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PCS-992

Stability Controller
Instruction Manual

NR Electric Co., Ltd.


Preface

Preface

Introduction
This guide and the relevant operating or service manual documentation for the equipment provide
full information on safe handling, commissioning and testing of this equipment.

Documentation for equipment ordered from NR is dispatched separately from manufactured goods
and may not be received at the same time. Therefore, this guide is provided to ensure that printed
information normally present on equipment is fully understood by the recipient.

Before carrying out any work on the equipment, the user should be familiar with the contents of
this manual, and read relevant chapter carefully.

This chapter describes the safety precautions recommended when using the equipment. Before
installing and using the equipment, this chapter must be thoroughly read and understood.

Health and Safety


The information in this chapter of the equipment documentation is intended to ensure that
equipment is properly installed and handled in order to maintain it in a safe condition.

When electrical equipment is in operation, dangerous voltages will be present in certain parts of
the equipment. Failure to observe warning notices, incorrect use, or improper use may endanger
personnel and equipment and cause personal injury or physical damage.

Before working in the terminal strip area, the equipment must be isolated.

Proper and safe operation of the equipment depends on appropriate shipping and handling,
proper storage, installation and commissioning, and on careful operation, maintenance and
servicing. For this reason, only qualified personnel may work on or operate the equipment.

Qualified personnel are individuals who:

 Are familiar with the installation, commissioning, and operation of the equipment and of the
system to which it is being connected;

 Are able to safely perform switching operations in accordance with accepted safety
engineering practices and are authorized to energize and de-energize equipment and to
isolate, ground, and label it;

 Are trained in the care and use of safety apparatus in accordance with safety engineering
practices;

 Are trained in emergency procedures (first aid).

Instructions and Warnings


The following indicators and standard definitions are used:

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Preface

DANGER!

It means that death, severe personal injury, or considerable equipment damage will occur if safety
precautions are disregarded.

WARNING!

It means that death, severe personal, or considerable equipment damage could occur if safety
precautions are disregarded.

CAUTION!

It means that light personal injury or equipment damage may occur if safety precautions are
disregarded. This particularly applies to damage to the device and to resulting damage of the
protected equipment.

WARNING!

The firmware may be upgraded to add new features or enhance/modify existing features, please
make sure that the version of this manual is compatible with the product in your hand.

WARNING!

During operation of electrical equipment, certain parts of these devices are under high voltage.
Severe personal injury or significant equipment damage could result from improper behavior.

Only qualified personnel should work on this equipment or in the vicinity of this equipment. These
personnel must be familiar with all warnings and service procedures described in this manual, as
well as safety regulations.

In particular, the general facility and safety regulations for work with high-voltage equipment must
be observed. Noncompliance may result in death, injury, or significant equipment damage.

DANGER!

Never allow the current transformer (CT) secondary circuit connected to this equipment to be
opened while the primary system is live. Opening the CT circuit will produce a dangerously high
voltage.

WARNING!

 Exposed terminals

Do not touch the exposed terminals of this equipment while the power is on, as the high voltage
generated is dangerous

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Preface

 Residual voltage

Hazardous voltage can be present in the DC circuit just after switching off the DC power supply. It
takes a few seconds for the voltage to discharge.

CAUTION!

 Earth

The earthing terminal of the equipment must be securely earthed

 Operating environment

The equipment must only be used within the range of ambient environment detailed in the
specification and in an environment free of abnormal vibration.

 Ratings

Before applying AC voltage and current or the DC power supply to the equipment, check that they
conform to the equipment ratings.

 Printed circuit board

Do not attach and remove printed circuit boards when DC power to the equipment is on, as this
may cause the equipment to malfunction.

 External circuit

When connecting the output contacts of the equipment to an external circuit, carefully check the
supply voltage used in order to prevent the connected circuit from overheating.

 Connection cable

Carefully handle the connection cable without applying excessive force.

Copyright

Version: R1.00 NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD.

69 Suyuan Avenue. Jiangning, Nanjing 211102, China

P/N: EN_WKZZ5102.0086.0001 Tel: +86-25-87178185, Fax: +86-25-87178208

Website: www.nrelect.com, www.nari-relays.com

Copyright © NR 2013. All rights reserved Email: nr_techsupport@nari-relays.com

We reserve all rights to this document and to the information contained herein. Improper use in particular reproduction and dissemination
to third parties is strictly forbidden except where expressly authorized.

The information in this manual is carefully checked periodically, and necessary corrections will be included in future editions. If
nevertheless any errors are detected, suggestions for correction or improvement are greatly appreciated.

We reserve the rights to make technical improvements without notice.

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Preface

Documentation Structure

The manual provides a functional and technical description of this device and a comprehensive
set of instructions for the device’s use and application.

All contents provided by this manual are summarized as below:

1 Introduction
Briefly introduce the application, functions and features about this device.

2 Technical Data
Introduce the technical data about this device, such as electrical specifications, mechanical
specifications, ambient temperature and humidity range, communication port parameters, type
tests, setting ranges and accuracy limits and the certifications that our products have passed.

3 Operation Theory
Introduce a comprehensive and detailed functional description of all protective elements.

4 Supervision
Introduce the automatic self-supervision function of this device.

5 Management
Introduce the management function (measurement, recording and remote control) of this device.

6 System Structure and Communication Interface


Introduce the stability control system structure and communication interface between stability
control stations.

7 Hardware
Introduce the main function carried out by each plug-in module of this device and providing the
definition of pins of each plug-in module.

8 Settings
List settings including system settings, communication settings, label settings, logic links and etc.,
and some notes about the setting application.

9 Human Machine Interface


Introduce the hardware of the human machine interface (HMI) module and a detailed guide for the
user how to use this device through HMI. It also lists all the information that can be view through
HMI, such as settings, measurements, all kinds of reports etc.

10 Communication
Introduce the communication port and protocol that this device can support, and IEC60970-5-103,
IEC61850 and DNP3.0 protocols are introduced in details.

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11 Installation
Introduce the recommendations on unpacking, handling, inspection and storage of this device. A
guide to the mechanical and electrical installation of this device is also provided, incorporating
earthing recommendations. A typical wiring connection to this device is indicated.

12Commissioning
Introduce how to commission this device, comprising checks on the calibration and functionality of
this device.

13 Maintenance
A general maintenance policy for this device is outlined.

14 Decommissioning and Disposal


A general decommissioning and disposal policy for this device is outlined.

15 Manual Version History


List the instruction manual version and the modification history records.

Typographic and Graphical Conventions

Deviations may be permitted in drawings and tables when the type of designator can be obviously
derived from the illustration.

The following symbols are used in drawings:

&

AND gate

≥1

OR gate

Comparator

BI
Binary signal via opto-coupler

SET I>
Input signal from comparator with setting

EN
Input signal of logic setting for function enabling

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SIG
Input of binary signal except those signals via opto-coupler

XXX
Output signal

Timer
t
t
Timer (optional definite-time or inverse-time characteristic)

10ms 0ms
Timer [delay pickup (10ms), delay drop-off (0ms), non-settable]
[XXX] 0ms
Timer (delay pickup, settable)
0ms [XXX]
Timer (delay drop-off, settable)
[XXX] [XXX]
Timer (delay pickup, delay drop-off, settable)
IDMT
Timer (inverse-time characteristic)

---xxx is the symbol

Symbol Corresponding Relationship

Basic Example
A, B, C L1, L2, L3 Ia, Ib, Ic, I0 IL1, IL2, IL3, IN
AN, BN, CN L1N, L2N, L3N Ua, Ub, Uc VL1, VL2, VL3
ABC L123 Uab, Ubc, Uca VL12, VL23, VL31
U (voltage) V U0, U1, U2 VN, V1, V2

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1 Introduction

1 Introduction

Table of Contents
1 Introduction..................................................................................... 1-a
1.1 Application....................................................................................................... 1-1
1.2 Function ........................................................................................................... 1-1
1.3 Features ........................................................................................................... 1-2

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1.1 Application
PCS-992 is used as the stability controller for the regional power grid and the large-scale regional
interconnection power grid, especially for the transient stability control system of the wide-area
multiple power plants. It is also for security and stability control of a single power plant.

This device adopts a distributed architecture: the hardware and software are modulized designed,
and they can be assembled flexiblely for meeting different application demands. The hardware
and software designs of this device adopt multiple reliability measures to ensure the high reliability
of this device.

This device can sample the analog values from the traditional instrument transformers, or receive
the sampled values from the electronic current and voltage transformers. This device can support
the communication protocol IEC60970-5-103 and IEC61850, and fully support the GOOSE input
and output function. This device also supports the distributed configuration mode in practical
application.

PCS-992 stability controller includes the master unit (PCS-992M) and the slave unit (PCS-992S).
The master unit PCS-992M and the slave unit PCS-992S work together in a system. Each master
unit (PCS-922M) can communicate with up to 8 slave units (PCS-922S).

If the traditional instrument transformers are adopted, this device can provide up to 36 analog
inputs. This device also can provide up to 48 binary inputs and up to 32 binary outputs.

1.2 Function
 PCS-992 can detect the operation conditions of outgoing line, main transformer (or generator)
of the power plant or substation and transmit the device’s status at local substation to related
substations. According to the device′s status (be in/out of service) at local substation and
other devices’ status (be in/out of service) from other substations, PCS-992 can automatically
identify the current operation mode of the power grid.

 PCS-992 can judge fault types of outgoing line, main transformer and busbar at local
substation or power plant, such as single-phase transient fault, single-phase permanent fault,
two-phase short-circuit fault, three-phase short-circuit fault, fault-free trip and simultaneous
trip of multi-circuit lines, and so on.

 When there is a fault in the power system, this device will look up the strategy table stored in
the device via prior off-line stability analysis on the basis of the judged fault types (including
fault information delivered from remote end) and operation mode of the power grid before
accident and power flow of the major power-transmission section, this device makes a
decision of the control measures and controlled quantities being taken, such as generator
rejection, load shedding, separation, DC power modulation, rapid reduction of power output of
generator-transformer unit, and so on.

 It is necessary to take control measures in real time based on the scheduled processing logic
when the accidents which are not relevant to the system operation mode happened, such as
frequency stabilization, voltage stabilization, equipment overload etc.

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 If the controlled object is generator-transformer unit at local power plant, it is required to sort
these generator-transformer units during operation according to the scheduled specific
requirements (such as power output) and select the unit being disconnected (as per capacity
or number) reasonably. If the controlled object is electric load, it is required to list the load
lines according to scheduled requirements and select the load being disconnected reasonably
on the premise of meeting load-shedding requirements.

 If it needs to take measures at other substations and power plants, it is necessary to directly
send control commands and quantities to the execution substation via optical fiber, microwave
or carrier channel, or transmit to the execution substation via other substations.

 The control commands received from the master substation or other substations via channel
should be executed after remote control commands being identified and verified locally.

 In dispatching center, realize remote monitor on stability control devices, remote modification
of settings and control contents in the strategy table. There are also on-line software and
hardware interfaces that could modify control strategies.

 This device can record the events and the accident wave data, and supports self-supervision
function, abnormality alarm function, automatic display function and printing function etc.

1.3 Features
 The device adopts the distributed system, whose hardware really achieves modular
construction with flexible assembly, strong commonality, manufactured on a large scale.
Hardware and software design of the device is equipped with multiple reliability measures
with high reliability which ensuring selectivity, quick operation and sensitivity of the device.

 High-performance hardware platform and modularized design, MCU (management control


unit,32-bit microprocessor) + dual-DSP (digital signal processor). MCU manages human
machine interface function, communication function and printing function. DSP manages
protection and logic calculation. High-performance hardware can ensure the device can real
time calculate all the element at each sampling interval.

 The fault detector of this device is independent, only when the fault detector and protection
element are operated together, the tripping output signal can be sent out. It can prevent
maloperation of this device due to hardware failure.

 This device provides 2Mbps or 64kbps communication interface for quickly and reliably
interchanging information among different stability control substations. Each information
interchange process can be finished no longer than 1.66ms.

 This device is provided with complete fault judgment module which can realize correct
judgment on operating condition and tripping accident of lines, main transformers and
generators only by using of electrical quantity. It is equipped with unique power swing blocking
element which can ensure the system swing being misjudged as fault-free tripping.

 It has a transient stability strategy table with strong commonality, which can adapt to transient
stability control demands of different power grids after a little setup with high intelligent degree

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and strong adaptability.

 Each set of device is composed of a master unit and 0~8 sets of slave units while each slave
unit is in charge of 36 analog values sampling , binary input sampling, calculation, operating
mode discrimination of line, transformer and generator, fault diagnosis, and sending the
results to the master unit. The master unit is responsible for collecting judgment results from
slave units, receiving information from other substations for comprehensive treatment and
control and in charge of external communication as well. The software and hardware of
master unit and slave unit realize modularization and standardization. Numbers of slave units
and external communication interfaces are allocated as required with flexible and convenient
expansion for the device.

 This device adopts overall panel and totally enclosed cabinet while the unit uses double CPU
configuration with strong current and weak current being strictly isolated. The device also has
strong anti-interference and electromagnetic radiation resisting capability.

 Modular programs allow flexible protection configuration and easy functional adjustment.

 HELP-9000 tester by NR makes easy application of this device.

 The human machine interface (HMI) on the front panel is very friendly and convenient to the
user. It can support several languages: Chinese, English, French and Russian.

 This device can communicate with a SAS or RTU via different communication intermediates:
Ethernet network, RS-485 serial ports. The communication protocol of this device is optional:
IEC61850 and IEC60870-5-103.

 Complete event recording function is provided: 32 latest fault or disturbance waves, 1024
latest self-supervision records and 1024 latest records of binary signal event can be recorded.

 The auxiliary software tool with friendly interface is provided for easily commissioning and
configuration of this device. This software tool can run under Windows 9X/Me/2000/NT/XP,
Vista and Win7.

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2 Technical Data

Table of Contents
2 Technical Data................................................................................. 2-a
2.1 Electrical Specifications ................................................................................. 2-1
2.1.1 AC Current Input .................................................................................................................. 2-1

2.1.2 AC Voltage Input .................................................................................................................. 2-1

2.1.3 Power Supply....................................................................................................................... 2-1

2.1.4 Binary Input .......................................................................................................................... 2-1

2.1.5 Binary Output ....................................................................................................................... 2-2

2.2 Mechanical Specifications ............................................................................. 2-2


2.3 Ambient Temperature and Humidity Range .................................................. 2-3
2.4 Communication Port ....................................................................................... 2-3
2.4.1 EIA-485 Port ........................................................................................................................ 2-3

2.4.2 Ethernet Port........................................................................................................................ 2-3

2.4.3 Optical Fibre Port ................................................................................................................. 2-3

2.4.4 Print Port .............................................................................................................................. 2-4

2.4.5 Clock Synchronization Port ................................................................................................. 2-5

2.5 Type Tests ........................................................................................................ 2-5


2.5.1 Environmental Tests ............................................................................................................ 2-5

2.5.2 Mechanical Tests ................................................................................................................. 2-5

2.5.3 Electrical Tests ..................................................................................................................... 2-5

2.5.4 Electromagnetic Compatibility ............................................................................................. 2-5

2.6 Certifications ................................................................................................... 2-6


2.7 Relative Error of AC Input Metering (RMS Value) ......................................... 2-6
2.8 Status Discrimination and Operation Time ................................................... 2-6

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2.1 Electrical Specifications


2.1.1 AC Current Input
Phase rotation ABC
Nominal frequency (fn) 50±5Hz, 60±5Hz
Rated current (In) 1A 5A
Linear to 0.05In~40In (It should measure current without beyond full scale
against 20 times of related current and value of DC offset by 100%.)
Thermal withstand
-continuously 4In
-for 10s 30In
-for 1s 100In
-for half a cycle 250In
Burden < 0.2VA/phase @In < 0.5VA/phase @In

2.1.2 AC Voltage Input


Phase rotation ABC
Nominal frequency (fn) 50±5Hz, 60±5Hz
Rated voltage (Un) 100V~130V
Linear to 1V~170V
Thermal withstand
-continuously 200V
-10s 260V
-1s 300V
Burden at rated < 0.5VA/phase @Un

2.1.3 Power Supply


Standard IEC 60255-11:2008
Rated voltage 110Vdc/125Vdc/220Vdc/250Vdc
Permissible voltage range 88~300Vdc
Permissible AC ripple voltage ≤15% of the nominal auxiliary voltage
Burden
Quiescent condition <50W
Operating condition <70W

2.1.4 Binary Input


Rated voltage 24V 48V
Rated current drain 1.2mA 2.4mA
Pickup voltage 13~17V 26~34V
Dropoff voltage 50% of pickup voltage
Maximum permissible voltage 100Vdc
Withstand voltage 2000Vac, 2800Vdc (continuously )

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Response time for logic input ≤1ms

Rated voltage 110V 125V 220V 250V


Rated current drain 1.1mA 1.25mA 2.2mA 2.5mA
Pickup voltage 60.5~77V 70~87.5V 121~154V
Dropoff voltage 50% of pickup voltage
Maximum permissible voltage 300Vdc
Withstand voltage 2000Vac, 2800Vdc (continuously )
Response time for logic input ≤1ms

2.1.5 Binary Output


Tripping contact Signaling contact
Output mode Potential free contact
5A@380Vac 8A@380Vac
Continuous carry
5A@250Vdc 8A@250Vdc
Pickup time <8ms (typical 5ms) <10ms
Dropoff time <5ms <10ms
0.65A@48Vdc 1.2A@48Vdc
Breaking capacity (L/R=40ms) 0.30A@110Vdc 0.50A@110Vdc
0.15A@220Vdc 0.25A@220Vdc
380Vac
Maximal system voltage
250Vdc
Test voltage across open contact 1000V RMS for 1min 1200V RMS for 1min
6A@3s 10A@3s
Short duration current 15A@0.5s 20A@0.5s
30A@0.2s 30A@0.2s
Durability
Loaded contact 10,000 operations minimum

2.2 Mechanical Specifications


Mounting Way Flush mounted
Chassis color Silver grey
Weight per device Approx. 15kg
Chassis material Aluminum alloy
Location of terminal Rear panel of the device
Device structure Plug-in modular type @ rear side, integrated frontplate
Protection class
Standard IEC 60255-1:2009
Front side IP40, up to IP51 (With cover)
Other sides IP50 (without cooling holes), IP30 (with cooling holes)
Rear side, connection terminals IP30

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2.3 Ambient Temperature and Humidity Range


Standard IEC 60255-1:2009
Operating temperature -20°C~+55°C
Transport and storage temperature
-40°C to +70°C
range
Permissible humidity 5%-95%, without condensation
Pollution degree Ⅱ
Altitude <3000m

2.4 Communication Port


2.4.1 EIA-485 Port
Baud rate 4.8kbit/s, 9.6kbit/s, 19.2kbit/s, 38.4kbit/s, 57.6kbit/s, 115.2kbit/s
Protocol IEC 60870-5-103:1997
Maximal capacity 32
Transmission distance <500m
Safety level Isolation to ELV level
Twisted pair Screened twisted pair cable

2.4.2 Ethernet Port


Connector type RJ-45 ST (Multi mode)
Transmission rate 100Mbits/s
Transmission standard 100Base-TX 100Base-FX
Transmission distance <100m <2km (1310nm)
Protocol IEC 60870-5-103:1997, DNP 3.0 or IEC 61850
Safety level Isolation to ELV level

2.4.3 Optical Fibre Port


2.4.3.1 For Station Level

Characteristic Glass optical fiber


Connector type ST,SC
Fibre type Multi mode
Transmission distance <2km
Wave length 1310nm
Transmission power Min. -20.0dBm
Minimum receiving power Min. -30.0dBm
Margin Min +3.0dB

2.4.3.2 For the Communication between Master Unit and Slave Unit (or MUX-22C)

Transmission power -12dBm/ -16dBm

Wave length 820nm

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Transmission medium 62.5/125 or 50/125μm multimode fiber

Minimum receiving power -29dbm

Connector type ST, SC

Recommend Transmission distance ≤ 2km

2.4.3.3 For Station Level

Transmission power Glass optical fiber


Connector type ST,SC
Fibre type Multi mode
Transmission distance <2km
Wave length 1310nm
Transmission power Min. -20.0dBm
Minimum receiving power Min. -30.0dBm
Margin Min +3.0dB

2.4.3.4 For Process Level

Characteristic Glass optical fiber


Connector type LC
Fibre type Multi mode
Transmission distance <2km
Wave length 1310nm
Transmission power Min. -20.0dBm
Minimum receiving power Min. -30.0dBm
Margin Min +3.0dB

2.4.3.5 For Pilot Channel

Characteristic Glass optical fiber


Connector type FC
Fibre type Single mode
Wave length 1310nm
Transmission distance Max.40km
Transmission power -13.0±3.0dBm
Minimum receiving power Min.-37dBm
Optical overload point Min.-3dBm

2.4.4 Print Port


Type RS-232
Baud Rate 4.8kbit/s, 9.6kbit/s, 19.2kbit/s, 38.4kbit/s, 57.6kbit/s, 115.2kbit/s
®
Printer type EPSON 300K printer
Safety level Isolation to ELV level

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2.4.5 Clock Synchronization Port


Type RS-485
Transmission distance <500m
Maximal capacity 32
Timing standard PPS, IRIG-B
Safety level Isolation to ELV level

2.5 Type Tests


2.5.1 Environmental Tests
Dry cold test IEC60068-2-1:2007
Dry heat test IEC60068-2-2:2007
Damp heat test, cyclic IEC60068-2-30:2005

2.5.2 Mechanical Tests


Vibration IEC 60255-21-1:1988 Class Ⅰ
Shock and bump IEC 60255-21-2:1988 Class Ⅰ

2.5.3 Electrical Tests


Standard IEC 60255-27:2005
Dielectric tests Test voltage 2kV, 50Hz, 1min
Standard IEC 60255-5:2000
Impulse voltage tests Test voltage 5kV
Overvoltage category Ⅲ
Insulation resistance
Isolation resistance >100MΩ@500VDC
measurements

2.5.4 Electromagnetic Compatibility


IEC 60255-22-1:2007
1MHz burst disturbance test Common mode: class Ⅲ 2.5kV
Differential mode: class Ⅲ 1.0kV
IEC60255-22-2:2008 class Ⅳ
Electrostatic discharge test For contact discharge: 8kV
For air discharge: 15kV
IEC 60255-22-3:2007 class Ⅲ
Frequency sweep
Radiated amplitude-modulated
10V/m (rms), f=80~1000MHz
Radio frequency interference tests Spot frequency
Radiated amplitude-modulated
10V/m (rms), f=80MHz/160MHz/450MHz/900MHz
Radiated pulse-modulated
10V/m (rms), f=900MHz

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IEC 60255-22-4:2008
Fast transient disturbance tests Power supply, I/O, Earth: class Ⅳ, 4kV, 2.5kHz, 5/50ns
Communication terminals: class Ⅳ, 2kV, 5kHz, 5/50ns
IEC 60255-22-5:2008
Power supply, AC input, I/O port: class Ⅳ, 1.2/50us
Surge immunity test
Common mode: 4kV
Differential mode: 2kV
IEC 60255-22-6:2001
Conducted RF Electromagnetic
Power supply, AC, I/O, Comm. Terminal: Class Ⅲ, 10Vrms, 150
Disturbance
kHz~80MHz
Power Frequency Magnetic Field IEC 61000-4-8:2001
Immunity class Ⅴ, 100A/m for 1min, 1000A/m for 3s
IEC 61000-4-9:2001
Pulse Magnetic Field Immunity
class Ⅴ, 6.4/16μs, 1000A/m for 3s
Damped oscillatory magnetic field IEC 61000-4-10:2001
immunity class Ⅴ, 100kHz & 1MHz–100A/m

Auxiliary power supply performance IEC60255-11: 2008


- Voltage dips Up to 300ms for dips to 40% of rated voltage without reset
-Voltage short interruptions 100ms for interruption without rebooting

2.6 Certifications
 ISO9001:2008

 ISO14001:2004

 OHSAS18001:2007

 ISO10012:2003

 CMMI L4

 EMC: 2004/108/EC, EN50263:1999

 Products safety(PS): 2006/95/EC, EN61010-1:2001

2.7 Relative Error of AC Input Metering (RMS Value)


Voltage ≤±1% (0.2~1.2Un)
Current ≤±1% (0.1~1.5In)
Power ≤±2% (0.2~1.2Un, 0.1~1.5In, 50Hz)

2.8 Status Discrimination and Operation Time


Pickup time based on sudden change element (faulty
5ms
status)

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Inqury and confirmation time of control strategy <5ms

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3 Operation Theory

3 Operation Theory

Table of Contents
3 Operation Theory ............................................................................ 3-a
3.1 Overview .......................................................................................................... 3-1
3.2 Measuring Method .......................................................................................... 3-1
3.3 Discrimination on on/off Status ..................................................................... 3-2
3.3.1 On/off Status Discrimination Based on Electrical Quantity ................................................. 3-2

3.3.2 On/off Status Discrimination Based on CB Position and Electrical Quantity ...................... 3-2

3.4 Fault Detector Element ................................................................................... 3-3


3.4.1 Sudden Change Element of Current ................................................................................... 3-3

3.4.2 Sudden Change Element of Power ..................................................................................... 3-3

3.4.3 Overcurrent Element ........................................................................................................... 3-3

3.4.4 Over-frequency or Low-frequency Element ........................................................................ 3-4

3.4.5 Low-voltage Element ........................................................................................................... 3-4

3.5 Fault Type Discrimination .............................................................................. 3-5


3.5.1 Fault-free Tripping Criterion ................................................................................................. 3-5

3.5.2 Fault Tripping Criterion ........................................................................................................ 3-5

3.6 Electronic Transformer Synchronous Sampling .......................................... 3-7


3.7 Time Management ........................................................................................... 3-7

List of Figures
Figure 3.1-1 Flow chart of protection program ........................................................................ 3-1

PCS-992 Stability Controller 3-a


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3-b PCS-992 Stability Controller


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3 Operation Theory

3.1 Overview
According to the fixed sampling period, the main program of the device enters into sampling
program after receiving sampling interruption. The sampling program fulfills analog quantity
acquisition and filtering, binary signal acquisition, device hardware self-supervision (including
RAM, E2PROM chips, tripping output triode, etc.), external abnormality discrimination, and fault
detection. Whether meet the pickup condition will determine enter into the normal operation
program or fault calculation program.

Communication program will arrange received the data and command (including the master-slave
communication, communications between the substation, etc.) to form related data source, for the
use of device control strategy processing.

The normal operation program fulfills device self-supervision, and the device will send the alarm
signal when the device is abnormal. The alarm signal is divided into two kinds, one is operation
abnormality alarm, which does not block the device and only remind operators to handle, and the
other is blocking alarm signal, which makes the device is out of service.

Fault calculation program for system fault discrimination and strategy processing, etc.

The stability control program flow chart is shown as Figure 3.1-1.

Main program

Sampling program

Communication program

No Yes
Pickup?

Regular program Fault calculation program

Figure 3.1-1 Flow chart of protection program

3.2 Measuring Method


The device samples AC voltage and current based on a sampling rate of 24 points per cycle. After
digital filtering, r.m.s. value of voltage and current, active power and reactive power, etc are
calculated based on the following methods.

1. Full-wave Fourier algorithm for voltage and current

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3 Operation Theory

2. General algorithm for three-phase active power:

1 24
P  u a (k )ia (k )  ub (k )ib (k )  uc (k )ic (k )
24 k 1

Unit: MW

3. Algorithm for three-phase reactive power: shift phase of voltage in the above formula for
90°and get the following computational formula for reactive power:

1 24
Q  u a (k  6)ia (k )  ub (k  6)ib (k )  uc (k  6)ic (k )
24 k 1

Unit: MVar

Where:

u a (k ), u b (k ), u c (k ) are the instantaneous value of three-phase voltages.

i a (k ), i b (k ), ic (k ) are the instantaneous value of three-phase currents.

3.3 Discrimination on on/off Status


3.3.1 On/off Status Discrimination Based on Electrical Quantity
The active power value and r.m.s. value of current can be used to discriminate on/off operating
status of line, main transformer and generator-transformer unit.

Pt is the power threshold value for being in service, i.e. [P_On/Off_xx].

It is the current threshold value for being in service, i.e. [ I_On/Off_xx].

1. When the connected equipment is line or main transformer

On status: |P|>Pt (voltage is normal) or I>It (voltage is abnormal)

Off status: |P|<Pt (voltage is normal) or I<It (voltage is abnormal)

The device will confirm on/off status with a time delay of 2s.

2. When the connected equipment is generator-transformer unit

On status: |P|>Pt or I>It

Off status: |P|<Pt and I<It

The device will confirm on/off status with a time delay of 3ms.

3.3.2 On/off Status Discrimination Based on CB Position and Electrical Quantity


When on/off status of the connected equipment cannot be correctly discriminated only via

3-2 PCS-992 Stability Controller


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3 Operation Theory

electrical quantity for some inter-connecting lines whose normal load flow might be zero, it is
necessary to use the circuit breaker position signal (52a/52b) as assistance.

1. When adopting normally open auxiliary contact of circuit breaker position signal (52a)

On status: 52a is closed or the discrimination element based on electrical quantity is on.

Off status: 52a is open and the discrimination element based on electrical quantity is off.

Pole-disagreement status: 52a is open and the discrimination element based on electrical
quantity is on. Under this pole-disagreement status, the connected equipment is judged as
being on while the device will issue abnormal alarm signal on breaker position. (i.e.
[Alm_52_XX])

2. When adopting normally closed auxiliary contact of circuit breaker position signal (52b)

On status: 52b is open or the discrimination element based on electrical quantity is on.

Off status: 52b is closed and the discrimination element based on electrical quantity is off.

Pole-disagreement status: 52b is closed and the discrimination element based on electrical
quantity is on. Under this pole-disagreement status, the connected equipment is judged as
being on while the device will issue abnormal alarm signal on breaker position. (i.e.
[Alm_52_XX])

3.4 Fault Detector Element


3.4.1 Sudden Change Element of Current
It is discriminated on each phase. The device compares each phase current with the current
before a cycle.

i  i(k) - i(k - 24)  I s

IS is the current pickup setting (i.e. [I_SudnChg_Pkp_XX]).

The device can be in pickup condition if any phase can meet the formula three times continuously.

3.4.2 Sudden Change Element of Power


The device compares the current active power with the active power before 200ms.

P  P(k) - P(k - 240)  Ps

PS is the power pickup setting (i.e. [P_SudnChg_Pkp_XX]).

The device can be in pickup condition after meeting the above formula three times continuously.

3.4.3 Overcurrent Element


The overcurrent element is used mainly for the purpose of making the device be in pickup
condition when the line or main transformer slowly overloads.

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3 Operation Theory

I  I qd , t  tqd

Where:

Iqd is current pickup setting.

tqd is time delay.

3.4.4 Over-frequency or Low-frequency Element


Over-frequency pickup

f  f hs , t  t fs

Where:

fhs is over-frequency pickup setting.

tfs is time delay.

Low-frequency pickup

f  fls , t  t fs

Where:

fls is low-frequency pickup setting.

tfs is time delay.

Here x can be 1, 2, 3··


·6.

3.4.5 Low-voltage Element

u  uls , t  tus

Where:

Uls is low-voltage pickup setting.

tus is time delay.

Low-voltage element is mainly used for voltage stability control.

The above five kinds of pickup modes are of the “or” logical relation and the device can be in
pickup condition when any of them is met. The device can select one or several fault detector
elements from them according to practical application requirement.

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3 Operation Theory

3.5 Fault Type Discrimination


3.5.1 Fault-free Tripping Criterion
Only use the electrical quantity to discriminate.

1. Pickup based on sudden change.

2. |P-0.2S|≥PS1 (The active power prior to the fault should be greater than the setting PS1, i.e. the
setting [P_PreTrp_xx]).

3. |Pt|≤PS2 (The active power during the fault should be smaller than the setting PS2, i.e. the
setting [P_PostTrp_xx]).

4. Three-phase current I≤IS (The current should be less than the current IS, i.e. the setting
[I_On/Off_xx]).

 Ps1  Ps 2 
5. Current variation satisfies the following: I  I k  I k 24         I dt
 UN 

6. t≥tS1 (The confirmed time delay satisfying the above-mentioned criterion, i.e. the setting
[t_Trp_XX])

It may be judged as fault-free tripping if the above 6 conditions are met at the same time.

PS1 should be smaller than the transmitted power having impact on the stability. PS2 should be
slightly greater than 0 and greater than the maximum drift value under zero power. The current IS1
during put into service should be slightly greater than the charging current of no-load line. The time
delay is used to avoid misjudgment of device tripping during the process of flow transferring.

I dt is the floating threshold.  and  are the coefficients.

3.5.2 Fault Tripping Criterion


3.5.2.1 Single-phase Instantaneous Earth Fault

1. Pickup based on sudden change

2. Single-phase current increased

3. Single-phase voltage reduced

4. Tripping signal of any phase is found and the tripping signals of other phases can not be
found within 5ms.

It may be judged as single-phase instantaneous earth fault if the above-mentioned conditions are
met at the same time.

3.5.2.2 Single-phase Permanent Fault

1. Pickup based on sudden change.

2. Single phase instantaneous fault is judged, or single-phase current increased and

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3 Operation Theory

single-phase voltage reduced have already been judged.

3. The tripping signals of two phases are found after the time being greater than the reclosing
time.

It may be judged as single-phase permanent fault if the above conditions are met.

3.5.2.3 Phase-to-phase Fault

1. Pickup based on sudden change

2. Current increase of at least two phases

3. Voltage reduction of at least two phases

4. The tripping signals of the two phases have been found as well as the interval is less than
5ms.

It may be judged as phase-to-phase fault if the above conditions are met.

3.5.2.4 From Single-phase Fault to Phase-to-phase Fault

1. Pickup based on sudden change.

2. Single phase instantaneous fault is judged, or single-phase current increased and


single-phase voltage reduced have already been judged.

3. The tripping signals of two phases are found after the time being less than the reclosing time.

It may be judged as from single-phase fault to phase-to-phase fault if the above conditions are
met.

3.5.2.5 Bus Fault

1. Pickup based on sudden change.

2. The operating signal of busbar differential protection is found.

3. The positive-sequence voltage is less than 50%Un.

It may be judged as bus fault if the above conditions are met.

3.5.2.6 Circuit Breaker Failure

1. Pickup based on sudden change.

2. The tripping signal of breaker failure protection is found.

Or

1. Pickup based on sudden change.

2. The fault has been detected, and the current still exists with the time delay ts.

(ts is the confirmation time of circuit breaker failure)

It may be judged as circuit breaker failure if the above conditions are met.

