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DEPARTMENT OF ALLIED

HEALTH SCIENCE

MINOR PAPER

TOPIC : POISONING

BY:
LAHIDA DKHAR
BSC PSYCHOLOGY
IV SEMESTER
POISONING
Definition:
Poisoning are the harmful substances and when sufficient does are taken may kill a
person. This can be due to swallowing, injection, breathing in, or other mean. Most
poisoning occur by accident.

Routes of Taking Poisoning:


1. Eating or drinking poisonous substances
2. Inhaling household or industrial gases chemical vapors, or fumes from fire are
exhaust by lungs.
3. By injection into skin as result of bites from some animals, insects, snakes or by
hypodermic syringes.
4. Absorption through the skin by contact with poisonous sprays such as pesticides or
insecticides.

General Symptoms and Sign:


These vary often depending on the nature of the poison and the method of entry into the
body.
1. General information from casually or an onlooker suggesting contact with poison.
2. See the container having poison or poisonous plant.
3. Symptom and signs of asphyxia
4. Unconsciousness.
5. Vomiting or diarrhea.
6. Burn on lips mouth after contact with corrosive poisons.
Treatment:
1. Inform the police
2. Collect the information from the surrounding or person available there, to doctor
3. Patient is to be removed from the offending agent like gaseous atmosphere
4. Preserve any suspecting materials like a bottle containing pills or liquid for
information to the treating doctor.
5. If the person is conscious and there are no burn on lips or mouth then induce
vomiting and preserve vomiting material.
6. If the casually is unconscious but breathing normally place in the recovery
position.
7. If breathing and heart beat stop, begin resuscitation immediately
8. Shift the hospital immediately.

Take Care:

Do not : include vomiting, it person has swallowed.


1. Any strong acid or alkali because these often caused burn of face, mount and
throat and include.
Ammonia, Turpentine, Bleachers, Toilet cleaners, Corn and wart removes.
2. Any petroleum product like
Petrol, paint thinner, turpentine, polish.

Acid Poisoning:
 Suicidal or homicidal or accidental
 Acid which are used like nitric, acid which are used like nitric sulphuric,
hydrochloric, carbolic, oxalic and acetic acids.
Symptoms:
 Burns on or around the lips.
 Burning in the mouth, throat and stomach often followed by heavy vomiting
 Intense thrist

Treatment:
1. General : Same as in general management of poisoning.
2. Specific:
 Give half water or milk to which of magnesia (50 grams) has been added.
 If milk or water is not available then olive oil, butter, white of egg can be
given
 Shift the casually immediately to the hospital.

Cocaine:
Obtained from coca plant

Symptoms:
 Restlessness talkativeness
 Dry mouth and throat
 Reflexes are increased
 Profuse perspiration
 Delirium, hallucination and convulsion.

Treatment:
 Give plenty of fluids orally
 Induce vomiting
 Shift the Patient to hospital immediately
Tobacco:
Tobacco poisoning may occur due to excessive smoking, accidental swallowing or the
application of leaves or juice to skin or wound.

Symptom:
 Burning acid sensation
 Increases salivation
 Nausea, vomiting, headache, giddiness.
 Numbness, tremors
 Visual and auditory disturbance

Treatment:
 Give plenty of fluids orally
 Induce vomiting
 Shift patient to hospital

Opium:
 It is also called affirm

Symptom:
1. Stage of euphoria
 Increased sense of well- being
 Talkativeness
 Fast pulse
 Convulsion in children
2. Stage of stuper:
 Headache
 Giddiness
 Desire to sleep
3. State of narcosis
 Coma
 Pinpoint pupil
 Difficulty in respiration

Treatment:
 Plenty of fluid orally
 Induce vomiting
 Shift to hospital

Drugs:
 Rhenobarbitone, mandra

Symptoms:
 Euphoria
 Talkative
 Headache
 Desire to sleep

Treatment:
 Plenty of fluids orally
 Induce vomiting if patient is conscious
 Give hot coffee or tea

Insecticides:
Symptoms:
 Pain in abdomen
 Vomiting
 Tremors
 Ataxia
 Convulsion

Treatment:
 Give plenty of fluids orally
 Induce vomiting
 Shift the patient direct to hospital.

Alcohol Poisoning:
Methyl Alcohol
It is commonly used as paint remover varnish and anti freeze

Symptoms:
 Fatigue
 Nausea
 Loss of vision may occurs
 Shallow breathing
 Coma and shock

Treatment
 Give water milk or white egg
 Ethyl alcohol will reduce to toxicity
 Shift patient to hospital.