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Meatless Whopper™

Soy & GMOs Pros and Cons

Lucas Reynard & Paul Woods

Health Journalists


Woods Global Deals


Contents 3
Burger King's New Meatless Whopper 5
Soy & GMOs Pros and Cons 5
What is Heme: 6
What is soy? 6
Is Soy Good For You? 7
May Help Lower Cholesterol 7
May Improve Fertility 8
May Reduce Menopause Symptoms (Soy Estrogen) 8
Soy and Thyroid 9
Is Soy Bad For Men? 10
Top 10 reasons to avoid soy 11
Pros of the Impossible Foods vegan-based meatless burger: 12
From Random to Controlled Genetic Modification 13
Engineered Microbes in Medicine and Food 16
Why GMOs are Bad: 18
What Are GMOs Definition: 20
List of 39 Countries That Ban GMO Food: 21
Non GMO vs Organic: 22

References: 23

Copyright 27
Burger King's New Meatless Whopper

Soy & GMOs Pros and Cons

Burger King is testing meatless burgers in 59 restaurants in the St. Louis
metropolitan area of Missouri. The fast-food chain is developing the product with
California's Impossible Burger, which provides meatless burger for Red Robin,
White Castle and many other restaurants.

Burger King is developing the meatless patty with Impossible Foods, a

California-based producer of plant-based substitutes whose meatless burgers are
served by chains Red Robin and White Castle, along with more than 5,000
restaurants nationwide.

The company, founded in 2011 by Stanford biochemistry professor Patrick Brown,

uses "heme," an iron-rich molecule in animal protein, to mimic the flavor of meat.
The meatless patties also "bleed" in their effort to mimic actual burgers. The
Whoppers being sold are not vegan since they include mayo (containing eggs and
milk) and if asked for, cheese (milk-originated).

Impossible Foods’ main pitch is for environmental sustainability. Intensive animal

agriculture is a major source of greenhouse gas, water use and pollution. Meat is
high is saturated fats, typically contaminated with antibiotics, causing anti-biotic
resistant bacteria to flourish, hormones, and other environmental conditions, that
have been linked to a plethora of diseases, including heart disease and cancer, the
wor1d's top #1 & #2 causes of death respectively.

But the “meatless” burger has not been immune from criticism.
Genetically modified yeast, a lack of any organic ingredients, processed soy, and a
high saturated fat and salt content have concerned some critics. And the burger has
been criticized by animal rights activists for testing products on rats. Cattle
ranchers have also mounted opposition to Impossible Foods and Beyond Meat for
selling patties in grocery stores in the same refrigerators as meat.
What is Heme:
Impossible Foods manufactures heme by starting with a protein from the roots of
soy plants, called soy leghemoglobin. They then take the DNA from soy plants and
inserted it into a genetically engineered yeast. The yeast is then fermented very
similar to the way Belgian beer is made. But instead of producing alcohol, their
yeast multiply and produce a lot of heme.

What is soy?
Soybean, Legume
Description: The soybean, or soya bean, is a species of legume native to East Asia,
widely grown for its edible bean, which has numerous uses. Fat-free soybean meal
is a significant and cheap source of protein for animal feeds and many packaged
meals. Wikipedia

Nutrition Facts
Soybeans, raw
Amount Per 1 cup (186 g)
Calories 830
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 37 g 56%
Saturated fat 5 g 25%
Polyunsaturated fat 21 g
Monounsaturated fat 8 g
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Sodium 4 mg 0%
Potassium 3,342 mg 95%
Total Carbohydrate 56 g 18%
Dietary fiber 17 g 68%
Sugar 14 g
Protein 68 g 136%
Vitamin A 0% Vitamin C 18%
Calcium 51% Iron 162%
Vitamin D 0% Vitamin B-6 35%
Cobalamin 0% Magnesium 130%
*Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your daily values may
be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.

Is Soy Good For You?

Evidence indicates soyfoods can be safely consumed by all individuals except
those who are allergic to soy protein, which is relatively uncommon in comparison
to the number of individuals allergic to many other commonly-consumed foods.

May Help Lower Cholesterol

Many research studies suggest that soy may improve cholesterol levels, especially
“bad” LDL cholesterol.