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3 Operation Theory

3.6 Electronic Transformer Synchronous Sampling


This device supports SV data transmission by the two methods, networking and peer-to-peer.

By the method of networking, each merging unit synchronizes with a uniform clock source and
sends the SV data frame to the device. Then the device executes interpolation calculation on the
SV data frame according to the same sampling counter and gets the analog input data for
protection calculation. In the mode, the device synchronization accuracy is 5us (0.09 °) or less,
which fully meets the protection needs of stability control device.

By the peer-to-peer method, the device does not rely on GPS, but it needs that the time difference
between the sampling instant and the sending sampled data instant is fixed in the same merging
unit. It allows that the time difference can be inconsistent in different merging units. The device can
adjust to compensate the time difference automatically according to the relevant delay
parameters.

3.7 Time Management


 Real-time Clock

A high-precision real-time clock is configured in the MON module of the device. When the device is
powered off, the real-time clock also can continue to run for a month.

 Time Synchronization

The device can connect multiple clock signals for accurate clock synchronization, such as
differential IRIG-B issued by the standard clock devices (e.g. PCS-9785), differential PPS, fiber
IRIG-B, fiber PPS, potential contact PPS, potential contact PPM, SNTP broadcast, SNTP
peer-to-peer, IEEE-1588, etc.The setting [Opt_TimeSyn] is used to select the time source. Refer to
the Section 8.1.2 for more detailed information.

Flexible clock synchronization switch is supported in the device. Once the synchronization signal
with high priority is disconnected, the device automatically selects a signal with low priority. For
example, if the differential IRIG-B signal is disconnected and the potential contact PPS signal is
effective, then it will switch to the potential contact PPS signal. For differential PPS, potential
contact PPS, potential contact PPM signal, there is not calendar information, the device will
synchronize with the calendar information in the SNTP or IEC103 background information.

When the time synchronization is successful, the LCD will display "S" in the first row on the left,
representing SyncOK.

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3 Operation Theory

3-8 PCS-992 Stability Controller


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4 Supervision

4 Supervision

Table of Contents
4 Supervision ..................................................................................... 4-a
4.1 Overview .......................................................................................................... 4-1
4.2 Supervision Alarms ......................................................................................... 4-1
4.2.1 Supervision Alarms of PCS-992M ....................................................................................... 4-1

4.2.2 Supervision Alarms of PCS-992S........................................................................................ 4-5

4.3 AC Input Monitoring ........................................................................................ 4-8


4.3.1 Voltage/current Drift Monitoring and Auto-adjustment ........................................................ 4-8

4.3.2 Sampling Monitoring ............................................................................................................ 4-8

4.4 Opto-coupler Power Supervision .................................................................. 4-8


4.5 VT Circuit Supervision.................................................................................... 4-8
4.6 CT Circuit Supervision ................................................................................... 4-9

List of Tables
Table 4.2-1 Alarm description of PCS-992M ............................................................................. 4-2

Table 4.2-2 Troubleshooting of PCS-992M ............................................................................... 4-3

Table 4.2-3 Alarm description of PCS-992S .............................................................................. 4-5

Table 4.2-4 Troubleshooting of PCS-992S ................................................................................ 4-7

PCS-992 Stability Controller 4-a


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4-b PCS-992 Stability Controller


Date: 2013-07-08
4 Supervision

4.1 Overview
Protection system is in quiescent state under normal conditions, and it is required to respond
promptly for faults occurred on power system. When the device is in energizing process before the
LED “HEALTHY” is on, the device need to be checked to ensure no abnormality. Therefore, the
automatic supervision function, which checks the health of the protection system when startup and
during normal operation, plays an important role.

The numerical device based on the microprocessor operations is suitable for implementing this
automatic supervision function of the protection system.

In case a defect is detected during initialization when DC power supply is provided to the device,
the device will be blocked with indication and alarm of relay out of service. It is suggested a trial
recovery of the device by re-energization. Please contact supplier if the device is still failure.

When a failure is detected by the automatic supervision, it is followed by a LCD message, LED
indication and alarm contact outputs. The failure alarm is also recorded in event recording report
and can be printed if required.

4.2 Supervision Alarms


Hardware circuit and operation status of the device are self-supervised continuously. If any
abnormal condition is detected, information or report will be displayed and a corresponding alarm
will be issued.

A minor abnormality may block a certain number of protections functions while the other functions
can still work. However, if severe hardware failure or abnormality, such as PWR module failure,
DC converter failure and so on, are detected, all protection functions will be blocked and the LED
“HEALTHY” will be extinguished and blocking output contacts BO_FAIL will be given. The
protective device then can not work normally and maintenance is required to eliminate the failure.
All the alarm signals and the corresponding handling suggestions are listed below.

Note!

If the protective device is blocked or alarm signal is sent during operation, please do find
out its reason with the help of self-diagnostic record. If the reason can not be found at site,
please notify the factory NR. Please do not simply press button “TARGET RESET” on the
protection panel or re-energize on the device.

4.2.1 Supervision Alarms of PCS-992M


@Name_SmBayn: means the set value of the label setting of bay n of slave unit m,
@Name_RmtSubstationX: means the set value of the label setting of sub-station No.X. Please
refer to Section 8.1.3 for details.

PCS-992 Stability Controller 4-1


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4 Supervision

Table 4.2-1 Alarm description of PCS-992M

Blocking
No. Item Description
Device
Fail Signals
The device fails.
1 Fail_Device This signal will be pick up if any fail signal picks Blocked
up and it will drop off when all fail signals drop off.
Mismatch between the configuration of plug-in
2 Fail_BoardConfig modules and the designing drawing of an Blocked
applied-specific project.
Set value of any setting is out of scope.
This signal will pick up instantaneously and will
3 Fail_Setting_OvRange Blocked
be latched unless the recommended handling
suggestion is adopted.
After config file is updated, settings of the file and
settings saved on the device are not matched.
4 Fail_SettingItem_Chgd This signal will pick up instantaneously and will Blocked
be latched unless the recommended handling
suggestion is adopted.
Error is found during checking memory data.
This signal will pick up instantaneously and will
5 B02.Fail_Memory Blocked
be latched unless the recommended handling
suggestion is adopted.
Error is found during checking settings.
This signal will pick up instantaneously and will
6 B02.Fail_Settings Blocked
be latched unless the recommended handling
suggestion is adopted.
7 Bx.Fail The module located in slot No.x is blocked Blocked
The sampling of bay n of slave unit m is
8 Fail_Sample_@Name_SmBayn Blocked
abnormal
Alarm Signals
The device is abnormal.
This signal will be pick up if any alarm signal
9 Alm_Device Unblocked
picks up and it will drop off when all alarm signals
drop off.
The device is in the communication test mode.
10 Alm_CommTest This signal will pick up instantaneously and will Unblocked
drop off instantaneously.
The device is in the binary output test mode.
11 Alm_BOTest This signal will pick up instantaneously and will Unblocked
drop off instantaneously.
12 Bx.Alm The module located in slot No.x is abnormal Unblocked
13 Bx.Alm_Settings The setting of the module located in slot No.x is Unblocked

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4 Supervision

abnormal
The binary output module that located in slot
14 B15.Alm_BO Unblocked
No.15 is abnormal
The error is found during MON module checking
settings of device.
15 Alm_Settings_MON This signal will pick up with a time delay of 10s Unblocked
and will be latched unless re-powering or
rebooting the device.
The error is found during checking the version of
software downloaded to the device.
16 Alm_Version Unblocked
This signal will pick up instantaneously and will
drop off instantaneously.
17 Alm_MON MON module is under abnormal condition Unblocked

18 Alm_TimeSyn Time synchronization abnormality alarm. Unblocked

The power supply of BI plug-in module is


abnormal.
19 Alm_OptoDC Unblocked
This signal will pick up with a time delay of 10s
and will drop off with a time delay of 10s.
20 Alm_VTS_@Name_SmBayn VT circuit of bay n of slave unit m fails Unblocked
21 Alm_CTS_@Name_SmBayn CT circuit of bay n of slave unit m fails Unblocked
Analog input channels of bay n of slave unit m is
22 Alm_AD_@Name_SmBayn Unblocked
abnormal
The electrical quantity criteria discriminates
whether the bay is in service status, but normally
23 Alm_52b_@Name_SmBayn Unblocked
open/closed auxiliary contact is inconsistent with
the status
24 Alm_ExtTrp_@Name_SmBayn The tripping signal is energized for over 5s Unblocked
The communication between the master unit and
25 Alm_Comm_Slavem Blocked
the slave unit is abnormal.
The communication for master-slave interface
26 Alm_Comm_MSPortX Unblocked
No.X is abnormal
27 Alm_Ch_@Name_RmtSubstationX The channel of sub-station X is abnormal Unblocked
The communication of other set of devices is
28 Alm_Comm_OtherSet Unblocked
abnormal

Table 4.2-2 Troubleshooting of PCS-992M

No. Item Handling suggestion


Fail Signals
The signal is issued with other specific fail signals, please refer
1 Fail_Device
to the handling suggestion other specific alarm signals.
1. Go to the menu “Information→Borad Info”, check the
2 Fail_BoardConfig abnormality information.
2. For the abnormality board, if the board is not used, then

PCS-992 Stability Controller 4-3


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4 Supervision

remove, and if the board is used, then check whether the board
is installed properly and work normally.
Please reset setting values according to the range described in
3 Fail_Setting_OvRange the instruction manual, then re-power or reboot the device and
the device will restore to normal operation state.
Please check the settings mentioned in the prompt message on
the LCD, and go to the menu “Settings” and select “Confirm
4 Fail_SettingItem_Chgd
Settings” item to confirm settings. Then, the device will restore
to normal operation stage.
5 B02.Fail_Memory Please inform the manufacture or the agent for repair.
6 B02.Fail_Settings Please inform the manufacture or the agent for repair.
Chips are damaged and please inform the manufacture or the
7 Bx.Fail
agent replacing the module.
8 Fail_Sample_@Name_SmBayn Please inform the manufacture or the agent for repair.
Alarm Signals
The signal is issued with other specific alarm signals, please
9 Alm_Device
refer to the handling suggestion other specific alarm signals.
No special treatment is needed, disable the communication test
10 Alm_CommTest
function after the completion of the test.
No special treatment is needed, disable the binary output test
11 Alm_BOTest
function after the completion of the test.
12 Bx.Alm Please inform the manufacture or the agent for repair.
13 Bx.Alm_Settings Please inform the manufacture or the agent for repair.
14 B15.Alm_BO Please inform the manufacture or the agent for repair.
15 Alm_Settings_MON Please inform the manufacture or the agent for repair.
Users may pay no attention to the alarm signal in the project
commissioning stage, but it is needed to download the latest
package file (including correct version checksum file) provided
by R&D engineer to make the alarm signal disappear. Then
16 Alm_Version
users get the correct software version. It is not allowed that the
alarm signal is issued on the device already has been put into
service. The devices having being put into service so that the
alarm signal disappears.
17 Alm_MON Please inform the manufacture or the agent for repair.

1. check whether the selected clock synchronization mode


matches the clock synchronization source;

2. check whether the wiring connection between the device and


the clock synchronization source is correct
18 Alm_TimeSyn
3. Check whether the setting for selecting clock synchronization
(i.e. [Opt_TimeSync]) is set correctly. If there is no clock
synchronization, please set the setting [Opt_TimeSync] as ”No
TimeSync”.

4-4 PCS-992 Stability Controller


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4 Supervision

4. After the abnormality is removed, the “ALARM” LED will be


extinguished and the corresponding alarm message will
disappear and the device will restore to normal operation state.

1. Check whether the binary input module is connected to the


power supply.
2. Check whether the voltage of power supply is in the required
range.
19 Alm_OptoDC
3. After the voltage for binary input module restores to normal
range, the “ALARM” LED will be extinguished and the
corresponding alarm message will disappear and the device
will restore to normal operation state.
20 Alm_VTS_@Name_SmBayn Please check the corresponding VT secondary circuit.
21 Alm_CTS_@Name_SmBayn Please check the corresponding CT secondary circuit.
22 Alm_AD_@Name_SmBayn Please inform the manufacture or the agent for repair.
23 Alm_52b_@Name_SmBayn Please check the auxiliary contact of circuit breaker.
Check the wiring of the secondary circuit to decide whether the
24 Alm_ExtTrp_@Name_SmBayn
secondary circuit or the hardware is abnormal
Check whether the fiber connection between the master unit
25 Alm_Comm_Slavem
and the slave unit is correct
26 Alm_Comm_MSPortX Check the corresponding interface
27 Alm_Ch_@Name_RmtSubstationX Check the corresponding channel
28 Alm_Comm_OtherSet Check the communication channel of other set of devices

4.2.2 Supervision Alarms of PCS-992S


@Name_Bayn: means the setted value of the label setting of bay n. Please refer to Section 8.2.3
for details.

Table 4.2-3 Alarm description of PCS-992S

Blocking
No. Item Description
Device
Fail Signals
The device fails.
This signal will be pick up if any fail signal picks
1 Fail_Device Blocked
up and it will drop off when all fail signals drop
off.
The communication between the master unit and
2 Fail_Comm_MS Blocked
the slave unit is interrupted
Sampling values of bay n are different between
3 Fail_Sample_@Name_Bayn Blocked
two DSP modules
The communication between two DSP modules
4 Fail_Comm_HTM Blocked
is interrupted
Alarm Signals
5 Alm_Device The device is abnormal. Unblocked

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4 Supervision

This signal will be pick up if any alarm signal


picks up and it will drop off when all alarm signals
drop off.
VT circuit of bay n of the slave unit fails (detected
6 Alm_VTS_LOG-DSP_@Name_Bayn Unblocked
by logic DSP module)
CT circuit of bay n of the slave unit fails (detected
7 Alm_CTS_LOG-DSP_@Name_Bayn Unblocked
by logic DSP module)
Analog input channels of bay n of the slave unit
8 Alm_AD_LOG-DSP_@Name_Bayn Unblocked
is abnormal (detected by logic DSP module)
BBX VT circuit fails (detected by logic DSP
9 Alm_VTS_LOG-DSP_BBX Unblocked
module)
The electrical quantity criteria discriminates
whether the bay is in service status, but normally
10 Alm_52_LOG-DSP_@Name_Bayn Unblocked
open/closed auxiliary contact is inconsistent with
the status (detected by logic DSP module)
The external tripping signal is abnormal
11 Alm_ExtTrp_LOG-DSP_@Name_Bayn Unblocked
(detected by logic DSP module)
The maintenance isolator link for bay n is
12 Alm_MaintIL_LOG-DSP_@Name_Bayn Unblocked
abnormal (detected by logic DSP module)
More than one bypass isolator link is energized
13 Alm_BypassIL_LOG-DSP Unblocked
(detected by logic DSP module)
The communication between the master unit and
14 Alm_Comm_MS Unblocked
the slave unit is abnormal.
The master-slave communication interface No.1
15 Alm_Comm_MSPort1 Unblocked
is abnormal
The master-slave communication interface No.2
16 Alm_Comm_MSPort2 Unblocked
is abnormal
17 Alm_LOG-DSP The hardware of logic DSP module is error Unblocked
VT circuit of bay n of the slave unit fails (detected
18 Alm_VTS_FD-DSP_@Name_Bayn Unblocked
by fault detector DSP module)
CT circuit of bay n of the slave unit fails (detected
19 Alm_CTS_FD-DSP_@Name_Bayn Unblocked
by fault detector DSP module)
Analog input channels of bay n of the slave unit
20 Alm_AD_FD-DSP_@Name_Bayn is abnormal (detected by fault detector DSP Unblocked
module)
The electrical quantity criteria discriminates
whether the bay is in service status, but normally
21 Alm_52_FD-DSP_@Name_Bayn open/closed auxiliary contact is inconsistent with Unblocked
the status (detected by fault detector DSP
module)
The external tripping signal of bay n is abnormal
22 Alm_ExtTrp_FD-DSP_@Name_Bayn Unblocked
(detected by fault detector DSP module)
The maintenance isolator link for bay n is
23 Alm_MaintIL_FD-DSP_@Name_Bayn Unblocked
abnormal (detected by fault detector DSP

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4 Supervision

module)
More than one bypass isolator link are energized
24 Alm_BypassIL_FD-DSP Unblocked
(detected by fault detector DSP module)
The hardware of fault detector DSP module is
25 Alm_FD-DSP Unblocked
error
The power supply of BI module located in slot
26 B10.Alm_OptoDC Unblocked
No.10 is abnormal.
The power supply of BI module located in slot
27 B11.Alm_OptoDC Unblocked
No.11 is abnormal.
Power supply supervision for BI module located
28 B10.Alm_PwrSuperv Unblocked
in slot No.10
Power supply supervision for BI module located
29 B11.Alm_PwrSuperv Unblocked
in slot No.11
The binary output module located in slot No.13 is
30 B13.Alm_BO Unblocked
abnormal
The binary output module located in slot No.14 is
31 B14.Alm_BO Unblocked
abnormal
The signal module located in slot No.15 is
32 B15.Alm_BO Unblocked
abnormal

Table 4.2-4 Troubleshooting of PCS-992S

No. Item Handling suggestion


Fail Signals
The signal is issued with other specific fail signals, please refer
1 Fail_Device
to the handling suggestion other specific alarm signals.
2 Fail_Comm_MS Please inform the manufacture or the agent for repair.
3 Fail_Sample_@Name_Bayn Please inform the manufacture or the agent for repair.
4 Fail_Comm_HTM Please inform the manufacture or the agent for repair.
Alarm Signals
The signal is issued with other specific alarm signals, please
5 Alm_Device
refer to the handling suggestion other specific alarm signals.
6 Alm_VTS_LOG-DSP_@Name_Bayn Please check the corresponding VT secondary circuit.
7 Alm_CTS_LOG-DSP_@Name_Bayn Please check the corresponding CT secondary circuit.
8 Alm_AD_LOG-DSP_@Name_Bayn Please inform the manufacture or the agent for repair.
9 Alm_VTS_LOG-DSP_BBX Please check the corresponding VT secondary circuit.
10 Alm_52_LOG-DSP_@Name_Bayn Please check the auxiliary contact of circuit breaker.
Check the wiring of the secondary circuit to decide whether the
11 Alm_ExtTrp_LOG-DSP_@Name_Bayn
secondary circuit or the hardware is abnormal
12 Alm_MaintIL_LOG-DSP_@Name_Bayn Check the maintenance isolator link for bay n
13 Alm_BypassIL_LOG-DSP Check all the bypass isolator links
Check whether the fiber connection between the master unit
14 Alm_Comm_MS
and the slave unit is correct
15 Alm_Comm_MSPort1 Check the corresponding master-slave interface

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16 Alm_Comm_MSPort2
17 Alm_LOG-DSP Please inform the manufacture or the agent for repair.
18 Alm_VTS_FD-DSP_@Name_Bayn Please check the corresponding VT secondary circuit.
19 Alm_CTS_FD-DSP_@Name_Bayn Please check the corresponding CT secondary circuit.
20 Alm_AD_FD-DSP_@Name_Bayn Please inform the manufacturer or the agent for repair.
21 Alm_52_FD-DSP_@Name_Bayn Please check the auxiliary contact of circuit breaker.
Check the wiring of the secondary circuit to decide whether the
22 Alm_ExtTrp_FD-DSP_@Name_Bayn
secondary circuit or the hardware is abnormal
23 Alm_MaintIL_FD-DSP_@Name_Bayn Check the maintenance isolator link for bay n
24 Alm_BypassIL_FD-DSP Check all the bypass isolator links
25 Alm_FD-DSP Please inform the manufacture or the agent for repair.
26 B10.Alm_OptoDC 1. Check whether the binary input module is connected to the
27 B11.Alm_OptoDC power supply.
28 B10.Alm_PwrSuperv 2. Check whether the voltage of power supply is in the
required range.
3. After the voltage for binary input module restores to normal
29 B11.Alm_PwrSuperv range, the “ALARM” LED will be extinguished and the
corresponding alarm message will disappear and the device
will restore to normal operation state.
30 B13.Alm_BO Please inform the manufacture or the agent for repair.
31 B14.Alm_BO Please inform the manufacture or the agent for repair.
32 B15.Alm_BO Please inform the manufacture or the agent for repair.

4.3 AC Input Monitoring


4.3.1 Voltage/current Drift Monitoring and Auto-adjustment
Zero point of voltage and current may drift due to variation of temperature or other environment
factors. The device continually traces the drift and adjusts it to normal value automatically.

4.3.2 Sampling Monitoring


AC current and voltage samplings of logic DSP and fault detector DSP are monitored and if the
samples of protection DSP and fault detector DSP are detected to be wrong or inconsistent
between them, a corresponding alarm signal will be issued and the device will be blocked.

4.4 Opto-coupler Power Supervision


Positive power supply of opto-coupler is continually monitored. If an error or damage has occurred,
an alarm [Alm_OptoDC] (for PCS-992M) or [BX.Alm_OptoDC] (for PCS-992S) will be issued
(X=10 or 11).

4.5 VT Circuit Supervision


The function is used to detect the completeness of the VT secondary circuit and ensure that the
voltage measured by the device reflects the real primary system voltage. The abnormality of VT
secondary circuit, if any, may result maloperation of some protective elements based on the

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4 Supervision

voltage.

Under normal conditions, the device will monitor negative-sequence component (U2) of
three-phase voltage continuously and will send the VT circuit failure alarm signal with a time delay
of 5s in case the negative-sequence component is greater than 0.14Un. Or the device will send
the VT circuit failure alarm signal with a time delay of 5s if negative-sequence component (U2) of
three-phase voltage is less than 0.14Un but the maximum phase voltage is less than 0.2Un and
the maximum phase current is greater than 0.06In.

When three-phase voltage returns to the normal condition, the alarm signal will automatically drop
off with a time delay of 5s.

4.6 CT Circuit Supervision


The function is used to detect the completeness of the secondary circuit of CT and ensure that the
current measured by the device reflects the real primary system current. The abnormality of CT
secondary circuit, if any, may result maloperation of some protective elements based on the
current. The CT circuit failure detection function is always enabled whether fault detector element
operates or not.

Under normal conditions, the device will monitor residual current (3I0) continuously and will issue
the CT circuit failure alarm signal with a time delay of 5s and some logics will be blocked in case
the following criterion is met.

3I 0  0.04I n  0.25I max

Where:

3I0 is residual current

In is primary CT rated current

Imax maximum phase current among three phase currents

When three-phase current returns to the normal condition, the alarm signal will automatically drop
off with a time delay of 5s.

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5 Management

Table of Contents
5 Management.................................................................................... 5-a
5.1 Measurement ................................................................................................... 5-1
5.1.1 Measurement of Master Unit ............................................................................................... 5-1

5.1.2 Measurement of Slave Unit ................................................................................................. 5-2

5.2 Recording ........................................................................................................ 5-3


5.2.1 Overview .............................................................................................................................. 5-3

5.2.2 Event Recording .................................................................................................................. 5-4

5.2.3 Disturbance Recording ........................................................................................................ 5-4

5.2.4 Present Recording ............................................................................................................... 5-5

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5-b PCS-992 Stability Controller


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5 Management

5.1 Measurement
PCS-992 performs continuous measurement of the analogue input quantities. The sampling
function is achieved by slave unit (PCS-992S) and the sampling data is sent to master unit
(PCS-992M) by fibre channel. The device samples 24 points per cycle and calculates the RMS
value in each interval and updated the LCD display in every 0.5 second. The measurement data
can be displayed on the LCD of the device front panel or on the local/remote PC via software tool.
Navigate the menu to view the sampling value through LCD screen.

5.1.1 Measurement of Master Unit


Access path:

MainMenu  “Measurements”  “Master Measmts”

“Master Measmts” is use to display measured values that related with communication test.

MainMenu  “Measurements”  “Slave Measmts”

“Slave Measmts” is used to display measured values that collected from slave unit.

5.1.1.1 Master Measurements

No. Symbol Definition

1 N_SentFrame_Total The total number of the sent frame

2 N_SentFrame_Test The total number of the sent test frame

3 N_SentFrame_Correct The total number of the correct sent frame

4 N_SentFrame_Command The total number of the sent command frame

5 N_DataChg_1 Counter 1 for binary input change report

6 N_DataChg_2 Counter 2 for binary input change report

7 N_DataChg_3 Counter 3 for binary input change report

8 N_DataChg_4 Counter 4 for binary input change report

9 SentData01_ChTest The sent data 1 for channel test

10 SentData02_ChTest The sent data 2 for channel test

11 SentData03_ChTest The sent data 3 for channel test

12 SentData04_ChTest The sent data 4 for channel test

13 SentData05_ChTest The sent data 5 for channel test

14 SentData06_ChTest The sent data 6 for channel test

15 SentData07_ChTest The sent data 7 for channel test

16 SentData08_ChTest The sent data 8 for channel test

17 SentData09_ChTest The sent data 9 for channel test

18 SentData10_ChTest The sent data 10 for channel test

19 SentData11_ChTest The sent data 11 for channel test

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5 Management

20 SentData12_ChTest The sent data 12 for channel test

Access path: MainMenu  “Measurements”  “Master Measmts”  “Comm Test Measmts”

5.1.1.2 Slave Measurements

1) Slave frequency

No. Symbol Definition

1 f_Slave1 Frequency of slave unit 1

2 f_Slave2 Frequency of slave unit 2

3 f_Slave3 Frequency of slave unit 3

4 f_Slave4 Frequency of slave unit 4

Access path: MainMenu  “Measurements”  “Slave Measmts”  “Slave Frequency”

2) Slave current, voltage and power

@Name_SmBayn: means the set value of the label setting of bay n of slave unit m, please refer to
Section 8.1.3 for details.

No. Symbol Definition

1 Ua_@Name_SmBayn Phase-A voltage of bay n of slave unit m

2 Ub_@Name_SmBayn Phase-B voltage of bay n of slave unit m

3 Uc_@Name_SmBayn Phase-C voltage of bay n of slave unit m

4 Ia_@Name_SmBayn Phase-A current of bay n of slave unit m

5 Ib_@Name_SmBayn Phase-B current of bay n of slave unit m

6 Ic_@Name_SmBayn Phase-C current of bay n of slave unit m

7 P_@Name_SmBayn Active power of bay n of slave unit m

8 Q_@Name_SmBayn Reactive power of bay n of slave unit m

Access path: MainMenu  “Measurements”  “Slave Measmts”  “Slavem Measmts” 


“@Name_SmBayn Measmts”

5.1.2 Measurement of Slave Unit


@Name_Bayn: means the set value of the label setting of bay n of the slave unit, please refer to
Section 8.2.3 for details.

No. Symbol Definition

1 Ua_@Name_Bayn Phase-A voltage of bay n of the slave unit

2 Ub_@Name_Bayn Phase-B voltage of bay n of the slave unit

3 Uc_@Name_Bayn Phase-C voltage of bay n of the slave unit

4 Ia_@Name_Bayn Phase-A current of bay n of the slave unit

5 Ib_@Name_Bayn Phase-B current of bay n of the slave unit

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5 Management

6 Ic_@Name_Bayn Phase-C current of bay n of the slave unit

7 P_@Name_Bayn Active power of bay n of the slave unit

8 Q_@Name_Bayn Reactive power of bay n of the slave unit

Phase-to-phase voltage (phase A to phase B) of bay n of the


9 Uab_@Name_Bayn
slave unit

Phase-to-phase voltage (phase B to phase C) of bay n of


10 Ubc_@Name_Bayn
the slave unit

Phase-to-phase voltage (phase C to phase A) of bay n of


11 Uca_@Name_Bayn
the slave unit

12 3I0_@Name_Bayn Residual current of bay n of the slave unit

13 3U0_@Name_Bayn Residual voltage of bay n of the slave unit

14 U1_@Name_Bayn Positive-sequence voltage of bay n of the slave unit

15 U2_@Name_Bayn Negative-sequence voltage of bay n of the slave unit

Access path: MainMenu  “Measurements”  “Bay Measmts”  “@Name_Bayn Measmts”

No. Symbol Definition

1 f System frequency

2 df/dt System frequency slip

3 f_@Name_Bayn Frequency of bay n of the slave unit

4 df/dt_@Name_Bayn Frequency slip of bay n of the slave unit

Access path: MainMenu  “Measurements”  “U/F Measmts”  “Frequency”

No. Symbol Definition

5 U1 Positive-sequence voltage

6 du1/dt Positive-sequence voltage slip

7 U1_@Name_Bayn Positive-sequence voltage of bay n of the slave unit

8 du1/dt_@Name_Bayn Positive-sequence voltage slip of bay n of the slave unit

Access path: MainMenu  “Measurements”  “U/F Measmts”  “Voltage”

5.2 Recording
5.2.1 Overview
PCS-992 provides the following recording functions:

1. Event recording

2. Disturbance recording

3. Present recording

All the recording information except waveform can be viewed on local LCD or by printing.

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5 Management

Waveform could only be printed or extracted with PCS-Explorer software tool and a waveform
analysis software.

5.2.2 Event Recording


5.2.2.1 Overview

The device can store the latest 1024 disturbance records, 1024 binary events, 1024 supervision
events and 1024 device logs. All the records are stored in non-volatile memory, and when the
available space is exhausted, the oldest record is automatically overwritten by the latest one.

5.2.2.2 Disturbance Records

When fault detector or protection element operates or drops off, they will be logged in event
records.

5.2.2.3 Supervision Events

The device is under automatic supervision all the time. If there are any failure or abnormal
condition detected, such as, chip damaged, VT circuit failure and so on, it will be logged in event
records.

5.2.2.4 Binary Events

When there is a binary input is energized or de-energized, i.e., its state has changed from “0” to “1”
or from “1” to “0”, it will be logged in event records.

5.2.2.5 Device Logs

If an operator implements some operations on the device, such as reboot protective device,
modify setting, etc., they will be logged in event records.

5.2.3 Disturbance Recording


5.2.3.1 Application

Disturbance records can be used to have a better understanding of the behavior of the power
network and related primary and secondary equipment during and after a disturbance. Analysis of
the recorded data provides valuable information that can be used to improve existing equipment.
This information can also be used when planning for and designing new installations.

5.2.3.2 Design

A disturbance record consists of fault record and fault waveform. A disturbance record is initiated
by fault detector element.

The disturbance record has two types:

1. Fault detector element picks up without operation of protective element

2. Fault detector element picks up with operation of protective elements.

5.2.3.3 Capacity and Information of Disturbance Records

The device can store up to 32 disturbance records with waveform in non-volatile memory. It is

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based on first in first out queue that the oldest disturbance record will be overwritten by the latest
one.

For each disturbance record, the following items are included:

1. Sequence number

Each operation will be recorded with a sequence number in the record and displayed on LCD
screen.

2. Date and time of fault occurrence

The time resolution is 1ms using the device internal clock synchronized via clock synchronized
device if connected. The date and time is recorded when a system fault is detected.

3. Relative operating time

An operating time (not including the operating time of output relays) is recorded in the record.

5.2.3.4 Capacity and Information of Fault Waveform

MON module can store 32 pieces of fault waveform oscillogram in non-volatile memory. If a new
fault occurs when 32 fault waveform have been stored, the oldest will be overwritten by the latest
one.

1. Master Unit (PCS-992M)

The master unit selectively configures samples and binary signals from the slave unit and
message from the remote communication device, and each fault record consists of all analog
quantities (only magnitude, 1 point per cycle) and digital quantities. The recording time includes 20
cycles pre-trigger data, and 10000 points can be recorded at most.

2. Slave Unit (PCS-992S)

The slave unit record all analog quantities and digital quantities. The recording time includes 10
cycles pre-trigger data (24 point per cycle), and 10000 points can be recorded at most.

5.2.4 Present Recording


Present recording is a waveform triggered manually on the device′s LCD or remotely through
PCS-Explorer software. Recording content of present recording is same to that of disturbance
recording.

1. Master Unit (PCS-992M)

The master unit selectively configures samples and binary signals from the slave unit and
message from the remote communication device, and each fault record consists of all analog
quantities (only magnitude, 1 point per cycle) and digital quantities. The recording time includes 20
cycles pre-trigger data and 600 cycles post trigger data.

2. Slave Unit (PCS-992S)

The slave unit record all analog quantities and digital quantities. The recording time includes 10
cycles pre-trigger data (24 point per cycle) and 100 cycles post-trigger data (24 point per cycle).

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5 Management

5-6 PCS-992 Stability Controller


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6 System Structure and Communication Interface

6 System Structure and Communication Interface

Table of Contents
6 System Structure and Communication Interface ......................... 6-a
6.1 Overview .......................................................................................................... 6-1
6.2 System Structure ............................................................................................ 6-1
6.3 Device Structure.............................................................................................. 6-2
6.4 Communication Interface ............................................................................... 6-3

List of Figures
Figure 6.2-1 Master-slave single-layer structure ..................................................................... 6-1

Figure 6.2-2 Master-slave multi-layer structure ....................................................................... 6-1

Figure 6.2-3 Composite structure with several main stations ............................................... 6-2

Figure 6.3-1 Diagram 1 of device structure .............................................................................. 6-3

Figure 6.4-1 Communication structure among stations ......................................................... 6-4

Figure 6.4-2 Communication structure among stations (with IEC61850-8-1 protocol) ....... 6-4

Figure 6.4-3 Internal clock mode (master-master)................................................................... 6-5

Figure 6.4-4 Dedicated optical fibre connection ...................................................................... 6-5

Figure 6.4-5 Digital multiplex connection ................................................................................. 6-5

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6 System Structure and Communication Interface

6.1 Overview
In order to resolve the problem of stability in the regional power grid, the stability control devices
installed in several substations are connected with communication interface through channel and
constitute the stability control system, so it can exchange operation information, deliver control
command among several substations and enforce stability control within larger range. The
regional stability control system is generally equipped with a master station, several sub-stations
and execution stations. The master station is usually located at pivotal substation or power plant at
the key location and is responsible to summarize the operation information of each station, to
identify the operation mode of power grid and to deliver related information of operation method to
each substation.

6.2 System Structure


Several sets of stability control devices constitute the stability control system of power grid through
the coordination of channel. The system can be master-slave single-layer structure with a main
station and sub-stations as the rest of structure. The main station and sub-stations can be
connected by optical fibre channel or carrier channel and so on. A main station can be connected
with 30 substations at most. The system connection is shown in Figure 6.2-1.

Master Station

Sub-station 1 Sub-station 2 Sub-station N

Figure 6.2-1 Master-slave single-layer structure

The system can also be master-slave multi-layer structure. The system connection is shown in
Figure 6.2-2.

