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Olivia Gonzalez

Put the slide with the question on it (5 seconds)

In order to protect employees from discrimination, federal laws have been put in place to protect the

rights of employees. When working with any organization we must be aware of our rights as employees.

Does anyone know any of the laws that protect employee’s rights?

See If Anyone Has an Answer (10 seconds)

It’s important to ensure that every employee and when hiring them are given Equal Employment

Opportunity (EEO), which is that everyone should be treated in all aspects of employment fairly and non-


Change to the next slide (I will show a figure where it lists the prohibited discriminatory employment

practices, while going into more detail about them such as giving examples)

Before I begin talking about the prohibited discriminatory employment practices, I want to ensure that

everyone knows what the protected classes are. The protected classes that are protected by EEO laws are

minorities, women and individuals with disabilities. The prohibited discriminatory employment practices

state that its illegal to discriminate in the following aspects of employment:

- Hiring and firing

- Recruitment

- Withholding benefits

- Transfer, promotion, lay-off, or recall.

- Pay, retirement plans, and disability leave

(Move to the next slide that will have a picture of the figure that lists the major laws affecting equal

employment opportunity)
The first federal law that we will discuss will be the Equal Pay Act of 1963, which states that it’s illegal to

discriminate in regard to pay, employee benefits, and pension they earn on the based-on gender even

through the individuals do the same work.

(Start talking about the next federal law)

The Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 states that it’s illegal to discriminate against individual on

the bases of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. Under the act, pregnant and individuals with

medical conditions are protected against discrimination. The bone fide occupational qualification (BFOQ)

under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act allows employers to discriminate based on their hiring preferences

that are reasonable necessity to the business.

(Start talking about the next federal law)

Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 protects employees and applicants age 40 or older in

regard to employment. Managers and supervisors are considered to be discriminating against an older

employee when:

- It’s excluding older workers from important work activities

- Refusing to provide older employees with job-related education, career development, or

promotional opportunities.

- Employers hiring younger applicants over older applicants even through their better-qualified.

- Trying to make an older employee go into retirement early or terminating them.

These are only some of the laws that are protecting the rights of employees. It’s important for

employees to know their rights while applying and during their employment with companies.