In an extensive review of 35 studies, researchers found that eating soy products

reduced LDL cholesterol and total cholesterol while raising “good” HDL
cholesterol. These improvements were greater in people with high cholesterol

However, these researchers observed that soy supplements didn’t have the same
cholesterol-lowering effect as eating soy foods.

In another review of 38 studies, researchers noted that an average soy intake of 47

grams per day was linked to a 9.3% decrease in total cholesterol and a 13%
decrease in LDL cholesterol.

Fiber seems to play an important role in cholesterol-lowering effects of soy..

In one study, 121 adults with high cholesterol took 25 grams of soy protein with or
without soy fiber for eight weeks. The soy with fiber reduced LDL cholesterol
more than twice as much as soy protein alone.
May Improve Fertility
Soy may improve fertility in women trying to conceive or undergoing fertility

In a study in 36 women who hadn’t had a period in six months, those who took 6
grams a day of black soybean powder had higher rates of ovulation and menstrual
cycles compared to those who did not take soy.

In another study in over 200 women receiving in vitro fertilization (IVF)

treatments, those who took 1,500 mg of soy phytoestrogen a day had higher rates
of implantation and pregnancy compared to those who did not take soy.

A third study demonstrated that soy had a protective effect against BPA, a
chemical found in plastic, which may have negative impacts on fertility. Women
who ate soy before IVF were more likely to have a successful pregnancy than those
who did not.

May Reduce Menopause Symptoms (Soy Estrogen)

Isoflavones are a class of phytoestrogens that are naturally contained in soy that act
like a weak estrogen in the body.

Estrogen levels decrease during menopause leading to symptoms like hot flashes.
Since soy acts as a natural estrogen, it may help reduce these symptoms.
Scientific studies confirm soy’s beneficial affect in menopause.
For example, in a review of 35 studies, soy isoflavone supplements raised estradiol
(estrogen) levels in postmenopausal women by 14%.

Lastly, in another review of 17 studies, women who took an average dose of 54 mg

of soy isoflavones a day for 12 weeks had 20.6% fewer hot flashes and
experienced a 26.2% decrease in symptom severity compared to at the start of the
Soy and Thyroid
Soy foods don’t affect thyroid function in people with healthy thyroids, found a
Loma Linda University review of 14 studies. But if you have an underactive
thyroid, you might want to watch how much soy you eat. Soy foods have been
shown to interfere with the body’s absorption of thyroid medication — but only if
you overdo it, suggests a 2016 Nutrients Review.

Although, there is concern that soy may worsen thyroid function in those
individuals whose thyroid function is already compromised such as subclinical
hypothyroid patients and those whose iodine intake is low. The concern about the
latter is based on the potential for isoflavones rather than the amino acid tyrosine to
be iodinated, thereby inhibiting the synthesis of thyroid hormone. However,
clinical research published in 2012 indicates that the iodination of isoflavones is
negligible and deemed clinically and statistically irrelevant.

One small British study did find that modest isoflavone exposure (16 mg/day)
increased the likelihood of progressing from subclinical to overt hypothyroidism.
These results are surprising because the progression of subclinical to overt
hypothyroidism among Japanese patients is not elevated nor are rates of
hypothyroidism elevated in Japan, where their diets typically have high levels of
Is Soy Bad For Men?
Soy may reduce the risk of prostate cancer in men. For example, a review of 30
medical studies, showed high soy consumption was linked to a significantly lower
risk of developing the disease.

However, to reiterate, more than 90% of the soy produced in the US is genetically
modified, and certain GMO soy products have been found to contain glyphosate
residues and have a poorer nutritional profile compared to organic soybeans.
Does Soy Increase Estrogen In Males?

Two case reports describing feminizing effects that allegedly occurred as a result
of soyfood consumption have been published. However, in both cases the
individuals were said to have consumed 360 mg/day isoflavones (9-fold greater
than the mean intake among older Japanese men) in the context of unbalanced and
likely nutrient-deficient diets since soy foods accounted for the vast majority of
calories consumed.

