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CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION:

Exercise books are widely known & vastly used as day-to-day products. Note books are
available in the market in various sizes, shapes & pages and having various types of covers
paper bound, board and Rexene bound etc. Exercise book is of different types and is used for
different purposes. Their sizes vary according to the requirement. Though mainly used by
students whether school going or college going, yet not less important for a house wife who
keeps her day to day expenses record & similarly for small business men for keeping their
accounts. Introduction with the growth of education among the masses & industrialization in
the country, the demand of stationery note book for writing purposes has been increasing at a
tremendous rate. All the factors such as birth rate, expenditure on education young
percentage of total population, sex ratio and population living in urban area to rural area, are
the important factor which determines the stationery demand within the country. Stationery
items like note books, exercise books, log books, etc are always in demand for students. The
demand for note books is more in the months of June to August in every year. Similarly,
registers are essential in every office, institutions, organizations etc. The size of the products
will be decided as per the local market demands.

COMPANY DETAILS:

BOARD OF DIRECTOR: N. Gandheeswaran.

PARTNERS OF THE FIRM:

 N. Gandheeswaran
 N. Kartheeswaran
 G. Aatheeswaran
MANAGER:

R. Benjamin

PRODUCTS:

School notebooks or college, All varieties of notebooks in the market.

LOCATION AND OVERVIEW:

Established in the year 1997, Sri Rathna Note Books in Viswanatham, Sivakasi is a
top player in the category Notebook Manufacturers in the Sivakasi. This well-known
establishment acts as a one-stop destination servicing customers both local and from other
parts of Sivakasi. Over the course of its journey, this business has established a firm foothold
in it’s industry. The belief that customer satisfaction is as important as their products and
services, have helped this establishment garner a vast base of customers, which continues to
grow by the day. This business employs individuals that are dedicated towards their
respective roles and put in a lot of effort to achieve the common vision and larger goals of the
company. In the near future, this business aims to expand its line of products and services and
cater to a larger client base. In Sivakasi, this establishment occupies a prominent location in
Viswanatham. It is an effortless task in commuting to this establishment as there are various
modes of transport readily available. It is at Jayarathinam Nagar,, Mathi Hospital Main Road,
which makes it easy for first-time visitors in locating this establishment. It is known to
provide top service in the following categories: Notebook Manufacturers, Diary Dealers,
Diary Manufacturers, Note Book College Manufacturers, School Notebook Manufacturers,
Notebook Dealers, Notebook Wholesalers, School Diary Manufacturers.

Products and Services offered:

Sri Rathna Note Books in Viswanatham has a wide range of products and services to
cater to the varied requirements of their customers. The staff at this establishment are
courteous and prompt at providing any assistance. They readily answer any queries or
questions that you may have. Pay for the product or service with ease by using any of the
available modes of payment, such as Cash, Cheques. This establishment is functional from
09:00 a.m - 6:00 p.m.
CHAPTER II

PROCESS REVIEW

Notebook Papers:

Paper is the common and important material for notebook manufacturing which make
the quality for smooth and neat writing purpose for the consumers. The paper should attract
the consumers by the whitening and thickness of the paper quality. The notebook paper GSM
“Grams per Square Meter” is maintain from 50 to 70 gsm. The common notebooks for
schools and college are 53 to 60 gsm for the students. But the other quality gsm are used for
practical noteooks which have more thickness in paper quality to make standard use for
higher studying students and college student purpose which have GSM upto 60 to 70. The
paper varieties are differ by notebooks, exam papers, practical notebooks paper, diary papers.

PRINTING PROCESS:

The notebook printing is made for both paper and rapper to design the notebook for
the customers needs which can be made by the varieties of notebook to use comfortable for
the customers. The printing have been programmed in the plate machine to be print
accurately in the paper size. The size and gap of printing also programmed in the machine
with some principles. There are many types of notebook variety printing they are single line,
two line, four line, one sided and graph printing notebooks.

NOTEBOOK RAPPER:

The notebook rappers are designed to attract the customers with some innovative
ideas and the image of the rapper should be designed with the size of the notebook. In small
size notebook, the rapper should attract the children and in the large size notebook, it should
attract the college students. These are the major tactics should be used by the manufacturers
to market the notebooks.
PAPER COUNTING MACHINE:

The machine which used to cut the papers as the operator programmed the count of
the papers. The rim paper should be loaded in the paper slot with some counts of rims. The
machine automatically count the papers and fold by notebook size. The workers work is only
to join the folded paper and rapper together to make next process to pin the notebook. The
folding machine make easy the process of counting the paper than the manual counting.

