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NPTEL Syllabus

Fabric Structure & Design -


Video course

COURSE OUTLINE

Introduction to the Weave structures.

Formation of Basic weaves and derivatives -


NPTEL
Plain, Twill, Satin, Sateen, Honeycombs, Crepe,
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in
Leno, Pile Welt and Piques.

Structure-Texture relationships and applications. Textile Engineering


Principles of Color theory and, Colour and
weave designs.

Formation of Extra thread figuring, and Double Pre-requisites:


and Multi layer Cloth.
Basic Knowledge of Weaving, Properties of Fibers, Yarns &
Fabrics are important.
COURSE DETAIL
Additional Reading:
Sl. Lecture Topics Hours
No Goerner.D.,"Woven Structure and Design", part I & II, WIRA
& BTRA, 1989.

Sharib Aldernab., "Mastering weave structure Transforming


1. INTRODUCTION 4 Ideas into Great Cloth", Interweave Press, Inc., 2004.
Study of fabric structure. Scope & Gokarneshan N,"Fabric structure and design", New age
limitations, General principles international P. Ltd, 2004.
governing physical & psychological
comfort, aesthetics and functional
properties of fabrics. Hyperlinks:

www.handweaving.net
2. BASIC WEAVES 5
http://www.cs.arizona.edu/patterns/weaving/articles770.html
Weave plan components, Plain,
twill, Satin, sateen and their www.colourmatters.com
derivatives.
http://www.mariaclaudiacortes.com/colors/Colors.html

3. BEDFORD CORDS AND 5 http://www.worqx.com/resource-recommends.htm


HONEYCOMBS
www.micro.magnet.fsu.edu
Plain faced, twill faced and wadded www.textilearts.net/directory/techniques/colour
Bed ford cords, Ordinary and
Brighton honey comb, Huck-a-back www.members.cox.net/mrsparker2
and Crepe weaves.
www.teonline.com

4. LENO, WELT AND PIQUES 4 www.bharatextile.com/directory

Loose back, fast back, wadded www.en.wikipedia.org


welts and piques. Leno structures,
www.fibre2fashion.com
Mock –leno.
www.designdiary.nic.in

5. COLOUR THEORY 4 www.handlooms.com

Light, pigment, Lab, HSB–Colour http://mytextilenotes.blogspot.com/


Management: Tint, Tone, Shade,
Colour Wheel, Harmonious and
Coordinators:
contrast, Colours, Colour schemes
and themes, colour and weave’ Dr. R. Murugan
shade and pattern effects. Textile TechnologyPSG College of Technology

Mr. C. Praba karan


6. EXTRA WARP AND EXTRA 4 Textile TechnologyPSG College of Technology
WEFT FIGURING
Mr. R.P. Sundaram
Spot figuring - arrangement of Textile TechnologyPSG College of Technology
figuring for Dobby and Jacquard.
Extra warp and extra weft figuring
with single and two colours. Backed
fabrics: Warp and weft back -
reversible and non-reversible.

7. WARP PILE & WEFT PILE 6

Wire pile - fast wire pile - terry


weaves. Terry stripe - Terry check.
Weft Pile: Plain back, twill back
velveteen - Lashed pile - Carduroy -
Weft plush-length, density and
fastness of pile.

8. DOUBLE CLOTH 8

Classification - self stitched face to


back - back to face - combination of
face to back and back to face
stitched double cloth Wadded
double cloth - weft and warp
wadded double cloth - centre
stitched double cloth. Basic
concepts of two-in-one, four-in-one
jacquard fabrics.

Total 40

References:

Grosicki Z J. "Watson's Textile Design and


Colour: Elementary Weaves and Figured
Fabrics", ED 7, Woodhead Publishing Limited,
2004.

Grosciki.Z J "Watson's Advanced Textile


Design" Universal Pub.Corp. Mumbai, 2004.

Shababane and Blinoue, "Design of woven


fabrics", Mir Publication; Moscow, 1988.

A joint venture by IISc and IITs, funded by MHRD, Govt of


http://nptel.iitm.ac.in
India