Master Station

Master Station Sub-station 1 Sub-station N

Sub-station 1 Sub-station N Sub-station 1 Sub-station N

Figure 6.2-2 Master-slave multi-layer structure

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6 System Structure and Communication Interface

The security and stability control system can also be composite structure with two or more main
stations. The system connection is shown in Figure 6.2-3.

Master Master
station1 station2

Sub-station1 Sub-station2 Sub-stationN

Execution Execution Execution Execution


station1 station N station1 station N

Figure 6.2-3 Composite structure with several main stations

6.3 Device Structure


The hardware structure of device is basically consistent in the master station, sub-station and
execution station. The master station should extend the communication interface (which is used to
be connected with sub-station and execution station) if the stability control system is larger. The
sub-station is used to connect with master station and execution station and its communication
interface is less. The execution station may only need one communication interface to
communicate with master station or sub-station. Each station is made up of a set of master unit
and several sets of slave units with signal multiplex equipment if necessary.

The master unit of master station is responsible for communicating with devices of other stations,
receive acquisition data from slave unit of the station, identify results and operation method of
system, form needed cross-section power and implement stability control strategy, etc. The slave
unit is responsible to acquire data, calculate, identify whether the line (main transformer and
generator) is in service, whether the line (main transformer, generator and bus) trips and the form
of fault, etc. and carry out the order from master unit.

In the system, the locations of master station, sub-station and execution station should be decided
by actual conditions. The master station may be some important power plant or important
substation, other substations are sub-station and the power plant is the execution station.

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6 System Structure and Communication Interface

PCM multiplex
SCADA
Master unit Optical fibre2M Interface unit Dedicated optical fibre
PCS-992M MUX-22C PLC channel
Binary input
Binary output asynchronous serial port

Optical fibre 2M Optical fibre 2M

Slave unit No.1 Slave unit No.x


PCS-992S PCS-992S
Analog quantity

Analog quantity
Binary output

Binary output
Binary input

Binary input
input

input

PLC channel
Dedicated optical fibre
SCADA Asynchronous serial port
Master unit
PCS-992M Optical fibre 2M
Binary input
Binary output Interface unit
SDH
MUX-2MD

Optical fibre 2M Optical fibre 2M

Slave unit No.1 Slave unit No.x


PCS-992S PCS-992S
Analog quantity

Analog quantity
Binary output

Binary output
Binary input

Binary input
input

input

Figure 6.3-1 Diagram 1 of device structure

6.4 Communication Interface


The communication among stability control stations can be completed by interfaces such as
asynchronous serial port, PLC (power line carrier), dedicated optical fibre and PCM multiplex
channel and so on. Adopting different COM plug-in module can realize the selection of different
interface mode. Several communication structures are shown in Figure 6.4-1.

The device also supports IEC61850-8-1 protocol for communication among stability control
stations. Adopting NR-1136 plug-in module can realize the communication with IEC61850-8-1
protocol, and its communication structure is shown in Figure 6.4-2.

When it is necessary to be connected with existing device of stability control station to

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6 System Structure and Communication Interface

communication via asynchronous serial port, the corresponding plug-in module can be selected
and used. The interface can be RS-422 or RS-232. The stability control stations are connected by
optical fibre.

If there is no optical fibre at partial channels of the system, the communication can be completed
by PLC channel. MODEM plug-in module can be selected and used with communication speed as
1200bps.

When the system adopts the optical fibre channel, the communication between master station and
sub-station can be completed by data channel with high-speed (2Mbps) and synchronous
communication mode. The channel can use dedicated optical fibre or SDH multiplex device.
Regardless of dedicated optical fibre or multiplex SDH device, both receiving and sending
interfaces of communication in the device use optical fibre transmission mode. If using dedicated
fibre channel, the device adopts internal clock, that means TX clocks of the devices at both sides
work in the master-master mode, see Figure 6.4-3. Transmitting data adopts internal clock and
receiving clock is extracted from received data stream.

Master station Optical fibre Interface unit Electric connection


SDH device
PCS-992M/S (100M) MUX-22C 2M (G.703)

optical fiber
communication network

Sub-station Sub-station Sub-station


SDH+MUX-2MD
PCS-992M/S PCS-992M/S PCS-992M/S

Asynchronous Dedicated optical


PLC
serial port fibre (64k) Sub-station
PCS-992M/S

Optical fibre
(2M)

Figure 6.4-1 Communication structure among stations

Master station Optical fibre Protocol converter Electric connection


SDH device
PCS-992M/S GOOSE ETHERNET/E1 2M(G.703)

optical fiber
communication network

Master station Optical fibre Protocol converter Electric connection


SDH device
PCS-992M/S GOOSE ETHERNET/E1 2M(G.703)

Figure 6.4-2 Communication structure among stations (with IEC61850-8-1 protocol)

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6 System Structure and Communication Interface

Internal clock Internal clock

clock Tx clock Tx
64 kbit/s or 2048kbit/s

clock Rx clock Rx

PCS-992 PCS-992

Figure 6.4-3 Internal clock mode (master-master)

When adopting dedicated optical fibre, the devices at both sides of line can be connected directly
by optical fibre, see Figure 6.4-4.

TX RX
Optical fibre
PCS-992M/S PCS-992M/S
(Master station) Sub-station

RX TX
2048kbit/s or 64kbit/s

Figure 6.4-4 Dedicated optical fibre connection

When adopting SDH equipment multiple connection by digital interface, it is necessary to add a
specialized photo-electric converter and digital multiple interface unit (MUX-2M) in the
communication cubicle. See Figure 6.4-5.

SDH

TX RX
interface terminal

Optical fibre
Codirectional

MUX-2MD
PCS-992M/S
(MUX-64)

RX TX
2048kbit/s or
64Kb/s

Figure 6.4-5 Digital multiplex connection

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6 System Structure and Communication Interface

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7 Hardware

7 Hardware

Table of Contents
7 Hardware ......................................................................................... 7-a
7.1 Overview .......................................................................................................... 7-1
7.2 Plug-in Module Description ............................................................................ 7-5
7.2.1 PWR Plug-in Module (Power Supply) ................................................................................. 7-5

7.2.2 MON Plug-in Module (Monitor) ............................................................................................ 7-7

7.2.3 AI Plug-in Module (Analog Input)....................................................................................... 7-10

7.2.4 DSP Plug-in Module (Logic Process) .................................................................................7-11

7.2.5 NET-DSP Plug-in Module (GOOSE and SV, Optional) ..................................................... 7-14

7.2.6 BI Plug-in Module (Binary Input) ....................................................................................... 7-14

7.2.7 BO Plug-in Module (Binary Output) ................................................................................... 7-19

7.2.8 HMI Module ....................................................................................................................... 7-23

7.3 MUX-22 Interface Unit ................................................................................... 7-23


7.3.1 PWR Plug-in Module (Power Supply) ............................................................................... 7-23

7.3.2 CPU Plug-in Module (Logic Process) ................................................................................ 7-24

7.3.3 COM Plug-in Module (Communication Interface) ............................................................. 7-25

List of Figures
Figure 7.1-1 Hardware diagram.................................................................................................. 7-1

Figure 7.1-2 Front view of PCS-992M ..................................................................................... 7-3

Figure 7.1-3 Typical rear view of PCS-992M ............................................................................. 7-3

Figure 7.1-4 Front view of PCS-992S ...................................................................................... 7-3

Figure 7.1-5 Typical rear view of PCS-992S (conventional CT/VT) ........................................ 7-4

Figure 7.1-6 Typical rear view of PCS-992S (ECT/EVT) ........................................................... 7-4

Figure 7.1-7 Front view of MUX-22 ............................................................................................ 7-4

Figure 7.1-8 Rear view of MUX-22C ........................................................................................ 7-5

Figure 7.2-1 View of PWR plug-in module ................................................................................ 7-6

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Date: 2013-07-22
7 Hardware

Figure 7.2-2 Output contacts of PWR plug-in module............................................................. 7-6

Figure 7.2-3 View of MON plug-in module ................................................................................ 7-8

Figure 7.2-4 Connection of communication terminal ............................................................ 7-10

Figure 7.2-5 View of AI plug-in module ...................................................................................... 7-10

Figure 7.2-6 Rear view of DSP modules of PCS-992M .......................................................... 7-12

Figure 7.2-7 Rear view of DSP modules of PCS-992S ........................................................... 7-13

Figure 7.2-8 View of NET-DSP plug-in module ....................................................................... 7-14

Figure 7.2-9 View of BO plug-in module (NR1523A) .............................................................. 7-20

Figure 7.2-10 View of BO plug-in module (NR1547A) ............................................................ 7-20

Figure 7.3-1 View of power supply module ............................................................................ 7-23

Figure 7.3-2 View of CPU module ............................................................................................ 7-24

Figure 7.3-3 View of COM module ........................................................................................... 7-25

List of Tables
Table 7.1-1 PCS-992 module configuration .............................................................................. 7-2

Table 7.2-1 Terminal definition and description of PWR plug-in module .............................. 7-6

Table 7.2-2 Terminal definition of AI module .......................................................................... 7-11

7-b PCS-992 Stability Controller


Date: 2013-07-22
7 Hardware

7.1 Overview
PCS-992 stability controller consists of a master unit (PCS-992M) and 0~8 slave unit (PCS-992S),
and a communication interface unit (MUX-22C) is necessary if the communication among stations
is required. The slave unit generally perform the signal sampling and calculation function, the
master unit perform the communication to other stations. The master unit and slave unit are
placed in the relay room, the communication interface units is placed in the communication room.

PCS-992 adopts 32-bit microchip processor CPU as control core for logic calculation and
management function, meanwhile, adopts high-speed digital signal processor DSP to be in charge
of all the protection calculation. 24 points are sampled in every cycle and parallel processing of
sampled data can be realized in each sampling interval to ensure ultra-high reliability and safety of
protection equipment. The architecture of the hardware is shown in the following figure.

Output Relay
Binary Input
External
Protection
Conventional CT/VT A/D Calculation
DSP

ECVT

Fault
A/D Detector Pickup
DSP Relay

ECVT
ETHERNET
LCD +E
GPS
Power
Uaux LED CPU
Supply
RJ45
Keypad
PRINT

Figure 7.1-1 Hardware diagram

The working process of the device is as follows: firstly, the current and voltage is converted into
small voltage signal and sent to DSP module after being filtered and converted by AD for
protection calculation and fault detector respectively. When DSP module completes all the
protection calculation, the result will be sent to 32-bit CPU on MON module to be recorded.
Protection DSP module carries out protection logic calculation, tripping output, and MON module
completes SOE (sequence of event) record, waveform recording, printing, communication
between protection and SAS and communication between HMI and CPU. The work process of
fault detector DSP module is similar to that of protection DSP module, and the only difference is,
when fault detector DSP module decides a fault detector picks up, only positive power supply of
output relay will be switched on.

The PCS-992 is comprised of intelligent modules, except that few particular modules' (MON
module DSP module, and PWR module) position cannot be changed in the whole device, the

PCS-992 Stability Controller 7-1


Date: 2013-07-22
7 Hardware

others like AI (analog input) module such as AC current, AC voltage, DC current, and etc., and IO
(input and output) module such as binary input, tripping output, signal output, and etc. can be
flexibly configured according to the remained slot positions.

Table 7.1-1 PCS-992 module configuration

No. Module description


1 Management module (MON module)

2 Calculation module (DSP module)


3 Analog input module ( AI module )

4 Binary input module (BI module)

5 Tripping output module (BO trip module )

6 Signal output module (BO signal module )

7 Power supply module (PWR module)

8 Human machine interface module (HMI module)


9 NET-DSP Module (GOOSE and SV, Optional)

 MON module provides functions like management function, completed event record, setting
management, etc.

 DSP modules are totally the same, to carry out filtering, sampling and protection calculation
and fault detector calculation respectively.

 AI module converts AC current and voltage to low voltage signals with current transformers
and voltage transformers respectively.

 BI module provides binary input via opto-couplers with rating voltage among
24V/48V/110V/125V/220V/250V opto-coupler (configurable).

 BO trip module provides all tripping outputs.

 BO signal module provides all kinds of signal output contact, including annunciation signal,
remote signal, fault and disturbance signal, operation abnormal signal, etc.

 PWR module converts DC 250/220/125/110V into different DC voltage levels for various
modules of the equipment

 HMI module is comprised of LCD, keypad, LED indicator and test serial ports, and it is
convenient for user to perform human-machine interaction with equipment.

 NET-DSP Module (GOOSE and SV, Optional) is applied for realization of GOOSE level
interlocking, and for connection to ECVT with supporting IEC 61850-9-1 and IEC 61850-9-2
protocols.

Following figures show front and rear views of PCS-992 respectively.

7-2 PCS-992 Stability Controller


Date: 2013-07-22
7 Hardware

1
HEALTHY
11
PCS-992
2 12
ALARM STABILITY CONTROLLER
3 13
TRIP
4 14

C GRP
5 15

6 16
ENT

ES
7 17

8 18

9 19

10 20

Figure 7.1-2 Front view of PCS-992M

NR1102M NR1151A NR1151A NR1123Q NR1126C NR1123Q NR1151D NR1502 NR1547A NR1523A NR1301A
1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 5V BJ

4 5 6 4 5 6 4 5 6 4 5 6 4 5 6 4 5 6 BJJ BSJ

TX1 TX1 TX1 TX1 TX1

TX2 TX2 TX2 RX1 TX2

TX3 TX3 RX1 TX2 RX1

1 COM1

2 BSJ1
TX4 TX4 RX2 RX2 RX2
3 BJJ1
4 COM2
RX1 RX1 5 BSJ2
6 BJJ2

7 24V
RX2 RX2 8 24VGND

9
10 DC+
RX3 RX3
11 DC-

12 FGND

RX4 RX4

Figure 7.1-3 Typical rear view of PCS-992M

1
HEALTHY
11
PCS-992
2 12
ALARM STABILITY CONTROLLER
3 13
TRIP
4 14
C GRP

5 15

6 16
ENT
ES

7 17

8 18

9 19

10 20

Figure 7.1-4 Front view of PCS-992S

PCS-992 Stability Controller 7-3


Date: 2013-07-22
7 Hardware

NR1102M NR1121B NR1121A NR1401 NR1401 NR1401 NR1502 NR1502 NR1547A NR1547A NR1523A NR1301A
1 2 3 1 2 3 5V BJ

4 5 6 4 5 6 BJJ BSJ

TX1

TX2

RX1
DANGER DANGER DANGER
1 COM1

2 BSJ1
RX2
3 BJJ1

4 COM2

5 BSJ2
6 BJJ2

7 24V

8 24VGND

9
10 DC+

11 DC-

12 FGND

Figure 7.1-5 Typical rear view of PCS-992S (conventional CT/VT)

NR1102M NR1121B NR1121A NR1136A NR1136A NR1502 NR1301A


1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 5V BJ

4 5 6 4 5 6 BJJ BSJ

TX1

TX2

RX1

1 COM1

2 BSJ1
RX2
3 BJJ1

4 COM2

5 BSJ2
6 BJJ2

7 24V

8 24VGND

9
10 DC+

11 DC-

12 FGND

Figure 7.1-6 Typical rear view of PCS-992S (ECT/EVT)

MUX-22
INTERFACE UNIT

NR Electric Co.,Ltd.

Figure 7.1-7 Front view of MUX-22

7-4 PCS-992 Stability Controller


Date: 2013-07-22
7 Hardware

DC CPU BNC BNC BNC BNC BNC BNC BNC BNC BNC EO MOD

OP ALM
ALM ALM ALM ALM ALM ALM ALM ALM ALM RX TXA

Dual Link RXA


TX TX TX TX TX TX TX TX TX TX
TXB
TX RXB
RX RX RX RX RX RX RX RX RX

RX

ALM ALM ALM ALM ALM ALM ALM ALM ALM RX

TX TX TX TX TX TX TX TX TX TX

RX RX RX RX RX RX RX RX RX

Figure 7.1-8 Rear view of MUX-22C

7.2 Plug-in Module Description


The device consists of PWR plug-in module, MON plug-in module, DSP plug-in module, AI plug-in
module, BI plug-in module, BO plug-in module, CH plug-in module and NET-DSP plug-in module.
Terminal definitions and application of each plug-in module are introduced as follows.

7.2.1 PWR Plug-in Module (Power Supply)


PWR module is a DC/DC converter with electrical insulation between input and output. It has an
input voltage range as described in Chapter 2 “Technical Data”. The standardized output voltages
are +5V and +24V DC. The tolerances of the output voltages are continuously monitored.

The +5V DC output provides power supply for all the electrical elements that need +5V DC power
supply in this device.

The use of an external miniature circuit breaker is recommended. The miniature circuit breaker
must be in the on position when the device is in operation and in the off position when the device is
in cold reserve.

A 12-pin connector is fixed on PWR module. The terminal definition of the connector is described
as below.

PCS-992 Stability Controller 7-5


Date: 2013-07-22
7 Hardware

NR1301

5V OK ALM

BO_ALM BO_FAIL

ON

OFF

1 BO_COM1
2 BO_FAIL
3 BO_ALM
4 BO_COM2
5 BO_FAIL
6 BO_ALM
7 OPTO+
8 OPTO-
9
10 PWR+
11 PWR-
12 GND

Figure 7.2-1 View of PWR plug-in module

The power switch in the dotted box of above figure maybe is not existed.

01
BO_FAIL
02
BO_ALM
03

04
BO_FAIL
05
BO_ALM
06

Figure 7.2-2 Output contacts of PWR plug-in module

Terminal definition and description is shown as follows:

Table 7.2-1 Terminal definition and description of PWR plug-in module

Terminal No. Symbol Description

01 BO_COM1 Common terminal 1

02 BO_FAIL Device failure output 1 (01-02, NC)

03 BO_ALM Device abnormality alarm output 1 (01-03, NO)

04 BO_COM2 Common terminal 2

05 BO_FAIL Device failure output 2 (04-05, NC)

06 BO_ALM Device abnormality alarm output 2 (04-06, NO)

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7 Hardware

Terminal No. Symbol Description

07 OPTO+ Positive power supply for BI module (24V)

08 OPTO- Negative power supply for BI module (24V)

09 Blank Not used

10 PWR+ Positive input of power supply for the device (250V/220V/125V/110V)

11 PWR- Negative input of power supply for the device (250V/220V/125V/110V)

12 GND Grounded connection of the power supply

Note!

The standard rated voltage of PWR module is self-adaptive to 88~300 Vdc. If input voltage
is out of range, an alarm signal (Fail_Device) will be issued. For non-standard rated
voltage power supply module please specify when place order, and check if the rated
voltage of power supply module is the same as the voltage of power source before the
device being put into service.

PWR module provides terminal 12 and grounding screw for device grounding. Terminal 12
shall be connected to grounding screw and then connected to the earth copper bar of
panel via dedicated grounding wire.

Effective grounding is the most important measure for a device to prevent EMI, so effective
grounding must be ensured before the device is put into service.

PCS-992, like almost all electronic devices, contains electrolytic capacitors. These
capacitors are well known to be subject to deterioration over time if voltage is not applied
periodically. Deterioration can be avoided by powering the devices up once a year.

7.2.2 MON Plug-in Module (Monitor)


MON module consists of high-performance built-in processor, FLASH, SRAM, SDRAM, Ethernet
controller and other peripherals. Its functions include management of the complete device, human
machine interface, communication and waveform recording etc.

MON module uses the internal bus to receive the data from other modules of the device. It
communicates with the LCD module by RS-485 bus. This module comprises 100BaseT Ethernet
interfaces, RS-485 communication interfaces that exchange information with above system by
using IEC 61850, PPS/IRIG-B differential time synchronization interface and RS-232 printing
interface.

Modules with various combinations of memory and interface are available as shown in the table
below.

PCS-992 Stability Controller 7-7


Date: 2013-07-22
7 Hardware

NR1102M NR1102H NR1102I NR1101E

TX TX
ETHERNET ETHERNET
RX RX

TX TX

RX RX
ETHERNET ETHERNET

Figure 7.2-3 View of MON plug-in module

Module ID Interface Terminal No. Usage Physical Layer


4 RJ45 Ethernet To SCADA UTP shield Network Cable
01 SYN+
02 SYN-
RS-485 To clock synchronization
03 SGND
NR1102M
04 Twisted pair wire
05 RTS
RS-232 06 TXD To printer
07 SGND
2 RJ45 Ethernet To SCADA Twisted pair wire
2 FO Ethernet To SCADA Optical fibre SC
01 SYN+
02 SYN-
RS-485 To clock synchronization Twisted pair wire
NR1102H 03 SGND
04
05 RTS
RS-232 06 TXD To printer Cable
07 SGND
2 RJ45 Ethernet To SCADA Twisted pair wire
2 FO Ethernet To SCADA Optical fibre ST
NR1102I
01 SYN+
RS-485 To clock synchronization Twisted pair wire
02 SYN-

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7 Hardware

03 SGND
04
05 RTS
RS-232 06 TXD To printer Cable
07 SGND
2 RJ45 Ethernet To SCADA
01 A
02 B
RS-485 To SCADA
03 SGND
04
05 A
06 B Twisted pair wire
RS-485 To SCADA
07 SGND
NR1101E 08
09 SYN+
10 SYN-
RS-485 To clock synchronization
11 SGND
12
13 RTS
RS-232 14 TXD To printer Cable
15 SGND
16

The correct connection is shown in Figure 7.2-4. Generally, the shielded cable with two pairs of
twisted pairs inside shall be applied. One pair of the twisted pairs are respectively used to connect
the “+” and “–” terminals of difference signal. The other pair of twisted pairs is used to connect the
signal ground of the communication interface. The module reserves a free terminal for all the
communication ports. The free terminal has no connection with any signal of the device, and it is
used to connect the external shields of the cable when connecting multiple devices in series. The
external shield of the cable shall be grounded at one of the ends only.

PCS-992 Stability Controller 7-9


Date: 2013-07-22
7 Hardware

Twisted pair wire


A 01

B 02

COM
cable with single point earthing
To the screen of other coaxial
SGND 03

04

Twisted pair wire


SYN+ 01

Clock SYN
SYN- 02

SGND 03

04

Cable
RTS 05

PRINT
TXD 06

SGND 07

Figure 7.2-4 Connection of communication terminal

7.2.3 AI Plug-in Module (Analog Input)


AI module is applicable for power plant or substation with conventional VT and CT. Only
PCS-992S is required to equip with AI module, and it can equip with three AI modules in slot04/05,
06/07 and 08/09. Three-phase currents and voltages from 6 bays. However, the module is not
required if the device is used with ECT/EVT.

There are two types of AI module with rating 5 A or 1 A. Please declare which kind of AI module is
needed before ordering. Maximum linear range of the current converter is 40In.

I1 01 I1n 02
NR1401
I2 03 I2n 04

I3 05 I3n 06

I4 07 I4n 08

I5 09 I5n 10

I6 11 I6n 12

U1 13 U1n 14

U2 15 U2n 16

U3 17 U3n 18

U4 19 U4n 20

U5 21 U5n 22

U6 23 U6n 24

Figure 7.2-5 View of AI plug-in module

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Date: 2013-07-22
7 Hardware

Note!

In above figure, I1, I2, I3, I4, I5, I6, I7, I8, I9, I10, I11, I12 and U1, U2, U3, U4, U5, U6 are
polarity terminals of corresponding relevant voltage and current inputs respectively. If user
needs other analog input configuration, please declare before ordering.

Table 7.2-2 lists the terminal number and definition of AI module.

Table 7.2-2 Terminal definition of AI module

Terminal No. Definition Definition


01 Ia1 The current of A-phase (Polarity mark)
02 Ia1n The current of A-phase
03 Ib1 The current of B-phase (Polarity mark)
04 Ib1n The current of B-phase
05 Ic1 The current of C-phase (Polarity mark)
06 Ic1n The current of C-phase
07 Ia2 The current of A-phase (Polarity mark)
08 Ia2n The current of A-phase
09 Ib2 The current of B-phase (Polarity mark)
10 Ib2n The current of B-phase
11 Ic2 The current of C-phase (Polarity mark)
12 Ic2n The current of C-phase
13 Ua1 The voltage of A-phase (Polarity mark)
14 Ua1n The voltage of A-phase
15 Ub1 The voltage of B-phase (Polarity mark)
16 Ub1n The voltage of B-phase
17 Uc1 The voltage of C-phase (Polarity mark)
18 Uc1n The voltage of C-phase
19 Ua2 The voltage of A-phase (Polarity mark)
20 Ua2n The voltage of A-phase
21 Ub2 The voltage of B-phase (Polarity mark)
22 Ub2n The voltage of B-phase
23 Uc2 The voltage of C-phase (Polarity mark)
24 Uc2n The voltage of C-phase
25 GND Ground

7.2.4 DSP Plug-in Module (Logic Process)


7.2.4.1 Master Unit (PCS-992M)

DSP module consists of high-performance DSP (digital signal processor), optical fibre interface
and other peripherals. PCS-992M must equip with NR1151D, and NR1151A, NR1123Q and
NR1126C are optional. PCS-992M can select 1 or 2 NR1151A in slot 02 or 03 optionally, which are
used to communicate with slave unit or exchange information (once per sampling interval) among
other masters unit. NR1151A in slot 02 can communicate with slave unit No.1~4, and NR1151A in

PCS-992 Stability Controller 7-11


Date: 2013-07-22
7 Hardware

slot 03 can communicate with slave unit No.5~8. NR1151D in slot 10 is used to calculate the
control strategy and exchange data and control strategy once per sampling interval among the
station. NR1123Q is used to communicate among stations via dedicated optical fibre channel or
multiplex optical fibre channel. NR1126C is used to communicate with MUX-22C, and fulfills
communication among stations via MUX-22C.

NR1151A NR1151D NR1123Q NR1126C

1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3

4 5 6 4 5 6 4 5 6 4 5 6
TX1

TX1 TX1
RX1
TX1
TX2 RX1 Multi-mode optical
fibre, used for ECVT
TX2
TX2
TX3 TX2

RX2
TX4 RX2

RX1

RX2

RX3

RX4

Figure 7.2-6 Rear view of DSP modules of PCS-992M

Module ID Slot No. Description


Provides 4 groups of ST multimode optical fiber interface each module
NR1151A 02 or 03 Optional
Transmission speed: 10Mbps
NR1151D 10 Mandatory Sampling 24 point per cycle
NR1123Q 04 or 07 Optional Provides 2 groups of single mode optical fiber interface
NR1126C 05 Optional Provides 2 groups of 100Base-FX multimode optical fiber interface

Note!

NR1123Q and NR1126C are optional according to the demand of the actual project. If the
substation only communicates to one or two substations, NR1123Q is recommended with
the interface unit (MUX-2MD). If the substation require more communication channel and
for the consideration of system extensions, NR1126C is recommended with the interface
unit (MUX-22C).

7.2.4.2 Slave Unit (PCS-992S)

DSP module consists of high-performance DSP (digital signal processor), optical fibre interface,
16-digit high-accuracy ADC that can perform synchronous sampling and other peripherals. It is

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responsible for binary signals acquisition, analog data acquisition, operation status and fault
discrimination and tripping output.

When the module is connected with conventional CT/VT, it can perform the synchronous data
acquisition through AI plug-in module. When the module is connected with ECT/EVT, it can
receive the real-time synchronous sampled value from merging unit through NET-DSP plug-in
module.

PCS-992S can equip with NR1121B in slot 02 and mainly is responsible for fault detector. It fulfills
analog data acquisition, fault detector calculation and provides positive power supply to output
relay.

PCS-992S can equip with NR1121A in slot 03 and mainly is responsible for logic calculation. It
fulfills analog data acquisition, power calculation, operation status monitoring and fault
discrimination, etc. NR1121A provides two groups of optical fibre interfaces (as spare each other),
which are used to communication with master unit, receiving command from master unit and
sending binary signals and analog quantities of bay 01~06 to master unit, by DSP module in slot
02 or 03 (transmission speed: 10Mbps). The data are exchanged once per sampling interval.

NR1121A NR1121B

1 2 3 1 2 3

4 5 6 4 5 6

TX1

RX1

TX2

RX2

Figure 7.2-7 Rear view of DSP modules of PCS-992S

Module ID Slot No. Description


2 groups of ST multimode optical fiber interface (IEC60044-8)
NR1121A 02 Mandatory
48 channel analog sampling
NR1121B 03 Mandatory 48 channel analog sampling

PCS-992 Stability Controller 7-13


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7 Hardware

7.2.5 NET-DSP Plug-in Module (GOOSE and SV, Optional)

NR1136A NR1136C

RX

Figure 7.2-8 View of NET-DSP plug-in module

This module consists of high-performance DSP (digital signal processor), 2~8 100Mbit/s
optical-fibre interface (LC type) and selectable IRIG-B interface (ST type). It supports GOOSE and
SV by IEC 61850-9-2 protocols. It can receive and send GOOSE messages to intelligent control
device, and receive SV from MU (merging unit).

This module supports IEEE1588 network time protocol, E2E and P2P defined in IEEE1588
protocol can be selected. This module supports Ethernet IEEE802.3 time adjustment message
format, UDP time adjustment message format and GMRP.

NR1136A and NR1136C are optional modules and can be equipped in slot 05, 07 or 09.

In the intelligent substation, PCS-992M can adopt NR1136A module to achive the communication
with IEC61850-8-1 protocol via GOOSE network.

7.2.6 BI Plug-in Module (Binary Input)


The input voltage can be selected to be 24V/48V (NR1502D) or 110V/220V/125V/250V
(NR1502A). This module provides the monitoring circuit of opto-coupler power supply. Each BI
module is with a 30-pin connector for 25 binary inputs.

7-14 PCS-992 Stability Controller


Date: 2013-07-22
7 Hardware

02 BI_02 BI_01 01
NR1502A NR1502D 01
02 04 BI_04 BI_03 03
03
04 06 BI_06 BI_05 05
05
06
08 BI_08 BI_07 07
07
08
09 10 BI_10 BI_09 09
10
11 12 BI_12 BI_11 11
12
13 14 Opto+ 13
14
15 16 15
16 COM-
17
18 18 BI_14 BI_13 17
19
20 20 BI_16 BI_15 19
21
22 22 BI_18 BI_17 21
23
24 24 23
BI_20 BI_19
25
26
27 26 BI_22 BI_21 25
28
29 28 BI_24 BI_23 27
30
30 BI_26 BI_25 29

Figure 7.2-4 Pin definition of BI module (NR1502)

Pin description for PCS-992M and PCS-992S are shown as follows respectively.

7.2.6.1 Master Unit (PCS-992M)

PCS-992M can equip with one BI module in slot 13.

Pin No. Symbol Description


1 BI_TimeSyn Binary input of time synchronization pulse
2 BI_Print Binary input of triggering printing
3 BI_Maintenance Binary input of indicating the protection device is under maintenance state
4 BI_RstTarg Binary input of resetting signal of protective equipment
5 BI_TestMode Binary input of indicating the protection device is under testing state
6 BI_06 Binary input 06
7 BI_07 Configurable binary input 07
8 BI_08 Configurable binary input 08
9 BI_09 Configurable binary input 09
10 BI_10 Configurable binary input 10
11 BI_11 Configurable binary input 11
12 BI_12 Configurable binary input 12
13 Blank Not used
14 OPT+ Positive pole of power supply of the module
15 OPT- Negative pole of power supply of the module
16 Blank Not used

PCS-992 Stability Controller 7-15


Date: 2013-07-22
7 Hardware

Pin No. Symbol Description


17 BI_13 Configurable binary input 13
18 BI_14 Configurable binary input 14
19 BI_15 Configurable binary input 15
20 BI_16 Configurable binary input 16
21 BI_17 Configurable binary input 17
22 BI_18 Configurable binary input 18
23 BI_19 Configurable binary input 19
24 BI_20 Configurable binary input 20
25 BI_21 Configurable binary input 21
26 BI_22 Configurable binary input 22
27 BI_23 Configurable binary input 23
28 BI_24 Configurable binary input 24
29 BI_25 Configurable binary input 25
30 Blank Not used

1. Binary input: [BI_TimeSyn]

It is used to receive clock synchronism signal from GPS or other device, the binary input
[BI_TimeSyn] will change from “0” to “1” once GPS is received. When setting [Opt_TimeSyn] is
selected as “PPM (DIN)”, the device can receives pulse per minute (PPM) via the binary input
[BI_TimeSyn].

2. Binary input: [BI_Print]

It is used to manually trigger printing latest report when the equipment is configured as manual
printing mode by logic setting [En_AutoPrint]=0. The printer button is located on the panel usually.
If the equipment is configured as automatic printing mode ([En_AutoPrint] =1), report will be
printed automatically as soon as it is formed.

3. Binary input: [BI_Maintenance]

It is used to block communication export when the BI is energized. During equipment maintenance
or testing, the BI is then energized not to send reports via communication port, local display and
printing still work as usual. The BI should be de-energized when the equipment is restored back to
normal.

The application of the binary input [BI_Maintenance] for digital substation communication adopting
IEC61850 protocol is given as follows.

1) Processing mechanism for MMS (Manufacturing Message Specification) message

a) The protection device should send the state of this binary input to client.

b) When this binary input is energized, the bit “Test” of quality (Q) in the sent message changes
to “1”.

c) When this binary input is energized, the client cannot control the isolator link and circuit
breaker, modify settings and switch setting group remotely.

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7 Hardware

d) According to the value of the bit “Test” of quality (Q) in the message sent, the client
discriminate whether this message is maintenance message, and then deal with it correspondingly.
If the message is the maintenance message, the content of the message will not be displayed on
real-time message window, audio alarm not issued, but the picture is refreshed so as to ensure
that the state of the picture is in step with the actual state. The maintenance message will be
stored, and can be inquired, in independent window.

2) Processing mechanism for GOOSE message

a) When this binary input is energized, the bit “Test” in the GOOSE message sent by the
protection device changes to “1”.

b) For the receiving end of GOOSE message, it will compare the value of the bit “Test” in the
GOOSE message received by it with the state of its own binary input (i.e. [BI_Maintenance]), the
message will be thought as invalid unless they are conformable.

3) Processing mechanism for SV (Sampling Value) message

a) When this binary input of merging unit is energized, the bit “Test” of quality (Q) of sampling
data in the SV message sent change “1”.

b) For the receiving end of SV message, if the value of bit “Test” of quality (Q) of sampling data
in the SV message received is “1”, the relevant protection functions will be disabled, but under
maintenance state, the protection device should calculate and display the magnitude of sampling
data.

c) For duplicated protection function configurations, all merging units of control module
configured to receive sampling should be also duplicated. Both dual protection devices and dual
merging units should be fully independent each other, and one of them is in maintenance state will
not affect the normal operation of the other.