Furthermore, in contrast to the rise in circulating estrogen levels noted in one case,
no effects on estrogen levels have been noted in numerous clinical studies in which
men were exposed to as much as 150 mg/day isoflavones.
Top 10 reasons to avoid soy
1. Soybeans contain large quanities of natural toxins or "antinutrients".
First among them are potent enzyme inhibitors that block the action of
trypain and other enzymes needed for protein digestion.
2. These inhibitors are not deactivated during cooking & processing.
Test animals fed these inhibitors developed enlargement and pathological
conditions of the pancreas, inclding cancer.
3. Soybeans also contain ​haemagglutinin, a clot-promoting
substance ​that causes red blood cells to clump together.
4. 99% of soy is ​genetically modified ​and it among the highest
contamination by pesticides ​of any of our foods.
5. Soybeans are high in phylic acid, a sustance that ​blocks the uptake
of essential minerals calcium, magnesium, copper, iron and especially
zinc, in the intestinal tract.
6. Soy products ​contain high levels of aluminium​, leached from the
aluminum takes in which they are acid washed and processed at high
7. Nitrites, which are potent carcinogens​, are formed during the
spray-dying of soy.
8. Soy Protine isolates, which are ​shown to enlarge the pancreas and
thyroid and increase fatty acid deposits in the liver.
9. Soy ​contains toxic isoflavones.
10. Soy foods have a high consentration of goitrogens which ​block
production of thyroid hormones.
Pros of the Impossible Foods vegan-based meatless burger:
1. Taste:
Heme is what makes meat taste like meat. It’s an essential molecule found in every
living plant and animal -- most abundantly in animals -- and something we’ve been
eating and craving since the dawn of humanity.

Burger King’s chief marketing officer, Fernando Machado, said that in the
company’s testing so far, customers and even employees had not been able to tell
the difference between the old meaty Whopper and the new one “People on my
team who know the Whopper inside and out, they try it and they struggle to
differentiate which one is which,” Mr. Machado said.

2. We have to feed a growing population, but farmers and their crops struggle to
adapt to warmer temperatures and altered weather patterns. And livestock, a pillar
of our food system for millennia, are major culprits in climate change, water
shortages, biodiversity losses and massive degradation and destruction of forests
and other ecosystems compelling us to quickly move to a predominantly
plant-based diet.

But the process of genetic modification, central to progress in agriculture

throughout history, has become controversial. As a geneticist who uses modern
tools for modifying DNA on a daily basis in my research, and who teaches about
these methods and the issues surrounding them, I worry that misplaced fears about
their use in agriculture will hinder our efforts to address climate change, food
insecurity and the degradation of our natural environment.
From Random to Controlled Genetic Modification
Creating novel genomes by deliberate selective breeding is an ancient human
endeavor, but recent advances in molecular biology have made the process more
precise, focused, predictable, effective and some claim "safe".

Impossible Foods claims they don't rely on random mutations (the product of
errors that occur when copying and transmitting genetic material between
generations) as the source of beneficial new traits. Instead, they can edit genomes
in much the same way you use a word processor, tweaking DNA one letter at a
time, or cutting, copying and pasting within or between species more or less at

They also claim that with science's ever-improving understanding of the genetic
basis for important traits in plants and animals, and powerful tools for
understanding the consequences of changes at both a molecular and physiological
level, that they can actually be much more conservative and precise with the
modifications they introduce.

As the Impossible Foods website states: ​"Critics of genetic engineering portray

contemporary agricultural scientists as playing God, messing with nature in
dangerous ways with unknown consequences. But in reality, the level of control
these new tools give us demonstrates that it was our ancestors who were playing an
unpredictable game of genetic roulette."

They go on to state: "Every time farmers and ranchers of yore bred a plant or
animal from among domesticated stock, or crossed them with wild varieties, they
created a genome entirely new to the planet. These randomly created GMOs
differed from the ones that preceded them in ways that are were far greater, and
with consequences far less foreseeable, than those created by modern, deliberate
genetic engineering.

They then introduced the results of these uncontrolled genetic experiments into the
food supply, blind to the consequences, and with no oversight. In contrast, today’s
genetically modified organisms are incredibly modest. They involve smaller, more
carefully considered, controlled and conservative changes to DNA than were ever
before possible in human history."

