d= 284.12 mm
d provided 300.00 mm

Two way Shear : At distance d/2 from face of column.


Perimeter 2400 mm
S.F. at this section 690.98 kN
Ks 1.00
tc 1.12 N/mm2
tv 0.96 N/mm2
Resistance 804.98 N/mm2 Safe

Flexure design:

For section efbg


pressure@f 146.85 kN/m2
pressure@b 142.97 kN/m2
Moment@eg. Meg 72.26 kNm
Mu 108.39 kNm
d provided 300.00 mm
Mu/bd2 1.20 N/mm2
pt 0.299 %
pt provided 0.350
Ast 1,050.0 mm2/m width
provide 12# @125c/c
Ast Provided 814 mm2/m width

Check in other direction :


For section abcd
pressure@b 142.97 kN/m2

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pressure@c 154.23 kN/m2
Moment@ad, Mad 63.51 kNm
Mu 95.26 kNm
d req 189.23 mm
M/bd2 1.06
pt 0.260 %
Ast 781 mm2/m width
provide 12# @125c/c
Ast provided 814 mm2

Sample Slab Design

Input Parameters
Length of shorter span (lx) = 3.11 m
Length of longer span (ly) = 3.73 m

Support condition 4
Slab type
= 26
= 1
 (assumed) = 1.4
ly/lx = 1.20
Design two way slab

Assume grade of concrete (fck) = M 20


Assume steel (fy) = Fe 500
Thickness of marble finishing = 20.00 mm
Thickness of screed = 25.00 mm
Thickness of plaster = 12.00 mm
Unit weight of marble = 26.50 KN/m3
Unit weight of screed = 22.00 KN/m3
Unit weight of plaster = 20.40 KN/m3
Unit weight of concrete = 25.00 KN/m3
Live load = 3 KN/m2
Assume bar diameter = 10.00 mm

Effective depth of slab (d)  85.43 mm


Assume, d = 105.00 mm
Total depth of slab, D = 125.00 mm

Dead load calculation of slab


Dead load of slab due to concrete = 3.13 KN/m2
Dead load due to floor finish (marble) = 0.53 KN/m2
Dead load due to screed = 0.55 KN/m2
Dead load due to plaster = 0.24 KN/m2

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Partition load = 5.00 KN/m2
Total dead load = 9.45 KN/m2
Dead load + Live load = 12.45 KN/m2
Design load = 18.67 KN/m2

Bending moment Coefficients Max. bending moment


x = 0.0450 Mx = 8.13 KNm
x = 0.0600 -Mx = 10.84 KNm
y = 0.0350 My = 9.12 KNm
y = 0.0470 -My = 12.24 KNm
Mmax = 12.24 KNm

Check depth for moment


Required depth for moment = 66.60 mm
Provided depth, d = 105.00 mm
Required depth is < Provided depth
O.K. safe

Area of steel
Solving quadratic equation
0.0250 Ast2 + -105.0000 Ast + 20958.3414 = 0
2
0.0250 Ast + -105.0000 Ast + 28144.0585 = 0
Bottom bars Top bars
Ast = 3989.8853 mm2 Ast = 3912.2466 mm2
2
Ast = 210.1147 mm Ast = 287.7534 mm2
Spacing required
8  rods @ 239.1 mm c/c Bottom bars
10  rods @ 272.8 mm c/c Top bars
Spacing provided
8  rods @ 150.0 mm c/c Bottom bars
10  rods @ 150.0 mm c/c Top bars

Check for shear


Provided Ast = 334.9 mm2
p% = 0.3 k= 1.3
c' = 0.4 N/mm 2
IS 456:2000 (Table 19)
c = 0.5 N/mm 2

Max.shear force (Vu) = 29.0 KN


v = 0.3 N/mm2
c > v
O.K. safe

Check for minimum steel


Minimum steel (0.12%) Provided steel
126.00 mm2 < 334.93 mm2
O.K.

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Check for deflection
= 26 fs = 181.927 = 1
= 1 = 1.400 = 1

Allowable L/d = 36.40


Actual L/d = 29.62
Allowable L/d > Actual L/d
O.K.

Cantilever Slab Design

Input Parameters
Length of cantilever slab (L) = 1.14 m
Slab type : Cantilever
= 7
= 1
 (assumed) = 1.25

Assume grade of concrete (fck) = M 20


Assume steel (fy) = Fe 500
Thickness of marble finishing = 20.00 mm
Thickness of screed = 25.00 mm
Thickness of plaster = 12.00 mm
Unit weight of marble = 26.50 KN/m3
Unit weight of screed = 20.40 KN/m3
Unit weight of plaster = 20.40 KN/m3
Unit weight of concrete = 25.00 KN/m3
Live load = 2 KN/m2
Assume bar diameter = 10.00 mm

Effective depth of slab (d)  130.66 mm


Assume, d = 105.00 mm
Total depth of slab, D = 125.00 mm

Dead load calculation of slab


Dead load of slab due to concrete = 3.13 KN/m2
Dead load due to floor finish (marble) = 0.53 KN/m2
Dead load due to screed = 0.51 KN/m2
Dead load due to plaster = 0.24 KN/m2
Total dead load = 4.41 KN/m2
Dead load + Live load = 6.41 KN/m2
Design load = 9.61 KN/m2
Wall on cantilever
slab
Width Height % opening
0.1 3 0
Point load of wall = 5.70 KN/m2