4. Binary input: [BI_RstTarg]

It is used to reset latching signal relay and LCD displaying. The reset is done by pressing a button
on the panel.

5. Binary input: [BI_TestMode]

It is used to indicate that the device is in the testing mode, in this mode the device is used for the
testing of setting value. For normal operation please make sure this binary input should be
de-energized.

7.2.6.2 Slave Unit (PCS-992S)

PCS-992S can equip with two BI modules in slot 10 or 11.

NR 1502 (slot 10)

Pin No. Symbol Description


1 BI_TimeSyn Binary input of time synchronization pulse
2 BI_02 Binary input 02
3 BI_03 Binary input 03

PCS-992 Stability Controller 7-17


Date: 2013-07-22
7 Hardware

Pin No. Symbol Description


4 BI_04 Binary input 04
5 BI_05 Binary input 05
6 BI_06 Binary input 06
7 BI_07 Binary input 07
8 BI_08 Binary input 08
9 BI_09 Binary input 09
10 BI_10 Binary input 10
11 BI_11 Binary input 11
12 BI_12 Binary input 12
13 Blank Not used
14 OPT+ Positive pole of power supply of the module
15 OPT- Negative pole of power supply of the module
16 Blank Not used
17 BI_13 Binary input 13
18 BI_14 Binary input 14
19 BI_15 Binary input 15
20 BI_16 Binary input 16
21 BI_17 Binary input 17
22 BI_18 Binary input 18
23 BI_19 Binary input 19
24 BI_20 Binary input 20
25 BI_21 Binary input 21
26 BI_22 Binary input 22
27 BI_23 Binary input 23
28 BI_24 Binary input 24
29 BI_25 Binary input 25
30 Blank Not used

NR 1502 (slot 11)

Pin No. Symbol Description


1 BI_01 Binary input 01
2 BI_02 Binary input 02
3 BI_03 Binary input 03
4 BI_04 Binary input 04
5 BI_05 Binary input 05
6 BI_06 Binary input 06
7 BI_07 Binary input 07
8 BI_08 Binary input 08
9 BI_09 Binary input 09
10 BI_10 Binary input 10
11 BI_11 Binary input 11
12 BI_12 Binary input 12

7-18 PCS-992 Stability Controller


Date: 2013-07-22
7 Hardware

Pin No. Symbol Description


13 Blank Not used
14 OPT+ Positive pole of power supply of the module
15 OPT- Negative pole of power supply of the module
16 Blank Not used
17 BI_13 Binary input 13
18 BI_14 Binary input 14
19 BI_15 Binary input 15
20 BI_16 Binary input 16
21 BI_17 Binary input 17
22 BI_18 Binary input 18
23 BI_19 Binary input 19
24 BI_20 Binary input 20
25 BI_21 Binary input 21
26 BI_22 Binary input 22
27 BI_23 Binary input 23
28 BI_24 Binary input 24
29 BI_25 Binary input 25
30 Blank Not used

7.2.7 BO Plug-in Module (Binary Output)


Two kinds of binary output modules are provided, NR1523 and NR1547. NR1523A module can
provide 11 normally open contacts controlled by fault detector (except BO_07, terminal 13~14 and
BO_08, terminal 15~16). The last three contacts are magnetic latched contacts (BO_09, terminal
17~18, BO_10, terminal 19~20 and BO_11, terminal 21~22)

PCS-992 Stability Controller 7-19


Date: 2013-07-22
7 Hardware

01
BO_01
NR1523A 02
03
BO_02
04
05
BO_03
06
07
BO_04
08
09
BO_05
10
11
BO_06
12
13
BO_07
14
15
BO_08
16
17
BO_09
18
19
BO_10
20
21
BO_11
22

Figure 7.2-9 View of BO plug-in module (NR1523A)

NR1547A can provide 15 normally open contacts, and each output contact will be controlled by the
fault detector.

02 BO_01 01
01
NR1547A 02
04 BO_02 03
03
04
06 BO_03 05
05
06
08 BO_04 07
07
08
09 10 BO_05 09
10
11 12 BO_06 11
12
13 14 BO_07 13
14
15 BO_08
16 16 15
17 BO_09
18 18 17
19
20 20 BO_10 19
21
22 22 BO_11 21
23
24 24 BO_12 23
25
26 BO_13
26 25
27
28 BO_14
28 27
29
30 BO_15
30 29

Figure 7.2-10 View of BO plug-in module (NR1547A)

7-20 PCS-992 Stability Controller


Date: 2013-07-22
7 Hardware

PCS-992M

Two binary output modules are configured in PCS-992M, NR1547A (Slot 14) and NR1523A (Slot
15). Pin descriptions for PCS-992M are shown as follows.

NR1547A: Slot 14

Pin No. Symbol Description


01~02 BO_01 Binary contact 01 for trip.
03~04 BO_02 Binary contact 02 for trip.
05~06 BO_03 Binary contact 03 for trip.
07~08 BO_04 Binary contact 04 for trip.
09~10 BO_05 Binary contact 05 for trip.
11~12 BO_06 Binary contact 06 for trip.
13~14 BO_07 Binary contact 07 for trip.
15~16 BO_08 Binary contact 08 for trip.
17~18 BO_09 Binary contact 09 for trip.
19~20 BO_10 Binary contact 10 for trip.
21~22 BO_11 Binary contact 11 for trip.
23~24 BO_12 Binary contact 12 for trip.
25~26 BO_13 Binary contact 13 for trip.
27~28 BO_14 Binary contact 14 for trip.
29~30 BO_15 Binary contact 15 for trip.

NR1523A: Slot 15

Pin No. Symbol Description


01~02 BO_01 Binary contact 01 for trip.
03~04 BO_02 Binary contact 02 for trip.
05~06 BO_03 Binary contact 03 for fault recorder.
07~08 BO_04 Binary contact 04 for fault recorder.
09~10 BO_05 Binary contact 05 for remote signal.
11~12 BO_06 Binary contact 06 for remote signal.
13~14 BO_07 Binary contact 07 for channel alarm.
15~16 BO_08 Binary contact 08 for channel alarm.
17~18 BO_09 Binary contact 09 for local signal.
19~20 BO_10 Binary contact 10 for local signal.
21~22 BO_11 Binary contact 11 for spare.

PCS-992S

Three binary output modules are configured in PCS-992S, NR1547A (Slot 13), NR1547A (Slot 14)
and NR1523A (Slot 15). Pin descriptions for PCS-992S are shown as follows.

NR1547A: Slot 13

Pin No. Symbol Description


01~02 BO_01 Binary contact 01 for trip.

PCS-992 Stability Controller 7-21


Date: 2013-07-22
7 Hardware

03~04 BO_02 Binary contact 02 for trip.


05~06 BO_03 Binary contact 03 for trip.
07~08 BO_04 Binary contact 04 for trip.
09~10 BO_05 Binary contact 05 for trip.
11~12 BO_06 Binary contact 06 for trip.
13~14 BO_07 Binary contact 07 for trip.
15~16 BO_08 Binary contact 08 for trip.
17~18 BO_09 Binary contact 09 for trip.
19~20 BO_10 Binary contact 10 for trip.
21~22 BO_11 Binary contact 11 for trip.
23~24 BO_12 Binary contact 12 for trip.
25~26 BO_13 Binary contact 13 for trip.
27~28 BO_14 Binary contact 14 for trip.
29~30 BO_15 Binary contact 15 for trip.

NR1547A: Slot 14

Pin No. Symbol Description


01~02 BO_01 Binary contact 01 for trip.
03~04 BO_02 Binary contact 02 for trip.
05~06 BO_03 Binary contact 03 for trip.
07~08 BO_04 Binary contact 04 for trip.
09~10 BO_05 Binary contact 05 for trip.
11~12 BO_06 Binary contact 06 for trip.
13~14 BO_07 Binary contact 07 for trip.
15~16 BO_08 Binary contact 08 for trip.
17~18 BO_09 Binary contact 09 for trip.
19~20 BO_10 Binary contact 10 for trip.
21~22 BO_11 Binary contact 11 for trip.
23~24 BO_12 Binary contact 12 for trip.
25~26 BO_13 Binary contact 13 for trip.
27~28 BO_14 Binary contact 14 for trip.
29~30 BO_15 Binary contact 15 for trip.

NR1523A: Slot 15

Pin No. Symbol Description


01~02 BO_01 Binary contact 01 for trip.
03~04 BO_02 Binary contact 02 for trip.
05~06 BO_03 Binary contact 03 for trip.
07~08 BO_04 Binary contact 04 for trip.
09~10 BO_05 Binary contact 05 for fault recorder (spare).
11~12 BO_06 Binary contact 06 for remote signal (spare).
13~14 BO_07 Binary contact 07 for alarm (spare).
15~16 BO_08 Binary contact 08 for alarm (spare).

7-22 PCS-992 Stability Controller


Date: 2013-07-22
7 Hardware

17~18 BO_09 Binary contact 09 for local signal.


19~20 BO_10 Binary contact 10 for local signal.
21~22 BO_11 Binary contact 11 for spare.

7.2.8 HMI Module


The display panel consists of liquid crystal display module, keyboard, LED and ARM processor.
The functions of ARM processor include display control of the liquid crystal display module,
keyboard processing, and exchanging data with the CPU through LAN port etc. The liquid crystal
display module is a high-performance grand liquid crystal panel with soft back lighting, which has a
user-friendly interface and an extensive display range.

7.3 MUX-22 Interface Unit

The MUX-22 interface unit consists of power supply module (DC), CPU module (CPU),
communication interface module (COM). It is applied to convert the high-speed interface (100
Mbps optical fiber Ethernet) into 22 low speed one (2Mbps, 64kbps or 1200bps).

7.3.1 PWR Plug-in Module (Power Supply)


The power supply module applies an anti-interference module to filter the unwanted interference,
and through a switch on the rear panel the high voltage DC (48V) supply is connect to an internal
DC/DC convertor. The output of DC/DC convertor is 5V DC, which is used to supply other modules
of this interface unit. The ping 104/105 is connected to a spare NC contactor, which can be used
as alarm signal output for device power loss and internal abnormal.

DC

ON

OFF

1 PWR+
2 PWR-
3
4 BO_COM 04
BO_ALM
5 BO_ALM 05
6 GND

Figure 7.3-1 View of power supply module

PCS-992 Stability Controller 7-23


Date: 2013-07-22
7 Hardware

Note!

The rated voltage of DC power supply module is 48Vdc; the power supply in other DC
voltage level need to be specially ordered, and check if the rated voltage of power supply
module is the same as the voltage of external control power supply before equipment
being put into service.

The DC power supply module provides pin 106 and earth connector for grounding of
equipment. The pin 106 should be connected to earth connector and then connected to
the earth copper bar of panel via dedicated grounding wire.

Effective grounding is the most important measure for equipment to prevent EMI, so
effective grounding must be ensured before the device is put into operation.

7.3.2 CPU Plug-in Module (Logic Process)


The CPU module is the core component of the interface unit, which is applied for the date
transformation and transmission.

CPU
OP ALM

Dual Link

TX

RX

Figure 7.3-2 View of CPU module

There are four LED indicators on the rear panel of this module:

LED Name LED Color Description

Indicates the device running statues.


OP Green
ON: Normal Off: Abnormal

Indicates the communication statues


ALM Yellow
ON: Abnormal OFF: Normal

7-24 PCS-992 Stability Controller


Date: 2013-07-22
7 Hardware

LED Name LED Color Description

Dual Green Indicates the network statues.

Link Green On: Normal OFF: Abnormal

The two optical fibre TX/RX are used to communicate with PCS-992M through its NR1126C at slot
5 with100Base-FX full-duplex fiber Ethernet communication applied.

The 9-pin terminal is used to connect to PC for debugging.

7.3.3 COM Plug-in Module (Communication Interface)


MUX-22C provides four types of COM modules, which apply different communication interface:
2M/64k electric interface, optical fibre interface, MODEN interface and serial interface. Each
module provides two group of communication port respectively. The following figure shows the
rear panel views and pin definitions of the four modules.

BNC COM EO MOD

ALM TXA
RX
RXA
TX
TX TX
ALM TXB

RX RXB
RX

RX
ALM TX TX

ALM
TX RX

RX

Figure 7.3-3 View of COM module

Note!

The MOD module and COM module can only be placed in slot 14 (the far right one viewing
from the rear panel).

Module Interface Pin No. Usage Physical Layer


TX Date Send 1
Electric Port 1
BNC RX Data Receive 1 To synchronous digital hierarchy Coaxial-cable
Electric Port 2 TX Date Send 2

PCS-992 Stability Controller 7-25


Date: 2013-07-22
7 Hardware

Module Interface Pin No. Usage Physical Layer


RX Data Receive 2
01 Date Receive 1
02 Date Receive 2
03 Date Receive 1
04 Date Receive 2
RJ45 Serial Port 1
05 Data Send 1
06 Data Send 2
07 Data Send 1
08 Data Send 2
COM To pulse code modulation device Twisted pair wire
01 Date Receive 3
02 Date Receive 4
03 Date Receive 3
04 Date Receive 4
RJ45 Serial Port 2
05 Data Send 3
06 Data Send 4
07 Data Send 3
08 Data Send 4
TX Date Send 1
FO Ethernet Port 1
RX Data Receive 1
EO To other stability control substation Optical fibre FC
TX Date Send 2
FO Ethernet Port 2
RX Data Receive 2
01 Date Receive 1
02 Date Receive 1
03
Serial Port 1
04 Data Send 1
05 Data Send 1
06
MOD To digital power line carrier Device Audio cable
07 Date Receive 2
08 Date Receive 2
09
Serial Port 2
10 Data Send 2
11 Data Send 2
12

7-26 PCS-992 Stability Controller


Date: 2013-07-22
8 Settings

8 Settings

Table of Contents
8 Settings ........................................................................................... 8-a
8.1 Settings of Master Unit (PCS-992M) .............................................................. 8-1
8.1.1 System Settings ................................................................................................................... 8-1

8.1.2 Communication Settings...................................................................................................... 8-2

8.1.3 Label Settings ...................................................................................................................... 8-6

8.1.4 Communication Related Settings ........................................................................................ 8-7

8.1.5 Slave-unit Related Settings ............................................................................................... 8-12

8.1.6 Function Links.................................................................................................................... 8-18

8.2 Settings of Slave Unit (PCS-992S) ............................................................... 8-19


8.2.1 Communication Settings of PCS-992S ............................................................................. 8-19

8.2.2 Device Settings of PCS-992S ........................................................................................... 8-19

8.2.3 Label Settings .................................................................................................................... 8-20

List of Figures

Figure 8.1-1 Slave-unit settings structure arrangement ....................................................... 8-13

List of Tables

Table 8.1-1 Device settings of PCS-992M ................................................................................. 8-1

Table 8.1-2 Communication settings of PCS-992M ................................................................. 8-2

Table 8.1-3 Label settings of PCS-992M ................................................................................... 8-6

Table 8.1-4 Communication interface configuration settings of PCS-992M ......................... 8-7

Table 8.1-5 Interface adress settings of PCS-992M ................................................................. 8-9

Table 8.1-6 Communication adress settings of PCS-992M ................................................... 8-10

Table 8.1-7 Settings of bay n of a slave unit (n=0~6)............................................................. 8-13

Table 8.2-1 Device settings of PCS-992S ................................................................................ 8-19

PCS-992 Stability Controller 8-a


8 Settings

Table 8.2-2 Label settings of PCS-992S .................................................................................. 8-20

8-b PCS-992 Stability Controller


Date: 2013-06-28
8 Settings

Note!

All the settings of the device are set according to primary value, and all the analog values
are displayed in primary values.

Note!

The device function strategy settings varies greatly due to different engineering, so it is not
introduced here, please refer to the specific project configuration manual.

8.1 Settings of Master Unit (PCS-992M)

8.1.1 System Settings

Note!

All the device settings are only used by commissioning engineer.

 Setting list

Table 8.1-1 Device settings of PCS-992M

No. Item Description Setting Range


1 Substation Name of the substation Max 14 characters
Name of the protected primary equipment, such
2 PrimaryEquip_Name Max 18 characters
as transformer, stability controller, etc.
0:24V, 1:48V
3 Un_BinaryInput Voltage level of binary input for the BI module
2:110V, 3:220V

 Setting description

1. [Un_BinaryInput]

The setting is used to set the voltage level of the binary input module NR1502 that located in slot
No.13. For high-voltage BI modules, 110V or 220V can be set according to the actual
requirement. For low-voltage BI modules, 24V or 48V can be set according to the actual
requirement.

0: 24V

1: 48V

2: 110V

3: 220V

 Access path:

MainMenuSettings System Settings

PCS-992 Stability Controller 8-1


8 Settings

8.1.2 Communication Settings

Note!

Communication settings can be set by commissioning engineer according to the actual


situation on site.

 Setting list

Table 8.1-2 Communication settings of PCS-992M

No. Settings item Range Description

000.000.000.000~
1 IP_LAN1 IP address of Ethernet port 1.
255.255.255.255

000.000.000.000~
2 Mask_LAN1 Subnet mask of Ethernet port1.
255.255.255.255

000.000.000.000~
3 IP_LAN2 IP address of Ethernet port 2.
255.255.255.255

000.000.000.000~
4 Mask_LAN2 Subnet mask of Ethernet port 2.
255.255.255.255

5 En_LAN2 0: disable, 1: enable Enable/disable the IP address of port 2.

6 IP_LAN3 0: disable, 1: enable IP address of Ethernet port 3.

000.000.000.000~
7 Mask_LAN3 Subnet mask of Ethernet port 3.
255.255.255.255

8 En_LAN3 0: disable, 1: enable Enable/disable the IP address of port 3.

9 IP_LAN4 0: disable, 1: enable IP address of Ethernet port 4.

000.000.000.000~
10 Mask_LAN4 Subnet mask of Ethernet port 4.
255.255.255.255

11 En_LAN4 0: disable, 1: enable Enable/disable the IP address of port 4.

000.000.000.000~
12 Gateway Gateway of router
255.255.255.255

Enable/disable sending message in broadcast


13 En_Broadcast 0: disable, 1: enable
mode via network. (IEC103).

Communication address between the protective


14 Addr_RS485A 0~255 device with the SCADA or RTU via RS-485 serial
port 1.

4800,9600,19200,
15 Baud_RS485A Baud rate of rear RS-485 serial port 1.
38400,57600,115200 bps

Communication protocol of rear RS-485 serial port


16 Protocol_RS485A 0, 2
1.

8-2 PCS-992 Stability Controller


Date: 2013-06-28
8 Settings

No. Settings item Range Description

Communication address between the protective


17 Addr_RS485B 0~255 device with the SCADA or RTU via RS-485 serial
port 2.

4800,9600,19200,
18 Baud_RS485B Baud rate of rear RS-485 serial port 2.
38400,57600,115200 bps

Communication protocol of rear RS-485 serial port


19 Protocol_RS485B 0, 2
2.

Threshold value of sending measurement values to


20 Threshold_Measmt 0~100% SCADA through IEC103 or IEC61850 protocol.
Default value: “1%”.

The time period when the equipment sends


measurement data to SCADA through IEC103
21 Period_Measmt 0~65535s
protocol.
Default value: “60”.

Select the format of measurement data sent to


22 Format_Measmt 0, 1
SCADA through IEC103 protocol.

4800,9600,
23 Baud_Printer 19200,38400, 51600, Baud rate of printer port
115200 bps

0: disable
24 En_AutoPrint Enable/disable automatic printing function
1: enable

Conventional
SAS Select the mode of time synchronization of
25 Opt_TimeSyn
Advanced equipment.
NoTimeSyn

The address of the external SNTP clock


000.000.000.000~
26 IP_Server_SNTP synchronization server sending SNTP message to
255.255.255.255
the equipment.

The local time zone also refered to as the hour


27 OffsetHour_UTC -12~12hrs
offset hour from UTC.

28 OffsetMinute_UTC 0~60min The offset minute of local time from UTC.

Ethernet address of the source power plant or


29 ID_SourceStation_Net 0~65535
substation

Ethernet address of the purpose power plant or


30 ID_TargetStation_Net 0~65535
substation

 Setting description

1. En_LAN2, En_LAN3, En_LAN4

Put Ethernet 2, Ethernet 3 and Ethernet 4 in service. Ethernet 1 is fixedly put into service.

PCS-992 Stability Controller 8-3


8 Settings

They are used for Ethernet communication based on the 103 protocol. When the IEC 61850
protocol is applied, the IP address of Ethernet A will be GOOSE source MAC address.

2. [En_Broadcast]

This setting is only used only for IEC 103 protocol. If NR network IEC103 protocol is used, the
setting must be set as “1”.

0: the device does not send UDP messages through network;

1: the device sends UDP messages through network.

3. Addr_RS485A, Addr_RS485B

They are the device′s communication address used to communicate with the SCADA or RTU via
serial ports (port A and port B).

4. Baud_RS485A, Baud_RS485B

Baud rate of rear RS-485 serial port A or B

5. Protocol_RS485A, Protocol_RS485B

Communication protocol of rear RS-485 serial port A or B

0: IEC 60870-5-103 protocol

1: Reserved

2: Modbus Protocol

Note!

Above table listed all the communication settings, the device delivered to the user maybe
only show some settings of them according to the communication interface configuration.
If only the Ethernet ports are applied, the settings about the serial ports (port A and port B)
are not listed in this submenu. And the settings about the Ethernet ports only listed in this
submenu according to the actual number of Ethernet ports.

The standard arrangement of the Ethernet port is two, at most four (predetermined when
ordering). Set the IP address according to actual arrangement of Ethernet numbers and
the un-useful port/ports need not be configured. If the PCS-PC configuration tool auxiliary
software is connected with this device through the Ethernet, the IP address of the PCS-PC
must be set as one of the available IP address of this device.

6. Baud_Printer

Baud rate of printer port

7. En_AutoPrint

If automatic print is required for fault report after protection operating, it is set as “1”. Otherwise, it
should be set to “0”.

8-4 PCS-992 Stability Controller


Date: 2013-06-28
8 Settings

8. Opt_TimeSyn

There are four selections for clock synchronization of device, each selection includs different time
clock synchronization signals shown in following table.

Item Description
PPS(RS-485): Pulse per second (PPS) via RS-485 differential level.
IRIG-B(RS-485): IRIG-B via RS-485 differential level.
Conventional
PPM(DIN): Pulse per minute (PPM) via the binary input [BI_TimeSyn].
PPS(DIN): Pulse per second (PPS) via the binary input [BI_TimeSyn].
SNTP(PTP): Unicast (point to point) SNTP mode via Ethernet network.
SAS SNTP(BC): Broadcast SNTP mode via Ethernet network.
Message (IEC103): Clock messages through IEC103 protocol.
IEEE1588: Clock message via IEEE1588.
Advanced IRIG-B(Fiber): IRIG-B via optical-fibre interface.
PPS(Fiber) PPS: Pulse per second (PPS) via optical-fibre interface.
When no time synchronization signal is connected to the equipment, please select
NoTimeSync
this option and the alarm message [Alm_TimeSync] will not be issued anymore.

“Conventional” mode and “SAS” mode are always be supported by device, but “Advanced” mode
is only supported when NET-DSP module is equipped. The alarm signal [Alm_TimeSyn] may be
issued to remind user loss of time synchronization signals.

1) When “SAS” is selected, if there is no conventional clock synchronization signal, the device
will not send the alarm signal [Alm_TimeSyn]. When “Conventional”mode is slected, if there is
no conventional clock synchronization signal, “SAS”mode will be enabled automatically with
the alarm signal [Alm_TimeSyn] being issued simultaneously.

2) When “Advanced” mode is selected, if there is no conventional clock synchronization signal


connected to NET-DSP moduel,“SAS”mode is enabled automatically with the alarm signal
[Alm_TimeSyn] being issued simultaneously.

3) When “NoTimeSyn” mode is selected, the device will not send alarm signals.

NOTE! The clock message via IEC103 protocol is invalid when the device receives the

IRIG-B signal through RC-485 port.

9. OffsetHour_UTC, OffsetMinute_UTC

If the IEC61850 protocol is adopted in substations, the time tags of communication messages are
required according to UTC (Universal Time Coordinated) time.

The setting [OffsetHour_UTC] is used to set the hour offset of the current time zone to the GMT
(Greenwich Mean Time) zone; for example, if a relay is applied in China, the time zone of China is
east 8th time zone, so this setting is set as “8”. The setting [OffsetMinute_UTC] is used to set the
minute offset of the current time zone to the GMT zone.
st nd rd th th
Time zone GMT zone East 1 East 2 East 3 East 4 East 5

PCS-992 Stability Controller 8-5


8 Settings

Setting 0 1 2 3 4 5
th th th th th th
Time zone East 6 East 7 East 8 East 9 East 10 East 11
Setting 6 7 8 9 10 11
th st nd rd th th
Time zone East/West 12 West 1 West 2 West 3 West 4 West 5
Setting -12/12 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5
th th th th th th
Time zone West 6 West 7 West 8 West 9 West 10 West 11
Setting -6 -7 -8 -9 -10 -11

10. SourceStation_Net, ID_TargetStation_Net

The two settings are used to set the address of power plant or substation for network
IEC60870-5-103 protocol.

 Access path:

MainMenuSettingsDevice SetupComm Settings

8.1.3 Label Settings

Note!

All the label settings are only used in device screen display and will not affect the strategy
and operation logic of the device. Label settings are only used by commissioning engineer
and can be open to users according to the actual requirement.

 Setting list

Table 8.1-3 Label settings of PCS-992M

Type No. Symbol Description

1 Name_S1Bay01 Label setting of bay 01 of slave unit 1

2 ……

3 Name_S1Bay06 Label setting of bay 06 of slave unit 1

4 Name_S2Bay01 Label setting of bay 01 of slave unit 2

5 ……

Label setting 6 Name_S2Bay06 Label setting of bay 06 of slave unit 2


for each bay 7 Name_S3Bay01 Label setting of bay 01 of slave unit 3

8 ……

9 Name_S3Bay18 Label setting of bay 18 of slave unit 3

10 Name_S4Bay01 Label setting of bay 01 of slave unit 4

11 ……

12 Name_S4Bay18 Label setting of bay 18 of slave unit 4

Label setting 13 Name_RmtSubstation01

for each 14 Name_RmtSubstation02 Label settings for 26 sub-stations. Max 10 characters


remote 15 Name_RmtSubstation03

8-6 PCS-992 Stability Controller


Date: 2013-06-28
8 Settings

Type No. Symbol Description

substation …… ……

16 Name_RmtSubstation26

These setting are used to define the description of each bay of each slave unit and each
sub-station.

 Access Path:

MainMenuSettingsDevice SetupLabel Settings

8.1.4 Communication Related Settings

Note!

All the communication related settings are only used by commissioning engineer and can
be open to users according to the actual requirement.

8.1.4.1 Communication Interface Configuration Settings

Different types of communication module can be applied by PCS-992M in order to communicate


with various other devices flexibly. Once the communication module have been selected, the
corresponding communication interfaces should be set so that the device can work normally. 30
communication interfaces are configured for PCS-992M.

4 of which are the fiber interfaces for dedicated fiber or multiplexed channel, 64kbps and 2Mbps
can be selected;

26 of which are the MUX-22C interface extended via the multiplexing device MUX-22C, 64kbps
and 2Mbps can be selected can be selected for MUX-22C interface No.1~20, MUX-22C interface
No.21 and No.22 can be set as fiber interface or asynchronous serial interface.

 Setting list

Table 8.1-4 Communication interface configuration settings of PCS-992M

Type No. Symbol Range Description

1 Type_FOPort1 00~02
Dedicated fiber
2 Type_FOPort2 00~02
or multiplexed Interface type of fiber interface No.1~4
3 Type_FOPort3 00~02
interface
4 Type_FOPort4 00~02

5 Type_MUXPort01 00~02

6 Type_MUXPort02 00~02
MUX-22C
7 Type_MUXPort03 00~02 Interface type of MUX-22C interface
interface
8 Type_MUXPort04 00~02 No.1~22

9 Type_MUXPort05 00~02

10 Type_MUXPort06 00~02

PCS-992 Stability Controller 8-7


8 Settings

Type No. Symbol Range Description

11 Type_MUXPort07 00~02

12 Type_MUXPort08 00~02

13 Type_MUXPort09 00~02

14 Type_MUXPort10 00~02

15 Type_MUXPort11 00~02

16 Type_MUXPort12 00~02

17 Type_MUXPort13 00~02

18 Type_MUXPort14 00~02

19 Type_MUXPort15 00~02

20 Type_MUXPort16 00~02

21 Type_MUXPort17 00~02

22 Type_MUXPort18 00~02

23 Type_MUXPort19 00~02

24 Type_MUXPort20 00~02

25 Type_MUXPort21 00~14

26 Type_MUXPort22 00~14

Description of the setting range of all the communication interface configuration settings

00: this interface is not used;

01: the communication rate of this interface is 2Mbps, single-mode fiber (photo-electric conversion
interface module is adopted) or MUX-22 internal interface is connected.

02: the communication rate of this interface is 64kbps, single-mode fiber (fibre channel interface
module is adopted) or MUX-22 internal interface is connected.

03: the communication rate of this interface is 600bps, if it is MUX-22 internal interface, MODEM
module is adopted; if it is the interface of the device PCS-992, RS-232 standard serial prot COM
module is adopted.

04: the communication rate of this interface is 1200bps, if it is MUX-22 internal interface, MODEM
module is adopted; if it is the interface of the device PCS-992, RS-232 standard serial prot COM
module is adopted.

05: the communication rate of this interface is 2400bps, it is the interface of the device PCS-992,
RS-232 standard serial prot COM module is adopted.

06: the communication rate of this interface is 4800bps, it is the interface of the device PCS-992,
RS-232 standard serial prot COM module is adopted.

07: the communication rate of this interface is 9600bps, it is the interface of the device PCS-992,
RS-232 standard serial prot COM module is adopted.

08~14: reserved.

8-8 PCS-992 Stability Controller


Date: 2013-06-28
8 Settings

MUX-22C interface No.1~20 must be set as dedicated fiber interface or fiber multiplexed interface,
i.e. the value of [Type_MUXPort01]~[Type_MUXPort20] must be “1” or “2”.

 Access Path:

MainMenuSettingsDevice SetupPort Type Settings

8.1.4.2 Interface Address Settings

 Setting list

Table 8.1-5 Interface adress settings of PCS-992M

Type No. Symbol Range Description

1 Addr_MSPort1 000~008 Address of Master-slave interface No.1

2 Addr_MSPort2 000~008 Address of Master-slave interface No.2

3 Addr_MSPort3 000~008 Address of Master-slave interface No.3


Master-slave
4 Addr_MSPort4 000~008 Address of Master-slave interface No.4
interface
5 Addr_MSPort5 000~008 Address of Master-slave interface No.5
address
6 Addr_MSPort6 000~008 Address of Master-slave interface No.6

7 Addr_MSPort7 000~008 Address of Master-slave interface No.7

8 Addr_MSPort8 000~008 Address of Master-slave interface No.8

Dedicated 9 Addr_FOPort1 000~255 Address of fiber interface No.1


fiber or 10 Addr_FOPort2 000~255 Address of fiber interface No.2
multiplexed
11 Addr_FOPort3 000~255 Address of fiber interface No.3
interface
address 12 Addr_FOPort4 000~255 Address of fiber interface No.4

13 Addr_MUXPort01 000~255 Address of MUX-22C interface No.1

14 Addr_MUXPort02 000~255 Address of MUX-22C interface No.2

15 Addr_MUXPort03 000~255 Address of MUX-22C interface No.3

16 Addr_MUXPort04 000~255 Address of MUX-22C interface No.4

17 Addr_MUXPort05 000~255 Address of MUX-22C interface No.5

18 Addr_MUXPort06 000~255 Address of MUX-22C interface No.6

MUX-22C 19 Addr_MUXPort07 000~255 Address of MUX-22C interface No.7

interface 20 Addr_MUXPort08 000~255 Address of MUX-22C interface No.8


address 21 Addr_MUXPort09 000~255 Address of MUX-22C interface No.9

22 Addr_MUXPort10 000~255 Address of MUX-22C interface No.10

23 Addr_MUXPort11 000~255 Address of MUX-22C interface No.11

24 Addr_MUXPort12 000~255 Address of MUX-22C interface No.12

25 Addr_MUXPort13 000~255 Address of MUX-22C interface No.13

26 Addr_MUXPort14 000~255 Address of MUX-22C interface No.14

27 Addr_MUXPort15 000~255 Address of MUX-22C interface No.15

PCS-992 Stability Controller 8-9


8 Settings

Type No. Symbol Range Description

28 Addr_MUXPort16 000~255 Address of MUX-22C interface No.16

29 Addr_MUXPort17 000~255 Address of MUX-22C interface No.17

30 Addr_MUXPort18 000~255 Address of MUX-22C interface No.18

31 Addr_MUXPort19 000~255 Address of MUX-22C interface No.19

32 Addr_MUXPort20 000~255 Address of MUX-22C interface No.20

33 Addr_MUXPort21 000~255 Address of MUX-22C interface No.21

34 Addr_MUXPort22 000~255 Address of MUX-22C interface No.22

Description of the setting range of all the interface address settings

000: this interface is not used;

001~008: the address for the slave unit connected to this interface. 001~008 can only be used to
mark the address of slave unit, the setted value should be same with the internal address of the
corresponding slave unit, otherwise the slave unit can not work normally.

009~127: the address number for other sub-station or perform station that connected to this
interface

128~137: reserved.

138~255: the address for the other master-station connected to this interface (communicate via
multimode fiber).

 Access Path:

MainMenuSettingsDevice SetupPort Addr Settings

Note!

The address number of all the master-station, sub-station and perform station of one
system should be set unifiedly and uniquely.