While they admit the process isn't perfect, they further claim:
"We have an incomplete understanding of biology, and even deliberate, precise
changes can have unintended consequences or, more often, simply fail to deliver
the desired positive effects. But given the pressing need to continue improving the
food species we need to nourish ten billion people while minimizing the impact of
agriculture on our climate taking full advantage of the benefits of our modern
repertoire of genetic techniques is a no brainer. What matters is not how we create
organisms with novel genomes, but what we create, and how it will benefit

3. Impossible Foods was founded to address climate change by eliminating the

need for animal agriculture, the most environmentally destructive human activity
and a major source of the greenhouse gases that drive global warming.

For example, cattle are able to break down plants rich in cellulose by fermenting
and digesting them in a multi-part specialized stomach. This “enteric fermentation”
process allows them to obtain nutrients from grazing in fields and pastures.
However, grass is more difficult to digest than grain, and so grazing livestock tend
to produce more methane (the notorious “cow burps and farts” problem), a
greenhouse gas with roughly 28 times the warming potential of CO2 over a
100-year time frame.

Carbon stored in soils can also be lost into the atmosphere as a result of poor
grazing management, a change in land use (i.e. tilling for crops), or natural causes
such as drought. The amount of carbon soil can hold also depends on a number of
factors, including type of soil, the regional climate, how often the soil is disturbed,
and the kind of vegetation and soil microbes present.

A 2017 report out of Oxford’s Food Climate Research Network estimates that with
careful management practices and very specific agro-ecological circumstances,
grass-fed cattle can offset between 20 and 60 percent of emissions from grazing
systems, or four to eleven percent of total emissions from livestock production.
When cattle eat more forage, or whole plants, that contain a lot of fiber (such as
grass and hay), they tend to emit more methane gas. Cattle diets that include more
grains, like those of most feedlot cattle in the United States, produce fewer
methane emissions. In the United States, beef production is a combination of cattle
spending about two-thirds of their life grazing and eating mostly forage, followed
by the finishing period where cattle are typically housed in a feedlot and fed a
grain-based diet (50-85 percent grain).

There are other greenhouse gas emissions associated with cattle feedlots, as well as
concerns about as animal welfare, water pollution, and antibiotic resistance.
Manure contains carbon and nitrogen, and when large amounts of manure are
stored in large ponds, they break down without oxygen and produce methane. The
amount of methane depends on how much manure is produced and how much
decomposes anaerobically – both tend to be higher in feedlots where cattle live and
feed in close quarters and manure is stored as liquid in ponds.

The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates the livestock sector
as a whole contributes 14.5 percent of total man-made greenhouse gas emissions –
beef and milk production make up the majority of this. Most of those emissions (42
percent) come from enteric fermentation, with an additional 23 percent from
manure application and management (from both methane and nitrous oxide).

Some argue that grazing cattle offsets these burp- and manure-driven emissions by
helping separate more carbon from the soil. Grazing livestock nibble at grass,
which encourages plant growth and deeper roots. If these plants, living or dead, are
left undisturbed, the carbon in the plants’ biomass can stay stable in the ground
rather than be re-emitted into the atmosphere. Livestock manure can replace
energy-intensive synthetic fertilizers, thus avoiding greenhouse gas emissions.
In the late 1970s, researchers at a small California biotech startup succeeded in
engineering a strain of the bacteria E. coli that carried the human gene for insulin,
allowing them to produce it for injection by diabetics.
This recombinant human insulin is safer, more reliable and more effective than pig
insulin, and has had a huge positive impact on the lives of the over 100,000
children and adolescents diagnosed with type 1 diabetes every year. Dozens of
life-saving drugs and vaccines used to prevent or treat heart attacks, cancer,
arthritis and serious infections are now produced by genetically modified bacteria
and yeasts.

Engineered Microbes in Medicine and Food

Although modern genetic modification for industrial (as opposed to research) uses
is best known in crop plants, it began in microbes where it almost immediately
made transformative, life-saving contributions to medicine.
Why GMOs are good:

As the population grows, it's going to get harder to feed everyone. The Food and
Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) estimates food production
will need to double in some parts of the world by 2050. GMOs are one way to
make enough nutritious food available with limited land, water, and other
resources. Over the last 60 years, these approaches to causing genetic changes in
seeds has given us around 3,000 altered crops.