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Design point load = 8.55 KN/m2

Check depth for maximum moment


Maximum bending moment = 16.06 KNm
Required depth for moment = 76.28 mm
Provided depth, d = 105.00 mm
Required depth is < Provided depth
O.K. safe

Area of steel
Solving quadratic equation
0.025 Ast2 + -105.00 Ast + 36917.07 = 0
Top bars
Ast = 3812.69 mm2
Ast = 387.31 mm2
Spacing required
10  rods @ 202.7 mm c/c Top bars
10  rods @ 405.4 mm c/c Bottom bars
Spacing provided
8  rods @ 150.0 mm c/c Top bars
10  rods @ 150.0 mm c/c Bottom bars

Check for shear


Provided Ast = 334.93 mm2
p% = 0.32 k= 1.3
c' = 0.39 N/mm 2
IS 456:2000 (Table 19)
c = 0.50 N/mm 2

Max.shear force (Vu)


= 19.54 KN
v = 0.19 N/mm2
c > v
O.K. safe

Check for minimum steel


Minimum steel
(0.12%) Provided steel
126.00 mm 2
< 334.93 mm2
O.K.

Check for deflection


= 7 fs = 335.347 = 1
= 1 = 1.725 = 1

Allowable L/d = 12.07


Actual L/d = 10.89
Allowable L/d > Actual L/d
O.K.

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Design of Beams and Columns

The design of beams and columns are done from the software itself. However, it is to be notified
that the limitations of the design by the software have been evaluated and the adjustments have
been made accordingly. The samples (summary) of the design through the software based on
IS456: 2000 has been presented hereunder.
Output for the Reinforcement Area (Beams and Columns)/Critical Grid

Summary of Designs

Sample Design of Columns

SAP2000 14 Concrete Frame Design

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IS 456:2000 Column Section Design

SAP2000 14 Concrete Frame Design


IS 456:2000 Beam Section Design

SUMMARY 0F REINFORCEMENT BAR

Reinforcement details of column section

Column1 Column2
Lateral ties
(300x300) (300x300)

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Ground 4 - 20dia. Bars 4 - 16dia. Bars
Floor 4 - 16dia. Bars 4 - 16dia. Bars

First 4 - 16dia. Bars 4 - 16dia. Bars 8 mm dia. 2- legged lateral ties


Floor 4 - 16dia. Bars 4 - 16dia. Bars @100 mm & 150mm c/c at ends
& mid height

2nd 4 - 16dia. Bars 4 - 16dia. Bars


Floor 4 - 12dia. Bars 4 - 12dia. Bars

Reinforcement details of beam section.

Re-Bars at Support Re-Bars at Mid Span

Top Bottom Top Bottom

Beam
2 – 16dia TH. 2 – 16dia TH. 2 – 16dia TH. 2 – 16dia TH.
230 x 425mm
3 – 12dia EXT. 1– 12dia TH. 1 – 12dia TH.

Tie Beam 2-16 dia TH. 2-16 dia TH. 2-16dia TH. 2-16 dia TH.
230*230mm 1-16dia TH 1-16dia TH 1-16dia TH 1-16dia TH

Strap Beam
5-16 dia TH 4-16 dia TH 5-16 dia TH 4-16 dia TH
300*450
8 mm dia. vertical
8 mm dia. vertical
Vertical stirrups@100mm c/c upto L/4
stirrups@150mm c/c at mid span
stirrups from end of support

The site supervisions & quality test of the different constructions materials of
the proposed building do not undertaken by the structural engineer(herein the
Designer). Hence any failure or error occurred with the building due to the
non – implementation of the recommendations made in this report and

18
structural drwg. Or due to improper construction will not be the responsibility
of the Structural Engineer.
The structural analysis has been completed on the assumptions that the
proposed building shall be constructed under the proper supervisions of
skilled technical person.
Also the structural engineer will not responsible for sub soil explorations at
the site. The foundation design has been completed only based on the
condition of soil strata upto one metre depth at the site of the concerned
building.

REFERENCES

1) Jain, A.K- R.C.CLimit State Design, Nem Chand & Bros, Roorkee, 1990
2) Shah & Kale- R.C.C Design, Macmillan India Limited
3) Ashok k. Jain- Advanced Structural Analysis, Nem Chand & Bros, Roorkee, 1990
4) S.S. Bhavikati-Structural Analysis- II, Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd.
5) V.N. Vazirani- Analysis of Structures-II, Khanna Publishers
6) S. Ramamrutham-Theory of Structures, DhanpatRai Publishing Company

Codes
1) I.S. 456-2000 -Code of Practice for Plain and Reinforced Concrete
2) I S. 456-1978 -Design Aids for Reinforced Concrete ( S.P.-16 )
3) S.P.34-1987 - Handbook on Concrete Reinforcement and Detailing
4) I S 1893-2003 - Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design Structure
5) NBC 105:1994, Seismic Design of Building in Nepal
6) NBC 1994 FOR Ductile Detailing for RCC Structures Subjected to Seismic Forces
7) I S 13920-1993 -Ductile Detailing of Reinforced Concrete Structures subjected to
Seismic forces
8) I S 875-1987 -Code of practice for Design Loads for Buildings and Structures
Part 1- Dead Loads
Part 2- Imposed Loads

Designed by
Er.Sailesh Adhikari
(NEC .Regd No.10059)
Phone no:9856061070

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