8.1.4.3 Communication Adress Settings

 Setting list

@Name_RmtSubstationX: means the setted value of the label setting of sub-station No.X

Table 8.1-6 Communication adress settings of PCS-992M

Type No. Symbol Range Description

Communication address for this


Communication 1 Addr_Substation_Local 000~255
sub-station
address for this
Communication address for other set
sub-station 2 Addr_OtherSet 000~255
of device

Communication 3 Addr_@Name_RmtSubstation01 000~255 Communication address for

8-10 PCS-992 Stability Controller


Date: 2013-06-28
8 Settings

Type No. Symbol Range Description

address for 4 Addr_@Name_RmtSubstation02 000~255 corresponding sub-station


other 5 Addr_@Name_RmtSubstation03 000~255
sub-station
6 Addr_@Name_RmtSubstation04 000~255

7 Addr_@Name_RmtSubstation05 000~255

8 Addr_@Name_RmtSubstation06 000~255

9 Addr_@Name_RmtSubstation07 000~255

10 Addr_@Name_RmtSubstation08 000~255

11 Addr_@Name_RmtSubstation09 000~255

12 Addr_@Name_RmtSubstation10 000~255

13 Addr_@Name_RmtSubstation11 000~255

14 Addr_@Name_RmtSubstation12 000~255

15 Addr_@Name_RmtSubstation13 000~255

16 Addr_@Name_RmtSubstation14 000~255

17 Addr_@Name_RmtSubstation15 000~255

18 Addr_@Name_RmtSubstation16 000~255

19 Addr_@Name_RmtSubstation17 000~255

20 Addr_@Name_RmtSubstation18 000~255

21 Addr_@Name_RmtSubstation19 000~255

22 Addr_@Name_RmtSubstation20 000~255

23 Addr_@Name_RmtSubstation21 000~255

24 Addr_@Name_RmtSubstation22 000~255

25 Addr_@Name_RmtSubstation23 000~255

26 Addr_@Name_RmtSubstation24 000~255

27 Addr_@Name_RmtSubstation25 000~255

28 Addr_@Name_RmtSubstation26 000~255

Description of the setting range of all the communication address settings

If the communication address is set as “0”, it means the corresponding channel quits.

The setted value of communication address setting should correspond with that of interface
address. For example, if the interface address of fiber interface No.1 is set as “10” and the
communication address for sub-station No.3 is set as “10”, then the received data from fiber
interface No.1 will be matched to sub-station No.3. If the communication channel is abnormal,
the alarm signal “Alm_Comm_MSPort1” and “Alm_CH_@Name_RmtSubstation03
(@Name_RmtSubstation03 is the setted value of the label setting of of sub-station 3) will be
issued simultaneously in order to easy to find the problem.

 Access Path:

PCS-992 Stability Controller 8-11


8 Settings

MainMenuSettingsDevice SetupComm Addr Settings

Note!

The concrete name of each sub-station can be set by corresponding label setting.

8.1.5 Slave-unit Related Settings


The number of the slave-unit settings varies with the analog quantity that connected to the
device, but the structure of the slave-unit settings is the same, the structure arrangement is
shown in following figure.

The total slave-unit settings are consisted of 0~8 sets of slave-unit settings according to the
specific security and stability control system. The settings of per slave unit is composed of two
parts. One part of settings of per slave unit is the fixed settings used to judge the running state of
the connected six bays, there are six bays for each slave unit and one set of settings for per bay,
the settings of per bay is shown in Table 8.1-7. The other part of settings of per slave unit is the
various protection function setting that configured flexibly according to each specific project. The
protection function settings include circuit breaker failure confirmation time delay, low-frequency
low- voltage load shedding settings, over-frequency generator-rejection and other related
settings. The protection function settings will varies with the specific project, please refer to the
specific project configuration maual for the actual definition.

8-12 PCS-992 Stability Controller


Date: 2013-06-28
8 Settings

Slave Settings

Slave1 Settings

Settings related to bay 1 of slave-unit 1

……
Settings related to bay 6 of slave-unit 1

Slave2 Settings

Settings related to bay 1 of slave-unit 2

……
Settings related to bay 6 of slave-unit 2

Slave3 Settings

Settings related to bay 1 of slave-unit 3

……
Settings related to bay 18 of slave-unit 3

Slave4 Settings

Settings related to bay 1 of slave-unit 4

……
Settings related to bay 18 of slave-unit 4

Figure 8.1-1 Slave-unit settings structure arrangement

 Setting list

@Name_SmBayn: means the setted value of the label setting of bay n of slave unit m

Table 8.1-7 Settings of bay n of a slave unit (n=0~6)

Type No. Symbol Range

1 Opt_Type_@Name_SmBayn 0~3

Basic settings 2 Un_Pri_@Name_SmBayn 1.0~1000.0 kV

3 In_Pri_@Name_SmBayn 1~30000 A

4 Opt_CBPosInput_@Name_SmBayn 0~1

On/off settings 5 I_On/Off_@Name_SmBayn 0~30000 A

6 P_On/Off_@Name_SmBayn 0~3000 MW

7 I_SudnChg_Pkp_@Name_SmBayn 1~10000 A
Pick-up settings
8 P_SudnChg_Pkp_@Name_SmBayn 1~1000 MW

9 P_PreTrp_@Name_SmBayn 10~1000 MW

Fault identification settings 10 P_PostTrp_@Name_SmBayn 1~100 MW

11 t_AR_@Name_SmBayn 0~10000 ms

PCS-992 Stability Controller 8-13


8 Settings

Type No. Symbol Range

12 t_Trp_@Name_SmBayn 0~1000 ms

 Setting description

1. Opt_Type_@Name_SmBayn

0: means that this bay is not connected with element and is reserved; the device will not
discriminate its status (in or out of service, fault)

1: means the element type connected to this bay is line, the device discriminates its status (in or
out of service, fault), and the status of this bay will be determined with a time delay of 2s.

2: means that the element type connected to this bay is generator, the device discriminates its
status (in or out of service, fault), and the status of this bay will be determined immediately.

3: means that the element type connected to this bay is main transformer, the device discriminates
its status (in or out of service, fault), and the status of this bay will be determined with a time delay
of 2s.

Setting principles: set in accordance with the specific type of the element connected to this bay. If
there are special requirements for the discrimination of be in service or out of service, make
adjustment based on the function needs.

2. Un_Pri_@Name_SmBayn

This setting is primary rated phase-to-phase voltage of the element connected to this bay, and it is
used to calculate primary voltage value of the connected element.

Setting principle: set is as same as primary rated phase-to-phase voltage of the connected
element.

3. In_Pri_@Name_SmBayn

This setting is primary rated phase current of the element connected to this bay, and it is used to
calculate primary current value of the connected element.

Setting principle: set is as same as primary rated phase voltage of the connected element.

4. Opt_CBPosInput_@Name_SmBayn

0: means that normally open/closed auxiliary contact of the circuit breaker corresponding to the
connected element is not used by the device. Normally open/closed auxiliary contact does not
take part in the status discrimination of be in service or out of service of the element connected to
this bay.

1, 2: means that normally open/closed auxiliary contact of the circuit breaker corresponding to the
connected element is used by device. Normally open/closed auxiliary contact does take part in the
status discrimination of be in service or out of service of the element connected to this bay. “1”
means it is normally open auxiliary contact and “2” means it is normally closed auxiliary contact

Setting principle: set it according to the connection condition of the actual auxiliary contact on site.

8-14 PCS-992 Stability Controller


Date: 2013-06-28
8 Settings

Note!

For line, generator and mian transformer, the device mainly discriminate the status by
active power and current value. However, for some inter-connection line whose power flow
may be zero under normal condition, adopts normally open/closed auxiliary contact of the
corresponding circuit breaker to discriminate.

When this setting is set as “0”, the device just discriminate the status according to electrical
quantity.

When this setting is set as “1” or “2”, the device first discriminates whether the device is in service
or out of service status according to the electrical quantity. If the electrical quantity cannot
discriminate whether it is in service status, according to normally open/closed auxiliary contact, the
device makes the auxiliary discrimination of be in service status. When the electrical quantity
criteria discriminates that this bay is in service status, but normally open/closed auxiliary contact is
inconsistent with the status, the device will issue an alarm signal [Alm_52_@Name_SmBayn].

Note!

The setting [Opt_CBPosInput_@Name_SmBayn] is only used in the status discrimination


of be in service or out of service of the element connected to this bay, it can not be used to
judge the triping of the element.

5. I_On/Off_@Name_SmBayn

1: used to discriminate in service or out of service status of the connected element. When the
current of the connected element is greater than the setting, the device discriminates that the
connected element is in service status with a time delay (the time delay is determined by the
setting [Opt_Type_@Name_SmBayn]).

2: used to discriminate the fault-free tripping. The fault-free tripping discrimination of the
connected element requires the current of the element after tripping must be less than the setting.
When the current of the connected element is grater than the setting, the device considers that the
fault-free tripping criterion of the connected element is not met, so the certain reliability coefficient
must be considered when setting it, it can avoid miss-operation of fault-free tripping criteria in the
device.

Setting principle: when the connected element is a line, the setting should be greater than line
charging current, and it is suggested to be set as 1.2 times of line charging current. The charging
current of long line with high resistance should be line charging current after compensation
(excluding the situation that the high resistance is connected to busbar). When the charging
current of the short line is comparatively smaller, the setting should be greater than or equal to
0.03 times of CT primary rated value. If there are special condition that needs the setting be less
than 0.03In on site, measuring and affirming under the actual operation condition on site can be
conducted, and then set the setting, the setting should ensure that there are enough safety
margins to avoid miss-operation of the device. If the condition permits, it is suggested to conduct
actual on-site metering of the line charging current in the device, and based on the actual

PCS-992 Stability Controller 8-15


8 Settings

measured value, set the setting considering the reliable coefficient is greater than 1.2.

When the connected element is a generator, the setting can be set as same as the current
corresponding to the condition that generator is operating under 20% rated active power.

When the connected element is an main transformer, the setting can be set as same as the
current corresponding to the condition that main transformer is operating under 10% rated power.

6. P_On/Off_@Name_SmBayn

This setting is used to judge in service or out of service status of the connected element. When the
active power of the connected element is greater than the setting, the device identifies that the
connected element is in service status with a time delay (the time delay is determined by the
setting [Opt_Type_@Name_SmBayn]).

Setting principles: when the connected element is a line, the setting should be set according to the
minimum value of transmitted active power under normal conditions, and the charging active
power of the line should also be considered, the setting should be greater than 1.2 times of
charging active power of the line. For the short line, when the charging active power is small, the
setting should be greater than or equal to the line active power corresponding to the condition that
the current is 0.01 times of CT primary rated current and the voltage is VT primary rated voltage as
well as the factor of active power is 1. Frequent change of discrimination to in service or out of
service status caused by measurement error can be avoided.

When the connected element is a generator, the setting can be set as same as the power
corresponding to the condition that generator is operating under 20% rated active power.

When the connected element is an main transformer, the setting can be set as same as the power
corresponding to the condition that main transformer is operating under 10% rated power.

7. I_SudnChg_Pkp_@Name_SmBayn

It is the pickup threshold of current sudden change value. When the current variation of the
connected element is greater than the setting within 20ms, the device will pick up.

Setting principles: the setting should be greater than the current variation caused by normal
system fluctuation, and a certain margin should be considered. Meanwhile, it should be larger than
or equal to 0.03 times of CT rated primary current, in order to prevent the device from frequent
pickup caused by measurement errors.

8. P_SudnChg_Pkp_@Name_SmBayn

It is the pickup threshold of active power sudden change value. When the active power variation of
the connected element is greater than the setting within 200ms, the device will pick up.

Setting principles: the setting should be greater than the active power variation caused by the
normal system fluctuation, and a certain margin should be considered. Meanwhile, the setting
should be larger than or equal to the active power corresponding to the condition that the current is
0.01 times of CT primary rated current and the voltage is VT primary rated voltage as well as the
factor of active power is 1, which can prevent the device from frequent pickup.

8-16 PCS-992 Stability Controller


Date: 2013-06-28
8 Settings

9. P_PreTrp_@Name_SmBayn

The setting is used to distinguish the fault-free tripping of the line or primary device. If the active
power of the connected element is smaller than the setting within 200ms before the device picks
up, the criterion of fault-free tripping is not met.

Setting principles: The setting should be slightly smaller than the minimum threshold value of
active power which can influence system stability when the element is tripped. The setting is
suggested to be set as 0.8 times of stability threshold power. When the setting calculated
according to the above method is smaller than the setting [P_On/Off_@Name_SmBayn], it is
suggested to set the setting according to the setting [P_On/Off_@Name_SmBayn].

10. P_PostTrp_@Name_SmBayn

The setting is used to distinguish the fault-free tripping of the line or primary device. If the active
power of the connected element is greater than the setting within the whole pickup time of the
device, the criterion of fault-free tripping is not met.

Setting principles: the setting should be greater than the active power of the connected element
under the condition that the connected element is energized in no-load state. When the connected
element is a line or an main transformer, the setting should be greater than the charging active
power (for a line, the high resistance compensation should be considered, refer to the setting
description of [P_On/Off_@Name_SmBayn]). When the connected element is a generator unit,
the setting can be set as 5% of rated active power of the generator unit, and the reliability factor
(1.2) is suggested to be considered.

Generally, the minimum value of the setting should not be less than the active power
corresponding to the condition that the current is 0.01 times of CT rated primary current and the
voltage is VT rated primary voltage as well as the factor of active power is 1. If smaller setting
value is required for special requirement on site, measuring and affirming under the actual
operation condition on site can be conducted, and then set the setting, the setting should ensure
that there are enough safety margins to avoid miss-operation of the device. If the condition permits,
it is suggested to conduct actual on-site metering of the line power after tripping in the device, and
based on the actual measured value, set the setting considering the reliable coefficient is greater
than 1.2.

11. t_AR_@Name_SmBayn

The setting is used to distinguish single-phase permanent fault of the connected line after
single-phase transient fault. After the system identifies single-phase transient fault of the
connected line, and if three-phase tripping after fault is identified by the device after the time delay
[t_AR_@Name_SmBayn], then it is identified that single-phase permanent fault happens. If
three-phase tripping after fault is identified by the device within the time delay
[t_AR_@Name_SmBayn], then it is identified that line phase-to-phase fault occurs. If both
single-phase permanent fault and phase-to-phase fault are not identified by the device finally and
three-phase tripping occurs, the criterion of fault-free tripping is met and the device identifies the
condition as fault-free tripping.

When the element connected to this bay is a line, the setting can be set as same as the time delay

PCS-992 Stability Controller 8-17


8 Settings

of AR of corresponding line protection device.

When the element connected to this bay is a generator unit or main transformer, the setting is
invalid and it is suggested to be set as the maximum value (10000ms).

12. t_Trp_@Name_SmBayn

The setting is a time delay used to confirm fault-free tripping of the line or primary device, and it is
mainly used to prevent the wrong identification of fault-free tripping when the active power of
system is transferred quickly.

Note!

In order to improve the identification correctness of fault-free tripping judgement, the


above related settings needs to coordinate with each other, on the promise that fault-free
tripping criterion can operate reliably, the value of [P_PreTrp_@Name_SmBayn] should
be taken as large as possible, the value of [P_PostTrp_@Name_SmBayn] should be
taken as small as possible, the value of [t_Trp_@Name_SmBayn] should be taken as
large as possible, the value of [I_On/Off_@Name_SmBayn] should be taken as small as
possible.

Note!

The measurement error means the comprehensive measurement error that composed of
the error due to CT and VT of external circuit, the error due to the internal small CT and VT
of sencondary side device and the error due to all aspects of the sampling circuit.

8.1.6 Function Links


Function Link is a special logic setting which is used to enable protection function. These function
links can be configured through local HMI or remote PC (controlled by the function link
[Link_RmtCtrlLink]).

Each function link is one of the conditions that decide whether the relevant protection function is in
service. If the virtual binary input [Link_RmtCtrlLink] is set as “1”, through SAS or RTU, the
function link can be set as “1” or “0”; and it means that the relevant protection function can be in
service or out of service through remote command.

These function links provide a convenient way for the operator to put the function in service or out
of service remotely away from an unattended substation.

 Setting list

No. Symbol Remark

Enable remote setting modification. Set it as “0” if only local setting


modification is needed. Set it as “1” if local and remote setting
1 Link_RmtChgSetting
modification are both needed.
If it is not configured for a project, its default value is “1”.

8-18 PCS-992 Stability Controller


Date: 2013-06-28
8 Settings

No. Symbol Remark

Enable remote function links modification. Set it as “0” if only local


function links modification is needed. Set it as “1” if local and remote
2 Link_RmtCtrlLink
function links modification are both needed.
If it is not configured for a project, its default value is “1”.

 Access Path:

MainMenuSettingsLogic LinksFunction Links

8.2 Settings of Slave Unit (PCS-992S)

Note!

All the settings of PCS-992S are only used by commissioning engineer.

8.2.1 Communication Settings of PCS-992S


Communication settings of PCS-992S is basically the same as that of PCS-992M, only the last two
settings (i.e. [ID_SourceStation_Net] and [ID_TargetStation_Net]) are not configured for
PCS-992S.

8.2.2 Device Settings of PCS-992S


 Setting list

@Name_Bayn: means the setted value of the label setting of bay n

Table 8.2-1 Device settings of PCS-992S

Type No. Symbol Range Description

1 Opt_SysFreq 50Hz, 60Hz The system frequency

The communication address for this slave


unit corresponds to the master unit, it is
2 Addr_Slave 1~8
also the ID for for this slave unit
corresponds to the master unit
Device Communication port number, two sets of
parameter communication port are provided for slave
unit to communicate with the master unit:
3 MSPortNo. 1~2 1: the first set of communication port is
used
2: the second set of communication port is
used

Voltage level of the binary input module


BI module 4 B10.Un_BinaryInput 24/48/110/220V
NR1502 that located in slot No.10

PCS-992 Stability Controller 8-19


8 Settings

Type No. Symbol Range Description

Voltage level of the binary input module


5 B11.Un_BinaryInput 24/48/110/220V
NR1502 that located in slot No.11

6 In_CT_@Name_Bay01 1A/5A Rated secondary current of CT of

7 In_CT_@Name_Bay02 1A/5A corresponding bay. It should be set


Rated
according to the actual condition on site, it
secondary 8 In_CT_@Name_Bay03 1A/5A
is used for related calculation of the slave
current of 9 In_CT_@Name_Bay04 1A/5A
unit
CT
10 In_CT_@Name_Bay05 1A/5A

11 In_CT_@Name_Bay06 1A/5A

Using moveable disk to realize the backup


Device and recovery of program and configuration.
12 En_MDisk 0/1
settings Default value is 0, and the function is
reserved.

8.2.3 Label Settings

Note!

All the label settings are only used in device screen display and will not affect the strategy
and operation logic of the device. Label settings are only used by commissioning engineer
and can be open to users according to the actual requirement.

 Setting list

Table 8.2-2 Label settings of PCS-992S

Type No. Symbol Description

1 Name_Bay01 Label setting of bay 01 of the slave unit

2 Name_Bay02 Label setting of bay 02 of the slave unit

Label setting 3 Name_Bay03 Label setting of bay 03 of the slave unit


for each bay 4 Name_Bay04 Label setting of bay 04 of the slave unit

5 Name_Bay05 Label setting of bay 05 of the slave unit

6 Name_Bay06 Label setting of bay 06 of the slave unit

These setting are used to definite the description of each bay of the slave unit.

 Access Path:

MainMenuSettingsDevice SetupLabel Settings

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9 Human Machine Interface

Table of Contents
9 Human Machine Interface .............................................................. 9-a
9.1 Overview .......................................................................................................... 9-1
9.1.1 Keypad Operation ................................................................................................................ 9-2

9.1.2 LED Indications.................................................................................................................... 9-3

9.1.3 Front Communication Port................................................................................................... 9-4

9.1.4 Ethernet Port Setup ............................................................................................................. 9-4

9.2 Menu Tree ........................................................................................................ 9-6


9.2.1 Overview .............................................................................................................................. 9-6

9.2.2 Main Menus ......................................................................................................................... 9-7

9.2.3 Sub Menus of PCS-992M .................................................................................................... 9-8

9.2.4 Sub Menus of PCS-992S .................................................................................................. 9-22

9.3 LCD Display ................................................................................................... 9-31


9.3.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................ 9-31

9.3.2 Normal Display .................................................................................................................. 9-32

9.3.3 Event Display ..................................................................................................................... 9-35

9.4 Keypad Operation ......................................................................................... 9-38


9.4.1 View Device Measurements .............................................................................................. 9-38

9.4.2 View Device Status ............................................................................................................ 9-39

9.4.3 View Device Records......................................................................................................... 9-39

9.4.4 Print Device Report ........................................................................................................... 9-40

9.4.5 View Device Setting ........................................................................................................... 9-41

9.4.6 Modify Device Setting ........................................................................................................ 9-42

9.4.7 Delete Device Records ...................................................................................................... 9-45

9.4.8 Modify Device Clock .......................................................................................................... 9-45

9.4.9 View Module Information ................................................................................................... 9-46

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9.4.10 Check Software Version .................................................................................................. 9-46

9.4.11 Communication Test ........................................................................................................ 9-46

9.4.12 Select Language .............................................................................................................. 9-47

List of Figures
Figure 9.1-1 Front view of PCS-992M and PCS-992S .............................................................. 9-1

Figure 9.1-2 Front view of MUX-22 ............................................................................................ 9-2

Figure 9.1-3 Keypad buttons ...................................................................................................... 9-2

Figure 9.1-4 LED indications ...................................................................................................... 9-3

Figure 9.1-5 Corresponding cable of the RJ45 port in the front panel .................................. 9-4

Figure 9.1-6 Rear view and terminal definition of NR1102M................................................... 9-5

Figure 9.2-1 Menu tree ................................................................................................................ 9-7

Figure 9.3-1 Normal display of PCS-992M .............................................................................. 9-33

Figure 9.3-2 Normal display of PCS-992S............................................................................... 9-34

Figure 9.3-3 Display of disturbance records(without supervision events)......................... 9-35

Figure 9.3-4 Display of disturbance records(with supervision events) .............................. 9-36

Figure 9.3-5 Display of supervision events ............................................................................ 9-37

Figure 9.3-6 Display of IO events ............................................................................................. 9-38

List of Tables
Table 9.1-1 Definition of the 8-core cable ................................................................................. 9-4

Table 9.3-1 Available disturbance messages ......................................................................... 9-36

Table 9.4-1 Available device logs ............................................................................................. 9-40

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9 Human Machine Interface

The operator can access this device from the front panel. Local communication with this device is
possible using a computer via a multiplex RJ45 port on the front panel. Furthermore, remote
communication is also possible using a PC with the substation automation system via rear RS485
port or rear Ethernet port. The operator is able to check the device status at any time.

This chapter describes human machine interface (HMI), and give operator a instruction about how
to display or print event report, setting and so on through HMI menu tree and display metering
value, including r.m.s. current, voltage and frequency etc. through LCD. Procedures to change
active setting group or a settable parameter value through keypad is also described in details.

9.1 Overview
The human-machine interface consists of a human-machine interface (HMI) module which allows
a communication to be as simple as possible for the user. The HMI module helps to draw your
attention to something that has occurred which may activate a LED or a report displayed on the
LCD. Operator can locate the data of interest by navigating the keypad.

Front view of PCS-992M and PCS-992S is shown in the following figure.

1 11 PCS-992
HEALTHY 5
2
ALARM
12
STABILITY CONTROLLER
3 13
TRIP
4 14
C GRP

5 15

6 16
ENT
ES

7 17
1
8 18 4
9 19

10 20 3

Figure 9.1-1 Front view of PCS-992M and PCS-992S

The function of HMI module:

No. Item Description


A 320×240 dot matrix backlight LCD display is visible in dim lighting
1 LCD conditions. The corresponding messages are displayed when there is
operation implemented.
20 status indication LEDs are provided: 3 LEDs are fixed as the
signals of “HEALTHY” (green), “ALARM” (yellow) and “TRIP” (red),
2 LED
17 LEDs are configurable with selectable color among green, yellow
and red.
3 Keypad Navigation keypad and command keys for full access to device
4 Communication port A multiplex RJ45 port for local communication with a PC
5 Logo Type and designation and manufacturer of device

Front view of MUX-22 is shown in the following figure.

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9 Human Machine Interface

MUX-22
INTERFACE UNIT

NR Electric Co.,Ltd.

Figure 9.1-2 Front view of MUX-22

Details of human-machine interface of PCS-992M and PCS-992S are introduced in the following
sections.

9.1.1 Keypad Operation


P
GR

ENT
ESC

Figure 9.1-3 Keypad buttons

1. “ESC”:

 Cancel the operation

 Quit the current menu

2. “ENT”:

 Execute the operation

 Confirm the interface

3. “GRP”:

 Reserved

4. Leftward and rightward direction keys (“◄” and “►”):

 Move the cursor horizontally

 Enter the next menu or return to the previous menu

5. Upward and downward direction keys (“▲” and “▼”):

 Move the cursor vertically

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 Select command menu within the same level of menu

6. Plus and minus sign keys (“+” and “-”):

 Modify the value

 Modify and display the message number

 Page up/down

9.1.2 LED Indications

HEALTHY
ALARM
TRIP

Figure 9.1-4 LED indications

A brief explanation has been made as bellow.

LED Display Description


When the equipment is out of service or any hardware error is
Off
HEALTHY defected during self-supervision.

Steady Green Lit when the equipment is in service and ready for operation.

Off When equipment in normal operating condition.


ALARM Lit when VT circuit failure, CT circuit failure or other abnormal alarm is
Steady Yellow
issued.

Off When equipment in normal operating condition.


TRIP
Steady Red Lit when this device operates to trip.

Note!

“HEALTHY” LED can only be turned on by energizing the device and no abnormality
detected.

“ALARM” LED is turned on when abnormalities of device occurs like above mentioned
and can be turned off after abnormalities are removed except alarm report [CTS.Alm]
which can only be reset only when the failure is removed and the device is rebooted or
re-energized.

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The “TRIP” LED is turned on and latched once any protection element operates and can
be turned off by pressing corresponding signal reset button on the front panel.

Other LED indicators with no labels are configurable and user can configure them to be lit
by signals of operation element, alarm element and binary output contact according to
requirement through PCS-Explorer software, and there are three colors (green yellow
and red) for user selection.

9.1.3 Front Communication Port


There is a multiplex RJ45 port on the front panel. This port can be used as an RS-232 serial port
as well as a twisted-pair ethernet port. As shown in the following figure, a customized cable is
applied for debugging via this multiplex RJ45 port.

Figure 9.1-5 Corresponding cable of the RJ45 port in the front panel

In the above figure and the following table:

P1: To connect the multiplex RJ45 port. An 8-core cable is applied here.

P2: To connect the twisted-pair ethernet port of the computer.

P3: To connect the RS-232 serial port of the computer.

The definition of the 8-core cable in the above figure is introduced in the following table.

Table 9.1-1 Definition of the 8-core cable

Terminal Device side Computer side


Core color Function
No. (Left) (Right)
1 Orange TX+ of the ethernet port P1-1 P2-1
2 Orange & white TX- of the ethernet port P1-2 P2-2
3 Green & white RX+ of the ethernet port P1-3 P2-3
4 Blue TXD of the RS-232 serial port P1-4 P3-2
5 Brown & white RXD of the RS-232 serial port P1-5 P3-3
6 Green RX- for the ethernet port P1-6 P2-6
7 Blue & white The ground connection of the RS-232 port. P1-7 P3-5

9.1.4 Ethernet Port Setup


MON plug-in module is equipped with two or four 100Base-TX Ethernet interface, take NR1102M

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as an example, as shown in Figure 9.1-6.

The Ethernet port can be used to communication with PC via auxiliary software (PCS-Explorer)
after connecting this device with PC, so as to fulfill on-line function (please refer to the instruction
manual of PCS-Explorer). At first, the connection between this device and PC must be established.
Through setting the IP address and subnet mask of corresponding Ethernet interface in the menu
“Settings→Device Setup→Comm Settings”, it should be ensured that this device and PC are in
the same network segment. For example, setting the IP address and subnet mask of network A.
(using network A to connect with PC)

PC: IP address is set as “198.87.96.102”, subnet mask is set as “255.255.255.0”

The IP address and subnet mask of this device should be [IP_LAN1]= 198.87.96.XXX,
[Mask_LAN1]=255.255.255.0, [En_LAN1]=1. (XXX can be any value from 0 to 255 except 102)

If the logic setting [En_LAN1] is not available, it means that network A is always enabled.

NR1102M

ETHERNET

Network A

Network B

Network C

Network D

Figure 9.1-6 Rear view and terminal definition of NR1102M

Note!

If using other Ethernet network port, for example, Ethernet network B, the logic setting

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9 Human Machine Interface

[En_LAN2] must be set as “1”.

9.2 Menu Tree


9.2.1 Overview
Press “▲” of any running interface and enter the main menu. Select different submenu by “▲” and
“▼”. Enter the selected submenu by pressing “ENT” or “►”. Press “◄” and return to the previous
menu. Press “ESC” back to main menu directly. For sake of entering the command menu again, a
command menu will be recorded in the quick menu after its execution. Five latest command
menus can be recorded in the quick menu. When five command menus are recorded, the latest
command menu will cover the earliest one, adopting the “first in first out” principle. It is arranged
from top to bottom and in accordance with the execution order of command menus.

Press “▲” to enter the main menu with the interface as shown in the following diagram:

MainMenu

Language
Clock

Quick Menu

For the first powered device, there is no record in quick menu. Press “▲” to enter the main menu
with the interface as shown in the following diagram:

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Measurements

Status

Records

Settings

Print

Local Cmd

Information

Test

Clock

Language

The descriptions about menu is based on the maximized configuration, for a specific project, if
some function is not available, the corresponding submenu will hidden.

9.2.2 Main Menus


Main menus of PCS-992M and PCS-992S are the same. The menu of the PCS-992M/PCS-992S
is organized into main menu and submenus, much like a PC directory structure. The menu of the
PCS-992M/PCS-992S is divided into 10 sections:

Main Menu

Measurements

Status

Records

Settings

Print

Local Cmd

Information

Test

Clock

Language

Figure 9.2-1 Menu tree

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9 Human Machine Interface

Under the main interface, press “▲” to enter the main menu, and select submenu by pressing “▲”,
“▼” and “ENT”. The command menu adopts a tree shaped content structure. The above diagram
provides the integral structure and all main menus under menu tree of this device.

9.2.3 Sub Menus of PCS-992M


9.2.3.1 Measurements

Main Menu

Measurements

Master Measmts

Comm Test Measmts

Slave Measmts

Slave Frequency

Slave1 Measmts

@Name_S1Bay01@ Measmts

@Name_S1Bayn@ Measmts

Slavem Measmts

@Name_SmBay01@ Measmts

@Name_SmBayn@ Measmts

This menu is used to display real-time measured values, including AC voltage, AC current,
calculated quantities, etc. These data can help users to acquaint the device′s status. This menu
comprises following submenus. Please refer to Chapter 5 about the detailed measured values.

No. Item Function description

1 Master Measmts Display measured values of the master unit (i.e.: PCS-992M itself).

2 Slave Measmts Display measured values of the slave units (i.e.: PCS-992S).

The submenu “Slave Measmts” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 Slave Frequency Display frequency values of the slave units.

2 Slave1 Measmts Display measured values of No.1 slave unit.

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… … …

m+1 Slavem Measmts Display measured values of No.m slave unit.

The submenu “Slavem Measmts” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 @Name_SmBay01@ Measmts Display measured values of No.1 bay of No.m slave unit.

… … …

n @Name_SmBayn@ Measmts Display measured values of No.n bay of No.m slave unit.

Note!

@Name_SmBayn: means the configured value of the label setting of bay n of slave unit m.

Please refer to Section 8.1.3 for the details of label settings of PCS-992M.

In PCS-992M, up to 48 bays can be supported. Maximum value of m may differ between


1~8 according to specific project requirements.

In default application:

Maximum value of m is 4.

The submenus “Slave1 Measmts” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 @Name_S1Bay01@ Measmts Display measured values of No.1 bay of No.1 slave unit.

… … …

6 @Name_S1Bay06@ Measmts Display measured values of No.6 bay of No.1 slave unit.

The submenus “Slave2 Measmts” comprises the following command menus.

1 @Name_S2Bay01@ Measmts Display measured values of No.1 bay of No.2 slave unit.

… … …

6 @Name_S2Bay06@ Measmts Display measured values of No.6 bay of No.2 slave unit.

The submenus “Slave3 Measmts” comprises the following command menus.

1 @Name_S3Bay01@ Measmts Display measured values of No.1 bay of No.3 slave unit.

… … …

18 @Name_S3Bay18@ Measmts Display measured values of No.18 bay of No.3 slave unit.

The submenus “Slave4 Measmts” comprises the following command menus.

1 @Name_S4Bay01@ Measmts Display measured values of No.1 bay of No.4 slave unit.

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9 Human Machine Interface

… … …

18 @Name_S4Bay18@ Measmts Display measured values of No.18 bay of No.4 slave unit.

9.2.3.2 Status

Main Menu

Status

Inputs

Master Inputs

Slave Inputs

Slave1 Inputs

Slavem Inputs

Slave On/Off

Slave1 On/Off

Slavem On/Off

Superv State

Master Superv

Slave Superv

Slave1 Superv

Slavem Superv

Comm Superv

This menu is used to display real-time input signals and alarm signals of this device. These data
can help users to acquaint the device′s status. This menu comprises following submenus. Please
refer to Chapter 4 for more details of supervision alarm signals.

No. Item Function description

1 Inputs Display all input signal states.

2 Superv State Display supervision alarm states.

The submenu “Inputs” comprises the following command menus.

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No. Item Function description

Display states of binary inputs of the master unit (i.e.: PCS-992M


1 Master Inputs
itself).

2 Slave Inputs Display states of binary inputs of the slave units (i.e.: PCS-992S).

3 Slave On/Off Display states of on/off status of the slave units.

The submenu “Superv State” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 Master Superv Display states of self-supervision signals of the master unit.

2 Slave Superv Display states of self-supervision signals of the slave units.

3 Comm Superv Display states of self-supervision signals for communication.

Note!

In PCS-992M, m is the slave unit No., and maximum value of m may differ between 1~8
according to specific project requirements.

In default application:

Maximum value of m is 4.

The submenu “Slave Inputs” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 Slave1 Inputs Display states of binary inputs of No.1 slave unit.

2 Slave2 Inputs Display states of binary inputs of No.2 slave unit.

3 Slave3 Inputs Display states of binary inputs of No.3 slave unit.

4 Slave4 Inputs Display states of binary inputs of No.4 slave unit.

The submenu “Slave Superv” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 Slave1 Superv Display states of self-supervision signals of No.1 slave unit.

2 Slave2 Superv Display states of self-supervision signals of No.2 slave unit.

3 Slave3 Superv Display states of self-supervision signals of No.3 slave unit.

4 Slave4 Superv Display states of self-supervision signals of No.4 slave unit.

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9.2.3.3 Records

Main Menu

Records

Disturb Records

Superv Events

IO Events

Device Logs

Control Logs

Clear Records

This menu is used to display all kinds of records, including the disturbance records, supervision
events, binary events and device logs, so that the operator can load to view and use as the
reference of analyzing accidents and repairing the device. All records are stored in non-volatile
memory, it can still record them even if it loses its power.

This menu comprises the following submenus.