We got ruby red grapefruits through natural mutation, yet "few are questioning the
safety of all the random genetic changes that went into their development," says
Kevin Klatt, a PhD student in the molecular nutrition program at Cornell
University. What seems to make people uncomfortable is when those changes
happen deliberately in a lab.

The American Medical Association thinks genetically modified foods are OK. Part
of an official statement notes that in almost 20 years, no clear impacts on human
health have been reported or confirmed in professional journals.

The World Health Organization agrees. They, along with the FAO, maintain a set
of science-based standards, guidelines, and practices called the Codex
Alimentarius to promote good, safe food for everyone. It includes biotechnology
and genetic engineering, too. Many governments draw from the Codex to write
their regulations and recommendations.
A GMO food isn't allowed in stores in the U.S. until the Food and Drug
Administration (FDA) team is satisfied it's safe. Ultimately, the developer is
legally responsible for the food's safety, like any other product we eat.

However, according to extensive FDA memos made public through a lawsuit, the
overwhelming consensus of the agency’s own scientists was that genetically
engineered foods pose abnormal and unique risks including new toxins, allergens
and nutritional problems.

The scientists called for rigorous safety tests to protect our health. Tragically, a
political appointee at the FDA covered up the warnings and allowed genetically
modified organisms (GMOs) on the market without requiring any testing. That
official in charge of GMO policy was formerly an attorney representing the GMO
giant, Monsanto. He later became Monsanto’s Vice President and is as of 2016 was
back at the FDA as the “US Food Czar".

But there are still big differences of opinion, even among some scientists and

Three million Americans have type 1 diabetes, a disease in which their bodies stop
producing the essential hormone insulin. Type 1 diabetes was fatal until the early
1900’s, when Canadian researchers showed it could be managed with daily
injection of insulin purified from pigs. Although it kept people alive, pig insulin
was not a perfect replacement for its human counterpart, and often led to immune
reactions. Of course, this is not food.
Why GMOs are Bad:
A 2015 survey by the Pew Research Center shows this divide. Nearly 9 out of 10
scientists from the American Association for the Advancement of Science say
GMOs are "generally safe" to eat. Though if you're like more than half of U.S.
adults from the general public in that same survey, you think you probably
shouldn't eat them.

According to the National Institute of Health (NIH), the health effects of pesticides
are still not well understood. Potential effects include cancer and damage to the
nervous, endocrine, and reproductive systems. Genetically modified organisms
(GMOs) are often engineered to be more resistant to pesticides or produce
pesticides themselves.

Herbicide-tolerant genetically modified (GM) crops have led to an increase in

herbicide usage while insecticide-producing GM crops have led to a decrease in

Many conventional pesticides are synthetic materials that kill or inactivate the pest
directly. These chemical pesticides include compounds such as organophosphates,
carbamates, pyrethroids, and sulfonylureas. Short-term exposure to a large amount
of certain pesticides can result in poisoning. For example, carbamates and
organophosphates are known to affect the nervous system by disrupting a
neurotransmitter called acetylcholine.

Studies have shown preliminary evidence that chronic, low-dose exposure to

pesticides increases the risk of cognitive impairments and diseases such as
Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s later in life [4]. A study of 50 pesticides and more
than 30,000 licensed pesticide applicators linked exposure of seven pesticides that
contain chlorinated compounds (including two herbicides, two organophosphate
insecticides, and two organochlorines) to increased risk of diabetes.
In March 2019, a jury in San Francisco has awarded a California man $80 million
in damages after he claimed that the weed-killer Roundup caused his cancer. The
same six-person jury sided with 70-year-old Edwin Hardeman, whose lawyers
argued that the glyphosate-based herbicide was a "substantial factor" in causing
non-Hodgkins lymphoma in Hardeman.
People also worry about pollen and seeds from genetically engineered plants
(GMOs) spreading beyond the fields where they were planted. Or what could
happen if genetically modified animals mate with non-modified or wild ones.