PINNING MACHINE:

The pinning used to join the rapper and paper of the notebook which counted
accurately according to the required pages needed for the customers. The rapper and paper
are pinned with the appropriate machine needed for finishing stage by the required measure
adjusted in the machine.
EDGE SQUARING:

The edge squaring helps to shaping the notebook in the pinning place which can be
easy to turn the pages without any damage and the note become flexible than previous stage
after the edge squaring process. In this the electricity have been occupy more than the cutting
machine.

CUTTING PROCESS:

In cutting the notebook make into finished good with the accurate size followed by
the manufacturer with some principles. The cutting machine have been programmed or
adjusted with that measures to cut the notebook with that measure and the notebook come
with a proper finished good to the customers to make market.
PACKAGING PROCESS:

The packing of notebooks are based on the customers satisfaction with laminating of
10 notebooks in polythene sheet and the other is tapping the notebook with tap machine with
some counts of notebooks to the customers.

In laminating machine, the 10 notebooks are in the polythene sheet and heated with
some temperature in the laminating box of the machine. The laminate of notebook make
lamination of 40 small size notebooks in single time and 20 long size notebooks in single
time.

In tapping machine, the notebooks are arranged in the tapping table and the machine
tap the notebook with the number notebook as the operator convenient. The tap will tapped
with heating of the starting and ending tap. The operator will insert the starting tap in the
bottom of the arranged notebooks under the tabled notebook the machine will automatically
connect the starting and ending tap with some heating process of the both end of the tap.
CHAPTER III

LAYOUT

7
6
EDGE SQUARING
PINNING PROCESS

5 8

JOINING OF RAPPERS & CUTTING PROCESS

PAPER MANUAL PROCESS

4 9

PAPER COUNTING LAMINATING

MACHINE NOEBOOK

3 10

PRINTING PROCESS TAPPING PROCESS

2
11
RAPPER
BUNDLING
MATERIALS

1 12

PAPER RIMS STOCK

ENTRY EXIT
LAYOUT PROCESS:

The layout refers to printout of the company which have been established with the
suitable flow chart of the company which can be used to see the exact process of the
company. The layout shows the full format of the company which have been framed by the
top management.

COMPANY’S LAYOUT PROCESS:

The company following the non continuous production system which the process
finishing with the processing strategy by the company.

PROCESS I:

The company’s first process is keeping the raw materials in the slot for making
next process with that raw materials. The raw materials are paper rims and rapper of the
notebooks.

PROCESS II:

The company’s next process is printing of notebook materials, in this company the
printing is used for printing the rappers and papers used for varieties of notebooks. The
machine have been programmed for every variety and the machine process is functioning by
the plate used to program in the computer with that printed plate the machine give as the
output of the programmed design. The suitable ink used by should in the machine for every
process of the rappers and papers.

PROCESS III:

The next process is to counting the papers with the suitable machine to count the
paper automatically which the count set by the operator in the machine display option. The
machine will accurately count and fold the papers with actual size of the notebook.

PROCESS IV:

The process is with the manual of the workers is to joining the rappers and papers
with suitable size of semi finished goods. The process occupy two workers is to make it
possible with suitable timing to finish the process.

PROCESS V:

The next process is to pinning both the rapper and paper of the notebook. The
machine is the semi automated machinery used only for pinning the notebook and cards
manufacturing units. The operator used adjust the machine with the notebook size and pages
of the notebook.
PROCESS VI:

The process used to squaring the notebook in the edge of pinned place which gives
the shape to the notebook to attract the customers. The machine semi automated process with
make the pressure in the edge of the notebooks.

PROCESS VII:

The next process is to cutting the notebook to make it as finished goods. The
machine having the programming used to cut the notebook with accurate size of the
notebook. The operator should adjust the size according to the notebook size. The notebook
will come with finished material to the manufacturer .

PROCESS VIII:

The last process is to packaging the notebook with the customers convenient of
package which for school notebooks only tap used to delivery and for retail and stationery
customers both laminating and tapping used to deliver the notebooks to the customers.

LEARNING OUTCOMES:

 The company following the non continuous process which is arranged


according through the type of the process which move from department to
department.
 The company using both semi automated and automated machinery to
manufacture the notebooks.
 The manufacturing unit should have both machinery and man power to make
the finished product.
 The company serving both product market and service market to the society
which based on the customers.