No. Item Function description


1 Disturb Records Display disturbance records of this device.
2 Superv Events Display supervision events of this device.
3 IO Events Display binary events of this device.
4 Device Logs Display device logs of this device.
5 Control Logs Display control logs of the slave units of this device.
6 Clear Records Clear all records.

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9.2.3.4 Settings

Main Menu

Settings

System Settings

Slave Settings

Slave1 Measmts

Slavem Measmts

Logic Links

Function Links

Device Setup

Comm Settings

Label Settings

Port Type Settings

Port Addr Settings

Comm Addr Settings

This menu is used to check the device setup, system parameters, slave unit settings and logic
links settings, as well as modifying any of the above setting items. Please refer to Section 8.1
“Settings of Master Unit (PCS-992M)” about the detailed setting descriptions.

This menu comprises the following submenus.

No. Item Function description

1 System Settings Check or modify the system parameters.

2 Slave Settings Check or modify the settings of the slave units.

Check or modify the logic links settings. This submenu only has 1
3 Logic Links
submenu (“Function Links”).

4 Device Setup Check or modify the device setup.

The submenu “Logic Links” comprises the following command menus.

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No. Item Function description

1 Function Links Check or modify function links settings.

The submenu “Device Setup” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 Comm Settings Check or modify the communication settings.

2 Label Settings Check or modify the label settings.

3 Port Type Settings Check or modify the port type settings.

4 Port Addr Settings Check or modify the port address settings.

5 Comm Addr Settings Check or modify the communication address settings.

Note!

In PCS-992M, m is the slave unit No., and maximum value of m may differ between 1~8
according to specific project requirements.

In default application:

Maximum value of m is 4.

The submenu “Slave Settings” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 Slave1 Settings Check or modify the settings of No.1 slave unit.

2 Slave2 Settings Check or modify the settings of No.2 slave unit.

3 Slave3 Settings Check or modify the settings of No.3 slave unit.

4 Slave4 Settings Check or modify the settings of No.4 slave unit.

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9.2.3.5 Print

Main Menu

Print

Device Info

Print as table

Settings

System Settings

Slave Settings

Slave1 Settings

Slavem Settings

All Settings

Logic Links

Function Links

All Settings

Device Setup

Comm Settings

Label Settings

Port Type Settings

Port Addr Settings

Comm Addr Settings

All Settings

All Settings

Latest Modified

Disturb Records

Superv Events

IO Events

Device Logs

Ch Superv

Channel 01

Ch Counter

Channel 01

Device Status

Waveforms

S1Bay01-02 Wave

S1Bay03-04 Wave

S1Bay05-06 Wave

IEC103 Info

Cancel Print

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This menu is used to print device description, settings, all kinds of records, waveforms, information
related with IEC60870-5-103 protocol, channel states and channel statistic information, etc.

This menu comprises the following submenus.

No. Item Function description

Print the description information of this device, including software


1 Device Info
version.

2 Print as table Print information of this submenu as table.

Print device setup, system parameters, slave settings and logic links
settings. It can print by different classifications as well as printing all
3 Settings
settings of this device. Besides, it can also print the latest modified
settings.

4 Disturb Records Print the disturbance records.

5 Superv Events Print the supervision events.

6 IO Events Print the binary events.

7 Device Logs Print the device logs.

Print the self-supervision information of statistic data of


8 Ch Superv
communication channels.

9 Ch Counter Print the statistic data of communication channels.

Print the current state of this device, including the sampled value of
10 Device Status
voltage and current, the state of binary inputs, setting and so on.

11 Waveforms Print the recorded waveforms.

Print 103 Protocol information, including function type (FUN),


12 IEC103 Info information serial number (INF), general classification service group
number, and channel number (ACC).

13 Cancel Print Cancel the print command.

The submenu “Settings” comprises the following submenus.

No. Item Function description

1 System Settings Print the system parameters.

2 Slave Settings Print the settings of the slave units.

3 Logic Links Print the logic links settings.

4 Device Setup Print the settings related to device setup.

Print all settings including device setup, system parameters, slave


5 All Settings
settings and logic links settings.

6 Latest Modified Print the setting latest modified.

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The submenu “Slave Settings” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 Slave1 Settings Print the settings of No.1 slave unit.

2 Slave2 Settings Print the settings of No.2 slave unit.

3 Slave3 Settings Print the settings of No.3 slave unit.

4 Slave4 Settings Print the settings of No.4 slave unit.

5 All Settings Print all the settings in the submenu “Slave Settings”.

Note!

In PCS-992M, m is the slave unit No., and maximum value of m may differ between 1~8
according to specific project requirements.

In default application:

Maximum value of m is 4.

The submenu “Logic Links” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 Function Links Print the function links settings

2 All Settings Print all the settings in the submenu “Logic Links.

The submenu “Device Setup” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 Comm Settings Print the communication settings.

2 Label Settings Print the label settings.

3 Port Type Settings Print the port type settings.

4 Port Addr Settings Print the port address settings.

5 Comm Addr Settings Print the communication address settings.

6 All Settings Print all the settings in the submenu “Device Setup”.

The submenu “Ch Superv” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 Channel 01 Print the self-supervision information of communication channel 1.

The submenu “Ch Counter” includes the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 Channel 01 Print the statistic report of communication channel 1.

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Note!

In the submenus “Ch Superv” and “Ch Counter”, item number may differ according to
specific project requirements, e.g.: there may be some more items (i.e.:“Channel 02”…).

The submenu “Waveforms” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 S1Bay01-02 Wave Print the recorded waveforms of bay 01 and bay 02 of slave unit 1.

2 S1Bay03-04 Wave Print the recorded waveforms of bay 03 and bay 04 of slave unit 1.

3 S1Bay05-06 Wave Print the recorded waveforms of bay 05 and bay 06 of slave unit 1.

Note!

In the submenu “Waveforms”, item number may differ according to specific project
requirements, e.g.: there may be some more items (i.e.: “S2Bay01-02 Wave”,
“S2Bay03-04 Wave”, “S2Bay05-06 Wave”, “S3Bay01-02 Wave”…).

9.2.3.6 Local Cmd

Main Menu

Local Cmd

Reset Target

Trig Oscillograph

Download

Clear Counter

Fault Test

This menu is used to reset the tripping relay with latch, indicator LED, LCD display, and as same
as the resetting function of binary inputs. This menu provides a method of manually recording the
current waveform data of this device under normal condition for printing and uploading SAS.
Besides, it can send out the request of program download, clear statistic information.

This menu comprises the following submenus.

No. Item Function description

1 Reset Target Reset the local signal, indicator LED, LCD display and so on.

2 Trig Oscillograph Trigger waveform recording.

3 Download Send out the request of downloading program.

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4 Clear Counter Clear all statistic data.

5 Fault Test Trigger fault test.

9.2.3.7 Information

Main Menu

Information

Version Info

Board Info

In this menu, the LCD displays software information of all kinds of intelligent plug-in modules,
which consists of version, creating time of software, CRC codes and management sequence
number. Besides, plug-in module information can also be viewed.

This menu comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

Display software information of DSP module, MON module and HMI


1 Version Info module, which consists of version, creating time of software, CRC
codes and management sequence number.

2 Board Info Monitor the current working state of each intelligent module.

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9.2.3.8 Test

Main Menu

Test

Ch Counter

FO Port Counter

MUX Port Counter

Ch Frame Rate

FO Port Frame Rate

MUX Port Frame Rate

Device Test

Disturb Records

All Test

Select Test

Superv Events

All Test

Select Test

IO Events

All Test

Select Test

Disturb Record Items

This menu is mainly used for developers to debug the program and for engineers to maintain this
device. It can be used to fulfill the communication test function. It is also used to generate all kinds
of reports or events to transmit to the SAS without any external input, so as to debug the
communication on site. Besides, it can also display statistic information about communication
channels. This menu comprises the following submenus.

No. Item Function description

1 Ch Counter Check statistics data of communication channels.

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2 Ch Frame Rate Check frame rates of communication channels.

Automatically generate all kinds of reports or events to transmit to


SCADA, including disturbance events, self-supervision events and
3 Device Test
binary events. It can realize the report uploading by different
classification, as well as the uploading of all kinds of reports.

4 Disturb Record Items Check the fault report one by one.

The submenu “Ch Counter” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 FO Port Counter Check communication statistic information of fiber-optic ports.

2 MUX Port Counter Check communication statistic information of MUX ports.

The submenu “Ch Frame Rate” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 FO Port Frame Rate Check frame rates of fiber-optic ports.

2 MUX Port Frame Rate Check frame rates of MUX ports.

The submenu “Device Test” is only used for debugging engineers, and it comprises the following
submenus.

No. Item Function description

1 Disturb Records Simulate and issue disturbance events.

2 Superv Events Simulate and issue self-supervision events.

3 IO Events Simulate and issue binary events.

The submenu “Disturb Records” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 All Test Ordinal test of all disturbance events.

2 Select Test Selective test of corresponding classification.

The submenu “Superv Events” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 All Test Ordinal test of all supervision events.

2 Select Test Selective test of corresponding classification.

The submenu “IO Events” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 All Test Ordinal test of all binary events.

2 Select Test Selective test of corresponding classification.

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9.2.3.9 Clock

The current time of internal clock can be viewed here. The time is displayed in the form
YY-MM-DD and hh:mm:ss. All values are presented with digits and can be modified.

9.2.3.10 Language

This menu is mainly used to set LCD display language.

9.2.4 Sub Menus of PCS-992S


9.2.4.1 Measurements

Main Menu

Measurements

Bay Measmts

@Name_Bay01@ Measmts

@Name_Bayn@ Measmts

U/F Measmts

Frequency

Voltage

This menu is used to display real-time measured values, including AC voltage, AC current,
calculated quantities, etc. These data can help users to acquaint the device′s status. This menu
comprises following submenus. Please refer to Chapter 5 about the detailed measured values.

No. Item Function description

1 Bay Measmts Display measured values of different bays of this device.

2 U/F Measmts Display measured values of frequencies and voltages.

The submenu “Bay Measmts” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 @Name_Bay01@ Measmts Display measured values of No.1 bay.

… … …

n @Name_Bayn@ Measmts Display measured values of No.n bay.

The submenu “U/F Measmts” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 Frequency Display measured values of frequencies.

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2 Voltage Display measured values of voltages.

Note!

@Name_Bayn: means the configured value of the label setting of bay n.

Please refer to Section 8.2.3 for the details of label settings of PCS-992S.

Maximum value of n may differ between 1~18 according to specific project requirements.

In default application:

Maximum value of n is 6.

9.2.4.2 Status

Main Menu

Status

Inputs

Contact Inputs

Master Inputs

Prot Inputs

Normal Inputs

Faulty Inputs

Outputs

Contact Outputs

Prot Outputs

Superv State

LOG Superv

FD Superv

This menu is used to display real-time input signals and alarm signals of this device. These data
can help users to acquaint the device′s status. This menu comprises following submenus. Please
refer to Chapter 4 for more details of supervision alarm signals.

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No. Item Function description

1 Inputs Display all input signal states.

2 Outputs Display all output signal states

3 Superv State Display supervision alarm states.

The submenu “Inputs” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

Display states of the contact binary inputs of this device (i.e.: the slave
1 Contact Inputs
unit PCS-992S itself).

Display states of binary inputs of corresponding master unit (i.e.:


2 Master Inputs
PCS-992M).

3 Prot Inputs Display state of the protection binary inputs of this device.

The submenu “Outputs” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 Contact Outputs Display states of contact binary outputs of this device.

2 Prot Outputs Display states of protection binary outputs of this device.

The submenu “Superv State” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

Display states of self-supervision signals from logic calculation DSP


1 LOG Superv
module (i.e.: LOG-DSP).

Display states of self-supervision signals from fault detector


2 FD Superv
calculation DSP module (i.e.: FD-DSP).

9.2.4.3 Records

Main Menu

Records

Disturb Records

Superv Events

IO Events

Device Logs

Control Logs

Clear Records

This menu is used to display all kinds of records, including the disturbance records, supervision
events, binary events and device logs, so that the operator can load to view and use as the

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reference of analyzing accidents and repairing the device. All records are stored in non-volatile
memory, it can still record them even if it loses its power.

This menu comprises the following submenus.

No. Item Function description


1 Disturb Records Display disturbance records of this device.
2 Superv Events Display supervision events of this device.
3 IO Events Display binary events of this device.
4 Device Logs Display device logs of this device.
5 Control Logs Display control logs of this device.
6 Clear Records Clear all records.

9.2.4.4 Settings

Main Menu

Settings

System Settings

Device Setup

Device Settings

Comm Settings

Label Settings

This menu is used to check the device setup, system parameters, as well as modifying any of the
above setting items. Please refer to Section 8.2 “Settings of Slave Unit (PCS-992S)” about the
detailed setting descriptions.

This menu comprises the following submenus.

No. Item Function description

1 System Settings Check or modify the system parameters.

2 Device Setup Check or modify the device setup.

The submenu “Device Setup” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 Device Settings Check or modify the device settings.

2 Comm Settings Check or modify the communication settings.

3 Label Settings Check or modify the label settings.

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9.2.4.5 Print

Main Menu

Print

Device Info

Settings

System Settings

Device Setup

Device Settings

Comm Settings

Label Settings

All Settings

All Settings

Latest Modified

Disturb Records

Superv Events

IO Events

Device Logs

Ch Superv

Ch Counter

Device Status

Waveforms

Bay01-02 Wave

Bay03-04 Wave

Bay05-06 Wave

U/F Wave

IEC103 Info

Cancel Print

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This menu is used to print device description, settings, all kinds of records, waveforms, information
related with IEC60870-5-103 protocol, channel states and channel statistic information, etc.

This menu comprises the following submenus.

No. Item Function description

Print the description information of this device, including software


1 Device Info
version.

Print device setup, system parameters. It can print by different


2 Settings classifications as well as printing all settings of this device. Besides, it
can also print the latest modified settings.

3 Disturb Records Print the disturbance records.

4 Superv Events Print the supervision events.

5 IO Events Print the binary events.

6 Device Logs Print the device logs.

Print the self-supervision information of statistic data of


7 Ch Superv
communication channels.

8 Ch Counter Print the statistic data of communication channels.

Print the current state of this device, including the sampled value of
9 Device Status
voltage and current, the state of binary inputs, setting and so on.

10 Waveforms Print the recorded waveforms.

Print 103 Protocol information, including function type (FUN),


11 IEC103 Info information serial number (INF), general classification service group
number, and channel number (ACC).

12 Cancel Print Cancel the print command.

The submenu “Settings” comprises the following submenus.

No. Item Function description

1 System Settings Print the system parameters.

2 Device Setup Print the settings related to device setup.

3 All Settings Print all settings including device setup and system parameters.

4 Latest Modified Print the setting latest modified.

The submenu “Device Setup” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 Device Settings Print the device settings.

2 Comm Settings Print the communication settings.

3 Label Settings Print the label settings.

4 All Settings Print all the settings in the submenu “Device Setup”.

The submenu “Waveforms” comprises the following command menus.

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No. Item Function description

1 Bay01-02 Wave Print the recorded waveforms of bay 01 and bay 02 of this device.

2 Bay03-04 Wave Print the recorded waveforms of bay 03 and bay 04 of this device.

3 Bay05-06 Wave Print the recorded waveforms of bay 05 and bay 06 of this device.

4 U/F Wave Print the recorded waveforms of frequencies and voltages.

Note!

In the submenu “Waveforms”, item number may differ according to specific project
requirements, e.g.: there may be some more items (i.e.: “Bay07-08 Wave”, “Bay09-10
Wave…).

9.2.4.6 Local Cmd

Main Menu

Local Cmd

Reset Target

Trig Oscillograph

Download

Clear Counter

This menu is used to reset the tripping relay with latch, indicator LED, LCD display, and as same
as the resetting function of binary inputs. This menu provides a method of manually recording the
current waveform data of this device under normal condition for printing and uploading SAS.
Besides, it can send out the request of program download, clear statistic information.

This menu comprises the following submenus.

No. Item Function description

1 Reset Target Reset the local signal, indicator LED, LCD display and so on.

2 Trig Oscillograph Trigger waveform recording.

3 Download Send out the request of downloading program.

4 Clear Counter Clear all statistic data.

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9.2.4.7 Information

Main Menu

Information

Version Info

Board Info

In this menu, the LCD displays software information of all kinds of intelligent plug-in modules,
which consists of version, creating time of software, CRC codes and management sequence
number. Besides, plug-in module information can also be viewed.

This menu comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

Display software information of DSP module, MON module and HMI


1 Version Info module, which consists of version, creating time of software, CRC
codes and management sequence number.

2 Board Info Monitor the current working state of each intelligent module.

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9.2.4.8 Test

Main Menu

Test

Ch Counter

Device Test

Disturb Records

All Test

Select Test

Superv Events

All Test

Select Test

IO Events

All Test

Select Test

Contact Outputs

Disturb Record Items

This menu is mainly used for developers to debug the program and for engineers to maintain this
device. It can be used to fulfill the communication test function. It is also used to generate all kinds
of reports or events to transmit to the SAS without any external input, so as to debug the
communication on site. Besides, it can also display statistic information about communication
channels. This menu comprises the following submenus.

No. Item Function description

1 Ch Counter Check statistics data of communication channels.

Automatically generate all kinds of reports or events to transmit to


SCADA, including disturbance events, self-supervision events and
2 Device Test
binary events. It can realize the report uploading by different
classification, as well as the uploading of all kinds of reports.

3 Disturb Record Items Check the fault report one by one.

The submenu “Device Test” is only used for debugging engineers, and it comprises the following

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submenus.

No. Item Function description

1 Disturb Records Simulate and issue disturbance events.

2 Superv Events Simulate and issue self-supervision events.

3 IO Events Simulate and issue binary events.

Simulate and issue binary outputs. Please disconnect the external


4 Contact Outputs
circuit first.

The submenu “Disturb Records” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 All Test Ordinal test of all disturbance events.

2 Select Test Selective test of corresponding classification.

The submenu “Superv Events” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 All Test Ordinal test of all supervision events.

2 Select Test Selective test of corresponding classification.

The submenu “IO Events” comprises the following command menus.

No. Item Function description

1 All Test Ordinal test of all binary events.

2 Select Test Selective test of corresponding classification.

9.2.4.9 Clock

The current time of internal clock can be viewed here. The time is displayed in the form
YY-MM-DD and hh:mm:ss. All values are presented with digits and can be modified.

9.2.4.10 Language

This menu is mainly used to set LCD display language.

9.3 LCD Display


LCD displays of PCS-992M and PCS-992S are similar, please refer to the description in
this section for details.

9.3.1 Overview
Two LCD display methods are provided in this device:

1) Normal display;

Please refer to Section 9.3.2 for more details about normal display.

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2) Event display.

Please refer to Section 9.3.3 for more details about event display.

Note!

If any event is detected, the corresponding event display will pop up automatically, and
user can keep pressing “ENT” and then press “ESC” to switch between normal display and
event display.

Three kinds of event display methods are provided:

1) Event display of disturbance records;

2) Event display of supervision events;

3) Event display of IO events.

Note!

Event display of disturbance records can be cleared manually in this way: keep pressing
“ESC” and then press “ENT”;

Event display of supervision events can not be cleared manually, and it will not be cleared
until the corresponding supervision events have disappeared;

Event display of IO events only keeps for several seconds and then it will disappear and
return to normal display automatically.

9.3.2 Normal Display


After the device is energized, it takes tens of seconds to complete the initialization of this device.
During the initialization of this device, the “HEALTHY” LED indicator of this device keeps being lit
off.

The LCD of this device adopts white color as its backlight that will be activated in case of any
keyboard operation. Moreover, the backlight will be extinguished automatically if no keyboard
operation is detected for a duration.

An example of normal display of PCS-992M is shown in the following figure.

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S Addr 24342 2013-07-31 13:22:23

Substation 01 Power Plant 01

P_S1Bay01 0.0 MW P_S2Bay01 0.0 MW


P_S1Bay02 0.0 MW P_S2Bay02 0.0 MW
P_S1Bay03 0.0 MW P_S2Bay03 0.0 MW
P_S1Bay04 0.0 MW P_S2Bay04 0.0 MW

Figure 9.3-1 Normal display of PCS-992M

Where:

S indicates that device clock is synchronized. If “S” disappears, it


means that device clock is not synchronized.

Addr 24342 shows address relevant to IP address of Ethernet A. If IP address


of Ethernet A is “xxx.xxx.a.b”, the displayed address equals to
(a×256+b). E.g.: if IP address of Ethernet A is “198.087.095.022”,
the displayed address will be “95×256+23=24342”.

2013-07-31 13:22:23 shows current date and time of this device, the format is
“yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss”.

P_S1Bay01,…P_S2Bay04 shows main measurements of this device.

Note!

Names of the measurements “P_S1Bay01”…“ P_S2Bay04”) can be configured by


corresponding label settings (e.g.:[Name_S1Bay01]…[Name_S2Bay04]…).

Please refer to Section 8.1.3 for the details of label settings of PCS-992M.

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An example of normal display of PCS-992S is shown in the following figure.

S 2013-07-31 13:22:23
Addr_Slave 1
P_Bay01 0.0 MW
P_Bay02 0.0 MW
P_Bay03 0.0 MW
P_Bay04 0.0 MW
P_Bay05 0.0 MW
P_Bay06 0.0 MW
f 50.00 Hz
U1 31.20 %Un

Addr 24343

Figure 9.3-2 Normal display of PCS-992S

Where:

S indicates that device clock is synchronized. If “S” disappears, it


means that device clock is not synchronized.

2013-07-31 13:22:23 shows current date and time of this device, the format is
“yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss”.

Addr_Slave the communication address (or ID) for this slave unit corresponds
to the master unit.

P_Bay01,…P_Bay06, f,U1 shows main measurements of this device.

Addr 24343 shows address relevant to IP address of Ethernet A. If IP address


of Ethernet A is “xxx.xxx.a.b”, the displayed address equals to
(a×256+b). E.g.: if IP address of Ethernet A is “198.087.095.023”,
the displayed address will be “95×256+23=24343”.

Note!

Names of the measurements “P_Bay01”…“P_Bay06” can be configured by corresponding


label settings (e.g.: [Name_Bay01]…[Name_Bay06]).

Please refer to Section 8.2.3 for the details of label settings of PCS-992S.

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9.3.3 Event Display


9.3.3.1 Display of Disturbance Records

This device can store up to 32 groups of disturbance records with fault waveform. Each group
consists of several disturbance records. Up to 1024 disturbance records can be stored in this
device.

When there is any disturbance, the LCD will automatically display the latest group of disturbance
records, and two kinds of LCD display interfaces will be available depending on whether there are
supervision events or not.

For the situation that the disturbance records and the supervision events coexist, the upper half
part is the disturbance record, and the lower half part is the supervision event.

The following items are listed in the upper half part: record No., record name, generation time of
the disturbance record. If the disturbance records can not be displayed in one page, they will be
displayed in several pages alternately.

If there is no supervision event, disturbance records will be displayed as shown in the following
figure.

S NO.001 2013-07-31 13:22:23:669 Trip

0000ms TrigDFR_Man

Figure 9.3-3 Display of disturbance records(without supervision events)

Where:

S indicates that device clock is synchronized. If “S” disappears, it


means that device clock is not synchronized.

NO.001 shows the SOE No. of the disturbance record.

2013-07-31 13:22:23:669 shows the time of the disturbance record, the format is
“yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss:fff”.

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Trip shows the title of the disturbance record.

0000ms TrigDFR_Man shows the disturbance message name and relative time. The
relative time is fixed as “0000ms”.

Some of available disturbance messages are listed in the following table.

Table 9.3-1 Available disturbance messages

No. Message Description


Access the menu “Local Cmd”->“Trig Oscillograph”, oscillography
1 TrigDFR_Man function can be triggered locally and manually, and then a disturbance
record named as [TrigDFR_Man] will be shown in LCD display,
Oscillography function can be triggered remotely (from station control
2 TrigDFR_Rmt or control center), and then a disturbance record named as
[TrigDFR_Rmt] will be shown in LCD display,

As shown in the following figure, disturbance records and supervision events will be displayed at
the same time if there are supervision events. Supervision events are displayed in the lower half
part, and only one line is designed to display supervision events. If there are more supervision
events , they will be displayed in several pages alternately.

S NO.001 2013-07-31 13:22:23:669 Trip

0000ms TrigDFR_Man

Superv Events
Alm_Device

Figure 9.3-4 Display of disturbance records(with supervision events)

Where:

S indicates that device clock is synchronized. If “S” disappears, it


means that device clock is not synchronized.

NO.001 shows the SOE No. of the disturbance record.

2013-07-31 13:22:23:669 shows the time of the disturbance record, the format is

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“yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss:fff”.

Trip shows the title of the disturbance record.

0000ms TrigDFR_Man shows the disturbance message name and relative time. The
relative time is fixed as “0000ms”.

Superv_Events shows the title of the supervision events.

Alm_Device shows the contents of supervision events.

9.3.3.2 Display of Supervision Events

This device can store up to 1024 supervision events. During the operation of the device, the
supervision event of hardware self-check errors or system operation abnormity will be displayed
immediately.

S Superv Events

Alm_Device
Alm_Version

Figure 9.3-5 Display of supervision events

Where:

S indicates that device clock is synchronized. If “S” disappears, it


means that device clock is not synchronized.

Superv_Events shows the title of the supervision events.

Alm_Device, Alm_Version shows the contents of supervision events.

9.3.3.3 Display of IO Events

This device can store up to 1024 IO events (i.e.: binary events). During the operation of the device,
the binary input will be displayed once its state has changed, i.e.: from “0” to “1” or from “1” to “0”.

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S NO.001 2013-07-31 13:31:23:669 IO Chg

BI_Maintenance 0 1

Figure 9.3-6 Display of IO events

Where:

S indicates that device clock is synchronized. If “S” disappears, it


means that device clock is not synchronized.

NO.001 shows the No. of the binary event.

2013-07-31 13:31:23:669 shows date and time when the report occurred, the format is
“yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss:fff”.

IO Chg shows the title of the binary event.

BI_Maintenance 0→1 shows the state change of binary input, including binary input
name, original state and final state.

9.4 Keypad Operation


Keypad operation methods of PCS-992M and PCS-992S are similar, please refer to the
description in this section for details.

9.4.1 View Device Measurements


The operation is as follows:

1. Press the “▲” to enter the main menu;

2. Press the “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor to the “Measurements” menu, and then press
the “ENT” or “►” to enter the menu;

3. Press the “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor to any command menu, and then press the
“ENT” to enter the menu;

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4. Press the “▲” or “▼” to page up/down (if all information cannot be displayed in one
display screen, one screen can display 14 lines of information at most);

5. Press the “◄” or “►” to select pervious or next command menu;

6. Press the “ENT” or “ESC” to exit this menu (returning to the “Measurements” menu).

9.4.2 View Device Status


The operation is as follows:

1. Press the key “▲” to enter the main menu.

2. Press the key “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor to the “Status” menu, and then press the
“ENT” or “►” to enter the menu.

3. Press the key “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor to any command menu item, and then press
the key “ENT” to enter the submenu.

4. Press the “▲” or “▼” to page up/down (if all information cannot be displayed in one
display screen, one screen can display 14 lines of information at most).

5. Press the key “◄” or “►” to select pervious or next command menu.

6. Press the key “ENT” or “ESC” to exit this menu (returning to the “Status” menu).

9.4.3 View Device Records


The operation is as follows:

1. Press the “▲” to enter the main menu;

2. Press the “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor to the “Records” menu, and then press the
“ENT” or “►” to enter the menu;

3. Press the “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor to any command menu, and then press the
“ENT” to enter the menu;

4. Press the “▲” or “▼” to page up/down;

5. Press the “+” or “-” to select pervious or next record;

6. Press the “◄” or “►” to select pervious or next command menu;

7. Press the “ENT” or “ESC” to exit this menu (returning to the “Records” menu).

An example of the command menu “Device Logs” is shown in the following figure. Displays of
other command menus are similar.

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NO.001
Device Logs NO.60
2013-01-28 10:18:47:569ms
Reboot

Where:

Device Logs NO. 60 shows the title and the No. of the device log. This device can store
up to 1024 device logs.

2013-01-28 10:18:47:569ms shows date and time when the report occurred, the format is
“yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss:fff”.

Reboot shows the content of the device log.

Available device logs are listed in the following table.

Table 9.4-1 Available device logs

No. Message Description


1 Report_Cleared All device records (except device logs) have been deleted.
2 Waveform_Cleared All waveforms have been deleted.
3 Reboot The device has been rebooted.
4 Settings_Chgd Device settings have changed.
5 Process_Exit One or more processes are out of service.
6 Counter_Cleared Clear counter.

9.4.4 Print Device Report


The operation is as follows:

1. Press the “▲” to enter the main menu;

2. Press the “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor to the “Print” menu, and then press the “ENT” or
“►” to enter the menu;

3. Press the “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor to any command menu, and then press the
“ENT” to enter the menu;

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 Selecting the “Disturb Records”, and then press the “+” or “-” to select pervious
or next record. After pressing the key “ENT”, the LCD will display “Start Printing... ”,
and then automatically exit this menu (returning to the menu “Print”). If the printer
doesn’t complete its current print task and re-start it for printing, and the LCD will
display “Printer Busy…”. Press the key “ESC” to exit this menu (returning to the
menu “Print”).

 Selecting the command menu “Superv Events”, “IO Events” , “Device Logs” , “Ch
Superv” or “Ch Counter”, and then press the key “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor.
Press the “+” or “-” to select the starting and ending numbers of printing message.
After pressing the key “ENT”, the LCD will display “Start Printing…”, and then
automatically exit this menu (returning to the menu “Print”). Press the key “ESC” to
exit this menu (returning to the menu “Print”).

4. If selecting the command menu “Device Info”, “Device Status“ or “IEC103 Info”, press
the key “ENT”, the LCD will display “Start printing..”, and then automatically exit this menu
(returning to the menu “Print”).

5. If selecting the “Settings”, press the key “ENT” or “►” to enter the next level of menu.

6. After entering the submenu “Settings”, press the key “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor, and
then press the key “ENT” to print the corresponding default value. If selecting any item to
printing:

Press the key “+” or “-” to select the setting group to be printed. After pressing the key
“ENT”, the LCD will display “Start Printing…”, and then automatically exit this menu
(returning to the menu “Settings”). Press the key “ESC” to exit this menu (returning to the
menu “Settings”).

7. After entering the submenu “Waveforms” and corresponding submenu (e.g.:


“S1Bay01-02 Wave”), press the “+” or “-” to select the waveform item to be printed and
press ”ENT” to enter. If there is no waveform data, the LCD will display “No Waveform
Data!” (Before executing the command menu “Waveforms”, it is necessary to execute
the command menu “Trig Oscillograph” in the menu “Local Cmd”, otherwise the LCD
will display “No Waveform Data!”). With waveform data existing:

Press the key “+” or “-” to select pervious or next record. After pressing the key “ENT”, the LCD
will display “Start Printing…”, and then automatically exit this menu (returning to the menu
“Waveforms”). If the printer does not complete its current print task and re-start it for printing, and
the LCD will display “Printer Busy…”. Press the key “ESC” to exit this menu (returning to the menu
“Waveforms”).

9.4.5 View Device Setting


The operation is as follows:

1. Press the “▲” to enter the main menu;

2. Press the “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor to the “Settings” menu, and then press the
“ENT” or “►” to enter the menu;

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3. Press the “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor to any command menu, and then press the
“ENT” to enter the menu;

4. Press the “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor;

5. Press the “+” or “-” to page up/down;

6. Press the “◄” or “►” to select pervious or next command menu;

7. Press the “ESC” to exit this menu (returning to the menu “Settings”).

Note!

If the displayed information exceeds 14 lines, the scroll bar will appear on the right side of
the LCD to indicate the quantity of all displayed information of the command menu and the
relative location of information where the current cursor points at.

9.4.6 Modify Device Setting


The operation is as follows:

1. Press the “▲” to enter the main menu;

2. Press the “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor to the “Settings” menu, and then press the
“ENT” or “►” to enter the menu;

3. Press the “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor to any command menu, and then press the
“ENT” to enter the menu;

4. Press the “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor;

5. Press the “+” or “-” to page up/down;

6. Press the “◄” or “►” to select pervious or next command menu;

7. Press the “ESC” to exit this menu (returning to the menu “Settings” );

8. If selecting the command menu “System Settings”, move the cursor to the setting item
to be modified, and then press the “ENT”;

Press the “+” or “-” to modify the value (if the modified value is of multi-bit, press the “◄” or “►”
to move the cursor to the digit bit, and then press the “+” or “-” to modify the value), press the
“ESC” to cancel the modification and return to the displayed interface of the command menu
“System Settings”. Press the “ENT” to automatically exit this menu (returning to the displayed
interface of the command menu “System Settings”).

Move the cursor to continue modifying other setting items. After all setting values are modified,
press the “◄”, “►” or “ESC”, and the LCD will display “Save or Not?”. Directly press the “ESC” or
press the “◄” or “►” to move the cursor. Select the “Cancel”, and then press the “ENT” to
automatically exit this menu (returning to the displayed interface of the command menu “System
Settings”).

Press the “◄” or “►” to move the cursor. Select “No” and press the “ENT”, all modified setting item

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will restore to its original value, exit this menu (returning to the menu “Settings”).

Press the “◄” or “►” to move the cursor to select “Yes”, and then press the “ENT”, the LCD will
display password input interface.

Password:

____

Input a 4-bit password (“+”, “◄”, “▲” or “-”). If the password is incorrect, continue inputting it,
and then press the “ESC” to exit the password input interface and return to the displayed interface
of the command menu “System Settings”. If the password is correct, LCD will display “Save
Setting Now…”, and then exit this menu (returning to the displayed interface of the command
menu “System Settings”), with all modified setting items as modified values.

Note!

For different setting items, their displayed interfaces are different but their modification
methods are the same. The following is ditto.

9. If selecting the submenu “Logic Links”, and press “ENT” to enter. After selecting
different command menu, the LCD will display the following interface: (take “Function
Links” as an example)

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Function Links

1. Link_RmtChgSetting 1
2. Link_RmtCtrlLink 1

Press the “+” or “-” to modify the value, and then press the “ENT” to enter it. Move the cursor to
the setting item to be modified, press the “ENT” to enter.

Take the setting [Link_RmtCtrlLink] as an example is selected to modify, then press the “ENT” to
enter and the LCD will display the following interface. is shown the “+” or “-” to modify the value
and then press the “ENT” to confirm.

Link_RmtCtrlLink

Current Value 1

Modified Value 0

Min Value 0

Max Value 1

Note!