The prime example of GM herbicide-resistant crops is the suite of

“Roundup-resistant” GMOs, which are designed to tolerate the herbicide
glyphosate, an ingredient in the weed killer Roundup (see this article).

Glyphosate is the most widely used herbicide in the world by volume [9]. It is
employed extensively in agriculture and can be found in garden products in many
countries. The World Health Organization recently announced that glyphosate is a
probable carcinogen.
Glyphosate has been linked to cancer in rats and mice and experiments in human
cells have shown that exposure to glyphosate can cause DNA damage.
Weeds that have developed resistance to herbicides such as glyphosate may require
higher amounts of glyphosate and perhaps other herbicides to keep them in check,
and this means that herbicide-tolerant crops will be exposed to higher levels of
herbicides as well.
Why is it necessary for the public to prove that GMO is not safe, rather than
require the producers to prove it is safe? Drug companies have far greater hurdles
to over come for products people may only consume for a very short period of
time. We consume food daily for survival and therefore will be affected more
seriously by potential issues related to what we consume as food.
Since labeling laws don't require disclosure of whether a food is GMO or has been
fed by GMO feed, realistically, the only way to avoid GMO food is to buy and
consume strictly certified organic food.
What Are GMOs Definition:
According to the World Health Organization, genetically modified foods are foods
derived from organisms whose genetic material (DNA) has been modified in a way
that does not occur naturally, e.g. through the introduction of a gene from a
different organism. Currently available GM foods stem mostly from plants, but in
the future foods derived from GM microorganisms or GM animals are likely to be
introduced on the market. Most existing genetically modified crops have been
developed to improve yield, through the introduction of resistance to plant diseases
or of increased tolerance of herbicides.

???This means seeds may have been injected with herbicides, pesticides and
or insecticides to yield insect-resistant plants and foods.

Roundup agricultural herbicides are sprayed on the weeds in the field to prevent
them from competing with crops for the water, sunlight and soil nutrients needed to
grow. The weeds will die, while the Roundup Ready crop will survive and thrive.
Application of Roundup brand herbicides sometimes results in a small amount of
glyphosate residues in crops and commodities intended for human and animal use.
Even though you may not realize it, you probably eat GMOs now. Up to 80% of
processed foods in the U.S. have them. But way more GMOs, up to 90% of what's
grown are used as animal feed.

For example, most of the sugar we eat comes from beets, and almost all of them
are GMOs. Changing their genes has brought about bigger, better sugar beets that
are stronger and last longer than those grown in the past. Nothing in the sugar can
tell you where it came from. You can't avoid eating "genetically engineered sugar"
because it doesn't exist.

China, Australia, and the European Union require GMO foods to be labeled, but
the U.S. doesn't. Many states are in the process of passing laws about the labeling
and sale of genetically engineered food, but some federal lawmakers are trying to
overrule them and prevent that.

Engineered corn is the source of a lot of cornstarch used to thicken soups and
sauces as well as the corn syrup that sweetens foods and drinks. Cottonseed,
canola, and soybean oils made from GMOs go into mayo, salad dressing, cereal,
bread, and snacks galore.

The type of genes that are added to genetically modified corn generally fall under
three categories: herbicide tolerance, insect protection and finally drought stress
protection. Foods created by changing genes with radiation or chemicals don't fall
under GMO regulations and wouldn't have to be labeled. The latest methods of
genetic engineering aren't covered by older rules, so you won't see labels on those
foods either. But the National Academy of Sciences says this inconsistency doesn't
make sense: What matters is the fact that genes have been artificially changed, not
the way it was done.

List of 39 Countries That Ban GMO Food:

Asia, Algeria, Madagascar, Turkey, Kyrgyzstan, Bhutan, Saudi Arabia, Belize,
Peru, Ecuador, Venezuela, Europe, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, Republic of
Ireland, Germany, France, The Netherlands, Malta, Cyprus, Greece, Bulgaria,
Russia, Serbia, Croatia, Italy, Denmark, Hungary, Moldova, Latvia, Lithuania,
Austria, Poland, Slovenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia, South Australia, Herzegovina,
Luxembourg, Ukraine, Norway and Switzerland (and 3 counties in California:
Mendocino, Trinity, and Marin counties).
Non GMO vs Organic:
While neither Burger King nor Impossible Foods makes no claim that the Heme
used in the new meatless Whopper, since 90% of all soy in the U.S. is GMO, it is
probably safe to say that the heme is not from organic soy. Indeed, Impossible
Foods is touting the fact that their heme is GMO, as an environmental savior.