After modifying some important settings or system parameters of the device, the
“HEALTHY” LED indicator will be lit off, and the MON module will check the new settings.
If abnormality is detected during the setting check, corresponding alarm signals will be
issued. Moreover, if critical error is detected, the device will be blocked.

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9.4.7 Delete Device Records


The operation is as follows:

1. Exit the main menu;

2. Press the “+”, “-”, “+”, “-” and “ENT”; Press the “ESC” to exit this menu (returning to
the original state). Press the “ENT” to carry out the deletion.

Press <ENT> To Clear


Press <ESC> To Exit

Note!

The operation of deleting device message will delete all messages saved by this device,
including disturbance records, supervision events, binary events, but not including device
logs. Furthermore, the message is irrecoverable after deletion, so the application of the
function shall be cautious.

9.4.8 Modify Device Clock


The operation is as follows:

1. Press the “▲” to enter the main menu;

2. Press the “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor to the “Clock” menu, and then press the “ENT”
to enter clock display

3. Press the “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor to the date or time to be modified;

4. Press the “+” or “-” to modify value, and then press the “ENT” to save the modification
and return to the main menu;

5. Press the “ESC” to cancel the modification and return to the main menu.

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Clock

Year: 2012
Month: 12
Day: 25
Hour: 14
Minute: 26
Second: 54

9.4.9 View Module Information


The operation is as follows:

1. Press the “▲” to enter the main menu;

2. Press the “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor to the “Information” menu, and then press the
“ENT” or “►” to enter the menu;

3. Press the “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor to the command menu “Board Info”, and then
press the “ENT” to enter the menu;

4. Press the “▲” or “▼” to move the scroll bar;

5. Press the “ENT” or “ESC” to exit this menu (returning to the “Information” menu).

9.4.10 Check Software Version


The operation is as follows:

1. Press the “▲” to enter the main menu.

2. Press the “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor to the “Information” menu, and then press the
“ENT” to enter the submenu.

3. Press the key “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor to the command menu “Version Info”, and
then press the key “ENT” to display the software version.

4. Press the “ESC” to return to the main menu.

9.4.11 Communication Test


The operation is as follows:

1. Press the key “▲” to enter the main menu.

2. Press the key “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor to the “Test” menu, and then press the key
“ENT” or “►” to enter the menu.

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3. Press the key “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor to the submenu “Device Test”, and then
press the key “ENT” to enter the submenu and select test item. If “Disturb Events”,
“Superv Events” or “IO Events” is selected, two options “All Test” and “Select Test” are
provided.

4. Press the key “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor to select the corresponding command menu
“All Test” or “Select Test”. If “All Test” is selected, press the “ENT”, and the device will
successively carry out all operation element message test one by one.

5. If “Select Test” is selected, press the key “ENT”. Press the “+” or “-” to page up/down,
and then press the key “▲” or “▼” to move the scrollbar. Move the cursor to select the
corresponding item. Press the key “ENT” to execute the communication test of this item,
station control or control center will receive corresponding message.

Note!

If no input operation is carried out within 60s, the communication test will exit and return to
the “Select Test” menu automatically, at this moment, the LCD will display
“Communication Test Timeout and Exiting...”.

Press the key “ESC” to exit this menu (returning to the menu “Select Test”), at this moment, the
LCD will display “Communication Test Exiting…”.

9.4.12 Select Language


The operation is as follows:

1. Press the key “▲” to enter the main menu.

2. Press the key “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor to the command menu “Language”, and
then press the key “ENT” to enter the menu and the following display will be shown on
LCD.

Please Select Language:

1. 中文
2. English

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3. Press the key “▲” or “▼” to move the cursor to the language user preferred and press
the key “ENT” to execute language switching. After language switching is finished, LCD
will return to the menu “Language”, and the display language is changed. Otherwise,
press the key “ESC” to cancel language switching and return to the menu “Language”.

Note!

LCD interface provided in this chapter is only a reference and available for explaining
specific definition of LCD. The displayed interface of the actual device may be some
different from it, so you shall be subject to the actual device.

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10 Communication

Table of Contents
10 Communication........................................................................... 10-a
10.1 Overview ...................................................................................................... 10-1
10.2 Rear Communication Port Information ..................................................... 10-1
10.2.1 RS-485 Interface.............................................................................................................. 10-1

10.2.2 Ethernet Interface ............................................................................................................ 10-3

10.2.3 IEC60870-5-103 Communication .................................................................................... 10-4

10.3 IEC60870-5-103 Interface over Serial Port ................................................ 10-4


10.3.1 Physical Connection and Link Layer ............................................................................... 10-5

10.3.2 Initialization ...................................................................................................................... 10-5

10.3.3 Time Synchronization ...................................................................................................... 10-5

10.3.4 Spontaneous Events ........................................................................................................ 10-5

10.3.5 General Interrogation....................................................................................................... 10-5

10.3.6 General Service ............................................................................................................... 10-6

10.3.7 Disturbance Records ....................................................................................................... 10-6

10.4 Messages Description for IEC61850 Protocol .......................................... 10-6


10.4.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................... 10-6

10.4.2 Communication profiles ................................................................................................... 10-7

10.4.3 Server data organization ................................................................................................. 10-8

10.4.4 Server features and configuration ................................................................................... 10-9

10.4.5 ACSI Conformance .........................................................................................................10-11

10.4.6 Logical Nodes ................................................................................................................ 10-15

10.5 DNP3.0 Interface........................................................................................ 10-17


10.5.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................ 10-17

10.5.2 Link Layer Functions ..................................................................................................... 10-18

10.5.3 Transport Functions ....................................................................................................... 10-18

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10.5.4 Application Layer Functions .......................................................................................... 10-18

List of Figures
Figure 10.2-1 EIA RS-485 bus connection arrangements ..................................................... 10-2

Figure 10.2-2 Ethernet communication cable ........................................................................ 10-3

Figure 10.2-3 Ethernet communication structure .................................................................. 10-4

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10.1 Overview

This section outlines the remote communications interfaces of NR devices. The protective device
supports a choice of three protocols via the rear communication interface (RS-485 or Ethernet),
selected via the model number by setting. The protocol provided by the protective device is
indicated in the menu “Settings→Device Setup→Comm Settings”.

The rear EIA RS-485 interface is isolated and is suitable for permanent connection of whichever
protocol is selected. The advantage of this type of connection is that up to 32 protective devices
can be “daisy chained” together using a simple twisted pair electrical connection.

It should be noted that the descriptions contained within this section do not aim to fully detail the
protocol itself. The relevant documentation for the protocol should be referred to for this
information. This section serves to describe the specific implementation of the protocol in the
device.

10.2 Rear Communication Port Information

10.2.1 RS-485 Interface


This protective device provides two rear RS-485 communication ports, and each port has three
terminals in the 12-terminal screw connector located on the back of the device and each port has a
ground terminal for the earth shield of the communication cable. The rear ports provide RS-485
serial data communication and are intended for use with a permanently wired connection to a
remote control center.

10.2.1.1 EIA RS-485 Standardized Bus

The EIA RS-485 two-wire connection provides a half-duplex fully isolated serial connection to the
product. The connection is polarized and whilst the product’s connection diagrams indicate the
polarization of the connection terminals it should be borne in mind that there is no agreed
definition of which terminal is which. If the master is unable to communicate with the product, and
the communication parameters match, then it is possible that the two-wire connection is reversed.

10.2.1.2 Bus Termination

The EIA RS-485 bus must have 120Ω (Ohm) ½ Watt terminating resistors fitted at either end
across the signal wires (refer to Figure 10.2-1). Some devices may be able to provide the bus
terminating resistors by different connection or configuration arrangements, in which case
separate external components will not be required. However, this product does not provide such a
facility, so if it is located at the bus terminus then an external termination resistor will be required.

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10 Communication

EIA RS-485
Master 120 Ohm

120 Ohm

Slave Slave Slave

Figure 10.2-1 EIA RS-485 bus connection arrangements

10.2.1.3 Bus Connections & Topologies

The EIA RS-485 standard requires that each device is directly connected to the physical cable that
is the communications bus. Stubs and tees are expressly forbidden, such as star topologies. Loop
bus topologies are not part of the EIA RS-485 standard and are forbidden by it also.

Two-core screened cable is recommended. The specification of the cable will be dependent on the
application, although a multi-strand 0.5mm2 per core is normally adequate. Total cable length must
not exceed 500m. The screen must be continuous and connected to ground at one end, normally
at the master connection point; it is important to avoid circulating currents, especially when the
cable runs between buildings, for both safety and noise reasons.

This product does not provide a signal ground connection. If a signal ground connection is present
in the bus cable then it must be ignored, although it must have continuity for the benefit of other
devices connected to the bus. At no stage must the signal ground be connected to the cables
screen or to the product’s chassis. This is for both safety and noise reasons.

10.2.1.4 Biasing

It may also be necessary to bias the signal wires to prevent jabber. Jabber occurs when the signal
level has an indeterminate state because the bus is not being actively driven. This can occur when
all the slaves are in receive mode and the master is slow to turn from receive mode to transmit
mode. This may be because the master purposefully waits in receive mode, or even in a high
impedance state, until it has something to transmit. Jabber causes the receiving device(s) to miss
the first bits of the first character in the packet, which results in the slave rejecting the message
and consequentially not responding. Symptoms of these are poor response times (due to retries),
increasing message error counters, erratic communications, and even a complete failure to
communicate.

Biasing requires that the signal lines be weakly pulled to a defined voltage level of about 1V. There
should only be one bias point on the bus, which is best situated at the master connection point.
The DC source used for the bias must be clean; otherwise noise will be injected. Note that some
devices may (optionally) be able to provide the bus bias, in which case external components will
not be required.

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Note!

It is extremely important that the 120Ω termination resistors are fitted. Failure to do so will
result in an excessive bias voltage that may damage the devices connected to the bus.

As the field voltage is much higher than that required, NR cannot assume responsibility for
any damage that may occur to a device connected to the network as a result of incorrect
application of this voltage.

Ensure that the field voltage is not being used for other purposes (i.e. powering logic inputs)
as this may cause noise to be passed to the communication network.

10.2.2 Ethernet Interface


This protective device can provide four rear Ethernet interfaces (optional) and they are unattached
each other. Parameters of each Ethernet port can be configured in the menu “Settings→Device
Setup→Comm Settings”.

10.2.2.1 Ethernet Standardized Communication Cable

It is recommended to use twisted screened eight-core cable as the communication cable. A picture
is shown bellow.

Figure 10.2-2 Ethernet communication cable

10.2.2.2 Connections and Topologies

Each equipment is connected with an exchanger via communication cable, and thereby it forms a
star structure network. Dual-network is recommended in order to increase reliability. SCADA is
also connected to the exchanger and will play a role of master station, so the every equipment
which has been connected to the exchanger will play a role of slave unit.

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SCADA

Switch: Net A

Switch: Net B

……

Figure 10.2-3 Ethernet communication structure

10.2.3 IEC60870-5-103 Communication


The IEC specification IEC60870-5-103: Telecontrol Equipment and Systems, Part 5: Transmission
Protocols Section 103 defines the use of standards IEC60870-5-1 to IEC60870-5-5 to perform
communication with protective device. The standard configuration for the IEC60870-5-103
protocol is to use a twisted pair EIA RS-485 connection over distances up to 500m. It also supports
to use an Ethernet connection. The device operates as a slave in the system, responding to
commands from a master station.

To use the rear port with IEC60870-5-103 communication, the relevant settings to the protective
device must be configured.

10.3 IEC60870-5-103 Interface over Serial Port

The IEC60870-5-103 interface over serial port (RS-485) is a master/slave interface with the
protective device as the slave device. It is properly developed by NR.

The protective device conforms to compatibility level 3.

The following IEC60870-5-103 facilities are supported by this interface:

 Initialization (reset)

 Time synchronization

 Event record extraction

 General interrogation

 General commands

 Disturbance records

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10.3.1 Physical Connection and Link Layer


Two EIA RS-485 standardized ports are available for IEC60870-5-103 in this protective device.
The transmission speed is optional: 4800 bit/s, 9600 bit/s, 19200 bit/s or 38400 bit/s.

The link layer strictly abides by the rules defined in the IEC60870-5-103.

10.3.2 Initialization
Whenever the protective device has been powered up, or if the communication parameters have
been changed, a reset command is required to initialize the communications. The protective
device will respond to either of the two reset commands (Reset CU or Reset FCB), the difference
is that the Reset CU will clear any unsent messages in the transmit buffer.

The protective device will respond to the reset command with an identification message ASDU 5,
the COT (Cause Of Transmission) of this response will be either Reset CU or Reset FCB
depending on the nature of the reset command.

10.3.3 Time Synchronization


The protective device time and date can be set using the time synchronization feature of the
IEC60870-5-103 protocol. The protective device will correct for the transmission delay as specified
in IEC60870-5-103. If the time synchronization message is sent as a send/confirm message then
the protective device will respond with a confirmation. Whether the time-synchronization message
is sent as a send confirmation or a broadcast (send/no reply) message, a time synchronization
class 1 event will be generated/produced.

If the protective device clock is synchronized using the IRIG-B input then it will not be possible to
set the protective device time using the IEC60870-5-103 interface. An attempt to set the time via
the interface will cause the protective device to create an event with the current date and time
taken from the IRIG-B synchronized internal clock.

10.3.4 Spontaneous Events


Events are categorized using the following information:

 Type identification (TYP)

 Function type (FUN)

 Information number (INF)

Messages sent to substation automation system are grouped according to IEC60870-5-103


protocol. Operating elements are sent by ASDU2 (time-tagged message with relative time), and
status of binary signal and alarm element are sent by ASDU1 (time-tagged message). The cause
of transmission (COT) of these responses is 1.

All spontaneous events can be gained by printing, implementing submenu “IEC103 Info” in the
menu “Print”.

10.3.5 General Interrogation


The GI can be used to read the status of the device, the function numbers, and information

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numbers that will be returned during the GI cycle. The GI cycle strictly abides by the rules defined
in the IEC60870-5-103.

Refer the IEC60870-5-103 standard can get the enough details about general interrogation.

10.3.6 General Service


The generic functions can be used to read the setting and protection measurement of the
protective device, and modify the setting. Two supported type identifications are ASDU 21 and
ASDU 10. For more details about generic functions, see the IEC60870-5-103 standard.

All general classification service group numbers can be gained by printing, implementing submenu
“IEC103 Info” in the menu “Print”.

10.3.7 Disturbance Records


This protective device can store up to eight disturbance records in its memory. A pickup of the fault
detector or an operation of the device can make the protective device store the disturbance
records.

The disturbance records are stored in uncompressed format and can be extracted using the
standard mechanisms described in IEC60870-5-103.

All channel numbers (ACC) of disturbance data can be gained by printing, implementing submenu
“IEC103 Info” in the menu “Print”.

10.4 Messages Description for IEC61850 Protocol

10.4.1 Overview
The IEC 61850 standard is the result of years of work by electric utilities and vendors of electronic
equipment to produce standardized communications systems. IEC 61850 is a series of standards
describing client/server and peer-to-peer communications, substation design and configuration,
testing, environmental and project standards. The complete set includes:

 IEC 61850-1: Introduction and overview

 IEC 61850-2: Glossary

 IEC 61850-3: General requirements

 IEC 61850-4: System and project management

 IEC 61850-5: Communications and requirements for functions and device models

 IEC 61850-6: Configuration description language for communication in electrical substations


related to IEDs

 IEC 61850-7-1: Basic communication structure for substation and feeder equipment–
Principles and models

 IEC 61850-7-2: Basic communication structure for substation and feeder equipment - Abstract

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communication service interface (ACSI)

 IEC 61850-7-3: Basic communication structure for substation and feeder equipment–
Common data classes

 IEC 61850-7-4: Basic communication structure for substation and feeder equipment–
Compatible logical node classes and data classes

 IEC 61850-8-1: Specific Communication Service Mapping (SCSM) – Mappings to MMS (ISO
9506-1 and ISO 9506-2) and to ISO/IEC 8802-3

 IEC 61850-9-1: Specific Communication Service Mapping (SCSM) – Sampled values over
serial unidirectional multidrop point to point link

 IEC 61850-9-2: Specific Communication Service Mapping (SCSM) – Sampled values over
ISO/IEC 8802-3

 IEC 61850-10: Conformance testing

These documents can be obtained from the IEC (http://www.iec.ch). It is strongly recommended
that all those involved with any IEC 61850 implementation obtain this document set.

10.4.2 Communication profiles


The PCS-900 series device supports IEC 61850 server services over TCP/IP communication
protocol stacks. The TCP/IP profile requires the PCS-900 series to have an IP address to establish
communications. These addresses are located in the menu “Settings→Device Setup→Comm
Settings”.

1. MMS protocol

IEC 61850 specifies the use of the Manufacturing Message Specification (MMS) at the upper
(application) layer for transfer of real-time data. This protocol has been in existence for a number
of years and provides a set of services suitable for the transfer of data within a substation LAN
environment. IEC 61850-7-2 abstract services and objects are mapped to actual MMS protocol
services in IEC61850-8-1.

2. Client/server

This is a connection-oriented type of communication. The connection is initiated by the client, and
communication activity is controlled by the client. IEC61850 clients are often substation computers
running HMI programs or SOE logging software. Servers are usually substation equipment such
as protection devices, meters, RTUs, transformer, tap changers, or bay controllers.

3. Peer-to-peer

This is a non-connection-oriented, high speed type of communication usually between substation


equipment, such as protection devices, intelligent terminal. GOOSE is the method of peer-to-peer
communication.

4. Substation configuration language (SCL)

A substation configuration language is a number of files used to describe IED and communication

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system realized according to IEC 61850-5 and IEC 61850-7. Each configured device has an IED
Capability Description (ICD) file and a Configured IED Description (CID) file. The substation single
line information is stored in a System Specification Description (SSD) file. The entire substation
configuration is stored in a Substation Configuration Description (SCD) file. The SCD file is the
combination of the individual ICD files and the SSD file, moreover, add communication system
parameters (MMS, GOOSE, control block, SV control block) and the connection relationship of
GOOSE and SV to SCD file.

10.4.3 Server data organization


IEC61850 defines an object-oriented approach to data and services. An IEC61850 physical device
can contain one or more logical device(s) (for proxy). Each logical device can contain many logical
nodes. Each logical node can contain many data objects. Each data object is composed of data
attributes and data attribute components. Services are available at each level for performing
various functions, such as reading, writing, control commands, and reporting.

Each IED represents one IEC61850 physical device. The physical device contains one or more
logical device(s), and the logical device contains many logical nodes. The logical node LPHD
contains information about the IED physical device. The logical node LLN0 contains common
information about the IED logical device.

10.4.3.1 Digital status values

The GGIO logical node is available in the PCS-900 series devices to provide access to digital
status points (including general I/O inputs and warnings) and associated timestamps and quality
flags. The data content must be configured before the data can be used. GGIO provides digital
status points for access by clients. It is intended that clients use GGIO in order to access digital
status values from the PCS-900 series devices. Clients can utilize the IEC61850 buffered
reporting features available from GGIO in order to build sequence of events (SOE) logs and HMI
display screens. Buffered reporting should generally be used for SOE logs since the buffering
capability reduces the chances of missing data state changes. All needed status data objects are
transmitted to HMI clients via buffered reporting, and the corresponding buffered reporting control
block (BRCB) is defined in LLN0.

10.4.3.2 Analog values

Most of analog measured values are available through the MMXU logical nodes, and metering
values in MMTR, the else in MMXN, MSQI and so on. Each MMXU logical node provides data
from a IED current/voltage “source”. There is one MMXU available for each configurable source.
MMXU1 provides data from CT/VT source 1(usually for protection purpose), and MMXU2 provides
data from CT/VT source 2 (usually for monitor and display purpose). All these analog data objects
are transmitted to HMI clients via unbuffered reporting periodically, and the corresponding
unbuffered reporting control block (URCB) is defined in LLN0. MMXUx logical nodes provide the
following data for each source:

 MMXU.MX.Hz: frequency

 MMXU.MX.PPV.phsAB: phase AB voltage magnitude and angle

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 MMXU.MX.PPV.phsBC: phase BC voltage magnitude and angle

 MMXU.MX.PPV.phsCA: Phase CA voltage magnitude and angle

 MMXU.MX.PhV.phsA: phase AG voltage magnitude and angle

 MMXU.MX.PhV.phsB: phase BG voltage magnitude and angle

 MMXU.MX.PhV.phsC: phase CG voltage magnitude and angle

 MMXU.MX.A.phsA: phase A current magnitude and angle

 MMXU.MX.A.phsB: phase B current magnitude and angle

 MMXU.MX.A.phsC: phase C current magnitude and angle

10.4.3.3 LLN0 and other logical nodes

Logical node LLN0 is essential for an IEC61850 based IED. This LN shall be used to address
common issues for Logical Devices. Most of the public services, the common settings, control
values and some device oriented data objects are available here. The public services may be
BRCB, URCB and GSE control blocks and similar global defines for the whole device; the
common settings include all the setting items of communication settings. System settings and
some of the protection setting items, which can be configured to two or more protection elements
(logical nodes). In LLN0, the item Loc is a device control object, this Do item indicates the local
operation for complete logical device, when it is true, all the remote control commands to the IED
will be blocked and those commands make effective until the item Loc is changed to false. In
PCS-900 series devices, besides the logical nodes we describe above, there are some other
logical nodes below in the IEDs:

 MMXU: This LN shall be used to acquire values from CTs and VTs and calculate measurands
such as r.m.s. values for current and voltage or power flows out of the acquired voltage and
current samples. These values are normally used for operational purposes such as power
flow supervision and management, screen displays, state estimation, etc. The requested
accuracy for these functions has to be provided.

 LPHD: Physical device information, the logical node to model common issues for physical
device.

 RDRE: Disturbance recorder function. It triggers the fault wave recorder and its output refers
to the “IEEE Standard Format for Transient Data Exchange (COMTRADE) for Power System”
(IEC 60255-24). All enabled channels are included in the recording, independently of the
trigger mode.

10.4.4 Server features and configuration


10.4.4.1 Buffered/unbuffered reporting

IEC61850 buffered and unbuffered reporting control blocks locate in LLN0, they can be configured
to transmit information of protection trip information (in the Protection logical nodes), binary status
values (in GGIO) and analog measured/calculated values (in MMXU, MMTR and MSQI). The
reporting control blocks can be configured in CID files, and then be sent to the IED via an

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10 Communication

IEC61850 client. The following items can be configured.

 TrgOps: Trigger options.

The following bits are supported by the PCS-900 series devices:

- Bit 1: Data-change

- Bit 4: Integrity

- Bit 5: General interrogation

 OptFlds: Option Fields.

The following bits are supported by the PCS-900 series devices:

- Bit 1: Sequence-number

- Bit 2: Report-time-stamp

- Bit 3: Reason-for-inclusion

- Bit 4: Data-set-name

- Bit 5: Data-reference

- Bit 7: EntryID (for buffered reports only)

- Bit 8: Conf-revision

- Bit 9: Segmentation

 IntgPd: Integrity period.

10.4.4.2 File transfer

MMS file services are supported to allow transfer of oscillography, event record or other files from
a PCS-900 series device.

10.4.4.3 Timestamps

The Universal Time Coordinated(UTC for short) timestamp associated with all IEC61850 data
items represents the lastest change time of either the value or quality flags of the data item.

10.4.4.4 Logical node name prefixes

IEC61850 specifies that each logical node can have a name with a total length of 11 characters.
The name is composed of:

 A five or six-character name prefix.

 A four-character standard name (for example, MMXU, GGIO, PIOC, etc.).

 A one or two-character instantiation index.

Complete names are of the form xxxxxxPTOC1, where the xxxxxx character string is configurable.
Details regarding the logical node naming rules are given in IEC61850 parts 6 and 7-2. It is

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recommended that a consistent naming convention be used for an entire substation project.

10.4.4.5 GOOSE services

IEC61850 specifies the type of broadcast data transfer services: Generic Object Oriented
Substation Events (GOOSE). IEC61850 GOOSE services provide virtual LAN (VLAN) support,
Ethernet priority tagging, and Ether-type Application ID configuration. The support for VLANs and
priority tagging allows for the optimization of Ethernet network traffic. GOOSE messages can be
given a higher priority than standard Ethernet traffic, and they can be separated onto specific
VLANs. Devices that transmit GOOSE messages also function as servers. Each GOOSE
publisher contains a “GOOSE control block” to configure and control the transmission.

The GOOSE transmission (including subscribing and publishing) is controlled by GOOSE link
settings in device.

The PCS-900 series devices support IEC61850 Generic Object Oriented Substation Event
(GOOSE) communication. All GOOSE messages contain IEC61850 data collected into a dataset.
It is this dataset that is transferred using GOOSE message services. The GOOSE related dataset
is configured in the CID file and it is recommended that the fixed GOOSE be used for
implementations that require GOOSE data transfer between PCS-900 series devices.

IEC61850 GOOSE messaging contains a number of configurable parameters, all of which must be
correct to achieve the successful transfer of data. It is critical that the configured datasets at the
transmission and reception devices are an exact match in terms of data structure, and that the
GOOSE addresses and name strings match exactly.

10.4.5 ACSI Conformance


10.4.5.1 ACSI basic conformance statement

Services Client Server PCS-900 Series


Client-Server Roles
B11 Server side (of Two-party Application-Association) - C1 Y
B12 Client side (of Two-party Application-Association) C1 - N
SCSMS Supported
B21 SCSM: IEC 61850-8-1 used Y Y Y
B22 SCSM: IEC 61850-9-1 used N N N
B23 SCSM: IEC 61850-9-2 used Y N Y
B24 SCSM: other N N N
Generic Substation Event Model (GSE)
B31 Publisher side - O Y
B32 Subscriber side O - Y
Transmission Of Sampled Value Model (SVC)
B41 Publisher side - O N
B42 Subscriber side O - N

Where:

C1: Shall be "M" if support for LOGICAL-DEVICE model has been declared

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O: Optional

M: Mandatory

Y: Supported by PCS-900 series devices

N: Currently not supported by PCS-900 series devices

10.4.5.2 ACSI models conformance statement

Services Client Server PCS-900 Series


M1 Logical device C2 C2 Y
M2 Logical node C3 C3 Y
M3 Data C4 C4 Y
M4 Data set C5 C5 Y
M5 Substitution O O Y
M6 Setting group control O O Y
Reporting
M7 Buffered report control O O Y
M7-1 sequence-number Y Y Y
M7-2 report-time-stamp Y Y Y
M7-3 reason-for-inclusion Y Y Y
M7-4 data-set-name Y Y Y
M7-5 data-reference Y Y Y
M7-6 buffer-overflow Y Y N
M7-7 entryID Y Y Y
M7-8 BufTm N N N
M7-9 IntgPd Y Y Y
M7-10 GI Y Y Y
M8 Unbuffered report control M M Y
M8-1 sequence-number Y Y Y
M8-2 report-time-stamp Y Y Y
M8-3 reason-for-inclusion Y Y Y
M8-4 data-set-name Y Y Y
M8-5 data-reference Y Y Y
M8-6 BufTm N N N
M8-7 IntgPd N Y Y
Logging
M9 Log control O O N
M9-1 IntgPd N N N
M10 Log O O N
GSE
M12 GOOSE O O Y
M13 GSSE O O N
M14 Multicast SVC O O N

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M15 Unicast SVC O O N


M16 Time M M Y
M17 File transfer O O Y

Where:

C2: Shall be "M" if support for LOGICAL-NODE model has been declared

C3: Shall be "M" if support for DATA model has been declared

C4: Shall be "M" if support for DATA-SET, Substitution, Report, Log Control, or Time models has
been declared

C5: Shall be "M" if support for Report, GSE, or SMV models has been declared

M: Mandatory

Y: Supported by PCS-900 series devices

N: Currently not supported by PCS-900 series devices

10.4.5.3 ACSI Services conformance statement

Services Server/Publisher PCS-992


Server
S1 ServerDirectory M Y
Application association
S2 Associate M Y
S3 Abort M Y
S4 Release M Y
Logical device
S5 LogicalDeviceDirectory M Y
Logical node
S6 LogicalNodeDirectory M Y
S7 GetAllDataValues M Y
Data
S8 GetDataValues M Y
S9 SetDataValues M Y
S10 GetDataDirectory M Y
S11 GetDataDefinition M Y
Data set
S12 GetDataSetValues M Y
S13 SetDataSetValues O Y
S14 CreateDataSet O N
S15 DeleteDataSet O N
S16 GetDataSetDirectory M Y
Substitution
S17 SetDataValues M Y

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Setting group control


S18 SelectActiveSG M/O Y
S19 SelectEditSG M/O Y
S20 SetSGValuess M/O Y
S21 ConfirmEditSGValues M/O Y
S22 GetSGValues M/O Y
S23 GetSGCBValues M/O Y
Reporting
Buffered report control block
S24 Report M Y
S24-1 data-change M Y
S24-2 qchg-change M N
S24-3 data-update M N
S25 GetBRCBValues M Y
S26 SetBRCBValues M Y
Unbuffered report control block
S27 Report M Y
S27-1 data-change M Y
S27-2 qchg-change M N
S27-3 data-update M N
S28 GetURCBValues M Y
S29 SetURCBValues M Y
Logging
Log control block
S30 GetLCBValues O N
S31 SetLCBValues O N
Log
S32 QueryLogByTime O N
S33 QueryLogAfter O N
S34 GetLogStatusValues O N
Generic substation event model (GSE)
GOOSE control block
S35 SendGOOSEMessage M Y
S36 GetGoReference O Y
S37 GetGOOSEElementNumber O N
S38 GetGoCBValues M Y
S39 SetGoCBValuess M N
Control
S51 Select O N
S52 SelectWithValue M Y
S53 Cancel M Y
S54 Operate M Y

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S55 Command-Termination O Y
S56 TimeActivated-Operate O N
File transfer
S57 GetFile M/O Y
S58 SetFile O N
S59 DeleteFile O N
S60 GetFileAttributeValues M/O Y
Time
SNTP M Y

10.4.6 Logical Nodes


10.4.6.1 Logical Nodes Table

The PCS-992 series devices support IEC61850 logical nodes as indicated in the following table.
Note that the actual instantiation of each logical node is determined by the product order code.

Nodes PCS-992 Series


L: System Logical Nodes
LPHD: Physical device information YES
LLN0: Logical node zero YES
P: Logical Nodes For Protection Functions
PDIF: Differential -
PDIR: Direction comparison -
PDIS: Distance -
PDOP: Directional overpower -
PDUP: Directional underpower -
PFRC: Rate of change of frequency -
PHAR: Harmonic restraint -
PHIZ: Ground detector -
PIOC: Instantaneous overcurrent -
PMRI: Motor restart inhibition -
PMSS: Motor starting time supervision -
POPF: Over power factor -
PPAM: Phase angle measuring -
PSCH: Protection scheme -
PSDE: Sensitive directional earth fault -
PTEF: Transient earth fault -
PTOC: Time overcurrent -
PTOF: Overfrequency -
PTOV: Overvoltage -
PTRC: Protection trip conditioning -
PTTR: Thermal overload -
PTUC: Undercurrent -

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PTUV: Undervoltage -
PUPF: Underpower factor -
PTUF: Underfrequency -
PVOC: Voltage controlled time overcurrent YES
PVPH: Volts per Hz -
PZSU: Zero speed or underspeed -
R: Logical Nodes For Protection Related Functions
RDRE: Disturbance recorder function YES
RADR: Disturbance recorder channel analogue -
RBDR: Disturbance recorder channel binary -
RDRS: Disturbance record handling -
RBRF: Breaker failure -
RDIR: Directional element -
RFLO: Fault locator -
RPSB: Power swing detection/blocking -
RREC: Autoreclosing -
RSYN: Synchronism-check or synchronizing -
C: Logical Nodes For Control
CALH: Alarm handling -
CCGR: Cooling group control -
CILO: Interlocking -
CPOW: Point-on-wave switching -
CSWI: Switch controller -
G: Logical Nodes For Generic References
GAPC: Generic automatic process control YES
GGIO: Generic process I/O YES
GSAL: Generic security application -
I: Logical Nodes For Interfacing And Archiving
IARC: Archiving -
IHMI: Human machine interface -
ITCI: Telecontrol interface -
ITMI: Telemonitoring interface -
A: Logical Nodes For Automatic Control
ANCR: Neutral current regulator -
ARCO: Reactive power control -
ATCC: Automatic tap changer controller -
AVCO: Voltage control -
M: Logical Nodes For Metering And Measurement
MDIF: Differential measurements -
MHAI: Harmonics or interharmonics -
MHAN: Non phase related harmonics or interharmonic -
MMTR: Metering -

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MMXN: Non phase related measurement -


MMXU: Measurement YES
MSQI: Sequence and imbalance -
MSTA: Metering statistics -
S: Logical Nodes For Sensors And Monitoring
SARC: Monitoring and diagnostics for arcs -
SIMG: Insulation medium supervision (gas) -
SIML: Insulation medium supervision (liquid) -
SPDC: Monitoring and diagnostics for partial discharges -
X: Logical Nodes For Switchgear
TCTR: Current transformer -
TVTR: Voltage transformer -
Y: Logical Nodes For Power Transformers
YEFN: Earth fault neutralizer (Peterson coil) -
YLTC: Tap changer -
YPSH: Power shunt -
YPTR: Power transformer -
Z: Logical Nodes For Further Power System Equipment
ZAXN: Auxiliary network -
ZBAT: Battery -
ZBSH: Bushing -
ZCAB: Power cable -
ZCAP: Capacitor bank -
ZCON: Converter -
ZGEN: Generator -
ZGIL: Gas insulated line -
ZLIN: Power overhead line -
ZMOT: Motor -
ZREA: Reactor -
ZRRC: Rotating reactive component -
ZSAR: Surge arrestor -
ZTCF: Thyristor controlled frequency converter -
ZTRC: Thyristor controlled reactive component -

10.5 DNP3.0 Interface

10.5.1 Overview
The descriptions given here are intended to accompany this device. The DNP3.0 protocol is not
described here; please refer to the DNP3.0 protocol standard for the details about the DNP3.0
implementation. This manual only specifies which objects, variations and qualifiers are supported
in this device, and also specifies what data is available from this device via DNP3.0.

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The device operates as a DNP3.0 slave and supports subset level 2 of the protocol, plus some of
the features from level 3. The DNP3.0 communication uses the Ethernet ports at the rear side of
this device. The Ethernet ports are optional: electrical or optical.

10.5.2 Link Layer Functions


Please see the DNP3.0 protocol standard for the details about the linker layer functions.

10.5.3 Transport Functions


Please see the DNP3.0 protocol standard for the details about the transport functions.

10.5.4 Application Layer Functions


10.5.4.1 Time Synchronization

1. Time delay measurement

Master/Slave Function Code Object Variation Qualifier


Master 0x17 - - -
Slave 0x81 0x34 0x02 0x07

2. Read time of device

Master/Slave Function Code Object Variation Qualifier


Master 0x01 0x34 0x00, 0x01 0x07-
Slave 0x81 0x32 0x01 0x07

3. Write time of device

Master/Slave Function Code Object Variation Qualifier


Master 0x02 0x32 0x01 0x00, 0x01, 0x07, 0x08
Slave 0x81 - - -

10.5.4.2 Supported Writing Functions

1. Write time of device

See Section 10.5.4.1 for the details.

2. Reset the CU (Reset IIN bit7)

Master/Slave Function Code Object Variation Qualifier


Master 0x02 0x50 0x01 0x00, 0x01
Slave 0x81 - - -

10.5.4.3 Supported Reading Functions

1. Supported qualifiers

Master Qualifier 0x00 0x01 0x06 0x07 0x08


Slave Qualifier 0x00 0x01 0x01 0x07 0x08

2. Supported objects and variations

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 Object 1, Binary inputs

Master Variation 0x00 0x01 0x02


Slave Variation 0x02 0x01 0x02

The protection operation signals, alarm signals and binary input state change signals are
transported respectively according to the variation sequence in above table.

 Object 2, SOE

Master Variation 0x00 0x01 0x02 0x03


Slave Variation 0x02 0x01 0x02 0x03

If the master qualifier is “0x07”, the slave responsive qualifier is “0x27”; and if the master
qualifier is “0x01”, “0x06” or “0x08”, the slave responsive qualifier is “0x28”.

 Object 30, Analog inputs

Master Variation 0x00 0x01 0x02 0x03 0x04


Slave Variation 0x01 0x01 0x02 0x03 0x04

The measurement values are transported firstly, and then the measurement values are
transported.

 Object 40, Analog outputs

Master Variation 0x00 0x01 0x02


Slave Variation 0x01 0x01 0x02

The protection settings are transported in this object.

 Object 50, Time Synchronization

See Section 10.5.4.1 for the details.

3. Class 0 data request

The master adopts the “Object 60” for the Class 0 data request and the variation is “0x01”.

The slave responds with the above mentioned “Object 1”, “Object 30” and “Object 40” (see
“Supported objects and variations” in Section 10.5.4.3).

4. Class 1 data request

The master adopts the “Object 60” for the Class 1 data request and the variation is “0x02”.

The slave responds with the above mentioned “Object 2” (see “Supported objects and
variations” in Section 10.5.4.3).

5. Multiple object request

The master adopts the “Object 60” for the multiple object request and the variation is “0x01”,
“0x02”, “0x03” and “0x04”.

The slave responds with the above mentioned “Object 1”, “Object 2”, “Object 30” and “Object

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10 Communication

40” (see “Supported objects and variations” in Section 10.5.4.3).

10.5.4.4 Remote Control Functions

The function code 0x03 and 0x04 are supported in this device. The function code 0x03 is for the
remote control with selection; and the function code 0x04 is for the remote control with execution.

The selection operation must be executed before the execution operation, and the single point
control object can be supported to this device.

Master Qualifier 0x17 0x27 0x18 0x28


Slave Qualifier 0x17 0x27 0x18 0x28

The “Object 12” is for the remote control functions.

Master Variation 0x01 0x01: closing


Control Code
Slave Variation 0x01 0x10: tripping

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11 Installation

11 Installation

Table of Contents
11 Installation ................................................................................... 11-a
11.1 Overview ....................................................................................................... 11-1
11.2 Safety Information ........................................................................................ 11-1
11.3 Checking Shipment ...................................................................................... 11-2
11.4 Material and Tools Required........................................................................ 11-2
11.5 Device Location and Ambient Conditions.................................................. 11-2
11.6 Mechanical Installation ................................................................................ 11-3
11.7 Electrical Installation and Wiring ................................................................ 11-4
11.7.1 Grounding Guidelines .......................................................................................................11-4

11.7.2 Cubicle Grounding ............................................................................................................11-4

11.7.3 Ground Connection on the Device ...................................................................................11-5

11.7.4 Grounding Strips and their Installation ..............................................................................11-6

11.7.5 Guidelines for Wiring.........................................................................................................11-6

11.7.6 Wiring for Electrical Cables...............................................................................................11-7

List of Figures
Figure 11.6-1 Dimensions and panel cut-out of PCS-992 ..................................................... 11-3

Figure 11.6-2 Demonstration of plugging a board into its corresponding slot .................. 11-4

Figure 11.7-1 Cubicle grounding system ................................................................................ 11-5

Figure 11.7-2 Ground terminal of this device ......................................................................... 11-6

Figure 11.7-3 Ground strip and termination ........................................................................... 11-6

Figure 11.7-4 Glancing demo about the wiring for electrical cables ................................... 11-7

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11-b PCS-992 Stability Controller


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11 Installation

11.1 Overview
The device must be shipped, stored and installed with the greatest care.

Choose the place of installation such that the communication interface and the controls on the
front of the device are easily accessible.

Air must circulate freely around the equipment. Observe all the requirements regarding place of
installation and ambient conditions given in this instruction manual.

Take care that the external wiring is properly brought into the equipment and terminated correctly
and pay special attention to grounding. Strictly observe the corresponding guidelines contained in
this section.

11.2 Safety Information


Modules and units may only be replaced by correspondingly trained personnel. Always observe
the basic precautions to avoid damage due to electrostatic discharge when handling the
equipment.

In certain cases, the settings have to be configured according to the demands of the engineering
configuration after replacement. It is therefore assumed that the personnel who replace modules
and units are familiar with the use of the operator program on the service PC.

DANGER!

Only insert or withdraw the PWR module while the power supply is switched off. To this end,
disconnect the power supply cable that connects with the PWR module.

WARNING!

Only insert or withdraw other modules while the power supply is switched off.

WARNING!

The modules may only be inserted in the slots designated in Section 7.2. Components can
be damaged or destroyed by inserting boards in the wrong slots.

DANGER!

Improper handling of the equipment can cause damage or an incorrect response of the
equipment itself or the primary plant.

WARNING!

Industry packs and ribbon cables may only be replaced or the positions of jumpers be
changed on a workbench appropriately designed for working on electronic equipment. The

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11 Installation

modules, bus backplanes are sensitive to electrostatic discharge when not in the unit's
housing.

The basic precautions to guard against electrostatic discharge are as follows:

 Should boards have to be removed from this device installed in a grounded cubicle in an HV
switchgear installation, please discharge yourself by touching station ground (the cubicle)
beforehand.

 Only hold electronic boards at the edges, taking care not to touch the components.

 Only works on boards that have been removed from the cubicle on a workbench designed for
electronic equipment and wear a grounded wristband. Do not wear a grounded wristband,
however, while inserting or withdrawing units.

 Always store and ship the electronic boards in their original packing. Place electronic parts in
electrostatic screened packing materials.

11.3 Checking Shipment


Check that the consignment is complete immediately upon receipt. Notify the nearest NR
Company or agent, should departures from the delivery note, the shipping papers or the order be
found.

Visually inspect all the material when unpacking it. When there is evidence of transport damage,
lodge a claim immediately in writing with the last carrier and notify the nearest NR Company or
agent.

If the equipment is not going to be installed immediately, store all the parts in their original packing
in a clean dry place at a moderate temperature. The humidity at a maximum temperature and the
permissible storage temperature range in dry air are listed in Chapter “Technical Data”.

11.4 Material and Tools Required


The necessary mounting kits will be provided, including screws, pincers and assembly
instructions.

A suitable drill and spanners are required to secure the cubicles to the floor using the plugs
provided (if this device is mounted in cubicles).

11.5 Device Location and Ambient Conditions


The place of installation should permit easy access especially to front of the device, i.e. to the
human machine interface of the equipment.

There should also be free access at the rear of the equipment for additions and replacement of
electronic boards.

Since every piece of technical equipment can be damaged or destroyed by inadmissible ambient
conditions, such as:

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1. The location should not be exposed to excessive air pollution (dust, aggressive substances).

2. Severe vibration, extreme changes of temperature, surge voltages of high amplitude and
short rise time, high levels of humidity and strong induced magnetic fields should be avoided
as far as possible.

3. Air must not be allowed to circulate freely around the equipment.

The equipment can in principle be mounted in any attitude, but it is normally mounted vertically
(visibility of markings).

WARNING!

Excessively high temperature can appreciably reduce the operating life of this device.

11.6 Mechanical Installation


The device adopts IEC standard chassis and is rack with modular structure. It uses an integral
faceplate and plug terminal block on backboard for external connections. PCS-992 series is IEC
4U high, and Figure 11.6-1 shows its dimensions and panel cut-out.

482.6 (290)
465
101.6

177

465±0.2
+0.4
451 -0

4-Ø6.8
101.6±0.1

+0.4
179 -0

Figure 11.6-1 Dimensions and panel cut-out of PCS-992

Note!

It is necessary to leave enough space top and bottom of the cut-out in the cubicle for heat
emission of this device.

The safety instructions must be abided by when installing the boards, please see Section 11.2 for
the details.

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11 Installation

Following figure shows the installation way of a module being plugged into a corresponding slot.

Figure 11.6-2 Demonstration of plugging a board into its corresponding slot

In the case of equipment supplied in cubicles, place the cubicles on the foundations that have
been prepared. Take care while doing so not to jam or otherwise damage any of the cables that
have already been installed. Secure the cubicles to the foundations.

11.7 Electrical Installation and Wiring


11.7.1 Grounding Guidelines
Switching operations in HV installations generate transient over voltages on control signal cables.
There is also a background of electromagnetic RF fields in electrical installations that can induce
spurious currents in the devices themselves or the leads connected to them.

All these influences can influence the operation of electronic apparatus.

On the other hand, electronic apparatus can transmit interference that can disrupt the operation of
other apparatus.

In order to minimize these influences as far as possible, certain standards have to be observed
with respect to grounding, wiring and screening.

Note!

All these precautions can only be effective if the station ground is of good quality.

11.7.2 Cubicle Grounding


The cubicle must be designed and fitted out such that the impedance for RF interference of the
ground path from the electronic device to the cubicle ground terminal is as low as possible.

Metal accessories such as side plates, blanking plates etc., must be effectively connected
surface-to-surface to the grounded frame to ensure a low-impedance path to ground for RF
interference. The contact surfaces must not only conduct well, they must also be non-corroding.

Note!

If the above conditions are not fulfilled, there is a possibility of the cubicle or parts of it

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11 Installation

forming a resonant circuit at certain frequencies that would amplify the transmission of
interference by the devices installed and also reduce their immunity to induced interference.

Movable parts of the cubicle such as doors (front and back) or hinged equipment frames must be
effectively grounded to the frame by three braided copper strips (see Figure 11.7-1).

The metal parts of the cubicle housing and the ground rail are interconnected electrically
conducting and corrosion proof. The contact surfaces shall be as large as possible.

Note!

For metallic connections please observe the voltage difference of both materials according
to the electrochemical code.

The cubicle ground rail must be effectively connected to the station ground rail by a grounding strip
(braided copper).

Door or hinged
equipment frame

Cubicle ground
rail close to floor

Braided
copper strip
Station
ground

Conducting
connection

Figure 11.7-1 Cubicle grounding system

11.7.3 Ground Connection on the Device


There is a ground terminal on the rear panel, and the ground braided copper strip can be
connected with it. Take care that the grounding strip is always as short as possible. The main thing
is that the device is only grounded at one point. Grounding loops from unit to unit are not allowed.

There are some ground terminals on some connectors of this device, and the sign is “GND”. All the
ground terminals are connected in the cabinet of this device. So, the ground terminal on the rear
panel (see Figure 11.7-2) is the only ground terminal of this device.

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11 Installation

Figure 11.7-2 Ground terminal of this device

11.7.4 Grounding Strips and their Installation


High frequency currents are produced by interference in the ground connections and because of
skin effect at these frequencies, only the surface region of the grounding strips is of consequence.

The grounding strips must therefore be of (preferably tinned) braided copper and not round copper
conductors, as the cross-section of round copper would have to be too large.

Proper terminations must be fitted to both ends (press/pinch fit and tinned) with a hole for bolting
them firmly to the items to be connected.

The surfaces to which the grounding strips are bolted must be electrically conducting and
non-corroding.

The following figure shows the ground strip and termination.

Press/pinch fit
cable terminal

Braided
copper strip Terminal bolt

Contact surface

Figure 11.7-3 Ground strip and termination

11.7.5 Guidelines for Wiring


There are several types of cables that are used in the connection of this device: braided copper
cable, serial communication cable etc. Recommendation of each cable:

 Grounding: braided copper cable, 2.5mm2 ~ 6.0mm2

 Power supply, binary inputs & outputs: brained copper cable, 1.0mm2 ~ 2.5mm2

 AC voltage inputs: brained copper cable, 1.0mm2 ~ 2.5mm2

 AC current inputs: brained copper cable, 1.5mm2 ~ 4.0mm2

 Serial communication: 4-core shielded braided cable

 Ethernet communication: 4-pair screened twisted category 5E cable

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11 Installation

11.7.6 Wiring for Electrical Cables


A female connector is used for connecting the wires with it, and then a female connector plugs into
a corresponding male connector that is in the front of one board. See Chapter “Hardware” for
further details about the pin defines of these connectors.

The following figure shows the glancing demo about the wiring for the electrical cables.

01 02

03 04

Tighten 05 06

07 08

09 10

11 12
01

13 14

15 16

17 18

19 20

21 22

23 24

Figure 11.7-4 Glancing demo about the wiring for electrical cables

DANGER!

Never allow the current transformer (CT) secondary circuit connected to this equipment to
be opened while the primary system is live. Opening the CT circuit will produce a
dangerously high voltage.

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11 Installation

11-8 PCS-992 Stability Controller


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12 Commissioning

12 Commissioning

Table of Contents
12 Commissioning ........................................................................... 12-a
12.1 Overview ...................................................................................................... 12-1
12.2 Safety Instructions ...................................................................................... 12-1
12.3 Commission Tools ...................................................................................... 12-2
12.4 Setting Familiarization ................................................................................ 12-2
12.5 Product Checks ........................................................................................... 12-3
12.5.1 With the Device De-energized......................................................................................... 12-3

12.5.2 With the Device Energized .............................................................................................. 12-5

12.5.3 Print Fault Report............................................................................................................. 12-8

12.5.4 On-load Checks ............................................................................................................... 12-8

12.6 Final Checks ................................................................................................ 12-9

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12.1 Overview
This device is fully numerical in their design, implementing all protection and non-protection
functions in software. The device employs a high degree of self-checking and in the unlikely event
of a failure, will give an alarm. As a result of this, the commissioning test does not need to be as
extensive as with non-numeric electronic or electro-mechanical devices.

To commission numerical devices, it is only necessary to verify that the hardware is functioning
correctly and the application-specific software settings have been applied to the device.

Blank commissioning test and setting records are provided at the end of this manual for
completion as required.

Before carrying out any work on the equipment, the user should be familiar with the contents of the
safety and technical data sections and the ratings on the equipment’s rating label.

12.2 Safety Instructions

WARNING!

Hazardous voltages are present in this electrical equipment during operation.


Non-observance of the safety rules can result in severe personal injury or property damage.

WARNING!

Only the qualified personnel shall work on and around this equipment after becoming
thoroughly familiar with all warnings and safety notices of this manual as well as with the
applicable safety regulations.

Particular attention must be drawn to the following:

 The earthing screw of the device must be connected solidly to the protective earth conductor
before any other electrical connection is made.

 Hazardous voltages can be present on all circuits and components connected to the supply
voltage or to the measuring and test quantities.

 Hazardous voltages can be present in the device even after disconnection of the supply
voltage (storage capacitors!)

 The limit values stated in the Chapter “Technical Data” must not be exceeded at all, not even
during testing and commissioning.

 When testing the device with secondary test equipment, make sure that no other
measurement quantities are connected. Take also into consideration that the trip circuits and
maybe also close commands to the circuit breakers and other primary switches are
disconnected from the device unless expressly stated.

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12 Commissioning

DANGER!

Current transformer secondary circuits must have been short-circuited before the current
leads to the device are disconnected.

WARNING!

Primary test may only be carried out by qualified personnel, who are familiar with the
commissioning of protection system, the operation of the plant and safety rules and
regulations (switching, earthing, etc.).

12.3 Commission Tools


Minimum equipment required:

 Multifunctional dynamic current and voltage injection test set with interval timer.

 Multimeter with suitable AC current range and AC/DC voltage ranges of 0~440V and 0~250V
respectively.

 Continuity tester (if not included in the multimeter).

 Phase angle meter.

 Phase rotation meter.

Note!

Modern test set may contain many of the above features in one unit.

Optional equipment:

 An electronic or brushless insulation tester with a DC output not exceeding 500V (for
insulation resistance test when required).

 A portable PC, with appropriate software (this enables the rear communications port to be
tested, if this is to be used, and will also save considerable time during commissioning).

 EIA RS-485 to EIA RS-232 converter (if EIA RS-485 IEC60870-5-103 port is being tested).

 PCS-900 serials dedicated protection tester HELP-9000.

12.4 Setting Familiarization


When commissioning this device for the first time, sufficient time should be allowed to become
familiar with the method by which the settings are applied. A detailed description of the menu
structure of this device is contained in Chapter “Operation Theory” and Chapter “Settings”.

With the front cover in place all keys are accessible. All menu cells can be read. The LED
indicators and alarms can be reset. Protection or configuration settings can be changed, or fault

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12 Commissioning

and event records cleared. However, menu cells will require the appropriate password to be
entered before changes can be made.

Alternatively, if a portable PC is available together with suitable setting software (such as


PCS-9700 SAS software), the menu can be viewed one page at a time to display a full column of
data and text. This PC software also allows settings to be entered more easily, saved to a file on
disk for future reference or printed to produce a setting record. Refer to the PC software user
manual for details. If the software is being used for the first time, allow sufficient time to become
familiar with its operation.

12.5 Product Checks

These product checks cover all aspects of the device which should be checked to ensure that it
has not been physically damaged prior to commissioning, is functioning correctly and all input
quantity measurements are within the stated tolerances.

If the application-specific settings have been applied to the device prior to commissioning, it is
advisable to make a copy of the settings so as to allow them restoration later. This could be done
by extracting the settings from the device itself via printer or manually creating a setting record.

12.5.1 With the Device De-energized


This device is fully numerical and the hardware is continuously monitored. Commissioning tests
can be kept to a minimum and need only include hardware tests and conjunctive tests. The
function tests are carried out according to user’s correlative regulations.

The following tests are necessary to ensure the normal operation of the equipment before it is first
put into service.

 Hardware tests

These tests are performed for the following hardware to ensure that there is no hardware
defect. Defects of hardware circuits other than the following can be detected by
self-monitoring when the DC power is supplied.

 User interfaces test

 Binary input circuits and output circuits test

 AC input circuits test

 Function tests

These tests are performed for the following functions that are fully software-based. Tests of
the protection schemes and fault locator require a dynamic test set.

 Measuring elements test

 Timers test

 Measurement and recording test

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12 Commissioning

 Conjunctive tests

The tests are performed after the device is connected with the primary equipment and other
external equipment.

 On load test.

 Phase sequence check and polarity check.

12.5.1.1 Visual Inspection

After unpacking the product, check for any damage to the device case. If there is any damage, the
internal module might also have been affected, contact the vendor. The following items listed is
necessary.

 Protection panel

Carefully examine the protection panel, protection equipment inside and other parts inside to
see that no physical damage has occurred since installation.

The rated information of other auxiliary protections should be checked to ensure it is correct
for the particular installation.

 Panel wiring

Check the conducting wire which is used in the panel to assure that their cross section
meeting the requirement.

Carefully examine the wiring to see that they are no connection failure exists.

 Label

Check all the isolator binary inputs, terminal blocks, indicators, switches and push buttons to
make sure that their labels meet the requirements of this project.

 Device plug-in modules

Check each plug-in module of the equipments on the panel to make sure that they are well
installed into the equipment without any screw loosened.

 Earthing cable

Check whether the earthing cable from the panel terminal block is safely screwed to the panel
steel sheet.

 Switch, keypad, isolator binary inputs and push button

Check whether all the switches, equipment keypad, isolator binary inputs and push buttons
work normally and smoothly.

12.5.1.2 Insulation Test (if required)

Insulation resistance tests are only necessary during commissioning if it is required for them to be
done and they have not been performed during installation.

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12 Commissioning

Isolate all wiring from the earth and test the isolation with an electronic or brushless insulation
tester at a DC voltage not exceeding 500V, The circuits need to be tested should include:

 Voltage transformer circuits

 Current transformer circuits

 DC power supply

 Optic-isolated control inputs

 Output contacts

 Communication ports

The insulation resistance should be greater than 100MΩ at 500V.

Test method:

To unplug all the terminals sockets of this device, and do the Insulation resistance test for each
circuit above with an electronic or brushless insulation tester.

On completion of the insulation resistance tests, ensure all external wiring is correctly reconnected
to the protection.

12.5.1.3 External Wiring

Check that the external wiring is correct to the relevant device diagram and scheme diagram.
Ensure as far as practical that phasing/phase rotation appears to be as expected.

Check the wiring against the schematic diagram for the installation to ensure compliance with the
customer’s normal practice.

12.5.1.4 Auxiliary Power Supply

The device only can be operated under the auxiliary power supply depending on the device’s
nominal power supply rating.

The incoming voltage must be within the operating range specified in Chapter “Technical Data”,
before energizing the device, measure the auxiliary supply to ensure it within the operating range.

Other requirements to the auxiliary power supply are specified in Chapter “Technical Data”. See
this section for further details about the parameters of the power supply.

WARNING!

Energize this device only if the power supply is within the specified operating ranges in
Chapter “Technical Data”.

12.5.2 With the Device Energized


The following groups of checks verify that the device hardware and software is functioning
correctly and should be carried out with the auxiliary supply applied to the device.

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12 Commissioning

The current and voltage transformer connections must remain isolated from the device for these
checks. The trip circuit should also remain isolated to prevent accidental operation of the
associated circuit breaker.

12.5.2.1 Front Panel LCD Display

Connect the device to DC power supply correctly and turn the device on. Check program version
and forming time displayed in command menu to ensure that are corresponding to what ordered.

12.5.2.2 Date and Time

If the time and date is not being maintained by substation automation system, the date and time
should be set manually.

Set the date and time to the correct local time and date using menu item “Clock”.

In the event of the auxiliary supply failing, with a battery fitted on CPU board, the time and date will
be maintained. Therefore when the auxiliary supply is restored the time and date will be correct
and not need to set again.

To test this, remove the auxiliary supply from the device for approximately 30s. After being
re-energized, the time and date should be correct.

12.5.2.3 Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs)

On power up, the green LED “HEALTHY” should have illuminated and stayed on indicating that
the device is healthy.

The device has latched signal devices which remember the state of the trip, auto-reclose when the
device was last energized from an auxiliary supply. Therefore these indicators may also illuminate
when the auxiliary supply is applied. If any of these LEDs are on then they should be reset before
proceeding with further testing. If the LED successfully reset, the LED goes out. There is no testing
required for that that LED because it is known to be operational.

It is likely that alarms related to voltage transformer supervision will not reset at this stage.

12.5.2.4 Testing HEALTHY and ALARM LEDs

Apply the rated DC power supply and check that the “HEALTHY” LED is lighting in green. We
need to emphasize that the “HEALTHY” LED is always lighting in operation course except that the
equipment find serious errors in it.

Produce one of the abnormal conditions listed in Chapter “Supervision”, the “ALARM” LED will
light in yellow. When abnormal condition reset, the “ALARM” LED extinguishes.

12.5.2.5 Testing AC Current Inputs

This test verified that the accuracy of current measurement is within the acceptable tolerances.

Apply rated current to each current transformer input in turn; checking its magnitude using a
multimeter/test set readout. The corresponding reading can then be checked in the devices menu.

The measurement accuracy of the protection is 2.5% or 0.02In. However, an additional allowance

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12 Commissioning

must be made for the accuracy of the test equipment being used.

Note!

The closing circuit should remain isolated during these checks to prevent accidental
operation of the associated circuit breaker.

Group No. Item Input Value Input Angle Display Value Display Angle

Ia

Three-phase current 1 Ib

Ic

Ia

Three-phase current 2 Ib

Ic

Ia

Three-phase current 3 Ib

Ic

Ia

Three-phase current …… Ib

Ic

12.5.2.6 Testing AC Voltage Inputs

This test verified that the accuracy of voltage measurement is within the acceptable tolerances.

Apply rated voltage to each voltage transformer input in turn; checking its magnitude using a
multimeter/test set readout. The corresponding reading can then be checked in the devices menu.

The measurement accuracy of the device is 2.5% or 0.1V. However an additional allowance must
be made for the accuracy of the test equipment being used.

Note!

The closing circuit should remain isolated during these checks to prevent accidental
operation of the associated circuit breaker.

Group No. Item Input Value Input Angle Display Value Display Angle
Ua
Three-phase voltage 1 Ub
Uc
Ua
Three-phase voltage 2 Ub
Uc
Three-phase voltage 3 Ua

PCS-992 Stability Controller 12-7


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12 Commissioning

Group No. Item Input Value Input Angle Display Value Display Angle
Ub
Uc
Ua
Three-phase voltage…… Ub
Uc

12.5.2.7 Testing Binary Inputs

This test checks that all the binary inputs on the equipment are functioning correctly.

The binary inputs should be energized one at a time, see external connection diagrams for
terminal numbers.

Ensure that the voltage applied on the binary input must be within the operating range.

The status of each binary input can be viewed using device menu. Sign “1” denotes an energized
input and sign “0” denotes a de-energized input.

Terminal No. Signal Name BI Status on LCD Correct?

12.5.3 Print Fault Report


In order to acquire the details of protection operation, it is convenient to print the fault report of
protection device. The printing work can be easily finished when operator presses the print button
on panel of protection device to energize binary input [BI_Print] or operate control menu. What
should be noticed is that only the latest fault report can be printed if operator presses the print
button. A complete fault report includes the content shown as follows.

1) Trip event report

2) Binary input when protection devices start

3) Self-check and the transition of binary input in the process of devices start

4) Fault wave forms compatible with COMTRADE

5) The setting value when the protection device trips

12.5.4 On-load Checks


The objectives of the on-load checks are:

 Confirm the external wiring to the current and voltage inputs is correct.

 Measure the magnitude of on-load current and voltage (if applicable).

 Check the polarity of each current transformer.

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12 Commissioning

However, these checks can only be carried out if there are no restrictions preventing the
tenderization of the plant being protected.

Remove all test leads, temporary shorting leads, etc. and replace any external wiring that has
been removed to allow testing.

If it has been necessary to disconnect any of the external wiring from the protection in order to
perform any of the foregoing tests, it should be ensured that all connections are replaced in
accordance with the relevant external connection or scheme diagram. Confirm current and voltage
transformer wiring.

12.6 Final Checks

After the above tests are completed, remove all test or temporary shorting leads, etc. If it has been
necessary to disconnect any of the external wiring from the protection in order to perform the
wiring verification tests, it should be ensured that all connections are replaced in accordance with
the relevant external connection or scheme diagram.

Ensure that the protection has been restored to service.

If the protection is in a new installation or the circuit breaker has just been maintained, the circuit
breaker maintenance and current counters should be zero. If a test block is installed, remove the
test plug and replace the cover so that the protection is put into service.

Ensure that all event records, fault records, disturbance records and alarms have been cleared
and LED’s has been reset before leaving the protection.

PCS-992 Stability Controller 12-9


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12 Commissioning

12-10 PCS-992 Stability Controller


Date: 2013-07-28
13 Maintenance

13 Maintenance

Table of Contents
13 Maintenance ................................................................................ 13-a
13.1 Appearance Check ...................................................................................... 13-1
13.2 Failure Tracing And Repair ......................................................................... 13-1
13.3 Replace Failed Modules ............................................................................. 13-1
13.4 Cleaning ....................................................................................................... 13-3
13.5 Storage ......................................................................................................... 13-3

PCS-992 Stability Controller 13-a


Date: 2013-07-28
13 Maintenance

13-b PCS-992 Stability Controller


Date: 2013-07-28
13 Maintenance

NR numerical device PCS-992 is designed to require no special maintenance. All measurement


and signal processing circuit are fully solid state. All input modules are also fully solid state. The
output devices are hermetically sealed.

Since the device is almost completely self-monitored, from the measuring inputs to the output
devices, hardware and software defects are automatically detected and reported. The
self-monitoring ensures the high availability of the device and generally allows for a corrective
rather than preventive maintenance strategy. Therefore, maintenance checks in short intervals are
not required.

Operation of the device is automatically blocked when a hardware failure is detected. If a problem
is detected in the external measuring circuits, the device normally only provides alarm messages.

13.1 Appearance Check


1. The device case should be clean without any dust stratification. Case cover should be sealed
well. No component has any mechanical damage and distortion, and they should be firmly fixed in
the case. Device terminals should be in good condition. The keys on the front panel with very good
feeling can be operated flexibly.

2. It is only allowed to plug or withdraw device board when the supply is reliably switched off.
Never allow the CT secondary circuit connected to this equipment to be opened while the primary
system is live when withdrawing an AC module. Never try to insert or withdraw the device board
when it is unnecessary.

3. Check weld spots on PCB whether they are well soldered without any rosin joint. All dual
inline components must be well plugged.

13.2 Failure Tracing And Repair


Failures will be detected by automatic supervision or regular testing.

When a failure is detected by supervision, a remote alarm is issued and the failure is indicated on
the front panel with LED indicators and LCD display. It is also recorded in the event record.
Failures detected by supervision are traced by checking the “Superv Events” screen on the LCD.

When a failure is detected during regular testing, confirm the following:

 Test circuit connections are correct

 Modules are securely inserted in position

 Correct DC power voltage is applied

 Correct AC inputs are applied

 Test procedures comply with those stated in the manual

13.3 Replace Failed Modules


If the failure is identified to be in the device module and the user has spare modules, the user can

PCS-992 Stability Controller 13-1


Date: 2013-07-28
13 Maintenance

recover the protection by replacing the failed modules.

Repair at the site should be limited to module replacement. Maintenance at the component level is
not recommended.

Check that the replacement module has an identical module name (AI, PWR, CPU, SIG, BI, BO,
etc.) and hardware type-form as the removed module. Furthermore, the CPU module replaced
should have the same software version. In addition, the AI and PWR module replaced should have
the same ratings.

The module name is indicated on the top front of the module. The software version is indicated in
LCD menu “Version Info”.

Caution!

When handling a module, take anti-static measures such as wearing an earthed wrist band
and placing modules on an earthed conductive mat. Otherwise, many of the electronic
components could suffer damage. After replacing the CPU module, check the settings.

1) Replacing a module

 Switch off the DC power supply

 Disconnect the trip outputs

 Short circuit all AC current inputs and disconnect all AC voltage inputs

 Unscrew the module.

Warning!

Hazardous voltage can be present in the DC circuit just after switching off the DC power
supply. It takes approximately 30 seconds for the voltage to discharge.

2) Replacing the Human Machine Interface Module (front panel)

 Open the device front panel

 Unplug the ribbon cable on the front panel by pushing the catch outside.

 Detach the HMI module from the device

 Attach the replacement module in the reverse procedure.

3) Replacing the AI, PWR, CPU, BI or BO module

 Unscrew the module connector

 Unplug the connector from the target module.

 Unscrew the module.

 Pull out the module

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Date: 2013-07-28
13 Maintenance

 Inset the replacement module in the reverser procedure.

 After replacing the CPU module, input the application-specific setting values again.

Warning!

Units and modules may only be replaced while the supply is switched off and only by
appropriately trained and qualified personnel. Strictly observe the basic precautions to
guard against electrostatic discharge.

Warning!

When handling a module, take anti-static measures such as wearing an earthed wrist band
and placing modules on an earthed conductive mat. Otherwise, many of the electronic
components could suffer damage. After replacing the CPU module, check the settings.

Danger!

After replacing modules, be sure to check that the same configuration is set as before the
replacement. If this is not the case, there is a danger of the unintended operation of
switchgear taking place or of protections not functioning correctly. Persons may also be
put in danger.

13.4 Cleaning
Before cleaning the device, ensure that all AC/DC supplies, current transformer connections are
isolated to prevent any chance of an electric shock whilst cleaning. Use a smooth cloth to clean
the front panel. Do not use abrasive material or detergent chemicals.

13.5 Storage
The spare device or module should be stored in a dry and clean room. Based on IEC standard
60255-1 the storage temperature should be from -40oC to +70oC, but the temperature of from 0oC
to +40oC is recommended for long-term storage.

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13 Maintenance

13-4 PCS-992 Stability Controller


Date: 2013-07-28
14 Decommissioning and Disposal

14 Decommissioning and Disposal

Table of Contents
14 Decommissioning and Disposal ................................................ 14-a
14.1 Decommissioning ....................................................................................... 14-1
14.2 Disposal ....................................................................................................... 14-1

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14 Decommissioning and Disposal

14-b PCS-992 Stability Controller


Date: 2013-07-28
14 Decommissioning and Disposal

14.1 Decommissioning
1. Switching off

To switch off the PCS-992, switch off the external miniature circuit breaker of the power supply.

2. Disconnecting Cables

Disconnect the cables in accordance with the rules and recommendations made by relational
department.

Danger!

Before disconnecting the power supply cables that connected with the PWR module of the
PCS-992, make sure that the external miniature circuit breaker of the power supply is
switched off.

Danger!

Before disconnecting the cables that are used to connect analog input module with the
primary CTs and VTs, make sure that the circuit breaker for the primary CTs and VTs is
switched off.

3. Dismantling

The PCS-992 rack may now be removed from the system cubicle, after which the cubicles may
also be removed.

Danger!

When the station is in operation, make sure that there is an adequate safety distance to
live parts, especially as dismantling is often performed by unskilled personnel.

14.2 Disposal
In every country there are companies specialized in the proper disposal of electronic waste.

Note!

Strictly observe all local and national regulations when disposing of the device.

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Date: 2013-07-28
14 Decommissioning and Disposal

14-2 PCS-992 Stability Controller


Date: 2013-07-28
15 Manual Version History

15 Manual Version History


In the latest version of the instruction manual, several descriptions on existing features have been
modified.

Manual version and modification history records

Manual
Version Software Version Date Description of change
Source New
PCS-992M R1.10
R1.00 2013-07-28 Form the original manual.
PCS-992S R1.20