According to Burger King: Our WHOPPER® Sandwich is a ¼ lb* of savory

flame-grilled beef topped with juicy tomatoes, fresh lettuce, creamy mayonnaise,
ketchup, crunchy pickles, and sliced white onions on a soft sesame seed bun."
Obviously, some add cheese as well.

Additionally, Burger King has never advertised or claimed that any of the
ingredients in their signature Whopper sandwich is organic...a health claim that all
marketers are acutely aware of is a consumer-attraction benefit.

Hence, consumers are faced with at best non-GMO additional ingredients besides
the new heme soy based patty already discussed.

While we won't go into detail about the differences between organic and
non-organic foods in this eBook, in general, organic is non-GMO, but non-GMO is
not necessarily organic. ... Organic farmers are not allowed to use synthetic
pesticides, or anything that has been genetically engineered. They are also not
permitted to farm with petroleum-based fertilizers or sewage sludge-based
fertilizers. Organic food is food that has been farmed and manufactured within
guidelines determined by the Department of Agriculture, which prohibits the use of

For example Impossible Foods has at least one major competitor, Beyond Meat,
which already sells its Beyond Burger at Carl’s Jr and A&W restaurants in Canada.
Beyond Meat will be the first of Silicon Valley’s new generation of food
companies to go public.

Additionally, Nestlé recently announced it would also try its hand at manufacturing
a plant-based burger. It will launch the “Incredible Burger” in Europe and the
“Awesome Burger” in the US this fall, according to Reuters. The plant-based
industry is expected to grow to $10 billion in the next five years, according to

McDonald's has added a soy-based "McVegan" burger in Sweden and Finland,

while Pizza Hut sells vegan pizza pies in Britain. White Castle has sold a slider
version of the Impossible burger in its 380 or so stores since late 2018.

We hope you now have sufficient information to be an educated and informed

consumer about this new "meatless" soy-based patty currently being sold at Burger
King, White Castle and ..... (we assume far more restaurants, bars, cafes and
groceries in the near future).

change/​GM Crops Now Banned in 39 Countries Worldwide – Sustainable Pulse Research/​ anned-in-36-countries-worldwide-s

Consumer Info About Food from Genetically Engineered Plants/ FDA/
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Meta-analysis of the effects of soy protein intake on serum lipids.

A double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial compares the cholesterol-lowering effects of two

different soy protein preparations in hypercholesterolemic subjects.
The effect of soybeans on the anovulatory cycle.

Phytoestrogens may improve the pregnancy rate in in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer cycles: a
prospective, controlled, randomized trial.​ ​

Soy and Health Update: Evaluation of the Clinical and Epidemiologic Literature/

Soy Intake Modifies the Relation Between Urinary Bisphenol A Concentrations and Pregnancy
Outcomes Among Women Undergoing Assisted Reproduction.

Effects of soy protein and isoflavones on circulating hormone concentrations in pre- and
post-menopausal women: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Effects of soy protein and isoflavones on circulating hormone concentrations in pre- and
post-menopausal women: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Extracted or synthesized soybean isoflavones reduce menopausal hot flash frequency and
severity: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Anti-thyroid isoflavones from soybean: isolation, characterization, and mechanisms of action.

Inactivation of thyroid peroxidase by soy isoflavones, in vitro and in vivo.

Clinical studies show no effects of soy protein or isoflavones on reproductive hormones in men:
results of a meta-analysis.​ ​

Sosvorova, L.; Miksatkova, P.; Bicikova, M.; Kanova, N.; Lapcik, O. The presence of
monoiodinated derivates of daidzein and genistein in human urine and its effect on thyroid gland
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Imaizumi, M.; Sera, N.; Ueki, I.; Horie, I.; Ando, T.; Usa, T.; Ichimaru, S.; Nakashima, E.; Hida,
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